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Full text of "A concise dictionary of Middle English from A.D. 1150 to 1580"

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Oxford University Press Warehouse 
Amen Corner, E.C. 




FROM A.D. 1150 TO 1580 


A' B 

REV. a: Lf' MAY HEW, M.A. 





"These our Ancient Words here set down, I trust will for this time satisfie 
the Reader." — R. Verstegan, Restitution of Decayed Intelligence, ch. vii (at the end) 

"Authentic words be given, or none !" 

Wordsworth, Lines on Macpherson's Ossian 


§ \_All rights reserved'\ 



(By Professor Skeat.) 

The present work is intended to meet, in some measure, the require- 
ments of those who wish to make some study of Middle-English, and 
who find a difficulty in obtaining such assistance as will enable them to 
find out the meanings and etymologies of the words most essential to 
their purpose. .A'"^ ^ 

The best Middle-English Dictionary, that by Dr.Matzneiyof Berlin, 
has only reached the end of the letter H; and it is probable that 
it will not be completed for many years. The only Middle-English 
Dictionary thatJiaS— been carried on to the end of the alphabet is that 
by the late DrTStratmann^of Krefeld. This is a valuable work, and is 
indispensable for~~TKe'lnore advanced student. However, the present 
work will still supply a deficiency, as it differs from Stratmann's 
Dictionary in many particulars. We have chosen as our Main Words, 
where possible, the most typical of the forms or spellings of the period 
of Chaucer and Piers Plowman ; in Stratmann, on the other hand, the 
form chosen as Main Word is generally the oldest form in which it appears, 
frequently one of the twelfth century. Moreover, with regard to autho- 
rities, we refer in the case of the great majority of our forms to a few, 
cheap, easily accessible works, whereas Stratmann's authorities are mainly 
the numerous and expensive publications of the Early English Text 
Society. Lastly, we have paid special attention to the French element 
in Middle-English, whereas Stratmann is somewhat deficient in respect of 
words of French origin ^ The book which has generally been found of 
most assistance to the learner is probably Halliwell's Dictionary of 
Archaic and Provincial Words ; but this is not specially confined to the 
Middle-English period, and the plan of it differs in several respects 
from that of the present work. 

The scope of this volume will be best understood by an explanation of 

' A new and thoroughly revised edition of Stratmann's Dictionary is being prepared 
by Mr. Henry Bradley, for the Delegates of the Clarendon Press. 



the circumstances that gave rise to it. Some useful and comparatively 
inexpensive volumes illustrative of the Middle-English period have been 
issued by the Clarendon Press; all of which are furnished with glossaries, 
explaining all the important words, with exact references to the passages 
wherein the words occur. In particular, the three useful hand-books 
containing Specimens of English (from 1150 down to 1580) together 
supply no less than sixty-seven characteristic extracts from the most 
important literary monuments of this period ; and the three glossaries to 
these books together fill more than 370 pages of closely-printed type in 
double columns. The idea suggested itself that it would be highly 
desirable to bring the very useful information thus already collected 
under one alphabet, and this has now been effected. At the same time, a 
reference has in every case been carefully given to the particular Glossarial 
Index which registers each form here cited, so that it is perfecdy easy 
for any one who consults our book to refer, not merely to the particular 
Index thus noted, but to the references given in that Index ; and so, 
by means of such references, to find every passage referred to, with its 
proper context. Moreover the student only requires, for this purpose, a 
small array of the text-books in the Clarendon Press Series, instead of a 
more or less complete set of editions of Middle-English texts, the pos- 
session of which necessitates a considerable outlay of money. By this 
plan, so great a compressmi of information has been achieved, that a 
large number of the articles give a summary such as can be readily 
expanded to a considerable length, by the exercise of a very little 
trouble; and thus the work is practically as full of material as if it had 
been three or four times its present size. A couple of examples will 
shew what this really means. 

At p. 26 is the following entry: — 

'Bi-heste, sb. promise, S, S2, C2, P; byheste, S2 ; beheste, S2 ; 
byhest, 82 ; bihese, S ; biheest, W ; bihese, />/., S. — AS. be-hdsl 

By referring to the respective indexes here cited, such as S ( = Glossary 
to Specimens of English, Part I) and the like, we easily expand this 
article into the following : — 

'Bi-heste, sb. promise, S (9. 19); S2 {\ a. 184); C2 (B 37, 41, 42, 
F 698); P (3. 126); byheste, S2 {\%b. 25); beheste, S2 (14 <2, 3); 
byhest, S2 (12. 57, 18 (5. 9, [where it may also be explained by^raw/]); 
bihese, S (where it is used as a plural) ; biheest, W (promise, com- 
mand, Lk. xxiv. 49, Rom. iv. 13; pi. biheestis, Heb. xi. 13); bihese, S 
[^l. behests, promises, 4 d. 55). — AS. behds! 

In order to exhibit the full meaning of this — which requires no further 


explanation to those who have in hand the books denoted by S, S2, &c.-- 
it would be necessary to print the article at considerable length, as 
follows : — 

' Biheste, sb. promise; "dusi btheste," a foolish promise, (extract from) 
Ancren Riwle, 1. 19; "and wel lute wule hulde J)e biheste Jjat he nom," 
(extract from) Robert of Gloucester, 1. 184; "holdeth your biheste" 
Chaucer, Introd. to Man of Law's Prologue, 1. 37; '^biheste is dette," 
same, 1. 41; "al my biheste,'^ same, 1. 42; "or breken his biheste." Chaucer, 
sequel to Squieres Tale, 1. 698; "]3orwfals biheste^' Piers Plowman, 
Text B, Pass, iii, 1. 126 ; " to vol-vulle (fulfil) j^at byheste," Trevisa (extract 
from), lib. vi. cap. 29, 1. 25; "the lond of promyssioun, or of beheste," 
Prol. to jNIandeville's Travels, 1. 3 ; " wi]5 fair by-hest," William and the 
Werwolf, 1. 57; "\)ebjhest (promise, or grant) of oj^ere menne kyngdom," 
Trevisa, lib. vi. cap. 29, 1. 9; "y schal sende the biheest of my fadir in-to 
30U," Wyclif, Luke xxiv. 49; "not bi the lawe is biheest to Abraham," 
Wycl. Rom. iv. 13 ; " whanne the biheestis weren not takun," Wycl. Heb. 
xi. 13 ; " longenge to godes bihese," Old Eng. Homilies, Dominica iv. post 
Pascha, 1. 55.' 

We thus obtain fifteen excellent examples of the use of this word, with 
the full context and an exact reference (easily verified) in every case. 
And, in the above instance, all the quotations lie- within the compass of 
the eleven texts in the Clarendon Press Series denoted, respectively, by 
S, S2, S3, C, C2, C3, W, W2, P, H, and G. 

The original design was to make use of these text-books only ; but it 
was so easy to extend it by including examples to be obtained from other 
Glossaries and Dictionaries, that a considerable selection of interesting 
words was added from these, mainly for the sake of illustrating the 
words in the Clarendon text-books. These illustrative words can be 
fully or partially verified by those who happen to possess all or some of 
the works cited, or they can safely be taken on trust, as really occurring 
there, any mistake being due to such authority. 

A second example will make this clearer. ' Brant, adj. steep, high, 
MD, HD; brent, JD; brentest, superl. S2. — AS. brant {bront); cp. 
Swed. brant, Icel. brattr! 

Omitting the etymology, the above information is given in two short 
lines. Those who possess the 'Specimens of English' will easily find 
the example of the superl. brentest. By consulting INIatzner's, Halliwell's, 
and Jamieson's Dictionaries, further information can be obtained, and 
the full article will appear as follows : — 

' Brant, adj. steep, high, INID [brant, brent, adj. ags. brand, arduus. 

viii PREFACE. 

alius, altn. hrattr, altschw. hrajikr, schw. hrant, brafl, dan. bral, sch. brent, 
nordengl. Diall. brajtl: cf. "brant, steepe," Manipulus Vocabulorum, p. 25 : 
steil, hoch. — " Apon the bald Bucifelon brant up he sittes," King Alex- 
ander, ed. Stevenson, p. 124 ; " Thir mountaynes ware als brant uprit3e 
as thay had bene walles," MS. quoted in Halliwell's Diet., p. 206; " Hyje 
bonkkes & brent," Gawain and the Grene Knight, 1. 2165; "Bowed to 
]?e hy3 bonk \)tv brentest hit wern," Alliterative Poems, ed. Morris, Poem B, 
1. 379]; HD [brant, steep, North: "Brant against Flodden Hill," ex- 
plained by Nares from Ascham, "up the steep side;" cf. Brit. Bibl. i. 
132, same as brandly} — "And thane thay com tille wonder heghe 
mountaynes, and it semed as the toppes had towched the firmament; 
and thir mountaynes were als brant upri5te as thay had bene walles, so 
that ther was na clymbyng upon thame," Life of Alexander, MS. Lincoln, 
fol. 38] ; JD [brent, adj. high, straight, upright; " My bak, that sumtyme 
brent hes bene. Now cruikis lyk ane camok tre," Maitland Poems, p. 193 ; 
followed by a discussion extending to more than 160 lines of small print, 
which we forbear to qtiote\, brentest, stiperl. S2. 13. 379 ["And boAved 
to ]?e hyj bonk j^er brentest hit were (MS. wern)," Allit. Poems, 1. 379 ; 
already cited i?t Matzner, above~\.' 

The work, in fact, contains a very large collection of words, in many 
variant forms, appearing in English literature and in Glossaries between 
A.D. 1 150 and A.D. 1580. The glossaries in S2, S3 (Specimens of Eng- 
lish, 1298-1393, and 1394-1579) have furnished a considerable number 
of words belonging to the Scottish dialect, which most dictionaries 
(excepting of course that of Jamieson) omit. 

The words are so arranged that even the beginner will, in general, 
easily find what he wants. We have included in one article, together 
with the Main Word, all the variant spellings of the glossaries, as well as 
the etymological information. We have also given in alphabetical order 
numerous cross-references to facilitate the finding of most of the variant 
forms, and to connect them with the Main Word. Li this way, the 
arrangement is at once etymological and alphabetical — adapted to the 
needs of the student of the language and of the student of the literature. 

The meanings of the words are given in modern English, directly after 
the Main Word. The variant forms, as given in their alphabetical position, 
are frequently also explained, thus saving (in such cases) the trouble of a 
cross-reference, if the meaning of the. word is alone required. 

An attempt is made in most cases to give the etymology, so far at 
least as to shew the immediate source of the Middle-English word. 
Especial pains have been taken with the words of French origin, which 


form so large a portion of the vocabulary of the iNIiddle-English period. 
In many cases the AF (Anglo-French) forms are cited, from my list of 
English Words found in Anglo-French, as published for the Philological 
Society in 1882. 

The student of English who wishes to trace back the history of a word 
still in use can, in general, find the Middle-English form in Skeat's 
Etymological Dictionary, and will then be able to consult the present 
work in order to obtain further instances of its early use. 

The relative share of the authors in the preparation of this work is 
easily explained. The whole of it in its present form (with the exception 
of the letter N) was compiled, prepared, and written out for press by 
Mr. ]\Iayhew. The original plan was, however, my own ; and I began 
by writing out the letter N (since augmented) by way of experiment and 
model. It will thus be seen that Mr. ]Mayhew's share of the work has 
been incomparably the larger, involving all that is most laborious. On 
the other hand, I may claim that much of the labour was mine also, at a 
much earlier stage, as having originally compiled or revised the glossaries 
marked S2, S3, C2, C3, W, W2, P, and G, as well as the very full 
glossarial indexes cited as B, PP, and WA, and the dictionary cited as 
SkD. The important glossary marked S was, however, originally the 
work of Dr. Morris (since re-written by Mr. Mayhew), and may, in a 
sense, be said to be the back-bone of the whole, from its supplying a 
very large number of the most curious and important early forms. 

The material used has been carefully revised by both authors, so that 
they must be held to be jointly responsible for the final form in which 
the whole is now offered to the public. 

Note on the Phonology of Middle-English. 

One great difficulty in finding a iNIiddle-English word in this, or any 
other. Dictionary is due to the frequent variation of the symbols denoting 
the vowel-sounds. Throughout the whole of the period to which the 
work relates the symbols zand_>', in particular, are constantly interchanged, 
whether they stand alone, or form parts of diphthongs. Consequently, 
words which are spelt with one of these symbols in a given text must 
frequently be looked for as if spelt with the other; i.e. the pairs of symbols 
i and y, ai and ay, ei and ey, oi and oy, ui and uy, must be looked upon 
as likely to be used indifferently, one for the other. For further informa- 
tion, the student should consult the remarks upon Phonology in the 
Specimens of English (1150 to 1300), 2nd ed., p. xxv. For those who 


have not time or opportunity to do this, a few brief notes may perhaps 

The following symbols are frequently confused, or are employed as 
equivalent to each other because they result from the same sound in the 
Oldest English or in Anglo-French : — 

i,y', — ai, ay; — ei, ey; — oi, oy; — ui, uy. 

a, ; — a, cb, e, ea ; — e^ eo, ie ; — <?, u, ou ; — (all originally short). 

a, CE, ea, e, ee ; — e, ee, eo, ie ; — o, oo, oa; — u, ou, ui; — (all long). 

These are the most usual interchanges of symbols, and will commonly 
suffice for practical purposes, in cases where the cross-references fail. 
If the word be not found after such substitutions have been allowed for, 
it may be taken for granted that the Dictionary does not contain it. As 
a fact, the Dictionary only contains a considerable number of such words 
as are most common, or (for some special reason) deserve notice ; and 
it is at once conceded that it is but a small hand-book, which does not 
pretend to exhibit in all its fulness the extraordinarily copious vocabu- 
lary of our language at an important period of its history. The student 
wishing for complete information will find (in course of time) that the 
New English Dictionary which is being brought out by the Clarendon 
Press will contain all words found in our literature since the year iioo. 

Of course variations in the vowel-sounds are also introduced, in the 
case of strong verbs, by the usual ' gradation ' due to their method of 
conjugation. To meet this difficulty in some measure, numerous (but 
not exhaustive) cross-references have been introduced, as when, e.g. 
' Bar, bare ' is given, with a cross-reference to Beren. Further help in 
this respect is to be had from the table of 183 strong verbs given at 
pp. Ixix-lxxxi of the Preface to Part I of the Specimens of English 
(2nd edition) ; see, in particular, the alphabetical index to the same, at 
pp. Ixxxi, Ixxxii. The same Preface further contains some account of 
the three principal Middle-English dialects (p. xl), and Outlines of the 
Grammar (p. xlv). It also explains the meaning of the symbols ]?, S 
(both used for Ih), 5 (used for j; initially, gh medially, and gh or z finally), 
with other necessary information. 


The Clarendon Press Glossaries. 

This work gives all the words and every form contained in the 
glossaries to eleven publications in the Clarendon Press Series, as 
below: — 

S. — Specimens of Early English, ed. Morris, Part I: from a.d. 1150 
to A. D. 1300. 
This book contains extracts from : — 1. Old English Homilies, ed. Morris, 
E. E. T.S. 1867-8, pp. 230-241 ; 2. The Saxon Chronicle, a.d. 1137, 1138, 1 140, 
1154; 3. Old Eng. Homilies, ed. Morris, First Series, pp. 40-53 ; 4. The same. 
Second Series, pp. 89-109 ; 5. The Ormulum, ed. White, 11. 962-1719, pp. 31- 
57; 6. Layamon's Brut, ed. Madden, 11. 13785-14387 [add 12,'t^^to the iituiiberof 
the line in the reference] ; 7. Sawles Warde, from Old Eng. Homilies, ed. Morris, 
First Series, pp. 245-249, 259-267; 8. St. Juliana, ed. Cockayne and Brock; 
9. The Ancren Riwle, ed. Morton, pp. 208-216, 416-430 ; 10. The Wooing of 
our Lord, from Old Eng. Homilies, ed. Morris, First Series, pp. 277-283; 11. A 
Good Orison of our Lady, from the same, pp. 191-199 ; 12. A Bestiary, the Lion, 
Eagle, and Ant, from An Old Eng. Miscellany, ed. Morris ; 13. Old Kentish 
Sermons, from the same, pp. 26-36 ; 14. Proverbs of Alfred, from the same, pp. 
102-130; 15. Version of Genesis and E.xodus, ed. Morris, 11. 1907-2536 ; 16. Owl 
and Nightingale, from An Old Eng. Miscellany, ed. Morris, 11. 1-94,139-232, 
253-282, 303-352, 391-446. 549-555, 598-623, 659-750, 837-S55, 905-920, 
1635-1682, 1699-1794 ; 17. A Moral Ode (two copies), from An Old Eng. Mis- 
cellany and Old Eng. Homalies, 2nd Series, ed. Morris; 18. Havelok the Dane, 
ed. Skeat, 11. 339-748 ; 19. King Horn (in full). 

S2. — Specimens of English, Part II, ed. Morris and Skeat ; from 

A.D. I298-I393. 

This book contains extracts from : — 1. Robert of Gloucester's Chronicle (William 
the Conqueror and St. Dunstan) ; 2. Metrical Psalter, Psalms 8, 14 (15), 17(18), 
23 (24), 102 (103), 103 (104) ; 3. The Proverbs of Hendyng; 4. Specimens of 
Lyric Poetry, ed. Wright (Alysoun, Plea for Pity, Parable of the Labourers, 
Spring-time) ; 5. Robert Mannyng's Handlynge Synne, 11. 5575-5946 ; 6. William 
of Shoreham, De Baptismo ; 7. Cursor Mundi, ed. Morris, 11. 11373-11791 \^add 
11372 to the number in the reference']; 8. Eng. Metrical Homilies, ed. Small 
(Second Sunday in Advent, Third Sunday after the Octave of Epiphany) ; 9. The 
Ayenbite of Inwyt, ed. Morris, pp. 263-9, ^'^^ P- 262 ; 10. Hampole's Prick of 
Conscience, 11. 432-9, 464-509, 528-555, 662-707, 728-829, 1211-1292, 1412- 
1473, 1818-29, 1836-51, 1884-1929, 2216-2233, 2300-11, 2334-55, 2364-73, 
7813-24; 11. Minot's Songs, Nos. 3, 4, 7 ; 12. William of Palerne, ed. Skeat, 
11. 3-381 ; 13. Alliterative Poems, ed. Morris, Poem B, 11. 235-544, 947-972, 
1009-105 1 ; 14. Mandeville's Travels, Prologue, part of Chap. 12, and Chap. 
26 ; 15. Piers the Plowman, A-te.\t, Prologue, Passus 1, part of Pass. 2, Pass. 3, 
Pass. 5, parts of Pass. 6 and 7; 16. Barbour's Bruce, ed. Skeat, Book VII. 11. 1- 
230, 400-487; 17. Wyclif's translation of St. Mark's Gospel, Chapters 1-6; 


Hereford's version of the Tsalms, Ps. 14(15), 23 (24), 102 (103) ; 18. Trevisa's 
translation of Higden's Polychronicon, lib. i. c. 41, c. 59, lib. vi. c. 29; 
19. Chaucer, Man of Law's Tale ; 20. Gower's Confessio Amantis, part of 
Book V. 

S3. — Specimens of English, Part III, cd. Skeat ; from a. d. 1394-1579. 
This book contains extracts from : — 1. Pierce the Ploughman's Crede, 11. 153- 
267, 339-565, 744-765, 785-823 ; 2. Hoccleve'sDe Regimine Principum, stanzas 
2S1-301, 598-62S; 3. Lydgate, London Lickpenny, and the Storie of Thebes, 
bk. ii. 11. 1 064-1 41 9 ; 4. James I (of Scotland), the King's Quair, stanzas 152- 
173 ; 5. Pecock's Repressor, pt. i. c. 19 ; pt. ii. c. 11 ; 6. Blind Harry's Wallace, 
bk. i. 11. 181-448 ; 7. Chevy Chase (earlier version) ; 8. Malory's Morte Darthur, 
bk. xxi. c. 3-7 ; 9. Caxton's History of Troy ; 10. The Nut-brown Maid ; 

11. Dunbar, Thistle and Rose, and Poem on being desired to be a Friar; 

12. Hawes, Pastime of Pleasure, c. 33 ; 13. G. Douglas, Prol. to ^,neid, book xii ; 
14. Skelton, Why Come Ye Nat to Courte, 11. 2S7-382, 396-756 ; Philip Sparrow, 
11. 99S-1260; 15. Lord Berners, tr. of Froissart, c. 50, c. 130; 16. Tyndale, 
Obedience of a Christian Man ; 17. More, Dialogue Concerning Heresies, bk. iii. 
c. 14-16 ; Confutation of Tyndale, bk. iii ; 18. Sir T. Elyot, The Governor, bk. i. 
c. 17, 18 ; 19. Lord Surrey, tr. of ^Eneid, bk. ii. 11. 253-3S2, 570-736, and minor 
poems ; 20. Sir T. Wiat, Three Satires, and minor poems ; 21. Latimer, Sermon 
on the Ploughers; 22. Sir D. LjTidesay, The Alonarchy, bk. iii. 11. 4499-4612, 
4663-94, 4709-38 ; bk. iv. 11. 5450-5639 ; 23. N. Udall, Ralph Roister Doister, 
Act iii. sc. 3-5 ; 24. Lord Buckhurst, The Induction ; 25. Ascham, The School- 
master, bk. i ; 26. Gascoigne, The Steel Glas, 11. 418-470, 628-638, 750-893, 
1010-1179; 27. Lyly, Euphues and his Ephoebus; 23. Spenser, Shepherd's 
Calendar, November, December. 

The remaining eight publications in the Clarendon Press Series which 
have also been indexed are those marked C, C2, C3, W, W2, P, H, and 
G; i.e. three books containing extracts from Chaucer, two books con- 
taining parts of Wyclif's Bible, part of Piers Plowman, Hampole's Psalter, 
and Gamelyn ; the full titles of ^^■hich are given below. 

We also give all the important words occurring in CM (Chaucer, ed. 
Morris) ; and in addition to this, and for the purpose of illustration, forms 
are given from various texts and Dictionaries, and from the Glossaries to 
B (Bruce), PP (Piers Plowman), and WA (Wars of Alexander). 

Walter W. Skeat. 




Note. — The abbreviations referring to the authorities for the forms of English 
words (ad. 1150-15S0) are printed in italics. (CP = Clarendon Press.) 

1. Alph.: Alphita, a Medico-Botanical 

Glossary, ed. Mowat, 1887. CP. 

2. Anglo-Saxon Gospels, in AS. and North- 

umbrian Versions, ed. Skeat. 

3. Apfelstedt : Lothringischer Psalter (des 

XIV Jahrhunderts), 1881. 

4. B: Barbour's Bruce, ed. Skeat, 1870, 

EETS. (E.xtra Series xi). 

5. Bardsley : English Surnames, 1875. 

6. Bartsch : Chrestomathie de I'ancien 

fran9ais (glossaire), 1S80. 
6*. BH : Bartsch and Horning, Langue 
et Litterature fran9aises, 1887. 

7. Bosworth : Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, 

Brachet: French Diet., 1S82. CP. 

Brugmann : Grundriss, 1886. 

BT. : Bosworth-Toller AS. Diet. [A- 

SAR]. CP- 
C: Chaucer; Pro!., Knight's Tale, 

Nuns Priest's Tale. CP. 
C2 : Chaucer ; Prioress, Sir Thopas, 

Monk, Clerk, Squire. CP. 
C3 : Chaucer ; Man of Law, Pardoner, 

Second Nun, Canon's Yeoman. CP. 
Cath. : Catholicon Anglicum (a.d. 

1483), ed. Heritage, 1881. EETS 

Chron. : Two Saxon Chronicles, ed. 

Earle, 1865. CP. 
CM: Chaucer, ed. Morris, 18S0. 
Constans : Chrestomathie de I'ancien 

fran9ais (glossaire), 1884. 

18. Cotg. : Cotgrave, French and English 

Diet., 1611. 

19. Curtius: Greek Etymology, ed. Wilkins 

and England, 1886. 



CV : Icelandic Dictionary, Cleasby and 

Vigfusson, 1874. CP. 
DG : Da vies. Supplementary English 

Glossary, 1881. 
Diez : Etymologisches Worterbuch, 

Douse : Introduction to the Gothic of 

Ulfilas, 1SS6. 
Ducange : Glossarium, ed. Henschel, 

Ducange : Glossaire Fran9ais, ed. 

£:£>S : English Dialect Society. 
EETS: Early English Text Society. 
Fick : Worterbuch der indogermanis- 

chen Sprachen, 1874. 

28. Floiio : Italian and English Diet., 161 1. 

29. G: Tale of Gamelyn, ed. Skeat, 1884. 


30. Godefroy : Dictionnaire de I'ancienne 

langue fran9aise [A-LIS]. 

31. Grein : Glossar der angelsiichsischen 

Poesie, 1861. 
Grimm : Teutonic Mythology, ed. Stal- 

lybrass, 1883. 
H: Hampole, Psalter, ed. Bramley, 

1884. CP. 
HD : Halliwell, Diet, of Archaic and 

Provincial Words, 1874. 
Heliand, ed. He}Tie, 1873. 
36. JD : Jamieson, Scottish Dictionary, 

Kluge : etymologisches Worterbuch der 

deutschen Spraehe, 1883. 
Leo: angelsachsisches Glossar, 1877. 
Manip. : Manipulus Vocabulorum, Le- 
' vins, ed. Wheatley, EETS, 1867. 






40. I^ID : Matzner, altcnglischcs Wiirter- 

biich [A-H], 18S5. 

41. Minsheu : Spanish and English Diet., 


42. ND\ Nares, Glossary, 1876. 

43. NED : New English Dictionary, ed. 

Murray [A-BOZ]. CP. 

44. NQ : Notes and Queries. 

45. OET : Oldest English Texts, ed. Sweet, 

1885, EETS (83). 
45*. ONE : Oliphant, The New English, 

46. Otfrid : Evangelienbuch, glossar, ed. 

Piper, 1S84. 

47. P: Piers the Plowman (B-text), ed. 

Skeat. CP. 

48. Palsg: Palsgrave, Lesclaircissement de 

langue francoyse, ed. 1S52. 

49. PP: Piers the Plowman, glossary by 

Skeat, 1S85, EETS (81). 

50. PP. iV^oto : by Skeat, 1877, EETS (67). 

51. Prompt. : Promptorium Parvulorum, ed. 

Way, Camden Sec, 1865. 

52. Ps. : (after French forms), see Apfelstedt. 

53. PD: Richardson's English Dictionary, 


54. Roland : Chanson de Roland, ed. Gau- 

tier, 1 88 1. 

55. S: Specimens of Early English, Part I, 

ed. Morris, 1885. CP. 

56. S2 : Specimens of Early English, Part 

II, ed. Morris and Skeat, 1873. CP. 

57. 6'3 : Specimens of English Literature, 

ed. Skeat, 1879. CP. 

58. SB : Sinonoma Bartholomei, 14th Cent. 

Glossary, ed. Mowat, 1882. CP. 

59. Schmid : Gesetze der Angelsachsen 

(glossar), 1858. 

60. SD : Stratmann, Diet, of the Old Eng- 

lish Language, 1878. 

61. Sh.: Shakespeare Lexicon, bv Schmidt, 


62. Sievers : Grammar of Old English, ed. 

A.S. Cook, 1885. 

63. SkD : Skeat, Etymological Diet, of 

Eng. Lang., 1884. CP. 

64. Skeat, English Words in Norman- 

French, 1882, Phil. Soc. 

65. Skeat, Mceso-gothic Glossary, 1868. 

66. SPD : Smythe Palmer, Dictionary of 

Folk-Etymology, 1882. 

67. Spenser: Faery Queene, glossaries to 

Books land II, 1887. CP. 

68. Sweet: AS. Reader, 1S84. CP. 

69. Tatian : Evangelienbuch, ed. Sievers, 


70. TG: Trench, Select Glossary, 1879. 

71. Trevisa: version of Higden, Rolls' 

Series (41). 

72. Voc. : Wright's Vocabularies, ed. 

Wiilcker, 1884. 

73. VP : Vespasian Psalter, as printed in 

OET., see 45. 

74. Vulg. : the Vulgate Version of the 


75. W: Wycliffe, New Testament (Pur- 

vey's revision), ed. Skeat, 1879. CP. 

76. IV2 : Wycliffe, Job, Psalms, &c. (re- 

vised by Hereford and Purvey), ed. 
Skeat, 1 881. CP. 

77. IVA : Wars of Alexander, ed. Skeat, 

1887, EETS (Extra Series xlvii). 

78. Weigand : deutsches Worterbuch, 


79. Windisch : Glossary added to Old 

Irish Texts, 18S2. 

80. WJ^F: Wright, The Bible Word-Book, 


81. ZRP : Zeitschrift fiir romanische Philo- 

logie, ed. Grober. 




AF : Anglo-French, see 64. 

AS : Anglo-Saxon, see 10, 31, 45, 62. 

Church Lat. : Ecclesiastical Latin, see 24, 

Goth. : Gothic, see 23, 65. 
Gr. : Greek, see 9, 19, 27. 
Icel. : Icelandic, see 20. 
It. : Italian, see 28. 
Lat. : Latin. 
Late Lat. : Post-classical Latin, of Latin 

origin, see 24, 72, 74. 
Low Lat. : Latin derived from the later 

European languages, see i, 14, 24, 

51, 58. 

ME. : Middle English. 

North.E. : Northern English, see 4, 36. 

OF. : Old French, see 3, 6, 17, 18, 22, 24, 

30> 48, 54- 
OHG. : Old High German, see 37, 46, 69, 

Olr. : Old Irish, see 19, 79. 
OMerc. : Old Mercian, see 2 (Rushworth 

version), 45, 73. 
ONorth. : Old Northumbrian, see 2. 
OS. : Old Saxon, see 35. 
OTeut. : Old Teutonic (as restored by 

scholars), see 27, 43. 
Sp. : Spanish, see 41. 


In the etymological part three stops are used as symbols in connexion with the cog- 
nate forms cited, namely the comma, the semi-colon, and the colon. The comma is 
used to connect various spellings of a word, as well as parallel forms cited from nearly 
connected languages ; for instance, s. v. dannger, the OF. forms are so connected. The 
semi-colon between two forms denotes that the two forms are phonetically equivalent, 
and that the preceding one is directly derived from, and is historically connected with 
the one following this symbol ; for instance, s.v. bug'le, the OF. bugle is the phonetic 
equivalent of the Lat. buailu?7i, and is immediately derived therefrom. The colon be- 
tween two forms denotes that the two forms are phonetically equivalent, and that the 
form following this symbol is an earlier, more primitive form than the one preceding, 
without an immediate interborrowing between the languages being asserted ; for in- 
stance, s.v. demen, the Goth. dSmjan is an older form than the AS. diman, but 
diman is not borrowed from the Gothic. The abbreviation * cp.' introduces other 
cognate forms, and has the same value as the symbol + in Skeat's Dictionaries. 

The asterisk * at the beginning of a word denotes a theoretical form, assumed (upon 
scientific principles) to have formerly existed. The sign = is to be read 'a translation 
of.' *(«)' after Prompt., Cath. and other authorities refers to foot-notes or other notes 
citing the form in question. 



£l-, prefix (i\ adding intoisity to the no- 
tion of the verb. — AS. a for ar-, OHG ar-, 
Goth, us- For the quantity of the a see 
Sievers, 121. Cf. Or. 

A-, prefix (2\ standing for A, prep., and 
for Icel. a ; see On- (i). 

A-, prefix (3), standing for Of, prep. ; see 

A-, prefix (4), standing for AS. and-, a- 
gainst, in return, toward. — AS. and-, ond-, 
<>«- (proclitic). Cf. On- (2.) 

A-, prefix (5), standing for A.t, prep., and 
Icel. at, used with the infin. See At- 


A-, prefix (6\ standing for AS. ge- ; see 

A-, prefix (7), standing for OF. a- and 
Lat. ad-. 

A-, prefix (8), standing for OF. a- and 
Lat. ab-. 

A-, prefix (9), standing for AF. a, OF. e-, 
es- from Lat. ex-, e-. 

A-, prefix {10), standing for AF. an-, OF. 
en- from Lat. /«-. See In-. 

A-, prefix (11), standing for Gr. d-- priva- 

A, interj. O ! Ah ! expressing surprise, 
pain, S, MD. 

£k., prep, on, in, PP, S, S2,C2; see On. 

A-bac, adv. backwards, S, W2 ; aliec, 
S; abak, C2, W; obak, S2. — AS. 07i-bae. 
{A- 2.) 

Abasshen, ?/. to abash, S3; abasshed, 
//. abashed, ashamed, alarmed, C3, PP ; 
abashed, S2 ; abasshid, S3 ; abasched, 
PP ; abaisslied, PP ; abaischid, W ; a- 
baischt, S2 ; abaissed, PP ; abaist, S3; 
abayste, S2, C2. — OF. cshahiss- stem of 
pr. p. of esbahir, to astonish ; Lat. ex + 
*badire for badare, to open the mouth. 
(A- 9.^ 

Abate, v. to beat down, bring down, calm 


down, P, NED. — AF. abatre (pr. p. abat- 
ant) ; Late Lat. *adbatere. (A- 7.) 

Abaue, 'v. to put to confusion, to be con- 
founded, NED, HD, JD ; abawed.//. HD ; 
abaned, HD. — OF. *abavir : esbahir (with 
V in place of lost h, see Brachet, s.v. glaive). 
(A- 9). See Abasshen. 
Abaye, sl>- barking ; phr. at ^e abaie, 
at abaye, at bay, S2. — OF. abai, barking, 
from abaier ; cp. F. aboi in phr. : etre aux 
Abbay, sb. abbey. C2 ; abbeis, pi., S2. — 
AF. abbeie {abeie) ; Church Lat. abbddia, 
abbdtia, from abbdtem. See Abbod. 
Abbesse, sb. abbess, PP. — OF. abbesse ; 
Church Lat. abbaiissa. 
Abbod, sb. abbot, MD, S2 ; abbot, S, 
PP ; abbodes,//. S2. — Church Lat. abbdtem 
'pronounced abbddetn), nom. abbas ; Gr. d/S- 
/3as ; Syriac, abba, father. 
Abbodesse, sb- abbess, pp. 
Abbot-rice, sb. abbacy, S. — AS. abbod- 
rice, the rule of an abbot. 
A-B-C, the alphabet, P ; abcy, Cath. ; 
abce, Cath. \ii.), PP ; abcee, Cotg. ; abece, 
Cath. («.) ; apece. Prompt.— Cp. OF. abece, 
the crosse rowe 1 Cotg.). 
Abeah, Abeb ; see Abu5en. 
Abeggen, Abeien ; see Abyen. 
A-bernen, v. to burn ; abemlJ, pr. s. 
S. — AS. d-bcornan. (A- i.) 
Abbominacioun, sb. abomination, 
NED, C2. 
Abhomyuable, adj. abominable, S3, 
C3. — AF. abhominablc ; Lat. abominabilem. 
A-biden, v. to abide, remain, await, en- 
dure, S, S2, W2 ; habide, S2 ; abyde, C2; 
abid, imp.,^ S, S2 ; abid, pr. s., S ; abit, S, 
S2, C3 ; abod, //. s., S ; abood, W2 ; a- 
bide, //.//., S2 ; abididen, W2 ; abide,//., 
G. — AS. d-bidan. (A- l.) 
A-biding, sb. expectation, Wa. 



Abiggen ; see Abven. 

Abil, adj. able, CM ; able, C ; liable, 
S3, MD.— OF. able,hal>le (mod. Y. habile); 
Lat. hahilcm. 

Abilite, sh. ability, NED; habilitie, 
S3.— OF. hahilite. 

Abiljeit, //. apparelled, S3.— OF. ha- 

Abil^ement, sb. clothing, S3.— OF. 


Abit, sb. dress, a monk's clothing, habit, 
PP, CM, HD ; abite, W.— AF. abit [habit) ; 
Lat. habituni (ace). 

A-biten, v. to bite, S. — AS. d-bltan. 
(A- I). 

Abject,//. ^.liA adj. cast out, NED. 

Abjecte, v. to cast aside, S3. 

A-blawen, v. to blow, MD ; ableow, 
pt. s., S. — AS. d-bldwatt. (A- i.) 

A-blenden, v. to blind, MD ; ablent, 
pr. s., S ; //., S ; ablende,//". s., MD ; a- 
blend,//. MD— AS. d-blendan. (A- i.) 

A-bouten, adv. and prep, about, C2, P, 
MD ; abuten, S ; abuuten, S ; abuton, S; 
abute, S; aboute, S, G; oboute, MD ; 
obout, S2. — AS. on-btitan (=oti-be-utan). 
(A- 2.) 

A-boTieu, adv. a.ndprep. above, C2, PP, 
MD ; aboue, PP ; abufen, S ; abuuen, 
MD ; abowen, MD ; abone, S3, JD ; obo- 
ven, MD; obowen, MD ; oboune, MD. 
Fhr. : at here aboue, S2. — AS. oft + bufan 
{ = be + ufan). (A- 2.) 

Abregge, v. to abridge, shorten, C ; a- 
breg-gide. //., W ; bregfgid, W.— OF. a- 
breger, abregicr : Prov. abrevjar ; Lat. ab- 
breviare. (A- 8.) 

A-breiden, v. to start up, to draw 
(sword), to thrust out, to blame, S ; a- 
breyden, NED; abraid,//. j.,S; abreyde, 
C2 ; abrayde, C ; abroden, pp ,S; abru- 
den, S. — AS. d+bregdan. (A- i.) 

A-brode, adv. abroad, PP ; abrood, C2 ; 
abrod, widely apart, PP. (A- 2.) 

Abusioun, sb. deceit, S2, C3.— OF.,a- 
busion (Cotg.). 

Abute, Abuton, Abuten*, see a- 

A-bu5en, v. to bow, MD ; abuen, MD ; 
abouweu, MD ; abowe, NED ; abeah, 
pt. s., MD; abeh, S.— AS. d-bugan. (A- 

A-byen, Abye, v. to buy, to pay for, 

S3, C2, C3, PP; abygg-e, PP; abig-g-en, 
PP; abnggen, S, PP ; abeggen, MD, G; 


abeien, S ; able, PP ; abui>, pr. s., S ; 
abuge*, /;-. //., S ; abouhte, //. s., S ; a- 
boughte, G; abought, //. C3. — AS. d- 
bycgan. (A- i.) 
Abyme, sb. abyss, S2, HD.— OF. abime. 
abisme; Low Lat. *abyssinium, superl. of 
Lat. abyssus; Gr. a^vaaos, bottomless. 
(A- II.) 

Ac, C077J. but, S, S2, P; ace, S; all, S, 
S2 ; ak, S2, PP ; hac, S ; ach, MD ; anh, 
MD, S ; auoh, MD ; oc, S ; occ, S.— AS. 


Acc- ; see Ac-. 

Accident, sb. accident (a term of the 
schoolmen), C3. — Lat. accidetitem. 

Accidie, sb. sloth, indolence, S, CM, 
PP.— AF. accidie (NED) ; Low Lat. acci- 
dia, acedia ; Gr. d/C7)Sia, heedlessness, tor- 
por. (A- II.) 

A-cennen, v. to bring forth, to beget, 
MD ; acenned, //. MD ; accenned, S ; 
akenned, MD ; akennet, S ; acende (for 
acend), S.— AS. d cetman. (A- i.) 

A-cennende, sb. begetting, birth, S. 

A-cenneng, sb. birth, S. 

A-chape, v. to escape, NED ; achaped, 
pt. s., S2. — OF. achaper; cf A.¥. ascaper. 
(A- 9.) Cf Eschapen, Ascapie. 

Achate, v. to purchase, NED.— OF. a- 
chater (F. acheter), acater ; Late Lat. accap- 

Achate, sb. purchase, provisions pur- 
chased, NED, C ; achat, HD ; acate, 
NED ; acates, //., HD.— OF. achat, AF. 
acate. See above. 

Acbatour, sb. a purchaser of provisions, 
purveyor, C, NED, HD; acatour, NED.— 
AF. achatour, cuatour; Late Lat. accapta- . 
to rem. 1 

Ache, sb. pain. Prompt. ; eche, MD ; J 
hache, HD.— AS. (Ece {ece). See Aken. 

Ache, sb. wild celery, parsley, NED, 
Voc. — OF. ache ; Lat. apiu/n ; Gr. ainov. 

Achesoun, sb. occasion, motive, HD, 
MD, NED.- OF. achoison, ocoison; Lat. 
occasionem. Cf. Anchesoun, Enchesoun, 

Achtande,^:^^'. eighth, S2, NED.— Icel. 
dtiandi; cp. OHG. ahtande. Cf. Eighte 

A-colien, v. to wax cold ; acolede,//. s. , 
S ; acoled, //., S.— AS. d-cd/ian. (A- i.) 

Acombren, v. to encumber, PP ; acnm- 
brid, //., S2. — OF. encombrer. (A- 10.) 

Acomplesshen, v. to accomplish 


NED; accomplice, C; accompliced,//., 

NED. — AF. acomplir iacomplicc, pr. s. 
subj.) ; Late Lat. accomplerc ; see Brachet. 
(A- 7.) 

Acord, sh. accord, agreement, MD ; ac- 
cord. S2 ; acorde, S. — AF. acord. 

Acordannce, sb. agreement, PP. 

Acorden, v. to reconcile, to agree, MD, 
S2, P; accordyng^, /r. /., S3; accorded, 
//., S2 ; //. s., S3. — OF. acorder; Late 
Lat. accordarc, from Lat. ad + cord-, stem 
of cor, heart. (A- 7.) 

Acorse ; see Acursien. 

Acouute, z^- to count, to calculate, 
NED, C.', PP; acompte, NED, PP; ac- 
compted,//., S3. — AF. acotintcr, OF. a- 
cunter, aconter ; Late Lat. accomptare ; Lat. 
cui + computare. (A-'j.) 

Aconnte, sd. account, reckoning, PP ; 
acompte, PP ; accompt, S3 ; accomptes, 
p/., S3. — AF. acounte, acunte. 

Aconpen, v. to accuse, NED, HD ; a- 
coupede,//. s., NED, PP ; acopede, NED; 
aconlped, NED; acouped, //., S2. — OF. 
acoupcr, acolpcr, for cncouper, encolper; 
Lat. inculpare. (A- 10.) 

Acoyen, v. to quiet, coax, tame, NED, 
Palsg. ; acoyed, //. s., S2. — OF. acoyer, to 
calm; h^i. ad + quietare. (A- 7.) 

AcTUUbrid ; see Acombren. 

A-CUrsieu, v. to curse, NED ; acursi, 
S, NED ; acorse, PP ; acorsed, //. MD. 
(A- I.) 

Acustumaunce, sb. customary use, 
NED, C2. — OF. acostumance. (A- 7.) 

Acwenclieil ; see Aquencheu. 

Adamant, sb. adamant, very hard metal, 
a fabulous rock or mineral, the diamond, 
the loadstone or magnet, NED ; precious 
stone, Prompt. ; ademauut, C ; ada- 
mounde, Prompt. («.' ; admont, NED; 
athamant, NED ; athamaunte, C ; atte- 
mant, NED ; aymont, NED. — AF. ada- 
viant {aimant ; Lat. adamantem ; Gr. aba- 
(las {-avTo), lit invincible, untamable, from 
d- + tafxaoj, I tame. (A- 11.) 

Adaunten, v. to subdue, NED; a- 
dauntede, pt. s., S2. — OF. adanter, adon- 
tcr ; Lat. ad + dornitare, to tame. (A- 7.) 

A-dawe, out of life, NED, HD.— AS. of 
dagtim, from days. (A- 3.) 

A-dawen, v. to rise from sleep, also, to 
arouse, NED; adawed,//. S3.— Cp. MHG. 
er-tagcn, to dawn. (A- i.) 

A-day, adv. at mom, by day, S2, P ; 
adai, S. (A- 2.) 


A-dili^en, v. to be lost, to perish, S ; 
adilijede, pt. s., S; adiliffde, S. — AS. a- 
(////>aAr, to destroy. (A- 1.) 

A-di^ten, v. to appoint, order, prepare, 
compose, clothe, treat, MD, S; adyjt, //., 
MD; adight, G; adyght, MD, HD. 

Adlen, v. to earn, MD ; addle, Manip., 
MED; addledd, pp., S.— Icel. oSla, refl. 
odla-sk, to acquire for oneself property, 
from 6bal, property, patrimony, from *a^al, 
race, see Fick, 7. 14; cp. OHG. uodil, 
' praedium' (Tatian). See Athel. 

Admirald, sb. a Saracen commander, S ; 
see Amirail. 

Admod, adj. humble, gentle, S; aed- 
mod, MD ; edmod, MD. — AS. eadmdd, 
cabmSd. See Eth. 

Admoded,//. as fl^'. lowly; see Bad- 

Admodie, adj. pi. humble, MD ; ed. 
modi, MD. 

Admodliche, adv. humbly, gently, 
MD ; 8edm.odli5, S. — AS. eadmSdlice. 

Admodnesse, sb. humility, gentleness, 
MD, S; edmiodnesse, S; seddmodnesse, 
S. — AS. eadmSdttcs . 

A-do, sb. fuss, trouble, difficulty, S3, 
Prompt., WW ; = to do, PP, WW ; adoe, 
ND, (A- 5.) 

A-doun, adv. down, S, S2, C2, C3, G; 
adun, S ; aduue, S. — AS. of diine, off the 
hill. (A- 3.) 

A-drad, //. frightened, put in dread, 
NED, S2, G, C, PP; adred, S ; adrede, 
NED.— AS. ofdrad (A- 3). Cf. Of-dre- 

A-drawen, v. to draw out, S2 ; adroh, 
pt. s., NED ; adrou, NED ; adraje, //. 
NED. (A- I.) 

A-dreden, v. to fear greatly, S, NED > 
adrade, reflex., S. — OMerc. and-dr<xdan 
iRushw.); seeNED. (A- 4.) 

A-drenclieil, v. to drown, to be drowned, 
MD, S, PP ; adreynten, pt. pi., PP ; a- 
dreynt, pp. drenched, PP ; adreint, MD ; 
adrent, S, PP ; adreynched, PP.— AS. d- 
drencan. (A- i.) 

Adressen, v. to make straight, to di- 
rect, NED, H. — OF. adressier, adrecier 
Late Lat. addrictiare, from Lat. directu?n, 
straight. (A- 7.) 

A-driuken, v. to be drowned, MD, S ; 
adronc, pt. s., MD ; adxonken, //., MD ; 
adrnnken, //., MD. — AS, d-dritKan. 
I (A- I.) 

B 2 

4 A-DRYE. 

A-drye, v. to endure, bear, HD ; adri 
sen, S (19. 1047), MD.— AS. d-drcomn 
(A- I.) 

A-dun, adv. down, S ; see Adonn. 
A-dunien, v. to din ; adunest, 2 pr. s., 

adenyd, //. MD. (A- 1.) 

Adun-ward, adv. downward, NED; 
adon'vrard, 82. 

Adversarie, sb. adversary, C3.— OF. 
adversaric ; Lat. adiicrsaritts . 

Advertence, sh. mental attention, C3. 
— Late Lat. advertcntia. 

Advocat, sb. advocate, intercessor, C3 ; 
vokate, PP ; vokyte, causidicus, Voc. ; vo- 
kettus, //. PP.— OF. advocat; Lat. adtio- 
catii7n (ace). 

iE, sb. law, MD.— AS. a.w («), law, divine 
law, the Mosaic law, marriage ; Goth, aiws, 
an age, eternity; cp. OHG. ewa, the law 
of God, eternity (.Otfrid). Cf. aS-uez, 
En-bruche, Eche. 

iEdmod, a^^'. humble,'gentle, MD; see 

2!dniodli^, adv. humbly, S ; see Ad- 

iEdmodnisse, ^/a humility, MD; »dd- 
modnesse, S ; see Admodnesse. 

iEhte, num. eight, MD ; see Eig-hte. 

2!Ilteiie, Jizun. eighteen, S ; see Eigh- 

iEoure, pron. your, S ; see Boure. 

iErd, sb. native land, home, S ; see Erd. 

iErfeS-telle, adj. difficult to count, S. 
See Arfe'S. 

iErnde, sb. errand, MD ; see Erende. 
iErnd-race, sb. messenger, S ; 2:rnd- 
raches, pL, S.— AS. arend-raca. 
2!riieil, V. to run, S ; see Bennen. 

3!-uez, adj. pious, fast in the law, S. — 
AS. a-fcst. See .ffi. 

Afaiteu, v. to affect, to prepare, array, 
dress, to train, tame, subdue, NED, PP ; 
affaiten, P; fayten,S2, PP; faiten, PP.— 
OF. afaiter, afeiter ; Lat. affectare, freq. of 
afficerc ; ad+facere. (A- 7.) 

A-fallen, v. to fall, MD; auallen, 
MD; afeol, //..f., MD; afallen,//., MD. 
— AS. d-fcallan. (A- i.) 

A-fallen, v. to fell, NED; afal, ii>ip., 
S ; aual, S. 

A-felde, adv. a-field, to the field, PP 

(A- 2^,. 

A-fellen, v. to fell, NED; auellen 
MD.— AS. d-fellan, d-fyllan. {A- i.) 


A-fer, adv. afar, W, W2 ; afeer, NED ; 

of feor,SCs.v./f^r). (A- 3.) Cf. A-ferre. 

Afere, sb , affair, bustle, appearance, 
demeanour, S2, NED ; effere, S2 ; eflfeir, 
S2, S3 ; effer, S2 ; afferes, //., PP.— OF. 
aferc = a+fcrc ; Lat/acere, to do. (A- 7.) 

A-feren, v. to frighten, terrify, S, PP ; 
afferen, MD ; affeare, 2 pr. s. subj.,S; 
afered, //. afraid, S, C, P ; aferd, S, C, P, 
W2; afeerd, W ; afert, PP; aferde, S3, 
P, W; afferde, S3.— AS. d-/<iran. (A- 

A-ferre, adv. afar. Prompt. ; oferrum, 
S2 ; onferriun, S2 ; onferre, NED; on- 
ferr, NED. (A- 2). Cf Afer. 

AfF- ; see Af-. 

Affamysit, //. famished, S3, NED. 
Cp. OF. afamer ; Late Lat. affamare. 

Affectuosly, adv. passionately, HD, 

AffectuOUSe, adj. heartv, affectionate, 
NED, H; affectuse, NED.— Lat. affcc- 

Affray, sb. terror, S3, C2, C3. Cf. Ef- 

AfFrayen, v. to frighten, C2 ; afFrayed, 
//. S2, C, C3, W ; see Afrayen. 

Aiile, V. to file down, NED: aflyle, C. 
—OF. ajilcr. 

A-flemen, v. to drive away, MD ; a- 
ulem, imp. s., S.— AS. d-flhnan {d-flymatC'. 
'A- I.) 

Afolen, V. to befool ; afoled, pp.. S ; 
afoild, NED, HD.— OF. afoler (Bartsch) ; 
Low Lat. *adfolare, to make foolish. 
(A- 7.) 

A-fon, V. to receive, S ; afeoli, imp., S ; 
avoj), /;-. //., S ; aueng-e, //. pL, S2. — AS. 
d-Jon, onj'on (for oud-fon), see Sievers, 198, 
5.1. (A- 4.) Cf. Onfon. 

Aforce, v. to force, constrain, NED, H ; 
afforce, H ; aforsed,//. //., H.— OF. afor- 
cer, effoi'cer, esf order ; Late Lat. exforiiare, 
from LsLt.fortis, strong. (A- 9.) 

A-fore, adv., prep., before, PP, WW; 
affore, PP ; afor, PP ; affor, PP ; aforn, 
N^D.— AS. on-foran. (A- 2.) 

A-forthen, v. to further, promote, to 
achieve, to manage to do, to manage to 
give, to afford ; P, NED, SkD, HD ; a- 
forde, NED.— AS. gc +for&ian. (A- 6.) 

A-fote, adv. on foot, PP ; afoote, S3, 
W; auote, S2. (A- 2.) 

Afrayen, v. to disturb from peace and 
quiet, to frighten, NED; aflfraye, C2 (E. 


455) ; afreyd, //. alarmed, afraid, NED ; 
affrayed, W, S2, C, C3; affrayd, S3 ; af- 
frayt, S3 ; frayd, S3, fraid, S3.— AF. 
a/raycr, cffrayer, OF. csfrccr: Prov, es- 
fredar\ Low Lat. ex-fridarc, ixom fridum ; 
cp. 0S.y)7'<J//, peace. (,A- 9.) See AfFrayen. 
A-fright, //. terrified, C ; afrijt, NED, 
HD; afryjte, YiYy.—A.^.d-fyrht,d-fyrht- 
ed. (A- I.) 

Afber, prep, and adv. after, according to, 
S, HD,S2, C3; efter, S, S2 ; eftir, S3 ; 
eafter.MD ; aftir, 'Sz.—^f-ier is a comp. 
form, see SkD. 

Afber-clap, sl>. an evil consequence or 
result, HD; after-clappys, //., MD. 

After-del, sb. disadvantage, MD ; af- 
ter-dele, HD. 

A-fure, adv. on fire, S2 ; auere, S2 ; 
afiere, \\ 2. A- 2.) 

Afyngred ; see Almngerd. 

A-gasten, v. to terrify, MD, PP ; ag-est- 
en, S; agaste, //. s., C2, C; agast, //., 
PP, S2, S3, C2, C3, G; ag'azed, S3; a- 
gaste, //., S2, W. — AS. d+gckstan, to 
frighten. (A- i.) 

A-gen, p>''p- and adv. towards, back, 
again, S ; see A-^ein. 

Agenes, prep, against, S ; see A^eines. 

Ageust, prep, against, NED ; see A- 

Agenst-Clirist, sb. Antichrist, S3. 

A-gesseu, v. to reckon, calculate, S. 

A- I. 

Aghe, sb. awe, H ; agh, NED ; see 

Aghe-ful, adj. awful, H ; aghfal, H. 

A-gon, V. to obtain, PP. — AS. of-gatigan, 
to require. (A- 3.) 

A.-gOU, pp. and adv. gone away, ago, S2, 
C3; agoon, C2, C3; agoue, S3; agoo, 
PP; ago, C2. — AS. a-gdn, ^pp. oi d-gdn, to 
go forth. (A- I.) 

A-graythen, v. to make ready, to 
dress, NED ; agreped, //., S2 ; agrayped, 
NED. — From Icel. greida : Goth, ga-raid- 
jan. (A- I.) 

A-graythinge, sb. apparel, S2, NED. 

Agreable, adj. pleasant, NED ; ag- 
greable, favourable, S3. — AF. agreable. \ 
vA-7-^ i 

A-gref, in grief, NED ; agrief, C ; o- j 
grefe, NED. Phr.: tabes not agreve, takes 
it not unkindly, NED. 1 A- 2.) 

Agreggen, v. to make heavy, to be 
heavy, to aggravate, HD ; agreggid, //., 
\V2. — OY . agregier : Vjoy . agreujar ; Late 



Lat. aggreuiare, from *greuis for Lat. gra- 
nts. (A- 7.) 

Agrenen, v. to bear heavily on, to 
grieve, oppress, HD ; agrened, //., C2, 
I^P-— OF- agrever; Lat. aggranare ; ad + 
gratiare, from grants. (A- 7.) 

Agrimony, sb. agrimony, Prompt. ; 
agremoine, Voc. ; egrimony. Prompt. ; 
egremoin, C3 ; egremonnde, NED; ogre- 
moyne, Voc. — Lat. agrimonia ; Gr. L-^pi- 
fiuivTj ; cp. F. aigremoute. 

A-grisen, v. to be horrified, to terrify, 
to loathe,^ HD, MD, S ; agryse, S2, C3.— 
AS. d-gr/sa>i. (A- I.) 

A-grounde, on the ground, S2, PP ; 
on this earth, PP. (A- 2.) 

Agte, sb. possession, S ; see Anhte. 

A-gulten, V. to sin, to offend, MD, PP, 
S; agilten, MD ; agelten, MD; asulten, 
S ; agnlte,//. s., PP ; agxUt,//., S ; agilt, 
HD, PP.— AS. d-gf'Uan. (A- i.) 

Ah, eonj. but, S, S2 ; see Ac. 

A-honge, //. hanged up, S. (A- I.) 

Aht, adj. worthy, valiant, NED; see 

Ahte, sb. possession, S2 ; ahhte, S ; see 

Ahtlice, adv. valiantly, NED; oht- 
liche, NED. See Anht. 

A-hungerd, //. a-hungered, PP, S3; 
ahungred, NED ; afyngred, PP.— AS. 0/- 
hyugred. (A- 3.) See Of-hungred. 

Aihte, sb. property, S; ayhte, S; see 

Air, sb. air, S2 ; aire, NED; see Eyre. 

Airtis, quarters of the sky, S3 ; see 

Aisille, sb. vinegar, S ; eisil, MD ; 
eisel, MD ; eyseUe, MD ; esylle. Prompt. ; 
aseUe, MD ; eyseU, Sh. ; aysel, H.— OF. 
aisil {eisil), also, aisi, Ps. 68. 21 (^Metz) ; 
Late Lat. acituni (cp. OF. azet); Lat. aeetutn; 
see Schuchardt, Vokalistnus, i. 294. 

Aisliche, adv. timorously, S3 ; see Eis- 

Ak, conj. but, S2, PP ; see Ac. 

A-kelen, v. to make cold, to grow 
cold, S, MD.— AS, d-celan. (A- i.) 

Aken, v. to ake, to throb with pain, C2, 
S2, Prompt., NED; eken, MD ; 3aik, 
NED; oc,//. 5., MD; ok, MD; oke,MD, 
NED ; akide, NED ; oken, pt. pi., PP.— 
AS. acati, pt. 6c, pp. aceii ; cp. Icel. aka, to 
drive, Lat. agere. Cf Ache. 

Aketonn, sb. a jacket of quilted cotton 


worn under the mail, a jacket of leather 
plated wiih mail, NED, Voc, C2; acke- 
tonn, IID ; acton, NED, HD, JD ; haka- 
tone, IID; haqueton, NED; haketon, 
ND; hacqueton, ND.— OF. atujueton; 
Sp. alcoton ; Arab, al-qntn, the cotton. 

A-kneon, on knees, S, NED ; aknen, 
HI); aknewes, HD. (A- 2.) 

Al, adj., sb., adv. all, MD, S, S2, C2, C3 ; 
aU, S, S3; hal, S2 ; alle, dai., S; seUe, 
//., S ; alle, S2 ; halle, S ; ealre, gen., S ; 
allre, S ; alra, S ; aire, S.— AS. eali, all, al. 

Al, adv. (with conjunctions); al if, al- 
though, NED. 

Al, adv. (with subj. mood), although, 
NED, C, C3 ; Al be it, even though it be 
that, C. 

Alabastre, sb. alabaster, W (Mt. 26. 
7) ; alabaustre, S3 ; alablaster, Sh.— OF. 
alabastre ; Lat. alabastrum (nom. -ter) ; Gr. 
dAa/Saorpoy, oKa^aaros. 

A-lang, adv. along, MD ; along, MD ; 
©long-, MD (A- 4). See Endlang-. 
Alauge, adj. tedious, strange, foreign, 
Prompt. ; alenge, HD ; see Elenge. 

Alarge, v. to enlarge, to give largely, 
HD ; alarg-id, pp., W, W2.— OF. alareir. 
(A- 7.) 

A-last, adv. at last, S2, NED. (A- 5.) 
Alauu, sb. a large dog used for hunting; 

alan, NED ; alant, NED ; alauntz,//., C ; 

allaundes, NED. — OF. alan \allan in 

Cotg.); It. alano (Florio) ; Low Lat. alatms. 
Alay, sb. alloy, PP ; alayes, //., C2.— 

AF. alay. 

Alayen, v. to mix metals, to alloy, 
NED, PP ; alayed, //., PP.— AF. alayer, 
aleyer[Y. aloyer); Lat. alligare, to bind. 
(A- 7-) 

Albe, sb. a vestment worn by priests, and 
by some kings ; NED.— Church Lat. alba, 
an alb ; Lat. alba [vestts^, a white garment. 

Albificacioun, sb. the process of mak- 
ing white (in alchemy), C3.— Late Lat. al- 

Alblastrye, sb. the use of cross-bows, 
S3. See Arblaste. 

Aid, adj. old, S, S2 ; alder, comp., MD; 
aldreste, super I., S ; see Old. 
Al-day, adv. always, continually, C2, 

Aide-like, adv. with solemn, venerable 
mien, S. 

Alder, sb. elder, ancestor, also, prince 
chief, MD, PP; aldren, pi., S; Klderen,' 


S; elderne, S2; ealdren, MD; ealdrene, 

gen., S. — AS. ealdor [aldor). See Aid. 

Alder, ,?-6V/.//. of all, C2, H ; see Aire-. 

Alder-best, adj. best of all, H ; see 

Alder-first, adj. first of all, C2 ; see 

Alder-mon, sb. a prince, also, the prin- 
cipal oilcer in the shire, MD, Voc; ellder- 
nemanness, gen., S ; aldermen, //., PP. 
AS. ealdorinann. 

Aldire-, gen. pi. of all, H ; see Aire-. 

Aldire-mast, adj. most of all, H ; see 

Ale, sb. ale, S2, C2 ; ale-house, S2 ; an 
ale-drinking, NED. Comb. : ale-stake, a 
stake before an alehouse as a sign, C, C3, 
NED.— AS. ealu, alu ; OTeut. stem *alut-. 
Cf. Wale. 

A-leggen, v. to lay down, to lay aside, 

to put down, confute, S, NED [allay^). 

AS. d-lecgan. (A- i.) 

Alomaunde, sb. almond, NED, W2 ; 
almaundes.//., NED ; almoundes, NED. 
— OF. aleinande, aleinandre, alemandle (cp. 
Sp. almendra) ; Late Lat. amendola (cp. Pg. 
ainendoa) ; Lat. at)iygdala; Gr. d/xvySdKrj. 

Aleniaunde-tre, sb. almond-tree, W2. 

Alembyk, sb. a retort (used in alchemy\ 
C3; alamtoic, NED; limtoeck, ND, Sh.; 
lymbecke, (Minsheu).— OF. alambic, Sp. 
alambique (Minsheu) ; Arab, al-anbiq ; Gr. 
ajx^iK-. stem of dfiPi^, a cup. 

A-lemen, v. to illumine, S ; alimen, S ; 
aleomen, S. — AS. a + Icoman. (A- i .) 

A-leseduesse, sb. redemption, MD. 

A-lesen, v. to loose, deliver, S ; alesde, 
pt.s., S ; alesed, pp., S, HD.— AS. d-lesan, 
dlysan. (A- I.) 

A-lesendnesse, sb. redemption, MD. 
A-lesnesse, sb. redemption, S, MD. — 

AS. d-lcsnis. 

Al-gate, adv. every way, always, in any 
case, NED, S3, C, C2, C3 ; allegate, S ; 
alg-ates, S2, C2, C3 ; algatis, W.— Cp. 
Icel. alia gotu, evpry way. 

Algorisiue, sb. the Arabic or decimal 
system of numeration, arithmetic, NED ; 
alg-rim, MD ; aug-rim, S. Phr. : cipher in 
alg-orisme, the figure o, a mere cipher, 
NED. — OF. algorisrne {augorime) ; Low 
Lat. algorisnius i^cp. ?>Y>^xi. guarismo, arith- 
metic, Minsheu); from Arab. al-A'hotm- 
razmi, the surname of an Arab mathemati- 
cian of the 9th cent. 


Al-halowen, sd. pi. all saints, NED ; 
alhalowes, NED: halalwes, S2. 

Al-halowen day, sh. All Saints' Day, 
NED. — AS. ealra halgcna dag. 

Aliance, sb. alliance, NED ; alliannce, 
C2. — AF. aliance. 

A-liche, adv. alike, PP, NED.— AS. 
ge-lice. (A- 6. ) See Iliche. 

Alie, sh. ally, relative, PP ; allye, C2. 

Alien, v. to combine, unite, ally, NED ; 
allyed, //., C2. — OF. alier; Lat. alligare. 
(A- 7.) _ 

A-liri, adv. across (said of the legs), P ; 
alyry, PP. — AS. on + lira, the fleshy part 
ofthe leg (Voc). (A- 2.) 

A-li^ten, v. to alight, get lightly down 
from a horse, to descend, also, to lighten, 
MD ; alyghte, C2 ; alygite, //. s., PP ; 
alyjte, PP ; alihte, MD ; alijte, S ; a- 
lylite, S2 ; alijt, //., S2. — AS. d-Uhtan. 
(A- i._) 

A-li^ten, v. to enlighten, illuminate, to 
light a fire , NED. — KS.on-lihtan. (A- 2.) 

A-li^tnen, v. to enlighten, NED ; a- 
lichtyn, S3 ; alyctnyng',//-./., S3. (A- i.) 

Al-kaly, sb. alkali, C3. — Arab, al-qalty, 
calcined ashes ; from qalay, to roast in a 

Alkamistre, sb. alchemist, C3, NED. 
OF. alkciniste. 

Al-kamye, sb. medieval chemistry, PP. 
— OF. alcamie, alqidmie ; Sp. alquirnia ; 
Arab, al-kiinld; Late Gr. X*?/^'"* of doubtful 
origin, prob. from xi'A'f'a, pouring. 

Al-karon, sb. the Koran, S2. — OF. al- 
coran ; Ar. al-qordn, the reading, from 
qara'a, to read aloud. 

Al-katran, sb. the resin of fir trees, 
pitch, also, bitumen, NED, S2. — OF. alke- 
tran ; Sp. alqiiitran ; Ar. al-qatran, from 
qatara, to drop. 

Al-kin, adj. of every kind, MED, PP ; 
alkyn, S2, PP ; alkynnes, PP ; aUe ky- 
nez, S2. — AS. alles cynnes, gen. 

Al-kynd, adj. of every kind, S3. 

All- ; see A1-. 

Allxinge, adv. altogether, S, MD ; al- 

Ijmg'e, MD; alliiigre,M£D AS. eallitnga, 


Allure, sb. a place to walk in, a gallery. 
a walk by the parapets of a castle, a cloi- 
ster, S3 ; alore, Prompt., NED.— OF. 
alure (now allure), walk, going, a gallery, 
also, aleiire ( = Low Lat. *alatura), from 
aler, to go (F. aller). 


Almain, adj. German, NED; Al- 
maines, pi. Germans, NED; Almaygnes, 
S3. — OF. aleinan i^F. allemand.) 

Almain, sb. a kind of dance, NED ; 
almond, NED. Comb. : almain-lean, 
ND ; almond-leape, Cotg. (s. v. saut . 

Almaine, sb. Germany, H ; Almayne, 
NED ; Aleiuaine, S ; Almeyue, NED ; 
Almen, NED ; Alamanie, S. — OF. Ale- 
maigne; Lat. Allemannia, the country of 
the Allemanni. 

Almes-dede, sb. deed of mercy, S2. 

Alnxesse, sb. alms, charity, S, PP, 
Prompt., S2, C3; selmes, S; elmesse, 
MD ; aliues, S, S2, W ; almons, S2 ; al- 
messis, //., W. — AS. celmysse; Church 
Lat. *alimosina (cp. OF. almosne); elee- 
fnosyna (Tertullian^ ; Gr. iKeijfjioavvr], alms, 
Lu. 12. 33; orig. pity. 

Al-mest, adv. almost, S2, C2, W, ■W2; 
almeest, W2 ; almost, PP. 

Al-mi;t, adj. all-powerful, MD ; al- 
might, NED, G.— AS. almiht. 

Al-mi^ti, adj. almighty, NED ; al- 
michti, S ; allmahhtij, S ; almyjty, S2 ; 
almihti, S. — AS. almeahtig. 

Al-mi^tin, adj. almighty, NED; al- 
m.ihten, NED ; alm.ilitin, S. 

Alne-way ; see Alweye. 

A-lofte, adv. on high, aloft, PP ; aloft 
PP; on-lofte, S2, C2 ; o lofte, NED ; o 
loft, NED. — Icel. a lopt (of motion), a 
lopti (of position ; lopt, air, sky, loft ; cp 
AS. on pd lyft, into the air. (A- 2.) 

A-londe, on land, in the land, S2, HD 
alond, S2. 

Al-one, adj., adv. alone, MED. Phr. 
hym allane, S2. See One. 

A-longen, v. to seem long to, to long 
NED ; alongred, pp. filled with longing 
G, HD; alonget, S2. — AS. of-langian. 
(A- 3.) 

A-long on, prep, on account of, S2, 
NED. — AS. ge-lang, along. (A- 6.) See 

Al-only, adv. merely, S2 ; alle only, S2. 

A-loofe, adv. aloof, more nearly to the 
wind, NED ; alofe, S3 ; alnffe, HD. 
Probably from Du. locf, in te loef, to wind- 
ward. (A- 2.) 

A-losen, v. to praise, PP ; alosed, //. 
notorious, S2, NED, HD. (A- 7.) 

Al-ont, adv. entirely, NED : all out, 

A-lonten, v. to bow down, S3, NED ; 

alowtid, pt. s., PP.— AS. d-liitan. (A- i.) 

8 A- LOW. 

A-low, on the low ground, on earth, 
ED, I'l' ; alawe, S3 ; aJowe, PP. (A- 2.) 
Alowable, adj. praiseworthy, PP. 

Alowaunce, sl>. praise, pp. 

Alowen, v. to praise, commend, to ap- 
prove of, sanction, to admit (iiitelleclualljO, 
S3, PP; allowen, C2, G, PP.— OF. aloiur; 
Late Lat. *allaudare\ Lat. ad + latidaj-e. 
(A- 7.^ 

Alowen, v. to assign, bestow, to give an 
allowance to, NED, Palsg. ; allow, Sh. — 
AF. alo'cuer, OF. alouer, aloer; Lat. allo- 
care, to place. (A- 7.) 

A-loyne, v. to remove far off, NED, HD. 
AF. aloyncr, from loin ; Lat. loiige. (A- 7.) 

Aire, g£fi- pi- of all, used as an intensify- 
ing prefix with a superlative, NED {all, see 
sect. D. II, p. 2271, MD (p. 56) ; allere, 
H ; aller, G, C ; alder, C2, H; alther, 
G, C, W2 ; aldire-, H. — AS. ealra. 

Alre-best, best of all, S2 ; alderbest, 
H ; altherbest, NED, HD, C ; alther- 
beste, S, HD. 

Alre-^yrst, first of all, NED ; altlier- 
first, NED, HD ; alderfirst, C2, C3. 

Alre-mest, most of all, S ; aldire- 
mast, H ; althermoost, HD. 

Als, adv. and conj. also, as, S, S2, S3, 
C2 ; see Also. 

Als-aS, conJ. just as if, S3. 

Al-SO, adv. and conj. (i) even so, like- 
wise, also, (2\ as, MED, PP, S, S3, C3 ; 
allswa, S ; alswo, MED ; alse, S; alsse, 
S ; als, S, S2, S3, C2 ; alls, S ; ase, S, 82; 
as, S, S2, S3, C2 ; es, PP ; alsswa, S2 ; 
alsna, S2 ; als-so, S2 ; alswa, S, S2, 
MED. — AS. eal-sivd. 

Al SOlue day, All Souls' Day, NED ; 
alle soule day, S2. — AS. eah-a sawlena 

Als-tite, adv. as quick, immediately, 
MED, S2. 

Al-suic, adj. all such, S. 

Al-swith.e, adv. as fast, immediately, 
MED ; alswythe, PP ; als-suith, S2 ; 
aswithe, S2 ; asswythe, S2. 

Alther-, gen. pi. of all, C, G, W2, PP ; 
see Aire-. 

Alther-best, adj. best of all, S, C ; see 

Alther-feblest, adj. feeblest of all, 
S2, HD. 

Alther-first, adj. first of all, HD ; see 


Alther-moost, adj. most of all, HD ; 
see Alremest. 

Al-tO, adv. entirely, S, NED (s.v. all, see 
C, sect. i5\, W, W2, H ; all-to, H. 

Al-togidere, adv. altogether, G ; alte- 
gsedere, S. 

Al-wat, conj., adv. all the while, till, S, 
MD s.v. al, p. 57) ; alwet, MD; alhuet, 
NED (s.v. all what). See What. 

Al-weldand, adj. all-wielding, S2 ; al- 
wealdent, S. — AS. al-wealdend. 

Al-weye, adv. all along, at all times, 
perpetually, at any rate, NED; alne-way, 
S2 ; alwey, C2, C3, PP ; alwais, S2 ; al- 
leweyes, NED. — AS. ealne zveg. 

Alynen, v. to besmear; alyned, //., 
S2. — Lat. allinere. (A- 7.) 

A-lyne, adv., adj. as pred. alive, C2, S2, 
PP ; onljrue, C2, G ; onliue, S. — AS. on 
life. (A- 2.) 

Am, I pr. s. am, S, C3 ; sem, S, MD ; 
bam, S; earn, MD; eom, MD. — O.North. 
am, O.Merc, earn (VP), AS. eo?n. 

A-mad,//. as adj. distracted, mad, MD, 
S; amed, MD ; amadde, //. MD.— AS. 
gc-»i<zd, pp. of ge-midatt, to madden ; cp. 
OHG. ga-meit, foolish. (A- 6.) 

Amaistrien, v. to master, teach, PP ; 
amaistrye, P, HD. — OF. ainaisir'\i)er ; 
Lat. ad + m agist rare. (A- 7.) 

Amalgaiue, sb. a soft mass, mixture of 
metal with mercury, NED ; malg'am, NED. 
— OF. amalgame ; Low Lat. amalgama. 

Amalgaming, sb. the formation of an 
amalgam, C3. 

Amang ; see Amonge. 

A-mansien, v. to curse, to excommuni- 
cate, MD ; amansi, MD ; amansy, MD ; 
amonsi, HD ; amawns, HD; amansed, 
//., S. — Contracted from AS.d-mdnsumian, 
to put out of intimacy, from ?ndnsiim, fami- 
liar, intimate ; pp. d-mdnsumod, also dmdn- 
sod; see Schmid. (A- i.) 

A-masen, v. to amaze, stupefy, NED ; 
amased, //., C3. (A- i.) 

Ambassade, sb. the function of ambas- 
sador, an ambassador and suite, NED ; 
embassades, //., S3. — OF. afHhassade,a?n- 
baxade ; OSp. ambaxada, from Low Lat. 
ambaxia,a??ibactia,o^Qe, employment, from 
atnbactus, vassal, retainer, a Celtic word 
found in Caesar. 

Ambassadrie, sb. ambassadorship, 
NED ; embassadrie, S2, C3. — F. ambas- 


Ambassage, sd. embassy, NED ; Em- 
bassages, //., S3. 

Amblen, z>. to move at an easy pace, 
NED. — OF. ambler \ Lat. ambidare, to 

Amblere, sb. an ambling horse or mule, 
C, NED. 

Amellen, v. to enamel, MD ; ammell, 
Palsg. ; amelled, //., Palsg. ; amelyd, 
HD; amiled, IIU; ameled, NED.— AF. 
aytneler, OF. csinailler; OHG. smalzjan, 
to smelt, liquefy ; cp. It. smaltarc, to enamel 
(^Florio). Cf. En-amelen, Mute. 

Ajuenden, v. to amend, mend, MD, S, 
S2, C2, \V ; amended, //. S2 ; amendid, 
W2. — OF. ainemier ; Lat. e-vundarc, from 
ex-vtnendtim,i'H.\x\t. (,A- 9.) 

Amene, a'?)', pleasant, S3, NED; ameyn, 
S3. — OF. amene ; Lat. amociium. 

Amerant, sb. amaranth, a fadeless 
flower, S3. — OF. amarante ; Lat. a/naran- 
ttiin (ace.); Gr. d/iapai'Tos. (A- 11.) 

Amercy, v. to amerce, fine, P, NED. — 
AF. amercier; from OF. estre a merci 
came estre ainercic, then amercier. 

Amete, sb. ant, emmet, NED ; amte, 
^V2; emete, Voc; emote, NED ; ematte, 
Voc. ; amtis, pi., W2 ; amptis, NED. — 
AS. amete, emete. Cp. OHG. dmeiza ; 
from OHG. a, on + meizan, to cut, as if 
' the cutter or biter off.' 

Ametist, sb. amethyst, NED ; am.etis- 
tus, W (Rev. 21. 20); am.atyste, HD; 
amaste, HD ; amaffised, MD.— OF. ame- 
tiste ; Lat. amcthystiim i^acc.) ; Gr. dneOva- 

TOS. (A- II.) 

Ameuen, v. to be moved, NED ; am-en- 
ed,pt. s., C2. — OF. esmetiv-, accented stem 
oi esmover; Y.aX.exmotiere. (A- 9.) 

Ameyn ; see Amene. 

A-midde, adv. and prep, amid, S2, C2, 
PP ; amidden, S ; amydde, PP. — AS. oti 
niiddan, on middum. (A- 2.) 

Amirail, sb. a Saracen ruler or com- 
mander, an emir, an admiral, MD ; amerel, 
Prompt.; amyralle, MD ; amrayl, HD ; 
admirald, S. — OF. a?>i2rail, amiral ; cp. 
Arab, amir-al-bahr, commander of the sea, 
amir-al-muviinln, commander of the faith- 

A-mis, adv. amiss, C2 ; amys, G ; on- 
mys, NED. (A- 2.) 

Amome, sb. an odoriferous plant, amo- 
mum, NED; amonye, W, HD. — OF. 
amome (Cotg.) ; Lat. aviomum ; Gr. d/xwfioy, 
a name applied to several spice plants. 

AND. 9 

Amoneste, v. to admonish, warn, HD. 
— OF. amo/iester; Late Lat. * admonitare, 
from Lat. admonitus, pp. of admonere, see 
Constans. (A- 7.) 

Amouestemeuli, sb. admonishment, S, 
HD. — OF. amonestcment. 

Amonestjnigt ^^- admonishing, CM. 

A-monge, prep, and adv. among, in, at 
intervals, PP ; amange, NED; omang, 
MD ; amang', S, S2 ; among-, S, PP. Phr.: 
eure among, ever among, every now and 
then, S ; ever and among, NED. — AS. on- 
mang, on-gcmang. (A- 2.) 

A-mongeS, prep, among, S2, S3, C2, 
C3, G, PP. 

A-morewe, on the morrow, S2, W ; 
amorwe, HD, PP, S2 ; amoreje, S ; 
amorje, S (16. 432).— AS. on morgen. 
(A- 2.) 

Amoimtance, sb. amount, NED ; 
mountouns, S2, HD. 

Amounteu, v. to ascend, rise, amount, 
mean, S2, C2, PP; amunten, S. — AF. 
amunter, from Lat. ad+viontem. (A- 7.) 

Ampole, sb. a vessel for holding con- 
secrated oil, or for other sacred uses, NED ; 
ampulles, //., P ; ampolles, S2, PP ; 
hanypeles, PP. — OF. ampole; Lat. am- 

Ampre, sb. a tumour, flaw, blemish ; 
amper, HD; ampres, //., S. — AS. ampre, 
' varix' (Voc). 

Amte ; see Amete. 

A-m.ur'Srill, 'v. to murder, S ; amor- 
thered, //., MD. — AS. d-myrtrian 
(Schmid). (A- i.) 

Amyable, adj. friendly, lovely, NED ;, 
amyatoiU, S3 ; amiatole, WW.— OF. ami- 
able; Lat. amicabilem. 

An, I pr. s. I grant, allow, S ; on, /;-. s., 
S. See Unnen. 

An, num. and indef. a>i. one, an, S, S2, 
PP ; see Oon. 

An, prep, on, upon, in, PP, S, S2 ; see 

An, conj. and, if, PP, S, S2 ; see And. 

Anchesoun, sb. occasion, MD ; an- 
cheisun, MD ; anchaisun, HD. — AF. 
anchesoun. See Achesoun. 

Ancre, sb. an anchorite, recluse, hermit, 
a monk, a nun, NED, S, S2 ; auncre, S2 ; 
anker, S2 ; ancres,//., P. — AS. a«cr«, m. 
(* ancre, f.) ; Church Lat. anachoreta ; Gr. 

And, conj. and, also, if, G, S, S2, S3, 


C2 ; ant, S, S2 ; an, S, S2 ; a, MD.— /V/r. : 
and if, MD. 
Anefeld, s/>. anvil, Wz ; anefelt, NED. 

— AS. oiijU/i i^Voc). 

An-ent, prep, and adv. on a level with, 
among, opposite, towards, in respect of, 
NED ; anout, MD ; onont, .S ; onond, S ; 
anende, MD; anoude, Ml); ouonde, 
Ml); auendes, MD ; anentes, NED; 
anentis. W, W2 ; anemptis, MD ; an- 
empst, NED ; anence, H ; anens, H ; 
ynentes, II. — AS. on efen, on efn, on emti, 
on even ground with. 

Aneutesch ; see Anientise. 

Aner-ly, adv. only, alone, S2, NED, JD. 

Anete, sb. the herb dill, Voc, W, NED. 
—OK. anct; Lat. aneihum (Vulg.); Gr. 
dvTjOov, dial, form of dvicrov. See Anise. 

A-netheren. z>. to lower, humiliate, 
NED; anethered,//., HD. (A- 1.) See 

Anew, sd. ring, wreath; anewis, p/., 
S3 ; aneus, links of a chain, NED. — OF. 
ajiiaus, pi. of and, ring ; Lat. anellus, dim. 
of dmiltts, dim. of annus, a circuit, year. 

Anew, enough, S3. (A- 6.) See Ynow. 

A-uewe, adv. anew, NED. (A- 3.) See 

Angel, sb. angel ; ongel, S ; angles, 
//., S ; seniles, S ; ang'lene, gen. S. — Lat. 
angclus. See Eng'el. 

An-^n, sb. beginning, MD ; angnn, S, 

An-ginnen, v. to begin ; on g-on, pt. s., 
S. — As. an- {07i-)ginnan. 

Angle, sb. a name given to the four as- 
trological ' houses,' NED, S2. — OF. angle ; 
Latin ajigulum (ace). 

Angles, sb. pi. the English, the people 
of ' Angul,' a district of Holstein, S, NED ; 
Englis, S. — AS. Angle, pi. 

Angre, sb. affliction, sorrow, wrath, pain, 
inflammation, NED, S2, PP ; angers, S2. 
— Icel. a7igr. 

Angren, v. to annoy, injure, make angry, 
NED ; angre, PP. — Icel. angra. 

Angwisch.,.?;^. anguish, W 2 ; angnyssh, 
PP ; angoise, S, MD; anguise, MD ; an- 
guisse, MD. — OF. angozsse,A¥. anguisse; 
Lat. angustia, tightness, from angere, to 

An-hei^, adv. on high, S2, PP ; an hei, 
S2 ; an iiey, S2 ; an hij, W. 

An-heten, v. to heat, to become hot ; 
anhet, pr.s. S; anh^et, //. S. — AS. 071- 

An-lie;en, v. to exalt, NED ; anhejed, 

//., S2. 

An-hitten, v. to hit against, S, MD. 

An-hon, v. to hang [tr.), MD ; anhoU,, S ; anhonge,//., ML). — AS. on-lum. 

An-h.ongen, v. tr. and intr. to hang, 
S, MD; anhonged, //., MD ; anhanged, 

Aniente, v. to bring to nought, NED ; 
anyente, PP. — OF. anienter, from a, to + 
nient ; Late Lat. *7iecentem — nee + entem. 

(A- 7;) 

Anientise, v. to bring to nought, to 
destroy, NED; anientice, PP ; anentisen, 
CM ; anentesch, PP ; anyntisclie, W2 ; 
neentishe, NED; annentissched, //. 
CM ; anyntiscMd, W2 ; enentyscht, H ; 
enentist, H. — OF. anientir (variant of 
anienter), pr. p. anientissant. {A- 7.) 

Anise, sb. anise, also dill, NED ; anys, 
NED; aneyse, Voc. — OF. am's; Lat. 
anisuin ; Gr. aviaov. Cf. Anete. 

A-ni'Serien, v. to lower, humiliate, 
MD ; anetJered, //. MD, HD.— AS. d + 
mderia7t. (A- i.) 

Anker, sb. anchor, S. — AS. aneor; Lat. 
ancora ; Gr. d-yKvpa. 

Anlas, sb. a kind of dagger, anlace, 
MD,C ; anelace, HD ; anela's, MD, NED. 
— Cp. Low Lat. anclacius (Ducange), 
O Welsh anglas. 

An-leth., v. face, countenance, MD, HD, 
NED; onndlaet, MD; onlete, MD.— Icel. 
andlit (Swed. anlete) : AS. and-wUta. 

Ann- ; see An-. 

Annamyllit, //. enamelled, S3 ; see 

Annuel, adj. yearly ; sb. a mass said 
either daily for a year after, or yearly on the 
anniversary of a person's death, NED ; 
annell, S3. — AF. ajinuel ; Late Lat. annu- 
alefn, for Lat. aniidletn, from anmis, year. 

Annueler, sb. a priest who sang an 
annual, PP, C3, HD. 

An-On, adv. at once, instantly, soon, in 
a short time, S, S2, C3, PP ; anan, S, 
NED ; onan, S2 ; onon, S, S3 ; anoon, 
S3, C2, G, W. — AS. on an, into one; on 
dne, in one (moment). 

Anonder ; see Anunder. 

Anon-ryght, adv. immediately, C3, 
G ; anonrilites, S ; ananriht, S. 

An-OUen, adv. above, S, NED ; onnnen, 
NED. — AS. Oft ufan. 

A-nough, adj. (as pred.^ enough, CM ; 
anew, S3. (A- 6.) See Ynow. 


Anoy, sb. discomfort, vexation, trouble, 
MD, S2, PP ; anoye, \V2 ; anui, ML); 
ennye, S. —OF. anoi : OSp. enoyo : Olt. 
inodio, from the Lat. phrase est mihi in 
odio ; see Diez. Cf. Koye. 

Anoyen, v. to annoy, PP, W2, S2, C2, 
C3 ; anoiede, //. s., W ; noyede, W ; a- 
■D.oyeA,pp. W; anuyed, PP ; anuid', MD ; 
aund, S ; anuyjed, S2 ; euuuyed, P. — 
AF. ennuyer. Cf. Noyen. 

Answere, sb. answer, MD ; ondswere, 
S ; answare, S ; onswere, S., audsware, 
S. — AS. and'Sivarii. 

Answereu, v. to give an answer, S, 
PP ; ondswerien, S; andswarede, /A .f. 
S; andswerede, S ; ontswerede, S ; on- 
swerede, S ; onswerde, S ; answarede, 
S ; answerede, S. — AS. and-swarian. 

A Ti t. J conj. and, also, if, S, S2. See And. 

Antem, sb. anthem, C2 ; antefne, MD. 
— AS. antefne ; Church Lat. antifona (cp. 
Prov. antifena, It. antifonaS ; for older 
antiphona ; Gr. dvTiipaii'a, lit. things sound- 
ing in response. Cf. Antiphone. 

Anticrist, sb. Antichrist, MD ; ante- 
crist, \V 1^1 John 4. 3) ; ancrist, MD ; 
ancryst, Voc. — Church Lat. antichristus 
(Vulg.) ; Gr. avrixpi'^Tos. 

Autiplione, sb. antiphon, NED ; 
Church Lat. antiphona ; see Antem. 

Antiplionere, sb. anthem-book, C2 ; 
autyphouere, Voc. ; anfenare, Voc. ; am- 
fanere, Voc. — Church Lat. antiphonarins. 

Anum, adv. at once, S. — AS. dnum, dat. 
of an, one. [The MS. has ami, put for 
anii ( = anuw)]. See Oon. 

An-under, prep, under, S ; anonder, S. 

An-nppe, prep, and adv. upon, MD ; 
onuppe, S. 

An-uppon, prep, upon, S, MD ; an- 
uppen, S. 

A-nyghte, adv. by night, C2 ; anijt, 
S ; oni^, S. (A- 2.) 

A-nyghtes, adv. at night, nightly, S3. 

Apalled, //. made pale, NED ; ap- 
palled, C, C2.— OF. apalir, apallir; Lat. 
ad+pallire ioT pallere. (A- 7.) 

Aparail, sb. apparel, PP ; apparaille, 
C2, PP. 

Aparailen, v. to make ready, to fit up, 
furnish, to dress, attire, PP ; apparayleden, S2 ; aparailed, //. S: apparailled, 
P. — OF. apareiller ; Late Lat. *adparicii- 
lare, to make equal or fit, from Lat. par, 
equal. (A- 7.) 



Aparannce, sb. appearance, NED ; 
apparence, C2. — AF. apparence. (A- 7.) 

Apart, adv. apart, aside, C2 ; aparte, 
separately, PP, NED.— OF. apart. (A- 7.) 

Apart, V. to set aside, separate, NED ; 
aparte, S3 (24. 14). 

Apartie, adv. in part, partly, PP, NED. 
(A- 2.) 

Apayen, v. to satisfy, please, to requite, 
HD, PP ; apayd, //. S3, C2, C3 ; apayed, 
C2, W; apaied, W, PP.— OF. apaier 
{apayer) : Prov. apagar ; Lat. ad -^pacare, 
irom parent, peace. (A- 7.) 

Ape, sb. ape, MD, C2, C3, P ; fool, HD. 
F/ir.: pe olde ape, i.e. the devil, MD ; wyu 
of ape ( =OF. vin de singe], wine which 
makes the drinker pleasant, wanton, or 
boyish, Cotg., MD, HD.— AS. apa. 

Apece, sb. the alphabet. Prompt. ; see 

Apenden, v. to belong, S2, PP ; ap- 
penden, S2, PP. — OF. ap^p)endre; Lat. 
ad + pcndere. (A- 7.) 

Aperceyue, v. to perceive, C2, PP; 
aperseyue, PP. — OF. ape/foiv-, accented 
stem of aperceveir ; Late Lat. appercipere ; 
Lat. ad ^■ percipere. (A- 7.) 

Aperceyoinges, observations, 


Aperen, v. to appear, S, PP ; apeeren, 
PP ; aper, S2 ; appiere, P ; apperand, 

pr.p. S3. — AF. aper-, stem of apert, pr. s. 
of aparoir; Lat. apparere {ad+parere). 
(A- 7-) 

Apert, adj. clever, expert, NED ; as- 
pert, S3. — OF. aspert, espert; Lat. ex- 
pertns. (A- 9.) See Expert. 

Apert, adj. open, NED, H, HD ; adv. 
C2. Phr.: in to apert ( = Lat. inpalam), 
S2. — OF. apert ; Lat. aperttis, pp. of 
aperire, a verb with d=ab, prefix. (A- 8.) 

Aperteliclie, adv. openly, S2 ; apertly, 
P, H ; appertly, P. 

Apertenaunt,/-^-/- appertaining, C2. 
— OF. apertenant. 

Apertene, v. to appertain, NED, C3. — 
OY . aperlenir \ \ ^ pertinere. (A- 7.) 

Apertinent, /"-./■ appertaining, C2.— 
Late Lat. adpertincntem. 

Apesen, v. to appease, NED, S3 (3b. 
1352), C2, C3 ; appease, S3 (,19a. 295). — 
OF. apeser, from a+pes; Lat. pacem, 
peace. (A- 7-) 

Apeyreu, v. to harm, diminish, impair, 
PP, \V ; apeyre, P. W ; appayre, S2, P ; 
apeyred, pp. S2. —OF. ampeirer, empeirer; 



Lat. in +feiorare, to make worse, from 

peior, worse. (,A- lo.'i 

Apeyrjmg, sl>. injuring, S2, W ; ap- 
palling, S3. 
A-piken, v. to trim, adorn, MD ; 

apiked. //., C. See OP", piquer (Cotg.). 

Aplien, v. to apply, devote one's ener- 
gies to. NED; apply, S3.— OF. aplier; 

Lat. applicare. 
Apointen, v. to come or bring matters 

to a point, to agree, arrange, to prepare, 

equip, NED.— OF. apointcr, from a point. 
Apointment, sh. agreement, NED ; 

poyntemente, S3. — OF. apoiftteinent. 
Aposen, v. to question. S2, PP, Prompt. ; 

apposen, C3, PP. Cp. Opposen. 
Apostel, sh. apostle, S ; appostel, NED ; 

appostil, NED ; apostle, W ; postlis, //. 

NED.— AS. apostol; Church Lat. apostolus 

(Vulg.); Gr. a.-noOToKo's, one sent forth, 
messenger ; cp. AF. apostle (OF. apostre). 

Apostil-hed, sh. office of apostle, W. 

Apotecarie, sh. apothecary, C ; pote- 
kary, NED.— OF. apotecaire; Late Lat. 
apothecarinm (ace), from apotheca ; Gr. 
drroOriKr], storehouse. 

Apoysou, v. to poison, PP ; apoysoned, 
//., PP. — OF. apoisoner, for ejiipoisotier. 
(A- 10.) 

App- ; see Ap-. 

Appairen, v. to injure; appayre, S2, 
P ; see Apeyren. 

Appairing, sh. injuring, S3. 

Appel, sb. apple, PP ; eppel, MD ; ap- 
pUs,//. \V2.— AS. appel. 

Apple-garnade, sb. pomegranate, S2 
iganiade). Cf Garnet-appille. 

Apreutis, sh. apprentice, NED ; pren- 
tis, S2, PP; aprentys, pi. PP.— OF. 
aprentis (AF. aprentiz), nora. of apre7itif, 
from aprendre. to learn ; Lat. apprehendere 
= ad + prchcndei-e. (A- 7.) 

A-quenchen, v. to quench, PP; a- 
cwenclien, S ; aqueynte,//. j. S2 ; aqueynt, 
PP. — AS. d-czvencan. (A- i.) 

Aqueme, sb. squirrel, S, NED; ac- 
queme, S. — AS. drwern (Voc); cp. Icel. 
ikorni, G. eichhorn, MDu. encoren. 

Aqueyntaunce, sb. acquaintance, S2, 
CM, MD. — Oh. acointance, AF. aqueyn- 
tance. (A- 7.) 

Aqueynten, v. to become known, MD ; 
aquointe, //. acquainted, NED ; aquente, 
NED ; aquynt, S2.— OF. acointer {a- 
cuinter) ; Late Lat. adcognitare, from Lat. 
ad + cog>iitum, pp. oi cognoscere, (A- 7.) 


Ar, prep., conj. and adv. before, S, S2, G, 

PL P; see Er. 

Kx, are, S2, PP ; see Aren. 
Arace, v. to pull up by the roots, C2, 

CM ; arache, NED.— AF. aracer, OF. 

esrachicr; I^tA. e^x)radicare. (A- 9.) 
Aranye, sb. spider, Prompt. ; arain, 

HD; aranee, HD ; eranye. Prompt.; 

erayne, Prompt. ; erayn. H ; arane, H ; 

erane, Voc. ; yreyne, \V2 ; aran, H ; 

iraiu, NED ; arrans, //., HD ; yreyns, 

W2. — OF. araigne yiraigiie) ; Lat. aranea. 
Arate, v. to correct, blame, rate, PP. 

Probably a variant of Aretten. Cf. OF. 

arattcr = areiter (Godefroy). 
Aray, sb. array, PP ; array, S2 (19. 393), 

C2, C. — OF. arci {a7-roi\. 

Arayen, v. to array, NED, PP ; arayed, 
pp.W; arrayed, C2, C3. — AF. arayer; 

OF. arcier, a>-eer: It. arrcdare (Florio); 

from Lat. a^Z+Low Lat. *redo (OF. rei), 

preparation, of Teutonic origin. (A- 7.) 

Arblaste, sh. a military engine for 

throwing missiles, MD, S2 ; alblast, S2. — 
OF. arhakste ; Late Lat. arcuhallista. 

Arblaster, sh. an arblast-man, S2. 

Arch., sb. arch, Prompt. ; arches, //. 
court of Arches, P. — OF. arche (Cotg.). 

Arch.-, prefix, chief; erche-. Church 
Lat. archi- ; Gr. apx'"; "^PX"- 

Arch-angel, sb. archangel, S, PP ; 
archang-les, //. S. — Church Lat. archange- 
his ; Gr. apya-^-^^Xos. 

Arche-biscop, sh. archbishop, S ; 
erchebissop, S2. — AS. arce-biscop (S) ; Lat. 
archi- + AS. hiscop. 

Archer, sh. archer, S2 ; arclxeer, C2 ; 
harchere, Voc. — AF. archer. See Ark. 

Archi-deken, sh. archdeacon, PP; 
erchedekene, S2. 

Archi-flaiuyu, sb. high-priest, S2. — 
Church Lat. archifia?nen, archbishop (Du- 
cange"), from 'LuX.flamen. 

Archi-triclin, sb. the ruler of the 
feast, S ; architriclyn, \V. — Church Lat. 
architriclimis (Vulg.) ; Gr. apxiTpiKKtvos. 

Arch-wyfe, sh. a wife who rules ; 
arche- wyues, //. C2, CM. 

Are, sb. honour, reverence, also, grace, 
clemency, MD, NED, S ; ore, S, S2, G, 
HD; happy augury, MD, S.— AS. are 
{dr) ; cp. OHG. era, honour (Otfrid). 

A-recchen, v. to explain, expound, to 
speak, NED.— AS. d-reccan. (A- i.) 

A-recheu, v. to reach, to strike, to reach 
in thought, to imagine, to be sufficient, 


NED, S, S (II. 47), S2, W, PP.— AS. d- 

rcEcan. (A- i.) 

A-reden, v. to declare, to interpret, 
NED, \V ; areede, W. — AS. d-redan ; cp. 
G. errathcn. \h.- i.) 

A-redy, adj. ready, P, HD, NED ; 
je-redi, MD. (A- 6.) 

Are-fall, adj. compassionate, MD, S. 
— AS. dr-j'ull. 

Are-les, adj. merciless, MD ; oreleas, 
S ; oreles, S. — AS. dr-lJas. 

Aren, v. to show mercy to, S, MD. — AS, 

Aren, pr. pi. are, S, PP ; am, MD, C2, 
PP; are, MD ; ar, MD, S2, PP ; ere, 
MD, S2 ; er, H.— ONorth. ar^w. 

Arende, sb. errand; HD, PP; see 

Arerage, sh. the state of being in arrear, 
indebtedness. NED, PP ; arrerage, C, PP. 
— OF. arerage, AF. arrerage. 

Arere, adv. to the rear, in the rear, PP ; 
Arrere, PP. — AF. arere; Late Lat. ad 
retro, backward. (A- 7.) 

A-reren, v. to raise, build, to arise, to 
rear, S2, PP ; arearen, S ; areride,//. .f., 
W ; arerde, S ; arerd, S ; arerdon,//., S ; 
arered, //.. S2, W, \V2 ; arerd, S2. — AS. 
d-rJeran : Goth, tir-raisjan. Causal of 
Arisen. (A-i.) 

A-rest, at rest, PP. (A- 2.) 

Arest, sb. stop, S2 ; arreest, custody, 
C. Fhr. : spere in arest, in rest, C. — OF. 
areste, stoppage, AF. arest, act of arresting. 
(A- 7-) 

Aresten, v. int. and tr. to stop, cause 
to stop. NED, C. — AF. arester ; Lat. ad^r 
res tare. yA- 7.) 

Aretten, v. to reckon, count, accuse, 
NED, W, \V2 ; aretted, //. C; arettid, 
W, \V2 ; rettid, W.— AF. aretter, OF. a- 
reter ; a + reter : OSp. reptar, to chal- 
lenge (Minsheul ; Lat. reputare, to count ; 
cp. Late Lat. reptare (^Ducange). (A- 7.) 
Cf. Betten. 

A-reysen, v. to raise, to arouse, NED ; 
areysed, //. s., S3 ; areisid, //., W. 

Are^tll, sb. cowardice ; arejtlie, dat., S. 
Sec Arwe. 

Arfe?J, adj. difficult, MD; arefe«, S; 
earfetS, MD; arue«, NED; erfe«, MD.— 
— AS. earj'ede; cp. earfede, earfop, labour, 
toil : Goth, arbaiths. 

Argoile, sb. the tartar deposited from 



wines, C3,NED; argnyll, NED ; argall, 

Cotg. (s.v. tartre), ND. — AF. argoil. 

Argneu, v. to prove, to reason, PP. — 
OF. argiier; Late Lat. argutare, from Lat. 

Argnere, sb. reasoner, PP. 

Argtuuent, sb. proof, clear proof, proof 
presumptive, NED; argrumens, //., PP. — 
AF. argument ; Lat. argumentum. 

Argumenten, v. to argue, C3, S2. 
A-risen, v. to arise, MD ; aryse, PP ; 

aris, ivip. j. S ; arys, PP ; arist, pr. s., 
S, S2, C3 ; a,T08, pt. s., S, PP ; aroos, PP ; 
arisen,//., MD ; arise, S2. — AS. d-risan. 


A-rist, sb. rising, resurrection, NED ; 
aristes, gen., S ; ariste, dat., S. — AS. <k- 
ri'st. (A- I.) 

Ariue, v. to arrive, to come to shore, 
S ; aroue, //. s., NED ; arinede, //. S2 ; 
aryue,//., S; aryven, NED. — AF. ari- 
ver; Late Lat. arribare, arripare, adri- 
pare, from Lat. ad+ripa, shore. (A- 7.) 

Aritie, sb. landing, arrival, C, NED. 

A-rixlien, v. to rule; arixlye, S. 

i;a- i.^ 

A-ri5t, adv. in a right way, straightway, 
S2 ; aryght, C2 ; arijte, S; ori^, S. 
(A- 2.) 

Ark, sb. an ark, chest, MD ; arrke, 
S ; arc, S2. — Lat. area ; cp. OF. airhe. 

Ark, sb. segment of a circle, C2, MD. — 
OF. arc; Lat. arcum (ace), a bow. 

Aries, sb. an earnest, NED, JD, HD. — 
Probably a plural in form from an OF. 
*erle, *arle ; Lat. *arrhula, dim. of arrha, 
for arrhabo ; Gr. appn^uv ; Heb. 'erdbon. 
Cp. OF. erres, arres : Sp. arras (Minsheu^ ; 
Lat. arrhas, pi. ace. oi arrha. See Ernes. 

Arly, cuij. and adv. early, S2, H ; see 

Arm, sb. arm, MD ; earmes, //., S, MD; 
armes, interj. arms ! an oath, by God's 
arms, S3, NED. Fhr.: 6og''s arms, S3. — 
AS. earm: Icel.armr: Goth. arms. 

Arm, adj. poor, -wretched, MD ; ssrm, 
MD ; erme, dat. S ; arme, //. S ; earme, 
MD. — AS. earm : Icel. armr : Goth. arms. 

Armen, v. to arm, C3, PP ; i-armed, 
//., S. — AF. armer; Lat. armare., sb. pi. weapons, coat-armour, 
MD, P.— AF. armes. 

Arm.-h.eorted, adj. tender-hearted, S. 
— Cp. Ab. cann-heort. 

Arm-hertnesse, sb. compassion, S, 



Anuinge, sb. the act of arming, putting 
on ol arniuiir, C2. 

Armipotent, a'lj- mighty in arms, C. 
— Lat. aniiipotcutem. 

Armony, sh. harmony, S3. — F. har- 
iHOuie ; [.a\ . hanitoitia \ Gt. apfxoyia. 

Armure, s/>. armour, weapons, P, C2, 
C3, G ; armoure, C2 ; armuris, //., W, 
\V2. — AF. armure {armoure), armeure ; 
l,at. armatura. 

Arn, sb. eagle, HU; aryn, H; see 

Arnde, f/. s. ran, S ; see Rennen. 

A-rode, on the rood (the cross), NED, 

S, S2. (A-2.) 

A-rowe, adv. in a row, one after another, 
S ; areawe, S ; arewe, NED. (A- 2.) 

Arr-; seeAr-. 

Arr, sb. scar, wound, NED, JD; ar, HD; 
see Erre. 

Arred, //. scarred, JD. 

Arsenik, sb. arsenic, C3. — OF. arsenic ; 
Lat. arscniciini ; Gr. dpaeviKov, yellow or- 
piment, ori<^. the masculine, male, from 
dpoTjv, a male. 

Arskes, //■ newts, S2 ; see Ask. 

Arsmetike, .Ji''. arithmetic, NED; ars- 
metrike, C — OF. arismelique : Prov. aris- 
vietica ; Lat. arithmctica ; Gr. dpid/xrjTiKr] 
(Tf'xf 7), the art of counting. 

Arst, adj. and adv. super/, first, G, P ; 
see Erst. 

Art, sb. a quarter of the heaven, point of 
the compass, NED, S3 ; airt, NED, JD ; 
airth, NED ; airtis, // , S3. — Gael, ard ; 
Olr. a/rd, top, height, point. 

Artou, art thou, S2 ; artow, S2, C2, 
C3. See Ert. 

Arwe, sb. arrow, NED ; arewe, S2 ; 
arwes, //. S2. C2, P ; are-wls, W2 ; aro- 
wis, \V2. — AS. artoe for *arhive ; cp. Goth. 
arhwazna, arrow, the thing belonging to 
the bow, from *«;•/«(:' = Lat. arcus. 

Arwe, adj. cowardly, timid, lazy, slug- 
gish, vile, base, Prompt. ; are;, S ; arh, 
MD ; ar5, NED ; erewe, S ; arewe, sb. 
betrayer, enemy, S, MD. — AS. earg (earli) ; 
Icel. a7-gr\ cp. OHG. arg (Otfrid). 

Arwed, //• made cowardly, PP. 

Ar^en, v. to be timid, to frighten, NED. 

As, sb. unit, a single bit, a jot, ace, NED, 
C2 ; ace, S3 ; ase, PP. Phr. : ambes as, 
double ace^, C2. — OF", as; Lat. as. 

Asailen, v. to leap upon, assail, PP ; 
assaile, PP, S ; assaille, C2, PP j asailid, 


/>/., PP ; assaljeit, S2. — AF. assailir, 
OY. asalir; Lale Lat. at/sa/ire. (A- 7.) 

A-saken, v. to deny, renounce ; asoke, 
//. s., S. — AS. of-sacan (Schmid). (A- 3.) 
Cf. Of-saken. 

Asaut, sb. assault, S2 ; assant, C, PP. — 
OF. asaut. (A- 7.) 

Ascapie, v. to escape, PP ; askapie, 
PP ; ascapen, PP. — OF. escaper (Picard). 
Cf. Achape. 

Ascaunce, conj. as though, C3, NED. 

Asche, sb. ash, cinis ; aische, W, W2 ; 
aske, H; asken, //., S; axen, S; as- 
slieii, C2 ; asskess, S ; asshes, C3; as- 
cMs, W2 ; askes, S2, P ; askis, H ; 
askez, S2. — AS. asce {axe): Icel. aska: 
Goth. azgo. 

Ascrien, v. to cry out, NED ; escrien, 
MD. — OF. escrier; Late Lat. ex + quiri- 
tarc, see Diez. 

Ascrive, v. to ascribe, H. — OF. ascriv- 
stem of pr. p. of ascrire : It. ascrivere ; 
Lat. adscribere. (A- 7.) 

Ascry, Ji^. outcry, S2. 

Asegen, v. to besiege, C. — OF. asegier : 
It. asscdiare (Florio). (A- 7.) 

Aselen, v. to seal up, to set one's seal 
to, NED ; aseele, \V2 ; asselen, PP, S2. 
— OF. anselcr, efiscler; Late Lat. insigil- 
lare, from sigillum, seal. (A- 10.) Cf. 

A-seuchen, v. to cause to sink, S ; a- 
seynt,//., MD. (A- i.) 

Asent, sb. assent, S2, PP ; assent, C3, 
PP.— OF. as[s ent. (A- 7.) 

Aseth, sb. satisfaction, PP, HD ; a- 
seeth, W ; asethe, Cath., HD ; assyth, 
JD ; assetz, PP ; asseth, NED, HD.— 
OF. asct, asset ; from Late Lat. ad satis. For 
the final -t in OF. = J) in English, cp. OF. 
feit with ME./tvjd, faith. Hence our assets. 
(A- 7.) 

A-setnesse, sb. appointed order, S. — 
AS. d-sctuis, institute (Schmid). 

A-setten, v. to set up, appoint, NED. 
— AS. d-settan. (A- i.) 

Asise, sb. decree, edict, judgment, S2 ; 
assise, C, G ; assises, //. assizes, PP. — 
OF. as{s)ise, a sitting down, settlement of 
imposts, from as{s)is, pp. olas{s)eeir,\.o sit 
at, to settle ; Lat. assidere. (A- 7.) 

Asisotir, sb. juror, PP ; acisoure, PP ; 
sisour, PP ; sysour, PP. 

Ask- ; see Asc-. 

Ask, sb. a newt or eft, a lizard, NED, 
HD, JD ; aske, NED; asker, HD, JD, 


DG ; askis, //., NED ; arskes, S2. — AS. 
dSexe: OS. egithassa; cp. OHG. egidehsa 

Aske, sb. ash, H ; askes, //., S2, P ; 
askis, H ; see Asche. 

Aske-bat$ie, sb. one who sits among 
the ashes, S ; askebathe, NED. 

Aske-fise, sb. one who blows the ashes. 
Prompt. ; askfist, NED. Cp. Sw. askefis 
and G. aschenjister Grimm). 

Asken, v. to ask, S, S2 ; eskien, MD ; 
aschen, MD; eschen, MD; esse, MD, 
S2 ; ocsien, MD ; acsien, MD, S2 ; axien, 
MD, S2 ; axen, S, S2, S3, C2, C3, W, 
W2 ; escade, //. .r., S ; easkede, S ; Iiaz- 
ede, S; esste, S2. — AS. dscian: OKG. 
eiscon (Otfrid) ; cp. G. heischcn. 

A-slaiken, ^. to diminish, to become 
slack, C, NED. (A- i.) 

A-slawe, //• slaia, S2 ; asla^e, S; a- 
slajen, S. — AS. d-slagen, pp. oid-slean, see 
Sievers, 378. v-^- i.) 

A-slepe, adv. asleep, S, PP. — AS. <?« 
sldepe. yA- 2.) 

A-slepid,//. gone to sleep, W2. 

A-SOnder, adv. asunder, C, C3. — AS. 
on sundrau. (A- 2.) 

A-SOylen, v. to absolve, to answer (a 
question). PP, S2 ; assoile, S3, C3, P, G; 
asoyly, NED ; asoilede, pt. s., S2 ; asoy- 
lede, S2 ; assoylid, //., W. — OF. asoilcr, 
assoiler; Late Lat. absoliiere ( = Lat. absol- 
vere). (A- 8.) 

Aspaltoun, sb. asphalt, S2. — OF, *as- 
paltoun ; from Late LaL asphalton ; Gr. 

Aspect, sb. a term in astrology ; the re- 
lative positions of the heavenly bodies as 
they appear at a given time, NED, SkD, 
Sh. ; aspectis, //., S3. — Lat. aspcctus. 
(A- 7-) 

Aspert, adj. expert, clever, S3 ; see 

Aspie, sb. spy, W, W2 ; aspye, C3 ; 
aspy, S3. — OF. espie. 

Aspien, v. to look after, to watch, S2, 
S3, \V, \\ 2. — OF. espier. See Espye. 

Aspiere, sb. spy, W. 

A-spillen, v. to destroy, kill, S. (A- 1.) 

Aspiyng, sb. ambush, W. 

Aspre, adj. rough, cruel, fierce, NED. 
— Ot. asprc; Lat. aspn-iwi, rough, harsh. 

Asprely, adv. roughly, fiercely, S3 ; as- 

perliche, NED. 

A-sqmnt, adv. obliquely, out at the 

comer of the eyes, S. 


Ass- ; see As-. 

Assay, .r/^ trial, experiment, an attempt, 
attack, tested quality, NED, S2, S3, C2, 
C3 ; asaie, W. — AF. assai (asat) : It. a.f- 
saggi'o ; Lat. exagimn, a weighing, from 
ex-agere {exigere , to weigh, prove, to drive 
out the tongue of the balance. 

Assayen, v. to examine, to attack, S2, 
S3, C2, P ; asaien, Wi ; asayen, S3 ; as- 
saied, //., W. — AF. assayer {asayer) : It. 

Assemble, sb. assembly, P. — OF. asein- 

Assemblen, v. to bring together, to 
come together, NED ; assembled, //., C3. 
— OF. aseinblcr; Lat. assi?>iiilare. 

Assiduel, adj. continual, H ; assednel, 
H.— OF. assiduel. 

Assiduelly, adv. continuall)-, H. 

Assoilen, v. to loosen, absolve, explain, 
PP, S,^, C3 ; see Asoylen. 

Assoillyng, sb. absolution, acquittal, 

Astate, sb. state, estate, S3 ; see Estat. 

A-sterten, v. to start up, to happen, to 
escape, NED, S2, S3, C3, C ; astart, S3 ; 
asterted, pt. s., S2, C3. (A- i.) 

A-sti^en, v. to proceed, ascend, descend, 
MD ; astighiS, /r. s., S ; astah,//. s., S. — 
AS. d-stigan. (^A- 1.) 

Astonen, v. to stupefy, amaze, NED ; 
astony, NED, C2 ; astonyed, pp., W, PP ; 
astoynde, S3. — OF. estoner ; Late Lat. 
*extotiare, to stupefy as with a thunderbolt. 
(A- 9.) 

Astore, v. to repair, to provide, store, 
NED; astorede, pt. s., S2 ; astored,//., 
C ; astorid, W2. — AF. estorer, OF. es- 
tatircr; Lat. instaurare. (A- 10.) Cf. 

A-strangeled, //. suffocated, S2. (a- 

6.) See Strangelyn. 

Astronomye, sb. astronomy, PP. — OF. 
astronomic ; Lat. astronomia ; Gr. aajpo- 

Astronomyen, sb. astronomer, astrolo- 
ger, PP ; astromyenes, //. ( = Lat. magi), 
W ; astrymyanes, PP. — OF. astronomien. 

Asure, sb. azure, NED, C2, C. — OF. 
astir, azitr ; Low Lat. lazur {^lazultis) ; 
Pers. lajward. 

Aswagen, v. to assuage, C2, pp. — AF. 
as\ s uager : Prov. assiiaviar ; from Lat. 
suauis. (A- 7.) 

A-SWelteu, v. to die, S, NED. (A- i.) 




Aswithe, adv. as quickly as possible, 

Si, I'P ; asswythe, S2 ; see Alswithe. 
A-SWOWne,//. as aJv. aswoon, C2 ; as- 

8owe, HI).- — A':r>. ge-sivi'igcn, see NED (s.v. 

aswoon) and SkD (s.v. swoon). (A- 6.) 
A-syde, adv. aside, C2. (A- 2.) 
£l\^, prefix ( i), at ; et- ; a-. — AS. at-. 
At-, prefix (2\ from, away; et— — AS. 

at- for oH- proclitic form of *//^-, away : 

Goth, unpa-; op. Du. ont-, OHG. tnt- [G. 

£k!t, pron. re!, and conj. that, S2, S3, H, 

NED ; see pat. 
At, prep, at, in, with, from, of, amongst, 

PP, S, S2, C2 ; et, S; set, S; ed, S; at, 

used with the infin. mood, S2, NED (vi), 

H. Comb. :— atte, at the, PP, S, S2, C2 ; 

ate, S, S2 ; ette, S ; eter, S ; atten, S2, 

PP ; at-after, after, C2 ; att-alle, in every 

way, S2 ; at-foren, before, MD ; et-foren, 
S ; at-uore, S2 ; at-om, at home, S2, PP ; 
at-on, at one, in accord, NED, vS ; at oon, 
G (s.v. oon'), C2 ; at-ones, at once, to- 
gether, PP, C2, C3 ; attonis, S3 ; attonys, 
S3 ; attones, S3. 

Atach.e, "^^ to arrest, indict, S2, PP ; 
attache, PP; atteche, S3,NED; atachet, 
//., S2, PP— AF. attacher; cp. It. attac- 
care. (A- 7.) 

A-take, "o. to overtake, catch, C3, HD, 
NED. Phr. : wel atake, well caught, NED. 
(A I.) 

Atamen, v. to cut into, broach, open 
(a vessel), NED, PP, HD; attamen, HD, 
Prompt., C2. — OF. atamer: Prov. («/)- 
tamenar ; Lat. attaminai-e. (A- 7.) 

Atazir, sb. influence (astrological term^, 
S2, C3. Cp. Sp. atazir; Arab, at-tdthir, 
''al+tdthir, influence, see Steingass, Arab. 
Diet., p. 157, and Dozy's Glossary, s. v. 

At-beren, v. to bear awaj^, NED ; at- 
bar, //.J-., HD. — AS. cet-beran. (At- 2.) 

At-brekeu, v. to break away, escape, 
NED. (At- 2.) 

At-bresten. v. to burst away, escape, 
NED. — AS. at-barstan. (At- 2.) 

Ate, sb. eating, S. See Eten. 

Atel, adj. terrible ; ateU, NED.— AS. 
atol ; cp. Icel. atall. 

Atelicb, adj. horrible, S ; eatelicli, S. 
—AS. atelic. 

Ateliche, adv. horribly, S.— AS. atelice. 

Atempre, //. as adj. temperate, H ; 
attempre, C, HD.— OF. atempre; Lat. 
attemperatiis. (A- 7.) 

Atemprely, adv. temperately, H, HD. 
A-tenden, v. to set on fire, kindle, MD ; 
atend,/;-. j.,S. (A- 2.) Cf. Ontenden. 
At-ewen, v. to show, to appear; ate- 
wede, //. s., NED ; atjrwede, S; atawed, 
//., MD. — AS. irt-ea7van {at-ywan) : Goth. 
at-augjan, from aiigo, the eye ; cp. OHG. 
oilmen, to show (Otfrid). Cf. Awnen. 
(At- I.) 

Ateynt, //• convicted, affected with 
sorrow, PP ; atteynt, S3 ; attaynt, S3. — 
OF. ateint, pp. of ateindre, to attain ; Lat. 
attinge7-e. (A- 7.) 
At-fallen, v. to fall away, NED.— AS. 
at-feallafj. (At- 2.) 
At-fleon, V. to flee away, NED ; atflip, 
/;-. s., S.— AS. at-fleon. (At- 2.) 

At-fore, prep, before, NED ; atuore, 
S2 ; etforen, S; afore, NED. — AS. at- 
foran. (At- 1.) Cf. Afore. 

At-gangeu, v. to go awav, MD ; atgo, 
MD, NED. (At- 2.) 
Ath, sb. oath, S ; see Oth. 
Athaiuant ; see Adamant. 
Athel, adj. and sb. of good birth, noble, 
a lord, NED, S, S2 ; hathel, NED, S2 ; 
hatMU, NED ; tateU, NED.— AS. aMe, 
etSele : OS. edili : O. Teut. *apalis, of good 
family, from *apal, race, family; cp. OHG. 
adal (Otfrid). 

A]?elillg, sb. a member of a noble 
family, a noble, a prince of the blood 
royal, NED ; epelyng, S. 

A-^^estrien, v. to darken, S. — AS. d- 

pcostrian. (A-i.) 

A-bet, ccnj. until that, S. See Oth. 

At-holden, v. to withhold, retain, S ; 
athselde, S ; ethalden, S ; athalde, S ; 
etholden, S ; ethalt, /;-. s., S ; atheold, 
//. s., S ; atholde,//., S. — AS. od-healdan. 
(At- 2.) 

Atiffen, v. to adom, deck the person, S. 
—OF. atiffer, cp. atifer (Cotg.) (A- 7.) 

Atisen, v. to stir up, urge, entice, NED 
attyse, HD; attice, NED.— OF. atiser, to 
kindle (Bartsch) ; Late Lat. attitiare, from 
ad + titinm (for titio) a brand (Voc), see 
Ducange, s.v. atticinari. For the change 
of ti into soft j as well as into f see Brachet, 
s.v. ageneer. (A- 7.) 

Atlien, v. to think, suppose, intend, to 
direct one's way, to go, MD ; attle, MD ; 
attele, S2 ; etlien, MD ; etteleden, pt. 
pi., S 2. —Icel. atla {etla) ; related to OHG. 
ahtSn, to consider. 




Atlinge, s6. purpose, conjecture, MD ; 
etlunge, S. 

At-reden, v. to outdo in counsel, C, 
NED. ',At-2.) 

At-reiUien, v. to nm away, to surpass 
in running, C, MD; att-rann, //. ^., S; 
at-omde, NED. (At- 2.) 

At-rinen, v. to touch, to befall, NED ; 
att-ryne, MD. — AS. at-hrlnan. (At- i.) 

At-routen, v. to rush away, escape, 
S2 ; at-ruten, NED. trom AS. hriitan. 
(At- 2.) 

At-sclieoteil, v. to shoot away, MD ; 
atschet, pt. s., S; atscbote, f>p. NED. 
(At- 2.) 

At-stonden, v- to withstand, S ; ed- 
stonden, S, NED. (At- 2.) 

At-stonden, v. to remain, to stop, 
NED, S2 ; etstonden, NED ; atstonde, 
//., S. - AS. (St-stamian. (At- i.) 

Att- ; see At-. 

Attame, 'v. to broach, to cut into, HD, 
C2 ; see Atamen. 

Atteir ; see Atyre. 

Atter, sb. poison, venom, esp. of rep- 
tiles, NED, S; hitter, NED.— AS. aitor, 
for *dtor, dtr, (Voc.) ; cp. OHG. eitar, 
eittar (Otfrid). 

Atter-COppe, sb. spider, NED, S ; at- 
tercop, HD. — AS. attor-coppa. 

Atter-lich, adj. venomous, bitter ; at- 
terluche, NED. 

Atter-liche, adv. bitterly, NED. 

Atter-lotKe, sb. an antidote to poison, 
applied spec, lo various plants, NED, Voc, 
HD.— AS. aitor-ldHe. 

Attem, adj. venomous, cruel, HD, 
NED ; hatteme, NED.— AS. attem, 
altren. See Atter. 

Attice, V. to stir up, NED ; see Atisen. 

Attour, sb. array, dress, head-dress, 
HD ; atour, NED ; atum, S —OF. atour, 
atiiTit, from atitrner, atorjier; Lat. ad + 
■ tomare, to round off. 

Attri, adj. venomous, S, HD ; attri?, 
NED; wattri, S2.— AS. attrig. See 

A-tweyne, in twain, PP. (A- 2.) 
At-witen, v. to reproach, twit, S. — AS. 

at-witan. \AX- I.) 
At-witen, v. to depart, NED ; atwot, 

//. J., MD. (At. 2.) 

A- two, in two, S2, C2, C3, PP ; ato, 

S2. ^A-'^.) 

A-twjnns, in two, apart, W, G, PP ; 

atwinne, C.^ ; atwynny, W ; otwiune, 
S ; otwyn, H. (A- 2.) 

Atyre, sb. equipment, dress, head-dress, 
PP, Calh, ; atir, S2 ; atteir, S3 ; atyr, 

Atyren, v. to attire, NED ; atyred, 
//., PP; atired, PP ; tyred, S2.— OF. 
atirer. (A- 7.) 

Anclltene, num. eighteen, S3 ; see 

Aucte, sb. property, S ; see Auhte. 

Auctoritee, sb. authority, C 2, C3 ; aiu 
torite, S3 ; auctorite, C. — AF. autorite, 
auctorite ; Lat. atutoritatem. 

Auctonr, sb. author, C, C2, HD ; auc- 
tor, S3 ; autour, S3, NED. — AF. autour\ 
Lat. aiictorem, from augere, to make to 
grow, to originate. 

Angrim, sb. arithmetic, S ; see Algfor- 

Auh, conj. but, S ; see Ac. 

Auht, adj. worthy, valiant, doughty, 
NED (s. v. aught) ; ajt, S2, MD ; olxt, S ; 
aht, NED ; seht, MD.— AS. dwiht {dht). 
Cf. Ouffht. 

Auhte, sb. possessions, NED ; anht, 
S2 ; ahte, S2 ; eahte, ^iD ; ahlite, S; 
agte, S, S (15. 2090); eihte, MD, S; 
eclite, S ; elite, S ; eyhte, S ; aihte, S ; 
ayh.te, S; aucte, S; aght, S2. — AS. <kht: 
Goth, aihts. See Owen.. 

Aul, sb. an awl ; anle, NED ; owel, S ; 
aules, //., S. — AS. awelyVoz.) ; cp. OHG. 
ala (G. ahlc). 

Axilf, sb. elf, SkD ; anph, SkD ; awf, 
HD; oTiphe, Sh. ; oaf, SkD.— Icel. alj'r. 
Cf. Elf. 

Atunener, sb. an alms-purse, a purse, 
NED, HD. — OF. aumoniere; Low Lat. 
* almosinaria Kpursa). 

Anmoner, sb. almoner, alms-giver, 
NED; aumonere, S2, NED; aumenere, 
HD ; amner, HD. — OF. aumotier; Church 
Lat. *almosinarius, from *alimosina. See 

Ann- ; see An-. 

Anncel, sb. a kind of balance and 
weight, NED, S2, PP; auncer, PP ; ann- 
cere, P, HD. — AF. atincelle for *launcelle ; 
Late Lat. lancella (cp. It. lancella), ' a 
kind of measure,' (Florio); dim. oiV.z.\..lanx 
(Jancoii), a pla'e, a scale of a balance. 

Anncessonr, sb. ancestor, NED ; an- 
cessour, NED, HD. — AV . atuessur ; Lat. 

Aunceter, sb. predecessor, ancestor, 



NED, S2, CM; ancestre, NED; aun- 
cestre, NED ; aunsetters, //., NED, 
HD; aunceteres, II D. — AY. auuccstre, 
aticestrc ; Lat. ante-cessor. 

AtiTi p.ipTi, adj. old, whilom, ex- ; sb. an 
old man, an elder (title of dignity), a senior 
member of an Inn of Court, NED ; aun- 
cient, S3 (25. 136), HD. — AF. anncien, 
OF. ancien ; Late Lat. antiannm (cp. It. 
anziano), for ante-amtm, from Lat. atite, 

Aimcre, sb. anchoress, nun, S2 ; see 

Annder, sb. afternoon, HD; see Undem. 

AunderS-Iliea<t, sb. afternoon's colla- 
tion, Cotg. ts. V. ?-ec2ne), HD. Cp. Goth, un- 

Aungel, sb. angel, messenger, W ; 
aunge, HD; aung'eles, //., S2, C3 ; 
aungels, W2 (Ps. 90. 11). — AF. a7tgele. 
Cf. Angel, Eng-el. 

AuntOTir, sb. chance, adventure, S2 ; 
aunter, S3. Comb. : anauuter, for an 
aunter, in case, S2 ; see Auenture. 

Anntreu, v. to adventure, S3, G, PP. — 
OF. avaiturer. 

AnntrouS, adj. adventurous, C2, PP. 

Auter, sb. altar, S, S2, C, C2, C3, P, W, 
W'2 ; awter, S3, HD. — OF. auter, alter; 
Lat. altare. 

Autonr ; see Auctor. 

An- ( Av-) ; see Af-. 

Auailen, v. to avail, PP ; auailje, B ; 
anaille, C2, PP, S2 ; auayle, PP, Prompt.; 
awayled, ft. s., S2. — Cp. OF. vail\ji)e, 
from valoir; Lat. ualere. 
■ Analen, v. to descend, to lower, MD, 
S2, S3, B; availl,B; availed,//., S3. — OF. 
avaler, from phr. a val; Lat. ad uallem, to 
the valley. (A- 7.) 

Anarous ; see Anerons. 

Auanuce, v. to advance, NED, S3, C, 
C3, P ; awance, S3 ; avanuset, pp., S2 ; 
auanced, S2. — OF. avancer. 

Anauncenieilt, sb. advancement, G ; 
auancement, S2. 

Anauut, adv., and interj. forward, away, 
NED. — AF. avaunt, OF. avant ; Late 
Lat. ab-ante. 

Avatint, sb. boast, vaunt, C, NED. 
See Auannten. 

Anauntage, sb. superiority, advantage, 
NED, S3, C ; anantage, S2, C3.— AF. 
avantage, from avatit, before. 

Avatmteu, v. to speak proudly of, to 


commend, to boast, NED, W2. — OF. 
avant er; Lat. a</+Late Lat. vanitare, to 
boast. (A- 7.) 

AvatllltOTir, sb. boaster, C ; auannter, 
NED.— OF. avantcur. (A- 7.) 

Auentaille, sb. the moveable front of 
a helmet, C2, HD. — AF. aventaille, OF". 
esventail ; Late Lat. * exvcntaculiim, air- 
hole. (A- 9.) 

Auente, v. to get air by opening the 
aventaille, HD, NED. 

Auenture, sb. chance, a chance occur- 
rence, jeopardy, S, S3, C, C3, G, PP; 
auentur, S2 : anntonr, S2 ; aunter, S3, 
PP ; antur, MD ; eventour, HD. Comb. : 
an auenture, lest perchance, PP ; on 
auenture, in case, PP ; anaunter, for an 
aunter, S2 ; in auenture, PP. — AF. 
aventiiix ; Lat. aditeiitura, a thing about to 
happen. (A- 7.) 

Auer, sb. property, a beast of burden, 
HD. — AF. aver (pi. avers); OF. aveir 
(avot?-) ; Lat. Iiabere, to have. 

Auere ; see Afure. 

AueroUS, adj. greedy, H, HD, CM ; 
auerouse, W, W2, PP ; auarous, S2, PP, 
NED. — OF. averus. See Auer. 

Auerylle, sb. April, NED ; aueril, 
S2 ; auerel, PP. — OF. avrit; Lat. aprilis, 
from aperire. See Apert. 

A-ulem, imp. s. drive away, S ; see 

Auoide, v. to empty, to make of no 
effect, to make void, to remove, to move 
away, retire, to avoid, NED, W ; auoyde, 
W ; auoyd, WW, Sh. ; auoided, //., W, 
W2. — AF. avoider ; OF. esviddier; es, 
out + vuidier, to empty. (A- 9.) 

Avouter, sb. adulterer, W2; avowtere, 
Prompt. — OF. avoutre, adiitre; Lat. adul- 
terum. For intercalated v see Brachet 
(,s. v. corvee). 

Avoutrer, sb. adulterer, HD ; auout- 
reris,//., W ; avowtreris, W2. 

Avoutresse, sb. adulteress, W. — OF. 

Avoutrie, sb. adultery, PP, CM, W, 
HD ; avoutry, Cath. ; avowtrie, NED, 
W; avowtery, NED ; auowtries,//., W. 
— OF. avoutrie, aouteric, aiilterie ; Lat. 

Auowe, sb. vow, S3, PP, Prompt.; 
auow, S2, C, C3, G ; auou, PP ; auowis, 
pi., W, W2. 

Avowen, v. to bind with a vow, NED, 
W (Acts. 23. 14), P.— OF. avoer; Late 


Lat. advotare, from Lat. uotuni ; from 
uouere. (^A- 7.) 

Avowen, v. to call npon or own as de- 
fender, patron, or client, to avow, acknow- 
ledge, NED, S3, C3, iPP. — AF. avower, 
OF. avoiier, avocr; hat. ad-vocare. (A- 7-) 

Avowry, sb. patronage, a patron saint, 
NED; vorie, NED. — AF. avouerie, from 
OF. avocor ; Lat. aduocatorcm. 

Avoy, interj. exclamation of surprise, 
fear, remonstrance, NED, C, HD. — OF. 

Anys, sb. opinion, advice, C3 ; avise, 
PP.— OF. avis. 

Anyse, v. to observe, consider, give ad- 
vice, S2, C2, C3, H, PP ; auisen, PP, S2. 
— AF. aviser ; Late Lat. advisare. (A- 7.) 

Anysely, a^/z'. advisedly, H ; auisili,W. 

Auysement, sb. consideration, C2 ; 
anisement, S2. 

Auysyon, sb. vision, S3 ; auision, C, 
S2. — OF. avision (Bartsch). 

A-wakenen, v. i)itraus. to awake, S ; 
awakeuin, S ; awakened, //., S. — AS. 
on-'djcecnan. (A- 2.) 

A-WUkieu., v. intrans. to awake, S ; 
awalk {for awakk ?), imp., S3 ; awoik, pt. 
s., S3; awoilk (for awoikk?), S3. — AS. 
awaciati (for on-wacian'). (A- 2.) 

Awarien ; see Awerien. 

A-way, adv. on way, onward, along, 
away (from a place), NED ; awai, PP ; 
awe55, S; awei, S; ewei, S2 ; owai, S2; 
aweye, C3, PP ; away, interj. away, S2, 
NED. — AS. atveg, on weg. (A- 2.) 

Awayte, v. to await, watch, S2, S3, 
PP; awaite, PP ; awaitie, NED.— AF. 
a~vaiticr ; OF. agiiaitier. (A- 7.) 

Awayte, sb. a lying in wait, watching, 
NED, C— AF. await ; OF. aguait. 

Away-ward, adv., adj. turned away, 
wayward, NEU, PP awaywarde, passing 
away, H. 

Awe, sb. awe, C, C2 ; aje, NED. — Icel. 
agi (O.Teut. *agon). Cf Eje. 

A-wecclieil, v. to arouse out of sleep, 
NED, HD ; aweihte, //. s., NED ; a- 
weightte, HD; aweht, //., NED.— AS. 
d-weccan ; cp. OHG. ar-iuekkan (Tatian) : 
Goth, uswakjan. (A- i.) 

A-weden, v. to become mad, S2, NED. 
— AS. d-Wcdan. (A- i.) 

A-wei, interj. ah woe ! alas ! S. 

A-welden, v. to control, S, NED. — AS. 
gewealdan. (A- 6.) 



A-wenden, v. to go away, NED.— AS. 

d-wendan. (A- i.) 

A-wenden, v. to change to, NED ; a- 
wente, pt. s., S. — AS. on-wendan. (A- 2.) 

A-werien, v. to curse, S ; awarlede, 
//. s.. S. — AS. d-iuergian. (A- i.) 

A-we^en, v. to weigh out, NED ; a- 
witJhst, 2 pr. s., S.— AS. d-wegan. (A- i.) 

A-wiunen, v. to win, NED; awynne, 
S. — AS. d-~iui>tnan. (A- i.) 

Awke, adj. turned the wrong way, 
sinister, perverse, NED, Prompt. — Icel. 

Awke-ward,«za'z'.in the wrong direction, 
NED ; awkwart, S3. 

Awnen, v. to show, NED ; awwnenn, 
S. — Related to OHG. ougen, to show 
(Otfrid) ; from ougd, eye. See At-ewen. 

A-WOndrien, v. to be astonished, NED; 
awondered, //., S2. — AS. of-wtindriati. 
(A- 3.) 

A-wreken, v. to take vengeance, to 
avenge, NED, S2, P; awreke, //., S, G, 
PP; awroke, P. — AS. d-iureean. (A- i.) 

Axen, •S''^- ashes, S. Comb.: axe-waddle, 
an indolent stay-at-home, HD ; see Asche. 

Axen, V. to ask, S, S2, S3, C2, C3, W, 
W2 ; axien, S2 ; see Asken. 

Axer, sb. asker, W. Phr. : maistirfal 
axer ^=Lat. exactor), W ; axere, \V2. 

Axinge, sb. asking, C3 ; axyngis, //., 
W, W2. 

Ay, adv. ever, S, S2, S3, C2, H ; ai, S, 
S2 ; a53, S. — Icel. ei. Cf. O. 

Ay, sb. egg, G, HD ; ayren, /., MD ; 
see Ey, 

Ay el, sb. grandfather, forefather, C ; 
ayeles,//., PP. — OF. aiel,aiol: Pr.avio/; 
Late Lat. aviolus, dimin. of Lat. auus ; see 

Ayen, prep., adv. against, back, S ; see 

Ayen-wende, v. to return, S. 

Ay-where, adv. everywhere, S2, NED ; 
aywhere, H ; aywhore, S2 ; aiware, S ; 
aihware, S ; aiiwer, SD. — AS. x-g-hwxr. 
Cf. O-wher. 

A-;efen, v. to give, give up, give back, 
MD, S; a3euen, MD ; a;iuen, MD ; 
ajeoue, S ; ti^atl, pt. s., S ; a-iauen,//., S. 
— AS. d-gifan. (A- i.) 

A-^ein, prep., adv., conj., opposite to, 

towards, against, in return for, again, PP, 

S, S2, G ; ajeyn, PP, S2 ; ajen, PP, S, 

S2, G, W, W2 ; agayn, S2, S3, C2, PP; 

C 2 

20 A-3EINES. 

agen, S ; ayen, S ; ageyn, S, S3, C2, PP ; 
a5ain, S; ayeyn,S, C2; a3ean, S; a^on, 
Ml); ag'on, S; a^ien, S; ajeo, S; a5e, 
S2 ; aye, S2 ; ig'ain, 82 ; ojein, MD ; 
og'ain, MD. — AS. ongJan, ongeagn, see 
Sievcrs, 214, 3. (A- 2.) 

A-^eineS, pnp. and conj. against, con- 
trary to, in return for, PP, S ; ajeynes, 
PP ; a;eues, S, S2 ; ag'enes, S ; ag'seues, 
S; a:ens, .S2, W, W2, PP; a;eins, PP ; 
ajeyus, PP ; ayeins, C2 ; ageyns, 8.',. 
C2 ; agayus, C2, C3, PP ; igaines, S2 ; 
ojeines, S ; oganis, 82 ; ogaiues, 82 ; 
ogaynes, 82 ; onn;aeness, 8. (^A- 2.) 

A-^einst, frep. and conj. against, MD ; 
ajeyust, PP. 

A^en, V. to have, to be obliged, to owe, 
S ; see O'wen. 

A^en, adj. own, S ; see Owen. 

A^eu, prep., adv. against, back, S ; see 

A^en-bieu, v. to buy back, NED, W2 ; 


a5eenl3ieth, /;-. .r., S2 ; ajenboght, pt. s. 
82 ; a;enbou3t, W, \V2. 
A)en-biere, sb. redeemer, NED, W, 


A5en-biyng, sb. redemption, NED, W. 
A^en-clepe, v. to recall, W, W2. 
A;en-fi;tinge, pr. p. fighting against, 

A5en-riS3mg, sb. resurrection, NED. 

A^en-Seyen, v. to say nay, to contra- 
drict, NKD ; ajenseie, \V, \V2. 

A;en-stonden, v. to withstand, NED, 
\V ; asenstood, //. s., W2. 

A^en-ward, adv. backward, in reply, 
over again, NED, \V, S3 ; a3einward, S2 ; 
agaynward, 82, C3. 

A-5er, in the year, S2. (A- 2.) 

A^te, num. eight, 82 ; ast, S2 ; see 

A;t-SUm, adj. eight in all, S2. 


Ba, at^. and conj. both, S. — AS. bd, both. 
Baar, pt. s. bare, carried, C, W; see 

Babelen, v. to babble, P. 

Babelyng, sb. babbling, S3. 

Baber-lipped, adj. having thick lips, 
P, Prompt. 

Babishe, adj. babyish, S3. 

Bacheler, sb. a bachelor, an unmarried 
man, C, C2 ; a novice in the church, or 
arms, young knight, P. — OF. bacheler. 

Bachelerie, sb. state of bachelor, CM, 
MD ; bachelrye, company of young men, 
C2. — OF. bachelerie. 

Bacin, sb. 1 asin, cymbal, a light helmet, 
MD; bacyn, helmet, MD. — OF. bacin. 

Bacinet, sb. helmet, MD ; bacenett, 
Prompt.; basnetes, //., S3. — OV. bacinet. 

Bacoun, sb. bacon, C, PP ; bacon, PP. 
— OF. bacon. 

Bad, //. s. prayed, S ; see Bidden. 

Bad, pt. s. bade, C2 ; see Beoden. 

Badde, adj. bad, PP ; badder, comp. 
worse, C2. 

Baddelicbe, adv. badly, PP, HD. 

Bade, //. s. remained, S3 ; see Biden. 

Bagage, sb. dregs, refuse, S3 ; baggage, 

Baid, pi. pi. remained, S3 ; see Biden. 

Bale, in phr.: to bale, at bay, S2 ; see 

Baili, sb. stewardship, villicatio, W ; 
baillye, power of a bailiff, G. — OF. bailie, 

Baili, sb. steward, villictis. W ; baillif, 
bailiff, C ; bailliues, //., bailiffs, P; bayl- 
lyues. P.— OF. baillif. 

Baili, sb. soi row, 83 ; see Bale. 

Bair, adj. bare, 83 ; see Bare. 

Bairnis, sb. pi. bairns, S3 ; see Bam. 

Baiten, v. to feed, C2, S3 ; bayte, S2, 
C3. — Icel. beita. 

Bak, sb. back, PP, C ; cloth for the back, 
cloak, conrse mantle, C3 ; bac, 8. — AS. bcBC. 

Bak-biten, v. to backbite, slander, P. 

Bak-bitere, sb. backbiler, S. 

Bak-bitynge, sb. backbiting, p. 

Baken, v. to bake, MD ; boke,/^. j, 
MD; book, MD; baken,//., P; bakenn, 
8; bake, C, C2, P; y-baken, P; y-bake, 
P. — AS. bacan. 

Bakere, sb. baker, MD ; bakers,//., PP. 

Bakestere, sb. baker, P ; basrter, 
NED, P. — AS. bceccstrc, woman-baker (also 
used of men). 

Bald ; see Bold. 

Balde,/^. .f. encouraged, S; seeBolden. 

Bale, sb. sorrow, misfortune, death, S, 


C3 ; destruction, S2 ; badll, S3 ; bales,//., 
evils, torments, H ; balys, S3. — AS. bealii. 

Bale-drincll, sh. a deadly drink-, S. 

Bale-fill, adj. baleful, evil, MD.— AS. 

Bale-folly, adv. miserably; balfally, 

52, MD. 

Balene, sb- whale, S2, Voc. — Lat. ba- 

Bali, adj. grievous, S, NED.— AS. bealti, 
baleful : Goth, balws (in compounds). 

Balies, sb. pi. bellies, S2, PP ; see Bely. 

Baike, sb. balk, beam, ridge, MD ; 
balks, //. ridges, divisions of land, S3 ; 
balkes, P. — AS. balca. 

Balled, adj. bald, C, PP ; baUede, S2, 

Baly ; see Bely. 

Ban, sb. bone, S, S2 ; banes, //., S2 ; 
see Bon. 

Band, pt. s. bound, S ; see Binden. 

Bane, sb. destruction, death, bane, poi- 
son, PP, C ; bone, PP. — AS. bana, bona. 

Banere, sb. banner, S, PP, Prompt.; 
baner, S2, C, PP. — OF. ba>nc>e. 

Banere, sb. banner-bearer, NED. — OF. 
banere ; Low Lat. bannator ; from bannum, 
bandum, standard. 

Baneiir, sb. banner-bearer, S2 ; see 

Bank, sb. a bank, tumulus, PP ; bonk, 
S2 ; bonkis,//., S3 ; bonkez, S2. 

Bannen, v. to ban, curse, summon, S2, 

53, P ; to forbid, prohibit severely, P ; 
bonnen, MD ; i-banned, //., S. 

Bannjnigi ^^- cursing, H. 

Ban-wort, sb. bone-wort, S3, MD ; 
see Bon. 

Banyour, sb. banner-bearer, MD, S2 ; 
banyowre, Prompt. ; banyer, MD ; ban- 
eur, S2, NED; baneoure. PP. — AF. ban- 
eour, OF. baneor; Low Lat. *bannatore?>i. 

Baptym, sb. baptism, S2, W ; bap- 
timys,//. W.— OF. baptisme. 

Bar,//, s. bare, S, S2, C2 ; see Beren. 

Barayn, adj. barren, S3 ; see Bareyne. 

Barbarik, sb. barbarian, W. 

BarbarilS, sb. barbarian, W. 

Barberyns, sb. pi. heathen men, \V. 

Barbour, sb. barber, C, NED ; bar- 
bonre, Prompt. — AF. barbour, OF. bar- 
beor ; Late Lat. barbatorem. 

Barbre, adj. barbarous, S2, C3. 

Bare, sb. bier, S ; see Beere. 

BARRE. 21 

Bare, sb. a wave, billow, NED, 82 (8 b. 
38); bares,//., NED ;bieres, MD; baares, 
MD. — Icel. bdra. 

Bare, sb. boar, S2 ; see Boor. 

Bare, adj. bare, simple, single, sheer, S, 
C ; bair, bare, worn alone, S3. Comb. : 
baruot, barefoot, S. 

Bare, sb. the open country, S ; naked 
skin, W. 

Barel, sb. barrel, C2. — OF. baril. 

Baren, v. to make bare, uncover, S, 
MD ; y-bared, //., S3. — AS. barian. 

Baret, sb. deceit, strife, NED ; barrat, 
confusion, S3. — OF. barat, fraud ; cp. Icel. 
bardtta, a contest. 

Bareyne, adj. barren, C, C2, PP ; ba- 
rayn, W 2 ; barayn, S3.— OF. baraigne. 

Bare^, sb. a barrow-pig, S; see Ba- 

Bargane, sb. business, strife, combat, 
S2 ; barg-ayn, bargain, PP; bargeynes, 
//, PP.— OF bargainc. 

Barly, sb. barley, MD, PP ; barUc, S. 

Barm, sb. bosom, S3, C2 ; barm, S. — 
AS. bcarin. 

BarmkyU, sb. rampart, S3 ; bamekin, 
the outermost wall of a castle, HD ; bame- 
kyncb, MD. 

Barmkyn-wall, sb. rampart-wall, S3. 

Barn, sb. baim, child, S, S2, H, PP ; 
bem, S ; barne, S3, P ; bearnes, //., S ; 
baimis, S3. — AS. beam. 

Barnage, sb. childhood, S2, MD. 

Bamen, v. to bum, S, S2 ; see Bernen, 

Bamhede, sb. childhood, H, PP. 

Barn-site, sb. sorrow felt for a child, 
S2, NED. — Icel. barn-Slit. 

Barn-team, sb. offspring, a family of 
children, MD ; bamtem, S2.— AS. beam- 

Baronage, sb. the men, vassals of a 
feudal chiet, S ; assembly of barons, S2, C3 ; 
bamag^e, MD. — OF. barnage, Low Lat. 

Baroun, sb. baron, lord, PP ; baronys, 
//. PP.— OF. baron, ace. of bers, a man, a 

Barowe, sb. barrow-pig, MD ; bare;, 
S, NED.— AS. /v(zr/i. 

Barrat, J*^. confusion, S3 ; see Baret. 

Barre, sb. bar of a door, C ; bar of justice, 
G, PP ; barres,//., ornament of a girdle, C, 
PP.— OF. barre. 



burst, S2, PP ; see 

Barste, pt. 


Baselarde, sh. dagger, MD, PP, 

Prompt. ; Baslard, PP — AF. baselarde. 

OK. hasalart (cp. ].ow Lat. hassilarJus). 

Probably from Late Lat. haJile, a bill- 
hook ; see NLD. 
Basnetes, sh. pL, helmets, S3 ; see 

Bataille, sh. battle, S, PP ; bataUe, 

PP ; toatayle, S2, C, PP ; batayls, //. 

])atta]ioi)s. S3. — OF. bataille. 
Bataillen, v. to embattle, fortify, MD ; 

batailed, //. J- , PP ; bataylld, //. embat- 
tled, C— OF. bataillier. 
Bateu, V. to bate, abate, grow less, S2, 

M D ; see Abateu. 

Batereu, v. to batter, beat, pat, PP. — 
OK. bat-, stem of batre, with freq. suffix -er. 

Ba])e, adj. and conj. both, 8,82; see 

Ba}7iere, sb. water-pot, S. 

Batte, sb. club, staff, bat, Prompt., 
Voc; battis,//., W.— OF. batte. 

Battill, adj. rich for pasture, S3, JD ; 
battle, HD. 

Baudekyn, sh. a gold-embroidered stuff 
named from I^agdad, MD ; bawdekyn, 
Prompt.; baudkin, S3.— OF. haudeqidii ; 
Low Lat. baldakimis, from It. Baldaeco, 

Bauderye, sb. unchastity, foul conver- 
sation, MD ; pandering, CM ; bawdry, S3. 

Bauderyk, sh. baldric, MD; baw- 
deryke. Prompt. ; bawdryk, C, Voc. 

Baudry, sb. baldric, NED.— OF. bau- 
drei, baldrei. 

Baudy, adj. dirty, C3, P, Palsg. 

Bauld ; see Bold. 

Baundoun, sb. discretion, freewill, 
power, S2 ; baundon, CM.— OF. handon ; 
Low Lat. *ha}idonem, from baizdti/n for 

annum, public proclamation. 

Bausand, adj. marked with white, 
NED.— OF. baiisant ; cp. Prov. bausan, It.' 

Bauson, sb. badger, MD ; bawsone, 
Prompt ; bawsyn, Voc. ; bansenez, //. 
S2 ; baucynes, MD. See above. 

Bawd, pt. s. bade, commanded, S3 ; see 

Bawe-lyne, sb. bowline, HD, S2 ; see 

Baxtere, sb. female baker, PP; see 

Bay, sb. noise made by the united songs 
of birds, S3 ; barking of dogs, MD, HD. 
Phr. : to bale, at bay, S2. — Cp. OF", abater, 
to bark. 

Bayard, ib. a bay horse, a horse, P, 
CM; baiardes, />/., P. JV/r.: blynde ba- 
yardes, i.e. foolish people, lit. blind horses, 
HD, S3, M D, ND.— Cp. Low Lat. batardus. 

Bayn, adj. ready, willing, obedient, 
fair, pleasant, easy, good, NED ; bayue, 
Manip.; beyn, Prompt., S3. — Icel. beinn. 

Bayne, sb. bath, S3. — OF. bam. 

Bayske, adj. bitter, H, MD; bask, 
MD, HI), JD; be53sc, MD.— Icel. beish: 

Be-, prefix. See in many cases Bi- 

Beade ; see Biddeu. 

Bearuen ; see Bemeu. 

Bearyug in hand, sb. cajolery, S3 ; 

see Beren. 

Be-bedden, v. to supply with a bed, S. 

Beche, sh. valley, S ; bsecb, MD ; 
bache, NED. 

Be-Chece, v. to choke, stifle, S, NED. 
Bedde, sb. bed, PP.— AS. bedd. 
Bedde-Strawe, sb. bed, couch, stratum, 
Voc; bedstre, W2. 
Bede, sb. prayer, S, H, PP ; beode, S ; 
beyde, S3; bedes, //. S2, S3, P; beads, 
C ; beades, S3. — AS. {ge)bed. 

Bedel, sb. messenger, herald, crier, 
beadle, H, P ; bedeles, //. S, H ; bedeUes, 
P.— OF. bedel; cp. AS. bydel. Cf. Budele. 
Bede-man, sh. beadsman, one who 
prays for another, P; beodemon, S2, NED; 

Beden, v. to command, to offer, S, S2, 
S3, C2; beode, S2 ; bedden, S; bidden, 
S ; beot, pr. s. S ; byt, C ; bet, S ; bead, 
//. s., bed, S, S2 ; bawd, S3 ; bad, C2, S2 ; 
boden, //. S ; beden, S3 ; bode, S2 ; 
bede, pp. S2 ; bode, bodun, invited, W ; 
bodyn, S2 ; bidde, C3.— AS. heodan. 

Note that many of the above forms are 
confused with those of the verb Bidden. 
Bede-sang, sb. the singing of the 
prayers, S, NED. 

Bedred, adj. lying in bed, bedridden, 
CM, PP; bedreden, S2, P; bedrede, PP. 
— AS. bedreda and bedrida (Voc). 

Be-drenchen, v. to drench completely ; 
be-dreynt./A//., S3 ; //. MD. 

Bed-roll, sb. catalogue, ND. See 
Beyde- roule. 
Bee, sb. bee, Voc; been,//. S3, C2, 


W2; beys, S3 (13. 244); bees, C2. — AS. 

Bee- ; see Be-. 

Beek, sh. beak, C 2 ; bee, S ; beekis, //. 
PP.— OF. bee. 

Beem, sb. beam, C, PP ; beom, S ; bem, 
MD. — AS. beam, tree, plank. 

Beere, sb. bier, W, CM, MD ; beer, C ; 
bare. S, MD ; beare, S3 ; bere, HD, MD ; 
byears, //. S3. — AS. bir ; cp. OF. biere. 

Beest, sb. beast, C, PP ; best, PP, C, S, 
S2 ; bestes, //. S, S2 ; beestes, S2. — OF. 
besfe ; Lat. bestia. 

Beestli, adj. animal, W. 

Beeten, v. to beat, W2, CM ; beten, S, 
C ; bet,/r. s. P ; bet, imp. s. S2 ; beot./A .f. 
P ; beet, PP ; bet, S3. PP ; bette, P ; be- 
ten,//. S ; beeten, \V2 ; beten.//. C2, G ; 
bete, C2 ; betun, \V2 ; y-beten, C2 ; 
y-bete, C ; y-bette, P ; i-beaten, S ; 
ibete,C. — AS. bcatan, pt. heot, pp. beaten. 

Bege, sb. collar, S ; see Beij. 

Beggen, v. to beg, PP, C2, Prompt., 
W John 9. 8). 

Beggere, sb. beggar, C, PP, W (John 
9. S . 

Beggestere, sb. beggar, C. NED. 

Be-grime, v- to smear, daub all over, S3. 

Beild ; see Belde. 

Bei;, sb. a ring, collar, P ; byje, PP ; 
beffe, collar, S ; bie, W2 ; beies.//. circlets 
of metal, S; bijes, P; behes, PP.— AS. 
beah : Icel. baugr. 

Bek, sb. brook, H, Voc, Prompt, MD; 
beekis.//. H. — Icel. bekkr. 

Bekken, v. to nod, C3 ; beken, Prompt. ; 
beks, //-. s. S3. 

Beknen, v. to beckon, show, S; bikenen, 
^^ 2.— OMerc. beeman ;VP). 

Bel, adj. beautiful, PP.— OF. bel. 

Belamp ; see Bilimpen. 

Belde, sb. protection, shelter, MD, HD ; 
beld, S2 ; beUd, S3, JD.— AS. byldo, bold- 
ness, from beald. See Bold. 

Belden, v. to build, S3 ; see Bilden. 

Beldinge, sb. building, S3. 

Belle, sb. bell, S, C2, PP.— AS. belle. 

Bellyche, adv. beautifully, S3, MD, 
.See Bel. 

Belphegor, sb Baal Peor, H (p. 376 . 
—Lat. Belphegor (Vulg.). 

Bely, sb. belly, bellows, MD, P ; baly, 
S3 ; \>Ao-^.follis, Voc. ; balies, pi. ^2, PP. 

—AS. bcelg. 



Bely-ioye, sb. belly-joy, appetite, PP. 
Belden, v. to swell, to be angr)'. MD ; 

bolljbenn, //. MD ; i-bolje, S.— AS. bel- 
gan, pt. bealh, (pi. bulgon), pp. bolgen. 
Bemare, sb. trumpeter, S. — AS. bemere. 
Beilie, .y<^. trumpet, MD, Voc. ; bemen, 
pi. S; beemes, C; beamous, S3. — OMerc. 
heme (\'P\ 

Bemen, v. to soimd a trumpet, S, NED. 

Bemjnig. -f^- humming of bees, S3, JD. 

Ben, V. to be, PP, S, S2; been, C 
bien, bienn, S ; bnen, S2 ; beo, S, S2 ; bi 
S, S2 ; bne, by, S2 ; beonne, bienne, ger. 
S ; beop, pr. s. S ; bep, bulS, byS, bi8, S 
beis, S3 \ bes, S2 ; beo]?, //. S ; biejj 
S; bu«, S,S2 ; beth, S2, S3,C2 ; ben, W 
bes, S2 ; bi,/;-. s. stibj. S ; bie, S (s.v. Ibie) 
beo, //. S ; beth, imp. pi. C2, S2, S3 
byej), S2 ; ben, //. S ; been, C ; bue, S2 
be, S3, C ; y-be, S: ; iben, S; ibeon, S 
ibeo, S, S2 ; ibe, S, S2 ; ibi, S. — AS. beon. 

Benam ; see Binimen. 

Benche, sb. bench, Prompt., PP. — AS. 

Benclied, //. furnished with benches, 
SD ; y-benched, S3. 

Bend, sb. bond, MD ; bendes,//. S, G ; 
bende, dat. S, S2, G. — AS. bend: Goth. 

Benden, v. to bend. Prompt., MD ; 
bende, //. s. MD ; bent, MD ; bend, //. 
S2 ; y-bent, //. S3 ; ye-bent, S3 — AS. 
bendan, to fasten a band or string to a 

Bene, sb. a prayer, S, S2, NED ; benes, 
//. S2. — AS. ben : OTeut. boni-z, see 
Sievers, 268. 

Bene, adj. pleasant, S, NED. 

Benefet, sb. benefit, PP, MD; bynfet, 
PP ; benfait, P ; bienfetes, //. P.— OF. 
bienfet ; Lat. bene/actum. 

Bent, sb. coarse grass, small rushes, 
Manip., Voc, MD, HD.— Cp. OHG. binuz 
(G. binse). 

Bent, sb. a moor, an open grassy place, 
NED. S, S3, C. See above. 

Bennmde ; see Binimen. 

Beo, Beo}) ; see Ben. 

Beo-. preji.x ; see Bi- words. 

Beodele ; see Bndele. 

Berd, sb. beard, S, S2, C ; berde, P, G ; 
berdes, //. S3. — AS. beard. 

Bere, sb. beer. Prompt. ; ber, S, MD. — 
AS. bear. 

Bere, sb. noise, S, S2, MD, HD ; ber, 
S2. — AS. {ge)bire; see 1-bere. 



Bere, sb. bear, C, MD, PP ; beres, //. 
C2 ; beores, PP.— AS. hera : OIIG. i>£'0. 

Bere, si>. bier, 111), MD. See Beere. 

Bere, si>. barley, MD ; beir, S3 ; beris, 
gen., S3. — AS. l>c-re. 

Bere-lepe, s/>. basket, H ; berlepe, H ; 
barlep, basket for keeping barley in, 
HD. See Iiepe. 

Beren, v. to bear ; bere, S, W ; berj), 
/>r. s., S2 ; beore'5, //., S ; bar, //. s., S, 
S2, C2 ; bare, Si ; ber, S2, C3 ; baar, W ; 
bTire, S3 ; beore, //., S ; boren, //. 
born, S2 ; borun, \V2 ; iboren, S ; iborn, 
S; ibore, S, S2 ; y-boren, C2; y-born, 
C2 ; y-bore, S2, C2. PAr. beretb on 
hand, persuades, makes (him) believe, 
assures, S3 ; berth hir on bond, bearetli 
false witness against her, C3. — AS. beran. 

Beren, v. to cry, make a noise, MD, 
HD ; bere, to low as a cow, PP; see 

Bergh, sb. hill, PP; berghe, PP ; 
berah, PP ; berwe, PP ; berg'he, dat., P. 
— AS. bcorg; cp. Olr. bri (Windisch). 

Beriall, adj. blueish-green, beryl-, 
coloured, S3. See Beril. 

Berie, sb. berry, C ; bery. Prompt. ; 
beries, //. grapes, S, PP, — AS. berige. 

BerieU, v. to pierce, strike, MD ; bery, 
to thresh, Cath. — Icel. berja, to strike ; 
cp. 'L^ii.fcrire. 

Beril, sb. beryl, MD ; berel, MD.— OF. 
beril; Lat. boylliis; Gr. ^rjpvWos. 

Beriuge, sb. birth, behaviour, bearing, 
C2, S ; berynge, PP ; see Beren. 

Berkeu, 5v- to bark, S2, PP; berkyd, 
pi. s., S2. — AS. bcorcan. 

Berkere, sb. watch-dog, PP. 

Berkyng, sb. barking, C. 

Berme, sb. barm, Prompt., S; berm, 
C3. — AS. beorina. 

Bern, sb. a man, PP, HD ; berne, PP ; 
bnm, 82 ; burne, S2 ; beorn, MD ; 
burnes, //., S2 ; biernes, P. — AS. beorn. 

Bern, sb. barn, C2, MD ; beren, S 
(12. 263), MD; berne, S; dat., C3, W; 
bernes, //., W, W2, P.— AS. bern: O. 
North, ber-erti, i.e. barley-house. 

Bern ; see Bam. 

Beruacle, sb. a snaffle for a horse, W2 ; 
barnacle, Voc, NED. 

Bernake, sb. an instrument set on the 
nose of unruly horses, Voc. ; bernak, 
Prompt. — OF. bernac. 

Bernake, sb. barnacle, a fabulous kind 


of goose, S2, MD, NED. — OF. bernaque ; 
cp. Low Lat. bernaca. 

Bernen, v. to bum, MD, S, 82 ; bar- 
nen, MD, S; beamen, S; beornen, S; 
birnen, S ; barnde, //. s., 82 ; barnd, 
//., 82. — AS. bcornati. Cf. Brennen. 

Berstles, sb. pi. bristles, C ; see Brys- 

Bei*we ; see Berg-h. 

Berynes ; see Burinisse. 

Bergen, v. to help, deliver, preserve, 
NED ; berwen, 8 ; berrjhenn, 8 ; berege'S, 
/;-. s., 8 ; iborhen, //., 8 ; iboreBe, S ; 
iboruwen, 8. — AS. bcorgan. 

Besaunt, sb. a gold coin named from 
Byzantium, \\', MD ; besauntes, pi., 83 ; 
bssauntis, W. — OF. besaiit. 

Besene, Besie ; see Bisen. 

Be-slombredi //. dirtied, bedaubed, 
83 ; beslombered, NED. 

Besme, sb. besom, rod. Prompt. ; bes- 
mes, //., 8; besyms, W; besmen, dai., 
8. — AS. bcsma. 

Best, adj. and adv. superl. best, PP ; 
beast, S ; bezste, S, 

Beste, sb. advantage, 8. 

Be-Steriiuge, sb. bestirring, emotion, 

Be-swapen, //• convict^, ^.i^cAS. be- 
swdpen, pp. of be-swdpan, to persuade. 

Bet, adv. comp. better, 8, C, C2, 82, G ; 
bette, P. Fhr., go bet, go as fast as you 
can, C3 ; betere, adj. and adv. 8, 82 ; 
betre, 8, 82 ; bettre, S. 

Beten, v. to amend, 8, 82, P, S3 ; beete, 
to kindle, C ; beyt, S3 ; bet, pr. s., 8 ; bet- 
ten, //. //., kindled, C3 ; bet, //., 8, 82 ; 
ibet, 8. — AS. bctan, pt. bette, pp. beted. See 

Beten, v. to beat, 8, C, PP; see Beeten. 

Be-thenchinge, sb. thinking upon, 
meditation, S2. See Bi-penken. 

Beuer, sb. beaver, 8, Voc. ; beuveyr, 
8.— AS. befcr (beofer) ; cp. OHG. bibar. 

Beyde-roule, sb. bead-roll, prayer-roll, 
catalogue of persons for whom prayers are 
to be said, S3 ; beadroll, bedroll, ND. 
See Bede. 

Beye, v. to buy, CM, C3 ; see Biggen. 

Beye, adj. both, S2 ; beien, 8 ; beyne, 
S. — AS. begen. 

Beyer, adj. gen. of both, PP; beire, 
PP, MD; beyre, MD.— AS. begra. 

Beyn, adj. pliant, flexible, pleasant, S3, 
Prompt. ; see Bayn. 


Bi-, prefix, also be-, by-, toeo-, b-. 

Bi-bled, //• covered with blood, C ; 
bybled, MD; bebledd, S2, S3. 

Bi-burien, v. to bury, MD ; be-byrie- 
den, //. //. S ; bebyried,//., S ; bebered, 
S2. — AS bi-byrgan. 

Bi-Cacclien, v. to catch, ensnare, MD ; 
bi-cauhte, //. s., MD ; bi-keihte, S ; bi- 
coug-ht, //., MD. 

Bi-calleu, v. to accuse, summon, MD, 
S; becallen, MD, HD. 

Bi-cause, conj. because, MD; by-cause, 

Bicche, sb. bitch, PP ; bycche, PP. 

Bicclied, //■ a word of doubtful mean- 
ing, applied to the basilisk, and to bones 
used for dice, NED, CM, C3 ; bycbsd, MD ; 
bichede, NED. 

Bi-chenuen, v. to scream at, S. 

Bi-cherren, v. to entice, mislead, be- 
tray, S ; bicharre, S ; bicherd, //., S. — 
AS. be-cerran. 

Bi-clappen, v. to lay hold of suddenly, 
C3 ; beclappe, Palsg. 

Bi-clarten, v. to defile, make dirty, S, 

Bi-clepien, v. to accuse^ S; bicleopien, 
S ; bicleoped, pp., S. — AS. be-clcopiati. 

Bi-clippen, v. to embrace, W, W2 ; 
bi-clipped, pt. s. wrapped (him) round, 
S,3 ; by-clypped, //. surrounded, S2 ; bi- 
clippid, W. — AS. bi-clippan. 

Bi-cluseu, V. to enclose, S. — AS. be- 

Bi-Colmen, v. to blacken with soot, S, 
NED (p. 722 a), MD. See Culme. 

Bi-COmen, v. to come, go to, to befall, 
to become, befit, suit, PP, S2, S ; bycome, 
PP, S2 ; bicom, pt. s., 'i; bycam, PP ; 
bicome, //., S2 ; bycome, S2 ; becoiuen, 
S3 ; bicnmen, S. — AS. be-ciiinati. 

Bi-CTUnelicll, adj. comely, becoming, 
MD ; bicumeliclie, adv. becomingly, S. 

Bi-daffed,//. befooled, C2 ; bedaffed, 

Bidden, v. to beg, pray, ask, S, S2, PP ; 
bydde, Sj ; beode, S ; bit, pr. s., S, P ; 
byd, S2 ; bad, pt. s., S, S2, PP ; bede, 
subj., PP; beade, S; beden,//. S; ibeden, 
S. — AS. biddaii. 

Note that some of the above forms are 
due to a confusion with those of the verb 

Biddere, sb. asker, PP ; bidders, //. 
beggars, S2, P. 



Biddinge, sb. prayer, S ; biddyng'e. 

l^egging, P. 

Biden, v. to bide, remain, PP ; byden, 
S2, PP ; bod, bode, //. 5., S2 ; bade, S3 ; 
baid, pi. abode, lived, S3. — AS. bidan. 

Bidene, adv. together, S ; at once, Sa ; 
bedene, NED ; bydene, S2. 

Bi-draueled, //■ slobbered, covered 
with grease, P. 

Bie, sb. collar, W2 ; see Beij. 

Bieufet ; see Beuefet. 

Biennales, sb. pi. biennials, biennial 
commemorations of the dead, P. 

Bieme, sb. man, PP, HD ; see Bern. 

Bi-fallen, v. to befall, C ; "oi-aalle, S ; 
biful, pt. s. befell, S ; byfyl, S2 ; befyl, 
S2 ; byfel, byfil, C ; bifil, bifel, C2 ; bi- 
felde, W2 ; bifaUe,//. befallen, S, S2, C ; 
bifelde, \V2 ; biualle, S. — AS. be-/eallan. 

Bi-flen, v. to fly from, S. — AS. be-fleon. 

Bi-fleten, v. to flow round; biflette, 
pt.s., S, NED (p. 721a). 

"Bx-ioven, prep, before, S, C2 ; biuoren, 
S ; byuoren, S ; beforen, S ; bifom, S2, 
C2, C3 ; bifore, S; bifor, S; befor, S2 ; 
beforne, S3. — AS. biforan. 

Big, adj. big, C2; byg-, PP; bi^g, 
wealthy, S2, MD ; hjgge,pl., PP. 

Bigat ; see Biseten. 

Biggen, v. to till, dwell, build, MD, 
PP, S (5. 1611); byg'g'en, PP ; bigg-and, 
pr. p., H. — Icel. hyggja ; cp. AS. biigian. 

Biggen, v. to buy, S3, P ; btiggen, S, 
S2, PP ; byg'g'e, PP ; beg'g'eu, MD ; beye, 
C3 ; bij, S2 ; bye, S2 ; by, C3 ; bie, W2 ; 
buyep,//'. s., PP ; bup, S; bies, redeems, 
S2 ; bobte, pt. s., S ; bouhte, S ; bojte, 
S2 ; bobton, //., S ; bojte, S ; bogt, pp., 
S ; y-boujt, P. — AS. bycgan. 

Biggere, sb. buyer, W ; biere, W2. 

Bi-gilen, v. to beguile, S, P ; bigyle, 
C2, C3. 

Bi-ginnen, v. to begin, S, S2 ; bigran, 
//. s., S, C2 ; big-on, S ; bigonne, 2 pt. s., 
C3 ; bigTiiinen, //. //., S ; begouth, pt. s., 
S2, S3 ; bigunnen, //., S ; begunnon, S. 
— AS. be-ginnan. 

Bi-gon, //. surrounded, provided, sfet 
round, MD; be-g-on, filled, S2. — AS. be- 
gan, pp. of began, to go round, surround. 

Bi-greden, v. to cry out at, to lament, 
S ; begredde, pt. pi., MD. 

Bi-epripen, v. to seize, MD ; be-grlpe, 
//., S. — AS. be-gripan, to chide. 



Bi-gTOWe,/A overgrown, S : besrrowe, 


Bi-gTUCCh.eil, z'- to begmdge, murmur 
at, 1'; bygmcche, IT. 

Bi-gnrdel, s/>. a purse, rP.— AS. /'/- 
gyrdcl M.-itt. ID. 9). 

Bi-gynandly, adv. at the beginning, 
II. Sec Biginnan. 

Bi-hangen, v. to deck, clothe, MD ; 
bi-hengfen, //. //. hung about, S. — AS. 

Bi-heden, v. to behead, MDj bi-he- 
dide, pt. s., W ; biheedid, //., W.— AS. 

Bi-heste, ^h. promise, S, S2, C2, P ; 
byheste, S2 ; bebeste, S2 ; by best, S2 ; 
bibese, S ; bibeest, W ; bibese, //., S. — 
AS. bc-hcES. 

Bi-heten, v. to promise, S, C3, "W; 
bibote, S, S2, P ; bybote, C ; beobote, 
S2 ; bibat, /;-. .<r., S^ bibet, //. j., S, S2 ; 
bibijte, W ; bebigbte, S2 ; bebibte, S2 ; 
bibigbt, P ; bibeybte, S ; biboten, //., 
S ; bybote, S2 ; bebote, S; named, S3. — 
AS. bc-/idlan. See NED {s.v.behight). 

Bi-hene, adj. profitable, S, MD.— AS. 
be-hcfe, necessary ; from *bih6f, utility (in 
bchofic'). See Bibouely. 

Bi-hinde, prep, behind, S ; adv. S2 ; 
bibynde, backwards, ^V 2; = to come, 
future, C3. 

Bi-holden, v. to hold, to behold, PP, 
C, MD; bi-bealde, S; bibalden, S2 ; 
bibalt, pr. j., S ; bibeold, pt. J., S ; beo- 
beold, S2 ; bibuld, S2 ; bibeolt, S ; bi- 
bolde, //., W2, C3; beboldinge ivrongly 
tised for beboldeu, indebted, S3. — AS. be- 

Bihote ; see Bibeten. 

Bi-houe, sh. dat. advantage, MD ; 
biofpe, S2. Cf. Bibeue. 

Bi-honely, adj. behoveful, necessary, 
CM, MD; bebouelicb, S2.— AS. be-hoflic. 

Bi-houep, pr. s. behoveth, needs, S, C2, 
P ; bebouep, S2 ; bybouej), .S2 ; bibones, 
,S ; byboues, pr. pi., are obliged to, S2 ; 
beboued, //. s., S ; bibofte, W.— AS. be- 

Bi-hnden, v. to hide, MD; by-hud, 
imp. s., S.— AS. be-hydan. 

Bi-iapen, v. to deceive, befool, MD ; 
byiaped,//., C, C3, PP. 

Bijs; see Bisse. 

Bikeillte ; see Bicacchen. 

Bikeuen, v. to beckon, W 2 ; seeBeknen. 


Bi-keunedd, //. begotten, MD. 

Bl-keunen, v. to commit, commend, 
to signify. Ml); bikenned, //. s. recom- 
mended, S2 ; bekenned, S2. 

Biker, sb. a fight, MD, HD. 

Bikeren, v. to fight, PP, HD; be- 
keryn. Prompt ; byckarte, ft. pi. skir- 
mished, S3. 

Bi-knowen, v. to acknowledge, know, P, 
C3 r byknowe, C ; beknowe, S2 ; biknew, 
//. s., C ; biknewe,//., S ; biknowen,//., 
favourably received, P. 

Bild, sb. building, S3. 

Bilden, v. to build, PP, W, CM, MD ; 
bulden, MD ; belden, MD, S3; btUde, 
pt. s., C, MD ; bildide, W ; bildiden, //. 
//., \V ; bilden, \V2; belt,//., S3; y-buld, 
S2, S3 ; y-beld, S3.— Probably from AS. 
bold, dwelling. 

Bile ; see Bnle. 

Bi-leden, v. to use, treat, MD ; biledet 
{for biledej)), /;-.//., S.— AS. be-ladan. 

Bi-lefful, adj. believing, S, MD. 

Bi-leggen, v. to lay (something) on, 
cover, to prove, explain, MD ; bileist, 2 
pr. s., glozest, S, MD ; bilaede, /A s., en- 
closed, S. — AS. bi-lecgan, to cover. 

Bi-leue, sb. belief, S, S2, PP, C3 ; be- 
leaue, S ; byleue, PP ; belaue, S ; bi- 
leane, S ; biliaue, S ; beoleene, S2, PP ; 
bilefaes, //., S.— Cp. AS. {ge)leafa. 

Bileue ; see Blliue. 

Bi-lenen, v. to believe, PP, MD, S ; 
taeleue, S ; bilefe?, pr. pi., S ; biliuelJ, 
S ; bilefden, //. //., S. 

Bi-leuen, v. to leave, forsake, renounce, 
HD, MD; bilef, imp. s., S, MD.— Cp. 
AS. lifatt, to leave> 

Bi-lenen, v. to remain, be left, MD, 
CM, C2, S2, HD ; byleue, HD ; bilseuen, 
S ; bileaue, S ; bilefue, S ; bleuen, S2 ; 
blefp, pr. s., S2 ; bileued, //. left re- 
maining, G ; byleued, G. — AS. be-lafan. 

Bilfoder, sb. food, sustenance, S2, MD ; 
bilfodur, NED. 

Bi-liggen, v. to belong to, MD ; bi-, S. — AS. bi-licgan^to lie round. 

Bi-Ukien, v. to make pleasing, MD ; 
bi-liked, //. made pleasing, S. 

Bi-limpen, v. to happen, to belong to, 
S ; beliiupeu, S ; belamp, //. s., S. — AS. 

Bi-linnen, v. to cease, to be silent, to 
make to cease, MD ; by-linne, G ; blin- 
nen, S, S2, C3 ; blyne, S3 ; blynne, S2 ; 
blin, S2 ; blan, //. s., MD ; blane, S3. — 


AS. bliunan { = be + Hunan, to cease, to be 
deprived of), pt. blann (pi. blutinott), pp. 

Bi-liue, adv. quickly, S, S2 ; byljrue, 
S2 ; belyne, S.', .S3 ; bliue, S, Sj ; blyue, 
S3.— AS. be life, with life. 

Bi-line, sb. food, sustenance, S (4b. 102), 
MD; bylyue, IT; bileoue, !VID ; bileue, 
S, SD.— AS. biglcofa ; cp. OHG. bilibi. 

Bi-liuen, z'.to live by, S. — AS. bi-libban. 

Bille, sb. papal bull, petition, PP ; see 

Bille, sb. bill, beak, S, C ; bylle, Voc. — 
AS. bile. 

Billen, v. to peck with the bill, S. 

Bi-loken, v. to look upon, regard, MD ; 
be-locest, 2 pr. s., S. 

Bi-loug on, prep, pertaining to, S. 

Bi-lnbeu, v. to enclose, lock up, im- 
prison, include, MD; biloken, //., S; be- 
loken, S ; bilouked, S2, MD. — AS. be- 

Bi-lyen, v. to lie against, accuse falsely, 
MD; belye, P; bilowen,//., S2, P, MD. 
— AS. be-lcogan. pp. belogen. 

Bi-masen, v. to confuse, SkD (s. v. 

Bi-menen, v. to mean, to bemoan, MD, 
HD ; bymenen, P ; bemeuen, S2, P ; 
biment. //., S. — AS. bi-in<kna7i. 

Bi-meuing, sb. bemoaning, S. 

Bi-mong, prep, among, S, MD. 

Bi-momen, v. to mourn over, MD, 
^\' ; bimumeu, S. — AS. bi-niurnan. 

Bi-mowe, v. to mock, W2. 

Binden, v. to bind, S ; band, pt. s., S ; 
bond, S2, G, C2 ; bunden, //., S ; bun- 
den, //., S ; bundyn, S2 ; bunde, ibunde, 
S; bounden, S, C2 ; y-bounde, S2, S3, 
C2 ; y-bound, S3; ibunde, S. — AS. 

Bi-nemuen, v. to declare, stipulate ; 
by-nempt, //. s. promised, S3. — AS. be- 

Bi-Iiet$e, prep, and adv. beneath, S2 ; 
bynepe, C ; binepen, S. — AS. be-neoSan. 

Bi-nimen, v. to take from, MD ; by- 
nymen, S ; benymen, S2 ; bineome,//-. s. 
subj. deprive, S ; binam, //. J., P ; binom, 
S2 ; benam, S ; bynome,//., P ; benumde, 
S3. — AS. be-niman. 

Binne, sb. bin, chest, MD ; bynne, C, 
Voc. — AS. bin7i, manger. 

Binne, adv. anlprcp. within, .S ; bynne, 
Si ; bine, S.— AS. binnan (for be-innan). 



Bi-qneste, sb. bequest, P, MD. — A de- 
riv. oi cwedan. see NED. 

Bi-quethen, v. to bequeath, MD, CM, 
PP ; byquethen, C, G; bi-queth, //. s., 
S2 ; biquath, PP, G. — AS. bi-ervedan. 

Bi-C[, sb. bequest, S2 ; bequide, 
MD. — Cp. AS. cwide, a will. 

Birafte ; see Bireuen. 

Bird, //. s. ivipe7-s. (it) behoved, 82 ; 
birrde, S ; see Bureth. 

Bird, sb. a young bird, MD ; see Brid. 

Birded, //. pi. laid snares for birds, S3. 

Bire, sb. dat. force, impetus, W; see Bur. 

Bi-reden, v. reflex, to take counsel, 
MD ; by-rad, //. determined, resolved, 


Bi-reinen, v. to rain upon, bedew, MD ; 
be-rayne, pr. pi. berain, S3 ; birine, subj. 
S ; beraynde, pt. pi. S3. 

Bi-reusien, v. to lament, regret, MD, S; 
bireused, //. S. — AS. be-hreowsian, to feel 

Bireusunge, sb. contrition, S. 

Bi-reuen, v.Xo bereave, C3, P ; birafte, 
//. s. C2 ; bireued, //., S ; byreued, G ; 
byraft, C. — AS. bi-reafian, to deprive of. 

Bi-rinnen, v. to run with moisture, 
MD ; bi-runne, //. bedewed with tears, S. 
— AS. bi-rinnan, to run as a liquid, bi- 
rttnnen, pp. 

Birle, sb. cup-bearer, MD, HD. — AS. 
byrle, byrele. 

Birlen, v. to pour out drink, to give to 
drink, MD, JD, H, HD ; bryUyn, Prompt. 
— AS. byrliati; cp. Icel. byrla. 

Birlynge, sb. a giving to drink, pouring 
out liquor, H. ' 

Bi-roUed, //. rolled about, S2. 

Birth., sb. birth, offspring, natural dispo- 
sition, nation, MD ; burp, MD; birpes, 
//. nations, S2, MD. — Icel. burdr; cp. Goth. 
ga-baurths, birth, native country. 

Birth-tonge, sb. native tongue ; bnrj»- 
tong'e, S2. 

Bisay; see Bisen. 

Bi-sch.ed, //. besprinkled, W2. 

Bi-SChetten, v. to shut up ; bessette, 
S2 ; biscbetten, //. //., PP; bishetten, 
P; bishette,//., PP. 

Bi-schinen, v. to shine upon, MD ; 
byschyne, //. shone upon. S2. 

Bischop, sh. bishop, S, PP ; bisscopp, 
the Jewish high priest, S; bischopis, //. 
chief priests, VV ; bissopes, S2. — AS. biscop ; 
Lat. episcopus. 




Bi-schrewen, v. to corrupt, to curse, 
Ml); byschrewed, //. cursed, P. 

Bi-schriclien, v. to shriek at, S. 

Bi-schunien, v. to shun, MD ; bisnn- 
ien, S. 

Bise, sh. the north-wind, S. — OF. bise ; 
cp. OHG. blsa. 

Bi-seclien, v. to beseech, S ; blseke, 
C2 ; beseken, C, S; besech, imp.s.,^; 
bisohte, //. s. S ; besoght, S2 ; biso;te, 
S2 ; bisoujten, //. //., S2. 

Bi-segeu, v. to besiege, MD ; bi-segi- 
den, //.//., W2 ; bi-seged, //., C2. 

Bi-semen, v. to beseem, to appear, MD ; 
bi-semej), /r. s., him biseme|), he appears, 
S ; bisemyde, //. s., beseemed, fitted, W ; 
Ibsemed, //. made seemly, plausible, S 
(16. 842). 

Bi-sen, v. to look, to behold, consider. 
to arrange, appoint, to manage, MD, S ; 
besie, S ; biseo, S2 ; bisiS, pr. s., S ; bise, 
imp., W ; byse, S2 ; biseh,//. s., S ; bisay, 
S2 ; beseyn,//. arranged ; beseyne, decked ; 
besene, equipped, S3 ; biseye, as in phr. 
yuel biseye, ill to look at, C2, ricbely 
biseye, splendid in appearance, C2. — AS. 
biseon, to look about. 

Bisenen, v. to give an example, MD ; 
bisend, //. likened, signified, S2. — AS. 
bysnian. See Bisue. 

Biseuing, sb. example, S. — AS. bys- 

Bi-setteu, v. to fill, occupy, to sur- 
round, beset, to set, place, to employ, MD, 
C, P ; bisettiden,//.//.,W. — AS. bi-settaii. 

Bisi, adj. busy, S ; see Busy. 

Bisily, adv. busily, C2 ; bisili, W ; 
bisiliche, S. 

Bi-sitten, v. to sit close to, to press 
hard, MD, P; be-sset, pt. s. besieged, S ; 
be-saette, S. — AS. he-sittan. 

Bi-Slabered, //. beslobbered, p. 

Bi-smeoruwed, //. besmeared, S. 

Bi-Smer, sb. scorn, reproach, P ; bi- 
semar, S ; busemare, S2 ; bismare, HD ; 
bissemare, CM ; bismeres, pi., PP ; bi- 
smares, PP. — AS. bi-smer, insult ; cp. 
OHG. bismer, ridicule (Otfrid). 

Bi-smitten, v. to dirty, MD ; bi- 
smitted, //. dirtied, S; besmet, MD. 

Bi-Smotered, pp. spotted, smutted, C. 

Bisne, sb. example, parable, S, MD. — 
AS. bysn ; Goth, biisiis (in anabusns') ; from 
biudan ; see Douse, p. 60. 

Bi-SOken, sb. request, petition, MD ; 

bisokne, NED ; bi-socne, dat., MD ; bi- 
socnen,, S. 

Bi-speken, v. to speak to, to speak, 
blame, to decide, resolve, MD ; byspack, 
pt.s.,ij ; bespayke, S3; bispeke, //. S. — 
AS. bc-sprccan. 

Bi-spel, sb. parable, S. — AS. bigspell, 
example, proverb, parable. 

Bi-speten, v. to spit upon, W ; bi- 
spatten, pt. pi., W ; bispat, //., W. 

Bi-Sprengen, v. to besprinkle, MD ; 
bi-spreynde, pt. s. W ; besprent, pp. be- 
dewed, S3 ; bysprent, S3 ; besprint, S3 ; 
bispreynt, W2. — AS. be-sprengan. 

Bisse, sb. a stuff of fine texture, MD ; 
bis, MD ; bys, S2 ; bies, bijs, fine linen, 
W ; bijs ( = ('yj-5z« = Heb. shcsh, fine linen, 
also Egyptian cotton), W2. — OF. bisse; 
Lat. byssus ; Gr. ^vaaos ; Heb. buts, fine 
Egyptian cotton. 

Bissyu, sb. fine linen( = byssim(m),W. — 
Lat. byssiiniin, a garment made of byssus. 

Bi-stad, //. placed, circumstanced, be- 
stead, hard bestead, sorely imperilled, over- 
come, MD, S2, C3 ; bystad, G ; bistadde, 
CM ; bistalSed, MD ; bistalSet, S ; bi- 
stealJet, S. Probably from Icel. statSr, 
place, see NED. 

Bi-standen, v. to surround, to be busy 
about, to attack, MD ; bi-stod, pt. s., S; 
bistode, S2 ; bistonden, //., S. — AS. be- 
st andan. 

Bi-steken, v. to shut out, MD ; pp., S. 

Bi-Striden, v. to bestride, S; bi- 
strood, //. s., C2; bystrood, G. 

Bi-suuieu, v. to shun, S; see Bl- 

Bi-swiken, v. to betray, deceive, S, 82 ; 
beswike, S ; besiiiken, S. — AS. be-swican. 

Bi-Swiukeu, v. to obtain by work, to 
earn by labour, MD ; biswynke, P. — AS. 

Bisy, adj. busy, C2, P ; see Busy. 

Bisyhed, sb. busyhood, MD ; bysy- 
hede, S2. 

Bisynesse, sb. business, W2 ; see 

Bi-taken, v. to commit, entrust, S, C2, 
W,NED; betake, PP; beotake, PP; by- 
take, PP ; bitaak, W ; bitak, i>?tp. s., S ; 
bitok, //. s., S2 ; bitook, C3 ; bytokist, 
2 pt. s., W ; betoke, i pt. s., S ; bitoken, 
pL, W ; bitakun, //. W ; bitake, S2. 

Bi-teclieil, v. to entrust, assign, S ; be- 
teche, HD ; byteche, PP ; biteache, S ; 
bitaclie, iwp. s., S j bitsehte, pt. s. ; bi- 


tahte ; bitagte ; bitancte, S ; bitansfhte, 
G; bytajt, S2 ; bitseht, //. ; bitabt ; bi^ 
teibt ; bita^ ; betebt, S. — AS. bc-t<kcan, 
pt. betithte, pp. betceht. 

Bitel, adj. sharp, biting, MD. 

Bitel-browed, adj. witli shaj^gy, pro- 
minent eye-brows, S2, P; bytelbrowed, 

Bi-tellen, v. to clear, justify, to ex- 
press, show, to claim, to set free, to per- 
suade, deceive, MD, S ; bitald, //., H, 
MD.— AS. be-tellan. 

Biten, v. to bite, PP ; bsrte, PP ; bot, 
pt. s., S2, PP; bote. P.— AS. bitan, pt. 
bat (pi. bitoti), pp. bitcn. 

Bi-teon, v. to draw over, to cover, to 
employ, NED ; biten, MD ; bitowen, //., 
S ; bito5en, NED ; bitogen, MD.— AS. bc- 

Ei-benken, v. to think, bethink, S, W ; 
bijjenchen, S ; bijjobte,//. J., S ; bipojte, 
planned, S2 ; bipouhte, S; bepout, S2 ; 
bipoht, //. repented, S ; bipoubt, S ; by- 
thougbt, called to mind, C. — AS. bi- 
pcucan . 

Bi-tiden, v. to happen, betide, MD ; 
bityde, C2, C3 ; beotyde, PP ; bitit,/;-. j., 
PP ; bitid, S ; bitide,//. s., S2 ; betydde, 
PP ; bitid,//., S ; betight,//., S3 ; NED. 

Bi-tilden, v. to co\er ; bi-tild, //., S. 
— AS. be-tcldati. See Ouer-tild. 

Bi-time, adv. betimes, S, S2 ; bityme, 
PP ; bitimes, C3. 

Bi-toknen, v. to betoken, C2 ; bitock- 
nen, S ; bytoknen, PP ; betoknen, S, PP ; 
betaken, S2 ; bitacnedd, //., S. 

Bi-trayen, v. to betray, PP, C2 ; bi- 
traide,/A J'., S. From OF. /;-a/> : Yt. tra- 
dire ; Lat. tradere. 

Bitter, adj. bitter, MD ; bittur, PP ; 
bittere, adv. bitterly, P. — AS. bit or. 

Bitter, sb. bitterness, 82, P. 

Bittnr-browed, adj. having prominent 
brows, PP. See Bitel-browed. 

Bi-tnrneu, v. to turn ; bitumde horn, 
pt. pL, turned themselves about, S2. 

Bi-twenen, prep, between ; bitwine, 
bitwen, betwenen, betuene, S.— AS. be- 

Ei-twix, pirp. betwixt, S2, C2 ; bi- 
twixe, C2 ; bitwixen, C2 ; betwyx, be- 
twnx, S ; bitwex, S ; bythuixte, S2. — 
AS. be-twcox. 

Bi-twi;e, prep, between, MD ; betwe, 
S2 ; bitubhe, S. — AS. be-twih, be-tzviih. 

Bityl, sb. beetle, NED.— As. bitula. 



Einien, v. to tremble, NED ; bine's, /r. 
s., S. — AS. bijiatt {beojian); OHG. biben, 
see NED. 

Ei-wailen, v. to bewail, lament, Ca ; 
biwaille, MD ; biweile, MD, W ; biwaiL- 
led, pp., C2. 

Bi-welden, v. rejl. to wield oneself, i.e. 
to have full and free use of one's limbs, 
MD ; bywelde, S3 ; bewelde, Palsg. ; be- 
weld, to wield, HD. 

Ei-wenden, to turn, MD ; blwente, 
/;■. s., turned round, S. 

Bi-wepen, v. to beweep, S, W. — AS. 

Ei-werien, v. to defend, S.— AS. be- 

Bi-windeil, v. to wind about, S ; be- 
winden, to enwrap, cover, S ; be-wnnden, 
//., S. — AS. be-windan. 

Bi-winneu, v. to ol)tain, MD ; biwon, 
pt.s., S. 

Bi-witen, v. to guard, MD ; bywite, 
S ; biwiste, pt. s., MD ; biwisten, //., S. 

Bi-wlappe, v. to wrap round, W2. 

Ei-wreyen, v. to accuse, to reveal, dis- 
close, C2, C3 ; bywreye, C; biwreie, S; 
bewreye, C, S2 ; bewraye, NED. 

Bi^es, collars, P ; see Beij. 

Ei-^ete, sb. profit, S, S2 ; ofii'spring, P. 

Ei-5etel, adj. profitable, S. 

Bi-^eten, v. to obtain, possess, beget, 
S ; bijiten, S ; bigat, pt. s. S ; bigset, S ; 
begset, S ; bygeten,//. S2 ; bi;etenn, bi- 
yete, bijite, bijute, bigotten, bijoten, S. 
— AS. bi-qttan [^bigietati). 

Bi-^OUde, prep, beyond, S, 82, PP ; bi- 
jende, W ; bisnnde, P ; biyond, S2 ; be- 
ionde, 8 ; bijendis, W. 

Blaberen, v. to blabber, to talk idly, 
HD, Prompt. ; blatasrde,//. s., PP. 

Bladder, sb. bladder, MD; bladdre, 
C3 ; bledder, S3; bleder, Voc. — AS. 
bldidre, OMerc. bl/dre (OET.) 

Blak, adj. pale, MD; blake, wan, Palsg. 
Phr. : blak and bio, pale and livid, MD, 
NED (s. V. black, 13)— AS. bide. Cf. 

Blak, adj. black, MD.— AS. blac. 

Blake, sb. smut, black, S; blackness, 

Blake-beryed, sb. blackberrying, i e., 
vvaniiering liiihcr and thitlier purposely, C3. 

Blancbet, sb. a white powder used as a 
cosnielic, S. — OF. blanchct. 

Blanc-mangere, sb. a kind of cheese- 
cake, I'P ; blammanger, PP. 



Blank, adj. white, S3.— OF. blam. 
Blase, sb. blaze, flame, PP.— AS. blcese. 
Blasen, v. to blaze, flare, PP ; talasie, 
//-. s. siibj., S; blesand,//-. /., S3. 

Blasen, v. to blow (with trumpet^ to 
proclaim, publish, NED, CM. Cp. OHG. 

Blasen, v. in heraldry to blaze arms, 
i. e. to describe them, MD, S3, Prompt., 
Palsg. ; blaze, Cotg. {s.w. blasonner). 

Blasfeme, adj. and sb. blasphemous, 
blasplienier, MD, W. — Lat. blasphemus; 
Gr. ^KacTtprifios. 
Blaundissen, v. to flatter, H ; blaun- 
diss, pr. s., H ; blouudisand, pr. p., H. — 
OF. blandir (pr. p. blandisant). 
Blawen ; see Blowen. 
Bledder ; see Bladder. 
Blee, sb. colour, complexion, MD, HD ; 
ble, MD, JD ; bleo, S, S2 ; bUe, TD.— AS. 
BlefS ; see Bilenen. 
Bleike, adj. pale, S, NED; bleyke. 
Prompt. ; blayke, NED ; bleyk, S3 ; 
bleke, wan. Palsg. Phr. : blaike and bio, 
pale and livid, NED (s. v. black, 13). — Icel. 
bleikr. Cf. Blak. 

Blenchen, v. to flinch, turn aside, S, P ; 
bleynte, //. j., C ; bleinte, NED.— AS. 
blencau. to deceive. 

Blenden, v. to mix together, MD; 
blende,/;^., S2.— Cp. Icel. blanda. 

Blenden, v. to blind, deceive, MD, 

PP; blent, pr. s., C3; blente, pt. J., PP; 

blent, //. blinded, C3, HD.— AS. bkndan. 

Blenk, sb. a gleam, blink, glance, S3; 

blenkis,//., NED; bUnkes, MD. 

Blenken, v. to glitter, to glance, NED ; 
blynke, to open the eyes, S2 ; blenkit, 
//. s., looked, S2 ; blencheden, //., MD. 
Blere, adj. blear, dim, NED. 
Bleren, v. to make dim, to be blear- 
eyed, MD, S2, P; blered,//. dimmed, S2, 
C3, P. 
Blesen, v. to blaze, S3 ; see Blasen. 
Blessen, v. to bless, PP, S ; blesseth 
Mr, /;-. s., crosses herself, C3; blesced, 
//. S ; bletcsed, consecrated, S ; y-blessed, 
S3, C3, P; i-blessed, S; iblescede, S; 
iblesset, S2.— AS. bletsian, bledsian ; 
ONorth. blSedsian (NED) 5 from bl6d, 

Blete, adj. bare, exposed, miserable, S, 
MD ; blait, JD ; blout, JD.— AS. bleat, 
wretched, miserable; cp. Icel. blatitr, Du. 
bloot, G. bloss. 


Bleten, v. to bleat. Prompt. ; blaeten, 
S. — A.S. bLttan. 
Bleuen ; see Bileuen. 
Blewe, ad/, blue, livid, C2, PP ; black, 
MD ; blew, MD.— OF. bleu. See Bio. 
Blewe, sb. blue, MD ; bins, S2. 
Bleynte ; see Blencben. 
Blinnen, v. to cease, S, S2, C3 ; see 

Blis, sb. bliss, S.— AS. bliss (^bl/ds), 
see Sievers, 202(7). See BliJ^e. 

Blissien, v. to rejoice, be glad, to glad- 
den, MD; blissin, S, S2 — AS. blissian ( = 
blidsian). See above. 

Blibe, adj. blithe, cheerful, S, S2 ; 
blype, S2, C2.— AS. bliSe. 

Blit^e-liche, adv. gladly, S ; bln«e- 
licbe, S ; blo'SeUche, S ; blipelij, S ; 
blepely, S2. — AS. blidelke. 

Bliue, adv. quickly, S, S2 ; see Bi- 

Blo, adj. livid, S2, PP; black, MD.— 
Icel. bld{r). See Blewe. 
Blod, sb. blood, S, S2, PP ; blode, dal., 
S2. — AS. bldd. 

Blode, sb. a blood-relation, a person, 
living being, MD, CM ; blod, MD. 

Blok, adj. pale, NED. PAr. blok and 
blo, NED. See Blak. 

Blo-man, sb. negro, MD ; blamon, 
MD; blewe-men, //., MD. — Cp. Icel. 
bld-madr, negro. See Blo. 
Blome, sb. flower, S2, MD. — Icel. blom, 
flower, blossom. 

Blosme, sb. blossom, S, PP, Prompt., 
CM ; blostme, S ; blosmen, pi., S2 ; 
bloosmes, S3. — AS. blSstma. 

Blosmen, v. to blossom. W2, Prompt. ; 
blosmed, pt. pL, P. — AS. blostmian. 

Bloundisen, v. to flatter, H ; see 
Bloundisynge, sb. blandishing, H. 
Blowen, v. to blow, PP ; blawe, S ; 
blou, /;;//. J., S ; bloaweS, /;-. J'., S ; blen, 
//. s., S ; bleowen, pL, S ; blawen, pp., S2 ; 
blowe, C3. — AS. bldwan, pt. bh'oiu, pp. 

Blowen, v. to blow, to bloom, MD ; 
i-blowe, pp. S. — AS. blowan, pt. bleow, pp. 

Blubren, v. to bubble, MD; blubrande, 
pr. p., S2. 

Blustren, v. to rush about aimlessly, 
NED ; blustreden, //.//., P. 
Bin;, sb. blue, S2 ; see Blewe. 


Blyn-liede, s/>. blindness, H. 

Bljrnke ; sie Blenken. 

Bo- ; see Bou-, Bu-. 

Bobbe, sf>. a knock, jerk, jog, S3; 
bobbes, //., S3. 

Bobben, v. to knock, strike, MD. 

Bocche, sd. tumour, boil, PP ; botche, 
\V2, Prompt. ; bocbe, CM ; boce, CM. — 
AF. docAe, OF. l>oce, bump. 

Bocher, ji^. butcher, S2, S3, P, C. — OF. 

Bocberie, sd. shambles, W, Prompt. — 
OF. houchcric. 

Bod, sb. abiding, waiting, delay, S2. 

Bode, sb. message, command, S, PP ; 
bodes,//., S, S2. — AS. {gc)bod, command. 

Bodeu ; see Beden. 

Bode-WOrd, sb. command, S ; bod- 
worde, message, S2. 

Bodien, v. to announce, S ; bodeden, 
//. //., S. — AS. bodian. 

Body, sb. body, person, PP ; bodle, S ; 
bodi, S, PP ; bo'dij, S. Phr. : my ioly 
body, my jolly self, C2. — AS. bodi°^. 

Body-balf, sb. the front part (of a dress), 

Boile ; see Bule. 

BoistOUS, adj. boisterous, noisy, S3 ; 
bonstious, S3 ; bnstiins, busteous, S3 ; 
buystons, W. 

Boistonsly, adv. loudly, C2. 

Bok, sb. book, S, S2, PP ; boc, S, 82 ; 
boke, P. — AS. boc ; cp. OHG. buoA (Ta- 

Bokele, sb. buckle, MD ; bokle, MD.— 
OF. boc/e. 

Bokeler, sb. buckler, shield, C, G ; 
bocler, Palsg. — OF. bocler. 

Boket, sb. bucket, C ; bokett. Prompt. 

Bold, adj. fierce, bold, daring, PP, S; 
banld, bawld, S3 ; belde, big, blustering, 
S; bald, S2; balder, comp., P, — AS.beald; 
OYIG. bald iOiixid). 

Boldelicbe, adv. boldly, S; baldly, 
S2 ; boldely, C2. 

Bolden, v. to make bold, encourage, 
MD ; bolded, //. s., P ; balde, S.— AS. 

Bole, sb. a kind of clay, C3. Comb. : 
bole anuoniak, Armenian clay, C3, NED 
(s. V. ammoniac). — Lat. bolus ; Or. 0w\os, 

Bole, sb. bull, S, C, C3 ; bule. S; bu- 
lez, //., S2 ; boUs, W ; boolis, W. — Icel. 



Bolle, sb. bowl, S, 82, C3, P; a rounded 
seed-vessel, NED (s. v. boll), HD ; boU, 
rounded top (of barley), S3. — AS. bolla. 

Bollen, V. to swell, S2, PP ; boUed,//., 
S2, PP. 

Bollen,//. swollen, NED ; bollen, W; 
bolne, S3 ; bowlne, S3. 

BoUyng, sb. swelling, P. 

Bolnen, v. to swell, S2, P, H ; bolned, 
//. j.,S2 ; bolnyde, ^V2; bolnyd, \V. 

Bolnyng, sb. swelling, H,W. 

Bolt, sb. arrow, 8 ; bolte, Prompt.— AS. 
boU (Voc). 

Bollen, V. to puff up, MD ; boluwetJ, 
pr. s., S. — AS. bclgatt, pt. bealgi^^. bulgon), 
pp. bolgen. 

Bon, sb. bone, PP, S2 ; boon, W2 ; ban, 
8; banes,//., S. S2 ; bon, S; boonys,\V2 ; 
bannes, 82. Phr. : to make bones, to 
hesitate, 83. — AS. ban. 

"Bon., pp. prepared, 82 ; see Bonn. 

Bonajrre, adj. kind, gentle, MD ; bon- 
ere, MD ; bonair, adv., MD ; bonnre, 
82. See Debonuaire. 

Bonayrelycbe, adv. reverently, S2. 

Boncben, v. to strike, bump, 82, P ; 
see Bunchen. 

Bond ; see Binden. 

Bonde, sb. a peasant serf, slave, NED, 
82 ; //., pp. — AS. bonda, btinda, a house- 
holder ; Icel. bondi, for biiandi, a tiller of 
the soil. 

Bonde-man, sb. tiller of the soil, NED ; 
bondman, P ; bondemen, //., 82, P, G, PP. 

Bone, sb. pain, poison, PP ; see Bane. 

Bone, sb. prayer, petition, 8, 82, C3, G, 
PP; bon, 82; boone, C, G; bonen, //., 
8. — Icel. bon. Cf. Bene. 

Bonen, adj. made of bone, 82. 

Bonet, sb. additional sail, PP, Cath. — 
OF. bonet, bonnet. 

Bonk, sb. bank, shore, 82, S3 ; see 

Boo- ; see Bo-. 

Boor, sb. boar, C, W2 ; bare, 82 ; bore, 
8, PP ; bor, 82, PP ; bores, //., P.— AS. 

Boot, sb. boat, 82, W, CM ; bot, PP.— 
AS. bat. 

Boras, sb. borax, C, C3. — OF. boras: 
It. borace ; Arab, boraq. 

Bord, sb. board, table, 8, 82, C, NED ; 
borde, S; boord, W ; bordes,//., S. — AS. 
bord, plank. Cf. Bred. 



BorgOTLnen, v. to bud, S2 ; see Bnr- 

Borne ; see Bume. 

Bomen, v. to Lumish, S3 ; see Bur- 

Borwe, sh. pledge, surety, W2, C, C2, 
G ; borgh, II ; toorglie, P ; toorewe, S2 ; 
borwes, //., sponsors, S2 ; pledges, P. — 
AS. borh. 

Borwen, z'- to deliver, to borrow, MD, 
PP, C2, G ; borewe, W2 ; borowe, NED ; 
borwede,/AJ'., PP. — AS. borgia^i. 

Borwynge, sb. borrowing, Prompt. ; 
borewyng', Sj. 

Boske ; ^ee Busch. 

Bosken ; see Busken. 

Bost, sb. boast, noise, MD, C3, PP ; 
boost, C2; boste, PP ; bostus,//., H. 

Bosteu, V. to boast, PP ; booste, NED. 

BoSTUn, sb. bosom, S, W (John 13. 23); 
bosem, MD. — AS. b6s7n. 

Bote, prep, and corij. without, except, 
unless, but, S, S2, PP ; bot, CM, S2 ; bute, 
S; butt, S; boute, S, S2 ; buten, S; 
buton, S ; Comb. : bote-jef, except that, 
unless, S2, C. — AS. bc-j'tton {biitoii). 

Bote, sb. remedy, succour, amendment, 
S, S2, C2, G, P ; boote, S3, C, G. Phr. : 
to bote, to advantage, in addition, NED. — 
AS. bdt ; cp. Goth. bo(a. 

Botelees, ac/J. -without remedy, PP; 
bootelesse, useless, S3 ; botles, S2. 

Botelere, sb. butler, Voc. ; botiler, C ; 
butler, S. 

Botelle, sb. bottle, MD ; botel, CM.— 
OF. boiitelle, also botcl. 

Boterace, sb. buttress; boteras. 
Prompt. ; butterace, SkD (p. 7S9) ; but- 
teras, //., SkD ; buttrace, SkD ; but- 
teraces, SkD. — ME. boterace for OF. bou- 
terets, i. e. (pillars) bearing a thrust, //. of 

Boterace, v. to buttress ; butteras, 
Palsg. ; boteraced, //., PP. 

Bothe, adj. both, PP, S ; bape, S, S2 ; 
beo"5e, S ; bt'Se, S ; buotJe, S2. — Icel. babi, 
both {netit.). 

Botme, sb. bottom, C, C3, Prompt. ; 
bopom, a vale, S2, NED ; bopem, S2. — AS. 

Botme-les, adj. bottomless, CM. 

Botnen, v. to heal, to recover, MD; 
botened,//. bettered, P. See Bote. 

Botnn, sb. button, bud, Prompt., Voc. ; 


botbom, MD, CM ; buttonys, //., S3.— 
OF. bouton, button, bud (Cotg.). 

Bouel, sb. bowel, MD ; bouele, S2. — 
OF. bod (and boeic) ; Lat. botelhis. 

Bouge, sb. a leathern bottle or wallet, 
titer, \V2 (Ps. 77. 13); bowg-e,W2, Prompt. 

— OF. botige, budget, leather-case; Low 
Lnt. biilga, leathern vessel (Voc). Cf. 

Bouhte ; see Biggen. 

Bouk, sb. the belly, trunk, body, C, JD ; 
buc, S. — AS. biic : Icel. bukr. 

BOUXI, //. prepared to go, ready to start, 
S3, CM, PP ; bon, ready, S2 ; bun, S2 ; 
bown, P, H. — Icel. biiinn, prepared,//, of 
biia, to get ready, to till ; cp. AS. ge-btin, 
pp. of gebiian ; cp. E. bound (said of a 

Bounen, v. to get ready, to go, also to 
make ready, NED ; bowneth, pr. s., 
NED ; bownd,//. J., prepared himself, got 
ready, S3. 

Bour, sb. bower, chamber, womens' 
chamber, C, G ; bur, dat., S ; boure, S, S2, 
P; bowre. P; bourez,//. sleeping-places, 
S2. — AS. bilr, a dwelling. 

Bourde, sb. jest, PP, C3, G ; bourd, S2, 
S3 ; bord, NED.— OF. bourde. 

Bonrden, z'. to jest, C3, PP; borde, 
NED.— OF. boiirdcr. 

Bourding, sb. jesting, S3. 

Bourdon, sb. pilgrim's staff, CM, HD ; 
bordun, S2.PP; burdon,S,HD; burdoun, 
P, MD ; bordon, MD, PP ; bordoun, HD. 

— OF. bourdon (Cotg.); Low Lat. burdo- 
nem ; see Bur don. 

Bonstious, adj. noisy, S3; see Bois- 

Bon;, sb. bough, PP ; boh, S ; bogh, 
S2 ; bowb, PP ; bo5e, dat., S ; boges, //., 
S ; buges, S ; bughos, S2 ; bewis, S3 ; 
bewys, S3 ; bowes, PP. S3 ; boowes, C ; 
boje, dat., S. — AS. bog, boh, Icel. bogr, 
shoulder, bow of a ship ; cp. Gr. Trax^s. 

Bowe, sb. bow, \V2, PP ; bouwe, W2 ; 
bowes,//., PP ; boys, S3 — AS. boga. 

Bowe-lyne, sb. bow line, MD ; bawe- 
lyne, S2. 

Eowen, v. to bow, bend, submit, to 
direct one's course, turn away, PP, S2, C2, 
W; boiiwe, W2, PP ; boghen, S2, H; 
buwen, S ; bu5en, S ; buhen, S ; bugen, 
S ; beien, S ; bowande, pr. p. obedient, 
S2 ; biiGS, /;-. i-., S2. — AS. bi'tgan. 

Boydekyn, sb. poniard, bodkin, NED, 

Prompt. ; bodekyn, Prompt. ; boydekins, 

//., C2. 

Boyste, si. box, PP, Prompt., Cath. ; 
boyst, MD; boist, C3.— OF. i>otsie (F. 

Bo^te ; see Bigg'en. 

Bra>C, s/>. a crashing sound, fragor ; 
brace, outer)', S.— Icel. brak; cp. AS. 
( ge)br(pc. 

Brace, sh. couple of hounds, Prompt. — 
OF. brace, the two arms, a grasp; Lat. 
brachia, pi. 

Bracer, sb. a guard for the left arm in 
archer}', C ; braser, Voc. See Ascham, 
Toxophilus, ed. Arber, p. loS. 

Brade, sb. roast flesh, S; brede, S. — 
— AS. bride. 

Bradit ; see Brayden. 

Brak ; see Breken. 

Brand, sb. brand, firebrand, sword, MD ; 
brond, brand, S2, C ; brondes, //., S ; 
brands, i. e. fire-side, S2 ; brondis, torches, 
W. — AS. brand (brond). 

Brant, adj. steep, high, MD, HD ; 
brent, JD ; brentest, superl., S2. — AS. 
brant {bront) ; cp. Swed. brant, Icel. brattr. 

Bras, sb. brass, C2 ; bres, S; breas, 
S. — AS. bras. 

Brasten ; see Bresten. 

Bratfnl ; see Bretfal. 

BraS, sb. violence, MD ; brappe, dat., 
S. — Cp. Icel. brdQ. See Bra's. 

Braun, sb. brawn, CM; boar's flesh, 
PP ; brawnes, //., muscles, C2. — OF. 
braon, Prov. bradon {brazon) ; Low Lat. 
bradonem ; see Ducange. 

Brayde, sb. a quick movement, a start, 
a while, moment, MD, CM ; braid, S3 ; 
braydes, //. grimaces, S2 ; breides, cun- 
ning tricks, MD. Phr. : at a brayde. in a 
moment, S2. — \ce\..bragQ, quick movement. 

Brayden, v. to draw, pull, to draw away 
quickly, to twist, braid, to start, to move 
quickly, hasten (intr.), to wake up, MD, 
Prompt., S2,CM; breyde, CM,C2 ; breide, 
W2 ; breyde, //. s., PP, CM, C2, C3 ; 
brayde, MD ; bradit, S3 ; broiden, //., 
MD ; broydyn, laqueatns, Prompt. ; bray- 
den, MD ; browden, MD, JD ; browded, 
C, HD; brouded, C2 ; broyded, WW; 
brayded, MD. — AS. bregdan, pt. bragd 
(pi. brugdon), pp. brogden. 

Brea- ; see Bre-. 

Bred, sb. bread, S, PP ; breed, C2, W2 ; 
breed, S ; bread, S ; brad, S ; brede, S2 ; 
breade, dat., S.— O.North. briad. 



Bred, sb. board, tablet, MD, S {%.y.'wax) ; 
brede, Prompt. — AS. bred. 

Bred-ale, sb. bride-feast, S ; see Bryd- 

Brede, sb. bride, PP ; see Bryde. 

Brede, sb. roast-flesh, S ; see Brade. 

Brede, sb. breadth, S, S2, S3. C2, H; 
breede, C, W2. Phr.: on breid, on 
breadth, abroad, S3 ; did on breid, did a- 
broad, unfolded, S3. — AS. bradu. 

Breden, v. to spread, S, Prompt. — AS. 

Breden, v. to roast, MD ; bret, pr. s., 
S. — AS. bradan. 

Breden, v. to breed, to produce, to be 
produced. MD, PP ; bredden,, PP; 
i-bred, //., S. — AS. bredan, to nourish. 
See Brode. 

Bred-gume ; see Brydegome. 

Bred-wrigte, sb. bread-wright, baker, 
S. See Bred. 

Breech, sb. pi. breeches, drawers, C2, 
C3 ; brech, S ; breche, PP ; brek, Voc. 
— AS. bra, pi. of broc ; cp. Icel. brakr, pi. 
of brok. 

Breed \ see Bred. 

Breels, sb. pi. wretches, HD, MD (p. 

Breken, z'. to break, S, S2,PP; breoken, 
S ; brectJ, pr. -f , S ; brae, pt. s., S ; brek, 
S ; bree, S2 ; brak, S2, PP ; breken,//., 
S ; y-broke, //., S2 ; ibroke, S2. — AS. 
brecati, pt. b)-izc (pi. bricon), pp. brocen. 

Brek-gnrdel, sb. a breech-girdle, MD ; 
brekgyrdylle, lumbare, Voc. ; brech- 
gerdel, MD ; breigirdel, MD ; brigirdil, 
MD ; brygyrdyll. Prompt. ; breigerdlis, 
//., purses, PP. See Breecb. 

Breme, sb. bream. Prompt. ; brem, C. 
— OF. bresme (F. breme) ; OHG. brahsema. 

Breme, adj. fierce, angry, S, S2, S3, H, 
PP ; brem, S2 ; breme, adv., S2 ; breeme, 
C. — AS. breme, famous, noble. 

Bremely, «<fe. fiercely, furiously, loudly, 
S2 ; bremly, S2. 

Bremstoon ; see Brynston. 

Bren, sb. bran, S2, C, P. — OF. bren (F. 

Brene ; see Brnne. 

Brenke ; see Brink. 

Brennen, v. to bum, S2, S3, C, Ca, 

PP, \\ ; bren, S2 ; brinnen, S, S2 ; 
brende, //. s., S,S2, C2 ; brent, S2 ; bren- 
don, //., S ; brenneden, \\' ; brende, 
brenned, brend, S2 ; brende, C ; bren- 
ten, \V2; brend, //., S, S2, C; brent, 



C2, S3, W; y-brend, C3 ; y-brent, C. — 
Icel. brcftna ; cp. Goth, britinan. Cf. 

Brenningly, adv. ardently, fiercely, C. 

Brent, adj. bteep, high, S2, JD ; see 

Breo- ; see Bre-. 

Brerd, sb. brim, margin, surface, top, S3, 
ML); brurd, MD; brerde, MD.— AS. 
brerd, brim, top of a vessel, shore ; cp. 
OHG. hrort, also Icel. broddr, the front. 

Brerd-fal, adv. brimful, MD ; brurd- 
ful, S2. Cf. Bretful. 

Brere, sb. briar, S3, W2 ; brer, S3 ; 
breres, //., S, S3, C ; breris, W. — AS. 
brer, also bi-dre, pi. (OET). 

Bres ; see Bras. 

Bresil, adj. brittle, H ; see Brisel. 

Brest, sb. breast, C ; breost, MD ; 
breast, voice, S3 ; breste, PP ; bryst, 
MD.— AS. breost. 

Bresten, v. to burst, S2, C2, W, MD ; 
brasten, S3, MD ; bersten, S, C ; brast, 
pt. s., C3, PP ; barste, P; braste, //., 
C3, S2 ; brest, S3 ; brusten, //., damaged, 
hurt severely, S2, MD. — Icel. /v^j/a, pt. 
brast, pp. brostitDi ; cp. AS. berstan. 

Bretful, adj. brimful, S3, C, PP, HD ; 
bratful, S2, PP ; bredful, PP. Cp. Swed. 
brdddful. See Brerdfal. 

Bre'S, sb. breath, vapour, voice, word, 
MD, PP, CM ; brelSe, dat., S.— AS. brad. 

Brethe, sb. anger, wrath, H ; breth, H. 
— Icel. brccQi, anger, from b}-d8r, hasty. 
See BrolS. 

Brethir ; see Bro'Ser. 

Breiiet, sb. brief, letter of indulgence, P ; 
breuettes, //., P. — Late Lat. brcvetiwi. 

Brewen, v. to brew, MD ; brew, //. s. 
contrived, C2, PP ; breuh, S2, PP.— AS. 
breowan, pt. brcaw, pp. browen. 

Brewestere, brewster, P ; breusters, 
//. ale-wives, female-brewers, S2, PP. 

Breyden ; see Brayden. 

Brid, sb. a young bird, PP, C2, C3, W; 
bridd, S ; bridde, PP ; bred, PP ; bredde, 
PP ; berd, MD ; bird, MD ; briddes,//., 
S2, C ; bryddez, S2 ; briddis, W, H; 
birds, S3 (26. 1 1 50). — AS. bridd. 

Brigge, sb. bridge, PP, S, CM ; brug-ge, 
PP; breg-ge, MD ; brygge, PP; brig-, 
S2. — AS. brycg; cp. Icel. bryggja. 

Briggen, v. to bridge, S. 

Birike, sb. calamity, C2 ; see Bryk. 

Bringen, v. to bring, S ; brohte,//'. s., 


S; brochte, S; bronjte, S2 ; bronhte, 
S ; brojte, S, S2 ; brog-ht, //., S2 ; broht, 
i>p. S2 ; brog-bt, S2 ; broujt, S2 ; ibrojt, 
S2 ; y-bro5t, S2 ; y-broug-ht, C ; ibroht, 
S ; ibroubt, S2 ; ibrocbt, S. 

Brink, sb. brink, margin, MD ; brenke, 
dat., \V ; brynke, MD. — Cp. Swed. brink, 
Icel. brekka. 

Brinnen ; see Brenneu. 

Brisel, adj. brittle, H ; bresil, H ; 
brissal, JD. See below. 

Brisen, v. to crush, MD ; brisse, MD ; 
bresen, MD; brisid, //,, W. 

Brisokis, wild cabbage, H. 

Britel, adj. brittle, fragile, MD ; britU, 
S2, \\ ; brutel, MD ; briitil, CM ; brotel, 
MD. — From base of AS. bruton, pt. pi. of 
bj\'otan, to break. 

Britnen, v. to break, break lap, MD ; 
bruttenet, pp. destroyed, slain, S2 ; bre- 
tynyd, HD. — AS. brytnian, to distribute, 

Britoner, sb. a man of Brittany, a 
Frenchman, P ; Brytonere, P ; see Bru- 

Bri5t, adj. bright, S, PP ; bricbt, S ; 
brict, S ; briht, S ; brigl;, S ; brybt, S2 ; 
bryjt, S2 ; brihtre, comp., S ; brister, 
S ; brictest, super I. , S. — AS. beorht. 

Bri^te, adv. brightly, MD ; bryg-bte, 

Bri;tnesse, sb. brightness,W2; briclit- 
nesse, S ; brihtnesse, S ; brictnesse, 
S. — AS. beorJitncs. 

Brocage, a treaty by an agent, PP ; 
brokag-es, pL, P. — c3F. brocage, ' exprime 
Tidee de ruse et de pertidie ' (Godefroy). 

Broch.e, sb. brooch, match, spear, spit, 
MD ; broucb, S2 ; broch, C ; brocbes, 
//., C2, PP.— OF. broche. 

Brochen, v. to spur, pierce through, 
put on tlie spit, broach a cask, MD ; broch- 
ede, pt. s., S2, PP.— OF. brochcr, Prov. 

Brocket, sb. a stag in its second or third 
year, HD, MD, Cotg. ; broket, MD ; brok- 
kettis,//., S3.— Cp. OF. brocart (Cotg.). 

BrOCOnr, sb. broker, P ; brokour, P. — 
AF. abrocoiir; Low Lat. abrocatorem (Du- 
cange\ from abrocare, to broach a cask, 
from broca. See Brocbe. 

Brod, adj. broad, S, S2, PP ; brood, C ; 
braid, S3 ; brode, C, PP ; brade, S, S2, 
H ; broddeste, stiperl. , W2. — AS. brad. 

Brode, adv. broadly, wide awake, C3 ; 
widely, PP ; broode, broadly, plainly, C. 


Brode, si>. brood, S, Prompt.— Cp. 
OHG. 6mot (Weigand). 

Broiden ; see Brayden. 

Brok, s/>. brock, badger, Prompt. ; broc, 
W ; brockes, //., P ; brokkys, PP.— AS. 
iroc ; Olr. drocc. 

Brok, s6. brook, PP ; broke, P.— AS. 

Brol, si. a brat, child, MD, S3, PP ; 
brolle, P ; brawl, ND. — Cp. Low 
Lat. brollus, 'miserculus' (Prompt., p. 

Brond ; see Brand. 

BrotS. adj. violent, MD ; braj». MD ; 
braith, JD. — Icel. brd^r. Cf. Bra«. 

Brobefdl, adj. violent, MD ; braithfal, 

Brothel, sh. a wretch, PP, MD, HD ; 
brothell, Palsg. 

Bro]3elich.e, adv. violently, MD ; 
brojjely, hastily, quickly, S2 ; braithly, 

Brother, sb. brother, PP : gen. s., C2; 
brotJere, //., S ; brefiere, S ; brethir, S3 ; 
bretJre, S; britJere, S; bretheren, C2, 
PP.— AS. brSSor. 

BrotJer-hed, sb. brotherhood, MD ; 
bretherliede, C ; britlierlied,\V ; britber- 
bod, W. 

BroSer-rede, sb. fraternity, MD (p. 
354). — AS. bioQorraden. 

Bronded,//. braided, C2 ; see Brayden. 

Broudster, sb. embroiderer, JD. 

Broudyug, sb. embroidery; browdyng, 
C, CM. 

Bronken, v. to use, enjoy, eat, PP, C, 
G ; broken, S ; breken, S ; brooke, to 
endure, S3 ; bruc, imp. s. use, S ; ibroken, 
//., S. — AS. briican, pt. breac (pi. brucon), 
pp. brocen. 

Broun, adj. brown, C, PP ; brun, sb. 
brown horn, S. — AS. briin. 

Bru- ; see Bry-, Bri-, Brou-, 

Brugge ; see Brig'g-e. 

BmK, .r^. locust (= brnchus), W2, H; 
bruyk, H. — Gr. jSpoCxos, ^povKos. 

Bmne, sb. burning, S, MD ; brene, 82. 
— AS. bryne. 

Bronie, sb. corslet, coat of mail, S ; 
brinie, MD ; brini, HD, MD ; bnme, 
MD ; brynig'es, //., S; brenyes, HD. — 
Icel. brynja: Goth, brunjo ] cp. AS. byme. 

Brord ; see Brerd. 

Bmsten ; see Bresten. 

Brut, sb. Briton \ Brattes, //., S. 



Brutayne, sb. Brittany, S2. 

Brutil ; see Britel. 

Brutiuer, sb. a man of Brittany, a 
Frenchman, a swaggerer, PP ; Brytonere, 
P ; Britoner, P. 

Brutnen, v. to hew in pieces, MD ; 
bruttenet, //. slain, S2 ; see Britnen. 

Bryche, adj. reduced, poor, S2. — AS. 
bryce, frail. 

Bryd-ale, sb marriage-feast, MD ; bri- 
dale, P, \V ; bredale, S ; brnydale, P ; 
brudale, S. — AS. bryd-ealo, a bride-ale, 

Bryde, sb. bride, domiduca, Voc, PP ; 
brede, PP ; bruyd, CM ; brud, MD, S ; 
brid, MD. — AS. bryd: OS. briid; cp. 
OHG. briit (Otfrid). 

Bryde-gome, sb. bridegroom, MD ; 
bredg-ame, S; brndgrune, MD. — AS. 
brydguma {bredguma) ; cp. OHG. bniti- 
gomo (Otfrid). 

Bryk, sb. misery, calamity, MD ; brike, 
C2 ; brucbe, injury, MD. — AS. bryce. 

Bryllyn ; see Birlen. 

Brymme, sb. margin, shore, S, MD. — 
AS. brim, surf, the sea ; cp. Icel. brim. 

Bryn-Ston, sb. sulphur, Voc, PP, S2 ; 
brymston, \V2 ; bremstoon, C, PP ; 
biimstoon, C3 ; bmnstan, H. — Cp. Icel. 

Brystylle, sb. bristle. Prompt., Voc. ; 
berstles, //., C. — From AS. byrst: OHG. 

Bryttljmge, sb. breaking up, S3. See 

Bu- ; see Bou-, Bo-. 

Budele, sb. beadle, officer, PP ; budeles, 
//., S; beodeles, S2. — AS. bydel; cp. 
OHG. butil. Cf Bedel. 

Bue, BuS ; see Ben. 

Buggen, V. to buy, S, S2, PP ; see 

Bugle, sb. wild ox, S 2 , Prompt. ; bngill, 
S3 ; bowgle, S3 ; bug-le, bufi'alo-hom, 
bugle, MD. — OF. bugle ; Lat. buculum 

Builen, v. to boil, S2 ; buylitb, pr. $., 
\V2 ; buylyng-, pr. p., PP ; buyliden, //. 
//., W2. — OF. buillir; Lat. bullire. 

Bule, sb. boil, PP ; bills, //., W ; byles, 
PP ; boilns, PP.— AS. byle ; cp. G. beuU 

Bule ; see Bole. 

Bulle, sb. bull, papal rescript, P ; bille, 
PP ; petition, PP j bylle, PP.— Lat. bulla, 
D 2 



boss, stud, hence Late Lat. Imlla, seal, 
document with seal ; see Ducange. 

Bulteu, V. to boult, sift, C, Prompt. ; 
boulte, I'alsg. ; bultedd, //., S.— OF. 
hiikter, bureter, to sift through coarse 
cloth, from bare, coarse cloth ; Late Lat. 
burra ; see Uucange (s.v. huratare). 

Bult-pele, sb. a sifter, Voc. 

Bumbase, i>. to quilt with bombast, 
i. e. cotton wadding, Florio (p. 234a) ; 
bumbast, pr. pi., S3. — From Milanese 
bonibds ; Low Lat. bombacem, cotton ; from 
Gr. /3o/i/3v£. 

BTUnuien, v. to taste, take a draught, 
MD ; bummede, pt. s. tasted, S2, P. 

Bun,//, prepared, S2, MD ; see Boun. 

Bunchen, v. to strike, MD, Prompt. ; 
boncbede, //. s., S2 ; bouclied, P. 

Bunden ; see Binden. 

Bur, sb. wind, storm, force, impetus, 
MD ; bir, MD ; birr, HD ; bire, dat., 
W, MD; birre, W ; byrre, HD.— Icel. 
byrr, wind, storm. 

Bur, j3. the broad ring of iron behind 
the place for the hand on a tilting-spear, 
S3 ; burr, HD. 

Burde, sb. maiden, virgin, lady, S, S2, 
PP ; birde, P ; berde, PP ; buirde, PP ; 
bnyrde, S2, PP ; see Bryde. 

Burden, sb. burden, Manip. ; see Bur- 

Burdenous, adj. burdensome, S3. 

Burdon, sb. mule ; burdones, //., MD ; 
burdowns, MD. — Lat. biirdonem (Vulg.). 

Burdoun, sb. droning sound, bass, MD, 
C. — OF. bourdon, a drone, the humming 
of bees, the drone of a bag-pipe (Cotg.). 

Bureth, v. it behoves, MD ; birrp, 
pr. s., S ; burth, MD ; birs, MD ; bers, 
MD ; birrde, //. s., S ; bird, S2, MD ; 
bnrd, MD. — AS. ge-byrian ; cp. OHG. 
gi-burren, to happen (Otfrid). 

Burgage, sb. an estate held of a lord of 
a borough ; burgages, //., P ; borg-ages, 
PP. — Low Lat. burgaghim ; OF. botirgage 
(Cotg.). _ 

Burgeis, sh. burgess, MD ; burgeys, 
C, CM ; burgeis, //., S2, P ; burgeyses, 
P. — OF. bu7geis; Low Lat. burgeftsis. 

Burgh., sb. borough, town, fortress, 
shelter, MD ; burghe, PP, CM ; borghe, 
PP ; borw, PP ; borugh, PP ; borowe, 
PP ; borh, S ; burch, S ; burh, S ; bureh, 
MD, S ; biri, MD, S ; berie, S ; borw5, 
S2 ; borwes, //., PP, MD.— AS. burh ; 
gen. by rig. 


Buriel, sb. tomb, S2 ; buryel, S2 ; 
biriel, W ; biryel, S2 ; buriels, //. the 
Catacombs, C3 ; biriels, \V2 ; birielis, 
W. — AS. by r gels. 

Burien, v. to bury, MD, S, PP ; birien, 
MD, W2 ; berien, C3 ; bery, MD, C3 ; 
byrien, S; i-burred,//., S2. — AS. byrigan. 

Burien, sb. grave, MD ; berien, S. — 
AS. byrgcn. 

Burinisse, sb. burial-place, MD ; 
berynes, H. — AS. byrigties. 

Burjoun, sb. burgeon, bud, MD ; bur- 
ioyn, H ; burgon, HD ; burgionys, //., 
S3 ; burioyns, H. — OF. borjon, in Cotg. 

Burjounen, v. to bud, MD ; buriowne, 
W2 ; burgionys, pr. s., S3 ; borgoune?, 
pr. pi., S2 ; burionep, PP ; burionand, 
pr. p.., H ; buriownynge, W. 

Burn, sb. man, S2, HD ; burne, S2 ; 
see Bern. 

Burne, sb. spring of water, MD, S ; 
bourne, S2 ; borne, S2 ; bum, stream, S2. 
— AS. burna. 

Burnen, v. to burnish, MD ; burned, 
//., C ; borned, S3. — OF. brtoiir, to bur- 
nish, polish, to make brown (Cotg.). See 
SkD. p. 789. 

Burnet, adj. brown, S3.— OF. brunet, 
brownish (Cotg.). 

Burnet, sb. cloth of brown colour, CM, 
MD.— OF. brunette (Cotg.) ; cp. Low Lat. 

Bur'Sene, sb. burden, MD ; birtbin, 
W ; birthun, W2 ; burden, Manip. — AS. 
by 7-^ en. 

Busch, sb. bush, wood, W, W2, MD ; 
buyscb, W ; busk, the head or tuft of a 
stalk of wheat, S ; bush, S2, MD ; boske, 

52 ; boskez, //., S2. 
Buschenient, sb. ambush, MD ; bus- 

sbement, S3. Cp. OF. en-buschement, an 
ambuscade NED, (s.v. ambiishment). 

Busken, v. to prepare oneself, to get 
ready, to go, to hasten, to prepare, dress, 
MD, H, S2, P ; buschen, S2 ; bosken, S2. 
Icel. biiask (reflex.), to get oneself ready. 

Buskinge, sb. equipment, dress, MD, 

53 ; bosking, MD. 

Busteous, adj. noisy, S3 ; buystous, 
W ; see Boistous. 

Busy, adj. busy, MD ; bisi, S, W2 ; 
bisie, S ; bisy, C2, P ; besy, C. — AS. 

Busyen, v. to busy, occupare, MD ; 
bisien, C3, S2, W. 


Busynesse, sd. business, activity, care, 
industry, MD, C, C3 ; bisinesse, C3 ; 
besynesse, S3 ; besynes, H ; bisynesses, 

//., W2. 

Sub; see Ben. 

"Bup ; see Biggen. 

Btmeil, fr£p. and aJv. above, S ; bune, 
S ; boue, MD ; bufon, S. — AS. be-ufan. 

BuZTUU, adj. obedient, ready, willing, 
courteous, PP ; boxum, S2, PP ; buzom, 
CM ; bulisxuu, S. See Bowen. 



BnxTUUliclie, adv. obediently, PP ; 
bozumly, S2 ; buxomly, C2. 

BuxTUnnesse, sb. obedience, PP ; 
buxomnes, P ; boxumnes, S2. 

By-, prefix. See Bi- words. 

By, Bi, prep, by, at, according to, S, S2, 
with regard to, PP, S, S2, S3 ; bie, S ; be 
S, S2 . Phr. : by and by, adv. immediately, 
S3 ; in order, separately, C, Prompt., MD. 

By, V. to dwell, build, C2 ; see Biggen. 

Byggyng, sb. building, S2. 

By?e ; see Beij. 


C- ; see also under K. 

Caas, sb. case, circumstance, chance, C ; 
kas, S2 ; cass, S3; cas, S2, C2. — AF. cas ; 
Lat. castitn (ace), a fall, from cadere, to 

Caas, sb. case, quiver, C ; see Casse. 

Cabau, sb. hut, small room, MD, PP ; 
cabin, MD. — OF. cabane ; cp. Low Lat. 
cabanna, capanna ; see Brachet. 

Cabine, sb. a shed made of boughs, 
Cotg. (s. V. cabati€) ; cabin, small enclosed 
place, Sh. 

Cabinet, sb. small shed, arbour, S3. — 
OF. cabinet, an arbour in a garden, Cotg. ; 
cp. It. cabinet to (Florio). 

Caccben, v. to catch, to chase, MD, 
C3, P; katchen, MD; kecchen, MD ; 
chacche, S2 ; chacen, MD ; cbaci, MD ; 
cancbt, S3; cacces, /r. j., S2 ; cabte, //. 
s., MD ; cajte, S2 ; caughte, C2 ; caujt, 
MD ; conght, MD ; caght, MD ; cahten, 
//., MD ; kei5t, MD ; caht, pp. MD ; 
kanjt, W2. — OF. ccuhier, cacier (also cha- 
cier, chasser) ; Late Lat. captiare, from Lat. 
captare, freq. oi caper e, to take, to hold ; see 

Cache-pol, sb. a tax-gatherer, constable, 
bailiff, MD, PP ; cahcbpoUe, Prompt.; 
catcbepollis,//., W. — AF. cacchepole, OF. 
chacepol, chassipole ; cp. Low Lat. cachepol- 
lus, cacepolhts, chacepollus, chassipiillus. 
The form cacepollus is met with in the 
Leges Ethelredi, see Schmid and Ducange. 
The word probably meant at first the 
officer who collected from the tenant the 
fowls {pullos) paid as rent. 

Cacberel, sb. an inferior officer of jus- 
tice, MD ; kachereles, //., S2. — OF. ca- 
cherel; cp. Low Lat. cacherellus. 

Csese ; see Chese. 

Cseste, sb. dat. chest, S ; see Chest. 

Caf, sb. chaff, H ; see Cliaf. 

Caiti£, adj. and sb. captive, miserable 
wretch, MD, W, C3, H ; caytif, C2 ; cay- 
tiue, P ; caitifes, //., S3 ; caytiues, S3 ; 
kaytefes, S2. — AF. caitif: Prov. captiu ; 
Lat. captiuum (ace.) ; see Brachet (s.v. 

Caitifte, sb. wretchedness, S2, W, W2, 
H; caytefte, S2. — OF. caitivete; Lat. 

Calabre, sb. Calabrian fur, P, S2 (p. 
200); NQ. (5. 12. 232); calabere, P («). 
Comb. : calaber amyse, a person wearing 
an amice trimmed with calabre, P («). 

Cald ; see Cold. 

Calengen, v. to accuse, to charge, W2 ; 
see Chalengen. 

Calewe, adj. bald, without hair, MD, 
S2. — AS. cakuo-, -stem olcalu; cp. OHG. 
chalo (gen. chdlawes), and Lat. caluiis. 

Caliz, sb. chalice, S, MD, SkD ; chalis, 
MD ; chalys, Voc. ; calice, dat. S, SkD. 
— OF", caliz ; Lat. calix ; also OF. calice ; 
Lat. calicem. 

Calle, sb. a caul, net for the hair (worn 
by women), MD, CM, SkD (s. v. caul). 

Callen, v. to call, S, C2 ; kalle, MD, 
S2. — AS. ceallian; cp. Icel. kalla. 

Callour, adj. cool, fresh, healthy, JD, 
S3 ; caller, JD; canler, JD. 

Calme, adj. calm, MD.— OF. calmt 
(Cotg.), It. caima (,Florio) ; Low Lat. cau- 
ma, heat (Vulg.) ; Gr. Kav^a. 

Calmen, v. to become calm, MD ; caw- 
myt, //>., S3. — OF. calmer, to quiet. 

Cal-Stocke, sb., cabbage-stalk, S3 ; caJ- 




stok, Voc. ; calstoke, Palsg. ; oastock, 
JD; custoc, JD. See Cole. 

Camamelle, sb. camomile, Voc. ; ca- 
memille, Voc. ; camamyle, Prompt. ; 
cammamyll, Palsg.; camomylle, MD; 
cammamyld, 83 ; camamy, Voc. — Late 
Lat. cainaniilla ; Gr. x^fial^x-qKov. 

Camel, sb. camel, MD; camelle, 
Prompt. ; camaille, C2 ; chamelle, 
Prompt.; chamayle, MD.— OF. ca??iel ; 
Lat. cainelum (ace.) ; Gr. Kaixr^Kos ; Heb. 

Cameline, sb. camlet, MD.— OF. came- 
line ; Low Lat. camelinum. 

Camelot, sb. camlet, SkD ; chamelot, 
S3 ; clianilet, Cotg.— OF. camelot (Cotg.) ; 
cp. Low Lat. camelotu?7t. 

Cammamyld, sb. camomile, S3; see 

Camp, sb. contest, MD; comp, S; 
kemp, JD; kampe, dot., MD.— AS. camp 
{comp) ; cp. Icel. kafp., adj. See Kempe. 

Cam.peil, v. to contend, contest, esp. at 
foot-ball, MD, Prompt.— AS. ca>npian. 

Campynge, sb. pedipilndiwn, game of 
foot-ball, Prompt. 

Can, pr. s. can, knows, S, S2. Phr. : 
can pane, S ; see Enunen. 

Cauceler, sb. chancellor, S ; see Chaun- 

Candel, sb. candle, MD ; kandel, S ; 

candlen, //. S2.— AS. candel {condel) ; Lat. 
candela ; cp. Icel. kyndill, candle, torch. 

Candel-messe, sb. Candlemass. MD ; 
candel-masse, dat., S, S2.— Cp. Icel. kyn- 
dill-messa, in Church Lat. caiidelaria, the 
feast of the Purification. 

Canelle, sb. cinnamon, S2, Voc, Cath. 
(«) ; canylle, Cath. ; canel, W, W2.— AF. 
canelle ; Late Lat. canella, cinnamon, also. 
a reed (Ducange), from Lat. canna. See 

Canevas, sb. canvas, C3 ; canvas, Voc. ; 
canwas, Voc— AF. canevas, canevace'; 
Late Lat. canabacius, hempen cloth : from 
OF. canve (F. chaiivre), hemp ; Late Lat. 
cannabum, Lat. cannabis; Gr. navva^is. 

Cang, adj. foolish, lustful, MD ; cang-es, 
sb. gen., fool's, S; kanges, pi., MD. See 
PP; Notes, (p. 241). 

Cangen, v. to befool, MD. 

Cang-liche, adv. foolishly, MD. 
Cang-schipe, sb. foolishness, MD. 
Canker, sb. cancer, a disease, MD, W ; 

cankyr, Voc. ; cankere, Voc— Lat. cancer, 
crab, an eating tumour, also, in pi. cancri, 

Cankerd, //. corrupted, S3. 

Canne, sb. cane, reed, MD ; cane.Voc. — 
Lat. canna; Gr. Kavva, Kavvq, cane, reed; 
Heb. qdneh. 

Canne, sb. can, MD, W; cane, Voc. 
Cp. Late Lat. canna, a measure for liquids ; 
see Weigand (s.v. Kanne). 

Canon, sb. a rule, MD, PP; canonn, 
MD; canon-law, PP. — Lat. cation; Gr. 
Kovwv, a rule, standard, from Kavr], holvvt], a 
cane, reed. See Canne. 

Canonisen, v. to admit into the canon 
of the Mass, to canonize, MD ; to conse- 
crate, admit to the dignity of the papacy, 
MD. — Late Lat. canonizare. 

Canonistres, sb. pi. men skilled in 
canon-law or ecclesiastical law, PP. — OF. 
canoniste ; Late Lat. canonista. 

Canoun, sb. a canon of a chapter, MD ; 
kanun, S ; chanoun, S, Voc, C3, G ; 
chanon, C3.— OF. canone, canoine {cha- 
noine) ; Church Lat. canonicum (ace.) one 
on the church-roll or list (ca?ion). 

Cant, adj. lively, brave, cheerful, MD. 
S2, JD. 

Cant, sb. a portion, S3; comer, SkD, 
ND.— OF. ca?it; cp. It. ca?ito, corner (Flo- 

Cantel, sb. edge, piece, bit, MD, C, 
Prompt., Palsg.; kantel, MD ; cantle, Sh., 
ND.— OF. cantel (F. chanicaii). 

Caper-cailye, sb. capercailyie, JD.— 
Ir. capidl-coilk, lit., the horse of the forest. 
See Capul. 

Capitain, sb. captain, C2 ; capitayne, 

S3- — OV. cdpitain; Late Lat. capitaneurn 
(ace.) captain, from Lat. caput. —ili. Cheue- 

Capitle, sb. the sum, the chief point, W ; 
see Cliapitre. 

Cappe, sb. cap, MD ; keppen,//., S. 

Capret, sb. a wild goat, W2 ; capretis, 
//., VV2.— Late Lat. capretiis; cp. F. chev- 

Capul, sb. horse, nag, MD., Prompt., 
PP, HD ; capil, MD ; capel, C3 ; caple, 
MD. PP, HD.— Icel. kapall; Lat.' caballus; 
cp. Ir. captill, Wei. ceffyl. 

Caracter, sb. a mark, sign, character, 
W ; caracter, W ; carracte, Palsg. ; 
carecte, PP ; carect, W ; caractes, //., 
HD; cax&ctQS,VF.~La.\.. character; Gr. 


XapaKTTjp, an engraved mark ; cp. Prov. 

Carayne, sh. can-ion, S2 ; see Caroigpae. 

Ca<rboilcle, sh. a precious stone, MD ; 
carbokyl. Voc. ; charboncle, MD ;> 
bucle, MD; charbocle, C2. — OF. car- 
boncle {carboiicle, charhoticlc) ; Lat. carhun- 
culum (ace.)- 

Carde, sb. teasel. Prompt. ; — OF. carde ; 
Late Lat. carduin (ace), from Lat. cardtius, 

Garden, v. to card wool, MD, Prompt., 
S3. — OF. carder. It. cardare (Florio). 

Cardiacle, sb. pain about the heart, PP, 
Cath. («.), C3 ; cardyacle. Prompt. ; car- 
diakylle, Cath., Voc. ; cardiake, Cath. — 
OF. cardiaqiu, a malady of the heart 
(Cotg.) ; Late Lat. cardiaca, ' cordis passio '; 
Gr. KapbiaKos, from Kapdia, the heart. For 
the intrusion of / see Cronique. 

Care, sb. grief, S, C3, G ; cayr, S3 ; 
kare, S2. — AS. cearu : OS. kara ; cp. 
OHG. char a. 

Care-fall, adj. full of grief, S3, C ; kar- 
fal, S2 ; carefallich, adv. anxiously, P ; 
carfali, S2. 

Caren, v. to be an.xious, MD ; karien, 
S ; cared, //. s., G ; //., P. — AS. ceariatt. 

Carf,/^. s. cut, C2 ; see Eerueu. 

Carited, sb. charity, S ; see Charitee. 

Cark, Carke ; see Charg^e. 

Carl, sb. a man, rusticus, colonns, mari- 
tus, MD, C3.— Icel. karl; cp. OHG. karl 

Carl-man, sb. a man ; carman, MD ; 
caremane. ^iD; carlmen, //., S. — Icel. 
karlmadr {karmadr), a man, male. 

Carme, sb. a Carmelite friar ; karmes, 
//., S3. — OF. Carme (Bartsch) ; from 
Church Lat. Carmelus ; Heb. Carmel,'cM\- 
tivated land.' 

Caroigne, sb. can-ion, MD, PP, C ; 
caroyne. MD, PP ; caroin, S2 ; careyne, 
MD, PP ; careyn, \V2 ; carayne, MD, 
S2 ; caraing', MD ; karyun. H ; carion, 
MD ; caren, MD ; karyn, MD ; careyns, 
//. W. — OF. caroigne ;F. cha)-og>ie) ; cp. It. 
carogna ; from Lat. caro, flesh. See Crone. 

Carole, sb. a round dance, singing, MD ; 
karole, a chain, MD ; caroles, pi., C ; 
carolles, MD. — OF. carole {carolle); It. 
carola, a dance, song (Florio) ; Low Lat. 
carola, karola, a dancing, also, a chain (of 
pearls), see Ducange ; Lat. corolla, a wreath ; 
dimin. of corona. — ALM. For another 
account of this word see SkD. 



Carolen, v. to dance in a ring, to sing, 
MD, PP. 

Carolinge, sb. carolling, C3. 

Carpen, v. to talk, to speak, to say, 
MD, C, S3 ; to rebuke, S3 ; carpede, /i'. J., 
S2 ; carped, S2, P. — Icel. karpa, to boast. 

Carpyng, sb. talking, p. 

Carre, sb. car, cart. Prompt. ; cliarre, 
MD ; cbare, Voc, S3, W ; schare, car- 
pcntuin, Voc. ; char, S2, S3, C, C2 ; 
cbaar, MD ; charis, //., W, W2, H.— OF. 
carre, also car {char') ; Lat. carrutn (ace). 
A Celtic word, cp. Olr. mrr (Windisch). 

Carry, v. carro vehere, to carry, MD; 
carien, C2 ; to drive, ride, travel, S2 ; y- 
caried, C2. — AF. carter (OF. charier, 
charroier) ; Late Lat. carricare {carrigare), 
see Ducange. See Cbargen. 

Carte, sb. chariot, cart, MD ; kart, H 
(Ps. 67. 18). 

Cary, sb. a rough material, S3 ; see 

Casse, sb. box, chest, cover, Prompt. ; 
kace. Prompt. ; caas, C. — OF. casse (AF. 
chassc) ; Lat. capsa ; cp. Gr. Kwpa. 

Cast, sb. a throw, plan, intention, plot, 
MD, C, G ; caste, P ; kastis, //., H.— 
Icel. kast. 

Castel, sb. village, small town { = castel- 
lu?7i), \V ; castels, //., camp {=castra^, 
W2 ; kastels, H (Ps. 77. 32). — Late Lat. 
castellum, village (Vulg.), Lat. castellum, 

Castel, sb. castle, S. — OF. castel {chas- 
tely. See above. 

Castel-weorceS, sb. pi. fortifications, 
S, MD. 

Casten, v. to cast, throw, to consider, 
imagine, purpose, design, S, S2, S3, C ; 
kasten, MD. H ; kesten, MD, S2 ; caste, 
pt. s., MD, S2, S3, C2, C3, G ; kast. S2 ; 
kest, S3 ; casten, pi., P, W ; kesten, 
S2, W ; castiden, \V ; casten, pp., MD, 
C2 ; i-cast, S ; y-cast, C3 ; ikest, S2 ; 
kest, S2 ; cast, C3. Phr. : caste tomes, 
tried tricks, G. — Icel. kasta. 

Castyng, sb. a vomiting, W. 

Cat, sb. cat, Voc, MD ; catt, Voc. ; 
kat. S. 

Catapuce, sb. name of a purgative 
plant, euphorbia, C ; catapns, CM. — OF. 
catapuce {petite), garden spurge (Cotg.) ; 
Low Lat. catapotiufH, ' mcdioamentum quod 
non diluitur, pillula' (Ducange) ; Gr. nara- 
TToTiov, that can be gulped down, a pill, 
from TToToy, drink. Cp. Low Lat. cathapucia, 
' semen spurgie,' SB. 



Cat-Cluke, sl>. trefoil, S3, JD ; catluke, 
Jl) ; ketelokes, //., H {Vs. 36. 2). 

Catel, si', capital, property, wealth, CM, 
MD, S2, C2, C3, W ; kateyl, S2 ; cateUe, 
S2 ; catele, S2 ; cliatel, MD; chetel, 
MU.— OF. catcl, chatcl\ Late Lat. captalc, 
capitale, property, principal ; from Lat. 
capitalis, from caput, the head. 

Catour, sb.z. buyer of provisions, caterer, 
Palsg., G ; cater, S3. — OF. acateur, buyer, 
from acatcr (F. acheter),achapter; Late Lat. 

Caucioil, sb. security, surety, account, 
MI) ; caucioun, W. — Lat. cautiotiem, se- 
curity, bond, warranty, from caiitus, pp. of 
cauoc, to be on one's guard. 

Candrou, sb. cauldron. W2. — AF. caud- 
ron, OF. chaiidron. See Chaud. 

Cauri-maury, sb. the name of a coarse 
rough material, PP ; cauriiuauri, S2 ; 
kaurymaury, PP ; cawrymawry, PP f «.). 
Cf. Cary. 

Cautele, sb. caution, deceit, MD, 
Prompt. ; cawtele. S3 ; cautel, ND, Sh.— 
OF. cautele {cautelle) ; Lat. cautela. 

Cautelous, adj. sly, deceitful, MD, ND, 
Sh. ; cautelouse, W2. — OF. cautelos ; 
Late Lat. cautelosum (Ducange). 

Cavell, V. to divide by lot, JD ; see 

Ca'wmjrfcj //• calmed, S3 ; see Calmen. 

Ca5te ; see Cacchen. 

Cedre, sb. cedar, MD, W2 ("Job 40. 12) ; 
cedres, //., S2. — AF. cedre; Lat. cedriim 
^acc.^i ; Gr. KeSpos. 

Cedjrr-tre, sb. cedar-tree, Voc. ; sydyre- 
tre, Voc. 

Ceelen, v. to line the walls or roof of a 
room, Prompt., MD ; selyn, Prompt.; 
seeled, //., WW (s.v. cicled). 

Ceinte, sb. girdle, MD ; seynt, C. — 
OY.ceinte; Lat. cincta, pp. f. ol cingere. 

Coler, sb. cellar. promptuari»m,'PTom-pt., 
W (Lu. 12. 24), MD; celler, MD; seller, 
G ; selleer, G ; celere, dat. S, H ; celeris. 
//., W2; selers, W2.— AF. celcr, OF. 
celier; Lat. ccllariiim. 

Celerer, sb. cellarer, C2. 

Celicall, adj. heavenly, S3. 

Celle, sb. cell, a religious house, C. C2 ; 
selle, C ; selles, //., P.— OF. celle ; Lat. 

Cellire, sb. canopy, ceiling ; see Selnre. 

Cementing, sb. hermetically sealing, 
C3. See Syment. 

Cendal, sb. a fine stuff (linen or silk), S, 


MD ; sendal, PP, ND, C ; oendel, MD, 
HD, Prompt.; sendel, PP, H; =Lat. 
sindon, W, Voc. ; cendell, Palsg. ; send- 
alle, Cath. ; sendylle, sandalizim, sindo, 
Cath. — OF. and AF. cendal [c^. Low Lat. 
ccndalimi, sendalum) ; perhaps an adapta- 
tion of Gr. (Tii/Scuc, orig. Indian muslin, 
from Skt. Sindhu, India. 

Centanre, sb. centaury, name of a plant, 
C; centorye, Alph. — OF. centanre ; 'Lat. 
centaurea, cetitanretim ; Gr. Kivjavpuov, 
from KtvTavpos, a centaur. 

Ceptre, sb. sceptre, C2, MD, Palsg.; 
ceptyr, Prompt. ; ceptire, H (Ps. 44. 8). 
— AF. ceptre ; Lat. sceptrum ; Gr. OKriTt- 
rpov, staff. 

Cerchen, v. to search, MD ; cergyn. 
Prompt. ; serchen, MD ; shercli, S3 ; 
seirsaud, pr. p., S3 ; slierched, pt. pi., S3. 
— OF. cercher {sercher) ; Lat. circare, to go 
round, from circus, a circle. 

Cercle, sb. circle, MD, C ; sercle. 
Prompt., \V2. — OF. cercle; Lat. circulum 
(ace), dimin. oi circus. 

Cerclen, v. to circle, MD ; sirculit, 
//., S3. — OF. cercler; Lat. circulare. 

CirCUlat, adj. revolving, S3. 

Cere, v. to cover with wax, SkD, C3 ; 
cered, pp. shrouded in waxed cloth, SkD. 
— Lat. cerare, to wax, from cera, wax. 

Cere-cloth, sb. waxed linen (for dead 
bodies), Sh. ; searclotb, SkD. 

Cerements, sb. pi. (see above), Sh. 

Cerge, sb. wax taper, MD ; serge, MD, 
JD, Cath. ; cerges, pi., S. — OY. cerge, 
cierge ; Late Lat. ceria, fem. from Lat. 
cereiis, from cera, wax. 

Cerial, adj. sacred to Ceres, C. — Lat. 
Cerialis, Ccrcalis. 

Cerionsly, adv. minutely, with full 
details, S2, C3 ; see Seryowsly. 

CerteS, adv. certainly, S, C2, C3 ; ser- 
tes, S2, PP ; certis, S3, P. — OF. ceries, 
(^Constans) : OSp. certas ; Lat. cerias, pi. f. 
of certiis, certain. 

Ceruse, sb. ceruse, white lead, with 
which women painted their faces, MD ; 
cemce, C. — OF. ceruse (Cotg.) ; Lat. 
cerussa ; cp. Gr. KrjpojTov, a cerate or salve 
used as a cosmetic, from Kijpos, bees-wax. 

Cessen, v. to cease, C2, C3 ; cesen, 
MD. — AF. cesser; Lat. cessare. 

Cetewale, sb. zedoary, a root resembling 
ginger, MD, C2, Prompt., SB; setewale, 
MD, HD ; setwale. Prompt. ; setuale. 
Prompt. ; sedewale, MD ; sedwale, MD i 


«edewale,Alph. — AF. cetewale, OY.citoual, 
citouart; Low Lat sedoarium; Kiah-jad- 
%vdr (from the Persian). 

CetSen, sb. pi. countries, S ; see CuW5e. 

Chaf, sh. chaff, straw, MD ; chaff, MD ; 
cliaffe, \V, Prompt. ; chef, MD ; caf, H ; 
cafe, H. — AS. ccnf. 

Chaffare, si'- business, selling, mer- 
chandise, S2, C2, C3; chaffar, C3 ; chaf- 
are, S ; cheffare, S ; chapfare, MD ; 
cheapfare, MD.— AS. ceap +farii, a jour- 
ney, business ; cp. Icel. kaupfor. 

Chaffaren, v. to chaffer, 82, C 3, P, W. 

Chaflet, sb. a small stage or platform, 
S3, HD. — A dimin. of OF. chafaut, chaf- 
faut, see Ducange (s.v. chaaffallum). See 

Chaine, sb. chain ; chayne, MD ; 
dieyne, Prompt., C2 ; chyne, MD. — AF. 
chaine [cheine) ; OF. chadine, cadene ; Lat. 

Chaire, seat, chair, MD ; ohayere, 
MD ; chaier, W2 ; cliaere, S, MD. — AF. 
chaiere, chaycre, seat, throne ; Lat. cathedra ; 
Gr. icaOeSpa. 

Chald, adj. cold, S ; see Cold. 

Chalenge, sb. false claim, accusation, 
claim, MD, W2 ; caleng'e, MD ; chal- 
anng-e, MD. — AF. chalenge, chalange, OF. 
calenge ; Lat. calumnia. 

Chalengen, v. to accuse, charge, claim, 
MD, W, S2, P; chalange, H; calen- 
gynge, pr. p., W2 ; chalangede, pt. s., 
S2 ; chalauged, //. accused, P. — AF. 
chalenger, chalanger, ' calumniare.' 

Clialengere, sb. accuser, W2. 

CliaiXlber, sb. chamber, MD; chamhur, 
MD; schambyr, Voc. ; chambre, C2, C3, 
PP ; chombre, MD ; cbanmbre, MD, PP ; 
chawmere, MD ; cbainer, Voc. ; chal- 
mer, S3. — AF. chambre ; Lat. camera. 

Ch.aillberere, sb. handmaid, MD, S2, 
C2 ; cbambrere, MD ; cbomberier, MD. 
— OF. chamberiere. 

Cliainberling, sb. chamberlain ; 
cbaumberling, MD ; chamberlein, MD ; 
scbamberleyne, Voc. ; cbamberlayn, 
MD ; cbamerlane, Voc. — OF. chambre- 
knc (cp. It. cainerlengo in Florio) ; OHG. 
chamarlinc ; Lat. camera + OHG. -/«'«£:. On 
the suffix see SkD. 

Cbamelle ; see Camel. 

Cbamelot, sb. camlet, S3 ; see Camelot. 

Champaine, adj. and sb. level, level 
country, CM, .S3. — AF. champaigne. 

Champartie, sb. share in land, part- 



nership in power, C ; chanpartye, S3. — 
OF. champart, field-rent, see Cotg. ; Lat. 
campi partem. 

Cliaiupioxi, sb. a fighter in the duel, a 
champion, MD ; champioun, C, G. — AF. 
champion ; Late Lat. campiotiem.; see Cbann-. 

dianouu ; see Canoun. 

Cbape, sb. the locket of a scabbard, 
Cotg., Cath. ; scbape, Cath. («.).— OF. 
chappe (Cotg.). 

Chapele, sb. chapel, S, MD ; cbapelle, 
MD ; scbapelle, Voc. — AF. chapele, OF. 
capele ; Church Lat. capclla. 

Chapelein, sb. chaplain, MD ; cbape- 
leyne, MD, C ; cbapeleyns, //., S2. — AF. 
chapelein ; Church Lat. capellanus. 

Chapiter, sb. the capital of a column, 
SkD.— OF. chapitel; Lat. capitellum, 
dimin. ol caput. 

Ch.apitre, sb. a chapter, division of a 
book, a meeting of clergy. MD, PP ; chap- 
iter, S3 ; chapitere, PP ; chapitle, PP ; 
chapitele, PP; capitle, summary, W. — 
OF. chapitre, chapitle; Lat. capitulum, 
dimin. of caput. 

Chapitre-hous, sb. chapter-house, PP ; 
chapitel-hous, PP. 

Cliapiliail, sb. merchant, C, PP ; chap- 
mon, S2, PP ; chepmon, S ; chapmen, 
//., S, S2, C3, PP.— AS. ceapman. 

Chapmanhode, sb. trade, S2, C3. 

Chapolory, sb. a kind of scarf, S3 ; see 

Char, Chare, sb. car, S3 ; see Carre. 

Charbocle, sb. carbuncle (stone), Ca ; 
see Carboncle. 

Charen, v. to turn, S ; see Cherren. 

Charge, sb- a load, injunction, responsi- 
bility, MD, S2, C3, C, W ; charche, MD ; 
carke, S3 ; karke, MD ; cark, MD, G.— 
AF. charge, also kark. 

Chargeu, v. to put a load on, to enjoin, 
MD, S2 ; to care for, W, \V2 ; charchyng, 
pr. p., S3 ; y-charged, //., S2 ; charged, 
S2. — AF. charger; OF. cargier; Late Lat. 
carricare. See Carry. 

Chargeonse, adj. burdensome, W ; 
chariouse, W2. 

Charitee, sb. charity, C2 ; charyte, Sa ; 
charite, MD, S2, G ; carited, S ; karitej), 
MD. — AF. charite, OF. caritet, Prov. 
caritat ; Lat. caritatem. Cf. Cherte. 

Chari;, adj. sad, S. — AS. cearig; cp. OS. 
karasc- See Care. 


Chamel, sd. chamel-house, P, SkD. — 
AF. iharncl, carnel; Lat. cartialcm. 

Chartre, sh. prison, S, MD. — OY.char- 
tre, I's. 141. 7; cant-rem, see Brachet. 
For ir from original cr, compare OF\ 
veintre ; Lat. vinccre. 

Chartre, sb. charter, S, PP.— AF. char- 
tre\ Lat. chartula, dimin. oi charta. 

Chase, sb. hunting, pursuit, also, hunt- 
ing-ground, MD ; chas, Ml); chays, S3. 
— AF". chace, hunting-ground. 

Chaser, sb. hunter (^horse), chaser, MD ; 
chaseris, //., S2. 

Chastelet, sb. little castle, domain, P. 
— OF. chastelet (Cotg.). See Castel. 

Chasteleyne, sb. castellan, MD. — AF. 

Chastien, v. to chastise, MD, S ; 
chaste, S2, C2, P. — AF. chastier, OF. 
castier ; Lat. castigare. 

Chastisen, v. to chastise, MD ; chas- 
tyse, C2. 

ChastjniS, ^^- chastisement, P. 

Chaud, cuij. hot, S2, PP.— OF. chaud, 
chald ; Late Lat. caldtim ; from Lat. calidus. 

ChatLUCe, sb. chance, S2, C2, C3 ; 
clieance, MD ; cheaunce, MD ; chans, 
MD ; chance, S3. —OF", cheance; Late 
Lat. cadentia, a falling, from cadere. 

Channcel, sb. chancel. Prompt. ; chann- 
cell, Palsg. ; chawnsylle, Voc. — OF". 
chancel; Late Lat. caitcellus, chancel, 
screen ; cp. Lat. cancdli, pi., latticework, 
dimin. of cancri, lattice work, from cancer, 
a crab. See Canker. 

Chauuceler, sb. chancellor, Prompt. ; 
chanceler, Ml); canceler, S. — KY . chan- 
celer, 0F\ canceller ; Late Lat. cancellarius. 

Chaiincellerie, sb. chancery, MD ; 
chancelerie, MD. — AF. channcelerie. 

Chauncerye, sb. chancery, MD. — AF. 

Chaunge, sb. change, C2. 

Chauugen, v. to change, MD, 82 ; 
chaungi, S; chongen, S2; i-changet,//., 
S. — AF\ changer, OF", changier, cangier; 
Low Lat. cambiare^ to barter. 

Chanilger, sb. money-changer, W. 

Chanugyug, sb. changing, W2. 

Chaunterie, sb. chantry for singing 
masses for the dead, C. — AF. chaunterie, 
OF. chanterie ; Late Lat. cantaria, from 
Lat. cantare, to sing. 

Chavel, sb. the jaw, MD : chavyl, MD ; 
ohawle, MD ; chanl, MD ; choiUe, MD ; 


Choi, S3; choU, MD.— AS. ceajl. See 
furtlier in SkD (s.v. Joivl). 

Chavyl-bone, sb. jaw-bone, Prompt. ; 
chavylbon, Ml). 

Che- ; see Chi-. 

Cheap, sb. bargain, S ; see Chepe. 

Cheap-ild, sb. a female trader, S. See 

Chearre, v. to turn, S ; see Cherren. 

Cheas, pt. s. chose, S ; see Chesen. 

Checker, sb. exchequer, S3 ; see Es- 

Cheef. sb. and adj. head, upper part, 
chief, MD, PP ; chief, MD ; chefif, PP ; 
chef, MD ; chyf,PP.— OF. chef {AY. chief), 
chcve ; Late Lat. capum (ace.) ; cp. It. capo, 
Sp. cabo. 

Cheef-mete, sh. chief meat, PP, S2. 

Chees ; see Chesen. 

Cheest ; see Chest. 

Cheffare, sb. business, S; see Cha£- 

Chekelew, adj. suffocating, HD ; see 

Cheken, v. to choke, suffocate, MD, 
Prompt., SkD. See NED (s. v. achoke). 

Cheker, sb. exchequer, PP ; see Es- 

Cheld, adj. cold, S2 ; see Cold. 

Chelde, sb. cold, PP. 

Chelden, v. to grow cold, S ; kelde, 
MD. — AS. cealdian. 

Chele, sb. chill, S, S2 ; see Chil. 

Chele, sb. throat, fur made up from the 
fur about the marten's throat, S ; cheole, 
MD; chelle, MD.— AS. ceole, the throat; 
cp. OHG. chela (G. kehle). See Merthes- 

Chelle, sb. bowl, incense-vessel, S. — AS. 
ciella {cylW), a vessel for drinking ; cp. 
OHG. chella. 

Chemys, sb. chief mansion, JD; see 

Chene ; see Chyne. 

Cheosen ; see Chesen. 

Chepe, sb. bargain, business, MD ; 
cheap, S. Phr. : g'ood chepe, cheap, MD ; 
gxet chep, plenty, cheapness, MD ; to 
g'ood cheep, too cheaply, G.^AS. ceap, 
business, purchase, price, also, cattle ; Icel. 
katip, bargain; cp. OHG. ^o;</" (.Otfirid). 

Chepe, sb. Cheapside, S3, P. 

Chepen, v. to transact business, buy or 
sell, MD, S; chepet, //., S. — AS.c^apian, 
to bargain. 


Cheping, sf>. market, W ; chepynge, 

S2, P. — Ab. ciapung, trade, commerce. 

Chepmon ; see Cliapmaii. 

Cher, adj. dear. PP ; chere, MD. Phr. : 
Cher ouer, careful of, PP. — OF. cAer; Lat. 

Cherarcliy, sl>. an assembly of holy 
rulers, a hierarchy, S3 ; yerarchy, SkD 
(p. 810). — OF. hierarchie; Gk. Upapx'^ci', 
cp. It. gerarchia, a hierarchy of angels 

Chere, sb. a time, S ; see dierre. 

Cliere, sb. face, friendly welcome, S, 
MD, S2, S3, C3, G, C2; cMere, S3; 
cheare, S3 ; c&eere, G ; cher, S2 ; cheer, 
W; cheres, //., wry faces, .S. — AF. chere, 
countenance,OF.f//^/i?, head (Roland) ; Low 
Lat. cara, the face, head ; Gr. napa ; see 
Ducange. Cp. E. cheer. 

Cheren, v. to make good cheer, to 
make glad, MD, Prompt., S. 

Cheriche, ■v. to cherish, PP ; cheryce, 
C2. — OF. cherir (pr. p. cherissanf). 

Cherissing, sb. cherishing, PP. 

Cherl, sb. peasant, S, S2, C2, C3 ; 
chorle, Prompt. ; churle, Voc. — AS. ceorl; 
cp. MHG. kerl. Cf. Carl. 

Cherliche, adv. dearly, fondly, PP ; 
cherli, S2. See Cher. 

Ch.erre, sb. a turn, space of time, busi- 
ness, affair, job, MD; chere, S; char, 
MD ; chore, SkD (p. 792). — AS. ccrr 
{cirr, cyrr) ; cp. OHG. cher. 

Cherren, -j. to turn, MD ; chearre, S ; 
churren, S; charen, S; dxexAe, pt. pi., 
S. — AS. cerran {cirran) ; cp. OHG. keren 

Cherte, sb. charity, MD : friendship, S3. 
^OF. cherte; Lat. caritatem. Cf. Charitee. 

ClienibilU., sb. pi. cherubim ; cheru- 
byxn, W2 (Ps. 17. 12); cherubin, S2 ; 
chemhyn, H. — Church Lat. cherubim 
(Vulg.) ; Heb. cherubim, pi. of cherub. Cp. 
OF. cherubins, Ps. 17. 10. 

Chervelle, sb. chervil, PP ; cherefelle, 
Alph. ; chimyUes, //., PP.— AS. Ccerjille, 
(Voc.) ; Lat. caerifoliu/n ; Gr. xaipi(pv\\ov ; 
cp. OF. cerfueil (Cotg.). 

Chery, sb. cherry, Voc. ; chere. Voc. — 
OF. cerise; Late Lat. cerasea, adj. from 
cerasum, cherry; from Gr. Ktpaaoi, cherry- 
tree ; see Diez. Cf Chiries. 

Cliesbolle, sb. a small onion, poppy- 
head, Voc. ; chesebolle, HD ; chesse- 
bolle, HD ; chespolle, Voc. 

Chese, .f^. cheese, MD, Voc, S (18. 



643) ; schese, Voc. ; csese, S. — O. Merc. 
cese (OET), AS. cctse ; Lat. caseus. 

Clxeseu, v. to choose, S, S2, C2, C3, G ; 
cheos8n,S,S2,MD; ches, imp.s., S2 ; chees, 
C3; choyss, S3; cheas,// s., S; ches, MD, 
S2 ; chees, MD, S2, C2, C3 ; chesit 
(weak), S3 ; curen, //., MD ; cnsen, S ; 
icoren, //., S ; ychose, PP ; cosan, S. — 
AS. ccosan, pt. ccas (pi. curoii), pp. coren. 

Chesible, sb. chasuble, P ; chesibylle, 
Voc; chesyble, Palsg. ; chesypyl, Voc. ; 
chesypylle, Prompt.— OF. *chasible, cp. 
Church Lat. casibula, casubula (OF. chasu- 
ble) ; from casula, a sacerdotal vestment, 
from Lat. casa, a cottage. 

Chesoun, sb. cause, account, MD ; che- 
sun, S2, H ; cheson, H. See Achesoun. 

Chest, sb. jangling, strife, MD, P 
cheast, MD ; cheaste, MD ; cheste, G 
S ; cheestis, //., W. — AS. Ct'ast. 

Chest, sb. chest, ark, coffin, PP, MD 
chsest, MD ; caeste, dat., S. Cf. Kist. 

Chesten, sb. chestnut-tree, Manip. 
chesteyn, C, MD ; cheston, Voc — AF 
chestaitze, OF. chastaigtie ; Lat. castanea 
from Gr. Kaaravov. 

Chesten-tre, sb. chestnut-tree, MD 
chestantre, Voc. 

Chesun, sb. cause, occasion, account, 
S2, H ; see Chesoun. 

Chesuuabile, adj. open to an accu- 
sation, H. 

Chet^en, sb. pi. countries, S ; see CuWe. 

Cheuaunce, sb. gain, profit, MD. 

Cheuen, v. to succeed, to attain one'3 
end, MD, C3, P; cheeuen, S2.— OF. 
chevir, from chef. See Cheef. 

Chetiesance> sb. success, profit, agree- 
ment, MD, PP ; cheiiisannce, agreement, 
bargain, PP, C. — OF. chcvisaitce. 

Cheuesen, v. to procure, to get, MD ; 
chevisen. MD ; cheviss, to achieve one's 
purpose, S2 ; cheuyce, to lend, S3. — OF. 
chevir (pr. p. chevissant). 

Chenetayn, sb. captain, S2 ; chene- 
teyn, Ml); cheventeyn, S2, PP, C; 
cheuentayn, MD, PP ; chefetayn, MD ; 
chiveteyn, MD ; chiftaigrne, PP. — AF. 
chevetayn {cheventeytt) ; Late Lat. capi- 
taneiun. from Lat. capit- stem oicaput, head. 
Cf. Capitain. 

Chewen, v. to chew, S, 82 ; cheowen, 
MD. — AS. ceowan, pt. ceaw (pi. cuwon), 
pp. co7ven. 

ChejTUei ^^- chain, C2 ; see Chaine. 

ChiboUe, sb. a small kind of onion, 



MD, S2, P ; chebole, a young onion, 
Palsg. ; chibole, I'l' ; schybbolle, Voc. ; 
chesbolle, Voc. — OF. ciboule ; Late Lat. 
caepidla from Lat. cacpa, onion. Cp. It. 
cipolla, cyboU (Florio) and G. ziviebel, 
onion i^Weigand). 

Chiden, v. to chide, dispute, MD ; 
chid, Ml); imp. s., S; chit, pr. s., MD, 
C3 ; chidden, pi. pL, S, W.— AS. ddan, 
pt. cldde. 

CMl, sb. chill, coolness, MD, SkD ; 
chele, -S, S2, P. — AS. ciele (Voc), cyle. 

Clxilce, sb. childishness, S. Chile ; for 
AS. cild+s; see Sievers, 258. For the 
French spelling, cf. Milce. 

CMld, sb. child, the child of a noble 
house, a title of honour, young knight, S ; 
cild, S, MD ; childre, //., S, S3 ; childer, 
MD, S, S2 ; cyldren, S ; cheldren, S ; 
childrene, gen., S. — AS. eild, pi. eild, also 
cildrti, and in O. North, cildo, eildas. 

Cllilden, v. to bring forth children, W2. 

CMld-had, sb. childhood, S; child- 
hede, dat., C2. — AS. eildhdd. 

Chimney, sb. furnace, oven, also, fire- 
place, Sh, PP («.) ; chymney, W ; chym- 
neye, PP. — AF. chimenee, OF. eheminee ; 
Late Lat. eamiftata, a room with a stove ; 
from Lat. caminus, a furnace ; Gr. Kafxivos. 

Cllinclie, adj. and sb. niggardly, a nig- 
gard, MD, CM; chiche, MD; chyuchis, 
pi., H. — OF. e/i/e/ie, miserable, niggardly 
(,Cotg.) : Sp.r///V(?, small; Lat. <'?V('«;;z (ace), 
the core of a pomegranate, a mere trifle. 

Chinclieil, v. to be niggardly, Prompt. 

Chinclierie, sb. miserliness, Prompt. 

Chirclie, sb. church, S, S2, W2, PP, 
CM; churche, S, S2, PP ; cherche, S2, 
C3 ; kirke, S, S2, P ; kyrke, P, Voc, S3 ; 
kirc, S2 ; circe, S. Voc. ; cyrce, S. — AS. 
ej/ree ; cp. OHG. kirichd (Tatian). 

Ch.irch.e-g011g, .f'''. churching of women, 
S2, MD. — Cp. Icel. kirkju-ganga. 

Chirch.e-h.aie, sb. cemetery, MD ; 
chyrchehaye, Voc. 

Chirche-^eard, sb. church-yard, MD ; 
chyrche5arde, Prompt. ; kyrkejerde, 
Voc. ; kyrgarth, Voc. ; cyrce-iaerd, S. — 
Icel. kirkju-gardr. 

Chirch-SOCne, sb. congregation, S. — 
AS. eirie-sSen (Schmid) ; cp. Icel. kirkju- 

Chiries, sb. pi. cherries, S2, P. See 


Chiri-tyme, sb. cherry-time, P. 
Chirken, v. to twitter, chirp, MD, CM. 


Chirkyng, sb. a grating, stridulent, 
hissing sound, C, CM ; chyrkynge, sibi- 
latiis. Prompt. 

Chirm, sb. noise of birds, MD ; charm, 
ND ; chirme, dat., S. — AS. eirm, eyrm. 

Chirmeu, v. to chirp and twitter, MD ; 
cherme, Palsg. ; chyrmys, pr. s., S3. See 
SkD (s.v. chirp), and Brugmann, § 420. 

Chisel, sb. chisel, MD ; chysel, Prompt.; 
chyssell, S3 ; chesyll, MD ; scheselle, 
Voc. ; sceselle, Voc. — North F. ehisel, OF. 
cisel, It. cesello, see SkD (p. 793). 

Chit, pr. s. disputes, C3 ; see Chiden. 

Chitereu, v. to twitter, MD, CM ; to 
chatter, C3. 

Chitering, sb. twittering, MD ; chy- 
teryng', S2. 

Chivache, sb. riding, expedition, CM, 
MD, C3 ; chivachie, C ; chevache, CM. 
— AF. ehivauehe, chevauehee, OF. cheval- 
ehee, from ehcvalchier, to ride on horse- 
back, from cheval, horse ; Lat. eaballum, 
(ace). See Capul. 

Chilialer, sb. chevalier, knight, PP ; 
cheualere, MD. — AF. chevaler. 

Chivalrie, sb. the knights of Christen- 
dom, S2 ; chevalrye, MD ; chy-valrie, 
knightly deeds, MD ; chiualrye, C2. — AF. 
chivalrie, chevalene. 

Chiueren, v. to shiver, tremble, Prompt. , 
SkD (s. V. shiver) ; cheueren, PP ; shee- 
uering, pr. p., S3. — Cp. Du. hniveren, to 

Chiueriuge, sb. shivering, trembling; 
chyuerynge, Prompt., p. 75 ; chyueryng, 
Palsg., Prompt. 

Chois, sb. and adj. choice, MD, Ca ; 
choys, MD, C, C2. — OF. chois, cois, from 
choisir, coisir, to choose. Of Teutonic 
origin. See Chesen. 

Choisly, adv. choicely, MD ; chysly, 

Choi ; see Chavel. 

Chold, adj. cold, S ; see Cold. 

Choppen, v. to chop, cut, mince, MD ; 
chappyd,//., MD. 

Chorle ; see Cherl. 

Chrisolyte, sb. chrysolite, 3; cry. 
solyt, SkD. — Lat. chrysolithus (Vulg.) ; 
Gr. xpi'C'^^'^o^) ' gold stone.' 

Chroniq^tie, sb. chronicle, C ; see 

Churren, v. to turn, S ; see Cherren. 

Chym.myS, sb. chief mansion, S3 ; 


chemys, JD. — OF. chef-\- mes (Bartsch.), 
chefmois, chief manor house (Cotg.) ; Late 
Lat. capmansum (ace.) ; see Ducange (s. v. 
caput matisi^. See Cheef. 

Chymney, sb. fumace, W ; see Chim- 

Chynchis, sb. pi. niggards, H ; see 

Chyne, sb. chink, fissure, W2 ; chenes, 
pi., S2, MD; chynnes, S3. — AS. cinu. 

Chynnyng, sb. chink, S3. 

Chyp, z'. to chip, S3. See Choppen. 

Chyrmen, v. to chirp, S3 ; see Chir- 

Chysly, adv. choicely, S2 ; see Cboisly. 

Chyssell, sb. chisel, S3 ; see Chisel. 

Ciclatim, sb. a costly silk texture, S ; 
ciclatoun, MD, C2 ; siclatoun, MD ; 
ciclatnns, //., S. — OF. ciclatttn in Roland 
(cp. Icel. siklattoi) ; cp. Arab, siqldt, a fine 

Cipres, sb. cypress, MD ; ciprees, C2 ; 
cypres, Palsg. : cipresse, MD. — OF. 
cypres ; Lat. cuprcssus, cyparissus ; Gr. 

Circe, sb. church, S, Voc. ; see Chirche. 

Circe-wican, sb. dat. church-dwelling, 

Cisterne, sb. cistern, Joseph's pit, MD, 
Cath. ; sisteme, MD ; sesteme, Prompt. 
— Lat. cisterna, (Vulg.). 

Clstemesse, sb. Joseph's pit, S. 

Citee, sb. city, MD, C2, C3 ; cyte, MD ; 
syte, Prompt. ; scite, S ; citee, MD, C2, 
C3; cite, S, S2, Cath.— AF. cite, OF. 
citet; Lat. ciuitatem, a community of citi- 

Citesein, sb. citizen, MD ; citeseyn, 
\V (Acts 22. 26); cytezeyne, Prompt. — 
AF. citeseyn, citezein : Prov. ciutadan, 
ciptadan ; Late Lat. *civitadanum. 

Citiner, sb. citizen, JD; cyttenere, 

Citole, sb. cithern, C, MD,CM,- cytole, 
Voc. — AF. citole, OF. cytholle { = \ja.\.. cith- 
ard), Ps. 56. 8 ; cp. Low Lat. citola, (Voc.) ; 
Lat. cithara ; Gr. KiOapa, also KiOapn ; cp. 
Chaldee qlthdros, Dan. 3. 5. See Giteme. 

Citolerer, sb. a player on the cithern ; 
cytolerer, Voc. 

Citrinacionn, sb. the turning to the 
colour of citron ,in alchemy), C3, CM. 

Citrine, adj. citron-coloured, MD. — 
OF. citrin ; Lat. citrinus. 

Citnr, sb. citron-tree, MD. Comb. : 



cytyr-tre, Prompt. ; citur tree, MD. — 
OF. citre ; Lat. citrum i^acc). 

Clam, adj. sticky, H, MD. 

Clam, //. s. climbed, S2 ; clamb, C2 ; 
see Climben. 

Clanlych, adv. purely, S2 ; see Clene. 

Clappen, v. to make a noise like the 
clapper of a mill, MD, Palsg ; to chatter, 
C2, C3. — Icel. klappa. 

Clapping, sb. chatter, idle talk, C2. 

Clapsen, v. to clasp, C, CM ; see 

Claret, sb. a spiced wine, MD, Prompt. 
Clare, MD ; clarre, C, MD ; clarry, MD. 
— OF. claret {AF. dare); Late Lat. c/a- 
rctum and claratum. See Clere. 

Clarifien, v. to glorify, MD, W, H 
(Ps. 19, I). — OF. clarifier; Lat. clarificare 

Clarionn, sb. clarion, C, MD ; clary- 
one, Prompt. — OF. clarion (F. clairon). 
See Clere. 

Clarre, sb. a spiced wine, C, CM ; see 

Claspen, v. to clasp, Palsg. ; clapsen, 
C, CM. 

Clauster, sb. cloister, MD ; closter, 
MD ; clanstres, //., S2. — Lat. claustrum 
{clostrurti), whence Icel. klaustr, AS. clus- 
ter. Cf. Cloister. 

Claver, sb. clover, trifolium, Voc, MD ; 
clavyr, S3 ; clovere, Voc. — AS. cldfre 
(OET.), also clcefre, (Voc.) ; cp. Dan. 

Claw, sb. hoof, Voc. ; clan, Voc. ; claw- 
wess, //., S ; cluvis, S3 ; clawes, claws 
of bird, C2. — AS. cldwu, hoof; cp. Icel. 
klajtf, see Weigand (s.v. klaue). 

Clawen, v. to scratch, stroke, MD ; 
Clowe, to scratch, PP. Fhr. : to claw the 
back, to flatter, S3. Comb. : claw-back, 
sb. flatterer, sycophant, Cotg. {s.v.Jlateur). 

Cleche, sb. hook, MD ; cleek, HD. 

Clechen, v. to seize, MD, HD ; cleke, 
MD ; cleikis, pr. s., S3 ; clahte, //. s., 
MD ; clancht, //., MD. 

Cled, pt. s. clothed, S3 ; see Clothen. 

Clee, sb. hoof, W2. — AS. cle'o. See 

Clef, pi- s. split, S2 ; see Clenen. 

Clei, sb. clay, W2, MD ; cley, Prompt.; 
W (John 9. 6), Voc. — AS. dag: 

Clemen, v. to plaster with clay, to 
daub, to smear, MD, S2 ; clemyd,//., glued, 
II. — AS. cldman, from dam, clay. 



Clenclien, w. to clench, seize, PP; to 
twang the hnrp. S ; clenten, //. pL, em- 
braced, S ; cleynt, //., fixed, MD. — Cp. 
OHG. klcnkcn ^in in-klcnken), to fasten 

Clene, adj. clean, MD, S ; adv. entirely, 
peniius, MD, S, S2 ; clenner, conip., W2. 
— AS. clane : cp. OHG. kleini, fine, tender, 
kkino, ' penitus ' (Otfrid). 

Clengen, v. to cling, S2 ; see Cling'en. 

Cleulich, aiij. cleanly, MD ; clenliche, 
adv. purely, S ; clanlycli, S2 ; cleunlike, 
S ; cleuli, entirely, S. — AS. clhilic. 

Clennes, sb. purity, S2; clennesse, 
■W'2; clenesse, S. — AS. clinnis. 

Cleusieu, v. to cleanse, MD ; clansi. 
S; clennsenn, S; y-clense, S3. — AS. 
i^e) cUnsian, see Sievers, 185. 

Clensinge, sh. cleansing, S. 

Cleo ; see ClyfiFe. 

Clepen, v. to call, S2, C2, W, W2 ; 
clepien, S; cleopien, S ; clupien, MD, S2 ; 
cleopede, //. J^., S; clupede, S; clepide, S2. 
W; clepte, S2 ; clepud, S2 ; clepet, S2 ; 
depit, S3 ; i-cleopet. //., S ; i-cleped, S ; 
y-clepnd, S2 ; y-cleped, C3 ; cleped, S.^, 
C2 ; clept, S2 ; y-clept, C3 ; iclepet, S2 ; 
icluped, S2 ; iclyped, S3. — AS. clcopian. 

Glepyng, sb. a calling, W. 

Clere, adj. clear, bright, glorious, C2, 
W, \V2 ; cleer, MD ; cler, MD ; clier, 
MD. — AF. clc7- ; Lat. clarum. 

Clereuesse, sb. brightness, W ; cleer- 
nes, C3. 

Clerete, sb. brightness, W. 

Clergeou, sb. a chorister, little priest, 
young scholar, MD, C2. — AF. clergcon ; 
cp. Sp. clcrizon (Minsheu). 

Clergial, adj. learned, C3 ; clergealy, 
adv. in clerkly wise, P. 

Clergie, sb. (i) the clergy, (2) the cleri- 
cal profession, (3) book-learning, MD ; 
clargy, H. — OF. clergie: Sp. derecia, 
clergy ; Late Lat. clericia, the clergy, 
learning; see Constans. 

Clerk, sh. clergyman, scholar, secretary, 
C2; clerc, S. MD ; clerkes, //., S, C2, C3, 
P ; clerekes, S ; clerken, gen. pi., S2. — 
OF. clerc (AF. clerk) ; Church Lat. cle7-i- 
cum (ace.) ; Gr. uKrjpiKos, from Kkfjpos, a lot, 
in eccl. writers, the clergy. 

Cler-matin, sb. a kind of com for 
grinding, MD, S2, PP. 

Clene, sb dwelling, bedroom, bed, MD, 
S ; kleue, MD, — AS. cUofa, a recess, den, 


bed, chamber ; cp. Icel. klefi, a closet, bed- 

Cleuen, v. to split asunder, MD, P 
cleoue, MD : cleues. pr. s., S ; claf, //. s. 
MD ; clef, MD, S2 ; cleef, MD ; clevede 
G ; clouen, pi., S2 ; clofenn, pp., S ; clone 
W. — AS. clcofan, pt. cUaf {t^\. clufoti), pp 

Cleuen, v. to cleave, adhere, MD, W2, 
PP ; cliuyn. Prompt. ; cliuen, S ; clynen, 
PP; cliued, /^. j-., S; cleuede, W2.— AS. 
clifian {clcofian) ; OHG. kleben (Otfrid). 

Cleuering, pr. p. clinging, holding on 
by claws. S3. See Cliuer. 

Cleynt, pp. fi.xed, MD ; see Clenclien. 

Clicche ; see Cloclien, 

Cliket, sb. a kind of lock or fastening, 
PP, CM ; clyket, PP, Voc. ; clykyt, Voc. 
— OF. cliquctte (IJartsch), from cliquer, to 
click, snap; cp. Low Lat. cliqiietus. 

Cliketed, //. fastened wuth a latch, PP. 

CUmben, v. to climb. MD ; clymben, 
C2 ; clam, pt. s., S2, MD; clamb, C2 ; 
clomb. MD ; clomben, //., C ; clombe, 
C2. — AS. climban, pt. clamb (pi. clumbon); 
pp. clumben. 

Clingen, v. to shrivel up, wither, to 
cling, MD, S, ND, Sh; clengen, S2 ; 
clyng'en, S2 ; clang, pt. s., MD; clonge, 
//., MD ; clungen. //., MD. — AS. clingan, 
pt. clang (pi. cltmgojt), pp. clungen. 

Clippe ; see Cluppen. 

Clippen, V. to clip, shear, S, C2, MD, — 
Icel. klippa. 

Cline, sb. cliff, S ; see Clyffe. 

Cliuen, v. to cleave, adhere, S; see 

Cliner, adj. eager, sharp, MD, SkD. 

Cliner, sb. claw, S ; clivres, //., S. — 
AS. clifer. 

Clobbed. adj. like a club, rough, C2 ; 
clubbed, MD. See Clubbe. 

Cloche, sb. claw, PP; cloke, HD ; 
cluke, S3 (s. V. cat), JD ; clenck, JD ; 
clokis, //., H. 

Clocben, v. to clutch, PP ; clncchen, 
PP, HD, SkD ; douche, PP ; clycchen, 
PP ; clicche, PP. 

Clocken, v. to limp, hobble, PP ; 
clokke, PP. — OF. cloquer {clocher'), to limp 
(Cotg.), also eloper: Prov. clopchar; Low 
Lat. *cloppicare, from cloppus ; see Diez 
(P- .'iSo')- 

Clodde ; see ciot. 

Clofenn ; see Cleuen. 


Cloister, sd. cloister, MD ; cloistre, 
C3 ; cloystre, C; cloystyr, Prompt. — AF. 
cloister, OF. cloistre (F. doit re). Cf. 

Cloisterer, sb. cloister-monk, C2. 

Clom, sb. silence, S2 ; see Clum. 

Clomsen, v. to be benumbed, stupified, 
PP, H. See Clnm. 

ClomstneS, sb. numbness, fixedness, H. 

CIOOS, adj. close, C3 ; clos, MD.— AF. 
clos, closed, pp. of clore ; Lat. claudere. 

CloS, sb. an enclosure, a locked-up place, 
MD ; cloos, Prompt., S: ; cloyss, S3. 

Closen, 'V. to close, to enclose, MD. — 
From AF. clos, pp ; Lat. clausutn. See 

Closter, sb. cloister, MD ; see Clau- 

CloSTires, sb. pi. enclosures, fastenings, 

Closyngis, sb. pi. gates, W2. 

Clot, sb. a clod, MD; clotte, Cath. ; 
clodde, Prompt., Palsg., Manip. ; clottes, 
//., lumps, S2 ; clottis, \V2. See Wei- 
gand (s. V. kloss). 

Clote, sb. burdock, Voc, MD, Prompt., 
Alph. ; cloote, MD. — AS. elate. 

Clote-bxir, sb. burr of the burdock, C3. 

Clote-leef, sb. leaf of the burdock, C3. 

Cloteren, v to clot, coagulate, Prompt. ; 
cloderen, Prompt. ; clothred, //., C. 

Cloth, sb. cloth, clothing, S, S2 ; elope, 
82 ; clopt, S2 ; claU, S ; claSes, //., S ; 
clcSes, S. — AS. cldS. 

Clotlieu, V. to clothe, S ; claiJen, S ; 
cled, //. s., S3 ; clolSeden, //., S2 ; y- 
clotlied, //., PP ; y-clad, C3 ; cled, S3. 

Clonde, sb. a mass of rock, a hill, clod, 
S2, MD ; elude, MD ; elowdys. //., MD 
(s. V. clot) ; cluddis, masses of cloud, S3 ; 
cloudis, H (Ps. 67. 37).— AS. chid. 

Clout, sb. clout, rag, W ; elowt, C3 ; 
clutes,//.,S; eloutes,S2,S3,C3; elowtes, 
82.— AS. chit (OET.). 

Clonten, v. to patch, mend, S3 ; clouj- 
tand, pr. p., S2 ; elouted, //., provided 
with an iron plate, S3. 

Clone, pp. split, W ; see Cleuen. 

Clowe, V. to scratch, P ; see Clawen. 

Clowe, sb. a clove, pink. Prompt. ; 
Clowes, //., MD. — OF. clou, do, a nail ; 
Lat. clauum (ace). 

Clowe-gilo£re, sb. a clove-gilly-flower, 
C2 ; Clowe- gylofres, //., S2. — AF. cloue 
de gilofre. See Gerafioux. 



Clnbbe, sb. cluli, MD; clobbe, MD. 
— Icel. klubba, kluviba. 

Clubbed, adj. club-shaped, rough, MD, 
Prompt.; eloljbed, C2. 

Clncclie, V. to clutch, pp ; see Cloehen. 

Cluddis, sb. pi. masses of cloud, S3 ; 
see Cloude. 

Cluke ; see Cloehe. 

Clum, sb. stillness, silence, MD, CM ; 
Clom, S2. 

Clumsen, v. to be benumbed, stupified, 
MD ; clomsen, PP ; elomsed,//., set fast, 
H ;, H ; clumsyd, • enervatus,' Cath. 

Clumst-bede, sb. numbness, H. 

Clupien, v. to call, S2 ; see Clepen. 

Cluppen, 2'. to embrace, S, MD; elyppe, 
S2; elippe .S2,MD; cleppen, MD; elupte, 
//. 5., S. — AS. i.l)ppan. 

Cluster-loc, sb. enclosure, S. — AS. 
chister-loc. See Clauster. 

Clute ; see Clout. 

Cluvis, sb. pi. hoofs, S3 ; see Claw. 

Clyffe, sb. clifi", MD ; elyfe, MD; 
eliue, dat., S; cleoue, MD ; cleo, S; 
eliues, //.. MD ; cleues, MD. — AS. clij 
(OET), pi. cleoJ'u,diofu; see Grein, Sievers, 

Clsrmbare, sb. climber, S3. 

Clymben, v. to climb, C2 ; see Clim- 

Clyngeu, v. to wither, to shrink, S2 ; see 

Cnawen, v. to know, S ; see Enowen. 

Cuawlecben, v. to acknowledge, MD. 

Cnawlecbunge, sb. acknowledgment, S. 

Cnelinng, sb. kneeling, S. 

Cneowe, sb. dat. knee, S ; see Ene. 

Cnibt, sb. knight, S ; see Kni;t. 

Cnotted, //. knotted, S ; i-knotted, S ; 
see Enotte. 

Cnouwe, sb. dat. knee, S ; see Ene. 

Cnoweu, v. to know, S ; //., S2 ; see 

Co-arten, v. to compel, constrain, HD ; 
eoarted, //., S3. — Lat. co-ardare, to con- 
strain, compress. 

Cocatrice, sb. a serpent ( = Lat. basilis- 
cus = Heb. pcthen, an adder or cobra), W2 ; 
eoeatryse, basiliscus, cocodrillus. Prompt. ; 
kokatriee, MD; cockatrice, WW.— OF. 
cocatriz, crocodile : Sp. cocadriz, basilisk, 
cocatrice (Minsheu). Cp. Cokedrill. 

Cooke, sb. in phr. : by coeke (a profane 
oath), S3, ND ; by cock, Sh. ; Cock's pas- 



sion, Sh. ; Cox my passion, Sh ; by cock 
and pie, Sh., ND, SkD (s. v. pie) ; for 
cokkes bones, C3 ; for cocks body, ' de 

par Dieu,' Palsg.— Cp. Grimm, p. 15 («.). 

Cocow ; see Cukkow. 

Cod, sb. cod, pod, husk, MD ; codde. 
Prompt., Palsg. ; coddis, //., W.— AS. 
codd, bag (Mark 6. 8). 

Cod, sb. pillow, Cath., MD ; coddis,//., 
HD. — Icel. koddi, pillow. 

Cof, adj. quick, MD ; kof, MD ; cone, 
MD ; cofe, adv., S ; cofer, comp., S. — AS. 
caf; cp. Icel. A-kafr, vehement. 

Coffes, sb. pi. cuffs, P ; see CnfFe. 

Cofln, sb. basket, MD ; cofFyn, W2 ; 
cofyne, paste, crust of a pie, MD ; coffyns, 
//., baskets, S2 ; cofyns, W; cofynes, W. 
—OF. cofin ; Lat. cophinus (Vulg.) ; Gr. 

Ku(plVOS (NT). 

Cofre, sb. box, coffer, MD, C2, C3, P ; 
cofer, S2; cofres, //., S2.— AF. co/re; 
Lat. cophinum (ace.) ; see Brachet. 

Cofren, -o. to put into a coffer, S3. 

Cog, sb. cog, tooth on the rim of a wheel, 
MD ; kog-, Voc. ; cogge, dat., S. 

Cognisauuce, sb. knowledge, MD; 
cognizance, that by which something is 
known, Sh ; conisantes,//., badges, S3. — 
AF. conisaunce, knowledge, OF. cognois- 
sance, from cognoissani, pr. p. of cognoistre ; 
Lat. cogiioscere. 

Coife, sb. coif, cap, MD; coyfe, S3, 
Prompt., Palsg.— OF. coiffe ; Low Lat. cofea. 
Cf. CnfFe. 

Coint, adj. knowing, prudent, skilful, 
sly, neat, fine, quaint, MD ; koynt, MD ; 
qnoynte, MD ; qneynte, MD, S3, C2 ; 
qnaynte, MD ; qneynt, MD ; qnaynt, H. 
— OF. cointe, prudent, trim, friendly ; Lat. 

Cointeliche, adv. skilfully, neatly, 
quaintly, MD ; qnoyntelicbe, MD ; 
qneyntelich, MD ; qneynteli, S3 ; qnein- 
teliche, S2 ; quaintelye, S2. 

Cointise, sb. art, skill, cunning, MD ; 
qnointise, MD, S2 ; quantise, H; queyn- 
tise, MD, S3; qnaintis, H. — OF. coin- 

Coite, sb. quoit ; coyte, Prompt., Palsg., 
Manip. ; coitis, //., S3. Cp. the v. coit, 
JD; OF. coitier, to push, press (Bartsch). 

Coiten, v. to play quoits, Prompt., 

Cok, sb. cook, S2 ; cokes,//., C3, PP ; 
kokes, PP.— AS. c6c; Lat. coqtius, from 
coqiiere, to cook. 


Cokedrill, sb. crocodile, HD, MD ; co- 
cadrylle, Voc. ; cokodrilles, //., HD ; 
cocodriUy, Trev. i. 131, MD. — Low Lat. 
cocodrillus ; cp. It. cocodrillo, a crocodile 
(Florio), Sp. cocodt'illo, a serpent, croco- 
dile (Minsheu) ; Lat. crocodilus ; Gr. /cpo- 
KodfiKos. Cf. Cocatrice. 

Cokeney, sb. cook's assistant, scullion, 
undercook, petted child, cockney, MD, PP, 
S2 ; cocknaie, MD ; coknay, Prompt., 
Cath. ; cokenay, CM ; cocknaye, Palsg. 
(s. V. bring) ; cockney, Sh. ; kokeney, 
PP ; coknayes,//, S3. 

Coker, sb. quiver, also a kind of half- 
boots or gaiters, MD ; koker, MD ; cocnr, 
Prompt, (see w.) ; cokeres,//, PP ; cock- 
ers, HD, ND. — AS. eocer, a quiver. 
Coket, sb. a seal with which bread sold 

in London was stamped by a public officer, 
Ducange; cocket, Cath.(«.); certificate, S3, 

Coket, sb. a kind of fine bread stamped, 

PP, S2. Cp. Low hat. panis de coket, see 

Ducange (s. v. coket). See above. 
Cokewold, sb. cuckold, CM ; koke 

wolde, P ; kukwald, Voc. ; cockewold 

MD ; kukeweld, MD ; cokolde, MD 

SkD. — Cp. Prov. ciigol; Lat. cuculum 

cuckoo. See Cukkow. 
Col-,/^^-A^, expressing depreciation, con 

tempt. Comb. : — col-fox, a crafty fox, C. 

col-knif, a big knife, MD ; col-prophet 

false prophet, ND ; cold-prophet, ND ; 

cole-prophet, ND ; colle-tragetour, false 

juggler, CM (5. 248. 187). 
Cold, adj. cold, PP ; chald, S ; kald, 

S; cald, S2, MD ; kold, S; chold, S; 

cheld, S2 ; cold, evil, G. — AS. ceaid, cald: 

Goth, kalds from OTeut. *kalan, to freeze, 

cp. Icel. kala (pt. kSl, pp. kalinn). 
Colde, V. to grow cold, C3, MD. — AS. 

Cole, sb. cabbage, cale, kail, Voc, MD 

cool, MD; kale, MD, H.— AS. cole (OET) 

cp. Icel. kdl; Lat. caidis, stalk, cabbage 

see Weigand (s. v. kohl). 
Cole, sb. charcoal, coal, S, S2 ; coole, 

MD; coylle, MD ; coles,//., C2, C3 ; 

coolis, W ; koles, S2.— AS. col (OET). 
Cole, adj. cool, somewhat cold, Prompt., 

MD.— AS. cSl; cp. OHG. kiiali (Otfrid). 

Colen, V. to cool, MD, Prompt., G, H. 
—AS. cSlian ; cp. OHG. kiialen (Otfrid). 

Coler, sb. collar, MD ; coller, torqties. 
Prompt. ; colers, //., P. — OF. coler (F. 
collier) ; Lat. collare, from collum, neck. 


Colere, -f^- anger, C, MD. — OF. colere; 
Lat. cholera ; Gr. xoKipa, an aflfection of the 

Colerik, a^ij- choleric, passionate, C2, 
MD ; coleryke, Cath. — Lat. cholericus, 
having one's bile affected ; Gr. xoXtpiKos, 
from x^^Vi gall. 

Coles, sd. pi. (?); \a.phr.: swearing 
precious coles, S3. 

Collacioun, sb. conference, CM. — OF. 
collation, discourse, harangue ; Lat. colla- 
tionem, a bringing together, conferring. 

Collen, V. to embrace, \V2, MD ; kol- 
len, S2. Der. : coUyngis, sb. pi., W2. — 
Cp. OF. collee, a neck-embracement (Cotg.). 
See Coler. 

Collerie, sb. eye-salve, W ; colirie, 
MD ; colorye, HD. — Lat. collyrium ; Gr. 

Colloppe, sb. a slice of flesh, carbonella, 
Prompt., MD, Palsg. ; coUop, Cath., Cotg. 
(s.v. riblettc" ; colope, Voc. ; colop, Cath. 
(«.) ; coloppe, PP ; collioppe, PP, Voc. ; 
collip, Manip. ; colopus,//., PP, S2. 

Colotir, sb. colour, pretext, S3, C2 ; 
colur, S, MD. — KY.colur; Lat. colore/ji. 

Col-plontes, sb. pi. cabbages, PP, S2 ; 
kole-plantes,PP; cale-plantes, PP. See 

Coltre ; see Cnlter. 

Colxuubine, sb. columbine (flower), 
Alph., MD,Sh; coluinbyne,Voc., Prompt.: 
columby, S3. — OF. columbine ; Late Lat. 

Colvyr ; see Ctaner. 

Colwie, adj. grimy, S. 

Colwyd, //. carbonatus. Prompt. See 

Comauude, v. to command, PP, C ; 
comandeii, MD : comaiindet, pt. s., S2 ; 
comande, S2, MD ; conxand, S2. — OF. 
comander, commander ; Late Lat. commen- 
dare, to order. Cf. Comenden. 

ComaTindeinent, sb. commandment, 
C, PP : comandement, C2. 

ComatindOTir, sb. commander, C3, PP ; 
comandour, S2. — OF. commandeer ; Late 
Lat. commendatorem. 

Combe, sb. comb for hair, comb of a 
bird. Prompt., Voc. ; komb, MD. — AS. 

Combren, v. to encumber, overwhelm, 
MD, S3 ; comeren, S3 ; coinbrez,/r. .y., 
82; ciunrit, //. s., S2 ; cnnunerit, S3; 
cumbred,//., S2. — OF. combrer, to hinder, 
from combre, a heap, see Ducange (s. v. 
cumbra) ; Lat. cumulum (ace). 



Combre-WOrld, sb. cumberer of the 
world, S3. 

Combust, //. burnt, MD, C3.— Lat. 
combustus, pp. oi comburere, to bum. 

Come, sb. a coming, S, S2, C3 ; krune, 
S ; kime, S ; cuiue, S ; conies, //., S. — 
AS. cyme. 

Comel3rilg, sb. stranger, W, W2 ; 
knmeling, MD ; comling, W ; comlyng', 
S2 ; comelingis, //. , W ; cnmlyngis, H. 

Comen, f. to come, S ; cumen, -S ; ku- 
men, S ; cum, S2 ; com, S2 ; cumin de, 
pr. p., S ; comynde, S2 ; cominde, S2 ; 
comste, comest thou, S2 ; conip,/r. s., S2 ; 
com, //. s., S, S2, G ; cam, S, G, P ; kam, 
-S ; come, 2 pt. s., S, G ; coman,//. //., S ; 
coomen, C2 ; comen, MD, S, G; come, 
S2 ; i-cumen,//., S ; i-kumen, S ; i-cume, 
S ; i-comen, S : i-come, S, S2 ; comen, S2, 
S3, G ; come, S2. — AS. ciiman; cp. Goth. 

Comenden, v. to commend, C2, PP ; 
commended, pp., PP. — Lat. commendare. 
Cf. Comaunde. 

Comers, sb. pi., strangers, visitors, 
passers-by, 82, PP ; comeres, PP. 

Commoditie, sb. advantage, profit, S3, 
ND, Sh. — OF. commodite (Cotg.) ; Lat. 

Comp, sb. contest, 8 ; see Camp. 

Compainonn, sb. companion, MD. — 
OF. compapion ; Late Lat. companionem. 

Companable, (^dj. sociable, PP, C ; 
companabUe, H. — OF. compaignable 

Companie, sb. company, MD, C2 ; 
compaymye, 8 ; compainie, 82. — OF. 
companie, from compain, an associate at 
meals ; from Lat. ctim +panis, bread. 

Comparisoun, sb. comparison, MD, 
C2. — OF. comparison ; Late Lat. compara- 

Comparisonnen, v. to compare, MD, 

W I Mark 4. 30^1, 82. 

Compas, sb. circle, circuit, device, craft, 
MD, C3, G ; compaas, C : compasse, 
83 ; cumpas, W2. — OF. compas ; Late 
Lat. compassum (ace). 

Compassen, v. to go rotmd, to devise, 
contrive, MD ; cumpas, \V2 ; conpassed, 
pp., 83.^ — AF. compasser. 

Compassyng, sb. craft, contrivance, C. 

Compeir, v- to appear, S3. — OF. cam- 
per-, tonic stem of compareir; Lat. com- 

Comper, sb. compeer, comrade, C, 82 ; 



compere, Prompt.; cumpers, //., MD. — 
Of OF. origin ; Lat. cotnparcm, (ace). 

Compile, sh. the last church-service of 
the day, compline, MD ; cumplie, S, MD. 
— OF. coDiplic ; Church Lat. complcta 

Compline, sh. compline, MD; com- 
plyn, MD ; cumplyne, completoHum, 
Prompt. See above. 

Com.posicioil, sb. arrangement, agree- 
ment, C, C2. — AF. composiciou; Lat. com- 

Comptroller; see Controller. 

Comsen, v. to commence, S2,PP, MD; 
cnmsen, S2, PP. — OF. comencer; Lat. 
com -t- iiiitiare. 

Com.Tine, adj. common, PP ; comun, 
MD ; comyn, MD ; comen, S2. — AF. 
commun ; Lat. commnnem (ace). 

Com.UIie, sb. the commons, commonalty, 
PP ; commune, C2 ; comunes, //., PP ; 
comyns, S2, PP. 

Comimlych., adv. commonly, S2 ; 
comuuliclie, PP ; comunly, C2. 

Com.yn, sb. cummin, C2, MD, Prompt. ; 
cummyn, W. — OF. comin ; Lat. cyfiiimim 
(Vulg.) ; Gr. Kvfxivov. 

Com.ynalte, sb. community, W2. — AF. 
conununalte ; OF. commtinaulte; Late Lat. 
*commnnalitatcm, from co>?imunalis. 

Com3riie, v. to commune, W, W2 ; 
commune, C3. — OF. comnnmier; Lat. 

Com.ynere, sb. participator, W. 

Com.ynte, sh. community, W2 ; comu- 
nete, PP. — Lat. communitateiti. 

Con, p^. s. can, know, S. Phr. : con- 
ponk, thanks, S ; see Eunnen. 

Couabill, adj. suitable, convenient, B. — 
OF. covenable, convenable ; Late Lat. con- 

Conand, sb. covenant, B; Connand, B; 
Cunnand, B. — OF. convenant, agreeing, 
befitting, also, a covenant, pr. p. of con- 
venir; Lat. convcnire. See Couenaunt. 

Conandly, adv. befittingly, S3. 

Conceipt, sb. imagination, fancy, idea, 
MD, S3 ; conceit, C3 ; conceits, //., 
fantastic patterns, S3. 

Conceiven, v. to comprise, to conceive, 
to imagine, MD; conceyue, PP. — OF. 
concevoir; Lat. concipere. 

Conduit, sb. guidance, a conduit, MD ; 
oondut, MD; condite, MD ; conduyte, 
S3 ; cundyth, Voc. ; condeth, MD ; kun- 


dites, //., S3. — OF. conduit (Bartsch) ; 
Lat. conductum, from conducere. 

Confessen, v. to confess, to receive a 
confession, MD. — KY . confcsser ; from Lat. 
confessus, pp. oi conjiteor. 

Confessor, sb. a confessor of Christianity 
before the heathen, a hearer of confessions, 
MD, S ; cunfessurs,//., S. — AF. confessor; 
Church Lat. confcssorem. 

Confiture, sb. an apothecary's mixture, 
C3. — OF. conjiture (Cotg.) ; Late Lat. 

Confort, sb. comfort, C3, C, PP.— AF. 

Conforten, v. to strengthen, comfort, 
MD, C, P; counforte, S2, PP.— AF. con- 
fortcr ; Late Lat. confortare ; Lat. con + 
fortis, strong. 

Confounden, v. to bring to confusion, 
C3 ; confoundet, pp., PP. — AF. confoun- 
drc ; Lat. confundere. 

Confus, pp. put to confusion, C3, C, 
PP. — AF. conftis, pp. ; Lat. confusttm. 

Congie, "o. to bid farewell to, dismiss, 
get rid of, PP ; congeye, PP, MD ; cung'e, 
PP. — OF. congier, to dismiss, from congie, 
cumgiet; Late Lat. commiatu??i, Lat. com- 
mcatiini, permission to go. 

Conisantes, sb. pi. badges, S3; see 

Conjecten, v. to guess, suppose, MD, 
S3. — Lat. coujectare. 

Coniectere, sb. diviner, W2. 

Conjoignen, v. to conjoin, MD; con- 
iunit,//., S3. — From OF. conjoignatit, pr. 
p. of conjoindre ; Lat. conjtinge>-e. 

Con-ioyninge, sb. conjoining, C3. 

Conne, v. to know, to be able, S2, S3 ; 
see Eunnen. 

Conne, z'. to test, examine, con, C2, P ; 
kun, H ; cunnien, SkD. — AS. cunnian, 
to try to know. 

Conning, sb. science, skill, C2, C3 ; 
konning, C2 ; coning-e, S2 ; kunnyngTjW. 

Conning, adj. skilful, C2. 

Conningly, adv. skilfully, C2. 

Conrey, sb. division of troops, also pro- 
vision, MD ; conrai, S2. — OF. cunrei 
{conroi), equipage, arrangement, a division 
of troops (Bartsch) ; It. corredo, equipage, 
paraphernalia (Florio); Low Lat. corredium, 
conredjum, equipage, provision, entertain- 
ment (Ducange) ; con-vredium, a word of 
Teut. origin. 

Conseil, sb. counsel, S, S2, C2 ; coun- 


sell, G, C ; consail, PP. — OF. conseil ; 
Lat. consilium. 

Conseili, v. to advise, S2 ; conseille, 
PP.— OF. conseillier. 

Constable, sb. constable, warden, 
officer, C,:^, PP; conestaMe. MD ; cun- 
stable, PP ; cunestable, S. — OF. cone- 
stable ; Late Lat. comes siabiili, see Brachet. 

Coustablesse, sb. constable's wife, S2, 

Constance, sb. constancy, C2, MD.— 
OF. Constance (Cotg.) ; Lat. constantia. 

Constorle, sb. an ecclesiastical court, 
PP, S2 ; consistorie, PP, CM.— Church 
Lat. consistoriiim, a place of assembly, 
from Lat. consistcre, to stand together. 

Contek, sb. strife, contention, C, G, H, 
MD, CM ; contumely, MD ; contak, MD ; 
conteke, HD ; conteck, HD, ND ; con- 
takt, HD.— AF. contek. 

Conteken, v. to strive, MD. 

Contekour, sb. one who quarrels, HD. 

Contenance, sb. look, gesture, outward 
appearance, encouragement, favour, MD, 
S2, C2 ; contenaunce, PP, C3 ; cunten- 
annce, S2 ; countenance, S3 ; contin- 
annce, G. — OF. contenance; Late Lat. 
continentia, mien. 

Contesse ; see Conntesse. 

Contrarie, cidj. contrary, C2, C3. — 
AF. contiarie (OF. contraire) ; Lat. con- 

Contrarien, v. to oppose, C2. — OF. 

contrarier ; Late Lat. contrariare. 

Contree, sb. country, MD, C2, C3; 
centre, Ml3, C ; contreie, S2 ; contreye, 
S2 ; cuntre, S2, MD, C ; central, S2, 
MD. — OF. contree (AF. cuntree), Prov. 
(ontrada; Late Lat. contrata, from Lat. 
contra, see SkD. 

Control, sb. restrictive authority, Sh. — 
OF. contre-r6le, contre-7-olle, a duplicate 
roll, used for verification, see Brachet, Cotg. 
(s. v. controlle). 

Control, V. to restrain, check, Sh. 

Controller, sb. superintendent, over- 
seer of accounts, Sh ; comptroller, S3. 

Controven, v. to contrive, MD, PP ; 
controeven, MD, S2 ; contreven, PP ; 
contriven, MD. — AF. controver ; con + 
OF. trover, to find, compose poetry ; Low 
Lat. tropare, from tropiis, a song, lit. a trope, 
turn of speech ; Gr. rpuiros, a turn. 

Conventiculis, assemblies, W2. 

Conveyen, v. to accompany, also to 



bring, MD. — AF. cufiveier ; Late Lat. con- 
viare, to accompany. 

Conyng, sb. cony, rabbit, MD, S2, S3, 
P ; konyng', S ; conin, S ; conig', MD, 
HD ; cony, Prompt., HD ; conies,//., S3. 
— AF. conyng, cottyn, conil (pi. corns) ; Lat. 
cunictilum (ace). 

Con3mgere, sb. rabbit-warren, MD, 
HD ; connyn^ere. Prompt. 

Coosted, pt. pi. went past, S3 ; see 

Coostez, sb. pi. properties, qualities, S2 ; 
see Cost. 

Coote ; see Cote. 

Cop, sb. top, head, MD, S2, C, W, Wa ; 
coppe, dat., MD, W2 ; coppis, //., "W2. 

Cope, sb. cape, cope, Voc.,S2, C ; kope, 
S ; coope, Prompt., MD ; copis, //., P. — 
Cp. Icel. kdpa ; Late Lat. cdpa, ccippa. 

Copen, V. to cover with a cope, provide 
with a cope, PP, S2 ; i-copet,//., S2. 

Copen, V. to barter, to meet, to have to 
do with, to encounter, S3, Sh. — Cp. Du. 
koopen, to buy. 

Coper, sb. copper, C3, MD ; copyr, 
Voc, Prompt.; copper, MD. — Du. koper; 
Late Lat. cnpcr, cup7-ti7n, for Lat. cyprium 
{aes) ; from Cyprtis ; Gr. Kvtt/joj. 

Coppe, sb. cup, S2, P ; see Cuppe. 

Corage, sb. heart, spirit, MD, C, C2. — 
AF. corage. 

Corageus, adj. courageous, S2, MD ; 
corageous, C2. — OF. corageus. 

Coral, sb. coral, MD ; coralle. Prompt. ; 
corall, Palsg., Manip. ; cnrall, S3. — OF. 
coral ; Lat. corallum, corallitim ; Gr. nopaiK- 

Corasiue, sb. a corrosive, S3 ; see 

Coraye, z*- to curry a horse, MD ; see 

Corbel, sb. raven, MD ; corbyal, S2 ; 
corby, S3. — OF. corbel (F. corbeati) ; Late 
Lat. corvclhitn (ace), from Lat. corutis. 

Cordewane, sb. Spanish leather, Ca 
cordewan, MD ; cordewayne, Voc. 
cordwane. Prompt. ; corduane, Voc. 
corden, MD. — OF. cordouan, corduan, 
Prov. cordoan, Sp. cordovan, cordovan 
leather (Minsheu), from Cordova, name of 
a town in Andalusia. 

Cordwaner, sb. a worker in leather, 
Prompt. ; cordwainer, SkD. — AF. corde- 
rvaner. See above. 

Core, sb. the heart, central part of fruit. 
Prompt., MD. — OF. cor; Lat. cor. 
E 2 



Coriour, si/, currier, W ; curiour, \V. 
See Curry. 

Corn, sf>. a grain, corn, MD, S, C3 ; 
coren, S ; comys, gen., S3 ; corns, //., 
S2; comes, S2, PP, C2, W.— AS. corn, 
Goth, kaiirn ; cp. Lat. grdnum ; see Brug- 
mann, § 306. 

Corny, adj. strong of the com or malt 
(applied to ale), C3. 

Corone, sb. crown, MD, C2, C3; 
coroune, MD, C2 ; corowne, C ; corune, 
MD; croune, S; the tonsure, G; crone, 
S ; krune, S ; crun, S ; crounis, //., S3. 
— AF. corone {coroune) ; Lat. corona. 

Coronen, v. to crown, MD ; coronnen, 
S2, C2 ; crouni, MD, S2 ; y-coronned, 
pp., S2 ; y-crouned, S3; y-coroned, PP ; 
i-kruned, S ; cruned, S. — OF. coroner 

Corosif, adj. corrosive, C3 ; corrosive, 
sb., a corrosive, a caustic, ND ; corsive, 
ND ; corasiue, S3 ; corsye, S2 ; corzie, 
ND. — OF. corrosif, biting away. 

Coronr, sb. runner, W2 ; see Currour. 

Cors, sb. curse, S3, G ; see Curs. 

CorS, sb. a body, a dead body, MD, S, 
C2, C3, PP; corps, S3, C2; corpis, S3. — 
AF. cors, corps ; Lat. corpus. 

Cors, sb. course, 82 ; see Cours. 

Corsaint, sb. the body of a saint, a 
relic, MD; corseynt, S2 ; corseint, CM, 
PP. — AF. corsaint ; Lat. corpus sanctutn. 

Corser, sb. horsedealer, MD, S3, HD ; 
see Courser. 

Cor sing, sb. exchange, barter, S2; 
horse- dealing, HD. 

Corsye, sb. a corrosive, S2 ; see Corosif. 

Cort, sb. court, MD ; see Court. 

Corteis, adj. courteous, S2 ; corteys, 
S2 ; curteis, S3, C. — AF. curteis; Late 
Lat. cortenseni, curtensem. 

Corteisliche, adv. courteously, PP; 
curteisly, C2. 

Cortesye, sb. courtesy, PP ; curteysy, 
S2; curteisie, S2,C2,C3. — KY.curteisie. 

Corumpable, adj. corruptible, C. 

Corumpen, v. to corrupt, MD ; cor- 
Tumpen, C. — OF. corrumpre ; Lat. cor- 

Conipcions, sb. pi. sores, illnesses, PP. 

Cornen,//. canned, S3, C ; seeKemen. 

Cos, sb. kiss, S, W, W2 ; see Cus. 

Cosan, //. chosen, S; see Chesen. 

Cosset, sb. a lamb brought up without 
her dam, S3, ND. 


Cosshe, sb. a little house, Prompt., Palsg. 
Cost, sb. rib, side of a human body, 
shore, coast, MD, S2 ; coste, C2 ; costes, 
//., S2, P. — AF. coste; Lat. costa. 

Cost, sb. nature, property, condition, 
manner, MD ; costez, //., properties, S2 ; 
coostez, S2. Cf. Cust. 

Costage, sb. expense, C2, HD. — OF. 
costage. See Costen. 

Costard, .s-*^. a kind of apple, Prompt., 
ND ; humorous expression for the head, 
Sh, ND ; costarde, S3 ; costard, a cap, 
ND. It probably means the ' ribbed 
apple.' — OF. coste + ard, see SkD (p. 796). 
Costard-j agger, ■f^-Costermonger,ND. 
Costard-monger, sb. seller of apples, 
costermonger, SkD ; costard-mongar, 
Palsg. ; costerd-monger, SkD ; costar- 
mong-er, ND. 

Coste, sb. cost, P; const, MD ; cost, 
C2. — AF. cust, const. 
Costen, V. to cost, MD ; coste, pt. s., 
C2 ; costed, P; costed, pp.. P.— OF. 
coster {couster) ; Lat. constai-e. 

Costey, v. to coast, also to come near, 
approach, MD ; coosted, pt. pi. went past, 
S3. — OF. costoier (F. cotoyer). See Cost. 

Costlewe, adj. costly, CM, MD ; coste- 
lewe, Prompt. See -lewe. 

Cosyn, sb. cousin, C, PP ; cosin, S, S2 ; 
cusyng-, S3 ; cosyns, //. kinsmen, W ; 
cousyns, W.— AF. cosin {cousyn') ; cp. Late 
Lat. cosinus (Brachet) ; Lat. consobrinus. 

Cosynage, sb. kindred, fellowship, H ; 
cusynage, H. 

Cote, sb. cottage, S, Voc, C, C2 ; cotes, 
//. sheep-cotes, S3 ; coates, S3. — AS. cot, 
also cyte (Grein) ; cf. OHG. cutti, ' grex ' 

Cote, sb. garment, coat, S2, PP, S3, C2, 
C; coote, C, W.-AF. cote, OF. cotte, Ps. 
21. 18; MHG. kotte, ktitte. 
Cote-armnre, sb. coat-armour, linen 
coat with armorial bearings worn over 
armour, body-armour, S3, C2, C. 

Coten, V. to provide with coats, S2 ; 
cotyd, //. clothed, S3. 
Conclie, sb. chamber, W. 
Coucb.en, v. to lay, place together, to 
lie down, MD, S2, C2, C3 ; cowchyn. 
Prompt.; cowchen, C. — KF.cucher, cocher, 
OF. colcher ; Lat. collocare. 
Coude, pt. s. could, S2. See Kunnen. 
Counforte, v. to comfort, S2, PP. See 


Counte, sb. cotmty, shire, P, MD ; 
conntee, MD, PP. — AF. counte ; Late Lat. 

Countesse, sb. countess, C2 ; contesse, 
S2 ; cuntesse, S. — AF. contesse, from OF. 
conte, comte ; Late Lat. comitem, a count (a 
court dignity\ in Lat. a companion. 

Countrefete, v. to counterfeit, C, C2 ; 
contrefete, MD ; counterfeted, //., C3. 
— From OF. contrcfct, contrefcit, pp. of 
contrefeire, contrefairc; Lat. contra +facere. 

COTUltre-taille, sb. correspondence (of 
sound) ; in p/ir. : at tlie conntretaille, Avith 
corresponding sound, C 2. — OF. cofttrctaillc, 
the one part of a tally, the counter-tenor 
part in music (Cotg.). 

Countryng, sb. countering in music, 
S3 ; the plain chant, S3 («). — See S3 (p. 

Conpable, adj. culpable, PP ; cupaliil, 
H. — OF. conpable. 

Coupe, sb. fault, PP ; culpe, PP, ND.— 
OF. coupe, colpe ; Lat. culpa. 

Coupe, sb. cup, 82 ; cupe, S. — AF. cupe ; 
Lat. cupa. Cf Cuppe. 

Courben, v. to bend, MD ; courbed, 
pt. s., P. — OF. cotirbcr ; Lat. ctiruare. 

Courch.e, sb. kerchief, S3 ; see Couer- 

Conrs, sb. running, course, MD, C2, C3 ; 
cors, S2. — AF. cotirs ; Lat. cursum (ace). 

Courser, sb. a steed, MD, C2 ; cour- 
sonr, MD ; cowrcer. Prompt. — OF. cour- 
sicr; Late Lat. cursarium (ace). 

Courser, sb. horse-dealer, Palsg. ; cor- 
ser, MD, S3 (s. v. horse) ; scorser, ND. 

Court, sb. court, enclosure, yard, PP, 
MD; curt, S; kurt, S; cort, MD; 
courte, PP. — AF. curt ; Late Lat. cortem ; 
Lat. cohortcm, an enclosure. 

Courteislich., adv. courteously, PP ; 
see Corteislich.e. 

Courte-py, sb. short coat or cloak, PP, 
S2, C ; cowrteby, Voc. ; kourteby, P ; 
conrte-pies, //., PP ; court-pies, PP. — 
Cp. Du. kort, short +pije, rough coat ; cp. 
E. pea in pea-jcuket. 

Couthe, V. to make known, PP; see 

Couthe, pt. s. could, knew, S, S2, S3 ; 
//., Sj ; couth, C2 ; see Kunnen. 

Couthe, sb. kith, PP ; see Kyth. 

Coue, sb. den, S2.— ONorth. c6fa, ' spe- 
lunca ' John 11. 38). 

Coveiteu, ii. to covet, MD, PP ; CO- 



ueitiden, pt. pi., W2. — AF. coveiter, OF. 
cuveitter ; Late Lat. *cupiditare. See 

Coveitise, sb. greed, avarice, PP ; 
coueityse, C3 ; couetise, PP ; couetyse, 
S2, S3 ; coueitisis, //., W. — OF. coveitise. 

Coveitous, ar^'. covetous, MD ; couey- 
tous, S2 ; couetons, S2. — OF. coveitus, 
AF. cuveitus ; Late Lat. *cupiditosum. 

Couenable, adj. proper, fit, agreeing, 
W, MD, S2, H ; cuuenable, S ; conabill, 
H ; conable, Prompt. ; cunabil, H. — AF. 
cuvcnable ; Late Lat. convetiabilem. 

Couenaunt, sb. a covenant, PP ; coue- 
nant, PP ; covand, MD ; conant, MD. — 
AF. covenant, OF. convenant, pr. p. of 
conve?iir, to agree ; Lat. cotiuenire. 

Couent, sb. an assembly, a convent, MD, 
PP, C2, C3; couant, PP.— OF. covent, 
convent; Church Lat. conventus, from Lat. 
conuenire, to come together. 

Couerchief, sb. kerchief, MD ; keuer- 
cbief, MD ; kerchef, C3 ; kyrchefe, 
Prompt.; courcbef, HD; oourcbe, S3; 
kercbe, Prompt. — OF. couvre-chcf, cover- 
ing for the head (Cotg.). 

Coueren, v. to cover, MD, C2 ; keue- 
ren, MD, S3, P, W ; kuueren, MD ; ky- 
ueren, MD, W. — AF. covrir ; Lat. co- 
oper ire. 

Covereu, v. to gain, to heal, to recover 
one's health, MD, S2,W; keueren, MD, 
CM, PP ; kuueren, MD, S2 ; keuord, 
pt. s., H. — OF. covrer, (in recovrer) coubrer, 
to seize (Bartsch) ; Lat. -cupcrare (in re- 
cupcrare) ; cp. Late Lat. cuperamentum, 
acquisition (Ducange). 

Couert, adj. and sb. covert, hidden, a 
covert, MD ; cowart, S3. — OF. covert, pp. 
of covrir. 

Couerture, sb. bed-clothes, horse- 
cover, covering, MD, S; kuuertur, S. — 
OF. coverture. 

Couine, sb. conspiracy, craft, deceit, 
tricker)', S3,MD,HD ; covyne,C; covin, 
MD, ND ; coven, ND. — AF. covine, from 
OF. covenir, convenir ; Lat. conuenire. 

Cow, sb. cow, MD, Voc. ; ku, S, MD, 
Voc. ; cou, MD ; kues, gen. J., S ; ky, //., 
MD, S3 ; kie, MD ; kye, II ; kyn, MD, 
S2, C ; kyne, S3, P ; kyjn, S2 ; kyen, 
PP ; kien, W2 ; ken, MD, S2, PP.— AS. 
cii, pi. cy (gen. ct'iiui). 

Coward, adj. and sb. cowardly, a coward , 
MD, C2. — AF. cccvard, cuard, cp. the 
heraldic term lion couard, a lion with his 



tail between his legs, and the name for the 
hare in the old terms of hunting' la. cowan/e 
ou la court co'cvc," i.e. short-tail. — Formed 
with the suffix -ard from OF. coe, tail ; 
Lat. Cauda. Cp. It. codardo, from coda, a 

Cowardie, sh. cowardice, C ; cowardy, 
MD. — OF. couardie. 

Cowart, sb. covert, S3 ; see Couert. 

Cowde, Cowtlie, pt. s. could, knew, 
G ; sec Kunnen. 

Cowschet, sb. cushat, wood-pigeon, S3 ; 
cowscott, Voc. ; cowshot, SkD. — AS. 
cusceote (Voc), cusczite (OET.). 

Coy, adj. still, quiet, MD,C, C2 ; sober, 
modesties, Prompt. — AF. coy, quiet, OF. coi, 
Ps. 77. 13, also coit; Lat. quietzim. 

Crabbe, sb. crab, S, Voc, Prompt. ; also 
(in building) an arch,/^;-«/x, cancer, MD. 
— AS. crabba ; cp. AF. c7-abbe. 

Crabbed, adj. shrewish, cross, bitter, 
C2, Palsg., MD, PP; cratobyd, ' awke or 
wrawe, cancerinus^ Prompt. 

Craccheu, v. to scratch, MD, PP, C ; 
creclxeu, S ; cark, JD. 

Craft, sb. might, power, ability, art, 
craft, deceit, MD, S, S2, C2 ; creft, MD ; 
craftes, pi. trades, P. — AS. crceft ; cp. 
OHG. kraft (Otfrid). 

Crafti, adj. skilful, sly, MD, S2 ; 
crafty, C, P ; crefti, S. 

Crafti-mau, sb. artificer, W. 

Crage, sb. the neck, throat, S3, JD ; 
crawe, the craw of fowls, Prompt., MD. — 
Cp. Du. kraag, neck, collar. 

Crak, sb. a thunder-peal, MD. Phr. : 
crakkis of wer, cannon, B. 

Craken, v. to crack (like thunder), to 
cry out, to chatter, to break with a noise, 
MD, PP ; crakede, pt. s., S. — AS. cracian. 

Crammasyu, sb. and adj. crimson, S3 ; 
see Crimosine. 

Crammen, v. to cram, stuff, MD ; 
crommen, MD ; cremmyn, Prompt. ; 
i-crommet,//., S2. — AS. crammian. 

Crampe, sb. the cramp, Voc, Prompt., 

PP ; craumpe, CM. — OF. crampe (Cotg.) ; 

ODu. krampe. 

Crane, sb. crane (bird), MD, Voc. ; 

kraues, //., MD ; crennis, S3 ; cronez, 

MD. — AS. cran (Voc). 
Crasen, v. to break, MD ; erased,//., 

S3, C3 ; crasid, PP. Cp. Swed. krasa, to 

break in pieces. 
Cratche, sb. manger, W, W2 ; cratch, 

HD, Cotg. (s. V. creiche) ; cracclie, Voc, 


Prompt. ; crecche, MD. — OF. creche : 
Prov. crepcha, crepia ; OHG. crippea (Ta- 
tian). Cf Cribbe. 

Craiieu, v. to crave, beg earnestly, S, 
MD., to prosecute, accuse, MD. — AS. cra- 
Jian, ' petere, postulare ' ; cp. Low Lat. cra- 
vare, in judicium mittere (also written 
gravare), see Schmid, Ducange. 

Crawand, pr. p. crowing, S3 ; see 

Creat, //• created, MD.— Lat. creatus, 
pp. of creare. 

Creatour, sb. Creator, C3. — OF. crea- 
totir; Lat. creator ein. 

Creature, sb. creature, MD ; creatour, 
MD ; creator, S2. — OF. creature; Lat. 

Creaunce, sb. belief, MD, C3 ; cre- 
auce, S2, C3. — OF. creance, credence; 
Late Lat. credcntia. 

Creauncen, v. to borrow, MD. 

Creaunt, pr. p. and adj. submitting as 
conquered, MD, PP ; in phr. : cry ' cre- 
aunt,' MD. — OF. creant; Lat. credentem. 

Crecbeu, v. to scratch, S; see 

Crede, sb. the Creed, S, C3, PP ; credo, 

S, PP. — Lat. credo, I believe. 

Credensynge, sb. believing, S3. 

Crefti, adj. crafty, S ; see Crafti. 

Creme, sb. the sacred oil used in anoint- 
ing, chrism, Voc, HD, MD ; cream, HD ; 
creame, Palsg. ; creyme, S2, Voc. ; Phr.: 
hille of creme, i.e. the Mount of Olives, 
MD. — OF. cresme ; Church Lat. chrisma ; 
Gr. xpiana. Cf Crisme. 

Cremeleu, v. to anoint with oil or fat, 
MD ; y-crymyled, pp., PP ; kremelyd, 
MD ; crymailed, PP. — OF. cresmeler, to 
anoint with holy oil. 

Crempe, v. to draw in, S. Cf. G. 
krdmpfen. See Crampe. 

Creunis, sb. pi. cranes, S3 ; see Crane. 

Crepen, v. to creep, S, C2 ; crope 
MD ; creap, pt. s., MD ; crep, MD 
crope, MD ; 2pt.s.,V; crupen,//.,MD 
crepte, pt. s. {7veak), MD ; cropen, //. 
MD. — AS. creopan, pt. creap (pi. crupon) 
pp. cropen. 

Creste, sb. crest (of bird, helmet), sum- 
mit, MD, Prompt ; creistis, //., S3. — 
OF. creste; Lat. crista. 

Cresteu, adj. Christian,S2; see Cristen. 

Creyme, sb. the sacred oil, S2 ; see 

Cribbe, sb. crib, manger; crib, MD; 


crybbe, Prompt. ; cribbe, S, MD. Cp. 
OHG. crippea (,Tatian). 

Crike, sb. creek, MD ; krike, MD, S ; 
cryke, C, Prompt. — I eel. kriki. 

Crimosine, sb. and adj. crimson, S3 ; 
crimosin, SkD; cranuuasyn, S3. — OF. 
cramoisin {cramoisi^ ; Low Lat. carmesi- 
num ; from Pers. qii-misi, crimson ; from 
Skt. kxmi, a worm, insect, (i. e. the cochi- 
neal insectV 

Crisme, sb. consecrated oil for anoint- 
ing, MD ; crysme, oil, Prompt. — Church 
Lat. chrisma, sacred oil ; Gr. x/"'"'^- Cf. 

Crisme-cllild, sb. the child anointed at 
baptism, MD. 

Crisme-clO'S, sb. the chrisom,the cloth 
tied round the head of the anointed child, 
S. Cp. Church Lat. chrismalis pannus. 

Crisome, sb. the chrisom-cloth, cris- 
mak, Voc. ; crysome, Palsg. ; crisom, 
Cotg. (s. V. cresmeau). 

Crist, adj. and sb. anointed, Christ, MD, 
S2, W, W2. — Lat. Christus; Gr. ■)(piaT6s, 

Cristen, adj. and sb. Christian, S, C2, 
C3; christen, S, S2 ; cresten, S2. — Lat. 

Cristendom, sb. Christianity', S, S2, C3; 
crystendom, 82. — A.S. cristendom. 

Cristenly, adv. in a Christian manner, 
C3. ^ 

Cristes-messe, sb. Christmas, MD ; 
Cristemasse, C2. 

Cristiente, sb. Christendom, MD ; 
cristiaute. S3 ; cristianytee, S2, C3. — 
OF. crestiente, cristientet ; Church Lat. 
Ch ristian it at em . 

Cristnien, v. to make Christian, to 
baptize, MD, 82 ; i-cristned, //., S2 ; y- 
cristned, pp., S2 ; cristned, C3. — AS. 

CritO'OIlS, sb. pi. refuse of the frj'ing- 
pan, \V2. — OF. cretons (Cotg.). 

Crocliette, sb. a small hook, crotchet 
(in music), MD ; crochettes, //. crockets, 
S3.— OF. crocket (Bartsch). 

Croft, sb. field, enclosure, PP, S2, MD.— 
AS. croft ; cp. ODu. crocht, a field on the 

Croh, sb. a crock, waterpot, MD ; cr66s, 
//., S. 

Crois, sb. cross, PP, S, S3 ; croys, PP, 
S2, C2, C3 ; croiz, MD; croice, MD, 
S2. — OF. crois, croiz ; Lat. crticem, see 
Brachet. Cf. Croache, Cros. 



Crok, sb. a hook, curl, a crooked way, 
wile, deceit, MD, Voc. ; crokes, //., S ; 
crocks, HD. Phr. : went on croke, went 
astray, H. — Icel. krokr. 

Croken, 'v. to bend, to curl hair, to turn 
aside, MD, W2 ; crokid, //. curved, \V2 ; 
i-croked, S. 

Croket, sb. curi, MD, HD. 

Crokke, sb. crock, pot, S2, PP ; crocke, 
S, Voc. — AS. crocca. 

Crom-bolle, sb. crumb-bowl, S3. 

Cromme, sb. crumb, C3 ; cnunme, 
MD ; cmme, MD ; crome, MD ; crowm, 
Voc. — AS. cruma. 

Crommen, v. to cram, MD, S2 ; see 

Crone, sb. an old hag, S2, MD, C3 ; 
crony, SkD. Cp. ODu. kronie, karonie, 
an old sheep ; Picard caro7u = ¥. charopie, 
see SkD (p. 797). See Caroig'ne. 

Cronicle, sb. chronicle, MD. — OF. 
cronique. For the intrusive / cp. manciple, 
participle, principle, syllable, canticle, 
treacle, cardiacle. 

Cr0Ilig,Tie, sb. chronicle, S2 ; cbron- 
ique, C. — O.F. cronique ; Late Lat. chron- 
ica ; Gr. xpoviKo., annals. 

CroOS, sb. pi. water-pots, S ; see Croh. 

Crop, sb. top, upper part of a tree, crop 
of com, Voc, PP, S2 ; croppe. Prompt., 
Palsg. ; croppes, pi. , young shoots, C ; 
croppis, S3. — AS. crop. 

Crope, 2 pt. s. didst creep, P ; cropen, 
■^p., ^ID; see Crepen. 

Crope, sb. crupper, HD ; croupe, CM, 
SkD. — OF. crope {Y. croupe). 

Croper, sb. crupper, the hinder part of 
a horse, C3. — OF. croupiere (Cotg.). 

Cropiers, sb. pi. the housings on a 
horse's back, HD. 

Cropone, sb. the buttock, HD. — AF. 

Cros, sb. cross, PP, MD ; crosse, P, 
MD. — ONorse, cros (cors) ; cp. Ir. cros, 
Prov. cros. Cf. Crois. 

Crosselet, sb. a small crucible, C3 ; 
croslet, C3. See SkD (s.v. crucible). 

Cronche, sb. the cross of Christ, cruci- 
fix, sign or representation of the cross, MD, 
PP, HD; cruche, PP ; crowch, S.— Cp. 
OHG. cr/ici (kruzf) in Otfrid ; Lat. cruci- 
(stem of crux). Cf. Crois. 

Cronclieil, v. to sign with the cross, 
MD ; cmchen, MD ; crowche, MD ; 
crouclied, //. s., MD. 



Croud, Croude, s/>. a musical instru- 
ment (stringed), H, W ; see Crowde. 

Crouken, v. to croak, S2 ; crowken. 
Prompt. ; croak, Sh. 

Crouken, v. to bend down, S3, MD ; 
see Croken. 

Croune, sfi. crown, the tonsure, S, G ; 
see Corone. 

Crouni ; see Coronen. 

Crouniug, si>. crowning, S2 ; the ton- 
sure, P. See above. 

Crowch, sd. cross, S ; see Cronclie. 

Crowd, V. to coo as a dove, S3 ; croud, 

Crowde, sd. a musical instrument 
(stringed), Prompt., Cath., Voc. ; crouthe, 
MD; croud, H; croude { = c/iorus),\Y, 
H; crowd, ND ; crouth, MD. — Wei. 
crwth, a fiddle : Ir. emit : Olr. crot ; cp. 
Low Lat. chrotta (Ducange). Cf. Bote. 

Crowde, sb. wheelbarrow. Prompt. 

Crowden, v. to push, HD, S2, C3 ; 
crouden, MD, HD, C3 ; crude, to press 
forward, S ; crowdyn. Prompt. ; crud, 
pt. s., MD, HD. — AS. *crudan, to press, 
drive, pt. cread (pi. crudoti'., pp. croden ; 
cp. Du. krtiyden, to push (Hexham). See 
Sievers, 384, 385. 

Crowdyng, sb. pressure, S2, C3. 

Crowen, v. to crow ; crawaud, pr. p., 
S3 ; him croweth, pr. s. reflex., C3. — AS. 
crdivan, pt. creow, pp. crawen. 

Crowuell, sb. corolla, small crown, S3. 
See Corone. 

Cmcchen, ij. to crouch, MD ; cmchen, 

Cmche ; see Crouche. 

Crud, sb. curd, MD ; curde. Prompt. ; 
cruddes, //., S2, PP ; croddes, PP ; 
crouds, JD ; curddys, Voc. 

CruddLd, //• curded, \V2. 

Crude, v. to press forward, S ; see 

Cruel, adj. cruel, MD ; cruwel, MD ; 
crewell, MD. — OF. a-tiel; Lat. crudclem. 

Cruelnesse, sb. cruelty, MD ; cruwel- 
nes, S2. 

Crueltee, sb. cruelty, C2. — KF.cruelte; 
Lat. crudelitatetn. 

Crulle, adj- curly, C ; krulle, MD ; 
croUe, MD. — Cp. G. krolle, curl; see 

Cruue, sb. crown, S ; see Corone. 

Cry, sb. crj, MD ; crye, Prompt. ; 
crei, S. — AF. cri, crie. 


Cryen, v. to cry, MD, PP ; crie, PP ; 
crijinge, pr. p., S2 ; crimed, pt. s., S2 ; 
crieden, p/., S ; criede, S2. — AF. crier, 
cryer, for older cridar ; cp. It. gridare. 

Cr3riuailed, //. anointed, PP ; y-cry- 
myled, PP ; see Cremelen. 

Crystal, sb. ice, crystal, MD ; cristal, 
W2. — AF. cristal; Lat. crystallum, ice 
(Vulg.), also, mountain-crystal ; Gr. Kpva- 
raWos, ice. 

Cubit, sb. elbow, a cubit (measure), 
MD ; cubytes, //., C2 ; cupydez, S2. — 
Lat. cubitti7n. 

Cucurbite, sb. a gourd-shaped chemical 
vessel. — Lat. cucurbita, gourd. 

Cudde, pt. s. made known, S ; see 
Cu^en, Eythen. 

Cude, sb. cud, S, MD ; code, MD ; 
cudde, Prompt., Palsg. ; quide, MD ; 
quede, MD ; quid, HD, SkD. 

Cuen, sb. queen, S ; see Quene. 

Cuffe, sb. cuff, PP, Prompt., Palsg.; 
cofFes, //., PP.— Cp. MHG. kiiffe, coif. 
Cf. Coife. 

Cukkow, sb. cuckoo, MD, Prompt. ; 
cocow, Voc. ; cocowe, Palsg. ; cucko, 
Voc. ; gTikgo, S3. — OF. coucou ; Lat. cu- 
cubim (ace). 

Culle, V. to strike, to kill, P; see 

Culme, sb. soot. Prompt. 

Culorum, sb. end, conclusion, PP. — For 
Lat. scculoriim in the phr. : in secula secu- 
loriirn, for ever and ever, at the end of the 
Gloria Patri. 

Culpou, sb. slice, shred, MD, C ; cul- 
pown. Prompt. ; culpen, Manip. — AF. col- 
ponn ; Low Lat. colpotum ; cp. F. coupoti. 

Culter, sb. coulter, the fore-iron of a 
plough, PP, Voc, Prompt.; kulter, PP ; 
coltre, PP. — Lat. culter. 

Culuer, sb. dove, MD, W, W2 ; cullfre, 
S ; colvyr, Voc. ; culuere, S2. — AS. 
culfre (OET.). 

Cxduer-briddis, young pigeons, 


Cum- ; see Com-. 

Cumen, v. to come, S ; see Comen. 

Cumlyng, sb. stranger, H ; see Come- 

Cumplie, sb. compline, S ; see Compile. 

Cumrit, pt. s. encumbered, S2 ; cum- 
merit, S3 ; see Combren. 

Cumsen, v. to commence, S2, PP; see 


Cmi, V. to know how to, H ; see Kun- 

Ctui, si. kin, kind, nature, S ; cunne, 
dot, S ; see Kyn. 

Cun- ; see Con-. 

Cnnde, sd. kind, nature, S ; see Kynde. 

Cunde, aJJ- natural, kind, MD ; see 

Cundeliclie, adv. naturally, S ; see 

Cnnes-mon, sl>. kinsman, S ; see 

Cunin, s/>. cony, rabbit, S ; see Conyng'. 

Cnnuen, v. to know, to be able, S, S2 ; 
see Kunnen. 

Cunreadnes, sd. pi. kindreds, S ; see 

Cupabil, adj. culpable, H ; see Con- 

Cuppe, sb. cup, S, C2, C; knppe, S; 
coppe, S2, P. — AS. cuppe; Lat. cupa. Cf. 

Cuppe-mel, adv. by cupfuls, S2, PP ; 
in cupmel, P. 

Cupydez, sb. pi. cubits, S2 ; see Cubit. 

Curace, sb. cuirass, S3, SkD ; curat, 
HD. — OF. cuirace; Late Lat. coracium, 
from Lat. corium, leather. 

Ctirall, sb. coral, S3 ; see Coral. 

Curat, sb. curate, C. — Late Lat. curatus. 

Cnratotir, sb. curate, priest who has 
cure of souls, PP, S2. 

Cure, sb. a charge, cure of souls, PP, C3 ; 
cures, //., pursuits, C2. — Church Lat. 

Curiour, sb. currier, W ; see Coriour. 

Curious, adj. busy, zealous, eager to 
know, dainty, fine, MD, S3 ; careful, C. 

Curlew, sb. curlew, coturnix, Prompt., 
\V2 (Ps. 104. 40) ; curlu, H ; kurlu, MD ; 
corlew, MD ; curlowyr, Voc. — OF. cor- 
lieu, curlew (,Cotg.). 

Currour, sb. runner, courier, W2 ; cor- 
our, W2 ; currours, //. light-armed 
troops, S3. 

Curry, v. to prepare leather, to curry 
horses, to rub down, flatter, S3, MD ; cur- 
rayyn. Prompt. ; coraye, MD. — OF. cou- 
raer, coureer (F. courroyer) ; It. corredare; 
from Low Lat. conredium. See Conrey. 

Curs, sb. curse, C, G ; cors, S3, G. 

Cursedly, adv. wickedly, C2. 

Cursednes, sb. malice, wickedness, C2 ; 
cursednesse, C2 ; cursidnesse, misery, 




Cursen, v. to curse, MD ; corse, 82 ; 
cursede, pt. s., S ; corsed, //., S2.— AS. 

Curt, sb. court, S ; see Court. 

Curteis, adj. courteous, S3, C ; see 

Curteisly, adv. courteously, C2 ; see 

Curteisye, sb. courtesy, PP ; see Cor- 

Cus, sb. kiss. Prompt. ; coss, W ; cos, 
S, \V, W2 ; kosses,//., MD ; cossis, W2. 
— AS. cos ; cp. OHG. cus (Tatian). 

Cusen ; see Chesen. 

Cussen, v. to kiss, S, MD ; kussen, S ; 
kesse, S, C2 ; custe,//. s., S ; keste, C2 ; 
kiste, S, C2 ; kest, S2 ; cusseden,//., S2. 
— AS. cyssan ; cp. OHG. cttssan (Tatian). 

Cust, sb. choice, moral excellence, cha- 
racter, MD ; custe, dat., S. — AS. cyst ; 
cp. OHG. hist ^Otfrid). See Chesen. 

Custome, sb. custom, a public due, 
MD,S ; custume, S ; costom, MD. — AF. 
custume, coustume; Late Lat. *consuetu- 
nimem, *consiietuninem ; Lat. consuctudi- 
7iem ; see Constans, and SkD (p. 798). 

Custome-house, sb. custom-house, S2. 

Cut, sb. a cut twig, a lot, C, C3, H, 
Prompt., MD; kut, H, MD; cutte, 
Palsg. ; kuttis,//., H. Phr. : to draw cuts, 
HD. See Kutten. 

Cuth, sb. race, people, PP ; see Kyth. 

Cuth, //. known, S ; see Kunnen. 

CutSej/^". s. could, knew, S; see Kunnen. 

CutSen, V. to make known, S ; see Ky- 

CuSmon, sb. acquaintance, kinsman, S. 
— AS. ctidman. 

CutSreden, sb. familiarity, MD. 

CutStSe, sb. relationship, one's native 
land, S, MD ; see Kyth, Ce^Jen, Che'Sen. 

Cut-purs, sb. cut-purse thief, PP ; kitte- 
pors, PP. See Kutten. 

Cwakien, v. to quake, S ; see Quaken. 

Cwalm, sb. death, pestilence, MD ; see 

Cwalm-huS, sb. prison, place of tor- 
ment, MD. 

Cwalm- stow, sb. place of execution, 
S, MD. — AS. civcalm-stow (Schmid). 

Cwat$, pt- s. quoth, S ; see QueUen. 

Cwead-SChipe, sb. wickedness, S ; see 

Cwellen, v. to kill, S ; see Quellen. 



Cweme, adj. pleasing, S ; see Qneme. 
Cwemen, v. to please, S ; see Quemen. 
Cwennkenn, v. to quench, S ; see 

CweSen, v. to speak, S ; cwetJ, //. s., 
S ; see Que'Sen. 

Cwic, adj. living, S ; see Qui^. 
Cwidden, v. to speak, announce, MD ; 
i-cwiddet,//., S.— AS. czviddian. 


Cwide, sb. speech, bequest, S ; see Que- 
■Ben. — AS. ciuidc, a saying. 

Cyll, sb. a canopy, SkD (s. v. ceiD.— OY. 
del, canopy, inner roof, ceiling (Cotg.) ; 
Lat. caehan, see Brachet, p. Iv. 

Cyne-rice, sb. kingdom, rule, S ; see 

Cyrce-iaerd, church-yard, S; see 


Dade, sb. deed, S ; see Dede. 

Deed, adj. dead, S ; see Deed. 

Dsede, sb. pi. deeds, S ; see Dede. 

Daei, sb. day, S; daeje,//., S; see Day. 

Daere, adj. dear, S ; see Dere. 

DaetS, sb. death, S ; see Deep. 

Daft, adj. apt, fit, SkD (p. 799) ; deft, 
fit, mild, gentle, innocent, foolish, MD ; 
daffe, a fool, S2, PP ; deflfe, obtusus, 
agrestis, Prompt. ; defte, dat., S.— AS. daft. 

Dafte-like, adv. fittingly; deftly, MD ; 
defly, MD ; dafltelike, S. 

Dage, sb. pi. days, S ; see Day. 

Dagen, v. to become day, S ; see 

Dagge, sb. a jag of cloth. Prompt., MD, 
HD, CM ; dag-ges, //. jagged edges, PP. 

Daggen, v. to pierce, to notch, to jag, 
to cut at the edges, MD, PP, SkD (p. 150), 
CM, HD ; dag-gyn, fractillo, Prompt. ; 
daggyde, //., Prompt. — Cp. ODu. daggen, 
to stab. See Jagg-e. 

Dagger, sb. dagger, ptigio, CM ; dag- 
gar, Voc. ; daggare. Prompt. 

Daghynge, sb. dawning, H ; see Daw- 

Dagoun, sb. a jag of a blanket, CM ; 
dagon, HD. See Daggen. 

DahetJ, sb. dawn ; dahe^es, gen., S. 
See Dawen. 

Dai, sb. day, S, W ; see Day. 

Dai-gang, sb. day's journey, S2. 

Dai-liht, sb. daylight, MD ; dai-Hjt, S. 

Dai-rawe, sb. day-break, MD. 

Dai-red, .s-^. the flush of mom, MD. 

Dai-rime, sb. the edge of dawn, MD; 
dai-rim, S. — AS. dceg-rinia. 

Dai-Sterre, sb. day-star, S, W2 ; day- 
sterre, PP. — AS. dag-steorra, morning- 

Dale, sb. dale, valley, S, PP ; dele, S ; 
dalen, dat., S ; dales, //., MD ; deales, 
MD. — AS. dcel : Goth, dal; see Sievers, 49. 

Dalf, pt. s. dug, W ; see Deluen. 

Daliaunce, sb. talk, C, C2, C3; dali- 
ance, MD. — AF. daliaunce , interference. 

Dalien, v. to talk. Prompt. ; dalye, to 
play and sport, Palsg., MD. — AF. dayler, 
to dally. 

Dal-neoiuinde, pr. p. as sb. partaker, 
sharer, S. — O. Merc. da:l-niot)iend, Ps. 118. 
63 (VP.). 

Dalte, pt. s. dealt, G ; see Deelen. 

Damage, sb. damage, loss. Prompt., 
MD ; domage, S3. — AF. datnage (also OF. 
damage) ; Late Lat. ^damnaticum, from 
Lat. damnum. 

Dam.e, sb. dame, lady, dam, S, C3, MD ; 
dam, MD. — AF. davie ; Lat. dof>iina. 

Dam.esele, sb. damsel, S, W2, MD; 
damoysele, C. — AF. damoysele; Late Lat. 
dofnicella, for *dommicella ; see Constans. 

Dan, sb. a title of respect placed before 
personal names, MD, C2, CM; danz, 
MD ; daun, MD, CM ; dene, S3.— OF. 
da7iz, dans ; Lat. domititis ; in oblique case 
OF. dam ; Lat. dominiim, see Bartsch and 

Dang, pt. s. beat, S3 ; see Dyngen. 

Dar, I pr. s. I dare, MD ; dear, MD 
der, MD; darst, 2 pr.s., S, C3 ; dserst 
MD ; derst, MD ; dar,/r. s., MD, C2, C3 
P ; J durren, //., MD ; duren, S ; doren 
W ; durre, pr. subj. s., MD ; pi., S 
durste, pt. subj. s., S; durst, MD, P 
durste,//., S; dorste, S, S2, C2 ; dorst 
S2, P ; durren, v., MD. — AS. dear, I dare 
2 pr. s. dearst, pi. durron, subj. durre 
pt. s. dorste. 
Dare, adj. dark, S ; see Derk. 
Darked, pt. s. lay hid, S ; see Derken. 


Darklyng, adv. in the dark, S3, Sh. 

Sasewen, v. to be dim, MD ; daswen, 
C3 ; dasewide, //. s., W2. — Cp. E. daze. 

Dauu, sb. a title of respect, CM ; see 

Daunger, sb. absolute control, power, 
also difficulty, MD, PP, C ; danng-ere, re- 
fusal, denial, S3 ; power to harm, PP. — OF. 
dangier, dongier, power, lordship, refusal, 
danger, (Bartsch") ; Late Lat. *dominiarium, 
from Lat. dominium , see Brachet. 

Daungerous, adj. haughty, difficult to 
please, MD, C2, C. 

Daonten, v. to force, tame, MD, 82, S3, 
P. — AF. danter, OF. donter (F. dompter) ; 
Lat. domitare. 

Daw, sh. dew, S ; see Dew. 

Dawen, v. to become day, C2, PP, 
Prompt., Palsg., MD, JD ; dagen, S, 
Prompt. ; da5ede,/A J., MD. — A.'A.dagian. 

Dawing, sb. dawning, S3 ; dag'h.eynge, 
H ; daghyng'e, H. 

Dawnen, v. to dawm. Prompt. 

Dawning, sb. dawning, MD ; dawen- 
yage, C. 

Day, sb. day, SkD ; daei, S ; dai, S, ^Y 
(iCor. 4. 3\ da55,S; dei, S; daeies,^£.'«.,S; 
deies, S ; ///;■. ; be dseies, by day, S ; now a 
dayes, C2 ; dale, dat., S ; daw, S2 ; dajes, 
pl.,S\ dayes, S ; dawes, S, PP ; dage, S ; 
daga, geti., MD ; daja, T^ID ; dajene, 
MD; dawene, MD ; dahene, MD, S; 
deepen, dat., S ; daeje, S; daise, S: Phr. 
to give day, to give trust, S3 ; bring of 
daw, to kill. S2. — AS. dceg, d(sges, dtzge ; pi. 
dagas, daga (and dagena), dagicm. 

Dayerie, sb. dair}', C ; deyry, Voc, 
Prompt. See Deye. 

Dayesie, sb. daisy, CM ; dayesye, CM ; 
dais-eie, Voc; dayes-ejes,//. , S2. — AS. 
dages-eage, i. e. day's eye (Voc). 

Daynen, v. to deign, S2 ; see Deynen. 

Dayntethis, dainties, H, MD. — ■ 
OF. dcintet; Prov. dcntat, difitat; Lat. 
dignitatem. Cf. Deyntee. 

Dayre, sb. dairy-maid, androchia, Voc. 
See Deye. 

De, V. to die, S3 ; see Deyen. 

De- ; see Dis-. 

DeaS, pr. s. doeth, S ; see Don. 

Deawes, sb. pi. dews, S2 ; see Dew. 

Debat, sb. strife, discord, C2; debate, 
S3, P ; debaat, C3.— AF. debat. 

De-baten, v. to contend, fight, MD, C2. 
— OF. debatre (pr. p. debatant). It. dibat- 
tere, (Florioj. 



Debonaire, adj. mild, gentle, MD, C ; 
debonere, S2 ; deboner, W2, II ; debo- 
neire, MD ; dnbonure, S2 ; debonayr, 
S3 ; debonur, H. — OF. debonaire ; cp. Olt. 
di bon aire. Cf. Bonaire. 

Debonerte, sb. gentleness, MD, H. — 
OF. dehoncrete, debonnaireteit (Ps. 44. 4). 

De-breiden, v. to tear apart, \V. — This 
is a hybrid form : de + ME. breiden. 

De-breken, v. to break asunder, to tear, 
S2 ; debroken,//., MD. — A hybrid form. 

Debmsen, v. to bruise ; debrise, MD; 
debrusede, //. s., MD ; debrused, S2. — 
AF. debruser, OF. debriser. 

Deceit, sb. deceit, MD ; disseit, W2. 
— AF. deceit ; Late Lat. decepta. 

Deciple, sh. disciple, S ; see Disciple. 

Ded, sb. death, S2, PP.— Cp. Swed. and 
Dan. ddd. death. See Dee)). 

Ded, adj. dead, S, PP ; see Deed. 

Dede,/A s. did, S, S2 ; deden,//. ; see 

Dede, sb. deed, S, S2, PP ; dade, S; 
dede, //., S; dsede. S; dedes, S, S2 ; 
deades, MD. — AS. ded, {dad) ; cp. Goth. 
ga-deths, see Brugmann, § 75. 

Dede, pt- pl- died, S3 ; see Deyen. 

Dede, sb. death, PP, S, S2, S3; see 
Ded, Dee]). 

Dede-Stonre, sb. death-struggle, S2. 

Dedeyne, v. to deign, S3. See Deynen. 

Dedly, adj. liable to death, H; see 

Dednit, sb. delight, pleasure, MD, HD ; 
deduyt, C; dedut,MD; dute,MD.— AF. 
deduit ; cp. Late Lat. dediicttis, ' animi 
oblectatio ' (Ducange) ; from OF. deduire, 
(refl.) to rejoice ; Late Lat. deditcere. 

Dee, sb. a die, MD ; die, Sh. ; dees, pl. 
dice, PP, C2, C3; dys, PP, C— OF. de 
(pl. dez) : It. dado, Prov. dat ; Lat. datum. 

Deed, adj. dead, S2, C2 ; ded, S, PP ; 
dsed, S ; dyad, S2 ; deade, //., S. — AS. 
dead; cp. Icel. dantSr, Goth, daups. 

Deedli, adj. mortal, subject to death, 
deadly, W, W2 ; dedly, H, PP ; diadlicb, 
S ; dedlicb, MD, PP.— AS. deadlic. 

Deef, adj. deaf, MD, C ; def, MD ; 
dene,//., C3. — AS. deaf: Goth, daubs. 

Deel, sb. deal, share, MD, G ; del, S, S3 ; 
deal, MD ; deyl, S2. Phr. : nener a deyl, 
not a bit, S2 ; euery deyl, S2. — AS. dil; 
cp. Goth, dails {daili-) ; see Douse, p. 94. 

Deelen, v. to deal, share, divide, MD ; 
delen, S2, G ; delte,//. s., C3 ; dalte, G ; 



deled, //.,G. — AS. dJclan: Goth, dailjan, 
from daili- ; see Douse, p. 113. 

Deep, adj. deep, C ; dep, S ; deop, S, 
MU ; dyep, MU ; dup, MD ; depe, sb., S2, 
C3 ; deopre, conip., S; deope, adv., S; 
deoppre, comp. , S ; depper, C3. — AS. ddop ; 
cp. Goth, diups, Icel. djupr. 

Deer, j/^ wild animal, C2 ; der, S ; 
diere, dat., S ; deer, //., C2. — AS. dear ; 
cp. Goth, dius, wild beast. 

Dee]}, j/'. death, C2 ; dse«, S, MD ; de^, 
S ; diath, S ; dyaj?, S2 ; dead, S ; ded, S2, 
PP; deaSe, </«/., S; detSe, S, S2 ; dede, S, 
S2, S3. — AS. dcap; cp. Icel. daudi, danHr: 
Goth, daupits. 

Defame, see Diifame. 

Defaute, sb. defect, fault, S2, C2, PP ; 
defalte, S2 ; defautis, pi., S3, W2.— AF. 
defaute, defalte. 

Defenden, v. to protect, to forbid, S2, 
MD, C3, H.— AF. defendre ; Lat. defendere. 

Defense, sb. protection, prohibition, 
MD ; defence, S2. — AF. defense, defence. 

Defet, //. defeated, MD.— AF. defet, 
aefait, pp. of defau-e. 

Defien, v. to digest, MD, PP, HD; 
defye, S2 ; defy, Cath. 

Defien, v. to mistrust, to defy, PP; 
defye, despicere, Cath. — AF. defer, OF. 
desfier : It. disfidare, to defy, (Florio). 

Defiguren, v. to disfigure ; defygurd, 
//., S2. — AF. desfigurer. 

Defless, sb. pi., devils, S; deflen, S; 
see Deuel. 

Defoulen, v. to tread down, MD, W, 
■W2, H, SkD (s. V. defile) ; defoilen, MD, 
SkD ; defoulid, //., W2.— OF. defouler, 
to trample on, rebuke (Cotg). ; cp. fouler 
(Bartsch),/o//t';-, Ps. 138. 11 ; It. follare, to 
press, to full clothes (Florio) ; Lat. *fullare, 
to full cloth ; c^.fullo, a fuller. 

De-foulen, v. to make foul, inquinare, 
MD ; defowlyn. Prompt. ; defoulid, //., 
W. — A hybrid form, de + ME. fulen. See 

Defte, adj. gentle, S ; see Daft. 

Deghe, tj. to die, S2 ; see Deyen. 

DegOUtit, pp. spotted, S3. Cp. OF. 
degoutter (Cotg.), and Lat. gutta, a drop, a 
spot, speck on an animal. 

Degyse, adj. fashionable, finical, H. — 
OF. desguise, dissembled, sophisticated 
(Cotg.). See Disgyseu. 

Deh, sb. dye, colour, SkD.— AS. dealt. 

Dehtren, sb. pi. daughters, S; see 


Dei, sb. day, S ; see Day. 

Deide ; see Deyen. 

Deih., pr. s. profits, S ; see Dn^en. 

Dei-hwamliche, adv. every day, S. — 

AS. diig-hitjamlice. 

Deir, v. to harm, S3 ; see Dere. 

Deken, sb. deacon, MD; diakne, MD ; 
deakne, MD ; dekene, W ; deknes, //., 
S2, C3. — AS. diacon; Church 'L2X.diaconus; 
Gr. hicLKovos (NT). 

Del, sb. deal, share, S, S3 ; see Deel. 

Del, sb, grief, S2 ; see Dole. 

Dele, sb. dale, S ; see Dale. 

Delen, v. to deal, S2, G ; see Deelen. 

Delfin, sb. dolphin, Voc. ; del^ne, 
Prompt.; deify n, SkD ; deltyns,//.,MD; 
delphyns, S2. — Lat. delphinus; Gr. 8fK(piv- 
(stem of 6«A.0ts). 

Delfol, adj. doleful, S2 ; see DolefuUe. 

Delfulli, adv. dolefully, MD ; see 

Delices, sb. pi. delights, H, C3, W2 ; 
delicis, W, H. — OF. delices ; Lat. delicias. 

Delit, sb. delight, MD ; delyt, S3, C2, 
C3.— OF. delit, deleit. 

DeUtable, adj. delightful, PP, S3,W2, 
H ; delytable, S2, C2 ; dilitatole, S2. — 
AF. delitable ; Lat. delectabiletn. 

Delite, v. to delight, Cath., PP, W2 ; 
delyting', pr. p., C2. — AF. deliter; Lat. 

Delitingis, sb. pi. delights, W2. 

Deliuer, adj. quick, active, MD ; dely- 
uere, C. — OF. delivre, quick, literally 
' freed.' 

Deliueren, v. to set free,MD; deliuery, 
S2 ; delyuery, PP. — AF. deliverer; Late 
Lat. deliberare ; Lat. de + liberare. 

Deliuerly, adv. quickly, nimbly, S2 ; 
delyuerly, §2, C. 

Deluen, v. to delve, dig, S, C2, P, W ; 
dalf,/A s., MD, W ; dalfe, W ; doluen,//., 
MD, P ; delueden {weak pt.), W2 ; dolue, 
S2ibj., S2 ; i-doluen, //., S ; y-dolue, S2 ; 
doluen, buried, S, P ; i-doluen, S2. — AS. 
dclfan, pt. dealf{Y>\. dulfoti), pp. dolfen. 

Deluers, diggers, S2; delueres,P. 

Deme, sb. judge, S. — AS. dema. 

Demen, v. to give doom, to judge, de- 
cree, S, S2, S3, C2 ; deeme, S2 ; demde, 
pt. s., S; i-demed, //., S; y-demed,,S; 
y-demd, S2 ; i-demd, S ; demet, S ; dempt, 
S. — AS. dhuan : OS. dSmian, Goth, dom- 
jan. See Doom. 

Demenen, v. to manage, to behave 




(re^.), MD ; demenyng', /r. /. shewing, 
S3. — OF. demener, to carry on, make; 
deniener joic , to rejoice, also demener dol, to 
grieve, Bartsch ; cp. Cotg., and the phrase 
demener dolor in Roland. 

Demere, sb. judge, S ; demare, S. — AS. 

Demeyne, sb. power, possession, C2 ; 
demayn, MD ; demeigne, MD. — OF. de- 
meine, property, that which belongs to a 
lord ; Lat. dominicum , from domimis ; see 

Dene, sb. a title of respect, S3 ; see Dan. 

Dene, sb. din, noise, PP, MD ; see Dyn. 

Deneis, Danes, S2. — OF. Deneis ; 
Low Lat. Dentnsis, a Dane, see Brachet, 

Denie, v. to din ; see Sinnen. 

Denne, sb. den, MD; den, S ; dennes, 
//., 82, \V, H ; dennys, H. — AS. dcnn. 

Dennen, v. to dwell ; dennede,//. s., S. 

Denounce, v. to command, W ( = Lat. 
denunciare). — OF. dcnoncer, to declare. 

Dent, sb. blow, S, S2, PP, CM ; dynt, 
S3 ; dint, S, S2 ; dnnt, S, S2. — AS. dynt. 

Deofell, sb. devil, S ; see Senel. 

Deol, sb. grief, S, S2 ; see Dole. 

Deop, adj. deep, S ; see Deep. 

Deopliche, adv. deeply, S. 

Deopnesse, sb. deepness, S ; see Dep- 

Deore, v. to last, S2 ; see Dnren. 

Deore, adj. dear, S ; see Dere. 

Deore-wnrtJe, adj. precious, S ; see 

Deorling', sb. darling, S ; see Derling-. 

Deorne, adj. secret, dark, S ; see Deme. 

Deonele, sb. de\al, S ; see Deuel. 

Dep, adj. deep, S ; see Deep. 

Depart en, v. to separate, divide, PP, 
S3, C3, W, \V2 ; to become separated, S2 ; 
depart,//., ?,t,.—K¥. departir; OF. des- 
partir; \\.. dispartire (Ylorio). 

Departere, sb. a divider, W. 

Departyug, sb. division, W ; depart- 
ya.gis, pL, \\2. 

Depaynt, //. painted, S3 ; depeynted, 
C ; depaynted, S3 ; depeynt,, S3. — 
OF. depeindre (pp. depetnt). 

Depayntar, sb. painter, S3. 
Depe, sb. depth, S2, C3.— AS. dype. 
Depen, v. to dip, S2. 
Deplike, adv. deeply, MD ; deopUche, 

S. — AS. deoplice. 

Depnesse, sb. deepness, depth, MD; 
depnes, .S2 ; deopnesse, S. — AS. deopnes. 

Depraue, v. to slander, depreciate, \V2, 
PP. — Lat. dcprauare, to distort. 

Depnren, v. to purify, S3, MD. — OF. 
depiirer ; Late Lat. dcpurare. 

Der, sb. wild animal, S ; see Deer. 

Derby \^phr. -. father Derbies bands, 
handcuffs, S3 ; Darbies bands, DO ; dar- 
bies, DG. 

Dere, sb. harm, injur}', MD ; darr, MD ; 
der, S3.— AS. daru. 

Dere, v. to harm, S, S2, C2 ; derien, 
S, MD ; deir, S3 ; ders,/r.//., S2.— AS. 
derian ; cp. OHG. derien {derren) in Otfrid. 

Dere, adj. and adv. dear, S, PP ; diere, 
S ; duere, S2 ; deere, S ; dure, MD ; 
deore, S ; der, S2 ; deir, MD ; derre, 
comp., C ; derrest, snperl., P. — AS. deore, 
dyre : OS. diuri, costly, loved. 

Dereliche, adv. dearly, MD ; dere- 
lych, 82 ; derli, 82. — AS. deorlice. 

Dere-wnr?Se, adj. precious, S ; dere- 
worth, W ; dierewurth, 8 ; derworpe, 
82, P; deorewur^e, 8. — AS. deorumr^e. 

DerewiirtSlice, adv. respectfully, 8. 

Dereynen, v. to answer to an accusa- 
tion, to maintain a right in a judicial con- 
test, CM, 82 ; dereyni, 82 ; derreyne, C ; 
darreyne, C ; dereyned, //., 82. — AF. 
dc7-eincr, OF. desresnier ; Late Lat. dis- 
rationare (also derationare\ ; see Ducange. 

Derf, adj. brave, powerful, difficult, hard, 
MD; derfe, //., MD ; derue, MD, 8; 
derfre, comp., S ; demre, 8. — Cp. OS. 

Derf, sb. affliction, hardship, S. — AS. 

Derflich.e, adv. severely, cruelly, S. 

"Derk^adj. dark, MD, 82, PP ; deork, 
MD ; dorc, 8 ; dare, 8 ; dirk, MD ; durk, 
MD: derke, dat., 8.— AS. deore. 

Derken, v. to make dark, to become 
dark, MD, S3 ; dirken, MD ; darken, 82. 

Derkfal, adj. dark, W. 

Derkh.ed, sb. darkness, MD. 

Derknesse, sb. darkness, MD, W. 

Derling, sb. darling, 8, W2 ; durlyng, 
S, MD; deorling', S; derlyng'is, //., 
chosen ones, W, \V2. — AS. deorling. See 

Derne, adj. secret, dark, S, S2, P, H ; 
deorne, S; dserne, MD ; dnme, MD ; 
dem, 82. — AS. derne ; cp. OS. derni and 
MHG. tarn in tarn-kappe, the mantle of 
darkness, Grimm, p. 870. 



Demel, s/>. a kind of weed, rye-grass, 
lollium, Prompt. ; deruell, Palsg. ; dar- 
nel, S3, MD. 

Derring-doe, sb. daring enterprise, 
ND, S3. See Dar. 

Dert, sh. dirt, S3 ; see Drit. 

DertJe, sb. dearth, S, P. See Dere. 

Derue, cdj. bold, S ; derure, co7np. 
more severe, S ; see Derf. 

DerueXL, v. to afflict, S. See Derf, 5^. 

Des- ; see Dis— 

Desaly, Desselic, adv. foolishly, S2 ; 

see Dusiliche. 

Desarayen, v. reflex, to fall into dis- 
order, S2. — OV . desarroyer. 

Desauauntage, sb. disadvantage, S2 ; 
disauauntag-e, MU ; disadvauntages, 
//., MD. — OF. dcsavaiitage. 

Desceuden, v. to go down, SkD. — 

AF. desccndrc ; Lat. descendere. 

Descensorie, sb. vessel used for ex- 
tracting oil^t'r descensiuii, C3. 

Descriuen, v. to describe, MD ; de- 
scryue, S3 ; descryfe, S2 ; discryue, S2, 
S3,C2; discreue, S2; discriued,//., S2 ; 
discryued, W. — OF. descriv7-e (pr. p. des- 
crivanf) ; Lat. dcscribei-e. 

Deserited ; see Desheriten. 

Desert, sb. merit, C2.— AF. and OF. 
deserte, see Ducange (s. v. deservire). 

Deserven, v. to merit, MD; dis- 
serued, //., well served, W. — AF. de- 
servir ; Late Lat. deservire. 

Desi, adj. foolish, MD ; see Dusi. 

Despeir, sb. despair, MD. — AF. de- 

Despeiren, v. to despair, MD; de- 
speired, //., C2. — OY . desperer ; ha.t. de- 

Desperate, adj. outrageous, S3. — Lat. 

Despisabil, adj. despicable, H ; di- 
spisable, W2. 

Despit, sb. contempt, injury, S2, C3 ; 
despyt, C2 ; despite, WW ; dispit, W. — 
AF. despit; Lat. despecHim (ace). 

De-spiteful, adj. full of contempt, 

Despitous, adj. ignominious, MD, 
C ; dispitous, contemptuous, S3 ; de- 
spitus, H. 

Despitously, adv. contemptuously, 
spitefully, S2,C2, C3; dispitously, C. 

Despoilen, v. to despoil, to strip, \ 


MD ; dispoilen, C2 ; dispoyled,//., S3. — 

OF. despoiller; 'La.i.despoliare. 

Dest, 2 pr. s. doest, S ; see Don. 

Destrer, sb. a courser, war-horse, MD ; 

dextrer, C2. — AY . destrer ; Late 1^2t.i. dex- 
trariiim (from Lat. dextra, the right hand), 
the horse led by the squire on the right of 
his own horse. 

Destroyen, v. to destroy, MD ; de- 
struien, MD, C ; destrue, S2 ; distruen, 
S2 ; destrie, MD, W, W2 ; dysstrye, 
S2 ; distruyede, /A s., W ; distried, //., 
W, W2. — AF. destriiire (pr. p. destruyant) ; 
Lat. destriiere. 

Destroyere, sb. destroyer, Prompt., 
MD ; distrier, W. 

DetS, /i^. s. doeth, S, S2 ; see Don. 

Det$, sb. death, S ; see Deep. 

DetS-VUel, sb. death-evil, S2. 

Dette, sb. debt, C2 ; dett, adj. due, H. 
— AF. dette ; Lat. debita. 

Deue, adj. pi. deaf, C3 ; see Deef. 

Deuh ; see Dew. 

Deuel, sb. devil, S, S2, W2; deofel, 
MD ; deofell, S ; diuel, S ; dyenel, S2 ; 
deAvill, S3 ; dewle, Prompt. ; dwylle, 
MD ; deouele, S ; diefles,^^«., S ; dieule, 
dat., S; deofles, //., MD ; defless, S; 
deoules, S ; deofleu, S ; deflen, S ; deof- 
\&iiG, gen. pL, S. — AS. deofol; Lat. diabo- 
liis (Vulg.) ; Gr. lia^oXos ; cf. OHG. diufal 

Deuin, sb. prophesying, divinity, theo- 
logy, MD ; diuyn, S2. 

Deiline, sb. theologian, augur, sooth- 
sayer, MD ; dyuynes, pi., MD. — OF", de- 
vin ; Lat. diuiniim. 

Deuinen, v. to foretell, guess, suspect, 
MD ; deuyne, PP. 

Deiliuour, sb. interpreter, explainer, 
theologian, MD, PP ; dyuynour, PP. 

Deuise, sb. tale, narrative, S3 ; denys, 
order, C. 

Deuisen, v. to divide, arrange, order, 
decide, tell, relate, MD, S2 ; deuyse, C2, 
C3 ; deuice, MD, S2 ; diuise, S2. — AF. 
deviser. It. divisare ; formed from Lat. 
diuidere (pp. ditiisus). 

Deuisynge, sb. narration, S2. 

Deuoid, //. as adj. destitute of, SkD. 

Deuoiden, v. to quit, leave, also to 
annihilate, exterminate, MD ; denoyden, 
S2. — OF. desvoidier, desvuidier. 

Devoir, sb. duty, knightly duty, PP, 
C2 ; deuoyr, S3 ; devor, ND, PP j dener, 


PP, CM.— OF. devoir (sb. orig. v.) ; Lat. 

Deuonren, v. to devour, MD ; devoir, 
S.V — AF. Jcvourer ; Lat. deuorare. 

Dew, sb. dew, PP ; dsew, MD ; daw, S ; 
den, S ; deah, PP ; deawes,//., S2. — AS. 

Dewill, sb. devil, S3 ; see Deuel. 

Dewite, sb. duty, S3 ; see Duete. 

Dewle, sh. grief, S3 ; see Dole. 

Dextrer, sb. a war-horse, C2 ; see Des- 

Deye, sb. a female servant, esp. one who 
looks after the cows and dair}', androchia, 
Voc, Prompt., C ; deye, a cow-boy, an- 
drochius, MD, Cath. — Icel. ddgja, see CV ; 
cp. AF. deye. 

Deyen, v. to die, S2, PP ; dejen, MD, 
S2 ; deg-he, S2 ; deie, S ; dey, S3 ; dye, 
PP; di5e, PP ; dyje, S2, PP ; de, S3; 
deide,//. j., S, S2 ; dei;ede, ^ID ; deyde, 
C2 ; deid, S2 ; deit, S3 ; dede, //., S3 ; 
deyed,//., C2. — Icel. deyja : OS. doian. 

Deyen, v. to dye, MD ; dyyn. Prompt.; 
dyed,//, s., C2. — AS. deagian, from deah. 
See Deh. 

Deyere, sb. dyer, C. 

Deyl, sb. deal, share, S2 ; see DeeL 

Deyneu, v. to deign, to appear good, 
to please, MD, CM, S2 ; deignen, MD ; 
daynede,//. .f., S2 ; dseyned Mm, (rejl.) 
C2. — AF. dcigncr; Lat. dignare. 

Deynous, adj. proud, disdainful, MD, 
CM, Cath. ;^p. 95, «.). 

Deyntee, sb. worth, pleasure, liking, 
S2, C2, C3 ; deynte, S2 ; deinte, MD ; 
deyntees,//., S2, C2, C3. — OF. daintie, 
deintct, Prov. din- tat ; Lat. dignitatem. Cf. 

Deyntee, adj. dainty, C2, C3. 

Deynteuons, adj. choice, dainty, C2. 

Deys, sb. dais, high table in hall, C, 
C2, PP; deyes, PP ; dels, PP ; dese, 
PP; deyse, PP; dees, MD ; des, MD ; 
day, canopy, JD. — OF. deis (AF. dois) ; 
Lat. discufn (ace), see Brachet, p. Ixv. Cf. 

Defter, sb. pi. daughters, S2 ; see 

Di- ; see De-, Dis. 

Dia, sb. A term set before medicinal con- 
fections or electuaries that were devised by 
the Greeks, Cotg. ; dya, HD ; dyas, //. 
remedies, medicines, PP. — Gr. 5id. See 

Diadlich,, adj. mortal, S ; see Deedli. 



Diamant, sb. diamond, PP, Cath. ; 
dyamand, MD ; dyamaunt, C. — OF. dia- 
mant, a diamond, the loadstone (Cotg.). 
See Adamant. 

Dia-penidion, sb. a kind of sweet stuflf 
like barley-sui^ar used to relieve coughs, PP ; 
diapenydiou, PP ; diopendion, S2. — OF. 
diapenidion, It. diapcnidio,cY>- diapiede, 'a 
diapedon or confection made of Penids' 
(Florio). See Dia and Penid. 

Diaper, sb. a kind of figured cloth ; 
dyaper, MD; diapery, MD.— OF. diaspre, 
diaspe, diapered cloth ; Lat. iaspidem, 
jasper ; from Gr. taawis, probably of Semitic 
origin ; see Diez, p. 119. 

Diaper, "v. to variegate, adorn with 
figures and colours, ND ; diapred, //., 
ND ; dyapred, C. 

Diath, sb. death, S ; see Dee]). 

Dicht, //. prepared, S2 ; see Dihten. 

Diciples, sb. pi. disciples, S ; see Dis- 

Diefles, sb. gen. devil's, S ; see DeueL 

Dier, sb. wild animal, beast ; diere, dat., 
S ; see Deer. 

Dier-chln, sh. deer-kind, beasts, S. 

Diere, adj. dear, S ; see Dere. 

Diere-wnrtJ, adj. precious, S ; see 

Diete, sb. diet, food, MD, C ; dyetis, 
//., PP.— OF. diete; Late Lat. dieta, Lat. 
diceta ; Gr. S/aira. 

Dieten, v. to diet ; dijete, pr. subj. , 

52, PP. 

Diet$, pf. s. doeth, S ; see Don. 

Dienle, sb. dat. devil, S ; see Deuel. 

Diffacen, v. to deface, MD ; deface, 
to obliterate, C2 ; defaste, //., S3. — OF. 

Dif-faden, v. to fade away, MD ; de- 
fade, to cause to fade, S3 ; defadide, pp., 

Diffame, sb. dishonour, disgrace, MD, 

53, C2 ; defame, C3.— OF. diffame. 
Diffamen, v. to spread abroad a ru- 
mour, also to slander, MD, S2 ; defame, 
C2 ; diffameden, //. //., W ; defamed, 
//., W, C3. — AF. diffatner, to slander; 
Lat. diffamare, to spread abroad a report. 

Digne, adj. worthy, proud, MD, C, C2, 
C3, S2, S3 ; dygne, S2. F/ir. : di^ne as 
dich-water, i. e. making people keep their 
distance, S3.— OF. digne ; Lat. dignum. 

Dignelich, adv. worthily, P ; dyngne- 
liche, S2. 



Dignete, sf'. worth, dignity, high office, 
MD; dignitee, C2 ; din^netes,//., S2. — 
AF. Jigiicte ; Lat. dignitatem. Cf. Deyntee. 

Dillteil, v. to order, rule, prepare, adorn, 
MD, S2 ; dijten, MD ; dijtti, S2 ; dilit, 
pr. s., S; dightes, S2; dihte, //. s.,S; 
dijte, S2 ; diht, //., S2 ; dijt, MD, S2 ; 
dlgfht, MD, S3 ; ydi5t, S2, S3 ; dyjt, S2 ; 
dicht, S2 ; ydyjt, S3 ; dygrth, H. — AS. 
dihtan ; Lat. dictarc. 

Dilatacioun, sh. extension, diffuseness, 
S2, C3. — Lat. dilatationem. 

Dim, adj. dim, MD; dym, C; dymme, 
MD ; dimme,//., S. — AS. dim. 

Dimliclie, adv. dimly, softly (of 
sound), MD ; dimluker, co»!p., S. 

Dimnes, si'- dimness, S2. 

Dinuen, v. to din, MD ; dunien, MD ; 
denie, S; dinede, pt. s., MD ; donyd, 
MD ; dynnit, MD. — AS. dynian ; cp. 
Icel. dynja. See Dyn. 

Dint, sb. blow, S, S2 ; see Dent. 

Dinten, ^- to strike, S. 

Diopeudiou, sb. a kind of barley-sugar, 
S2 ; see Dia-penidion. 

Dirige, ^b. the name of an anthem in 
the office for the dead beginning with the 
words from Ps. 5. 8, ' Dirige, Dominus 
mens,' MD, S3 ; dyrge, MD ; dorge, MD. 

Dis-; see Des. 

Disburse, v- to pay out of a purse, 
Sh ; detours, S3. — OF. desbourser. 

Discliargeil, v. to unload, MD ; des- 
chargen, MD ; dischargnlden, //.//., W. 
— AF. dcschargcr. 

Dischevele, pp- with hair in disorder, 
MD,C. — OF. deschevele, pp. oidescheveler, 
to dischevel (^Cotg.). 

Disclaundre, "V. to slander, S2, C3. 

Disciple, ^b. disciple, W (John 20. 2) ; 
disciplis, //., PP, W ; diciples, S ; de- 
ciples, S; decipelis, S2. — AF. disciple; 
Lat. discipulum (ace.). 

DiscipleSSe, sb. a woman-disciple, W. 

Discipline, sb. chastisement, MD ; dis- 
ceplines, //. flagellations, S. — OF. disci- 
pline (Cotg.) ; Church Lat. disciplina 

Disclaundre, sb. evil fame, S2, PP; 
deaclandre, MD; dislander, ND. See 

Disclose, "v. to disclose, S3 ; des- 
closen, S2. — OF. desclore (subj. -close) ; 
Lat. disclaudcre. 

Discomfiten, v. to defeat, to put to 


the rout, MD ; dyscowmfytyn. Prompt.; 
disconfet, //. s., MD ; disconfite, MD ; 
//., MD ; discumfyst, S3 ; dysconfited, 
S3. — OF. desconjire (pp. dcsconjit) ; Lat. 
dis + conficere. 

Discomfiture, sb. defeat, MD ; dis- 
confiture, C. — AF. desciimfiture , dcsconfi- 

DisCOnfort, sb. discomfort, C ; dis- 
comfort, \V. 

DisCOnforten, v. to trouble, discom- 
fort, C ; disconfort, S3 ; discomforten, 
MD. — OF. desconforter. 

DisCOUeren, v. to discover, uncover, 
MD, C3 ; diskeuer, MD ; discure, S3. — 
OF. descovrir, dcscuvrir. 

Disdeyn, sb. disdain, C2 ; desdayn, 
CM ; desdeyn, C ; dedeyn, MD, W,^,H ; 
dedeyne, HD. — AF. dedeigne, OF. des- 
dcin . 

Disdeyne, z*. to disdain, C2 ; des- 
dainen, MD. — AF. desdeigjier, It. disdeg- 
11 are. 

Disese, sb. lack of ease, MD, S2, C2, 
C3, W ; desese, S3.— OF. desaise. 

Disesefal, adj. troublesome, W2. 

Disesid, //. troubled, W. 

Disgysen, v. to disguise, MD; de- 
gisen, PP, MD ; degyset, //., S2 ; dis- 
guised, S3. — AF. degiser, degyser, OF. 
desguiser. Cf. Degyse. 

Disheriten, v. to disinherit, S2 ; des- 
eritede, //. s., S2 ; deserited, pp., S2 ; 
disheryt, C. — AF. desheriter, OF. des- 

Disjoint, sb. perplexity, MD ; dis- 
joynt, C. — OF. desjoinct, pp. oi desjoindre ; 
Lat. disjiaigcre. 

Dismayen,z'.todismay,G; desmayen, 
MD. — OF. *desmayer ; cp. Sp. desmayar, 
also (with different prefix), OF. esmaier, 
Prov. esmagar, It. sviagare. 

Disonr, sb. professional story-teller, 
minstrel, MD ; disonres, //., P. — OF. 
disour, diseor: Sp. dicedor, It. dicitore, 
from Lat. dicere. 

Disparage, sb. a want of parity or 
equality, especially in birth or station, dis- 
paragement, disgrace, C2. See Parage. 

Disparagen, v. to disparage, disgrace ; 
desparaged, //., MD. — AF. desparager. 

Disparplen, v. to become scattered, 
also to scatter, W ; desparplen, MD, S2 ; 
dysparplyn. Prompt. ; sparplyn, Prompt. ; 
disperpelde, pt. s., H ; deperpeyld, H ; 
disparpoilid, //., S2 ; disparplid, dis- 


parplit, W.— OF. deparpillier, Ps. 21. 14 
';cp. It. sparpagliare, Florio") ; from OF. 
*parpille, butterfly ; Lat. papilio, see Bra- 
chet (s.v. tparpiller),z.-a6. Diez,p. 236. 

Dispence, sl>. expenditure, C, C2, S3 ; 
despense, C2, MD ; dispenses,//., S3. — 
OF. despense. 

Dispenden, v. to spend, S3, C2, H ; 
despenden, C2, MD ; dispent,//., S3.— 
AF. despendrc; Late Lat. dispendcre, to 
weigh out. 

Dispendonr, sb. steward, W ; dis- 
pendere, W. 

Dispers, //■ dispersed, S3, MD.— Lat. 

Displesance, sb. annoyance, C3.— 
OF. desplaisance. 

Disport, sb. pleasure, recreation, S2, S3, 
C2, C3 ; desport, C3, MD.— AF. desport, 
mirth ; cp. OF. deport (Bartsch). 

Disporten, v. to cheer, amuse, MD. — 
OF. se desporter, se deporter ; cp. It. di- 
portare (compounded with Lat. de-^. 

Disposed,//. ; in/^r. : wel disposed, 
in good health, C3. 

Dispnten, v. to dispute, MD ; des- 
puten, MD. — AF. desputer ; Lat. dispii- 

DispntesOU, sb. disputation, MD ; 
disputisoun, C ; desputisonn, MD. — OF. 
desputeson ; Lat. dispiitationern (for -eson = 
-tionem, see Ps. Introd. xxx). 

Disseit ; see Deceit. 

Disseueren, v. to separate, C3.— AF. 

deseverer ; Lat. dis + separare. 

Disshe, sb. dish, PP ; discli, S ; dysche, 
discus, Voc; dysshe, discus. Prompt.; 
dishe, disc, quoit, MD ; disse, S ; dys- 
shes,//.,S2. — AS. disc ; hai. discus ; Gr. 
SioKos, quoit. Cf. Deys. 

DisshereS, sb. a female dish-seller, P. 

Dissimnlen, z'- to pretend a thing is 
not 30, MD, C3 ; dissymilide, /A s., \V2. 
— Lat. dissittiulare. 

Dissimulinge, sb. dissembling, C2, 

Distaf, sb. distaff, C2 ; dystaf, Voc. ; 
dysestafe, Voc. 

Distin^en, v. to distinguish, MD ; 
desting'e)?, pr. pi., MD ; distyn^s, imp. 
pi., H ; distingfwed,//., MD ; distyngid, 
H. — OF. distinguer. 

Distrier, sb. destroyer, W ; see De- 
stroy ere. 

Distraught,//- distracted, tormented, 
S3 ; distraolite, MD ; destrat, SkD. — 



OF. destrait (F. distrait) ; Lat. distractum, 
pp. of distrahere. 

Distresse, sb. distress, misery, S2 ; de- 
stresse, MD. — AF. destresse, destresce \ 
Late Lat. *districtitia from Lat. districtus, 
pp. oidistringere, to pull asunder, to punish. 

Distreynen, tj. to vex, S3 ; destreyne, 
C ; distrayne, S3. — AF. destreindre (pr. 
p. destrcignant) ; Lat. distrivgere. 

Disttirbeil, ^- to disturb ; destourbe, 
C3 ; distourbe, MD ; desturbi, MD.— 
AF. desiurhcr ; Lat. disturbarc. 

Distarblen, v. to disturb, trouble, 
MD, \V, \V2 ; disturbUd, pp., S2, \V, W2. 
Cp. OF. tourbler, torbler (F. troubler) ; 
Late Lat. *tu7-bulare, from Lat. turbare. 

DistTirblyng, sb. disturbance, W, W2. 

Diten, v. to indict for trespass, Prompt. 
—OF. dieter ; Lat. dictare. Cf Dihten. 

Diuel, sb. devil, S ; see Deuel. 

Diueren, v. to tremble, S, MD. 

Diuulgate, //. di^lged; dy-wlgat, 
S3. — Lat. diuulgatus. 

Diliyn; see Deuin. 

Diyngis, sb. pi. dyes, colours, W2 ; see 

Di^e, to die ; see Deyen. 

Di^el, adj. secret, MD ; dijele, dat., S. 
— AS. digol, degol, deogol, deagol ; cp. OHG. 
tougali (Tatian), also with different suffix, 
dougan (Otfrid). 

Dl^te,/^- s. ordained, S2 ; di5t, //. pre- 
pared, S2 ; see Diliten. 
Doale, sb. dole, portion, S3 ; see Dool. 
DockeU, v. to cut away the tail, dccau- 
dare, MD ; to cut short, C ; dokkyn. 

Prompt. See Dok. 
Dodden, v. to crop, lop branches, MD, 

Prompt.; i-dodded, //., S; doddyd (as 

trees), Prompt. 
Doddit, adj. without horns, JD ; doddy, 

JD ; doddie, sb. cow without horns, JD. 
Dogge, sb. dog, MD, S2, Voc, Prompt., 

W2 vPs. 21. 21), PP, C2.— AS. docga. 
Doh,ter, sb. daughter, S ; do5ter, S, S2 ; 

dou;ter, P, W2 ; dowter, S; douhtres, 
//., S ; doujtres, P ; donjtris, \V2 ; dou- 

tres, S; dejter, S2; dojtren, S2 ; dong^h- 

tren, C ; dehtren, dat., S.— AS. dohtor 

'dehter, dat. s.); cp. Goth, dauhtar; see 

Sievers, 93. 
Dok, sb. a tail, MD, JD.— O. Norse 

dockr; sec MD. 
Doke, sb. duck, S2, Voc, PP, C : 

douke, PP ; docke, Prompt. ; duke, Voc. ; 

duk, PP. 





Dole, sk grief, P, CM ; deol, S, MD, 
S2 ; duel, MD ; doel, P ; diol, MD ; dol, 
MD ; dool, S2, CM ; dul, MD ; del, MD, 
S2 ; dewle, S3 ; dxQe, S3. — OF. doe/, dud, 
dcol, dol, del ; Late Lat. *dolium, from dol-, 
stem of Lat. dolere, to grieve ; see Constans, 
supplement, p. 23. 

Dolefolle, adj. doleful, MD ; delfal, 
S2, MD. 

Dolfin, sh. dolphin, MD ; doulphyn, 
Palsg.— OF. doulphin (Palsg.), daulphin 
(Cotg.^, Prov. dalfiti ; Lat. delphimim. 
Cp. Delfin. 

IDolfully, adv. dolefully, G ; delfalli, 

Doluen, //. //. dug, P ; //. buried, S, 
P ; see Deluen. 

Dom, sb. judgment, S, S2, W; dome, S2, 
G ; see Doom. 

Somage, sb. damage, loss, S3 ; see 

Domb, adj. dumb, MD, C3 ; doumb, 
MD ; dum. Prompt. ; dom, MD ; dumbe, 
Manip. ; doumbe, S, S2 ; dome, S3. — AS. 
diunb ; cp. Goth, dumbs, OHG. dumb, 
foolish (Otfrid). 

Dome, sb. doom, S2 ; domes, pi., S2, G ; 
see Doom. 

Domes-day, sb. dooms-day, P ; domes- 
dai, S ; domesdei, S. — AS. domes-dag. 

Domes-man, sb. judge, S, W, W2 ; 

domysmen, //. H. 

Domleu, v. to be dull ; domland,/r./. 
clouding over, S2. 

Dom.-place, sb. judgment-hall, W. 

Don, V. to do, put, make, cause, S ; do, 
S, S2 ; douue, ger„ S, S2 ; done, S2, MD 
doaud, /;-. /., S2 ; doande, CM ; doing- 
S3 ; do's, imp. pi. S ; dest, 2 /;-. s., S 
detJ, pr. s., S, S2 ; die's, S ; deaS, S 
dbB, S, S2 ; do's, //., S, S2 ; done, S2 
dude, pt. s., S2 ; dide, S ; dede, S, S2 
ded, S2 ; duden, //., S ; deden, S ; dyden, 
S ; dude, S2 ; ydoon,//., C2 ; idon, S, S2 
idone, S ; ido, 8,82; ydon, S2 ; ydo, 
S2; don, S2; doon, MD; do, S2, MD.— 
AS. do7i, pt. s. dj/de, pp. ge-don. 

Donet, sb. grammar, primer, elementary 
instruction, PP, S2. — From Donaius, the 
grammarian ; see Cotg. (s.v. dotiat). 

Dong, pt. s. beat, MD ; dongen, //., 
S2, H ; see Dyng'en. 

Donjoun, sb. the highest tower of a 
castle, also the dungeon or imderground 
prison, MD ; dong'eon, P ; dongoun, 
MD ; dungun, 82.— AF. dongou?i, OF. 

dongon, donjon : Prov. dompnhon ; Late 
Lat. domnionem, a tower that dominates 
(Ducange), domittionsm, lordship, from 
Lat. domuiitim. 

Douk, adj. moist, S3, JD ; danke, MD. — 
Cp. Icel. dokkr, obscure (stem *danku). 

Donken, v. to moisten, MD, 82. 

Don-ward, adv. downward, S2 ; see 

Doo, sb. doe, Voc, Palsg., W2 ; do, MD; 
da, MD ; days,//., S3. — AS. da. 

Dool, sb. dole, share, portion, MD ; dole, 
MD; doale, S3.— AS. rf'aV (see OET). 

Doom, sb. doom, judgment, sentence, W; 
dom, S, W, 82 ; dome, 82 ; domes, //., 
82, G. — AS. dom: Goth. doms. 

Dorc, adj. dark, 8 ; see Derk. 

Dore, sb. door, MD, 82, C3 ; dur, MD, 
83 ; dure, 8. — AS. duru ; cp. Gr. 6vpa ; 
see Brugmann, § 51. 

Dore-tre, sb, bar of a door, P. 

Dore-ward, sb. porter, door-keeper, 
82 ; durewart, S. 

Dorren, pr. pi. dare, MD ; doren, W ; 
dorste, //. subj. pi., 8, 82, C2 ; see Dar. 

Dortour, sb. dormitory, MD, 83, CM ; 
dorture, Voc. ; dorter, Voc. — OF. dortour, 
dortoir; Lat. dormitoriutn. 

Dose, adj. dusk, 8 ; deosc, MD. 

Doseyn, num. dozen, C ; see Dozein. 

Dotard, sb. dotard, MD, Sh. 

Dote, sb. fool, 8, MD ; dotest, adj . 
supcrl., very foolish, 82. 

Dotel, sb. fool, MD ; dottel, Manip. 

Doten, V. to dote, to be foolish, childish, 
MD, 82, C2. 

Doucte, pt. s. had value, S ; see Dujen. 

Doughtren, sb. pi. daughters, C ; see 

Doughty, adj. brave, C2, G ; see Dujti. 

DouhtreS, sb. pi. daughters, S ; see 

Doumbe, adj. dumb, 8, 82 ; see Dumb. 

Doun, sb. a do\vn, hill, MD ; dun, 
MD; doune, S2 ; dune, dat., MD ; 
downes, //., MD ; dounes, 82 ; dun, 
adv., down, 8 ; don, 82 ; doun, 82, W. — 
AS. diin. 

Doun-right, adv. right down, 82. 

Doun-ward, adv. do\vnward, MD ; 
donward, 82 ; dunward, 8. 

Doute, sb. fear, doubt, MD, 82, C2, G ; 
dute, MD, S, 82 ; dout, 82.- OF. dute, 
doute, doubte. 

Doute-leeS, adv. doubtless, 82, C2. 


Douten, v. to fear, to doubt, MD, 
S3; duten, MD, S; dowte, S3; dowt, 
imp. J'., G ; doutede, ft. .f., S ; doutiden, 
//., G. — AF. dutcr, OF. douter ; Lat. 

Doathe ; see DnheVe. 

Doubter, sh. daughter, P, ^2 ; dontres, 
fl., S; see Dohter. 

Donene, sb. f. dove, S2 ; doune, S2 ; 
downe, S2. See Dowue. 

Sowaire, sb. dower, C2 ; dower, C2. — 
AF. douayre (and dowcre) ; Late Lat, do- 

Dowen, v. to endow, MD. — OF. douer, 
doer ; Lat. dotare. 

Dowen ; see Dn^en. 

Dowebe, sb. army, host, S. Phr. : 
dowepes louerd, Lord of Hosts, S ; see 

Dowter, sb. daughter, S ; see Dohter. 

Downe, sb. dove, MD, C3, W ; douve, 
MD ; dow, S3. — Icel. diifa ; cp. OS. dilba, 
Goth, dicbo. Cf. Douene. 

Do;ter, sb. daughter, S, S2 ; see Dohter. 

Dozein, adj. dozen, S2 ; doseyn, C. — 
AF. dozcine, from doze, twelve; Lat. duo- 

Drad,//. dreaded, C2 ; dradde,, 
S ; see Dredeu^ 

Draem, j^. joyful soundjS ; see Dreem. 

Draf, pt. s. drove, !?2^ see Driueu. 

Draf, sb. draff, husks, dregs, MD, C3, 
PP, Cath. ; drafif, JD ; draffe, PP; draft, 
"W2. — Icel. draf. 

Dragen, z'. to draw, S ; drah, imp. 
t., S, S2 ; draben, //., S ; see Draweu. 

Dragge, sb. a comfit or digestive sweet- 
meat, dragetum, Prompt., Voc. ; dragges, 
//., C.— AF. dragge, OF. dragie (Cotg.), 
Prov. dragea. It. treggea, an adaptation of 
Late Gr. Tpa-y-fjuaTa, sweetmeats ; see Diez, 
p. 326, Ducange (_s. v. tragemata). 

Drah., pt. s. suffered, S ; see Dre;en. 

Drapen, pt. pi. slew, S ; see Drepen. 

Drast, sb. dregs, W2 ; drastys, //. 
feces, Voc. ; drestys. Prompt. — O. Merc. 
derste, Ps. 39, 3 (VP). 

Drasty, adj. trashy, worthless, MD, 
C2 ; dresti. Prompt. ; dresty, Palsg. 

Drawen, v. to draw, S, S2, CM ; 
drajen, S, S2 ; dragen, S ; dreaien, S ; 
dreiheu, S ; drah, imp. s., S, S2 ; draw- 
and, /;'. /., S2 ; droh, //. s., S ; droj, S, 
S2 ; drou, S, S2 ; drew, S2, C2 ; drouj, 
S2 ; drouh, S2 ; dreuch, S2 ; drongh, 
C2 ; dxojeii; //., S ; drowen, SV j drose, 



S ; drowe, S2 ; dragren, pp., S ; drahen, 
S ; ydrawe, C2. — AS. dragan, pt. drdh 
(pi. drogoii), pp. dragen. 

Dre, V. to suffer, S2, S3 ; see Drejen. 

Drecchen, v. to vex, torment, also to 
tarry, MD, S, S3, C; drecheu, S, S2 ; 
draihte, pt. s., MD ; drechede, MD ; 
draiht, //., MD ; drecched, MD.— AS. 
dreccan, pt. drchte, pp. drcht. 

Drede, sb. dread, MD, S, S2, C2, W2 ; 
dreid, S3 ; dred, S. 

Dreden, v. to dread, S, S2, C2 ; dred- 
and, /;-. /., S2 ; dradde, pt. s., MD, C2 ; 
dredde, MD, C2, W ; dredden, //., MD, 
W ; dradde, S ; drad,//., C2. — AS. {on)- 
dnkdau, pt. dreord, dridde, see Sievers, 
394. 39.V 

Dredful, adj. dreadful, MD ; timid, C ; 
dredfiile, dat., S. 

Drednes, sb. dread, MD ; drednesse, 
S ; dridues, S2. 

Dreem, sb. a joyful sound, dream, MD ; 
dream, S; drsem, S; dreme, dat., S; 
drem, MD, S; dremes, //., S. — AS. 
dream, joyful sound, Icel. drawnr, dream; 
cp. OS. dram, joy, also dream. 

Drehen, v. to suffer, S ; see Sre^en. 

Dreid, sb. dread, S3 ; see Drede. 

Dreihen, v. to draw, S ; see Drawen. 

Drem, sb. dream, S ; see Dreem. 

Dremels, sb. dream, PP. 

Dremen, v. to make a joyful sound, to 
dream, S ; dreamen, S ; drempte, pt. s., 
S; drem.deu, //., S. — AS. dreman, to re- 
joice : OS. dromian ; cp. Icel. drey ma, to 

Drench, sb. drink, S, MD. 

Drenchen, v. to drown, S, S2, C3, 

W ; drincheu, S ; dreinchen, S ; dreynt, 
//., W, C, C2 ; dreut, S3 ; drenched, C3 ; 
drenchid, ^Y. — AS. drencan ; cp. Icel. 

Drenchyng, sb. drowning, S2. 

Dreng, sb. servant, retainer, MD ; 
dring, S ; drenches, //., MD ; dring- 
ches, S. — Icel. drengr, brave man, also 
bachelor ; hence AS. dreng. 

Drepen, v. to slay, S, S2 ; drap, pt. s., 
MD ; drapen, //., S ; drape, MD. — AS. 
drcpan, pt. drup (pi. dripon), pp. drepen. 

Drere, sb. grief, S3, ND. 

Dreriment, sb. sadness, ND ; dreeri- 
ment, S3. 

Drery, adj. sad, dreary, C2 ; dreri;, 
MD ; dmry, MD.— AS. dreorig. 
F 2 




Dreryhead, sb. sorrow, ND. 

Dresseu, v. to make straight, direct, 
reach, prejjare, dress, S2, S3, C2, C3, W, 
W2 ; y-dressed, //., C2. — OF. dresser, 
drcseier ; Late Lat.* dirictiare (It. diriz- 
zare) ; from Lat. dircctus, pp. of dirigere. 
Cp. Late Lat. drictiim (Ducange). 

Dressyngfis, sb. pi. directions ( = Lat. 
diree(io)ies) , \^' 2 . 

Dreuen, v. to trouble, afflict, MD ; 
dreued, pf. s., S2 ; drefedd, //., MD; 
dreofedd, MD; i-dreaued, S. — AS. dre- 
fan : OS. drSbiaii ; cp. OHG. druaben (Ot- 
frid~), irtioben (Tatian), G. triiben. See 

Drewery, sb. darling, P ; see Dmerie. 

Dreye, adj. dry, C, C2 ; see Drye. 

Dre^, adj. continuous, great, powerful, 
MD ; dry5, patient, S2.— Icel. dtjiigr. 

Dreuen, v. to endure, suffer, continue, 
MD; dregen, S; dre^henii, S ; drehen,S; 
dreye, S ; drye, CM ; dreg-he, H ; drijen, 
S, MD ; dryje, S2 ; drie, S, PP ; dree, 
JD ; dre, S2, S3 ; drah,/A j., S ; dreg-, 
MD ; dryjed, continued, S2 ; druhen,//., 
MD ; drog-en,//., MD. — AS. drcogati, pt. 
drSah (pi. drugon), pp. drogen. 

Dre5-ly5 adv. continuously, earnestly, 
S2, MD ; dry5ly, patiently, S2. 

Dridnes, sb. dread, S2 ; see Drednes. 

Brihten, sb. Lord (only used for God, 
Christ), S ; dryhtin, S; dryhten, S ; drigt- 
en, S; drigtin, S; drig-htin, S2 ; dryMe, 
S ; drihte, S ; dryjte, PP ; drijte, S, PP ; 
dry5tyn, S2.— AS. dryhten : OS. drohtin ; 
cp. Icel. drSttinn and OHG. triihtin (Ta- 
tian). From AS. dryht, men, warriors, re- 
tainers : OS. drtiht ; cp. OHG. truht and 
Icel. droit. 

Driht-ful, adj. noble, S. 

Dring, sb. servant, S ; driug-clies, //., 
S ; see Dreng-. 

Drink, sb. drink, MD ; drinch, S; 
drinucli, S ; drinc, S2. 

Drinkeu, v. to drink, S ; drincken, S ; 
dring-, itnp. J-., S ; dranc, pt. J-., S ; drone, 
S; dronk, S ; drunken, //., S ; dronken, 
C2 ; drong-ken, S ; dranc, S2 ; i-drunke, 
//., S; dronke, C2. Phr.: drinc-hail, 
drink, hale ! S.— AS. drincan, pt. dranc (pi. 
druncon^, pp. drunccit. 

Driukere, sb. drinker.MD; drinckares, 

pi., S. 

Drit, sb. dirt, MD, W, W2 ; dert, S3. 
Drit-cherl, sb. dirt-churl (term of 
abuse), S. 

Dri-nen, "v. to drive, rush, pass, go, S ; 
dryuen, S; drif, S2 ; draf, //..;., MD, 

52 ; drof, S, S2 ; droof, MD, W, W2 ; 
drofe, S2 ; driuen, //., S, MD ; dryuen, 
MD ; driueden, W2 ; driuen, pp., MD ; 
driue, C2 ; dryuun,W2. — AS. drlfan, pt. 
drdfi-^A. drifoii), pp. drifcn. 

Driven, v. to suffer, S ; see Drejen. 
Drihte ; see Drihten. 
Drof, pt. s. drove, S, S2 ; droof, W, 
W2 ; see Driuen. 
Drof-lic, adj. painful, MD. Cf. Drouy. 
Drogen ; see Dreuen. 
Drogges, sb. pi. drugs, PP ; drog-gis, 

53 ; see Drye. 

Droh, pt. s. drew, S ; see Dra-wen. 

Dronk, pt. s. drank, MD ; drone, S ; 
dronke, //.,C 2 ; see Drinken. 

Dronkele-we, adj. given to drink, C3 ; 
see Dninkele-w. 

Dronkenesse, sb. drunkenness, C3. 

Dro-Ugllt, sb. drought, MD, C (p. i) ; 
droughte, C2 ; drouhpe, S2 ; drugte, S ; 
dr3rtlie, S2. — AS. drugo^e. See Drye. 

DrO-anen, v. to be drowned, to drown, 
MD ; drune, MD ; dmnd,, S2. Cf. 

Droupen, z^. to droop, milium dejicere, 
MD, Palsg. ; dro-wpen, C. — Icel. drtipa. 

Dro-upnen, v. to be cast down, MD ; 
drupnin, S. 

Dro-uen, v. to trouble, MD ; druuy, 
H ; droues, pr. pi., MD ; droued, //., 
MD ; drouyd, H ; druuyd, H. Cf. Dreuen. 

Droning, sb. trouble, S2, MD ; druu- 
yng-e, H. 

Drouy, adj. turbid, troubled, CM, S2 ; 
droui, MD.— Cp. AS. drof, OS. drSbi, 
OHG. trtiobi, G. triibe. 

Dro;, pt- s. drew, S, S2 ; drou, S, S2 ; 
drow, S2, C2 ; drou5, S2 ; dronh, S2 ; 
droug-h, C2 ; see Dra-wen. 

Drubild, adj. disturbed, H. 

Drublen, v. to disturb water, to trouble ; 
drutoblyn, Prompt. ; drobyl, MD. Cf. 

Drubly, adj. turbid, H ; drobly, 

Drublynesse, sb. turbuleneia, Prompt. 

Drublynge, sb. disturbance, H. 

Druerie, sb. love, affection, also the 
object of aiTection, also a jewel, PP, MD, 
C2 (s. V. love) ; drurye, MD ; drurie, 
S2, PP; druery, HD ; dru-wery, PP ; 
dre-wrye, MD ; dre-wery, P ; drowryis, 
//., HD; druries, HD. — AF. druerie; 


Prov. drudaria, from OHG. driit, dear, 
beloved (Otfrid). See NQ. (6. 4. 270). 

Druggar-beste, sb. the animal that 
has to pull forcibly, S3. 

Dmggen, v. to pull with force, 
CM, C. — Cp. E. drudge. 

TyrXiIxdL, drowned, S2 ; seeDronnen. 

Drunk, sb. draught, MD ; dmnc, S ; 
drunch, S. — Cp. Icel. drykkr. 

Dninkelew, adj. given to drinking 
W, Prompt. ; dronkelewe, C3, PP 
dronkelenh, PP ; dronkenlewe, PP 
drankenle'we, MD. See -lewe. 

Drunken, sb. drinking, S, MD. 

Drunkennesse, sb. drunkenness, MD; 
dronkenesse, C3, PP. 

Dmnknen, v. to be drowned, to cause 
to drown, MD ; drunkenes, pr. s., S2 ; 
dronkenes, S2. — AS. drunctiian, to be 
drowned, to be drunk. Cf. Drounen. 

Drupnin, v. to be cast down, S ; see 

Dmrie; see Drnerie. 

Dmny, v. to trouble, H ; see Drouen. 

Druuynge, sb. trouble, H. 

Drye, adj. dry, MD, PP ; drnye, MD, 
82 ; drue, MD ; dru, S ; drije, MD ; 
drie, MD ; dreye, C2, C. Phr. : druifot, 
dry foot, S. — AS. dryge ; cp. Du. droog. 

Drye, v. to dry, to be dry, MD, G; 
drai5est, 2 pr. s., S2. — AS. drygati. 

Drye, v. to suffer, CM ; Dryjed, //. s. 
continued, S2 ; see Dre;en. 

Drythe ; see Dronght. 

Dry5, adj. patient, S2. Cf. Dre^en. 

Dry5ly, adv. patiently, S2. 

Dry5te, Dryjtyn ; see Drihten. 

Dubben, v. [i) to dress, arm for battle, 
(2) to dub a knight by the stroke with the 
flat of the sword, MD, S, PP ; dubbed, 
//., S, S2, PP ; dobbed, PP ; doubed, PP. 
— AF. diibber, to dress ; cp. Icel. diibba, to 
arm, dress, also to dub, AS. dubban, to 
dub a knight, in Chron. ann. 1085 ; cp. 
OF. adubcr, adouber, to arm (Roland). 

Dubbing, sb. decoration, adornment, S ; 
the conferring of knighthood, S. 

Dubonure, adj. mild, gentle, S2 ; see 

Dude,//, s. did, S2 ; duden,//., S ; see 

Duelle, V. to stay, 8, W2 ; see Bwellen. 

Duere, adj. dear, 82 ; see Dere. 

Duete, sb. duty, MD ; dewtee, MD ; 
dwete, CM ; dewite, 83. — AF. duete, 



debt, obligation, from OF. </c«, owed ; Lat. 
debitum, pp. of dcbere. 

Duben, v. to get on well, S ; see SuBen. 

DnlieSe, sb. body of retainers, people, 
might, worth, dignity, 8 ; dowepe, S ; 
donpe, 82. — AS. duguS, worth, help, body 
of men, host. 

Duk, sb. leader, prince, duke, MD ; due, 

52 ; duyk, \V, \V2 ; douc, MD ; duykis, 
//. , W2. — AF. due ; Lat. diicem. 

Dulce, adj. sweet, S3. — Lat. dulcem. 

Dule, sb. grief, S3 ; see Dole. 

Dully, adj. dull, S3, DG ; dolly, JD ; 
dowie, JD. 

Dumel, sb. a stupid man, Manip. ; 
dunuuel, a dumb man, Manip. ; doiuble, 
HD. See Domb. 

Dun ; see Doun. 

Dun, Dunne, adj. dun, dull brown, 
MD, Manip. ; donne, MD. — AS. dunn ; 
O. Ir. donn, dond (Windisch). 

Dun, sb. a dun horse ; Proverb : Dun is 
in the myre, C3. 

Duncben, v. to batter, 8, Prompt. ; 
dunch, to push, JD. — Cp. Dan. dunke, to 

Dune, ^1^. din ; see Dyn. 

Dungon, sb. dungeon, 82 ; see Dou- 

Dun-ward, adv. downward, S ; see 

Dup, adj. deep, MD ; see Deep. 

Duppen, V. to dip, 82, MD ; dippen, 
MD.— AS. dyppan, for *dup-ian, see SkD 
(p. 800), Sievers, 400. 

Durance, sb. endurance, S3 ; imprison- 
ment, Sh. 

Dure, adj. dear, MD ; see Dere. 

Dure, sb. door, 8 ; dur, S3 ; see Dore. 

Duren, v. to last, C2, 82, S3, H ; 
dury, MD ; duyre, MD ; deore, S2 ; 
duyryng', /r. /., 82 ; durede,//. J., S2. — 
AF. durer ; Lat. dur are, from durus, hard, 

Duresse, sb. hardship, severity, MD, 

53 ; duresce, MD. — AF. duresse, duresce \ 
Lat. diiritia, from durus. 

Durlyng, sb. darling, S ; see Derlin?. 

Durren, pr. pi. dare, MD ; dune, 8 ; 
duren, S ; see Dar. 

Dusi, adj. foolish, S, MD ; dysy, MD ; 
desi, MD. — AS. dysig. 

Dusilicbe, adv. foolishly, MD; de- 
saly, dizzily, 82 ; desselic, 82. 

Dusken, v. to grow dark, C. 



Dusten, v. to throw, toss, S ; duste, 
//. .r., MD ; deste, fell headlong, MD. 

Dutchkin, adj. German-like, S3. 

Dute, sb. doubt, fear, S, S2 ; see Donte. 

Dutten, V. to shut, close, MD ; dit- 
teuu, MD; dutande, /;-. /., S2 ; dutt, 
/>/.,MD; dit,MD.— AS.r/;//to«; see OET 
(P- 573). 

Duyk, sb. leader, prince, W, W2 ; see 

Du^en, V. to get on well, to be fitting, 
to be worth, to avail, valcrc, MD; duheu, 
S ; dowen, MD ; deah, pr. s., MD ; deh, 
MD ; deih, S ; dugen,//., MD ; doucte, 
J>t s., S; dought, MD ; dowed, S2. — 
AS. diigan, pret. pres. dcag{dcah, dcg), pi, 
dugon-, pt. dohte ; cp. OHG. ttigan. 

Du5e'8e, sb. nobles, S, MD ; see Duh- 

Du^ti, adj. fit, excellent, brave, doughty, 
MD ; doughty, C2, G; douBtiore, conip., 
S2. — AS. dyhtig, strong. 

Dwal, adj. foolish, dull, erring, apostate, 
MD, SkD (p. 801) ; dwales, sb. pi. fools, 
S. — Cp. Goth, dwals, foolish. 

Dwale, sb. error, MD ; duale, MD ; 
dwole, MD, S (16. 1777.)— ONorth. duala, 
error (Mt. 24. 24) ; cp. AS. dwola. 

Dwellen, v. (i) to err, wander, (2) to 
loiter, stay, dwell, MD, G ; duelle, S, W2 ; 
dwelland, /;-./., S2. — AS. dweliatt, to err, 
also to make to err, to deceive; also 
dwellan, to deceive, to hinder, delay, also 
to remain, dwell ; cp. Icel. dvelja, to tarry. 

Dweole, sb. error, MD ; dwele, MD ; 
dwelle, MD.— AS. {ge)dweola. 

Dweoluh.'Se, sb. error, foolishness, S. 

Dwergh, sb. dwarf, MD ; dwerk, MD ; 
dwerf, MD ; dwarfe, MD ; dwerp (for 
dwerj), S2. — AS. dweo7-h ; cp. \Q.e\..dvergr. 

Dwilde, sb. error, S, MD.— AS. dwild. 
See Dwellen. 

Dwindle, v. to waste away, Sh. I 


Dwinen, v. to vanish away, to waste 
away, MD, HD ; dwynyn, Prompt. ; 
dwynen, S2 ; dwynede,//. s. {weak), MD. 
— AS. dwinaiz, pt. dwdti (pi. dwinon), pp. 

Dwole ; see Dwale. 

Dyad, adj. dead, S2 ; see Deed. 

Dyed,//", s. coloured, C2 ; see Deyen. 

Dyeuel, sb. devil, S2 ; see Deuel. 

Dyk, Dyke, sb. dike, ditch, S3 ; die, 
S ; dich, MD ; diche, MD ; //., S ; diclien, 
S.— AS. die. 

Dyken, v. to make a ditch, to dig, S2 ; 
idyket,//., S2. 

Dyker, sb. ditcher, S2, P ; dikere, P. 

Dyn, sb. din, PI, MD ; dynne, H ; 
dene, MD ; dyne, PP ; dine, MD ; dune, 
MD. — AS. dyne, dyii. 
/Dyngen, v. to beat, PP, H ; dang-, pt.s., 
(MD, S3; dong, MD ; dange, //., S3; 
dongen, //., S2 ; dongyn, H ; dongene, 

Dyngis, blows, H. 

Dyngynge, sb. beating, H. 

Dys, dice, C, P ; see Dee. 

Dys-playere, sb. dice-player, p. 

Dyttay, sb. indictment, S3. — AF. dite ; 
Lat. dictatum. 

Dyvers, adj. pi. divers, MD ; diverse, 
MD. — AF. divers (pi. diverses) ; Lat. di- 

Dyuerseli, adv. in diverse directions, 

Dyversen, z'. to make difference, to diver- 
sify, also to be different, MD, Prompt. ; 
dyuersitli,/r. s., W; diuerside,/^ s., W. 
— OF. diver ser. 

D3rversitee, sb. divers colours, W2. 

Dyuynistre, sb. a divine, C. — Late 
Lat. *divinista. See Deuine. 

Dy5e, v. to die, S2 ; see Deyen. 

Dy5t ; see DiMen. 


E ; see E;e. 

E-, prcjix ; see je-. Cf. Eliche. 

Eadi;, adj. wealthy, precious, happy, 
blessed, MD ; eadi, S ; sedie, S ; edie, S ; 
eddi, S; edy, S; edye, S. — AS. eadig: 
Goth, audags. From AS. ead, a pos- 
session, happiness, also, rich, happy : Icel. 
aiiiir, wealthy ; cp. OS. 6d, property. 

Eadmodien, v. to humble, MD ; ead- 
mode, pt. s., MD ; admoded, pp. as adj. 
lowly, S, MD. — AS. eadmodian, from ead- 
mod, humble. Cf. ESenioded, Edmod. 

Ealde, adj. old, S ; see Old. 

Ealde, sb. an age, age, S ; see Elde. 

Ealdren, //. elders, chiefs ; see Alder. 

Ealre, gen. of all, S ; see Al, 


Eam, I pr. s. am ; see Am. 

Earding-stowe, sd. dwelling-place, S ; 
see Erdingstouwe. 

Eanu, sd. arm (of the body), S, MD ; 
see Arm. 

Eanue, aJj. pi. poor; see Arm. 

Earming, sb. a wretched being, S ; see 

Z!arnynge, sb. earning, S ; see Emeu. 

Eatelich, adj. horrible, S ; see Atelich. 

EaS, adj. easy, S ; see Eth. 

EaSe, adv. easily, S ; see Ethe. 

Ebrayk, adj. Hebrew, S2. 

Ebrisse, adj. Hebrew, S. — AS. ebreisc. 

Ecclesiaste, sb. a preacher, C. — OF. 
ecclesiaste ^Cotg.) ; Church Lat. ecdcsiastcs 
(Vulg.) ; Gr. (KKXrjaiaaTTjs (,LXx), from 
(KKKrjffia, an assembly. 

Eche, ad/, each, S, S2, W ; seiche, S, 
MD ; elc, MD, S ; elcli, S ; elche, MD 
ale, MD, S ; alche, MD, S ; eilc, MD 
ilc, MD, S; ilk, S (12. 97), S2, H 
Uch, S ; vac, MD ; ulch, S ; niche, MD 
sche, MD ; ache, S; ech, MD, S, S2 
ich, MD, S, S3 ; ych, S2 ; ewe, MD 
each, MD, S ; uch, S, S2 ; nehe, P, H 
nieh, S ; aych, S. — Comb. : eche dayes 
daily, on each day, S2 ; eche deyl, every 
bit, entirely, S2 ; ech on, each one, S2. S3, 
C2 ; ech oon, C2, W ; ech one, S2 ; ich 
on, S3 ; ich a, S3 ; uch one, S2, P ; ilk 
an, S2 ; ilc kines, of every kind, MD ; 
ilkines, S ; ich wer, ever}'\vhere, S. — 
AS. ceU, elc, ONorth. cbIc, OMerc. ylc. 
The form ale = a ■\- ge + lie ; cp. OHG. 
io-gi-lih (Tatian), G. jeglieh. See Sievers, 

Eche, adj. eternal, S; eeheliehe, adv., 
S. — AS. ece, ecelice ; cp. OHG. ewie, also 
<^z[f ;Otfrid). See iB. 

Eche, sb. increase, addition, 82, MD. — 
AS. eaca. 

Ech.e, sb. pain, MD ; see Ache. 

Echen, v. to increase, add, HD, CM, 
MD ; eken, S, S3, H ; ayked,/^. s., MD. 
— AS. eceayi itean) : OS. Skian. 

Echte, sb. possessions, S ; see Anhte. 

Eclipse, sb. eclipse, PP ; eclypse, 
Manip. ; enclips, PP ; clips, PP ; clyps, 
S3. — Lat. eclipsis ; Gr. l«Aeii//is, failure. 

Ecnesse, sb. eternity, MD ; ecenisse, 
dat., S ; ecenesse, S ; echenesse, MD ; 
ecchenesse, S. — AS. eenis. See Eche. 

Ed-, prefix.— K^. ed-, cp. Goth, id-, 
back, again, OHG. it-, ita- (Tatian, Ot- 



frid"), as in it-l6n, retribution ; it-md-li, 
feast ^Tatian). 

Ed-grow, sb. after-math, regermen, 
Prompt. ; edgfrew, HD. 

Ed-len, sb. retribution, MD. — AS. ed- 

Edmod, adj. humble, MD; seeAdmod. 

Edmodi, adj. humble, MD ; see Ad- 

Edxaodnesse, sb. humility, S ; see 

Ed-wit, sb. reproach, S2. — AS. ed-unt ; 
cp. OHG. it-uuizzi, a twitting (Otfrid). 
See Ed-. 

Ed-witen, v. to blame, S, P ; ead- 
witen, S; edwited, pt. pi., PP.— AS. cd- 
witan ; cp. Goth, id-weitjati, OHG. ita- 
uuiz6n (Tatian). Cp. E. twit. 

Edy ; see Eadij. 

Ee ; see E;e. 

Eek, conj. also, C2, C3 ; sec, S ; ec, S ; 
ek, S, S2, P ; eik, S3 ; eke, S, S2, S3, P ; 
eeke, G. — AS. eac : Goth. auk. 

Eelde ; see Elde. 

Eem, sb. uncle, Prompt., CM ; eom, S ; 
sem, MD ; em, MD ; eme, S3, Voc, HD ; 
eyme, S3; eam, HD. — AS. tarn; cp. 
OHG. oheim. 

Eese ; see Ese. 

Eest, adj. and sb. east, W (Mt. 8. i i),MD ; 
est, S, S2,C2, C3, Prompt.; sest, Prompt. 
— AS. east : Icel. azistr ; cp. OHG. ost 
{pstana, Otfrid). 

Efenn ; see Enen. 

Effecte, sb. effect, MD ; afFecte, H. — 
Lat. effecttis. 

Effer, Effeir ; see Afere. 

Efiiray, sb. terror, S3 ; fray, S3. Cf. 

Efning ; see Enenyngre. 

Eft, adv. again, afterwards, S, 82, 83, 
C2, W; seft, MD ; efte, S3.— AS. eft. 

"Eftev, prep, after, S, S2 ; see After. 

Eft-SOne, adv. again, soon after, S, 82, 
C3 ; eftsoone, W ; efsone, 82. — AS. e/t- 

Eft-SOnes, adv. soon after, S. 

Egal, adj. equal, CM ; egfalle, 83, CM. 
— OF. egal ; Lat. aequalein. 

Egalite, sb. equality, CM. — OF. egalite ; 
Lat. aequalitatem. 

Egen ; see Eje. 

Egge, sb. edge, W ; egf, Voc, CM ; 
egges, pi., MD ; eggez, S2. — AS. eeg: 
OS. eggia, see Sievers, 258 ; cp. Lat. acies. 



Eggement, sh. instigation, C3. 

Eggeu, V. to sharpen, to incite, pro- 
voke, MD, II, CM ; egg'ede, //. s., S2 ; 
eg^g^ed, S3, P ; y-egged, />/>., MD ; i-egged, 
MD. — Icei. c^'^'a. 

Egg3ryilg, sd. instigation, S2, CM ; 
eg-g-yng-is,//., H. 

Eghe ; see E;e. 

Egle, sd. eagle, C2, PP.— AF. e^/e, OF. 
at^/e ; Lat. aqiiila. 

Egleche, adj. pi. war-like, S. — AS. 
agltca, agl<£cea, a warrior, vexator (Grein). 
See Eje. 

^gre, adj. eager, sharp, fierce, C2, PP. 
— AF. egre, OF. aigre ; Lat. acixin. 

Egremoin, sb. agrimony, C3 ; see 

Ehe ; see Eje. 

Eh.te, sb. property, S ; echte, S ; see 

Eie ; see Eje. 

Eighte, niun. eight, C3 ; eijte, MD ; 
eihte, PP ; eyhte, PP ; a5te, S2 ; ajt, S2 ; 
aehte, MD.— AS. eahta {ahia) ; cp. OHG. 
ahto, Lat. ocio. 

Eighte, ord. eighth, G, PP.— AS. eah- 
tode. Cf. Achtaude. 

Eightene, m(m. eighteen, MD ; seli- 
teue, S ; auchteue, S3. — AS. eahta-Une. 

Eightetethe, ord. eighteenth, C2. — 
AS. eahta-tioQa. 

Eihte, sb. property, S ; eyhte, S ; see 

Eild ; see Elde. 

Eire, sb. journey, circuit, SkD. Phr. : 
ane ayr, on circuit, S3. — AF. and OF. 
eire, eyre, aire, oir?-e, from errer. edrer, to 
make one's way, from Lat. iter, journey ; 
see Constans. 

Eireu, sb. pi. eggs, PP ; eirun, W2 ; 
see Ey. 

Eise ; see Ese. 

Eisel, Eisil, sb. vinegar ; see Aisille. 

Eisful, adj. terrible, MD. — AS. egesfiil. 

Eislich, adj. terrible, MD ; eiseliche, 
S. — AS. egeslic : OS. egislik ; from AS. 
egesa: OS. egiso, horror; cp. OHG. egiso 

Eisliche, adv. terribly, S ; aislicbe, 
timorously, S3. — AS. egeslice. 

Either, adj. either, S, S2 ; eei^er, MD ; 
ayper, S? ; aiJ)er,S ; ey^er, S, S2 ; ethir, 
W ; er, S. — AS. ck-g-hwcetSer ; Sievers, 347. 

Ekeu, V. to ake, MD ; see Aken. 

Elch ; see Eclie. 


I Elde, sb. an age (of the world), age, 
time of a man's life, maturity, full age, old 
age, length of time, PP, S, S2, S3, G ; 
eelde, W ; ealde, S ; helde, S ; nlde, 
MD ; eld, MD, S2 ; held, S2 ; eild, S2. 
— AS. eldu,yldu. See Old. 

Elde, v. to grow old, H ; elded,//., S2 ; 
eldid, H. — AS. ealdian. 

Elder, comp. older, S, C2 ; see Old. 

Elderue, sb. pi. ancestors, S2 ; see 

Eldryn, adj. old, H. Comb. : eldryn- 
xnan, old man, elder, H. 

Ele, sb. oil, MD, S ; eoli, S ; eolie, S. 
Comb.: ele-ssew, oil, S. — AS. eie; Late 
Lat. oliiim (cp. It. olio) ; Lat. oleum ; Gr. 
'iXaiov, from kKaia, an olive-tree ; cp. OHG. 
oil (Tatian). 

Elecciouu, sb. election, choice, S2. — 
OF. election ; Lat. electionem. 

Ele-leudisch, adj. foreign ; elelendis, 
MD. — AS. ele-lendisc, of a foreign land. 

Elendisch, adj. foreign ; helendis, 
MD. — From AS. ellende (Voc). 

Elenge, adj. protracted, tedious, weari- 
some, dreary, lonely ; also (by confusion 
with AS. ellende) strange, foreign, PP, 
HD ; elynge, PP ; elyng, PP ; alenge, 
NED, HD ; alange, NED, Prompt.— AS. 
<k-lenge, lengthy, tedious ; x, ever -h lenge, 
long, from lang. 

Eleugelich, adv. sadly, PP; elyng- 
liclie, PP. 

Elf, sb. elf, genius, jiympha, irtcubus, 
MD, C3, Sh.; alfe, MD.— AS. alf. Cf. 

Elf-lock, sb. hair matted together as if 
by the elves, Sh. 

Elf-queeu, sb. fairy-queen, C2. 

Eliche, adv. alike, S3 ; see Iliche. 

Elixir, sb. elixir, C3, SkD. — OF. elixir 
(Cotg.), Sp. elixir ; Arab, el iksir, the 
philosopher's stone ; Gr. ^rjpov, dry. 

Elldernemauiies, sb. gcti. alderman's, 
chief officer's, S ; see Aldermon. 

Elleft, 0^'^. eleventh, S2. — AS. endleofta. 

Ellerne, sb. elder-tree, sambucus, S2, 
PP ; ellaeru, Voc. ; ellarne, Voc. ; eller, 
PP ; eldir, PP.— AS. ellarn. 

Elles, adv. otherwise, else, S, 82, C2 ; 
ellis, S3, W. — AS. elles ; cp. OHG. alles, 
otherwise (Otfrid) : Goth, aljis. 

Elles-hware, adv. elsewhere, S ; elles- 
wlier, S, C3. — AS. elles-hwir. 

Elles-hwider, adv. else-whither, S. 


Elxaesse, sb. alms, MD, NED ; see 

Elmes-^eorn, adj. charitable, S. 

ZSlnish, aJJ. elvish, foolish, C2, C3. 
See Elf. 

Eluish-marked, //. disfigured by the 
elves, Sh. 

ZSlyuge ; see Elenge. 

Exabassade, sl>. embassy, S3 ; see Am- 

Embassadour, sb. ambassador, C3. 

Embassadrie, sb. ambassadorship, S2, 

Embatel, sb. battlement, S3 (19a. 581). 

Embattail, v. to array for battle, Sh. 

Embrave, v. to adom, S3. 

Em-cristen, sb. fellow-christian, S, S2. 
See Euen. 

Erne ; see Bern. 

Emeraude, sb. emerald, C2,CM.— OF. 
emcraude, csmcraude {esmeralde) ; Lat. sma- 
ragdum (ace.) ; Gr. <7/iapa7Sos. 

Emete, Emote, sb. ant ; see Amete. 

Em-forth, prep, according to, PP. See 

Empaled, //. enclosed, S3. 

Em.perere, sb. emperor, MD.— OF. 
empereic ^cinpereres') ; Lat. imperator. 

Em.perice, sb. empress, S, CM ; em- 
peresse, PP. — AF. emperice \ Lat. impera- 

Emperonr, sb. emperor, PP, S2 (12. 
212), €2,03. — AF. eniperur, OF. cmpereor, 
emperedor; Lat. iinperatorem. 

Empoisoner, sb. poisoner, C3. See 

Em.poisoning, sb. poisoning, C3. 

Emportxired, //. pourtrayed, S3. 

Em.prise, sb. undertaking, S2, C2, C3 ; 
enprise, M D. — AF. emprise, enprise ; Late 
Lat. in-prensam, pp. of in-prendere. 

Emtien, v. to empty, MD ; empte, 
C3. — AS. izmctgian, to be at leisure, Ps. 4^. 
II (VP). 

Emty, adj. empty, MD, Prompt. ; 
empti, MD. — AS. emtig {cemtig), empty, 

Em,yspery, sb. hemisphere, S3. — Late 
Lat. cmispcria ^Voc.) ; Lat. hemispherium ; 
Gr. rjfiiaipaipiov. 

Enam.elen, v. to enamel, MD ; enam- 
elled, //. Sh. ; annamyllit, S3. See 

Enbibing, sb. absorption, C3. 



Enbronden, v. to embroider, MD ; 
enbroud, //. S3 ; enbroudin, S3 ; en- 
brouded, CM ; embrowded, C. — AF. en- 
broydcr. See Brayden. 

Encens, sb. incense, MD,Voc., C. — AF. 
encens ; Lat. incensum. 

EnceZLSe, "v. to offer incense, C3 ; to 
perfume with incense, MD. — OF. encenser 

Enchanntement, sb. enchantment, 
CM ; enchaunmens, pi., S2. — AF. en- 

Enchesoim, sb. occasion, H, CM, JD ; 
encheison, PP; encheson, C2, H. — AF. 
enchcsonn. See Achesoun. 

Encombren, v. to hinder, encumber, 
MD, S3 (3 b. 1098) ; encombred, //. tired, 
troubled, C, CM. — AF. enc&mbrer. 

Encorporing, sb. incorporation, C3. 

Eucorsife, adj. fattened, H. — From 
OF. encorscr, to get fat, to make flesh 

Encrees, sb. increase, S2, C, C3, PP ; 
encres, Prompt. 

Eucressen, v. to increase, C2, C3 ; 
encresen, C2. — AF. encresc-, stem of 
encrescerai, fut. of encrestre ; Lat. increscere. 

Ende, sb. end, district, territory, end of 
life, S, C3, PP ; ende, PP ; sende, S ; 
hende, S. Comb.: on ende, lastly, S. — AS. 
otde for endi=*andio (Sievers, 130); cp. 
OHG. etiti (Tatian) : Goth, andcis, con- 
nected with and, prep, towards, through, 
see SkD. 

Ende-dai, sb. day of death, MD ; ende- 
dei, S. — AS. eiide-dag. 

Endeles, adj. endless, C3 ; endelese, 
S. — AS. endeleas. 

Endeu, v. to end, S. — AS. endian. 

Eudenten, v. to write an indenture, 
PP. — AF. eiidenter, to indent, notch ; Late 
Lat. indeniare. 

Endenttir, sb. notch, S2. — AF. cnden- 

Ender, adj. comp. latter, last past, S3 
see Hindir. 

Enditen, v. to compose, write, indict 
accuse, G, PP ; endyte, C2, C3. — AF 
enditer; Late Lat. indictare. 

End-lang, adv. o^ndprep. along, S2, S3 
endelong, S,C2 ; along^e, NED ; anlong 
MD; andelongf, MD. — AS. and-lang; cp 
Icel. endlang. See A-lang'. 

Endnren, v. to harden, endure, remain 
survive, W, PP. — OF. endurer; Lat. indu 
rare, to harden. 



Ene ; see n^e. 

Ene, (i<^~>. once, S2. — AS. dne. 

Enentysch, v. to bring to nought, II ; 
enentist,//., H; see Anientise. 

Enerite, v- to inherit, W2 ; inherit, 
to take possession, Sh. — AF. enhcritcr. 

Enes, adv. once, S. See Ones. 

Eneuch, enough, S3 ; see Ynow. 

Enfecte, pp. tainted, infected, C, HD. 
— OF. i)ifcct ; Lat. infccttim. 

Enfermer, sb. superintendent of the in- 
firmary in a monastery, S2. — OY .enfermicr; 
Church Lat. iiifirmarhim (Ducange). 

Enfermerere, sb. infirmary officer, 
Cath. (p. 127;;). Cf. Permerer. 

Enflaiimen, v. to inflame, MD, W ; 
enflawmed, //., S2, W. — OF. eiijlamer, 
enjlamnier ; Lat. injiamniare. 

Enforce, v. to endeavour, strive, W ; 
enforse, W3. 

Enforme, v. to establish, teach, PP ; 
enfourmeth, /r. J., P. — AF. enfourmer; 
Lat. informare. 

Eugel, sb. angel, MD, S ; engeles,//., 
S ; enngless, 8 ; eng-lene, gen., S ; en- 
glen, dat., S. Comb.: enngle >eod, the an- 
gelic host, S.— AS. engel: OS. engil ; Goth. 
aggihis : Gr. ayyeXos. Cf. Ang'el. 

Engel, adj. English, S. See Angles. 

Engle-land, sb. England, S ; eng-elond, 
S2. — AS. Engl a land. 

Englene-lond, sb. the land of the 
English, England, S. — AS. Englena land. 

Engleymen, v. to bind together as with 
glue or viscous matter, MD, PP ; yngley- 
myn. Prompt. ; engleymed, pp., MD ; 
engleymede, H ; englymede, H. 

Englisch, adj. English, S2, PP; En- 
gliss, S2 ; aingUsc, S ; Englisse, dat., 
S ; pL, S2. — AS. englisc. 

Engreynen, v. to dye in grain, pp. 

Engyn, sb. understanding, craft, device, 
engine, MD, C2, C3 ; engyne, S3 ; engine, 
Sh. — AF. ejtgin ; Lat. ingettmm. 

Engyned,//. tortured, C. 

Enhached, //. marked, S3, HD. 

Enhastyng, pr. p. hasting, S3 ; en- 
hasted,//., HD. 

Enhaunsen, v. to raise, C, W, W2 ; 
anhaunse, NED ; enhansed, //., PP. — 
AF. enhaimcer, aihancer. 

Enhorten, v. to encourage, MD, C. — 
OF. enhorter ; Lat. inkoi-tari. 

Enke, sb. ink, MD, W ; ynke, Voc. ; 


inbe, Cath. — OF. enque (Bartsch) ; Lat. 
encanstum ; Gr. tyKavarov. 

Euker, adj. special, particular. Phr. : 
enker grene, wholly green, MD, HD. 

Enkerly, adv. particularly, entirely, B, 
MD, JD ; enkrely, B ; ynkirly, B ; yn- 
kurly, S2, B. — Icel. einkarliga, variant of 
einkanliga, especially, particularly ; see 
einka- in CV. 

Enleuene, miin. eleven, PP, W ; enle- 
ven, W ; enleue, PP ; elleuene, PP ; 
elleue, PP ; elenene, PP ; alenin, JD ; 
alewin, S3 ; allevin, S3, NED. — AS. end- 
leofan, endlufan icllefan) ; Goth, ain-lif] 
see Douse, p. 80. 

Enluminen, v. to illumine, MD, C2 ; 
enlumynyng, /;-. ^. , S3. — AF. e7iluminer. 

Enluting, sh. daubing with clay, C3. 
— Cp. Late Lat. lutare, from Lat. lutum, 

Ennewen, v. to renew, MD ; ennewed, 
pp., S3. 

Enoumbre ; see Enumbreu. 

Ennuyed, pp. annoyed, P ; see Anoyen. 

Enoynt, pp. anointed, NED, C, H ; 
anoynt, C. — AF. enoint ; Lat. immctuin, 
pp. of iniinget'e. 

Enpoisone, sh. poison ; enpoysone, 

Enpoisonen, v. to poison, MD, C2 ; 

enpoysened,//., S2. — OF. enpoisoner. 

Enquere, v. to inquire, C2, C3, G,W2 ; 
enquerl, S2. — OF. enqiierir, enquerre; 
Lat. i7iquirere. 

Enqueringe, sb. enquiry, C3. 

Ensamplarie, sh. pattern, PP. 

Ensample, sb. example, S, S2, PP, C2, 
C3 ; ensatimple, S3, P. — AF. ensample, es- 
satnple, OF. example ; Lat. exemplum. 

Ensaumplid, //. exemplified, S3. 

Ensele, v. to seal, PP. Cf. Aselen. 

Enserchen, v. to search into,W, W2. 

Enstore, v. to restore, W ; instorid, 
pp., W. — Lat. instatirare. Cf. Astore. 

Entailen, v. to cut, carve, MD; en- 
tayled, //., S3. — OF. entaillier, eniallier. 

Entencion, j-^. intention, C2; enten- 
cioun, C3. — AF. entencinn. 

Entendeiuent, sb. understanding, in- 
telligence, S3. — OF. entendeme^tt. 

Entenden, v. to give attention to, MD, 
C2. — OF. entendre; Lat. intendere. 

Entente, sb. heed, attention, purpose, 
intention, S2, PP, C2, C3 ; eutent, S2, S3, 
PP.— OF. entente. 


Ententif, adj. attentive, W2.— OF. en- 

Enteren, v. to inter, bury, MD ; en- 
teryd, //. s., S3. — OF. enterrcr; It. inter- 
rare ; from Lat. in terra, 

Enterment, sb. interment, MD. — AF. 

Entraille, sb. entrails, C2 ; entraile, 
MD ; entraylys, //., Voc. — AF. entraille ; 
cp. Prov. intralias, pi.; Sp. entranas,iiom 
Lat. interanea, the inward parts. 

Enumbren, v. to enshadow, obscure, 
hide, MD; euoniu'bre, S2. — OF. enom- 
brer; Church Lat. in-umbrare. 

Enuenymen, v. to envenom, PP ; en- 
venimed,//., C2. — AF. envenimer. 

Envenymes, sb. pi. poisons, P. 

Envined, //. provided with wine, C. — 
OF. cnvim (^Cotg.). 

Euviroun, adv. in a circuit, around, 
MD ; environ, S3 ; envyronn, S3. Comb.: 
in enuyrown, S2 ; bi enuyronn, MD. — 
OF. environ. 

EnvirOTUieil, v. to surround, to move 
round, to go about, MD ; envyrone, S2. 
— OF. environner. 

Envolupen, v. to wrap up, C3. — AF. 

Enuye, sb. annoyance, S ; see Anoy. 

Eny, adj. any, PP, S, S2, G ; eni, S, PP ; 
eani, MD, S ; ai, MD, S ; eie, S ; ei, 
MD, S ; ani3, MD ; ani, MD, S, S2 ; oni, 
MD ; ony, S2, C, W. Cojnb. : eanis weis, 
in any way, any ways, S ; eisweis, S ; 
eyweis, NED (s. v. any-ujise) ; any ways, 
NED ; ani;e wise, in any wise, NED ; 
aniwise, S. — AS. csnig. 

Eode, pt. s., went, S ; isede, S ; eoden, 
pi., S2 ; ieden, S. — AS. eode ; Goth, iddja ; 
see Douse, pp. 185, 188, and Brugmann, 
§ 61. Cf. 5eode. 

Eoli ; see Ble. 

Eom, I pr. s., am, MD ; see Am. 

Eom ; see Eem. 

Eomen, v. to nm, S, S2 ; see Bennen. 

Eorre, sb. anger, MD, S ; urre, S, MD ; 
oerre, S ; irre, MD. — AS. irre, angry, 
anger : OS. irri, angry, OHG. irri, out of 
the right way (Otfrid) : Goth, airzeis, 
astray ; cp. Lat. errare for *ersare. Cf. 

Eort$6 ; see ErCe. 

Eoten ; see Eten. 

Eon'wer, pron. your, S ; see joure. 

Eppel, sb. apple, MD ; see Appel. 

T^T^pr. pi. are, H ; ere, S2 ; see Axen. 



Er, adv., conj. andprep. ere, before, S, S2, 
C2, PP; ear, S, S3; ayr, S3; yer, S3 ; 
ber, S ; ar, S, S2, G, H, P ; or, S, S2, S3, 
C3; ore, S2 ; are, S, S2, H, PP ; here, 
S. Comb. : or ere, before, WW, Sh. ; ere 
euer,W W. Emr, comp. formerly, S ; erest, 
superl. soonest, first, S, PP ; erst, S, S2, S3, 
C2, C3 ; earst, S ; arst, G, P ; crest, S ; 
serst, S ; serest, S. — AS. <zr, comp. <kror, 
superl. aef-est. 
Erayn, sb. spider, H ; see Aranye. 
Erche-bissop, sb. archbishop ; see 

Erche-dekene, sb. archdeacon, S2 ; 
see Archideken. 
Erd, sb. native land, home, S ; sard, S ; 
erde, dat., P : berdes, //., S (15. 2410). — 
AS. eard; OS. ard. 

Erden, v. to dwell, MD ; ertbe, S, 
MD ; earden, MD. — AS. eardian ; cp. 
OHG. arton (Tatian). 
Erding'-stouwe, sb. dwelling-place, 
MD ; earding'stowe, S. 

Ere, sb. ear, S, C2, PP ; eere, W2 ; sere, 
.S ; earen,//., S, S2 ; eren, S; eeris, W2, 
PP. Comb.: eerering, ear-ring, W2. — AS. 
eare : Goth, auso ; cp. Lat. auris. 
^TQ,, are, S2 ; er, H ; see Aren. 
Erende, sb. errand, message, business, 
PP, S; emde, S2, PP; earende, MD ; 
arende, MD ; 2:rnde. MD ; berdne, S. — 
AS. (krende ; cp. OS. diiindi, Icel. eyrindi ; 
OHG. drunti (Otfrid) ; connected with AS. 
dr, messenger. 

Erewe, adj. timid, S ; ergb, JD ; ery, 
eerie, JD ; see Arwe. 

Erfe, sb. cattle, MD ; errfe, S ; erne, 
S. — O. Merc, erfe, erbe, inheritance (OET. 
p. 539) : OS. erbi, OHG. erbi (Tatian, 
Otfrid) : Goth, arbi; cp. Olr. orbe (Win- 
disch^i ; see Orf. 
ErfeS, adj. difficult, MD ; see Arfe«. 
Erien, v. to plough, MD, PP; eren, 
PP, W, C ; ear, WW ; erynge,/r. /., W; 
eriden, pt. pi., W2. — AS. erian : Goth. 
arjan ; cp. Lat. arare ; see Douse, p. 1 14 {e). 
Eringe, sb. ploughing, S2, PP ; earing', 
S3. — AS. erung. 

Eritage, sb. heritage, S2, PP.— AF. 

Erl, sb. a man of noble birth, earl, MD, 

S, C2 ; SBorl, S ; erle, S3 (15 a. i) ; yerle, 

S3; eorles, //., S; 5ierles, S; serlen, 

dat., S. — AS. eorl: OS. erl; cp. \ct\. jarl. 

Erl-dom, sb. earldom, PP ; erldome, P. 

Erly, adv. early, C, C2 ; erlycbe, 82 ; 



arly, H ; yerly, S3 ; axely, H ; erliclie, 
S2. — AS. (krlice. 
Erme, a^ij- dat. poor, S ; see Arm. 
Erme, vAq feel sad, grieve, C3, CM. — 
AS. cannian ; see Ten Brink, Chaucer, 48, 
4. See Arm. 

Erming, a<//'. wretched, S; sh. a wretched 
being, S; earmynges,//., S. — KS.earming. 
Ermite, sh. hermit, PP ; eremite, PP, 
82 ; heremyte, S2 ; ermytes,//., S2, PP ; 
beremites, P ; hermites, S. — AF. ermite 
{Jiercmitc, hcnnitc) ; Church Lat. eremita 
(Jieremitd) ; Gr. tprjfiiTrjs, from ep'/M'^'j ^ 

Em, sb. eagle, MD, JD, S ; erne, S2 ; 
aryn, H ; am, HD ; sera, MD ; ernes, 
//., CM ; hernez, S2.— AS. eai-n, ONorth. 
am ; from Goth, ara ; cp. OHG. dro, also 
am, pi. crni (Tatian). 
Ernde ; see Erende. 
Emeu, v. to earn, MD ; amen, MD. — 
AS. earnian : OHG. arnon, to reap a har- 
vest (Otfrid), from arno, harvest : Goth. 
Emen, "v. to run, S ; see Bennen. 
Ernes, sb- a pledge, earnest, MD, W; 
emest, S2 : emesse, dat., S. — OF. ej'nes, 
prob. for *cr2es ; so in F. giiigne the n is 
for an older /; see Brachet. Cf. Aries. 

Ernest, sb. eagerness, seriousness, ear- 
nest, C, MD ; eornest, MD. — AS. earnest, 
earnestness : OHG. ernust, sorrow (Tatian). 
Emestful, adj. earnest, MD, C2. 
Ernestly, adv. eagerly, quickly, S2, 

Emung, sb. earning, desert, MD ; eam- 
ynge, S. See Emen. 

Errannt, adj. vagabond, arrant, PP, 
MD. — OF. en-ant, wandering, vagabond 
(Cotg.). See Erren. 

Erre, sb. a scar, wound, Voc. (680. 1) ; 
arre, NED ; ar, HD ; arr, JD ; erres, 
//., H, NED. Cp. Dan. ar, Icel. iir, orr. 

Erren, v. to wander, W, MD ; erriden, 
//. //., W. — OF. errcr; Lat. errare. Cf. 

Ert, 2 pr. s. art, S, S2, H, PP ; erton, 
art thou, S2. — AS. eart. 
Erthe, 'v. to dwell, S ; see Erden. 
Erthe, sb. earth, S, C2, C ; eor^e, S ; 
yertlie, S3 ; vrj)e, S2 ; erd, S3. Covib : 
anerjje, on earth, S2. — AS. eorSe; OS. er6a : 
cp. OHG. erda (Otfrid). 

Ertheli, adj. earthly, S2 ; erUliclie, S 
ear^icli, S. — AS. eorthlice. 
Ertlxe-mouyngi sb. earthquake, W. 


Ertlie-SCliakyng, sb. earthquake, W. 
Erthe-tiliere, sb. tiller of land, W ; 
erthe-tileris,//.,\V2. — Cp. AS. eorp-tilia. 
Erthe-tiliynge, sb. husbandry', W. 
Erue ; see Erfe. 
Es, conj. as, PP ; see Also. 
Es, pr. s., is, S, S2, H ; esse, S2 ; see Is. 
Escape, sb. transgression, HD, ND, Sh. ; I 
escapes,//., S3. y 

Escliame, v. to be ashamed ; escliamyt, 
//., S3 ; see NED (s.v. ashame). 

Eschapen, v. to escape, S2 ; escapen, 
MD ; ascapen, W2,P; chapyt,//., S3. — 
AF. cschaper, escaper. Cf Acliape. 
Eschaping, sb. escape, S2. 
Eschaunge, sb. exchange, C, PP. — AF. 

Escheker, sb. chess-board, treasury, ex- 
chequer, MD ; esscheker, PP ; cheker, P ; 
checker, S3 ; chekyr, PP ; chesquier, PP. 
^AF. escheker, OF. escheqiiier. 
Eschen, v. to ask, MD ; see Asken. 
Esclietes, sb. pi. escheats, PP ; es- 
cheytes, forfeitures, PP ; ctetes, P. — AF. 
eschete (pi. eschaetes) ; es = ex + chaet, pp. of 
chaoir; Lat. cadere; see Bartsch, p. 511. 

Esclxewen, v. to eschew, avoid, S3, PP ; 
eschuwen, PP ; esclme, C3, C, PP.— AF. 
eschuer, OF. eschever, eschiver ; OHG. 
sciuhan, sciuhen, to be afraid of (Otfrid). 
See Schey. 
Escrien, ^'•to cry out, MD ; see Ascrien. 
Ese, sb. ease, C2, C3, P; else, S, PP; 
eyse, PP.— AF. else, OF. aise, pleasure ; 
cp. It. agio, ease, convenience (Florio). 

Ese, adj. easy, at leisure ; eese, S2 ; else, 
S. — OF. aise, glad. 
Eseliche, adv. easily, S2 ; esily, C2, C. 
Esement, sb. solace, S3.— AF. esement, 

Esen, V. to entertain, MD, C ; esed,//., 
C. — OF. aiser, aisier. 
Esnxayed, //. dismaj^ed, frightened, S3, 
HD.— OF. e'smaier, to frighten ; Lat. ex -h 
Low Lat. *magare, from Teutonic source ; 
OHG. mag-, stem of /migan, to be able ; cp. 
It. smagare, to vex out of his wits (Florio). 
Cf. Dismayen. 

Esperance, sb. hope, S3 ; esplrance, 
S3 ; esperaunce, CM. — OF. esperatice. 

Espye, "v. to see, discover, C, C3. — OF. 
espier, It. spiare ; OHG. spihan, see Diez. 
See Aspien. 
Est, adj. east, S, 82, C2, C3, Prompt. 
Comb.: est del, the east, 82; estward, 
eastward, C2 ; see Eest. 


Estat, sb. state, C, MD ; estaat, C3 ; 
astate, S3, NED; estate, PP ; astates, 
pi., ranks, S3. — OF. estat; Lat. statiim. 
Cf. Stat. 

Estatlich, adj. dignified, C. 

Este, sb. favour, grace, delicacy, dainty, 
8 ; esterijpi. , S ; esteue, gen. , S. — AS. 6st : 
OS. anst, OHG. anst (Otfrid) : Goth, ansts 
(stem ansti-). 

Este, adj. pleasant, kind, 82, MD. — AS. 

Ester, sb. Easter, 8, S2 ; estren, dat., 
S. Comb. : estrene dai, Easter-day, S. — 
AS. eastro, sb. pi. the passover, easter-tide, 
eastretta (gen. pi.), from Eastre, the AS. 
form of the name of a German goddess of 
light and spring sunshine; see Grimm, Teut. 
M., p. 289. 

Estre, sb. being, nature, quality, also, 
the place where one is, dwelling, quarters, 
chambers, or inner part of a house, HD, 
MD ; estres, //., C, HD, CM; esters, 
CM. — OF. estre, a sb. from an infin. 
(Bartsch) ; Late Lat. essere, to be ; see 
Brachet (s. v. etre). See also estre in Cotg. 

Estrin-laud, sb. Eastern land, S2. See 

Esy, adj. easy, gentle, MD, C, PP, 
Prompt. ; eesy, MD. — OF. aisie. See Ese. 

Et, prep, at, 8. Coinb. : et-foren, be- 
fore, S. — AS. a:t. 

Eten, V. to eat, S, C2, PP; seten, S; 
eoten, S ; eet, PP ; hete, S ; ett, /;-. s., 
8 ; eet, PP ; et, PP ; et, //. s.,^; ete, 82 ; 
eet, C2, C3, PP; aeten, //., 8 ; eten, 8, 
C2, PP; eoten, 8; eeten, G; eten,//., 
S, PP ; ijeten, 8, 82; ijete, 82; y-ete, 
82; eyt, S3. — AS. etan, pt. s. at (pi. cetoii), 
pp. eten, see Sievers, 391,3; Goth, itan, 
see Douse, p. 44. 

Eteme, adj. eternal, C, HD. — OF. 
eterne ; Lat. aetermim. 

Etforen, Ethalden ; see At-fore, 

Eth, a<ij. easy, H ; ea«, S, MD.— AS. 
iaSe, tde: OS. 6di ; cp. Goth, authis, desert, 
waste, see Weigand (s. v. ode). 

Eth,-, prejix, easily. — Cp. AS. iap-, ^p-, 
yp- ; cp. Icel. au^-. 

EtJe, c-dv. easily, 8, HD ; ea'Se, S. 

E'Se-lich., adj. slight, light, 8. 

Ethelyng, sb. a noble, 8 ; see Athel- 

Et$eiU, sb. breath, S. — A8. aim, {^m ; 
OHG. dttim (G. athein),s,te Sievers, 45. 6. 

Et$e-XU.oded, adj. gentle, well-disposed, 



S, MD. — Cp. AS. iaSmodian, to obey. See 

E^en, adv. hence ; see HeUen. 

E^-lete, adj. lightly esteemed, MD ; 
e?late, S. See Eth, Eth-. 

ES-sene, adj. easily seen, 8 ; etScene, 
8 ; etscene, 8. 

Etlunge, sb. purpose, conjecture, 8 ; 
see Atlinge. 

Etteleden, //. //. directed their way, 
went straight, S2 ; see Atlien. 

Eu, you, 8 ; see 50U. 

Eu-bruclie, sb. adultery, MD, 8 ; eau- 
bruche, MD ; sewbrseche, Voc. — AS. iw- 
bryce. See 2!. 

Eure, pron. your, 8 ; see Jonre. 

Euangelie, sb. gospel, PP, W ; enan- 
gile, 82 ; ewang'elye, 82, PP ; euangyles, 
pi., C3. — OF. evangile ; Lat. evangelium 
(Vulg.) ; Gr. (vayy(\iov. 

Euangeliste,^^- evangelist, PP; euan- 
gelist, C2 ; ewani^eliste, 8. — OF. evan- 
geliste (AF. ewangclist) ; Lat. evangelista 
(Vulg.) ; Gr. eiiayytXiar-qs. 

Enangelize, ^- to preach, W. 

Euel, adj. and adv. evil, S, W2, 82, PP ; 
see yuel. 

Euel-les, adj. guiltless, S3. 

Enen, sb. even, 8, P ; efenn, 8 ; ene, 8, 
C2, C3, PP. Comb. : euene-sterre, even- 
ing star, W2 ; eue-song', even-song, 82 ; 
euyn-songe, 83 ; euensong-e, P. — AS. 
<kfen (efen) : OHG. dband (Otfrid), see 
Sievers, 45. 

Enen, adj. even, equal, fellow, MD, 82, 
W; euene, C2, PP ; adv., PP ; efne, S; 
eefne, S ; ewin, 83. Cotnb. : efen-ald, of 
the same age, MD ; euen-cristene, fellow- 
christian, 8, PP., HD ; em-cristen, 8, 82 ; 
euen-forth, according to, to the extent of, 
PP ; em-forth, C, PP ; euen-forth, di- 
rectly forward, S3; euen-forward, directly 
forward, HD ; euene-long, of proper 
height, S ; euene- worth, of like value, W3. 
—AS. e/en: OS. eban, OHG. eban (Ot- 

Eueneu, ^- to make equal, to be equal, 
MD, 8 ; effnenn, 8. — AS. e/nau. 

Euenhed, sb. equality, equity, H (Ps. 
108. 2) ; euynhede. Prompt. 

Euenli, adv. evenly, W2 ; euenllche, 
MD ; euelyche, 8. — AS. cfenlice. 

Enennesse, sb. equity, W2. 

Euenynge, sb. an equal, 8 ; efiiingf, S. 
— Cp. IciA.jafningi. 

Euerich, adj. every, S, 82, C2 ; averelc, 



MD ; SBverelch, MD ; everecb, MD, S ; 
evrech, Ml), S; afric, S; efrec, MD ; 
evrec, MD; ever ilk, MD, S3; everUc, 
MD, S; euerich, S, S2, C2 ; eavrich, 
MD ; seueric, S ; sevric, MD ; efrich, 
MD ; eurich, S, S2 ; seueralche, S ; aue- 
rich, S ; afri, S ; eaiieriche, S ; ever- 
ench, S ; eauereuch., S. Comb. : eue- 
rich on, every one, S2, C2, C3 ; everych 
one, S2 ; euerilk an, S2. — AS. afre + alc; 
see Eure (ever) and Eche. 

Euese, sb. border, brink, edge (of a roof, 
mountain, forest). Prompt., MD ; heuese, 
MD ; eneses, //., PP.— AS. efese: OHG. 
obisa, opasa ; see Sievers, 93. Cp. E. caves. 

Euesien, v. to clip round, to shear, 
MD ; euesed, //., S3 ; i-eveset, S. — AS, 

Euesunge, sb. a clipping, what is clip- 
ped off, MD ; eaves, MD ; evesing, 
Manip. ; aisings, //., PP _ («.). Comb. : 
liouse-euysynge ( = domicilium), H. — AS. 
efesung (Voc). 

Euete, sb. eft, nevsrt, "W2 ; newte, Voc. 
(642. 27) ; eueten, pL, S; ewtes, MD. — 
AS. efeta (Voc). 

Euorye, sb. ivory, HD ; yvory, Prompt.; 
everey, Voc. — Prov. evori (avori) ; Lat. 
eboreiim, made of ivory ; cp. F. ivoire, It. 
avorio (Florio) ; see Diez. 

Euour, sb. ivory, S3, HD ; euor, H ; 
evir, S3 ; ivor, Prompt. ; yuer, W, W2. 
— Of French origin, from Lat. ebur. 

Eure, adv. ever, S, S2, PP ; euere, S, 
82, PP; efre, S, MD ; afre, S; efer, S, 
MD ; eauer, S, MD ; sefer, MD ; auer, 
S ; seuere, S ; auere, S ; seuere, S ; aer, 
MD ; er, MD. Comb. : euer among', 
continually, S3 ; euer eiper, each, S3 ; 
efreni, ever any, S ; euermo, evermore, 
S, S2, C2, C3 ; sefremo, S ; euermor, S ; 
seuer te, ever as yet, S. — AS. le/z-e, from 
dwa (a) ; see SkD, and Sievers, 192.4. 

Ew, sb, yew, C, Voc. ; ewe, Cath. — AS. 
/w ; cp. OHG. iwa. 

Ewage, sb. beryl, PP. — OF. ezvage, con- 
nected with water (Roquefort) ; Lat. aqtia- 
ticnm. The green beryl is called by jewel- 
lers aqua manna. See below. 

Ewe ardaunt, sb. burning water, 82.— 
AF. nvc, cue, aigtte ; Lat. aqziain, see 
Academy, No. 459, p. 139; cp. Goth. 

Ewen, V. to show. — AS. ytvan : Goth. 
aiigjan ; cp. OHG. ougen (Otfrid). See 
Atewen, E^e. 


Ewer, sb. a water-carrier, also, vessel for 
water, Palsg. ; euwere, MD ; eware, 
aquaruis. Prompt. — AF. ewer, SkD (p. 
S03) ; OF. euzvier, aiguier. 

Ewllcll, adj. every, MD (s. v. alc^ ; 
ewilclie, MD ; iwilch, MD ; uwilc, MD, 
S ; uwilch, MD, S ; ewiche, S. — AS. a-g- 
hwilc : OHG. io-gi-ivelih (Tatian), eo-gi- 
hwclih ; see Sievers, 347. i. 

Ewin ; see Euen. 

Exerce, v. to exercise, S3. — OF. exer- 
cer ; Lat. exerccrc. 

Exhibition, sb. payment, S3, Sh.— 
AF. exhibicioun ; Late Lat. exhibitionem 

Expert, adj. experienced, C3. See Apert. 

Expert, V. to experience, S3. 

Expounen, v. to expound, PP, €2,03; 
expowne, S2, S3; expounde, C2. — Lat. 

Expownyug, sb. interpretation, W. 

Ey, sb. egg, C, C3, Prompt. ; eye, S3, 
W ; ay, G, HD ; eyren, pi., PP ; eiren, 
PP ; eirun, W2 ; ayren, MD ; egges, PP, 
—AS. ag (pi. agni) ; cp. Icel. egg, whence 
E. egg. 

Eyle, adj. loathsome, troublesome, NED ; 
AS. egle : OTeut. *agIjo ; cp. Goth, ag/us ; 
see Sievers, 303. 

Eylen, v. to trouble, afflict, NED ; 
eilin, S; eilep, /n s., S2, PP ; eyleth, 
C2,C3, C, PP.— AS. eglan : Goth, ag/jan. 

Eyre, sb. air, C3, P ; eire, W ; eyr, C ; 
eir, W2, PP ; aier, PP ; ayer, S3 ; air, 
S2 (20. 167); aire, NED.— OF. air; Lat. 

Eyre, sb. heir, S2, PP; eire, W, PP; 
ayre, HD ; aire, S2 ; eir, S, S2 ; eyr, 
G ; eyer, S2 ; heir, S, C2 ; heyr, C3.— 
OF. eir, heirs ; Lat. heres. 

Eyren, sb. pi. ; see Ey. 

Ejrt ; see Eten., sb. pi. harrows, PP. — AS. egede, 
harrow : OHG. egida. 

E5e, sb. awe, MD ; eie, S ; eye, S, G ; 
5eie, S ; a5eie, S, NED ; aye, HD ; ey5e, 
G. — AS. egc : Goth, agis ; see Sievers, 263. 
4. Cf. Awe. 

Eje, sb. eye, S, S2, PP ; ehe, S ; 
eglie, S; eie, S2 ; ye, S2, C2, C3, G; 
i5e, S3, W, \V2 ; yje, W2 ; e, 82, S3 ; ee, 
S3 ; ejen, pi., S, 82 ; egen, S ; eien, 8 ; 
eyen, S, 82, P ; eyn, S3 ; eghen, 82, C ; 
eijen, 82, PP ; eijyen, 82; eyne, Sh. ; 
ebne, 8 ; ene, S3 ; eye, 82 ; i5en, W, Wa, 
S3; yjen, S2 j iyen, S3; yen, C2, C3 ; 


eygh.en, P ; eighen ; ine, S2 ; eyglies, 
PP; eyghe, PP.— AS. ^a^e: Goth, azt^o ; 
cp. OHG. cm£-a (^Otfrid). 

E^e-lid, sd. eye-lid, MD ; eheUd, S 
E;e-pat, sd. the socket of the eye ; eje- 
puttes,//., MD. 
E^e-bnrl, sd. window ; ehpurl, MD. — 



iag-pyrl\ cp. Goth, auga-dauro, window 

E^lie-silltJe, sb. the sight of the eye, 
presence, MD ; ehsiUSe, S ; ije-sijt, S3. 

Zi^-sen, sb. presence ; eigphesene, dat., 
MD ; sehseone, MD; ecsene, MD ; ex- 
sene, MD. — Cp. Icel. aiig-syn, OHG. oug- 
siicni (Tatian). 


Pa, adj. few, H ; see Pewe. 

Pa, Paa, sb. foe, S, S2 ; see Poo. 

Pace, sb. face, PP ; a term in astrology, 
C2. — OF.face; 'Lz.X. facicm. 

Pacion, sb. fashion, S3 ; see Pasoun. 

Pacound, sb. eloquence, fluency, CM ; 
facunde, H, Prompt. — OF. faconde ; Lat. 

Pacound, adj. eloquent, CM. — OF. 
faconde ; 'Lz.X.. facundum . 

Pade, adj. weak, faint (of colour), MD ; 
vad, MD.— OF./wf^. 

Paden, v. to fade, lose colour, wither, 
to cause to wither, MD, Cath., Prompt. ; 
vade, MD, Sh., HD. 

Pader, sb. father, S, S2, C3 ; Peader, 
S ; feder, S ; vader, 8,82; veder, S ; fa- 
dre, 82 ; faderes, gcti. s., 8 ; fadres, C2 ; 
fader, 82, C2, C3 ; faderes, //., 82 ; fa- 
dres, C2 ; fadris, W. — AS.fosder. 

Padme, sb. fathom, ziliia, MD, Prompt., 
C ; fadome, CM ; fedme, MD ; fadmen, 

Padmen, v. to embrace, MD, Prompt. ; 
falSmen, MD ; fadmede,//. s., MD; fap- 
med, //., MD, 82. — AS. fcESt?itan. 

Paec, sb. space, inter^-al, portion of time ; 
fece, dat., 8. — AS. fcac; cp. OHG. fah 
(MHG. vach), a wall, a compartment. 

Paeie, adj. pi. dead, 8 ; see Peye. 

Paerd, sb. army, 8 ; see Perd. 

Pseren, '^^ to fare, 8 ; see Paren. 

Psetl, adj. few, 8 ; see Pewe. 

Pagen, adj. fain, 8 ; see Payn. 

Pai, sb. faith, 82 ; fay, G ; see PeiS. 

Paie, sb. fay, fairy, 82 ; see Pay. 

Pail, sb. greensward, JD ; faill, 83 ; 
fail, grassy clod cut from the sward, JD. — 
Gael.yi//, wall, hedge, sod ; Oli.fdl, wall, 
hedge Windischj. 

Pail-dyke, sb. dike built of sods, JD. 

PaillCt ^- to fail, 8, C2 ; fa.j\9, 82 ; fail- 

ede,pt. s., S. — KY.faillir; Late Lat. /ai- 
lire for LdX./allere. 

Paille, sb. fail, doubt, MD ; feale, S3. 

Painen, v. to rejoice, 82 ; see Paynen. 

Paire, sb. fair, P ; see Peyre. 

Pairye, sb. fairy power, fairy land, C2 ; 
see Payerye. 

Pait, sb. deed, 82,PP ; faite, PP ; see Pet. 

Paiten, v. to beg vmder false pretences, 
PP ; fayten, PP. 

Paiterie, sb. deceit, PP ; fayterye, 
Prompt., HD. 

Paitour, sb. pretender, impostor, vaga- 
bond, MD, PP; fsLytowve, ^cfor, Prompt.; 
faytoures, //., 83 ; faitors, H. — OF. fai- 
toter, faitcdr (Godefroy) ; Late Lat. *facti- 

Palding, sb. a kind of coarse cloth, C, 
HD ; faldynge, amphibalus, birrtts, Cath., 

Pallace, sb. deceitfalness, W ; fallas, 
W, HD. — OF. fallace ; Lat. fallacia 

Pallen, v. to fall, 8, C2; nallen, 8; 
feol,pt. s., 8 ; fel, 8 ; fil, C2 ; fal, 8 ; fyl, 
82 ; i-uel, 8; fille, 83 ; vul, 82 ; feolle, 
stibj., 8 ; feUen, //., 8 ; feUe, S ; fiUe, 
C2 ; felden, 82, W, W2 ; y-faUen, //., 
C2 ; i-faUe, 8 ; faUe, 82, C2 ; faUynff 
{Scotch form), S3 ; feld, \V.— A8. {ge)feal- 
lan, -pt.fioll, pp. ge-fcalkn. 

Pallow, sb. fellow, 82, S3 ; see Pelawe. 

Pallow, -<J- to be fellow to, S3 ; see Pe- 

Pallyilge, sb. a falling; faUyngis,//., 
ruins, W2, H. 

Pallynge-ax, sb. felling-axe, W2 ; see 

Pallynge-euylle, sb. the falling-sick- 
ness, epilepsy, 82. 

Pals, adj. false, MD, C2; false, MD, 
C2, — AY./als; \ji.X. falsum. 



Fals-hede, s/>. falsehood, S3, C3 ; fal- 
set, S3. 

Falsien, ->■ to make false, MD ; falsyn, 
Prompt. ; falsed, //., C2.— OF. /aiscr 
{mod. /i7!/ssc-r); Late Lat. /a/sare. 

Falsnessis, frauds, W2. 

Palten, v. to fail, to be wanting in, to 
stammer ; fait,/;-, s., S ; fauten,//., PP. — 
OF. */a/U'r (whence F./aufc) ; cp. It. /al- 
tarc, freq. form oil^zX.faUcre. 

Faltreu, v. to totter, SkD, C3, CM ; to 
stammer, falter. Prompt. ; foltred,//., S3. 

Falwe, «'^'- fallow, pale, yellow, MD. 
— K'S./ealH {stem /ca/wa). 

Falwen, w. to become yellow, pallid, to 
fade, MD ; faluwen, MD ; valuwen, S. — 
AS. /ea/u7vtan. 

Familier, adj. familiar, Manip. ; famu- 
Uer, C ; famuler, MD. — AF. fatnilier ; 
Lat. familiarcm. 

Fand, pt- s. found, S, S2, S3 ; see Pind- 

Fandien, v. to try, seek, strive, to prove, 
MD, S ; fande, S2, H ; fonde, S, S2, S3, 
C2 ; uonden, S ; faynd, B ; i-fonded,//., 
S. — KS. fundi a7i ; deriv. ofTinden. 

Fanding, sb. tempting, temptation, S2 ; 
fandyng-e, H ; fondunge, S ; fondyng^, 

82, G; uondynge, S2. — KS. faiidung. 

Fane, sb. banner, streamer, S3, MD .• 

fayn, weather-vane, S3 ; fan, C3 ; vane, 

C2 ; fanys, //., streamers, S3. — AS. fana, 

a standard, Goth.ya«a, a bit of cloth ; cp. 

Lat. panmis {paints), see Curtius, 362. 
Fantasie, sb. fancy, PP ; fantasy, S3 ; 

fantasies,//., P ; fantasyes,S2, C2. — OF. 

fantasie ; Lat. phantasia ; Gr. (pavraaia. 
Fantome, s/>. deceptive appearance, 

falsehood, apparition, MD, C3 ; fantoum, 

MD ; fantum, S2, W ; fantom, H ; fan- 

tesme, MD; fanteme, MD. — OF. fan- 

tosme (Ps. 78. 4) ; Low Lat. *fantasuma 

(cp. Prov. fantauma) ; Lat. phantasma ; 

Gr. (pdvTafffui. 
Fare, sb. journey, S ; doing, business, 

S2, C3, C ; behaviour, G. 
Fareil, v. to go, to fare, to behave, S, 

S2, C2 ; uaren, S; faeren, S; far, S3; 

vare, S; fair, S3; farst, 2 pr. s., S; 

feareV, pr. s., S ; fars, S2 ; varp, //., S2 ; 

for, pi. s., S, S2 ; i-faren, pp.,S; faren, 

MD, S2 ; fare, S, S2, C2 ; i-fare, S, S2. 

Comb.: far wel, farewell, C2; //. fareth. 

wel, C3 ; farewel, it is all over!, C3. — 

AS. faran, pt./Jr, i>p./arcn. 


Farme, sb, a feast, meal, CM, MD ; see 

Farsen, v. to stuff, HD ; farsed,//., C ; 
farsid, H. — OY.farcir; 'Lat./arcire. 

FaSOUn, sb. fashion, make, shape, MD, 
CM ; fassoun, S3 ; faccion, S3 ; facions, 
//., S3. — OF. fason, fasson, faf Oft; Lat. 

Fast, adj. firm, fixed, SkD ; fest, S ; 
faste, adv. fast, firmly, quickly, soon, PP, 
S, C2; securely, S; feste, S; fast, soon, 
PP ; close, S2 ; ueste, S ; naste, S2. Phr. : 
fast aboute, very eager, G. — AS. fast, 

Fasten, v. to make fast, also to fast,/.?- 
junare, MD, W (Mt. 6. 16) ; fest, S2 ; 
fseston, //. //., confirmed, S; fested, //., 
S2.— AS. fcBstaii; cp. Qoth.. fastan, 'jeju- 
Fasten, sb. fasting, S ; festen, S. 
Fasting, sb. abstinence from food, MD; 
fasstinng, S. 
Fast-lice, adv. continuously, S. 
Fastnesse, sb. stronghold, MD ; fest- 
nes, S2. 
Fast-rede, adj. firm in counsel, S. 
Fat, sb. vessel, S, Voc ; fet, MD ; net, 
MD ; feat, MD ; neat, S ; faten, //., S. — 
AS. feet: OS. fat; cp. OHG./as (Tatian). 
Fat, adj. fat, MD ; fet, S ; fette,//., S, 
— AS. feet; cp. IcA.feitr. 

Fabmen, v. to embrace, S2 ; see Pad- 

Fancon, sb. falcon, C2 ; fanconn, PP ; 
faukyn, PP ; faucones, //., P. — AF.fau- 
con,falcun; l^'sX.falconem. 

Faunt, sb. child, infant, MD ; faunte, 
HD ; fanntes, //., P ; fauntis, P.— OF. 
fant, It. f ante; Lat. infantem. 
Fauntee, sb. childishness, PP. 
Fauntekyn, sb. little child, PP; 
fawntkyne, HD ; fantekyne, HD. 

Fauntelet, sb. infancy, properly a little 
infant, PP. 
Fauntelte, sb. childishness, PP. 
Faur, mim. four, MD ; faure, S2 ; see 

Fanr-tend, ord. fourteenth, S2. Cf. 

Faute, sb. fault, MD ; fant, S2.— OF. 
faute,falte. See Palten. 

Fauel, sb. impersonification of Flattery, 
PP ; fauuel, S2 ; fanell, flattery, S3.— 
OF. favele, talk ; Lat. fabella, ' sermo bre- 
l vis ' (Ducange). 


Fawcll, s^. fallow, S3 ; fanch, ]T> ; 
faugh, HD ; fauf, HD. Comd. : fawch- 
;allow, fallow-yellow, S3. 

Fawe, eu^j. few, S ; see Pewe. 

Pawely, adv. few, S3. 

Fawn, sd. fawn, the young of an animal, 
MD ; eiiulus = Jiitmiilus, a young mule, 
Voc. ; fawne, hinultis, Voc. ; fowne, hin- 
nilus, Voc. [these Voc. words occur close 
to names for deer] ; fawne, himmhis, 
Cath. ; fownys, //., S2,.—0¥.faon,febn, 
foiin ; perhaps a derivative of hut. /oeius, 
see Diez, p. 580. 

Fay, si>. fay, fairy, a person endued with 
supernatural powers, HD ; fade, S2 ; faies, 
//., RD.— OF. fje (Jce) ; Late Lat. fata, 
from Lat. faftim, a decree of destiny ; cp. 
\\..fata, Sp. hada. 

Fayerye, sb. magic, fairy world, a fairy, 
MD ; fayreye, PP ; feyrye, fairy origin, 
S2 ; feyrie, S2, PP ; fairye, C2 ; fairy, 
P. — OF. faerie, enchantment, also feerie, 

Fa3riU, sb. foam, S3 ; see room. 

Fayn, sb. streamer, weather-vane, S3 ; 
see Fane. 

Fayn, adj. fain, glad, willing, S2, C2, 
MD ; fag-en, S ; fain, MD ; uaein, S ; 
fein, MD ; nein, MD ; feyn, S2 : fawen, 
MD ; fawe, adv., gladly, MD ; fainest, 
stiperl., Q^L—AS. frgcn. 

Faynen, v. to rejoice, PP; fainen, S2 : 
faunen, to fawTi, PP ; fawnyn, Prompt. — 
AS. fagenian,fu:gnian. 

Faynen, v. to feign, S3 ; see Peynen. 

Faynnes, .f^. gladness, H (Ps. 67. 3) ; 
faynes, H. See Payn. 

Fayntise, sb. pretence, S3 ; fayntis, 
H ; see Peyntise. 

Fayre, adj. fair. C2. PP ; fa;5err, MD ; 
faeijer. MD ; faiger, MD ; feijer, MD ; 
feier, S ; nair, 82; feir, MD, S; nayr, 
S2 ; fayr, S ; vaire, S; faire, //.. S; 
feyre, S, S2 ; veyrer, com p., S2 ; fseirest, 
si4perl., S ; fsereste, //., S ; faireste, S. — 
AS. fcrger. 

Fayre, adv. courteously, kindly, PP ; 
faeire, S ; fa;;re, S ; faire, S, P ; feyre, 
S, .S2, CM ; feire, S, S2 ; naire, S2. 

Fayrehed, sb. beauty, fairness ; faire- 
hed, S2 ; fairhede. S ; nayrliede, S2. 

Faymes, sb. beauty, MD ; faimesse, 
S, C2. 

Fayten, v. to tame, mortify, PP, S2 ; 
faiten, PP. See Afaiten. 



Fa;e, pL spotted, S ; see Poh. 

Feale, sb. fail, failure, S3 ; see Paille. 

Fearen, v. to fare, S ; see Paren. 

Feawe, adj. few, S ; see Pewe. 

Feble, adj. feeble, S, S2, PP ; fieble, 
C2, P ; feblore, comp., S2 ; febelore, PP ; 
fibler, VT.— OY. feble, foible ; \.?i\.. flebiUm. 

Feble-like, adv. in sorry fashion, S. 

Feblen, v. to become weak, to make 
weak, PP ; febli, S2 ; febly, S2 ; febUd, 
//., MD. 

Fecclien, v. to fetch, S, S2, C2, P; 
vecche, S ; fecben, S ; fache, S3. — From 
AS. fecce, pr. s. ol feccan {=fetian). See 

Fecht, V. to fight, B ; see Pigbten. 

Fechtaris, fighters, S3, B. 

Fechting-Sted, sb. battle-ground, B. 

Fede, sb. enmity, S3 ; feide, MD.— AS. 
fihi). See Poo. 

Feden, v. to feed, S, PP; neden, S 
fet, pr. J-., S ; fett, S ; vedde, //. s., S2 
fedde, PP ; foded, S2 ; i-ued, //., S 
i-uaedde, //., S. — AS. fdan : OS. fodian. 
See Pode. 

Feder, sb. father, S ; ?ee Pader. 

Feder, sb. feather, MD ; see Petber. 

Fedramme, sb. plumage, S3 ; see Pe^J- 

Fee, sb. cattle, property, monev, PP, S2 ; 
feo, MD ; fe, S, S2, PP ; feb, MD.— AS. 
fcoh: OS.fehtt; cp. Lat. /tvwj-. 

Feend, sb. enemy, fiend, C2, C3 ; fend, 
S, S2 ; feende, PP; feont, S ; ueond, S ; 
fond, MD ; fynd, MD ; fende, S2, S3 ; 
feondes, //., S; fendes, S, S2 ; fiendes, 
S ; vyendes, S2 ; feendis, \V. — AS. 
fiond, pr. p. oi fion, to hate; cp. Goth. 
fiands,fijattds, enemy, pr. p. oifjan, to hate. 

Feendli, adj. fierce, devilish (=Lat. 
diabolical , W ; feondlicbe, adv. fiercely, 
S; feendly, C3. — A?>.f'ondlic,f>:oHdlice. 

Feer, sb. companion, S3 ; see Pere. 

Fees, sb. pi. landed possessions, cities, 
S2 ; feys, HD ; fens, PP.— OF. feu, fiu, 
in pi. feus, feus, fius, fez, all found in 
Roland; also OF. /<: (Bartsch), Y.fef; 
probably of Teutonic origin, cp. OHG. 
fhu, property; see Braune, in ZRP. x. 262. 
See Pee. 

Feet, sb. deed, C2, PP ; see Pet. 

Feffement, sb. possession, Manip., PP. 

Feffen, v. to put into possession, MD, 
PP ; feffede, //. .f., S2. — OV. fefer ; cp. 
Low La.t. feojjare. See Pees. 



Peht ; see Pighten. 

Fei, sl>. faith, S2 ; fey, C2, C3 ; sec 

Feier, aJJ. fair, S ; see Payre. 

Feierlec, sb. beauty, S. 

Feild, sl>. field, MD. Comb.: feild- 
going', a walking out of doors, S3. See 

Feir, sh. companion, S3 ; see Pere. 

Feir, aJJ. fair, S, PP ; see Payre. 

Feire, adv. kindly, PP, S, S2. 

Feiren, i'. to make fair, S. 

FeitS, sb. faith, S, PP ; feyth, PP ; feth, 
S3 ; fei5p, S2 ; fei, S2 ; fey, C2, C3 ; fai, 
S2 ; fay, G, PP. Phr. : ye-feth, in faith, 
S3.— O F. fei, feit, fcid ; Lat. fidem. 

Fei?5-ful, adj. faithful, MD; faitlifol, 
PP; feijtful, S2. 

Fei'Sliche, adv. faithfully, ISID ; feij- 
llche, S2 ; feijpely, S2 ; fepli, S2 ; faith- 
ly, PP. 

Fei, sb. a fell, mountain, S2 ; fell, MD ; 
felle, MD, S2.— Icel.j^'a//. 

Fei, adj. base, cruel, treacherous, S2, 
PP, C2, G. W ; fell, S3 ; felle, S2, S3, 
\V2 ; //., PP, C2.— AF./r/, wicked, cruel. 

Felawe, sb. partner, companion, fellow, 
S, S2, C3, PP ; felaw, S2,PP ; felow, S3. 
PP; felkje, S; fallow, S2, S3; felans, 
j)l., S2 ; feolahes, S ; uelajes, S2. — Icel. 
filagi, partner in common property (_/e). 
See Pee. 

Felawen, v. to associate, to be fellow 
to ; fallow, S3 ; uelajen, MD ; felaghid, 
//., H. 
Felawrede, sb. fellowship, MD ; ue- 

lasrede, S2. 
Felawschipe, sb. fellowship, society, 

crew, PP ; felajscliipe, S2 ; feolaliscipe, S. 
Felawship, v. to associate, MD; felou- 

sohipi'l //., \V2. 
Fela^liclie, adv. intimately ; feololi- 

lukest, super I., S. 
Feld, sb. field, S, PP ; feeld (heraldic^ 

C2 ; ueld, S2 ; fild, MD ; felde, dat., S, 

S2 ; uelde, S, S2 ; ualde, S ; feldes, //., 

S, S3.— AS./^/^. 
Feld-fare, sb. fieldfare, lit. ' field-farer,' 

S2 ; cam fester, Voc. ; ruruscus, Voc. 
Feldi, a-^^'. champain( = Lat. campestris), 

MD ; feeldi, W. 
Feldishe, adj. belonging to the countrj^, 

Fele, adj. many, S, S2, S3, C2, PP ; 


vele, S, S2 ; feole, S, PP ; neole, S ; 
veale, S ; vale, S, HD ; felle, S3.— AS. 
fcla ; cp. Goth.y?///. 

Felefalden, v. to multiply, MD ; fele- 
falded,//. .r., S2. 

Fele-folde, adj. manifold, S ; many 
times, PP. 

Felen, v. to feel, S ; uele, MD ; fei me, 
1 /;-. s., S2 ; felde, pt. J., S; feld, S2 ; 
felte, C2; feelede, C3. — hS,. fdan: OS. 
folian (in gi-jlHiati), OHG. foljan ; cp. 
fualen (Otfrid). 

Fell, sb. skin, S3 ; fei, MD, S2, G, P ; 
i^^3 S2 ; felles, //., S ; ueUes, S ; fellys, 
^Sl^AS./f//; cp. Goth.///. 

Fellen, v. to fell, S, PP ; felle. S2 ; 
falletS, /;-. pL, S ; felde, //. s., G, PP.— 
AS. fellan, OHG. fallian ; OS. fcllian, 
OYiG. fellen (Otfrid). 

Felnesse,-?'^. astuteness ( = Lat. asiutia), 

Felon, sb. villain, traitor, PP ; feloun, 
PP ; felloun, S3 ; felloniie, S3.— AF. 
feloun, felon, ace. oifel. See Pel. 

Felonie, sb. base - wickedness, MD ; 
felony, S ; felonye, S2, S3, C3, \V2. 

Felonliche, adv. cruelly, PP ; felnn- 
lyche, S2 ; felounelich, PP ; felunly, S2. 
Fen, sb. a section of Avicenna's book on 
medicine called the Canon, C3, CM. — 
Arabic /a«, a branch, division, category; 
cp. Ducange {s.v.fen). 

Fen, sb. mud, mire, marsh, dung, S2, 
S2, G, H ; fenlle,Voc.,Prompt.,^Y,• uenne, 
S. — AS.fenn : Goth, fani, mud, clay. 

Fenden, v. to defend, PP ; fend, imp. 
j.^ S3. — From OF. defendre ; Lat. defendere. 
Fenestre, sb. window, PP ; fenystaris, 
p/_^ S3. — OY . j'enestre ; 'La.x.. fenestra. 
Feng ; see Pen, v. 

Fenkel, sb. fennel, MD, PP ; fenecel, 
Voc; fenkil, PP; fynkel, PP ; fyntyl, 
Voc. ; fenel, PP ; fenyl, S2. Comb. : fenel 
seed, PP. — Lat. feniculum, foeniculum ; 
cp. kS.fenol (Voc). 
Feole ; see Pele. 

Feond, sb. enemy, PP ; feont, S ; feond- 
es,pl., S; see Peend. 
Feord, sb. army, S ; see Perd. 
Feorden, //.//., fared, S ; see Peren. 
Fer, sb. fire, S; fere, dat., S2 ; nere, 
S2 ; ueree, S ; see Pur. 

Fer, adj., adv. far, PP, S, S2, C2 ; ferr, 
S, S2, PP; uer, S2 ; feor, S; ueor, S; 
for, S ; ferre, comp., C ; ferrer, S3, C, 


PP ; ferrest, super!., PP. Comb. : fer- 
forth, far away, completely, S2, S3, C2, 
C3 ; farfortli, S3; feoruorp, S. — AS. 
feorr : OS. fcr ; cp. Goth, fairra. Cf. 

Ferd, sb. an expedition, army, MD ; 
fserd, S ; feord, S ; nerd, MD ; ferde, 
MD ; furde, dat., MD ; ferde, //., S; 
ferdes, MD ; verden, dat., S; uerdes, 
MD. — AS>./ird,f}'rd,ferd. See Faren. 

Perd, sb. fear, PP, G ; feerd, MD ; 
ferde, dat., MD, CM, S2. 

Ferdful, adj. causing terror, timid, 
MD, \\ , W 2 ; feerdful, W2. 

Perdlayk, sl>. fear, MD. 

Ferdnes, sb. fear, MD, S2. 

Fere, v. to frighten, terrify, PP, S2, W; 
feare, S3 ; feere, CM ; fered,//., S2, C3 ; 
ferd, S2 ; ferde, S3 ; feared, S3. — AS. 
fikran, to frighten. 

Fere, sb. companion, S, S2, S3, G ; 
nere, S; feer, S3; feir, S3; feren, //., 
S ; ferin, S ; feiren, S ; feres, S, S2 ; 
feeres, S2. See Ifere. 

Fere, adj. well, sound, MD, S2 ; fer, 
S, B ; feir, B. Phr. : hoi and fer, IMD, 
S; baill and feir, safe and sound, B. — 
Icel.y<t-;-r, able, strong ^for travelling). 

Fere, sb. power, ability, S, MD. — Icel. 
fari, opportunity, ability. 

Fere, sb. fear, PP, S, C2, MD; feer, 

MD; fer, MD, PP; feere, PP ; feris, 

//., MD ; feeris, MD. — AS. /(kr, sudden 

danger ; cp. \c€l.fdr, harm. 

Fere-full, adj. fear-causing, also timid, 

MD ; feerful, MD ; ferful, MD ; ferful- 

lest, j-w/c-r/., CM. 
Fereu, v. to fare, to go, to behave, 

MD ; ferde, //. s., G, S, S2, C2 ; ferden, 
pi., S3 ; feorden, S ; uerden, S ; furde, 

MD ; ferd, S2. — AS. fcran, ^t. fhdc; 

deriv. of Faren. 
Ferien, v. to bring, MD ; fareU, /;-.//., 

S. — AS. fcrian, Icel. /erja : Goth, farjan. 

Deriv. of Faren. 

Fer lac, sb. fear, MD ; fearlac, S ; far- 
lac, S. See Fere. 
Ferlien, v. to wonder, PP ; ferly, JD ; 

ferleis, //-.//., S3 (13. So) ; ferliede, //. s., 

Ferly, adj. dangerous, dreadful, sudden, 

strange, S2, PP, CM; ferlich, MD, S; 

ferli, S2 ; ferliche, adv., S; ferly, S2.— 

AS. fdrlic , firlice. 
Ferly, sb. a wonder, S2, P ; farly, MD ; 



ferlikes,//., 82 ; ferlyes, S2 ; ferleis, S3 ; 
ferlis, P. 
Ferlyly, aA'. wondrously, S2 ; ferlilic, 

Fermacye, sb. pharmacy, medicine, C. 
— OF. fariitacic ; Late Lat. phartnacia ; 
Gr. (papfiaKfia. 

Fermans, sb. enclosure, S3 ; fermance, 
JD. — OV .fermance, horn fer mcr, to shut; 
\.z.\..firniare, to strengthen. 

Ferme, sb. food, an entertainment, feast, 
meal, MD; farme ; MD, CM ; neorme, 
MD.— AS. yt'i7r/«; cp. Low Lat. yfrwa, a 
feast (Ducange). 
Ferme, adj. firm, MD, C2. — AF. ferme ; 
Ferme, sb. rent, revenue, MD, S2, C ; 
fermes, //. farms, S3. — AF. ferme ; Late 

Fermen, v. to strengthen, pp. — OF. 
fermcr, to strengthen, also to shut ; Lat. 

Fermen, v. to hold land at a fixed rent, 
Prompt. See Ferme, sb. 

Fermerer, sb. infirmary officer, Cath. 
.See Enfermerere. 

Ferm,ery, sb. infirmary, S3, Voc. ; fer- 
morie, PP ; fermory, Cath. ; fermarye, 
Cath. (n.) ; fermerye. Prompt., Cath. (n.). 
— OF. cnfermcric, infirmarie , infirmerie ; 
Church Lat. infirmaria, a place for the in- 
firm (Ducange). 

Ferm.OUr, sb. farmer, steward, CM, 
MD ; fermer, Cath. See Ferme, sb. 

Fern, sb. fem, C2 ; ferene, dat., S2. 
Phr. : aisschen of feme, fem ashes, MD. 
Comb. : fern-asslien, fem ashes, C2. — AS. 
fearn (Voc.) : OWQ.fani. 

Fem, adj. and adv. old, long ago, C2, 
PP ; feme, CM ; furn, MD. Comb. : fern- 
jeres, past years ; fem yere, formerly, PP. 
— AS. fyrn (see Sievers) ; cp. OS. furn, 
forn,fern, GoXh.fairtiis. 

Ferredeu, sb. company, S ; uerade, S. 
See ^efered. 

Ferren, adj. and adv. far, distant, MD ; 
feren, S; verrenne, //., S; feme, C. — 
AS.feorran, from afar. See Fer. 

Ferret-silke, sb. coarse silk, S3, Florio. 
^It. fioretti, from jiSre, flower. Cf. 

Fers, adj. fierce, brave, Prompt, C, PP ; 
fiers, S2, C2, C3; fierse, PP.— OF. fers^ 
ficrs ^Roland) ; Y.z.'i.ferus. 
Fersly, adv. fiercely, PP, B. 
G 2 



Fersnesse, sb. fierceness, W2, PP ; 
feersnesse, W , \V2. 

Perst, d^fj- and adv. siiperl. first, S, S2, 
PP ; uerst, S2 ; furst, S, S2, P ; forst, 
S. — KS.fyrst: OllG. fiiristo. Superl. of 

Ferthe, ord. fourth, C3, PP; fierthe, 
PP, S ; feorthe, PP, S ; feiirthe, S2 ; 
ferth, S2 ; fierth, S2 ; ueortS, S. — AS. 
feortSa. See Poure. 

Ferthyng', sl>. farthing, S2, PP; fer- 
thing', PP. Comb. : ferjjinges nok, a far- 
thing piece, S2 (p. 301) ; ferj)yng- noke, 
82. — AS>. fcorSiing. 

Fertre, sb. litter, bier, shrine, MD ; 
feertyr, ferctnivi, Prompt. — OF. fcrtcrc, 
Jiertre ; \jsX.fcretrn7n ; Gr. (pfperpov. 

Fertren, J'- to place in a shrine ; fer- 
tered, //. s., S2. 

Fesaunt, sb. pheasant, S3 ; fesant, 
Voc. ; fesauntes, //. , PP ; fesauns, S2. — 

OF. faisan ; Lat. phasiamim (ace.) ; Gr. 

Fesien, v. to drive away, MD ; fesyn. 
Prompt., HD ; veize, DG ; pheeze, ND, 
Sh ; feazed, //., ND. — hS>. fisian, ioxfys- 
ian, to drive away, see Sievers, 154. See 

Fest, adj. and v. ; see Past, Fasten. 

Fest, sb. fist, C3 ; see Pust. 

Feste, sb. feast, S, PP, C2, C3; fest, 
S3; festes,//., '&2.—KY. feste; llt.festa. 

Festeieu, v. to feast, to entertain, MD ; 
festeyinge, pr. f., C2. — OY . fcstcier, fcs- 
toier; Late Lat. *fcsticare; cp. Prov. y^j- 

Festen, sb. fasting, S ; see Pasten. 

Festlich., adj. festive, fond of feasts, C 2. 
See Peste. 

Festnen, v. to fasten, S ; festnin, S ; 
fsestned,//., S; i-uestued, S; festnyd, 
PP. — AS. fcEstnian. 

Fet, sb. deed, PP ; feet, C2, PP; fait, 
82; faite, W.~OY. fet, fait; Lat. /ar- 

Fet, adj. fat, S ; see Pat. 

Fet, sb. pi., feet, S ; see Poot. 

Fetel, sb. vessel, 82 ; vetles, MD : 
fetles, MD; //., S.—AS.fcetcls, ^\. fatel- 
sas (Voc). See Pat, 

Feter, sb. fetter, MD ; fetyr, coj?!pes, 
Prompt. ; feteres,//., G.~AS. fetor. 

Feteren, v. to fetter, MD, G ; fettren, 


P; y-fetered, pp., G; fettred, C2 ; 
ifetered, G. — AS. {ge^fetcriati. 

Feth, sb. faith, S3 : fefiU, adv. faith- 
fully, S2 ; see PeiS, PeiSliche. 

Fether, sb. feather, C2 ; fy))er, S2 ; 
fedyr, Prompt. ; fetSres,//., S ; fetheris, 
wings, W2 ; fedres, MD. — AS. feSer. 

FetJer-foted, adj. four-footed, 8. — Cp. 
AS. fSer-fotc. With AS. fQer cp. Goth. 
^diuor. See Poure. 

Fe'Ser-hoiue, sb. plumage, MD; fe- 
dramme, S3. — AS. fcher-haina ; cp. OS. 
fcQcrhamo, Icel. fjairhamr, see Grimm, 
Teut. M., p. 327. See Pether. 

Fetis, adj. well-made, neat, handsome, 
MD, S2 ; fetys, 82, C3, C; fetyce, 
Prompt. — OY.faitis (f. -ice) ; 'L.^i.factitium. 
See Pet (deed). 

Fetisliche, adv. neatly, 82, PP ; fetys- 
ly, C. 

Fetten, v. to fetch, MD, 82, S3 ; fete, 
MD, 8 ; fetteth, imp. pi. , G ; fette,//. s., 
8,02,03; uette, MD; fatte,MD; uatte, 
MD ; fet, S3 ; fetten, //., 82, P ; y-fet, 
//., 02 ; fet, MD, 82,02 ; fette,//., MD. 
— AS. fetian (Grein). Of. Pecchen. 

Fettle, sb. order, condition. Phr. : in 
good fettle, JD, HD. 

Fettle, sb. girdle, belt, horse-girth, JD. 
Op. \z€i. fetiir, OUQ. fezil. 

Fettlen, v. to bind, fit, make ready, set 
in order, MD ; fettle, to tie up, put in 
order, JD; fetyl, JD ; fettled,//., 82. 

Feute, sb. track, scent, 82, MD ; fewte, 
vesiigiiim. Prompt. ; fate, odour. Prompt. ; 
foute, S2. Co??ib. : foote-saunte, scent, 

Feuer, sb. fever, PP ; feuere, PP ; feure, 
PP; fyxiQuis, pi., ^.— AY. fevre; 'Lzi.fe- 

Feuerere, sb. February, HD ; fenerel, 
HD ; feuirjer, 83 ; feuerjere, HD 
{s.Y.fraiste). — OF. fevrier; Late Lat. *fe- 
braritim; 'LnX.febi-itarittj?^ {inenscni). 

Fewe, {f^, S, PP; feaw, 82; 
veaw, 82 ; fawe, 8 ; feawe, S ; vewe, 82 ; 
fseu, 8 ; fo, 8 ; fon, 82 ; fa, H (Ps. loi. 
25); foner, comp., 82. — AS. f'aiue ; cp. 

Fewnyng, .5-/'. thrusting, S3. SeePoynen. 

Fewte, sb. fealty, S3, Prompt., HD ; 
feute, 'M.D.—A¥.feaiite,fialte ; Lz.t.fidel- 

Tey ; see PeitS. 

Feydom, sb. the state of being near 


death, or that conduct which is supposed 

to indicate it, JD. See below. 

Feye, adj. dead, doomed to death, 

feeble, S, S2, MD ; fey, JD, HD ; fay, 

MD ; faeie,//. dead, S, MD ; fseije, MD. 
— KSs.fige; cp. \<:.€i. fcigr \ see CV. 

Feyn, adj. fain, S2 ; see Fayn. 

Peynen, v. to feign, C2, C3, PP; 
feine, Prompt., MD ; feyneden,//.//., S2 ; 
fayneden, S3 ; y-feyned, //., C2. — AF. 
feindre ^pr. ^.feignant) ; YjxI. fingere. 

Feynt, adj. feigned, false, also weak, 
faint, MD, Prompt. ; faint, MD ; feynte, 
//.. VV.—OY. feint, pp. oi feindre. 

Feynten, z'. to be weak, MD, Prompt. 

Fejrnting, sh. fainting, failing, C2. 

Feyntise, sb. deceit, hypocrisj-, also 
weakness, cowardice, MD, S2, P ; fayntis, 
H ; fayntise, S3. 

Feyre, sh. fair, PP ; faire, P ; fayre, PP ; 
feyres,//., P. Phr. : this feire is i-doon, 
this fair is done, everj-thing is sold, there is 
no more business to be done, G. — 0¥. feire 
{mod. foire) ; Late hatferia, a fair; from 
hat. feriae, holidays. 

Feyrie, si>. fairy origin, 82 ; see Payerye. 

Fe^en, v. to join, MD; veien, MD ; 
i-ueied, //., S. — AS. fegan ; cp. OHG. 
fuagen (Otfrid). See P03. 

Ficcheil, v. to fix, MD ; fitchid, //., 
\V, Wj ; fichyt, B.— OF./^//^r (Ps. 31. 4) ; 
Late Lat. *jigicare, from La.t.fgere, to fix, 
see Diez [s-wftccare). 

Fieble, adj. feeble, C2, P; see Feble. 

Field, sl>. field, S2 ; see Peld. 

Field-WOde, sb. name of a plant, S2. 

Field- wort, sb. gentian, HD; feldwort, 
herba himinaria, Alph. 

Fiers, adj. fierce, S2, C2, C3; fierse, 
PP ; see Fers. 

FiertJe, ord. fourth, S, P ; see Ferthe. 

Fife, num. five, S ; fyf, PP, C2 ; fiflF. B ; 
fifiFe, B ; uiue, S ; fyne, S2, PP ; fif, PP. 
— XS.fif: Goth. fmf, see Sievers, 185. 

Fifetende, ord. fifteenth, S2. 

Fif-fald, five- fold, MD ; fif-folde, S. 

FifF-STUn, adj. five in all, B. 

Fifte, ord. fifth, S ; fif))e, S ; fyfte, PP. 

Fifte-siSe, adv. fifthly, S. 

Fighten, v. to fight, PP; &;te, S; 
vy5te,S2; fihten, PP,S2; fejtande, //-./., 
S2 ; feaht, //. J., MD ; faht, MD; feht, 
MD; fiaulitjPP; faught, MD, C2 ; faht- 



en, //., S; fti5ten, S; fonhten, PP ; 
fon;ten, PP ; i-fouhte, //., PP ; y-fonjte, 
PP ; fongbten, C ; foujten, PP.— AS. 
feohian, pr. s. fiht, pt. feaht (pi. fuhton), 
^^.fohten; cp. OHG. fehian (Otfrid). 

Figure, sb. figure, MD, C2 ; figonr, 
MD ; uigour, MD ; fignres (of speech), 
C 2. — AF. figure ; Lat. figura. 

Fignrie, sb. figured work, S3. 

Fihten, v. to fight, S2,PP; see Fighten. 

Fih.t-lac, sb. fighting, S. — AS. feo/if-Me. 

Fikel, adj. fickle, treacherous, MD; 
fifeil, H (Ps. 39. 21); fyMl, G; fickle, 
fidgety, S3. — AS. fcol, inconstant. 

Fiien, v. to be fidgety, to go about idly, 
MD, HD ; to flatter, play the hypocrite, 
deceive, MD. — Cp. AS. be-jfcian, to deceive, 
to go round. 

Fil, /A .r. fell, C2, PP; fyl, S2 ; see 

File, sb. concubine, P ; fyle, HD. — OF. 
fille.filie, daughter, wench ; 'La.t.filia. 

Fille, sb. wild thj-me, S2, MD ; serpil- 
lum, \'oc. ; fill, rest-harrow, HD. Phr. : 
not worth a fille, MD.— AS./Z/f. 

Filstnieu, v. to help ; filstnede,//. j., 
S. See Fnlst. 

Filthe, sb. filth, foulness, MD ; fa'Sle, 
S. — AS. fyl6u. See Foul. 

Filthehed, sb. dirtiness, W. 

Filtz, sb. son, PP ; fitz, PP ; fiz, PP.— 
AY.fiz {fitz) ; QY.fih,fils ; Lat.///«5. 

Finden, ^- to find, S ; fynden, S ; vind- 
en, S ; vynde, S ; f^nt, pr. s., C3 ; fint, 
//., S ; fand, pt. s., S, S2, S3 ; fant, S ; 
fond, S, S2, G, C2 ; fonde, S2 ; font, S2 ; 
vend, S2 ; foond, C2, W ; fanden,//., S ; 
fonde, S ; fonden, S ; fand, S2 ; fonde. 
C2 ; founden, S2 ; i-fande,//., S ; ifounde, 
S ; hi-funde, S ; founde, C2 ; funden, S2 ; 
funding, S3. — AS. findan, pt. fand (pL 
fiindon), ^"p. funden. 

Findi^, adj. hea\y, firm, compact, 
weighty, S, MD ; findy, JD ; fundie, MD. 
— AS. findig, hea%"y. 

Fine, sb. end, S3 ; fyn, S2, S3, C2, G. 
— OY.fin; 'Ls.t.finem. 

Finen, v. to end, S, MD ; fynde, i pr. s., 
S3 ; fon,//. j.,MD, S2 ; fan, MD; fyned, 
S2. — OF. finer iorfinir; Lat.finire. 

Firmentie, sb. furmety, S3 ; see Fm- 

Fir sin, v. to put far away, S ; firsen, 
S ; fersien, MD ; fursen, MD. — AS.^r- 
sian. See Fer. 




First, sl>. ; see Prest. 
risch, sl>. fish, S, \V2 ; fiss, S ; fis, S ; 
fisses, //., S; fysses, S; fissches, S2 ; 
fises, S2 ; flschis, W2. Coinh. : — fis-cynn, 
iish-kind, S. — A'S./csi ; cp. Lat.//^«,f ; Olr. 
Fischen, v. to fish, W ; fissen, S. 
Fisch.ere, ^l'- fisher, W ; fissere, S. 
FiscMllge, ■''l>- fishing, MD ; fissing', S. 
Fisike, sb. natural science, art of healing, 
ML) ; pMsique, MD ; phisik, MD ; plie- 
syk, MD ; fisyk, S2. — OY. fisiqiie; Lat. 
physica {ars) ; from Gr. (pvaticos. 
FiSele, s/>. fiddle, MD, C, PP ; fidylle, 
vidula, vidcila, viclla, Cath. ; fythele, vi- 
tula, Voc. ; fydyll, viclla, Prompt. ; vy- 
thule, Voc. ; fydelys, //., MD.— Etym. 
doubtful, probably connected with Low 
Lat. vidula, 'a vylhule' (Voc); cp. OF. 
vide, a viol. 

FiSelen, v. to play on the fiddle, PP ; 
vydele, Voc. — Cp. Low Lat. vididarc 

Fitheler, sh. fiddler, PP ; vytliulare, 
Voc. — Cp. Low Lat. vidtilarius iy oc). 
Fitz, Fiz ; see Piltz. 
Flake, ^l^- thin slice, piece torn off. SkD 
flackes, //., S3 (12. 2) ; fiockes, S3. — Cp 
Nonw._/?a/i', an ice-floe. 

Flan, sb. arrow, S, MD ; flon, MD 
flone, MD ; flonne, //., HD ; flone, HD 
flouez, MD. — AS. fidn ; cp. Icel. Jlciiin 
Cf. Plo. 
Flanckring, adj. sparkling, HD. 
Flanke, sh. spark, MD ; see Plaunke. 
Flanker, v. to sparkle, HD. 
Flappe,-f^a blow, Prompt., Palsg. — Cp. 
Du.Jia^, a blow. 

Flappen, v. to flap, slap, clap, MD ; 
flapten, pi. pi., P.— Cp. Du. Jlappcn, to 
Flat, V. to flatter, S3.— OF.yfa/^;-. 
Flateren, v. to flatter, PP. 
Flatlyngis, adv. flat, B. 
Flatour, sb. flatterer, C, MD ; ulat- 
ours, //., MD. — OF. Jiatcdr ; Prov. Jlaia- 

Flatten, v. to dash, cast quickly 
(water) ; flatte, pt. s., P ; flattide, PP. — 
OY.Jiatir, to dash, throw down. 

Flaucht, sh. flake, flash, S3 {s.Y.fyre) ; 
flaghte, flake, piece of turf, Cath. Phr. : 
flaghte of snawe, flake of snow, Cath. ; 
fly^hte of snawe, Cath. ; flaught of 
fire, flash of lightning, JD. See Plawe. 

Flanmbe, sh. flame, PP ; flambe, CM ; 

flaiume, PP ; flawme, Prompt. ; flaume, 

PP ; flamTjes, //., C2, C3. — AF. Jlambe, 

<dV . Jlanunc ; \.Oi\..Jla>/i»ia. 
Flatin, sh. a kind of custard, HD ; 

flawn, ND,SkD (p. 805); flaunes,//., S.^ 

(jY.Jlaon {raod. Jlan) : Low \^?X.JJadonem 

{flatoiieni); cp. OWQi.Jlado; see Ducange 

Flaunke, sh. spark of fire, S2 ; flonke, 

PP ; flanke, MD ; flaunkes, //., S2.— Cp. 

(^.JliDikcrn, to sparkle, Ttu.Jloiikcrcn. 
Flaunt-a-flaunt, adv. displayed in a 

showy manner, S3, .SkD. 
Flawe, sh. flake ; mphr. : flawes of fyre, 

flakes of fire, SkD. — Icel. Jiaga, a slab of 

stone. Cf. Plaucht. 
Flay, V. to put to flight, to scare, 82 ; 

see Pleyen. 
Flayle, sb. flail, PP ; fle53l, S ; flaiU, 

B; flayles, //., PP ; fleiles, PP.— OF. 

Jlacl; \.2X. flagellum ; hence OHG._/fi^//. 
Fleck, sb. spot, blot, stain, RD. — Icel. 

flckkr ; cp. OWQ.Jleccho. 
Flecked, adj. speckled, spotted, PP; 

flekked, C3, PP, Cath., MD. 
Flee, sb. flea. Prompt. ; fle, MD ; fleen, 

//., C3 ; flen, MD ; flees, MD.— AS. Jlio 

Fleen, v. to fly, flee, C2, PP ; fleon, S 
fleo, S, S2 ; flen, C ; fle, S, S2, G ; vie 
S2 ; flighand, /r./., S2 ; flijst, 2 pr. $.,'$> 
flegetJ,/;-. J., S ; fle«, S ; flyp, S2 ; flijt 
S; ^^d(,, pi., S; fleen, C2 ; flen, PP 
fleb, //. i-., S ; flegh, S2, PP ; fleih, S2 
PP ; flaw, S3 ; fley, C2, G, W ; fleij, P 
W ; fleigli, C ; flugen,//., S ; flowen, S2 
C, P ; flowe, S2 ; flowen, //., MD ; flowe 
G. Weak forms: fledde, pt. s., C2, PP 
fled,//., MD. — K?>.Jleogan, fleon, -pi.fleah 
{Y>\.fl!tgo}i), ^^.flogen. 

Flees, si), fleece, S2, PP ; flus, PP ; 
fleis, PP ; fleose, dat., MD ; fleyce, S3. — 
AS. fleos (flys) ; cp. G. vlies. 

Fleich, V. to flatter, JD ; fleclxand,/;-. 
/., B; fleecMng, B ; fleicMt, //., S3. — 
OF. flcc/iir, to bend, to move any one. 

Flem, sb. flight, MD ; ulem, MD ; 
fleam, Voc. ; fleme, dal., MD. — AS. 

fleam ; cp. IcuX. flatimr, a flowing, OHG. 

flou!?i XOihiA). 

Y\era.e, sb. fugitive, S, 82. — KS. flema, 
^nAflyma (Voc). 

Flemen, v. to put to flight, MD, 82 ; 
flenied,//. J'., S3 ; flemden,//., S ; flemed, 
//., C3 ; flemit, S3. — A?>.fli)Han,fly?nan. 


Flemer, sl>. banisher, S2, C3. 

Fleu, V. to flay, S ; fle, S ; flo, S ; 
flouh,//. J., S; ulojen, //., MD ; flayn, 
//>., MD ; flean, HD.— AS. /lean, pt./J//, 

Flesch, s^. flesh, PP ; flesc, S ; fleis, 
S, S2 ; fleys, PP ; fles, S ; fleisch, \V ; 
fleysh, S2 ; fleissh, S2 ; flessh, S, PP ; 
flesce, (/i7/., S; ulesse, S2 ; flessce, S; 
fleiscMs, //., W2. — AS. Jiiksc; cp. OHG. 
/leisc (Otfrid). 

Flesche-flye, ^^>- flesh-fly, Prompt. ;, M D,\V2 (Ps. 77.45 and 1 04. 31 ). 

Pleschlich, aJJ. fleshly, S, PP ; fles- 
liche, ai/v. materially, S. 

Pleten, v. to float, swim, PP, B, S, S3, 
C, W ; to flow, \V2 ; fleit, S3 ; fleyt, S3 ; 
fletes, pr. j-., S2 ; fleet, S2, C3 ; fleteth, 
C3 ; flet, PP ; fleet, //. s., MD ; fluten, 
//., MD ; floten, IMD ; flote, S2 ; flette, 
S2 ; fietiden, W2. — AS. Jliotan, pt. fliat 
{_p\.flut07i), pp.Jlotcn. 

Flex, sb. flax, C, P, Voc. ; flax. Prompt., 
V?.— AS. flcax. 

Flex-hoppe, sb. Imodium, Voc. 

Fleyeu, v. to put to flight, to scare 
away, frighten ; fley, JD, S3 ; flaien, MD ; 
flay, S2 ; flayed, //., S2 ; fleyit, B. — Cp. 
IcgX. Jleygja, to cause to fly, throw. 

Flicht, sb. flight, PP, B ; fliht, MD ; 
fli3t, S; fluht, S.~AS.Jlykt: OHG. Jluht 
(Tatian). See Fleen. 

Flit, sb. strife, MD ; flyt, S2. 

FliteU, V. to strive, contend, quarrel, PP, 
HD, H; flytin, Prompt.; flitis, /;-. J., 
scolds, H ; flytande,/r. /., S2 ; flote,//. 
s., MD ; fliten, //., MD.— AS. flltan, pt. 
Jidl {p\. Jliton), pp.Jliten. 

Fliting, sb. quarrelling, scolding, PP ; 
flytyage, H. 

Flo, sb. arrow, CM, MD ; fla, MD ; 
flon, //., MD, S2 ; floon, G ; flan, MD ; 
flo, MD.— AS.yf^f (Voc). Cf. Plan. 

Floe, sb. a gathering of men, beasts, 
birds, MD ; flocke (of swine\ W (Mt. 8. 
30); flockes,//., S. — AS. flocc. 

Flocke, V. tr. and intr. to collect, 
gather, MD, S3. 

FlOC-mele, adv. in crowds, MD ; flok- 
mele, C2. — AS. Jlocmatlum. 

Fled, sb. flood, sea, S, S2, PP ; flood, C2, 
W ; flode, PP ; flodes, //., PP ; fludis, 
S3.— AS. /(?'./. 

Flor, sb. floor, MD, S2 ; flore, dat., S, 
PP.— AS. /Jr. 



Floret-silk, sb. coarse silk, Cotg. ; 
flurt-silk, figured %\\\i,\\D.—OY.Jlciirct 
(Cotg.) ; cp. G. Jlorett. — Cf. Perret- 

Florin, sb. florin, originally the name of 
a coin stamped with the emblem of a lily, 
MD, C3 ; floreines, //., P. — OF. florin 

Florischen, "V. to flourish, also to 
cause to flourish, to make to prosper, to 
brandish, flourish a weapon, MD ; flory- 
schyn, to make flourishes in illuminating 
books. Prompt. ; fluriche]), pr. s., adorns, 
decorates, S3. — OF. floriss- base of pr. p. 
oiflori)-; "LaX. florere ; see Constans. 

Flot, sb. fat, scum, S2, JD. — Icel.y?^/. 

Flote, sb. a fleet, B ; flot, B.— Icel./^/?. 
See Pleten. 

Flote, sb. company, multitude, S, MD. 
—OY. flote {floite in Cotg.) ; \.z.\..fluctum. 

Flote, Floten ; see Pleten. 

Floteren, v. to fluctuate, flutter, PP. — 
OF.y?c/rr( + suffix -er)\ 'Lzt.flticiuare; see 

Flotering, sb. restless motion, W2. 

Flour, sb. flower, C2, C3 ; flur, S; 
floiires, //., youthful powers, S2. — AF. 
flur; \.2X. florem. 

Flonr-dammeS, sb. ladies' flower, per- 
haps Dame's violet or Dame-wort, Hes- 
peris 7}iatronalis (Britten's Plant-names) ; 
Mr. Small suggests ' damask rose,' S3. 

Flonre-de-lice, sb. fleur-de-lys, S2 ; 
flour-de-lyss, S3; flour-de-lycis,//., S3. 
— OF. flor de lis (Bartsch, 193. 2). 

Flouren, v. to flower, flourish, PP, C2, 
W2. — OV.florir. — Cf. Plorisclien. 

Flowe, Flowen ; see Pleen. 

Flowen, v. to flow, S, PP ; flowe, to 
abound, W2; flohp,/;-. j., S ; flo5ed,/AJ., 
S2. — AS. flowan, pi.fleow, pp. flowen. 

Flowing, sb. flood, W2. 

Flowte, sb. pipe, ca/nbiicits. Prompt. ; 
floyte, WD.—OF.flatitc, li.flauto. 

Flowten, v. to blow on a wind in- 
strument, MD ; flowtyn, calamiso, flo. 
Prompt. ; floytynge,/r. /., C. — 0¥.fldu- 
ter; Late Lat. *flatuare from Lat.fla/us; 
see Constans. 

Flowtour, sb., fluter, piper, CM. 

Flum, sb. river, MD ; flow, flood, JD. 

Comb. : flum Jnrdan, river Jordan, MD ; 
flum iurdon, S; flom Jordan, MD, W ; 
fleme Jordon, MD. — OF. flum; Lat. 
flumen (cp. Vulg., Mk. i. 5). 




Flye, sk fly, C3, PP ; fli5e, MD ; fleje, 
Ml); fle, S^.— AS. j6oge {flyge). See 

Plytten, v. tr. and intr. to remove, to 
depait, MD, S3, PP ; flutten, MD ; flit- 
ten, MI), PP; flute, imp.s., S ; vlutten, 
to subsist, support oneself, S. — Icel. flytja, 
to carry, remove, support, y7j'//(?j-,^ (reflex.), 
to remove oneself, to flil, also, to support 

Fnast, sb. breath, S. — KSi.fncest. 

Fnasten, v. to breathe, to breathe hard, 
MD, S, HD.— Cp. OHG. fnaston, ' an- 

Fuesen, v. to breathe hard, to sneeze ; 
fneseth, /;-. s., puffs, snorts, C3. — AS. 

Fnesynge, sh. snorting, Voc. ; fnes- 
yug-e ( = Lat. stermttatio), W2 Qob 41. 9). 
— AS. fniosung (Voc). 

Fo, adj. few, S ; see Fewe. 

Foa^e, adj. spotted, S ; see Fob. 

Fodder, sh. food for cattle, MD ; fod- 
dre, dat., S. — KS. f6dor,foddor. 

Fode, sb. food, S, S2, MD ; node, S ; 
food, MD ; fude, WD.~AS.f6da. 

Fode, sb. child, lad, person, alumtiiis, 
S, S2, PP, HD, MD. 

Foh, adj. spotted, S, S2 ; fou, S ; faje, 
//., S ; foase, S.— AS. fdh ; cp. Goth. 
faihiis, Gr. ■noiKiKos. 

Foine, sh. beech-marten, Cotg. (s. v. 
fouiuuc) ; foyne, PP ; foynjee, S3 ; 
fooyne, the fur of the marten, Prompt. ; 
foyns, //., fur, MD, HD.— OF. foim, 
faille, faine, the beech-marten, also faine, 
the fruit of the beech tree; Late Lat. 
fagina, ' mustela,' also ' glans fagi ' (Du- 
cange) ; from Lat. fagniies, from fagus. 

Foison, ^1^. abundance, plenty, might, 
MD, Sh., HD ; foyson, S2, C3 ; foysyn, 
S2 ; foysoun, B ; fiisioiine, B. — OF. joi- 
son,fiiison ; 

Folc, sb. folk, people, S, S2, W2, PP ; 
uolk, MD; folk, PP ; uolkes, gen., S; 
folkene, gen. pi., S ; folken, S2. — AS. folc. 

Folc-king, sb. the king of the people, 
MD ; folc-kinge, dat., S. 

Folde, sb. earth, ground, the vi'orld, 82, 
MD, HD, Y.~AS. folde, OS. folda. 

Folde, sh. a fold, plait, MD, PP. P/ir. : 
in monie volde, in manifold (ways), S. 

Folden, v. to fold, shut, embrace, PP ; 
falde, MD ; folde, /A s., S3 ; folden,//., 
S2, TP.— AS. fealdan, ptfeold, p-p.fealden. 

Fole, sb. foal, S, PP; foles, //., PP ; 
folus, P. — AS. fola: Goth, fula; cp. Lat. 
pulltis ; see Brugmann, § 208. 

Fole, adj. and sb. foolish, lustful, a fool, 
MD, S2 ; foole, S3 ; foule, H ; fule, S2 ; 
fool, C2 ; foles,//., S2, S3, P.— AF.>A 

Folgeu ; see Folwen. 

Folic, sb. folly, S2, PP; folye, S, C2, 
PP; foUes,//., S.— AF./o/zV. 

Folily, adv. foolishly, C3 ; folili, W. 

Follich, adj. foolish, MD ; foly, S2 ; 
folliche, adv., S. 

Fol-marde, sh. polecat, S2 ; see Ful- 
mar d. 

Folte, adj. foolish, Prompt., Cath. ; 
folett. Prompt.— OF. folet (Bartsch). See 
Fole (foolish). 

Folteu, V. to behave foolishly, MD, 
Prompt.; folted,//. crazed, S2. 

Foltheed, sb. folly, PP. 

Foltische, adj. foolish, W ; foltish, 

Foltren, v. to totter, S3 ; see Faltren. 

Foltrye, sb. foolishness. Prompt. 

Folwen, v. to follow, C2, C3, PP ; 
foljen, MD, S ; folewe, S2, PP ; folgen, 
S ; folljlienn, S ; folhin, S ; fallow, S2 ; 
filg^he, S2 ; foluand, /;-. /., S2 ; faille's, 
pr. s., S ; folhes, S ; folewetJ, S ; felewe'8, 
S ; fulwes, S2 ; folgede, pt. s., MD ; fol- 
wede, PP ; folg'eden, //., S ; folecheden, 
S ; folud, S2 ; je-folged,//., S ; i-folew- 
ed, PP; y-folowed, PP. — AS. folgian 
{fylgcan) ; cp. OYLG.folgcn (Otfrid). 

Fon, V. to seize, grasp, take, receive, S, 
S2 ; fo on, I pr. pi. siihj. begin, S ; feng^, 
//. s. began, MD ; feng' on, S ; veng, S2 ; 
feng, //., S2. — AS. fon, i pr. s. fo, pt. 
feng, ^-p.fongetu 

Fon, adj. few, S2 ; foner, comp. fewer, 
S2 ; see Fewe. 

Fond ; see Fonnen. 

Fongen, v. to take, receive, PP, S, 
S2, S3 ; fangen, PP ; fang, S2 ; see Fon. 

Fonger, sb. receiver, S2. 

Fo-man, sb. focman, PP ; fomon, S2 ; 
famen,//., S, S2 ; vamen, S. See Foo. 

Fonne, adj. and sh. foolish, a fool, MD; 
fone, HD ; fon, MD, H, HD.— Cp. Swed. 
fane, a fool. 

Fonnen, v. to act foolishly, MD ; fon- 
ned, pp. as adj. foolish, fond, W, 'W2, 
HD ; fond, S3, HD. See above. 


Pont, sk font, PP ; fonnt, S2, PP ; 
fouii;t, S2. Comb. : funt-fat, font-vessel, 
S ; fant-ston, font-stone, S ; fontstoon, 
C3 ; fun-ston, HD. — Church 'LzX.fontem. 

Poo, adj. and sb., hostile, guilty, a foe, 
PP, C2 ; fo, PP, S2 ; no, S2 ; fa, S ; faa, 
S2 ; foon, //., S3, C2, G, PP ; fon, PP, 
S2 ; fan, S ; nan, S; foin, HD ; foyn, 
MD; fo, S; foos, PP, C2 ; faas, S2 ; 
\ foes, S2 ; fais, S2 ; fays, S3 ; fayis, S2. 
—AS,, fall, pl./<i; cp. Go\h..ftha)i, to hate ; 
see Brugmann, § 458. Cf. Peend. 

Poole, sb. fool. S3 ; fool, PP. Comb. : 
fool sage, licensed jester, PP; foole large, 
foolishly liberal, S3 ; foole largely, S3 ; 
see Fole. 

Poom, sb. foam, C3, MD ; fame, HD ; 
fom, S2, MD ; fome, MD, C3 ; faym, 
S3. — AS. /dm; cp. MHG.yl/w. 

Poot, sb. foot, also, a measure. 82, C3, 
HD ; fot, S, S2 ; fut, B; foote, PP ; fote, 
PP ; vote, (fuL, S ; fute, B ; fet, //., S ; 
fett, S ; vet, S. Comb. : foothot, instantly, 
82, C3; fote bote, HD; futhate, futha't, 
B.— A8./'V: Goth./^/«j. 

Poot-man, sb. foot-soldier, MD, HD ; 
fotman, MD ; votmen, //., S2. 

Poot-stappe, sb. footstep, Prompt. ; 
fetsteppes. /Z, S. 

Por-, prefix (i), having generally the 
sense of 'loss' or 'destruction.' Often it is 
merely intensitive, though generally in a 
bad sense. — AS. for-, Icel. for-, fyrir-, 
OHG. for- (Tatian), jfr- (Otfrid), G. ver-, 
Goth. fra-,fair-. 

Por-, prefix (2), for, in the place of; 
see Por {prep.). 

Por-, prefix (3), standing for AS. fore, 
before ; see Pore. 

Por-, prefix (4), standing for OF. for- ; 
Lat. foris, outside ; cp. F. hors, from Lat. 

Por, prep, for, by, for fear of, in spite of, 
in the place of, for the sake of, 8, 82, PP ; 
forr, S ; fore, 8, PP ; uor, 8. 

Por, cofij. because, in order that, whether, 
8, 83, PP. Comb. : for onten, without, 
besides, 82, B ; for owtyn, JD ; for out, 
B ; for te, for to, in order to, 8, PP ; vor 
te, 8, 82 ; for to, PP ; vor to, 82 ; for pan 
Jje, because that, S ; for-pon, S ; vorpan, 
therefore, 8 ; for pat pe, because that, 8 ; 
for pet, for that reason, 8 ; for pi, for that 
cause, S, 82, PP ; uortSi, S; for-pe, 8; 
for-py, 82, PP ; forr-pi, because, S ; for 
till, for to, S3 ; for-whi, wherefore, S2, 



PP ; because, S3 ; for-quhy, S3; for-wliy, 
C3, PP. 

Por, adv. far, S ; see Per. 

Por, //. s. fared, 8, 82 ; see Paren. 

Porage, sb. forage, food, C2. — OY.for- 
rage, homforre; Low hut. fodrum, from a 
Teutonic source, cp. AS. fodor. See Pod- 

Porager, sb. forager, messenger, PP. 
Cf. Por ray our. 

Por-amen, v. to cause to run about, to 
ride about ; uorarnd, pi. s., 82. — Cp. AS. 
icrnan (v. tr.) , pt. arnde, pp. cerned. (Por- 1 .) 

Por-bathde, //. //• bathed deep, S3. 
(Por- I. 

Por-beden, v. to forbid, 8, Prompt., 
82, PP ; forbeode, PP ; forbet, pr. s., 8 ; 
forbed, 8 ; forbadde, pf. s., PP ; forbad, 
MD ; uorbed, S2 ; fforbode, //., MD ; 
forbude, subj., 8 ; forboden, //., H, S3, 
P ; forbode, 8, PP ; forbedun, \V.— AS. 
for-bcodan, pt. -beadi^. -btidon),^^.-boden. 

Tot- I.) 

Por-beren, v. to forbear, 8, C, PP ; 
uorberen, 8 ; forbar,//". s., PP ; forbare, 
P; forbaren, //., 8; forbore,//., MD. 
— AS. for-berau, pt. -bar (pi. -baron), pp. 
-borcn. (Por- 1.) 

Por-bernen, v. intr. to bum up, to be 
destroyed by fire, 8 ; forbrenne, MD ; 
uorbamde, //. s., MD ; forbrende, MD ; 
for-bernen, v. tr. to burn up, MD ; for- 
bsernen, 8 ; forbeame, 8 ; forbrenne, 
PP; forbrende, pt. s., PP, MD ; vor- 
barnd, //., 82 ; uorbernd, S2, MD. — 
AS. for-byman (v. intr.), pt. -barn (pi. 
■ biirnofi), pp. -burnen, also, for-bi:eman (v. 
tr.), pt. -birrnde, pp. -bartied. (Por- i.) 

Por-bisne, sb. example. 8 ; uorbysne, 
parable, S2 ; forbusne, PP. — AS. forc- 
bysn. (Por- 3.) 

Por-blak, adj. verj' black, C. (Por- 1.) 

Por-bode, sb. forbidding, 8, P ; forbod, 
8 ; forbot, 8. Phr. : Iiordes forbode, it is 
the Lord's forbidding, PP ; Goddes for- 
bode, PP ; Godys forbode, S3. — AS. for- 
bod. (Por- I.) 

Porce, sb. force ; forss, B ; fors, B ; 
forse, matter, consequence, PP. Phr. : 
no forse, it matters not, PP ; no fors, 82, 
C2 ; no force, XD, HD, S3 (20 b. 87) ; 
to give no force, not to care, HD, Palsg. ; 
make no fors, C3. — AF.foree : Late Lat. 
fortia. Cp. Cotg. i^%.v.): je ne fais point 
force de cela, I care not for, I force not of, 
that thing. 



Forcere, sk casket, strong-box, TP ; 
forcer, HD ; focer, IID ; fosar, IID. — 
OF. forsicr; Low Lat. forsarhim (^acc), 
see Ducange. 

For-cnrssed, //. utterly accursed, S. 
(Por- I.) 

For-CWiddare, sb. foreteller, S. (ror- 

Ford, sh. a ford, passage, course, MD ; 
forde, PP ; forth, PP, S2 ; vorp, S2 ; 
farth, MD.— AS./m/ (,OET.). 

For-dede,-f'''. previous deed, S2. (Por-3.) 

For-denien, v. to condemn, MD ; for- 
demde, pt. s., S ; fordemed, //., MD ; 
fordemet, S ; fordempte, //., MD. — AS. 
for-danan. (For- i.) 

For-don, v. to destroy, S, MD, S2, C, 
P ; fordoon, S2 ; fordo*, pr. s., S, PP ; 
nordonne, gcr., S ; fordude, //. s., PP ; 
fordede, S ; fordeden, pL, S3 ; fordo, 
//., PP ; fordon, S ; fordone, S3.— AS. 
for-don, pt. -dyde, pp. -don. (Por- i.) 

For-dreden, v. to frighten, MD ; for- 
dred,//.,S. (Por- i.) 

For-drenclie, "v. to make drunk, S. 
(Por- I.) 

For-dronken, //. drunken, C3 ; uor- 
drunken, S. 

For-dru^e, v. to dry up, S ; fordruye, 
//., MD, CM ; fordrye, C2. (Por- i.) 

For-dynnand,/^./., filling with loud 

din, S3 ; foredinning', S3. (Por- i.) 

Tove,prcp. before, S ; for, JD. Comb.: 
for by, past, by, B, C2, C3 ; for gane, 
opposite to, S3, B ; for outh, before, in 
front of, B; forowth, B; forrouth, S2, 
B; forrow, S2, ^.—KS. for, fore, in the 
sight of, before, Goih. faura. 

Forest, sb. forest, MD ; forestes, //., 
-p-p.—OY. forest. 

Forester, sb. forester, MD ; forster. 
C, PP, HD ; foster, HD. 

Foreyn, adj. strange, MD ; foreynes, 
//. strangers, PP. — OF. forain ; Late Lat. 

For-faren, v- to perish, to fare ill, 
PP, S2, G ; forfayr, B ; forfarn, //. 
destroyed, S2.—hS>. for-faran. (Por- i.) 

For-fered, //. exceedingly afraid, C2, 
MD. CPor- I.) 

For-feren, v. to perish, MD; forferden, 
pt. pi., MD ; forferde, S2. — A.'i. for-firan. 
(Por- I.) 

Forfet, sb. crime, forfeit, PP, MD.— 


OY. forfet, forfait ; Late Lat. forisfactum, 
forefactwn (Ducange). (Por- 4.) 

Forfeten, v. to do wrong, to fail, to 
forfeit, MD, PP ; forfaiten, PP. (Por- 4.) 

For-feynted, //. enfeebled, PP ; for- 
faynt, S3. (Por- i.) 

For-freten, v. to eat away, PP ; for- 
fret, /;-. J-., PP. (Por- i.) 

Forgaf ; see Por-jiuen. 

For-gar, v. to lose ; for^art, pt. pi, 
S2.—Cp.Icel.y>rzy-^^>a, to forfeit. (Por- i.) 

Forgen, v. to make, construct, forge 
(of smith's work\ MD ; forgeden, pt. pi., 
\\2 (Ps. 1 28. 3) ; forgit, //., S3 ; forffid, 
PP.— OY .forger, forgier (Ps. i 28. 3) ; Lat. 
fabricare (Vulg.). 

For-geten, v. to forget, MD, S, 82 ; 
see Porseten. 

Forgetil, adj. forgetful, H.— AS. for- 

Forgetilnes, sb. forgetfulness, H.^ 
AS. forgitolnes. 

For-gilten, v. to forfeit, to make guilty, 
MD ; forgTilten, MD ; to harm, PP ; for- 
gilt, pt. s., MD; forgTilten, //., MD ; 
forgult, //., S, MD ; forrgiUtedd, S. 
(Por- I.) 

For-gon, v. to forgo, S2, C3 ; forga, 
S2 ; forgoon, C2 ; forgoU, pr. s., S ; for- 
gan, //., MD ; forgone, MD, S3.— AS. 
for-gdn. (Por- i.) 

For-heden, v. to neglect, pay no heed 
to, S2.— From AS. /u'dan. (Por- i.) 

For-heed, sb. forehead, C ; foreheued, 

MD. (Por- 3.) 
For-helen, v. to conceal, HD ; for- 

holen, pp., S, HD ; forliole, S, HD.— 

AS. for-helan, pt. -hal (pi. -hilon), pp. 

-holen. (Por- 1.) 
For-hewed, //. he\vn about, S3. (Pcr- 


For-hilen, v. to protect, :MD. (Por- i.) 

For-hiler, sb. protector, S2, HD. 

For-hiling, sb. protection, S2. 

For-hoght, .y^. contempt, MD. (Por-i.) 

For-ll05ien, v. to neglect, despise, S ; 
forlioliien,MD. — KS>.for-hog!a?i. (Por- 1 .) 

For-langen, v. to long for ; forrlan- 
gedd,//., S. (Por- i.) 

For-lesen, w. to lose wholly, MD, HD; 
forleosen, MD ; forleost, 2 pr. s., S; 
vorleost, pr. s., S ; forlesep, S ; forles, 
//. s., S ; forlesed, 2 pt. s., destroyedst, 
S2 ; forrlurenn,//., S ; forloren, //., S; 
forrlorenn, S ; vorloren, S ; forlorne, 
S3; forlorn, S2; forlore, S2, S3; uor- 


lore, S2. — AS. for-Uosan, pt. lias (pi. 
lurori), pp. lorcn. {Tot- I .) 

For-leten, v. to leave ofT, forsake, yield 
up, S, S2, C2 ; norlete, to forgive, S2 ; 
forlet, ft. s., S; forleten, //., S. — AS. 
for-l<£ian, pt. -lit, pp. -liten. (For- 1.) 

For-leuen, v. to abandon, MD ; for- 
leaf, imp. s., S. (Por- i.) 
Forloren ; see ror-lesen. 
Porloynen, v. to go far astray, MD, 
HD ; forloyned, //., S2. — OY. forlongcr, 
to go far before (Cotg.). (For- 4.) 

Formaylle, sb. the female hawk, MD, 
HD. — Cp. OF. forme, a kind of hawk 

Forme, adj. supcrl. first, S, PP ; 
forrme, S ; farme, MD. Comb. : forme- 
fader, ancestor, S, S2, S3, H, PP ; forme- 
foster, progenitor, S2 ; forme-mete, first 
meat, morning-meal, S. — h.'Si. forma, superl. 
olforc, before. 

Forme, sb. form, figure, shape, MD ; 
scabdliim, Voc. ; furme, MD ; fourm.e, 
MD, W ; fourm, MD ; foorme, form of a 
hare. Prompt, (see Y . forme, Cotg.). — AF. 
forme ; \^^\.. forma. 

Formel egle, sb. female eagle, MD, 
CM. Cf. Pormaylle. 

Form.eil, v. to form, Prompt. — OF. 
former; ha.i. for mare. 
Former, sb. former, creator, MD, PP. 
Formere, adj. comp. former, MD. — 
Comb. : formere fader, ancestor, S2. 
Form.est, adj. super!, first, S, PP ; fur- 
mest, S2. — XS.fyrmcst {formcst). 

Form.OUr, sb. former, creator, MD, PP ; 
formeour, PP ; formyour, MD, S2. — OF. 
formebr; 'LaX.formatorem. 

Forn, prep, and adv. before, MD, HD ; 
foren, S. Comb. : forn ajens, over 
against, W. — AS. foran ; cp. OWd.forn, 
' olim ' (Tatian). 
Forn-cast, //. forecast, C, CM, 
Forneys, sb. furnace, C ; fornays, 
MD ; furneise,.S ; foriies,S2 ; fourneys, 
C2, C3 ; fornesse, HD.^ — OY. fornaise; 

For-nimen, z'- to take away, MD ; for- 
nxim.en,//., S. — K'S.for-niman. (Por- 1.) 
For-old, adj. very old, C. (Por- 1.) 
For-pinen, v. to torment, MD ; for- 
pinede, pt. s., MD; forpined, //., HD ; 
forpyned, CM, P; famished, wretched, 
PP. (Por- I.) 



For-priken, v. to spur violently ; 
vor-priked, pt. s., S2. (Por- i.) 

Forray, sb. foray, B. 

Forray, v. to forage, B. 

Forrayour, sb. forayer, forager, B ; 
foreyours, //., PP ; foreioures, PP. Cf. 

Forred, //. furred, S2, PP ; see Pur- 

For-reden, z'- to betray, hurt, wrong, 
S; forreadeJi,S ; forradden, //■.//., MD ; 
forrad, //., MD ; forred, S. — AS. for- 
ridan. (Por- i.) 

For-saken, v. to forsake, to deny, re- 
fuse, PP, S, S2 ; norsake, S ; forsoc, //. 
s., S2 ; forsok, PP ; uorsoc, S ; forsake, 
2pt.s.,S; forsoken,//., PP; forsake,//., 
W2, PP. — AS. for-SMan, to renounce, pt. 
-soc, pp. -sacen. (Por- i.) 

For-seon, v. to despise, MD ; for-se, 
HD ; forsest, 2 /;-. s., S ; forrse, subj., 
S. — Ka.for-si'on. (Por- i.) 

For-slouthe, v. to lose through sloth, 
C ; for sleuthed, //., wasted idly, P. 
(,Por- I.) 

For-SOnke,//. sunk deep, S3. (Por- i.) 

For- spent, //. exhausted, Sh. ; fore- 
spent, S3. (Por- I.) 

For-Spreak, sb. an advocate, HD. 
(Por- 2.) 

For-stallen, v. to forestall, obstruct, 
PP. See SkD (p. 805.) (Por- 3.) 

For-standen, stand for, avail ; for- 
stod,//'.j-.,S. — Aii.for-standan. (For- 2.) 

For-SUUe^eu, v. to be smful, MD ; for- 
sunegede, //. //., sinful, MD ; forsine- 
g'ede, S. — AS. for-syngiaii, pp. forsyngad. 
(Por- I.) 

For-swelten, v. to die, S, MD ; V. tr.y 
to kill, S, MD ; forswelte,//., MD.— AS. 
for-siveltan, ' mori, perire.' (Por- i.) 

For-S'wel5eii, v. to swallow up, MD ; 

uor-zwel5e, S2. (For- i.) 

For-swerien, v. to forswear, MD ; 
forsuore, pt. s., MD ; forsworen, //., S, 
G, PP ; forswore, PP ; uorsnore, S2 ; 
forsworene, //., S. — AS. for-swerian, pt. 
svjor, pp. -sworen. (For-i.) 

For-swering, sb. perjury, C3. 

For-sweten, v. to cover with sweat, 
MD ; forswat,//., S2, HD, B. (For- i.) 

'EOTth.,adv. forth, henceforth, throughout, 
PP, S ; north, S, S2 ; furU, S, S2 ; forth, 
prep., along, S2 ; farth, S3. Comb. : 
forth dales, far advanced in the day, \V ; 



fore days, I ID ; farth of, forth from, S3 ; 
forS riht, straiijhtway, MD ; for« riMes, 
S ; for* to, iini'il, S ; for to, S2 ; forte, S, 
S2 ; fort, S; uort, S ; forthward, for- 
ward, S, S2, C3; forlSwyth, right before, 
S2 ; forthwit, S ; forwit, S2. 

FortS-clepieii, v. to call forth, S. 

FortJen, adv. even, also, MD ; forr- 
penn, 'S.—\'^.for'dum (Jur'Sum). 

FortJen, v. to promote, perform, S. — AS. 

Foirther, adv. further, S2, PP ; ferther, 
C2 ; furder, S.^; ; furUer, MD. Comb. : 
forthermore, furthermore, C2, C3 ; for- 
thermo. C3 ; fortliirmar, S2 ; forther 
oner, more over, C^.—A.'i.furdor ( =forc + 
suffix -Sor). 

Forther, v. to further, aid, S2 ; for- 
thren, C ; fur-gren, S ; firthren, S.— AS. 

ForS-faren, v. to go forth, S, S2 ; 

uoi^-farinde, pr. p. pi- , S. 

FortJ-feren, v. to depart, die; for"5- 
feovAe,pt. s., S.—AS. /ofd-/c'ra)i. 

For-Jjresten, v. to destroy, MD ; for- 
prast, pp., ^2. {Tov- 1.) 

FortS-teon, »• to draw forth, bring up, 
MD ; fortSteh, //. s., S.—AS./or8-Uwi. 

For-))Unchen, v- to repent, S; for- 
thynketh., pr. s. impers., MD ; forthen- 
kith, W; forpynkez, S2 ; forthinke, 
imp. pi., S2 ; forthoujte, pt. s., W. 
(Por- I.) 

For-tranailled, //., wearied with toil, 
MD ; fortravalit, S2, B, (Por- i,) 

For-tuhting, sb. seduction, S ; for- 
tiliting', S. — From KS.for-ty/itaii, to lead 
astray. (For- i.) 

Fortune, sb. fortune, chance, MD, 
Prompt.; fortoun, B. — OF. fortune; Lat. 
for tuna. 

Fortune, v. to make fortunate, to hap- 
pen, S3, HD, C. 

FortunouS, adj. fortunate, HD. 

For-waked, //• tired out with watch- 
ing, S2, C3 ; forwake, S2. (Por- i.) 

For-wandred, //• wearied out with 
wandering, P. (Por- i.) 

For-wanyen, v. to spoil by indulgence, 
PP ; forweny, PP ; forwene, PP. (Por- i.) 

For-ward, sb. agreement, PP, S, C, C2 ; 
foreward, S, S2, PP ; voreward, S; 
forwarde, PP, S2 ; vorewarde, S2. — AS. 
forcweard. (Por- 3.) 


Por-waste, tP- utterly wasted, wasted 
with misery, S3. (Por- i.) 

Forwe, sb. furrow, PP ; see Pur. 

For-werien, "v. to wear out, MD ; for- 
ward, //., S3. (Por- 1.) 

For-werpen, v. to cast aside, renounce, 
MD ; forrwerrpenn, S ; forrwarrp,//. s., 
MD ; forrwurrpenn, pi., S ; forrworr- 
■penn, pp., S. — KH-for-ivcorpan, pt. -lucarp 
(pi. -Tvurpon), pp. -ivorpcn. (Por- i.) 

For-wetyng, sb. foreknowledge, C. 
(Por- 3.) 

For-wit, sh. forethought, foreknowledge, 
P. (Por. 3.) 

For-witen, v. to foreknow, MD ; for- 
wot, /;-. s., C ; forwoot, MD. — AS. fore- 
zvitan, pt. pr. -wdt. (Por- 3.) 

For- withered,//- utterly withered, S3. 
(Por- I.) 

For-WOUnded,//. desperately wounded, 
S3; uorwounded, /A J-., S2. (Por- i.) 

For-wrapped, //. wrapped up, C3. 

(Por- I.) 

For-wreien, v. to accuse, S ; forwreye, 
S ; forwrei3et,//.,MD. — AS.for-wregan. 
(Por- I.) 

For-WUrtJen, v. to perish, S ; fiirwur- 
tJen, S ; uorwur^en, S ; forworthes, 
p7: pi., S2. — AS. for-weo?-dan, pt. -weard 
(,pl. -wtirdon^, pp. -worden. (Por- i.) 

For-5elden, w. to reward, S, MD, S2 ; 
for-yelde, C2 ; for-yhelde, to render, S2 ; 
for-yheld, //. s., S2. — AS. for-geldan. 
(Por- 1.) 

For-5eldinge, sb. retribution, S2 ; for- 
yheldinges,//., S2. (Por- i.) 

For-5enien, v. to neglect, MD ; for- 
yemen, S. — AS.for-giinan. (Por- i.) 

For-5erd, sb. court, W. (Por- 3.) 

For-5eten, v. to forget, S,PP ; forjuten, 
PP; foryeten, S; forgeten, S, S2 ; vor- 
5ete, S ; forg-etith.,, G ; forjiete'S, 
/;-. J., S ; forjiet, S ; forjet, S ; foryet, S ; 
forgat, p. .f., S ; forjete, S2 ; forjat, G, 
PP ; forjaten,//., W; forg-eten,//., S, C2 ; 
forjieten, S; foryete, S; forjeten, S2, 
PP ; forjete, P, W2 ; forgen, H.— AS. 
for-gitau, pt. -gcat (pi. -giaton), pp. -giten. 
{Tor- I.) 

For-3etful, adj. forgetful, W (Jas. i. 

25) ; foryetful, C2. 

For-5iuen, v. to forgive, PP ; foryene, 

C3 ; forjeuen, PP ; forjieue, S; forrji- 

fenn, S ; foryiue, C2 ; uorsiuen, S ; for- 

gifen, S ; forjef, Imp. s., S j forgaf, //. s.. 


S ; forjaf, G, W, PP ; forBonen,//., S2 ; 
forjenen, PP ; forsonun, \V ; forjoue, 
W2. — AS./or^/ati. ^Por- i.) 

For-;iTienesse, sb. forgiveness, MD; 
forrjifenesse, S ; foryeuenesse, S, PP ; 
for;ienenesse, S. 

Foster, sb. nourishment, MD, HD ; one^ 
nurtured, a child, MD; fostyr, nurturer, 
fosterer, Si.—AS.fostor {=f6d-stor), nou-| 
rishment. See Pode. 

Fostren, v. to foster, support, cherish, 
PP ; fosstrenn, S ; fostred, pt. s.,C2,Ci; 
y-fostred, //., Ci. — AS.fostrian. 

Fotlier, sb. a carriage-load, a load, MD, 
C; fothyr, B; fudder, JD ; fadyr, B; 
uoUere,//., MD.— AS./Jd^r ; cp. O.H.G. 
fiicdar \vaod.fudcr)\, whence Y .foudre. 

Fou, adj. spotted, S ; see Poll. 

Foul, sb. fowl, bird, S2, C, PP ; fo;el, 
S ; fowel, C, PP ; fogMU, H ; fuhel, S ; 
foull, S3 : ftigeles, //., S ; fa;eles, S ; 
fnghils, H ; faeles, S ; faweles, S ; fog- 
heles. S2 ; foghles, S2. — AS.fiigol. 

Fotd, adj. foul, PP, MD ; uoul, MD, 
82 ; ful, S : fale, adv., S ; foule, G ; fal- 
nste, stifc'r/., MD. Comb. : fal-itowen, 
badlydisjiplined, wanton, MD; fal-itolieii, 
S ; ftilitohe, S.— AS./«V, Go'Ca..fnls. 

Foule, sb. fool, H ; see Pole. 

Foulen, '■• to make foul, defile, revile, 
destroy, S2, PP ; fowlen, S2 ; fulen, S; 
filen, S2 ; fild, //., S2. — AS. fi(lia)i, Xo 
become foul,/>7a«, ' inquinare.' See Poul. 

Foulere, sb. a taker of birds, W2. See 

Foul-hed, sb. folly, H. See Ponle. 

Foundemeut, sb. foundation, S3,W. 

Founden, v. to found, PP ; fundit, //., 
S3 ; y-founde, S3 ; foundun, W. — OF. 
fonder; l^?i\.. fundare. 

Foundour, sb. founder, PP. — OY.fon- 
dcur ; hzi. fundato?-ern. 

Foundren, v. to founder, also to cause 
to sink, MD ; foundre, C ; foxindered, 
//., S2 ; fowndryd as horse', PP. — OF. 
fondrer, an extended form oi fonder, to fall 
(Bartsch) ; see also Diez, p. 144. 

Founs, sb. bottom, S2 ; fonnce, MD, 
WA. — OF. fans (Bartsch" ; Lat. fundus ; 
cp. Vxow. founs, deep (Diez, p. 143). 

Foure, num. four, C3, PP ; fewer, S; 
uour, S ; fawer, MD ; faur, MD ; fanre, 
S2 ; fawre. S2 ; fowre, S2. — AS>. fo-ver, 
OS. fnnvar: Goth, fidwor; cp. OWel. 
pelguar, Lat. quatuor. 



Foute, sb. scent, trace of a beast of 
chase, S2 ; see Peute. 

Fownys, sb. pi. fawns, S3 ; see Pawn. 

Foyue, sb. a foin, thrust, S3 ; prick, 
ptinctus, Slanip. ; foines, //., ND. 
— Foyiieil, V. to thrust or lunge with a 
sword, MD, C ; feyne, MD ; foignen, 
MD; foin, ND, Sh. ; foygnede, //. s., 
MD; foyneden,//., MD ; fwnjeit, B. 
' V\ii„-'sb. mutual consent, juncttira, MD ; 
fo5e, </a/., S.—AS. fog, gefog. 

Fra, Fra- ; see Pro. 

Fraisten, v. to trv, prove, MD, JD, 
HD ; fraisted, //., MD, S2, HD.— Icel. 
freista ; cp. QioXki. fraisan, AS. frdsian. 

Frake, sb. a man, HD ; see Preke. 

Frakly, adv. keenly, greedily, hastily, 
S2, B, JD. See Prek. 

Frakne, sb. freckle, lentigo. Prompt. ; 
fraksm, lenticula, Voc. ; freken, netizis, 
Manip. , HD; frecken, Palsg., Manip. ; 
fraknes. //., HD, C ; freknes, MD. — 
\c€\.. frekna. 

Fraknede,//. freckled, HD. 

Frakuy, adj. freckled. Prompt. 

Fram, prep, from, S, S2, PP ; vram, 
S2 ; nxom, S. Comb. : fxajii.--wa.Td, prep. 
away from, MD, HD ; frommard, S ; 
nronunard, S. — AS. j'ram fromj and 
fromweard, ' aversus.' Cp. Pro. 

Frame, sb. benefit, advantage, S, S2 ; 
freme, MD ; nreme, MD. — AS. fremu ; 
\zt\.frami, advancement. Fremu is from 
AS. fram {from'',, excellent. 

Framieu, v. to ser\-e, benefit, refresh, 
accomplish, ^ID; fremmen, MD ; freme, 
S, HD; frame, JD. — AS.fremian. 

Franke, adj. free, Manip. — AY. franc, 
c^i.franke hor)ir?ie, freeman. 

Frankeleyn, sb. freedman, Ubertinus, 
MD ; also a freeholder, C, HD, G ; franke- 
leyne. Prompt., PP ; frankelayn, Voc, 
PP ; frankelin, C2 ; francoleyn, MD; 
frankeleyns, //., C (A. 216). — AY . fraun- 
helay7i,frannclein ; 'Low'LaX.franc/iilaJius. 
The suffix -lanus is of Teutonic origin ; cp. 
AS. -ling; see SkD. (s.v. chatriberlain). 

Fraught, //• freighted, laden with 
cargo, MD, C3 ; franghted, S3. 

Fraunchlse, sb. freedom, prerogative, 
liberality, MD, PP ; fraunchyse, C2 ; 
frannchis, H ; franchiss, B. — AF. fran- 
chise {fraunchisc^ ; formed with suffix 
-itia ; see Apfelstedt, Introd. 67. See 

Fray, sb. terror, S3, B ; see Effray. 



Frayel, sf>. basket, PP ; freyel, PP ; 
frayle, Prompt. ; fraile, HD. — OY. frayel, 
fracl; whence Low Lat. fraclluin (Du- 

Fraynen, v. to ask, S2, S3, C2, PP ; 

fraineu, PP ; fra55nenn, 1\ID ; freinede, 
ft. s., S ; freinde, S ; fraind, S2 ; freyned, 
fP-i ^3- — \cfA. ffcgna, AS. fn'gnan. 

Pre, adj. free, free-born, generous, S, S2, 
C, C2, PP ; free, C2, PP ; fry, HD ; freo, 
PP, S2.— AS. fn'o. 

Freden, v. to feel, experience, MD, 
HD ; fredde,//. s., MD.— AS. {gc)fredan, 
from AS.pvd, wise, sensible, experienced, 
aged ; cp. OHG. fruati, experienced (Ot- 

Fredom, sb. freedom, liberality, S, 
82, C2, C3 ; fredome, S2, B. — AS. frio- 

FreitOUr, sb. refectory, hall for meals, 
S3, MD, PP; fratoiir, HD ; fraytour, 
S3 ; freitur, MD ; fraitur, S3 ; fratery, 
HD ; frojrter, HD (p. 379).— OF. refre- 
toir ; Late Lat. refectorium. 

Frek, adj. eager, greedv, bold, S2 ; 
frak, JD; frike, MD ; fryke, HD.— AS. 
free; cp. Goth, friks, greedy (in faihii- 
friks) ; Icel. frekr. 

Freke, sb. a bold man, a warrior, a man, 
MD, S2, P; freek, PP ; frek, S2, PP; 
freyke, S3 ; fraik, PP ; frayk, PP ; freik, 
PP ; frake, HD ; freckys,//., S3 ; frekis, 
P. — KS.freca, a bold man, warrior. 

Frekel, sb. freckle; freklys, pi., S3; 
freckles, variolae, Manip. See Fraken. 

Frele, adj. frail, S2, P; freyle, MD ; 
freel, PP. — OY. frele, fraile; \.2X. fragi- 

Freletee, sb. frailty, C2 ; frelete, P. 

Frely, adj. noble, gracious, S2, C2, B ; 
freolicli, S ; freyliche, S2 ; freliclie, adv. 
freely, PP, S2. — AS. freolic, adv. frcolicc. 
See Fre. 

Fre-man, sb. freeman, S. — AS. fr'eo- 

Fremde, adj. and sb. strange, foreign, 
stranger, S, C2, PP ; fremmde, S; fre- 
mede, S ; fremmed, PP. — AS. frcmede, 
fremde, strange. 

Freinen, v. to accomplish, S, HD; 
see Framien. 

Frend, sb. friend, S, C ; freonde, PP ; 
freondes, pi, PP ; freond, S, S2 ; ure- 
ondes, S ; frendes, C3, PP ; frenden, dat., 


Frenden, v. reflex, to gain friends ; 
ureonden, S. 

Frendesse, sb. female friend, W2. 
Frendrede, sb. friendship, HD.— AS. 

FrendscMpe, sb. friendship, S, C ; 
freontschipe, S. — ASfrondscipe. 

Freoien, v. to free, MD ; vri, imp. s., 
S2 ; freode, /'/. s., MD ; fried, //., S.— 
AS.friogan(frion), ^, ■^^. friod. 
See Pre. 

Freolsen, v. to free, to celebrate, MD ; 
frelsen, MD. — AS.friolsiati, 'diem festum 
celebrare ;' cp. Icel. frjdlsa, to free. From 
AS. friols, freedom, festival : Goth, frei- 
hals, 'collum liberum,' freedom. 

Frere, sb. brother, friar, MD, C, G, P ; 
freir, S3 ; frer, B ; freres, //., C2, P. — 
OF. frc!-e, fredre ; 'LdX.fratrem. 

Fresch, adj. fresh, new, MD, C ; fersch, 
S2 ; fresclie, W2, PP ; freis, S2 ; freissli, 
S2. — AS.fersc. 

Freschly, adv. freshly, B. 

Fresen, v. to freeze, PP ; freost, pr. s., 
S ; frese, pt. s., MD ; froren, //., MD. — 
AS. freosan, pt. freas (pi. frui-on), pp. 

Frest, sb. delay, MD, S2, B; ferst, 
MD ; first, MD ; furst, S ; virst, S.— 
Icel. frest, AS. ferst, fyrst, first, an in- 

Fresten, v. to delay, to lend, MD, 

Freten, v. to devour, S, S2, C2, P ; 
freate, to fret, feel vexed, S3; fret, pt. s., 
MD, S2, PP ; freten, //., "s, S2 ; frete, 
S2, C3. — AS. fretan, pt. froit (pi. frdton), 
Y)Y>- f'efen, a compound oi etan, to eat ; cp. 
Goih..f?-a-ifaji=fra + iian, to eat. 

Fretten, v. to adorn, furnish, MD, S2 ; 
fret, //., MD, S3 ; fretted, P. — AS. 
frcEtwiait, 'ornare;' cp. OS.fratahon. 

Freuren, v. to comfort, S. — AS. fre- 
frian. See Profren. 

Fri-daei, sb. Friday, the week-day 
sacred to Friga, the AS. name of a Teutonic 
goddess having attributes similar to those 
of the Roman Venus, S; fridai, IMD. — 
AS. Frige-dag. 

Frie, sb. the wife of Woden, MD.— AS. 
Friga ; see Grimm, Teut. M., p. 299. 

Frien, v. to fry, MD ; i-frijet, pp., S2 ; 
fryed, PP j yfryed, PP.— OF. frire ; Lat. 



rrigt, sb. fright, MD ; frijt, MD.— AS. 


Frigten, v. to fear, also to alarm, 
MD ; fricht, //., S3. — AS. forhtian, pp. 

Frigti, adj. timid, S. — Comb. : frig-ti 
Inue. reverence, S. 

Frigtihed, sh. alarm, S. 

Frigtilike, adv. timidly, S. 

FriS, sb. peace, security, deer-park, 
forest, wood, S, S2. PP, HD ; fryth, S2, PP. 
—KS.frid; cp. OUG. fridn (Otfrid). 

Fri'Sien, v. to free, protect, spare, MD ; 
fritSie, S ; frithed, //., enclosed, P. — 
AS. {ge fridian, to protect. 

Fro, prep, from, S, S2, C2, PP ; froo, 
PP ; fra, S, S2, S3. Comb. : frathine, 
from thence, S3, B ; fraward, away from, 
forward, S2, MD ; frawart, S3. — AS. 
fram, Icel. /rd. Cf. Fxam. 

Frofre, sb. comfort, MD ; frouer, S ; 
froure. S, MD.— AS./;J>r. 

Frofren, v. to comfort, S ; frouren, S ; 
frefrien, MD ; freure'S, pr. s., S. — AS. 

Frogge, sb. frog, S, Voc. ; frock, HD ; 
frogg-eu, //., S J firogges, MD. — AS. 

Froit ; see Prut. 

Frokke, sb. frock, PP, MD; frogge, 
PP ; froggis, //., B.— OF. froc (Cotg.) ; 
cp. Low Lat. frocus, floats, see Ducange. 
For interchange olfr andyf cf. Frounce. 

Frosche, sb. frog, Voc. ; froske, MD, 
H ; froskes, //., MD ; froskis, H ; fros- 
ses, MD. — AS./rojr; cp. \q.€[. froskr. 

Froten, v. to rub, MD, H ; frotynge, 
pr. p., \V ; frotyng, grating, S2 ; yfroted, 
//.. 'S>2.— QY. f rater: li. fret/are : Lat. 
frictum, iiova. fricare ; see Constans. 

FrotSe, sb. froth, foam, MD, Prompt. ; 
forpe. S2. — Icel. /roda, fraud; cp. Dan. 

Frothen, v. to froth, C, MD. 

Frounce, sb. a fold, plait, ND ; 
frounces, //., PP ; flounce, SkD.— OF. 
froiice, wrinkle (Bartsch). For interchange 
ofy> andy? cf. Frokke. 

Fromiceil, v. to knit the brow, wrinkle, 
fold, MD, ND, HD; frounsen, HD; 
frounced, //., S3; fronst, HD. — OF. 
froncer ; Late hvii. froniiarc. 

Frount, sb. front, forehead, S2, MD, 
B. — AY. frount, frutit ; 'Lz.\..frontem. 



Frade, sb. frog, MD ; fmden, pi., S. — 
Icel. fraud r ; cp. Dan. fro. 

Frame, sb. beginning, MD ; frome, 
MD. — AS.fruma; cp. Goth, frums. 

Fmmentee, sb. funnety, wheat boiled 
in milk, MD, HD ; frumenty, MD, HD ; 
furmente, MD ; firmentie, S3. — OF. 
frtimentee,fromentee\ \jdXtL.DX.friimetitata ; 
from Lat. frumentum, corn (OF. froment, 
forment, wheat, corn). 

FrtunSe, sb. beginning, S ; urunlSe, 
MD. — K'i.fry'mda (frumd;. 

Frastir, adj. frustrated, useless, JD, 
S3. — Cp. OF. frustrer ; 'Lz.t.f rust rare. 

Fruti sb. fruit, S, S2 ; fruit, S ; fruyt, 
C3 ; froit, MD; froyt, H ;Ps. 125. 61; 
fryt, S2 ; frutis,//., B ; froytis, B.— OF. 
frut (fruit) ; l^dX. f)-uctu»i. 

FraytestereS, sb. pl.f, women fruit- 
sellers, C3. 

Fugel, Fnliel ; see Foul, 

Fill, adj. foul, S ; fule, adv., S. Comb. : 
fal-itohen, S. See Foul. 

Ful, //. s., fell, S, PP. See Fallen. 

Ful, adj. full, S. Comb. : ful iwis, full 
assuredly, S ; fol iwis, S ; ful out, com- 
pletely, W2 ; to ful, completely, S2. See 

Ful, sb. a goblet full of drink, a toast 
at a heathen feast; uul, S. — AS. ftil; 
cp. Icel. full; see Grimm, Teut. M., 
p. 60. 

Ful-briugeu, v. to complete, MD ; 
fullljroliht,//., MD. 

Fulcning, sb. baptism, S ; folcninge, 
dat., S. See Fulhtnen. 

Ful-don, V. to accomplish, S. 

Ful-endin, v. to bring to an end, S ; 
fulendy, S. 

Ful-fortSien, v. to perform, S. 

Ful-fremien, v. to perfect, MD ; full- 
fremedd, //., S. 

Ful-fullen, v. to fulfil, perfect, to fill 
full, MD ; folvellet, S ; fulfellj?, 
pr. s., S ; uuluelden, //. //., S ; folfult, 
pp., S2 ; fulfild, S2. 

Ful-hed, sb. fulness, S2 ; folhed, MD. 

Fulhtnen, v. to baptize, MD ; fulllit- 
nenn, S. See Fulluht. 

Full, ad/, full, Ul) ; ful, S ; fol, S2 ; 
vol, S2 ; fuUe, dat., S, PP ; adv., S ; 
follest, superl., Sz. 

Fulle, sb. fill, S; ^lle, S2.— AS.^'//<7: 
OUG. fulli. 



Fallen, w. to fill, complete, S ; felle, 
S ; fulde, //. s., S ; felde, 82 ; vulde, S2 ; 
fyl&eu,/'/., S ; i-fvillet, //., S ; i-uuUed, 
S ; hi-fulled, S ; ifiild, S2 ; filt, S ; 
falde, //.. S.— AS. /f//a/i : OS. fullian : 
Go\.\i. fill! jail. 

Pnlliche, adv. fully, S; follicbe, S; 
volliche, S2. 

Fullullt, sl>. baptism, S ; fulloiiht, 
MD ; fuUou^t, MD ; fiiUojt, MD.— AS. 
fuhviht (OET.). See TuU. 

Ful-niard, sh. polecat, MD, Voc. ; 
fulmarde, Palsg. ; fulmerde, Voc. ; ful- 
mare, Manip. ; fulmere, Voc, Prompt, 
(p. 407) ; folmarde, S2. — hS>. ftil-V niearS, 
marten. See Foul. 

Fulnesse, sh- fulness, MD ; uolnesse, 

Fulst, sh. help, S.— AS. ^A^ (/«/ + 
last) ; cp. O'&.ftd-lhti. See Full. 

Fulsten, v. to help, S. — AS. fylstati : 
OS. ful-lcstian. 

Ful-sum, adj. plenteous, S. See Pull. 

Fulsumlied, sh. abundance, S. 

Fulsumnesse, sb. satiety, MD; ful- 
somnesse, C2, 

Ful?5e, sb. fulness, MD. See Full. 

Fultum, sh. help, MD ; fultume, dat., 
MD ; //., S. — AS. fiilhim ( =ful+tcam). 
See Pull. 

Fulwes ; see Polwen. 

Ful^eis,, leaves, S3.— OF. ftiilk, 
foillc; X^'sX. folium. 

Fume, sh. fume, smoke, MD ; confusion 
in the brain produced by drunkenness, C. — 
OY.ftun ; \j3X.fiumtm. 

Fumetere, sh. the herb fumitory, yMW?^j 
terrae, earth-smoke, Alph., Voc, C ; fu- 
mytere, Voc. ; fumeter. Prompt. — OF. 
fumeterre ; Late \^2X. fumus terrae (Alph.). 

Fumosite, sb. indigestibility, MD ; 
famositee, the quality of getting into the 
head (of winesl, C2, C3 ; fumositie, 
smoakiness, Manip. 

Fumouse, adj. angry, Palsg. (p. 774). 

Funden, v. to hasten, go, to strive, S, 
MD ; fonde, S, S3 ; foonde, S2 ; founde, 
S2, B. — AS. fundian, to hasten. See 

Funden, pt. pi., found, S ; see Pinden. 

Fundie, adj. heavy, MD ; see PindiB. 


Fundles, sb. a finding, S ; fundless, 


Fundling, sb. foundling, S. 

Fundy, v. to become stiff with cold, 

Fund3ring, sh. benumbmentwith cold, B. 

Funt, sb. font, S ; funte, Voc. Coinh. : 
funt-fat, font, S. See Pont. 

Fur, sb. fire, S, S2, PP ; fir, S ; fer, S ; 
feer, 82 ; fyr, PP, C2 ; fuyr, PP ; fuir, 
S2, PP ; fyre, MD ; fere, dat., S2 ; uere, 
S2.— AS.jSJr: OHG./?«- (Otfrid). 

Fur, sb. furrow, S3 ; furgh, MD ; furch, 
MD ; forwe, PP ; forwes,//., P. Comb. : 
fur-breid, furrow's breadth, S3 ; furlong-, 
furrow's length, C2, C3, PP ; fourlonge, 
P ; forlang-, FP.— AS. fitr/i. 

Fureur, sb. fury, S3.— OF. fureur; 
'La.i. fiiroreiti. 

Furial, adj. raging, C2. — 'LdX.furialis. 

Furre, sb. fur, Prompt., Palsg. ; furris, 
//., PP.— OF. fiierre, a sheath (Bartsch) ; 
cp. Sp. f67-ro, lining : It. fodcro, lining, a 
furred garment, a sheath, scabbard: Goth. 
fodr, sheath ; cp. Icel. foQr, lining, OHG. 
fuatar, see Kluge and Weigand {s.\.f2itter). 

Furren, v. to line with fur, MD ; 
furryn, Prompt.; furred,//., MD; forred, 
S2, PP. — OV.forrer (Bartsch), 2\%ofoiirrer 

Fnrst, sb. delay, S ; see Prest. 

FuS, adj. eager, prompt, MD ; fous, 
MD ; vous, MD.— Icel. fiiss : OHG. fu7is 

Fusen, "v. to hurry, MD ; fusede, pt. s., 
MD. — AS. fysaji: OS. filsian. 

Fust, sb. fist, S2, PP ; fyste, Voc. ; 
fist, MD ; fegt, MD, C3 ; feste, dat., 
C^.— AS. fyst: OUG.fiist {G./amt). 

Fu^ten ; see Fig-Men. 

Fylyng, sh. defiling, S2. Sec Poulen. 

Fyn, sb. end, S2, S3, C2, G ; see Fine- 

Fyr, sb. fire, PP, C2 ; fyre, MD. Co?nb. : 
fyre-flaucht, lightning, S3 ; fyr-reed, 
red as fire, C. See Fur. 

Fyrth, sh. a passage, inlet of the sea, 
S3 ; firth, JD.— Icel._^()r2fr. 

Fyry, adj. fiery, C ; fery, S3. See Pur. 

Fy^te, v. to fight, PP ; see Fig-liten. 

Fy5te, sb. fight, PP ; fi5te, S, S2 ; uihte, 
S ; feht, MD ; fejt, S2 ; fselit, MD ; 
tsshte, S.— AS. feo/it : OS. fe/ita. 





Ga, V. to go ; see Oan. 

Gabben, v. to lie, mock, scoff, jest, 
prate, S, C, PP, Prompt., Cath., JD.— 
Icel. gabba, to mock. 


Gabbere, sb. liar, chatterer, CM, 
Prompt. («). 

Gadeling, sb. comrade, fellow, vaga- 
bond ; gfadelyng', PP, G, CM ; gadlyng, 
HD ; gedelynge, PP, HD ; g^edelyng', 
S2. — AS. gisdelitig: OS. gadtilitig, a kins- 
man ; cp. Goth, gadiliggs, a sister's son. 

Gaderare, sb. gatherer, S. 

Gaderen, v. to gather, S, PP, C ; gad- 
ery, S2 ; g^adir, S2 ; gadire, W2 ; ged- 
eren, S ; gedre, S2 ; gaddretJ, pr. J., S ; 
gaderid,//. s., PP ; gadred, S2 ; geder- 
ide, PP; je-gadered, //., S; y.gadered, 
S3; gedrid, S2. — AS. gaderian,g(Fdrian. 

Gadering, sb. gathermg, S.— AS. gad- 
em ng. 

Gsede, ft. s. went, S. — AS. ge-iode (GET. 
p. 622). Cf. 3eode. 

Gsr, sb. year, S ; see 3eer. 

GaBrStune, .f.//. treasures; see Gersnm. 

Gset, sb. pi. goats, S ; see Goot. 

GagateS, sb. jet, S2. — Lat. gagates, jet ; 
Gr. •yayarrjs. See lette. 

Gage, V. to measure the contents of a 
vessel, to guage, S3, Sh. — AF. gauger (F. 
jaugcr) ; from OF. *gauge ; cp. Low Lat. 
jalagitim, 'jus mensurae ' i^Ducange). 

Gaignage, sb. crop, fruit of tilled or 
planted ground, HD ; gaynage. S3. — OF. 
gaignage, produce, revenue, Cotg. ; from 
OF. gaigner, to get, win. 

Gainges, .T'^.//. goings, S2. See Gan. 

Gair, sb. a gore ; see Gore. 

Gairding, sb. garden, S3 ; see Oardin. 

Gait, sb. way, S3 ; see Gate. 

Gal, adj. lascivious, S ; gole, pL, MD. — 
AS. gal; cp. OHG. geil. 

Galamelle, sb. a sweet and nourishing 
drink, S2. 

Gale, sb. sore, S3 ; see Galle. 

Gale-gale, sb. a sing-song fellow, S. 

Galen, v. to sing, cry out, to caw (as 
crows or rooks). Prompt., S3, CM. — AS. 
galan. Cf. E. nightingale. 

Galeye, sb. galley, ship, Prompt. ; 
galeie, S ; galey, Voc. ; galay, S2 ; gay- 
\a^, S2. — AF. galeye, galie ; cp. Low 
Lat. galea. 

Galianes, sb. pi. drinks named after 
Galen (^called Galien in ME.), C3. 

Galiard, adj. gay, sprightly, HD ; gal- 
3art, S3 ; galyarde, HD. — OF. gaillard, 
vigorous (Roland). 

Galingale, sb. a plant from the root of 
which a spice was prepared, Cath. (s. v. 
galynga), ND, HD; galyngale, Alph., C3, 
Prompt. ; galangale, ND. — OF. galingal, 
the root of the rush called cypress (^cp. Low 
Lat. gallingar), from galangue; cp. Low 
Lat. galanga (Alph.). 

Galiote,-!''^. large galley, S2.- — li.galeStta, 
a good handsome big galley (Florio). See 

Galle, sb. the gall, bitterness, anger, S, 
Prompt, Voc, C2, C3, PP ; bitter drink, 
S2. — AS. gealla (Voc). 

Galle, sb. sore in man or beast, Prompt. ; 
gale, S^.— OY . galle, scab, itch; cp. Low 
Lat. galla (Ducange). 

Galnesse, sb. lasciviousness, MD ; gol- 
nesse, S ; galues, S. See Gal. 

Galoche, sb. a kind of patten, C2, 
Prompt. ; galoches, //., PP ; galage, 
' sandalium,' Manip. ; gallage, Manip. (w). 
— AF. galoche ; Low Lat. calopodia, clogs ; 
Gr. KoKo-nohiov , dimin. of Aca\o7rouy, i. e. 
wood-foot, a last. 

Galoun, sb. gallon, W, C3, P; galun, 
S. — AF. galoun. 

Galpen, v. to yawn, PP, Voc, C2. — OS. 
galpon, ' clamare.' 

Galwe, J^.cross, gibbet ; galowe,Prompt.; 
galwes, //., gallows, Voc, C2 ; galues, 
S. — AS. gealga, also galga (Voc). 

Galwe-tre, sb. gallows-tree, S, Prompt. 
— AS. gealg-triow. 

Gal5art, adj. gay ; see Galiard. 

Game-gobelyn, sb. a demon who plays 
with men, Voc. 

Gamen, sb. play, sport, CM, S, S2, G, 
PP, H ; gammyn, S2 ; gomen, S ; game, 
S, G, Prompt., Voc, C2, C3 ; gome, S. — 
A.S. gamen. 

Gamen, v. to be pleasant ; Mm gam- 
ede,pt. s., it was pleasant to him, C. 



Gan, V. to go, S ; gfon, S, S2, C2 ; gfoon, 
C2 ; go, S ; gfa, S2 ; gonde, pr. p., S ; ga, 
imp. s., S ; gais, S2 ; gdS,pl., S, S2, C2 ; 
gooth, C2 ; gest, 2 pr. s., S, S2 ; gaas, 

S2 ; goost. C2 ; gap,/;-. J., S ; ge^S, S, S2 ; 
gtifS, S, C2; gas, S2 ; gotJ, //., S; gon, 
S2 ; goon, C2 ; gan, //., S2 ; goon, C2 ; 
goo, S3 ; ygon, C2, C3 ; igon, G ; igoon, 
G ; ygo, 82 ; igo, G. — AS. £'ci/i. 

Gan, /A s. began, did ; see Ginnen. 

Gane, v. to fit, avail, JD ; ganyde, //. 
//., S3; ganand, pr. p. as adj., suitable, 
becoming, S3 ; see Gejnen. 

Gang, s/>. going, S2. 

Gangen, v. to go, S, PP ; gang, S3 ; 
gangande, pr. p., PP ; gangand, S2 ; 
gonge, 2 pr. s. suhj., S. — AS. gangan. 

Ganien, v. to yawn, gape, SkD ; gane, 
Manip., Palsg., S3, C3 ; gone, S2 ; janin. 
Prompt. — AS. gdnian (Voc.). 

Gar, V. to cause, make, S3 ; gare, H ; 
gart, //". J., S2, PP ; see Ger. 

Gardin, sb. garden, SkD, C2 ; gardyn, 
PP ; gardyne, PP ; gardayne, Manip. ; 
gairding, S3. — KY . gardin {¥ . jardin). 

Garget, sb. throat, CM ; see Gorget. 

Garite, sb. a watch-tower, look-out on 
the roof of a house or castle-wall, S3 ; gar- 
ytte, a high ' solere,' Prompt. ; garett, HD ; 
garret, Cotg. (s. v. tourelle) ; garettes, 
//., Prompt. («) ; ga.Trettes, projecta, Ma- 
nip. — OF. garite ; cp. Span, garita. 

Garlek, sb. garlick, PP; garleke, 
Alph. ; garleek, C ; garlekke. Prompt. ; 
garlike, P; garlik,PP. — AS.gdrleaciyoc). 

Garnet, sb. a kind of precious stone ; 
garnettes, //., SkD ; granat, Cotg. (s.v. 
grenaf) ; granate-stone (Florio). Cp. It. 
grandta, pomegranate, garnet. See Grain. 

Garnet-appille, sb. pomegranate, HD. 
See Apple-garnade. 

Garth., sb. an enclosure, HD, S3, H; 
orchard, Manip. ; garthe, sepes, Cath. ; 
gartMs, //., H. — Icel. gardr. See Jerd. 

GaiS,pr. s. goes; see Gan. 

Gast, sb. spirit, S, S2 ; see Gost. 

Gastlike, adj. spiritual, S ; see Gost- 

Gat, sb. goat, S ; gayte, S3 ; pi., H ; 
gate, S, S3 ; see Goot. 

Gate, sb. way, path, street, PP, CM, 
S2, Prompt, HD, S3, H; gat, S2; gait, 
S3. — Icel. gata ; Goth, gaiwo, street. 

Gate, .s-i^. gate, PP, Prompt. ; jate, S2, 
G, H, Prompt.; yate, C2, CM, S3, Prompt.; 


gat, S ; 5at, PP ; yat, G ; yatt, H ; 5ett, 
S3 ; giate, dai., S ; seate, S. — AS. gea^, 
Icel. gaf. 

Gate-ward, sb. gate-keeper, S, PPj 
jateward, J^P ; gatwarde, PP. 

Gatte, p(. s. granted, S ; see ^eten. 

Gat-tothed, adj. lascivious, C, CM. 

Gaude, sb. weld, Reseda luteola, dyer's 
greenweed, producing a green dye (distinct 
from woad, Florio being here wrong). 
Comb. : gaude grene, a light green colour, 
C, HD ; gawdy grene, ' subviridis,' 
Prompt. — OF. gaude (Cotg.) : Sp. gualda, 
a herb to dye yellow with (Minsheu) ; cp. 
It. gualdo, woad to dye blue with (Florio), 
Low Lat. gualda, giialdum, ' glastum ' 

Gaude, sb. a toy, piece of finery, also a 
jest, trick, CM ; gawde, a jape, imga, 
Prompt. ; gaud, HD, ND ; ornament, 
CM ; trick, C3. — Late Lat. gaudium, a 
large bead ; Lat. gaudium, ]oy. 

Gaude, v. to sport, jest, keep festival, 
ND ; to scoff, Manip. 

Gaudiouse, adj. festal, soletinis, Manip. 

Gaudying, sb. toying, S3 ; gauding, 
scoffing, Manip. 

Gauren, v. to gaze, CM, C2, C3; 
gawren, CM. 

Gaurish, adj. garish, S3. 

Gayn, adj. convenient, S2 ; gaynliche, 
adv. readily, 82 ; see Geyn. 

Ga3ruage, sb. crop, S3 ; see Gaignage. 

Gaynen, v. to avail, CM, 82 ; see 

Gayn-ras, sb. return (= Lat. occursus), 
H ; gaynrase, dat. meeting, H ; see ^eyn. 

Gayn-stand, v. to withstand, S3. 

Gaytre-berjris, sb. pi. berries of the 
gayter-tree, C (C. 145), CM, MD.— Cp. 
Scot, gait-berry, bramble-berry, JD; gaiter- 
tree, the bramble, JD. 

Ge-, prejix ; see 3e- 

Ge, ye, 8 ; see 3e. 

Geaunt, sb. giant, S, C2 ; giaunt, W2 ; 
gyaunt, PP ; ieaunt, PP ; geauntes, pi., 
PP; ieauntez, 82. — AF. geant ; Lat. 

Gede, pt. s. went, 8. — AS. ge-eode, Cf. 

Gedelynge, sb. vagabond, PP; see 

Gederen, Gedre ; see Gaderen. 
Gees, sb. pi. geese ; see Gos. 


Geet, sd. jet, C ; geete, Prompt. ; see 

Geet, sb. pi. goats, \V2 ; geete, W2 ; 
see Goot. 

Geet-buckis, sb. pi. he-goats, W2. 

Geinen, v. to avail, profit, S, S2 ; see 

Geld, //. s. paid, requited, S; see 

Gelden, v. to geld, castrare, Prompt., 
Manip. ; geldid, //., W (Mt. 19. 12}. — 
Icel. gelda. 

Gelding, sh. eunnch, W (Acts 8. 34^ ; 
jelding-, \V (Acts 8. 27) ; greldingis, //., 

Gelty, adj- gTiilty ; see Gulty. 

Gemme, sb. gem ; g'emmes, //., PP, 
G2 ; jemis, S3. — OY. gemme; \,2X. gemma, 
gem, bud. See gimmes. 

Gemmyt, adj. covered with buds, S3. 

Gendre, •f'^- gender, kind, PP ; gendrez, 
//., S2. — OF. genre \ Lat. genere, abl. of 

Gendre, v. to beget ; g'endrith, pr. s., 
AV2 ; gendrid, //., XV2. 

Gendrer, sb. progenitor, pp. 

Gendmre, sb. engendering, W2. 

Gendrynge, sb. begetting, PP. 

Genette, sb. a small Spanish horse, a 
jennet, SkD ; iennet, S3, Sh. — OF. geneUe 
(Cotg."! ; Sp. ginetc, a light horseman 
(Minsheu) : from Zendta, the name of a 
tribe in Barbary, see Dozy. 

Genge, sb. a going, expedition, army, 
S ; //. nations, S2, H. 

Gent, adj. noble, nobly-bom, PP, C2 ; 
spruce, gay, SkD (p. 813), S3 ; gente, S. — 
0¥.gcnt; hd^i. gettittim, born, well-born. 

Gentil, adj. worthy, excellent, gentle, 
compassionate, C2 ; noble, PP ; gentils, 
sb. pL, people well bom, C2, C3. — AF. 
gentil, noble, beautiful ; Lat. gcntiletn. 

Gentillesse, sb. nobleness, graceful- 
ness, C2, C3. — OF. gentillesse. 

Gentrise, sb. noble nature, PP ; gent- 
rice, PP. — K¥ . genterise. 

Gentrye, sb. gentleness, PP. 

Gepoun, sb. a short cassock, CM ; see 

Ger, //. years, S ; see 3eer. 

Ger, V. to cause, make, S2, JD ; gere. 
to make, H ; gar, JD, S3 ; gare, H ; 
geren, to prepare, S ; gare, imp., H ; 



gers, pr. t., H ; 2 pr. s., H ; gerte, pt. s., 
PP; gert, S2, PP, S3, H; garte, PP ; 
gart, S2, PP ; garde, //., S3 ; gert, //., 
PP, H. — Icel. ^^>(Z ifor^^^V-z'a). See 'iaxe. 

Gerafiour ; see Gerraflour. 

Gere,-^'''- gear, apparel, property, material , 
business, CM, PP, C, C2, C3, S2 ; geare, 
S3 ; ger, C, S3 ; geeres, //., habits, man- 
ners, C. — Cp. OS. garuwi, gear. 

Ger-fawcon, sb. a kind of falcon, HD ; 
gerfaucun. Prompt. ; gerfawcune, Voc. ; 
gerfawkyn, Voc, Prompt. ; gerfaukun, 
\V2 ; gerfawcun, W2. — Lat. gyrofako- 

Ger-fal, adj. changeable, C, CM. See 

Gerken, v. to prepare, S ; see ^a^ken. 

Gerland, sb. garland, C3, C; gere- 
lande, PP ; garlaunde, PP.— AF. ger- 

GerleS, sb. pi. children ; see Gurles. 

Gern, adv. eagerly, S2 ; see Beorne. 

Gerner, sb. gamer, C, PP. — A.¥.gerner, 
OF. gcrnier, g7-cnier; Late Lat. grana- 

Gerraflour, sb. gilly-flower, S3 ; gera- 
fiour, HD ; gylofre, MD, S2 s.v. clowe^ ; 
gyllofre, gariophiliis, galiofolus. Prompt. ; 
gillofer, ND, Palsg. ; gyllofyr, clove. 
Prompt. ; gillyvor, Sh ; ielofer, S3 ; 
gelofer, ND, MD.— Cp. OF. giro/le, the 
clove (Bartsch) ; Low Lat. gariophilus, 
(Alph.\ 2X%o caryophyllum; Or. napvocpvX- 
Xov, lit. nut-leaf. 

Gerss-pilis, sb. pi. blades of grass, S3. 
See Gras. 

Gersum, sb. treasure ; gersom, HD ; 
gsersume,//., S ; garisoiue, S ; gersoms, 
HD. — AS. garsiim ; cp. Icel. gerscmi, a 
costly thing, jewel. 

Gert,//. made, S2 ; see Ger. 

Gert, //. girt, S2 ; see Girden. 

Gerte, pt- s. struck, G ; see Girden. 

Gerth, sb. girth, SkD ; gerthis, //., 
PP.— Icel. ge?-S. 

Gery, adj. changeful, PP, C. See 

Gessen, v. to suppose, imagine, CM, 
S2, C2, C3, W, W2 ; gessist, 2 pr. s., S2 ; 
gessiden, pt. pi., S2. — Cp. Du. gissen. 

Gesserant, sb. a coat of mail, S3 ; 
gesseron, S3 ; sje lesserannt. 

Gessynge, sb. guessing (i. e. doubt\ S2. 

Gest, 2 pr. s. goest, S, S2 ; ge«, pr. s., 
S, S2 ; see Oan. 

H 2 



Gest, s/>. guest, Prompt., S2, C2 ; greste, 
PP ; testes',//., S, PP, S2, C2 ; geste, S ; 
gistes, PP ; gustes, PP. — AS. ^izst : Goth. 
gasts; cp. Lat. Jiostis. 

Geste, sh. story, romance, PP, C2 ; 
gest, S.^, Manip. ; jest, fun, Sh ; gfestes, 
//., PP, C2, C3; ieestes, PP ; g-estis, 
deeds, W2, H. — AF. gesie, an exploit, 
history of exploits, romance ; Lat. {7-es) 
gesla, a thing performed. 

Geste, "v. to tell romances, Prompt., 
MD ; jest, to act in sport, Sh. 

Gesten, //. lodged (?), 82. 

Gesting, sl>. lodgings, S2. 

Gestinge, sl>. jesting, S3 ; gestyng-e, 
romancing, Prompt. See Geste. 

Gestnen, v. to feast, entertain ; gest- 
eneA, pt. s., HD; igistned, //., S2. 

Gestninge, sb. feast, banquet, S ; gest- 
ening, S2 ; gistninge, S ; gystninge, S. 

GestOUr, sh. a reciter of tales, C2 ; 
gestowre, Prompt. ; gestiours, //., CM. 
See Geste. 

Get, sb. fashion, behaviour, CM, C, C3, 
Prompt. ; see lette. 

Geten, v. to gain, get, beget, PP ; get, 
pr. s., S2, PP ; gat, pt. s., S, PP ; geten, 
//., PP; geten, //., PP, G ; gete, PP.— 
AS. gitan, pt. gcat (pi. geaton), pp. giten. 

GeS, pr. s. goes ; see Ga. 

Gett, sb. jet. Prompt. ; see lette. 

Gett, //. granted, S2 ; see 3eten. 

Geue-like, adj. equal. Phr. : o geue- 
like, on equal terms, S. — AS. ge-efc7ilic. 
See Euen. 

Ge3ril, adj. near, convenient, ready, 
direct, S3 ; geyne. Prompt. ; gayn, S2 ; 
gain, HD ; gane, JD ; geynest, siipej-L, 
fairest, S2. — Icel. gegit. 

Ge^uen, v. to meet, suit, avail ; ge55- 
nenn, S ; geinen, to avail, profit, S, S2 ; 
gayne, CM ; jene, to reply, S ; gane, to 
fit, JD ; gayned, pt. s., S2 ; ganyde, //., 
S3 ; ganand. pr. /., becoming, suitable, S3. 
— Icel. gcgna, to go against, to answer, to 
suit. See 5eyn. 

Giarkien, v. to prepare, S ; see 3*5^- 

Giaunt, sb. giant, W2 ; see Geaunt. 

Giet, conj. yet, S ; see Jet. 

Gif, Gief, if, S2 ; see 3if. 

Gigelot, sb. a strumpet, MD, H ; gyge- 
lot, wench, agagula, Prompt. ; giglot, ND, 
Sh ; gigglet, ND. 

Giggyug, sb. clattering, C. 

Gigour, sh. musician, S. — OF. gigu'cor 
'Low Lat. gigatorciri), from OF. gigue 
(Low Lat. giga), a musical instrument ; cp. 
G. gcige, violin. 

Gildir, v. to deceive; gildirs, /;-. s., 
H ; gildird, pp., H. — Icel. gildra, to 

Gildire, sh. deceit, snare, H ; gildirs, 
//., H. — Icel. gildra, a trap. 

Gile, sb. guile, deceit, fraud, PP, C. — 
AF. gile, OF. guile : AS. -wile (Chron. ann. 

Gilen, v. to beguile, PP; gylen, S2; 
giled, //., S. 

Gilery, sb. deceit, H ; gilrys, //., H.— 
OF. gillcrie. 

Gill, sb. a familiar term for a woman, S3, 
ND, Sh ; jiU, Sh.— Short for Gillian, a 
woman's name, Sh, ND ; h&t.jjtliajia. 

Gill-burnt-tayle, sb. the ignis-fatuus, 
ND (s.v.gyl). 

Gille, sb. a gill (measure^ PP; gyUe, PP, 
Prompt. ; iille. P.— OF. gelle. 

Gill-flurt, sb. a flirt, ND. 

Gillofer, Gillyvor ; see Gerraflour. 

Gilour, sb. deceiver, PP ; gylonxe, H. 
— AF. gilour. 

Gilt, sb. guilt, S, PP ; see Gult. 

Giltlese, adj. guiltless, S ; gilteles, C ; 
giltlees, C3. 

Gin, sb. engine, contrivance, artifice, C2, 
C3, S3 ; gyn, PP, S2 ; ginne, S, S2 ; 
gynne, PP. — OF. engin, engicn, craft, de- 
ceit, contrivance. 

Ginful, adj. guileful, deceitful, PP. 

Gingebreed, sb. gingerbread, C2 ; 
gyngebred, gitigium, Voc. Cp. Low Lat. 
gingibretutii (^Ducange\ also OF. gigim- 
brait, a preparation of ginger, gingefibrct, 
ginger (Bartsch). 

Gingiuere, sb. ginger, SkD, Cath. («) ; 
gingiuer, HD; gyngyre, zinzibmm,Y oc; 
ginger, zinziber, zinzebrum, Cath. ; gyn- 
gere. Prompt. — OF. gingenbre, gengibre ; 
Lat. zingibrujn, ace. of zingiber; Gr. 

Ginnen, v. to begin, S ; gynne, S, PP, 

S3; gan, /A .f., began, S, S2 ; gon, PP ; 
gonne, //,, S2 ; gan, //. s. (used as aa 
auxiliary), did, S, S2, S3 ; gon, S, PP, S2 ; 
gun, S2 ; gunnen,//., S ; gunne, S, PP ; 
gonne, S, PP, S2, C2, G. — AS. -ginnan, 
pt. -gan (pi. -gunnon). pp. -gtintien. 

Gipe, sb. cassock, CM ; jnto, Florio. — 
OF. Juppe ^Cotg.}, It. giuppa, giubba 


(Florio^, Sp. al-juha (Minshen^ ; Arab. 
al-jubbah, a woollen undergarment ; cp. 
MHG. schube, G. schaube i^Weigand). 

Giponn, sb. a short cassock, CM ; 
gypoun, C; gepouu, C; jupon, HD ; 
joupone, HD. — OF. gippon, jupon 
iCotg.), It. giubboiu, a doublet (^Florio). 
See above. 

Gipser, sb. pouch, purse, C ; grypcer, 
Prompt. ; gypsere, Prompt. ; gypcyere, 
Prompt. — OF. gibbeciere (Cotg.'i, from 
gibicr. game. 

Girdel, sb. girdle, C, C2 ; gurdel, S. — 

AS. gyrdcl. 

Girden, v. to gird, cingere, MD ; bur- 
den, MD ; g'irde, 2 //. s., S2 ; gyrte, 
pt. i., S ; i-gTird. //., S, S2 ; gird, C, W2 ; 
gert, S2. — AS. gyrdan. 

Girden, v. to strike, CM, HD, C2, G; 
gurdej),, S2 ; girt, pt. s., cast, PP ; 
gerte,G; gorde, //.//., rushed, S2 ; girt, 
//., SkD (s. V. gride , C. See 3erd. 

Gisel, sb. hostage, MD ; gysles,//., S ; 
5isles, MD ; jislen, dat., MD. — AS. gisel; 
cp. Icel. gisl. 

Gist, sb. guest ; see Gest. 

Giste, sb. a beam, balk, joist, MD ; 
gyyste, Prompt. ; gyst, Palsg. ; gistes, 
//., MD; joystes, SkD.— OF. gistc, joist, 
something to lie on. See Joist. 

Gistninge, sb. banquet, S ; see Gest- 

Giteme, sb. guitar, C3, PP, MD, CM ; 
gyteme, PP, Prompt. ; geteme, MD ; 
getyme, Voc. — OF. gttitcnic; cp. It. 
chitarra ; Lat. cithara. See Citole. 

Giuenesse, sb. forgiveness, S. — AS. 
gifncs, grace. 

Glad, //. s. glided, ISID ; glade, S2 ; 
glaid, S3 ; see Gliden. 

Glad, adj. glad, S, S2 ; gled, S; glaid, 
Ss ; gladur, comp., S ; gladdore, S2. — 

AS. glad. 

Gladien, v. to make glad, make merry, 
S ; gladen, S, C2 ; glade, S3 ; glaid, S3 ; 
gleadien, S ; gledien, S, S2 ; gladed, pt. 
s., S2. — AS. gladian. 

Gladliche, adv. gladlv, PP ; gledliche, 

Gladnesse, sb. gladness, MD; gled- 
nesse, .S. 

Gladscllipe, sb. gladness, MD ; gled- 
scMpe, S; gledscipe, S; gleadschipes, 
//.. S. 

Gladsom, adj. pleasant, C2. 

GLETJ. - :o: 

Gladynge, sb. gladness, MD; glead- 
nuge, S. 

Glam, sb. word, message, S2 ; loud 
talk, noise, MD. — Icel. glam, a tinkling 

Glaren, v. to shine brightly, S, SkD. 

Glas, sb. glass, S, C2. — K.?i. gilts. 

Glasen, adj. made of glass, PP. 

Glasen, v. to furnish with glass, PP. 

GlaS, adj. glad, MD; gla«e, S.— Icel. 

Glane, sb. sword, S3 ; see Gleyae. 

Glajrre, sb. the white of an egg, Cath. ; 
see Gleyre. 

Gle, sb. joy, glee, music, singing, S, S2, 
PP; glee, C2 ; glie, S; glen, 0,2 [n, 
MD ; glew, MD, S3 ; glu, Prompt. ; gleo, 
S ; glewis, //., freaks, S3. — AS. gUo, stem 
gli-i'o-, see Sievers, 250. 

Gleaw, adj. wise, S ; glen, S. — AS. 

Gled, adj. glad ; see Glad. 

Glede, sb. a kite, milv7is, H (Ps. 62. 8), 
ND, WW ,Moc.—A.S. glida (Voc). 

Glede, sb. glowing coal, S, PP, S3, C2 ; 
gleede, C; gleden, //., S; gledess, S. — 
A.S.gL'd: OS. glod {stem glJdi); cp. OHG. 
gluot (dat. gluoti). See Glowen. 

Gledien, v. to make merry, S, S2 ; see 

Gledliche, adv. gladly, S. 

Glednesse, sb. gladness, S. 

Gledschipe, sb. gladness, S. 

Gle-mau, sb. ; see Gleo-mazi. 

Glenten, v. to glance, to move swiftly, 
MD ; glente, //. s., MD ; glent, S3, HD ; 
shone,SkD (p. 808).— Swed.^//«/a,to glance 
aside (Rietz;. 

Gleo, sb. music, S ; see Gle. 

Gleo-beames, sb. pi. harps, S. 

Gleo-dreames,]oys of music, S. 

Gleo-man, sb. minstrel, PP ; glewman, 
PP ; gleman, PP. 

Gleowien, ^'- to make music, to make 
merry, MD. 

Gleowinge, sb. music, S. 

Glette, sb. phlegm, slimy matter in the 
throat, viscositas, filth, Cath. (w), S2 ; 
glett, Cath.; glet, H, Cath. {n^.—OY. 
glette, ' flegm, filth, which a hawk throws 
out at her beak after her casting,' Cotg. ; 
cp. North. E. glit, tough phlegm, JD. 

Glen, adj. wise, S ; see Qleaw. 



Glew, sk joy, glee, S3 ; see Gle. 

Glew, s/>. glue, MU ; see Glu. 

Gleyme, s/>. slime, limits, gluten , 
Pronipt. ; gfleym, subtlety, S3; gleme, 
visciis. Prompt. («). 

Gleymows,'?'^. slimy, t'^r^j/«,Prompt.; 
S^laynious, 11 U. 

Gleyre, sb. the white of an egg, C3, 
Prompt., Cath. (;/) ; glayre, Cath. ; glarye, 
Manip.— OF. glaire, the white of an egg 
(Cotg.^i; Low Lat.^/ara (Voc); Late Lat. 
clara ovi (Ducange) ; cp. Sp.c/ara de hucvo, 
also It. chidra (Florio). 

Gleyue, sb- sword, CM ; g'layue, SkD ; 
g-lave, S3, ND ; gleiue, SkD ; gleave, 
Cotg., ND. — OF. glaive; Lat. gladiuni 
(ace.') — for the v in glaive, see Brachet (s.v. 

Gliden, v. to glide, S ; g-lyde, C2, C3 ; 
glydande, pr. p., walking, S2 ; %\iX,pr. s , 
MD; glad,//. J-., MD: glade, S2 ; glaid, 
S3: glod, MD, S2 ; glood, C2; glode, 
MD ; gUden,//., MD ; gliden,//., MD. — 
AS. gliJati, pt. glad (glidoii), pp. gliden. 

Glie, sb. music, S ; see Gle. 

Gliffen, v. to glance, spectare; gliflfe, 
to look back, Manip. ; gliff, to be scared, 
JD; glyfte,/A j^., MD. 

Gliffni, V. to glance; gliffnyt,//. s., S2. 

Glod, pt. s. glided, S2, MD ; glode, MD ; 
glood, C2 ; see Gliden. 

Gloiumen, v. to look glum, to frown, 
MD; glomben, MD; glowmbe, CM; 
glum, S3 ; gloom, ND ; gloume, Manip.; 
glommede, pt. s., HD. — Swed. glomma, 
to stare (Rietz). 

Glopeu, V. to look askance, MD ; glop, 
to stare, HD ; gloppen, to be startled, 
HD. Cp. Du. glidpen, to peep, sneak. 

Glopnen, v. to look downcast, MD ; 
glopnid,//., frightened, S2. — Icel. gliipna. 

Glorie, sb. glory, PP ; glore, S3.— AF. 
glorie ; Lat. gloria. 

Glose, sb. a gloss, comment, explanation, 
PP, Prompt., C2 ; glosis, //., S3.— OF. 
glose ; Lat. glossa, a gloss ; Gr. yXwaaa. 

Glosen, v. to explain, flatter, deceive, 
PP, Prompt., S3, C2, C3 ; glosed, //. s., 
spoke smoothly, S2 ; y-glosed, //., C3. — 
OF. gloser, to gloss, expound ; Late Lat. 
glosare. See above. 

Glosyuge, sb. an expounding, Prompt. ; 
flattering, Prompt. ; glosing, flattery, W. 

Glotonie, sb. gluttony, S2, Prompt. ; 
glotonyes, //., C3. — OF. glotonie. 


Glotori, sb. gluttony, H ; glutiry, H ; 
glntrie, MD. 

Glotoun, sb. glutton, S, PP, W2 ; 
gluton, S. — AF. glutun ; Lat. glulonem. 

Gloums, V. ; see Glommen. 

Glowen, v. to glow, PP, Prompt., C ; 
glouand, //-./., S2 ; glowennde, S. — Cp. 
OHG. gluojan. 

Glu, sb. glue, Prompt. ; glew, MD. — 
OF. glu ; Lat. gluten. 

Gluen, V. to glue, MD ; y-glewed, pp., 

Glum, V. to look gloomy, S3 ; see 

Glutenerie, sb. gluttony, S.— AF. glu- 


Gluton, sb. glutton, S ; see Glotoun. 

Glutrie, ^b. gluttony, MD ; see Glotori. 

Guar, V. to snarl, S3; gnarre, ND. 
Cp. gnarl, to snarl, Sh. 

Gnasteu, v. to gnash the teeth, Prompt., 
Palsg., W2, H; gnayste, H; gnashe, 
Manip. ; gnastiden, //. //., W, \V2 ; 
gnaistid, H. — Cp. Icel. gnastan, a gnash- 

Gnaweu, v. to gnaw, PP ; gnaghe, 
H; gnejetS,, S; gnow, pt. s., C2 ; 
gnew, SkD ; gnawiden, pt. pi., \V2 ; 
knawen, //., S3. — AS. gnagan, pt. gndh 
(pi. gnogon), pp. gnagen. 

Gulden, v. to rub, SD, S2 ; gnyde, 
S; gniden, pt. pi., MD. — AS. gnidan 

Gobelin, sb. goblin, demon ; gobelyn, 
\V2, MD; golDlin, Sh. — OF. gobelin; cp. 
Low Lat. gobelinum (ace). 

Gobet, sh. a small piece. Prompt., C, \V ; 
gotobet, ISLanip. ; gobetis, //., S2, W. — 
Norm.F. gobet, see Diez, p. 599; cp. OF. 
gobcau, a bit, gobbet (Cotg.).- 

God, adj. good, S, S2. Phr. : to goder 
hele, to the good health of, S2, MD ; 
goderhele, MD ; godder-hele, HD. See 

God, sb. God, S ; godd, S ; gode, dat., 
S; godes, gen., S; //., S; goden, S.— r 
AS. God. 

God-child, sb. godchild, S. 

Godcund, adj. divine, godly, MD. 

Godcundbede, sb. piety, MD. 

Godcundnesse, sb. divinity, S ; god- 
cunnesse, S. 

Goddcundle^^C, sb. divinity, S. 

Goddot, God knows, S ; goddoth, S. — 
AS. God wdt. 


Godhede, sl>. deity, C. 

Godien, v. to endow; goded,//". J., S ; 
i-goded, //., benefited, S. — AS. godian. 

Godlec, sb. goodness, S, MD. — Cp. Icel. 

Godles, adj. without good, needy, S2, 
MD; godelease, vS. — KS>. gSdlias. 

Godly, adv. kindly, S2 ; goddeli, S2 ; 
gTidely, S3. — AS. godlice. 

Goduesse, sb. goodness, S ; godnisse, 
S, S2 ; godenesse, S2. 

God-spel, sb. gospel, S ; gfod-speU, S3 ; 
gospel, MD. — AS. godspd. 

Godspelboc, sb. gospel-book, S. 

Gogeleu, v. to goggle, MD. 

Gogil-i5ed,ai^'. squint-eyed, W; gogyl- 
eyid, Prompt. ; goggle-eyed, louche 

Gold, sb. gold, S; gol, S; guide, dat., 
S. — AS.go/d; cp. Icel. gii/l. 

Gold-beten, //. adorned with beaten 
gold, S3. 

Golde, sb. marigold, souci, Palsg. ; 
goolde, solscquiiun, Prompt. ; guides, //., 
C— Cp. OF. goiide (Cotg.) 

Gold-spynk, sb. goldfinch, S3. 

Gole, sb. throat, SD, HD ; goUe, HD.— 
OF. gole, gotile, giile ; Lat. gula. 

Golet, sb. gullet, C3, Prompt., HD. — 
OF. gotilet. 

Goliardeys, sb. buffoon, MD, PP; 

golyardeys, C. — OF. goliardeis {goliar- 
dois) ; Low Lat. goHardensis. 

Golnesse, sb. lasciviousness, S ; see Gal- 

Gome, sb. a man, PP, 8,82; gomes, gen., 
S2 ; gumen, pi., S. — AS. giima (stem 
gimiati-') ; cp. Lat. homo (stem homin-). 

Gome, sb. care, PP ; gom, MD. — OS. 
goma, care ; cp. OHG. gouma, provision, 
supper (Tatian). 

Gomen, sb. play, S; gome, S; see 

Gom.m.e, sb. gum, CM ; gumme, Cath. ; 
gommes,//., P. — OY.gomme; Lat. gtim- 
mi; Gr. Konyn. 

Gon, V. to go, S, 82, C2 ; gonAe,pr.p., 
S; goon, pp., C2; see Oan. 

Gone, V. to gape, 82 ; see Ganien. 

Gonge, 2 pr. s. subj. go, 8 ; see Gangen. 

Gonne, sb. gun, PP, CM; gunne, 
Cath., Prompt. ; gon, S3. — Cp. Low Lat. 

Good, adj. good, MD ; god, S, 82; 



godd, 82 ; goud, MD ; guod, MD ; gfud, 

MD.— AS.^^J^. 

Good, sb. good, MD ; goud, 82 ; gud, 
S3 ; god, 8, 82 ; godes,//., 8, 82 ; gmodes, 
82.— AS. gM. 

Goodman, sb. master of the house, 

Goot, sb. goat, Prompt., C3 ; gayte, S3 ; 
gat, 8 ; gset, //., 8; gate, 8, S3 ; geet, 
W2 ; geete, \\ 2 ; gaite, H ; gaytes, H ; 
gayte, H. — AS. gat. 

Gorde, /^- pi. rushed, 82 ; see Girden. 

Gore, sb. a triangular piece of cloth in- 
serted, HD ; gremiale, apron, Manip. ; 
goore. Prompt. ; gair, JD. Phr. : under 
gore, under clothing, 82, HD. — Cp. AS. 
gara, an angular point of land. 

Gore, sb. mire, Prompt, HD; filth, 82. — 
AS. gor (Voc). 

Gorge, sb. throat, Manip., PP.— OF. 
gorge; hzi. gtirgitem (ace); see Ducange. 

Gorget, sb. throat, piece of armour to 
protect the throat, SkD ; ' torques,' Manip. ; 
garget, C ; gargate, HD. — OF. gorgette, 
throat, z\so gaf gait e, (Roland, 1654). 

Gorst, sb. gorse, furze, Voc, MD ; 
gorstez, //., S2 J gorstys tre, Prompt. — 
AS. gorst. 

Gos, sb. goose, 83 ; goos, MD ; gees, 
//., 8 ; gysse, 83. — AS. gSs. 

Gos-liawke, J''^. goshawk. Prompt., Voc; 
gos-hauk, C2. — AS. gSs-hafuc (Voc). 

Gosse, sb. in phr. : toy gosse (a profane 
oath), S3. 

Gossib, sb. sponsor, PP, CM ; godsyto, 
friend, PP. — AS. god-sibb. 

Gossomer, sb. gossamer. Prompt., C2 ; 
gossumm,er, Voc. ; gosesomere, Voc. 

Gost; sb. spirit, mind, soul, life, ghost, 
PP, S, 82, C3; goost, C2, PP; gast, S, 
82; gostes, //., 82 ; gostus, PP ; gastes, 
82. — AS. gdst. 

Gostliche, adj. spiritual, 8 ; gostly, 
8,1, C3 ; goostliclie, PP; gastlike, 8; 
gastelich, S; gasteli, adv., 82. 

Gote, sb. water-channel. Prompt., HD ; 
goote. Prompt. ; gotez, //., 82. — Cp. Low 
G. gote, Du. goot. 

Gotere, ■'■'''■ gutter, water - channel. 
Prompt. ; gotexis, pi. , dro'ps, stillicidta, rain 
falling drop by drop, W2 ; goters, HD. — 
OF. goutiere, gutter, from gote, a drop ; 
Lat. gutta. 

Goulen, w. to howl, cry, 8, 82 ; gowl- 
and, pr. p., 83 ; see Bo^exi. 



GOTlleS, sb. />/. the heraldic name for 
red, gules, SkD ; gfowlis, HD ; gowlys, 
S3, HD. — AF. gouks; Late Lat. gulas, 
ace. pi. of gula, ' pellis rubricata ' (Du- 

Goune, s/>. gown, PP, C ; gfowne, PP; 
gunes, //., MD. — AF. goune, OF. gone. 

Gouue-Cloth, sd. cloth enough to make 
a gown. CM. 

Gourde, sl>. gourd, C3, H; ffoord. 
Prompt. ; gowrdes, //., S2. — OF. gourde, 
gouhourde, cougourde; Lat. ciicurbita. 

Gouernaille, sb. management, C2 ; 
gouemaile, rudder, W ; gouernails, //., 
W2. — OF. gouvernail, rudder ; Lat. guber- 

Goueruance, sb. government, be- 
haviour, PP, C2, C3 ; gouernaunce, C, 
C2, C3 ; g'ouernauncis, pi., rules for 
conduct, customs, S3. 

Gouerue, "v. to govern, PP, C2. — AF. 
governcr ; Lat. gubcrnai'e. 

GouerUOUr, sb. governor, C2 ; steers- 
man, W, W2. — OF. gouverncur \ Lat. 
gubernat07-em (ace). 

Gradde, pt. s., S, S2, PP; see Qreden. 

Gradi, adj. greedy, S ; see Gredy. 

Graffe, sb. a slip, young shoot, PP, 
Prompt. ; g'rafF,Cotg. — Late Lat .^ra/Z^z^w, 
a stile (Gr. ypaipeiov) ; hence Low Lat. 
graffiolum, a graft, sucker ; cp. OF. grcffe. 

Graffen, v. to graft, PP ; graffid,//.,W. 

Graith, adj. exact, direct, S2, PP; see 

Graitb., sb. preparation, PP. 

Graitheu, v. to prepare, H ; gratMs, 
pr. s., dresses, S3. See GreitJen. 

GraitMy, adv. readily, PP; gratheli, 
S2 ; see GreiSliclie. 

Gramcund, adj. angry, S. 

Grame, sb. vexation, anger, S, HD, C3 ; 
grome, S ; gram, S2 ; greme, S2. — AS. 
grama ; cp. Icel. gramr, wrath. 

Gramercy ; see Graunt. 

Gramien, v. to vex, to be angry, MD ; 
grame, PP, S ; gromien, MD. — AS. 
gramian; cp.Goih. gram Jan. See Gremien. 

Granand, pr. p. groaning, S2; see 

Granat, s. a garnet ; see Garnet. 

Gva.nyt, pp. dyed in grain, S3 ; grained, 
Sh. See Greyne. 

Grape, v. to handle, pa/pare, H ; see 

GraperS, sb. pi. grappling-irons, S3. 


Gras, sb. grass, S, PP, C2 ; gres, S, 
Prompt. ; gresse. Prompt., S2 ; grases, 
pi., S2 ; greses, S2 ; gyrss, S3. — AS. 
gms : Goth. gras. 

GrathiSj/r.j. dresses, S3 ; seeGraithen. 

Graunt, adj. great, PP. Phr. : graunt- 
mercy, many thanks, C2, C3, PP; gra- 
mercy, PP, Sh; gramercies, pi., S3. — 
AF. grant, OF. grand ; Lat. grandem. 

Grauntye, v. to grant, give, agree, 
allow, PP ; grawntyn. Prompt., C2 ; 
grannte, PP ; granti, S, S2 ; graunti, 
I /;-. J'., S ; grante, //;//. 5., S ; y-graunted, 
//•) C3, P ; i-granted, S2. — AF. grd- 
anter {graunter, granter') ; OF. crcanter; 
Late Lat. credentare, from Lat. credentem, 
pr. p. oi a-cdere. 

Grauen, v. to bury, S, PP, C2, H : to 
engrave, PP ; svof,pt. s., H ; gra.xi.en, pp., 
buried, S, PP, G, H ; i-granen, engraved, 
S ; i-graue, S, G ; graue, PP. — AS. 
grafan, to dig, pt. grof, pp. grafen. 

Grauyuge, sb. engra\'ing, S2, P; bury- 
ing, H. 

GravyS, pi. groves, S3 ; see Grone. 

Gray, adj. gray, PP, MD ; grey, PP ; 
greye, sb. gray clothing, PP ; grai, gray 
fur, S ; grey, S ; badger, S3 ; gray, HD ; 
badger's skin, HD. — h!s>.grcsg. 

Gre, sb. step, degree, S3, PP, MD ; worthi- 
ness, gradus. Prompt. ; gree, HD ; grees, 
pi, \V, MD, HD ; greis, H.— OF. gre ; 
Lat. gradum (ace). 

Grece, sb. stair, MD, Prompt., Cath., 
Palsg. ; greece, Manip. ; grese, MD,HD : 
greese, Cotg, (s.v. degrc), HD ; grize, 
Sh. ; greces,//., \V2 ; grises, Prompt. f,w\ 
— From grees, steps, a flight of steps, //. of 
Gre (above). 

Gredeu, v. to cry aloud, S, PP, S2 ; 
gradde,/A s., S, PP, S2 ; gredde, PP.— AS. 
gradan, pt. gnkdde. 

GrediZLge, sb. crying, MD ; gredynges, 
//., S2. 

Gredy, adj. greedy, PP ; gradi, S ; 
gredi, S. — AS. gradig ; cp. Icel. grdSugr. 

Gree, sb. favour, S2, C2, C3 ; prize, PP, 
C. Phr. : take in gre, agree to, S3. — 
OF. g>-e, gred, gret, pleasure, recompense ; 
Lat. gratum, pleasing. 

Gree, v. to agree, HD ; greeing, //-./., 
S3. — OF. greer, to agree, to accept ; Late 
Lat. gratare (for Lat. gratari). 

GreesiugS, sb. pi. steps, HD. See 


Gref, s/). grief, MD ; greene, daf., G. — 
OF. g>r/, from Lat. gravcm, hea\'y. 

Gre-honnde ; see Greyhownd. 

Greit, sh. grit, S3 ; see Greot. 

Greith, adj. ready, PP ; ^aith, exact, 
direct, PP, S2 ; grayj>, PP ; graypest, 
supcrl., PP, S2 ; graith, adv., S3. — Icel. 
greitSr, ready : Goth, ga-raids, exact. 

Greit^en, v. to prepare, SD ; graitlie, 
H, HD; gratliis, pr. s., dresses, S3; 
graithed, //. s., S2 ; ^eythede, S ; 
greithide, S2 ; greithede, //., S2 ; grey- 
thed, //., S ; greBjpedd, S ; grejjped, 
S; graythed, HD, S2 ; i-greitSet, S; 
y-grei'Sed, S3 ; graid, H. — Icel. greida. 

Greitn.iclie, adv. readily, PP ; grraith- 
ly, PP, HD ; graythely, S2 ; gratheli, S2. 

Gremieil, v. to vex, to be angry, MD, 
S ; greme, S ; ;e-greiued, //., S. — AS. 
gremian. See Gramien. 

Grene, sb. snare ; see Grin. 

Grene, adj. and sb. green, S, PP, S2. C2, 
C3 ; greyne, B. — AS. grine : OS. grSni ; 
cp. OHG. grjioni (Tatian). 

Grenehede, sb. greenness, wantonness, 
S2, C3. 

Grennen, v. to grin, show the teeth (as 
a dog\ S, W ; grennyn, Prompt. — AS. 

Greunung'e, sh. grinning, S ; gren- 
nynge, Prompt. 

Greot, sb. gravel, grit, PP ; greit, S3 ; 
greete, Manip. ; grith, PP. — AS. greot. 

Gres, sb. grass, S, Prompt. See Gras. 

Gresy, adj. grassy, S3. 

Gret, adj. great, S, S2, C2, PP ; greet, 
C2 ; grete, Prompt., PP, S2, C2 ; grette, 
PP ; greate, S ; grate, S ; gretture, cotnp. 
S; grettoTire, PP ; grettour, PP; gretter, 
C2 ; grettere, \V2 ; grettest, siiperl., PP ; 
grete, adv., S3. — AS. great. 

Greten, v. to salute, S, PP, S2 ; gret, 
itfip. s., S ; greteth,//., G ; grette,//. s., S, 
PP, S2, C2, C3.W ; grette,//., G; gretten, 
■\V ; gret,//., W. — AS. gre/an, to approach 
{a.\so g£-grJtan), pt. gn'tte, pp. gr<'ted : OS. 
grdtian ; cp. OHG. gniazeti vOttridj. 

Greten, v. to weep, S, PP, H ; greete, 
S3 ; gret, S2 ; groten, S ; gretande,//-./., 
HD ; gretand, S2, S3, H ; gret, /;-. s., S ; 
^et, pt. s.. S, H ; grete, HD ; grete, //., 
HD, S2. — AS.grdtan {gretaii), pi.grtt i,pl. 
griiott). pp. gnien: Icel. grata. 

Gretieu, w. to magnify; i-srret, //., S. 
— AS. grtatian. 



Gretliche, adv. greatly, S, PP ; gretly, 
S2 ; gretluker, conip., S. 

Gret-WOmbede, adj. big-bellied, S3. 

Gretyng, sb. lamentation, S2 ; gfret- 
ynge, H. 

Gretyngful, adj. sorrowful, H. 

GreuaUUCe, ^b, grievance, hurt, C2 ; 
grewance, S3 ; greuaunces, //., PP.— 
OF. grevance. 

Grene, sb. thicket, grove, MD ; grenes, 
//., S2, CM, HD ; gfrevis, S3. 

Greuen, v. to grieve, PP, S, C2. — AF. 
grcvcr, to burden ; Lat. gravare. 

GreuoUS, adj. grievous, PP; gxe- 
uousere, comp., \V2. 

Greyce, adj. gray, S3. See Grys. 

Grey-hownd, sb. greyhound, Icporarius, 
Voc. ; graybund, Voc; grayhownd, Voc. ; 
greliniide, Voc. : grehownde, Prompt. ; 
greahund, SkD ; grehonndes, //., S3 ; 
greahondes, S3 ; greihonndes, SkD. — 
Icel. greyhundr, greyhound ; grey, a dog. 

Greyn, .y/'. handle, branch, MD ; grayn, 
MD ; grayne, WA. — Icel. grcin. 

Greyn, sb. grain of com, a kind of spice, 
MD, PP, CM ; greyne, Prompt.; greyn 
de Parys, CM. — AF. grcin, grain ; Lat. 

Greyne, sb. colour, dye, PP, MD ; 
greyn, S3, C2 ; grayn, C2.— AF. graine ; 
Late Lat. grana, cochineal dye (Ducange). 

GrejTH- borne, sb. Greenhorn, the name 
of an ox in the Towneley Mysteries, HD. 

Griffbnn, sb. griffin, C, S2 ; gryffown. 
Prompt. — OF. griffon, a gripe (Cotg.). 

Gril, adj. horrible, rough, fierce, MD ; 
gryl, S2, Prompt. — Cp. MHG.^r^/, angry. 

Grillen, v. to vex, MD ; grulde, //. s., 
twanged, S ; i-gruld, //., provoked, SD. 
— AS. grillan. 

Grim, adj. fierce, S ; grym, heavy, PP. 
S2, C; grimme, //., horrible, S. — AS. 

Grimlicll, adj. horrible, S ; grimlych, 
S ; grimliche, adv. terribly, S, PP ; 
grymly, sharply, PP. 

Grin, sb. snare, noose, S, Voc. ; gryn, 
W ; grene, laqucus, MD, Voc. ; grune, 
MD ; grone, MD ; grane, MD. — AS. grin. 

Grinden, v- to grind, MD ; y-grounde, 
//., C2 ; grandyn. S3 ; grounden, C3. — 
AS. grindan, pt. grand (pi. grundon), pp. 
gr linden. 

Grindere, sb. grinder ; grrynderis, //., 




Grip, •?/'■ \nilture, S ; grype, Voc, 
I'rompt. — Icel. gripr. 

Gripen, v. to grip, S, TP, H ; grap, 
pt. s.. Ml) ; grop, MD ; gripen,//., MU ; 
trrepeu, Ml) ; gripen,//., MD ; grypen, 
PP; griped, PP.— AS. gripan, pt. grap 
(]-)l. gr/pon), pp. gripen. 

Gris, •f/'. a young pig, PP; grise, Cath.; 
gryse, Voc. : gryce, Prompt. ; grys, //., 
MD, S2, PP.— Icfl. ^"rm. 

Grisen, v. to shudder, S2 ; gryse, to 
be friglitened, HD ; him gros, //. s. reflex., 
S. — AS. grtsan, pt. grSs (pi. grison), pp. 

Grislicll, adj. horrible, S, S2 ; grislic, 
S ; grysliche, S, PP ; grisli, S2 ; grisly, 
C2, C3 ; grisliche, adv., S ; grieslie, S3. 
— AS. grislic. 

Grist, sb. ground com, SkD. — K^. grist, 
from grindan ; for loss of n before s see 
Silvers, 185. 

Grist-batinge, sh. grinding of the 
teeth, MD ; gristoayting, MD ; gris- 
bitting, S2. 

Grith, sb. peace, S ; gritJe, dat., S. — 
Icel. grid, domicile, place of safety, peace ; 
hence grid in the Chron. 

GriS-bruclie, sb. breach of the peace, S. 

GritSful, adj. peaceful, MD. 

GritSfulnesse, sb. peacefulness, S. 

Grocchen, v. to grudge, grumble, S2, 
S3. See Grucclien. 

Grof, pt. s. dug, buried, H. See Grauen. 

Grof, adv. flat on one's face, CT (Qfii"); 
gruf, MD, C2, C. — Cp. Icel. Hggja a griifu, 
to lie on one's face. 

Grofliuges, adv. groveling, MD ; 
groueliugs, S2 ; grouelynge, snpiniis, 
Prompt. ; grufelynge, Cath. See above. 

Grom, sb. lad, servant, PP , grome, 
PP, S ^n) ; gromes,//., S, PP.— Cp. ODu. 
gro?n, stripling. 

Groiue, sb. vexation, anger, S. See 

GroneXL, v. to groan, PP, CM, Prompt. ; 
grony, S2 ; graninde, pr. /., S ; granand, 
S2 ; gronte, //. s., C2. — AS. grdnian. 

Grop, pt. s. ; see Gripen. 

Gropien, v. to seize, handle, MD ; 
gropyn. Prompt. ; grope, C, C3 ; grape, 
palpare, H, Manip. — AS. grdpian, from 
gripan. See Gripen. 

Gros, pt. s. reflex, was afraid, S. See 

Grot, sb. weeping, S, MD. See Greten. 


Grot, sb. atom, MD ; grotes, //., S. — 
AS. grot, particle. 

Grote, sb. groat, C3, PP ; grotte, S3. — 
OLG. grote, a coin of Bremen; cp. Du. 
groot, great. Cf. Gret. 

Groteu, v. to weep, S, MD ; see Greten. 

Ground, sb. ground, foundation, bottom 
(of water), MD ; grand, S; grounde, 
PP ; gronde, dat., S2 ; groundes, //. 
foundations, S2. Fhr. : to grounde com, 
came to the ground, i.e. was ruined, S2. — 
AS. grund. 

Groundeu, v. to found ; grownden, 
Prompt.; groundes, 2pr.s.,S2; grounded, 
//., S2. 

Groue, sb. a little wood. Prompt., MD ; 
gravys,//., S3. — ^AS. gi'd/. 

GrouelingS, adv. flat on one's face, 
S2 ; see Groflinges. 

Groyn, sb. the snout of a pig, CM ; 
groyne. Prompt. ; groon, Manip. ; grune, 
Cath. — OF. groing, groin. 

Groyneu, v. to grunt, to murmur, W ; 
groignen, ]\ID. — OF. groigner, grogner. 

Groynyng, sb. murmuring, discontent, C . 

Grucchen, v. to grudge, grumble, PP, 
S2, C, C2 ; grocching, /r. /., S2 ; groc- 
ched, //. s., S3 ; grutchiden, pt. pi., W, 
W2. — OF. grotuhcr, grotuer, grocer. 

Grucching, sb. grumbling, S ; gruc- 
chyng, G ; grutcliyng, W. 

Gruf, adv. flat on one's face, MD, C, 
C2. Fiir. a gruf, MD ; on groufe, MD ; 
one tlie groffe, MD. See Grof. 

Grulde, pt. s., twanged, S ; see Grillen. 

Gruud, sb. ground,' bottom of a well, S ; 
see Ground. 

Grundlike, adv. thoroughly, heartily, 
MD, S. See above. 

Gruuten, v. to grunt, MD ; gryntiden, 
//. //., MD. Q^.OYiQ. grunzen. 

Gruntjrng, sb. grunting, gnashing, W ; 
grynting, \\ ; grentyng, W. 

Grure, sb. horror, MD. — AS. gryre; 
OS. gruri. 

Grure-ful, adj. horrible, S. 

Gruselieu, v. to munch, S. 

Grusen, v. to munch, MD ; gryze, 
HD ; gruse, JD. 

GryS, sb. a costly fur, the fur of the grey 
squirrel, C, S2, PP, HD ; grey, C3 ; 
gryce. Prompt.; greys, PP; greyce, S3. 
— OF. gris, gray. 

Gu, you, S ; see Sow. 


Guerdon, sd. reward, S3, CM ; gner- 
done, S3, CM. — AF. guerdon : It. gitidar- 
done ; Low Lat. widerdonum (Ducange). 

Guerdonen, v. to reward, CM. — OF. 
giterredoiur , Bartsch). 

Guerdonlesse, adj- without reward, 

Guerdonyng, sb. reward, CM. 

GukgO, si^- cuckoo, S3 ; see Cukkow. 

Gulche-cuppe, sb. a toss-cup, S. 

Gulchen, v. to gulp, swallow greedily, 

Guide, sb. dat. gold, S ; see Gold. 

Guide, sb. marigold, C ; see Golde. 

Gulden, adj. golden, S, MU ; gilden, 
S2, MD.— AS.^/fl'^«. 

Gnlt, sb. guilt, S, S2. C, PP; gylt, 
C ; gilt, S, PP ; gylte, PP ; gilte, PP ; 
unites, //. faults, S, PP ; gultus, S2.— AS. 

Gulten, -o. to sin, S ; gilte, pt. .r., S ; 
gulte, //., PP ; i-gult,//., S. — K^.gyltan. 

Gulty, <7,/y. guilty, C, PP ; gylty,PP; 
gilty, PP ; gelty, S.— AS. gyltig. 

Gultyf, adj. guilty, G ; giltyf, G, HD. 

Gumen, //. men, S ; see Gome. 

Gumme, sb. gum ; see Gomme. 

Gunge, adj. young, S ; gTingest, superl., 
youngest, S ; gunkeste, S ; see 3ou-g'- 

Gunnen, //. //■ began, did; see Ginnen. 

Gur, your, S ; see 3e. 



Gurdel, sb. girdle, S ; see Girdel. 

Gurden, v- to strike, MU ; fforde}), 
imp. pl.,'62 ; see Girden. 

GurleS, sb. pi. children (of either sex\ 
C, PP; g^erles, PP. Fhr.: knave gerlys, 
boys, HD. Cf. Gyrle. 

Gnt$Iiede, sb. youth, S ; see Joutliede. 

Gyde, sb. clothing, S3, MD ; gide, MD, 

Gyde, sb. guide, C3. 

Gyden, v. to guide, C2, C3, Palsg.— 
OF. giiider. 

Gyen, v. to guide, direct, PP, Prompt. ; 
gye, S3, C2, C3 ; gie, PP ; gyede, pt. s., 
PP, S2. — OF. giii'ef, giiider. 

Gylofire, sb. gillyflower, S2 (s.v. clowe) ; 
see Gerraflour. 

Gylt, adj. gilt, PP ; gulte, PP ; gilte, 
PP, C2. 

Gylt, V. to gild, S3. 

Gymp, adj. slim, delicate, short, scanty, 
S3; gimp, JD ; neat, HD ; jimp, HD, 
DG ; gym, trim, spruce, S3; gim, DG ; 
jim, DG ;, DG. 

Gyrle, sb. a child, generally a girl, but 
also used of a boy, MD ; gerles,//., MD ; 
girles, MD. Cf Gurles. 

GyrSS, sb. grass ; see Gras. 

Gyse, sb. guise, manner, C, PP, Prompt. ; 
gise, C, S3 ; gyss, S3.— AF. guise. See 

Gysse, sb. pi. geese, S3 ; see Gos. 


Ha, pron. he, S, S2. See He. 

Habben, Habe ; see Hanen. 

Haberdasher, sb. a seller of small 
wares, C, SkD (p. 809). 

Haberdasbrie, sb. haberdashery, SkD. 

Haberioun, sb. habergeon, a piece of 
armour to defend the neck and breast, PP ; 
haburioun, W, \V2 ; hawbyrgon, Voc. ; 
haburjon,S2; IxabeTgeoiin,C2 ; baberion, 
PP. — OF. haiiberjott, from haiiberc. See 

Habilitie, sb. ability, S3. See Abilite. 

Hable, adj. able, S3, MD. See Abil. 

Habonndanle, cuiv. abundantly, S3. 
See Habundantly. 

Habounde, 5^'. to abound, NED, S3, 
C2 ; see Habunde. 

Habundance, sb. abundance, C2. 

Habundant, adj. abundant, C2. 

Habundantly, adv. abundantly, C3. 

Habunde, v. to abound, NED. — OF. 
habondcr, abufider; Lat. abiindare. 

Hac, conj. but, S ; see Ac. 

Hacche, sb. hatch, PP ; bacb, hatch of 
a ship, S2. — Cp. Dan. hcckke. 

Had, sb. state, order, rank, person (of 
Christ , S ; pi. ranks (,of angelsj, S. — AS. 
Md ; cp. OHG. /uil. 

Hse- ; see under He-. 

Haebst, highest ; see Heighest. 

HaeleS, sb. warrior ; see HeletS. 

Hsene, oilj. pi. poor, S. See Keyne. 

Hseirre, sb. lord, S. See Herre. 



Hae^e, adiK highly, S ; see Heighe. 
Haf, Hafst, HafS; see Hanen. 
Kafed, sb. head, S. See Heued. 
Hafed-men, prelates, S. 
Hage-faderen ; see Heh-fader. 
Hagge, sh. a hag, P ; hegge^ MD. 
Hagt, ^^.(?),S. 
Hah, adj. high, S ; see Heigh. 
Hail, sh. hail, PP ; heal, S3 ; haille, 
PP ; hayle, PP.— AS. hagol. 

Hail, adj. hale, whole, sound, S ; hseil, 
S ; heil, S. Cf. Hool. 
Haile, adv. wholly, S3 ; haill, S3. 
Hailen,^- to greet, Cath., MD ; heilen, 
MD, S2. 

Hailsen, v. to greet, to say ' hail,' MD, 
Cath., P, S3 ; haylsen, S3 ; halsen, S3, 
S3. — Icel. heilsa ; cp. AS. hdlsian, to 
greet, see Sievers, 411. 

Hailsinge, sb. salutation, Cath. ; hal- 
sing, S2. 
Hailsum, adj. wholesome, S3. 
Hakeney, sb. horse, nag, C3, PP; 
eqtiilliis. Voc. ; maniius, Voc. — AF. hake- 
nai, hakeney. 

Hakeney-man, sb. one who lets out 
horses, P ; equiferus, Voc. ; hakneyman, 

Hal, sb. a secret place, MD ; hale, dat., 

Halde, pt. s. inclined, S. See Helden. 

Halely, adv. wholly, S2 ; haly, S2. See 

Halen, v. to hale, drag, S, S2, S3, 
Prompt. ; halie, PP. — OS. halon ; cp. 
OFris. halia ; from Teutonic comes OF. 

Halende, sh. the Saviour, S ; see Hel- 

Halewen, v. to hallow, consecrate, S2, 
\V2, PP ; halwen, S2, S3, PP, C3 ; halijen, 
S; haljed, pt. ,s., S2 ; y-haljed, S2.— AS. 
halgian. See Holi. 

Halewis, sb, pi. saints, W ; halechen, 
S ; see Halwes. 

Half, sb. side, S, S2 ; haelf, S ; halue, 
dat., S ; //., S ; halues, G. Phr. : o 
Godess hallfe, on God's behalf, S. — AS. 

Halflingis, adv. half, S3. 

Halfpeiiy, sb. halfpeny, MD ; hal- 
pens, //., \\ . 

Hali, a^^'. holy, S, S2. See Holi. 

Halidom, sb. a holy thing, holy relics. 


S, P ; halydom, S2 ; halijdomess,//., S. — 

AS. hdligdSm. 
Hali-write, sh. holy writ, S. 
Hali^en, v. to hallow, S ; see Hale- 

Halke, sb. comer, recess, S, Prompt., 
Ml) ; halkes, pi., C3 ; halkej, S2. 

Halle, sb. hall, Cath., S, C2 ; hallen, 
dat., S. — AS. heall. 
Halp, pt. s. ; see Helpen. 
Hals, sb. neck, S, S2, C2, C3. — AS. 
heals ; cp. Icel. hdls. 

Halsien, v. to embrace, MD ; halsen, 
Cath., Prompt. ; hals, H. — AS. healsian ; 
cp. Icel. hdlsa. 

Halsien, v. to beseech, conjure, MD ; 
halsen, S2, C2. 
Hals-man, sh. executioner, HD. 
Halsynge, sb. embrace, Cath. 
Halt, adj. lame, MD. 
Halten, v. to walk as lame, MD ; 
halted, pt. pi., S2. — AS. healtian. 
Haluen-del, sb. the half, S, G : hal- 
uendele, PP. 

Halwes, sb. pi. saints, C3 ; halewis, 
W ; halhes, S ; halechen, S ; halejen, 
dat., S ; halsen, S2 ; halhen, S ; halege, 
sb., saint, S ; halgh, S2. See Holi. 

Halted, pt. s. -, see Halewen. 

Ham, them, S, S2 ; see Hem. 

Ham, sb. home, S. See Hoom. 

Hamer, sb. hammer, C, C3. — AS. 

Hamly, adv. familiarly, heartily, H. 
See Homliche. 

HamlyneS, sh. intimacy, H. See 

Hand, sb. hand, MD ; hond, S, S2, C2 ; 
hoond, W, W2 ; honde, dat., S, S2, C3 
hand, pi., S ; hend, S, S2 ; hende, S2 
honde, S ; honden, S. S2 ; handes, S 
hondes, S, S3, C2, C3, P.— AS. hand 

Hand-ful, sb. sheaf, S, MD. 

Handidandi, sb. forfeit, P; handie- 
dandie, HD. 

Handlen, v. to handle, S, C2. 

Hangen, z'. {strong), to hang; (i) /'r., 
MD ; heng, pt. s.\ C2 ; hengen, //., S ; 
heengen, S2 ; hongen, pp., MD ; (2) 
intr. heng, pt. s., C3, MD ; hyng, S2, 
MD ; hing, MD ; hong, S3, MD ; hynge, 
C. — AS. hange, i pr. s., hCng, pt. s,, hang- 
en, pp. 


Hangen, v. [weak'' to hang; (i") intr., 
MD ; liengen, S, MD; hongen, S, S2, S3 ; 
hon^en, MD ; Mngen, S2 ; liing, MD ; 
hyng, S2, S3, H ; henged, //. s., MD, S ; 
hongred,//., S3, G ; hangiden, W ; heng- 
ed, //., S; \2) tr. hongede, pt. s., S2 ; 
hongide, W ; bangede, MD ; hanged, 
//., P; y-honged, S2. — AS. hangian. 

Hansellei sb. handsel, earnest-money 
on a purchase, a gift, PP, Cath. ; hansale, 
Strom, Prompt. ; haunsel, MD ; hansel, 
P, HD. — Icel. handsal, the confirming of a 
bargain by shaking hands. 

Eansellen, v. to handsel, to betroth, 
MD., Cath., Palsg. ; i-hondsald, //., S.— 
Icel. handsala. 

Hap, sb. chance, fortune, C2, C3, PP; 
happe, S2, \V; happes, //., P. — Icel. 

Happen, v. to hap, chance, P, 82, C2, 
C3; hapte, /A s., MD. 

Happiliclie, adv. perchance, P ; hap- 
pily, P. 

Happy, adj. lucky, S3. 

Happyn, v- to wrap up, Prompt., MD ; 
hap, JD ; happis, pr. s., S3 ; happid, 
pt. s., HD; happid,//., H. 

Happjrnge, sb. wrapping, H. 

Harborowe, v. to harbour ; see Her- 

Harde, adj. hard, severe, disastrous, 
parsimonious, PP, C2 ; hard, S ; harde, 
herdnre, adj. comp., S; harde, adv., se- 
verely, S, S2 ; hard, with difficulty, \V. 
Comb. : harde cloUes, sackcloth, S. P/ir. : 
of hard, with difficulty, W,W2. — AS. /icard. 

Hardeliclie, adv. bravely, S, S2 ; 
hardely, S3. 

Harden, v. to make hard; y-harded, 

pp., C2. 

Hardenen, v. to harden ; harrdenesst, 

1 pr. s., S. 

Hardi, adj. hardy, S, W2 ; bold, daring, 
S2 ; hardy, C2, PP.— OF. hardi. 

Hardiliche, adv. boldly, P ; hazdi- 
liie, S ; hardily, C2 ; hardiloker, comp., 

Hardiment, sb. boldness, MD ; hardy- 
ment. S2. 

Hardinesse, sb. boldness, C2 ; hardy- 
nesse, W, PP. 

Harding, sb. a hardening, C 2. 

Hares, pi. hairs, S2 ; haris, S3. See 

Harlot, sb. beggar, vagabond, ribald, 



buffoon, rascal, C. PP ; herlot, acrobat, 
H; harlotte, MD ; harlotes, //., P; 
herlotis, H ; adj. scoundrelly, S3. — OF. 
harlot, herlot, arlot. 

Harlotrie, sb. tale-telling, jesting talk, 
ribaldry, buffoonery, P ; harlatrye, jesting 
= Lat. scitrrilitas {evrpaireXia:, \V ; harlo- 
tries,//., C. 

Harm, sb. harm, S ; haerm, S ; hearm, 
S ; harem, S ; haemie, dat., S ; harme, 
S, C2 ; hermes,//., damages, S ; harmes, 
PP.— AS. hcarm. 

Harmen, v. to harm, S ; hearme^J, pr. 
s., S ; hermie, subj., S. — AS. hcarmiati. 

Harne-panne, sb. the cranium, skull, 
Cath. ; hampanne, Voc. ; hampane, Voc. ; 
hemepanne, HD. 

Hames, sb. pi. brains, Voc, Cath., 
HD ; hsernes, S; hemes, S2. — Icel. 
hjarni, the brain ; cp. Goth, hzvairnei. 

HameyS, sb. armour, C, PP, S3 ; 
herneys, C, PP. — OF. harneis. 

Harneysed, //. equipped, C. 

HarO ! interj. a cry for assistance raised 
in Normandy by any one wronged, HD ; 
harow, PP ; harrow, an exclamation of 
distress, C, C3, PP.— AF. harro ! OF. 
haro, harol, Cotg., Palsg., p. 501, Bartsch. 

Harre, sb. hinge, C, CM. See Herre. 

Harryng, sb. growling like a dog, S2. 

Har'V^en, v. to harrow, harry, ravage, 
PP, MD, CM ; herwen, MD ; herien, 
S2 ; harowen, PP, MD ; haerjien, S ; her- 
jien, MD. — AS. hcrgian. See Here. 

Hary, v. to drag violently, CM ; harry, 
to drag, to vex, HD ; haried, //., C. — OF. 
harier, to harry, hurry, vex .Cotg.). 

Has, sb. command, S ; see Heste. 

Hasard, sb. the game of hazard played 
with dice. C3, Voc. — OF. hasard, hasart. 

Hasardonr, sb. a dice-player, C3, 
Voc. ; haserder,Voc. — AF. hasardonr, OF. 

Hasardrye, sb. gaming, plapng at 
hazard, C3. 

Hase, adj. hoarse,' H. See Hoos. 

Haske, sb. a wicker fish-basket, ND, 

Haspe, sb. a hasp, fastening of a door, 
Manip. ; hespe, Prompt., Cath. — AS. 
hapse (Voc). 

Haspen, v. to hasp, obserare, Manip. ; 
hasped, //., S2 ; y-hasped, P ; i-haspet, 


Hast, sb. haste, PP.— Cp. OSwed. hast. 



Hasten, v. to haste ; hasteth, imp. pi., 

Hastif, adj. hasty, C2 ; hastyfe, S3. — 

OF. /uistif. 

Hastiliche, (tih>. quickly, S2 ; haste- 
liche, .S : hastily, C2 ; hastly, S2 : 
hestely, .S3. 

Hat, adj. hot, S ; hatere, cotup., S. See 

Hate, sh. heat, S ; see Hete. 

Haten (i), v. to bid, promise, call; 
hete, \ pr. s., S2, C3 ; hote, S2 ; hicht, 
S2 ; hig-ht, S3; hatetSj/r. J-., bids, S; hat, 
S ; hot, S ; hoot, S ; hat, //., S2 ; haehte, 
pt. s., called, S ; hehte, ordered, called, S ; 
hihte, S2 ; hiht, S2 ; hi5t, S2 ; het, or- 
dered, promised, S, S2 ; hsehten, //., S ; 
hig-ht, 82 ; hyghte, C2 ; hotel?,, 
promise, vS ; heete, pr. s. sitbj., C ; gfehat- 
en, //., S; i-haten, S; i-hate, S; i-hote, 
S ; y-oten, S ; hoten, called, S, P ; hot- 
ene, promised, S; hote, P; hette, S2 ; 
hight, S2 ; hyht, S2 ; hecht, S3 ; y-hyjt, 
S2 ; y-hoten, PP ; y-hote, PP ; i-hote, S2. 
— AS. hiitan, pt. hcht, pp. hdtcn. 

Haten (2), v. to be called; hoten, S, 
MD ; hote, C ; hatte, MD ; het, MD ; 
hight, MD ; hijt, \ pr. s., 82 ; hy5t,/r. s., 
S2 ; hat, P; hattest, 2 /;-. s., 8; hatte, 
1 pr. s., am called, S ; pr. s., 82 ; hatte, 
pt. s., was called, 8, MD ; hette, MD ; 
hete, MD ; highte, C2 ; haehte, 8 ; hehte, 
S ; hecht, S3 ; hyghte, 82 ; hiht, S2 ; 
hy3t, 82 ; het, S, 82 ; hat, 82.— AS. Mfan, 
pr. and pt. /laf/e ; cp. Goth, haitada, 1 am 
called, see Sievers, 367. The forms of AS. 
Hdtan (1) are often used by confusion in 
the place of the old passive forms. 

Hatere, sb. clothing, HD, PP, Prompt.; 
hater, PP ; heater, 8 ; hatren,//., clothes, 
S2. — AS. hateru, pi. garments, see Sievers, 

Haterynge, sh. dress, PP. 

Hathel, sh. noble one, 82 ; see Athel. 

Hatien, v. to become hot ; hatte,//. s., 
S; yhat, pp., S2. — AS. hdiian. See Hoot. 

Hatien, v. to hate, MD, 8, S2 ; hatede, 
pt. s., C2. — AS. hatian. 

Hatreden, j/'. hatred, MD; hatered- 
yn, H ; hatredyn, H ; hatrede, dat., 8. 

HatterUche, adv. savagely, S; see 

Hauberk, sb. a coat of ringed mail, 82, 
C, (Z2.—0Y.hauberc; OHG. halsberc, lit. 


Hank, sh. hawk, C2, PP, S2 ; hanec, 
S ; havekes, ge7i., 8 ; //., 82 ; heauekes, 8. 

Hanke, v. to hawk, C2 ; hawkyd, pt. s., 

Hankyng'e, sh. hawking, P ; an hank- 
yng, on hawking, a-hawking, C2. 

Haunt, sh. abode, C2 ; skill from prac- 
tice, C ; use, custom, PP. 

Haunten, v. to frequent, practise, make 
use of, PP, C3, 83, 82, W, H ; hant, S3 ; 
HD. — OF. hantcr, to frequent. 

Hauteyn, adj. loud, MD,C3; havteyn, 
haughty, H; howteyne, H(«). — OF. 
haittain, high. 

Hauekes, g(:7i. of Hank. 

Hauen, v. to have, S ; hahben, S, S2 ; 
ahtoe, S2 ; haben, 8; habe, S; han, 82, 
C2 ; hane, C2, PP ; haf, 82; aue, \ pr. 
s., 8 ; ha, pr. s. suhj., S3 ; hafst, 2 /;-. s., 
8; hafesst, S; haefuest, 8; hauest, 82; 
hest, 8 ; haf1S,/r. j., 8 ; hafefl, 8 ; haue«, 
8; haues, 82; hat?, S2 ; hefi, 82; hes, 
S3 ; aue'S, S ; ajj, 82 ; habbet, 2 //., 8 ; 
habbe15,//., S, 82 ; abbe«, 82; habetJ. S; 
habbe5, S2 ; han, 82, 83 ; hafd, i //. s., 
82 ; haued, S2 ; hauid, 82 ; hafdes, 2 
pt. s., 8 ; hafde,//. s., S ; haffde, 8 ; hefde, 
S ; hefede, 8 ; hedde, 8 ; heuede, 8 ; hadde, 
82, C2 ; adde, 8, 82 ; hsefden,//., 8 ; haf- 
den, 8 ; haffdenn, 8 ; hefden, 8 ; hedden, 
8 ; hadden, S, C2 ; hadde, 8 ; hade, 8 ; 
heuede, 82 ; hafd,//., 82 ; y-hadde, S2 ; 
haiffeing, pr. /., S3 ; haze = hae + ns, 
have us, S3. — AS. habban, pt. s. hafde, pp. 

Hauene, sh. haven, S, S2, CM ; haxines, 

//., 2. — AS. hafene. 

Hauene, v. to take harbour; haueny- 
den,//.//., W. 

Hauer, sh. oats, P; havyr, Cath.; hafyr, 
Voc. — Cp. Du. haver, G. hafer. 

Hauer-cake, sb. oat-cake, Cath. («); 
havyre-cake, HD. 

Hauer-grasse, sb. wild oats, Cath. 
{ii\ HD. 

Havyng, sh. beha\'iour, 82 ; hawyng, 


Haw, adj. azure, 83, JD ; hawe, grey, 

MD ; haa, MD.— Cp. AS. hawcn, sea-blue. 

Hawbart, sb. halberd, S3. — OF. hak- 


Hawe, sb. hedge, enclosure, C3, MD ; 
haje, MD; hahe, MD ; hagh, HD.— AS. 
haga, hedge (Voc). 

Hawe, .f^. hawthorn-berry, MD, C2, 
PP, Cath.— AS. haga (Voc). 

Hawe-thorne, sl>^ i hawthom, PP, 

Prompt. ; hajporn, MD. — ONorth. /laga- 
porn (Mat. 7. 16). 

Haye, s^- a hedge, a kind of springe to 
catch rabbits, S3 ; hay, ND. — OF. /laie 
{/laye), a hedge. 

Hay-warde, sf>. he^ge-warden, PP ; 
haiwarde, PP ; haywa'id, Voc. ; bel- 
ward, S. — From AS. /if^e.. hedge, and 

Ha^heli^, acfv. becomingK, S ; bajhe- 
liie, S. — Icel. hagliga, skilfuily, suitably, 
from hagr. 

Ha^her^ adj. skilful, MD ; hawur, 
MD; hav<r, MD; hajlierrlike, a^/z/., be- 
comingly, S. See above. 

TSLe, pfot'f he, S ; used indefinitely. =one 
of you, P ; ^lBo, S ; hi, S ; hie, S ; ha, S, 
S2 ; a, S2 .•• 5e, S2 ; e, S; has = he + jJes, 
he them, S ' hes = he + hes, he her, S. 

Hea-; see under He-. 

Heal, sb. hail, S3 ; see Hail. 

Healden, v. to pour, S ; see Helden. 

Healen, sb. pi. dat. heels, S ; see 

Heanen, v. to oppress, afflict, S ; 
heande, //. s., S ; heaned, //., afflicted, 
S. — Cp. AS. hynan, to humble, from hca^i, 
despised. See Heyne. 

Heas, sb. command ; hease, dat., S. See 

Heascen, v. to insult, MD ; heascede, 
pt. s., S. — Cp. AS. hyscan. 

Heater, sb. clothing, S; see Hatere. 

Heaued, sb. head, S ; see Heued. 

Heaued-SXlllue, sb. capital sin, deadly 
sin, S. 

Hecht ; see Haten. 

Hecseities, //. a term in logic, S3. 

Hedde, Hedden, had ; see Hauen. 

Hede, sb. heed, care, C2, PP. 

Heden, v. to heed, S ; hedde, pt. s., 
SkD ; hedd, MI3. — AS. hcdan: OS. hodian, 
cp. OHG. hiiatcn (Otfrid). 

Hee- ; see under He-. 

Hee, adj. high ; see Heigh. 

Heed, sb. head, C2, C3, G, W; see 

Heedl3nig, adv. headlong, W. 

Heele, sb. heel, PP; helis, //., PP ; 
helen, dat., S ; healen, S. — AS. hela. 

Heep, sb. heap, crowd, number, PP, 
"W2; hep, PP; hepe, Cath., G, PP.— AS. 
hiiap; cp. OHG. //^«/(Otfiid). 



Heer, sb. hair, S3, C3 ; heere, W, PP ; 
see Here. 

Heer, adv. here, C2, PP ; her, S, S2, 
C ; hser, S ; hier, S2 ; hire, G. Comb. : 
her-afterward, hereafter, C3 ; her-bixiore, 
heretofore, S2 ; herhiforn, C3 ; her-inne, 
herein, C3 ; her-onont, as regards this, S ; 
her-to, hereto, C3 ; for this cause, W; 
heer-vpon, hereupon, C2. 

Heete ; see Haten (i). 

Hefden ; see Hauen. 

Hegge, sb. hedge, S, C, W2 ; h.egges, 
pt., P; heg'^s, \V2. — AS. /icgge (dat.) in 
Chron. ann. 547. 

Hegh, sb. haste, H ; see Hye. 

Heh, adj. high, S, S2, PP ; see Heigh. 

Heh-dai, sb. high day, festival, MD ; 
hse5e-dseie, dat., S. 

Helie, adv. highly, S ; see Heighe. 

Heh-engel, sb. archangel, S. — A.S. 

Heh-fader, sb. patriarch, SD ; hage- 
faderen, //. dat., S. — AS. Jualifader. 

Hehlich, adj. noble, proud, perfect, 
MD ; hely, S3. — AS. hiahlic. 

Hehliclie, adv. highly, splendidly, 
loudly, MD; heihliche, S2 ; he^lyche ; 
hsehliche, S ; hehlice, S ; heglice, S. — 
AS. heahlice. 

Helme, adj. contemptible, S ; see Heyne. 

Hehnesse, sb. highness, MD; hey- 
uesse. S3 ; heghnes, S2 ; hi^nesse, W. — 
AS. hcahness. 

Heh-seotel, sb. high-seat, throne, S ; 
hegsettle, dat., S. — AS. hcahsetl. 

Hei, sb. hay, grass, Voc, W ; see Hey. 

Hei, adj. high, S, S 2 ; see Heigh. 

Helen, v. to extol, S ; see Hi^en. 

Heigll, adj. high, chief, principal, noble, 
PP, CM, C2, S2 ; hei5, PP, S2 ; heyj, S3 ; 
heih, S; heh, S, S2, PP ; hegh, S2, S3; 
hey, PP, C2, S, S2 ; hei, S, S2 ; heg, S; 
heje, S, S2; hij, W, S; hy5e, S2 ; hihe, 
C; hi, PP; hy, C2 ; hseh, S; hah, S; 
hee, S2. — AS. h(ah, heh. 

Heighe, adv. highly, PP ; heije, PP, 
S2 ; heye, S, S2, PP ; heh3e, S ; hehe, S ; 
heie, S, S2 ; hye, C2 ; he, S2 ; hseje, S. — 
AS. hcagc, heah. 

Heigher, adj. comp. higher, C, CM ; 
heyer, S2, C3 ; hyer, S3; herre, S, P. — 
AS. hcrra. 

Heighest, adj. superl. highest, PP ; 
heghest, S2 ; heh^hesst, S; hegest, S; 
hest, S2 ; hsehst, S. — AS. hchst. 



Heih, adj. high ; see Heigh. 

Heind, adj. ; see Hende. 

Heir, sh. heir, S, C2 ; see Eir. 

Hei-uol, adj. haughty, S2. See Heigh. 

Hei-ward, sb. hedge-warden, hayward, 
S ; sec Hay-warde. 

Hekele, sb. hatchel, mataxa, Prompt. ; 
hechele, hatchel for flax, IID ; hekylle, 
mala.xa, Voc, Cath. ; heckle, comb, 
Mani]). ; hekkill, heckle, cock's comb, S3 ; 
heckle, HD.— Cp. Du. hckcl, hatchel. 

Helde, sb. age, S ; see Elde. 

Helde, sb. a slope, S ; heldes, //., MD. 

Heldeu, v. to tilt, to incline, S, S2, W ; 
healden, to pour, S ; helde, //. s., W ; 
halde, S ; helded, S2 ; heldid, li ; held, 
//., S2. — AS. hcldan ; cp. Icel. halla, to 
incline ; E. Jieel {over). See Hell. 

Heldynge, sb. an inclining aside, H. 

Hele, sb. health, soundness, S, S2, S3, C ; 
hale, S ; heale, S, S3 ; hel, S2 ; heles, 
pi.. S2. — AS. hcklu. 

Helen, v. to cover, conceal, CM, P, S, S2 ; 
heolen, S ; halen,//., S ; heled, S2 ; hole, 
MD. — AS. helan, pt. hal, pp. holcn ; cp. 
OHG. helan (Otfrid). 

Helen, v. to heal, PP, S2, C2 ; halyd, 
pp., H. — AS. hilaii; cp. OHG. heilen 

Helende, sb. the Saviour, the Healer, 
S; haleude, S ; healent, S. — AS. hckletid; 
cp. OHG. heilattt (Otfrid). 

Heleth, sb. armed man, warrior, MD ; 
hsele'S, MD; helefles, //., S.— AS. heletS; 
cp. G. held. 

Helfter, sb. noose, snare, S. — AS. hcelf- 
tre (Voc.) ; see SkD. (s. v. halter). 

Heling, sb. salvation, S2. 

Hell, v. to pour out, H; hel, 1 pr. s., 
H ; hell, imp. s., H ; helles,//., H ; hel- 
land, pr.p., H ; helt, pt. s., H ; //., H. 
— Icel. hella, to pour. See Heldeu. 

Helle, sb. hell, C2, MD, PP; =infer- 
num, W.— AS. hell: OHG. hella: Goth. 

Helle-far, sb. hell-fire, S.— AS. hclle-fyr. 

Helle-hound, sb. hell-hound, MD. 

Helle-mut$, sb. mouth of hell, S. 

Helme, sb. a helm, covering for the 
head, PP, CM ; helm, MD.— AS. helm ; 
cp. Goth, hilms. 

Helmed, adj. provided with a helm, 
C2, CM. 

Help, sb. help, C2, PP. 


Helpen, v. tq-liglp, S2 ; halp, //..?., C2, 
PP ; halpe, PP, S2 ; //., P ; holpyn, P ; 
hulpen, P; holpen, //., C, C2, PP ; 
holpe, P ; hulpe, P.— AS. helpan ; pt. 
licatp ; pp. holpen ; cp. Goth, hilpan. 

Helplees, adj. helpless, C3 ; helples, 

PP- /; 

Helthe, sb^ health, salvation, S2 ; 
heelthe, W.— AS. ImlH. 

Hem, pron[pl. dat. and ace. them, S, S2, 
S3, C2, W, Y^ ; horn, S, S2 ; ham, S, S2 ; 
him, C2 ; heom, S. — AS. him, heom, 
dat. pi. 

Hem-self, pron. themselves S, C3, PP ; 
hemseluon, PP ; hemsilf, W, V2 ; hem- 
silue, PP. 

Heiide, adv. at hand, S2. 

Hende, adj. near at hand, .^andy, cour- 
teous, S, S2, G, P ; heind, S2 ; hinde, S3 ; 
hendest, superl., S; hsendeSt, S. — AS. 
{ge hende. 

Hendeliche, ailv. courteously, S, S2, 
P ; hseudeliche, S ; heudely, S2 ; hend- 
liche, S3. 

Hendi, adj. gracious, courteous, S2 ; 
hendy, S2, MD. — AS. hendig (in com- 
pounds) : Goth, handicgs, clever. 

Heng, pt. s. hung ; see Hangen. 

Henge, sb. hinge, MD ; hengis, //., 
W2. See Hangien. 

Henne, adv. hence, S, C3, PP ; heonne, 
S ; henueu, S. — AS. heonan. 

Hennes, adv. hence, S, S2, P, W ; 
hennus, W ; heonnes, PP. 

Hennes-forth, adv. henceforth, C2. 

Henten, v. to seize, Prompt., S3, C3, 
P; hente, pt. s., PP, S2, C2, C3, HD ; 
hynt, S3 ; hent, S2. PP, S3 ; //., S3, C2, 
C3 ; y-hent, C3. — AS. hentan. 

Henter, sb. a thief, HD. 

Heo- ; see under He-. 

HeO, pron. she, S. S2, P; hi, S ; hye, 
S ; hie, MD ; he, S, S2, P ; hue, S2 ; ha, S ; 
ho, S2, S3 ; 5eo, S ; jho, S ; 5he, S2 ; je, S 
(s. V. ge) ; heo, ace., her, S. — AS. hco. 

Heo, pron. he, S ; see He. 

Heom, pro7i. them, S ; see Hem. 

Heo-seolf, she herself, S. 

Hep, sb. heap ; see Heep. 

Hepe, sb. hip, the fruit of the dog-rose, 
SkD, MD ; heepe, CM.— AS. heope. 

Hepe-tre, sb. comus, Voc, Cath. 

Herand, sb. herald, S3, C; heraudes, 
//., C, PP. — OF. heraud, herault, her alt. 


Herbe, sd. herb, Voc. ; eerbe, W2 ; 
hairbis, //., S3 ; berbes, C2 ; erbez, S2 ; 
eerbis, \V2. — OF. hcrbc; Lat. herha. 

Herbere, sh. garden of herbs, S3 ; 
herber, PP, CM ; erber, PP ; erberes, 
//.. S3. 

Herbergage, sb. lodging, S2, C2, C3. 

— AF. herbergage, from OF. herberge, en- 
campment 1^ Roland";. 

Eerbergeonr, sb. provider of lodging, 
C3.— OF. herbcrgeur. 

Herbergeri, sb. lodging, S2.— OF. 


Herberwe, sb. lodging, shelter, har- 
bour, place of refuge, camp, S, PP ; ber- 
borewe, \V ; berbergb, C, PP ; lierborj, 
PP ; berbore.W. — Icel. herbergi, lit. army- 
shelter. See Here. 

Herberwe, v- to harbour, lodge, S3, 
PP ; berborowe, PP; barborowe, S3; 
berborwe, PP ; berborwed, //., S; ber- 
borid, \V. See above. 

Herbore-les, adj. homeless, W. 

Herce, sb. triangular form, S3 ; berse, 
a framework whereon lighted candles were 
placed at funerals, HD ; burden of a song, 
S3.— OF. herce, a harrow; Lat. hirpicem. 

Herd, adj. haired, C. 

Herde, adj. pi. hard, S ; see Earde. 

Herde, sb. \itxA, grex, PP. — AS. heard. 

Herde, sb. shepherd, CM ; birde, S, 
H ; bird, S3, H ; burde, keeper, guardian, 
S ; hirdis,//., W, H. — AS. hierde {heorde), 
herdsman ; cp. OHG. hirti ^Otfrid). 

Herde-man, ^t^. herdsman, S3; beorde- 
monne, gen. pi., S. 

Herdes, sb. pi. the refuse of flax, MD ; 
bardes, Voc, Cath. ; beerdis, CM ; hyrd- 
ys. Prompt. ; beorden, dat., S. — AS. 

Herdes, //. lands, S ; see Erd. 

Here, sb. hair, S, CM, S3 ; ber, S2 
beer, S3, C3 ; beere, W, PP; beare, S3 
bore, MD; bares, //., S2 ; baris, S3 
beres, C2 ; beeris, W ; beiris, \V2. — AS. 
hir ; cp. OHG. hdr (Otfrid). 

Here, sb. hair-cloth, S, S2 ; baire, 
Cath. ; bayre, Voc. ; beare, S ; beire, 
\V2, PP; beyre, C3, P, W; bai^re, dat., 
S. — A.S. hare. 

Here, sb. host, army, S, S2. — AS. here : 
Goth, harjis. 

Here, pron. of them, their, S, S2, C, 
PP; ber, S, S3, C2, C3, PP ; beore, S; 
buere, 82 ; hore, S ; bor, 82 ; bare, 8, 



S2 ; bir, C2 ; bire, S ; bem, beme, gen. 
theirs, \V, \V2. — AS. hira (Jieora). 

Here, pron. and pass. pron. her, C3, PP ; 
see Hire. 

Hered-men, sb. pi. retainers, S ; see 

Heren, v. to hear, S, C2 ; bireu, to 
obey, S, MD ; buren, MD; baeren, S; 
bieren, MD, S2 ; beir, S3 ; beorelJ, i pr. 
pi., S ; berde, //. s., S, S2, C2 ; berd, S2 ; 
barde, S2 : bard, S3 ; berden, //., G ; 
bard. //., S3 ; berd, C2 ; y-byerd, S2 ; 
iburd, S2. — AS. hiran : OS. horian. 

Here-to^e, sb. leader of an army, MD ; 
beretocbe. S. — AS. heretoga; cp. G. herzog. 

Here-word, sb. praise, S. 

Here-WUrtSe, adj. worthy of praise, S. 

Herield, adj. given as a heriot, S3. — 
Low Lat. hercgeldiim, see Ducange (,s. v. 
heriotiini\. See Heriet. 

Herieu, -<J. to praise, S, C2,C3 ; herie, 
W ; berye, S3. S2 ; i-beret, //., 8. — AS. 
henan : Goth, hazjan. 

Herien, v. to harry, S2 ; see Harwen. 

Heriet, sb. a heriot, equipment falling 
to the lord of the manor on decease of a 
tenant, MD. — AS. heregeatu, military equip- 
ment. See Here, Herield. 

Hering, sb. herring, MD ; berynge, 
82 (8 b. 46) ; elringe, S2 (probably an 
error). Cp. AF. harang. 

Heriynge, sb. praise, W; berying'e, 82. 

Herken, v. to hark, MD ; berk, S2. 

Herkuen, v. to hearken, 8, C2 ; berc- 
nen, bercni, 8. — AS. hearcnian. 

Herknere, sb. listener, 83. 

Heriot, sb. acrobat, H ; see Harlot. 

Hermes, sb. pi. harms, damages, 8 ; see 

Hermyne, .f^. ermine, 8; ermine, 8. — 
OF. hermine. 

Heme, sb. a comer, 82, C3, P ; birne, 
8, PP, H, S3; byrne, H ; bume, 8, 82 ; 
buimes,//., 82, PP. — AS. hyrne. 

Heme, sb. heron. Prompt. ; see Heron. 

Heme-paune, sb. scull, HD; see 


Hemes, sb. pi. brains, 82 ; see Hames. 

Herneys, sb. armour, C ; see Harneys. 

Hemez, sb. pi. eagles, 82 ; see Em. 

Heron, sb. heron, MD ; beiroun, MD ; 
beyrone, MD ; beroun, MD; beme, 
Prompt. ; beem. Prompt. ; beryn. 
Prompt. — OF. hairon : It. aghirone : 
OHG. heigero. 




Heronsewe, s/>. a heron, a young 
heron, C2, Cath. ; herunsew, HD ; hear- 
nesew, IID ; hemshaw, HD, SkU.— AF. 
hcroiincel (OF. hcfouccaii). 

Herre, sh. a hinge. Prompt., MD ; 
harre, Cath., C ; bar, JD, Voc. ; herris, 
//.,\V2 ; lierrys, H. — K^.heorr; cp. Iccl. 

Herre, sh. lord, master, MD; hserre, 
S. — AS. Iicarra ; cp. OS. herro. 

Herse, sb. burden of a song, S3 ; see 

Hert, sh. hart. 82, C, C2, \V2 ; hertes, 
//., S2 ; hertis, W2, PP. — AS. heart, heo- 
rot, heoriit ; see Brugmann, § 67. 5. 

Herte, sb. heart, S, PP, S2, C2 ; hairt, 
S3 ; liurte, S2 ; huerte, S2 ; hierte, S ; 
heorte, S, PP ; hert. S2 ; hertes. //., S, 
C2, C3 ; hertis, P. — AS. heorte ; cp. Goth. 

Herte-blood, sb. heart's blood, C3. 

Herteles, adj. without courage, C ; 
hartlesse, S3 ; hertles, foolish, \V2. 

Hertely, adj. hearty, MD ; hertly, C2 ; 
joyous, W2. 

Hertely, adv. heartily, S3, C2 ; herte- 
liche, S. 

Herten, v. to cheer, HD, S3, S; 
hertid, //., wise, W2. 

Herte-Spon, sb. brisket-bone, C. 

Herting, sb. cheering, S. 

Heruest, sb. harvest, S, S2, P. — AS. 

Heruest-trees, sb. pi. autumnal trees 
= arborcs atitiininaks, W. 

HeS, he, her ; see He. 

Hesmel, sb. collar (?), S. 

Hesn, sb. command, MD ; hesne, pL, 
S. — Formed from AS. has. See Heste. 

Hespe, sb. hasp ; see Haspe. 

Heste, sb. command, S, S2, C2, C3, 
PP ; has, S ; hes, S ; hest, S ; hease, 
dat., S ; hese, //., S ; hestes, S, S2, S3, 
C2 ; heestis, \V ; Txestene. gen., S. — AS. 

Hete, sb. heat, S, C3, PP ; haete, S; 
heat, S ; hit, S ; hate, dat., S. — AS. hitti. 

Hete, z'. to heat, Cath., S2. — AS. Aitan. 

Hete, sb. hate, S.— AS. hete : OS. hetL 

Hetel, adj. hateful, cruel, horrible, MD. 

Hetelifaste, adv. cruelly, S. 

Heten, v. to promise, MD, S2, C3, H ; 
see Haten. 

Heter, adj. rough, MD. 

- HEW. 

Heterly, adv. fiercely, violently, S2 ; 
hetterly, S2 ; heterliche, MD ; hatter- 
liche. S ; heatterliche, S. 

Heth, sb. heath. PP, CM ; heethe, dat., 
C. — AS. hdd ; cp. Icel. heiQr. 

Hethen, adj. heathen, S, S2, C3, PP; 
hathene, S ; healJene, S ; hse'Sene, S. — 
AS. hcedcn. 

HetSen, adv. hence, S, S2, S3, H ; etSen, 
S. — Icel. he' an. 

Hethenesse, sh. heathendom, S, C3, 
PP. — A.S. hadennis. 

Hetlienlich, adv. in heathen manner, 

HetSing, sh. scoffing, scom, S2, HD, 
CM ; hethyngis, pL, H. — Icel. heeding. 

Hette ; see Haten. 

Hetyng, sb. promising, H. See Heten. 

Heued, sb. head, S. S2, PP ; heaned 
S ; heauet, S ; hafed, S ; hsefedd, S 
hseued, S ; hefed, S ; heened, S2 ; heuet 
S ; heed, C2, C3, G, W ; heuede, dat., S2 
hsefden, pl.,S; heuedes, C2 ; heniddes 
S2 ; hedes, C3 ; heedes, C2, G; heedis, 
W.— AS. ht'a/od. 

Heued-clot$, sb. head-cloth, S. 

Heued-SUnne, sb. a capital sin, deadly 
sin, S ; hefed-sunne, S ; heaued-sunne, S. 

Heueget^, /''• s. bears heavy on, 8. — 
AS. hcfigian. 

Heuen, v. to heave, raise, S, S2, C ; 
houe,//. s.. S, MD; houen,//., S2, MD. 
— AS. hcbhan, pt. hSf, pp. hafcn. 

Heueue, sb. heaven, PP ; heonene, .S ; 
heuen, C2 ; heoffness,^t« , S; hewynnis, 
S3 ; heofene, dat., S ; heouene, S ; heofihe, 
S; hefene, S; heuene, S, C2 ; hefenen, 
//., S. — AS. heofon. 

Heueueu, v. to raise, MD, S2. See 

Heuene-riclie, sh. kingdom of heaven, 
S, S2, P; heoueneriche, S; heoueriche, 
S ; heneriche, S ; heofeneriche, S. — AS. 

Heuen-king, sh. King of Heaven, S. 

Heuenliche, adj. heavenly, S, C; 
heouenlich, S. 

Heuy, adj. heavy, mournful, PP ; moles- 
tiis, W ; heuie, S ; hefij, S ; heuy, adv., 
W.— AS. hejig. 

Heuyed, pp. made heavy, W. 

Heuynesse, sb. heaviness, grief, PP, 

Hew, sh. colour, S, S2, S3; heon, S; 
heu, S2 : hu5, S2 ; hu, S2 ; hin, S ; heowe. 


dat., S ; hewe, S2, C2 ; hewes,//., colours 
for painting, C. — AS. hiiv. 

Hewe, sb. servant, P, MD ; hewen, //., 
P, MD. — AS. hiwaii, pi. domestics, from 
htiv, family. See Hyne, Hired. 

Hewed, adj. hued, S;,, C ; hwed, S2. 

Hewen, v. to hew, knock, C, PP ; hiewh, 
//. s., S2. — AS. luawan. 

Hey, adj. high ; see Heigh. 

Hey, sb. hav, S2, C2, C3, W; hei, W ; 
hai, S: ; heye^ W.— AS. heg (OET). 

Heyda, itilerj. ho ! there, SkD ; hoigli- 
dig-h, S3. — Cp. G. heida. 

Heyne, adj. as sb. despised, worthless 
person, C3, CM, MD ; heline, adj. dat., 
contcmptilile, S; liaene, //., poor, S. — AS. 
luan ; cp. Goth, haiuis. 

Heyre, sb. hair-cloth, C3, P, W ; see 

Heythe, sb. height. Prompt. ; hejthe, 
S2 ; lieyt, S2 ; hycht, S3. Phr.: on 
liighte, aloud, C. — AS. heh^ii. See Heigh. 

He^e, adj. high ; see Heigh. 

Hi-, prcjix ; see under 3 s-. 

'B^,pron. ttoun and ace. they, S, S2 ; hy, 
S, S2 ; i, S ; hie, S ; hii, S, S2 ; hij. P ; 
hei, S ; heo, S, S2 ; ho, S ; he, S, S3 ; ha, 
S ; hue, S2 ; a, S2. — AS. hi {/lig), hie, heo. 

Hi, pron. he, S; hie, S; see He. 

Hid, sb. ^xWity = abseondi/um , H (p. 96\ 

Hidel, sb. secrecy, secret, MD ; hidils, 
H, W, HD. Phr.: in hiddlis = {in 
oceulto\, \V, \V2. — AS. hydels. 

Hiden, v. to hide, PP ; see Hnden. 

Hider, adv. hither, S, S2, C2, G. PP ; 
hyder, PP ; huder, PP ; hidur, HD.— 
AS. hider, hider. 

Hider-to, adv. hitherto, S. 

Hider-ward, adv. hitherward, S, S2, 
C2. P. 

Hidous, adj. hideous, C ; hydns, S2 ; 
hydows, immanis. Prompt. — OF. hidus 
(F. hideux). 

Hidousnesse, sb. horror, \V2. 

Hierte, sb. heart, S ; see Herte. 

Hight, Hillt ; see Haten. 

Hilie ; see Heigh. 

Hi-lieren, v. to hear, S. — AS. gi-h&an. 
See 5e. 

Hillt ; see Haten. 

Hih.ten ; see Hi;ten. 

Hil, sb. hill, S ; see Hul. 

Hilen, v. to cover, protect, S, S2, \V, H ; 
hulen, S, S2, PP ; hiled, //., C, P, H ; 



hUid, W, H ; hild, H ; y-hyled, S3.— 
I eel. hylja. 

Hilere, sb. protector, IT ; heyler, H. 

Hiling, sb. covering, S2, W, \V2 ; hil- 
ynge, H. 

Him, pron. dat. s. him, C2. 

Him-seluen, /WW. himself, C2, PP. 

Hindir, adj. comp. hinder, latter. S3 ; 
hinder, J 1); ender, S3, /"^r. : this hyn- 
dyr nycht, this night last past, S3 ; this 
ender daie, S3. — Icel. hindri, hinder, 

Hine, pron. ace. him, S ; hyne, S, S2 ; 
hin, S. — AS. hi7ie. 

Hine, sb. servant, MD ; used of the Vir- 
gin Mary, MD; //., S, S2 ; hinen, S; see 

Hine-hede, sb. service, S2. 

Hirde, sb. shepherd, S, H ; see Herde. 

Hirdnesse, sb. flocks imder a shepherd's 
care, S. Sec Herde. 

Hire, pron. and poss. pron. her, S, S2, 
C ; hure, PP, S; here, C3, PP; hir, C2, 
C3, PP ; ire, S2 ; hires, hers, S2, C3 ; 
hire-selue, herself, S2 ; hir-selue, C2. — 
AS. hire Jiyre'). 

Hire, adv. here, G ; see Heer. 

Hired, sb. body of retainers, S, MD ; 
hird, household, company, courtiers, S, 
MD. — AS. hired, household = ///w + r/</. 
See Hewe. 

Hired-men, retainers, S ; hered- 
men, S. 

Hiren, v. to obey, S ; see Heren. 

Hime, sb. comer, S, S3, PP, H ; see 

Hirten, v. to hurt, dash against, W", 
W2 ; see Hurten. 

Hirtyng, sb. stumbling, W, \V2 ; hort- 
ynge, dat., hurting, H (p 96). 

His, /w«. / ace. her. MD (p. 446), S; 
hies, S; hes, S; ys, MD; is, S2 ; hyse, 

His, pron. pi. ace. them, S. S2 ; hise< 
S2 ; hes, S ; is, S, S2 : es, MD ; ys, MI). 

His, pron. poss. his S, S2 ; hisse, S2 ; es, 
S ; is, S, S2 ; hise, //., S, W, PP ; hyse, 
S, PP. 

Hit, pron. it, S, S2 ; hyt, S2 ; it, S, 82 ; 
hi;t, S2 ; hit (used z.% gen.'), S2. — AS. hit. 

Hit, sb. heat, S ; see Hete. 

Hitten, v. to hit, Cath., PP, S2 ; hut- 
ten. Ml); hitte, //. s., cast down hastily. 
P ; hutte, PP ; y-h.rt,pp , 82.— Icel. Aitta: 
Goth. hiMthan, to catch. 

1 a 



Hi^, adj. high, W, S ; see Hel^li. 

Hi^en, v. to heighten, extol, W ; heien, 
S ; hietli. /;-. s., \V ; i-heied, //., S i,p. 
123) ; i-lise;ed, S ; hegMd, II. 

Hi^en, z'.to hie, hasten, MD, W ; liy5en, 

52 ; hyen, S3, PP ; hye, reJJex., S2, C3 ; 
hi^ede, //. .c, S, 82, S3, PP ; Mjed, //., 
W ; hied, PP. — AS. higan, Iiigian. 

Hi^ingli, adv. hastily, W. 

Hi^t ; see Haten. 

Hi^te, sb. delight, joy, S. — AS. hy]it, 
joy ; cp. Iiihtiiig, joy, exultation (Voc). 

Hi^ten, v. to rejoice, be glad, S. — AS. 
hyhtaii ; cp. ge-hihtan (Voc). 

Hi^ten, v. to adorn, Trevisa, (1.41, 235 
and 2. 363) ; hig-ht, HD ; hihten, //.//., S. 

Hitter, sh. embellisher, Trevisa, (i. 7). 

Hoball, sh. an idiot, S3; hobtoil, HD. 
— Cp. Du. hobbelcn, to toss, stammer, 

Ho-bestez, .y/'.//. she-beasts, S2. See 

Hobie, sb. a kind of hawk, Manip. ; 
hoby, Voc, Cath. ; hobby, HD ; hobies, 
//., S3.— Cp. OF. hobreau (Cotg.). 

Hod, sb. hood, S2, S3, PP; hode, C2, 
P ; see Hood. 

Hoddy-peke, sb. a hood-pick, HD; 
see Huddy-peke. 

Hohful, adj. anxious, MD ; hohfulle, 
S. — AS. hohfttl, from Jiogu, care. 

Hoise, i>. to hoist, lift up, WW ; hoyse, 

53 ; hyce, Palsg. ; hyse, Palsg. ; hoig-hced, 
pp., WW. — Cp. ODu. hysscn, G. hissen, 

Du. hijschcji, also F. kisser. 

Hok, sb. hook, MD ; hoc, S2 ; hokes, 
//., P.— AS. hoc. 

Hoked, adj. provided with a hook, P ; 
i-hoked, hooked, S. 

Hoker, sb. mockery, scorn, MD; hokere, 
dat., S ; hokeres,//., S. — AS. kocor. 

Hoker-lahter, sb. the laughter of scom, 

Hokerlicke, adv. scornfully, S. 

Hokerunge, sb. scorn, MD ; hokerr- 
ingre, dat., S. 

Hokkerye ; see Hukkerye. 

Hold, sb. a stronghold, C3. 

Hold, adj. inclined to any one, gracious, 
friendly, S; holde, pL, S2. — AS. hold: 
Goth. Iiiilps. 

Holdelike, adv. graciously, S2. 

Holden, v. to hold, observe, keep, con- 
sider, S, S 2, PP ; healdeu, S; halden, S, 


52, PP; hselden, S; helde, S; halst, a 
pr. s., S ; halt./,'-, s., S, S2, S3, C2 ; hallt, 
S; hauld, //., S3 ; haldes, haldis, ?w/. 
p/.,H2; heoldj/A J., S ; heeld, C2; hield, 
S2 ; huld, S2 ; heoldou, //., S ; heolden, 
S; heolde, S; helde, C2, PP ; hielden, 
S; hulde, S2 ; i-halden, //., S ; halden, 
S2 ; i-holde, S, S2 ; holden, S,C2 ; holde, 
beholden, S2 ; kept. C2 ; y-holde, S2, C3 ; 
y-holden, P ; i-hialde, S. — AS. hea/dan. 

Hole, pp. covered ; see Helen. 

Hole, «'{/• whole, C3 ; //., entire, i. e. 
neatly mended up, P ; see Hool. 

Hole-foted, «</;'. whole-footed (i.e. web- 
footed', S2. 

Hole-ly, adv. wholly, P ; holly, S2, C ; 
hollyche, S3 ; holliche, PP ; holiche, PP. , 

Holi, adj. holy, S, PP ; holy, PP ; haU, 
S, S2 ; heali, S ; ali, S ; halij, S ; halljhe, 
S ; haliche, adv., S. — AS. hdlig. 

Holi-cherche, sb. Holy Church, P; 
holikirke, P. 1 

Holi-dai, sb. holiday, PP ; haliday, P. 

Holi-gOSt, sb. Holy Ghost, PP ; hali- 
gast, S. 

HoUe, sb. hull of a ship, SKD (p. 811), 
MD, Voc, Prompt.— AS. holh. Cf. Holwe. 

Holly, sb. holly, MD ; holie, S ; holy. 
Prompt. See Holyn. 

Holpen, //. ; see Helpen. 

Holsumliche, adv. wholesomely, S. 
See Hool. 

Holt, sb. a wood, wooded hill, grove, 
MD ; holte, C, PP; holtes,//.,S3, PP.— 
AS. holt (GET.). 

Holwe, adj. hollow, C3, PP ; howe, //., 

53, JD.— Cp. AS. holh, a hollow. 
Holyn, sb. holly, S (p. 116), Voc, MD, 

Cath. ; holin, S (p. 116); hoUen, MD.— 
AS. holen, holcgn. 

Holyn-bery, sh. holly-berry, Cath. 

Homage, sb. men, retainers, vassalage, 
S. — OF. homage. 

Homicyde, sb. assassin, C2. — AF. 
homicide ; Lit. hoinicida (Vulg.). 

Homicyde, sb. manslaughter, murder, 
C3. — OF. homicide; Lat. homicidium 
(Vulg.). _ 

Homliche, adj. meek, domesticus, W ; 
hoineli, W ; hamly, adv. familiarly, 
heartily, H. See Hoom. 

Homlinesse, sh. domesticity, C2 ; 
hamlynes, intimacy, H. 

Hom.ward, adv. homeward, S, C2. 

Hon- ; see also under Hun-. 


Sond, s^. hand, S, S2, C2. See Hand. 

Hond-fast,//. fastened by the hands.G. 

Honest, ik/J. honourable, worthy, C2, 
C3, PP; onest, W ; oneste, \V.— OF. 
honcste ; Lat. houstuin. 

Honestetee, sb. honourableness, C2. 

Honestly, adv. honourably, C3. 

Hong, //. s. hung ; see Hangren. 

Hongede, pt. s. hung ; see Hang's!! (2). 

Honour, sb. honour, MD; honur, S2. 
— OF. hoittir ; Lat. honorcin. 

Honoure, v. to honour, PP, C2 ; onuri, 
S ; honur, S2 ; anuri, S ; Qnourynge, 
pr. p., W ; anuret, imp. pi., S ; anurede,,S; anured,^.,S; onourid, W2. — 
Oh . hoiiorer [onurcr) ; Lat. honarare. 

Hony, sb. honey, PP, W. — AS. hunig. 

Hony-SOCle, sb. honeysuckle, Prompt. ; 
locusta. Prompt. 

Hony-SOuke, sb. cher%'il, cerifolium, 
Voc. ; serpilluin, pellitory, Voc. ; locusta, 
Voc. ; honysoukis. //. { = locuslae), \V. — 
AS. hunigsiige ,-pn\ti, also /lum'suce {\oc.). 

Hood, sb. hood, PP, MD ; hud, MD ; 
hod, S2. S3, PP; hode, C2, MD, P; 
hoode, C2 ; hude, Cath. — AS. /lod. 

Hool, adj. whole, C2, W, PP ; hoi, S, 
Sj, PP ; hoole, S2, S3 ; hole, C3 ; hal,S. 
—AS. kd/ ; cp. Icel. //<r///. Cf. Hail. 

Hoolsnm, adj. wholesome, W ; hol- 
some, S3 ; holstun, S. — Cp. Icel. heilsainr. 

Hoom, sb. home, CM ; horn, S, S2 ; 
cm, S ; ham, S ; horn, adv., S2, C2 ; 
hoom, C2 ; haym, S3 ; heame, S3 ; 
•whome, S3. — AS. hdin, nom. and dat. 
loc, see Sievers, 237. 

Hoor, adj . hoar, gray, C3 ; hor, PP ; 
hore^//., S3, G, P.— AS. hdr. 

Hoornesse, sb. hoariness, W2. 

HOOS, «({). hoarse, PP; hos, PP ; hoose, 
\V2 ; hors, PP ; horse, CM ; hase, H. — 
AS. lids ; cp. G. heiser. 

Hoot, adj. hot, C3 ; hat, S ; hate, S ; 
hot, PP ; hote, adv., S2 ; hatere, comp., 
S ; hatture, S. — AS. hat ; cp. G. heiss. 

Hope, sb. hope, MD ; hoip, S3. — AS. 

Hopen, V. to hope, MD ; hope, to 
think, expect, H. 

Hopper, sb. a seed-basket, HD ; hoper, 
P; hopyr, corn-basket, Voc; hoppyr, 
farricapsa molendini, Cath. 

Hoppesteres,-.f/'. //. dancers (viz. the 
ships 1. .MI), C. — AH. hoppestre. 

Hord, sb. hoard, S2, C3 ; horde, S, PP. 



^AS. hord: Goth, huzd ; cp. Lat. custos, 
see Brugmann, § 469. 

Horde-hows, sb. treasury, HD. 

Hordere, sb. treasurer, SD. — AS. hor- 
dcre C<oc.). 

Horder-wice, sb. the office of trea- 
surer; horderwycan, S. 

Hore, sb. whore, PP ; hoore, W, W2; 
horis,//., W ; hooris, W. — Icel. hSra. 

Horedom, sb. whoredom, PP ; hordom, 
S, S2. — Icel. hdrddmr. 

Horeling, sb. fornicator, MD ; hor- 
ling-es, S. 

Hori, adj. dirty, MD ; hoory, MD. — 
AS. horig. 

Horlege, sb. time-teller, clock, Cath. 
See Orologe. 

Horlege-loker, sb. a diviner, haruspex, 

Horowe, adj. foul, unclean, CM. — From 
AS. horh, filth (gen. hoT-wes). 

Horwed, //. as adj. unclean, S2. 

Hors, sb. horse, S; //., S, C2, PP ; 
horse, PP ; horsus, PP. — AS. hors. 

Horse-COrser, sb. horse-dealer, S3. 

Hor sly, adj. horselike, C2. 

Horte, sb. hurt, S3. See Hurte. 

Horten, v. to hurt, MD ; see Hurten. 

Hortynge, sb. hurting, H (p. 96) ; see 

Hosel, sb. the Eucharist, MD ; see 
Husel. / 

Hoseli, V. to housel, S2 ; see Huslen. 

Hosen, sb. pi. stockings, S, C2, G ; 
hoosis, \V. — AS. hosan, pi. 

Hoskins, sb. pi. gaiters, S3 ; hok- 
shynes, S3. 

Hoste, sb. host, entertainer, MD ; see 

Hostel, sb. lodging, MD ; see Ostel. 

Hostellere, sb. inn-keeper, P ; see 

Hostelrie, sb. inn, C ; see Ostelrie. 

Hostery, sb. inn, MD ; see Ostery. 

Hoten, V. to bid, promise, MD ; see 

Hon, adv. how, S2, PP; hw, S: hwu, 
S ; wu, S, S2 ; hu, S, S2 ; whon, S3 ; 
whou5, S3 ; WOU5, S3. — AS. hn. Cf. Hwi. 

Honcll-SenOUS, sb. pi. hock-sinews, 
.S3 ; see Hou;-senue. 

Honge, adj. huge, WW ; see Huge. 

Hound, sb. hound, dog, MD.C2 ; hiind, 
S ; hunde, dat., S. — AS. hund. 

ii8 H0UiND-FLE3E. 

Houud-fle^e, sb. dog-fly, rZ/ww/a, MD ; 
hund-fleghe, II; hundeflee, Cath. ; 
hnndfle, H. — AS. hundcsjlcogc (Voc). 

Houre, sb. hour, MD ; our, S2, S3 ; 
oware, S3 ; houres, //., hours, devotions 
at certain hours (see Jlorac in Ducange), 

52, P; onres, P; houris, orisons, songs 
of praise, S3 ; vres, S. — AK. houre, OP. 
hore {I't/fr, tire) ; Lat. hora. 

Hous, sb. house, also a term in astro- 
h)gy, PP, S2, C2 ; bus, S. — AS. hiis. 

Housbond, sb. the master of a house, 
husband, C2, C3, G; housebond, PP ; 
hosebonde, farmer, PP ; husband, S, S2, 
S3 ; busbonde, S ; huseboude, S. — Icel 

Housbonderye, sb. economy, P ; 
housbondry, C ; hosbouudrie, PP ; hus- 
bandry, Sh. 

Hous-COppis, sb. pi. house-tops, Wa. 

Housel, sb. the Eucharist, CM; see 

Houselen, v. to housel, CM ; see 

House-wif, sb. house-wife, PP ; hose- 
■wyues,//., \V. 

Houteu, V. to hoot, PP ; howten. 
Prompt. ; huten, MD ; y-bowted, //., 
PP. — Cp. OSwed. huta, with which is re- 
lated OF. huter {Jiuer). 

Eou^-senoie, sb. hock-sinew, MD; 
houchsenous, //., S3. — AS. hoh-sinu ; cp. 
Icel. hd-sin. 

Houe, ib. hoof, ungiila, MD ; bufe. 
Cath., ME ; bouys, //., MD ; hoeues, S3, 
--AS. /u^-'. 

Houe-daunce, sb. a court-dance, HD, 
MD, Caxton (Reynard, p. 54). Cp. ODu. 

Houeu, V. to wait about, remain, S, S2, 

53, P ; bufe, S3. 

Sowe, sb. high hill, tumulus ; bow, H 

p. 374 S JD; bowis,//., H. — \cA. haugr. 

Howfe, sb. hood, coif, tena, Cath. ; 
bowue, P. CM, C2 (p. 17S) ; houue, PP; 
bouxies,//., S2, P. — AS. hi'ife. 

Hoxterye, sb. retail-dealing, S2, PP ; 
see Htiksterie. 

Huche, sb. hutch, clothes-box, a chest, 
the ark of Israel, Prompt., H, MD ; 
buccbe, P, HD ; butcbe, Prompt.— OF. 

Hud, sb. hood, MD ; see Hood. 

Huddy-peke, sb. a hood-pick, one who 
thieves cut of a man's hood, simpleton, S3 ; 


budpik, S3 (p. 422); boddypeke, S3 (p. 
421), II D. 

Hude, sb. hide, S; bide, MD; biden, 
//., S2. — AS. hyd: OS. hiid; cp. Lat. 

Huden, v. to hide, S, PP; biden, S, 
PP; buyden, PP; byde, C2 ; buide, S; 
bud, imp. x, S; bit, pr. s., C2 ; but, 
MD; budde, pt. s., PP ; bidde, C2, PP ; 
y-bid, pp., C3 ; i-bud, S ; bidd, S ; 
biidde, S. — AS. hydan. 

Hudiuge, sb. concealment, S2. 

Hue, sb. a loud cry, SkD, Sh. — AF. hu. 
See Houten. 

Huerte, sb. heart, S2 ; see Herte. 

Hufe, sb. hoof, Cath., MD ; see Houe. 

Hufe, V. to hover about, S3 ; see 

Huge, adj. huge, MD ; boge, MD ; 
bug-ie, S3 ; bouge, WW ; bogge, HD, 

Hugely, adv., hugely, greatly, Cath. 

Huide, V. to hide, S ; see Huden. 

Huirues, sb. pi. comers, S2, PP ; see 

Hukken, v. to hawk, to retail, Voc. ; 
bucke, Palsg. — Cp. ODu. hukcn, to stoop 
down (Du. hcukejt, to retail). 

Hukker, sb. a hawker, retailer of small 
articles, Voc. — Cp. Du. Iieukcr. 

Hukkerye, sb. retail dealing, PP ; 
bokkerye, PP. 

Hukster, sb. huckster, Voc, MD, Cath.; 
bukkester, Voc. ; bokester, MD. 

Huksterie, sb. retail dealing ; buckus- 
trye, PP ; hoxterye, S2, PP. 

Hul, sb. hill, S2, PP, Voc; bil, S; 
bille, dat., S; hulle, S; //., S; hulles, 
S2, P ; hilles, MD.— AS. hyll. 

Hidden, v. to flay, MD, S2 ; hild, 
HD; belden, MD ; hylt, //., HD.— 
AS. (J)e)hyldan, to flay, skin ; cp. Icel. 

Hule, sb. a hull, husk, covering of grain 
or nuts, PP ; hole, Prompt. ; boole, 
Prompt., SkD (p. Sii). 
Hulpen ; see Helpen. 

Huly, adj. slow, moderate, JD ; hoolie, 
JD. — Icel. kogligr, adj. 

Huly, adv. slowly, H ; holy, H. — Icel. 

Hulyues, sb. slowness, H ; huliness, 

Humble, adj. humble, MD ; humyll, 
S3.— OF. humble, humile; Lat. humilem. 


Hiunblesse, sb. humility, S2, C2, C3. 

Hntailitee, sb. humility, C3. 

Huud, sb. hound, S ; see Honnd. 

Huud-fle, sb. dog-fly, H ; see Hound- 

Hundred, tium. hundred, S, P, Cath. ; 
hnndret, S ; hondre'S, P ; hondred, S2 ; 
hundereth. Si ; hundreth, WW. — Icel. 

Sundred-feald, hundredfold, S. 

Hunger, sb. hunger, famine, S ; hnng'asr, 
S ; hong-er, S2 ; buugre, dat., S. — AS. 

Hunger-bitten, adj. famished, WW. 

Hungren, v. to hunger, S ; hung-rede, 
//. s., was hungry, S. — AS. hyngran. 

Hungri, adj. hungry, S. — AS. hun- 

Hnnte, sh. hunter, S, C ; honte, C. — 

AS. htmta (Voc). 

Hunten, v. to hunt, S, C2. — AS. 

hunt tan. 

HuntereSSe, sb. huntress, C. 

Huntet^, sb. a hunting, MD ; halite's, 
S2, MD.— AS. hunloS. 

Hunting', 'S'/^- ; an huntinge, on hunting, 
a-hunting, tj, C2 ; on hontyng', C. 

',sb. hip, MD ; liepe,MD ; hupes, 
//., CM, MD ; hipes, C ; hipis, W.— AS. 

Huppen, V. to leap, dance, jump, MD ; 
hnpte, pt. s., S, S2. — Cp. G. hiipfen. 

Hurde, sb. keeper, S ; see Kerde. 

Hurde, pt. s. heard, S2 ; see Heren. 

H'Ure, adv. at least ; hure and hnre, at 
intervals, S, MD ; hur and hur, fre- 
quently, S. — AS. huru, at least. Cf. Iia 

Hure, sb. hire, S, 82, G, PP ; huire, S, 
.S2, P; huyre, P. — AS. hyr. 

Htiren, v. to hire, MD ; huyre, ger., 
G; byre, G; hurede, //. s., S; hyred, 



//., C2; huyred, P; ihuret, S2.— AS. 

Hurkelen, v. to stoop down, crouch, 
rest, MD ; hurSle, HD; hurkled,//. s., 

Hurlen, v. to rush, dash against, hurl, 
S2, C3, W2 ; hurlle, PP ; hurliden, //. 
//., threw down, W. 

Hurne, sb. comer, S, S2 ; see Heme. 

Hurrok, sb. oar (?), S2, MD. — Cp. 
ornick-holes, oar-drawing holes (^?), in the 
Norfolk dialect, cited in MD. 

Hurte, sb. hurt, collisio, Cath. ; hurt, 
PP, C2 ; hortis,//., S3. 

Hurten, v. to dash against, push, in- 
jure, MD, Prompt., PP ; horten, MD ; 
hirten, W, W2 ; y-hurt, //., S2, S3.— 
OF. hurter. 

Hurtlen, v. to dash against, rattle, dash 
down, C, \V, W2. 

Huschen, v. to hush, MD ; hussen, 
MD; hussht, //., MD ; hoscht, MD ; 
hust,//., C. 

Husei, sb. the sacrifice of the Eucharist, 
S ; housel, CM ; hosel, MD.— AS. hiisd. 

Huslen, v. to administer the Eucharist, 
MD ; hoseli, S2 ; hoslen, S ; houselen, 
CM ; huseled, pp., houseled, S ; hosled, 
S ; y-housled, S2. 

Hus-lewe, sb. house-shelter, S ; see 

Huyre, sb. ; see Hure. 

Hy, adj. high ; see Keig-h. 

Hye, sb. haste, S2, S3, CM, C3 ; hie, 
MD ; heye, MD ; heg-h, H. 

Hyen, v. to hasten, S3, PP ; see Hi5en. 

Hyne, sb. domestic, servant, hind, S2, 
P, C3, W ; hine (used of the Virqin 
Mary), MD; hind, Sh.; hine, //., S, S2 ; 
hinen, S. — Cp. AS. hina man, a man of 
the domestics. Hina, also written hiwiia, 
gen. pi. of /^/zfaw, domestics. See Hewe. 

I (vowel). 
[For words in which initial I has the sound o/3, see under I (consonant) below\ 

I-, pi-cjix ; see Je-. 

laede, pi. s. went, S ; ieden, //., S ; see 

I-bede, sb. prayer, S ; i'beden, //., S. — 
A.S. gcbed. Ste Bede. 

I-bere, sb. noise, S. — AS. gebire, ges- 
ture, cry : OS. gi-bdri. 

I-beten, v. to amend, S. — AS. ge-bJtan. 

I-biden, v. to have to do with, S. — AS. 

I-biten, v. to bite, eat, taste, S. — AS. 

I-blissien, v. rejlex. to rejoice, S. — AS. 



I-bod, sh. command, S. — AS. ge-hod. 

I-bon, //• prepared, adorned, S. — AS. 
ge-btiu, jip. oi ge-biian. See Bonn. 

I-borlien, //. saved, S ; ibore5e, S ; 
ibomwen, S ; see Ber;en. 

l-bruceu, v. to enjoy, S. — AS. gc- 

I-brusted, //. made bristly, S. 

I-bure'S, pr- -f. (it) behoveth, S.— AS. 

I-bure^eu, ^'. to deliver, S. — AS. ge 
+ lw>-gia>!. See Borwen. 

Icb, proii. 1, S, S2, S3, C2 ; ice, S ; ik, 
r ; hie, .S ; by, S2 ; ie, S ; ih, S : ihe, S ; 
y, S, W, W2. Comb. : iehahbe, I have, 
S2 ; iebam, I am, S2 ; iehaue, I have, S2 ; 
ieholle, I will, S2 ; ichchoUe, S2 ; iehulle, 
S2, S; iehim, I + him, S; iehot, I wot, 
S2 ; yehabbe, I have, S2 ; yeham, I am, 
S2.— AS. ?V ; cp. OHG. ih (Otfrid). 

I-cbaped, //. furnished with a chape, 
C. See Chape. 

I-cnowen, v. to know, S. — AS. ge- 
cndwan. See Knowen. 

I-COren, //. chosen, S ; see Chesen. 

I-Ctiudur, adj. comp. more natural, S ; 
see 3e-cende. 

I-CWede, //. spoken, S ; see Qne'Sen. 

I-CWeme, a,dj. pleasing, S. — AS. ge- 

I-CWemen, v. to please, S ; i-qneme, 
S : i-qtuenide,/A s., S. — AS. ge-cwenian. 

Idel, cdj. idle, empty, useless, S ; ydel, 
S, C2, P; idnl, W. Fhr.: an ydel, in 
vain, P ; on idel, S. — AS. idel; cp. 
OHG. ital (Tatian). 

Idelliche, adv. idly, SD : ydelly, C3. 

Idelnesse, sb. idleness, S ; idelnisse, 
S2. — AS. idelnis. 

Idiote, sb. unlearned person, a man not 
holding public office, TG, PP ; ydiot, W ; 
ideot, Cotg. ; ydiote, PP. — OF. idiot, one 
that hath no charge in a commonwealth, 
an unprofitable person, a ninny, a natural 
fool (^Cotg.) ; Lat. idioia (Vulg.) ; Gr. 
XZiWTT]^, ignorant (NT), lit. one occupied 
with TO. rSia his private affairs, from i'Sios, 
one's own. 

I-dreaued, //. troubled, S ; see Drouy. 

I-fseied, pp- hated, SD ; i-naid, S ; 
i-vseid, SD. — AS. ge-fcoged, pp. of ge- 
fcogan. to hate. 

I-fellen, v. to fell, SD ; i-naelp. pr. pi., 
S : yfelde, pt. s., S ; ifulde, S.— AS. ge- 

I-fere, sb. a fellow-farer, companion, 
comes, S; je-feren, //., S; i-feren, S; 
i-ueren, S ; y-fere, S ; i-nere, S. — AS. 

I-feren, adv. together, S ; see In, 
I-finden, v. to find, S; i-uinden, S; 
i-uynde, S ; y-fynde, C2. — AS. ^^- 

I-fon, V. to tike ; i-no, S ; ifo'8, pr. pi., 
S. — AS. .^c-fdn. See Ton. 

I-fulde, pt. s. felled, S ; see 1-fellen. 

Igalu, prep, and adv. against, again, S2 ; 
see A;ein. 

Igain-sawe, sb. contradiction, S2. Cf. 

J.-gistned, pp. lodged, S2 ; see Gestnen. 

I-gOn, V. to go, S. — AS. ge-gdn. 

I-grsetten, pt. pi. saluted, S ; igret, 
//., S (7. 105). — AS. gegretton, pt. pi. of 
gretan. See Greten. 

I-grede, sb. shouting, clamour, S. See 

I-healden, v. to hold, keep, S ; iholde, 
S. — AS. ge-hcaldati. See Holden. 

I-bende, adv. near, S. — AS. ge-hende ; 
see Hende. 

1-h.eorted, adj. 'mphr.; heie iheorted, 
proud-hearted, S. 

I-heren, v. to hear, S ; ihure, S, S2 ; 
hi-heren, S ; yhyren, S2 ; ihserde, /A j"., 
S ; ihorde, S. — AS. ge heran. 

I-hold, sb. fortress, hold, S. — AS. ge- 
hcald. See Hold. 

I-holde ; see I-healden. 

I-hudeket, //. hooded, S. See Hood. 

I-bure ; see I-heren. 

I-hwnleu, v. to be at leisure, S. See 

Ik, p7-oii. I, P. See Ich. 

I-latet, adj. visaged, S. See Iiate. 

-ild, sujfix. As in beg-gild, MD ; cheap- 
ild, S ; fostrild, MD. 

He, sb. isle, S, S2, C3 ; yle, C2, PP, S3. 
— OF. ilc, isle ; Lat. insula. 

I-leaded, //. fitted with lead, S. 

I-leaue, sb. leave, S2. — AS. ge-leaf. 

I-ledene, sb. pi. of one's people, com- 
patriots, S. — AS. ge-leod. See Iieode. 

I-leoten, v. to fall to one's lot, SD : 
iloten, //., befallen, S. — AS. ge-hUotan, to 
share, get ; pp. ge-hloten. See Lot. 

lies-piles, hedgehogs, S ; ilspiles, 
S («). Properly ' the quills of the hedge- 


hog'; AS. //, igel, hedijehog (OET) +///, a 
dart (Grein) ; Lat. pilitm. 

I-lete, sb. face, demeanour, S. Cp. ODu. 
ge-ldt. See Iieten. 

I-lethered, adj. made of leather, S. 

I-leue, sb. belief; i-lsefe, SD ; i-leave, 
SD; i-leuen, //., S. — AS. ge-Uafa; cp. 
OHG. giloubo (Otfrid). 

I-leuen, v. to believe, S, 82 ; ilef, imp. 
J., S. — AS. ge-lcfan, ge-liefan : Goth, ga- 
laubjan ; cp. OHG. gi-lotcben (Otfrid). Cf. 

Ilich., adj. like, S ; iliche, S ; ylycbe, 
S2 ; ylike, S3 ; ilik, S ; ilikest, super!., 
S. — AS. gc-lic. 

Iliclie, adv. alike, S ; ilyche, S ; yliche, 
C2; ylyke, C2 ; eliche, S3; elyk, S3; 
Felice, S. — AS. gc-Uce. Cf. Aliche. 

Iliclie, sb. an equal, likeness, S ; Hike, S. 

like, adj. the same, S, G, C3, S2, S3, 
C2, H ; ilk, H ; ilce, S; ulke, S; yche, 
S2. — AS. ilea {ylcd) — i-lic ; with i- cp. 
Goth, ei, Lat. i- in i-dem, see Grimm, 
German Grammar, 3. 50, Fick, 3. 7 28. 

Ille, adj., sb. bad, ill, S ; ylle, S2 ; pe 
ille, the evil one, i. e. the devil, S. Comb.: 
il tomed, perverse, S2. — Icel. tllr (jllr). 

Ille, adv. badly, S, HD. 

Ille, 'V. to make wicked; illid, pt. pi., 
H. — Icel. ilia, to harm. 

Illnster, adj. illustrious, JD; illustare, 
S3. — OF. illustre; Lat. illustrem. 

I-lokien, v. to observe, S ; iloken, S. — 
AS. gc-l6cian. 

I-lome, adv. frequently, S, S2 ; ylome, 
S2. — AS. ge-l6me. Cf. Iiome. 

I-lomp,/^. s. happened, S ; see ^elimpen. 

I-long, adv. S, NED (p. 250) ; long'e, 
S2. P/u: : al ilong of, entirely belonging 
to, dependent on, owing to, S ; long on, 
C3, S2 ; all long of, long of, Sh. — AS. 
gelang, belonging, depending, gelang on, 
gelang cet, because of, owing to. Cf 
A-long. (A- 6.) 

I-loten, //. befallen, S. — AS. ge-hlotcn, 
pp. oi ge-hUotatt, to share. See I-leoten. 

I-melen, v. to speak, S. —!. 

I-membred, //• parti-coloured, S. — 
Cp. OF. membre (_Cotg.), and see Ducange 
(s.v. membrare). See Membre. 

I-mene, a({)'. common, S. — AS. ge-mine. 

I- mid, in the midst, S2 ; i-middes, S. 

I-mong, prep, among, S, SD ; imange, 
S2. — AS. gc-mang ; see NED (s. v. among'^. 

Impayable, adj. implacable, H. (In- 3.) 

INNEN. 121 

Impne, ^b. hymn. Prompt. ; imne. 
Prompt. ; ympne, W, CM ; ympnes, //., 
\V2 ; ympnys, HD.— OF. ymnc (Ps. 64. 
\\ ; Lat. hyminis (Vulg.) ; Gr. u/<cos. 

Importable, fl'!^- intolerable, C2. — Lat. 
importabilis. (In- 3.) 

In-, prefix (i), representing the Eng. 
prep. in. See In. 

In-, prefix (2), standing for the Latin 
prefix in-, which is the prep, in in com- 

"Ln.-, prefix (3\ the negative Latin prefix 
in-, equivalent to Eng. un-. See Un-. 

In, sb. dwelling, lodging, abode, S, S3, 
C2, C3 ;, S ; ynne, S3 ; inne, dat., S. 
— AS. inn. 

In, pi-ep. in, into, on, S, S2, PP ; Mn, 
S ; I, S, SD. Comb. : in-fere, together, 
MD(p.i04), C3, S2, S3; yfere,S2,S3,C2 : 
in feere, G ; iuere, S ; iferen, S ; i-wliils, 
while, H ; ywhils, H ; ewMls, H ; in- 
like, in like manner, H ; in-lich, inly, 
SD ; i-mid, in the midst, S2 ; imiddes, S ; 
ymydis, H ; in-mongez, among, S2 ; i- 
twix, betwixt, meanwhile, H ; in-witb. 
within, S, C2, B. 

Incbe, sb. inch, Prompt., Cath. ; enches, 
//., S3. — AS. ynee (SkD) ; Lat. uneia, 
ounce, inch. Cf. Ounce. 

Incontinent, adj. incontinent; adv. 
immediately, S3, Sh. (In- 3.) 

Influence, sb. influence of the planets, 
SkD.— OF. influenee (Cotg.) ; Late Lat. 
infiucntia. (In- 2.) 

Influent, adj. possessing influence (as- 
trology), S3. — Lat. infiuentem, pr. p. of 
infliiere, to flow into. (In- 2.) 

Inforce, v. reflex, to strive, S3. (In- 2 ) 

Infortunat, adj. unlucky, S2, C3. 
(In- 3-) 

Infortune, sb. misfortune, C2. (In- 3., 

Ingot, sb. mould for pouring metals 
into, C3, SkD. (In- i.) 

In-Mnen, sb. pi. indoor-members of a 
household, S. See Hine. 

In-like, in like manner, H. 

Inne, prep.-, adv. into, in, S, S2, PP. C2 ; 
ine, S, S2 ; ynne, S2 ; inre, adj. comp., 
inner, S; inerere, //.. H; innresst, 
superl., S ; innemest, SkD ; ynneste, \V2 . 
— AS. inne, comp. innera, superl. innemest, 
see Sievers, 314. 

Inne, dat of in, sb. 

Innen, pfep. within, into, SD, S. — AS. 



Innen, v- to lodge, C ; ynnen, C. — AS. 

1111109, sl>. womb, S. — AS. innoS. 

Inobedience, sb. disobedience, S, W. 
— Laic Lat. inobcdicntia (Vulg.). (_Iii- 3.) 

Inobedieut, adj. disobedient, S2. — 
Late Lat. inobcdientcm (Vulg.). (In- 3.) 

Inoll, enough, S ; innoh, S ; inow, S ; 
inouh, S ; inou, 82 ; iuo;e, S ; ino;li, S ; 
inough. C ; innog-he, S2 ; inouwe, //., 
.Si ; SCO Ynow. 

Inpassyble, adj. incapable of suffering, 
II. vIn-3-) 

Inpossible, adj. impossible, S2, PP. — 
Late Lat iinpossibilis (z>i-). (In- 3.) 

In-ras, sb. inroad, H. (In- i.) 

Inunctmeut, sb ointment, S3. — From 
Lat. itiuiictus, pp. of in-tmgere, to anoint. 
Cin- 2.) 

In-with, within, S, C2, B. 

In-wyt, sb. conscience, consciousness, 
S2 ; inwit, PP ; ynwitt, PP.— AS. inwit, 
craft. [In- 1.) 

I-Orne,//. run, S; see Bennen. 

Ipotaynes, sb. pi. hippopotamuses, S2. 

I-queine, v. to please, S; see l- 

Irchon, sb. hedghog, S2 ; urchon. 
Prompt. ; urchone, Palsg. ; urcMn, Sh. ; 
VTcliuns, //., H ; irchouns, W2. — OF. 
ircfon, ercfoti ; Late Lat. *ericionem, from 
Lat. erichis, from her ; cp. Gr. XT]p, hedg- 
hog, see Ski) {^.v. formidable). 

Ireu, sb. iron, S, Cath. ; yren, C3, PP ; 
irun, W2 ; yrun, W, W2 ; yre, S2 ; 
yrens, //., P ; yrnes, P. — OMerc. ircn 

GET): WS. {sent: OHG. isarn; cp. 
Olr. iarii : Gaulish isarnos. 

Iren, ad], iron, ferretis, SD, Cath. ; 
irnene,//., S. — OMerc. ircn: WS. hern, 
see OET. 

I-reste, sb. rest, S. — AS. ge-rest. 

Irisse, adj. Irish, S ; Yrisse, S ; Irish, 
S ; Ersche, S3. — AS. irisc. 

Is, pr. s. is, S ; his, S, S2 ; es, S, S2, 
H ; esse, S2. — AS. is. 

Ische, V. to issue, cause to issue, JD ; 
isch, B ; ischit,//. s., S3, B.— OF. issir ; 
Lat. ex-ire. 

I-secgan, v. to confess; isecg1S,/r. s., 
S. — AS. ge-sccgaii. 

I-secheu, v. to seek; iso-ite,pt. pi., S. 
— AS. gc sccan. 

I-selSe, sb. happiness, S. — AS. ge-s<£l(S. 
See SeXtSe. 

I-sene, adj. evident, seen, S; y-sene, 
S3, C—AS. gesytie. Cf Sene. 

I-seon, V. to see, S ; i-seo, S2 ; i-sien, 
S ; y-se, S2 ; i-si, S ; y-zi, S2 ; i~se, S2 
y-zy, S2 ; i-seonue, ger., S ; i-seo, i pr 
s., S ; i-seolJ, //-. s., S ; i-sejU, S ; i-siht5 
S ; i-silJ, S ; i-sist, 2 pr. s., S ; i-sseh, // 
s., S; i-seh, S; i-seih, S; i-seyh, S 
i-sey, S2 ; i-sej, S ; i-sei, S2 ; y-sey, S2 
i-ze3, I pt. s., S2 ; i-seje pe, 2 //. s., S2 
i-seien,//., S; i-seyen, S; i-seje, S, S2 
i-saye, S2 ; y-zejen, S2 ; i-sehen, //. 
S ; i-seien, S ; y-seye, S2 ; y-soje, 62 
y-zo;e, S2. — KS. gc-sion. 

X-set, pp. said, S (3a. 93) ; see Seggen. 

I-sih.'Se, sb. sight, S ; jesecSe, S. — AS 

Isle, sb. glowing ashes, favilla, HD 
isyl, Prompt. ; iselle, Catli. ; easle, HD 
ysels, //. , HD ; useles, Trevisa, 4. 431 
usellez, S2 ; iselen, dat., SD, Cath. («). — 
[eel. usli; cp. MHG. iiscle{G. iissel). The 
same stem tcs- is found in Lat. us-ere 
[iirere'), to burn. 

I-SOme, adj. agreed, peaceable, S. — AS. 

I-SO^te, pt. s., sought ; see I-sechen. 

Isturbed, //. disturbed, S.— OF. cs- 
torbcr ; Lat. ex- + iurbare. 

l-swink, sb. toil, S. — AS. ge-siuinc. 

I-]7ailk, sb. thought, intention, S. 

I-])enclien, v. to think, S ; i-pohten, 
//. pL, S. — AS. ge-pencan. 

I-j3e5, pt. s. thrived, S2 ; see Theen. 

I-Jjolieu, V. to endure, S. — AS. ge- 

I-Jjoncked, adj. minded, S. 

I-tiden, v- to betide, S ; itit, pr. J., S ; 
ityt, S. — AS. ge-tidan. 

I-timieu, v. to happen, S. — AS. gi- 
tlmiaii ; cp. Icel. tima. 

I-twix, meanwhile, H. 

I-uaid, //. hated, S ; see I-faeied. 

I-ueied, //. joined, S ; see Pe5en, 

I-tLei]^ed, //■ treated with enmity, S. 
See Fede. 

luel, adj. evil, S, \V2, S2. See Uuel. 

I-uelen, v. to feel, S.— AS. ge-fe/an. 

luen, sb. ivy, Cath. ; yven, Cath. («) ; 
ivin, HD, EDS (C. vi).— AS. (feg/t (Voc). 

I-uere, sb. companion, S; see I-fere. 

lui, sb. ivy, S ; ive, S3. — AS. l^g. 

I-UO, V. to take, S ; see I-fon. 

I-uredeu, v. to hurt, injure, S. — ME. 


i-ureden = i-wreden = iwcrden; hS>. ge- 
werdan, ge-wyrdan i^BT). See Werd. 

I- war, adj. aware, wary, S, PP ; ywar, 
PP. — AS. ge-vjter. See War. 

I-wMlc, adj. every, S.— AS. ge-hwilc. 

I-wllils, adv. while, H. 

I-wil, sb. will, S. — K?>. gc-will. 

I-wis, adv. truly, certainly, S, PP, S2 ; 
iwiss, S ; iwys, G; ywis, S, S2, C2 ; 
y wy s, S2, PP ; ywisse, PP ; iwisse, S3. 
Comb. : wel srwisse, S ; mid iwisse, S. — 
AS. ge-wiss, certain, formed from wisse, pt. 
of witan, see Sievers, 2320!. 



I-witen, V. to know, S, S2 ; i-wyten, 
S; y-witen, S2 ; i-wiste, //. s., S. — AS. 

I-witen, V. to protect, S. See Witen. 

I-WOned, //■ accustomed, S, S2 ; y- 
woned, S2 ; i-wuned, S ; woned, S, S3 ; 
wont, S3 ; wunt, S2 ; woonted, S3. — AS. 
ge-wunod, pp. of ge-^vunian, to dwell, to 
be accustomed. See Wonen. 

I-wnne, sb. custom, S. — AS. ge-wutia. 
Cf. Wone. 

I-WUrtJen, v. to become, to happen, S ; 
i-wortSe, S ; y-wor^Se, P, S2 ; i-woiUe, 
pp., S. — AS. ge-xvcorSan. 

I (consonant). 
\For words in which initial I is a vowel, see under I (vowel) above\. 

lacynte, sb. jacinth, SkD ; iacynct, 
SkD ; jacint, Cotg. ; iacinctus, \V (Rev. 
21. 30) ; jag'ounce, HD ; iacynctis, //., 
Wa (= Heb. tarshish\ — OF. jacinthe 
(Cotg.); Lat. hyaci7ithus (Vulg.); Gr. 
i/aKivOos (NT) ; cp. OF. jagonce. 

lagge, V. to jag, notch. Prompt., Palsg. ; 
jagr, HD; jag-gede, //. s., HD; jag-gde, 
pp. pi., S3 ; jagg'ede, HD. 

lagge, sb. a jag of cloth. Prompt. 

laloUS, adj. jealous, C2, C3.— OF. 
jalous ; Late Lat. zeldsum,{rora. Lat. zeltcs ; 
Gr. C^Aoj, zeal. 

lalousye, sb. jealousy, PP, C2, C3; 
ielesye, PP. — 0¥. jalousie. 

lambeuz, sb. pi. armour for the legs, 
C2, HD ; giambeux, ND. — Cp. OF./aw- 
biere, armour for a leg (Cotg.), hoTajainbe, 
leg : It. gainba (Florio). 

lane, sb. a small coin of Genoa, ND, 
C2, HD. — See Ducange {s.v. januiiii . 

langle, v. to jangle, chatter, murmur, 
argue, quarrel, S2, PP, Sh, S3, C2, C3 ; 
gangle, SkD; ianglaud, pr.p., S2, H. — 
OY . jauglcr, to jest, mock (Bartsch). 

langlere, sb. brawler, wrangler, W2 ; 
prater, chatterer, H ; iangeler, story-teller, 
S2, PP ; iangelere. Prompt. 

lape, .f^ joke, jest, mockery, PP, S3, C2, 
C3, Prompt. ; iapes,//., S2. 

lapen, »• to jest, mock, play tricks, act 
tlie butToon, PP, C2, C3 ; iapede, //. s., S2. 
— OV.japper, to yapp (of dogs), Cotg. 

laper, sb. jester, buffoon, PP, Prompt. ; 
iapers,//., S:. 

ZargOUn, sb. jargon, S2 ; jergon, SkD. 
— 0¥. jargon. 

latmys, sb. the yellow disease, jaundice, 
S2, SkD, HD ; iawnes, Cath., HD, Voc. ; 
jaundys, Cath. (« ) ; jandis, Voc. — OF. 
jaunisse, horn jaitne, gaiinc, yellow; Lat. 
galbinuni, from galbiis. 

leaunt, sb. giant, PP, S2 ; see Geannt. 

Ielesye, sb. jealousy, PP ; see lalosye. 

lelofer, sb. gillyflower, S3 ; see Gerra- 

lemis, sb. pi. gems, S3 ; see Genune. 

lennet, sb. a small Spanish horse, S3 ; 
see Genette. 

leut-JUan, sb. gentleman, S3. See 

leoperdie, sb. jeopardy, S3 ; see 

lerkin, sb. jerkin, jacket, S3. — Cp. Du. 
jurk, a frock. 

leSSeraTUlt, sb. a coat or cuirass of fine 
mail, HD ; gesserant, S3 ; g-esseron, S3. 
— OF. jazerant (Ducange), jazcfan, iase- 
ran (Cotg.), jazcrcnc (Roland; ; cp. It. 
ghiazzerino (Flono). 

lette, sb. jet, SkD ; jet, SkD ; geet, C : 
geete, Prompt. ; gett, Prompt. — OF. jet, 
jaet ; Lat. gagatcin. See Gagates. 

lette, sb. fashion, custom, PP, Palsg. ; 
gette, Palsg. ; iutte, rude slight, S3 ; jet. 



a device, HD ; get. Prompt., SkD (jet\ 
C, C3. 

letten, v. to throw out, to fling about 
tlic botly, to strut about, SkD, Prompt., 
Palsg. ; getten, Prompt.; letting", /r./., 
S3. —OF. jettcr {getter"\, jccter i^^qecter); iadarc, frcq. of iaccrc, to throw. 

lewe, sb. Jew, PP ; lewes, //., PP ; 
Geus, S ; Gius, S ; Gyus, S. — AK. Gai, 
OV. Jiu'ii, Jiukii \ Pat. Itiiitciim. 

lewis e, sIk : sec Ixiwise. 

logelen, v. to juggle, play false, PP, 
IVoiiijit. ; iuglen, Sp,, SkD. 

logelour, sb. buffoon, juggler, CM, C2, 
PI' ; ioguloure. Prompt. , iogulor, de- 
ceiver, H ; iiiguler, Cath. ; iuglur, S. — 
A¥.juglcor; Lat. iocidatorcm. 

loie, sb. joy, S, C2 ; joye, S, 82, C2,PP. 
— AF. joie, OF. goic; Lat. gaudia, pi. of 
gauditim, rejoicing. 

loien, V. to rejoice, W2, PP. 

loist, V. to put out cattle to graze at a 
fixed rate, to agist cattle, HD, EDS (C. vi^ ; 
jyst, EDS (C. xxvi) ; ioyst,/^., lodged (of 
cattle), S2. — OY.gistcr, to lodge, ixovagistc, 
a place to lie in, a pp. form of gesir ; Lat, 
iacere, to lie ; see NED (s. v. agist). 

lolif, adj. gay, merry. C, H, PP ; iolef, 
82 ; ibU, \V2, PP; joly, Q2.—KY.jolyf, 

lolifte, sb. amusement, enjoyment, jovi- 
ality, H ; iolitee, C2, C3. — OY.jolivete. 

lolily, adv. merrily, G. 

lolynesse, sb. festivity, C, C2. 

lorne, sb. journey, S2 ; jornay, S2 ; see 

louisaunce, sb. enjoyment, S3.— OF. 
jouissance (^Cotg.), from OY.jdir: Prov. 
gaudir ; Lat . gaitdere. 

lOTirue, sb. a day's work or travel, PP ; 
iornay, S2 ; jurneie, SkD ; iourney, S3, 
C2 ; iorues, // , S2 ; iourues, H (Ps. 22. 
9). — OF. jo7-iiee, journee, a day, a day's 
journey, a fixed day (cp. AY. jorncic, day 
on which a court is heldl ; Low \^2X.jornata, 
*diur)iaia, from Lat. diurttus. 

lousten, V. to approach, encounter, to 
joust, tilt, PP, CM; iusten, C3.— OF. 
jouster {joster], juster ; Late 'L^.i. juxiare, 
to approach, from Lat. hixta. 

louster, sb. champion, PP, 


loustes, tournaments, CM. — AF. 

loutes, sb. pi. a food made from herbs, 
broth, P, 111), Prompt. («) ; iowtes, lap- 
pates, Catli., Prompt. («) ; iowtys, potage, 
Prompt.; jutes, Voc; eowtus. Prompt. \n'\. 
— OF. ioiitc, 'olera' (Ps. 36. 2); Low 1-at. 
pita, ' awilled mcolc' (Voc); jiitta (Du- 
cange); prob. of Celtic origin, cp. Breton 
lot, porridge, Wcl. tiwd, Olr. ith, see 
Rhys, Lectures on Welsh Philology, p. 7. 

loynen, v. to join, PP, C3 ; joyneannt, 
//-./., joining, S3. — 0¥ . joiiidre (pr. p. Jo?g- 
>iant\ ; Lat. iwigcrc. 

loynturis, sb. pi. joinings, W ; ioyn- 
tours, W. — OF. jointure; Lat. itaictura 

luge, sb. judge, S2,Voc., C2, C3 ; jngge, 
C ; jugges, //., P; juges, S3. — KY.juge: 
Lat. izidicem. 

lugement, sb. judgment, 82, C2, C3 ; 
juggement, C. — AF. jitgement. 

lugeu, V. to judge, decide, PP ; ingge, 
PP, CM. — OY . jiigcr; Lat. iudicare. 

lugge-man, sb. judge, G. 
luglen, V. to juggle, S3 ; see logelen. 
luguler, sb. buffoon, Cath. ; see loge- 

lugulynge, sb. juggling, S3. 

lunipred, sb. mourning, S2. — AS. geo- 
mcr + roidcu. See Jemer. 

lunglenges, sb. pi., disciples, 8 ; see 

lupartie, sb. jeopardy, CM, C3 ; leo- 
perdie, S3 ; jeobertie, HD. — OF. jeu 
parti, a divided game, a poetical discussion 
(Bartsch) ; Late Lat. jociis partitus (Du- 

lus, sb. juice, 82, HD. — OY. jus; Lat. 
ins, broth. 

Iusten, V. to joust, C3 ; see lousten. 

lustlen, v. to jostle, push, S3. 

lutes, broth ; see loutes. 

lutte, sb. a piece of scornful behaviour, 
83 ; see lette. 

luuente, sb. youth, 82, PP. — OF. jo- 
vente (Bartsch) ; Lat. itivcnta. 

luwise, sb. judgment, PP ; iuwyse, 
CM, C ; iewise, HD ; iewis, PP ; iuyse, 
C3; iuise, HD. — AF. juise ; Lat. iudi- 





K- ; see also under C-. 

Kacherel, sb. bailiff, S2 ; see Cacherel. 

Eaerf, pt. s. cut, carved, S ; see Keruen. 

Eairen, v. to go, P ; see Kayren. 

Kaiser, sb. Caesar, emperor ; cayser, 
MD; caysere, MD; caisere, MD ; kay- 
sere, S ; bayser, S2 ; keiser, S ; keysar, 
S3. — Cp. Goth, kaisar; Lr.t. Caesar. 

Kale, sb. cabbage, cale, H ; see Cole. 

Karf, pt. s. cut, S ; see Keruen. 

Kateyl, sb. property, S2 ; see Catel. 

Kayren, v. to go, move oneself, S2, MD ; 
kairen, P ; cair, to drive backward and 
forwards, JD. — Icel. kcyra, to impel, drive. 

Kechyn, sb. kitchen, S 2 ; seeKucbene. 

Kedde, //■■!■• made kno\\Ti,S; seeKythen. 

Kele, V. tocool,W, S2, H, PP.— AS. u'lan. 

Keling, sb. a large kind of cod, MD, 
HD, S2 ^s.v. lobbe") ; kelyng^e, MD; keel- 
Ingr, JD. — Cp. Icel. kcila, 'gadus.' 

Kemben, v. to comb, S, C2, PP; kem- 
yn. Prompt. ; kempt, pp., MD. — AS. 
ccrnban. See Combe. 

Kemelyn, sb. tub, CM. 

Kempe, sb. warrior, S, MD, Cath. — AS. 
cempa, Icel. kempa : OHG. chemphio, also 
kempho (Tatian) ; Late Lat. caiiipio, from 
Lat. camples. See Camp. 

Kempe, adj. shaggy, rough, C, CM ; 
campe, C ip. 155), EETS (i). 

Kempster, sb. f. flax-comber, Palsg. ; 
kemster, Voc. See Kemben. 

Ken, sb. pi. cows, S2 ; see Cow. 

Kende, adj. natural, kind, S2 ; see 

Kende, sb. race, kind, S2 ; see Kynde. 

Kendeliche, adv. naturally, S2 ; see 

Kendlen, v. ; see Kindlen. 

Kene, adj. bold, keen, sharp. Prompt., 
S, C2 ; keyn, MD ; kenre, comp., MD; 
kennest, super!., MD. — AS. citie; OTeut. 
*kdnT; cp. OHG. kitani yOtfrid), chuoni. 

Kenne, sb. dat. kin, S, S2 ; see Kyn. 

Kennen, v. to beget, engender, to bring 
forth, to be bom, MD, PP; y-kend, //., 
S2 ; kenned, MD. — AS. cennan, to beget, 
conceive, bring forth ; OS. kennian, to 
beget, causal from OTeut. root KAN, to 
generate, see Kluge (s. v. kina). 

Kexuien, v- to show, declare, teach, 82, 

PP, SkD (s. V. ken), Prompt., H ; kende, 
//. s., S2. — AS. cennan, to make to know : 
(^o'Cci.kannjan = *kannian,ca.\iAa\ of OTeut. 
KANN, base of *KONNAN, to know. 

Kennen, z'. to know, SkD. (s. v. ken ; 
ken, S3, JD ; kend, //.//., S3 ; kend,//., 
S3. — Icel. kenna, to know. See above. 

Keoruen, v. to can e, S ; see Keruen. 

Kepe, sb. heed, S2, S3, C2 ; kep, S3. 

Kepen, v. to keep, mark, observe, re- 
gard, S, S2, S3, C2 ; keped, /)/. s., S2 ; 
kipte, S2. — AS. cipan, later form oi cypan 
{ = ciapian), see Sic vers, 97. 

Keppen, sb. pi. caps, S ; see Cappe. 

Kernel, sb. a loophole in a fortress, a 
battlement, PP ; crenelle, HD ; kyrnellis, 
//., S3 ; kirnelis, PP. — OF. crenel, from 
cren {cran], a notch; Lat. crena. 

Kemeled, adj. furnished with battle- 
ments, P. 

Kertel, sb. ; see Kirtel. 

Kemen, v. to carve, MD, Prompt., S, 
C2 ; keoruen, MD, S; c2bt{, pt. s., MD ; 
kaerf, S ; kerf, MD ; karf, MD, S ; carf, 
C2 ; curuen, pi., MD; coruen, //., MD, 
S3, C; icoruen, S3; y-coruen, S3, C3 ; 
y-koruen, C 2 ; i-koruen, S ; kerued, S3. 
— AS. ceorfan, pt. cearf (^pl. cur/on), pp. 

Kesse, v. to kiss, S, C2 ; see Cussen. 

Keste, V. to cast, S2 ; see Casten. 

Kete, adj. bold, lively, gay, powerful, 
MD, S2, PP ; ket, irascible, JD.—Cp. Icel. 
kdtr, merry, Dan. kaad. 

Kete-lokes, sb. pi. trefoil, H; see 

Kenel, sb. a bit for a horse, a gag, a 
small piece of wood used in casting lots, 
MD, H, S; kevyl, Prompt.; cavel, JD; 
kevelles, //., MD; caflis, MD, JD.— 
Icel. kefli. 

Keueren, v. to recover one's health, 
MD, PP ; keuord,//. s., H ; see Coveren. 

Keneringe, sb. recovery, S2. 

Keye, sb. key; kay, MD; cays, //., 
MD ; keis, S ; kei;es, S2. — AS. cceg. 

Kidde, //■ s. made known, S, P ; //., S ; 
kid, S ; see Kytben. 

Kidnere, sb. kidney, SkD ; kydney, 
Voc. — Icel. kviHr, belly + nyra, kidney. 
See Nere. 



Kien, sb. pi. cows, W2 ; sec Cow. 
Eiken, v. to kick, MD, \V ; kycke, 

I'alst;. — Cji. kikcn, kiksni in G. dialects. 

Einie, sl>. coming, S. — AS. cyme. See 

Kindle, sl>. ofTspring, brood, MD ; knn. 
del, Ml); kyndlis,//., MD. 

Eindlen, v. to bear young, S ; kynd- 
lyn. l'roiiii)t. ; kendlen, MD ; kundlen, 
MD; i-kindled,//., S. See Kynde. 

Eindlen, v. to set fire to, MD; kynd- 
len, C ; kinlen, MD. 

Eine- (used in compounds), royal ; see 
below. — AS. lyiie. 

Eine-boren, adj. of royal birth, MD ; 
kineborne, S. — AS. cym-borcn. 

Eine-dom, sb. kingdom, MD, S, S2. — 
AS. cync-doin. 

Kine-helm, sb. royal helmet, crown, 
MD.— AS. cync-helm. 

Eine-lor.d, sb. kingdom, S, MD. 

Eine-merk, sb. royal mark ; kyne- 
luerk, S. 

Eine-riche, sb. kingdom, rule, MD ; 
cynerice, S. — AS. cyne-rice. 

Eine-SCmd, sb. royal robes, S. 

Eine-stol, sb. throne, S. — AS. cynestdl. 

Eine-beod, sb. subjects of a king, MD. 

Eine-wnrtSe, adj. royal, S, MD. 

Eine-^erde, sb. sceptre, MD. — AS. 
cync-_qerd (Voc). 

Eing, sb. king, MD, S ; kyng, S ; kyng- 
ene, //. gen., S2, PP. — AS. cyning: OS. 

Eingdom, ^i^. kingdom, MD. 

Einghed, sb. Kingship, PP. 

Eing-riche, sb. kingdom, S, MD ; 
kingrike, S2; kyngrike, H; kyngriche, 

Eipte, pt. s. received, S2 ; see Kepen. 

Eirke, sb. church, S, S2, P ; see Chirche. 

Eirnel, sb. loop-hole, PP ; see Kernel. 

Eirtel, sb. kirtle, a short gown or petti- 
coat, tunic, S.',, P, CM ; kurtel, S ; cortel, 
MD ; kirrteil, MD ; kirtU, H ; kyrtyl, 
S2; kertel, MD ; kirtel, S3, P; curtel, 

Eist, sb. chest, coffin, MD ; cyst, Voc. ; 
kyst, S2 ; kiste, S2 ; kyste, S2, PP ; 
cyste, fuunificeniia, Voc. ; chist, MD. — 
AS. cist ; Lat. cisia ; Gr. k'kttt]. — Cf. Chest. 

Eith, sb. one's country, PP ; see Kyth. 

Eitlien, v. to make known, S, S2 ; see 



Eithing, sb. telling, S2. 

Eitlen, v. to tickle ; kittle, HD, JD ; 
kytlys,/;-. s.. S3. See below. 

Eitlynge, sb. tickling, H ; kitellsmge, 
MD, H 1). — AS. kitehing, 'titillatio ' (Voc). 

Eitonn, sb. kitten, P ; kyton, PP. 

Eitte, pt. s. cut, S2, C2, C3; kittide, 
\\ ; see Kutten. 

Eitte-pors, sb. thief, PP; see Cnt- 

Eittingis, sb. pi. cuttings, W, 

Ele]?ing, sb. clothing, S2. See Cloth. 

Enack, sb. a snnp, crack, a jester's 
trick, a trifle, toy, SkD, MD; knakkes, 
//., CM ; knackes, S3. 

Euaing, sb. knowing, acquaintance, S2 ; 
see Kucwen. 

Euap, V. to snap, break with a noise, 
SkD ; imp. s., strike (the bell), S3.— Cp. G. 
knappcn, to crack. 

Euappes, sb. pi. knobs, S2, P ; see 

Enarre, sb. a knot in wood, SkD 
(s. V. gnarled'', C, CM. — Cp. MDu. cnorre, 
Du. knor, a knurl. 

Enarry, adj. full of knots, C. 

Euaue, sb. a boy- baby, boy, servant, 
knave, S, S2, C2 ; cnafe, ML) ; cnane, 
MD. — AS. cnafa ; cp. OHG. chiiabe (G. 

Enaue-cllild, sb. a male child, W. 

Enawe, 7^. to know, S2 ; see Kuowen. 

Ena'weil,//'. gnawed, S3 ; see Gnawen. 

Ene, sb. knee, S, S2 ; cneowe, dat.. S ; 
cnouwe, S ; knes, //., S ; kneon, S ; 
knowes, C2, P. — AS. cn^cnv {cneo). 

Eneden, v. to knead, Voc, Palsg. ; 
cneden, S, MD ; knodyn,//., MD ; kno- 
don. Prompt. ; kned, CM ; knodden, HD. 
— AS. cnedan, pp. c?toden {cneden), see 

Enelen, v. to kneel, S ; knely, S2 ; 
kueolen, PP ; knewlen, /r. //., PP. — Cp. 
Low G. knclcn. 

Euelyng, sb. kneeling, PP ; 0116111111?, 
S ; knewelyng, S. 

Eneon, sb. pi. knees, S ; see Kne. 

Enippen, v. to nip, break off the edge ; 
nippen, SkD; nyppen, PP ; knyp, //., 
S3. — Cp. Du. knippen, to crack, snap. 

Eni^t, sb. knight, soldier, armed re- 
tainer, S, S2 ; knict, S ; knyht, S ; knyght, 
C3; cnihtes,//.,S; knictes, S ; knyhtes, 
S ; knyjtis, W, W2 ; knijtes, S ; cnihten, 


S.^AS. cniht ; cp. OHG. kneht, ' puer ' 
(Tatian), ' miles, discipulus ' (^Otfrid). 

Eni;ten, v. to knight, S. 

Eni^thod, sb. knighthood, S; knyg'ht- 
hode, dat., C2 ; knighthede, C; knyjt- 
liod, army, warfare, W, W2. 

Enoppe, sh. knob, buckle, bud, MD, 
Prompt., Cath., Palsg., S3 ; knobbe, C ; 
knappes, //, S2, P; knoppes, CM, PP. 
■ — Cp. Dan. knop. 

Enopped, adj. full of knobs, S3. 

Enotte, sb. knot, C2, PP, Prompt., S3. 
■ — AS. cnotla. 

Enowen, v. to know, MD ; knawe, 
82; cnawen, S; knaa, HD ; cnowe^, 
f>r. s., S ; kneuj, //. s., S2 ; knewen, //., 
S ; i-cnawen, //., S ; 5e-cnowe, S ; y- 
cnowen, S3 ; y-knowe, S2 ; knowun, W ; 
cuowen, S2 ; knawen, S2 ; knawin, S3. — 
— AS. cndwan, pt. cti'o'w, pp. aid~ve)i. 

Enowes, sb. pi. knees, C2, P ; see Kne. 

Euowleclie, sb. knowledge, MD ; 
knouleclie, acquaintance ( = Lat. iiotos'^.y^ ; 
knawlache, MD ; knawlage, MD ; know- 
lych, S2. See -lejjc. 

Enowlechen, v. to acknowledge, S2, 
\V2, P; cnawlechen, MD ; knouleclie, 
W ; knonlechide, pt. s., \V ; knowlechi- 
den, //., W. 

Enowleclling, sb. the acknowledging, 
C3 ; cnawlechunge, S ; knaulechynge, 
S2; knowlecMng-, C3; knoulecliyng,W2. 

Enucche, sb. small bundle, MD, Cath. 
(«) ; knyclie, Cath. ; knitch, JD ; knyt- 
cliis, //., W. — Cp. G. knocke (Kluge). 

Enytten, v. to knit, bind. Prompt., S2, 
C3,PP; kiintte,//.j-.,MD; knette,MD; 
knitte, C3 ; knyt, //., MD; knit, C2. — 
AS. cnyttan. See Knotte. 

Eo, pt. s. quoth, S3 ; see Eoth. 

Eokewolde, sb. cuckold, P ; see Coke- 

Eole-plantes, cabbages, P; see 

Eollen, V. to embrace, S2 ; see Collen. 

Eon, pt. pr. can, S ; see Kunnen. 

Eonning, sb. skill, C2 ; see Conning. 

Eonyng, sb. cony, rabbit, S; see Co- 

Eoth, //. s. quoth, S3 ; cothe, MD ; see 

Eonde, //■ s. knew, W2 ; see Knnnen. 

Eonren, v. to cower, S2 ; conren, MD. 
^Icel. kiira, to sit quiet; cp. G. kauerii, 
see Weigand. 



Eonrte-by, sb. short coat, P; see 

Eouthe, pt. s. could, S ; //. S2 ; see 

Eraghan, sb. burnt gTa.s,s = cremtum, 
dry fire-wood, H; crakan, Cath. — Cp. 
North. E. crack, to make a noise (JD). 

Erake, sb. crow, H ; crake, Cath. ; 
krakis. //., H. — Icel. krakr. 

Eremelen, v. to anoint with oil or fat ; 
krenielyd, //., MD ; see Cremelen. 

Erike, sb. creek, S ; see Crike. 

Erune, sb. crown, S ; see Corone. 

En, sb. cow, S ; see Cow. 

Enchene, sb. kitchen, S; kycbene, 
MD; kechyn, S2 ; kychens,//., S3. — AS. 

End, tp. made known, 82 ; i-knd, S ; 
see Knnnen. 

Endde, //. s. made known, S2 ; knde, 
//., .S ; see Knnnen. 

Ende, pt. pi. could, S ; see Knnnen. 

Eneade, adj. dat. bad, S2 ; see Quad. 

Enlle, V. to strike, to kill, P, MD ; kylle, 
Cath. ; kyllyn, Prompt. ; colen, MD ; 
cuUe, P. — The word means properly to 
knock on the head ; cp. Norweg. kylla, to 
poll, to cut the shoots off trees, from koll, 
the top, head ; Icel. kollr, head, crown. 

Enmen, v. to come, S ; see Comen. 

Enn, V. to get to know, to learn, H ; 
see Conne. 

Enn, sb. kin, S2 ; kunnes, gen., S2 ; 
kunne, dat., S, S2 ; see Kyn. 

Ennde, adj. natural, kind, S2 ; see 

Ennde, sb. kind, race, nature, S2 ; see 

Eundel, sb. offspring, MD. 

Eundite, sb. a conduit, S3 ; see Conduit. 

Ennes-men, sb. pi. kinsmen, S, S2 ; 
see Kynes-man. 

Ennnen, v. to know, to know how, to 
be able, S, S3, W2, CM ; cunnen, S, S2 ; 
conne, S, S3, P ; cun, H ; con, //. pr., S ; 
kon, S ; can, S, S2 ; kan, S, S3 ; con, can, 
used as auxil., S2 ; canstu, 2 pr. s., with 
pron., S; canstow, S2 ; culSe, pt. s., S; 
kufle, S ; eouthe, S, S2, S3 ; cowthe, G ; 
coujiJe, S2 ; cutli, S2 ; coude, S2 ; cowde, 
G ; koude, \V2 ; cou;de, S2 ; kouthen,//., 
S ; kude, S; cvX, pp., S (17 b. 161) ; kutJ, 
S ; couth, C2 ; coutSe, S2 ; konthe, 82. — 
AS. cunnan, pt. ctite, pp. cuS (used as adj.). 



Enu-rede, sb. kindred, S; see Kyn- 

Euppe, sb. cup, S ; see Cuppe. 

Enssen, v. to kiss, S ; see Cussen. 

Eut, sl>- lot, a cut twig, H ; see Cut. 

Euth., sb. kith, friends, PP. 

Eu?5e, /A s., could, knew, S; see Kun- 

Eutthe, country, PP ; see Kyth. 

ETl})|)es, manners, S2, HD, MD ; 
sec Kyth. 

Eutten, v. to cut, MD, CM ; kitt, MD ; 
kut,//. s., MD ; kitte, S2, C2,C.5 ; kittide, 
W, MD; ketten,//.,P; kyt,//., W; kit, 

Euueren, v. to recover one's health, 
S-' ; see Coveren. 

Euynde, adj- natural, S2, PP ; see 

Ewene, sb. queen, S ; see Quene. 

Ey, sb. pi. cows, S3 ; see Cow. 

Eychen, sb. kitchen, S3 ; see Kucheue. 

Eyn, sb. pi. cows, S2, C ; see Cow. 

Eyn, -f'''. kin, kind, generation, S, \V,MD ; 
kun, S2 ; kin, S, S2, C2 ; cun, MD, S; 
kunnes, gcit., S2 ; cuuue, dat., S ; kuune, 
S, S2 ; kenne, S, S2 ; kynne, P. — AS. 
cynn : OS. kiinni, OHG. kuiini (Otfrid) : 
Goth, kiint : from Teut. base *konya, from 
root KAN. 

Eyude, adj. natural, kind, S2, S3, P ; 
kunde, S2, MD; cunde, MD ; kinde, S; 
kende, S2, PP ; kuynde, S2, PP.— AS. 

Eyude, sb. kind, nature, race, children, 
natural disposition, PP, 82,83, C2, C3, W ; 


knnde, S2 ; cunde, S; kinde, S. S2 ; 
kende, S2 ; kynd, S3. — AS. {ge)cynd. 

Eyudely, aJJ. natural, kindly, MD ; 
kyudli, \V ; kyndly, Cath. ; kundeliche, 
MD.— AS. cyndclic. 

Eyudely, adv. naturally, kindly, 82; 
kyndli, W ; kindely, S2 ; kindelike, S; 
kendeliche, S2 ; kuyndeliche, S2, PP ; 
cundeliclie, S. — AS. cynJelicc. 

Eyndlyn, v. to bear young. Prompt. ; 
see Kindlen. 

Eyudlyugis, sb. pi. brood, litter of 
beasts, \V. 

Eyues-mau, sb. kinsman, MD ; cunes- 
mon, S; kunesnien, //., S, S2. 

Eynrede, sb. kindred, S3, W2, C ; kun- 
rede, S ; kynredyn, H ; kinredis,//., W ; 
cunreadnes, //., S. — AS. cynn + raden, 

Eysse, sb. kiss, Palsg. — From AS. cys- 
san. See Cussen. 

E3rfcll, sb. one's country, native land, 
relatives, kith, friends, PP,'S2; kith, PP ; 
kuth, PP ; cuth, PP ; kutthe, PP ; kitthe, 
PP ; cu«tSe, S, PP ; couthe, PP ; kythez, 
//., 82 ; ce'Sen, S ; che'Sen, S ; kujjjjes, 
manners, 82. — AS. cyMn {cyd): OHG. 
cundida, race, kinship; see Sievers, 255. 

Ejrtlieil, V. to make kno-svn, MD, C2, 
C3, PP, 83 ; kitJen, 8, 82 ; cu^en, 8 ; 
couthe, MD, PP ; couth,/;-, j-., P ; kydde, 
//. s., PP; kidde, PP, 8; kudde, 82; 
cudde, 8 ; kedde, 8, MD ; kyd, 82 ; kid, 
MD; kydst, 2 pt. s., 83; i-kud, //., 8; 
kud, 82 ; kyd, 82 ; kid, S ; kidde (as 
adj.), 8. — AS. {.ge)cy8an: OS. kii'Sian; 
OHG. kn7tdjan, also kunden (Otfrid). 


La, interj. lo !, 8 ; lo, W2 (Ps. 67. 34). 
— AS. id. Comb. : la hwure, at least, 8. 

Laas, sb. snare, C, C3 ; see lias. 

Iiabbe, sb. he that can keep no counsel. 
Prompt., CM; lato, a blab, tittle-tattle, 

Iiabben, v. to blab, babble, PP ; lah- 
bing-, pi: p., C2. — Cp. Du. labbcn, to blab. 

Labbyng, adj. blabbing, CM. 

Iiaccben, v. to catch, seize, snatch, PP ; 
lauhte, //. s. seized, practised, PP ; laujte, 
PP, .S2 ; lajte, 8 ; laucte, 8 ; lacchide, 
//., PP ; lauht, //., PP ; lagt, 8 ; lat- 
chyd. Prompt. — AS. laccan, ge-lceccan. 

Lacching, sb. taking, 82. 

Iiaceirt, sb. a fleshy muscle, C, CM. — 
OV . lacerte [Coig.) ; Lat. laccrtum (ace), a 
muscle, strength, usually, the muscular part 
of the arm. 

Lad, Ladde ; see Leden. 

Ladel, sb. ladle, PP, C3; ladyUe, 
coclcar, Prompt. ; hausormm, Voc. 

Laden, v. to burden, to charge with 
burdens. Prompt., WW ; to draw water, 
to lade, Prompt ; laden, pp. oneratus, 
Prompt., SkD. — AS. hladan (pt. hlod, pp. 
hladen) : Icel. hlatia, Goth, hlathan (ia 


Iiaefdi, sd. lady, S ; see Iienedy. 
ILaefe, Iiafe, s^. belief, S : see Leue. 
ZiSn, sd. a grant, loan, S. — AS. /a/: 

Laf, s/>. loaf, S ; see Iioof. 
Iiage, Iiahe, sk law, S ; see Iia,we. 
TiQih., adj. low, S ; see Iiouh. 

Iiahflllliesse, •*■/'■ lawfulness, S. 

Lahhen, v. to laugh, S ; lauhen, PP ; 
lang'lie. PP, C2 ; lanjen, PP, S3 ; lau3we, 
S3 ; lau;when, PP ; lawglie, PP, C ; 
lei;en, \V ; lauhwen, S, PP. S2 ; lahynde, 
pr. p., S2 ; lajinge. S2 ; louh. //. s., PP • 
long-h, C2, C3; lowh, PP; low5, PP ; 
loh, S2 : lewch. S3 ; lojen. //., S2 ; lon^h. 
S3; lou;e, sidyj., S. — AS. hlchhan (pt. 
hloh'^ : Goth, hlahjan. 

^ahter, sb. laughter, S ; leistir, W2 ; 
leihtre, dat., S. — AS. hleahtor. 

Laif, sb. the remainder, B, S3 ; laiff, B ; 
layff, B, S2, S3; lafe, B; lave, B, JD, 
HD. — AS. Idf, what is left, heritage ^Voc.\ 
from -lifan Grein\ only found in com- 
pounds, e. g. be-lifan. to remain ; cp. OHG. 
bi-liban, to remain Tatian, G. blciben. 

^aire, sb. clay, mud, mire, WA, H, HD ; 
layre, H ; lare, H ; quagmire, HD. — 
led. icir. clay, mire. 

Iiairy, adj. mirj', H ; layry, H ; layri, 
H ; layery,"HD. ' 

Laiten, v. to seek, SD, HD, S2, WA; 
lejten, SD. — Icel. leita : Goth, wlaitoti, to 
look about. 

Iiaith, adj. loathsome, H ; see Iiotli. 

Iiaitis, sb. pi. gestures, S3 ; see Late. 

Ziake, sb. a kind of fine linen, C2, HD, 
CM. — Cp. Du. lakcn, cloth, a sheet, OHG. 
lahhan, also lachan ;Otfrid\ 

ILake, sb. standing-water. Prompt. ; 
rivuliis, Voc; llak, //., S2. Comb. : lake- 
ryftes, chines worn by water, 82. — AF. 
lake, OF. lac ; Lat. laaim. 

Iiake, sb. dat. a gift, offering, S ; see liok. 

Laken, v to offer to God, S. — AS. \ge - 
huian. to give. 

Iiakke, sb. defect, a failing, C2 ; lak. 
Prompt., C ; lac, SkD ; lake, blame, WA, 
S3; lakke, C2 ; lakkes, //. faults, PP.— 
Cp. Du. lak, blemish. 

Iiakken, v. to lack, PP, C ; Mmlakked, 
pt. s. there lacked to him, C2. 

Iiakken, v. to blame, G, PP, Prompt. ; 
lak, J D ; lakes, pr. s., S2 ; lackand, pr. p., 
H ; y-lakked, pp., P. — Cp. Du. laken, to 

LAR-pAWES. 129 

Lamxaasse, sb. Lammas, the first of 
Augu>t, I'P, .S2 ; Iiammesse, Prompt. — 
AS. hlamniusse, hldfnncsse, loaf-mass, 
named from the Blessing of Bread. The 
Feast is called in the Sarum Manual 
Bencdictio novorum fructttum. 

Iiampe, sb. lamp, Cath., PP ; laumpe, 
S2, PP; lawmpe, Voc, Prompt. ; lampes, 
//, C3. — AF. lar>/pe; Lat. lampadeni. 

^ampe, sb. a thin plate, C3 ; lamm, 
HD. ND.— OF. lame; Lat. latnina. 

Iianer, sb. a kind of hawk, bastcrdtis, 
Voc; lanner, Cotg. ; lanuard, HD. — 
OF. lanier iCotg.^ ; Lat. laniariian , that 
which tears, from laniare, to tear. 

Iianere, sb. a thong, Prompt. ; see 

Lang, adj. long, tall, S ; long, S, PP ; 
lengre, comp., S; lender, S2, C2, PP; 
leng^ore, S2 ; lange, adv. long. S ; longe, 
S, S2 ; lang-, S2 ; leng", comp., S ; leng-er, 
S3 ; lengere, S, S2 ; langar, S3 ; lengest, 
superl., S, S2. — AS. lang. 

Langage, sb. language, C, C2, PP. — 
AF. langage. 

Ii^iJlgeS, belong, S2 ; see Iiongen. 

Lang-fridai, sb. Long- Friday, i. e. 
Good-Friday, S ; lange-fridai, S. — Icel. 
la tigi-frjddag r . 

Iiangmode, adj. long-suffering, S2. — 
AS. Icmg-mod. 

IiangOUr, sb. languishment, slow star- 
vation, C 2, PP ; langours, //. sicknesses, 
W. — AF. langour, illness ; Lat. languorcm. 

Iiangnor, sb. disease, sickness, W ; 
langTiores,//., W. — Lat. languor (Vulg.\ 

Iian^er, sb. a thong, Cath. ; see Iiaynere. 

Lappe, sb. lap, bosom, PP, C2, C3 ; a 
lappet, skirt, PP, S ; the lobe of the ear, 
Cath.— AS. lappa (OFT). 

Lappen, v. to wrap, W, H, Calh., 
SkD, HD : see Wlappen. 

Lare, sb. lore, S, S2, H; see Lore. 

Lare, sb. clay ; see Laire. 

Lare-fadir, sb. teacher, doctor, H ; 
larfadir, H ; larefatlier, HD ; lorefadyr, 

Large, adj. liberal, generous, S, G, PP, 
C ; plentiful, S2 ; sb. size, S2. — AF. large. 

Largeliche, adv. bountifully, PP, S2 ; 
larg-ely, Cx. 

Largesse, sb. largess, bounty, FP, S3. 
— AF. largcsce. 

Lar-}3awes, sb. pi. teachers, S ; see 




lias, sd. snare, lace, HD, SkD, C ; laz, 
S ; laas, C3, C ; lase, Voc. — OF. /as, laqs ; laquctis ; cp. AF. laz. 

£ase, V. to fasten, C ; lasyn^e, pr. /., 
C; lacede, //. s., S; i-laced, //., S. — OF. 

£aser, sb. leisure, S2, S3 ; see teyser. 

]^asneil, v. to lessen ; lasued, pt. s., 


Iiasse, adj. and adv. comp. less, S, S2, 
S3, C3, rP ; lesse, S. Phr.\ lasse and 
more, smaller and greater, i. e. all, C2 ; on 
les that, on a less supposition than that, 
unless, SkD ; onlesse that, Palsg. ; on- 
lesse, SkD ; }ji les pe, lest, SD ; leste, 
S, PP; les when, lest at some time, H. — 
AS. licssa, adj. ; and hes, adv. ; py Ices pe, 

Iiast, sb. weight, burden, ship's cargo, 
C2. — AS. hhvst; see Sievers, 232. See 

Last, sb. fault, SD ; lest, SD ; laste, 
da^.,S. — Icel. Id's tr {stem lasta); cp. OHG. 
lastar, abuse, blame (Otfrid). 

Iiasteu, V. to find fault, blame, SD. 

Iiasten, v. to follow out, last, endure 
S, PP; lesten, S, S2 ; last, pr. s., S, C2 
lest, S ; laste, //. s., S, C2 ; lastede, S 
lestyt, //., S3. — AS. lastan, to perform, to 
last : Goth, laistjan, from laists (AS. last), 
a foot-track. 

Lastingly, adv. constantly, W, 

Lat, /-''■ s. leads, S ; see Iieden. 

Lat, Late, Laten ; see iieteu. 

Late, sb. behaviour, look, gesture, S, S2 ; 
lete, S ; lote, S ; lates, //., S ; laitis, S3 ; 
loten, S. — Icel. hit. See Leten. 

Late, adj. and adv. slow, late, S, PP ; 
later, comp., S, PP ; latere, adv., S2 ; 
la,tst, siipcrl., S. — AS. Let; Goth, lats, 

Lateful, adj. late, W. 

LaS, adj. hateful, loath, S, S2 ; see Loth. 

La?5, sb. hatred, S.— AS. m. 

Lat^e, sb. barn, horretwi, grananum, 
Cath.,Voc., HD; laUes,//., S. — \Q,€i..hla^a. 

Lawful, adj. hateful, S. 

LatSien, v. to invite, summon to a feast, 
SD.— AS. Mian ; cp. OHG. ladon (Otfrid). 

LatJiere, sb. inviter, S. 

Latimer, sb. interpreter, S ; latymer, 
HD ; latineres, //., SD, HD. — AF. laty- 
mer; OF. latinier. interpreter, lit. one 
knowing Latin; Late Lat. latinariiun 


Latis, sb. lattice ; latijs, W2 ; latisis, 
//., W2.— Cp. F. lattis. 

Latly, adv. late, scarcely, H ; latlier, 
comp., II. — AS. hrtlicc ; cp. Icel. latliga. 
Sec Iiate. 

Laton, sb. auricalcu»i, Prompt., C2 ; 
latoun, C3, C, W, \VA ; latten, Sh., ND, 
I ID.— OF. lato?i. 

Latrede, adj. tardy, CM. — AS. Icetrci-de. 
Sec Iiate. 

Latsum, adj. backward, SD. — AS. 
he t sum. 

Latsumnes, sb. backwardness, H. 

Laude, sb. praise, C2. — Lat. laiidem. 

Lauheu, v. to laugh, PP ; laughe, PP, 
C2 ; see Iiahhen. 

Laullte, pt. s. seized, PP ; laujte, PP, 
S2 ; laiicte, S; lajte, S ; see Iiacchen. 

Laumpe, sb. lamp, S2 ; see Iiampe. 

Launce, sb. lance, PP, WA ; lance, 
Cath. — AF. launce, lance ; Lat. lancea. 

Launcegay, sb. a kind of spear, C2 ; 
lancegaye, ND ; lawncegay, Prompt. — 
AF. lau)!ccgay (^Godefroy). 

Launcen, v. to hurl, fling, dart, to 
leap, hurry, to spring up, S3, PP ; lanse, 
S2 ; launchen, to skip over a dike with a 
long pole ; lawnchyn. Prompt. — OF. 
lancer, lander, lanchier. 

Launde, sb. a wild, untilled, shrubby, 
bushy plain, PP, CM, C, HD ; laund, Sh., 
ND, Cotg. ; lawnd, saltiis, Voc. ; land, 
Cotg. ; lawnde, Cath. — AF. launde, forest, 
plain, OF. lande (Cotg.). 

Laurer, sb. laurel, C ; loryjer. Prompt. ; 

loryel, lorel. Prompt. — OF. laurier, 

lo7-ier ; Late Lat. *laurarium ; from Lat. 


Lauren, v. to laugh, S3, PP; langhe, 

C2, PP ; lauhwen, S,'S2, PP ; see lahhen. 
Laue, sb. the remainder, B, JD, HD; 

see Iiaif. 

Lauen, v. to lave, wash, PP ; lanande, 
pr.p., S2. — OF. laver; Lat. lavare. 
Lauerd, sb. lord, S, S2 ; see Louerd. 
Lauerding, sb. nobleman, S2. Cf. 

Lauerdschipe, sb. lordship, S2 ; lord- 

schipe, W2. 
LaueroC, sb. lark, alatida, SD; lauerok, 

SD, JD ; lauerokke, CM ; lauerock, S2 ; 

larke, PP, Prompt., Voc. — AS. Idwerce 

Lauour, sb. laver, cistern, S3, CM, 

WW ; laver, WW. 


Tm&W, adj. low, S3 ; see Lonh. 

Ijawe, ^i>. law, S, PP ; laje, S ; lag^he, 
S, H ; lahe, S ; lagre, S ; lages, //., S ; 
lalien, S ; lawes, S : la;e, S ; lajen, S ; 
la^hess, S. Flu-. : of the beste lawe, in 
the best order, G. — Icel. log ;Stem lagu], 
statute, decree. 

^awefal, adj- lawful, SD ; lawfalle, 

Iiawelese, adj: lawless, S; lajelease, S. 

Iiawelyclie, aJJ- lawful, S ; lagelice, 
adv., S. 

l^ay, sb. law, CM ; religion, fidelity. 
S2 ; creed, C2, C3 ; laies, //., PP.— OF. 
lai, ley, lei; Lat. legem 

Ziayes, sb. pi. leas, meadows, S3 ; see 

Iiayke, sb. game, sport, trial of strength, 
PP, S2 ; laite, WA ; laik, PP.— Icel. leikr. 
Cf. Lok. 

Iiayken, v. to play, sport, S2, PP, 
Prompt., Manip. ; laike, PP, WA ; leyke, S. 
— Icel. leika ; cp. AS. Idcan, to spring, leap 
for joy, dance, contend : Goth, laikan, to 
leap for joy. 

Itayking, sb. play-thing ; laykyn'. 
Prompt. ; lakan, Prompt. («) ; leikin, a 
sweet-heart, Prompt. («). 

Iiaynere, sb. a thong, C, CM ; layner, 
SkD (p. 814); lanjer, Cath.; lanyer, 
Palsg. ; lanyr, Voc. ; lanere. Prompt. — 
OF. laniere (Cotg.), lasuiere Palsg.), 
lasnier (Bartsch) ; Late Lat. *laniaria 
{lifiea), the thong for a lamur. See Laner. 

^a^e, sb. law, S ; see ]Oawe. 

Ija^te, pt. s. took, S ; see Lacchen. 

!Lazar, sb. leper, PP ; lazer, C ; lazars, 
//., PP, C. — Church Lat. lazari, lepers 
(Dncange), from Lazarus ; Gr. Ad^a/)oy 
(Lu. 16. 20); W.(L\i. Eleazar, God helpeth. 

Ijealltor, sb. vice ; leahtmiu, //. dat., 
S. — AS. leahtor, from leahan {lean), to 
blame : OS. lahan. 

Iiean, sb. reward, S. — AS. lean : Icel. 
laun, OHG. Ion (Tatian). 

Leasing, sb. falsehood, WW; see 

Lebard, sb. leopard, S2 ; see Iieopart. 

Leccherye,^^^. lewdness, PP; lecherie, 
S, S2, PP.— AF lec/ierie. 

Leche, sb. physician, S, S2, S3, C3, H ; 
leeche, W ; lache, S ; leches, //., S3 ; 
lechis, W. — AS. Idee : Goth, lekeis. 

Xieclie-craft, sb. knowledge of medi- 
cine, S2, C, PP. 



Lechen, v to heal, S2, HD, PP. 
Lechnien, v. to heal, SD. — AS. Idc- 

Iiechnnnge, sb. healing, S. — AS. Ide- 

Iiechour, sb. a dissolute person, PP ; 
letchour, W ; lechur, S ; lechours, //., 
PP ; lechouris, W ; letchours, W.— AF. 
lecheiir, glutton, from OF. lecher, to lick ; 
cp. OHG. gi-lechon ^^Otfrid). See laicken. 

Iiede, sb. man, PP ; ledes, //., tenements, 
PP ; see Iieod. 

Iieden, v. to lead, cany, S, S2, Prompt. ; 
laden, S ; leaden, S ; leide, S3 ; lat, pr. 
s., S, PP ; ledys, /;-.//., S3 ; ledde,//. s., 
S ; ladde, S S2, S3 ; laed, S ; lad, S2, 
laedden, //., S; ladde, C2, PP ; i-led, 
//., S; i-lad, S, G; lad, S2, S3; lede, 
S2 ; ladde, PP.— AS. Imlan, to lead, carry, 
lift (pt. lidde, pp. l<kded), from lad, a way. 
See Iiode. 

Zieden, aJJ. leaden, C3. See Iieed. 

Iieden, sb. language, S2 ; leoden, SD ; 
lede, WA ; Indene, voice, PP ; ledene, dat., 
C2 (w.) ; PP; ledenes,//., S.— AS. lyden, 
language, also leden, Latin {on leden ge- 
reorde, Latina lingua, Voc); Lat. latinus; 
cp. OF. latin, speech (the warbling of birds), 
Bartsch, 385. 29, It. latino, language. 

IiCe-; see also under Le-, Iieo-. 

Iieed, sb. lead, S2, S3, C3, Voc, 
Prompt.; led, PP ; lede, S3, P.— AS. 
Uad I OET) ; cp. OLG. lod; see Weigand 
(s.v. lod). 

Iieed, sb. a kitchen copper, C^I (2. 7) ; 
leede, dat., C. — Cp. lead-in dialects), HD, 
EDS. 21 (Tusser). 

Leef, sb. leaf, a piece, PP, C ; lef, PP ; 
lyf, S2, PP ; leues, //., PP ; levis, S3 ; 
leyvis, S3. — AS. lea/: Goth, latt/s, laubs. 

Iieef, adj. dear, S3, C ; see Iieof. 

Iieel, adj. leal, S3 ; see lei. 

Iieendis, loins, S2 ; see Iiende. 

Iieep, sb. basket, W ; see Ziepe. 

Iiees, sb. leash, snare, C3, CM, Prompt. ; 
leese, CM ; see Iiese. 

Lees, adj. and .f^. false, a lie, S2, PP ; 
les, S ; less, S2, S3 ; lease, S ; lese. S ; 
lessere, comp., S. — AS. leas ; cp. Icel. 
lans, loose, dissolute. 

Iieesinge, sb. falsehood, S3 ; leasnng', 
lesing-, S, S2, C3, W2 ; leasing, WW ; 
leesingr, W. — AS. liasiing. 

Iiefdi, sb. lady, S, S2 ; see Iieuedy. 

Lef-fdl, adj. believing, S. See Isue. 
K 2 

132 LEFSUM. 

LefSTUU, adj. allowable, TP ; see leif- 
IiCge, adj. liege, S3 ; see Iiig'e. 
Leggen, v. to lay, S, S2, W; leyn, 

S, S3 ; leie to, to add, \V2 ; leist, 2 /r. 5., 
S ; le55esst, S ; lei's, //'. s., S ; leyS, S ; 
lege^, //., S; leide, //. ,f., S, S2 ; leyde, 
S; le55de. S; laeide, S; Iseiden, //., S; 
leyden, S2 ; leid, //., S; leyd, S, S2 ; 
i-leid, S ; i-leyd, S; y-leid, S3 ; y-leyd, 
C2. — AS. Iccgan: Goth, lagian. 

Iiegistre, sh. a legist, man skilled in 
the law ; legister. Prompt. ; legistres, 
//., P.— AF. legist )-e; Late Lat. legisla. 

^eif, sh. leave, licence, B ; see Iieue. 

Ijeifsum, adj. allowable, S3 ; lefsum, 

Leir, sb. a couch, bed; leire, dat., S. — 
AS. leger, hing, illness. 

ZiCireu, v. to lay low, sfernere ; leirede, 
//., SD ; laid on a sick bed, S. — AS. leger- 
ian (Leo). 

Iieir-stowe, sb. sepulchre, SD. 

leit, sb. lightning, S, W, W2 ; leyt, W2 ; 
leitis,//.,W, W2.— AS. leget, liget, Mt. 24. 
27, lleget; see Sievers, 247. 

^eiten, v to flame, SD ; to lighten, W2 ; 
leitinde, /r./., S. See above. 

Iieityngis, sb. pi. lightnings, W. 

Iiei^en, v. to laugh, W ; see Iiahhen. 

Iieijtir, sb. laughter, W2 ; see Lahter. 

Iiei^yug, sb. laughing, W. 

IiCl, adj. leal, loyal, true, S2, S3 ; leel, 
PP, S3; lele, S2.— AF. leal, OF. leial; 
Lat- legaleiH. 

Iielliche, adv. truly, S2, S3, PP ; lelly, 
S2, S3, PP; leelly, S2, PP'; lelye, S2 ; 
lely, H ; lelest, supcrl., PP. 

Leme, sh. gleam, light, S, S2, PP, CM ; 
leom, PP ; leome, S ; lemes, //., CM ; 
leenies. C ; leames, S3 ; lemys, S3 ; leom- 
e-D.&. pL goi., S; lemeue, S. — AS. Icoma. 

Iieiueu, v. to shine, SD ; leomen, SD ; 
lemand, pr. p., S3, WA ; leomede, pt. s., 
SD ; lemede, SD ; lemed, PP. — AS. 

^eminan, sb. sweetheart, lover (of both 
sexes^, mistress, concubine, S, C2, C3, PP; 
lemmans, //., WA ; see Iieofmou. 

Iiende, sb. loin, lur?ibus, Voc, S2; 
lendes, //., HD, G; leeudis. S2,W, W2 ; 
lendis, H ; lendys, PP. — AS. Ic7idcnu, pi. 
(Voc); cp. OHG. Icndi \Q. knde), lentin 

Lende, v. to land, arrive, to remain, 


dwell, to cause to land, S, PP ; lend,, 
S2 ; leuded, //., S2 ; ylent, S2. — Icel. 
Icnda, to land ; cp. AS. {ge)landian, to 
cause to land. See Iiond. 

Ijene, adj. lean, S, PP, C2_, Prompt., 
Cath. — AS. hlikne. 

Iienen, v. to lean, PP ; len, H ; lenede, 
//. J., PP ; leonede, PP, S2 ; lent, //.,S3. 
— AS. hlionia7i ; cp. Lat. clinare (in iticli- 

Iienen, v. to lend, grant, S, PP, S2, S3, 
C3 ; leenen, W ; lennen,Cath. ; leendyn, 
Prompt. ; len, imp. s., S2 ; lenys, pr. s., 
H; lennys, H; len'8, S fi. 51^; lantez, 
2 pt. s., S2 ; i-lenet, //., S ; y-lent, C3; 
i-leaned, S; land, S2 ; lend, S2 ; lent, 
S2.— AS. lanan. See Lsen, Iione. 

£ener, sb. lender, usurer, W ; leyner, 

Leng, Lenger, Lengre ; see iiang-. 

Iienge, v. to linger, remain, dwell, PP, 
S2 ; lenged, /A s., PP. — AS. lengan. See 

Lengt^e, sb. length, S, PP ; len'Se, S2. 
—AS. Icngd. 

Iiennen, v. to lend, Cath. ; see £enen. 

Iiennynge, sb. a lending, H ; lend- 
ynge. Prompt. 

Iienten, sh. spring, lent, S2, PP ; lente, 
PP, C2.— AS. Icngten. 

Iieo- ; see also under le-. 

Zieod, sb. a man, also, a tenement, pos- 
session, PP, S2 ; leode, PP; lede, PP, WA ; 
lud, S2 ; leodes, //., PP; leodis, PP ; ^^ 
ledes, S2, PP ; ledis, PP, WA ; leedes, PP, |r 
G; ludes, S2. — AS. Ic'od, a prince \_Grein\ 

Iieode,-^'^- country-men, people, S; leede, 
G ; leoden, dat., S; lede, HD, S2, WA ; 
leode, S2. Phr. : land and lede, HD. — 
AS. lead, sb. f. a people, pi. leode, men 
(Grein^; cp. OHG. /?«;' Otfrid). 

Iieof, adj. dear, beloved, glad, S, PP, S2 ; 
lief, S, S3, C2, PP; lef, S, S3, HD; leef, 
S3, C, PP ; lif, S ; lefe, S2 ; lene, PP, S, 
S2, S3, C2 ; liene, S ; luef, S2 ; luf, S2 ; 
leone, S ; leofue, S ; leuer, comp., S3, C2 ; 
leof, adv. PP ; luf, PP ; leuere, cot?!p., S, 
S2 ; leouere, S; leuer, H; leouest, 
siiperl., S, S2 ; louest, S ; leueste, S2. — 
AS. leof. 

Iieofliclie, adj. dear, precious, S ; adv., 
S; leuelike, S; leoflukest, adj. superl., 
S. — AS. liojiic, adj. ; Kojiice, adv. 

^eof-mon, sh. dear one, beloved one, 
lover ^used of both sexes), S; lefmon, S, 


HD ; lenunan, S, PP, C2,C3 ; leouemon. 
S ; lemmanes, //. sweethearts, PP ; lem- 
mons, concubines, PP. 

Iieofsum, adj. precious, S ; lefsum, 

Leofteu, V. to flatter, caress ; leoftede, 
//. s., S. 

Iieome, sh. limb, S2 ; see Iiim. 

Iieome, Leomen ; see Iieme, Iiemen. 

Xieon, sb. lion, S2, C2, WA ; leun, S; 
leoun. S, S2,C2 ; lyoun, S2 ; liuns, //., S; 
leuns, S. — AF. liun, OF. leon ; Lat. Iconcm. 

Leonyn, a^j lion-like, C 2. — OF. Iconin ; 
Lat. leon i num. 

^eopart, sb. leopard, PP ; leparde, 
Voc ; lepart, C ; lebard, ^'oc ; leberde, 
Voc. ; lyberde, Cath. ; libard, B ; lab- 
barde. Prompt. ; lebbard, Prompt. ; leo- 
perdes, pL, PP ; lepardes, C2 ; lebardez, 
S2 ; libardes, S2; liberdes, S3.- — AF. 
leopard, leopart, lepart, pi. leoparz. 

Iieor, sb. cheek, face, S, PP, S2 ; lere, 
PP, S2, S3, WA ; lire, PP ; lure, SD.— 
AS. hleor, the cheek, face, look. 

Iieomen, v. to leam, S, S2 ; see ler- 

Iieorning-cnilit, sb. disciple, SD, S. 
Iieo'Sre, adj. bad, S ; see IiU'Ser. 

^epe, sb. basket, Voc, HD, H s.v. ber), 
Palsg. ; leep, \\ , W2, Prompt.; leap, 
Cotg. >^s.v. nasse ; lepis, //., \V ; lepes, S 
(s.v. bread). — AS. leap ; cp. Icel. laiipr. 

Iiepen, v. to leap, run, PP, G; lope, 
Cath., HD; leop,//. s., PP, S2 ; lep, PP; 
leep, PP; lap, S2, S3 ; lepe, PP ; loupe, 
P ; lope, S2, PP; lep,//., S2 ; lopen, P ; 
lope, P ; lopen, //., PP, S2, HD ; lepte, 
//. s. (weak), S2 ; lippide, W ; lepten,//., 
PP. — AS. hliapan, pt. hh-op ^pl. hleopon , 
pp. hlapen : Goth, hlaupan ; cp. Icel. 

Iieper, sb. leaper, Cath. ; loper, Cath. : 
leperes, //. runners, wanderers, PP. 

Iiepe-5ere, sb. leap-year, Voc, Cath. 

Ziepre, sb. leprosy, S2 ; leprye, Manip. 
- — Ah', lepre ; Lat. lepra (Vulg. ; Gr. Xetrpa. 

Iiere, sb. flesh, muscle, C2 ; see £yre. 

Iiere, sb. cheek, face, S2, S3 ; see Iteor. 

Iiered, //. used as Oil/. ; Iseredd, the 
learned, clerg)', S ; lerud, instructed, W, 
\\2. -AS. l^red. 

Ijered-men, sb. pi. the learned, the 
clergy, S. 

Lereu, v. (i) to teach, S, S2, S3, H; 
leaxen, S ; leoren, S ; ler, ivip. s., S ; 



lerede, pi. s., S ; leorde, S ; lerde, S2 ; 
y-lered, //. , S2. (2) Iieren, z/. to learn, S, 
S2, S3, C2, H. — AS. l(£ran : Goth, laisjatt, 
to make to find out, to teach. 

Itemed, adj. learned, C2, PP. 

Lernen, v. to learn, teach, S, 82, S3, 
PP, W 2 ; lumen, S2 ; leomen, S, S2 ; 
leomin, S. — AS. Icornian. 

lies, Iiese, adj. false, S ; see Lees. 

Iiese, sb. a leash, laxa, Cath., PP; lees, 
Prompt., C3 ; leece. Prompt. ; lease, Cotg. 

s.v. laisse ; lesshe, Palsg. ; leesshe, HD ; 
leyscbe, S2. — OF. laisse; Lat. laxa, a 
loose rope. 

lesen, v. to lose, S2, S3, C2, PP, W 
Iiese, S ; leese, PP, S3 ; to destroy, W 
leosen, S, S2, PP ; leest, 2 pr. s., PP 
lest, pr. s., S2 ; lees, //. s., PP ; les, PP 
lese, PP ; loren, //., PP ; lorn, pp., PP 
S2 ; lorne, S3; lore, PP, G, S2 ; ilore 
G ; y-lore, S2 ; loste, pi. s. ijueak), W 
losten, //,, PP, C3, C, W2 ; loste, pp., PP 
lost, PP ; y-lost, C3. — AS Icosan, pt. leas 

pi. luron], pp. loren. 

ILesen, v. to set free, redeem, S. HD, 
H ; les, imp. s., S2 ; lese, G ; lesde, 
//. s:, S ; lesed, //., S ; i-lesed, S. — AS. 
lesan : OS. losian. 

Leser, sb. releaser, SD, HD, S2. 

Iiesewe, sb. pasture, W2 ; leesewe, 
W2; lese, SD, S2 ; lewse, dat., S; 
lesewis, //., W ; lyssouris, S3. — AS. 
lesu, Icssti. 

Lesewin, ». to feed; lesewyng'ej/r./., 
W, S2 ; lesewid, //., W2. — AS. Itrswian. 

Lesiug, sb. a lie, S, S2, C3, W; lesyng-, 
PP ; see Iieesinge. 

Lesing-monger, sb. liar, W. 

Iiesuesse, sb. remission, S2. See 

Iiesse, adj. comp. less, S. 

Iiessin, v. to diminish. Prompt. ; lessi, 

Iiessiuge, sb. diminution, S2. 

Iiest, sb. desire, C2 ; see Lust. 

Iiest, sb. fault, SD ; see Last. 

Lest, pr. s. it pleases, PP; pt. s., PP ; 
see Lusten. 

Iiest, pr. s. loses, 82 ; see Lesen. 

Iieste, adj. superl. least, S2, C2, G, 
PP ; lest, S, PP ; last, S.— AS. Icisl. 

Iieste, imp. s. listen, S ; see Lusten. 

Lesten, v. to last, S, S2 ; see Lasten. 

Xiestinde} adj. lasting, S ; leastinde, 8. 



Lesty, adj. cunning, skilful, S3. See 

Iies-wh.en, couj. lest at some time, H. 
See Ziasse. 

Lesynge, f/'. loss, W ; lesyngr, S3,C2, 
PP ; losyng, S2. See Iiesen. 

^eten, v. (0 to let, cause, permit, (2) 
to 1ft go, (3) to leave, forsake, neglect, 
desist, (4) to behave, pretend, '5' to esteem, 
S, S2, C3, H ; laten, S; leoten, S; laete, 
S ; late, imp. s., S2 ; lat, C2 ; lest, 2/;-. s., 
S ; letip, /r. s., S2 ; lates, S2 ; lattis, H ; 
IsBt, ft. s., S ; let, S2, S3 ; leet, S2, C2 ; 
i-leteu, //., S ; latun, W ; laten, H. — 
AS. /(xfan, Ictan, pt. let, Icot, pp. laten; cp. 
Icel. lata. 

Let en, v. to delay, S ; laten, S. — AS. 
latiaii. Cf. Iietten. 

Letherieu, v. to be in a lather, SkD ; 
liSeri, /;-. s. sithj., S. — ONorth. lcSna}t,\.o 
anoint (John 11. 2), from AS. lcaSor,\&{ 
(Voc.'i ; cp. Icel. laudr, froth. 

Lette, sl>. delay, S, S3, C2 ; let, S2. 

Iietten, v. to hinder, to make late, PP, 
S2, S3, C2; let, /;-. .f., S, PP; lette,//. s., 
S, C2; letted, S3; lettid, H.— AS. 
lettan : Icel. Ictja : Goth, latjaii, to be late. 

Iiettere, sb. hinderer, S2, PP. 

Iiettre, ^b- writing, C2, PP ; lettres, 
pl.,Ql„W.~-KY. Icttre; l.s.i. littera. 

Iiettrure, sb. writing, scripture, learning, 
PP, \\2 ; letterure, C2, PP, C3 ; letty- 
reure, H. — AF. kttrure, OF. letrciire; 
Lat. littcratiu-a. 

Letuarie, sb. electuaiy, C3 ; lettwary, 
Cath. ; letuaries, //., Cath. («), C— OF. 
laituairc, Icittire, Icttiaij-e, electnaire ; Lat. 
elcctuariiDH, a medicine dissolving in the 
mouth i^Ducange). 

Iieude, adj. ignorant, H ; see Iiewed. 

Iietin, sb. lion, S ; see Iieon. 

Leute, sb. loyalty, PP ; see Iiewte. 

laeue, sb. permission. Prompt., S2, C2, 
PP ; leaue, S ; leif, B. PJir. : nom laeue, 
took leave, took permission to go, S; nam 
lefue, S; tok his leue, S, C2; tuk his 
leyff, S3 ; be joure leue, by your leave, 
WA.— AS. Kaf. 

Lene, sb. belief, S ; leene, S3 ; Isefe, S ; 
lafe, S. — AS. {ge)Uafa. 

Iieue, adj. dear, S, S2, S3, C2 ; see Leof. 

Iieue, V. to live, S2, S3 ; see Iiiuien. 

Iieued, adj. covered with leaves, PP, S2. 

Leuedy, sb. lady, S2, H ; leuedi, S2, 
S; lefdye, S2 ; lefdi, S, S2 ; leafdi, S; 


lanedi, S ; Isenedi, S ; Isefdi, S. — AS. 


Iietiefal, adj. allowable, PP ; leenefnl, 
S2, C3, W; leefful, S2 ; leeful, S2, S3. — 
AS. kafful. 

Leuen, v. to permit, S, S2, S3, C2, PP ; 
lef, imp. s., S. — AS. lyfan, to allow. 

Leuen, v. to believe, S, S2, S3, C2, PP; 
leauen, S ; leeuen, S2 ; leyne, PP ; 
lefenn, S; lyne, PP ; lef, imp. s., S, PP ; 
leef, PP, S2 ; leues, //., S2 ; leueden, //. 
//., W ; leened, //., S3. — AS. {gejyfan : 
Goth. (ga)laitbjan. 

Leuen, v. to leave, to dismiss, to re- 
main, ixliiiquere, relinqiii, PP, S, S2, S3 ; 
leauen, S ; lef, S2 ; leaf, imp. J., S ; lef, S ; 
leeue, S2 ; lenes, pr. pi., S2 ; lefde,pt. s., 
S; leafde, S; lefte, S2, S3; leuede,//., S2 ; 
lafte, C2 ; laft, //., S2, C2 ; lewyt, S3 ; 
y-left, S2. — AS. Ice/an, to leave, from Id/, 
remains, heritage. See Iiaif. 

Leuene, sb. lightning, Cath. (w\ 
Prompt. ; levin, JD, SD, ND ; levyn, 
Prompt. — Cp. Goth, laiihmuni, also Dan. 
lyn ; see Douse, p. 103. 

Leuenen, v. to smite with lightning, 
to shine ; levyn, Cath. ; leuenand, /r. /., 
Cath. {ii\, H. 

Leuenjrnge, sb. lightning, Cath., H ; 
leuening-, S2 ; leyfnyng, Voc. ; leuen- 
yngis,//., H. 

Leuere, adj. comp. dearer, preferable, 
PP, S, S2 ; adv. more dearly, sooner, 
rather, PP, S2 ; leuer, PP, S2, S3 ; see 

Levy, sb. a raising, csp. of money, SkD 
(p. Si 5}.— OF. levte, a levy (Cotg.). 

Levy, z'. to raise (money^ , SkD ; leueyed, 
//., S3. — OF. lever; Lat. leuare. 

Lewch, pt. s. laughed, S3 ; see Iiahlien. 

Lewde, adj. ignorant, vS3 ; see Lewed. 

-lewe, suffix. Cf. Chekelew, Costlewe, 
Drunkenlewe, Siklewe, purstlew. — Icel. 
suffix -ligr, passing into -liw, and then into 
-lew, by influence of w on i ; cp. Icel. 
kostligr, ME. costle'iue, costly (W.W. S.). 

Lewe, sb. shelter, S; lew, HD. — AS. 
hleoiu, hleo. 

Lewe, adj. warm, tepid, S ; lew, HD,W. 

Lewed, adj. unlearned, ignorant, worth- 
less, S2, C, C2, PP, H; Isewedd, S; 
lewde, S3, Prompt. ; lewid, W ; lawd, 
H ; lawde, H ; leude, H ; lewedeste, 
super I., PP. — AS. l<£wed, lay, •' laicus ' 
(Voc.\ {ge^Lhved, pp. of Ickivan, to weaken. 

Lewedly, adv. ignorantly, C2, C3. 


Iieweduesse, s/>. ignorance, PP, S2, 
C-' ; lewdnesse, PP ; lewdnes, S3; 
lewdenesse, Prompt. 

Lewke, (?<{>■. tepid, Cath.;luke,Cath.(«). 

Iiewse, si>. pasture, S ; see Iiesawe. 

Lewte, sd. loyalty, fidelity, G, Prompt., 
PP; leute, PP.— AF. U-a/W, OF. Wa/Ud; 
Lat. legalitatcni. 

Lewth, sb. shelter, HD.— AS. hlccr.vti, 

Leye, sb. flame, PP, S; leie, S; lei, 
SD.— AS. lig : Icel. logi. Ci. I.owe. 

Leye, sb. untilled land, PP ; lay. 
Prompt.; laye, dat., S3; laye, adj., G; 
layes, //. meadows, S3 ; leys, S3 ; leyes, 
PP ; leyses, PP; leas, S3 (_p. 228). — AS. 

Leye-lond, sb. lea-land, PP ; laylande, 

' tcrre nouvellement labouree,' Palsg. 

Leyen, pt. pi. lay, S, S3 ; leyn, //., 
lain, S3 ; see Iiig'g'en. 

Leyn, v. to lay, S, S3 ; leyde, pt. s., 
S ; leyd, //., S, S2 ; see Itcggen. 

Leyser, sb. leisure, C, C2 ; laser, S2, 
S3: laysure, Manip. — AF. /eisir ; Lat. 

-le^^C, suffi.v, used in forming abstract 

nouns, found in Ormulum, S Icel. -leikr, 

or -leiki. Cf -lac. 

Iii- ; see also under ly-. 

Iiibben, v. to live, S, S2, S3 ; see 

Lich, sb. body, form, S, PP. SkD ; liche, 
S, PP, \VA ; Uke, WA ; lyche, dead body, 
Prompt. Comb.: lichewake, the watch 
held over the body of the dead, C, SD ; 
lyke-waik, JD, Prompt. («). — AS. lie, the 
body, generally the living body ; cp. Goth. 
leik, the body, also a corpse. Cf Ucbe. 

Idc-hame, sb. body, S ; licham, S ; 
lykhame, PP ; Ucame, S, PP ; licam, PP, 
S2 ; likaiue, PP ; likam, PP, S2 ; lykam, 
PP ; lykame, S2 ; lycome, S ; liham, 
PP ; lichames, gen., S ; licames, PP. — 
AS. Uc-hama, a body, properly ' body- 
covering '; cp. Icel. likanii. 

Lichamliche, adj. bodily, camal, S; 
lichomliche, S. — AS. lichamlic. 

Liche, cdj like, resembling, PP, S3 ; 
lyclie, PP, S2 ; lich, S2 ; lijk, \V2 ; lyik, 
\V2 ; lykkest, superl., S2. — AS. lie, found 
usually in the form ge-lic. Cf. Iiich, Ilich. 

-liche, suffix, found in adjectives and 
adverbs. — AS. -lie, adj. suffix, -liee, adv. 



Idcht, adj. light, not heavy, easy, S2, 
B ; see Liht. 

Licht, pr. s. lights, S ; see listen. 

Lichtlines, sb. levity, jesting ; lycht- 
lynes, S3. 

Licken, v. to lick, SkD ; lickiden, //. 
//., \V (Lu. 16. 21). Comb. : lyck-peny, 
a name for London from its licking up the 
penny, swallowing money, S3 ; lick-penny, 
S3 «\— AS. lieeian; cp. OHG. lee/ioti in 
gi-lechon (Otfrid) ; see Brugmann, § 214. 
Cf Iiechour. 

Licour, sb. liquor, juice, 82, C3 ; 
lyconr, PP ; lieiuonre, Manip. ; licnr, 
SkD.— OF. liciir; Lat. liquorem. 

Lic-wnrtJe, adj. pleasing, S. 

Lid, sb. a cover, lid, SD; lydde, Cath. ; 
book-cover, HD ; lides, pi., lids of the 
eyes, S. — AS. hlid. 

Liden, v. to cover, SD.— AS. hlidati, to 
cover I in bc-hlidan^, pp. hliden. 

Lieftenant, sb. lieutenant, deputy, S3 ; 
lieftenants,//., S3. — AF. lieutenant ; Lat. 
locum-tcnoitcm . 

Liese, v- to lose, S ; see lesen. 

IiifeS, pr. s. lives, S2 ; see Iiiuien. 

Lift, adj. left, S, S2, PP; see Lyft. 

Lige, adj. liege, fi-ee, PP, C2, C3 ; lyg-e, 
PP; lieg-e, PP ; lege, S3, PP, SkD; 
leeg-e, PP ; lyclie, Prompt. ; liffe, sb. pL, 
liege servants, PP, C2 ; lyges, PP ; lieges, 
S2, C3; lieffis, PP; leges, PP.— OF. 
lige (Bartsch), lige seigmir, liege lord 
(Roland, 2421) ; cp. AF. seignmir lige, 
and homes liges ; cp. Low Lat. ligius. 

Ligeaunce, sb. allegiance, C3.— OF. 
ligeance, see NED (%. v. allegiance . 

Ligen, v. to tell a lie, S ; see Lyjen. 

Liggen, v. to lie, S, S2, H, C2, \V; 
ligen, H ; lijen, S2 ; lien, S ; leje, S ; 
list, 2 /;-. s., S ; li«, pr. s., S, S2 ; ly«, S ; 
ligelJ,//., S ; ligges, continue, S2 ; lygge, 
pr. pi. subj., S2 ; lai, pt. s., S ; lay to, 
suited, S2 ; leigen, //., S ; leyen, S, S3 ; 
y-leye, //., P ; i-leie, S ; leie, ^V ; leyn, 
S3 ; y-layne, S3 ; i-leijen, S2. — AS. licgan, 
pt. /<<f, pi. lagon 'jdgon^, pp. gelegen. 

Ligg3mg, sb. lying down, W. 

Lighte, V. to make less heavy, to re- 
lieve a horse of his burden by descending, 
to alight, CM ; lyghte, S3, C3, Cath. 
light, S2, S3 ; listen, S, S2 ; ligten, S 
lihten, S; ly;t, S2 ; lijte, //. s., PP 
lyjte, PP ; lyjt, S2 ; lychtyt,//., S3 ; liht, 
//., S2; ligt, S. — AS. lihtan. See laht. 



Iiihen, v. to deceive, S ; see Iiy^en. 

Iiillt, acfj. light, not heavy, easy, S ; 
lyht, S ; licbt, S2 : lijt, \V2 ; lljte, active, 
S ; ai/v., S2 ; lijtere, co////' , S2, W. — AS. 
/fo/ii: OllG. It'/i/i; cp. Coth. /d/iis; see 
Sievers, 83. 

Lihtlich, a,//, easy, light, S ; lihtliche, 
<iih'., S; lijtliclie, S, S2. — AS. leohtlic, 

Iiihtschipe, sh. swiftness, S. 

Liken, v. to please, SkD, PP, WW, 
S3; libi, S; lykyen, S; like, to rejoice, 
S2 ; like'S, //-. s. impcrs., PP, S2 ; lyketS, 
PP, S2, C2 ; lykede, pt. s., S2. — AS.llcian 
(also It'can'), to please, literally, to be like 
or suitable for. See Liche. 

Iiikerous, adj. dainty, lecherous, 82, 
PP, C3 ; lykerous, PP ; lycorouse, 
dainty-mouthed, Palsg. ; licorous, Cotg. 
(s.v. lechcrcssc). See Iiechour. 

Iiikful, adj. pleasing, SD. 

Iiikinge, sb. pleasure, S, W; liking', 
PP, W2 ; lykyngf, S2, C2. 

Iiikinge, adj. favourable ; lykynge, 82. 

loikli, adj. lilvely, 8D. 

Iiiklihed, sb. likelihood, SkD ; lykli- 
hede, C2. 

Iiiklinesse, sb. probability; lykli- 
nesse, C2. 

Iiikueu, V. to liken, to compare, PP ; 
lykne, PP ; lickne, PP; lykned,//., C2 ; 
licned, W ; iliknet, 82. 

Iiiknesse, sb. likeness, appearance, PP, 
W ; liccuess, S ; liknes^ 82 ; lyknes, S3. 
■ — AS. gelicnes. 

loilburne, sb. a heavy stupid fellovv^, S3. 

Iiilie, sb. lily, argentea, 8, 82. Comb. : 
lylie-whyt, lily-white, S2. — AS. lilic 
(Voc.) ; Lat. lilia, pi. of lilium ; cp. OHG. 
lilia (^Otfrid). 

Iiini, sb. limb, 8 ; lynx, 82 ; lyme, PP ; 
leome, PP, 82 ; limeu, //., S ; lemes, 
PP ; limes, 8; lymes, limbs, W2,S2, PP, 
C2 ; creatures, PP ; lynis, S3 ; linimes, 
C2. Fhr. : feoudes lymes, limbs of the 
fiend, PP (cp. Icel. li/nir Fjdndans') ; the 
deuyl and his lymmes, H (Ps. 108. 30'. 
Comb. : lim-mele, limb-meal, SD ; limel, 
S. — AS. lim, lim-i}ii£bim, ' membratim.' 

Iiiuipeil, 1'. to happen, to belong to, 8 ; 
lomp, pt. s., SD ; lymppede (jveak), HD ; 
lumpen, //., 82. — AS. limpan, pt. lamp 
(pi. lumpen), pp. geliimpen. 

-ling, steffix. See SkD (s.v. darkling). 

Iiinuen, v. to cease, S ; lynne, 8 ; lin, 


HD ; lyn, S3 ; Ian, pt. s., SD. — AS. 

linnan, pt. lann (pi. lunnon), pp. lunncn ; 
cp. Iccl linna. 

Iiinnunge, sb. ceasing, 8. 

Iiipnen, v. to trust ; lippin, JD. 

Lipning, sb. trust ; lypnyng, B. 

Iiire, -'■'''. cheek, face, PP ; sie Iieor. 

Iiispen, V. to lisp, SkD ; lyspe, Cath. ; 
lipsede,//. s., C. — AS. %ulispian. 

Iiisse, sb. ease, rest, joy, happiness, 8, 
PI' ; • lysse, 8, PP.— AS. liss (for lib-s) ; 
see Sievers, 2 58. See IiitSe. 

Xiissien, v. to ease, SD ; lisse, HD ; 
lyss, S3. — AS. lissian, 

Xiist, pr. s. iinpers. it pleases him, 82, 
S3, C2 ; see Lusten. 

Iiiste, 'V. to desire, PP ; see Lusten. 

Iiiste, sh. list or edge of cloth, PP, 
Manip. ; lyste, PP, 82, Palsg., Cath. ; 
lyyste. Prompt. ; lyyst, Prompt. Comb. : 
lyste of the ear, mol de Poraylle, Palsg. — 
OF. lisle ; Icel. lisla. 

Iiiste, sb. craft, astuteness, 8, 82. — AS. 
list ; cp. Icel. list, OHG. list, from Teut, 
base LIS. Cf. Iiore. 

Iiistely, adv. slily, 82. — AS. listlice. 

Iiistes, sb. pi. the lists, the ground 
enclosed for a tournament, C2 ; lystes, C. 
— AF. listes, pi. ; OF. lisse, (also lice), a tilt- 
yard ; see Ducange (s. v. licia\. 

Listre, sh. a lector, preaching friar, PP ; 
listyr. Prompt. ; reader, Trevisa, 6. 257 ; 
listres, //., PP.-— OF. list re for litre; 
Church Lat. lector (Ducange). 

Iiit, adj. little, 8 ; see Lyte. 

Xiit, sb. stain, dye, colour, 8, SD ; littis, 
pL, WA. — Icel. litr, colour, complexion, 
countenance, dye. See Wliten. 

Iiitarge, sb. litharge, protoxyde of lead, 
C, C3. — OF. litharge; Lat. lithargyrus ; 
Gr. XiOdp-yvpos. 

Iiiteled, pt. s. 2 p. didst esteem lower, 
82 ; see lutlin. 

Iiitll, sb. joint, limb, member, PP, S, 82, 
C ; lyth, HD ; lythe. Prompt.— AS. M ; 
cp. Icel. liir, Goth, litlnis. 

Iiit$e, V. to go, pass through, 8 ; liSen, 
8. — AS. liQan ; cp. Icel. liSa, OHG. liSan, 
to go through, suffer (Otfrid), Goth, leithan. 

Iii'Se, adj. gentle, mild, soft, calm, 
sweet, 8; lythe. Prompt.; lythe, adv., 
HD.— AS. li^e (for linth-j-a) ; cp. OHG. 
liiidi, lind, Icel. linr. Cf Iiinnen. 

Iiit^eliclie, adv. gently, 8. — AS. llSelice. 

IiitJer, adj. bad, 82 ; see IiulSer. 


LitJien, v. to relax, S, SD ; li«e, VV, 
\\ A ; letlie, to alleviate, S2 ; to grow 
calm, S2. — AS. liSian. 

U.t$nieil, V. to ease; liBnid,//., PP. 

Iiitte, V. to dye, H, Cath., HD ; liten, 
Prompt. — Icel. lita, to dye. See Lit. 

Ijittester, sb. dyer, tincior, tinctrix, 
Cath. ; lytster, tinctor, Voc. ; lyster, 
Cath.; lystare, Prompt; litsters, //., 
I ID. See Lit. 

Line, Lines ; see Lyf. 

Linelod, sb. sustenance, S3 ; see Lyf- 

IiinenoSe, sb. sustenance, S. — Icel. 
li/nadr, conduct of life. 

Linien, v. to live, S ; liue, S ; leiffe, 
S3 ; lefieu, S ; leue, S2, .S3 ; leeuen, S3 ; 
libben, S, S2, S3 ; lyblje, S2, S3 ; liuiende, 
//-. /., S ; libbinde, S ; leuand, S3 ; leo- 
winde, S : lyfand, S2 ; liffand, S2 ; lifes, 
lyfes,/r. //.,S2 ; lifd, /A s., S2 ; i-lened, 
//., S ; i-luued, S ; le ylTyt , S3. — AS. lifan, 
libban, to remain, to be left, to live ; cp. 
AS Ufan, to leave, and OHG. bc-Uban, to 
remain (Tatian). 

Lining, sb. means of livelihood, S3. 

Lixt, 2 pr. s. liest, G ; see Lyjen. 

Li5t, sb. light, S ; lyht, S, S2 ; licht, 
S ; Uct, S ; Uht, S, PP ; lyjt, S2 ; loht, 
S ; li5t,//., S2. — AS. Itoht : Goth. Uiihath ; 
cp. OHG. lioht (Otfrid). 

Lijt, adj. light, bright, WA ; lyht, 
82.— AS. lioht ; cp. OHG. lioht ^Otfrid). 

Listen, v. to light, enlighten, to become 
bright, S ; lihten, S ; lict, ivip., S; licht, 
pr. s., S ; lihtede, pt. s., S ; i-lijt, //., S2 ; 
Uht, S ; lyht, S2.— AS. lyhtan, Uhtan. 

Listen, v. to alight, S, S2 ; see Lighte. 

Li^ti, adj. bright, shining, \V. 

Li5tinge, sb. lightning, S2. 

Id^tne, V- to enlighten, shine, dawn, W, 
\\2 ; Ujtnede,//. s., W. 

Li5tnere, sb. enlightener, ^Y2. 

Li;tnyng, sb. illumination, W, \Y2. 

Lob, sb. a clo%vn, a clumsy fellow, HD ; 
a lout, lubber, Sh. 

Lobbe-keling, sb. a large cod, 82, 

Lob-COCke, sb. lulber, S3, Cotg. (s. v. 
baligaut), HD. See Lob. 

Lobres, sb. pi. lubbers, PP, 82. 

Loby, sb. looby, PP ; lobyes,//., PP. 

Lode, sb. a way, path, SD ; loode, some- 
thing carried, a load, vccttira, Prompt.; 
lade, SD. — AS. {ge lad, a way, path, from 
liSan, to go. See L^e. 



Lode-menage, sb. pilotage, C. 

Lodesman, sb. pilot, Palsg. ; lodez- 
mon, S.' ; lodysmanue, ' vector, vehicul- 
arius,' Prompt. 

Lode-star, sb. load-star, S3 ; lode- 
sterre, CM. 

Lode-stone, sb. loadstone, SkD. 

Lof, sb. praise, S, S2 ; lofe, S, WA ; loft, 
S. — AS. lof; Icel. lof, praise, permission, 
OS. lof; cp. OHG. lob Otfrid), 

Lof, sb. loaf, S ; see Loof. 

Lofen, V. to praise, S, 82 ; lone, SD, 

52, S3, H ; lovand, pr. p., HD, 8-', H.— 
AS. lofian, to praise ; cp. Icel. lofa, to 
praise, to permit. 

Lof-SOng, sb. song of praise, 8 ; loft- 
song, S ; loftsonges, //., S. — AS. lof- 

Loft, sb. an upper room, height, PP, G, 
SkD. Phr. : on lofte, aloft, literally, in the 
air, PP, 82, C3 ; on Jie lofte, S. — Icel. lopt, 
air, sky, an upper room, balcony; a lopt, 
aloft, in the air. Cf. Lyft. 

Logge, sb. a lodge, hut, small cottage, 
B, C^l ; loge, \YA ; lodge, WW ; luge, 
HD.— AF. loge. 

Loggen, V. to lodge, dwell, PP ; lodge, 
WW ; logeth, /;-. s., PP ; logged, //. s., 

53, CM ; lugede, //., HD ; lugit, S3.— 
AF. loger. 

Loggyng, sb. lodging, CM ; luging, 
S3 ; logyng, B. 

Logbe, sb. water, sea, 82 ; I05, S2 ; 
1030, S2, WA; lowis, pi., 83. Cp. AS. 
lagii-Jlod, ' obscura unda ' (Voc.) ; also 
Icel. logr (gen. lagar). 

Lob, pt. s. laughed, 82 ; see Lahhen. 

Lobt, s. light, S ; see Lijt. 

Lok, sb. an offering, gift, S ; loc, 8 ; lac, 
S ; loke, sport, PP ; lake, dat., S ; lac,//., 
S ; lakes, S. — AS. lac, a leaping for joy, 
sport, contest, also, a sacrifice, gift : Goth. 
laiks, sport, dance. Cf Layken, Laken. 

Lok, sb. lock, fastening, S2, PP ; lokkes, 
//., PP. See Louken. 

Loken, J'- to look, observe, 8, S2, PP ; 
lokin, S ; lokien, S ; loki, to protect, 8 ; 
loky, to guard, S2 ; luke, S3 ; locan on, 
to obser\'e, 8 ; loc, imp., S ; lokede,//. s., 
S. — AS. locian. 

Loken,//. locked, 8 ; see Looken. 

Loking, sb. looking, PP ; lokyng, cus- 
tody, S ; appearance, W ; lokinge, deci- 
sion, 82 ; lokynge, PP; protection, S2 ; 
lokunge, S. 



Lokken, v. to lock, SkD ; lot, Cath. ; 
ylokked, //., S2. Sue Lok. 

IiOkrand, pr. p. as aJJ. curling S3; 
lokkeraud, Cath. («). 

Lokyrynge, sb. cnrlincss, crispitudo, 

IiOllen, V- to loll, limp about, lounge, 
rest, also, to llap, wag, PP ; loUede,//. s., 
S3; lullede, S2. 

Lollere, sh. loller, idle vagabond, PP; 
loUer. C2, CM. 

Lomb, sh. lamb, C:;, W2, PP; lombe, 
Voc, PP, \V ; lamtoren,//., PP, W, \V2 ; 
lambre, W2 ; lombe, S2. — AS. lamb, 

Lome, sh. tool, instrument, S2, WA ; 
a vessel (the ark in the deluge"), S2 ; lomes, 
pi., S2, PP ; lomen, S2. — AS. geld ma, 
'utensile' ^Voc.). 

Lome, adv. frequently, S, PP ; phr. : oft 
and lome, HD ; i-lome, S, 82 ; ylome, 
S2 ; lomer, coiiip., PP ; lommere, PP. — 
— AS. geloine. 

Lomp, pt. s. happened ; see Iiimpeu. 

Lond, sh. land, S, S2, PP ; lont, S ; Ion, 
S; londe, (/aA, S2 ; londes, //., S. — AS. 

Londe, v. to land, S. 

Lond-folk, sh. countryfolk, S. 

Londisse, adj. native, S. 

Lone, sb. lane, PP ; lones, //., S2, PP. 
— AS. lomi, see Sievers, 279. 

Lone, sb. loan, S, S2, PP, Prompt— AS. 
Idn ; cp. Icel. Idn. 

Louge, sb. lung; longen, //, PP ; 
lunges, SkD, Cath. j longes, C, PP.— AS. 
lunge, pi. hingan. 

Louge, adv. See Hong'. 

Longen, v. to become long, to long for, 
to belong to, S, S2, S3, C2, PP, SkD; 
langen, S2, H.— AS. langian. See Langf. 

Longinge, sb. longing, S2 ; longyng-e, 
PP ; longeng-e, S. 

Loof, sh. loaf, W2, PP ; lof, S, PP; laf, 
S; lofe, Cath.; loues, //., C3 ; loouys, 
S2 ; looues, W2.— AS. hUif. 

Loof, sb. a kind of rudder or apparatus 
for steering, SkD ; loues, //., SkD.— Cp. 
OF. lof, the windward side of a vessel 

Loop, V. to melt and run together in a 
mass, HD. — Icel. hlatipa, to curdle; cp. 
blod-lilaup, curdled blood. Cf. Iiepen. 

Loos, sh. loss, PP; los, PP,C2. — ONorth. 
los (Matt. 7. 13;. See Lesen. 


Loos, sh. fame, report, Prompt., PP, 
CM, C3 ; lose, II (67. 33 1.— AF. loos, OF. 
los ; Lat. laus or laitdes, see Constans. 

Lopen, //. run away, S2 ; see Iiepen. 

Lopir, V. to curdle, clot, coagulate ; 
lopper, JD; lopird, //., H, HI); lap- 
pered, JD; lopyrde (as milk), Cath. See 

Lopirynge, sh. curdling, H. 

Lord, sh. husband, S ; see Iiouerd. 

Lorde, t>. to idle about, S3. See Lourde. 

Lordinges, sb. pi. sirs, masters, S, S2, 
G ; see Iiouerdinges. 

Lordschipe, sb. lordship, W2 ; see 

Lordsclliping, sb. domination, W. 

Lordshipen, v. to rule over, S2. 

Lore, sh. learning, lore, S, S2, S3, C3, 
PP; lare, S, S2, H ; lores, //., S2.— AS. 
Idi' (for *laisa), from OTeut. base LIS, to 
find out. 

Lorel, sh. an abandoned fellow, perdi- 
tissimus, P,CM, PP, S3 ; lozel, ND ; losel, 
PP, Prompt. ; lorels, pi., S3 ; losells, S3 ; 
loseles, P. See Iiesen. 

Lorel, sh. laurel, Prompt. ; loryjer. 
Prompt. ; see Laurer. 

Lorn,//, lost, S2 ; see Iiesen. 

Lor-beaw, sb. a teacher, .S; lareaw, 
SD ; lorpeawe, dat., S ; lorpeawes, //., 
S ; larpawes, S; larewes, SD. — AS. idr- 
pcoiu ijdnow^. See Lore. 

Lose, V. to set free, G ; louse, imp. s., 
G ; loside, /A s., W2. Cf. Iiesen. 

Lose, sh. praise, II ; see Loos. 

Losel ; see Lorel. 

Losen, v. to praise, PP; losed, //., 

Losenge, sh. a kind of quadrilateral 
figure; losyng-es, //., CM. — OF. losenge, 
praise, flattery, encomium, then grave-stone, 
square slab, lozenge in heraldry. 

Losengere, sh. flatterer, deceiver, 
WA ; losanger, sluggard, S3 ; losengour, 
C ; losenjour, HD. — OF. losengier ^Cotg.), 
also (with different suffix) losaigeor, losen- 
getozir, flatterer. 

Losengerye, sh. flattery, lying, pp. 

Lossom, adj. loveable, pleasant, S2 ; 
see Lufsum. 

Lot, sh. lot, S; loten, //., S; lotes, S. 
— AS. hlot ; cp. Goth, hlauts. 

Loteby, sb. concubine. HD, PP («) ; 
ludby, HD; lutby, H ; lotebyes, //., PP. 


— Literallj', ' a secret lier with,' op. Lyerhy, 
HD. See Iiotyeu. 

Loth, adj. hostile, hateful, £,Tievous, un- 
pleasant, unwilling, S, S2, PP, C; looth, 
C2 ; la«, S, S2 ; layth, S2 ; laith, H, PP ; 
lo'Sere, co»ip., S; lother, PP ; latliere, 
aJv.,Yi; IdSest, si(J>c-rl.,S. — AS /iid ; cp. 
Icel. /di'dr. 

Lothe, V. to loathe, PP ; laUin, S.— AS. 

lothelich, adj. hateful, P ; lo^lich, S ; 
lo«li, S2 ; lodlich, S, S2 ; ladlic, S.— AS. 

Lotn.esnesse, ^/^ innocence, S; lodles- 
nesse, S. 

IiOtyen, v. to lurk; lotyeth, /r. //., 
PP ; lotinge, pr. p., C3. — AS. liitian 

Loud, adj. loud ; lowd, PP ; lud, S : 
lude, adv. S; lowde, PP, C ; loude, PP. 
— AS. hliid ; cp. Gr. kKvtU, renowned. 

Lough, pt.s. laughed, C2, C3; louh, 
PP ; see Lahhen. 

Louh, adj. low, S, S2, PP; law, S3; 
log'e, S ; lowe, S; laghe, H ; lah, S ; lalie, 
a(/z'.,S ; loje, S ; lowe, PP; louwe, S; law, 
S3 ; lauer, comp., S2. — Icel. lagr. 

Louhnesse, sb. lowliness, PP. 

Louken, v. to close, H, PP ; luken, S 
lowke, PP, H ; lowkande, pr. p., S2 
leac, //. s., SD; lee, SD ; laec, SD 
luken, //., SD ; loken, //., S, SD ; lok- 
enn, .S; lowkyt \u<cak), S3. — AS. liaan, 
pt. liac (pi. htcon), pp. locen ; cp. Icel. 

Lourde, adj. lazy, sluggish, HD ; loord, 
sb , ND. — Oi'. lourd; Lat. luridiiin, dirty, 
lazy, heavy ; see Diez. 

Lourdeine, sb. a lazy rascal, PP ; lor- 
dsin, PP ; lurdeyn, PP ; lurden, HD ; 
lourdeines, //. vagabonds, PP. — OF. lour- 
dein. See above. 

Loure, v. to lower, S2, S3 ; see luren. 

Louteu, V. to stoop, bow down, worship, 
H, PP, S2, C2 ; to treat as a lout, S3 ; lut- 
ende, pr.p., S; loutede, //. s., PP, S2 ; 
luted,//., S2 ; lutten, //., S. — Cp. AS. 
li'dan, to bow down, also hitiaji, to hide 

Louabil, adj. worthy to be praised, H. 
See liOf. 

Loue, sb. love ; see l^ufe. 

Loue, V. to praise, S2, S3, H ; see 

Louely, ad/, worthy to be praised, H. 



Louen, v. to praise, S2, S3, H ; see 

Louerd, sb. lord, S, S2, S3, PP ; laford, 
S ; laferrd, S ; lauerd, S, S2 ; lowerd, 
S ; lord, husband, S ; lauerd, S. — AS. 

Louerdinges, sirs, masters, S; 
lording-es, S, S2, G ; lordynges, PP. Cf. 

Louyeu, v. to love, PP ; luuen, S ; 
luuien, S; lufenn, S; luf, H; louien, 
S ; loue, S2 ; lofaie15,/r. //., S ; luuede, 
pt. s.,S; louede, S. — AS. lufian. 

Louyere, sb. lover, C ; luffaris,//., S3. 

Lowable, praiseworthy, PP. 

Lowe, V. to approve of, praise, S3. — OF. 
loticr, locr, loder, laudar; Lat. laudare. 
Cf. Iiaude. 

Lowe, sb. flame, Prompt, Cath., PP, 
WA.— Icel. log. Cf. leye. 

Lowe, adj. low, lowly, humble, S, PP ; 
see Iiouh. 

Lowe, V. rcjl. to humble oneself, PP,W ; 
lowed,//, s. stooped, PP. 

Lowe, 2 pt. s. toldest lies, PP ; lowen 
vpon,//. lied against, PP ; see Iiyjen. 

Loweu, V. to low, bellow, W2 (Job 6. 
5) ; loowes,/n s., S3.— AS. hloivan. 

Lowne, adj. serene, calm, S3, JD; 
sheltered, HD ; loun, JD. — Icel. logn, a 

Lown3rt, //. sheltered, B. 

IiO^, sb. sea, lake, S2 ; see IiOg'lie. 

Luce, sb. a fish, a pike, C, CM, Voc, 
Prompt., ND.— OF. litz (Bartsch). 

Lud, adj. loud, S ; lude, adv. S ; see 

Lud, sb. sound, voice, S2 ; lude, dat., 
SD; luden, //., SD.— AS. hlyd, gc-hlyd; 
cp. OHG. hlti (Otfrid). 

Lud, sb. person, S2 ; ludes, // , tene- 
ments, S2 ; see Iieod. 

Ludene, sb. voice, PP ; see Iieden, sb. 

Luf, adj. dear, S2 ; see Iieof. 

Lufe, sb. love, S, \\A ; luf, H ; luue, S, 
loue, PP. Comb. : loue-day, a day for the 
settlement of disputes by arbitration, S2 ; 
PP; loue-drury, affection, C2 ; luue-eie, 
reverence, S ; loue-long'inge, desire, fond 
affection, C2, S2 ; luf-reden, good-will, 
S2 ; lufredyn, H (AS. lufradeti); luue- 
wuilJe, loveworthy, S. — AS. lufu. 

Lufli, adj. lovely, II ; luuelich, loving, 
lovely, S ; louelokest, i-/(/!i<rr/., S2 ; luue- 
liche, adv., S. — AS. Ittjlic, adv. lujlice. 



IiUfsniU, adj. loveable, pleasant, S, 
SI); lossoni, S2. — AS. lufsum. 

IiUfsumliche, aJv. pleasantly, S.— 
AS. lufstiinlicc. 

lnft, adj. left, S, 82, rP ; see lyft. 

IiUft, sb. a weak creature, worthless fel- 
low, IT; lift, IID. See above. 

Iitlgeil, <■'. to drift about (on the waves), 
S2 ; lug'gid,//., pulled about, PP. 

IiUg'it, //. lodged, S3 ; see Loggen. 

Iillke, V. to look, S3 ; see Iioken. 

lumpen,//, befallen, S2 ; seeLimpen. 

IiTlIiarie, sb. moon-wort, C3 ; lunary, 
HD. — OF. lunaire ; Late Lat. lunaria. 

IiOre, sb. a bait, enticement, C3, HD. — 
OF. loerre, (now lei(rre) ; M.H.G. liwder, 
a bait (now ludo-). 

Lure, sb. loss, S ; lere, SD ; lire, SD.— 
AS. lyre. See Iiesen. 

Lure, sb. face, SD ; see Iieor. 

Luren, v. to lower, to look sullen, S ; 
loure, S2, S3, PP ; lowren, PP. 

Luring, sb. a looking sullen, S. 

Lurken, v. to lurk, PP; lorken, PP; 
lurkand, /;-./., S2 ; lorked, /A s., S2. 

Lurking, sb. hiding-place, S2. 

Lust, sb. desire, inclination, pleasure, 
PP, S, S2, S3, H; lest, C2 ; Meste, S; 
lostes, //., S2 ; lustis, W.— AS. hist. 

Lust, sb. the sense of bearing, S. — AS. 
hlyst : Icel. /i/ust, the ear. 

Lusten, z>. to give ear, to list, S, PP ; 
listen, S; hlesten, S ; Ihesten, S2 ; letsen, 
S2, S. — AS. hlystan ; cp. Icel. hlusta. 

Lusten, v. to desire, 8,83 ; lyst, i/r. 5., 
S3 ; lust, /;-. s. impers.. it pleases him, S, 
PP ; list, S2, S3, C2, PP ; lest, PP ; liste, 
/;-. s. sitbj., it may please, S ; leste, S, S3, 
C2, PP ; luste, //. s. impers., S, S2 ; liste, 
S2, S3, C2 ; leste, C2. — AS. lystaii. 
Lustiheed, sb. pleasure, C2. 
Lustinesse, sb. pleasantness, S3. 
Lustnen, v. to listen, S ; lesteuen, G ; 
listnede, //. .f., S; lestned, S2. 

Lusty, adj. pleasant, S3, C2, C3, PP; 
liisti, joyful, S. 

Lutby, sb. paramour, H ; see Iioteby. 

Lute, adj. little, S ; see lyte. 

Lutel, adj. little, S, S2 ; see Iiytel. 

Luten, V. to stoop ; see Iiouten. 

LutSer, adj. bad, false, treacherous, S, 
PP, S2 ; ly«er, PP, H ; li«er, PP, S2 ; 
UUere, S, H ; leo«re, S.— AS. ly^re. 


Lu?5erliclie, adv. vilely, S. 

Lutlin, V. to diminish, S ; lutlen, S ; 
liteled, //. s., S2. — AS. lytlian. See Iiytel. 

Luue, sb. love ; see Iiufe. 

Lycorys, sb. liquorice, C2 ; lycoresse, 
Cath. — W . lycorys; Late Lat. liquiritia, 
glycyrrhiza ; Or. 'y\vKvpfn^a, lit. ' sweet 

Lyf, sb. life, S, S2 ; lifue, S ; lines, gen. 
as adv., alive, S ; lyues, S, C2 ; line, dat., 
S, S2 ; lyue, S. Phr. : bring o line, to 
kill, 82 (7. 19S ; on lyue, alive, S, C2 ; 
his lyf, during his life, C2.— AS. li'f. 

Ityf, sb. a living person, a man, PP ; lif, 
82 ; lyfe, \YA. 

Lyf-day, sb. life-time, PP ; lif-daje, 
dat., S ; lyfe-days, //., WA.— AS. lif-dceg. 

Lyflode, sb. way of life, mode of life, 
82, PP ; liflode, 8, \V ; means of living, 
PP ; lijflode, ^Y2 ; lyuelade, vicius, Cath. ; 
liuelod, S3 ; lyuelode, W. — AS. /;/+ lad, 
a course, provisions. 

Lyfly, adv. in a lively manner, S3. 

Lyft, ad/, left, PP, 82 ; luft, S, PP, 82 ; 
lift, 8, PP, 82; left, SkD. Comb.: 
lift-half, left side, W2 ; luft-hond, left 
hand, PP.— AS. lyft, weak ; cp. ODu. hi/t, 
' laevus.' 

Lyft, 5^. air, sky, PP. S3; lift, HD, 
82, H; lyfte, S2;'lufte, dat., 8; lifte, 
82; lyfte, 82.— AS. lyft; cp. OS. luft, 
OHG. hift, Goth, hiftus. Cf. Loft. 

Lyften, v. to lift, shift, raise, PP ; lyft- 
ande, pr. p., 82 ; lyft, pt. s., PP.— Icel. 
lypta. See Loft. 

L3rik, adj. like, W2 ; see Liche. 

Lyke-waik ; see Lich. 

Lykhame, sb. body, PP; see Lic- 

Lym, sb. lime, calx, 82, C3 ; lyme, Voc. 
Comb. : lym-rod, a limed rod, C2 ; lym- 
5erde, a limed twig, S3. — AS. lim. 

Lymaille, sb. file-dust, C3; lymail, 
C3. — OF. limaillc, from timer, to file ; Lat. 

Lymit, sb. limit, WA.— OF. limite; 
Lat. limit em (accV 

Lymytour, sb. a friar licensed to ask 
alms within a certain limit, PP, C, CM ; 
limitator, Cath.; limitour, PP. — OF. limi- 
teur (Cotg.) ; Church Lat. limitatorcin 

Lynage, sb. lineage, descent, parentage, 
PP, S3, C2, W ; linage, C2, C3 ; lynages, 
//., tribes, 82 ; lynagis, W2. — AF. linage. 


Iijnde, sd. linden-tree, HD, Voc, C2, 
C ; linde, S. — AS. lim/, 'tilia ' vVoc.)- 

Iiyne, s/>. cord, net, PP, S ; line, S ; 
lynes, //., snares for birds, PP ; lines, 
PP.— AF. /hie; Lat. /i/ua. 

L3rilt-qTlllite, sd. linnet, S3, JD ; lint- 
white, lark. HD. — Cp. AS. liitet-'imgc, 
'carduelis' (Voc.^, 'fronulus' (^Voc), linct- 
uigle, ' fronulus ' (.Voc). 

Lyp, sh. lip, Voc ; lyppe, Voc, Cath. ; 
lippe. //., S; lippes, PP. Comb.: lyp- 
labonr. lip-labour, recitation of prayers, 
S3. — OFris. lippa { = lip-j-a]; cp. Lat. la- 
bium ; see Brugmann, § 337. 

^ype, sb. leap, S2. — AS. hlyp (Voc.)- 
See Iiepen. 

lypp, sb. rennet, runnet, Voc. 1^666. 17; ; 
lepe, Voc. (703. 44: ; leb,Voc. (591. 15). 
See Iioop. 

Lyre, sb. the muscle of the thigh, Cath. ; 
lere, (I2 ; leer, the flank, HD. — AS. lira, 
'pulpa, viscum, caro' i^Voc.) ; cp. Icel. 

IiySTire, sb. list, edge of cloth. Prompt. ; 
Usure, PP ; lysonr, PP ; lyser, PR- 
OF, lisicre : for listicrc). See Liste. 

Lyte, adj. little, PP, S2, S3; lute, S; 
lite, S2, C2; Int, S; lyt, C3 ; lit, S; 
luyte, S2; lyte, adv., PP, C2, C3 ; lite, 
PP : lute, S2.— AS. lyt : OS. lut. 

Lytel, adj. little, PP; Intel, S, S2 ; 
litel, S-', C2; luitel, PP ; luytel, PP; 
Intel, adv., S, S2 ; litel, S; litl, S. — 



AS. lytel', cp. OS. luttil, OHG. luzil {Ot- 

L3rkh., sb. property; lythe, dat., HD. 
Phr. : lond and lith, PP. Notes (p. 326) ; 
lond ne litli, HD. — Cp. Icel. l^dr, the 
common people ; lyd-siylda, the homage 
of a liegeman to his lord. Cf. Iieod. 

LytJen, v. to listen, S, PP, HD ; lithen, 
PP ; liSe, S ; HXeiS, imp. pL, S, G ; lythetli, 
G. — Icel. hlyda, from hljod, hearing, what 
is heard, a sound. See Iiowd. 

LytSer, adj. bad, H, PP; li«er, S2, PP; 
see Iin'Ser. 

Lyvere, sb. something delivered to a 
dependent, livery, C ; lyverey (of cloth or 
other gifts), liberata. Prompt., G ; lyve- 
ray, corrodiu/n, Cath. ; levere, B. — AF. 
liverce, delivery, livery ; Late Lat, liberata 


Iiy^en, v. to lie, tell lies, S2, PP ; li;en, 
S ; lihen, to deceive, S ; lye, S ; lyte, 
PP ; ligen, S ; list, 2pr. s., PP, G ; lixte, 
PP ; lejhep]?,/;-. s., S ; lih«, PP, S2 ; lith, 
PP ; lyje*. S2 ; lowe, 2pt. s., PP ; lyjede, 
pt. s. -weak , PP ; lighed, //. 'weak\ S2 ; 
Injen, //., S ; lowen, pp., concealed by 
lying, S ; lowen vpon, lied against, PP ; 
i-loje, lied, S. — AS. liogan, pt. kag (pi. 
lugon), pp. logen. 

Ly;ere, sb. liar, S2, PP ; leghere, H ; 
li^ere, PP, S ; lyjers,//., S2. — AS. liogere. 

Ly5te, pt. s. alighted, PP ; lyjt, //., 
82 ; see Iiighte. 


M, the first letter of master or master- 
ship, S3. 

Sla, V. to make, S2 ; see Make. 

]MEa, adv. more, S, S2 ; see Mo. 

Mace, sb. mace, club, PP, Cath., Voc. ; 
sceptrtim, ND, Manip. ; mas, //., B; 
masis, B; macyss, B. — AF. mace (F. 
7nasse\; cp. Low Lat. massa Ducange); 
It. mazza ; Late Lat. matia ; Lat. *matea 
(found in mateold) ; see Diez. 

Iffacer, sb. mace-bearer (m court of 
justice] ; maceres, //., PP. 

Uacull, sb. stain, S3. Lat. macula. 

Had, adj. mad, foolish, PP ; maad, SD ; 
made, Cath. ; mad, sb., a mad person, S2 ; 
madde, /'/.,PP. 

Mad, //. made, S, C, G ; see Maken. 

Madden, v. to be mad, PP ; maddith, 
pr. s., W ; maddist, 2 pr. s., W ; maddid, 
pt. s., maddened, PP ; //. W. 

Msei, sb. kinsman, S ; mai, S ; mey, S ; 
may, a person, S2. — AS. mdg ,p\. miigas) : 
Goth, megs ; see Sievers, 17. Cf. May. 

Maei, pr. s. may, can, S ; mai, S ; may, 
S2 ; maig, S; maij, S; mei, S; mey, 
S2 ; majie, ma55, S; maht, 2 /;-. s., S 
mahht, S ; mi;t, S ; miht, S, S2 ; mihht 
S; myht, S, S2 ; majen, pi., S; mahen 
S ; mahe, S ; mawe, S ; mowen, S 
mo, S ; mowe, S, S3, C ; mng-e, S 
mnhe, S ; mnee, .S ; mwne, S ; muwen 
S; mnjen, S; mnjlienn, -S; mu;e, S 
monn, .S, W ; mouwen, S; mown, S2 
mo^e, .S2 ; mow, P ; y-may, S3. Comb. 
maistow, mayest thou, S3. — AS. rfiirg, I 



can, 2 pr. s., nieaJit, viiht, pi. tnagon, opt. 
iihcge, inagc, imigc, pi. viahan, tnugon. Sec 
Sievers, 424. 

Msesse-dsei, sb. mass-day, S ; sec 

mahoun, sl>. Mahomet, S2 ; Mahounde, 
111 ). — OF. Ma/toni, iMakoiiis, also Maliiim, 
Mahtimet (Roland); Arab. Muhai/iincd, 
' the jiraised.' Cf. Maumet. 

Maht ; see Mei. 

Mahte, jht- s. might, S; mihte, S; 
niiclite, .S ; mig'te, S ; micte, S ; niyhite, 
S; nioiicte, S; mulite, S; niijte, Si ; 
mught, S2, II ; myste, S2 ; niou^ht, S3, 
H; mocht,//., S2 ; nxoglit, S2. Couth.: 
mihti (for mihtc hi), might they, S ; mihti 
(for i?iiht I), might 1, S2 ; maihtou, 
mightest thou, PP. — AS. vicahtc, mihtc, 
pt. s. of unrg, I can. See Msei. 

Maille, sb. mail-armour, C2 ; maylle, 
Cath. ; male, S3, Cath. ; mayles, pL, 
SkD. — OF. maillc; Lat. macula. See 

HHake, sb. mate, spouse, S, S2, S3, C, 
C2, P, Prompt. ; makes, //., S2 ; makez, 
S2 ; makys, S3. — AS. {ge)maca. 

ISakeil, V. to make, cause, build, com- 
pose, write, PP, S ; makieu, S ; m.acieii, 
S; m.akye, S2 ; mak, S2 ; ma, S2, B; 
mais,/;-. J., B, S2; mas, S2 ; mais,/'/.,B; 
luakede, pt. s., S; niachede, S; makked, 
//., S2 ; maden, S, PP; maked, //., PP, 
S, C; maad, C, PP; mad, S, C, G; y- 
m.aked, S2, C2 ; y-m.aad, S2, C2 ; y-mad, 
S2 ; i-maked, S ; i-m.aket, S2 ; i-made, 
P ; i-mad, G ; hi-makede, S. — AS. niac- 
ian ; cp. OHG. tiiaciiSn (Otfrid^ 

ISaker, sb. maker, writer, author, SkD, 
Cath., ND ; m.akyere, S2. 

IKCale, sb. bag, portmanteau, mail, C, 
C3, Prompt., Cath.; males, //., P.— OF. 
7nalc (Cotg.) ; cp. Low Lat. mala (Du- 

Malencolye, sb. melancholy, PP ; ma- 
lencolie, C, Prompt. ; malicoly, \VA. — 
OF. melancolie. 

HXaleucolyk, adj. melancholy, C. — 
OF. mclancoliqiu. 

Illalengine, sb. wicked artifice, HD ; 
malengyne, malice, evil disposition, S3. — 
AF. maleugin, fraud, ill-meaning; engin, 
deceit, treachery (Bartsch). 

Malese, sb. sickness, PP; male ese, 
W ; male ess, B. — OF. malaise (Cotg.). 

Malice, sb. evil, W, — AF. inalice \ Lat. 


Malisun, sb. malediction, S, II, ND ; 
m.alisoun, C3. — OF. vtalison, vialeiceon, 
maldcccon, maldisson (Ps. 108. 17); Lat. 

Malliable, adj. malleable, C3.— OF. 
malleable, pliant to the hammer, hammer- 
able (Cotg.). 

IKCamelek, sb. a mameluke, S3. — Arab. 
mattduk, a slave, a possession, from 7nalaka, 
he possessed ; cp. It. niaiiialiicco (Florio). 

Maiuely, v. to mumble, P ; see 

Man, "i- pr. s. I must, SD; 2 pr. pi., S2, 
I) ; see Mou. 

Man, sb. man, any one, S ; husband, \V 
niann, S ; men, S2 ; mon, S, S2 ; manue 
dat., S; me, S, S2, S3, W; msen, //., S 
m.3enn, S ; manuen, gen., S ; m.anne, S2 
m.annen, manue, dat., S; menne, S 
Comb. : manliedi^e), manhood, S2, C 
manheid, S2 ; mankin, mankind, S ; mon- 
kin, S ; moncun, S ; man-ken, S ; man- 
kunne, S ; mon-kunue, S ; man- 
CLualm, pestilence, H ; man-quellere, mur- 
derer, executioner, S2, S3, W, \V2 ; mon- 
quellere, S ; man-red(e'), homage, S ; 
man-scipe, homage, honour, S ; mon- 
sla5e, man-slayer, S ; man-slecht, man- 
slaughter, S ; man-sleiht, S ; man-sleere, 
murderer, W2 ; mon-pewes, the morality 
of a grown up man, S. — AS. man. 

Manace, sb. threat, C, SkD; manas, 
S2, WA, SkD ; manauce, B ; manassis, 
manaasis, //., W. — OF. 7nanace ; Lat. 
iiiinacia ; see Constans. 

Manacen, v. to threaten, C2, PP ; 
manasside, pt. s., S2, W ; manaasside, 
W2 ; manausyt, B. — OF. menace r. 

Manasyng, sb. threatening, C, B. 

Man-ao, sb. perjury, SD ; mana'Sas, 
//., S. — AS. mdn-dd; cp. Icel. mein-ei&r. 
AS. man, wicked, wickedness ; cp. Icel. 
nicinn, base, mein, harm. 

Manciple, sb. purveyor, S ; see Blaun- 

Manden, v. to send forth, to command, 
S2. — OF. mander; Lat. fiiandare. 

Mandragora, sb. mandrake, ND ; 
mandrogoris, //., W2. — OF. mandragore 
(Cotg.) ; Lat. j/iandragora (Vulg.). 

Mandrak, sb. mandrake, Voc. ; man- 
dra^g'e, Prompt. ; mandrage, Cath. 

Mane, sb. complaint, S2 ; see Slone. 

Maner, sb. manor, PP ; manere, P, 
Voc; manoir, PP ; maners, //., farms, 
possessions, W; maneres, P. — AF. 7/iafiere, 


mailer, manoir ; Late Lat. maiicriitm (Du- 
cange . 

Manere, sb. a kind, sort, also manner, 
custom, S, S2, C, P ; maneir, S2 ; maner, 
S3, C, P ; measure, moderation, \V ; man- 
ers, />/., S2. Phr. : of manere, in his be- 
ha\iour, C2 ; xuaner doctrine, kind of 
doctrine, C2 ; maner thing', maner ser- 
geant, maner wyse, maner wyght, Ca. 
— AF. ?iiaitcrc; Late Lat. inaturia, a kind, 
species (DucangeV 

Maugen, Mangerie; see Mann- 

g'en, Maungerye. 

KCanicle, sh. manacle, Cotg. ; manycle. 
Prompt. ; manakelle, Cath. ; manykils, 
pi., H. — AF. iiianiclc; Lat. viaiiicida, 
dimin. of manica, glove, handcuff. 

SEaniple, sb. a scarf-like ornament worn 
about the left wrist of a sacrificing priest 
(Cotg.). — OF. vianopU (Cotg.). 

Slailke, sb. mancus, a piece of money, 
S ; Low Lat. mancus (Ducange). 

Kanliclie, adj. humane, P; manly, 
adv., boldly, 82, G ; monluber, comp., S. 

ISffansed, //■ excommunicated, cursed, 
P; monsede, PP. — For amansed; AS. 
amdnsed. See Amansien. 

SEansion, sb. mansion (a term in astro- 
logy), C2. — AF. mansion ; Late Lat. 7na?i- 

IKCantel, sb. mantle, S ; mentil, \Y2. — 
AF. man* el. 

IMCantelet, sb. a little mantle, C. — OF. 
mantelet ^Cotg.\ 

Slantled, //. covered, adorned with 
flowers, S3 ; i-mantlet, mantled, S. 

DlCanye, adj. many, PP ; manige, S ; 
manije, S ; manie, mani, S ; moni, S, 
S2 ; mony, S. Comb. : manifeald, mani- 
fold, S ; manifald, S ; manig°efold, S ; 
monifald, moniuold, S ; manifseldlice, 
manifold, S ; monyvolde, S2 ; monimon, 
S2 ; monion, S2 ; mani^'-wliatt, many a 
subject, S ; manywhat, S2. — AS. 7}ianig. 

Marchaundise, sb. merchandise, traf- 
fic, PP; marchaandye, S2. — AF. mar- 

Marchannt, sb. merchant, PP; mar- 
chantz, //., S2 ; marclians, PP. — AF. 
marchant, inerchaunt, OF. marcheant, tnar- 
ceant (Bartsch) ; Late Lat. mercatantcm, 
see Brachet. 

Marche, sb. the month of March, 
Prompt. ; mershe, S2. — Late Lat. marcius 
(Prompt.) ; Lat. martins, the month of 



Marche, sh. a border of a territon.-, dis- 
trict, province, PP, Cath. Comb. : march- 
parti, border-country, S3. — AF. marche. 

Marchen, v. to border, SD ; marcheth 
to, borders on, S2. 

Marchen, v. to march, go, PP. — OF. 
iitarchcr (^Cotg.). 

Mare, adj. camp, greater. S ; see More. 

Marewe, sb. morning, S2 ; seeMorwe. 

Margarite, sb. pearl, Cath., W, W2 ; 
margrite, \\ A ; margery, Prompt. ; 
margaritis,//., W. Comb.: margerye- 
perles, pearls, S2, PP, Palsg. — Lat. mar- 
gariia t\ ulg.) ; Gr. fiapyapirrji. 

Marie, z'. to give in marriage, PP 
marieden, pt. pi., were married, PP 
maried, PP ; y-maried, PP. — OF. marier 
Lat. maritare. 

Marie, inter/, marrj- 1 i. e. by S. Mary ! 
C3 ; mari, PP. 

Mark, sb. a coin, Prompt., C3, PP; 
marke, PP ; mark,//., C3 ; marc, S3. — 
AF. marc; cp. Low Lat. marca (Ducange"/. 

Markis, sb. marquis, C2. — AF". inarchis; 
Low Lat. marchensis, the governor of the 
marches or frontiers. See Marche. 

Markisesse, sb. marchioness, C2. 

Marie, sb. marl, creta, Cath., Voc. ; 
marie, marga, Manip. ; marl, chalk. 
Prompt. — OF. marie (mod. marni\ ; Late 
Lat. margila ; dimin. of marga (Pliny). 

Marl-pytte, sb. chalk-pit. Prompt. 

Marlyd, adj. cretatus, Prompt. ; y- 
marled, S2. 

Marschal, sb. marshal, steward, C, 
PP ; marchal, PP ; marschall, B ; mars- 
challe, Cath. ; mareschal, PP. — AF. 
>nareschal {marchal^ ; Low Lat. maris- 
calcus ; OHG. maraschalh, a horse- 
servant ; OHG. marah + OHG. schalh : 
Goth, skalks. See Mere. 

Martre, sb. marten, a kind of weasel. 
SkD.— OF. martre. Cf. Mer«. 

Martrik, sb. marten, S3 ; mertrik, JD. 

Martryn, sb. marten's fur, HI) ; mar- 
terns, //., HD; marterons, HD ; ma- 
trons, HD. 

Martyr, sb. mart)T, Cath. — AF. martir; 
Church Lat. martyr i,Vulg.) ; Gr. fiaprvp. 

Martyr, v. to torment, Cath. ; mar- 
tyre, C. — AF. martirer. 

Martyrdome, sb. torment, martyrdom, 
Cath. ; martirdam, C. 

Mary, sb. marrow, C, C3, Prompt., 
Cath. \^n) ; marghe, Cath. ; mergh, H ; 



merghe, Cath. (ti), II ; mar?, Cath. (n) ; 
merowj, W2 ; merowis, //., W2. — AS. 


Masclien, v. to mash, beat into a 
conlusLil mass ; maschyn (in bre\ving\ 
Trompt. ; meshe, S.— Cp. MHG. vtcisch; 
see Kluge. 

BCase, sl>. maze, confusion, a wild fancy, 
confused throng, P, S2, C. 

Mased, //. confused, bewildered, WA, 
PP, Si, C3. 

Masednesse, sb. amaze, C2. 

Maseliche, ^^Jv. confusedly, SkD (s.v. 
maze '. 

Maselin, sb. a kind of drinking-cup, 
sometimes made of was/in, HD ; maselyu, 
C2. See Mestling. 

Massage, sb. message, S3 • see Message. 

Masse, sb. mass, P ; see Messe. 

Mast, most, S2 ; see Most. 

Mastil^On, sb. mixtilio, a mixture of 
wheat and rye, Cath.; mastlyone, HD 
{s.v. masliii); mastline, ND; mestlyone, 
mixtilio, Prompt. — Late Lat. mcstillionein, 
mistilionem, viestilonem, see Dueange (s.v. 
mixium'), also viixtilioncm (Voc.) ; cp. 
OF. ?)iestcil{7neteir\nCoig.). Cp.Mestling'. 

Mat, p(. s. measured, W ; see Meteu. 

Mate, adj. defeated utterly, confounded, 
exhausted, dispirited, B, Ski) ; mat, C3 ; 
maat, C, S3. — OF. jtiai ; Arab. Jiidt, dead 
(used in chess). 

Mate, sb. checkmate, S3. 

Maten, v. to checkmate, defeat, con- 
found, S3, HD; matyn. Prompt.— OF. 

Matere, sb. material, stuff, matter, sub- 
ject, S2, C, C2, C3, PP ; mater, PP ; ma- 
teere, C, PP ; matiere, S2 ; materie, S2. 
— OF", viatere; Lat. materia. 

Ma'Selen, v. to talk, S.— AS. i}iaSe!ian, 
to harangue, from mirSel, council, meeting ; 
cp. Goth, ntathljaii, to speak, from ma/IiI, 
a meeting-place, market, also Icel. mcela, 
from tndl; herewith is connected Low Lat. 
mallum, parliament. 

Ma'Sein, sb. treasure, SD ; madmes,//., 
S. — AS. mdSum {rnddm). 

Matrimoyne, sb. matrimony, C ; ma- 
termoyn, H. — AF. matrimonie ; Lat. t?ia- 

Mangre, prep, in spite of, S2, S3, C, 
C2 ; mang-ree, S2 ; mawgre, C ; maw- 
greith, PP. — OF. maugre (F. malgre) ; 
Lat. malum + gratum. 


Mangre, sb. illwill, PP; mawgre, S2, 
P ; mawgry, Cath. ; magger, S3. JVir. : 
in the magger of, in spite of, S3; addylle 
mawgry, dcnieritare, Cath. 

Maumet, sb. idol, puppet, doll, ND, S2, 
PP ; miawmet,W, JI ; m.awment. Prompt., 
Cath. ; mawmez, mawmex, //., S ; mau- 
mettis, W; maumetys, miawmetis, //., 
H ; mammets, Sh. — OF. mahiimel, idol, 
also Muhammed. See Mahonn. 

Maumettrie, sb. idolatry, Mahomet- 
anism, S2 ; maumettrye, C3 ; mawmetry, 
H ; mawm.etrye, PP ; mawmentrye. 
Prompt. ; maumentry, WA. 

Maunciple, sb. purveyor, C, C3 ; 
ciple, S. — OF. inaucipe: Olt. mancipio, 
slave, vassal, bailiff, manciple ; Lat. Jiian- 
cipium, slave, properly possession, property. 
For the intrusive /, see Crouicle. 

Maundee, sb. maundy, the washing of 
the disciples' feet, PP.— OF. inaude; Church 
Lat. ?nandatum, the foot-washing (Du- 
eange) ; Lat. mandatum, something com- 
manded. See Mandeu. 

Mauudement, sb. commandment. W, 
PP; maundemens, //., S2. — OF. mande- 
ment (Cotg.). 
Maungen, v. to eat, PP; maunged, 

//., P; i-maunget, S2 ; manged, PP. — 

OF. ?nangicr\ Lat. inayidiicare. 
Maungerye, sb. a feast, PP ; man- 

gerie, PP ; mangerye, G. — AF. man- 

Mavis, sb. the thrush, Cotg. ; mavice, 

Prompt. ; mavys, Palsg. ; mavyss, S3. — 

OF. maiivis (Cotg.) ; cp. It. 7naluiccio 

Mawe, sb. maw, stomach, C2, C3, \V2, 

PP ; maw, PP ; maglie { = vulva], H. — ■ 

AS. maga (Voc). 
Mawe, Mayct ; see Msei. 
May, sb. the month of May, PP ; mey, 

S2. — OF mai; Lat. tnaiits. 
May, .fi^. a virgin, S2, S3, C3, PP, JD.~ 

AS. mdg, ' (cognata) femina, virgo ; ' see 

Grein. Cf. Maei. 
May, pr. s. may, can, S2 ; see MseL 
May, adj. comp. pi. more in number, B ; 

see Mo. 
Mayde, sb. maid, PP, SkD; maide, 

PP, S ; meide, S ; mede, S. 
Mayden, sb. maiden, PP; maydene, 

PP ; meideu, S, SkD ; maeiden, S ; may- 
denes, //., bachelors and spinsters, PP; 

maidenes, S ; maydnes, S. — AS. mceden 

(Voc), mcEgdcn (Grein). 

Maydenhod e \ sl>. virginity, Pr, C; 

maydenliede, C3 ; meidenlied, SkD. 

Ma3rtL, sb. strength, S3, G, PP, B; 
main, S : mane, B. — AS. magen ; cp. Icel. 

]IIayiie, sb. a company, S2 ; mayny, 
Sj ; see Meyne. 

S(Ea3rilfnl, aJJ. powerful, SD ; mein- 
fule, S. 

Majnt^e, sb. mayor. PP ; maire, PP ; 
meyr. Prompt.; maires, //., P; meires, 
S2, PP ; meyris, chief justices, W. — AF. 
fneyre, metre, vieir, maire ; Lat. maiorem, 

IVCayster, sb. master, S, C, 82 ; mays- 
tyr, Prompt.; maister. S, C, C2, S2 ; 
maistre, P; meister, S; maistres. //., 
S2, G. P; maistris, W2. — OF. maistre; 
Lat. magistrnm. 

Mayster, adj. chief; maister, C, C2 ; 
meister, S. — OF. maistre. 

Kaysterfol, adj. powerful ; maistir- 
ful. W . 

Slaystresse, sb. mistress, Prompt.; 
maistresse, S2, C2. — OF. maistresse 

Maystrye, sb. mastery. Prompt., PP, 
S2 ; miaistri e\ S2, W2 ; maistry, S3 ; 
maistre, C ; meystry, S2 ; m.astry, B. — 
OF. rnaistn'e. 

He, conj. but, S, SD. — Cp. OLG. jnen. 

HEe, proti. indcf. a man, one, people, PP, 
S, S2, S3, W; see Men. 

Slearren, v. to mar, S ; see Merren. 

Mebles, sb. pi. moveable property, PP ; 
see Mobyle. 

]S(Eede, sh. mead the drink), C2, Prompt. ; 
methe, SkD ; metli, CM. — AS. meodii 
(see Sievers, 106 ; cp. Gr. fxtOv. 

Hede, sb. mead, meadow, S, C, PP ; 
medewe. Prompt. Comb. : medwe-g^rene, 
green as a meadow, S2. — AS. mted (pi. 
mid-wa) ; see Sievers, 259. 

SEede, sb. reward, bribery, S, S2, S3, 
^V2, P ; meede, S2, G ; meed, S3 ; meede, 
C, W. Comb. : med-;ieme, yearning for 
reward, S; medyome, S. — AS. mcd: 
OMerc. meord (^OET) : Goth, mizdo ; see 
Sievers, iSi. 

Meden, v. to reward, PP, Prompt. 

IKEedlee, adj. mixed in colour, C ; 
medle. Prompt. — 0F\ medle, mesle. Cf. 

Medlen, ~'. to mix, Prompt., C3, \V2, 
W ; mell, S3 ; melland,/r./., B ; melles, 



pr. J'., H ; mellede, //. s., S2; mellid, 
PP; mellit, //., S3; y-meUed, S2 ; y- 
medled, S3. — OF. medlcr, meslcr; Late 
Lat. miscitlai e, from miscere. 

ISedlynge, sb. mixture, joining ; medd- 
lyng'e, \\ , \<2 ; mellyng^, mingling, fight- 
ing, S2. 

Iffedwe-greiie, adj. green as a meadow, 
S2 ; see Mede. 

Meel, sb. a stated time, meal, C, C3 ; 
mel. S ; va.e\e,jl., meal-times, .S ; meeles, 
S2,PP; meles,PP.— AS. wi/: Goth.wJ/; 
see Sievers, 1 7. 

Keideu, sb. maiden, S ; see Mayden. 

Meined, //. mixed, S2 ; meint, S3 ; 
see Menken. 

]||[eillfTlle, adj. powerful, S ; see Mayn- 

IVCeire, sb. mayor, S2 ; see Mayre. 

IVEeister, adj. chief, S ; see Mayster. 

]Sffeister, sb. master, S ; see Mayster. 

Meistre, sb. mistress, S. 

3fl!eistreil, v. to be master of, S. 

]S([ei'S-liad, sb. virginity ; mei^liades, 
gen., S. — AS. mcegSJidd, from mirgS, ^^rgin, 
woman: Goth, magaths ; see Sievers, 49. 

Meke, adj. meek, C, C2, Prompt.; meoc, 
S. — Icel. mjiikr, soft. 

Mekely, adv. meekly. Prompt. ; mekly, 
S2 ; meoclij, S. 

BXeken, v. to render meek, to humble, 
S2. S3, W, \V2, P, Prompt. 

ISffekenesse, sb. softness, clemency, 
Prompt. ; meknes, S2 ; meocnesse, S. 

Mekil, adj. much, S3 ; see Mochel. 

]SCel, sb. a meal, S ; see Meel. 

Melden, v. to show, SD ; meld, to ac- 
cuse, S2. — As. meldian (Voc); cp. OfiG. 
meldon ^Otfrid). 

KEele, sb. meal, ground com, S, PP. — 
AS. vieoht ^Sievers, 249; ; cp. OHG. melo 

IXCelen, v. to speak, to converse, PP, 
S2, WA; meUeth, /r. s., P; meUud, 
//. s., P. — AS. {ge')m(iian. 

Mell, V. to mix, mingle, meddle, fight 
with, B, S3, H, ^VA ; see Medlen. 

ISSell^, sb. an affray, contest, medley, 
B. — OF. mellee, meslee. Cf. Medlee. 

Mellere, sb. miller, C ; see Mylnere. 

IVEel-stan, sb. mill stone, S; see Mylle. 

Melten, v. to melt, PP; molte.//. J., 
S3. — AS. meltan, pt. s. mealt {mii/i), fl. 
midton, pp. molten. 




MembrC, sl>. member, limb, PP. — AF. 
vUDibyc ; Lat. nic»ili>um. 

Men, fro?!. inJcf. a man, one, people, 
PP, S2 ; me, S. See Man. 

Mene, adj. common, poor, mean, PP, 
S3 ; jneane, S. — AS. {ge)wi)ie, common. 

lyiene, aJj. mean, middle, S2, C3 : 
iueyjie,Cath. Comb.: menewhilc, mean- 
whik-, S2; menewhiles, S2.— AF. tiune; 
OF. viciain (F. moyen); Lat. mcdianum. 

Mene, sb. a mean, mediator, PP, HD ; 
meane, S3; menes,//., means, S2, C3, P. 
See above. 

Menen, v. to mean, signify, to intend, 
PP, S, CM, S2, \VA. 

lyienen, v. to remember, H, HD ; 
meyne, B. 

HXenen, v. to complain, lament, be- 
moan, S2, PP, WA ; meyne, B ; menys, 
pr. J., S3 ; menyt, //. s., S2 : ment, S2. — 
AS. }n<£naji, to make moan, complain. See 

SSengen, v. to commemorate, mention, 
remember, PP, WA ; mung^e, PP ; 
mineg-en, S; mengen here, v. rcfi. to 
remember herself, reflect, PP. — AS. {ge)- 
myiicgian, to remember, remind. 

Mengen, v. to mix, PP, H, S2 ; ming- 
en, S3; myngen, W; myngide, //. s., 
\V ; meynde, S ; mssingde, S ; i-mengd, 
//., S; meynd, S, S2, W ; meined, S2 ; 
meint, S3 ; meynt, S3 ; ment, S3 : y- 
mengd, S2 ; y-meynd, C ; i-meind, S. — 
AS. {gc)mcugan. 

Mennesse, sb. commiinion, fellowship, 
S2. See Mene. 

Mennisc, o-f^j- hiimanus, SD ; man- 
nish, man-lilce, C3. — AS. memiisc, man- 
nish, human ; cp. Icel. incnnskr. 

Mennisscle55C, sb. hxamanit)^ S. 

Mennisscnesse, sb. humanity, S. 

Menske, sb. honom-, dignity among 
men, S, S2, HD ; mensk, S2, B; mensc, 
favour, S2. — Icel. jncnnska, humanity. 

Menstelye, aJv. worthily, reverently, 
S2 ; menstly, B. 

Mensken, v. to honour. S, HD, S2, P. 

Menskful, adj. worshipful, noble, S2. 

Menskfully, adv. honourably, B. 

Menstralcye, .*■''■'. minstrelsy, C ; see 

Ment ; see Menen (3) and Mengen. 

Mentil, sb. mantle, W2 ; see Mantel. 

Menusen, v. to minish, make less, SkD, 
WW, CM ; minyshe, S3.— AF. mcnuser, 


OF. menuisicr ; Late Lat. 7ni?uitiare, from 
viinutus, lessened. 

Menynge, sb. meaning, signification, 
intention. PP. 

Menyng.e), sb. remembrance, mention, 

Menyng^e), sb. complaining, pp. 

Men^e, a company, S2 ; menjhe, S2 ; 
see Meyne. 

Meobles, sb. pL, moveable property, 
PP ; see Mobyle. 

Meoc, adj. meek, S ; see Meke. 

Meocle^^C, sb. meekness, S. — Icel. 
mjitklcikr, nimbleness. 

Meocnesse, •"''. meekness, S ; see 

Mercy, sb. mercy. Prompt. ; merci, S ; 
mercy, ;your) pardon, P. — AF. nicrci, OF. 
mcnid; Late Lat. tnercedem, a gratuity, 
pity, mercy; in Lat. pay, reward. 

Mercyable, adj. merciful, C2, PP. 

Mercyen, v. to thank, PP, S2 ; mer- 
cien, to amerce, fine, PP.— OF. ?nercier, 
to thank. 

Mercyment, sb. amercement, fine, P, 
Prompt., Cath. — Late Lat. merciarnentiun. 

Mere, adj. famous, S ; mare, S. — AS. 
mcere {jnire) : Goth, rncrs ; see Fick (7. 
233I, and Sievers, 17. 

Mere, sb. a mare, S2, C, Cath. ; meere, 
Prompt. — AS. mere, f. of mearh, horse ; cp. 
Olr. mare. 

Mere, sb. limit, boundary. S2 ; meer. 
Prompt. Comb. : mere-stane, boundary 
stone, Cath.— AS. {ge)ma:re. 

Mere, sb. sea, a mere. Prompt., WA. 
Comb. : mere-mayd, mermaid, siren, CM ; 
mermayde, C ; mere-swin, porpoise, SD ; 
mersuine, //., S2. — AS. mere, sea, lake: 
OHG. mari; cp. Goth, marei. 

Merels, sb. pi. merelles, or nine men's 
morris, S3. — OF. ?nereUes (Cotg.) ; tuerel 
i^Ducange ; cp. Low Lat. merellus. meral- 
lus, a counter, token, a piece in draughts 
(^Ducange) ; see Brachet. 

Merghe, sb. marrow, H, Cath. (n) ; see 

Merghid, //. full of marrow, H. 

Meridional, adj. southern, C2.— OF. 
meridional {ilotg.). From Lat. meridies, 

Merke, adj. dark, mirk, murky, PP, 
CM, S2, H ; mirke, S, S2, H ; myrk, S2, 
H ; merk, PP ; meerk, PP.— AS. myrce, 
mirce, mure ; cp. Icel. myrkr, Dan. viork. 


"SLevke, sl>. darkness, PP. 

Ifferkenesse, sl>. darkness. PP ; mirk- 
enes, S2, H ; myrknes, S2, H. 

Merle, sk blackbird, S3, ND.— OF. 
merle (^Cotg.' ; Lat. nurida. 

Merling, sh. the whiting, S2, Manip., 
Cotg. ; merlyngfe, Prompt. — OF. merlan 
(Cotg.), from Lat. mcrida (cp. Late Lat. 
mcrulii in Voc. 642. 13^. 

IVCerlion, sb. merlin, a small hawk, CM ; 
merlyone, Prompt. ; marliu, Cotg. — OF. 
csmerillon (Cotg.), dimin. of *esmerle; 
cp. It. smerlo (Florio), G. schmerl. 

Hermayde, sb. mermaid, C ; see 
Mere, sb. ,3). 

Ifferren, v. to mar, S ; mearren, S ; 
marre, PP ; va.eTTiS, pr. fl., S. — AS. ffter- 
ran ^in compounds) : OS. mcrrian, to hin- 
der : OHG. marrjan : Goth, marzjan. 

3IIersclie, sb. marsh, SkD ; merslie, 
dat.. .S. — AS. vicrsc. 

SEerslie, sb. March, S2 ; see Marclie. 

DSersuine, sb. pi. porpoises, S2 ; see 
Mere, sb. ,3). 

Merthe, sb. mirth, PP ; see Murthe. 

IXCerueile, sb. marvel, wonder, PP ; 
jnerueyle, S2 ; memaille, C2 : mervaylle, 
C. — OF. 7>tcrvcille ; Lat. tnirabilia (n. pi.). 

Merueillous'e), adj. mar4-ellous, C2, 
PP.— OF. mcrveUlos. 

3ffery, adj. merry, cheerful, pleasant, 
PP ; merie, S, C, C2 ; merye, W2 ; miri, 
S ; mirye, CM ; myry. Prompt. ; myrie, 
\V2 ; murine', S, C ; merie, adv., S2, C2 ; 
mnryer, comp., P; myriest, siiperL, S2. 
Comb. : merimake, merrymaking, S3 ; 
merie men, followers, C2 ; myry tottyr, a 
merry totter, swing, Prompt. ; m.yry weder, 
pleasant weather. Prompt. ; mery weder, 
Prompt. («), Bardsley (p. 473). — AS. mcrg 

]VCes-, prefix ; mis- ; mys-. — OF. mes- ; 
Lat. minus, see Constans. 

Mesauentur, sb. misadventure, S ; 
m.esauiiture, S2 ; misauenture, C2, C3. 

Meschaiince, sb. mischance, S2, C, 
C2, P; myschaunce, .S2. 

KCescheTiexi, v. to come to mischief, 
SI) ; mischeefe, Jest mere, Manip. 

Mescllief, sb. ill-fortune, C ; myscMef, 
82, P; ■mlsch.i.eie.fiagitium, Manip. 

SSeseise, sb. discomfort, PP, S2 ; mis- 
eise, PP ; myseise, PP, S2, W ; m.yseese, 
W ; myseyse, adj., uneasy, P ; mesaise, 
sb., S. 



Meseiste, sb. poverty; myseiste, \V2. 

Mesel, sb. leper, CM, PP, W.— AF. 
mesel; Late Lat. viiscllits, leper (^Ducange), 
dimin. of Lat. miser, wretched. 

Meselrye, sb. leprosy, Cath. («) ; me- 
sylery, Voc. — OF. meselkrie,\t^xosy (Uu- 
cange\ Ste above. 

IMEeSOn-dexi, sb. hospital, PP ; maison- 
dewe, Cath. ^>i), HD ; masyndewe, Cath. ; 
mesondieuz, //., P. — OF. maison Dieii, 
hospital i^Cotg.). 

Message, sb. mission, message, mes- 
senger, S2, C3 ; massag°e, S3. — AF. 7hcs- 
sagc; Late Lat. missaticiim (Brachet). 

Messager, sb. messenger, S2, C, C2, 
C3, G, PP ; masager, PP ; messanger, 
PP. — AF. ??iessager. 

Messe, sb. mass, S, P ; mess, S3 ; 
masse, P ; miesses,//., P. Comb. : messe- 
Ijok, mass-book, S ; messe-cos, mass-kiss, 
S ; msesse-dsei, mass-day, S ; messe-gere, 
mass-gear, S ; masse-peuy, mass-fee, S3 ; 
massepans, //., P. — AS. masse; Church 
Lat. missa. 

IlXeste, adj. sitperl. greatest, chief, S, 
Si ; meste, C2 ; see Most. 

Mester, sb. art, trade, occupation, PP, 
C, CM ; mestier, PP, HD; meister, S; 
meoster, S ; myster, PP, B ; mister, B ; 
misteir, B. Phr. : mester men, sort of 
men, C. — OF. and AF. juestcr, mestier, 
occupation, business, need ; Lat. Tuinis- 
teriiim, see Brachet (s.v. metier). 

Mester, sb. need, want; mister, S2, 
B, HD, Cath.; myster, C, B; mysteir, 
S2 ; mystur, HD ; mystir, B ; mystere, 
HD, H. The same word as above, see 
XQ(6. 4. 161). 

Mestling, sb. a kind of mixed metal, 
Cath. (/. 230, n. 3) ; masalyne, Cath.— 
AS. fUiEstling 'mcestlitic, ' auricalcos,' Voc). 
Cf. Maselin. 

Mestling, sb. mixed com, Cath. (/. 
230, n. 3 ) ; m.astlyn, HD ; masslin, Cotg. 
(s.v. metail); maslin, HD; meslin, 
Prompt. (/. 335 w\ Cotg. (s.v. iramois); 
messling, Cotg. Cf Mastiljon. 

Mesurable, adj. moderate, C, C2, C3, 
P ; mesurabul, S2. 

Mesure, sb. measure, moderation, S2, 
C2, PP ; mesur, S2, B; meosure. S. — 
AF. mesure; Lat. mensura. 

Met, sb. measure, moderation, S ; mete, 
dat.. S; meete, S2. — AS. {_ge)met. Cf. 

Mete, adj. meet, fitting, close-fitting, 82, 
L 2 



S3, Prompt.— AS. mite, tight-fitting; cp. ' 
{gc^vict, meet, fit, see SkD. 

Mete, sb. food, a meal, feast, S, S2, C, 
\V.'. ri' ; meteu, //., S; meetis, Wi. 
Comb. : mete-graces, graces at meat, S ; 
mete-niKinges, meat-niggards, S. — AS. 
mctc (OKT): Goth, mats, from maljan, 
to eat ; see Sievers, 263. 

Metels, sb. dream, vision, W ; meteles, 
n*. See below. 

Meten, v. to dream, CM, PP, S ; meet- 
en, S2, PP; mette, //. s., C2, P; met, 
//., C.^AS. niiMtan. 

Meten, v. to paint, design, SD ; metedd, 
//., S. 

Meten, v. to meet, PP; mette, /;*. s., 
S. — AS. nu'tan : OS. 7n6tian. From AS. 
/not. See Moot. 

Meten, v. to mete, measure, S2 ; meete, 
\V2 ; mete, P ; met, S2 ; m.eten, pr. pi., 
W; miat, //. s., W. — AS. {ge)mctaji; cp. 
Goth, iiiitaii, see Sievers, 19. 

Mete-wand, •f/'. a measuring stick, WW. 

Mete-yarde, sb. measuring-rodj S3, 

Meth, adj. mild, courteous, HD; methe, 

Meth., sb. moderation, mildness, S, S2, 
WA ; m.eaU, S ; mepe, S2. — AS. viced, 

Methes-Chele, sb. marten's skin, S. — 
AS. nicarS (Voc). 

MeS-ful, adj. moderate, S. 

Met$-les, adj. immoderate ; mepelez, 

Metrete, sb. measure, W. — Lat. /nclreta 

Metyng'e), sb. dreaming, PP ; 
inge, S. — AS. mating (Grein). 

Metynge, sb. measuring, measure ; met- 
ing-e. Si. 

Meuen, v. to move, suggest, PP; 
meued, //., S3; see Houen. 

Mewe, sb. a coop for fowls, C, C2, 
Manip. ; miie, SD. — OF. 7iiue, a coop for 
fowls, the moulting of feathers (Cotg.). 
See below. 

Mewen, v. to mew, moult, SkD, Cotg. 
— OF. vmcr (Cotg.) ; Lat. mutare, to 
change. Cf Moutiu. 

Mey, sb. May, S2 ; see May. 

Meyn, sb. intent, S3 ; mein, JD. See 

Meyn, v. to remember, be mindful of, 

B ; meyne, B ; see Meuen. 


Meyne, "v. to moan, lament, B; see 

Meyne, sb. household, retinue, train, 
company, .S2, S3, C, W, PP; meynee, C2, 
W2 ; meyny, S2 ; mayne, S2 ; mayny, 
S2, S3 ; meine, S2 ; menje, S2, II, Cath. ; 
menjhe, S2 ; meany, S3 ; meny. Prompt. ; 
meynes, //., W ; meynees, W2; men;es, 
men5is, H. — OF. mcisncc, iiiaisncc; Fow 
Lat. maisnada, *mansionala, from Lat. 

Meyneal, adj. homely, W ; of one's 
household, W2 ; menyall, SkD ; mey- 
neals, sb. pL, they of the household, W2. 
See above. 

Meynpernour, sb. a taker by the hand, 
bail, surety, P. — AF. meynpcrnottr. 

Meynprise, sb. a taking by the hand, 
bail, security, P ; maynpris, G. ■ — AF. 

Meynprise, "v. to be surety for, pp. 

Meyntene, v. to support, abet (in an 
action at law), P, S2 ; mayntene, to main- 
tain, C, P. — AF. mcyntener. 

Meyntenour, sb. supporter, PP.— AF. 


Miche, adj. much, S2 ; see Mocbe. 

Mid {\),prep. with, S, S2 ; myd, S, S2, 
P ; mit, S ; mide, S. S2 ; myde, 82. Comb. : 
mitte (mit 'pe^, with the, S2 ; mitte ^mit 
pe), with thee, S ; mid-al, withal, S ; mid- 
alle, altogether, S ; mid-iwisse, certainly, 
S ; mid-ywisse, S ; myd-iwisse, S. — AS. 

Mid (2) adj. mid, SD. Comb. : mid- 
morwen, mid-morning, S ; mid-morwe- 
tide, SD; mid-ouernon, middle of the 
afternoon ; hei midouernon, fully the 
middle of the afternoon, S2 ; midewinter, 
Christmas, S2 ; midwinterdaei, sb. dat., 
Christmas-day, S ; midwinter- day, S2 ; 
mid-vrard, middle, S2. — AS. mid-. 

Middel, adj. and sb. middle, waist, SkD, 
S, S2, C ; myddel, PP ; myddil, W ; myd- 
deleste, superl., G. Comb. : middel-nijte, 
midnight, S. — AS. middel, sb. 

Middel-erd, sb. the middle abode, the 
world, S ; middeleard, S ; myddelerd, S, 
PP; midelerd, S; mydlerd, S2, PP ; 
mydelerd, PP ; medlert, JD.— Cp. OS. 
middilgard, OHG. mittila gart (Tatian). 
Cf Middeneard. 

Midden-eard, sb. the middle abode, 
the abode of men, S ; middenserd, S ; 
middenard, S ; midenarde, dat., S. — AS. 
middan-card lor middan-gcard, ' middle 


enclosure' (OET\the earth situated between I 
heaven and hell, see Sweet, and Sievers, 
214, n. 5; cp. Goth. miJJungards, Icel. 
viidgartSr. See CV., and Grimm, Teut. 
M. p. 794. 

Hiddes, only in phr. : in middes. in 
the midst, PP ; in J>e myddes, PP, S2 ; 
in (fro 1)6 myddis, PP, S3, \V, \V2; in 
the mydis, \V2. — From mui, adj. The 
-es gives the phrase an adverbial force. The 
older forms Jn Layamon) are a middc, a 
midden : AS. on iniddan. 

Midwif, -'■'''• midwife, SD, SkD ; myd- 
wyf. SkD ; mydwyfe, Prompt. ; mydewyf. 
SkD ; medwyfe, Cath. ; medewife, SkD ; 
medewyues. //., S2. See Mid i). 

Mightand,/'-. /•, as adj. having might, 

Mihel, sb. Michael. SD ; My;liele. HD ; 
Mihil. XD.— Church Lat. Michael i^Vulg.', 
from the Heb. 

IKEiliel-IIiasse, sb. Michaelmas, SD ; 
Milielmas, XD ; Uyhelmasse, PP ; Mis- 
seliuasse, S2. 

IVTiht, ^ /''. s- ma vest, S ; see Msei. 

Millte, pt. s. might, S ; micte, S ; 
michte. S ; migte, S ; see Mahte. 

miJsel, 'idj. and adz'. great, much, S, 
S2 ; see Mnchel. 

Milce, sb. mercy, S, S2, HD ; mylce, 
S ; milclie, S. — AS. milts, from niille, 
mild, gentle ; see Sievers, 198, 4. 

Uilcien, v. to show mercy, S ; milcenn, 
S ; milsien, S. — AS. milsian, miltsian. 

IKCilde, adj. mild, S, S2 ; myld, S. 
Comb. : mild.heorte, merciful in heart, 
SD ; mild-heorted, S ; milde-herted, S2 ; 
mild-herrtle;;c. mildheaitedness, compas- 
sion, S ; mild-heortnesse, clemency, S ; 
mildliertnesse, S. — AS. milde. 

Miles, sb. pi., animals, S2. — Cf. W. 
7nil, an animal, beast; miled, a wild 
animal (W.W.S.). 

min, pron. pass, my, S, S2 ; myn, S, 
C2, PP ; mi, S, S2 ; mines, ^tv/., S ; mine, 
dat., S ; mire, gen. and dat.f., S ; mynen, 
//., \V2. Phr. : myn one, by myself, 
alone, PP. — AS. ?nin. 

Min, sb. memory, S2 ; see Mynne. 

Mines, 2 pr. s. rememberest, S2 ; see 

Minion, sb. a favourite, a lover, Sh. 
TG, XD ; bellulus, Manip. ; minyons, //., 
S3. — OF. mignon (Cotg.) ; cp. It. mignone 



Minion, adj. small, pretty ; mynyon, 
XD ; mynionly, adv. delicately, XD. 

Mint,/''- s. purposed, S ; see Munten. 

-mint, suffix. — AS. mynt, -mynd: Goth. 
-mundipa, see Sievers, 255, 3. Cf. Wnrth- 

Minute, sb. a mite, moment of time, 
HD ; mynnte. Prompt. ; mynntis, //., 
small pieces of money, W. Comb. : myn- 
ntwhile, PP ; myntwMle, PP ; mynte- 
while, PP. — Lat. minutiun (Vulg.). Cf. 

Minyshe, v- to minish, S3 ; see Men- 

Mire, sb. ant, S ; mowre, Cath. — Cp. 
Dan. tnyre, Icel. maitrr. 

Mire, my, gen. and dat.f. of Min. 

Mirky, adj. dark, H. See Merke. 

Mirre, sb. myrrh, S, PP ; mix, S2 ; 
murre, PP ; myrre, PP. — AS. myrrc ; 
Lat. myrrha (Vulg.; ; Gr. fivp^a. 

Mirye, (I'lj- meny^ CM ; see Mery. 

Mis, adv. amiss, S, C3 ; mys, PP ; 
mysse, S2. 

Mis-, prejix ; mys-, PP ; mysse-, PP. 
— AS. mis- ; Goth, missa-. Comb. : mis- 
bilene, suspicion, C3; misboden, injured, 
C, cm: ; misdede, misdeed, S, PP ; mis- 
departen, to divide amiss, C2 ; misdo, to 
do amiss, PP, S, S2, C2 ; misfaren, to be- 
have amiss, S ; mysfare, \o miscarry, PP ; 
misgouemaunce, misconduct, C2; mis- 
gyed, misguided, C.2 ; mys-happen, to 
meet with misfortune, PP ; myshopand, 
despairing, H ; misleuen, to believe wrong- 
ly, S ; misliken, to displease, to be dis- 
pleased, S, S2 ; misliTrJTig, displeasure, S2 ; 
myspay, to displease, H : misrede, to ad- 
^•ise ill, S ; misrempe, to go wide of the 
mark, S ; mysreule, to misgovern, S3, PP 
myssayde, abused, rebuked, slandered, PP 
misseid, S2 ; missemand, misemand 
unseemly, H ; misteo'Sien, to mistithe 
(mis-iteotSeget, S ; mistriste, to mis- 
trust, C3 ; mystnme, to pervert, W, W2. 

Mis-, prejix \of F. origin) ; see Mes-. 

Mislich, adj. various, S ; misliche, adv., 
S ; mistlice, S. — AS. mislic mistlic), va- 
rious, adv. mislice {mistlice, Grein). For 
insertion of/ see Sievers, 196, i. 

Misliclie, a<iv- badly, miserably, S ; 
missely, wrongly, S2. 

Misse, sb. want, lack, fault, S ; mysse, 
S, PP. 

Missen, v. to miss, SD ; mis, S2 ; 
myssep, //-. s., is without, PP. 



IVIister ; see Mester. 

IVIistiloker, «<''/• comp. more mystic, 
I'P ; mystiloker, I'P. 

BXisty, (liij. mystic, mysterious ; mysty, 
misliius. Prompt. ; mistier, comp., PP. 

IKEisty, adj. misty, iiclntlosus, Cath., 

SEite, sl>. a mite, small coin, thing of no 
value, C3, Cotg. (,s. v. rniuute) ; myte, PP ; 
viiiiutum, Cath., Prompt., \V\V. Comb. : 
mytewhile, a little while, PP. Cf Minute. 

Miteyn, sl>. mitten, glove, C3 ; see 

]SSith.eil, V. to conceal, S, SD. — AS. 
nnSan ; cp. OHG. {bi)miJa>t (^Tatian, 
P- 40.'^)- 

IVCix, sb. dung, S ; a vile wretch, S2. — 
AS. mix, mcox, vieohx, Goth, viaihstus ; 
cp. OHG. f)iist (Tatian). 

Mizzle, V. to rain slightly, S3, HD ; 
miselle, mysylle, p/iaa/are, Cath. 

nffo, adj. and adv. more, besides, others, 
S, S2, S3, C ; moo. S3 ; ma. S, S2 ; may,//., 
S3. — AS. md. (J/^ properly means more in 
number; w^?;-,? means greater in magnitude. 

]J(Cobyle, adj. moveable, S3 ; moebles, 
sb. pi., moveables, property, PP, C3 ; meo- 
bles, PP; metoles, PP.— OF. moblc, also 
7neublc 1 Cotg.) ; Lat. 7nobiUm. 

IKEoche, adj. and adv. great, much, S, 
S2, C2 ; see Mnche. 

Mochel ; see Muchel. 

Mod ; see Mood. 

Modder, sb. a young girl, ^Manip. ; 
moder, Prompt. 

Moder, sb. mother, S, S2, C, C3, PP; 
moderr, S ; modir, W ; modur, PP ; 
mooder, S2, C2, C3 ; muddir, S3 ; moder, 
gen., S2, PP; modres, C3, PP. Comb.: 
moder-'burli, metropolis, SD ; moder- 
child, mother's child, S ; modirles, 
motherless, W2. — AS. mddor: Lat. mdtcr; 
see Douse, p. 51. 

Modi5le55C, sb. pride, S. 

Modi^uesse, sb. pride, S. 

Mody, adj. spirited, ani?nosus, proud, 

PP, S2. 

Moeued, pt. s. moved, disturbed, C3 ; 
see Moueu. 

Moght,/A s. might, S2 ; see Mahte. 

Moicll, adj. close, muggy, S3, JD. 

Moile, V. to toil, to drudge, to defile, 
pollute, daub with dirt, SkD ; moillen, to 
wet, SkD ; moylynge, /;-. p., S3. — AF. 


moiler, moillcr, to wet ; Late Lat. *molli- 
are, from mollis, soft. 

Moillere, sb. woman, wife, PP ; muli- 
ere, PP ; moylere, P. — OF. moillicr, mu- 
illcr; Lat. mulicrcm; cp. AF. tnulier, 

Mok, sb. muck, filthy lucre, PP ; muk, 
PP ; muklie, Prompt. 

Moky, adj. misty, HD. Cf. Moicli. 

Molde, sb. crum.bling ground, earth, 
mould, S, S2, P. G ; moolde, PP ; mulde, 
\VA ; m.oldez, //., dry pieces of mould, 
S2. Phr. : on molde, on the earth, in the 
world, S2, PP. Comb. : molde-ale, a fu- 
neral ale or banquet, Promit. ; mnlde- 
mete, a funeral banquet, JD ; moldwerp, 
mole, mouldcaster, SkD ; moldwarp, Sh. ; 
moldewarpe, Cath. — AS. molde. Cf. Mull. 

Mole, sb. the moldwarp, talpa, Sh. ; 
mowle, S3 ; molle. Prompt. — This word 
is short for molde-zaarp. See above. 

Molte {/or moltj, pi. s. melted, S3 ; 
see Melten. 

Mom, sb. the least sound that can be 
made with closed lips, PP, S2 ; mum, S3. 

Momelen, v. to mumble, PP ; mam- 
ely, P. 

Mon, I pr. s. I must, B ; pr. s., B ; 2pr. s., 
S3 ; mone, mayest, S2 ; pr. s., shall, S2 ; 
man, i pr. s.,SD; 2 pr. pi., S2,B; mun, 
pr. s., S2, H. — Icel. viunu, ' debere,' pr. s. 
»!a)! (pi. mumi). 

Mon, sb. man, S ; see Man. 

Monclieil, v. to munch, Cath. {11), 
Palsg., SkD ; mouncli, Sh ; munche, CM 
(4. 145) ; maunohe, Palsg. (s. v. briffaull) ; 
manclie, Palsg. ; mouncliyng^e,/;'. /., S3. 
Comb. : mounch-present, HD ; maunclie- 
present, Palsg., HD (s. v. munch) ; mawn- 
che-preBande, sycophant, Cath. ; manch.- 
■g-seaeTaX,dorophagus, Cath. («). — Probably 
a variety of ME. 7>iaunge7t ; OF. manger. 
For che=ge cp. ME. cha7-che ; OF. charche 
= charge (see MD), also F. revancher = 0¥. 
revenger (SkD). 

Mone, sb. share, companion, S. — AS. 
{gejndna, ' societas ' (Voc). See Ymone. 

Mone, sb. moan, complaint, PP, S, S2 ; 
moone, PP, C ; moon, S2 ; mayn, B ; 
mayne, B, S3 ; mane, S2. 

Mone, sb. moon, S, S2, S3, P; a luna- 
tion, P; moyne, Cath., B; moyn, B. 
Comb. : mone-dsei, dies lii7iae, Monday, S ; 
moneday, S ; mone-licht, moonlight, S. — 
AS. 7n6na. 

Mone, sb. money, S2 ; see Moneye. 


Monek, si), monk, S2 ; see Monk. 

Ullonesteu, f- to teach, admonish, W, 
\\ 2, CM; moneishen, Cath. (« ; mon- 
ysclie, Cath. ; monest, //. //., ii. See 

SEonestyng, sf>. an admonition, W. 
^^'2, B; monyschyngfe, Cath. 

Moneth, sl>. month, S3, C, PP, B, WW, 
ND, Cath. ; moonep, Si, PP ; monythe, 
Prompt. ; monyth, S2 ; monethe, W ; 
monthe, PP ; monthe.//., C2 ; nionethia, 
\V. Co//w. : moueth-minde, a service in 
memory of the dead a month after decease, 
ND ; month-miiid, I ID ; montlis minde, 
ND ; months mind, a strong inclination, 
ND, Sh. — AS. monad, from i/iona, moon. 

])IIoneye, sb. money, C3, PP; mone, 
S2, PP. — AF. tnoneic, vioneye, mojice ; Lat. 

Sloneyeles, aJJ- moneyless, PP ; mone- 
lees, PP. 

Mong-COrn e^, sb. mixed com, S3, 
Prompt. ; moncorne, HD. See Mengen. 

SKoni, aJJ. many, S, S2 ; mony, S; see 

monk, sb. monk, PP ; monek, S2 ; 
munec, S ; muneces, //., S ; munekes, 
S ; monekes, S, S2 ; monkes, S. — AS. 
tnmicc ; Lat. monacluis ; Gr. /^o^axoJ, 

ISSonkrye, sb. monkery, the race of 
monks, S3. 

Monsede,//- cursed, PP ; seeDIansed. 

Moo- ; see also under Mo-. 

Illlood, sb. anger, pride, mind, C ; mod, 
S, S2 ; mode, dat., S, S2. — AS. tnod; cp. 
OHG. tnuot (Tatian). 

lHoode, sb. mud, S3 ; see Mud. 

Mool-bery, sb. mulberry, SkD ; mul- 
bery, Cath. — Cp. MHO. mu/beriG. tnatd- 
becre) ; OHG. murberi, morberi (the / in 
the later forms being due to dissimilation) ; 
see Kluge ; AS. m6r\ OHG. mor; Lat. 
morns. See More. 

Moot, sb. assembly, G. PP ; mot, PP. 
Comb. : moot-halle, hall of assembly, 
court, P, G, W ; mote-haUe, G, PP.— 
AS. mot. Cf. Mote. 

Moralitee, sb. morality, i. e. a moral 
tale, C3. — OF. moralite vCotg.). 

Mordre, sb. murder, C ; see Morther. 

More, sb. mulberry- tree; mours, //., 
W. Comb. : more-tre, mulberry-tree, W; 
moore-trees, //., \V2 ; mur-berien, pi. 
mulberries, Voc. — Lat. tnortis, mulberry- 



tree (Vulg."; ; cp. Gr. fiopov, mulberry. Cf. 

More, sb. moor. Prompt., H, PP ; mor, 
S2 ; mwr, B ; mwre, S2, B. — AS. m6>: 

More, adj. and adv. comp. more, greater, 
elder, S, S2, W, \\2, PP, WW ; mor, S, 
PP ; moare, S ; mayr, S3, B ; mair, B ; 
msere, S ; mare, S, S2 ; mar, S, B ; ma- 
rere, H.- — AS. mara. See Mo. 

More, sb. root, S2, PP, HD ; moore, 
C]\L— AS. 7}iora (Voc. 135. 28, 29, 32); 
cp. ^^1G. mord, more, see Weigand (s. v, 

Moreyne, sb. murrain, PP ; moreyn, 
.S2, Prompt. ; morrein, W" W ; moryn, 
H ; murrins, //., WW. — AF. moriue ; 
cp. Low Lat. morina, a pestilence among 
animals .Ducange). 

Morkin, sb. a beast that dies by disease 
or accident, RD, HD, ND.— Cp. Late Lat. 
morticiuium (Ducange}, whence Ir. mtiirt- 
chenn, Wei. biirgyn. 

Morknen, v. to rot, SD ; mourkne, 
.S2. — Icel. ?norkiia. 

Mormal, sb. cancer or gangrene, CM, 
C, Prompt., RD, SD, ND, HD ; mormaU, 
Palsg. ; mortmal, ND ; morimal, RD ; 
marmole, RD. — Cp. Late Lat. viahim 
mortuum, a disease of the feet and shins 

Morris, adj. Moorish, sb. morris-dance, 
Sh, ND; morisco, SkD; a morris- dancer, 
SkD. Comb. : morris-dance, Moorish 
dance, Sh. ; morrys-daunce, HD ; mor- 
res-danncers, morris-dancers, HD ; mor- 
rice-bells, bells for a morris-dance, S3 ; 
morris- pike, a large pike (weapon), HD, 
Sh. — Late Lat. morisctis, Moorish. 

Morsel, sb. morsel, PP, B ; mossel, 
SkD; mussel, W, W2, PP ; musselle, 
Voc.^ — AF morsel; Lat. vwrsellum, a little 
bit ; dimin. of morsus. Cf. Mosel. 

Morther, sb. murder ; morthir, PP ; 
mortbre, C ; morder, PP ; mordre, C. — 
AS. tnorior ; cp. Low Lat. murdrum. 

Morther, v. to murder, PP, S2 ; mor- 
thre, C ; mordre, C, C2 ; murtber, C. 

Mortherer, sb. murderer, PP ; mor- 
drer, C, C2. 

Mortifie, v- to mortify, to produce 
change by chemical action, C3.— OF. vior- 
tifier ; Lat. mortifioare. 

Mortreux, sb. messes of pounded 
meat, C ; mortrewes, CM, PP ; mor- 
trwys, Prompt. ; mortrws, Cath. ; mor- 
tesse, Palsg. ; mortrels, PP ; mortreuus, 



(mortrcws), PP, Prompt. («). Voc. ; mor- 
trus, \'oc. — OF. viortrcux, see Ducaiige 
(s. V. Dior/ca), connected with Lat. /nor- 
tarium, a morter. 

]SIEoirwe, sh. morrow, the morning, PP, 
S2, C2, C3 ; marewe, S2 ; morow, S3. 
Phr. : to mor-we, eras, Voc. Comb. : 
mor;e-niete, morning meal, S ; morewtid, 
mo I row, W ; morowtid, W ; morutid, 
\\'2 ; nior;eue, dc/s nuptialis, SD ; mo- 
ryve. Prompt. 

miorweil, sb. morn, morrow, S, PP ; 
morjen, SI). /'//;-. : to morwen, S. — AS. 
■mori:[iii, Goth, uiaurgiiis. 

Morwenynge, sb. morning, PP, C2 ; 
morwnyiig-e, S2 ; morejening, S. 

Hlose, sb. titmouse, S. — AS. vuise, see 
Ski), (s. V. titmouse). 

IKCosel, sb. muzzle, nose of an animal, 
C, CM. — OF. jnitsel (jio-w miiseati) : Prov. 
mursel: OF. * morsel. See Morsel, and 
cf. Musen. 

Xllosell, V. to muzzle, SkD; moosel, 

Moskles, sb. pi. mussels (shell fish), 
S2 ; see Muskylle. 

Most, adj. sjipcrl. greatest, chief, PP, 
S2 ; moste, S, PP ; mooste, W2 ; mast, 
S2 ; maste, S2 ; luaist, B ; mayst, B ; 
mest, S, S2 ; meste, C2 ; meast, S. 
Comb. : meste del, the greatest part, S2. — 
AS. mast. 

Mot, I pr. s. may, must, S, C2, C3, PP ; 
mote, S, PP; most, 2 pr. j., must, S, S2 ; 
mot, 2 pr. s. subj., S3; mot, /;-. s., can, 
must, S, S2, S3 ; moot, S2, C ; mojt, S2 ; 
moten, //., S, PP ; mote, S2, PP; moste, 
//. s., was obliged, S, S2, C3, PP ; //., S, 
S2 ; most, S2, PP ; moist, //. s., S3. — AS. 
viot, 2 pr. s., most, pi. mot on, pt. s. moste. 

Mote, sb. moat, agger, fossa, P; a pond, 
Manip. ; castle, palace, WA ; m.oote. 
Prompt. ; mot, PP. — OF. mote, embank- 
ment, also motte (Cotg.). 

Mote, 'V. to summon before a mot fcourt^ 
to plead, dispute, discuss a law case, PP, 
S2 ; mootyn. Prompt. ; motieu, S. — AS. 
7n6tian (Leo). See Moot. 

Mote, sb. note on the huntsman's horn, 
CM; moot, HD; mot, S3 (7. 16).— OF. 
7)2ot, ' the note winded by an huntsman on 
his horn ' (Cotg.). 

Motle, sb. motley, a dress of many 
colours, Prompt. ; motley, Sh., ND ; mot- 
teleye, C ; mottelay, Cath. — OF. tnattele, 
clotted, curdled (Cotg.). 


Motoun, sb. a gold coin called a ' mut- 
ton ' or sheep, P ; mutoun, S2, PP ; m.oton, 
PP. — OF. //lotiton; Late Lat. multoncm 

Motyf, sb. motive, incitement, S2, C3; 
m.otif, motion, argument, question, subject, 
PP. — OF. motif [(loig.); LateLat. motivitm 

Moucte, pt. s. might, S ; mought, S3 ; 
see Mahte. 

Moun, I pr. pi. may, S ; see Maei. 

Mountance, sb. amount, space, dura- 
tion, C3, CM ; mountouns, S2, III). — AF. 
mountance, OF. montance ; see Ducange 
(s. V. 7nontare). 

Mounte, sb. mount, PP; mont, S2 ; 
munt, S; munte, dat., S. — AS. /mutt; 
Lat. mont em ; cp. AF. munt, mont, mount. 

Mountein, sb. mountain, PP; m.on- 
taine, S2 ; m.outain, S2 ; montaigne, C2 ; 
mountaigne, PP. — AF. mottntaygne ; Late 
Lat. tnontanea, ' locus montanus ' (Du- 

Mounten, v. to mount, PP. — OF. mo?!' 
ter; Late Lat. montare. 

Mount enaunce, sb. amount ; mown- 
tenawuce. Prompt. ; mouutenance, S3, 
ND. See Mountance. 

Mour, sb. mulberry-tree, H ; see More. 

Mournen, ■v. to mourn, S2, PP ; morn- 
en, PP, S ; murnen, S ; morenen, pr. 
pt., W2; morenyden, /A pi., \\2. — AS. 

Moiirn3rng, pr. p. and adj. mourning, 
PP ; m.oorning, C, C3; mornyng, S2. 

Mous, sb. mouse, C, PP ; mus, S ; 
muse, dat., S; rays, pi., P; mees, PP ; 
Comb. : mowsfalle, mousetrap. Prompt. ; 
muse-stoch, mousetrap, S. — AS. mils. 

Mouth, sb. mouth, face, PP, W2 ; mu'5, 
S ; mudh, S. Comb. : mutJ-freo, mouth- 
free, S. — AS. mud '■ Goth, miinths ; cp. 
OHG. miind (Otfrid) ; see Sievers, 30. 

Mouthen, v. to talk about, P ; mouth- 
ed,//, s., P. 

Moutin, V. to mew, moult, cast feathers. 
Prompt.; mowtyn. Prompt., HD.; moult, 
Sh. ; moutes, pr. s., S2, SkD. — Lat. ?nu- 
tare. Cf. Mewen. 

Mou^t, •5''^. moth, W ; mou5te,W2, SkD ; 
moghte, Cath. — ONorth. and AS. mohSc 
(Mt. 6. 20). 

Mouen, v. to move, suggest, S; moeue, 
PP ; meuen, PP; meuez, pr. s., S2 ; 
moeued, //. s., C3 ; moeuyng-, pr. p., S2, 


C3; meued, fp., S3. — AF. mover, OF. 
viuvcir, /itovoir, movcir; Lat. moiiere. 

]VCow, V. to be able, H ; mown, Prompt. ; 
mng^en, S. — AS. *tniigan ^not found^, see 
Sievers, 424. See Msei. 

Howe, sb. kinswoman, S ; mow, sister- 
in-law. Prompt. ; mo;e, S ; ma;e, SD. — 
AS. in age. 

KEowe, sb. a grimace, CM, Prompt. ; 
moe, Cotg., WW (^p. 407) ; mow, WW. — 
OF. moue ,Cotg.). 

IKCowen, ''. to make a grimace, Cath. ; 
mowyn. Prompt. Der. : mowing', gri- 
macing, S3 ; mowyng', W2 ; eaehiimatus, 
Cath.; mouwyng, W2. 

Kowen, ^'. to mow, reap, S, PP. — AS. 

Howtard, sb. moulting bird, Prompt. 
See Moutin. 

Mowtynge, sb. moulting-season, PP, 

Moyste, adj. fresh, new, C2, C3, SkD ; 
moyst, Immidus, Prompt. ; moste, moist. 
Cath. — OF. moiste, damp, moist ; Late Lat. 
* muslins, ^/nustetts (see BH, § 74, also 
Roland, p. 420) ; from Lat. inustum. See 

]S(Ioystin, v- to make moist, W, Prompt. ; 
moyste, Voc. ; moysted,//., S2, Cath. («). 

Sffoystnesse, sb. mcistness, humor, 

Sffoysture, sb. moisture, Prompt.; mos- 
tour, iiiaditas, Cath. 

Slo^e, sb. kinswoman, S ; see ZIowe. 

3Sllclie, adj. and adv. great, much, S, 
S2, PP; moche, S, S2, C2, PP; miche, 
S2 ; myche, S, W, W2. Comb. : muche- 
del, a great part, S2 ; mychefold, mani- 
fold, W. 

Muchel, adj. and adv. great, much, 
numerous, S, C2, PP; mochel, S2, C2, 
C3, PP; mochele, S; michel, S; micel, 
S; mikel, S, S2 ; mycel, S; mybel, .S2, 
P ; mukel, S, S2 ; mncele, S ; mikle, S2 ; 
mekill, S3. Der. : mncbelliede, great- 
ness, SD ; mykelliede, S2 ; mycMlnesse, 
greatness, W2. — AS. mt'eel {tnycel) : /Goth. 

Uuclielin, v. to magnify, S ; mnclien, 
S ; mucli, S ; mikeland, pr. /., S2 ; mik- 
eled, //., S2. — AS. myclian : Goth, mik- 

KEud, sb. mud. Prompt. ; moode, S3 ; 
mndde, S2 (13. 407 \ Cath., Manip. — Cp. 
OLG. mudde, see SkD. 



mndly, adj. muddy, H. 
Mugen, V. to be able, S ; see Maei. 
lUEugllt, pt. s. might, S2, H ; muhte, S ; 
see Mahte. 

Muk, sb. muck, filthy lucre, PP ; see 

Mnkel, adj. great, S, S2 ; see Macbel. 

Mull, sb. mould, rubbish, S2, Cath. ;/^ ; 
molle, Cath. ; mol, Cath. (« ; mul, Cath. 
(//\ — Cp. Du. mul. See Molde. 

Mullok, sb. rubbish, C3; moUocke, 
Cath. jC]. 

Multiplicacionn, sb. multiplying, i.e. 
the art of alchemy, C3. 

Multiplye, v. to make gold and silver 
by the arts of alchemy, C3 ; multeplie, to 
increase, PP. — OF. multiplier ; Lat. inul- 

IfftUIl ; see Mom. 

SEtui, pr. s. must, S2, H ; see Mon. 

Mtmec, sb. monk, S ; see Monk. 

TWTtitipti^ v. to remind, to be mindful, 
S ; see Mynne. 

Hffnne^ing, sb. commemoration, S. 

DSungen, v. to remember, PP ; see 

]SIIllIlglUlge, sb. remembrance, remind- 
ing, S ; munegTinge, S ; munejing', S. — 
AS. mynegiing. 

DCtmiie, V. to relate, mention, remind, 
S : see Mynne. 

Munstral, sb. minstrel, S2 ; see Myn- 

lUxulti sb. mount, S ; see Monnte. 

TVTnTit.PTij V. to think, to purpose, S2 ; 
myntis, /r. s. points, WA ; munte,/.''. s., 
S3 ; mint. S ; i-munt, //., S ; i-mint, 
S ; i-ment, S. — AS. {ge)myntan. See 

SlurCIieil, V. to murmur ; marrcnesst, 
2 pr. s., S. — AS. fniircnian (Leo). 

Murne, adj. sad, S, HD. — Cp. AS. 
mttrnan, to mourn. 

Mnrnen, v. to moum, S, WA; see 

TWT-n TTi yn ^ sb. mourning, B. 

IKEurrin, sb. murrain, WW; see Mor- 

Mnrthe, sb. mirth, joy, PP, S ; murth, 
PP ; murliSe, S; murjpe, S; myrtlie, 
PP ; mirthe, C; merthe, PP ; mnirtli, 
PP ; murphes,//., merr\-makings, amuse- 
ments, PP, S2 ; merthes, G. — AS. myrH, 
mirhd, from merg. See Mery. 

154 MURY(E). 

Mury e^, aJj- merry, S, C ; see Mery. 

IVEur^en, v. to make merry, SD ; mur- 
ge'^. pr. pi., S2. 

ISHus, sl>. mouse, S ; see Mous. 

Musard, sb. a dreamy fellow, HD, 
Bardslcy ; musarde, CM. — OF. mtisart. 

IKEuse, sb. dreaming vacancy, Spenser. 

musen, "o. to ponder, wonder, PP, 
C3, \VA, ND. — OF. miiser, to muse, 
study, linger about a matter, to sniff as 
a hound, from *musc, a muzzle, nose of an 
animal (whence F. nntscau) ; Lat. inorsiis. 
For F. -ti- from an orig. Lat. -or- cp. OF. 
jus from Late Lat. jusiim, Lat. deorsum, 
and F. sus from Lat. siisti>?i, scorstim, see 
Apfelstedt, § 43, and Constans (glossary). 
Cf. Mosel. 

muskylle, sb. mussel, a shell-fish, 
Cath. ; muscles.//., PP ; moskles, S2. — 
AF. miiskcles, pi., OF. muscle ; Lat. mi(s- 
culiim (ace), dimin. of 7nus, mouse; cp. 
AS. musclaii sccl (Voc). 

SfEussel, sb. morsel, W, \Y2 ; see 

XHust, sb. new wine, W, \\2. — Lat. 
mustum (Vulg.). jCf. Moiste. 

niustoiir, sh. dial, clock, WA. — Cp. F. 
niontrc (Brachet). 

HHute, v. to dung (used of birds), SkD, 
WW, ND; meuted, //., WW.— OF. 
mutir (Cotg.), csmcutir (^Cotg.), estncltir, 
(Littre) ; of Teutonic origin, cp. ODu. 
smcltcn, to smelt, liquefy ; cp. It. smal- 
tare, to mute as a hawk (Florio). Cf. 

IKEutoun ; see Motoun. 

Muweu, pr. pi. may, S ; mujen, S ; 
see Msei. 

Mwre. sb. moor, S2 ; see More. 

Mydge, sb. midge, H (Ps. 104. 29) ; 
midgfe, Manip. ; myge, gnat, culex, Voc, 
Cath. ; myghe, S3. — AS. >nycg (Voc). 

Myghte, pt. s. could, PP; myste, S2 ; 
see Malite. 

Iffyglxte, sh. might, power, PP ; nii5t, 

PP, S ; milit, S, S2, PP ; my5t, S2 ; 

my lite, S ; m.i5te, S ; mightes,//., powers, 

virtues, S2 ; myhte, S. — AS. ?njht. 
HHyghtfal, ad/, powerful, PP ; miht- 

ful, PP; mijtfTil, PP; myjtful, PP ; 

myjtnoUe, S2. 
Myghtfalnes, sb. strength, S2. 
Myghty, adj. mighty, SD ; majty, S2 ; 

mseliti, S ; m.ag1ii, S ; militi, S ; micMi, 


S ; mijthl, S2 ; myg-htely, adv., CM. — 
AS. meahlig. 

IVIyht, 2 pr. s. mayest ; see Msel. 

BSyke, sb. the crutches of a boat, which 
sustain the main-boom or mast when low- 
ered, S2. — Cp. Swed. wzV/t, a crutch i^sea- 

IVCylle, sb. mill, Prompt. Comb. : mylle- 
stone, mill-stone, Prompt. ; myl-ston, 
Voc. ; melstan, S ; myln-stoon, W ; 
muUe-stones,//., PP. — AS. mj'l/i ^Voc.) ; 
Lat. molina. 

SHylnere, sb. miller, PP ; m.ylner, PP ; 
mulnere, PP ; melner, PP ; mellere, 
PP, C. 

S/Iynde, sb. memors', remembrance, 
mention, PP, S2, S3, W, W2, CM, C2, 
Cath. ; m.ende. Prompt. ; mind, memory, 
mind, Sh. — AS. \gc)myiid; cp. OHG. gi- 
iimiit, memory ^Tatian). See Myune. 

IKEynen, v. to mine, S2, W, W2. — OF. 
miner; cp. Late Lat. minare ;^Ducange). 

Myne-ye-ple, sb. (?), S3 (7. 62, note). 

IKl3rnne, sb. memory, SD : min, S2. — 
Icel. mi)im, memory ; cp. AS. niyne, mind. 
Cf. Mynde. 

IVIyillie, v. to remember, mention, PP, 
S2, HD ; m.uune, S ; munyen, S ; m.uuen, 
S ; mynand, pr. p., H ; mines, 2 pr. s., 
S2 ; mined, pp., S2. — AS. { ge)mynnan 
{geviynian), to remember; also {ge)mtc- 

Mynnyng-day, ^i''. the day of memory 
of the dead, irlD. 

Mynour, sb. miner, C, SkD, PP ; 
minour, PP. — AF. miiiour; Late Lat. 
minaiorcin (DucangeV See Mynen. 

Mynstral, sb. minstrel, PP, Prompt. ; 
minstral, PP ; miinstral, PP, S2 ; min- 
strales,//., C2 ; menestrales, PP. — AF. 
mcncstral ; Late Lat. ministralcm, a ser- 
vant (Brachet). 

Mynstralcie, sb. music, minstrelsy, 
PP, C; minstralcye, C2 ; menstralcye, 
C ; mynstracie, PP ; minstraoie, PP ; 
mynstrasye, Prompt., S2. — AF. mynstral- 

]VEynstre, sb. minster, monastery, S, 
PP ; minstre, S ; ministre, S2 ; minn- 
stre, the Jewish temple, S. — AS. mynsler ; 
Church Lat. mofiasferitifn ; Gr. ixovaarijpiov . 

]y[3rrie, adj. pleasant, W'2 ; see Mery. 
Myrk, adj. dark, S2, H; see Merke. 
mHyrk, V. to darken, H. 


MyS-, prefix ; see both Mis- and Bles-. 

Mysteir, v- to be necessary, B ; mys- 
ters,/r. s. is needful, WA. 

Myster, sb. trade, occupation, PP ; see 

Hffyster, sb. need, want, C, WA, B; 
see Mester. 

Mystir, adj. lacking, needful, B. 



Mystyrit, //. injured by loss (of 
blood), b3. 

Myteyne, ^b. cuff, glove, Prompt., S3 ; 
miteyn, C3 ; msrtane, Cath. ; myttan, 
Voc— OF. milaiiie (Cotg.) ; cp. Low Lat. 
mitana (Uucange). 

My5t, sb. power, S2 ; see Myglit. 

My^te, //. s. might, S2 ; see Malite. 


ITa, adv. not, S ; see KTo. 

Na, adj. no, S ; see ITan. 

ITabben, v. not to have ; naue, 1 pr. s., 
PP ; nauest, 2 /;-. J'., S ; nauestu, thou 
hast not, 8 ; nastu, S ; nauef, pr. s., S 
na«, S, PP, S2 ; nep, S2 ; nabbep, //., S2 
nane, S2 ; nadde, //. s., S ; nad, PP 
nedde, PP, S2 ; nauedes, 2 //. s., S ; 
nseueden, //., S. — AS. nabban { = ne hab- 

19'abod, for BTe abod, abode not, S. 
See Abiden. 

ITacioun, sb. nation, C ; nacion, Cath., 
^\ A, — AF. nacioun, tiaciun ; Lat. ttat to- 
ne ni. 

ITaddren, pi. adders, S ; nadres, S ; 
see ITedder. 

Nadrinke,/^^ Ne adrinke, let (it) not 
drown, S. 

Naht, sb. night, SD ; see ITygrht. 

Ifaht, adv. not, S ; see Nought. 

Hahte, p(- s. had not, S ; see Owen. 

Naked, «^^. naked, bare, undefended by 
body-armour, PP, C3 ; naket, PP, S ; 
nakid, S2 ; nakit, S2. Fkr. : in naked 
bedde, an lict couchi tout nttd, Palsg., 
HD, ND.— AS. fiacod; cp. OHG. nakot 
;^Otfrid), Icel. naktr. 

ITaken, v. to lay bare, SkD (s.v. naked'). 
— OXorth. {ge)tiaeian (.Mk. 2. 4). 

Naker, sb. kettle-drum, S2, C, HD.— 
OF. nac7-e, also tiagaire, naeaire, tiaquaire, 
anacaire ^cp. Byzantine Gr. avaKapov) ; a 
word borrowed from the Turks ; cp. Kurdish 
nakdra, see Ducange, Diez. 

ITaknen, v. to strip ; nacnes, pr. J. , S ; 
nakned, //., HD. 

ITale ; '« pkr. Atte nale for At ten ale 

(at pen ale), at the ale, P. See Ale. 

Tfa.TM, I pr. s. am not, S, S2, P, C ; nsem, 
S ; nart, 2 pr. s., S, S2 ; nis,/r. s., is not, 

S, C, Cj ; nys, S; na.s,pt. s., S, 82, HD, 
PP; nes, S, S2 ; nere, //., S, S2, C ; 
neoren, S; nare, S.— ONorth. na>n { = ne 

Nam,//, s. took, S ; see Nimen. 

Naxueliclie, adv. especially, S2, C ; 
see JTomeliclie. 

Nan, adj. none, no, S ; see Won. 

Nap, sb. cup, S ; neppe, daf., S. — AS. 
/uiup vVoc.) ; cp. OHG. knap/, OF. kanap 
(Bartsch), Low Lat. nappus {Ducange). 

Nappen, v. to nap, slumber, nod, 
PP, C3, W. Der. : napping, slumber, 
\\2 ; nappy, sleep-inducing, S3, ND. — 
AS. huiTppian. 

Napron, s. apron, SkD ; naprnn. 
Prompt. — OF. naperon, hom nape, a cloth ; 
Low Lat. napa; Lat. mappa (Punic word). 

Narde, sb. nard, an unguent, W.— Lat. 
nardiis (Vulg.) ; Gr. vap^os (Persian word). 

Narwe, adj. narrow, C ; narewe, S ; 
nareu, S ; narwj, W ; nearowe, S ; ner- 
uwe, S ; narwe, adv., closely, PP.— AS. 
ncaru, adv. neanve. 

Nas,/A s. was not, S, S2 ; see Nam. 

Nat,/i?r Ne at, nor at, S2. 

NaS, pr. s. has not, S, PP, S2 ; see 

Natiuite, sb. nativity, S2, C2.— OF. 
naiivite (,Cotg. ; Lat. natiuitatem. 

Natte, sb. imat, scorium, biida, Voc, 
Cath. ; natt, HD, Voc. ; nat, Palsg.— 
OF. natte (Cotg.) ; Late Lat. 7iatta ; Lat. 
matta (probably a variant of mappa). See 

Naue, Nauest ; see Nabben. 

Naujty, adj. having nothing, very poor, 
P. See Nought. 

Nauele, sb. navel, PP ; nawle, W2 ; 
naule, PP ; navyle, Voc. ; nawelle, Voc. ; 
nawylle, Voc. — AS. nafela. 



Nay, adv. nay, PP, S3. WA ; nai,S, S2. 
Phr.: nay whan, nay when? i.e. not so, 
when K\\\\\ you do it 1, S3 ; withoute nay, 
without denial, G ; it is no nay, there 
is no denyinij it, G, C2. — Cp. Icel. )ici. 

Nayl, J'.J. nail, lin<;er-nail, S, C2 ; nayle, 
\'oc. ; neil, S ; nayles, //., PP. — AS. 
nc€»cl; cp. Icel. nagl. 

ITaylen, v. to nail, Cath. ; najlen, S ; 
nailen, PP, C2. 

Ifayten, v. employ, use, S2, WA.— 
Icel. ncyta ; cp. AS. notian ; weak verb, 
from Icel. njdta ; cp. AS. iicotan. Cf. 

Najrtly, adv. neatly, fit for use, S2. — 
From Icel. tieytr, fit for use. 

Waytyn, z^. to deny, Prompt., SD, HD. 
— Icel. ndta. Cf. Niten. 

We, adv. and conj. not, nor, S, S2, S3. — 
AS. >ic, not, nor. 

Neb, sb. face, S, HD. Der. : nelj- 
sseft, face, appearance, presence, S2 ; neb- 
scheft, SD.— AS. ncbb, beak, face (GET). 

Nece, sb. niece, PP ; neipce, grand- 
daughter, S3; neece, WW (p. 417). — AF. 
ncce, niece ; Fate Fat. neptia ; in the place 
of Fat. ncptis, a granddaughter, a niece ; see 
BH, § 32. 

Nedde,/A s. had not, S ; see Nabben. 

Nedder, sb. adder, snake, H ; neddyr, 
Cath., Prompt. ; neddere, Cath. («) ; ned- 
dre, S ; nedyr, Voc. ; nedyre, Voc. ; 
naddren, //., S ; nadres, S ; nedris, HD ; 
neddren, S. Comb. : nedyrcopp, spider, 
Voc. — AS. nadi-e : Goth, nadn ; cp. OHG. 
natrd (Tatian). 

Nede, sb. need, peril, business, also as 
prcd. adj. necessary, needful, C2, W, PP ; 
neode, PP, S ; niede, S ; neod, S, S2, PP ; 
ned, S ; need, C2 ; neid, B ; nedes, //., 
S2, PP ; nede, adv., necessarily, S, C2, 
PP ; nedes, needs, of necessity, S2, C, 
PP ; nedis, W ; neodes, S2, PP ; needely, 
C ; nedelich, W. Der. : nedful, needy, 
necessary, S ; nedfol, S2, PF ; neodful, S, 
PP; needles, needlessly, C2 ; neidwais, 
of necessity, S2, B. — OMerc. tied (VP), 
AS. fiyd: Goth, nauths ; cp. OS. nod, OHG. 
7i6t (Tatian). 

Neden, v. to force, compel, to need, S ; 
neid, B ; nedej), //-. s., there is need, it is 
necessary, PP, C ; neodep, S, PP.— AS. 
7ivdan (GET). 

Nedle, sb. needle, C3, P ; nedele, PP ; 
nedel, PP ; nelde, PP ; neelde, PP.— 
Der. : nedelere, needle-seller, PP ; nel- 


dere, PP.— AS. «i.//: OHG. 7iddela,2\so 
ndldd (Tatian). 

Neer, adj. comp. nearer, C2 ; seeNerre. 

Neet, sb. ox, cattle, PP, S, S2, C ; net, 
S ; niatt, S ; nowt, S ; nete, H, PP. 
CoDtb. : neet-hirde, sb. neat-herd, Prompt. 
— AS. fic'at, ox, cattle: Icel. ««///; cp. 
OHG. tioz, 'jumcntum' (Tatian). 

Nefeu, 7'. to name, S2 ; see ITeuenen. 

Ne-for-thi, adv. nevertheless, S2. — 
AS. lie J'or dy. 

Neghen, >iin?i. nine, S2 ; see Nyne. 

Nehleclien, v. to approach, S ; neo- 
lechiu, S. — AS. iiealcecan, from iiea/i. See 

Neih, adv. nigh, nearly, almost, PP, S ; 
neyh, G ; neh, S, S2 ; ney, PP, S ; ne3, 
S ; negh, PP ; ny, PP, Prompt. ; nij, W ; 
ny3, W, W2 ; neig-h, S2 ; neije, P ; 
neighe, PP ; nyse, PP. Comb. : neyhe- 
bour, neighbour, G; neig-hebor, C2 ; 
neig-hburg-h, S2 ; nehgebur, S ; neih- 
bond, close at hand, S. — AS. Jica/i ; cp. 
OHG. nd/i (Tatian). 

Neihen, v. to be nigh to, to approach, 
PP ; neig-hen, PP ; neghen, PP, H, S2 ; 
nei5en, PP, W ; nejen, S2 ; nejh, S2 ; 
neyjhen, S2. — AS. nihwan : Goth, tic/nu- 
jan, from Jiclnua, nigh. See ITeih. 

Neipce, sb. granddaughter, S3 ; see 

Neither, ncg. pro7i. and conj. neither, 
SD ; neyper, S; neither, P; neithyr, 
Prompt.; nethir, not, W. — AS. 7ic -^ 
(xghuutSer. See Ei15er. 

Nei^, in phr. no neij for non eij, i. e. 
no &ZZ, S2. See Ey. 

Nekke, sb. neck, S, C, PP. Comb. : 
nekke-boon, neck-bone, S2, C2 ; nekke- 
bon, PP.— AS. /utccca (OFT.). 

Nelle, I and 3 pr. s. will not, PP, S 
nell, S ; nel, S ; nele, S ; nuUe, S, PP 
nule, S ; nul, PP, S2 ; nile, S, PP ; nil 
PP, C2 ; nuUich, I will not, S ; nulich 
S ; nuly, S2 ; nult, 2 /;-. s., wilt not, S 
neltu, thou wilt not, S ; neltow, P 
nultu, S; nelletJ, pi., S; nolle Ji, S2 
nollen, PP ; nuUep, S ; nnlen, S ; nolde 
pi. s., would not, S, PP ; nalde, S.— AS 
7iylian. See Wille. 

Nemnen, v. to name, mention, call, S, 
S2, S3 ; nempnen, PP, S2. — AS. nc/nnan : 
Goth. 7iam7ija>i. Cf. Neuenen. 

Neod, Neodes ; see Nede. 

Neode]?, pr. s. is needful, S ; see 


Xeomen, v. to take, receive, S ; see 

Neomenye, sh. feast of the new moon, 
\V. — Lat. iicomenia (Vulg.); Gr. vovfirjvia, 

ITeowcin, sd. harm, injur}-, S. — Icel. 
7iaudiyit, need, impediment, see SkD (s. v. 
essoin, p. 802). 

Ifeowe, aiij. new, S ; see ITewe. 

ITeowel, aJj- deep ; niwel, SD ; nuel, 
SD. Dcr. : neowelnesse, the deep, abyss, 
S. — AS. uecrn'ol, niol, niwol, prone, deep 
(OET, Grein). 

ITeo^e, fitim. nine, S2 ; see Nyne. 

Ueppe, sl>. turnip, rapa, Voc. ; nepe, 
Alph. — AS. nip; Lat. ndpits. 

ITerCOtyk, sb. narcotic, C. — Late Lat. 
narcoticunt [jucdicamen^ (SB3 ; Gr. vapKoi- 
TiKos^ benumbing. 

ITere, s/>. kidney, Voc. ; neere. Prompt. ; 
neres, //., reins, H ; nerys, re/i, Voc. 
Comb. : kidnere, kidney, SkD ; kydney, 
Voc. — Icel. uyra, pi. nyi'ti : OIIG. nic?-o ; 
cp. Gr. v€<ppus, see Curtius, ii. 93. 

"Nere, pt. pi. were not, S, 82, C ; see 

If erre, adj. and adv. contp. nearer, H, 
PP ; narre, H ; nere, PP; ner, PP, C2, 
C ; uier, S ; neer, W, C2. Comb. : ner- 
liand, nearly, H. — AS. nearra (jiiara), 
adj. ; mar, adv. 

Nernwe, adj. narrow, S ; see Narwe. 

N'es, //• s. was not, S, 82 ; see ITam. 

ITescb.e, «<{/• tender, soft, S ; nesshe, 
S ; neshe, Voc. ; nesh, ND ; nasche, 
S2 ; neische, W2 ; nesse, HD. Der. : 
nesshede, tenderness, 82. — AS. luiesce. 

Neschen, v. to soften, 8D ; nesshen, 
S ; nessen, H ; neyssen, H. — AS. hnesc- 

'Nese,sb. nose, S, 82, Prompt., PP, Voc. ; 
neose, PP; nose, Voc; noose, WA. 
Comb. : nosebleed, the plant yarrow, 
Alph. ; noseblede, miUifolium, Alph. ; 
nese-hende, piirulus, Voc. ; nese-thirl, 
nostril, H ; nes-tliyrylle, Voc. ; nose- 
thirl, \V2 ; nose-thurl, C ; noyss- 
tliyrlys, //., 83. — AS. tiosu ; cp. OHG. 
iiasa ; see Kluge, and Sievers, 274. 

ITesen, v. to sneeze ; nesyn, Prompt. ; 
neese, \\ \V.— Cp. Icel. Jmjosa, 

Nest, adj. and adv. snperl. next, nearest, 
PP, S, S2 ; neist, .S2 ; nixte, 8 ; nexte, 
C, PP ; nezst, 8, 82. Comb. : nestfald, 
nearest, S. — AS. nichsta, adj. ; nihst, adv. 

Nest, sb. nest, PP ; nestes, //., PP. 



Der.: nestling-is, nestlings, PP. — AS. 
nest ; cp. Lat. nidus (for nisdus), Olr. net ; 
see Brugniann, § 590. 

Nesten, //. //. knew not, 8 ; see Wot. 

Nestlen, v. to build nests, 82. 

M'e]',/''- s. has not, 82 ; see Nabben. 

XTeSen, adv. from below, 8. — AS. ncod- 
an. beneath. 

ITeSer, adj. comp. nether, 8 ; see NiSer. 

ITette, sb. net, Cath., Manip. ; nett. 
Prompt., Voc, W (p. 234^ ; net, W (p. 
123); nettes, //., C2. — AS. nett: Goth. 
nati, see Sievers, 247. 

Neue, sb. nephew, 8. — AS. ncfa. 

Neuenen, v. to name, 82, C3, H, HD ; 
nefen, 82. Der. : nenening-, naming, 
8. — Icel. tiefna, (from nafn, name^ : Goth. 
namnjan, from namn- stem of Wrtwi?, name. 
Cf I7emnen. 

Neuere, adv. never, PP, 8 ; nenre, S, 
PP ; njBuere, S ; nseure, 8 ; neaner, 8 ; 
uanere, S ; nefre, S ; nefer, S : nafre, 
8 ; neare, 83 ; nere, W ; ner, HD, 82. 
Cotnb. : nener a del, not a bit, C3 ; nenre- 
more, nevermore, 8 ; nener the neer, 
none the nearer, C3 ; nener the latter, 
nevertheless, H. — AS. nifre. 

ITeuen, sb. nephew, 82 ; nevew, C2 ; 
nevo, B. — AF. nevu, nephew, grandson ; 
Lat. nepotem. 

Newe, adj. new, PP, C2 ; neowe, 8 ; 
nywe, S ; niwe, 82 ; newe, adv., newly, 
anew, PP, C ; newly, newly, again, PP ; 
rnily, S3. Comb. : ne'wefang'el, catching 
at novelty, C 2 ; newefang-elnes, fondness 
for novelty, C2, S3. — AS. neowe, nhi<e. 

ITewen, v. renew, 8, 82, PP. — AS. 

ITewte, sb. ne'wt. Prompt. ; ewte, 
Prompt. .See Enete. 

Ney, adv. nigh, nearly, 8 ; ne;, S ; see 

Neynd, ord. ninth, 82 ; see Wyne. 

ITe^en, v. to neigh, SkD. Der. : nei- 
yng', sb. a neighing, \V2. — AS. hnagan ; 
cp. Icel. hneggja. 

ITiatt, sb. pi. cattle, S ; see Neet. 

ITicll, adv. no, S. — AS. ne + ic, I ; see 
.Sievers, 332. 

Uiebe, ord. ninth, .S ; see Kyne. 

Nif./i''' We if, if not, except ; njrf, 82. 

Nifle, sb. trifle, HD, ND ; nyfles, //., 
CM, Palsg. ; nifles, Cotg. (s. v. nigeries^. 
—OF. nijles, trifles : Palsg.). Cf Wiuelen. 

Nigard, sb. a niggard, a miser, PP ; 



nygard, C, CM, PP ; nyffarde, PP, Talsg. : 
nygart, CM. Cf. Nygxin. 

ITigardie, ^/'- stinginess, SkD, HD; 
nig-ardye, CM ; nygfardye, CM. 

Night, Nigt, Niht ; see Nyght. 

Nigromancye, f''- magic, sorcery, 
PP ; nigramaunoy, S2 ; nigraniansy, B ; 
nigromance, Cath. — OF. nii:;ro>iia)icc 
(Bartsch) ; cp. Low Lat. vigromaniia (Du- 
cangc) ; I.ate Lat. nccroinantia, necro- 
mancy ; Gr. v(KpofJiai'T(ia, divination by 
comnumion with the dead. 

Niker, s/>. water-sprite, SD ; nykyr, 
svvii, Prompt. ; nyckers,//., SPD ; nyk- 
eren, SPD (p. 255). — AS. m'cor, a water- 
demon (^Grein); cp. Icel. njkr, hippo- 
potamus : OHG. niclms, ' crocodilus,' see 
Grimm, Tcut. M. p. 4S8. 

Uilj/r. s. will not, C2 ; see Nelle. 

Nimen, "v- to take, S, S2 ; nymen, PP ; 
nemen, PP ; neomen, S ; nam, pt. s., 
PP, G, S; nom, S, S2 ; nem, S2 ; nome, 
2 //. s., S, PP ; nomen, pi., S, PP ; nenie, 
S ; nunien,//., seized, gone, S ; nummun, 
S2 ; nome, S2. Dcr. : niming'e, a taking, 
capture, S. — AS. niman, pt. nam (^pl. 
7!drnon), pp. 7inmcn. 

"Sixr^^for Ne in, nor in, C2. 

Nis,/''. s. is not, S, C, C2 ; see STam. 

Niseien, //. //• for THe iseien, saw not, 

Niste, //• -f- knew not, S ; see Not. 

Niswicst, 2 pr. s. for ITe iswicst, 
ceasest not, S. 

ITiten, v. to refuse, S2, JD ; nyte, JD ; 
nite, //., WA. — Icel. nita, to deny. Cf. 

ITiten, pr. pi. know not, S ; see 3Tot. 

liTitJ, sb. envy, malice, S. Der. : ni'S- 
ful, envious, S ; nypful, S. — AS. niQ ; cp. 
Goth, tieith. 

lTi($eu, V. to envy, SD. — Icel. nitia, to 

UritSer, ^fl'z'. below, S; adj. r(?w/., lower, 
S ; ne'Ser, S ; netliir, B ; neSement, 
superl., lowest, SD. Der. : nelSerward, 
downwards, SD. — AS. nider, niotior, down- 
ward, ncodera, lower, nether, SkD. 

NiSer-wenden, v. to go down, S. 

ITiSiug, sb. a coward, a niggard, S ; 
nything', PP. — AS. iiiQing, a coward, out- 
law ; cp. Icel. nidingr. 

ITilielen, 'v. to snivel, S ; nyuelea, PP. 
— Cp. i)b'. nijler (Cotg.). See Kifle. 

Hiwe, cidj. new, S2 ; see Newe. 


Ni^en, vnm. nine, S ; see ITyne. 

Uo, adv. and coiij. not, nor, no, S, S2, 
Ski), B, HD ; na, S, S2, B. Comb. : no 
but, except, unless, S2, W ; no pe les, not 
the less, nevertheless, S ; na J)e les, .S, S^ ; 
neojjeles, S ; ne the les, W ; na pe mo, 
none tlie more, S2 ; na war, were it not 
for, but for, S2, B. — AS. 7jd { = /i£ + d). 

Noble, adf noble, W A ; notoylle, Cath. ; 
nobliclie, adv., nobly, S2 ; nobilly, Cath.— 
AF. fwble ; Lat. nobikm. 

Noble, sb. noble, a coin so called worth 
6j. S;/., S3, C3, P, WA.— Cp. Late Lat. 
nobilc I Ducange). 

Noblen, v. to ennoble, C3. 

Noblesse, sb. nobility, worthy be- 
haviour, S2, C3 ; magnificence, honour, 
C2. — F. noblesse; OF. noblesee ; Late Lat. 

Noblete, sb. nobleness, richness, .S2. — 
OF. noblete (Bartsch) ; Lat. nobilitatem. 

Nobley, sb. splendour, grandeur, dig- 
nity, nobility, assembly of nobles, C3, HD 
nobley e, S:, C2 ; noblay, H, B, WA 
nobelay, HD ; nobillay, B. — AF. nobler 
Late Lat. noblctum ; cp. OF. tioblet 

Nodle, sb. noddle, head, Prompt. ; nodyl, 
Prompt. ; noddle, Sh. 

'SSiof£,for We off, nor of, vS. 

Nok, sb. nook, corner, piece, SD ; niik, 
B ; nwk, B ; noke, WA, HD. Comb. : 
ferpyng noke, a piece of a farthing, S2 ; 
nook-shotten, spawned in a corner, Sh. 

Noke, in phr. : atte noke = atten oke, 
at the oak, S2. See Ook. 

Nokke, sb. nock, notch. Prompt. Cowb. : 
nocke of a bow, oe/ie de Pare, Palsg. 

Nol, sb. the head, the neck, W, W2 ; 
noil, WA ; nolle, PP. — AS. hnoll, the top 
of the head. 

Nolde, pt. s. would not, S ; see Welle. 

Nolle J>, I pr. pi. we desire not, S2 ; 
see Welle. 

Nombre, sb. number, C ; nowmber, 
Cath. ; nummer,S3. — KY .niimbre,7ioii>n- 
bre ; Lat. niimertim (ace). 

Nombren, v. to number, PP ; noum- 
bren, W2; y-noumbred, //., S3. — AF. 
numbrer, noumbrer; Lat. numerare. 

Nome, sb. pledge, hostage, S. — AS. nam, 
pledge seized (Schmid). See Wymen. 

Nome, sb. name, PP, S, S2 ; nam, S2 ; 
name, Voc. — AS. 7iama {jiovia) : Goth. 


IToinelicIie, adv. especially, S ; name- 
liche, S2, C ; namelich, P, S3 ; namely, 

ITon, adj. no one, none, no, PP, S, Sj : 
noon, C2 ; nan, S, S2 ; no, PP, S ; na, S, 
S2,B; nane, B; nenne, (/a"., S. Comb.: 
na kyn, of no kind, B ; nakin, B ; na kyn 
thing', in no degree, B, S2 ; na kyn wiss, 
no way. B ; nan more, no more, S ; na 
more, S, S2 ; na mare, S2 ; na mo, P ; 
nammo, S2 ; no mo, C : na ping', nothing, 
not at all, S ; no ping, S2 ; no -whar, no- 
where, S ; no -war, S ; no hwer, S ; nour, 
S2 ; nou hwider, no whither, S ; no 
hwider. S ; no -wider -wardes, in no di- 
rection, S ; nones knnnes, of no kind, S ; 
nones -weis, in no way, S ; nanes weis, 
S. — AS. iidn. 

ITone, sb. the hour of ' none,' i. e the 
ninth hour, 3 p.m., also noon, mid-day, S, 
PP; nowne, S3; noyne, B; non, S, S2, 
PP ; noon, PP ; nones, pL, the noon-tide 
meal, PP. Cotnb. : nun-mete, a noon 
meal, Prompt. ; none-dienche, a noon- 
drinking, nunchion, SkD ; noone-steede, 
place of noon, meridian, S3 ; non-tid, 
noon-tide, S. — AS. tiSn ; Lat. noua {Iiora). 

IToneS, in phr. for pe nones (for for pen 
ones), i. e. for the once, for the nonce, for 
the occasion, S2,S3, C2 ; -with tlie nones, 
on the condition, G. See Oones. 

Nonne, sb. nun, S2, C, C2, P ; nnnne, 
PP. — OF. notine ; Late Lat. nonna ; cp. 
AS. 7iunnc, in the Laws '^Schmid). 

IToillierie, sb. nunnery, S2. — OF. non- 

IToot, I and 3 pr. s. know not, knows 
not, C ; see Not. 

IToppe, ^b. nap (of cloth). Prompt., 

IToppe, v. to take the nap off, Cath. — 
AS. hnoppian, see Voc. 

Norice, sb. nurse, C, C2, SkD ; nurice, 
SkD ; nursche, W. — AF. norice ; Lat. 

ITorisclieil, v. to nourish, PP ; noris- 
cti, S2 ; norishen, C2 ; nurisclien, W, 
W2 ; nnrsclien, PP ; norsshen, PP. — 
OF. noriss-, stem of norissant, pp. oitiorir; 
Lat. nutrirc. 

JTorture, sb. good breeding, nurture, 
SkD, G. — AF. norture, noriture; Late 
Lat. uu/ritura (Ducange). 

Xfoselen, v. to thrust the nose in, to 
nuzzle ; nosyll, Palsg. ; nousle, Sh. See 



IToselen, v. to cause children to put 
their noses in, to nurse, to rear up. to 
fondle closely ; nosell, S3 ; nousle, Sh. ; 
misled, //., HD (s. v. nousle). 

ITose-tllirl, sb. nostril, \V2 ; sceNese. 

Not, I and 3 pr. s. know not, knows not, 
PP, S, S2 ; noot, PP, C ; note, S3 ; niten, 
//., S ; nuten, S ; nuste, pt. s., S, S2, PP ; 
nyste, S2 ; niste, C2 ; neste, PP ; nyst, 
//., PP ; nesten, S. — AS. nytan { = ne 
zoitan). See Witen. 

Notable, adj. well-known, conspicuous, 
notorious, dazzling, WW. — OF. notable ; 
lat. notabilein. 

Note, sb. nut, S, S2, Voc. ; nute, SkD. 
Comb. : not-heed, a head like a nut, C ; 
note-muge, nutmeg, S2, C2 ; note-migge, 
Prompt. ; nut-shale, nutshell, S3. — AS. 

Note, sb. business, attempt, employment, 
labour, S, S2,WA; not, B. — AS. notu, 
use, employment. 

Noteful, adj. useful, serviceable, H. 

Noteu, V. to enjoy, S ; notye, PP. — 
AS. notian, to enjoy ; cp. Icel. ncyta. Cf. 

Nother, ncg. pron. and conj. neither, 
nor. PP, S, S2, SkD ; nothir, B; nou«er, 
S, S2 ; noupur, PP ; no-w^er, S ; na-w- 
per, S2 ; nalJer, S ; nor, SkD. — AS. 7id- 
hivceSer {ndwper, ndper'). See Other. 

Nou, adv. now, PP, S, S2 ; nu, S, S2. 
Comb. : nou a dayes, now-a-days, PP ; 
now and now, occasionally, C2. — AS. 

Nouche, sb. clasp, buckle, jewel, CM, 
WA ; nowche, C2, Prompt., SkD ; ouche, 
WW ; owche, SkD; ouches,//., broaches, 
monilles, Cotg., WW; owchis, WW. — 
OF. nouche, nosche, also tiusc/ic (Roland) ; 
OHG. nuscha. 

Nongllt, neg. pron. and adv. nothing, 
not, C ; nouht, S, PP ; nouct, S ; noujt, 
PP ; noht, S ; nocht, S ; nojt, S, S2 ; 
noght, S2 ; nout, S, S2 ; no-wt, S ; nowi3t, 
S ; nowiht, S ; nacht, S ; naht, S ; 
nawiht, S ; nawt, S ; naut, S ; na^t, 
S2 ; naght, S2 ; naust, PP, S2 ; naught, 
C2 ; nat, PP, S2, C ; not, W ; nogth, H 
(Ps. loS. 25^ ; nouth. S (iS. 442) ; nouthe, 
HD. Comb. : nocht forthi, notwithstand- 
ing, nevertheless, S2 ; noght forthi, H ; 
nat for thy, S2. — AS. nd'Oiiht { = ne + 
dzviht). See Ought. 

Nongllt, adj. worthless, bad, naught, 
naughty, WW; naught, S3; nauht, PP. 



Per. : naugrhty, bad, ^Y^V, Sh. ; naujty, 

liavint; nuthint,', IT. 

XToumbleS, j/'. //. entrails of a deer or 
beast, I'als^'. ; nombles, bi(rhilia, Cath. 
U'), Ml), \'oc. ; nownbils, Cath.; now- 
myllis, Cath. Fhr. : uumbles of a 
stag, noinblcs d'nn ccrf, Cotg. — OK. 
7iomblcs, pi. ; cp. Late Lat. nnmbiihis for 
Lat. liimbiiltts, dimin. of lioitbus, loin. 

N'ounibren, v- to number, W2 ; see 

Ifoumpere, sb. umpire, arbitrator. 
Ski), V ; nownipere, Prompt. ; nompeyr, 
IT ; nounpere, IT ; owmpere, Prompt. ; 
umpere, SkD. — OF. non per, odd, not 
even ; Lat. uon parent. 

Ifouthe, adv. now, C, P ; now pe, S2 ; 
nii'Se, S. — AS. nil Sd, now then. 

Nouelrie, sb. novelty, C 2 ; nouellerie, 

S2. — OF. 7iovelcrie, from novel, novel, 

Nouys, sb. novice, C2, Voc. ; nouyce, 
"WW. — OF. «^&/a' (,Cotg.) ; Lat. nonicinm. 

Nowel, sb. Christmas, CM ; uowelle, 
HD. — OF. nod; Lat. Jiatalem. 

Nowt, sb. cattle, S. See Neet. 

Noye, sb. suffering, annoyance, PP ; nuy, 
PP, S2 ; nwy, S2. See Anoy. 

IToyen, 'V. to annoy, to grieve, to harm, 
S2, W, P, H ; nuyen, S2 ; nwyen, S2. 
See Anoyen. 

Noyful, adj. hurtful ; noifnl, W2. 

13'oyiieiuent ; a noynement (for an 
oynement), an ointment, S2. See Oyne- 

NoyOUS, adj. hurtful, annoying, W, 
WW (p. 421). 

Nlll, ITule, NuUe ; see Welle. 
Ifultu, wilt not, S ; see Nelle. 
Nunien, //. taken, seized, S ; see 

XTummer, sb. number, S3 ; see Nombre. 
ITunne, sb. nun, PP ; see Nonne. 
liTui'h.'S, sb. murmuring, S. 
Nurnen, v. to murmur, SD. — AS. 
gnornian, to mourn. 


Nursche, sb. nurse, W ; see Worice. 

Nurscheu, v. to nourish, PP ; see No- 

Nuste, //• s. knew not, S, S2, PP ; see 

Nuy, sb. annoyance, S2 ; see KToye. 
Nyce, adj. foolish, C2, C3, PP ; nice, 
PP, C2 ; nise, PP ; nyse, S2 ; nyss, S3. 

— OF. nice (Bartsch) ; Lat. ncsciurn, ig- 
norant, see Erachet, § 60. 

Nycete, sb. folly, B, PP ; nycetee, C3 ; 
nysete, PP ; nysste, B. — AF. nicete, 
timidity, also in OF. sloth, simplicity 

Nyght, sb. night, Voc, PP; nijt, S2, 
PP; nicht, S; nyht, S2; niht, S, PP ; 
naht, SD ; najt, S2 ; nyth, PP ; night, 
//., C ; nigt, S ; niht, adv., at night, by 
night, S; nihtes,S2; ni5tes, PP ; nyghtes, 
PP ; nyjtes, PP. Adv. phr. : a nyghtes, 
PP ; bi nihtes, S ; bi nihte, S; a nijt, S ; 
o nigft, S. Comb. : nyhtegale, nightin- 
gale, S2 ; nijtegale, S ; nyghtingale, 
C3 ; nijtingale, S ; nycht-hyrd, guardian 
of the night, S3 ; niht-old, a night old, 
stale, not freshly gathered, S2 ; nyjt-old, 
PP ; nightertale, the night-time, C ; 
nyjtertale, WA ; naghtertale, S2. — AS. 
tn/U, neht, neaht: Goth, nahts; cp. Lat. 
noctem. With the deriv. nighto-tale cp. 
Icel. ndttartal, a number of nights. 

ITygun, sb. niggard, miser, S2 ; nyg- 
goun, G, CM. Cf. ITig-ard. 

XTykken, v. in phr. -. nykken with 
nay, to deny, refuse, HD. 

Nymyl, adj. quick at seizing, nimble, 
active, Prompt. — AS. nu?nol (in com- 
pounds). See Nimen. 

ITSTUe, num. nine, PP ; nijen, S; neghen, 
S2 ; neoje, S2 ; nihe, S. Der. : nynt, 
ninth, S3 ; neynd, S2 ; niepe, S. — AS. 
nigon (WS. neogon) : Goth, niiin : cp. Lat. 
noiiem; see Brugmann, § 152. 

Nyrvyl, sb. a littk man, Prompt. ; 
nuruyll, a dwarf, Prompt. - — Cp. Icel. 
nyrjill, a miser. 

Wy^, adv. nigh, nearly, W, W2 ; see 





O, >ntm. one, a, S ; see Oon. 

O, adv. ever, aye, always, S; oo, S2, 
NED ; a, S ; aa, S. Comb. : a buten, 
ever without, S, SkD (s.v. ayA ; a bute, S ; 
for ay and 00, for ever and ever, NED. — 
AS. a (for diva) ; cp. Goth, aiv.', ever. Cf. 

0-, prefix; see On- (i). 

Obediencer, sb. an officer in a monas- 
tery, PP. — Chuich Lat. obediential ins 

Obeisant, adj. obedient, C2 ; obey- 
sand, B. — OF. obcissant, pr. p. oi obc'ir. 

Obeisannce, sb. obedience, C, C2 ; 
obeisances,//., submissive acts, C2.— AF. 

Obeiss, V. to obey, B ; obeischen, S2, 
W ; obescliyn^e, pr. p., W. — From OF. 
obeiss- stem of obeissant, pr. p. of obeir. 

Obeley, sb. oblation, oblata, Voc. ; see 

Obeye, v. to obey, W, C2 ; obeiede, 
pt. s., \V. — OF. obeier, for obeir; Lat. 

Oble, sb. oblation ; obles,//., oblationes, 
H. — OF. oble. Eat. obialum; cp. OF. oblee 
(now oubiie) ; Church Lat. oblata (DucangC; . 
Cf. Onelete. 

Obliscben, v. to bind, \V2 ; oblyse, 
JD ; oblyste, //., S3; oblysched, HD ; 
obUsched, HD ; oblyshed, HD.— AF. 
oblii^er ; Lat. obligare. 

Obout, adv. about, S2 ; see Abonten. 

Obout-ga, V. to go about, S2. 

O-brode, adv. abroad, P ; see Abrode. 

Obseruance, sb. homage, C, S3 ; ob- 
semances, //., attentions, C2. — OF. ob- 
servance (Cotg.). 

Obserue, v. to favour, C2.— OF. ob- 
server ; Eat. obseruare. 

Obumbrat, //. overshadowed, S3. — 
Eat. obuinbratus. 

Oc, eonj. but, S, HD ; occ, S ; see Ac. 

Occeau, sb. ocean, S2 ; occian, SD, 
\V2 ; occyan, WA, HD. — AF. occyane ; 
Late Lat. occeanns ; Lat. oceanus ; Gr. 

Occident, sb. West, S2, S3, C3.— AF. 
Occident : Eat. occidentem, pr. p. of occidere, 
to set of the sun). 

Occupy, V. to ipake use of, employ,. 

) possess, S3, C2, PP, B. — OF. occuper; Lat. 

occKpare, see SkD. 
I Odde, adj. odd, single, S2, SD.— Cp. Icel. 

oddi, point of land, odd number. See Ord. 
Oerre, sb. anger, S. See Eorre. 
Of, prep, and adv. of, out of, from, bv, 

oft", S, S2, C2, C3, WW ; o, S, S2, H ; off, 

SkD; a, S2, PP, S3.— AS. of: Goth, a/: 

OHG. aba (Tatian) : Gr. utto ; see Sievers, 

51. 130. 
Of, though, H (Ps. 125. i), WA.— For 

ME. /^. See J305. 
Of-dreden, v. to frighten ; rejlex. to 

dread greatly, S ; of-drade, S ; of-dradde, 
pt. s.,'6; of-drad, //., S; of-dred, S; 

of-dret, S2. — AS. of-dnzdan. Cf. A-drad 

(A- 3^ 
O-fermm, adv. afar, S2 ; oferrom, 

WA ; see Aferre. 
Offensioun, sb. offence, damage, C ; 

offencioun, W. — Lat. offensionem. 
Of-feren, v. to terrify, SD ; offearen, 

S ; offerd,//., S ; oferd, S. 

Offertoire, sb. offertory, anthem sung 
before the oblation, C. — OF. offertoire 

(Cotg.) ; Church Lat. offertoriiim. 

OfB.ce, sb. office, C2 ; offiz, S ; offices, 
//., church services, PP. — AF. office '^offyz\ 
Lat. offcium. 

Offrende, sb. offering, S ; ofiflrand, H 
oflFerands,//., S2. — OF. offrande (Bartsch) 
Lat. offer enda ; see Constans. 

Offri, v. to offer, S ; offren, S, PP 
offrand, pr. p., S2 ; i-offred, //., S. — AS. 
offrian ; cp. OF. offerre (Bartsch) ; Lat- 

OfEringe, sb. offering, S ; offrinke, S 
oflFryng', C. 

Of-fruht, //. terrified, S ; ofrigrt, S 
of-fruhte, //, S. — Cp. AS. of-fyrhtan, to 

Of-hungred, //. an-hungred, PP ; of- 
hongret, PP ; of-hongred, PP : offingred, 
SD; afingred.SD; afingret. NED, HD; 
atyngred, NED, P, ViD.—\'6.of-hyngrod. 
Cf. A-hungerd. 

Ofae, sb: dat. oven, S ; see Onen. 

Of-newe, adv. anew, S3, C2, C3. Cf. 

Of-recben, v. to obtain, overtake, at- 
tain, reach, S, PP («) ; ofrauBte./A pL, PP. 

Ofrigt, //. terrified, S; see Of-fruht. • 



Of-saken, v. to deny, SD. — AS. of- 
saiait. Cp. A-saken. (A- 3.) 

Of-SCapie, 'v. to escape, S2. See 

Of-sen, V. to perceive ; ofsaw,//. J., Sa ; 
ofseie, S2. — AS. of-sion. 

Of-senden, v. to send for, S2 ; of-sente, 
ft. S-, S2, PP ; of-sent, P. 

Of-semen, v. to merit, deserve, SD, S. 

Of-slen, v. to slay ; of-sloh,//. s., SD; 
of-slo3eii, //., S; of-sla5en, //. , S; of- 
sl8B;en, S ; of-slaje, S.^AS. of-slian. 

Of-spring, di. offspring, S ; ofspreng, 
S ; ofsprunj, S ; ospryng', HD ; ox- 
spring', S2. — AS. of-spi-ing. 

Of-taken,//. taken away, C2. 

Ofte, adv. often, S, C2 ; oft, PP, WW ; 
oftere, coinp., S; ofter, S, C2. Comb.: 
oftesiCen, oftentimes, SD ; ofte silSe, SD ; 
oftesithes,C, ^i{%.\.eft)\ oft siss, S2, B; 
ofte-time, ofttimes, SD ; oft tyme, PP. — 
AS. oft: OHG. ofto (Otfrid) : Goth, ufta; 
cp. Gk. vTrarof, superl. of i»7r«p ; see Sievers, 

Often, adj. frequent, WW, 

Of-teouen, v. to vex, irritate ; of- 
teoned,//., S. 

Of-}>unclieil, V. to be sorry for, to 
repent, S ; of-finclie, S ; of-pinke, S ; 
of-'5ulite, //. s., S. — AS. of-fyncati. 

Of-burst, //. athirst, S ; of-perst, PP ; 
afyrst, PP ; afurst, PP ; afrust, PP.— 
AS. of-fyrsted vGrein). 

Of-wundred,//. amazed; of-uundred, 

Og, pr. s. possesses, S ; see Owen. 

Ogain, prep., adv. against, again, NED ; 
see A;eiii. 

Ogaiues, prep, against, S2 ; ogaynes, 
S2 ; see A^eines. 

Ogain-saghe, sb. contradiction, S2. Cf. 

Ogain-tome, v. to turn again, S2. 

Ogeu, adj. own, S; see Owen. 

Ogremoyne, sb. agrimony, Voc. ; see 

Ollt, sb. aught, anything, S2 ; see Ought. 

Oht, adj. valiant, doughty, S ; see Anht. 

Olltliclie, adv. valiantly, NED ; see 

Oise, sb. use, H ; oyse, H ; oys, JD, 
HD ; oyss, B. — AF. tis ; Lat. ustim. 

Oise, V. to use, H ; oyse, H, HD ; 
oysede,//., HD ; oysit, B. — OF. user. 


Oist, sb. an army, B ; oyst, B ; see Oost. 

Ok, Oke, //. s. aked, MD ; see Aken. 

Oken, adj. oaken, G. See Ook. 

Oker, ib. usury, SD ; okir, S2 ; okyr, 
Calh. ; okur, SD ; ocker, H ; okere, H. — 
Icel. Skr : AS. wScor, increase, growth, 
fruit ; cp. OHG. wuachar, gain (Otfrid). 

Okerer, sb. usurer, S2, H, Cath. ; okc- 
rere, S2 ; okyrere, H. 

Okering, sb. usurj', S2 ; okeringe, H. 

Old, adj. old, Voc. ; eald, AID ; aid, 
MD, S, S2 ; oold, MD ; hold, S, MD ; 
eld, MD, W2 ; eeld, W2 ; auld, S3 ; olt, 
S2 ; ealde, S, MD ; aide, MD, S2 ; olde, 
Voc. ; elde, S, W ; yealde, MD ; aulde, 
MD ; alder, camp., MD ; selder, MD ; 
eldre, S, W; elder, S, C2; eldure, S; 
eldore, S2 ; heoldre, S ; elper, S2 ; al- 
deste, super I., S ; heldeste, MD ; eldoste, 
S2.— AS. ea!d, aid; cp. OHG. alt (Otfrid\ 

Oldli, adj. old, W2. 

Olinere, sb. olive-yard, C2. — Late Lat. 
olivarium (Ducange). 

Oluhnen, v. to flatter, S. 

Oluhunug, sb. blandishment, flattery ; 
olhnunge, dat., S. 

Olyfaunte, sb. elephant, Cath., Voc. ; 
olefawnt, Voc. ; oUphant, S3 ; olifant, 
WA; ollivant, HD ; olyfaunce,//., HD. 
— OF. olifant, elephant, ivory, ivory horn, 
also elefant ; Lat. elephantcm ; Gr. iKi<pas 

OUfprep. on, at, in, among, of, S, 82, S3, 
C2, WW ; one, S ; onne, S ; a, S, S2, C2, 
PP ; o, S, S2, H ; an, S, S2, PP.— AS. a/i, 

On, num. one, S, S2 ; see Oon. 

Oil-, prefix (i), standing for On., prep. 

On-, prefix (2), standing for AS. and-, 
against, in return, toward. — AS. on-, and-, 
and-, Goth, and-, anda- ; cp. OHG. ani- 

On-, prefix (3), with negative force ; see 
Un- I. 

Oil-, prefix (4), before verbs; see Un- 2. 

Onan, adv. at once, S2 ; onon, S, S3 ; 
see An-on. 

On-bydraw, v. to withdraw ; on-by- 
drew,/A s., S3. (On- 4.) 

On-come, sb. attack, JD; on-comys, 
//., H. (On- I.) 

Onde, sb. breath, emotion, hatred, envy, 
S, S2, HD, CM ; aande, WA ; ande, MD, 
H, WA, Cath. ; aynd, JD, B ; hand, S2.— 
AS. anda : OS. ando ; cp. Icel. attdi, breath, 
the spirit (in theology). 


Oudfal, adj. envious, VlV> ; ontful, S. 

Oud-swere, sb. answer, S ; see An- 

Ondswerien, v. to answer, S ; see 

Ondyn, v. to breathe. Prompt. ; ande, 

Ondyng', sb. smelling, PP : aynding-, B. 

Ones, adv. once, S2, S3, C3, G, P ; see 

One-Spmte, sb. inspiration, S2. 

On-ferrum, adv. afar, S2 ; see Aferre. 
(On- I.) 

On-fon, V. to receive, endure ; onnfo'B, 
pr. s., S ; onfanged, //. s., S2. — AS. on-fon 
for ond-fon, see Sievers, 19S, 5. i. Cf. 
Afon. (On- 2.) 

Ongel, sb. angel, S ; see Angel. 

On-halsien, v. to adjure, entreat, S. 
(On- I.) 

Onhede, sb. unity, Voc. ; see Oonhed. 

Oni^t, adv. by night, S ; see A-nyghte. 

On-imete, adj- immeasurable, S ; see 
Unimet. (Oa- 3.) 

On-lappyt, //. s. unfolded, S3 ; see 

On-lepi, adj. only, S, S2 ; see Oonlepy. 

Onlepiliche, adv. only, singly, S, 

On-lesum, adj. not allowable, S3 ; 
see Unlenesum. (On- 3.) 

Onlicll, adj. only, S ; see Oonli. 

On-lofte, adv. aloft, S2, C2 ; see Alofte, 
(On- I.) 

On-losti, adj. idle, S2 ; see Unlnsti. 

On-lyne, adv. alive, C2, G ; online, 
S. — AS. on life. Cf. Alyne. (On- i.) 

Onoll, enough, S ; see Ynow. 

On-rounde, adv. around, S2. (On- i.) 

On-sage, sb. affirmation, charge ; on- 
sagen, //. dat., S. — AS. on-sagu, affirma- 
tion (Schmid), for ond-sagu, see Sievers, 
198, 5. I. (On- 2.) 

On-sene, sb. face, SD ; onsene, dai., 
S. — AS. on-sdon, on-sy7t, an-syn (Mt. 28. 3). 
(On- I.) 

On-side, adv. aside, NED. (On- i.) 

On-sides, adv. aside, NED. 

On-sidis-hond, adv. aside, S2. 

On-sih'Se, sb. appearance, S. (On-i.) 

On-slepe, adv. asleep, S2. (On- i.) 

On-spekinde, /''. /. unspeaking, un- 
speakable, S2. (On- 3.) 



On-Swere, sb. answer, S ; see Answere. 

On-SWerde, pt. s. answered, S ; see 

On-tenden, v. to set on fire ; ontent, 
pr. s., S ; ontende, //., S. — AS. on-tcndan. 
Cf Atenden. (On-i.) 

Ontful, adj. envious, S ; see Ondfal. 

On-bolyinde, /''• /• not enduring, in- 
tolerable, S2. (On- 3.) 

On-till, prep, until, to, B ; see Until. 

On-todelinde, pf. p., adj. undividing, 
indivisible, S2. — AS. tm-todklendc. (On- 3.) 

On-uppe, prep, above, S ; see An- 

On-vale, ^. to unveil, S3. (On- 4.) 

On-uast, prep, fast by, S. 

On-wald, sb. power ; anwalde. dat., S ; 
anwolde, S ; onwalde, S; onwolde, S. — 
AS. anwald. (On- i.) 

On-wnrbi, adj. unworthy, Prompt. ; 
see UnwurlSi. 

On-zyginde, pr. p. unseeing, used in 
sense of ' invisible,' S2. (On- 3.) 

Ook, sb. oak, C2, C3 ; ak, Voc. ; ok, S2 ; 
ake, Voc. ; oke, Voc, Cath., G ; akis, 
//., S3. — AS. dc ; cp. OHG. cich {cih). 
Cf. Woke. 

Oon, nnm. and indef. art. one, S2, S3, 
C2, C3, G ; an, one, an, S, S2, H; ane, 
MD, S3, H; a, MD, S2, H; on, S,.S2, 
S3, C2, G; one, MD, S, S2; o, S, S2, S3, 
C3, G ; 00, S3, C3 ; sen, S ; ann, S ; senne, 
S ; enne, S, S2 ; ene, S ; anae, S ; ane, S ; 
onne, S ; ore, dat. f., S. FJir. : by him 
one, by himself, MD ; be it ane, by itself, 
H (Ps. loi. 7); all himm ane, all by 
himself, S ; hire ane, by herself, S ; ower 
ones, of you alone, S. — AS. an. 

Oone-fold, adj. onefold, single, simple, 
MD ; anfald, S, HD.— AS. dn-fcald. 

Oones, adv. once, G ; ones, MD, S2, 
S3, C3, G, P ; onis, P ; onys, W2 ; enes, 
S, S2 ; seness, S. Phr. : at anes, at 
once, MD ; et enes, S ; at ones, MD, S2, 
C3 ; at ans, S2 ; at oones, G. — AS. dncs, 
gen. m. of an, used in ME. adverbially. 
AS. am is used to express ' once, at once.' 
Cf. ITones. 

Oonhed, sb. unity, HD (p. 588) ; one- 
heede, HD; onhede, Voc; anhed, H; 
anhede, H. 

Oonlepy, adj., adv. only, sole, MD ; 
onlepi, S, S2 ; olepi, S, S2 ; anlepi, S, 
H. — AS. dn-lepig. 

Oonli, adj. only, sole, MD ; onlich, MD, 
M 2 



S ; anli, anly, II. Comb. : anly stede, 

solitude, II. — AS. dn-lic, cen-lic. 

Oonli, adv. only, W ; onliclie, TP ; 
onlych, S2 ; oneliche, PP ; anli, MD ; 
anly, S2 ; onli, MD; oneli, W John 

5. iSl. 

' Oor, sh. ore, unrefined metal, S2 ; ore, 

Voc. ; oore, Manip. — AS. or (SkD). 

Oost, si), an army, B, S3, W, W2 ; oist, 
B ; oyst, B ; ost, B, S2 ; oostis, //., W, 
W2.— AF. vst, Jiosi; Lat. hostem, enemy, 

Ooste, sh. host, inn-keeper, MD ; ost, 
CM, MD; liost, MD ; boost, C; hoste, 
dat., MD. — OF. ostc, hoste; Lat. hospiiem. 

Open, adj. open, S2, SD ; ope, S ; upon, 
S2 ; opyn, W ; opene, pi., S. — AS. open ; 
cp. Icel. opinn, and OHG. offaii (Otfrid), 

Open-iieaued, adj. bare-headed, S. 

Openiu, v. to open, explain, S ; oppen- 
and, /;-./., S2. — AS. [ge-)opc}uan. 

Opeu-lic, adj. open, S2 ; openliche, 
adv., S; opeliche, S. — AS. openlic, adv. 

Opposen, "v. to question, SkD ; oposyn, 
Prompt.; opposed, pt. s., PP.— OF. op- 
poser; I^ilX.. ob+pausare. Cf. Aposen. 
Opye, sb. opium, C, CM. — OF. opie; 

Lat. opht??i ; Or. otkoi', poppy-juice, from 

OTTOS, sap. 
Ov,pron. your, S2 ; ore, S2 ; see 5oure. 
Or ^ prep., cotij., adv. before. Comb. : or 

ever, WW. See Er. 

■OXyConj. or, S ; see O^er. 

Or-, prefix, out, without, excessive. — 

AS. or- : OHG. ur- (Tatian) : Goth. us-. 

Cf. A- I. 
Oratorye, sb. a place for prayer, C. — 

OF. oratoire ; Lat. oratorium i^Vulg.). 
Qrche^ard, sb. orchard, S3 ; orchserd, 

SD ; orchard, Voc. — AS. orcerd (Voc), 

ort-geard, (BT) : Goth, aicrtigards ; see 

Fick, 7. 35. 
Ord, sb. point, beginning, S, HD, C2 ; 

orde, dat., S.— AS. ord (Voc.) ; cp. OHG. 

ort, a point, limit, district, Icel. oddr, ' cus- 

pis ;' see Kluge. 
Ordal, sb. ordeal, a severe test before 

judge, CM, SkD. — AS. or-dtl, OS. tir-deli ; 

cp. OHG. ur-deili, 'judicium' (Otfrid). 

Ordeynen, v. to ordain, appoint, S2, 

PP ; ordayny, S2 ; ordand, pt. s., S3 ; 

ordeigned, P ; ordaynt, //., S2 ; i- 

ordeyned, S2. — AF. ordciner, OF. orde- 

ner\ Lat. ordinare. 


Ordeynour, sb. arranger, S2. 

Ordinance, sb. provision, array, 82. — 
AF. ordiiianee \ordenatice'). 

Ordinatly, adw. in good order, S3. 

Ordre, sb. order, PP, C3 ; ordres, //., 
orders (of friars), PP ; holy orders, PP. — 
AF. ordre ; OF. ordcne, ordine ; Lat. or- 

Ordren, "v. to arrange, rank, SD ; i- 
ordret, //., S. 

Ore, sb. oar, S : are, MD ; ayr, B ; 
ores,//., S. — AS. dr. 

Ore, 72um. dat. fern, one, S ; see Oon. 

Ore, sb. honour, grace, favour, clemency, 
happy augury, S, S2, G, CM ; see Are. 

Ore, sb. ore, Voc. ; see Oor. 

Ore-les, adj. merciless, S2 ; oreleas, 
S ; see Areles. 

Orest, adj. and adv. superl. first, S ; 
see Er. 

Orf, sb. an inheritance, hence, cattle, S, 
S2. — Icel. arfr. See Erfe. 

Organ, sb. organ, PP; organs, //., or- 
ganiim, Voc. ; orguns, harps {^organa), 
\V2 ; orgoyns, H. — Lat. orgatium ; Gr. 

Orgeilus, adj. proud, S, SD ; orgil- 
lous, Sh. — ^^OF. orgueilleus (Bartseh). 

Orgel, sb. pride, SD ; orhel, S ; or- 

gul, SD.— AS. orgel; cp. OF. orgttel 

(Bartseh). Probably of Teut. origin ; cp. 

OHG. ur-gilo, excessively, oppressively 

(Otfrid). (Or-.) 

Orient, sb. the East, S3, C2.— AF. ori- 
ent; Lat. orientem, the rising (sun). 
Orientales, sapphires, p. 
Orisoun, sb. prayer, orison, C, S2 ; 

ureisun, S ; oreisouns, //., S2 ; orisons, 

C3. — AF. oreison, {ur-), oraisun ; Church 

Lat. orationem, prayer, from orare, to pray. 
Orlege, sb. time-teller, JD ; see Oro- 

Orleger, sb. clock, dial, S3 ; orlager, 

JD. See above. 
Or-mete, adj. immense, S. — AS. or- 

Orologe, sb. time-teller, dial, clock, 

S3 ; orloge, Cath. («) ; orlogfge, C, CM ; 

borologfe, Voc; orlege, JD; horlege, 

Cath., Prompt, (p. 120) ; orlage, Voc. — 

Lat. Jwrologiiim ; Gr. wpoXoytov ; cp. F. 

ho^-loge, Sp. 7:elox (Minsheu). 
Orped adj. valiant, S2, HD, SD ; 

orpud. Prompt. ; orpid, HD ; orpit, 

proud, also fretful, habitually chiding, JDj 


horpid, SD ; horpyd, HD ; orpede, HD ; 

used as a descriptive personal name, Bards- 
ley ; horpede, Bardsley. 

OrpedliclLe, adv, boldly, SD ; orped- 
lich, HU ; orpedU, SD. 

Orpedschipe, sh. bravery, SD. 

Orpiment, sh. orpiment, C2. — AF. or- 
pimcut ; Late Lat. auripignientuin ; Lat. 
aiirum, gold + pigmentum, colouring ma- 

Orpine, sb. a kind of stone-crop, Cath., 
SkD ; yellow arsenic, HD ; orpyne, Voa ; 
orpin, tdepinum, Manip. ; orpyn, cras- 
sula major. Prompt. — OF. orpin, orpin ; 
also orpine, orpiment, or arsenic \Cotg.). 

Orrible, adj. honible, MD. — OF. or- 
rihlc ; Lat. Iiorribikm. 

OrrOUr, sh. horror, dread, \V2. — OF. 
orreur (Bartsch) ; Lat. horrorcm. 

OrtS, sh. pi. remnants, Sh. ; ortns, 
Prompt. ; ortys, Cath. — AS. *or-<kt, ' reli- 
quiae pabuli '; cp. ODu. oor-ete, what is left 
after eating. (.Or-.) 

Osse, sb. omen, prophecy, ND. 

Osse, V. to prophesy, HD ; osses,/r. s., 
WA ; ossed, //., \VA. — OY.oier, to ven- 
ture, to dare ; Late Lat. aiisare \\X. aitsare), 
from Lat. audere (pp. aus-us). 

Ossing', sh. attempt, WA. See above. 

Ostage, sh. hostage, S2; hostage, B. — 
AF. ostage ykostage ) ; Late Lat. *ohsidati- 
ciim vcp. It. statico), from Lat. obsidcm, 
hostage, one who remains behind, from 
ohsid-, stem oi oisidere. 

Oste, slf. host, MD ; ost^CM^MD ; see 

Ostel, sb. hostel. Prompt., MD ; hostel, 
MD; osteyl, HD ; ostayle, HD.— OF. 
ostel, hostel; Lat. hospitale, relating to a 
guest. See Ooste. 

Ostelere, sb. inn-keeper. Prompt. ; ost- 
iler, \V ; hostiler, C ; hostsllere, P. 

Ostelrie, sb. hostelry, MD, CM ; hos- 
telxie, C. 

Ostery, ^b. inn, HD, MD ; ostrie, W ; 
hostery, SiD. 

Ostryche, sb. ostrich, Voc. ; ostridge, 
Cotg. ; estridge, HD ; ostrigis,//. , \V2. 
— OF. OS t nice (Cotg.), austrtice (Brachet) : 
Sp. avestruz ; Late Lat. avis-strudo ; strucio 
for struthio ; Gr. aTfiovOiwv, an ostrich, 
from arpovQos, a bird. 

Otes, sh. pi. oats, C2, P ; otys, Voc — 
AS. ate (OE T). 

Oter, sh. otter, S ; otyr, Voc. ; otyre, 
HD.— AS. otor ^Voc.;. 



Otil, p>fp- and conj. up to, until ; olJ, S ; 
a, S, NED 1 p. 3 c). Comb. : a-J>et, until 
that, S.— AS. o'(J : OS. and Goth. ?/«</. Cf. 
Un- 3. 

Oth, sh. oath, MD ; oj), S, S2, C ; ot, S ; 
athes,.//., S; opes, S, C2, C3 — AS. dH: 
Goth, aiths ; cp. OHG. eid (Tatian). 

OSer, conj. either ... or, S, S2, S3, C3 ; 
ouCer, S2, H,.G; or, S; adv. even, .S2 ; 
anper, HD. — AS. d-hwcrder {dhwczSer, 
divder, oivSer, duder, dSer, dtSor). See 
Sievers, 346. 

Otlier, adj. second, relating to one of 
two, other, .S, S2, G. F/ir. : day and 
other, continually, G. — AS. 66cr : OS. 
ddar, andar; cp. OHG. ander (Otfrid), 
Goth, atithar, Skt. antara. For the suffix 
-thar cf Porther. 

Other-gatis, adv. otherwise, H. 

OtJer-luker, adv. co/i/p. otherwise, S. — 
A.S. oderlicor. 

0?Ser-wei(BS, adv. in another way, other- 
wise, S ; otherweyes, C2. 

Ober-while, adv. occasionally, S2, P. 

Otlieirv^ryse, adv. on any other con- 
dition, C2. 

O-twiune, apart, in two, S ; otwyn, 
H. Cf Atwynne. (0-.) 

Qxi,pron. you, S, S2, PP ; see 50U. 

Ought, sh. aught, anything, S2, C2 ; 
awiht, eawiht, MD ; oht, MD, S2 ; ohht, 
S ; oujt, W ; ojt, S ; ouct, S ; out, S ; 
ahct, S ; ahte, S. — AS. d-wiht. Cf Auht. 

Ouh,, Z''. s. possesses, S; ouhte, pt. s., 
S ; oTighten, /A//., C2 ; see Owen. 

Oule, sb. owl, S2 ; hnle, S ; oules, //., 
C2. — AS. t/le (Voc). 

Oule, 'v. to howl, itlulare, Manip.. 

Ounce, sb. ounce, C2 ; ouns, Voc. ; 
unce, C, Cath. — AF. tince; Lat. uncia. 
See Inche. 

Ouphe, sb. elf, Sh. ; see Anlf. 

Our, pron. your, S; oure, S2, PP ; see 

Our-, prefx. Look for words as if spelt' 
Oner-. See Oner- ( = Over-) below. 

Oure, prov. pass, our, W ; nre, S, .S2 ; 
ur, S, S2 ; hure, S ; hur, S ; oure, ours, 
W ; ourun, W ; ures, //., S2. — AS. tire, 
user, of us, our: Goth, unsara. 

Ournement, sb. ornament, W2. — OY. 


Ournen, v. to adom, W2 ; onrnede, 
//. s., \\2 ; onmed, //., W, \V2.— OF! 
onier ; Lat. ornare. 



Ournyng, s/>. an adorning, \V. 

Ous, /'ro>/. dat. and ace. us, S2, PP ; ows, 
PP; vus, S2 ; us, C2. Comb.: us self, 
ourselves, S, C2 ; us selue, P ; us silf, 
W. — AS. lis: Goth. iins. 

Out, adv. out, WA ; ut, S ; owt, B ; 
oute, WA; out, i/i/crj., away! S2 ; 
uttere, adj. comp., outer, S ; utter, C3 ; ut- 
tereste, super!., extreme, C2 ; outemest, 
SD. Comb. : utmer, outer, W ; utter- 
mere, \V2 ; utuiime, exceptionally, S; 
out taken, except, S2, C3 ; out takun, 
\V, \V2 ; outtane, S2 ; outane, B ; ow- 
tane, B ; utward, outward, S ; ute wit, 
outside, S2 ; outwith, WA. 

Out, sb. aught, S ; see Oug'lit. 

Out-beren, "v. to bear out, S2. 

Out-blasten, v. to blow out.; out- 
blaste,//. s., S2. 

Out-bray, v. to bray out, S3. 

Out-breiden, v. to awake ; oute- 
breyde, pt. s., S2. 

Out-bresten, v. to burst out ; owt- 

■brastyng, pr. p., S3 ; ute-brast, pi. s., S2 ; 
out-brast, S3. 

Outen, oidj. strange, foreign, S2. 

Outen, V. to utter, C2, C3, SkD (s. v. 
titter). — AS. litian. 

Outerly, a^/z/. utterly, C2, C3 ; uterly, 
S3 (s. V. al) ; utrely, S2. 

Outhees, sb. the hue and cry,.C, HD ; 
utheste, S. — Low Lat. z^M^.c/w/w (Schmid), 
for hutesium {Jmcsium), from OF. hiiter 
{huer), see Ducange (^s. v. Jniesium). See 

OutJer, conj. either, or, SD, 82, H ; see 

Out-ioiyng, sh. extreme joy, W2. 

Out-lawe, sb. outlaw, PP, Manip. ; ut- 
la5e, S. — AS. litlaga (Schmid) ; Icel. titla- 
ga, outlawed, lillagi, outlaw. 

Out-leden, "v. to produce, ediicere ; 
oute-leden, S2. 

Out-let, sb. outlet; utlete, dat., S. — 
Cp. Icel. I'ct-ldt. 

Outrage, sb. outrage, excessive insult, 
SD, H, B, luxtis, Manip. ; owteragre, cx- 
cessus, Prompt. — OF. outrage, oltrage ; cp. 
It. oltraggio (Florio), Low Lat. ultragium; 
from Of. olt)-e\ Lat. ultra. 

Outrage, adj. outrageous, S3 ; wtragfe, 
S3 ; owtrage, S3. 

Outrage, v. to outrage, destroy, to lose 
temper, C2 ; outrayed, pt. s., S3.— OF. 
oultrager (Cotg.). 


Outragely, adv. superfluously, H. 

Outrageous, adj. excessive, C3, B. 

Outrageusly, adv. excessively, H. 

Outrance, sb. excess, extremity, S3, 
JD. — OF. oullrance (Cotg.). 

Outrayed, pt. s. dcbtroyed, S3 ; see 
Outrage, v. 

Outren, 'v. to utter, to put out and cir- 
culate, SkD. 

Out-ryde, v. to ride out, PP ; to out- 
ride, overtake in riding, S. 

Out-senden, 'v. to send out, S2. 

Out-take, v. to take out, except, de- 
liver, S2 ; out toke, pt. s., S2 ; out taken, 
//., S2, C3 ; out takun, W, W2 ; out 
tane, S2 ; outakun, Wa. See Oitt. 

Ou5t, sb. aught, W ; see Ought. 

Ou^te, //. s. possessed, W ; see Owen. 

Ouelete, sb. the oblation in the Eucha- 
rist, S.— AS. ojlite (Leo), ojlate (OET) ; 
Church Lat. oblata (Ducange\ Cf. Oble. 

Ouen, sb. oven, S ; ofne, dat., S. — AS. 
ofeii, OHG. ofan (Tatian") : Goth, auhns : 
OTeut. stem *uh%vj!a-, see Douse, p. 80. 

OvLev, pfep., adv. over, above, beyond, S, 
C2, W ; uferr, S ; our, S2, S3, B; oure, 
S3 ; ouer, adj., upper, C, SkD ; ouerer, 
com p., W2, H ; ouereste, super I., C, S2. 
Comb. : oueral, all over, everywhere, S, 
S2, C, C2, C3 ; ouur al, S2 ; ouir litil, 
too little. Prompt. ; or-litel, S2 ; ouer my- 
kel, over much, S2 ; ouer pwert, across, 
perverse, S2, W ; ouer thwart, across, 
crossways, C ; our-thwort, S3, B. — A.S. 
ofer'. Goth, itfar (see Sievers, 25. i) ; cp. 
OHG. ubar (Otfrid). 

OxL.ev-, prefix, over-; our-, B; or-, S2. 

Ouer-CUmen, v. to overcome, S ; ouer- 
come, S, S2, \V2 ; ofercom, //. s., S; 
ouercom, S2 ; ouercumen, //., S ; ouer- 
come, S2. — AS. ofer-cuman. 

Ouer-dede, sb. excess, S. 

Ouer-fare, v. to pass over, S2. — AS. 

Our-fret, pt. s. fretted over, S3. 

Ouer-gan, v. to go over, stiperare, SD, 
S2 ; ouerg-on, S, W ; ourga, B ; ouerg-on, 
//., S2. — AS. oj'er-gdn : OHG. ubar-gaii 

Our-hailing, /r. /. overhauling, con- 
sidering, S3. 

Our-heldand, pr. p. covering over, S3. 

Ouer-howen, v. to disregard, despise ; 
ofer-howet$,/r. s., S ; ofer-hojien, SD. 

Ouer-lede, v. to domineer over, P. 


Ouer-leiyng, sl>. pressure, W. 
Ouer-liggen, v. to lie upon, S. — AS. 

Ouer-lippe, sb. upper lip, S2, C. 
Ouer-lop, sh. omission, S2. 
Onerlyng', ^b. a superior, H, HD. 

Oner-madstrien, v. to overmaster, P. 

Ouermastes, sb. pi. summits, S2. 

Ouer-non, sb. afternoon, S2 (i a. 164). 

Ouer-sen, v. to observe, survey, look 
down upon, to despise, overlook, P ; ouer- 
sihS, pr. s, 'a; ouersej,//. j., S vi6. 30) ; 
ouer-sene,//., W\N', S;, ; oner-seye (me), 
//., forgotten myself, P. — AS. o/er-seon. 

Ouer-sloppe, sb. upper garment, C3. 

Olir-straugllt, //- stretched across, 

Oner-take, 'v- to overtake, SD ; ouer- 
tan,//., S2 ; ourtane, B. 

Ouer-bogt, adj. anxious, S. 

Over-throwe, 'v. to fall down, G ; 
overthrew.//". s.,G. 

Ouer-tild, //■ covered over, S. — AS. 
ofcr-teldan, to cover over. 

Ouertlye, adv. openly, S2. — From AF. 
overt, pp. of ovrir, OF. a'ovrir, aiivrir, 
Prov. adubrir ; Lat. ad + de + opcrire. 

Ouer-trowynge, p^- p- anxious, over- 
conscious, \v. 

Oner-walten, v. to overflow, S2. 

Oner-wente, pt. s. overcame, S. See 

Ouet, sb. fruit, S2. — AS. o/ef ; cp. OHG. 
obaz (G. obsl}, Du. 00/i ; see Kluge. 

Ow, interj, alas ! G. 

Hw, p> on. you, S, S2 ; see 5o^- 

Owai, adv. away, S2. Phr. : owai do 
pam, do away with them, destroy them, 
S2. See Away. 

Owel, sb. awl, S, Voc. ; see Anl. 

Owen, V. to have, possess, to have to do, 
to be obliged, to owe, MD, S, C3, PP ; 
ojen, S ; a^en, S ; ajbenn, MD ; aghe, 
H ; awen, MD ; agen, S ; alien, S ; owe, 
pr. s., F ; og, S ; ouh, S ; ajli, S2 ; ah, S ; 
au, Si ; ouhte, p(. s., PP, S ; oujte, PP, 
W ; anhte, S ; ancte, S ; ahte, S ; aghte, 
H ; agte, S ; a3te, S2 ; au3t, W ; aght, 



52 ; aucht, //., S2 ; oughten, C2. — AS. 
dg-an, I and 3 pr. s. d/i (pi. d^n), pt. d/ite, 
pp. ds^en. 

Owen, adj. own, S, S2, S3, C2, C3,PP; 
ojen, S, S2 ; ogen, S ; ajen, S ; agen, S ; 
ajhenn, S ; aheu, S ; awin, S3 ; awyn, 

53 ; awn, S3 ; owe, S, S2 ; oghe, S ; oge, 
S ; oune, S, S2, PP ; ojene, S2 ; oghne, 
S2. — AS. d£^en, own, possessed, pp. of di;a/i, 
to possess. 

Ower, pron. your, S ; see 5oure. 

0-wh,er, adv. somewhere, anywhere, C, 
C3, SD (s.v. dwhgr, p. 1 2} ; owhar, SD, S2 
(7. 417) ; oner (for ouuer ?), S. — AS. d- 
h'uir. See O {^adv.). 

O-whider, adv. anywhither, SD (p. 
12^1; o-hwider, S. — AS. d-hwidcr. See 
O adv.) 

O-whils, conj. on whiles, during the 
time that, H. 

Oxe, sb. ox, S ; ezen, //., HD ; ozis, 
W. — AS. oxa : OHG. ohso (Tatian : Goth. 
auhsa ; cp. Skt. ukshan. The A.S. pi. forms 
are oxan, awen, exen. 

Oze-stalle, sb. ox-stall, C2. 

Ozspring, sb. offspring, S2 ; see Of- 

Oyle, sb. oil, C3, MD ; oyUe, S2 ; 
oyele, S2 ; oil, MD ; oilles, //., flattery, 
PP. Phr. : here up oile, to flatter, PI' 
(«) ; hilde vp ]>e kynges oyl, Trevisa, 3. 
447, seeNQ (6. i. 75 . — AF. oi7e, olie ; Late 
Lat. olitim ; Lat. oleum. Cf. Ele. 

Oynement, sb. ointment, W, C ; oyne- 
mentis, //., S3, W. — AF. oignetnetU, 
from ongier, to anoint ; Lat. tingere. Cf. 

03rntynge, sb. anointing, H. 

Oynonn, sb. onion, CM ; oynon, Voc. ; 
oingnum, Voc. ; oynouns, //., C ; oyne- 
;ones, HD. — AF. oynoun (F. oignoti) ; 
Lat. unionem. 

O^ein, prep, against, MD ; see Ajein. 

O^eines, prep, in comparison with, S ; 
see Ajeines. 

O^en, V. to owe, S ; see Owen, v. 

O^en, culj. own, S ; see Owen, adj. 

Ojt, sb. aught, S ; see Ought. 

1 68 




Pace, sl>. ; see Pa3. 

Face, '!■'■ ; see Fassen. 

Fadde, sb. toad, SkD ; pades,//., S; pad- 
dis, SkD. Comb.: pad-stoole, toadstool, 
Manip. — Icel. fadda. 

Faddok, sb. toad, Prompt. ; frog, W2 ; 
paddoke, rana, Voc. (ti); padockes, //., 
^rcuouillcs, Palsg. Comb. : paddok-stole, 
fungtis, toad-stool, Cath. 

Faene, adj. pagan, S ; see Payen. 

Fagent, sb. a pageant, pagina. Prompt. ; 
pageant, scena, theatriim, Manip. 

Fagent, sb. a page, writing ; see below. 

Fagyne, •!■'''■ page writing, HD; pag'ine, 
SkD ; pagent, SkD (s.v. page). Phr. : per- 
feccioun of dyuyne pagyne, H (p. 4). — 
Lat. pagina, a written page, that which is 
written, a paragraph or book. 

Pais, sb. peace, S ; see Pees. 

Fak, sb. a small bundle, PP ; pakke, 
sarciua, Prompt. 

Fakken, v. to pack, PP, Prompt. 

Fak-nelde, J^ packing-needle, PP; pak- 
neelde, S2 ; paknedle, PP. 

Fakok, sb. a peacock, PP ; see Pecok. 

Falesye, sb. paralysis, palsy, PP, S2 ; per- 
lesy, HD ; palesye, PP, S2 ; palesie, S2 ; 
palasie, S2 ; palacye, PP; palesy,W; pal- 
sye, P, Prompt.; parlesy, Cath., SkD. — 
OF. paralysic; Lat. paralysi7i ; from Gr. 

Faleys, sb. palace, C, C2,PP; paleis, 
PP; palais, S; palys, PP; paleyses, //., 
]^P ; paleis, PP.— AF. paleis, OF. palais ; 
Lat. palatiian. 

Falfrey, sb. palfrey, saddle-horse, S2, C, 
PP; palfray, PP; palefrei, S.— AF./a/^- 
frei, OF. palefreid (Roland) ; Low Lat. pa- 

Falle, sb. the archbishop's pallinm, 
funeral pall, a costly kind of texture, a 
canopy, Prompt., HD, Voc; pall, HD, 
WA : pal. S ; pelle. Prompt., S ; pell, S2 ; 
pelles, //., S. Comb. : pallen webis, 
fabrics of pall or fine cloth, W.A.. — Late 
Lat. pallium and palla, see Ducange ; cp. 
OF. pale, a kind of cloth (Ducange), and 
AS.pirll, a rich texture (Voc.V 

Fallen, v. to pall, to become vapid. 
Prompt., Palsg., SkD; palled,//, enfee- 
bled, C3. — OF. pallir, to grow pale ; see 

Falme, sb. palm (tree), palm of victory'. 
WA; palm, palm-branch, C3. — AF. palme; 
Lat. palma. 

Falmere.J-*^. palmer, S,PP; palmers.//., 
S 2. ~AF. palmer; Church Lat. palmariii/u 
(ace). See above. 

Falniestrye, sb. palmistrj', S3. Sec 

Faltok, sb. jacket, PP, Prompt. ; pal- 
tocke, HD, Palsg.; paltoke, Voc— OF. 

paletocquc (Prompt., «). For cognates, see 
SkD [a.y. palijy). 

Fament, sb. pavement, S3 ; see Pane- 

Fane, sb. a part or division of a thing, a 
skirt. Prompt., HD, SkD.— OF. /a;/, a piece 
(Bartsch) ; Lat. panmem (ace). Cf Peny. 

Fanel, sb. a division, compartment, jury- 
libt, piece of cloth on horse's back, Cath. 
(«\ PP, Sh. ; panell, PP ; paneUe, sub- 

sellium. Cath. ; pannell, HD, Palsg. 

AF. panel. See above. 

Faneter, sb. butler, PP ; paiitere,Voc.; 
panter, PP.— AF. panneter; Late Lat. 
panctarium (ace). See Payn. 

Fanne, sb. pan, brain-pan, skull, PP, 
C3, Voc, Prompt. ; ponne, PP ; pan, C. 
— AS. pamie (Voc.) ; cp. Low Lat. panna 
(Ducange), and G. pfanne. 

Fans, sb. pi. pence, W ; see Peny. 

Fanter, sb. painter, pictor, Voc. See 

Panter, sb. a net, snare, CM, HD, 
Voc ; pantere. Prompt. ; panther, Pal^"-. 
HD. — OF. paftiiere ; Late Lat. panthei-a ; 
Gr. TTave-ripa ; see Ducange. 

Pantere, sb. panther, S3, Voc— OF./(77;- 
lere ; Lat. panthera ; from Gr. vavBrjp. 

Panyer, sb. pannier, bread-basket, PP : 
payneres,//., PP. — AY. panyer. See Payn. 

Fapejay, sb. parrot, popinjay, C2 ; pope- 
iay, PP; papinjay, Voc. ; popinjay, 
Voc. ; popyng-ay, S3, HD ; papyng-ay, 
HD; papingais,//.,S3; popyng-ayes, S3. 
— AF. papejaye, parrot (mod. papegai) ; cp. 
OF. papegaux, pi.; Low Lat pappagalbts: 
by popular etymology from the Low Gr. 
■naTTa-^ai, see Ducange. 

Pappe, sb. breast, S, Voc ; pappes, //., 
S («)> WW; pappys, HD. 

"S^iXfprep. by, with. Comb. : par amour, 
by love, with love, C ; for paramoux, for 


love, C2 ; paramour, a lover (of either sex), 
C, WA ; paramonre, Manip ; par auen- 
tnre, peradventure, Si, C2, C3, W ; 
perauntere, II; parauntre. S2 ; pera- 
uentiire, \V ; par cas, by chance, C3 ; 
par de {par Dieti", C, C3 ; pardee, C2 ; 
par fay, by my faith, C2, C3. 

Par- ; see also under Per-. 

Parage, sh. kindred, family ; hence, birth, 
descent, HD, JU, CM ; equality. DG.— 
AF. parage; Late Lat. *paraticui)i. an 
equality, from Lat. par, equal. Cf. Dis- 

Parcel, sb. part, share, little bit, PP ; 
parcele,\VA. — AY.parcele, part; Late Lat. 
parliicUa ; cp. It. pariicclla. 

Parcel-mele, (idv. separately, bit by 
bit, PP ; percel-mel, S2, PP. 

Parcenel, sb. partner, H. 

Parceneljrnge, ^b. partnership, H. 

Parcener, sb. sharer, HD, W2 ; par- 
tener,\\ ; partynere, S3 ; parceneris,//., 
W, W2 ; parteneris,W ; partyiieris,W. — 
AF. parcencre , parscnc7-e, pi parceners, per- 
eeners ; Late l^aX.. partiotiarinm (ace). 

Parclieilieilter, sb. preparer of parch- 
ment, Cath. ; pariuenter, Voc. 

ParcIieiU3ni, sb. parchment, W, PP ; 
perchemyn, I'P ; perchemen, WA. — AF. 
parcheniin, Gr. -irfpya^rivrj, from Hip-^afxos 
(cp. Lat. pergaiiiena'). 

Parclliueilt ; see Fassamen. 

Parclos, sb. an enclosure, partition, 
screen, S3, Palsg ; parcloos. Prompt. ; per- 
clos, HD ; perclose, HD. — OY. parclos, ^^., 
closed completely; l^TiX.. per + clausttm. 

Pardon, sb. pardon, PP. — K¥. pardu)!. 

Pardoner, sb. a seller ofpardon3,C,PP; 
pardonere, Prompt. 

Parement, sb. an adorning, C2, CM ; 
paramentz, //., C. P/ir. : chambre of 
parementz, the presence-chamber, C2. — 
OF. parement ; also chambre de parement, 
the Chamber of Presence (Cotg.). 

Parfit, adj. perfect, S2, PP, C3, W ; 
parfyt, PP ; per^rt, C ; parfight, C ; 
perfit, C3, W ; perfight, C— OF. parfit, 
parfeit ; Lat perfectum. 

Parfitliche, adv. perfectly, PP ; per- 
fitliche, PP; parfitly, C2, CM ; parfitli, 
\V ; perfytliest, superl., H. 

Parfoumen, v. to perform, PP, C2, 
CM. SPI) p. 2S0', ; parforme, PP ; per- 
foume, PP ; performen, PP. — AF. par- 
fur nir, pa7joiirnir,io perform, to furnish. 
Cf. Furnish. 



Parisclie, sb. parish, PP ; parisch, 
PP ; paresche, PP ; parsche, PP. — OF". 

paroissc : Church Lat. paroecia (also paro- 
chia'\ ; Gr. vapoiKia. 

Parisclien, sb. parishioner, Cath., C ; 
parisschens, //., PP, S2 ; parshens, PP. 
— OF. paroissien. See above. 

Pairitorie, sb. ptllitory, C3, SkD ; 
peritorie, the wall-plant bartram, Manip.; 
paratory, colitropium, Voc. ; parietary, 
HD. — 0¥. paritoire, pellitory (Cotg.) and 
paritarie (Alph.) ; Late Lat. paritaria 
(Alph.) ; Lat. parietaria, from paries, wall. 

Parlement, sb. parliament, conference, 
PP, S2. — AF". parlement, from OF. pailer , 
to talk ; Low l^zt. parabolare (Brachet). 

Parlesy ; see Falesy. 

Parloure, sb. the conversation room in 
nunneries, PP ; parlowr, ' coUoquotorium,' 
Cath. ; parlur, S. — OF. parloir ; Church 
Lat. parlatorium (Ducange). 

Parochien, sb. parishioner, PP ; per- 
rochioun, S3; paroschienes, //., PP. — 
OF. parochien ; Church \^a.\.. parocliianu7n ; 
horn paroc/tia. See Farische. 

Partie, sb. part, portion, PP ; partye, 
party (in a law suit), PP ; party, side, S2 ; 
parties, //., parts, S2. Phr. : a party, 
partially, S2. — KY . partie {partye), person ; 
'L&i. partita, divided. 

Partly, adv. briskly ; see Perk. 

Partriche, sb. partridge, S3, PP ; par- 
tricli, C ; pertryche. Prompt. — AF. per- 
drice, perdriz ; Lat. perdicem. 

Parvis, sb. the open space in front of 
St. Paul's cathedral, HD ; parvys, C, CM ; 
parvyse, HD ; parvyce, Prompt. — OF. 
parvis, the porch of a church, the outer 
court of a palace (hence Low Lat. parvi- 
sum), parevis, pareis, parais ; Late Lat. 
paradisian (ace), the portico of St. Peter's, 
Rome vDucange), also paradise (Vulg.) ; 
Gr. vapahiiaos. Yox the intercalation of v 
in OF. pa>-vis, see Brachet (s.\. corvie). 

Pas, sb. a step, pace, pass, passage, 
canto, narrow path, C2, C3, PP, S2 ; paas, 
C3 ; pass, 82 ; pace. Prompt. ; pas, //., 
S2 ; pases, S2.— AF. pas; hat. passu m 

Paschen, v. to dash, to strike; pash, 
HD ; paschte, pt. s., PP ; passhed, //., 
passcliet,//., Sa. 

Paske, sb. passover, W, PP, HD ; pask, 
\V. — AF. pask ; Church Lat. pasc/ia; Gr. 
Trdirxa ; Heb. pesak, a passing-over. 

Passamen, sb. a kind of lace, SPD (p. 



272\ IID; passements, //., SPD, DG. 
Comb. : passamen lace, NQ (:;. 9. 231) ; 
parchment lace, SPD.— OF. passemoU, a 
lace (Cotg.): It. passamano (Florio) ; cp. 
Sp. passaindiw, G. posaincnt (Weigand}. 
Cf. Perchmentier. 

Fassen, v. to pass, surpass, PP, C2, 
C3 ; pace, S2, C2, C3 ; to die, C2 ; y- 
passed, //., PP ; pasand, pr. p., S3. — 
AF. passer. 

FaSSyng', pr. p. as adv. surpassing, 
i. e. very, S3 ; adj., C3. 

FasS3rngly, adv. in a surpassing de- 
gree, S3. 

Fas-tans, sb. pastime, S3 ; pastance, 
S3; pastaunce, HD. — OF. passe-tans, 
passe-tens, passe-temps. 

Fatter, v. to repeat prayers, to say 
repeatedly, S3 ; patred,//'. s , S3 («), HD. 
— From Church Lat. pater, the first word 
in \.he. pater-7ioster (' Our Father"). 

Fane, V. to pave ; y-paued, //., S3. — 
OF. paiier. 

Faueiuent, sb. pavement, C2 ; paui- 
ment, SkD ; pament, S3, Voc, Cath. («), 
H; pawment, Prompt. — KY . pavement ; 
Lat. pattimentufn. 

Faume, sb. palm of the hand, PP ; 
pawme, PP, \V, Prompt; pame, Voc. 
Co?nb. : palme-play, game of ball played 
with the hand, S3. — OF. patime, palm of 
the hand ; \.dX.palma ; cp. V .jezi de paume, 

Fautener, sh. a vagabond, a libertine, 
HD ; adj., rascally, ribald, B. — OF. paii- 
tonier, paltunier, a rascal (Bartsch) ; cp. 
Low Lat. paltonarms (Ducange). For 
cognates see SkD (s. v. paltry). 

Fauilon, J(^. pavilion, tent, PP ; pauil- 
youne, S2 ; pauiloun, lawyer's coif, PP ; 
pauyloun, coif. PP ; pauylons, //., tents, 
S2. — AF. pavilion, tent; Lat. papilionem, 
a tent, a butterfly. 

Favyce, sb. a shield, defence. Prompt. ; 
pauice, SkD; pauys. Prompt. («), SkD., 
Voc, HD ; pavisse, HD ; pauish. 
Prompt. («■), HD; paluoise, Florio (s. v. 
testudine) ; palneise, Florio \s.v.pauese). — 
AF.pavise; Low Lat. pavisium (acc.\ 
also pavesiiwi ; cp. OF. pavois (Cotg.) ; 
Low Lat. pavensem (Ducange). 

Favyser, sb. a soldier armed with a 
pavise, HD. 

Fax-brede, sb. a tablet with a crucifix 
which received from the worshippers the 
' osculum pacis,' Voc, HD. See Bred (2). 


Faye, sb. satisfaction, HD, S2, PP ; pale, 
S2 ; pay, S2. — AY.paie. 

Fayen, v. to please, satisfy, pay, PP, S2, 
H ; payed, //., satisfied, PP ; paied, W; 
payd, S2 ; paid, S2 ; y-payed, C. — OF. 
paier, to satisfy, pay : Prov. pagar ; Lat. 

Fayen, adj. and sb. pagan, heathen, C ; 
as a personal name, Bardsley ; payn, S ; 
paene, S; payns, //., S; paynes, S; 
pains, S ; paens, S ; payens,S2, C3, CM. 
— AF. pdien ; Late 'Lz.t.paganum, heathen. 

Fayn, sb. bread, PP ; payne, PP. Comb. : 
payn-demayn, bread made of the finest 
flour, C2 ; paynmayn, Voc. ; paynemayn, 
C2 (w) ; payman, Voc, HD. — OF. pain 
de?naine, demeine ; Church Lat. panem 
dotninicum, bread of our Lord. 

Fayne, sb. penalty, S2 ; see Peyne. 

Faynyme, sb. heathendom, S ; pai- 
nime, S ; paynym, a pagan, Saracen (an 
incorrect use\ PP, H ; payneme, S2 ; pay- 
nymes,//., PP; painems, HD [s.-v.payen). 
— AF. paenime, heathen lands, paganism ; 
OF. paienisme ; Late Lat. paganismiim 
(ace). See Payen. 

Faynymery, sb. paganism, Cath. 

Feak, v. to pry about narrowly, to peep, 
ND. Comb. : peak-g^oose, a peaking 
goose, ND ; peek-g^oos, S3 ; pea-g^oose, 
' a simple, doltish fellow, a noddy peak, a 
ninny-hammer, a coxe,* Cotg. (s. v. benef^. 

Feakish, adj. looking sneakingly, ND. 

Feas, sb. peace, S3 ; see Pees. 

Fease,^. to become peaceable; peaste, 
pt. s., S3. 

Fece, sh. a bit, portion, a cup, S2, PP, 
Prompt., Cath., l'alsg.,HI) ; peyce, S3. — 
AF. peee, piece ; cp. Low \j3X.pecia, a piece 
(Voc), a cup (Ducange). 

Fecok, sb. peacock, PP ; pecoke, Voc. ; 
pekok, PP ; pacoke, Cath. ; pacok, Voc. ; 
pakok, PP ; pocok, PP, C ; pokok, PP ; 
pocokk, Voc. ; pokoc, Voc. ; pacokkis, 
//., S3. — AS. pia {pdwo) ; Lat. pano; see 
Sievers, 37. 2. Cf. Poun. 

FeekgOOSe, sb. a silly fellow, S3 ; see 

Feel, sb. skin, rind of fruit, Cotg. (s. v. 
coupean). — OF. pel ; Lat. pellem. 

Fees, sb. peace, silence, S2, C2, W, 
PP ; pes, S, S2 ; peas, S3 ; pays, PP ; 
pais, S. — AF. pees, pes, OF. pais \ Lat. 

Feesid, //. appeased, W2. 


Peirement, sb. damage, detriment, ^^ . 

Peiren, v. to injure, PP, CM ; peyren, 
PP; peired, //., S2. — OF. f drier \ 
Late Lat. pciorare; cp. OF. empeiricr, 
to become worse, to make worse, impair 
(Bartsch . 

Peiryng, sb. damage, destruction, W. 

Pels, sb. weight, PP ; peys, S2, PP ; 
peyce, Prompt. ; peise, S3, Prompt. ; 
poys, S3. — 0¥.pcis {pais) ; 'LaX. pensuin. 

Peisen, v. to weigh, \V2 ; peysede, 
//. J., S2 ; peised, PP; poised, PP.— AF. 
peiser {poiscr) ; Lat. pcnsare. 

Peitrel, sb. breast-plate of a horse in 
armour, HD ; peytrel, C3, Prompt. ; 
pewtrel, Manip. ; peytrelle, CM ; pay- 
treUe, HD, Voc. ; pettryUe, Voc— AF. 
peitrel ; Lat. pectorale. 

Pelet, sb. pellet, stone-ball, 82, PP, 
Cath., CM, Prompt.; pelot, Prompt.; 
pylotes, //., Cath. (m\— AF. pelote, ball, 
cp. It. pillotta i^Florio) ; dimin. of Lat. 

Felle, J^. a pall. Prompt. ; see Palle. 

Pelrimage, sb. pilgrimage, S; see 

Pelte,//. s. pushed, S ; see Pultsn. 

Pelure. sb. fur-work, PP ; pellure, S2, 
Prompt., PP. — AF. pelurc, OF. pekitre 
I, from 0¥. pel) ; Late Lat. pdlatura, from 
Lat. pellein, skin. 

Pen, sb. a pen, enclosure, crib, Sh., SkT3 ; 
penne, catila, Manip. ; penea, //.,S2. See 

Penaunce, sb. suffering, punishment, 
penance, penitence, W, C, PP. — OF. pen- 
ixnce, peneance ; Lat. poenitentia. 

Penaxincer, sb. one who imposes a 
penance, PP. 

PenatUlt, sb. one undergoing penance, 
C2, PP ; penawnte. Prompt. — OY.penant, 
peneiint ; Lat. poenitentcin. 

Pencell, sb. a little banner, pennon, S2 ; 
pensel, PP, CM ; pensell, Palsg., Cath. 
(p. 280M). — QY .penonccl, pennoneel , dimin. 
ot pennon, a flag, streamer. See Fenonn. 

Penible, acij- careful to please, C2 ; see 

Penid, sb. a pennet, little wreath of 
sugar taken in a cold, sugar-candy, F"lorio 
(s. V. diapiide ; penet, Florio ; pennet, 
ND, Cotg., PP, Notes (p. 1 10) ; penydes, 
//., Alph.— OF. petiide (Cotg.) ; Late Or. 
■trrjviSiov, a little twist of thread, from Or. 
TTTjUT], thread. Cf. Dia-penidion. 



PeXLUe, sb. quill of a feather, Voc. ; 
a pen, Cath. ; pennes, //., S2, \\2. — AF. 
penne ; Lat. penna. 

Penoun, sb. a pennon, small banner, 
SkD ; pynoun, C ; penounes, // , S3. — 
AF. penon, feather of a cross-bow bolt, 
OF. pennon, feather of an arrow, flag, 
streamer; cp. \x.. pennSne (Florio). 

Peny, sb. penny, S2 ; penye, S ; peny, 
S2 ; peni, S ; pens, pL, W, S2, S3, C3; 
pons, S2 ; pans, \\ . Comb. : penny- 
breid, penny's breidth, S3.— AS. pening 
(Mk. 12. 15), penning (^Schmid), pending, 
a little pledge or token (SkD) ; cp. OHG. 
//^(■Mif/w^ (Tatian), dimin. oiphand; Lat. 
pannus, a piece of cloth ; Late Lat. pan- 
num, pledge, something pledged or pawned 
^Ducange . Cf Fane. 

Peosen, sb. pi. peas. Si ; see Fese. 

Per- ; see also under Far-. 

Peraniltere, peradventure, H ; see 

Percelmel, adv. bit by bit, S2 ; see 

Percen, v. to pierce. S2, PP, C2 ; 
persen, \S , PP ; | perc^ j] Cath., HD ; 
pershannt, pr. p., ir'P ; persand, S3 ; 
pearst, //., S3; persid, W2. — AF. 
percer; OY.perchcr; La.te l^at. *parlieare, 
to part. For suffix -icare. cp. Late Lat. 
*coacticare (whence F. cache r); see BH, 
§ 97. Cp. also OF. pcrso7i=partitionem, 
Ps. 15. 6 I Apfelstedt). 

Perchnientier, sb. dealer in ' parch- 
ment lace,' S3. — Cp. It. passamentiere 
(Florio). See Fassamen. 

Percyl, sb. parsley, S2 ; percil, PP ; 
percyll. Prompt. ; parcelle, Cath. ; per- 
sylle, Voc. ; percelle, Cath. ; persile, 
Alph.— OF. pcrsil ; Late Lat. petrocilhim 
;Voc.) ; from Gr. ■ntrpoak'Ki.vov. For the 
effect of the Greek accent see Brachet, and 
cp. F. encre (^Eni»). 

Pere, adj. and sb. equal, a peer, PP, C2 ; 
per, SkD ; peer, PP, C2 ; peare, S3 ; 
peres,//., PP ; pieres, S3.— AF. per (pi. 
pcrs, pcres) ; hat. pare/n. 

Pere, sb. pear, Voc, Cath. ; peere. 
Prompt. ; perys, pi., CM. Comb. : peere 
apple. Prompt. ; pefe-ionette, an early 
ripe pear, PP ; perjonette, dsl.— AS. pere, 
pent ; Lat. pirum. Cf. Fereye. 

Peregrin, adj. foreign ; peregryn, C2. 
—OF. peregrin ; Lat. peregrinum. Cf. 



Peregrin, j/'. a kind of falcon, HD. — 
Cp. Late L:ii. fcrc^rinafalco (Ducange). 

Feren, v. to appear, P. — OF. pareir 
{f>afoir) ; Lat. parcrc, to appear. 

Pereye, sh. peny, S2, Voc. ; perre, 
Proni[)l. ; pirrey, Cath. ; pirre, Cath. 
Comb. : piri-wliit, white perry, S2, PP. — 
OF. percy, peri, peiri (mod. poire), from 
pcire vmod. poire'), pear ; cp. Late Lat. 
piretum ^Voc), irom pinim. 

Perfet, adj. perfect, C3, W; see Parfit. 

Perk, adj. proud, pert, elated, HD ; 
perke, ND; pert, SkD ; partly, adv., 
briskly, S3. 

Perken, v. to smarten, to trim, SkD 
(s.v. pert) ; pyrkis, /r. s., S3. 

Pernel, ^b. Pemel, or Pamel, a common 
female name, 82, Bardsley; purnele, a 
concubine, PP. — OF. Peronelle ; Late Lat. 
Petronilla, name of a saint. 

Perreye, sh. jewelrj', precious stones, 
PP ; perreie, S2 ; perrye, C, PP, HD ; 
perrey, S2 ; perree, C2. — AF. perrye ; 
OF. pie7-rerie, precious stones ; from OF. 
pi ere, pere ; Lat. petra, stone. 

Pers, adj. dark rich blue, sky-coloured, 
bluish grey, CM, C ; perss, S3. — OF. 
pers (Bartsch) ; cp. It. perso, Low Lat. 
persus, perseus (Ducange). 

Perte, adj. manifest, obvious, 82, PP; 
adv. openly, PP. See Apert. 

Pertelyclie, adv. plainly, evidently, 
S2 ; pertelicli, PP ; pertly, truly, S2 ; 
openly, P; pertely, completely, 82. 

Pes, sb. peace, 8,82; see Fees. 

Pese, sb. a pea, PP ; peose, PP ; peese, 
PP ; pasen, //., PP ; peosen, 82 ; peses, 
PP. Comb. : pese-coddes, pea-pods, 82, P ; 
pes-codes, 83 ; pese-lof, loaf made with 
peas, P. — AS. piose {pyse, pise), pease ; 
Lat. ptsa, pi. ol pisum. 

Pesibilte, sb. a calm, W. See Pees. 

Pesible, cidj. peaceful, W2. — OF. paisi- 
hle ; Late Lat. pacibilctn. 

Pesiblenesse, sb. calm, 82, W ; pe- 

sibilnesse, \V. 

Pettail, sb. rabble, B ; see Pitaile. 

PetteS, sb. pi. pits, 82 ; see Pyt. 

Peyne, sb. pain, penalty, C2, W, PP ; 
peine, 82 ; payne, 82. — KF . payne,paine, 
OF. pei}ie; Late Lat. pena ; Lat. poejia. 
Cf. Pyne. 

Peyneble, a-dj. pains-taking, 82 ; pe- 
ny ble, HD ; penible, C2. — OF. penible, 


Peynen, v. reflex, to take pains, PP, 
.82, C2 ; peyned,//., punished, \V. 

Peynten, v. to paint, CM, PP ; peynt, 
//., S3, CM ; peynted, C2 ; y-peynt, S3. 
— From OF. peint, pp. oi peiiidre ; Lat. 
pi/i^cre, see Brachet. 

Peynture, sb. picture, CM. — OY.pein- 
ture (^AF. painiiire). 

Phantasie, sb. fancy, S3. — Gr. ^v- 

Pllilaxitia, sb. explained ' philosophy,' 
83; philautie, self-love, ND. — Gr. (pi\av- 
Tta, self-love. 

Philosophre, j-^. philosopher, C2, C3 ; 
philosoplires, //., C3 ; philosophers, 
PP. — OF. philosophe ; Lat. philosophum 
< ace.) ; Gr. (pi\ucro(pos, a lover of wisdom. 
For the r added in the English word, cp. 
chorister for F. choriste. 

PiccLen, v. to pitch, to fix, to pick, di- 
vide with a sharp point, P ; pitchinge, pr. 
p.y W; pijte, pt. s., SD ; pig-hte him, 
pitched, fell, SkD; pijten,//., W; piht. 
//., PP ; pijt, WA ; pight, S3, PP, ND ; 
pyjte, PP. Cf. Pyken. 

Pich, sb. pitch, S ; see Pikke. 

Pigge, sb. pig, porcellus, Manip. ; 
pySfge, Prompt. Comb. : pigsnie, ' pig s 
eye,' a term of endearment. ND ; pigges- 
neyghe, CM ; pigsny, ND, S3. 

Pike, V. to pitch, S ; pykke, Cath. 

Pikke, sb. pitch, Cath. ; pyk, Prompt. ; 
pyche. Prompt.; pych, S; pich, 8. — 
AS. pie (Voc.) ; Lat. picem. 

Piler, sb. pillar, 8, PP, C2, C ; pyler, 
PP ; pilere, W ; pylere. Prompt. — AF. 
piler ; Low Lat. pilare (Ducange). 

Pillage, sb. plunder ; pyllage, SkD ; 
pilage, WA. 

Pillen, V. to peel, Prompt. ; pille, Cath. : 
pill, Cotg., WW ; pilie, PP ; pilled, pp., 
bald, W\V,Prompt.; piled, C ; pilde, peeled, 
bare, S3. Phr. : pille garleke, vellicare, 
Cath. — OF. peler (Cotg.), also piller 
(Palsg.) ; Lat. pilare, to deprive of hair, 
ixova pilus, hair. 

Pillen, V. to plunder, CM, ND ; pylle, 
83 ; pilen, PP ; pil, H ; pylen, PP ; 
pylled, pt. pi., 83.— OF. piller (Cotg.) ; 
Late Lat. pilare (Ducange). 

Pillery, sb. rapine, ND. 

Pilling, sb. robbery, 83. 

Pillour, sb. plunderer, PP ; piloure, 
PP; pyllars,//., S3. 

Pilwe, sb. pillow, CM ; pilewe, 82 ; 


pilous. //., CM.— AS. pyle {=*puhvi^; 
ha.t. puh'iuits ; cp. OHG.///K/?icj\'ratian). 

Pilwe-beer, sb. pillow-case, C ; pil- 
lowe-bere, Cath. ; pyllo-berys, //., HD. 

Fiuclien, v. to find fault, C3 ; pynche, 
C; i-pynched, //., plaited, C. Phr.: 
I pynclie courtaysye, je fays le nyce, 
Palsg. — OF. piticer ; It picciare, to pinch 
with a beak (Florio) ; from piccio, a beak, 
bill (Florio\ 

Pirie, sl>. pear-tree, S2, P. — AS. pirige 
(Voc.\ See Pere. 

Piri-wllit, sl>. white perrj', 82 ; see 

Firries, sb. pi. storms of wind, S3 ; see 

Fiscence, il>. might, S3 ; see Puis- 

Fistle, sh. epistle, PP, ^Y, S3 ; pystyl. 
Prompt. ; pistil, PP, C2 ; pistill, \VA ; 
pistUs.//..\V.— OF. epistle {epistr e,Cotg.) ; 
Lat. etistola ; Gr. kmaroKfi, message. 

Fitaile, sb. footsoldiers, infantry, 82 ; 
pettaill, rabble, B ; pitaill, B ; pitall, 
B. — AF. pitailU. foot-soldiers, OF. pieta- 
ille, a troop of footmen i^Cotg.); from OF\ 
piet ; Lat. pedem. 

Fitaunce, sb. pro%'ision, share, portion, 
dole, PP, C, CM ; pytaunce, PP ; pyt- 
a-wmce. Prompt. — OF. pitance (Bartsch) ; 
Low Lat. piclancia i^Ducange). 

Flage, sb. plague ( = Lat. plagd), W ; 
plague, Sh. ; plagis, //., W. — Lat. pldga 
(Vulg.) ; Gr. TrX-q-f-q, a blow, stroke, plague 
(Lxx) ; cp. OV. plaie. 

Plage, sb. a region, Cath. ; plages,//., 
82, C3, HD. — OF. plage, a region, land, 
sea-coast vCotg.) ; La.t. plcJga (Vulg.). 

Plaid, sb. plea, dispute in a law-court, 
S ; plait, S ; plee, Prompt. ; placitum, 
Voc. ; pie, SkD, \V ; play, SkD ; place, 
//., pleas, S3.— AF. plait, play, OF. plaid, 
plait, plat, proceedings in a law-court, a 
trial, law-court ; Late Lat. placitum, liter- 
ally, what is pleasing, hence a decision, 
law-court, pleading. 

Plaidi, V. to plead, bring a complaint, 
argue, S ; plede, PP ; placilare, Voc. ; 
plete, PP, S3, Prompt.— AF.jJ/aiV/^r, OF. 

Flaiding, sb. pleading, 8 ; pledyng, 
PI* : pletynge, S3, Prompt. 

Plat, adj. flat, level, Prompt. ; adv. 
completely, fully, JD, d.—OY.plal. 

Flatly, adv. flatly, fully, S3, HD, 



Plate, 'T^- plate-armour, S2, C2 ; plates, 
//., PP.— AF. plate, a plate of metal, bul- 
lion, silver-plate,y; oi plat, flat. 

Platte, pt. s. refex. threw himself flat, 
PP, S2. 

Pla3ni, adv. plainly, clearly, C2, C3 ; 
see Pleyn. 

Flayne, v. to complain, 82, PP ; playn, 
S3; pleyue, PP, C2 ; pleyn, S3; plane, 
S3; pleigTien, pr. pi, 82; pleynand, pr. 
p., 82 ; plenand, H. — 0¥.plaign-, s-tem of 
plaiguaiit, pr. p. of plaindre \pleindre) ; 
Lat. platigere. 

Playnte, sb. complaint, lament, PP ; 
pleinte, C2 ; pleyn tes, //., C3. — OF. 
pleinte ; Late Lat. platuta, from Lat. plan- 

Flaynyng, sb. complaint, 83. 

Flayte, sb. a fold, plica. Prompt. ; 
pleytes, //., plaits of a cord, HD. — OF. 
pleit, a fold ; Lat. plicitum, folded. Cf. 

Flayten, v. to fold. Prompt. ; plet- 
tand, pr. p., S3 ; pletede, //. .;., 82. 

Fie, sb. plea, W ; see Plaid. 

Pleinte, sb. complaint, C2; see 

Plenere, adj. full, PP ; adv. in full 
numbers, PP ; plener, PP, HD. — OF. 
plenicr ; Late Lat. pleitariuni. 

Flenerliche, adv. fully, HD ; ple- 
nerly, S2. 

Plenissen, v. to fill ; plenyst, //., S3. 
— From OF. pleniss-, stem ol plcnissant, 
pr. p. oi plenir, from \ja.t. plemtni. 

Plentee, sb. plenty, C2 ; plente. 
Prompt. — OF. plente ; Lat. pletiitatem. 

PlenteUOUS, adj. plenteous, abundant, 
C, PP ; plenteuouse, W ; plentiuous, 
SkD; plentefous, H; plentuos, 82; 
plenteus, SkD. — OF. pleiitivous. 

FlenteuOTlslier, adv. comp. more 
pleiiteously, W. 

Plenteuousnesse, sb. plenteousness, 

Flentuuste, sb. plentifulness, H. 

Plesaxuice, sh. pleasure, kihdness. PP ; 
plesance, B, 82, Cath., C2.— OF. plai- 

Plete, V. to plead, 83, PP, HD, Prompt. ; 
see Plaidi. 

Pletede, //• i. plaited, folded up, S2 ; 
see Playten. 

Pley, sb. play, C2 ; pleie, 8. — AS. 
plcga, brisk motion, fight, play (OET), 



Pleyen, v. to piny, amuse oneself, 
ri', C2 ; pleien, S, PP ; pleiden, ft. pi. 
rcJJ., Si. — AS. plcgian, to play on an in- 
strument (OET), to play, ' ludere,' to move 
briskly (Grein), //iS'^aw (Sicvers, 391) : OS. 
plcgan, to wager, to answer for; cp. OHG. 
plcgan (Otfrid). 

Fle3ni, aJj. even, level, plain, clear, 
Prompt., C, C3 ; playn, B; adv. plainly, 
clearly, C3 ; playn, C3. — AV. plain; 
Lat. planum. 

Pleyn, J', to complain, S3 ; see Playne. 

Pleyn, adj. full, C, C3, V?.—0¥.pldn ; 
Lat. plenum. 

Pleynly, adv. fully, C. 

Plillt, sb. danger, S2 ; pli5t, \VA. — AS. 

Plihten, v. to pledge, plight, PP, S2 ; 
plyghte, PP, Prompt. ; pli5te,S ; plyg-hte, 
//. .f., PP; plyshten, //., PP ; plilit, //., 
PP, S2 ; plyht, S2 ; pUjt, PP ; plyjt, S3 ; 
plight, PP; plyght, C3 ; i-pluht, S; 
y-plijte, PP ; i-plijt, S2. — AS. plihtan, 
to imperil, to venture (Schmid). 

Plilltful, adj. dangerous, S2. 

Plite, sb. state, condition, manner, SkD 
(p. 82 2), CM, WA; see Plyte. 

Plouh., sb. plough, PP ; plow, Prompt. ; 
plewch, B ; plouj, PP ; ploh, S2 ; plewys, 
pi., S3. Comb. : plonh-fot, plough-foot, 
PP; plow-lond, a measure of land, ca)-nc- 
cata, S2 ; plowelond, Voc. ; plowlond, 
Prompt. ; ploghe of lande, Cath. ; plowes 
of lond, G; plow-man, ploughman, C2, 
PP ; ploujman, PP ; plucli-ox, plough- 
ox, S3 ; plowstert, plough-tail or handle, 
Prompt. — Icel.//(7^r, plough; cp. AS. ploh, 
ploughland (SkD), OHG. pluag, plough 

Plukken, v. to pluck, PP, Prompt. ; 
plokken, PP ; plyghte, pt. s., CM, C2, 
PP ; plyght, //., C2 (p. 290). — AS. 

Plume, sb. feather ; plumes, pi., PP ; 
plomys, S3. — OF. plume ; Lat. phima. 

Plye, "v. to bend, C2. — AF. plier; Lat. 
plicare, to fold. 

Plyght, //■ plighted, pledged, C3 ; see 

Plyghte,/^. s. plucked, pulled, C2 ; see 

Pljrte, sb. state, condition. Prompt., C3, 
WA ; pUte, CM, WA ; pUt, '62.—OV .plite, 
SkD (p. B22), pliste; Late Lat. *plicita, 
from Lat. plicare, to fold. Cf. Playte, 


Poer, sb. power, S2 ; poeir, S2 ; power, 
Prompt. ; powere, army, WA ; pouwer, 
PP.— OF. pocr, pocir; Late Lat. potJre, to 
be able. 

Poised, //. s. weighed, PP ; see Peisen. 

Poke, sb. a bag, Cath., PP, S; pooke. 
Prompt.; poc, S2 ; powke, PP ; pouli,, 
PP.— Cp. ODu. polcc. 

Poket, sb. pockety Prompt. ; pokets, 
//., C3. 

Pokke, sb. pustule. Prompt. ; poke. 
Voc. ; pokkes,//., C3, Voc, PP. 

Pokok, sb. a peacock, PP; see Pecok. 

Polcat, sb. polecat, C3 ; pulkat, 
Prompt., Voc. ; pulcatte, SkD ; powlkat, 
SkD.— ME. pol- ; OF. pole, polle ; Lat. 
piilla. Cf Pulte. 

Poletes, pullets, S2 ; see Pnlte. 

Polische, "0. to polish, PP ; pulische, 
Cath. ; puliche, Cath. ; polsche, PP ; 
pulsche, PP ; pulclied, //., S3. — From 
OF. poliss-, stem of polissant, pr. p. of 
polir ; Lat. polire. 

Poll, .f^. poll, head, WW; head, person, 
WA ; pol, PP ; poUes, //., PP. Comb. : 
poll-ax, pole-axe, C ; polax, CM. 

Poll, V. to cut off the hair, WW, Manip.; 
powled, //.//., WW ; pollid, //., W, W2 ; 
powled, WW. Comb. : polled hen, C 
(p. 125); pulled hen, bald, moulting 
hen, C. 

Polle, V. to get money unfairly, by ex- 
tortion, Palsg. ; poll, spoliare, Manip., S3, 
ND, Sh. — The same word as above. 

Poller, sb. an extortioner, ND. 

Polling, sb. unfair exaction, S3. 

Polyue, sb. pulley, C2, CM; polyff, 
ONE, I. loS). 

Pomade, sb. cider, PP. 

Pom,age, sb. cider, HD. 

Pom.e, sb. pomade, S3. Comb. : pome- 
water, a kind of apple, HD ; pom-water, 
the apple of the eye, HD. — OF. pome, 
apple ; Lat. poinum. 

Fom.el, sb. a knob, a boss, C, W2 ; 
pomels, //., S3 ; pomelles, HD. 

Pom.ely, adj. spotted like an apple, C, 
C3 ; pomelee, HD. Comb. : pomely gris 
{=gris pommele), dapple grey, Cotg. — 0¥. 

Ponne, sb. pan, PP ; see Panne. 

Pons, pence, S2 ; see Peny. 

Pope, sb. the pope, PP; pape,S. Der. : 
popetrie, popery, S3. — AS. papa; Church 
Lat. papa. 


Popet, s^. puppet, C2, SkD, CM.— OF. 

Popyngay, sb. parrot, popinjay, S3 ; 
see Papejay. 

Poraille, ^b. poor people, C ; see 

Porclias, sb. gain, winnings, S2 ; see 

Pore, adj. poor, S2 ; see Pouer. 

Poret, sb. a kind of leek, PP, Prompt. ; 
porettes,//., S2, V.—OY.porretuyO.oKg.'). 

Pors, sb. purse, S2 ; see Purse. 

Portatyf, adj. portable, light, P.— OF. 
portatif, lively of body (Cotg.). 

Porte, sb. gate, WW ; port, Sh. ; 
portis, //., S3. — AF. poi-te ; Lat. porta. 

Portrey, v. to pourtray, FP ; purtreye, 
PP ; purtraye, PP ; pnrtreied, //., S3 ; 
portred, S3 ; porturat, S3. — <dY .portray-, 
stem o^portrayatit, pr. p. oi portraire ; Late 
Lat. protrahere. 

Porueid, //• provided, S2 ; see Pume- 

Pose, sb. cold in the head, S2, Prompt., 
Cath., Palsg., Voc, C3.— Wei. pas, a 
cough ; for cognates see SkD (s. v. wheeze), 
and Bnigmann, §441. 

Possen, V. to push, S, PP, CM, 
Prompt. ; posshen, PP. — OF. pousscr, 
poidscr ; Lat. ptdsare, frequent, oipdlere. 

Pot, sb. a vessel for cooking or drinking 
from, SkD. Comb. : pot-parlament, a 
talk over one's cups, S3 ; pot-sherd, pot- 
sherd, S3 ; pot-styk, pot-stick, motarium, 
Voc. ; pot-stykke, motoriwri, Voc. ; pot- 
stick, S3. 

Pott e, /A s. put, S2 ; see Pntten. 
Ponderen, v. to powder, SkD ; ponl- 
dereu, S3 ; pulderit, //., S3. — OY.poud- 
rer, poldrer ; Lat. puluerare. 

Poudre, sb. powder, C3, W ; ponder, 
PP ; poudir, W ; ponlder, HD ; pulder, 

S3. Comb. : poudre marchaunt, flavouring 

powder, C. — AF. poudre, puldre, OF. 

*pulre ; Lat. pulucrem, dust. 
Povn, .f/'. peacock, S3. — O¥.poun,paon\ 

Lat. pauoncm; see BH (Introd., 27). Cf 

Pound, sb. pound, PP; punde, dat., S; 

pownd, //., S2. Comb.: pound-mele, by 

pounds at a time, PP, S2 ; pound-mel, P. 

• — AS. putid ; Lat. pondus, a weight. 
Pound, sb. an enclosure, pound, pond, 

S2 ; pond, SkD ; ponde. Prompt. ; poonde, 

Cath. Comb. : pondfoldCj a pound, pin- 



fold, PP ; ponndfalde, PP ; ponfolde, 

PP. — AS. pund, an enclosure (Schmid). 

Ponren, v. to pore, gaze steadily, C3;; 
pore, CM ; powre, C ; pure, S ; pirith, 
pr. s., PP. 

Pons, sb. pulse, PP, CM ; ponce, S2 ; 
powce, Prompt. — OF. pouls, polz ; Lat. 
ptilsum (ace). 

Ponste, sb. power, P, B, HD, H (77. 
65) ; poste, HD ; potestat, W ; ponstees, 
pL, violent attacks, PP ; potestatis, 
powers, W. — AF. ponste, poestc, OY.podeste ; 
Lat. potestatem. 

Pont, v. to poke, to stir with a long 
instrument, JD. Comb. : pont-stafF, a net 
fastened to two poles, used for poking the 
banks of rivers, JD, S3. 

Poneraill Poveraill , sb. the poor 

people, B ; pnrraile, PP ; poraille, PP, 
C ; porails, //., W2. — AF. poveraz/. 

Ponerte \ Poverte ^,sb. poverty, mean- 
ness, shabbiness, PP, C2, WA ; powerte, 
B ; ponert, WA, PP, S2, S3, C3, W, W2. 
— OF. poverte ; Late Lat. paupertam ; see 
Constans (Supplement, p. 32). 

Ponre (Povre\ adj. poor, S, PP, S2, 

C2 ; pouere, PP, S2 ; poner, S2 ; pore, 
S, S2 ; pure, S2, S3 ; pouerore, comp., 
S2 ; pour est, super!., C2 ; poure, adv., 
C2. — OY.povre; \.z.\.. patiperem . 
Ponreliche (Povreliche), adv. 

poorly, C2 ; ponrely, C. 

Poynt, sb. point, a small portion, a bit, 
S2 ; poynte. Prompt. Phr. : at the 
poynt, conveniently placed, S2 ; in point, 
at the point, about to, S2. — OF. point; Lat. 
punctum. Co?nb. : point-deuys, at point- 
deuys, with the greatest exactness, in 
detail, minutely, CM, C2 ; point-device, 
HD. — OF. point ; Lat. punctum. 

Poyntil, sb. a style to write with, W, 
W2 ; poyntyle, Voc. — OF . pointille. 

Poys, sb. weight, S3 ; see Peis. 

Prane, sb. prawn, Prompt., Manip., 
Palsg., ND ; praune, SkD ; pranys, pi., 
S3. — OF. *parne, *perne; Lat. pcrna, a 
ham ; cp. It. perna, a nakre fish (Florio). 
For the changes in meaning, cp. It. gam- 
barelli, prawns (Florio), from gamba, a leg. 

Prangleu, v. to press ; prangfled, S. — 
Cp Du. prangen ; Goth, praggan, to press. 

Prank, adj. full of sensational tricks ; 
pranker, comp., ND. 

Pranken, v. to arrange the folds of a 
dress, SkD, Prompt.. Palsg., HD; prancke, 
ND ; pranke, to frisk about, Manip. 



Franker, s/>. one who dresses gaily, 
Frankie, a^O- ^""^*^) gorgeous, S3. 

Fraty, ac/J. pretty, clcgantiilus, Prompt. ; 
prcstans, Cath. ; pretie, sci/us, facctus, 
Manip. ; prately, adv., CM. — Cp. Late 
Lat. practicus, ' peritus ' (Ducange). 

Frayabill, ac/J. to be entreated, H. 

Frayen, v. to pray, PP ; see Preyen. 

Frecheu, v. to preach, C2. — OF. 
prcchcr [ pieschcr) ; Lat. pracdicare. 

FrecllOlir, sb. preachers, PP ; prech- 
oures, //., PP, S3. — OF. prechedr; Lat. 

Fredicaiuent, sb. in logic, one of the 
most general classes into which things can 
be distributed ; predicamentes, pi., S3. — 
Schol. Lat. praedicameiitiim. 

Frees, sb. ; see Presse. 

Freie, sb. prey, S ; pray, Prompt., PP ; 
prayes, pi., spoils, S2. — OF. preie (mod. 
proic\ ; Late Lat. preda ; Lat. praeda) ; cp. 
KY .praic. 

Frente, sb. print, impression, SkD ; 
prent, S3 ; preynt. Prompt. ; prynte, 
PP, W. — OF. prcint, pp. oi preindre ; Lat. 
premcre, to press. 

Freuteu, v. to print, impress, CM ; 
preentyn. Prompt. 

Frentis, J^. apprentice, S2, P; pren- 
tyce. Prompt.; prentys, PP ; //., PP ; 
prentises, PP. See Apreutis. 

Freutishode, sb. apprenticeship, PP. 

Fresse, sb. a press, throng, SkD, PP ; 
pres, CM, C2 ; prees, CM, S2, C2, C3 ; 
prease, Cotg., S3; preace, S3. — AF. 
p?xsse, a throng. 

FreSSOUr, sb. press for cloth, S2, PP ; 
winepress, W ; pressoure, pressoriitm, 
Calh. ; presour, \V ; pressours,//., W2. 
— OF. pressoir ; Lat. pressoriu/n. 

Frest, adj, ready, quick, G, S2, S3; 
adv., PP, S3 ; presteste, superl., S2 ; 
prestest, P ; prestliche, adv., readily, 
PP ; prestly, PP ; prestely, S2.— AF. 
presl ; Late Lat. praesttt?n (Ducange). 

Frest, sb. priest, S,PP, S2, C2 ; preest, 
PP ; preeste, Prompt.; preostes,//., S2 ; 
prestes, S2 ; prustes, S2. — AS. prcost ; 
Church Lat. presbyter (Vulg.) ; Gr. iTpia[iv- 
Tfpos, elder (^LXX). 

Freste, adj. siipe?-l. {(or pret-sle), proud- 
est, highest, S2 ; see Proud. 

Fresthod, sb. presthood, PP ; preest- 
hood, Prompt. 


Freuen, v. to prove, try, test, abide a 
test, C2, C3 ; see Proueu. 

Frevy, adj. privy, secret, S3 ; see Pryue. 

Freyen, v. to pray, C2, PP, Prompt. ; 
preien, PP, S, S3 ; preith, pr. s., S2 ; 
prei3ede, //. s., PP ; preide, S, PP ; 
preyd, S2 ; y-prayed, //., S2, C2. — AF. 
preier (^prater) ; Late Lat. prccare (Lat. 

Freyere, sb. prayer. Prompt., S2, C2 ; 
preiere, PP. — AF. preiere : It. pregaria ; 
Church Lat. precaria. 

Fricasour, sb. a hard rider, C, CM. 

Frice, sb. high esteem, S2 ; see Prys, 

Fricket, sb. a buck ; see Pryket. 

Friiuate, sb. the first place, H. — Lat. 
primatiis (Vulg.). 

Frimordyall, sb. origin, S3. — OF. 

primordial; Church Lat. primordialeiii. 

FrilU-Se^nen, v. to give the prima 
sigiiatio, to sign with the cross, an act pre- 
liminary to christening ; priinni-se55nesst, 
2 pr. s., S ; y-primisined, //., S2. — OF. 
primseig>icr \J)\xc2S\g€) ; z^.\i:.<i\. primsigna. 

Frincipatus, powers, dominions, 
rulers, \V. — Lat. principatus (Vulg.). 

Frisun, sb. prison, S. — AF. pristin ; 
hat. prensioiiem, prehensionem, a taking, a 
capture. Cf. Pryson. 

Frisun, sb. a prisoner; prisunes, pi., 
S ; prysouns, PP ; prysuns, H ; prisons, 
S2 ; prisounes, P; presons, \VA. — AF. 
prisonn, OF. prison ; see Constans. 

Frisuner, sb. gaoler, keeper of a prison, 

FroceS, sb. narrative, history, C2, HD, 
\VA. — OF. proces ; Lat. proccssitin. 

FrOCh.e, v. to approach ; procMng'e, 
pr. p , S3. — OF. procher (in opprocher) ; 
Late Lat. propiare. 

FrOCUratour, sb. proctor, agent, PP ; 
procuratoure, steward, W ; proketowre. 
Prompt. — K¥ . prociiratour ; Lat. procura- 
torem (Vulg.). 

Frofyte, sb. profit. Prompt. ; prophete, 
PP. — A F. profit ; Lat. profcctum. 

Frofyten, v. to profit, Prompt. ; pro- 
fitide, pt. s., grew, W ; prophitide,//., S2. 

Froheme, sb. a proem, prologue, C2. — 
OV . procDic ; haX. proemium ; Gr. trpooifxiov. 

Froinen, v. to prune, preen, trim, 
adorn, SkD, HD, ND ; proig-ne, HD ; 
prune, CM, SkD ; proynd, //., S3. — OF. 
pivgncr, also provigiier, to propagate bj 


taking cuttings (Cotg.)- ; from OF. provin, 
a sucker (Cotg.), also provaiti ; Lat. fro- 

Proiner, sb. pruner, ND. 

Frollen, v. to search about, prowl, C3, 
Prompt., Palsg. ; proule, Manip. 

Fromissiotin, sb. promise. Phr. : the 
lond of promyssioun \OX of beheste), the 
Holy Land, Sj. — Lat. promissioncm ; cp. 
terra repromissionis (Heb. n. 9, Vulg.). 

Promyt, v. to promise, S3, JD. — Lat. 
promittcrc ; cp. OF. prometre. 

Propre, adj. separate, distinct, PP, C2 ; 
fine, goodly, PP, C3 ; proper, S2.— AF. 
propre, fit ; Lat. proprijtm. 

Propreliclie, ad'^- properly, suitably, 

Proprete, sb. property, peculiarity, 
SkD ; propirte, PP ; propertes, //., S2, 
VVA ; propurtes, PP. — OF. propriete, a 
property ^Cotg.) ; 'Lz.t. proprietatein. 

ProspectjTttes, sb. pi. perspective 
glasses, C2. Comb.: prospective glass, 
telescope, C2 («). — OF. prospective, ' the 
prospective, perspective or Optick art' 

Proud, adj. proud, PP, WA ; prowd, 
PP ; prout, PP, S2 ; pmd, S ; prut, S ; 
prute, //., S ; prude, S ; preste ;pret- 
ste\ mpcrl., S2. — AS. priit; cp. Icel. 

Prone, sb. proof, S3 ; preue, CM, C2 ; 
preef, C3 ; prief, S3. — OF. prcuve ; Late 
Lat. proba ; from Lat. probare. 

Pronen, z'- to prove, try, test, PP, S ; 
preonen, S2, PP ; preuen, PP, C2, C3 ; 
pruf,, I, S2 ; preuede, /A J'., S2 ; 
proued, //., S2 ; preued, //., S3. — OF. 
prove r {prouver) ; Lat. probare. 

Pronende, sb. food, Manip. ; proTi- 
endre, food, PP ; a prebend, ecclesiastical 
benefice, PP, CNL — 0¥ . provende {prove>i- 
dre) ; Church Lat. praebenda, a ration, al- 
lowance, see BH (Introd. § 40). 

Pronendre, sb. a prebendary, SkD. — 
OF. provcndicr. 

Pronendren, v. to provide with pre- 
bends, P. 

Prouendreres, sb. pi. men who hold 

prebends, S2, PP. 

PronisOTirs, sb. pi. men named by the 
pope to a living not vacant, S2, PP. — 
Church Lat. provisores (Ducange). 

Prow, sb. profit, advantage, C, C3, G, 



H, PP, HD; prou, H.— OF. prou, p,u, 
advantage (Bartsch). 

Prowesse, sb. prowess, 82 ; pruesse, 
S. — AV. pruesse, OF. proece. 

Pmstes, sb. pi. priests, S2 ; see Prest. 

Prut, adj. proud, S ; see Proud. 

Pryde, sb. pride, PP ; prute, S2 ; 
prude, PP, S, S2 ; pruyde, P ; pruide, 
PP, S2 ; pride, S2 (p. 74).— AS. pryte. 
See Proud. 

Prydeles, adj. void of pride, C2. 

Pryen, v. to pry, PP, C3 ; prien, PP ; 
pry, Cath. ; prie, i pr. s., Palsg. 

Pryk, sb. a sting, Prompt. ; prik, point, 

Pryket, sb. a young buck, capriohis. 
Prompt. ; pricket, a buck in his second 
year (^named from his pricking horns), S3, 
HD, Cotg. (s. v. dagard). 

Prykie, v. to prick, goad, spur, ride 
fast, PP ; prikken, C2, Prompt. ; pryglite, 

pt. S.,C2. 

PryMere, sb. rider, horseman, PP. 
Prykke, sb. a broach. Prompt. ; prikke, 
puncture, sting, C, C2. 

Pryklyng, pr. p. urging, S3. 

Pryme, sb. the period from six o'clock 
to 9 a.m., also 9 a.m., Prompt., S, PP, C2, 
C3 ; prime, S, S3,WA. Fhr. : lieij prime, 
high prime, 9 am., PP. Comb.: prime- 
tide, prime, S. — Church LsLt. prima. 

Prymer, sb. primer, C2. 

Pryns, sb. prince, PP ; prynce. Prompt. 
— AF. prince ; Lat. principem. 

Prynshode, sb. princely dignity, W ; 
prinsbod, W. 

Prynte, sb. print, W; see Prente. 

Prys, sb. price, prize, value, excellence, 
high esteem, C, C2, PP ; pris, S, S2, PP ; 
price, WA, S2 ; pryce, Prompt. — KY.pris ; 
L.2lX.. pretium, see BH, § 32. 

Prys, adj. prize, chief, PP ; pris, S2 ; 
prijs, S3. 

Prysen, v. to set a price. Prompt. ; 
priss, to prize, S2. 

Pryson, v. to put in prison. Prompt. ; 
y-prisoned, //., G. See Prisun, 

Prysonere, sb. prisoner, captive. 
Prompt. ; prisonere, PP. — OF. prisonier, 
AF. pristtncr. 

Pryue, adj. secret, intimate, PP, S2 ; 
priuee, C2, C3 ; priuei, S2 ; prevy, S3 ; 
priuee, adv., Ci; priues, sb. pi., secret 
friends, P; priueliche, ad'z'., secretly, S2, 




PP; priuely, C2 ; prynely, C2. — AF. 
prive ; Lat. friiiatuni. 

Prynen, v. to deprive, Prompt. ; prife, 
H ; pryuyd, //. s., H. — OF. priver; Lat. 

Pryuete, sb. privity, secret counsel, 
PP ; priuitee, S2, C2, C3 ; pryuyte, S2. 
• — AF. pi-iveie. 

Psalme, sb. psalm, H, PP ; see Salm. 

Psantere, sb. psalter, H (p. 3) ; see 

Pnblissh.eil, v. to make public, PP, 
C2 ; pnplisclie, W (Mt. i. 19) ; pup- 
plische, S2 ; pulilice, imp. s., PP. — A 
form due to analogy from OF. /w^/iVr; Lat. 

Pucelle, sh. a girl, maiden ; pucell, 
S3. — OF. pncelle, pulcelle ; dimin. from 
Lat. pulliis, the young of any animal ; cp. 
OF. polk, maiden (Bartsch). Cp. Pulte, 

Pokken, v. to poke, push, incite, P; 
pukked,//. s., P. 

Pulched, //. polished, S3 ; see Pol- 

Pnlte, sb. pullet, Prompt. ; poletes, 
//., S2, PP.— OF. polete; dim. of pole, 
polle; 'La.X. pulla. Cf Pucelle, Polcat. 

Pulten, V. to push, beat, strike, put, 
PP, S2 ; pelte, PP ; pilte, PP, SkD (s. v. 
pel() ; pulte, pt. s., PP ; pult, PP, S2 ; 
pelte, S ; pelt, PP ; i-pilt, //., G ; pilt, 
S, SkD. 

Pulter, sb. poulterer, Cath. — AF. pok- 
ier, puUeter. 

Pultrie, sb. poultry, S3, C, Prompt. ; 
pultery, name of a London street, the 
Poultry, S3. — AF. pidtrk, poktrie. 

Punde, .f*^. dat. pound ; see Pound (i). 

Pnple, sb. people, PP, Prompt., W2 ; 
pupel, S2 ; poeple, PP ; puplis,//., W2, 
— OF. peupk, poepk (AF. peopk) ; Lat. po- 

Pur, adj. pure, thorough, complete, S2, 
PP ; pure, PP, S3, C ; puir, PP ; puire, 
PP ; pur, adv., completely, S2 ; pure, 
merely, very, S3 ; purlyche, adv., purely, 
completely, S3. — OF. pur ; Lat. purum. 

Purchaceu, v. to acquire, purchase, 
PP ; purcliasen, C3. — AF. ptirchacer, to 
pursue, to acquire ; OF. porchacier. 

Purchas, sb. gain, winnings, C, G ; 
porchas, S2.— AF. purchas. 

PurchasOUX, ib. prosecutor, C. — AF. 


Purchasyng, sb. prosecution, C. 
Purfil, sb. the furred trimming of a dress, 
P ; purfyle, P ; purfle, a hem, Manip. 

Purfilen, v. to embroider on an edge, 
to purl, C, P ; purfle, Cotg.^ — OF. pour- 
fikr, from fikr, to twist threads, from fit, 
thread ; Lat. filum. 

Purpre, sb. purple garments, S, PP ; 
purpire, H (44. 11) ; purpour, adj., S3 ; 
purpur, W ; purpres, //., purple cover- 
ings, S. — KY. purpre; 'L.^X. purpura. 

Purpurat, adj. of a purple colour, S3. 
— 'Lz.\.. purpuraltis, clad in purple. 

Purpuresse, sb. a seller of purple ( = 
purpurarid), W. 

Purse, sb. purse, bag, PP, S, C3 ; purs, 
PP, C2, C; porse, PP ; pors, S2.— AS. 
purs (Engl. Studien, xi. 65, 1. 36); Late Lat. 
biasa ; Gr. Pvparj, a skin. 

Purtenauuce, sb. appurtenance, be- 
longings, PP ; purtenance, the intestines 
of an animal, WW ; portenaunce, Palsg. ; 
purtenancis, //., S3. — OF. appartenance 

Purtreied, //• pourtrayed, S3; see 

Purveour, sb. purveyor, PP, SkD. — 
KY . purveour. 

Purveyaunce, sb. providence, pro- 
vision, plan, means of getting, equipment, 
W ; purveiance, S2, C3 ; purueance, S2. 
— AF. purvcaunce, OF. pdrvednce ; Lat. 

Purueyeu, v. to provide, W2, C2, PP ; 
puruay, S2, H ; pomayen, H ; por- 
ueynde pr. p., S2 ; purueid, //., S3 ; 
pourveid, S2 ; porueid, S2. — AF. pur- 
veier,purveer,iox OY . porveotr ; Lat. /r<?- 

Pu'Seren, v. to poke about, S (9. 96). 

Putten, V. to put, push, PP, W ; 
puten, S ; puiten, PP ; puttide, pt. s., 
S2 ; potte, S2 ; pot, pL, S2 ; putten to, 
added, assented, W ; put, pp., H ; y-put, 
C3 ; i-put, G. 

Puttynge, sb. pushing, instigation, H. 

Puyssant, adj. powerful, SkD ; puis- 
sant, S3. — OF. puissant, poissant ; Late 
Lat. *pocsentem, *possentem (cp. It. pos- 
sente), from Lat. posse, to be able ; see 
Constans (Notes, p. 23). 

Puyssaunce, .f^- might, power, HD ; 
puysaunce, S3 ; piscence, S3. — OF. 
iruissance, toissance. 


Fykare, sd. a little thief, Prompt. ; pyk- 
ers, //., PP. 

Pyke, sd. a pike, pointed pole, staff fur- 
nished with a spike, Prompt. ; pyk, S2 ; 
pykis, //., thorns, prickles, S3. Cotnb. : 
pyk-Btaf, pike-staff, PP. 

Fyken, v. to pick, to steal, PP, Prompt. ; 
pioke, WW ; pykkand, /r. /., S3 ; pikld, 
//.J., PP. Comb. : pyke-herneis, plunderers 
of armour, PP; pyke-hemois, PP; pyke- 
porse, one who steals a purse, PP ; picke- 
pnrse, S3 ; pick-purse, a name for Paris, 
S3 (p. 374) ; pike-purs, C. Cf. Ficchen. 

Pykeys, •f'''- a mattock, tool for digging. 
Prompt. ; pykoys, P ; pycows, Voc. — OF. 

picois ;Ducange). 

Fylche, sb. a furred garment, Voc, HD, 
Prompt. ; pilche, S3, HD, ND. Comb. : 
pilche-clut, a pilch-clout, rag of a pilch, 
S. — AS. pyke ; Lat. pellicia, made of fur 

Fylgrim, sb. pilgrim, PP; pile^ym, 
S ; pelegrim, SkD ; pyl^rymes, pL, PP. 
— Prov. pcUegnns ; Lat. peregrinus ; cp. 
OF. pdcrin. See Peregrriu. 

Pylgrimage, sb. pilgrimage, PP ; pel- 
rimage, S. — A¥. pilrymage; OF. pele- 

Pyment, sb. spiced wine and honey, 
CM, Voc. ; piment, nectar, Yoc, HD ; py- 
mente, Prompt. — OF. piment, pigment 
(Bartsch) ; Late 'La.i. pigmentum i^IDucange). 

Fynden, v. to shut in the pound, Cath.; 
punt, pr. s., S. — AS. pyndan (in for-pyn- 
dan) ; cp. Icel. pynda. See Found. 

Pynder, sb. a pindar, pinner, one who 

QUAL. J 79 

impounds stray cattle, Cath., Eardsley ; 
pyndare, Prompt. ; pinder, ND ; pynner, 
Manip., Bardsley ; pinner, Eardsley. 

Pyne, sb. anguish, torment, S, S3, C2, 
C3 ; pyn, S2 ; pines, //., S, S2 ; pynes, 
S2 ; pine, S ; pinen, S ; pynen, S2. — A.S. 
pin ; Late Lat. pctia, see Sievers, 69. Cf. 

Fynen, v. to torment, S2 ; pinen, S ; 
pyns, pr. s., vS2 ; pinede, pt. s., suffered, 
PP ; pynede, S2 ; pined, //., S ; tormented, 
S2 ; y-pyned, S2 ; i-pined, S. — AS.pinian 
(BT). _ 

Fyning, sb. torture ; pining', S. Comb. : 
pynyng-stoles, stools of punishment, cuck- 
ing-stools, PP, S2. — AS. pinung. 

Fynne, sb. pin, peg, bolt, bar, PP ; pyn, 
G. — AS.pinn, pin, peg (ET). 

Fynnen, v. to shut up, enclose, pen, 
PP ; pinnen, PP, S2 ; pennen, SkD.— AS. 
pcnnan (in on-pcnnan). 

Fynoun, sb. a pennon, C ; see Penoun. 

Fyony, sb. peony. Prompt. ; pyon, 
Cath. ; pyany. Prompt. ; piones, //., seeds 
of the peony, P ; pyonies, PP. — OF. pione, 
pion (Cotg.) ; Lat. p{a)eonia ; Gr. Tratcwja, 
the peony. 

Fyry, sb. storm of wind, gust, Prompt. ; 
pyrie, S3 (p. 437) ; pirie, HD, Prompt. 
(«) ; pyrry, Palsg., ND ; pirrie, S3, ND ; 
perrie, Prompt, (w), ND ; berrie, Cotg. 
(s.v. tourbillon) ; berry, Florio (s. v. criscia 
d' deque), HD. 

Fyt, sb. pit, pool. Prompt. ; put, S, PP 
pit, S ; pytte. Prompt. ; putte, S, PP, S2 
pette, S2. — AS. pytt ; Late Lat. *putius 
Lat. puteus. 


Quad, adj. and sh. evil, bad, the Evil 
One, MD, C2 ; qued, MD, PP; owed, MD; 
quet, MD ; kueade, dat., S2 ; queade, S2 ; 
quede, S2. — AS. cwead; cf Du. kwaad. 

Quad, pt. s. quoth, S ; see QuetSen. 

Quaile, v. to wither, to die, S3 (28a. 91), 
SkD, ND, Sh. ; to overpower, intimidate, 
ND, SkD, Sh. 

Qnain, sb. trouble, mourning, S2. — AS. 
*huidn (see below). 

Qaainen, v. to lament, MD (s. v. 
hwenen) ; whene, MD. — AS. hwinan (in 
d-hW'knan, BT). 

Qnair, sb. quire, book, S3 ; quayre, 
Manip., CM ; quayer, Voc. — OF. quayer 
(F. cahier), Prov. cazem for cadern : It. 
quaderno ; Lat. quaternum ; cp. Late Lat. 
quaternio, a sheet folded in four (Voc). 
See Quartern. 

Quaken, v. to quake, tremble, S2 
cwakien, S; quakede, pt. s., PP, MD 
quok {strong form), PP ; quook, C2, SkD 
quoke, S2, H. — AS. cwacian. 

Qaakynge, sb. trembling. Prompt., 
MD; quakyng, W. — AS. cwacung. 

Qual, sb. whale, MD, Cath. («) ; qwal, 
N 2 

i8o QUALM. 

rrompt. ; qwaylle,Catli ; quale, S2 ; whal, 
W2 ; hwel, MD ; qualle, //., S2, Cath. 
ijt) ; quhalis, S3, Cath. [n).—AS. hivicl. 

Qualm, sb. death, pestilence, S2, H ; 
cwaliu, ML); qualme, dat., C. — AS. 
civcalm. See Quelen. 

Quarel, sb. a square-headed cross-bow 
bolt, quarrel, \VA, SkD ; quarelle, S2 ; 
quarrel, W A, ND. — AF. quarel, cross-bow 
bolt ; Late Lat. quadrelhun (ace. ), a 
quarrel, a square tile, dimin. of Lat. qtiad- 
rus, square. 

Quarere, sb. quarry. Prompt.; quareres, 
/>/., S2. — OF. quarricre (Cotg.) ; Late Lat. 
quadraria, quarry, deriv. from quadras. 
See above. 

Quartern, sb. prison ; cwarterne,(/a/., 
MD; quarterne, S, MD. — AS. cwcar- 
tern, prison, perhaps for AS. quaiern, 
'quaternio' (OFT). Cp. Yr. caserne (Sp. 
casertia), barracks ; Lat. quaterna (see Bra- 
chet) ; an etym. illustrated by the Fr. sea- 
term cascrnet, log-book, a deriv. of Lat. 
quatei-niim, see Diez, p. 755 (s. v. cahier). — 
See Quair. 

Quarteroun, sb. a quarter, P, HD; 
quartrun, PP. 

Quat, QuaS, pt. s. quoth, S ; see Que«- 

Quatriuials, sb. pi. the quadrivials, the 
quadriviuni, the four higher sciences : astro- 
logy, geometry, arithmetic, music, S3 (14. 
511). — From Late Lat. qnadriviutn, the 
four mathematical sciences ; in Lat. a place 
where four ways meet. 

Quave-iuire, sb. quagmire, HD ; qua- 
luier, DG. 

Quaueu, v. to shake, S2, PP, Prompt.; 
quave, HD, JD, DG. 

Quauynge, sb. shaking, MD. 

Quayle, v. to curdle, to coagulate, 
Palsg., Prompt., Manip. — OF. coailler; 
Lat. coagiilare. 

Quayut, adj. prudent, wise, H ; quaynte, 
quaint, curious, WA ; see Coint. 

Quayutis, sb. wisdom, prudence, H ; 
see Cointise. 

Quayre, sb. quire, book, CM ;'see Quair. 

Queade, sb. evil, iniquity, S2 ; see 

Queale, sb. a blister, pimple, pupula, 
Manip. ; see Wliele. 

Queccheu, -o. to shake, MD ; qvyc- 
chyn. Prompt. ; quytche, Palsg. ; quitch, 
Cotg. (s. V. oeil); cwehte, //. s., MD ; 
quehte, MD. — AS. cweccan. 


Qued, adj. bad, S2, PP ; see Quad. 

Quedscllipe, sb. wickedness, MD ; 
queadschipe, S ; cweadscliipe, S. 

Queere,.f'''. quire, choir. Prompt.; queer, 
^\ 2 ; quere, W2 ; queir, S3. — OF. choeur 
(Cotg.) ; Lat. choriim (ace.) ; Gr. xopdi. 

Quek, adj. living, S2 ; see Quik. 

Quelen, v. to die, MD ; cwelen, MD. — 
AS. cwelan, pt. cicccl (pi. cwilon), pp. 
civolen. Cp. OHG. qzielati, 'cruciari' 

Quellen, v. to kill, S, S2, C3, C; 
quelde, //. s., S; cwelled, //., S. — AS, 
cwcllan; cp. OHG. ^«<r/^«, ' cruciare' (Ta- 
tian), qucHcji (Otfrid). 

Quellere, sb. executioner, MD. — AS. 

Queme, adj. pleasing, S, MD ; qweme, 
convenient, WA; cweme, S; wheme, MD. 
— AS. (ge')cweme, from c{7ij)Sm, pt. of cu- 
maii ; cp.OHG. {bi)queman, to come. to, to 
suit, fit (^Otfrid) ; see Kluge (s. v. bequern). 
See Comeu. 

Quemeful, adj. placable, W2. 

Quemen, v. to please, S, H, PP ; cwem- 
en, S; cwemde, //. J., S; i-quemd, //., 
S ; i-cwemet, S. — AS. cwlman. 

Quenclieil, v. to quench, S, Prompt., 
S3, SkD ; cwennkenn, S ; queynte,/^. s., 
MD, S2 ; queynt,//., MD, C ; y-kuenct, 
S2; queuchid, \V2. — AS. cwcncan. 

Queue, sb. queen, wife, woman, quean, 
S, C2, C3, WA ; quen, S, C ; cuen, S ; 
kueu, MD ; kwene, S; cwene, MD. — AS. 
cw'-u ; cp. OHG. queiia, wife (Otfrid) ; for 
root see Brugmann, § 40 7 1 3- 

Querel, sb. a complaint, dispute, quarrel, 
S2, W2; querela, SkD. — AF. querele; 
Late Lat. ^querella, for Lat. querela. 

Querne, sb. hand-mill, C2, Prompt., 
Palsg., MD; queeme, W'. — hS>. cweorn; 
cp. Goth, kzuairnus ; see Brugmann, § 442. 

Querrour, sb. quarry-man, CM. See 

Quest, sb. an inquiry, jury, verdict, G. — 
OJ:". questc, a quest (Cotg.). Quest is used 
for the proper legal term eiiquest; OF. 

Qlieste, sb. will, bequest, G ; quiste, S. 
A corrupt form of Quide (q v.), influenced 
by the above word. 

QueSen, v. to speak, MD ; cwe'Sen, S, 
MiJ ; cwalS, //. j., S ; ewe*, S ; que'8, S 
qua*, S, S2 ; quo*, S ; quat, S ; quad, S 
quod, S, S2, C2; koth, S3; couth, MD 


cothe, MD ; hwat, MD ; wat, S ; ko, S3 ; 

i-cwede,//., S. — AS. cwcSan, pt. czucetS (pi. 
cwidon), pp. ge-ciuedcn. 

QuejTUt, i?^?)'- piudent, fine, quaint, MD ; 
queynte, S3, C2, MD ; see Coint. 

Queynte, pt- s. was extinguished, 82 ; 
see Quenchen. 

Queyntelicll, adv. skilfully, neatly, 
AUJ ; queynteli. S3 ; see Cointeliche. 

Qaeyntise, sh. skill, S3 ; see Cointise. 

Qnide, sb. speech, bequest, MD ; cwide, 
S, MD.— AS. ciuidc ; cp. OHG. quiti, ' tes- 
timonium ' (Tatian). See Que^Sen. 

Quidities,.f<^.//., S3.— From Late Lat. 
quiditas, a term of the Schoolmen ; that 
which relates to the essence of a thing, 
having reference to the question quid est, 
what is it ? Cp. OF. qtddditatif, 'quiddita- 
tive, doubtful, full of quirks, contentions, 
wrangling' (Cotg.). 

Qilik, adj. and adv. living, quick, flowing 
(ot water), S, S2, W ; quic, S, S2 ; quek, 
S2 ; quyk, S3, W, W2 ; cwic, S ; cwike, 
S ; cwuce, S ; quicke, S ; quike, //., S, 
82 ; qnyke, S, C ; quycke, S3. — AS. cwic 
(««:); cp. OHG. quek (Otfrid). 

Qoikie, V. to cause to revive, also, to be 
kindled, PP ; quike, C3 ; quyke, C ; cwik- 
ien, MD. — AS. cwician. 

Quikliche, adv. quickly, PP; qnic- 
liche, S2. 

Qoiknen, v- to give life, to receive life, 
8k D ; quykene, W, \V2. 

Quiste, sb. will, bequest, S ; see Qneste. 



Quiten, v. to repay, PP ; see Quyten. 

Quitter, .y<^- filth that runs from a wound, 
HlJ: quytur, rottenness, HD ; qnytere, 
W2 ; quitture, DG. 

Quod,//, s. quoth, S, 82, C2 ; see Queflen. 

Quok, //..f. quaked, C2 ; see Qnaken. 

Quoynte, adj. skilful, MD, HD ; see 

Quoyuteliche, adv. skilfully, MD; 
see Cointeliclie. 

Qu03rutyse, sb. quaintness of dress, PP; 
quointise, stratagem, 82 ; see Cointise. 

Quyk, adj. living, moving, S3, W, W2 ; 
see Quik. 

Quyk-myre, sb. quagmire, S3. 

Quyknar, sh. giver of life, 83. 

Qujrr-boilly, sb. boiled leather, used 
for making defensive armour, C2. — OF. 
cuir bouilli (Cotg.). 

Quyrry, sb. the quarrj"^, the dog's share 
in the slaughtered game, S3 ; qnyrre, SkD 
(s.v. quar?y, p. 824) ; qnerre, SkD. — OF. 
cuiree ; Late Lat. coriata, from Lat. corium, 
hide, skin (OF. cuir). 

Quyten, v. to requite, repay, settle, sa- 
tisfy, S2, C2, C3, PP, W, H ; quiten, 82, 
PP; quitte,//. J.,G; qwit, H ; quyt,//., 
PP ; y-quit, C2. — OF. quiter ; Late Lat. 
quiet are. 

Quytly, adj. quite, H ; whitely, H. 

Qujrtter, v. to twitter, 83. 

Quytur, sb. rottenness, HD (p. 660) ; 
see Quitter. 


Ra, sb. roe, deer, CM ; see Boo. 

ILabete, sb. a war-horse ; raljett, HD ; 
raby^hte, HD ; rabetis, pL, WA. — Icel. 
rdbitr, an Arabian steed ; cp. Icel. rdbitar, 
Arabs, see CV ; cp. OF. arrabi (BH). 

KaC, sb. driven vapour, 82 ; see Wrak. 

BiachentegeS, //■ chains, 8; see Rak- 

Biacke, 'v. to stretch rent to its full value, 
S3. Cp. ODu. racken, to rack, recken, to 
stretch, reach out. 

Itad, adj. afraid, S2, SD, H, JD, B; 
redd. WA ; rade, S2, H; xadde, 82, — 
Icel. hrceddr. 

Ibad, pt. s. rode, S2 ; see Biden. 

IUl,d, adj. quick, 8 ; xade, ready, S ; see 

Hadde, pt. s. advised, S2 ; see Beden. 

Raddour, sb. violence, WA ; see Bed- 

Rade, sb. road, 82 ; see Bode. 

Radnesse, sb. terror, SD ; radnes, B. 

Biadyous, adj. radiant, shining, S3 ; 
radious, S3 ; radius, S3. — Lat. radiosus ; 
cp. F. radieux. See Bay. 

Raed, sb. advice, counsel, 8 ; see Bede. 

BiSeh, adj. fierce, cruel, 8D,8; reh, SD. 
— AS. hreoh. 

Raeueden, pt. pi. spoiled, 8 ; see 


Rseueres, sb. pi. robbers, 8; see 

IRafte, pt. s. reft, robbed, C2 ; sec 

i82 RAGE. 

Bage, sb. madness, S2. — AF. rage ; Lat. 

Rage, V. to toy wantonly, C ; ra^d, 
//., been wanton, WA. 
B>agerie, sb. wantonness, CM. 
Saght, //. reached, S2 ; see Bechen. 

Ragman, sb. a craven, the devil ; rag'e- 
man, PP ; ragg'eman, PP. — Icel. ragr (for 
argr), craven, cowardly. 

Ragman-roll, sb. the craven's roll, a 
term in Scottish history, JD, ND ; a game, 
HI); rag-mau's rewe, a long jest, DG; 
ragmanrew, scries, Manip. Hence rag- 
man, a deed sealed, a papal bull, PP ; 
rag-emon, S2 ; rag^eman, a list, S3 ; rag- 
man, a tedious story, JD ; rag'ment, JD. 
— Cp. E. rigmarole. 

Rair, v. to roar, S3 ; see Boren. 

Raiss,//. s. rose, 82 ; see By sen. 

Rake,-s''^. only in compounds, as in erend- 
rake, messenger, SD. — AS. arend-raca ; cp. 
Icel. eyreiid-rcki, so land-reki, a king, see 
CV (s. V. reki'). See 2:rnd-race. 

Rake, v. to run, wander, go, S, S3, HD, 
PP, JD, B ; rayke, H, S2 ; raik, WA, JD ; 
reyke, JD ; reke, HD ; raykande, pr. p., 
S2. — Icel. reika, to wander, cp. Swed. raka, 
to run hastily (Rietz). 

Rake, sb. course, way, WA ; rakke, 

Rakel, adj. hasty, rash, CM, SkD (s. v. 
rake) ; xakle, CM ; racle, CM ; rackel, 
JD ; rakyl, Manip. ; rakeliell, a bad fel- 
low, Manip., ND. — Icel. reikull, wandering, 
unsettled. See above. 

Raken, v. to scrape, diminish, to rake, 
S, Prompt. ; raked,//., C2.— Icel. raka, to 
scrape, to rake away. 

Raken-teie, sb. chain ; raketeie, S ; 
raketeye, S ; rachenteg'es, pl.,'i; raken- 
teis, HD. — AS. racenteah (Voc.) ; racente, 
a chain + tiah, a tye. With racente, cp. 
Icel. rcke?idr, OHG. rahhinza. See Bek- 

Ram, sb. a ram. Prompt. — AS. ram 


Ramage, adj. wild, CM. HD.— OF. ra- 

mage, wild (of a hawk), living in the 
branches (Cotg.) ; Late Lat. *ramaticum, 
from ramus, a branch. 

Rammish, adj. strong-scented, C3, CM. 

Ramnef sb. bramble, W2 ; ramyn, H ; 
rammyn, H.— Lat. rhamnus (Vulg.) ; Gr. 
pd/xvos (LXX). 


Rampe, sb. an ill-conditioned woman, 
C2 [,i), HD. 

Rampen, v. to ramp, to seize or scratch 
with the paws, to rage, C2 ; ranmpe, S2 ; 
rawmpide, //. s., HD. — AF. raumper, OF. 
ramper, to clamber. 

Rande, sb. a strip or slice of meat, S3, 
HD ; rand, Cotg. (s. v. giste), ND.— AS. 
rand, a rim, edge ; cp. Swed. rand, a strip, 
stripe, Icel. rdnd{^\. randir). 

Randoun, sb. force, impetuosity, SkD. 
Plir. : in a randoun, in a furious course, 
B ; at randon, left to one's own force, 
SkD. — OF. randon, ' the swiftness and force 
of a strong and violent stream' (Cotg.); 
from OTeut. *randa, a rim ; cp. AS. ra?id. 
See above. 

Ranke, adj. strong, luxuriant, rebellious, 
W A, Prompt. ; rank, S3 ; ronk, S2 ; rang', 
HD. — AS. rattc ; cp. Icel. rakkr (for 
rankr), straight, upright, bold. 

Ransaken, v. to search, S, PP, C, H.— 
Icel. rannsaka, to search a house ; Icel. 
rami : Goth. raz7i ; cp. AS. rcBsn, a plank, 
a beam, see Sievers, 1 79. 

Rap, sb. rope, S ; see Bope. 

Rap, pt. s. reaped, W ; see Bepen. 

Rape, sb. haste, S, PP, Prompt. ; rap, 
S2. — Icel. hrap, a falling down. 

Rape, adj. hasty, G ; rapest, superl., 

Rapeliche, adv. hastily, PP; rapely, 
G ; rapelike, S ; rapli, S2, G ; rapelier, 


Rapen, v. to hasten, S, PP, Prompt. ; 
rappe, PP ; rappe adonne, to hurry 
along, PP. Phr. : rape and renne, to seize 
and plunder, C3; rapen and rinen, C3 
(«) ; rap and rend, HD ; rap or rende, 
Palsg. ; rap and run, HD ; rap and ran, 
C3 («) ; rap and reeve, C3 («) ; rap and 
J^ee, C3 («). — Icel. hrapa, to fall, rush 
headlong, hurry. 

Rascall, sb. scrapings, refuse ; rascaile, 
PP ; rascayle, an animal not a beast of the 
chase, a hart not six years old. Prompt. 
(m) ; the common people, Prompt. ; ras- 
kaille, the common herd, SkD ; rascall, 
refuse beast, Palsg., ND. ; rascalles, //., 
common sort of men, low fellows, villains, 
S3. — AF. rascaille {raskaylle, raskayle), a 
rabble ; cp. F. racaille ; from OF. rasquer, 
to scrape (Ducange) ; cp. Olt. rascarc 

Rascall, adj. common, low, HD ; 


Comb. : rasoall wine, tortiviim vinum, 

Prompt. («). 
Rase, v. to rnn, to race, SD, S2 ; rese, 

S2 ; reysed, //. ridden, C. — AS. risan. 
ILase, sb. a race, rush, SkD ; ras, SkD, 

Sj ; rese, S2 ; res, SD, G (.«) ; rees, at- 
tack, fit of passion, G. — AS. rJis. 
Sasen, v. to scrape, Prompt. — OF. 

raser; Late Lat. rasare, freq. of Lat. 

Sasonr, sb. razor, C2, C, W2 ; rasnre, 

H Ps. 51. 2). — OY.rasoir; Late Lat. ra- 


Raspen, v. to rasp, scrape, SkD ; rosp- 
en, S. — OF. rasper \ OHG. raspon, see 


Sasse, sb. a raised mound or eminence, 
a cairn of stones, S2 ; raise, HD. See 

Sat, pr. s. reads, PP ; see Beden. 

Bab, sb. advice, S, SD. — Icel. rati. 

Bathe, "v. to advise, HD. See above. 

Ba'Se, cuij. quick, swift, SD ; rad, quick, 
S; rade, //., S; raddere, comp. pi., S. — 
AS. hrati, hred, also hmd, hred, quick, also 
rad. Cp. Chron. ann. 755 (Parker) with 
the Laud MS. 

Bathe, adv. early, PP, S2, S3 ; quickly, 
S, S2 ; rea'Se, S ; rath, B ; ratSer, comp., 
sooner, rather, PP, S, S2, C2 ; redper, S; 
ratJest, superl., PP ; raSeste, S. 

Bathly, adv. quickly, S2 ; reaiSlicbe, 
S ; readliche, S ; radeliche, HD; rade- 
ly, S2 ; redliche, S. — AS. hmQlice. 

Baton, sb. rat, PP, Cath. ; ratoun, PP ; 
ratones, pi., PP. 

Batoner, sb. rat-catcher, PP, Voc. ; rat- 
onere, PP. 

Batte, sb. rat, PP ; rotte, Voc. ; rattis, 
//., PP.— AS. ratiyoz.). 

Batten, v. to tear, SD.— Cp. MHG. 
ratzen, see Weigand (s. v. ratsche). 

Battes, sb. pi. rags, S; rats, pieces, 
shreds, HD. 

Banghte, pt. s. reached, C2 ; see 

Baunson, v. to ransom, redeem, PP. 

Bannsonn, sb. ransom, S2, C ; rann- 
son, S2 ; raunson, S2 ; raunceoon, PP ; 
ransonne, B. — AF. raunson, ranso?i, OF. 
raenson, rednfon ; Lat. redemptionem. 

Baneyn, sb. rapine, prey, W, PP ; 
ravyne. S3 ; ravyn, Cath. ; raueyns, //., 
\V2. — AF. ravine: Lat. rapina, see Bli, § 
150- i 



Baneynonr, sb. robber; ranelnonr, 
W; rauynour, \V2. 

Bavin, adj. ravenous, S3, Sh. 
Bavin, v. to seize and devour greedily, 
Sh., WW. 
Bavined, adj. ravenous, Sh. 
Banischen, v. to seize with violence, 
PP ; ravish, WW ; raneische, imp. pi., 
W2 ; ranyschiden, //. pi., W2. — AF. 
ravir (pr. p. ravissant) ; Late Lat. *raptre ; 
Lat. rapere. 

Bawe, sb. row, Cath. ; raw, B, JD, SkD, 
S3, S2 ; rowe, SkD; rewe, C, G, W; 
rewis, //., S3. — AS. rdwe, rdzue. 

Bay,.!''^. striped cloth, rella,pannus ^oc; 
stragulum, Voc, Cath., HI) ; raye, S3 ; 
rayes, pi., S2, PP. Comb. : ray-cloth, 
striped cloth, W2, Prompt. — AF. drap de 
raye, cloth of ray, pi. reies, OF. rai, raid; 
Lat. radium (ace). 
Bayeres, sb. pi. sellers of ray, PP. 
Bajn^d, adj. striped, Prompt. 
Baykez, pr. s. roams, S2 ; raykande, 
pr. pt., advancing, S2. See Bake. 

Bayl, sb. rail, Prompt. ; raylle, Cath. — 
Cp. Low G. regel, G. riegel, a bolt ; see 

Bayle, v. to rail, arrange in a row, 82 ; 
railed,//., S2. 

Bayle, sb. a kerchief, Palsg. ; see 

Baylle, v. to flow, S3 ; raile, ND ; 
reilen, SD. 

Baymen, v. to roam about, S2 ; see 

Baynes,^^. fine linen of Rheims, WA. — 
So named from Rheims ; see SkD (p. 815); 
cp. It. renso, fine flax (Diez, p. 393). 
Bead, sb. advice, S ; see Bede. 
Beade, adj. red, S ; see Beed. 
Beaden, v. to advise, care for, S ; see 
Beadi, adj. ready, S ; see Bedi. 
Beal, adj. real, a term in medieval phi- 
losophy; reall, S3. — OF. real; Schol.Lat. 
realem, from res. 

Beal, adj. royal, CM; riall, S3, PP, 
CM ; ryall, S3, CM ; ryell, S3 ; roial, 
CM ; roialler, comp., S2, C3. — OF. real, 
AF. roial, reial; Lat. regale m. 

Bealte, sb. royalty, royal state, PP ; 
reaulte, PP ; reante, PP ; roialtee, C3. — 
AF. realte; Late Lat. regalitatem. 

Bealyche, adv. royally, S2 ; realy, S2 ; 
rially, CM. 

1 84 


Reame, sb. kingdom, S2 ; see Bewiue. 

Rearde, sd. voice, cry, S2 ; see Berd. 

ReatSe, adv. quickly, S ; see Bathe. 

ReatSliclie, (k^v. quickly, S; see 

Reaume, sd. realm, kingdom, C2, S2 ; 
see Bewme. 

Rebekke, sl>. a kind of fiddle, SkD ; 
See Rybybe. 

nebounden, v. to re-echo ; rebownd- 
en, to sound again, rcboare, Prompt. ; re- 
bounde, //. s., S2. — AF. rcbiuidir, to re- 
echo, cp. OF. bimdir, to resound (Roland, 
3119); inchoative verb, from Late Lat. 

Receyt, sb, receipt, recipe, retreat. 
Prompt., Manip. ; receit, C3,WW, Manip., 
S3 ; receite, WW ; reset, place of refuge, 
B. — AF. receite; Late Lat. recepta (Du- 

Reche, sb. smoke, S3 ; see Beke. 

Recheles, adj. careless, S, PP ; rec- 
cheles, PP ; retcbeles, S3 ; rekkeles, S3 ; 
recchelees, S2, C2 ; rechlesse, S3. — AS. 
receleas, also recceUas. 

Reclielesnesse, sb. carelessness, PP ; 
recchelesnes, PP. 

Reclieil, V. to care, reck, S, HD ; reke, 
H ; recche, S, HD, S2, C2 ; rekke, HD, 
C2 ; rekj), pr. s., S ; reches, S2 ; rojte, 
ft. .f., S; roug-hte, C2 ; rogflit, H ; rohten, 
//., S ; roucht, /A s., subj., S2. — AS. rican : 
OS. rSkiati ; also, AS. *reccan. 

Rechen, v. to explain, S ; rsecchen, to 
relate, S : recliede, pt. s., S. — AS. reccan : 
OS. rekkian : OHG. rachjan, in Otfrid 

Rechen, v. to reach, attain, SkD, PP ; 
raulite,//.j., PP, S2 ; raujte, PP ; rag-hte, 
PP ; raug-hte, C2 ; raught, S3; rag-ht, //., 
S2. — AS. rcE,:fl«(BT),alsor<E<r^a«,togetiato 
one's power, pt. s. r<khte, see Sievers, 407. 

Reclayme, v. to bring a hawk to the 
wrist by a call, C3 ; recleymyn, to make 
tame. Prompt. ; recleymyd, pp. redomittis 
(used of hawks). Prompt. — OF. reclaimer, 
recleimer, reclamer; cp. AF. reclame, pp., 
reclaimed (as a falcon). 

Recles, sb. incense, S ; see Bekels. 

Recluse, sb. a female anchorite, SkD ; 
' ankyr, anachoriia,' Prompt. — AF. rectus ; 
recluse, a f pp. from OF. reclure, to shut 
up ; Late Lat. recludere. 

Recluse, sb. convent, monastery, S3. — 
OF. recluse 


Reclused, //. shut up, withdrawn from 
the world, PP. 

Recognisance, sb. an obligation bind- 
ing one over to do some particular act, S3, 
SkD. — AF. rcconisance, OF. recoignisance. 

Recomand, v. to commend, S2, C3 ; 
recomaundip, PP. — OF. recommander, re- 

Reconforte, v. to comfort, C ; recon- 
forted, //., P. — OF. reconforter ; cp. AF. 

Reconsyle, v. to recover, regain the 
possession of; reconsyled, //., S2 ; re- 
connselid, W. — AF. reconciler; Lat. recon- 
ciliare, to reconcile, re-establish, restore. 

Record, sb. witness, S3, WW ; recorde, 
PP. — AF. record, OF. recort, mention 

Recorde, v. to call to mind, C, PP ; 
recorded, //. //. declared, PP. — OF. re- 
corder ; Late Lat. recordare ; Lat. recordari. 

ReCOUre, v. to recover, PP ; reconr, 
HD ; recure, HD ; recured, //., S3. — 
AF. recoverer; OF. recourer, recouvrer ; 
Lat. recuperare. 

Recours, sb. recourse, C2. — AF. re- 
cours, soleill recours, sunset. 

ReCOUerer, sb. restorer, saviour, S2. 

Recrayed, //. defeated, PP. See 

Recreaunt, adj. recreant, defeated, 
CM, PP; recreant, PP.— AF. recreaunt, 
OF. recj-ednt, giving up the contest ; Late 
Lat. recredentevi. 

Recueil, sb. a collection, compilation, 
DG; recnyell, S3; recule, HD.— OF. 
recueil (Cotg.). 

Recule, v. to recoil, S3, Palsg., SkD, 
ND.— OF. reculer. 

Reculyng, sb. recoiling, S3. 

Recure, sb. recovery, S3. 

Recure, v. to recover, HD; see Be- 

Reddour, sb. violence, rigour, HD, Tre- 
visa (3. 313) ; raddour, WA.— OF. radar, 
later roidcur (Cotg.) ; from rade, roide ; 
Lat. rigidum. 

Rede, adj. red, C2 ; see Beed. 

Rede, adj. ready, WA; redeliche, adv., 
PP; redeli, S2.— AS. {ge)r<kde; Goth. 
[ga^ raids. 

Rede, sb. advice, S, S2, S3, B ; read, 
S: red, S, S2, B; reed, C2 ; reid, B; 
rsede, S ; reade, S ; rade, S ; reades, //. 
S.— AS. rcsd. 


Bedels, sb. riddle, SkD ; redeles, PP ; 
rydels, Cath. ; rydel. Prompt. ; riddle, 

Beden, v- to give advice, to take 
counsel, S, S2, S3, C2, B; xeaden, S 
radeu, to succour, S ; raddest. 2 //. s., S 
radde,//. s., HD, S2, P ; redden, //., S 
rad, //., S2. — AS. f^ge.raiclan, pt. ridde, 
pp. ger<kd. 

Beden, v. to read, S, C2, C3 ; raden, 
S; rat, fr. s., PP ; reed, //. s., PP ; 
radden, //., \V ; redden, W ; radde, S2 ; 
rad, //., S, S3, C3 ; red, S3, \V. Der.: 
redunge, passage read,S. — AS. {ge)ridan. 

-reden, suffix (used to form abstracts). 
— AS. -riden. See hat-reden, SkD ; cnn- 
reden, kindred, SkD ; fer-reden, S ; 36- 
fered. S ; uela;-rede, S2. 

BedgOWUd, sb. a sickness of young chil- 
dren, scrophulus, Prompt. ; reed ^ounde, 
Palsg. ; radegoundes,//., sores, PP. — ME. 
rede, red + gownde, a sore ; AS. gutid. Cp. 
E. red-gum. 

Bedi, adj. ready, S, W, PP ; redy, C2 ; 
reddy, B ; readi, S ; rsedij, SD ; redi- 
liche, adv., PP, S2 ; redily, C3. 

Biedliclie, adv. quickly, S ; see Satlily. 

Biedoutable, adj. to be feared, re- 
doubtable. SkD. 

Bedonten, v. to fear ; redoTil)t, Cotg. 
— AF. rcduter, OF. redouter ; Lat. re + 

Bedoutyn^, sb. reverence, C. 

Bed'ace,^'- to bring back, S3,ND. — Lat. 

Bedymyte,//- wreathed, crowned, S3. 
— Lat. redimitus, pp. of redimire. 

Beed, sb. advice, C2 ; see Rede. 

Beed, sb. reed, PP, Prompt. ; reod, 
PP; rehed, W, W2 ; reheed, W2 ; 
reodes,//., PP; redes, PP. Comb. : red- 
jerde, a reed-sceptre, S. — AS. hriod. 

Beed, adj. red, C2, C3, S2, W2, PP ; 
rede, C2, C.?,S2,PP, B; reid, S3; reade, 
S. —AS. riaJ. 

Beednesse, sb. redness, C3. 

Bees, sb. fit of passion, G ; see Base. 

Beest, adj. rancid (as fleshy, Prompt. ; 
reste, Cath. 

Beest3rn, v. to be rancid, Prompt. 

Beeuell, sb. joy, revelry, PP ; reuel, C, 
C2; rule, SPD ; reneles, //., revels, C2. 
— OF. reve/,]oy (Bartsch). 

Befen, v. to roof in, S.— AS. {ge^hrefan. 
See Sool 



Befiac, sb. robbery, S ; see Benen. 

Befreissche, v. to refresh, C ; re- 
freschyn. Prompt. — AF. refreschir. 

Befre3nie, sb. the burden of a song, 
literally, a repetition, CM ; refraine, SkD. 
— OF. refrain, from rcfraindre, to repeat, 
to sing a song (see Constans) ; Lat re -f 

Befreynen, v. to bridle, refrenare, W, 
Prompt.; refrayne, Manip.; refrain, WW. 
— OF. rcfrener, to bridle ; Lat. refrenare 

Befate, sb. refuge. Prompt, W2; refoit, 
W2; refuyt, CM, HD, W2 ; refut, S2, 
C3 ; refatt, W2.— AF. refute ; OF. refuite, 
re+fuite; Lat. fugi'ia, pp. f. of fugere. 

Begal, ad/', as sb. kingly (power), S2. — 
A¥.regai; hat. rega/em. Cf. Beal. 

Begne, sb. rule, a kingdom, S2, C2, C3 ; 
rengne, S; ryngis, //., S3. — AF. regne: 
Lat. reguum. 

Begnen, v. to reign, C2, PP ; ring, 
S3 ; ryng-is,/r. pi., S3 ; reygned,//., S2 ; 
rengned, S2. — AF. regner ; Lat. regnare. 

Begrate, v. to retail wares, HD. — OF. 
regrater, to mend, scour, trick up an old 
thing for sale (F. regratter, to bargain) : It. 
rigattdre, to strive for the victory, to re- 
grate, to sell by retail (Florio ; Sp. regatedr, 
'to buck in buying or selling' (MinsheuV 
Cp. E. regatta ; It. rigdtta, a struggling for 
the mastery (Florio). 

Begratere, sb. retail dealer, PP. — OF. 
rcgratier ; cp. Low Lat. regratarium (Du- 

Begratorie, sb. selling by retail, PP, 
S2 ; regraterye, PP. — OF. regraterie. 

Begratonr, sb. retail dealer, S2, PP. — 
AF". 7-egratour. 

Begnerdon, sb. reward, ND ; regner- 
donn, S2. — Cp. OF. reguerdonner , to 
guerdon abundantly (Cotg.). 

Begnerdozunent, sb. requital, DG. 

Behed, sb, reed, W, W2 ; see Beed. 

Behersaille, sb. rehearsal, C3. 

Beliersen, v. to rehearse, enumerate, 
C2,S2,PP; rebercen, PP, C2 ; rehearse, 
WW, Sh. — AF. reherser, rchercer. Sec 

Belxersyng, sb. rehearsal, C. 

Beheten, v. to refresh, to cheer, H, 
CM, WA, HD, JD; reheyit, H ; rehetid, 
//.,H.— OF. rehaitier (^Bartsch"), cp. OF. 
haitier, to make joyful, see BH, Diez, p. 

1 86 


Itieliet3nige, sd. comfort, refreshing, II. 

Reioyseu, v. to rejoice, PP, C2 ; re- 
ioisslien, PP ; xeioayng, />r. J>.,S?,. — OF. 
resjoiss-, stem oiresjoissant, pr. p. oiresjoir, 
from re + esjo'ir; Lat. ex + gaudere (Late 
Lat. *gaudire) ; see Constans, glossaire 
l^prefi.x res-'). 

Reke, •f''- vapour, smoke, S2, H (Ps. 
67. 2', Cath. ; reyk, B; reik, B; reche, 
S2. — AS. nc; cp. Icel. reykr: OTeut. 
*rauki- ; see Klnge (s. v. ranch). 

Rekels, sb. incense, Cath.; recles, S, 
S2. Comb.: recle-fat, incense- vessel, censer, 
S, SD.— AS. recels. 

Reken, v. to smoke, Cath. — AS. recan. 

Rekenen, v. to reckon up, to give 
account, C2, W, PP ; rekne, S2, PP ; 
rikenen, S, PP ; rikynyd, pp., \V2 ; y- 
rekened, C2. Cp. Du. rckcnen. 

Hekeninge, sb. reckoning, C3. 

Rekeuthis, sb. pi. chains, WA; re- 
kanthes, WA. — AS. racenie ; cp. Icel. re- 
keiidr. Cf Kakenteie. 

Rekkeles, adj. careless, S3 ; see Be- 

Biekken, v. to reck, care, C2; see Be- 

Relenteu, v. to melt, C3, Palsg., 

Prompt., SkD.— OF. ralentir (Cotg.). 

Reles, sb. relaxation, forgiveness, also 
taste, odour. Prompt. ; relees, Prompt. («) ; 
relece. Prompt. Phr. : out of relees, 
without ceasing, C3. — AF. reles, relees, 
relais. See below. 

Relescheu, v. to relax, release ; re- 
leceu, Prompt. ; relesse, C3 ; releschand, 
pr. p., S3 ; relessed, pt. s., forgave, C2 ; 
relesed, pp., forgiven, PP ; relessed, PP. 
— AF. relascher, relesser, releisser; Lat. 

Releuen, v. to raise up again, to rise, 
PP, C3 ; relyue, S3 ; relieve, imp., take 
up again, S3. — AF. rclcver ; Lat. rcleiiare. 

Relif, sb. what remains, a fragment taken 
up from the table ; releef. Prompt. ; relefe, 
Cath., SkD.; reliefe, Cath. («') ; relifs, //., 
W,W2 ; relifes, W ; relifis, W2 ; relyues, 
S2. — OF. relief, remainder (Bartsch), from 
reliev-, accented stem of relever, to raise 
up ; Lat. releudre. 

RelikeS, sb. pi. remains, H ; relikis, 
\V2. — AF. relikes; Lat. reliquias. 

Relyen, v. to rally, call back, re- 
assemble, to take courage again, PP ; rely, 
B ; releyt, //. s., B, S2 ; releit, //., S2, B. 


— AF. relier, to rally (OF. ralier, in 
Bartsch) ; Lat. re + ligare, to bind. 

Relyue, v. to rise, S3 ; relyned, pt. s., 
raised, S3 ; see Beleuen. 

Rem, sb. a kingdom, S2 ; reme, C ; see 

Rem, sb. a cry, S ; reames,//., S. — AS. 
hria?K, OS. hrom, Icel. rSmr. 

Reme, v. to cry, roar, S, PP ; rauxn, 
HD ; romy, H; romiand, pr. Jp., S2 ; 
rnmyand, H ; romyd, //. .f., H ; remden, 
//., S. — AS. hriman : OS. hrSmian. 

Remedie, sb. remedy, C2 ; remede, S3. 
— OF. remede, AF. remedie ; Lat. re?ne- 

Rem.eil, v. to give place, to quit, S, 
SD ; roume, PP ; rumen, SD ; rimen, 
SD. — AS. ryman : OS. riimian ; cp. OFris. 
rema, G. rdumen, see Weigand. See Bowm. 

Rem.eiiant, sb. remnant, C2, C3, S3 ; 
remeuauut, C, Prompt. ; remanand, B ; 
remelawnt, Prompt. ; remlawnt, HD ; 
remlin. Prompt. (,«). — AF. remenant, OF. 
remanant , pr. p. of remanoir (Bartsch) ; 
Lat. remanere. 

Remlet, sb. remnant, HD, Prompt. («). 
See above. 

Rem.OUyn, v. to remove. Prompt. ; re- 
meuen, S3, C3, Palsg., SkD. — AF. remoe- 
ver (with change of conjugation) from OF. 
removoir ; Lat. re + mouere. 

Remuen, v. to remove, CM, ND, SkD ; 
remown. Prompt. ; remwe, to depart, S3 ; 
remewed, //., C2. — OF. remiier ; Lat. 
re + milt are. 

Reliable, adj. eloquent, PP ; see Bes- 

Reuably, adv. reasonably, CM ; run- 
nably. HD. See above. 

Rend, v. to make to run into a shape, to 
cast metal, melt, H ; rind, rynde, to melt, 
as lard, &c., JD. — Icel. remia, to make to 
run, to pour (of a melted substance), causal 
of renna {ri7ina), to run. See Bennen. 

Renden, v. to tear, PP ; reendyn, 
Prompt. ; rente, pt. .f., S ; rended, //., 
S2 ; y-rent, C3. — ONorth. rendan, to cut or 
tear down (BT). 

Renegat, sb. renegade, C3 ; runagate, 
WW. — OF. rctiegat ; Late Lat. rencgatum. 

Renewlen, v. to renew, W ; renule, 
W'2 ; renewlid, //., W ; renulid, Wa. — 
AF. renoveler; Late Lat. renovellare. 

Reneye, v. to deny, reject, abandon, 
S2, PP, C2, CM.— OF. retieier; Late Lat. 


Seng, sb. rank, SD ; renges, //., C ; 
rexLgis, HD. — OF. reng, renc ; cp. AF. 
retu, ring of people, retus, ranks ; OHG. 
hring, ring. See Bing- 

Senk, sb. a man, PP ; renke, PP ; 
rentes, //., men. creatures, PP, HD ; 
renkkes, S2 ; reynkes, PP. — Icel. rekkr 
(,for rcnkr), a man, used in poetry, also in 
law. Cp. AS. rinc, a warrior, a man 
(Grein\ See Sanke. 

ZLenne, '^- See under Bapen. 

Sennen, v. to mn, SD, S, S2, S3, C2, 

NV, PP ; rin, S3 ; rynne, S3 ; ryn, S2 ; 
eomen, S, S2 ; ernen, S ; umen, S ; 
^eme, S ; semeU, pr. pi., S ; rynnys, 
S3 ; ron, //. s., S2, PP ; omen, //., S ; 
eom, S; iome, //., S; ronnen, PP ; 
ronne, PP, C2 ; y-roune, C2 ; y-ronnen, 
C; amde, pt.s. (weak), S, SD ; ernde, 
SD; aemden, //.,SD. — KS. liiinan, pt.s. 
ran, pp. gerunnen, also irnan, ynian, pt. 
s. am, pi. union, pp. urncn. 

Rennyng, sb. running, S3 ; rennyn^s, 
//., currents, streams, \V2. 

XLenome, sb. renown, WW, S3; re- 
noTune, WW; renowme, WW'. See 

Senomee, sb. renown, WW^ ; renom- 
me, B. — OF. renomee; Late Lat. *renomi- 

Bienouxaed, adj. renowned, W'W^ ; re- 
nowmed, WW. — Cp. OF. renommi; see 

Renoun, sb. renown, SkD; renowne, 
B. — AF. rcnoun, renun, OF. renon, renom ; 
Lat. re + nomen ; cp. Sp. renombre, renown 

Sente, sb. revenue, pay, reward, S, C2 ; 
rent, Prompt. ; rentes, pi., S, PP, S2 ; 
rentis, PP. — AF. rente ; Late Lat. *ren- 
dita ; Lat. reddita ; from OF. rendre ; Lat. 

Renten, v. to endow, PP. 
Senule, ^- to renew, W2 ; see Benew- 
Seod, sb. a reed, PP ; see Beed. 

ReotLSien, v. to grieve, SD. — AS. 
hrcowsian, see Sievers, 411. See Bewen. 

Reowen, v. to grieve, vex, S ; see 

Bieowsunge, sb. repentance, SD. — AS. 

SeowSe, sb. rath, pity, S; see Be-wVe. 

Repair, sb. a place of resort, ND ; 
rei>eir, return, S3. — OF. repaire. 



Repairen, v. to go to, C2, C3; re- 

peiringr, pr. p., C2 ; raparyt,//. //., S3 ; 
reparit, //., S2. — AF. rcpeirer, OF. re- 
pairier; Lat. rcpatriare, to return to one's 

Reparailen, v. to repair; reparaUd, 
//., H. — OF. repareilUr; cp. apareillier, 
to prepare ; from pareil, like ; Late Lat. 
pariculum (Ducange). 

Reparaylynge, sb. restoration, H. 

Repe, sb. sheaf, manipulus, Voc, SD ; 
reepe, SD ; repis, //., H. 

Repen, v. to cut grain, PP, W, W2 ; 
ripen, S ; rap, //. s., W ; repen, //., S ; 
ropen, PP ; ropon, W; rope, W2. — 
OMerc. ripan {rypan, ripan^ : Goth, raup- 
jan, to pluck ; see Sievers, 159. 

Repples, sb. pi. staves, cudgels (?), S. 

Reprenable, adj. reprehensible, C3,W. 

Repreue, 'v. to reprove, PP, Prompt., 
C3 ; reprened. //., S2. — OF. rcpruever, 
reprover ; Lat. reprobare. 

Repreue, J'^- reproof, C3 ; repreef, W. 

Repre'a3riiges, sb. pi. reproofs, S2. 

Repromyssioun, sb. promise, W.— 

Lat. repromissionem (Vulg.). 

Repugnen, v. to fight against, W2 ; 
to deny, PP. — Lat. repugnare. 

Repylle-stok, sb. an implement for 
cleaning flax, Voc. See Bipple. 

Rerage, sb. arrears, PP, HD ; rerages, 
//., PP. Cf. Arera&e. 

Rerd, sb. voice, sound, SD ; rerid, WA ; 
reorde, S ; rorde, SD ; rearde, S2 ; rnrd, 
S2 ; rerde, dat., SD, HD.— AS. reord for 
reard, cp. OHG. rarta: Goth, rasda; cp. 
Icel. rodd (gen. raddar). 

Rerden, v. to speak, to sound ; reord- 
ien, SD ; rerdit, pt. pi, S3. — AS. reord- 

Reren, v. to make to rise, to rear, S2, 
B ; rerde, pt. s., S, S2 ; rerid, //., S2 ; 
rered, S2. — AS. rckran: Goth, raisjan. 
See Bysen. 

Resalgar, sb. realgar, red orpiment, 
C3, HD. — Sp. rejalgar, arsenic (Minsheu. 

Rescouen, v. to rescue, SkD ; res- 
cowe, CM ; reskew, B.— OF. rescou-, stem 
of rescouant, reseoant, pr. p. of rescorre. 
See below. 

ResCOUS, sb. rescue, S3, C, SkD, CM. 
— OF. rescotts {rescos), pp. of rescorre, to 
help, repair a damage, also resqueure (BH); 
Lat. re + excutere, to shake off. 

Rese, s. and V. ; see Base. 

1 88 


Biesen, v. to shake, C; see Itusien. 

Reset, ■f'''. place of refuge, B ; see Be- 

Biesownen, v. to resound ; resowne, 

C; resouned, //. s., C2 OF. rcsoncr \ 

Lat. resonate. 

Kespyt, sl>. respite, delay, leisure, C3, 
C ; respyte, Prompt., Cath. ; respit, B — 
AF. respit ; Late Lat. rcspecttnn (ace.), 
respite, prorogation (Ducange) ; a technical 
sense of Lat. respcctiis, consideration. 

Rest, sb. rest ; reste, S. — AS. rest ; cp. 
OHG. resti (Tatian). 

Resten, v. to rest, S. — AS. restan ; cp. 
OHG. resten (Tatian). 

ReS'an,^/^ reason, talk, S2, PP, Prompt.; 
resoun, C2, S2, PP ; reson, C2, PP, HD ; 
xeison, PP. — AF. resotin {reison, reasoiiii), 
also raisoun, reason, language ; Lat. ra- 

Resunable, adj. reasonable, talkative, 
eloquent. Prompt. ; resonable, PP ; res- 
nabyl, HD ; renable, PP ; runnable, PP. 
Notes (p. 23"). — AF. resonable, OF. res- 
nable, raisnabk ; Lat. raiionabilem. 

Retenaunce, sb. retinue, company, 
PP, HD. — AF. retcnaunee ; Late Lat. r^- 
iinentia (Ducange). 

Retenue, ^b. retinue, suite, C2. — OF. 
reteniie, a retinue (Cotg. i ; Late Lat. re- 
tenuta (Ducange). In F. retemie means 
' reserve, modesty,' and has become obsolete 
in the English sense of a ' suite,' a body of 

RetllOr, sb. orator, C, C2, Manip. — 
Late Lat. rhethor; ha.t. r/ietor ; Gt. p-qraip. 

Rethoryke, sb. rhetoric, C2 ; retoryke, 
PP ; retoryk, PP. — Lat. rhetoriea. 

Retteu, V. to account, impute, C, H, 
Prompt., W ; rectyn, Prompt. — AF. rciter, 
reter, to accuse (pp. retfe, rete\ ; Lat. 
reputare see BH, § 153 ; by popular ety- 
mology Low Lat. rcctare, ' in jus vocare,' 
rectatus, accused (Schmid). Cf. A-retten. 

Reufal, adj. compassionate, 82 ; see 

Reule, sb. rule, PP, C ; rewle, PP, S3 ; 
riwle, S ; reuel, S2 ; reul, 82 ; riulen, 
pl.,S. — AF. reule ; Lat. regtila; also OF. 
riule, rigle ; Late Lat. Hgula (for regula). 

Reulen, v. to rule, PP, C ; rewled,//. s., 
82. — AF. rttder \ Lat. regiilare. 

Reuliche, adv. ruefully, S2 ; see Bew- 


Reunxe, sb. kingdom ; see Bewme. 

Rene, sb. reeve, prefect, minister of state, 
steward, S, PP, Prompt.; reeve, C ; reuen, 
//., 8. Comb.: ref-schipe, reevcship, 
prefecture, 8. — A8. {ge)refa. 

Rene, sb. clothing, spoil, plunder, SD ; 
rsef, SD. Comb. : ref-lac, robbery, 8, SD. 
— AS. rcaf, clothing, spoil ; cp. Icel. ran/, 
spoil. Cf. Kobe. 

Renel, sb. revel, C ; see Beenel. 

Renen, v. to rob, plunder, 8, 82, 83; 
reaue, 82 ; riene, S3 ; refand, /r. /., H ; 
renede, //. s., 8 ; rafte, C2 ; raeneden, 
//., 8 : y-raft, //., C— AS. riafian, to 

Reuere, sb. robber, SD; reuer, S3; 
rseueres, //., 8. — AS. riafej-e. 

Reuing, sb. robbery, 8 ; rauing, 8. 

Rewe, s. row, C ; rewis, //., 83 ; see 

Rewel (?)• Comb. : rewel boon, C2 ; 
rowel boon, CM : reuylle bone, C2 («,.; 
ruelle bones, //., HD, C2 (w) ; rewle 
stone, HD (p. O9S). 

Reweu, v. to rue, grieve, 8, PP, 82, S3, 
C2 ; reowen, S; ruwyn, Prompt.; rewing, 
/;-. /., 83 ; reoutS, pr. s., S ; rwez, 82 : 
rewede, //. s., 8. — AS. hriowati ; cp. OS. 

Rewere, sb. one who pities ; reewere, 

Rewful, adj. piteous, 8, S2, C3 ; ren- 
ful, 82 ; reowfnle, //., 8. 

Rewle, sb. rule, 82 ; see Beule. 

Rewliche, adj. pitiable, PP ; rewU, 
piteous, S ; reweli, 8 ; ruly, HD. — AS. 

Rewliclie, adv. piteously, S ; reow- 
liche, 8 ; reulicbe, S2 ; rewli, 8 ; rwly, 
82. — AS. hriowlice. 

Rewlyngis, rough shoes, S3 ; see 

Rewme, sb. kingdom, 82, W, H, PP ; 
realme, CM; reaume, C2, 82; renme, 
PP, S2 ; reame, 82, PP ; reme, C, PP, 
Cath. ; rem, 82 ; reum, H. — OF. reaume, 
AF. realme ; Late Lat. *regalimen. 

Rewt^e, sb. ruth, pity, 8, C2, C3, G; 
reowlSe, 8; routJe, S2, G; reo^Se, S; 
routh, S3 ; rujie, 8, S3 ; raw^e, 82 ; 
rewpes,//., 82. See Bewen. 

RewtSelese, adj. ruthless, C3 ; rewtJ- 
les, PP. 

Reyu, sb. rain, W2, PP, C2 ; rien, S ; 


rein, S ; reyne, PP ; reane, S3 ; ran, S3. 
— AS. rcgn irhi). 

Reynen, v. to rain, PP; reinen, S; 
ranyt, //. s , B. — AS. regnian (also rig- 
nan, rinan), see Sievers, 92. 

Reysed,//. ridden, C ; see Sase. 

Heyseu, v. to raise, G, CM ; reisen, 
VV2,S; reas, S3. — Icel. rcisa\ cp. Goth. 
raisjan. See Risen, Keren. 

Se^el, sb. a garment, rail, SkD ; rail, 
JD ; raile, HD ; rayle, a kerchief, Palsg., 
Voc. ; rayles, //., ND. — AS. hrcsgl (^Voc). 
Cf. Y-rayled. 

Riall, adj. royal, CM, S3, PP; see Real. 

Bdally, adv. royally, CM ; see Seal- 

Riband, sb. villain, worthless creature, 
ribald, PP ; rybaud, PP ; ribaude, the 
Evil One, PP ; ribalde, PP ; ribaut, S3; 
ribandes, //., sinners, PP ; ribauz, S. — 
AF. ribald i^pl. ribaus, ribaldes), OF. 

Ribandie, sb. sin, S2, PP; ribald jesting, 
C 3 . — O F . riba iidie. 

Ribaudour, sb. profligate fellow, PP ; 
rybaudour, PP. 

Ribaudrie, sb. ribaldry, PP ; rybaud- 
rie, PP, S3. 

Ricbe, adj. powerful, ricli, S ; ryche, 
PP ; ryke, PP ; rice, S.— OF. riche. 

Ricbe, sb. kingdom, S, S2 ; ryche, PP ; 
rice, S ; rike, H, S2. — AS. rice. 

Richelike, adv. richly, S; riche- 
licbe, S2. 

Ricben, v. to grow rich, PP ; reclie'S,, PP. 

Richesse, sb. wealth, PP, S2, S3, C2 ; 
ritchesse, \\ ; ricbeise, S ; riches, WW ; 
ricbesses,//., costly articles, S2 ; riccbes- 
sis, WW; rijtchessis, W. — OF. richcse, 
AF. richesce. 

Rict, adj. right, S ; see Byght. 

Riden, v. to ride, S, S2 ; ridend,/r./., 
S ; rydinge, C3 ; ryd, imp., S ; rit, pr. s., 
PP, C3 ; ritt, PP ; ryt, PP, C ; rad, //. s., 
S2, B ; rod, S, S2 ; rood, C2 ; riden, /-.'., 
S, C3, C ; rade, S2 ; raid, B ; riden, />/: , 
C2 ; rad, B. Comb. : redyng-kyng-, a kind 
of feudal retainer, PP ; redyng-kynges, 
// , PP.— AS. ridan, pt. s. rad, pi. ridon. 

Ridere, sb. rider, S ; rideres, //., S ; 
rlderen, S. 

Ridil, sb. a sieve, Prompt. ; rydelle, 
Cath. ; ryddel, ruddle, Cath. («). Cf. 



Ridilen, v. to sift ; rydelyn, Prompt. ; 
ridile, W ; ridlande, pr. p., S2. Fhr. : 
riddlide watris = Lat. cribrans aquas 
(Vulg.), Cath. («). 

Rif, V. to rive, 82 ; see Byuen. 

Rift, sb. veil, curtain ; riSt, S. — AS. 
rift ; cp. Icel. ript, ripti. 

Riften, v. eructare, H (Ps. 18. 2); rift, 
to belch, Manip. — Icel. rypta. 

Ribt, adj. and sb. right, S ; see Byght. 

Ribten, v. to direct, correct, S; rigten, 
to set straight, S ; ri3ti, S2 ; rigbtid, //. s., 
S2. — AS. rihtan. 

Ribtleceu, v. to direct, set right, S ; 
rl?tleche, S2, HD ; ryjtlokede, //., S3. — 
AS. ri/itl(£cati. 

RibtTvis, adj. righteous, S ; see Bygbt. 

Rike, sb. kingdom, S2 ; see Bicbe. 

Rikenare, sb. reckoner, S. 

Rikeneu, v. to reckon, S, PP ; see 

Rin, V. to run, S3 ; see Bennen. 

Ring, V. to reign, S3 ; see Begnen. 

Riot, V. to revel, live dissolutely, glut- 
tonously, WW ; ryot, B ; riotte, to be 
dissolute, htxtiriare, Manip. 

Riote, sb. uproar, SkD ; riot, dissolute, 
luxurious living, WW ; riotte, Manip. ; 
ryot, depredation, B. — AF. riote {ryot , 
confusion, OF. riote, quarrelling (Bartsch), 
also feasting (^Ducange) ; cp. ODu. revot, 
' caterva nebulonum, luxuria'; see SkD. 

Riotour, sb. rioter; rioter, glutton, 
WW ; ryotoures, //., C3. — AF. riotour, 
OF. riothcir (Ps. 36. i). 

Riotous, adj. luxurious, dissolute, 
WW. — Cp. Low Lat. riotosiis (^Ducange). 

Ripe, adj. fit for reaping, mature, S ; 
rype, C2. 

Ripen, v. to become ripe. Prompt. ; 
ripede,//". s , S. — AS. ripian. 

Ripen, v. to divide by tearing open, to 
rip, to search diligently, examine, HD, JD, 
SkD (s. v. rip) ; rype, Palsg. ; riped, pt. s., 
S2. — Cp. Swed. repa, to scratch. 

Ripple, sb. an instrument for ripping 
off the flax-seeds, JD. Comb. : repylle- 
stok, an implement for cleaning flax, Voc. 

Ripplen, v. to ripple flax, JD; rypel- 
en, SkD, Prompt. 

Risbe, sb. rush, S3 ; see Bnscbe. 

Rist, pr. s. riseth, rises, C3 ; see Bysen. 

Rit, pr. s. rides, C3 ; see Biden. 

Rinelic, adv. frequently, S2. Sec 

I go 


Siveling, sf>. a kind of shoe, SD, IID ; 
rallion, Jl) ; rewlyngfis, //., S3; row- 
lyneris, Jl). — AS. rifclingas, ' obstrigelli' 
(Voc.) ; cp. AF. rivelinges, rivclins. 

Rixan, v- to reign, S. — AS. ricsian 
{rixian) ; cp. OHG. rlhhison (Tatian), see 
Sievers, 411. See Riclie. 

Rizlien, v. to reign, S. See above. 

Iti:;t, si), right, justice, S2 ; see Bygrlit. 

B.0, sl>. quiet, S2 ; see Roo. 

BiObben, v. to plunder, spoil, rob, SkD, 
I'P ; roljby, S2. — AF. robber; cp. It. 
7-ohbare, to rob (Florio). 

Robbeour, sb. robber, PP ; robtjour, 
PP. — AF. robcoiir, OF. robeor; Low Lat. 
robatorem ; cp. It. robbatorc, robber 

Robe, sb. robe, PP ; robes, //., clothes, 
PP ; robis, PP. — AF. robe ; cp. It. robba, 
gown, robe, goods (Florio). 

BiOberie, sb. robbery, S. — AF. roberie. 

Roche, sb. rock, S, S3, C2, H ; rooch, 

52, W2. CotJib. : roclie-wall, rock-wall, 
S. — AF. roche. 

Rod, pt. s. rode, S, S2 ; see Biden. 

Rode, sb. a road, a riding, SkD, WW, 
Sh. ; rade, S2, JD ; roade, WW; roode, 
place where vessels ride at anchor, bitalas- 
sum, Prompt. — AS. rdd. 

Rode, sb. red complexion, C2, S2 ; see 

Rody, adj. ruddy, S2, C2, PP ; rodi, W. 

Roggen, V. to shake, PP, HD, S2, 
Prompt. ; rug, JD. — Icel. rugga, to rock a 

Robten, /^.//. recked, S; see Becben. 

Roial, adj. royal, CM ; see Beal. 

Roialtee, sb. royalty, C3 ; see Bealte. 

Rokke, sb. a distaff, Prompt., Cath., 
HD; rok, S3; roch,e, Manip. ; rocks,//., 

53, HD. — Icel. rokkr. 

Rokkeu,^- to rock, Prompt. ; y-rokked, 
//., S2. 

Romblen, v. to ramble ; romblyng'e, 

Romen, v. to rove about, to ramble, 
wander, roam, C2, C3, PP, SkD ; rame, 
HD ; raymen, PP, S2 ; rowme, PP ; 
rombe, PP. Cp. OS. romSn, OHG. rdmen, 
to strive after (Otfrid). 

Romere, sb. roamer, wanderer, PP ; 
rowmer, PP ; romares, //., PP; rom- 
beris, PP. 

Rome-renneres, sb. pi. agents at the 
court of Rome, PP, 


Ron, //. s. ran, S2 ; see Bennen. 
Rong,//. .f. rang, C3 ; see Byngren. 

Roo, sb. roe, deer, S2, Prompt. ; ro, S2 ; 
ra, JD ; rays, //., S3.— AS. rah (Voc), 
also rdha (Voc), see Sievers, 117. 

Roo, sb. rest, quiet, S2, HD; ro, HD. 
S2. — Icel. ro: AS. row: OHG. ruowa (G. 
Rood, /A s. rode, C2 ; see Biden. 
Roode, sb. the rood, cross, gallows, PP, 
G, Prompt.; rode, PP, S, S2, S3; mde, 
B ; roid, B ; rod, a rod, SkD. Phr. : rule 
the rod, to bear sway, NQ (6. 3. 169). 
Comb. : rode-tre, the cross, S2 ; mde 
evyn, eve of the Rood (Sept. 13), B.— AS. 
rSd: OS. rSda ; cp. OHG. rtioda (G. rute\. 
Roof, sb. roof, W, Prompt. ; rbof, SkD ; 
roflf, PP ; roue, S3 ; rofe, PP ; roouys, 
//., W2.— AS. hrSf. 

Roomtb, sb. room, space, ND. See 

Roomtbie, adj. spacious, Cotg. (s. T. 
' Roomtbsome, adj. spacious, DG. 

Rop, sb. a rope, PP ; rapes, //., S. — AS. 
rdp\ cp. Icel. reip. 
'Ro'ge, pt. pi. reaped, W2 ; see Bepen. 
Ropere, sb. rope-maker or rope-seller, 

Roplocb, adj. coarse, applied to woollen 
stuffs, JD ; sb. coarse woollen cloth, S3 
raplacb, raplock, reploch, JD. 

Roren, v. to roar, C, PP ; roorin, 
Prompt.; rarin, H (Ps. 76. i); rar, B; 
rair, S3, B. — AS. rdrian, to lament loudly, 
to bellow. 
Ros, pt. s. rose, S, C2 ; see Bysen. 
Rose, sb. rose. Prompt. ; roose, W2 ; 
rois, S3; ross, S3 (11 a. 6); rosen,//., 
SkD ; roosis, W2. Co?nb. : rose-reed, red 
as a rose, C3. — OProv. rose ; Lat. rosa ; cp, 
AS. rSse. 

Rosen, v. to praise, reflex, to boast, H ; 
roose, JD ; ruse, JD ; roysen, H ; reese, 
JD. — Icel. hrSsa, to praise, reflex, to boast, 
from hro^r, praise, fame. 
Rospeu, v. to scrape, S ; see Raspen. 
Rost, sb. roast (meat), PP ; roste, PP. 
Phr. : rules the rost, takes the lead, domi- 
neers, S3, ND. NQ (6. 3. 170), HD (s.v. 
rule-stone), SPD (s. v. roasi). — AF. rosi, 

Roste, V. to roast, C; y-rosted, //., 
S3.— OF. rostir. 
Rote, sb. root, W2, PP, 82, C2 J rot, Sa ; 


roote, a term in astrolog[y, S2, C3 ; foot, 
C2; rutls,//., S3 ; rotes, PP. — Icel. rot; 
the same word as AS. 'Mrot, snout, ' brun- 
cus ; ' see Voc. (cp. lurotan, to grub up). 

Rote, sb. a musical instrument, C, HD, 
ND, SkD ; roote, HD.— AF. rote ; OHG. 
hrota ; cp. Low Lat. chrotta, Olr. crot 
(Windisch . Cf. Crowde. 

Sote, V. to rot, H Ps. 15. 10). Der. : 
rotyng', rotting, S2. — AS. rattan. 

Rote, in phr. ^' rote ; see Koute. 

ILoten, a(i/. rotten, C3 ; rotyn, HD : 
Totnix, \V2 ; rottyn, B. — Cp. Icel. rotinn, 
perhaps a//, form. 

So9er, sb. a paddle for rowing, used also 
as a rudder, S, S2 ; rotliyr, Prompt. ; rodyr, 
Voc, Prompt.; mdyr, oar, Cath. ; rither, 
rudder, DG. See Bowen. 

RoSer, sb. an ox, SD, HD ; reiJer, SD ; 
reo'Ser, SD ; reotSeren. //., SD ; r^eren, 
SD ; ro'Seren, S3 ; rolSeron, S2 ; riSeren, 
SD; ntSeren, SD. Phr. : rule the rother, 
ND. Comb. : rother-soyl, manure, HD, 
ND ; retheme-toTinge, the herb bugloss, 
HD. — AS. hreoder: hrider, OYus. hrtder : 
OHG. hrind ^pl. hrindir) ; cp. G. rind. 

Sobnil, sb. a driving storm, S2. — Cp. 
Icel. rodi, the wind, tempest. 

Ronken, v. to lie close, cower down, 
CM, C, HD, JD. 

BiOUncle, z'- to wrinkle, S2 ; see Bnn- 

Souxicy, sb. a horse, C, CM ; rounsy, 
HD ; rownsy, HD. — AF. runcirt (Ro- 
land) ; cp. OF. roucin (F. roussin), Sp. ro- 
cin, whence rocinante, see Diez, p. 277. 

Sonndef o^dj- round, PP. — AF. rounde, 
OF. reont, roont ; Lat. rotundum (ace). 

Konndel, sb. a kind of ballad, C. — OF. 

Roune, sb. a secret, a mystery, S2 ; 
rone, a secret, S ; roun, song, S2 ; mnen, 
pi., secret discourses, S; runes, S ; rounes, 
82. — AS. riin : OS. and Goth, riina, a 
secret, counsel. 

SOTmen, v. to talk secretly, whisper, 
PP, C2 ; rrniien, S ; rownen, H, PP, 
Cath., S3, C2, C3; rouuden, PP, ND, 
Sh., SPD. — AS. ninian, to whisper. 

Rouningf, sb. secret conference, S ; 
rowuiug^, B ; runing'e, S ; rouniuges, 
pi., S ; ronenen, whisperings, S. 

BiOUSSat, sb. russet, S3 ; see Busset. 

Route, sb. a rout, overthrow, troop, 
throng, company, S2, PP, S3, C2, C3 ; 
rout, S2 ; rowtes, //., S2 ; mte, a route, 



rut, way, path, SkD. Phr. : by rote, C2, 
C3, SkD ; by roote, C. — AF. route, rttte, a 
band of men, a way, OF. rote ; Late Lat. 
rupta, a broken mass of flying men, a 
defeat, a company in broken ranks, a dis- 
orderly array, a way broken through a 

BiOUte, ^- to put to flight, Manip. ; to 
assemble in a company, S2, C3. 

ItOTl]7e, sb. pity, S ; see BewSe. 

Ro'a5te, //. s. recked, C2 ; see Bechen. 

BiOne, sb. roof, S3 ; see Boof. 

Row, adj. rough, C3, SkD ; rogh, SkD; 
ro5e, S2 ; roucb, S3, JD ; rub, SD. — AS. 
riih (gen. riiwes) ; cp. G. rank. 

Roweu, V. to row, S. PP. — AS. rSwan. 

Rowle, 'V- to roll, S3 ; rele, S3 ; rol- 
lyn, Prompt.; rueled, //. s., S2. — AF. 
rouler, roler; Late Lat. rotulare. Cf. 

Rowm, sb. space. Prompt., B; rowme, 
cell, room. Prompt., S3, SkD ; rome, S3. 
— AS. riim, space, Goth. rums. 

Rowme, adj. spacious, roomy, H ; 
roume, S2. 

Rowste, sb. voice, WA. — Icel. raust. 

Rowt, sb. a stunning blow, S2, B ; 
rout, B. 

Rowte, sb. noise, snoring, CM. 

Rowten, v. to make a great noise, to 
bellow, to snore, H, S2, S3, Prompt. ; 
routen, B, CM, JD, SD ; rowtande,/r./., 
roaring, noisy, S2 ; routte, pt. s., PP ; 
rutte, PP ; routit, S2. — AS. hrutan, to 

Royle, V. to rove about, Manip. ; roile, 
HD, PP; roule, PP. Notes (p. 94), CM. 
— OF. roiller, roller {Dncange) , AF. rouler; 
Late Lat. rotulare. See Bowie. 

Royle, sb. a stumbling horse, S3, PP. 
Notes (p. 94) ; oblongula mulier, Manip. 

Royn, sb. scurf; as adj., rough, scurfy, S3. 
— Ot . roigne ^Cotg.) ; Lat. robiginem, rust, 

Roynish, adj. scabby, ND, Sh. ; roin- 
isb, HD. 

Royster, sb. a bully, swaggerer, saucy 
fellow, S3 ; roister, ND. Comb. : rois- 
ter-doister, S3 (p. 262). — OF. rustre, 
royster, swaggerer i Cotg.\ also roiste (Du- 
cange), ruiste (BH), rusie; Lat. rusticum, 
a countryman. 

Ro^e, cidj- rough, S2 ; see Bow. 

Ro^te, pt- s. cared, S ; see Becben. 

Rnddocke, sb. the robin redbresist, 
Manip. ; ruddok, CM. 



Rude, si), redness, S ; ruddes,//., S3. — 
AS. ruthi (Voc). 

Kude, adj. rough, undressed (of cloth") 
( = Lat. riidis = d-yva<pos), S2 ; ruyd, B; 
roid, B. — OK. rude ; Lat. ntdcm. 

Rudelyclie, aJv. rudely, C ; ruydly, 
B ; roydly, i> ; rudly, B. 

BnfB.e, v- to bluster, to be noisy and tur- 
bulent, S3, Sh., ND; ruffelyng-e, /;-./., 
S3. — 01 )u. rofftlcn, to pander. 

Ruffler, sb. a cheating bully, ND, HD. 

B>ug, sb. back, S ; rugge, S, S2 ; see 

BiUggy, adj. rough, C, CM.-— Cp. Swed. 
rui^gii^, rough, hairy. See Row. 

Ruke, sb. a heap, S ; ruck, JD ; ruken, 
//., S. Cp. OSwed. riika, ' acervus.' 

BiUkelen, v. to heap up, SD, S. 

RuiUineis, v, to bellow, S3 ; rummes, 
JD ; rowmyss, JD ; reimis, JD. — See 
SkD (s. V. rumble). The word runimcis is no 
doubt of Romance origin, an inchoative in 
-SCO from Lat. *;w;«ar^, found in ad-rumare , 
to make a lowing noise ; cp. OF. rournant, 
a murmur iDucange^ 

ILumiuisS, sb. a loud, rattling, or rumb- 
ling noise, JD; reimis, JD; reemisli, 
JD ; rummage, an obstreperous din, JD. 

Runagate, sb. renegade, WW ; see 

Rune, sb. a secret, S ; runen, //. secret 
discourses, S ; see Koune. 

Runien, v. to discourse, S ; see Bouu- 

Runge, //■//• rang; see Byngen. 

Runkylle, sb. a wrinkle, Cath. ; run- 
kiU, JD.— Cp. Dan. rynke. 

Runkylle, wrinkle, Cath. ; runkle, 
JD ; rouncle, S2 ; rounded,//., Cath («) ; 
roncled, HD. — Cp. Swed. rynka. 

Rurd, sb. cry, noise, S2 ; see Berd. 

Rusche, sb. rush, PP ; rische, PP ; 
resshe, PP; rishe, S3; rish, Manip. ; 
ryshes,//., S3. — AS. risce, resce (Voc). 

Rusien, v. to shake, SD, C {n) ; rese, 
C ; resye, C i^«) ; rused, pt. s., PP. — AS. 
hrysian, Goth, hrisjan. 

Russet, adj. russet, PP, Prompt ; rous- 
sat, S3 ; russets,, clothes of a russet 
colour, ND. — AF. russet, OF. rousset ; cp. 
Low Lat. roussetum (Ducange). 

Russetting, sb. coarse cloth of russet 
colour, HD; a kind of apple, ND. 

Ru]7e, sb. ruth, pity, S ; see Bewthe. 

Rutis, roots, S3 ; see Bote. 


Rwly, adv. ruefully, S2 ; sec Bewliche. 

Rybybe, sb. a kind of fiddle, uctella, 
vitiila, Voc, Prompt. ; [ritoibe, an old 
woman, CM, ND] ; rebeke, Manip. ; re- 
bekke, rebeck, SkD ; rebecke, ND. — It. 
rihcbba (also ribecca) ; Arab, rab&ba, a 
fiddle with one or two strings, Steingass, p. 

Rybybour, sb. a player on the ribibe, 
PP. See above. 

Rydder, sb. a sieve, cribruvt, Voc. — AS. 
hrider (Voc). Cf. Bidil. 

Rydel, sb. riddle, Prompt. ; see Bedels. 

Ryfe, adj. abundant, numerous, frequent, 
openly known, S3 ; ryyf, Prompt. ; ryfF, 
PP ; ryue, G. — Icel. rifr, munificent. 

Ryfelen, v. to rob, plunder, Prompt, 
y- rifled,//., PP.— OF. rijler (Cotg.). 

Ryflowre,.fi^. robber, plunderer, Prompt. 

Ryflynge, sb. plunder, pp. 

Ryge, sb. stormy rain, S2 ; rig', HD. — 
Icel. hregg, storm and rain. 

Rygge, sb. back, ridge, HD, PP ; ryg, 
B, PP; rugge, S, PP, S2 ; rug, S; rugges, 
//., HD; rigge, S, HD, G; rig, S2. 
Comb. : rygge-bon, spondile, Voc. ; ryg- 
bone, spina, Voc, PP ; rygboon, HD; 
riggebon, PP, G.— AS. hrycg; cp. OHG. 
ruggi (Otfrid). 

Ryght, adv. exactly, very, PP; riht, 
right, close, S, 82 ; rihht, S ; ribte, S ; 
rict, S ; rigt, S ; rijt, S, S2. Phr. : ryjt 
now late, only lately, S2. 

Ryght, adj. right, Prompt. ; ryht, S2 ; 
rijt, 82, W ; rihte, S ; rigte, S ; rijte, 
S ; rict, S. Comb. : rijt-ful, straight ( = 
Lat. rectus'), S2, W ; ryjtfol, S2 ; ryjt- 
uolle, S2; rijtfulnesse, righteousness, W ; 
ribt-balf, right side, S; rijtbalf, W2 ; 
ristnesse, justice, S2 ; riht- wis, righteous, 
S; richtwise, S; ry5twys, S2; rigbtwis, 
V. to justify, H ; rihtwisnesse, righteous- 
ness, S ; ryjttwisnesse, S2 ; rijtwisnesse, 
W ; rightwisenes, S2 ; rygbtwisnesse, 
C3. — AS. riht. 

Ryghte, sb. right, law, equity, Cath. ; 
rijt, S2 ; ri5te, S, S2 ; rijtes, //., S2 ; 
ry3tez, ge^t. as adv., rightly, immediately, 
S2 ; ri5ttes, S2. Phr.: to pe rijttes, 
exactly, S2 ; at alle rightes, C ; mid 
rihte, rightly, S ; mid rihten, S ; wipjj 
rihhte, S. 

Ryme, sb. hoar-frost, H, Prompt. 
Comb. : ryme-frost, hoar-frost, HD. — AS. 

Ryme, sb. rime, verse, poetry. Prompt., 


S, PP ; rym, C2, C3 ; rime, S ; rymes, 
pi., rimes, ballads, PP, C2. Plir. : on his 
rime, in his turn, S. — OF. rime, rym ; 
OHG. ;•/;;/, number; cp. AS. rim. 

Hymen, v. to rime. Prompt., S3, C2, 
C3. — AF. rimer (rymcr). 
Kyming, sl>. the art of riming, C2. 

Biymthe, sb. room, leisure, Prompt. 
See Kowm. 

Rynen, v. to touch, H. Der. : riner, 
the ciuoit that touches the mark, HD. — AS. 
hrinan, OS. hrinan ; cp. OHG. rinan 

Rynge, sb. a circle, amiuhis, Prompt. ; 
ryngres, //., PP ; ring-es, C3. Comb. : 
i±n.g-lea,, praesu/^or, Manip. ; the person 
who opens a ball, HD, NQ (5. 1. 146 ; 
ryngf-sangis, songs adapted for circular 
dances, S3. — AS. /iring, Icel. hringr. 

Ryngen, 'v. to ring. Prompt. ; xinges, 
pr. pi.. S ; rong',//. s., C3 ; mnge, //., S 

19. 1273^ ; i-runge, //., S. — AS. ringan, 
pt. s. rang (pi. ningon), pp. ruiigen. 

XtyngiSf sb. pi. reigns, S3 ; see Beg'ne. 

Kyngis, reigns, S3 ; see Begnen. 

Sys, sb. twig, branch, branches, S2, G 

;s. V. woode), CM ; ris, S, CM ; ryss, S3 ; 



ryse, Cath., S3. Comb. : rise-bushes, 
sticks cut for burning, DG. — AS. hris ; cp. 
Icel. hris, G. reis. 

Rysen, v. to rise, PP, C2 ; riss, B; 
risand,/r./., S2 ; riseaud, S2 ; ris, imp., 
S; rist, pr. s., C3 ; ros, //. s., S, C2 ; 
roos, C2, W ; raiss, S2, B; rass, B; ri- 
sen, //., W ; rysen, W ; rise, C2 ; rysed, 
//. s. {-ucak), S2. — AS. risan, pt. s. rds (pi. 
risoti), pp. risen. 

Ryshe, sb. rush, S3 ; see Busche. 

Kysp, sb. coai-se grass, S3 ; risp, JD. 
Cp. G. rispc, see Weigand. 

Ryne, sb. shore, S. — OF. rive; Lat. 

Rjrne, adj. abvmdant, G ; see Eyfe. 

Xtyuel, sb. a wrinkle, SD. 

Biyuelen, v. to wrinkle, HD, PP ; ryue- 
leden, pt. pi., PP ; riueld, //., S3. — Cp. 
AS. nfelede (Lat. ritgosus), Eng. Studien, 
xi. 6*5 ; and Dn. rtiifelen. 

Biyueling, sb. a wrinkling, W ; ryuel- 
yng'es, //., wrinkles, \V2. 

Biynen, v. to tear, rive, S2, C2, C3 ; 
rif, S2 ; ryl'e, H. — Icel. rifa. 

Ryner, sb. river, PP ; ryuere, Prompt., 
CM; rinere, S.- — AF. rivcre; Late Lat. 
riparia, seashore, bank, river. See Byue. 

Sa, so, as, S, S2 ; see Swa. 

Saaf, adj. healed, S2 ; see Sanf. 

Sabat, sb. sabbath, \V ; sahot, W; sa- 
bote, .S2 ; sabothis, //., S2. — Lat. sabbattim 
(Vulg. ' ; Gr. aa^^arov ; Heb. shabbath, 
rest, sabbath. 

Sabeline, sb. the sable, also the fur of 
the sable, S ; sablyne, S. — OF. sabeline, 
from sable; Russ. sobole ; cp. G. zobel. 

Sac, sb. crime, S2 ; see Sak. 

Saccles, adj. guiltless, S2 ; see Sakles. 

Sacbel, sb. wallet, satchel, W, H (p. 
144'). — OF. sachel; Lat. saccelhim (ace), 
dimin. of Jtzawi-. See Sak. 

Sacren, v. to consecrate, hallow, S, 
Prompt. ; y-sacred, //., S3. — OF. sacrcr; 
Lat. sacrarc. 

Sacristane, sb. sacristan, Cath. ; sec- 
ristoun, \'oc. ; sexteyne. Prompt. ; sex- 
teyn, C2. — AF. sccrestein, OF. sacristain, 
sexton (Cotg.) ; from Church Lat. saciista 

Sad, adj. sated, over full, weary, satisfied, 
serious, firm, sober, discreet, grave, PP, S2, 
S3, C, C2, C3, W ; sead, S ; sad, S ; sadde, 
adv., S3 ; sadder, camp., more soundly (of 
sleep", PP. — AS sad : OS. sad, sated ; cp. 
OHG. .ra/ i.Tatian) : Goth. ja//«; cp. Lat. 
satis; see Brugmann, § 109. 

Sadel, sb. saddle, C3 ; sadyl. Prompt. 
Comb. : sadel-bowe, saddle-bow, S. — AS. 

Sadelien, v. to saddle ; sadelede, //. 
.f., S; sadeled,//., G. — AS. sadelian. 

Sadly, adv. seriously, S3, C, C2, C3 ; 
sadlier, com p., more heavily, PP; sad- 
loker, more soundly, S2, PP. 

Sadues, sb. stedfastness, soberness, dis- 
creetness, S3, \VA; sadnesse, C2, P, W, 


Sse, sb. sea, S ; see See. 
Ssclian, v. to sicken ; sseclede, pt. s., 
S. See Set. 
Ssd, adj. sated, S ; see Sad. 



Sseht, saehte ; see Saht, Sahte. 
Ssehtleden, //. //. reconciled, S ; see 
Sseres, //. shears, S ; see Scliere. 
Saeri, adj. sony, S ; see Sory. 
Saette. pt. s. set, S ; sec Setten. 
Ssew, .f/'. juice, S ; see Sewe. 
SaiFeres, Safiris ; see Saphir. 

SafTron, v. to tinge with saffron, C3. 

Saffroun, sb. saffron, C2 ; safrun, 
Prompt. ; saffrau, SkD ; saffbrne, S3. — 
AF. saff'raii. 

Safte, sl>. pi. creatures, S ; see Schaft. 

Sag, Sagh, saw ; see Seon. 

Saghe, sh. saw, saying, II ; see Sawe. 

Saghtel, I /. pr. pi. become reconciled, 
82 ; see Sahtlien. 

Saht, adj. at peace, reconciled ; sseht, 
S; sehte, S; saut, HD; salihte, //., S. — 
— AS. Sicht ; cp. Icel. sdltr. 

Sahte, sb. peace, reconciliation, S ; 
saslite, concord, S; saug'hte, HD. — Cp. 
Icel. salt, concord. 

Sahtlien, v. to reconcile, to be recon- 
ciled, S, SkD (s.v. settle); sajtlen, SkD; 
sanjUen, SkD; saghtel, S2 ; ssehtlien, 
S ; sajtill, WA ; saghetylle, HD.— AS. 

Sahtliug, sb- reconciliation ; sa5tlyng, 
S2 ; savijtelyng, HD; saughtelynge, 
HD. See above. 

Sahtnen, v. to reconcile, to be recon- 
ciled, S ; sauhtne, PP ; saujtne, P. 

Sahtnesse* sb. peace, reconciliation, 
8 ; sehtnesse, S ; seihtnesse, S. — AS. 

Sai^, saw.; see Seon. 

Sak, sb. sack, sackcloth, PP, W2 ; set, 
82 ; seek, S ; seckes, //., S ; sakkes, PP. 
— AS. sacc ; Lat. saccus (Vulg.) ; Gr. colkko^ 
(lxx) ; Heb. saq, probably of Egyptian 

Sak, sb. guilt, crime, cause, sake, S2, B ; 
sake, 8 ; sac, 82 ; sakess, //., crimes, .82. 
— Icel. sbk (stem saka-), a cause, charge, 
guilt, crime : Goth, sakjo ( = A'ax'7); cp. 
AS. sacu, OU.G. sahha, 'causa' (Tatian). 

Sake^, pr. s. shakes, S ; see Schaken. 

SakleS, adj. guiltless, S2 ; sakless, B ; 
saccles, 82 ; sacclesli, adv., guiltlessly, 
82. — AS. sacleas; cp. Icel. saklaitss. 

Sal, sb. salt. Co??ib. : sal-arnioniak, 
sal ammoniac, C3 ; sal-peter, saltpetre, 
C3 ; sal-preparat, prepared salt, C3 ; 
sal-tartre, salt of tartar, C3. — Lat. sal. 


Salad, sb. helmet, CM; sallet, ND. 
S!i.; salettes,//., KD(p.i663V— OK. saladc 
(Cotg.); cp. Low Lat. salada (Ducange,, 
8p. iclada (Minsheu). 

Said,//. J. sold, 82 ; see Sellen. 

Sale, sb. hall, WA, 8, HD.— Icel. salr; 
cp. AS. sal (gen. sales). 

Sale, sb. basket of willow-twigs for 
catching eels, etc., S3. See Salwe. 

Salewis, sb. pi. willows, \V2 ; see 

Salm, sb. psalm, 82, W2 ; psalme, II ; 
psalmes, //., PP ; zalmes, 82.- Church 
Lat. /j-a//««j- (Vulg.) ; Gr. xpaXixos i,LX.\). 

Salme, v. to sing psalms, 82. 

Salt, sb. salt, Voc, S; sealte, dat.. 82. 
Conib. : salt-cote, a salt-pit, salina, Voc. ; 
salte-cote, Cath., Voc— AS. scalt. 

Salt, adj. salted, salt, salsiis, SD ; sealte, 
82 ; salte, //., C2. 

Salue, V. to salute, C2, C3.— OF. saltier ; 
Lat. saliitare. 

Saluyng, sb. salutation, C. 

Salue, sb. salve, ointment, C2, PP ; 
sallfe, H (p. 184).— AS. sealf; cp. G. 

Salwe, sb. a kind of willow, a sallow, 
SkD, Voc. ; salwhe. Prompt. ; salghe, HD ; 
salewis, //., W2.— AS. sealh (Voc.) : 
OHG. salahd ; cp. Lat. salic-em, Ir. sail, 
Gr. kXiKr], W. hclyg. 

Sam .... sani, conj. whether .... or, 

Same, adj. same, SkD ; samyn, S3, B ; 
sammyn, dat., 82, B. — Icel. samr. 

Same, sb. shame, 8 ; see Schame. 

Sam.ed, ad-.i. together, SD ; somed, 8 ; 
somet, 8. — AS. samod., adv. together, PP, S, 82, H ; 
samenn, 8 ; samyn, H, B ; sammyn, B. 
— Icel. saman ; cp. OHG. saman (Tatian). 

Samet, sb. a rich silk stuff, CM ; 
samyte, SkD ; samite, ND. — OF. samit ; 
Late Lat. cxaiuitiim ; Late Gr. e^dfj-irov ; 
cp. G. samt, velvet. It. sciamito (Florio)., v. to be ashamed, 8 ; see 

Sam.m.-tale, adj. pi. in harmony, S. 

SamnieXL, v. to unite ; somnen, 8 ; 
sammnesst, 2 pr. s.. 8; i-somned, //., 
S ; samned, S2 ; samened, 82 ; samynd, 
H. — AS. samnian. 

Samon, sb. salmon, 82 ; see Saumon. 

Sand, sb. sand, PP ; see Sond. 

Saud, sb. a gift, 82 ; see Sond. 


Sanderbodes, sb. //. messengers, S ; 
see Sender. 

Sang, sl>. song, S, S3 ; see Song'e. 

Sang, sb. blood. Comb. : sank royall, 
blood royal, S3 (14. 490). — OF. sane, 
sang; Lat. sangiiincm. 

Sangwine, adj. blood-red, S3 ; sang'- 
win, C ; sang-wane, blood colour (in he- 
raldr}'\ S3. — AF. sanguine; Lat. sangiii- 

Sans, frep. without, C3 ; sanz, S2, PP ; 
satin, HD. Comb. : saun fail, without 
fail, HD. — OF. sans, sen: ; Lat. sine, see 
BH, § 50. 

Sant, adj. and sb. holy, saint, S2 ; sante, 
S; sanct, li. — Lat. satictus. Cf. Seint. 

Sanyt, //• s. crossed himself, S2 ; see 

Sape, sb. soap, S ; see Scope. 

Sapllir, sb. sapphire ; safiris, W (Apoc. 
21. 19) ; saphires, //., C2, PP ; safferes, 
P. — AF. safir, saphire ; Lat. sapphirmn 
(acc; ; Gr. aa-n-pupo's; Heb. sappir. 

Sapience, sb. Wisdom, i. e. the book so 
called, C2, P; wisdom, C3 ; sapiences, 
//., kinds of intelligence, C3. — OF. sapience ; 
Lat. sapientia. 

Sar, Sare, Sair ; see Sore. 

Sarce, sb. sieve, Cath., Palsg. ; searce, 
Cotg. (s.Y. tatnis) ; sarse, Cath. (,«) ; sars, 
Cath. (w).— OF. sas, a searce (Cotg.), saas: 
Sp. cedazo (Minsheu ; Lat. setaceum, from 
seta, hair on an animal. See Say. 

Sarce, J'- to sift, Palsg. ; searse, Cath. 
(«'. — OF. sasser. 

Sari, adj. sorr)', S ; see Scry. 

Sark, sb. shirt, S3 ; see Serk. 

SanuOTin, sb. sermon, P; see Sermoun. 

Satem, sb. Saturnus, SD. Comb. : 
Sateres-dai, Saturday, S ; Saterdei, S ; 
seterday. PP ; ssetterdaei, S ; saterday, 
PP ; seturday, PP. 

Sattel, V- to subside, S2, S3 ; see Setlen. 

Sauf, adj. safe, healed, made whole, S2, 
C3, P : sauff, S2 ; saf, S2 ; saaf, S2, W ; 
saxtS, prep., save, except, C ; sane, C2, C3 ; 
saulfe, S3; saufliclie, adv., safely, S2 ; 
saufiy, C, C2, PP ; sanely, H. Comb.: 
sanlfe-garde, safe-keeping, S3 ; salfgard, 
S3. — AF. saup', OF. salf; Lat. saluum. 

Saugh., saw ; see Seen. 

Saughte, ^. to be reconciled, G. See 

Saule, sb. soul, S ; sawl, S; sanll, S3 ; 
sanlen, //., S ; see Sonle. 



Saumon, sb. salmon, Voc. ; salmond, 
B; samcn, S2 ; samowne, Prompt. — OF. 
saiimun, salmon ; Lat. salmonem. 

Saumplarie, sb. example, instructor, 

Saumple, sb. example, PP, W2, HD. 

Saumpler, sb. exemplar, pattern, W. 

Saundyuer, sb. the fatty substance - 
floating on glass when it is red-hot in the 
furnace, S2 ; sawndevere, HD ; sandiver, 
Cotg. — OF. siiin de ivvvv, the sweating of 
glass (Cotg. ; siiin or sitint, from suiiiicr, 
to sweat, as stones in moist weather ; na- 
salised from OTeut. base swiT, whence G. 
schu'itzen, to sweat. 

Sausefleme, sb. the scab, sahumflepna, 
C (p. I ^ o . Der. : sauseflemed, adj. , having 
pimples on the face, HD ; sawceflem, pim- 
pled, C, C^L — Late Lat. salsiim Jlegma. 

Sant, sb. assault, H, PP ; sante, H ; 
sawt, B. — OF. saiit, a leap ; Lat. saltuvi. 

Saute, 'V. to leap, PP. — OF. sauter, 
sanlter ; Lat. saltare. 

Sauter, sb. a musical instrirment, psalter, 
psalms, .S2 ; sawter, Voc. ; sa-wtre, Voc. ; 
sautre, \V2 ; psanter, PP ; psantere, H 
(p. 3\ Comb. : sawtere-boke, Voc. — OF. 
sautier {Baitsch], psaititier ; C. urch Lat. 
psalterium ; Gr. jfaKrrjpiov. 

Sauvacioun, sb. salvation, S2, S3, C3, 
P. — AF. salvacioiin ; Lat. salvationem. 

Sau^tne, 'o. become reconciled, P ; see 

Saue, prep, save, C2 ; see Sanf. 

Saueine, sb. sa\4n, sabine, SkD ; sew- 
ane, S3. — AS. safine ; Lat. sabina : cp. OF. 
sabi)ie, savinier, the savine-tree (Cotg.). 

Sauete, sb. safety, PP ; sanyte, S2 ; 
safte, P. — AF. sauvete ; Late Lat. salvita- 

Save, sb. the herb sage, C ; see Sawge. 

Savour, sb. savour, smell, pleasantness, 
pleasure, P, C2, C3, WW. — OF. saveiir ; 
Lat. saporem. 

Savouren, v. to have a pleasant taste, 
to give an appetite to, S2, P ; sauere ( = 
Lat. sapere), to have a taste, perception, W; 
saner, S2, WW, C^L — AF. savourer. 

Sawe, sb. a saw, saying, S2, C, C3 ; 
sag-he, H ; saghes, //., H ; saghs, S2 ; 
sawes, S2, P. — AS. sagit. 

Sawe, V. to sow, S ; see Scwen. 

Sawge, sb. the herb sage, Prompt. ; 
salge, Cath.; save, C, HD. — OF. satige; 
Lat. saluia ; dp. Low Lat. salgia (Cath.;. 
O 2 



Say, //. s. saw ; see Seon. 

Say, s/>. silk, \\A. — OF. scu ; Sp. sofa ; 
]. at. iiVrt, bristle. Cf. Sarce. 

Sa3riie, s/>. a net, WA. — OF. sa'/ie; 
Lat. .f(?^rr,7/(j ; Gr. aa-yqvrj-, cp. Olr. Stti. 

Sayntuaryes, sb. //. relics, S3 ; see 

Sa^,//'- s. saw; see Seon. 

Sa5tled, ft. s. settled, S2 ; see Setlen. 

Sa:;tl3rHg, sl>. reconciliation, S2 ; see 

Sc-. tor many words beginning with sc-, 
see Sch-. 

Scse, she, S ; see Sheo. 

ScSBrp, ai/J. sharp, S ; see Scliarp. 

Scaildlic, adj. disgraceful, S. See 

Scaplorye, s/i. a kind of scarf, Prompt. ; 
scaplory, scapelory. Cath., S ; scaplorey, 
Voc. ; scapelary. Prompt. ; cliapolory, 
83; scaplery, Cath. iji); scapiiTarye, 
Cath. (;/) ; scopelarie, Cath. (;;). — Church 
Lat. scapidarc, from scapula, shoulder 

Scarl, sh. scare-crow, bugbear, HD ; 
scai'le, Cath. 
-^^carren, v. to scare, SD ; see Sberren. 

Scars, adj. scarce, SD; scarce. Prompt.; 
scatsliclie, «(/»., scarcely, SD; scarslych, 
sparingly, S2 ; scarsly, parsimoniously, 
C, Prompt.; scarseli, \V. — AF. escars; 
Pate Lat. cxcarpsiim. 

Scarsete, ■f'''- scarcity, C3 ; scarste, S2. 
— OF. scliarsetc (Ducange). 

Scarsnesse, sb. scarceness, Prompt. 

Scarth, sb. sherd, H ; skartli, JD. — 
Icel. skard. Cf. Sclierde. 

Scat, sb. treasure, S. — AS. sccat : OS. 
skat ; cp. OHG. scaz (Tatian). 

ScatSe, sb. harm, S, C2 ; schatlie, S2 ; 
skaith, S3; skathe, C, G; scath, WA ; 
skath, H. — Icel. skaSi; cp. OHG. scado 

Scean, //. j. shone, S ; see Schyuen. 

Sceappend, sb. creator, S ; see Schep- 

Seel, shall, S ; see Schal. 

Sceolde, should, S ; see Scliolde. 

Scewie, J>iip. pi. let us see, S ; see 

Schade, .c'^. shade, shadow, WA ; schad- 
o-we. Prompt. ; schadewe, S ; shadwe, 
C2, C3. Plir. : in ssede, darkly, S2. — 
AS. sccadii (stem sccadtva) : OS. skado ; cp. 
OHG. scato (Tatian). 


Schaft, sb. shape, make, form, creature, 
S, S2 ; schafte, PP ; shafte, PP; sceppe, 
S2 ; schafte, //., S; safte, S; sseppes, 
S2. — AS. {gc sccaft. 

Schakaris, drops of dew hanging 
down, .S3. 

Schaken, v. to shake. Prompt. ; ssake, 
S2 ; saket5,/;-. s., S; schok, //. s., S, S2 ; 
schake, //., C. — AS. sceacan, pt. scoc, pp. 

Schal, I, }, pt. pr. s. shall, S ; sceal, S ; 
seal, S ; sceol, S ; seel, S ; schel, S2 ; 
ssel, S2 ; shal, S, S2, C2, C3 ; sal, S, S2 ; 
sail, H; sale, S2 ; salt, 2 /;-. s., S2 ; 
ssalt, S2 ; schnlen, //., S; schuUen, S, 
S2 ; schuUe, S ; scbuUef), S ; scbule, S ; 
sculen, S ; schuln, C ; scuUen, S ; scule, 
S; shulen, S; shuUen, C3 ; sliuUe, S; 
shul, S2, C3 ; shule, S2 ; sulen, S ; sule, 
S; snllen,"S; suUe, S; scliolle, S2 ; 
sholen, S; shole, S; ssoUe, S2 ; soUe, 
S ; salle, S2 ; schaltow, saltou, shalt 
thou, S2. Cf. Scliolde. 

Schalk, sb. servant, man, WA ; sclialke, 
S2. — AS. scealc (Grein) : Goth, skalks; cp. 
OHG. Stale (Tatian). 

Schame, sb. shame, S, PP ; scliome, S ; 
shome, vS2 ; scheome, S ; scome, S ; 
ssanie, S2 ; same, S. — AS. sccamu. 

Schaniefast, adj. modest, C. 

Scliamefastnesse, sb. modesty, C,W. 

Sclianielich., adj. shameful ; schome- 
licli, S, S2 ; shameliche, adv., S ; sham- 
lie, S2. 

Scliainien, v. to shame, to be ashamed, 
S, W; shame, S2 ; ssame, S2 ; samie, S. 

Schamylle, sb. stool, Cath. ; shamel 
( = Lat. scabclhiin), H ; schamel, Cath. («) ; 
schambylle, macelltim. Caih..; shambles, 
pi., Sh. — AS. scamel (Mt. 5. 35^ scamol, 
sccamiil (Voc.) ; Lat. scainelliim ; cp. OF. 
scamel (Ps. log. i), also Lat. scabcllum, 
from stem scam- in seamniim. See NQ (5. 
5. 261). 

Schap, sb. shape, PP, C, W2 ; shap, S, 
C2 ; schapp, S2 ; schappe, PP; scheape, 
S ; shappe, PP. — AS. {gcjsceap. 

Scliapen, v. to form, create, ordain, 
irfl. to dispose oneself, endeavour, S, C, 
PP, S3 ; shape, PP ; schop, pt. s., S, S2 ; 
shop, S; shoop, C2 ; scop, S; sop, S; 
schope, S2 ; shope, S2, H ; schapen, //., 
C ; shapen, S, S2, C2 ; shape, C2 ; y- 
schape, S2 ; yshapen, C2 ; yshape, C3. 
— AS. sceapari, pt. scop {sc'op), pp. sccapen. 
\ Schapien, v. to create, form ; schepien, 


S ; scbapide, pt, s., W ; shaped, //., S. 
Cf. Scheppen. 

Schaply, at/J. fit, C. 

Schaplynesse, s/>. beauty, V\2. 

Scliarp, n((/. sharp ; scliarpe, S ; 
scherpe, S ; scserp, S ; scliarpe, tu/v., S ; 
sharpe, C2. — AS. sccarp. 

Scharpin, v. to make sharp ; scherpit, 
pt. s., S3. 

Schaven, v. to shave, scrajie, PP 
schauyde, //. s., \V2 ; shauen, //., S 
schave, C ; y-scliaue, S2 ; y-slxaue, C2 
ischaven, S. Dt:/-. : shauing', a thin 
slice, C3. — AS. sceafan, pt. scof, pp. scafcn. 

Schawe, sb. a shaw, wood, grove, S2, 
G, S3, HD, Cath. ; schaw, \VA, B; 
schowe, HD; shawes, //., PP. — AS. 
scaga ; cp. Icel. skogr. 

Schaweu, v. to shew, S, 82, S3 ; see 

Schawere, sh. a veil, S ; scawere, 
mirror, S; sseawere, S2 ; schewere, WA. 

ScliawleS, sh. scare-crow, an appear- 
ance, S ; schewelles, ND ; sewell, HD. 
• — From the same root as G. schciickc. See 

Sche, she, C ; see Sheo. 

Scheawen, v. to appear, S2 ; see 

Schede, sb. the parting of a man's hair, 
Cath. ; see Scliode. 

Scheden, v. to separate, to part the 
hair, to shed, pour, S, PP, W2 ; shsedeun, 
S ; sheden, PP ; shode, HD ; schedde, 
pt. s., PP ; shedde, C2 ; shadde, C2 ; 
ssedde, S2 ; i-sched, //., S ; shad, S. — 
AS. sceadan, pt. sccod, pp. sciadcn ; cp. 
OHG. skcidan (Tatian), G. scheitcn. 

Scheef, sb. sheaf, Prompt. ; shef, C ; 
schof. Prompt. ; scheflFe, Prompt. ; shsef- 
ess, //., S. — AS. scvaf. 

Scheep, sb. sheep, Prompt. ; shep, S ; 
schepe, Lath. ; //., S2 ; shep, S ; sep, S. 
— AS. sctap. 

Sch.eep, ^b- shepherd, S2, PP ; shepe, 
P ; shep, PP ; chep, PP, Notes (p. 45S.)— 
AS. *sctapa {scdpa). 

Scheld, sb. shield, S, C, W2 ; sheld, S; 
sseld, S2 ; scheeld, C ; shel, S ; scheelde. 
Prompt. — AS. scicid, scyld. 

Schelden, v. to shield, PP ; schilden, 
S, G ; shilden, C2 ; sildeu, S. 

Schelder, sb. shiekler, S2. 

Sclieltroun, sb. shelter, defence, a 



strong shield, also a body of troops, bat- 
talion, PP ; scheltron, Prompt. ; schel- 
trone, acic:, Voc. ; scheltrom, PP, S2 ; 
scheltrun, \V2 ; shtiltrom, PP ; schil- 
trum, B ; childrome, 1! ; jeltron, shield, 
shelter, SkD (s.v. s/iclter). — AS. scild- 
tnima, a shield-troop (^Leo) ; cp. AF. chil- 

Scliencll, sb. draught of beer or wine, 
SD ; senche, S ; scheuche, dat., S. — Icel. 
skcnkr, the serving of drink. 

Schenchen, v. to pour out beer or 
wine, to offer a good thing, S, CM ; shen- 
chen, S2 ; scheukyn, Prompt. — AS. 
scetican, to pour out drink (Grein) ; cp. 
OHG. scenkcn (_Otfrid), Icel. skenkja ; 
from AS. sccanc, shank, a hollow bone used 
for drawing off liquor. See SkD (s. v. 

Scheuden, v. to harm, ruin, disgrace, 
PP, S, S2, W 2, S3 ; shenden, PP, C2, H ; 
sceuden, S ; ssende, S2 ; sende, S ; 
shende, //. s., S ; schente, S ; schent, 
//., S, S2, C, W2, G ; shent, PP, C2.— 
AS. scendan. See Schoude. 

Schendful, adj. disgraceful, SD ; 
schendfulliche, adv., PP ; sheudfuUiche, 

SchendlaC, sb. disgrace, S. 

Schendschip, sb. disgrace, hurt, ruin ; 
schenschip, \\ , W 2 ; scheuship, H ; 
schenshepe, PP. 

Schene, adj. bright, S, S2, S3, C ; 
scene, S2 ; scheyn, S3 ; shene, C2, S3 ; 
sheene, S2, S3, C3 ; schenre, conip., S. — 
AS. scene : OS. skoni ; cp. OHG. scdni 

Sclieome, sb. shame, S ; see Schame. 

Scheot, pr. s. shoots, S ; see Scheten. 

Schepiet$, i»ip. pi. shape, S; see 

Schepue, sb. shed, stall, stable, C ; 
schepyn, bostar, Voc. ; shippen, HD ; 
schyppune, Voc. ; shepnes, //., CM. — 
AS. scypen, ' bovile ' (^Voc). Cf. Schoppe. 

Scheppen, v. to create, form, SD; 
schiipte,//. s., S.— AS. sceppan, scyppan. 

Scheppende, sb. creator; sceppende, 
S ; sceppend, S ; sceappend, S ; shep- 
pendes,//., S. 

Scheppere, sb. creator ; schuppere, 
S ; shepper, PP. — Cp. OHG. sceppheri 
(Otfrid), G. schbpfcr. 

Scherald, adj. cut by the plough-share, 


Sclierde, sb. sherd, rrompt. 
Schere, sl>. shears, C ; shere, C2, PP; 
saeres,//., S. 

Schere, v. to shear, S3, S2 ; schseren, 

-'^ S; sheren, to reap, cut, S, C2 ; scorn, 

//., S2 ; soren, S; y=scliore, S2. — AS. 

sceran {scioan), pt. sccar i^pl. sciaron), pp. 


\^' Schere, ad/, pure, bright, clear, SD ; 
skere, ai/v., SD ; sker, clean, entirely, S. 
Comb. : Shere pursdai, the Thursday in 
Holy ^^'eek, S. — Icel. skarr ; cp. skiri- 
f'Srsdagr, skir-dagr, names for Maundy 
Thursday. See Schyre. 
Scherpit, pt. s. sharpened, S3 ; see 

Scherreue, sb. sheriff, G ; see under 

Scherte, sb. shirt, C, C2, PP, Voc. ; 
sherte, PP ; shurte, SkD ; schyrt, Voc. ; 
shirte, SkD. — Icel. skyrta. 

Schete, sb. sheet, Prompt., P; shete, 
(-■3. — AS. scete, for scyte, see SkD. 

Scheten, v. to shoot, rush, S, W2, 
Prompt. ; scheete, G ; ssete, S2 ; schut, 
S2 ; schiite, B ; scheot, pr. s., S; schot, 
pt. s., S2, B: sscet, S2 ; shote, //., S2 ; 
ishote, S ; iscote, S ; issote, S2. — AS. 
scc'otan, pt. sciut (pi. scnton), pp. scoicn. 

Scheter, sb. shooter, SD; schetare, 
Prompt. ; ssetar, S2. 

Schethe, sb. sheath, W (Jo. 15. ii\ 
Cath. ; shethe, C2.— AS. ^tc'aci; cp.'OHG. 
skcidd (Tatian). 

Schetten, v. to shut, C3, Prompt.; 
schitte, G, W2 ; schitte, pt. s., W ; 
shette, G, P; //., C2, C3 ; schet, //., C, 
W ; shet, C3 ; schit, W ; ischet, G ; 
y-schette, S2, C3. — AS. scyttan. 

Schewen, v. to show, appear, S, PP, 
S3 ; scheawen, S2 ; scheauwen, S ; 
schawl, S, S2 ; schaw, S2, S3, S ; scea- 
wen, S ; seen, S2 ; scawen, S ; shewe, 
PP ; shsewenn, S ; sseawy, S2 ; seawen, 
S. — AS. sceawian, to see, also to make to 
see, shew : OS. skdiuoii, to look, see. 

Schey, adj. timid, shy, Prompt.; sceouh, 
SkD. — K'Si.sceoh. Cf Eschewen, Schawles. 

Schide, sb. a splinter, WA. — AS. scidc; 
cp. G. sclicit, see Kluge. 

Schift, sb. shift, change; shift, Sh. 
Phr. : at a schift, on a sudden, in a 
moment, S2. 

Schiften, v. to change, shift, to part 
asunder, to divide, to discern, SkD ; schyf- 


' tyn, Prompt. ; shifte, C3 : scyft, pr. s., 
S ; shifte him,//, s., removed himself, PP. 
^AS. sciftan [scy/tan), to divide. 

Schilden, v. to shield, S ; see Schel- 

Schip, sb. ship, S ; schup, S ; scipen, 
dat., S; schnpe, S; sipe, S; schupes, 
gen., S ; schipes, //., S ; schippes, S ; 
scipen, S ; sipes, S ; ssipes, S2. Comb. : 
schip-bord ; p/ir. : on schiphord, on 
board a ship, S2 ; ship-breche, shipwreck, 
\\ ; schip-man, shipman, C ; shipman, 
C2 ; scipenmonnen, //. dat., S ; ssip-uol, 
shipful, S2 ; schupeward, shipward, S ; 
ship-wracke, shipwreck, S3. — AS. scip. 

Schirchen, f. to shriek, S ; see Schry- 

Schirmen, v. to skirmish, fence, S ; 
skirmen, S ; skyrmez, /;-. s., glides 
swiftly on flapping wings, S2. — Cp. Du. 
schcrtnen, to tence, from schcrm, screen, 
protection, OHG. scirm, protection (Otfrid). 

Schitte, V. to shut, G ; see Schetten. 

Scho, sb. shoe, W2 ; schoo, C, Prompt. ; 
schon, //., S2, S3 ; schone, S, W; schoon, 
S2, W, G; shoon, C2, \V ; shon, PP. — 
AS. sccoh, pi. sccos, gen. pi. sccona. 

Scho, she, S3 ; see Sheo. 

Schod, //. shod, W, Prompt. ; shodde, 

Schode, sb. the parting of a man's hair, 
the temple or top of the head, C ; schood, 
CM. — AS. scdde, ' vertex capilli ' (Grein) ; 
cp. G. schcitd. .-ee Scheden. 

Schoggyn, v. to shake, toss, Prompt. ; 
schog-s, /;-. s., WA ; schog-g-id, //., W. 

Scholde, pt. s. should, S, S2 ; scolde, 
S ; sceolde, S ; sholde, S, C2, C3 ; sculde, 
S ; schulde, S ; shulde, S, C2, C3 ; sulde, 
S ; suld, S2 ; shuld, S2 ; solde, S ; scholte, 
S; soul, H ; soule, H ; scholden,//.. S; 
scolden, S ; ssolde, S2 ; suld, S2.— AS. 
scolde. See Schal. 

SchoUe, shall, S2 ; see Schal. 

Scheme, sb. shame, S ; see Schame. 

Schonielich, adj. shameful, S; see 

Schon, //. of Scho, q.v. 

Schon, pt. s. shone, C, G ; see Schynen. 

Schonde, sb. disgrace, S ; shonde, C2. 
— AS. scand {sceand), scond (GET). 

Schonye, v. shun, P ; see Schunien. 

Schop, pt. s. created, S ; see Schapen. 

Schoppe, sb. shop, 82, Prompt., SkD. 
Cf. Schepne. 


Schore, sb. a notch or line cut, a num- 
ber, score, twenty, S2, PP ; score, G, 
Prompt., PP. — AS. scor ; cp. Icel. skor, an 
incision. See Scberen. 

Sch,ort, adj. short. Prompt. ; schorte, 
S2 ; scort, S, S2. — AS. sccori ; cp. OHG. 

ScllOrteliche, adv. briefly, C. 

Schorten, v. to make short, C, Prompt. 

ScIlOt, /'. J. rushed, S2 ; see Scheten. 

Sch.OUel, si', shovel. Prompt. ; showell, 
S.^.— AS. siojl CVoc.\ 

Schowpe, si), a hip, cornum, Cath. 
Comb. : schowpe-tre, the briar, Cath. ; 
scope-tre. Cath. («". 

Schowre, sb, shower, Prompt. ; sclinr, 
SD; shoures, //., PP, C2 ; sures, S. — 
AS. sciir: Goth, skiira. 

Scho wwyn , v. to shove. Prompt. ; 
scbowued.//., S2. — AS. scofian. 

Schowynge, sb. pushing, Prompt. ; 
showuing-, C3. 

Schraf,//. s. shrove, S3 ; see Schriuen. 

Schrapeu, v. to scrape, PP. — Icel. 

Schreden, v. to clothe, S ; see Schron- 

Schreden, v. to cut. Prompt. ; shredde, 
//. s., C2. — AS. scriadiau. 

Scliredyuge, sb. a cutting of herbs. 
Prompt. ; schridyng', W2. 

Sclireiiclieil, v. to make to fall, to 
deceive, S ; screnche, S ; scrennkenn, S. 
— AS. (g€]sc)-e>!can, ' supplantare,' Ps. 17. 
40 vVP) ; cp. OHG. scrcnkcn ,Otfrid). 

Sch.rewe, adj. and sb. wicked, bad, a 
wicked one, sinner, peevish woman, the 
devil, G, W2, S2, P, S, CM ; shrewe, C2, 
P ; shrew, S3, H, S2, C3 ; screwe, PP. 
Cp. AS. so-Jaiva, a shrew-mouse '^Voc). 

Schrewen, v. to curse, CM, C. 

Schrewid, adj. cursed, bad, W, W2. 

Schrewidnesse, sb. wickedness, W2 ; 
shrewednesse, P. 

Sclirift, sb. shrift, confession, S2 ; 
scrift, S ; schrifte, dat., S2 ; shrifte, S. — 
AS. s<rri/L 

Schrifte, sb. confessor, S ; shrifte, S ; 
scrifte, S. 

Schrippe, sb. scrip, bag, S2, PP ; 
shrippe, rp; scrippe, S, S2,W; scryppe, 

Sdiriuen, v. to prescribe penance, to 
confess, S ; schryne. S2 ; shrine, S ; 
shrife, S2 ; schraf, //. s., S2 ; schrof, 



PP ; ssriue, //., S2 ; shriuen, //., S; 
shryuen, P; scriuen, S2 ; y-shryue, PP. 
— AS. scrijan, to prescribe penance, to 
receive confessions ; Lat. scribcre. 

Schroud, sb. dress, garment, PP; scrud, 
S ; shrud, S ; srnd, S ; schroude, WA, 
S2 ; shroudes,//., rough outer clothes, P. 
— AS. scn'id (Voc). 

Schronden, v. to clothe ; scmden, S ; 
schrudeu, S ; schreden, S ; shrut, /r. s., 
S; sored, S ; sohrowdis, S3; schredde, 
/.''. J., S, CM ; srid, S ; schred, 2 ft. s., 

52 ; sohrudde, fl., S ; y-schrowdyt, //., 

53 ; ischrud, S ; iscmd, S. — AS. scrydan, 
also scndan. 

Schryclieil, ^'. to shriek, screech. 
Prompt. ; schriken, SkD ; scriken, SkD ; 
shriken, SkD ; sohirchen, S ; shryghte, 
//. s., C2 ; schrighte, C ; shryght, S3 ; 
shryched. //., S3 ; schrykede, C. — Cp. 
Swed. skrika. 

Schulde, should ; see Scholde. 

Sclmldere, sb. shoulder, Voc, W, S, 
C ; shulder, Voc. ; ssoldren, //., 82. — 
AS. sculdor. 

Schulen, shall ; see Schal. 

Schulen, v. to squint, S ; skonl, SkD 
(s.v. sco'c'l). — Cp. Dan. skiile, to scowl. 

Schulle, adv. shrilly, S ; see Schylle. 

ScIlTinchen, v. to cause to shun, to 
frighten, S. 

Schunien, v. to shun, S ; schonye, S; 
shonye, P ; sunen, S. — AS. sciinian. 

Schup, sb. ship, S ; see Schip. 

Schuppere, sb. creator, S ; see Schep- 

Sclmpte,//- s. created, S ; seeSoheppen. 

ScllXir, sb. shower ; see Sohowre. 

Schurge, sb. scourge, S ; see Scorge. 

Scliurteil, V. re/lex. to amuse (one- 
self , S. 

Scliut, V. to shoot, S 2 ; see Scheten. 

Schylle, adj. sonorous, shrill, Prompt., 
Cath. ; schille, S, S2 ; sohill, S3 ; schille, 
adv. ,"6, S2 ; schuUe, S ; shuUe, PP. 

Schylly, adv. sharply. Prompt. 

Schyllynge, sb. shilling, Prompt.; 
schilling, //., S2 ; solidus, Cath. — AS. 

Schyne, sb. shin, C; sohynne. Prompt. 
Comb. : sohyn-bone, Voc. — AS. scina 

Schynen, v. to shine. Prompt. ; sinen, 
S ; schinen. S ; ssynen, S2 ; scean, pf. s., 
S ; schon, C, G ; shoon, C2 schane, //., 



S3, II; sinen, //., S. — AS. schian, pt. 
soil! (pi. siiiioii), pp. sciuen. 

Schynyng, sh. lightning, \V2. 

Schynyngli, adv. splendidly, W. 

Scliyre, sl>. a shiic, I'P ; ssire, S2. 
Comb. : schir-reiie, shire-rcevc, sheriff, S, 
C ; sclierreue, G ; schyreue, P ; syrreue, 
S; schirreiies, />/., S2, PP ; shriues, S3; 
shireues, P. — AS. scir. 

Sch.3rre, a^j- bright, clear, Prompt. ; 
schire, S2 ; shire, H ; shir, S ; shyrest, 
supcrl., H. Dcr. : shyrues, clearness, 
purity, H. — AS. jc/;-; cp. Goth. j'/^^zV.f. Cf. 

Schytel, sb. shuttle, used for sJiooting 
the thread of the woof between the threads 
of the warp, SkU ; schutylle, Cath. ; 
schetyl. Prompt, (p. 470). Comb. : shyttel- 
cocke, shuttle-cock, S3. See Scheten. 

Schyue, d>. a slice, small piece. Prompt. ; 
shive, Sh., ND ; sheeve, ND, JD ; schyfes, 
bits of tow, Cath. — Cp. Icel. sklfa. 

Schyuere, sb. a shiver, piece of wood, 
slice, Prompt. ; shiner, SkD ; scifren, 
//., SkD ; sciuren, SkD. See above. 

Schyueren, v. to break into shivers, 
splinters, C. 

Scipen, //. ships, S ; see Schip. 

Scite, sb. city, S ; see Citee. 

Sclate,^/'. slate, Prompt.; sklat, Prompt.; 
sclattis, pL, tcgiilac, \V. — OF. esclat, a 
shiver, splinter, something broken off with 
violence (^Cotg.), F. eclat. 

Sclaundre, sb. scandal, slander, C2, 
PP ; sclaunder. Prompt. ; sklaundre, 
PP ; slaunder, Prompt. — AF. esclaimdre, 
OF. escandlc ; Lat. scandalum (Vulg ) ; 
Gr. OKavhoKov. 

Sclaundre, v- to scandalize, to slander, 
AV, C3 ; slaunderyd,//.. Prompt. 

Sclauyne, sb. pilgrim's cloak, S, Cath. 
{11) ; slaveyne, a garment, Prompt., HD ; 
slavyn, Cath. ; sklavyn, HD ; sclauayn, 
Voc. ; sclavene, Voc. ; slaueyn, PP. — 
Low Lat. sclavina, a long garment like that 
worn in Slavonic countries (Ducange) ; cp. 
AF. csclavine; from the people called 
Slav, a name said to be connected with 
Russ. slovo, a word, and to mean ' the speak- 
ing, the intelligible.' See SkD (p. S28). 

Scleuder, adj. slender, C, SkD ; sklen- 
dre, C, C2 ; slendyr. Prompt. — OP", cs- 
liauh-c (Palsg.); of Teutonic origin; cp. 
ODu. sli)2der\ see BH, § 50. 

Scleyre, sb. veil, PP ; see Sklayre. 

Sco, she, S ; see Sheo. 
Scolden, should ; see Scholde. 

Scole, sb. the bowl of a balance, a bowl. 
Prompt. ; scoale, S ; scale, Cath. — Iccl. 
skdl, a bowl. 

Scole, sb. school, S, C, C2, Prompt. 
Comb. : scol-meistre, schoolmistress, S 
{nieistre; 0¥ . jneislrc ; Lat. magistra, see 
BH). — Lat. schola; Gr. axo^r], leisure. 

Scoler, sb. scholar, C. 

Scoleye, v. to attend school, to study, C. 

Scop, pf. s. made, S ; see Schapen. 

Scorclen, v. to scorch, SkD (p. 826) ; 
scorkelyn. Prompt. ; scorklyd, pp.. 

Scorcnen, v. to scorch, S. 

Scorge, sb. scourge. Prompt. ; scourgfe, 
W (^Jo. 2. 15) ; schurge, S. — AF. cscorge, 
OF. csczrrge ; cp. It. scoreggia [ Florio) ; Lat. 
ex + corrigia, a thong, rein, girdle (_Ducangel, 
see Diez, p. 109. Derived from this Lat. 
conigia is AF. escingie, OF. cscoin-gcc 
(Cotg.) : It-scoreggiataiYXorio); Late Lat. 
excorrigiata, see Diez, p. 289, and Brachet. 

Scorn,//, shorn, S2 ; see Schere. 

Scoute, sb. scout, spy, SkD. — OF. 
escoiitc (,Cotg.). 

Sconten, v. to scout, pr}' ; skowtez, 
/;-. s., S2. — AF. cscoiitcr, to listen; OF. 
ascoutcr, escoltei' ; Lat. auscidtare. 

Scowkyng, sb. sculking, ambush, S2, 
B. — Cp. Dan. skulkc, to slink. 

Scred,//'. s. clothes, S ; see Schroudeu. 

Scrippe, sb. scrip, bag, S, S2, W; see 

Scriptour, sb. pencase, S3. — OF. es- 
criptoifc, a penner (Cotg.); Late Lat. 
scriptorium, pencase (Ducange). 

Scrit, sb. writing, document, S2 ; scrip, 
Sh. ; script, SkD. — 0P\ cscrit, escript : 
Lat. scriptum. 

Scrud, sb. dress, S ; see Schroud. 

Scruden,!^ to clothe, S; see Schrouden. 

Sculde, should ; see Scholde. 

Sculptilis, sb. pi. idols, W2. — Lat. 
sciilptilc, a carved image (Vulg.). 

Se, pron. dcm. vi. and def. art. vi. that, 
the, S. Comb. : se pe, that man that, he 
who, S ; se pet, he that, S.— AS. se. Cf. 

Se, so, as, S ; see Swa. 

Se, sb. sea ; see See. 

Se, sb. see ; see See. 

Sead, adj. satiated, S ; see Sad. 


Sealte, sb. dat. salt, Sa : see Salt. 

Sealte, adj. salt, S2 ; see Salt. 

Searce, Searse ; see Sarce, sb. and V. 

Seare, i-'idj. sere, S3 ; see Seere. 

Seawede,//. J. showed, S ; see Schewen. 

Secheu, v- to seek, S, S2, C, PP; 
setyn. Prompt.; seke, PP, S,S2 ; schecheu, 
S; sohte,//. .f., S, S2 ; sojte. S ; sojt, S2 ; 
soght,//., S2 ; socht, S3 ; y-soht,//., S2. 
Phr. : to seke, at a loss, S3. — AS. sican 
( pt. sohtc, pp. gesoht) : OS. sokian. 

Seek, s. sack, S ; see Sak. 

Secre, adj. secret, S2, C, C3 ; secree, 
C2. Comb. : Secre of Secrees, Secreta 
Secretorum i^name of a book), C3. — OF. 
secre ; Lat. secretitm. 

Secrely, adv. secretly, C2. 

Secrenesse, sb. secrecy, C3. 

Secte, sb. a suite, following, sect, religion, 
suit, apparel, PP, C2. — OF. secte ,Cotg.) ; 
Late Lat. secta, a set of people, a following, 
a suit of clothes, a suit in law ; Lat. secta, 
a faction, from sec- base oi seqiii, to follow. 

Sectour, sb. executor of a will, PP, S3, 
Cath. ; secateur, HD ; secture, HD ; 
seketowre, Prompt. ; secutour, PP. — AF. 
cxcciitour ; Lat. exccutorem, executor of a 

Sed, sb. seed, PP, S, S2 ; seed, PP ; 
seod. PP ; setS, S. Comb. : seed-leep, seed- 
basket, PP. — AS. sid: Goth, scps; cp. 
OHG. Slit (Tatian) ; see Brugmann, § 75. 

Sede, //. s. said ; see Seg'geu. 

See, sb. see, seat, S3, C2, PP ; se, S3, PP. 
— OF. se, sed; Lat. sedem. 

See, sb. sea, Prompt., S, C2 ; se, S, S2 ; 
sey, S3 ; sae, S ; sa, S ; sees, //., S2. 
Comb. : se-bare, sea-wave, surge, S2 ; se- 
calnes, sea-calves, seals, S2 ; se-halnes, 
sea-coasts, S2. — AS. sa : Goth, saiws. 

Seek, adj. sick, C ; see Sek. 

Seel, sb. seal, C3, P, Prompt. ; seliel, 
PP.— OF. .ft v/; Lat. sigilliim. 

Seeled, //. cieled, WW (s.v. cieled) ; 
see Ceelen. 

Seelen, v. to seal, PP ; selen, P ; seled, 
//., C3. 

Seeling, sb. a scaling, W2. 

Seere, adj. sere, dry, withered, SkD, 
Prompt. ; seare, S3. — AS. *; cp. Low 
G. soar, dry. 

SeeryH, v. to become dr)'. Prompt. — 
AS. stan'an. Cf Soyr. 

Seet, //. s. sat, C, G ; see Sitten. 

Seet, sb. seat, G ; see Sete. 

SEK. 2-1 

Seeth,, />/. s. boiled, C2 ; see Sethen. 

Seg, sb. a man, lad, nitmiiis, vir, S2, 
PP; segge, P, WA, HD ; sege, HD.— 
AS. sccg : OTeut. *sagjoz, see Sievers, 1 30. 

Sege, sb. seat, siege, S3, W, C, C2, 
Prompt. ; segys, //., H.— AF. sege ; Late 
Lat. *sediitim, from Lat. sedes; see BH, 
§ 133. See See. 

Segen on, v. to make to sink, to cast 
down, S. — AS. on-S(Egan, ' prostemere ' 

Segge, sb. sedge, S, Prompt., Voc. — AS. 
sccg, sedge, also sword, see Sievers, 258. 

Seggen, v- to say, S, S2, S3, P; seg-en, 
S ; saegen, -S ; seigen, .S ; siggen, S, Sj ; 
sygge, S2, S3 ; sayn, S2, C ; zigge, S2 ; 
seien, S ; seie, S3, C ; sei, P ; saein, S ; 
seyen, S ; seyn, S2, C2 ; sejen, S ; sei;, 
S2 ; zay, S2 ; sehtJ, pr. s., S ; seip, S2 ; 
sey]j, S2 ; zay J), S2 ; seistow, sayest thou, 
C3 ; seien, py. pi., S2 ; saede, //. s., S ; 
sade, S ; sede, S, S2 ; sseide, S ; sayde, 
C2 I seyde, C2 ; seide, S2, C ; seidestow, 
saidst thou, S2 ; sugge, 2 pr. s. siibj., S ; 
je-sed.//., S; i-said, S ; i-segd, S; i-seid, 
S ; ised, S, S2 ; seyd, C2 ; yzed, S2 ; iset, 
S ; iseit, S (3 b. 14' ; seyne, gerund., 
C2. — AS. secgan, pt. side, pp. gesdd. 

Sehte, adj. reconciled, S ; see Saht. 

Selltnesse, s. peace, reconciliation, S ; 
see SaMnesse. 

Sei, Seih, saw ; see Seon. 

Seily, adj. simple, humble, S3 ; see 

Sein, //. seen ; see Seon. 

Seint, adj. and sb. holy, saint, S, S2, 
C2 ; seynt, PP ; sein, S, S2 ; seintes, //., 
C2 ; seyntis, W2. — OF. seint, saint ; Lat. 
sanctum. Cf. Sant. 

Seintnarie, sb. sanctuary-, SD ; seynte- 
warie, PP ; sayntuaryes, //., holy things, 
relics of saints, S3.— AF. saintuarie, also 
seintiiarye, holy relics ; Lat. sanctuarium. 

Seir, adj. separate, S3 ; see Ser. 

Seirse, v- to search ; seirsand, pr. p., 
S3. See Cerchen. 

Seise, ^'- to seize, possess, SkD ; sese, 
PP, B ; seised, //., possessed of, S2. — 
OF. seisir, sesir, sazir, to put in possession ; 
Low Lat. sacire (Ducange) ; OHG. sazjan, 
to set, sezzan (^Tatian) ; see Brachet .s. v. 

Seisine, sb. possession, S2 ; seysyne, 
SkD.— AF. seisine. 

Sek, s. sack, 82 ; see Sak. 

202 SEK. 

Sek, adj. sick, S, S2 ; seek, PP, C ; sik, 
S, G ; syk, tJ; sic, S : seke, S ; sike, S, 
C ; zyke, S2 ; sijke, W ; sikly, adv., with 
ill-will, C2. — AS. scoc : Goth, sinks. 

Seke, V. to seek, S, S2 ; see Sechen. 

Sekir, adj. sure, WA. ; see Siker. 

Seknesse, sh. sickness, S2, C ; sec- 
nesse, S ; siknesse, C2 ; sykenesse, P ; 
sekenesse, S2. — AS. scocncs. 

Sel, sh. happiness, occasion, time, S ; 
seel, I'rompt. ; sele, 82. — AS. sil. 

Sel, adj. timely, good, S. — AS. scl 
(Grein) : Goth. scls. 

Selde, adj. pi. few, C2 ; adv., seldom, S, 
S2, C, C2, G, PP; selden, S2, P; sel- 
dene, S2 ; seldum, S. Comb. : seld- 
liwoane, seldom, S ; seld-sene, rarely 
seen, SD ; seld-speche, taciturnity, SD. — 
AS. scld; see Sweet. 

Self, pron. self, ipse, S; seolf, S; sUf, 
\V ; seliie, S ; stilf, S, S2 ; sulve, S, S2 ; 
zslue, S2 ; seolue, ace, S; seoluen, //., 
S; sielfe, S; sulf, S.— AS. self. 

Selke, sb. silk, P ; silke, P; seolke, S. 

— AS. scolc (Voc.) ; Russ. sholk ; Lat. seri- 
ciiDi; cp. Icel. silki; see SkD (p. S28). 

Selkouth., adj. and sb. wonderful, a 
wonder, S2, H, PP ; selcouth, S2, S3, 
PP ; selcuth, S, S2,WA ; selkow. Prompt. 
— AS. seld-ciid. 

Selkouth, V. to make wonderful, H. 

Selle, sb. cell, C, P ; see CeUe. 

Selleu, V. to give, sell. Prompt., C ; 
sullen, S, S2 ; sylle, 82; selde, /A s, 
\V ; seelde, W ; said, 82 ; seelA, pp., W, 
W2 ; seld, \V ; said, 82. — AS. sellan 
{syllaiC) : OS. sellian : Goth, saljan. 

Seller, sb. seller, dealer, PP ; suller, 
82 ; siller, \V2. 

Seller, .^i^. cellar, G ; seler, W2 ; see 

Sellicll, adj. wonderful, illustrious, 8 ; 
sellic, S ; seollich, S ; sulliche, adv., 8 ; 
selli, 82. — AS. sellic: OS. scldlik; cp. 
Goth, sildalciks. 

SeltJe, sb. happiness, advantage, HD ; 
selli-5e, 8.— AS. {gc)s^lb. See Sel. 

Selure, ^1^. canopv, ceiling, S3 ; seloure, 
HI); selour, EETS (78); celure, EETS 
(78) ; silonr, EETS (78) ; sylure, celatura. 
Prompt. ; sillonre, WA ; syllure, MD. — 

OF. *celciire; Late Lat. caclatura (Du- 

Seluer, sh. silver, S, 82 ; see Siluer. 


Sely,(7'^'- happy, blessed, simple, humble, 
82, S3, C, C2, C3 ; seely, S3 ; seilye, S3; 
seli, 8. — AS. silig : OHG. salig (_Tatian~. 

Seljrn, v. to line the inner roof of a 
room. Prompt. See Ceelen. 

Semblable, a^ij. like, S3, PP.— OE. 


Semblably, adv. similarly, S3. 

Semblance, sb. appearance, 82. — AF. 

Sembland, adj. like, PP. 

Seuiblant, sb. appearance, countenance, 
S, 82, C2 ; semblaunt, 8, W, PP ; sem- 
bland, 82. — AF. semblant. 

Semble, v. to seem ; semtoeles, pr. s., 
82. — OF. scinblcr; Lat. siimilarc. 

Semble, v. to assemble, PP ; sembled, 
pt. s., 82; semblyt, S3; semblyde, //., 
S3. — OF. ascmbler ; Late Lat. assitmilarc. 

Sem.ble, sb. assembly, 82, PP; semblee, 
82. — AF. assemble, assemblee. 

Seme, sb. load, 8, P ; seem, Prompt., P. 
— AS. scam : Low Lat. saiima (^salma , 
sagma ; Gr. adyixa, a pack-saddle ; see 
ZKP ^2. 537\ cp. Kluge :^s.v. saum). 

Sem.en, v. to load, to be a weight, S. — 
AS. scman, from scam ; see above. 

Semen, v. to make two parties the 
same, to conciliate, hence to suit, to appear 
suitable or seemly, later, to seem, 8 ; seme, 
82 ; seme, to reconcile, S;, pr. s., 
seems fitting, 8. I'lir. : to my seminge, 
as it appears to me, C2. — AS. scman, ge- 
scmau. See Some. 

Semi-, adj. half. Comb. : semy-cope, a 
short cope, C. 

Semlicbe, adj. seemly, 82 ; semeliclie, 
PP; semely, C, C2 ,WA ; semlike, S; sem- 
ly, 82 ; semeli, W2 ; sem.lokest. stipe rl., 
82. — AS. *semelic ; cp. Icel. scemiligr. 

Sen, afterwards, since, H, 82, S3, WA; 
see Sit^lSen. 

Sen, seven, H ; see Seuen. 

Sen, //. seen ; see Seen. 

Sence, sb. incense ; see Sens. 

Sencbe, sb. draught, S ; see SCbendi. 

Sencben, v. to cause to sink ; sencb- 
test, 2 //. s., S. — A8. sencan, causal of 
si7ican. See Sinken. 

Sendal, sb. a fine stuff, C ; sendel, H ; 
see Cendal. 

Senden, v. to send, 8; sende, 82; 
send,/;-, s., 8 ; sent,S, 82, C2 ; zent, 82 ; 
sendes, 8 ; sent, imp. j., 82 ; sende, //. s., 
8, 82 ; send, S3 ; //., 82 ; senten, S2 ; 


send, //., S ; y-sent, S;, C3 ; i-sent, S ; 
i-send, S ; i-sende, S. — AS. semian : OS. 
sendian : Goth, sandjaii. 

Senden, are; see Sinden. 

Senden, v. to reproach, S ; see Sclien- 

Sene, adj. evident, S, 82, C2. — AS. 

Sene,//- provided. Phr. : well sene, 
well furnished, S3, HD. See Seon. 

Seueuey, sb. mustard, W ; seneneye, 
W ; seneuei, \Y. — OF. scncve, mustard 
(Cotg.) ; an adjectival form from senvc ; 
Lat. sinapi (Vulg.) ; Gr. aivairi; see Bra- 
chet (^s.v. sanvc). 

86116)611, V. to sin ; see Sunegen. 

Seilgin, ''. to singe, burn on the surface ; 
seeng-yn, I'rompt.; seynd, //>., C; seynkt, 
Prompt. ; sengt. Prompt. — AS. sengati (^in 
l>c-scngan), causal of singait, to sing. 

Senile, sl>. sin, S ; see Sunne. 

Sens, since, S3 ; see SiSISen. 

Sens, sit. incense, S3 ; sence, Prompt., 
Cath. ; sense, PP. — AF. ciisens, enccus ; 
Lat. inccnsuin, lit. what is burned (Vulg.). 

Sensing, sb. use of incense, S3 ; sen- 
cynge, I'rompt. 

Sentence, sb. sense, meaning, opinion, 
matter of a story, verdict, C, C2, C3 ; sen- 
tens, PP. — AF. sentence ; Lat. setitoitia. 

Seofe, seven, S ; see Seuen. 

Seolf, self, S ; see Self. 

Seolke, sb. silk, S ; see Selke. 

Seollicll, rt^^'. wonderful, S ; see Sellicli. 

Seoluer, sb. silver, S ; see Siluer. 

Seon, V. to see, S, PP ; seo, S, S2 ; 
seen, S ; sen, S ; se, S2, W2 ; ?'////. s., S ; 
//., W ; see, may (God) see, S2 ; sest, 2 
/;-. .f.,S; sist, S,S2; sixt, S2 ; s€S,pr.s., 
S ; seojj. //., S2 ; seU, S2, P ; sei, 2 pL s., 
S2 ; sseli, //. s., S ; seh, S, S2 ; sili, S2 ; 
si5, S2, W; sy5, S2 ; sye, S3; sy, C3 ; 
sej, S, S2 ; sey, S2, C2, G ; sei3, S2, S3 ; 
seigh, C ; seih, G ; seyh, G ; sag, S ; 
sagh, S: ; saugh, S3, C, G ; saj, S; sauj, 
S ; sawli, S2 ; say, S2, S3, C, W, G ; sayj, 
S2 ; saye, W ; sale, \V ; saij, W ; sawj, 
W ; silien, //., S2 ; sy;en, S2 ; seien, W; 
sei;en,W; seen, W; si;en, W; sien, \V; 
syen, \\' ; saien, W ; sayn, W ; saye, W ; 
seye, S2 ; seand, pr. /., S3 ; seynge, \V2 ; 
seyn, //., S2, C, W ; se;en, S2 ; sein, S2 ; 
sen, S; seie, S2 ; sien, \V2 ; si3, W ; 
say, W ; y-seijen, PP; y-sein, PP ; seen, 
get., S3 ; zyenne, 82. — AS. seon, pt. seah 


(pi. sdtvon, sagon^, pp. sc'ucn {sawen). also 
gi-segen. AS. seon (for *seh'von) : Goth. 
sailnvan ; op. Lat. sequ-or, I follow ; see 
Prugmann, § 419. 

Seo9, are, S ; see Sinden. 

Seonen, seven, S ; see Seuen. 

Seowen, v. to sew, S ; see Sewen. 

Sep, pi- sheep, S ; see Sclieep. 

Septemtrioun, sb. the North, C2. — 
OF. septeni7-ion\ Late Lat. septentrioneni 
(Voc); from Lat. septcmtriones, a name for 
the constellation of the Great Bear. 

Sepulture, sb. tomb, S3, C3 ; sepul- 
tures, //., burials, S3. — AF. sepulture; 
Lat. sepultura. 

Ser, adj. separate, several, different, 
various, S2,B; sere,S2,H,WA; seir,S3,B. 
Der. : semes, variety, H ; sernessis, //. , 
H ; sernesis, H ; serelepy, separate, WA; 
serelepes, separately, PP. — Cp. usages of 
Icel. ser, to himself, used in many com- 
pounds, as scr-liga, apart, particularly. 

Sercle, sb. circle, W2 ; see Cercle. 

Serewe, sb. sorrow, S ; see Sorwe. 

Serge, sb. a taper, Cath. ; see Cerge. 

Sergeant, sb. servant, Serjeant, C, C2, 
C3 ; seriatint, P ; serganj, //., S ; seri- 
auntes, S2 ; seriauntz, P ; seriauns, S2, 
PP. — AF. serjant ; Lat. seruicntcm ; see 
BH, § 162. 

Serk, sb. sark, shirt, PP, S, S3, G ; sark, 
S3 ; serke, P. — Icel. serkr. 

Sermone, v. to preach, speak, C3. 

Sermonyng, sb. preaching, C. 

Sermoun, sb. sermon, writing, C2 ; sar- 
moun, P. — AF. sermoiui ; Lat. sermoiicvi. 

Sertes, adv. certainly, S2 ; see Certes. 

Seruage, sb. servitude, thraldrom, S2, 
C, C2, C3, W, Prompt.— OF. servage. 

Seruin, v. to serve, to deserve, S, S2 ; 
sarui, S; serue, H, PP; serwis, 2 pr.s., 
S3 ; serwit, p(. s., S3 ; y-served, //., C, 
P ; i-serued, S. — AF. servir ; Lat. seruire. 

Seruisable, adj. serviceable, C3. 

Seruise, sb. service, S; seruyse, C2. — 
OF. servise ; Lat. seruitiutn ; see BII, 
§ 129. 

Seruitute, sb. servitude, C2. — OF. ser- 
vilute ; Lat. seruitutcm ; see Constans, 

Serwe, sb. sorrow, S ; see Sorwe. 

Serwisll, adj. impcriosus, Manip. 

Serye, sb. series, C, CM. — Lat. sen'e/n. 

Seryows, adj. ' sad and feythefulle,' 
Prompt. ; seriouse, seriosus, Manip. ; 



seryouse, earnest, Palsg. — Late Lat. scri- 
osus ; from Lat. serins, grave, earnest. 

Seryowsly, aiiv. seriously ; ceriously, 
miiuilcly, witli lull details, S2, C3.— Late 
Lat. scriose, 'fuse, minutalim ' (^Ducangc;. 

Sese, V. to seize ; see Seise. 

Sesoun, sb. season, C3 ; cesoun, W2. — 
AF. seson, OF. saison \ Lat. sationem, a 

Set, pt. s. sat, S ; see Sitten. 

Sete, sb. seat, Cath., S, C2, PP ; seet, 
G.- AS. scto, scotu (,OET). 

Sete, adj. suitable, H (p. xxv).— Icel. 
sictt, endurable, from sitja, to sit. 

Setel, sb. seat, SD ; seotel, S ; settle, 
S. Comb.: setel-gfang, sunset, S2.— AS. 
sell; cp. Goth, sit Is. 

Seterday, Saturday, P ; see Satern. 

Sets, sh. seed, S ; see Sed. 

Sethen, v. to seethe, Prompt. ; seeth. 
pt. s., beethed, boiled, C2 ; y-sode,//., 82! 
— AS. seoMn, pt. s., scaS, pp. soden. Cf. 

SeStJen, afterwards, since, S, S2, G; 
selSen, S, S2 ; sefipe, S2 ; see Si15tSen. 

Setlen, v. to cause to rest, also to sink 
to rest, subside, settle, SkD ; sattel, 82, S3, 
SkD ; satelyn, Prompt. ; sajtled, //. s., 

52 [see SkD s.v. scttlc\.—K'S. setlan, to fix, 
settle ^Grein). 

Setnesse, sb. an appointed order, in- 
stitute, SD. — AS. {ge)sctms. Cf Asetnesse. 

Sette, sb. a young plant, a shoot ; set- 
tys, //., S3. 

Setten, v. to set, place, appoint, S; 
sett, to set, watch game, S2 ; setis, /;-. s., 
S ; settes, 2 /r. s., S2 ; sette,//. s., S, S2, 

53 ; zette, S2 ; saette, S ; set, 2 pt. s., 
S2 ; setti&e, pt. s., W ; settiden, //., \Y ; 
sette, G ; settand, /;-. p., S2 ; set, pp., S: 
i-set, S, S2 ; i-sett, S ; i-sette, S ; y-set, 
S2, S3, C2, C3.— AS. settan : Goth, satja/t, 
to cause to sit; see Douse, p. 113. See 

Seurte, sb. surety, C ; see Surety. 

Seuen, >ium. seven, PP ; seue, PP, S ; 
seouen, S ; seove, S ; seofe, S ; seuene, 
PP ; seouene, S ; sen, H ; zeue, S2 ; 

seofen, S. — AS. seo/on; cp. Goth, sibi/n, 
Lat. scptem, Gr. kina. For the Goth, ter- 
mination -//;;., see Brugmann, §§ 223, 224. 
Seueud, nmn. ord. seventh, S2. 

Seue-niht, sb. sennight, week, S ; soue- 
nyht, S. 


Senen-tene, nmn. seventeen. Prompt. ; 
sewintine, S3. 

Seue]7e, num. ord. seventh, S2, PP ; 
seouelSe, S ; souepe, S ; seofepe, -S. 

Sew,//, s. sowed, H ; see Sowen. 

Sewane, sb. savin (a herb), S3. See 

Sewe, .f/'. juice, broth, gravy, delicacy, C 2 , 
Cath., HD; sew, HD; ssew, S.— AS. scaw. 

Sewen, v. to sew, sncrc, W2 ; seowen, 
S; sewide, //. j., \V2 ; y-sewed,//., S3. 
— AS. siwian : Goth, siiijan ; see Brug- 
mann, § 120. 

Sewen, v. to follow, PP, c, S2. Dcr. -. 
sewyngly, in order, S2. See Suen. 
Sewen, v. Phr. : to sewe at y" mete. 

diponcrc, apponere, to set upon the table, 
Cath., Prompt. See below. 

Sewer, sb. bearer of dishes, dapifer, 82, 
Voc. ; seware, Prompt.; asseour, NED ; 
assewer, NED. — AF. asseour, he who sets 
the table (Ducange) ; from OF. asscoir, to 
set, to place ; Late Lat. adscdere. 

Sewintene, seventeen, 83 ; see Seuen- 

Seze, six, S ; see Sixe. 
Sexte, sixth ; see Sizte. 
Sexteyn, sb. sacristan, sexton, C2 ; see 
Seych., sb. sigh, S3 ; see Syke. 

Seyed, //. passed, lit. swayed, 82 ; see 

Seyen, v. to say ; see Seg'geu. 

Seyl, sb. sail. Prompt., 8, C ; seil, 8 ; 
seiies. //., 82 ; seales, S3. — AS. segl. 

Seylen, v. to sail. Prompt.; sayle, C2 ; 
saland, /n/., 83. — AS. {ge)scglian. 

Seyn, //. seen ; see Seon. 

Seynen, v. to make a sign, esp. the 
sign of tlie cross, PP ; saine, to bless, HD: 
seyned,//. s., P ; sanyt, 82. — OF. scigncr 
(Bartschj ; Lat. signare. 

Seynd, //. singed, C ; see Sen^n. 

Seynt, sb. girdle, C ; see Ceinte. 

Se^en, v. to say, 8 ; see Seggen. 

Sh.-. For many words beginning with 
these letters, see Sell-. 

Shadde, /^. s. shed, poured, C2; see 

Sliaed, sb. discretion, S. — AS. {ge)sccad. 
.See Scheden. 

Shaefess, //. sheaves, 8 ; see Scheef. 

Shsewen, v. to shew, 8 : see Schewen. 


Sheeuering, pr. p. shivering, S3 ; see 

Slieo, /'"<"'• dcm., dif. art.,pron. pcrs.f.. 
ilia, that, the. she, PP ; scheo, SD ; scho, 
S3, PP; sho, S. H; sco, S2 ; seo. S: 
sclie, C. PP ; che, S2 ; si, S ; scse, S. 
Comb. : zi pet. she that, SD (s.v. se). — AS. 
Sc'o ; cp. OHG. si'u yTatian). 

Sherch, v. to search, S3 ; see Cerchen. 

Sho, she, S ; see Slxeo. 

Shode ; see under Scheden. 

Sliriues, //. sheriffs, S2 ; see under 

Si, she, S ; see Sheo. 

Si, let there be, S ; see Sinden. 

Sibbe, sl>. and adj. peace, relationship, 
affiuis. related, SD, S, P ; syblie. Prompt.; 
sib. S ; sylj, P. Comb. : sib-man, ' affinis,' 
HD ; sib-nesse, affinity, .SD ; sib-reden. 
relationship, SD ; sibrede. HD ; sybrede, 
banns of matrimony. Prompt. ; cybrede. 
Prompt. ; sib-sum. peaceable, SD ; sib- 
sumnesse. friendship, SD. — AS. sib b). 
peace, relationship : Goth, sibja ; cp. OHG. 
sibba, peace (Tatian), relationship (Otfrid). 
See Sievers, 2:7. 

Sic, adj. sick, S ; see Sek. 

Sicer, sb. strong drink, C2 ; siser, C2 
'ji\ ; ciser, C2 («), MD. — Low Lat. siccra 
(Vulg.) ; Gr. otKepa >, LXX) ; Heb. s/i^iar 
(Deut. 29. 6). Cf. Sidir. 

Siclie, oidj. such, W ; see Swyche. 

Sicbt,//. s. sighed, S3 ; see Syken. 

Siclatoun, sb. a costly silk texture, 
CM ; sicladoun, CM ; see Ciclatnu. 

Sidir, sb. strong drink, cider, S3, W, 
MD ; sidur, W2 : sider, MD ; sydyr, 
Prompt. ; sedyr. Prompt. ; cyder, C2 («) ; 
oedyr, Prompt.; syther, Cath., S2 ; 
sytMr, C2 n). — OF. sidre {cidre), sisdre ; 
Low Lat. sicera (Voc.) ; Gr. a'tKtpa (Luke 
I. 15): cp. Sp. sidra (Deut. 29.6). See 

Sigaldren, sb. pi. sorceries, S. — Iccl. 
.<:eid-ga/dr, enchantment by spells. See 
Grimm, Teut. ^L pp. 1035-1043. 

Sigaldrie, sb. enchantment, SD ; si- 
galdry, HD. 

Sigaldrieu, v. to bewitch ; sygaldryd, 
//. .r., HD. 

Siggen, r. to s.iy ; see Se^gen. 

Sigbte, sb. sight, providence, appear- 
ance, PP, C ; sih.'Se, S ; syhte, S ; sy;t, 
S2 ; zigpe, S2 ; zy;]3e, S2 ; sihte, S ; 
sijte, S. — AS. {ge]si/iS (^gesiht). 



Signe, sb. sign, portent, PP ; see Syng. 

Signefiance, sb. meaning, S. — OF. sig- 

Signefien, v. to signify, mean, S. — AF. 

Sihen, pi. pi. saw, S2 ; see Seon. 

Sik, 'idj. sick, S ; see Sek. 

Sike, «'{). such, S3 ; see Swyche. 

Siker, ad/, secure, sure, trusty, S, S2, 
C3, P ; sikir, W ; sekir, P> ; zykere, S2 ; 
zikere, S2 ; syker, S3, P ; adv., truly. S3; 
sikerer, coiup., S3, C; sikerere. P; sik- 
erest, siipcrl., S2. Comb. : sikerbede, 
security. SD ; sikerlec, surety, pledge, 
.SD ; sikerliche, surely, certainly, S ; sy- 
kerlych, S2 ; sikerlike, S ; sikerly, S3, 
C, C2, P; sykerly, H; sekirly, B; 
siker nesse, security, S, S2, C2, C3 ; sicer- 
nesse, .S ; sykemes, S2 ; sikimesse, W ; 
sykirnes, H; sekimes, B. — O.S. sikor; 
Late Lat. sccnnis with accent on the tirsl 
syllable); cp. OHG. sichor (Otfrid). Cf. 

Sikuesse, sb. sickness, C2 ; see Sek- 

Sikul, sb. sickle, P ; sykel, PP ; sykyl, 
Prompt. — AS. siccl (Voc.) ; Lat. sectda. 

Silc, adj. such, S2 ; see Swycbe. 

Silden, v. to shield, S ; see Schelden. 

Silke, sb. silk, P ; see Selke. 

Siloiir ; see Selure. 

Siluer, sb. silver, S, C3 ; seoliier, S ; 
suluer, S2 ; seluer, S, S2 ; siluere, dat., 
S ; selure, S. — OMerc. sylfiir, AS. silfor 
'seolfor) : OS. silubar, Goth, silubr; 'see 
Sievers, 107. 

Simle, adv. ever, for ever, S. — AS. simlc 
{symle) iov simble: OS. simbla; cp. OHG. 
simbuhun (Tatian\ 

Sinden, /''• p^- are ; sinndenn, S ; 
seuden, S ; seotS, S ; si, pr. s. subj., let 
(there") be, S ; seon, subj. pi., may be, S. — 
AS. syndiiit, pr. pi., si, pr. s. subj., sien, 
pi., see Sievers, 427. 

Sinegen, z'- to sin, S ; see Sunegen. 

Sinen, //. shone, S ; see Scbynen. 

Sinne, sb. sin, S ; see Sunne. 

Siouns, branches, \\2 ; see Syon. 

Sipes,//. ships, S; see Schip. 

Si-qTiar ; see under Si^5. 

Sire, sb. a prince, king, lord, father, 

master, a term used in addressing knights, 

kings, S, S2, P, G ; syr, Prompt. — AF. 

sire (for * senior) ; Lat. senior, older; so F. 

I pire ; Lat. peior, worse. 




Sis, six, C2 ; see Size. 

Siser, sh. strong drink ; see Sicer. 

Sisoure, ^l'- a person deputed to hold 
aSbi/.LS, juryman, P, S2, G; sisour, PP ; 
sysour, PP. — Low Lat. assisorcni ,Du- 
cange), from OFr. a[s)sise, a sitting down, 
also a settlement, pp. fem. of asccir; Lat. 
assiJerc, to sit at. 

Sist, seest ; see Seon. 

Siste, sixth, S ; see Sizte. 

Sistren, //■ sisters, C ; see Suster. 

Site, sb. grief, S2 ; syte, WA, HD.— 
Iccl. Slit ; AS. suJit; cp.OHG. siiht ^Otfrid), 
Goth, sail/its, sickness. 

Siteil, V. to grieve, S2. See above. 

SiS, sb. time, SD ; si"5e, dat.,'ii ; sith,//., 
H ; syth, H ; si«e, C, S2, PP ; sythe, H, 
C2, C3 ; sythes, S2, PP ; sithis, W, S3 ; 
sithes, PP ; zype, S2 ; zipe, S2 (9. 72 «. 
Comb. : oft-sitli ( = Lat. so'pe), H ; si-quar 
(for siS-CLuar^, time when, S2. — AS. sid, 
journey, turn, time : Goth, sinths ; cp. OHG. 
siud, ' via' ^Otfridi, Icel. sinn. 

Si'S'Sen, adv. and conj. afterwards, since, 
S, C, G ; si]?J)e, S2, S3 ; sitJen, S, S3, C ; 
si'8e, S, S3; sith, S2, S3, G: seoWSan, S; 
seo'S^en, S ; seo'S^e, S ; selSIJen, S, S2, G; 
se'Sen, S, S2 ; setSe, S ; syth, S3, C ; 
seppa, S2 ; suppe, S, S2 ; sy))pen, S2 ; 
sytlien, S2, S3 ; sen, H, S2, S3i syn, S2, 
S3 ; syne, S2, S3 ; sens, S3. — K^.siQQaii. 

Sitteu, V. to sit, cost, befit, S, P ; 
sytte, PP, S3; zitte, S2 ; sit, pr. s., C, 
S2, G, PP; sitt, PP; sits, S3; set,//..?., 
S; seet, C, G ; sset, S; setten, //. , S; 
sete, S, G; seten, C2, W; seeten, C; 
saten, G ; seten, pp., S, C ; syttyn, S2. 
— AS. sittati, pt. S(£t ^pl. saston), pp. JtVcv;. 

Sixe, 7iu!tt. six, S, PP ; sexe, S ; sax, 
S3 ; sis, C2 ; sys, C2. — AS. six. 

Sizt, seest ; see Seon. 

Sizte, 0)-d. sixth, S ; syxte, PP ; sexte, 
S, S2 ; ssexte, S ; siste, S. — AS. si.xta. 

Si^e, sb. victory, SD ; si, SD ; sy. S. — AS. 
sige : (joih.. si gi s ; cp. OHG. sig (Tatian\ 

Si^e-craft, sb. magic art, SD. See 

Si5ecle,/A s. sighed, S3; see Syken. 

Si5en, //.//. saw; see Seon. 

Skaffant, sb. an engine of war used by 
besiegers, CM ; scafalde, proccstriutn , 
Cath. ; scafold, stage. Prompt., SkD ; 
scaffould, tiicatriim, sccna, Manip. ; schaf- 
falde, stage, Cath. [n\ ; skafibld, Cath. 
^n). — OF. cscafaut {eschafaut) ; cp. OF. 

chafaut [chaffanf), Low Lat. chaafallum, 
chaufaudiis, a wooden tower used against 
besiegers ; cp. also It. catafalco. The origin 
of this word of various forms is absolutely 

Skaith, sb. harm, S3 ; see Sca'Se. 

Skalk,^^. scalp, H; skalke, H; skalkys, 
//., PL 

Skalle, '^^. scabbiness on the head, scall, 

Skalled, adj. scabby, C. 

Skalp, sb. scalp, H (Ps. 7. 17) ; scalp, 

Skarrit, i //. s. was scared, S3 ; see 

Skathe, sb. harm, C, G ; skath, H ; see 

Skeet, adj. swift ; adv. soon, quickly, 
G ; skete, HD ; sket, S, HD.— Ice'l. 
skjotr, swift ; adv. skjolt. 

Skele, sb. reason, S2 ; see Skyl. 

Skenten, v. to amuse, SD. — \c(ti.skcnita, 
to amuse, to shorten, from skamr, short. 

Skentinge, sb. amusement, S, SD. 

Sker, adv. clean, entirely, S ; see Schere. 

Skerren, v. to scare, frighten, to be 
frightened, SD ; skeren, Prompt.; scarren, 
SD ; skarrit, i pt. s., S3 ; skerrit, SD. — 
Icel. skii-ra, to prevent, reflex, to shrink 

Skewe, sb. sky, S2 ; see Skye. 

Skey, adj. shy (as a horse). Prompt. : 
see Schey. 

SkeymOWSe, adj. disdainful, scorn- 
ful, abliominativiis,'?xo'£c^\}\..; queymows. 
Prompt. ; sweymows. Prompt. ; squay- 
mous, CM; squeamous, CM: squay- 
mose, vei-ecicndus, Cath. ; skoynnis, dis- 
dainful, Cath. iji) ; squeamish, coy, pre- 
cise (of a young girl), Cotg. (s.v. siuree) ; 
fastidious, Baret. 

Skil, sb. reason, H ; see Skyl. 

Skilwise, adj. reasonable, discreet, H ; 
scilwis, H ; skilwisly, adv., H. 

Skinden, v. to hasten, S. — Icel. skyiidd, 
skunda \ cp. AS. scyiidan. 

Skla3ri^e, sb. a veil, P ; scleyre, PP ; 
skleire, PP ; skleir, PP. — Cp. G. sehleier, 
Du. shiijer. 

Sklither, adj. slippery ( = Lat. lubriciis^, 
H ; cf Slider. 

Sklytkirynge, sb. liability to fall, H. 

Skowtez, p>'. s. pries, looks, S2 ; see 

Skye, sb. cloud, sky. Prompt, ; skewe, 


F,2 ; skwe, S2 ; schew, \VA; skyes, //., 
PP.— Icel. si'y, cloud. 

Skyl, sl>. discernment, reason, skill, 
Prompt ; skil, H ; skiU, S ; skyle, S2 ; 
skile, S. C2, \V; skiUe. S2 ; skele, S2 ; 
skUes, //., reasons, C2, H ; skiUes, S2, H. 
— Icel. si-i/, distinction, discernment. 

Skylfulle, ai/J. reasonable, discerning, 
Prompt. ; skilful, W2, C3. 

Skylly, perhaps dispersing v?). S2. 

Skyualde, perhaps scramble ^?), S2. 

Sla, V. to slay, S2 ; see Sleen. 

Slade, sb. a valley, Manip., ND. — AS. 

Slagen, pp. slain, S ; see Sleen. 

Slaht, sh. slaughter, SD ; slajt, 82.^ — 
AS. slcaht. 

Slaine, Sla wen ; see Sleen. 

Slak, sh. ravine, a hollow, depression, 
gap or pass between two hills, S3, B ; 
slack, the low ground, HD ; a common 
• in Yorkshire), NQ (i. 10. 400'. 

Slak, adj. slack, Prompt. ; slac, S2 ; 
slake, dat., C. —AS. sleac : OS. s/ak. 

Slakien, ^- to be slack, to make loose, 
S, W ; slake, to become less grievous, S2 ; 
to slacken, cease, C2 ; slake]j,/r. s., burns 
low, 82 ; assuages, C2. — AS. slacian. 

Slape, sh. sleep, S ; see Slepe. 

Slatten, "<-'■ to throw down, to slap ; 
slat, HD; sleuth, pr. pi., S. 

Slaunder ; see Sclaundre. 

Slauereu, v. to slaver, to let the saliva 
fall from the mouth, S2. 

Slawe, aJJ- slow, S3 ; see Slowe. 

Sla^t, sh. slaughter, S2 ; see Slaht. 

Sle, adj. sly, cunning, S3 ; see Sly. 

Sleen, v. to slay, PP, C2 ; slee, PP, S3, 
W, G ; sle, S, S3, PP ; slen, PP ; slean, 
S ; slsen, S ; slon, S ; slo, S ; sla, S2 ; 
sleaS, pr. s., S : sleth, S3 ; sleeth, C ; 
slealS, //., S ; slaje'S, -S ; slage, S ; sloh, 
pi. s., S ; slo;, S ; slou, S, S2 ; slow, S2, 
S3 ; slowe, W ; slouh, S2 ; slou;, .S2 ; 
slougli, S3, C ; sloghen, //., S ; slojen, 
.S ; slowe, S2 ; slowen, W ; slo;e, S ; 
slogh, S2 ; slou^he, S3 ; slo, /;-. sith/., 2 
/., S2 : slen, // , S ; slagen,//., S ; slaine, 
.S ; slawen, C2 ; slayn, C2 ; sleie, S2 ; 
slawe, S3, C ; slean, S3 ; y-slayn, C3 ; 
i- slawe, 82 ; y-slawe, C3 ; i-sleiene, //., 
8. — AS. sL'afi (for slahan), pt. sloh (,pl. 
si6,^on), pp. slagen, also slcgcn. 

Sleet, sb. sleet, Prompt. ; slet, SD. — 
Cp. G. schlosse. 



Slegll, cdj. cunning, S2 ; sleh, S ; see 

Sleght, sb. cunning, 82; sleht, S; sec 

Slendyr ; see Sclender. 

Slepe, sh. sleep, 8, 82, Prompt. ; slape, 
S ; slep, 8. — AS. slip : OS. ship ; cp. 
OFris. slcp. 

Slepen, v. to sleep, S; slep, pt. s., S, 
S3; slepte 7c'm/('y^rw),C2,PP; slepen, 
//., PP. — AS. sldcpan, pt. slep; a redupli- 
cating verb, see Douse, p. 48. 

Slepyng, sb. sleep, 82. 

SletJrende, Z''- /. falling like snow, S. 

Sleuth, sh. track, trail, slot, 82, K; 
slutli, B; slewth, B; slo«, S, SkD. 
Comb. : sleuth-hund, a sleuth-hound, 82. 
— Icel. slod. 

Sleujje,^'^. sloth, 82, P; sleuth, H; see 

Sleue, sb. sleeve, C3, Prompt. — AS. 


Sleueles, adj. sleeveless, useless, HD. 

Sley, adj. sly, 82 : see Sly. 

Sleytlie, sh. cunning, skill, falsehood, 
trick. Prompt., PP ; sleithe, PP ; sJejpe, 
82: slehpe, SD, PP ; slithe, PP ; sly])e, 
PP ; sleighte, PP, C, C2, C3 ; sleM, 8 ; 
sleght, 82. — Icel. sltr^S (for sla:gd). See 

Sliden, v. to slide, PP ; slit, pr. s., C3 ; 
sled,//, s., S2 ; slode, //., PP; slide,//., 
W2. — AS. sHdan, pt. sldd, pp. sliden. 

Slider, adj. slippery, C ; slidir, W2 ; 
slydyr, Prompt. See Sklither. 

Slidernesse, sb. slipperyness ; slydir- 
nesse, \\ 2 ; slydyrnesse. Prompt. 

Slih, adj. cunning, experienced, 82 ; see 

Slike, adj. such, H. — Icel. slikr. 

Slikien, v. to smoothe, to polish, SD ; 
slyken, P ; slicke, S3 ; isliked, 8. 

SUper, adj. slippery, SD ; slipper, 83, 
Sh.— AS. slipor (Leo). 

Slitten, V. to slit, pierce, SD ; slytyn. 
Prompt. ; slyttyngr, pr. /., piercing (of 
language), 82 ; islit,//., S. — AS. sliiati. 

Slo, '^h. to slay, 8 ; slon, S ; sloh, //. s., 
8 ; see Sleen. 

Slod, pi- s. slid, 82 ; see Sliden. 

Slogardye, sb. sloth, C3; see Slug- 

Sloh, sb. slough, PP; slough, C2, C3, 
1 —AS. sloh. 




Slokyu, v. to slake, quench, H, Cath. ; 
slokin. S_', ; slokke, I'P ; slokynd, //., II ; 
slekynd, II. — Cp. Icel. slokva. Cf. Slak- 

Slomeren, v. to slumber, Cath., 
Prompt.; slumeren, SD; slomtored, pt. 

Slomering, sb. slumbering, S3. 

Sloug, //• cast away, S3 ; see Slyng-en. 

Sloppar, adj. slippery, S3. 

Sloteriu, v. maculaj-c, SD ; sloterd, 
//. , hespattercd, S2. 

Slot$, sb. track, trail, S ; see Sleuth. 

Slough ; see Sloh. 

Slouthe, sb. sloth, S2, C3, PP ; slouh'Se, 
S; sleuspe, S2, PP; sleupe, S2, P; 
slewthe, C3, PP ; sleuth, H, PP.— AS. 
sl(£7vd. See below. 

Slow, Sl05e ; see Sleen. 

Slowe, adj. and sb. slow, sluggish, a 
lazy man, PP, S; slow, \V2 ; slouh, S; 
slawe, S3 ; slaw, S2. — AS. slaw. 

Sluggardy, sb. sloth, S3 ; slogardye, 
C3 ; sloggardye, C. 

Slugge, atij- slothful, Prompt. 

Sluggen, V. to slug, to be inactive, SkD. 

Sluggy, adj. slothful, Prompt. 

Sly, adj. sly, cunning, skilful, Prompt. ; 
sli5, \V ; slih, S2 ; sley, S2 ; slegh, S2 ; 
sleh, S ; slej, S2 ; sle, S3.— Icel, slcegr 
[ior s/a'gr). 

Slyly, adv. cunningly, Prompt. ; sleigh- 
ly, prudently, C. 

Slynge, sb. sling, PP. 

Slyngen, v. to sling, hurl, throw away, 
PP, Prompt ; slong-e, pL pi., S2 ; slong-, 
//., S3 ; slungin, S3. — AS. slingan, pi. 
slang, pp. slungcn. 

Sniak, .s'/^- taste, flavour. Prompt.; smacc, 
S; smach, S2. — AS. sma:c, taste, flavour 

Smaken, to have a savour, scent, S, 
Prompt. ; smacky, to imagine, perceive, 
taste, relish, understand, S2 ; smachaude, 
pr. p., S2 ; smauhte, //. s., PP ; smaujte, 
//., PP. — AS. smacian, see Grein (s. v. 

Smalle, adj. small, narrow, Prompt. ; 
smal, S, S2 ; smaill, S3. — AS. smizl, 
narrow : Goth, smals. 

Smart, adj. bitter, S2 ; see Smerte. 

Suiatte, pt. s. smote, S ; see Smiten. 

Sniec, sb. smoke, S ; smech, S ; smeke, 
Prompt. — AS. since. 

Smechunge, sb. taste, S. See Smak. 

Smell, sb. smell, S; smul, S. 

Smellen, v. to smell, S, PP ; smylle, 
PP ; smolte,//. s., S2. — Cp. Low G. sinclcn, 
to smoulder. 

Smeorten, v. to smart, S ; see Smerten. 

Smerien, v. to smear, anoint ; smeren, 
S; smurietS, /;-.//., S; smered, //., S. — 
AS. smcrian, sniyriaii, from smcrii, fat, 
snicro (Voc). 

Sm.erl, sb. ointment, 82. 

Smerld, //. anointed, S2. 

Smerte, adj. and adv. painful, sharp, 
sharply, quick, quickly, C, S, PP ; smart, 
S2 ; smart, S2, C3 ; smertely, adv., G. — 
AS. smcart. 

Smerte, sb. smart, pain, C2 ; smierte 
S ; smart, C3. 

Smerten, v. to smart, to be pained, 
PP, S, S2, C2 ; smeorten, S ; sm.erte, 
//. s.. C ; sm.erted, S3. — AS. snuortan 
'^EETS. 79, p. 36). 

Sm.iteil, V. to smite ; smyten, PP ; 
smit, pr. s., C2, PP ; smot. //. s., S, S2, 
PP ; smette, S3 ; smatte, S ; smiten.//., 
S; smyten, W ; smiten,//., PP. — AS. 
sniifan, pt. smdt (pi. smilon), pp. smiten. 

Smok, sb. smock, C2, PP, Prompt. 

Smok-leS, adj. without a smock, C2. 

Sm.older, sb. smoke from smouldering 
wood, PP. 

Smolderen, v. to smoulder; smol- 
derande, pr. p., S2. 

Sm.Or'Ser, sb. suffocating smoke, S ; 
smorjjre, PP. 

Sm.orSreil, v. to smother, suffocate, SD. 

Smot, pt. s. of smiten, q. v. 

Smul, sb. smell, S ; see Smell. 

Smurie?5, /''•//. smear, S ; see Smerien. 

SmySien, v. to forge ; smythye, P ; 
smytheth,/;-. s., P. — AS. sniidian. 

Smybbe, sb. smithy, forge, S2; smythy. 
Prompt. — AS. sniiSde (Voc). 

Snapere, v. to trip, to stumble, W2, 
SD ; snapper, HD ; snapirs, /;'. s., WA. 

SnatS, pt. s. cut, S ; see Sni^en. 

Suaw, sb. snow, S ; see Snow. 

Suelle, adj. quick, sharp, S, S2 ; snell, 
S3; snal, S. — AS. sjicll: OHG. sncl 

Snepe, adj. foolish, S. 

Suesien, v. to strike, S. — AS. snksan 
(in d-snksan, BT), to put on a spit ; from 
snds, a spit (Voc.) ; cp. Icel. sneisa from 


SniSeu, v. to cut ; Bn&V,/t. s., S. — AS. 
snt'dan, pt. snaS (pi. snidoti) ; cp. OHG. 
snidan (Tatian). 

Sniwen, v. to snow ; snewen, SD ; 
sniuf), pr. s., S ; sniwe}), SD ; snew, //. 
s., SD ; snewede, C. — AS. snhuan. 

Snorkil, sb. wrinkle, H.— Cp. North. 
E. smirklc, to run into knots, JD, sntirl, to 
wrinkle, JD ; cp. OHG. snuor, string, see 
Pick, 7. 351. 

Snow, sh. snow, Prompt., PP ; snoti?, 
PP ; snon, S ; snaw, S. — AS. snd-o : 
Goth, snaiws. 

Snowte, sh. snout, Prompt. ; snute, S. 
— Cp. G. schuauze. 

Snybbyn, v. to rebuke, Prompt., C ; 
snube, H ; snybid, pt. pi., H ; snyband, 
pr. p., H ; snibbed, //., C2. 

Snybbynge, sb. rebuke, Prompt. ; 
snybynge, H ; snibbing, S2 ; snybyngis, 
//., H. 

Snytyn, v. to clear the nose, Prompt. ; 
snytte./A J., S2 ; y-snyt,//., S2. 

Sobre, adj. sober, sedate, C2 ; sobnr, 
Prompt. — OF. sobrc ; Lat. sobriuni. 

Sobrelicbe, adj. and adv. sedate, 
soberly, CM ; soburly, CM ; soberly, C. 

SoburneSSe, sb. soberness. Prompt. 

Socbe, adj. such, S ; see Swyche. 

Socbt, pt. pi. sought, went, S3 ; see 

Socour, sb. succour, C2, C3 ; socowre. 
Prompt. — AF. sticur, soccour, OF', socors ; 
Late Lat. succursiis (Ducange\ 

Sodeyn, adj. sudden, C2, C3 ; sodeynly, 
adv. suddenly, S3, C3 ; sodeynliche, S2. 
— AF. sodeyne ; Late Lat. subitanum, see 
BH, §122. 

Sofbe, adj. soft, warm, mild, gentle, S, 
S2, C3 ; adv. gently, luxuriously, .S2, S, C3 ; 
softeliche, gently, S ; softely, C3. Comb. : 
zoft-hede, sb. softness, S2. — AS. sS/te. 

Sobte, pt. s. sought, S, S2 ; see Sechen. 

Soke, sb. the exercise of judicial power, 
PP, SkD. Der. : soken, the territory or 
precinct in which public privileges were 
exercised, SkD; sokne, PP; BotlandV 
sokene, (Rutland")shire, P. — AS. soc, the 
exercise of judicial power ; sScn, socen, an 
enquiry ; see Schmid. 

Sokelynge, sb. suckling. Prompt. 

Sokel3mge, sb. a herb, locttsta, Prompt. 

Sokyl-blome, sb. locusta, Voc. — From 
a form *sokel, that which sucks. Cp. Hony- 



Solas, sb. rest, solace, pleasure, merri- 
ment, G, C2, PP, SkD.— AF. solas, OF. 
solaz, Lat. solatium ; see BH, § 143. 

Soldo, should ; see Scholde. 

Solempne, adj. solemn, grand, festive, 
magnificent, C2,C3, Prompt,; solempnely, 
adv. with pomp, S2, C2, C3 ; solenlicbe, 
PP, — AF, solempne ; Lat, solcmnem. 

Solempnite, sb. festivity, C, Prompt. 
— AF". sollcmpnitcc ; Lat. solemnitatem. 

Solere, sb. an upper room, loft. Prompt., 
Voc, HD ; throne, H ; soler, W, Voc, 
HD ; soller, Palsg. ; stage of a house, 
XD; sollar, HD, Palsg. — AF. soler, solair, 
OF. solier ; Late Lat. solarium (Voc.") ; 
cp. AS, solere (Grein), OS. soleri, OHG. 
soler i (Tatian), soldri, the prretorium of 
Pilate, also a guest-chamber (Otfrid , Du. 

Soleyne, adj. solitarj^, hating company, 
sullen, PP, Prompt,; soleyn, PP, \V2; 
soUein, S3,— OF. solain, solitary, per- 
taining to one alone : Late Lat. ^solatium, 
from Lat, solus. 

Somdel ; see under Sum, 

Some, sb. concord, S. — AS. some. 

Somed, adv. together, S ; somet, S ; 
see Samed. 

Somer, sb. summer, C ; sumer, S ; 
someres, gen. s., C2,C3. Comh. : somer- 
^ame, summer-game, P, — KS.sumor: OS. 
siiDiar ; cp. OHG. siimar (Tatian). 

Somme, sb. sum, S3, C3 ; some, S3 ; 
summe, Prompt. — AF. summe {sume) ; 
Lat. summa. 

Somnen, v. to join, S ; see Samnen. 

Sompne, v. to summon, PP, CM 
someny, PP ; somony, S2 ; somoni, S 
somownyn, Prompt. ; som.ondis, pr. s. 
H ; snmnndia, H ; somened, //., W. — 
AF. somoundre (pr. p. somonant), OF. 
semondre ; Late Lat. submonere ; Lat. stib + 

Sompnour, sb. summoner, one who 
cites before an ecclesiastical court, C, PP; 
sum.pnonr, .S2 ; somnour, PP ; som.iier, 
PP ; someuour, PP ; sumnowre, Prompt. 
— AF, siimciiour. 

Somwat; see under Snm. 

Sond, sb. sand, S, S2, C, PP; sand, 
PP; sonde, dat., S. — AS, sand. 

Sond, sb. a dish or mess of food ; sand, 
gift, S2 ; sonde, dat., S; sonden, //., S; 
sandon, S. — AS. ja«(/, ' ferculum ' (Voc). 

Sonde, sb. a sending, message, gift sent, 
also mission, embassy, messenger, S, S2, 


Cp„ P, G. H (p. 497^1; sonden, //., S; 
sondes, S. Conib. : sondezmon, mes- 
senger, S2 ; sandesiuan, SD ; sandis- 
meue, //., IID. 

Sonder. Conih. : sonderemen, mes- 
sengers, S ; sanderbodes, messengers, S. — 
AS. saucier in sandermcn (Chron. ann. 
1 1 23). 

Sondry, separate, C2; see Sunder. 

Sone, sb. son, S, S2, C2, G ; sune, S ; 
zone, S2 ; sun, S2. Comb. : sone in lawe, 
son-in-law, C2. — AS. sunu: Goth, sunns. 

Sone, adv. forthwith, quickly, soon, S, 
G, S2, C2, PP ; soune, S3; son, S2 ; 
soyn, S2 ; sonest, supcrl., C2 ; sonnest, 
P. — AS. sona, see Sievers, 317. 

Song, pt. s. sang, C2 ; see Syng-en. 

Songe, sb. song, Prompt.; sang, S, S3 ; 
zang, S2 ; song'es, //., S. — AS. sang. 

Songe-warie, sb. the observation of 
dreams, P. — OF. songe ; Lat. so/uniui/i, 

Sonne, sb. snn, S, S2, C2, P ; sunne, S, 
S 2, Prompt. Comb.: sunne-bem, sunbeam, 
S ; Sunnen-daei, Sunday, S; sunne-dei, S ; 
sunedai, S ; sunedei, S ; sone-dsei, S ; 
soneday, S, G ; sonendayes, //., S2 ; 
sunne-risindde, sun-rising, S. — AS.snnnc : 
OS. siinna. 

Soop,/^'. t. ^/sup. 

Soope, sb. soap. Prompt. ; sape, S. — 
AS. sdpc ; Lat. sdpo. 

Soot, Soote, adj. sweet, S3 ; see Swete. 

Sooth, Soothly ; see Soth. 

Sop, pt. s. created, S ; see Scliapen. 

Sope,//. (7/ Sup. 

Soper, sb. supper, C , C 2 , G ; see Souper. 

Sophyuie, sb. a sophism, C2 ; sopliimes, 
pi., suljtleties, C2. — OF. sophisinc (Cotg.) ; 
Gr. aL(pi(j\xa. 

Soppe, sb. a sop, Cath., PP ; sop, C ; 
soppis, //., S3. 

Sopun, //. of Sup. 

Sore, "o. to soar, mount aloft, C2, CM. 
■ — OF. cssorer fy^oX'g^) ; Late X^^V.^cxaurare, 
to expose to the air (Lat. atira^. 

Sore, adj. and adv. sore, painful, S, C2, 
G ; sare, S2, S ; sar, S, S3, S2 ; soore, 
Prompt. ; sair, B. — AS. sdr. 

Sore, sb. sore, misery, C2 ; sor, S; sar, 
S; Eoore, Prompt. — AS. sdr. 

Soren, pp. shorn, S ; see Scliere. 

Sort, sb. destiny, chance, lot, C, W ; 
sorte, turn ( = Lat. vice), W. — AF. sort; 
Lat. sortem. 


Sorwe, sb. sorrow, S, S2, CM, C2 ; 
sorje, S ; zorje, S2 ; sorije, S ; sore;e, S ; 
sareje, S ; soreglie, S2 ; seorewe, S ; 
serewe, S ; seoruwe, S ; serwe, S2 ; soru, 

52 ; sorhe, S ; sorevre, S, S2. — AS. sorh : 
OS. sorga. 

Sorwe-fal, adj. sorrowful, C ; sorful, 
S ; sorwefully, adv. sorrowfully, C2. 

Sorwen, v. to sorrow, CM ; serrjliepp, 
/;-. s., S. — AS. sorgian. 

Sorwynge, sb. sorrowing, CJkl; sorew- 
yngis, />/., W. 

Sory, adj. sorry, wretched, painful, 
grievous, Prompt., S2, C, C2, PP, G ; sori, 
S, S2, PP ; sari, S ; sseri, S ; sariliche, 
adv., S ; soryly. Prompt. Comb. : sory- 
mod, sad in mind, S. — AS. sdidg. 

Sorynesse, sb. sadness. Prompt. ; sori- 
nesse, S. — AS. sdrigncs. 

Soster, sb. sister, S2 ; see Suster. 

Sote, adj. sweet, C2, C3 ; see Swete. 

Soth., adj. and sb. true, truth, sooth, 
soothsaying, S, S2, C3, P, H ; sooth, C2 ; 
suth, S2 ; sothe, \V, S2, S3, P ; soothe, 

53 ; zope, S2 ; sothely, adv., verily, PP,W ; 
soothly, C2. Comb. : so^5fast, true, S, S3, 
H ; sothefast, W ; soothfastnesse, truth, 
C2, C3, H ; sothnes, truth, S2, H ; soth- 
nesse, 82, P ; sothriht, truly, S. — AS. 
s6^ 'for *so)!S, *sand) ; cp. Icel. santir [ior 
*sanSf') ; cp. Dan. sand. 

Sothe, adj. south, S3 ; see Sowthe. 

Sothien, v. to verify, SD, SkD (s. v. 
soothe ; ; i-soUet, pp., S. — AS. gc-s6bian. 

Sothroun, adj. southern, S3 ; see Sow- 

Sotte, sb. fool, S, Prompt., PP ; sot, S, 

52 ; sottes, gen., S. S2. Der. : sotlice, 
foolishly, S ; sotschipe, folly, S; sotted, 
besotted, C3. — OF. sot. 

Sotyle, adj. subtle, fine-wrought, crafty, 
ingenious. Prompt. ; sotyl, PP ; sotil, PP, 
C ; sotel, PP ; sutelle, Cath. ; sutaille, 

53 ; sotely, adv., PP ; suteU, \V.— AF. 
sottV, siitil ; Lat. subtilem. 

Sotyle, V. to reason subtly, to make use 
of cunning, PP ; sotilen, PP ; sutils,/r. .r., 
makes subtle, H. 

Sotylte, sb. skill, Prompt. ; sotilte, C3. 
— At. sotil tee; Lat. stibtilitatem. 

Souchen, v. to suspect, SD, HD ; 
souches. pr, s., S2. — OF. snscher ; Late 
Lat. ^suspicare, for Lat. snspicari, see 
Diez, p. 68 1, and BH, § 152. 

Souden, v. to pay, pp. See Sowde. 

Soudly, adj. dirty, S3.— Cp. Northern 


E. suddill, to dirty (JD), also G. stideln, to 
do dirty work. 

Sonerty, sb. surety, S3 ; see Surety. 

Soufre, sb. sulphur, S2 ; soulfre, CM. 
— OF. souj're, soii/fre ^Cotg.) ; Late Lat. 

Souken, v. to suck, C2, S2, W2 ; sowk- 
en, S3. Conib.: soukynge-fere, foster- 
brother, W. — AS. sucaii, pt. SMC, pp. soceu. 

Soule, sb. soul, PP, S, S2 ; sowle, S, C; 
saule, S, S2, H ; sawle, S ; saull, S3 ; 
soulen, //., S, S2 ; saulen, S; sawless, 
S; sowle, S ; zaulen, 82. Comb. : soule 
liele, soul's salvation, PP ; sawel liel, S.2. 
— AS. sdwol, sdxi'le : Goth, saiwala. 

SOUU, sb. sound, S2, S3, C2, W2, H : 
sown, H, W, W2 ; sowne, S2 ; son, S2 ; 
sownde. Prompt. — AF. somi, OF. son ; 
Lat. solium. 

Sound, sb. a swoon, S3 ; see Swowne. 

Sonnen, v. to sound, C2, PP ; sownen, 
C2, S2, \V2, PP ; sowndyn, Prompt.; 
suuen, S. — AF. siiiier, soncr ; Lat. soiiare. 

Sounyng, sb. sounding, S2. 

Soupen, V. to sup, drink gradually, to 
eat supper, P, W, C2 ; sowpen, S3. — OF. 
soiipcr. Of Teutonic origin. Cp. Sup. 

Souper, sb. supper, C ; soper, C, C2, 
G. — OF. souper, AF. soper. 

Souple, adj. supple, pliant, C, C2. — 
OF. saiiple, beaten, defeated (Bartsch) ; 
I^at. stipplicem, submissive. 

Soure, adj. sour, acid, PP ; sur, S ; 
soure, adv. sourly, C2, P. Conib. : sour- 
dou5, leaven, W; sourdow, W ; sourdowj, 
W. — AS. siir ; cp. Icel. siirr and surdegi 
(Matt. 13. 33^, 

Souren, v. to sour ; sowrid, pp., made 
sour, \V. 

Sours, sb. source, origin, C2 ; soaring, 
C^L — OF. sourse, a spring of water ; Late 
Lat. sursa, a late pp. f. form from Lat. 
sio-gere ^OF. sordre, pp. sors, sours). 

Souse, V. to strike, dash, RD, SkD ; 
souce, Spenser i. See below. 

Souse, sb. the downward plunge of a 
bird of prey, RD. (Originally the same as 
Sours, used of a hawk's flight. — W. W. S.) 

Soutere, sb. cobbler, S3 ; souter, PP ; 
sowter, Cath., ND. — AS. sutere (Voc.) ; 
Lat. sulor. 

Souteresse, sb. a woman shoe-seller, P. 

Souenauuce, sb. remembrance, S3. — 
OF. sovetiaiiee, also souvenance (Cotg.), 
from sovenir; Lat. subuenire. 



Souerente, sb. sovereignty, Prompt. ; 
souerayntee, C2. — AF. soverainte. 

Souere3ril, adj. and sb. supreme, sove- 
reign, C, C2, C3 ; souereynes, //., supe- 
riors, P, \V ; sufrayns, H ; souereyneste, 
superL, \V2 ; soueraignly, adv., C. — AF. 
soverein ; Late Lat. ^siiperaniim. 

Sowdan, sb. sultan, S2, C3. — OF. 
soudan, souldaii ; Aab. sulldn. 

Sowdanesse, sb. sultaness, S2, C3. 

Sowde, V. to strengthen ; sowdid, pp. 
( = Lat. eoiisolidatae), W. — OF. souder 
(Cotg.) : It. soldare ; Lat. solidare, see SkD 
(s. V. solder). 

Sowde, sb. stipend, pay, W ; sowd, 
Prompt.; sowdis, //., \V. — OF. sonde; 
Lat. so/ditm, a sum of money, from solidus. 

Sowdyowre, sb. one that fights for 
pay, soldier. Prompt. ; soudiour, S3. — 
Cp. OF. sotidoier (Ducange). 

Soweu, V. to sow, S, PP ; sawe, S 
souwen, PP ; sewe, pt. s., W; sew, H 
sewen, //., S ; seowe, //. s. subj., S 
sowun, //., W ; sowe, G; 5e-sawen, S. — 
AS. sdzvan. 

Sowse, V. to immerse in brine, to plunge 
in water, to drench with rain, Palsg., S3 ; 
soused,//., pickled, Sh. ; soust, drenched, 
Spenser i. — From OF. sause, sauce; Lat. 
salsa, salted. 

Sowse, sb. a dish of pickled food, sju- 
cidiiim, Voc. 

Sowtlie, adj. south. Prompt. ; sothe, 
S3 ; suU, S. Co:iib. : Soup-hamtessire, 
Hampshire, S2 ; Su'S-ssexe, Sussex, SD. — 
AS. si'iS : OHG. siind-aiia, from the south 

Sowtlierne, adj. southern, Prompt. ; 
souperon, S2 ; southren, C3 ; sothroun, 
S3 ; suthroun, S3. 

Soyr, adj. brown (as of withered leaves), 
S3. — OF. sor (Roland) ; cp. F. satire. Of 
Teutonic origin. See Seere. 

Sp£bC, pt. s. of Speken, q. v. 

SpSBClie, sb. speech, S ; see Speche. 

Spak, adj. wise, prudent, quiet, gentle, 
SD ; spake, HD ; spakliche, adv., SD ; 
spakli, S2. — Icel. spakr, quiet, gentle, wise. 

Spale, sb. a chip of wood, splinter, S, 
SD ; spalle, Prompt. ; spoUe, Prompt. ; 
spole, Voc. — Icel. spiilr {spala, gen. pi.). 

Spang, sb. a metal fastening, brooch, 
clasix buckle ; spangs,//., S3. — A^.spatige 

SpaugfelCj sb. a small plate of shining 
P 2 



metal used to ornament a bridle, loralc, 

Spanyn, v. to wean, Prompt. ; spane, 
HI); spaned, H, Cath. — Cp. G. spivicn, 
OHG. 'J>rspciijan, Du. j/t^;/<?«,see\Yeigand; 
cp. also AS. spaiia, ' ubera ' (Voc.). 

Spanynge, sl>. a weaning, ablactacio, 
Calh., Prompt. 

Sparkle, sb. spark. Prompt. Comb. : 
deed-sparcle { = 'Lat./aui7/a), W2. 

Spar lire, sb. the calf of the leg, HD ; 
sparlyuer, j?<;7J!, Trevisa(^5. 355); sperly- 
ner, miisinlits,\ oc. — AS. spcar-lira, ' sura ' 
(Deut. 28. 35\ speoni-lira i^OET.). 

Sparre, sb. a beam, bar, spar, C, S3, 
Prompt., Cath. — AS. speorii (^Voc.) ; cp. 
Icel. sparri. 

Sparthe, sb. axe, battle-axe, Prompt., 
Cath. ; sparth, C, WA. — Icel. spa?-Sa. 

Sparwe, sb. sparrow, C, S2 ; sparowe, 
Prompt. Comb. : spar-hank, sparrow- 
hawk, C2 ; sperhauke, P. — AS. spearwa. 

Spatel, sb. spittle, S ; see Spotil. 

Spateliug, sb. spitting, S. 

Spealie, v. to tell, S ; see Spellien. 

Spec, pf- s. of Speken, q. v. 

Spece, sb. species, kind, S, Prompt. — 
Lat. speciem. Cf. Spice. 

Speclie,^''^. speech, S, S2,PP; spseclie.S; 
spek, S2. — AS), spic (Woe). See Speken. 

Sped, sb. success, speed, S ; speed. 
Prompt. — AS. sped. 

Spede-ful, adj. profitable, W ; speed- 
ful, C3 ; spedfuUest, siipcrl., S3. 

Speden, »• to succeed, prosper, speed, S, 
S2, S3 ; spet, pr. s., speeds, goes on, G ; 
spedith, profits, S3, \V2 ; spedde, pt. s., 
S, C2 ; sped,/^., S3. — AS. spedan. 

Speir, sb. sphere, S3 ; see Spere. 

Speken, v. to speak, S, S2 ; spaBken, S ; 
spece, I p)-. s., S ; spect?, pr. s., S ; spaec, 
pt. s., S ; spac, S, S2 ; spak, S, S2 ; spec, 
S ; spek, S ; spake, 2 //. s., S, G ; speke. 
S; spsekenn, //., S; speken, S; speke, 
S2 ; speeke, S2 ; spekene, ^tv., S ; speo- 
kene, .S ; i-speken,/j>., S ; ispeke, S. — AS. 
specan (for sprecan), pt. spac, pp. spccen. 

Spell, sb. a discourse, story, S ; spelle, 
dat., S, S2, C2. — AS. spell. 

Spellien, v. to relate, speak ; spellen, 
S, PP ; spealie, S ; spilieu, S. — AS. 

Spellinge, sb. recital. Prompt., S2. 

Spence, sb. provision-room, larder, G, 
Prompt. ; spense, Voc. ; expense, G,W. — 


OF. despense (Constans) ; Late Lat. dis' 
pensa (Voc). 

Spencer, sb. officer having charge of 
the provisions, G ; spenser, G ; sponcere, 
Prompt. — OF. despensier; Late Lat. dis- 
pcnsarium (ace). 

Spenden, v. to use, spend. Prompt., 
PP ; spene, S, PP ; spende, //. //., S2 ; 
i-spend, //., S ; spendid, W ; sponded, 
G. Comb. : spending'-siluer, money to 
spend, C3. — AS. spaidaii (in compounds) ; 
Lnt. dispefidere. 

Spennen, v. to stretch, embrace, grasp, 
SD ; spendyd, //. .r., grasped, S3 ; spend, 
//., SD. — Icel. spcnna ; cp. AS. spannan, 
to bind, OHG. {gi'^spatntan (Otfrid) ; see 

Spercled, //. scattered, flung abroad, 
S3 (24. 67). 

Sperd, pt. s. of Spiren, q. v. 

Spere, sb. sphere, Prompt., CM ; speir, 
S3. — OF. espere ; Late Lat. spcra, sphera ; 
Gr. crtpaipa. 

Spere, sb. spear, S, C, Prompt. — AS. 
spere ; cp. OHG. sper (Tatian). 

Speren, v. to fasten with a spar, to 
close, S, Cath. ; sperre, Cath. ; speride, 
pt. s., S2 ; sperd, //., S, H ; sperrid, H. 
— AS. sparrian. See Sparre. 

Sperhanke, ^b. sparrow-hawk, P ; see 
under Sparwe. 

Sperling, sb. a small fish, S2 ; sper- 
lynge, Cath., Voc. ; sparlynge, Cath. (« ; 
spurling, Cath. («\ — OF. esperlan, smelt 

Spet, pr. s. of Speden, q. v. 

Speten, v. to spit, S, W2, Voc, CM ; 
spette, pt. s., W, SD ; spete, W ; speten, 
//., W ; spetide, //. s., W. — AS. spitan, 
pt. spantte. 

Spewen, v. to vomit, Cath. ; spne,W2. 
— AS. spi'wan, pt. spdw, pp. spkven. 

Spice, sb. species, kind, spice, W; spyce, 
Voc. ; spices, //., S, P. Comb. : spice- 
like, with spices, S ; spices ware, spicery, 
S. — OF. espice ; Late Lat. *specia (for Lat. 
speciem), see BH, § 32. See Spece. 

Spicer, sb. dealer in spices, P, S2 ; spy- 
serez,//., S2. 

Spicerye, sb. spicerj', S2, C2, C3. — 

At. spicer ie. 

Spie, sb. spy, PP ; see Aspie. 

Spien, V. to spy, to look after, to watch, 
S ; see Espye. 

Spilen, V. to play, S ; spilede,//. 5., S. 
— Icel. spila ; cp. G. spielen. 


Spilien, v. to speak, S ; see Spellien. 

Spillen, V. to perish, also to destroy. S, 

S2, C2, C3, P; spyllen, S2 ; spill, S3; 

spilt,//., killed, C3 ; y-spilte, PP.— AS. 

sfiUan, to destroy i^Grein). 

Spire, sl>. shoot, scion, blade, tall grass, 
reed, PP. S, G, CM ; spyre, Prompt., PP, 
Palsc;. ; spier, W2. 

Spiren, v. to enquire, speer, PP ; speren, 
PP; speoren, PP ; spuren, PP ; spirs, 
?'w/. //., S2 ; spird, //. //.. S2 ; sperd,//. 
s., S3. — AS. spyriau, to make a track, from 
spor, track, see SkD (s.v. spur). 

Splene, sb. the spleen. Prompt. ; splen, 
SkD. Phr. : on the splene, suddenly, 
S3 ; fro the splene. with sudden fervour, 
rapidly, S3. — Lat. splai. 

Spoile, sb. booty, SkD ; spuylis, //., 
A\ J. See below. 

Spoilen, v. to plunder, W (Mk. 3. 27); 
spuyle, W; spnylid, //., W2. — OF. 
spolier (Cotg. ; Lat. spoliarc ; see BH, § 64. 
SpOIie,'^^. a chip, splinter of wood, spoon, 
C3, Prompt.; spoon, C2. Comb.: span- 
newe, span new, SkD ; spon-neowe, SkD. 
— AS. spin ; cp. Icel. sponn, also spdnn ; 
op. G. spannen (Weigand). 

Spore, ^1^- spur, PP, Prompt., C, G. — 
AS. spot- a. 

Spotll, sb. spittle, W ; spotele, W2 ; 
spatel, S. — AS. spdtl. 

Spousaille, sb. wedding, C2 ; sponsail, 
C2; sposailis,//., W. — OF. espotisaillcs. 

Spouse, sb. spouse, bridegroom, bride, 
\V ; spuse, S ; spowse. Prompt. Comb. : 
sponsbreche, adulterer, SD ; spusbrnche, 
adultery, SD ; spousebrekere, adulterer, 
W ; spoushod, marriage, S2. — KY . espouse 
{espuse) ; Lat. spousam ; also OF. espos, 
sports; Lat. sponsum ; see BH, § 169. 

Spousen, v. to espouse, ^Y, S2, C2 ; 
spousi, S2 ; i-spoused,//., S2 ; y-spoused, 
S2 ; i-spused, S. — OF. cspouser; Lat. 

Sprangis, diffused rays of various 
colours, S3. 

Spraulin, v. to sprawl, SD ; sprawel, 
S2 ; sprauleden, pt. pL, S. — AS. spriaw- 
lian cited by Zupitza from Bouloneser 
G/osseu.sGe StuJium derneuerenSprachen, 
July, 18S6 . 

Sprayngis, sb. pi. sprinklings, S3. See 

Spreden, v. to spread, PP, S, 82 ; 
spradde, pt. s., C2 ; spredd, //., S; 
sprad, C ; y-sprad, C2. — AS. spr<kdan. 



Spreit, sb. spirit, S3 ; spyryte, Prompt. 
— Lat. spiritus. 

Sprengen, v. to sprinkle, W, G ; 
sprente, //. s., S3 ; spreynten, //., W2 ; 
spreynd, //., S2, C2, C3, ^V ; spreind, 
W ; spreynt, W ; y-spreynd, C. — AS. 
sprengan, causal of springan. 

Sprengen, v. to spring, to be diffused ; 
sprent, pt. s., S3. — AS. sprcjigan, to spring 
(^ Sweet). 

Sprenkelin, v. to sprinkle, to dart. 

Prompt. ; sprynkland, pr. p., darting in 

various directions ;of fish in the water , S3. 

Spring, sb. a rod, sprig, PP ; sprynge, 

P; sprenges, //., W2. 

Springen, v. to spring, to arise, to 
dawn, PP, S, C2 ; sprynge, PP ; sprenge, 
pr. s. subj., W ; sprang', //. s.. S ; sprong, 
S ; spmngen, //., S2 ; sprunge, S ; 
sprongen, S3 ; spronge, C ; i-sprunge, 
S. Dcr. : springing, beginning, source, 
C2. — AS. sp)-ingan, pt. sprang (^\. sprung- 
0)1), pp. sprungen. 

Springen, v. to make to spring, rouse ; 
ST^T& pL, S3. See below. 

Springen, v. to sprinkle, C2 ; y. 
spronge, //., S2. Der. : springfyng, 
sprinkling, \V. See Sprengen. 

Spmtlyt, //. speckled, S3. See SkD 
(s.v. sprout). 
Sprynkland ; see Sprenkelin. 
Spurn, sb. a kick, S3. 
Spurnen, v. to kick, Prompt., C2, SkD; 
spurnde,//'. s., S2. — AS. speonian. 
Spuyle, z'. to plunder, W ; see Spoilen. 
Spuylis, //- spoils, W ; see Spoile. 
Spynke, sb. finch, rostcllus,\ oc. ; spink, 
Cotg., JD, HD ; spynk, S3 {%.\.golcl). Cp. 
Gr. aniyyos, and OF. pi uf on {Bli),¥.pinson. 
Spynnare, sb. spinner, spider, Prompt. ; 
spinner, Sh., HD. 
Sp3nilien, v. to spin, Prompt. 
Spynstare, sb. a woman who spins, 
Prompt. ; spynnester, PP ; spinster, S2, 
PP, Sh. 
Spyrakle, sb. the breath of life, S2. — 
Lat. spiraiulum uitae. Gen. 7. 22 (^Vulg.). 
Squames, sb. pi. scales, C3. — Lat. 

SquaymOUS, adj. loth, fastidious, 
CM ; see Skeymowse. 

Squier, sb. squire, S, C2 ; sqnyer, C2, 
S2. — OF. csqu'ier, cscuier; Late Lat. scu- 
tarium, from Lat. scutum, shield ; cp. It. 



Sqnyler, sl<. dish-washer, vS2 ; sqwyl- 
lare. rronipt., SkD i s.v. sctillcry\ ; swyl- 
lere, Voc. — OF. sculicr (Ducange) ; Late 
Lat. sctitclarittm, one in charge of tlie 
dishes (^Ducange) ; from Lat. scutella. (It 
seems to have been confused with siviller ; 
see SkD, s.v. jf«//^r;/.— W.W.S.) 

Squylerey, sb. room for washing dishes 
in, a scullery, .SkD. — Cp. OF. esciilicr; 
Late \.?^.. sciiUUarium, ' locus ubi rcponun- 
tur scutellae ' (Ducange). .See above. 

S^wa>re, adj. square, Prompt. ; sware, 
S2. — OV . csqtiarrc; Lat. ex + quadraiii ; 
cp. It. sqiiadra. 

Srid, pt. s. clothed, S ; see Sclirouden. 

Srud, sb. dress, S ; see Schroud. 

Ss- ; see Sch-. 

Sseawere, sb. a mirror, S2 ; see 

Sseawy, v. to show, 82 ; see Schewen. 

Ssedde ; see under Schedeu. 

Ssede ; see under Scliade. 

Ssolde, should ; see Scholde. 

Ssoldren, pi. shoulders, 82 ; see Schul- 

Stable, adj. constant, firm, fi.xed. C2, W, 
PP; statoli, adv., W. — AF. estabk; Lat. 
stabile III. 

Stable, v. to establish, confirm, to cause 
to rest, S3, W, P, C ; y-stabled, S3.— OF. 

Stablischen, v. to establish, W ; stalj- 
lisse, PP. — OF. cstabliss-, stem of estab- 
lissant, pp. oi establir. 

Stac, Z^*. s. closed up, 82; see Stekeu. 

Stad, //. bestead, circumstanced, beset, 
WA, S2. — Icel. staddr, circumstanced, 
Swed. stadd. 

Staf, sb. a staff, stick, a letter of the 
alphabet, PP, SD ; staffe. Prompt. ; staues, 
//., S2, PP. Comb. : stef-creft, the art of 
grammar, S; staf-slinge, staff-sling, C2 : 
staff-slyng-e, HD ; stafF-slyngere, staff- 
slinger, HD. — AS. stcef, staff, stick, twig, 
letter written on a twig, see Weigand (s. v. 
buchstab) ; cp. Icel. stafr, OHG. stab, buoh- 
stab (Tatian). 

Staire, adj. steep, WA ; stayre, 
WA (11). 

Staire, sb. stair, ladder, WA. — AS. 
stcEger. See Stien. 

Stal, Stall, //. s. of Stelen. 

Stale, sb. stealing, 8. — AS. stahi. 

Stalken, v. to step slowly, C, G; 
stalkyn, Prompt. ; stalked Mrni./A s. rejl., 


C2. — AS. stealcian; see Sweet, Atiglo- n Primer, S3. 37. 

Stalle, sb. place, state, station, prison, 
stall, booth, PP, Prompt.; steal, 8; stal, 
Prompt.; stale, S3. — AS. steal: OHG. 
stal (Otfrid). 

Stallit, //. placed, S3. 

Stallyn, v. to enthrone prelates. Prompt. 

StalworSe, adj. stout, strong, sturdy, 
82, G; stalwortli, PP, H (pp. 26, 87); 
stalword, 82 ; stalworthy, S3, Prompt. ; 
stalworf)est, super I., 82 ; stalwortly, adv. 
sturdily, S2. Comb. : stalworth-liede, stal- 
wartness, 82. — AS. stczhvurQ (Chron. ann. 

Stamyn, sb. stamine, linsey-woolsey 
cloth, a garment made of that material, 
Prompt., Cath. («) ; stamin. 8 ; stamine, 
HD. — OF. estaminc, tamine, also a strainer 

Stamyn, sb. the stem, bows of a vessel, 
82 ; stamyne, Cath. (,«). — Icel. stafii, 
sfaiiin, a post, prow-post, also stern-post ; 
cp. It. stamine, the upright ribs or pieces of 
timber of the inside of a ship, of our ship- 
wrights called foot-stocks (Florio). 

Standen, v. to stand, to cost, be valid, 
8 : stonden, 8, 82, C2, W ; stant, /;-. s., 
8, 82, S3 ; stont, .8 ; stand, S2 ; stonte, 
82 ; stode,//. s., 82 ; //., 82 ; stoden, 82, 
C2 ; stude, 83; i>stonde, //., S. — AS. 
standan, pt. stod, pp. ge-staiidcn. 

Staiie, sb. dat. stone, 8 ; see Stoon. 

Stang, sb. stagnant pool ; stanc, 82 ; 
stank, HD; stangls, //., H; stang-ej, 
82 ; staunkis, H. — OF. estaiig, estan 
{estaiic); Lat. stagitum. 

Stangeu, v. to prick, to throb, HD, H. 
Der. : stangynge, torment, H. 

Stannyris, sb. pi. the small stones and 
gravel al the side of a river, 83. See Stoon. 

Staple, sb. a loop of iron in a wall used 
for fastening chains, 83 (p. 472). — AS. 
stapul (Voc.'i. 

Starf, /A s. died, 82, C2; see Steruen. 

Starin, v. to stare, also to shine, glitter, 
SD ; stare, C2, S3, PP ; starinde, pr. p., 
8 ; stareand, S2. — AS. stai-ian. 

Stark, adj. strong, firm, severe, S, S3 ; 
starrc, S; starke, //., C2. — AS. stearc : 
OS. stair. 

Starnys,//. stars, S3; see Sterne. 

Stat, sb. state, condition, S2; staat, 
existence ( = Lat. status), W. Cf. Estat. 

Staj^elien, to establish ; 5e-stapeled, 
//., S. — AS. ge-stadelod. 


StaJ^elnesse, s^>. stability, SD; stapel- 
nes. S^- — AS. siadohics. 

Statut, sb. statute, PP ; statute, PP ; 
statutes, //., .S2, PP. Comb. : statute- 
staple, the staple to which a prisoner is by 
law attached, S3. — AF. stalut \estatiit) ; 
Lat. statutuin. 

Stauez, /'■- s. stows away, S2 ; stawed, 
//., S2 ; see Stowyn. 

Steal, sh. place, state, S ; see Stalle. 

Steapre ; see stepe. 

Stea5, //. s. of Stien, q. v. 

Stede, sb. steed, horse, S, C2, PP, WA. 
Comb. : stede-bac, horseback, PP. — AS. 
s/c'(/a. from s/oJ. a collection of horses, a stud. 

Stede, sb. place, PP, S, S2. S3 ; stude, 
S; stide, W, \V2 ; stud, S2 ; sted, S3. 
Com!). : stedefast, steadfast, S; stedefast- 
liche, steadfastly, S; stedfastly, C2; 
stedefastuesse, firmness, C2. — A.S. sUJe : 
OS. stcJi : Goth, stadi- ^stem oistaths). 

Stee, sb. a ladder, WA, HD ; sties,//., 
HD. See Stien. 

Steef, Stef ; see styf. 

Steer, sb. a young ox, C, PP. — AS, 

sttor ; cp. Lat. taunts, see Curtius,No. 232. 

Stef-Creft, sb. the art of grammar, S ; 
see Staf. 

Stefne, sb. voice, S : see Steuene. 

Steghe, z'. to ascend, H ; see Stien. 

Steghere, si. rider, H. 

Steir, v. to stir, S3 ; see Stiren. 

Steken, v. to fasten, SD, WA ; stekye, 
v., to be fastened up, P; stekez,, 
S2 ; stac, //. s., S2 ; stak, SkD ^s.v. 
stick ; stoken, pp.. S2 ; y-steke, G ; 
i-steke, G. — Cp. OHG. stcchan, to fix, 
pierce, pt. stdJi vpl. stdchun), pp. gi-stochan, 
see Otfrid. 

Stelen, v. to steal, to go stealthily, PP ; 
stssl, ft. s., S; stal, C2, W; staU, S3; 
stalen, //., S; stelen, S; stole, //., C. 
Comb. : stael ut, stole out, S ; stal ut, S. 
— AS. s/clau, pt. stiel ^pl. stilon'), pp. stolen. 

SteltJe, sb. stealth, PP ; stalthe, SkD. 
Cf. Stouth. 

Stem, sh. vapour, ray of light, flame, S ; 
steem. Prompt. — AS. st^am. 

Stemin, v. to steam, shine, gleam, C, 
S3. CM.— AS. stanan (SkD i. 

Stene, sb. a stone jar, SD, Trevisa 4. 1 1 5 ; 
Bteenes,//., Si. See below. 

Stenen, adj. made of stone, S. — AS. 
stamen v,\ oc.^. See Stoon. 



Stent, sb. stopping-place, S3. 

Stenteu, v. to cease, pause, CM ; see 

Steoren, v. to perfume with incense, S. 
— Cp. AS. stcran (Leo). See Stor. 

Steoren, z'. Lad, direct, S; see Steren. 

Steorren, //. stars, S ; see Sterre. 

Step-barn, sb. orphan, H.— Cp. AS. 
step-ciLl, orphan, Ps. 67. 6 (VP) ; AS. 
stiop. 01 phaned ; cp. OHG. stiuf. 

Stepe, adj. steep, WA, SkD.— AS. steap. 

Stepe, adj- bright, shining (of eyes), CM, 
C, S3, HD ; steapre, comp., S3 (,p. 426). 

Stere, adj. strong, stout, firm, S, HD. 
See Store. 

Stere, sb. tiller, helm, rudder, steering- 
gear, the stern of a ship, C3, S ; steere, 
W2 ; stiere. PP. Comb. : sterelees, with- 
out a rudder, S2, C3 ; sterman, steersman. 
Voc. — Icel. styri, rudder. 

Stere, sb. helmsman, C3, S2. 

Steren, ^- to lead, direct, steer, S, S3, 
PP; steir, B; steoren, S. — AS. stioran, 
sty ran. 

Steren, v. to stir, to move, S2,WA, PP ; 
see Stiren. 

Sterlinge, sb. coin, penny of standard 
currency, C3, PP, SkD.— Cp. Low Lat. 
sterlingiis E)ucangei. 

Sterne, sb. star, WA, H, S2 ; stem, S2, 
B ; starnys, //., S3. — Icel. stjarna. Cf. 

Sterne, ad/, stem, Prompt. ; stume, 
S. S2; steryn,WA; sterin, HD; steryne, 
HD ; stiame,//., S ; adv., S ; sterne, PP ; 
stemeUch, CM, PP. Der. : sturnhede, 
sternness, S2. — AS. styrne. 

Sterre, sb. star, S, S2, S3, C2, C3, W', 
PP ; storre. S ; steorren, pl.,^; steores, 
S ; sterris. W, PP ; sterren, S, S2. Comb. : 
sterre-liht, starlight, S2. Der. : i-stirret, 
starred, S ; stirrede, SD.— AS. steorra : 
OS. sterro; cp. OHG. sterro (Tatian). 

Stert,.Ji^. tail, plough-handle, S, Prompt., 
Palsg., HD ; the stalk of fruit, HD, Palsg. ; 
sterte, Voc. Comb. : steort-naket, quite 
naked, S. — AS. steort ; cp. Icel. stertr. 

Stert, sb. a start, quick movement, C. 

Sterten, v. to start, S2, C, B, PP; 
stirt, i/'ip. s., S ; stlrte, //. s., S ; stirt, 
S ; sterte, C, G ; stert, S2 ; stert, //., 
C2 ; y-stert, C. 

Sterueu, v. to die, S2, S3, C2 ; sterfef, ' 
pr. s., b; starf. //. s.. S2, C2 ; sturuen, 
//., S ; sturfe, S ; storuen, C3 ; storue, 



//. siibj. s., S ; i-storue, //., S ; y-stome, 
C ; staruen, S3. — AS. steorfan, pt. st<krf 
(pi. stiirfoi!^, pp. storfcn. 

Steruing, sb. dying, S2. 

Steuene, sb. voice, command, note, C2, 
S ; steuen, S2 ; time of performing any 
action, CM ; stefne, S ; stevynnys,//., S3. 
— AS. stefn : Goth, stibua ; cp. OHG. 
stcinna (Tatian), G. stiiiimc. 

Stew, sb. vapour, mist, B ; stovys, //., 
S3. — Cp. Dan. stov, Du. stof. dust, siof- 
regcn, drizzling rain. G. staub, dust, whence 
Staiibbach, ' spray-beck.' 

Steward ; see under Sty. 

Stewe, sb. fish-pond, vivarhim, C, HD, 
SU, CM, Prompt. ; stwe. Prompt. 

Stewe, sb. bath, Cath.; stue, Cath. {n)\ 
stwe. Prompt. ; stewes, //. brothels, PP ; 
stywes, CM ; stues, P. 

Stiarne, adj- pi- stem, S ; see Sterne. 

Sticclieil, V. to prick, stitch, SD ; 
stijte, ft. s., SD ; stijt,//., SD ; i-stihd, 
S; i-sticclied, S (p. 119). 

Stien, V. to ascend, HD, PP, S2, W, 
W 2 ; styBen, S2 ; stijen, W, S2 ; stejen, 
S2 ; steghe, H, S2 : steaj, pt. s., S2 ; 
steij, S3 ; steg-h, S2, H ; styh, S2. — AS. 
stigan, pt. stall (pi. sligon), pp. stigen. 

Sties, //. paths, S2 ; stighes, H ; see 

Stikien, v. to stick, to pierce, stab, S, 
S2, C2, C3 ; styken, S2 ; steek, S3; 
stekit, //. s., B; stekyt, S3; y-styked, 
pp., S2. — AS. stician. See Steken. 

Stikke, sb. stick, C3 ; stykke, Prompt. 

Stillatorie, sb. vessel used in distilla- 
tion, C3, CM ; stillatory, a place where 
distillations are performed, ND. — Late Lat. 
stillatoi-itun, from Lat. {di)stillare. 

Stingen, v. to sting ; stonge, pt. pi., S ; 
stong-en, pp., C, H; y-stongen, S3; 
y-stonge, C3 ; stungen, H. — AS. stingan, 
pt. sta7ig (pi. stiingoji), pp. stungen. 

Stiren, v. to stir, to move, to instigate, 
PP, C3, W2, S, S2; stere, PP, S2, G; 
sturen, S, W ; styren, S ; steir, S3, B. — 
AS. styria/t. 

Stiring, sb. stirring, commotion, ^V,^Y 2. 

Stirte,//". s. of Sterten, q.v. 

Stith, sb. anvil, C, CM, Sh. ; stythe, 
Prompt. — Icel. stcSi. 

Stiward; see under Sty. 

Stobil, sb. stubble, W2 ; stobul, Prompt. 
— AF. stiible (Ps. 82. 12, Oxford Psalter) : 
Prov. estobla ; OTeut. *siuppula ; cp. OF. 


cstotillc (Ps. 82. 13"), F. ctciile ; see Kluge 
(s. V. ftoppel), and BH, § 153. 

Stok, sb. stock, stem, trap, the stocks, 
PP, \\'2; stoc, S; stokke, PP ; stocke, 
S3; stoke, S2; stokkes,//., PP ; stockis, 
S2 ; stokess, S. — AS. stocc. 

Stoken, v. to stab, SkD, C— OF. es- 
toqiicr (^Ducange). 

Stole, sb. stool, P; stool, PP, Prompt.; 
stoule, PP.— AS. stol. 

Stole, sb. a robe, W, Prompt. ; stoole 
( = Lat. stola), W; stolis, //., W. — Lat. 

Stonden ; see Standen. 

Stonge, pt- pi- stung, S ; see Stingen. 

Stonieu, ^. to stun, to make a loud din, 
to amaze with a blow, SD ; stunay, H ; 
stunayd, //., H ; stoynde, S3. See 

Stoniynge, sb. astonishment, W ; 
stonying, W ; stoneyinge, S2 ; stoy- 
nynge, Prompt. 

Stont,/r. J. of standen 

Stony, adj. rocky, Prompt. Comb. : 
stony see, Adria, the Adriatic Sea, W. 
— Cp. Ducange ' adna, petra ; adriaticus, 
petrosus, lapidosus portus.' 

Stoon, sb. stone, PP, W2 ; ston, PP, 
S, S3; stane, dat., S; stanes, pi., S. 
Co??ib. : stoon- stille, still as a stone, G. — 
AS. Stan : Goth, stains. 

St00r,Ji^. store, stock, provision, Prompt., 
C, C2, C3, G; store, PP. F/if. : teUe no 
store, set no store by, set no value upon, 
C. — OF. estore (,Bartsch). 

Stope, //. advanced, C ; stopen, CM, 
SkD (s. v. step). — AS. stapen, pp. of stapan 
(pt. st6;p). 

Stor, sb. incense, S ; store, dat., S. — AS. 
star, incense, storax ; Lat. storacem, ace. ot 
storax (Vulg.), also styrax ; Gr. aivpa^. 

Stordy, adj. rash, reckless, S ; see 

Store, adj. strong, powerful, large, HD, 
Prompt. ; stoor, Prompt. — Icel. storr. 

Storour, sb. restorer, S3. 

Storueu, pt. pi. died, C3 ; see Steruen. 

Stot,-f/'. stallion, bullock, stoat, SkD, SD; 
caballus. Prompt., C ; stott, buciilus, WA, 
Voc. ; stot, stoat, CM ; stotte, bullock, 
Cath., Palsg. ; stottis, //., PP.— Cp. Icel. 
sti'itr, bull. 

Stounde, sb. time, occasion, instant, 
period, S, S2, S3, C, C2, C3, G, PP ; stund, 
S, S2 ; stunt, H ; stuudum, dat. pi. as 


adv., at times, H. Comb. : stound-mele, 
at times, S3. — AS. stund : OS. sttinda ; cp. 
OHG. stiinta, ' tempus, hora ' (,Tatian\ 

Stouuden, v. to be for a time ; stound- 
e&.,pt. s., SD ; stunden,//. ^ = stundeden), 

Stonpen, v. to stoop, W (John 20. 5), 
C3 ; stowpen, CM, HU. — AS. stiipian. 

Stonr, sb. conflict, commotion, agitation, 
S2, B, JD; stowre, S3; stoure, HD ; 
stoures,//.,C2 ; stowres, 'Sii.—OY .estoiir, 
cstor, ci-Zwr^ Roland) ; cp. Icel. st}'rr,a. stir, 
tumult, battle. 

Stour, V. to move quickly, JD ; stow- 
rand, /;-./., S3. 

Stouth, sb. stealth, S3. — Icel. stiildr. — 
Cf. Stelthe. 

Stovys, sb. pi. vapours, S3 ; see Stew. 

Stowyn, "v. to stow, bring together. 
Prompt.; stauez,/r. j., S2 ; stouwet,//., 
PP ; stawed, S2 ; started, S2 ; stewed, 
PP.— AS. stowigan ;OET% 

Stra, sb. straw, S ; see Strawe. 

Straight for strait , adj. close-fitting, 
tight, S3 ; see Streyt. 

Strain, v. to distrain, S3. — AF. dcs- 
trcindrc (,pr. p. dcstrcigtiant). See Strey- 

Strand, sb. stream, torrent, S2, S3, H ; 
stronde, W2 ; strynd, JD. 

Strande, sb. bank, shore, \YA. 

Strang, adj. strong, S ; see Strong'e. 

Strangel3rn, v. to suffocate. Prompt. ; 
estrangle, NED ; astrang'le, NED, MD; 
astraug'eled, pp., S2. — AF. estraiiglcr ; 
Lat. strangularc, of Gr. origin ; cp. arpa'y- 
ya\r], halter. 

Strapeles, fastenings of breeches, 
S ; strapuls, Voc. ; strapils, Cath. — AS. 
strapiiUis \'oc.). 

Strate, sb. way, street, S ; see Strete. 

Stratly, adv. closely, S2 ; see Streyt. 

Straunge, adj strange, foreign, C, 
Prompt. ; strang'e, C. — AF. estrange ; Lat. 

Strannge, v. to become strange ; 
Strang'ep, pr. s., S2 ; straau^d, //., HD. 

Strawe, sb. straw, Prompt. ; stra, S, 
Cath. ; stree, C, Prompt. Comb. : strau- 
beri, strawberry, SD ; strabery, Caih. ; 
straberi-wythe, Cath. — AS. striaw,strea\ 
cp. Icel. stra, see Sievers, 250. 

Strayny, pr. s. subj. restrain, 82 ; see 



Straynes, sb. pi. escheats, goods of 
strangers dead without English-bom issue, 
and of bastards dead intestate, PP ; strey- 
ues, P. — Cp. OF. estrahicre (Godefroy . also 
estrayere (see Cotg.), Low Lat. estraeria : 
Late Lat. ex t rater ia ; cp. ex t rates ',Du- 
cange) . For the v intrusive see Parvis. 

Strecchen, v. to stretch, PP ; streke, 
H ; streccbe on, to exert one self), S2 ; 
strekis, pr. s., H ; strau;te, //. s., \V ; 
streijte, W ; streijt, S2 ; streijten, //., 
W ; strekid, H ; strekand,/r. /., S2, H ; 
strekyng', S3 ; strekid,//., H ; strabte, 
//., S ; straugbte, C. — AS. streccan, pt. 
strchtc, pp. streht. 

Stree, sb. straw, C ; see Strawe. 

Strem, sb. stream, ray, beam,S, S2, C2, 
Voc. ; streem, C. — AS. stream : Icel. 
stranmr; see Douse, p. 61. 

Stren, sb. race, progeny, HD ; streen, 
C2 ; streones, //., S. — AS. strcon, a get- 
ting, possession ,Leo). 

Strend, sb. generation, S2 ; strinds,//., 
sons, children, WA. — AS. strynd, stock, race. 

Strenen, v. to get, beget, HD ; je- 
streiiS, /r. s., S; i-streoned, //., S; i- 
striened, S.^ — AS. strionan, ge-streonan ; 
cp. OHG. {gi)strittnen, to gain (Tatian). 

Strenge, sb. string, S3, H (p. 367) ; 
strynge, Prompt. — AS. streng. 

Strengen, v. to strengthen, SD ; 
streng, imp. s., S. — AS. strangian. See 

Streng'Se, sb. strength, violence, S, S2 ; 
strencUe, S ; stren'Be, S, S2 ; strengthes, 
//., sources of strength, C2 ; strenthis, 
strong places, S3. — AS. strengdu. 

Strengthen, v. to strengthen, SD ; 
strengUetJ him, pr. s. rejlex., S ; strengb- 
ped. //. s., S2 ; //., S2 ; i-strengped, S. 

Strengthy, adj. strong; strentbie, 
JD ; strengbtbi, H. 

Strenken, v. to sprinkle, S. 

Strenkil, v. to sprinkle about, H ; 
strenkelyn. Prompt. ; strenkle, S2 ; 
strinkle, HD ; strenkUd, //., H. 

Strenkyl, sb. a sprinkling, a holy-water 
stick. Prompt.; strenkle, HD ; strinkle, 
HD ; strenncless,//., S. 

Streones, sb. pi. progeny, S; see Stren. 

Strepen, v. to strip, C2, CM ; streepe, 
C ; strupen, S. — AS. strypan (in be- 
st rypan). 

Strete, sb. way, street, PP, S ; strate, S ; 
stret, S. — AS. strit : OS. strata ; Lat. 
strata {uta); see Sievers, 17. 



Streynen, v. to draw tight, C2, W, 

\\ 2, Pi*; strayny, pr.s. sitbj., S2. — AF. 
st)\is:n- base oi slrcignaiil , pr. p. of strein- 
drc {straindrc) ; Lat. striiigere. 

Stre3rt, //• and adj. pressed tiqjhtly, 
narrow, strict, 82, C ; streite, S3, C ; 
straiglit, 83 ; strayte, //., 82 ; streyte, 
adv. closely, 82, C ; streitliclie, 82 ; 
stratly, 82 ; streatly, 83. — AF. estreit 
{est I ait ; Lat. strictiim. 

Strif, sh. strife, 8; stryf, C— AF. 
estrif: of Teutonic origin ; see below. 

Strifen, v. to strive, 82 ; stryvyn, 
Prompt. ; strof, //. s., C. — OF. estriver : 
Prov. estribar; OHG. stj-Jbhan; op. G. 
strchen; see Kluge (s. v.), and Mackel, 
Germ. Elementc. 

Strike, sb. hank of flax, C, HD. 

Striken, v. to strike, to rub, to let 
down, to advance, to move quickly, to 
flow, 82, 8kD ; stryke, PP, Palsg. ; strok, 
pt. s., PP; stroke, P, WW ; strake, 83, 
WW ; strook, Sh. ; strek, 8kD ; strike, 
//.,8; strake, 82 ; strocke, 83 ; striked, 
//., PP, WW ; striken, WW ; stricken, 
WW ; strooke, 8h. — AS. strican, pt. 
strdc (pi. stricon), pp. striccn. 

StrOgelen, v. to struggle, C3, SkD. 

Strogelynge, sb. struggling, Prompt. 

Stronde, sb. shore, strand. Prompt., 8, 
C, C3, HD. — AS. strajid. Cf. Strande. 

Stronde, sb. stream, torrent, W2 ; see 

Strange, adj. strong, hard, severe, 
Prompt., 82 ; strong', S ; strangf, 8, 82 ; 
stronge, adv.^ S, G ; strengre, comp., 8 ; 
strengere, 8, 82, W2 ; strenger, C2; 
strengeste, sttpcrl., 8; strengest, G. — 
AS. Strang, comp. strcngor, superl. strengest. 

Strook, sb. stroke, C2. See Striken. 

Stroyen, v. to destroy, PP, G, S3 ; 
struyen, P; stroy, 82, Sh. ; struen, /r. 
//., PP ; stryede,//. s., S2. — AF. destrtiy- 
base of destriiyant ., pr. p. of destJtiire ; 
Late Lat. *dest7-itgcre ; formed on Lat. 
destrnctiis, pp. oldestruere. 

Strupen, v. to strip, 8 ; see Strepen. 

Stuard, sb. steward, S ; see Sty. 

Stubbe, sb. stump, trunk, C ; stub, 

Stucche, sb. piece, 8 ; steclis, 8. — AS. 
styece : OHG. stiiki (Tatian). 

Stude, sb. place, S ; see Stede. 

Stues, sb. pi. stews, baths, brothels, P ; 
see Stewe. 

Stund, sh. time, occasion, period, in- 
stant, 8 ; see Stounde. 

Stunt, adj blunt, not shnrp, obtuse, 
foolish, SD.HD, SkD; stuntlic, adv., 
foolishly, 8D. Der. : stuntnesse, foolish- 
ness, .SD. — Cp. OSwcd. stunt, cut short. 

Sturdy, adj. obstinate, stern, cruel, 
rash. Prompt., C2 ; stordy, CM,8; stourdy, 
SD. — OF. estourdi, amazed, rash (Cotg.i, 
estor-di, pp. of esfordir; from Lat. turdiis, 
a thrush ; see Forster, ZRP, x. 84. 

Sturdynesse, sb. sternness, disobe- 
dience, l-'rompt., C2. 

Sturioun, sh. sturgeon, 82, HD. — AF. 
sturioun ; Low Lat. sturionem; from OHG. 

Sturne, Sturn-hede ; see steme. 

Sturuen, //• //. died, S; see Steruen. 

Sty, sh. path, 82, Prompt. ; stiglie, 
dot., H ; stighes, //., H ; stihes, 82 ; 
sties, 82 ; styes, H ; steghes, H. — AS. 
stio. See Stien. 

Sty, sh. sty, porcarium, Prompt. Comb. : 
sty-ward, steward, seneseallus, Prompt., 
C2, C^3 ; stiward, 8, C ; steward, PP ; 
stuward, P : stuard, 8. — AS. stigu, a sty, 
whence stigiveard. 

Styf, adj. stiff, strong, violent, PP, 82 ; 
stif, S, 82, PP; steef, W2 ; stef, PP. 
Der. : stef-hede, sturdiness, S2. — AS. stif\ 
see SkD. 

Styh, //• s. mounted, 82 ; see Stien. 
* Stynten, v. to stint, cease, pause, PP, 
82, H; stinten, C2, C3, 82, 8 ; stunten, 
PP ; stents, C2, S3 ; pt. s., C2 ; stint, 82 ; 
stynted, //., S3 ; stent, //., C. — AS. 
styntaii, to make short. See Stunt. 

Sty-rop, stirrup. Prompt. , G ; stirop, 
8, C2 ; stiroppe, 83. — AS. stig-rdp i^Voc). 
See Stien. 

Su- ; see also Sw-. 

Sua, so, as, 8, 82 ; see Swa. 

Sual, sb. swell (as of the sea), H. See 

Suank, pt. pi. toiled, 82 ; see Swinken. 

Sublymatorie, sb. vessels for subli- 
mation, C3. — Late Lat. sitblimatoriitm. 

Sublymen, v. to sublimate, C3. — Lat. 

Sublyming, sb. sublimation, C3. 

Succinis, sh. amber, 82. — From Lat. 
sneeinuin \\'oc.). 

Sudarie, sh. napkin, W ; sudary, HD. 
— Lat. siidariiim (Vulg.). 

Sudekene, sb. sub-deacon, HD. 


Sndene, sh. sub-dean, PP ; suddene,rP. 

Suein, sl>. servant, S2 ; see Sweyn. 

Snen, v. to follow, attend on, persecute, 
PP, W, \V2, S2, S3; suwen, S2, W, PP; 
sewen, PP, S2, C ; swe, S3, \V.— OF. siw-, 
pr. p. base of sivre : Late Lat. scqiure (^for 
Lat. scqui) ; see BH, § 32. 

Suencten, //. //• afflicted, S; see 

Suere, sl>. follower, W. 

Suffisauce, sl>. sufticiency, C2. — AF. 

Su£B.sant, adj. sufficient, 82, C2, C3. — 
AF. sii2)isa/it. 

Snffragane, sb. assistant, deputy, prop- 
erly of a bishop, S3. — Late l^o.i.suffraganciis. 

SufErauuce, sh. endurance, patience, 
C2 ; sofFraunce, PP ; suffrance, P. — AF. 

Suffren, v. to suffer, C2, PP; suflFri, 
S ; sofiFren, PP.— OF", siiffrir. 

STlfra3ru ; see Souereyn. 

Suget, sb. subject, H (p. 361).— AF. 
suget; \^2l\.. sttlnectum. 

Sngetin, v. to subject ; sug'etide, pt. 5., 
W ; suget, //., \V, W2. 

Sugge, 2 /;-. s. siihj. say, S ; see Seggen. 

Suggestioun, sb. criminal charge, 
reason, P, C2. — AF. suggestioun ; Lat. 

Sullieil, V. to sough, sound harsh ; su- 
hiende, pr. p. pL, S (,9. 336) ; suinde, S. — 
F'rom AS. swogan. See Swowen. 

Suik, sb. deceit, S2 ; see Swike. 

Suld, should ; see Scholde. 

Sulf, self, S ; see Self. 

Sulien, v. to bemire, to sully, SkD, SD : 
y-siQed, //., S3. — AS. sylian : OHG. 
sitlian (in In-sttlian^, see Grein, p. 95 ; cp. 
AS. sol, mire (Voc). 

Sullen, V. to sell, S, 82 ; see Sellen. 

Suller, sh. seller, 82 ; see Seller. 

Sulliche, nJv. strangely, 8 ; see Sellich. 

Suluer, sb. silver, 82 ; see Siluer. 

Sul^art, (idj. (perhaps) bright, shining, 
S3. — ;,Cf. Gael, soillcir, bright, shining, 
O.Irish solhis, bright.— W.W.S.) 

Sul^e, sb. soil, earth, S3 ; soyle. Prompt- 
Comb. : sule erthe, soil. Prompt. — AF. 
soyl ; Late Lat. solca used for Lat. solum, 
ground, see Ducange. 

Sum, adj. a.TiA pron. some, a certain one, 
S ; zom, S2 ; sumere, dat., S ; sume,//., 
S. Comb. : sume we, some of us, 8 ; alle 



and some, one and all, S2 ; stim. .... sum, 
one .... one, S ; siun-cliere, some time, S ; 
sumdel, something, S, .S2 ; somdel, 82, 
C2 ; sumdeale, S3 ; siimdeill, S3 ; sum.- 
deel, W2 ; some dele, P; sumhwet, 
somewhat, .S ; somwat, S2 ; snmme- 
hwile, for some time, S ; siimewile, some- 
times, S ; sumwile, formerly, S ; som.tym, 
sometimes, C3 ; summes-weis, in some 
wise, S. 

SvLTa.,co} Comb. : swasTimm,soas,S. 

Sumer, sb. summer, 8 ; see Somer. 

Suiuundis, pr. s. summonses, H ; see 

Sund, adj. sound, S ; sound, PP. — AS. 
{gosuiid; cp. OHG. .^--/-J^w/ (Otfrid). 

Sunder, adv. apart; sonder, 82. Comb.: 
sunder-bleo, diverse colour, -SD ; sunder- 
halje, Pharisee, SD ; sunder-liche, sepa- 
rately, S ; sundirly, severally, H ; sun- 
der-lipes, sevemlly, SD; snnder-lepes, S; 
sunder-ling-, separately, SD. JJcr. : sun- 
dren, to separate, S; i-sundred, //., S; 
sundri, separate, 8; sondry, C2. 

Sunegen, v. to sin, S ; sinegen, S ; 
sung-i«, //., 8 ; sunegeden, pt. pi., 8 ; 
sinegeden, 8 ; senejden, S ; senejeden, 
8 ; sineg°ed, //., 8 ; i-suneged, 8. — AS. 
syngian ; cp. Icel. syndga. 

Sunen, v. to sound, fe ; see Sounen. 

Sungen, pt. pi. sang, S ; see Syngen. 

Sunne, sh. sun, 8. 82 ; see Sonne. 

Sunne, sb. sin, 8, S2, PP ; senne, S; 
sinne, S ; synne, PP ; zenne, 82 ; sunnen, 
//., S ; sennenn, S ; sinne, 8 ; zennen, 
S2. Comb.: sun-toend, sin-bond, S; 
sinne-bendes, //., S ; sun-bote, penance, 
S ; sinbote, 8 ; sunful, sinful, S ; sen- 
fuUe, 8 ; sinfule, 8.— AS. syim : OS. 
siindea ; cp. OHG. swita (Tatian). 

Suor, //. t. of Sweren, q. v. 

Sup, V. to sup, drink gradual!)', eat 
supper, S3; soop, //. s., W ; sopun, //., 
W ; sope, \V.— AS. siipau, pt. scap ^pl. 
S2ipon\, pp. sopcn. Cf. Soupen. 

Superfine, adj. superfluous, HD ; 
superfluli, adv., W2. — OF. stipe rjlu 
(Cotg.); Lat supcrjliium. 

Supplement, sb. new piece, patch, 82. 
— Lat. supplcnientum. 

Supposinge, sb. supposition, C2. 

SuppOSS, i^onj. supposing, although, 83. 

Supprioure, sh. sub-prior, p. 

Sur, sb. shower ; sures, //., 8 ; see 




Sur, adj. sour, S ; see Sour. 
Sure, adj. sure, PP.— AF. sciir; Lat. 

Suren, z'. to give security to, PP. S3. 

Surety, sb. surety; seurtee, C3, S2 ; 
seurte, C ; souerte, S3. — AF. sciirtc ; 
Lat. sccu) itatcni. 

Surfait, sh. surfeit, excess, P; surfet, 
PP. — AF. surfait, surfet, outrage, annoy- 

Surplys, sh. surplice, Qi.—OY.surpUs ; 
Late Lat. sKpcrpclliccum. 

Surquidry, sh. pride, arrogance, WA ; 
surquedry, ND, Spenser 2 ; surquidrie, 
CM ; succudry, B. — OF. stircuidcrie, from 
stirtuider; Lat. super + cogitarc, to tliink. 

Surry e, sb. Syria, S2. 

Surryen, adj. Syrian, S2. 

Suspect, sh. suspicion, C2, HD. — Late 
Lat. suspect us, suspicion (Ducange). 

Suspect, adj. open to suspicion, C2. — 
Lat. suspeetus, pp. of sitspieere, to suspect. 

Sustene, "o. to sustain, C2 ; susteene, 
C3 ; susteyne, PP ; sustened, pp., C2 ; 
i-susteiued, S2 ; i-sousteined, S2. — AF. 
sus teller, OF. sostenir ; Lat. sustiiiere. 

Suster, sh. sister, S, C2, C3, PP; soster, 
82 ; sustre, P ; sustreu, //., S, P ; sos- 
tren, S2 ; zostren, S2 ; sistren, C ; 
sistris, W. — AS. s-wuster, siceostor; cp. 
Goth, swistar (Icel. systir), cognate with 
Lat. soror (for *sosor), Skt. svasr. On the 
Teutonic intrusive t see Douse, p. 61. 

Sute, sb. suit of clothes, clothing of 
human flesh, also train, suite, PP, Cath., 
Prompt. — AF. suyte ; from suivre, sivre, to 
follow. See Snen. 

Sutel, adj. manifest, SD ; suteliclie, 
adv. plainly, S. — AS. sweotol {swutol), see 
GET; from sweat, an assembly; cp. Icel. 

Suteli, adv. subtly, W ; see Sotyle. 

Sutelin, v. to be manifest, S. — AS. 
{ge sxveotulian. 

Su'S, adj. south, S ; see Sowthe. 

Su]}e, adv. very, S ; see Swithe. 

Su])])e, afterwards, since, S, S2 ; see 

Suthroun,rt<i^'. southern, S3; seeSowth- 

Suuu, sb. a swoon, S2 ; see Swowue. 

Suwed, //. followed, S2 ; see Suen. 

Swa, adv. and conj. so, as, S, S2 ; swo, 
S ; sa, S, S2 ; so^ S, S2 ; se, S ; sua, S, S2 ; 

zuo, S2. Comb. : se-fotV, so far, S; so- 
gat, in such a way, S2. — AS. szad. 

Swage, ^'- to assuage, diminish, W, W2, 
II. S3. See Aswagen. 

Swaliden, pt. pi. dried up, W ; see 

Swamish, adj. timorous, inaiidaeulus, 
Manip. See Sweem. 

Swappe, sh. a stroke, HD. 

Swappen, v. to strike, slash, to fall 
suddenly, C2 ; swap, //;//. s., C3 ; swapte, 
pt. s., C2 ; //., S3. 

Swarde, sh. covering, skin, turfy surface, 
sward, Prompt.; swarth, Cath. {>i. p. 373); 
swarthe, HD ; swart, HD ; sweard, HD. 
Der. : swardit. //., grass-covered, S3. — 
AvS. sweard, skin (Voc ) ; cp. Icel. svordr 
(base svarSa-), skin of the head, also the 
sward, surface of the earth. 

Sware, adj. square, S2 ; see Sqware. 

Swart, adj. black, S, HD ; swarte, S. 
— AS. sweart: OS. swart; cp. OHG. 
suarz (Tatian). 

Swarve, v. to swerve, S3 ; see Sweruen. 

Swat ; see Swot. 

Swatte, Swat ; see Sweten. 

Swe, v.Xo follow, S3 ; see Suen. 

Sweande ; see Sweyen. 

Sweem, sb. a swoon, trance, grief, 
Prompt., SkD (s.v. sqiieamisli) ; sweaxn, 
' subita aegrotatio,' SkD ; swaim. Prompt. 
(«) ; swem, S ; sweme, SkD, HD ; sume, 
S2. — Icel. sveiinr, a bustle, stir. 

Sweigh, sb. sway, motion, S2, C3. See 

Swele, V. to wash, S2 ; see Swilien. 

Sweleu, V. to sweal, to waste away 
under the action of fire, SkD,Trevisa, 3. 325 ; 
swale, HD ; swaliden, pt. pi., dried up, 
\V. — AS. swelan ; from swot, heat (GET). 

Swellen, v. to swell ; swal, pt. s., S, 
S2, C2, PP ; swollen, //., C2.— AS. 
swellan, pt. sweall, pp. swollen. 

Swelten, v. to faint, to die, PP ; swalt, 
//. s., SD ; swulten,//., SD ; swelte, pt. 
s. {weak", C, HD. — AS. j-wZ/a;/, to die, pt. 
sweat t (pi. swultojt) ; cp. Icel. svelta. 

Swelten, v. to destroy, to cause to 
perish, S2 ; swelt, //., SD. — Icel. svelta, to 
put to death (causal of the above'. 

Swelth., sh. offscouring, fillh, S3, HD, 
ND. See Swilian. 

Swelwen, v. to swallow, C2 ; see 

Swem, sb. a grief, S ; see Sweem. 


Swenchen, v- to distress, afflict, S ; 
suencten. //.//., S ; i-sweclite, //., S. — 
AS. s'iuoican ^^causal of swincan). See 

Sweore, sl>. neck, S ; see Swere. 

Sweote, (jJJ sweet, S ; see Swete. 

Swep, sb. drift, meaning, S. See Swopen. 

Swepe, sb. whip, SD ; swepen, //., S ; 
STvupen, S ; swepes, S. 

Swepen, ''■ to sweep, SkD ; y-sweped, 
//., C3. See Swopen. 

Swerde, sb. sword, Prompt., PP; swerd, 
PP, S, C2 ; sweord, S; suerd. S, S2 ; 
zuord, S2. — AS. sweord: OS. s-wcrd; cp. 
OHG. swcrt i^Tatian). 

Swere, sb. neck, S ; sweere, G ; see 

Sweren, v. to swear, S, S2, C2 ; swe- 
rien, S ; sueren, .S ; swor, pt. s.,'6: suor, 
S, S2 ; sware, S2 ; sweren. //., S ; 
sworen, S, C2 ; suoren, S ; snore, S2 ; 
sworen,//., S ; swore, C2, G : y-swore, 
S2, C2 ; i-snore, S2. — AS. swcrian, pt. 
S7i'0r, pp. sworen. 

Swering, sh. swearing, C3. 

Sweruen, v. to swerve, SkD ; swarve, 
S3 ; suaruing', /r. /. , S3 ; swarued, //., 
S3. — AS. sweorfan, to rub, pt. swear/, pp. 

Swete, adj. sweet, S, C ; sweote, S 
suete, S, S2 ; suote, S2 ; sote, C2, C3 
swete, adv., S ; swote, S, C ; soote, S3 
soot, S3; swettere, comp., W2 : swete- 
liche, adv. . sweetly, S ; swetlike, S ; swet- 
terly, co7Jip. more sweetly, H. Der. : 
swetnesse, sweetness, S ; swotnesse, S. — 
AS. swete : OS. switi ; cp. OHG. suozi 

Sweten, v. to make sweet, S. — AS. 

Sweten, v. to sweat, S, P ; swatte, //. 
J., S, C2, C3, W2 ; swattes, 2 //. s., S ; 
swat,//., S3. — AS. switan, pt. swixite. See 

Sweuen, sb. dream, S, C2 ; swenene, 
S, S2. P, W ; swefnes, //., S. — AS. swefeti : 
OS. sweban. 

Sweuenen, v. to dream, SD. 

Sweuening, sb. dreaming, S, S2. 

Swenien, v. to send to sleep ; swene?, 
pr. s.. S. — Icel. svefja, to lull to sleep. 

Sweyen, v. to sway, to go, walk, pass, 
SkD, HD ; sweijen, SD ; swe3en, SkD ; 
sweande, pr. p., S2 ; swe, pr. pi., S2 ; 
seyed, //., S2. — Cp. Swed. rviga, to bend. 



Sweyen, v. to sound, PP ; sweien, S. 

— AS. swegan (causal of swogan). See 

Sweyne, sb. servant, armigcr, Prompt., 
S ; swayn, C2, G ; swein, S; sueyn, S ; 
suein, S2. — Icel. sveinn, a boy, lad, ser- 
vant ; cp. AS. iwdii. 

Swi*, prefix, silent. Comb. : swi-dages, 
still days, days of silence, S ; swi-messe, 
the Canon of the Mas'^, the silent Mass, 
S ; swi-wike, the still week, SD. — AS. 
S7i)ige. silence. 

Swien, v. to be silent ; swigfe'5, pr. s., 
S ; swiede, //. s., S. — AS. swlan, S7vigian ; 
cp. OHG. sitiigi'ti ^Tatian). 

Swiere, sb. neck, S ; see Swire. 

Swike, sb. traitor, deceiver, S ; snikes, 
//., S. — AS. sti'iea. 

Swike, sb. mouse-trap, S ; swyke, Voc. ; 
snik, deceit, S2. — AS. swice, 'scandalum' 

Swike, adj. deceitful, SD. Comb. : 
swikedom, treachery, S, S2 ; snikedom, 
S2 ; swicfal, treacherous, S ; swikfall, 
H.— AS. sivice. 

Swikel, adj. treacherous, S, H ; sikil, 
H ; swikilly, adv., H. Comb. : swikel- 
dom, treachery, S; swikeldome, S2 ; 
swikelhede, treacher}', S ; swikelede, S ; 
suikelhede, S2. — AS. s'uncol. 

Swiken, v. to cease, fail, deceive, S ; 
swyken, H ; snyken, pt. pi., S. — AS. 
swican. pt. swdc (pi. swicon' , pp. siviccn. 

Swilien, v. to wash, SkD ; swele, S2. 
— AS. swilian. 

Swilk, adj. such, H, .S ; see Swyche. 

Swin, sb. pig, porcus, SD ; swyne, V"oc. ; 
//.. S. — AS. swin. 

Swinden, v. to perish, dwindle away, S ; 
swynde, S. — AS. swindan, pt. swand (pi. 
swundon^, pp. swunden. 

Swing, sb. bias, inclination, sway, HD ; 
free course of behaviour, S3 ; swinge, 
sway, S3. 

Swingen, v. to swing, beat, whip, 
scourge ; swyng-en, H ; swnjigen, //., .S ; 
swongen, H ; swongyn, H. — P^'a.swingan, 
pt. szvang pi. swungon), pp. szvungeii. 

Swink, sb. toil, S, C3; swynk, S2 ; 
swine. S ; suinc, S ; swinch, S ; swnnche, 
S. — AS. {ge)swinc. 

Swinken, !»• to toil, S, C3,ND;swynke, 
S2, C; swincke, S3; swanc, //. s., S; 
swonc, S; swunken, //., S; swouken, 
S2 ; snank, S2. — AS. swituan, pt. swanc 
(pi. ru.'uncon), pp. swuncen. 



Swinkere, si>. labourer, C. 

Swlppen, V. to move violently ; swipte, 
//. .f., tossed, S. — AS. s'vipian. 

Swire, jV'. neck, CM ; swyre, S2, IID ; 
sweore. S ; swere, S ; sweere, G ; swicre 
S ; swyer, HD. — AS. swcora. 

Swirk, V. to dart swiftly away, S3. 

Swirk, sh. a jerk, a blow, HD. 

Switlie, adv. very, greatly, much, quick- 
ly, S, S2, P, W, G ; swytlie, S, S2, C3 ; 
swiitSe, 8 : suiSe, S, S2 ; suylSe, 8,82; 
supe, S ; swith, S2 ; swi^eliclie, exceed- 
ingly, S. — AS. S7u!dc, adv. from swi'Q, 
Strong : Goth, suniiths. 

SwicSeu, V. to scorch, burn, SD; swidetJ, 
//-. s., S. — Icel. sviSa. 

SwO, so, as, S ; see Swa. 

Swogh., sb. a swoon ; see Swougli. 

Swolowe, sb. gulf, \V2. 

Swolowen, v. to swallow, W2 ; swol- 
wen, C3 ; swelwen, C2, Prompt. ; swol- 
len, //.,S; i-swolje, S; swolewid, //. .f . 
weak, W2. — From AS. swelgan, pt. stucalh 
(pi. siviilgoii), pp. swolgen. 

Swongen,//. beaten, H ; see Swin^eu. 

Swonken, //. //. toiled (to get), S2 ; 
see Swinken. 

Swopen, "V- to sweep, cleanse, S2, PP, 
HU, SkD (,s.v. szaoop). — AS. swdpan, pt. 
sweep, pp. swdpen. 

Swor, pf- t. of Sweren, q. v. 

Swot, sb. sweat, PP, W ; swat, S ; 
swote, daf., C3. — AS. szudt. 

Swote, adj. sweet, S, C ; see Swete. 

SwOUCh., v. to make a rustling sound, 
S3. — AS. s'luogan. See Swowen. 

SwOUgh, sb. the sound of the wind, a 
sighing, swoon, C, C2, CM, HD ; swogh, 
S3, HD ; swowe, S2, HD. See above. 

Swowe, sb. swoon, S2 ; see Swoug'li. 

Swowen, 'V. to faint, swoon, PP ; i- 
swoje, //., S ; y-swo5e, S. — AS. swogati. 
to make a noise like the wind, to sough, 
sigh. Cf. Swouch, Swough, Suhien. 

Swowne, sb. swoon ; sowne, S3 ; suun, 
S2 ; swownde, HD ; sound, S3. 

Swownen, v. to swoon, C, C2, C3, 

Prompt., Catli. ; swoune, PP. 

Swunclie, sb. toil, S ; see Swink. 

Swungen, //. beaten, scourged, S ; 
see Swingen. 

Swunken, //. //. worked, toiled, S ; 
see Swinken. 

Swupen, //. whips, scourges, S; see 

SwutJe, adv. very, quickly, S ; see 

Swyche, adj. such, PP, S2 ; swiche, S, 
C2, Pi* ; switch, S ; suich, S2 ; soche, S ; 
zuyche, S2 ; siche, W ; swice, S; 
swvilche, S ; swilch, S ; swulc, S ; swilc, 
S ; swilk, H, S ; suilc, S ; suilk, S, S2 ; 
silc, S2 ; sike, S3. — AS. swilc { = swd + 

Swymbel, sb. a giddy motion, C.—Cp. 
Dan. sviinmel, giddiness. 

Swyme, sb. dizziness, vertigo, HD 
(s. V. swime), SkD (s. v. siviin, 2) ; swym, 
SkD. — AS. sw ma ; see SkD (s.v. squeam- 

Sy, sb. victory, S ; see Sije. 

Syde, adj. and adv. wide, long, far, 
Cath. ; side, S, PP, S2, Colg. (s.v. roboii) ; 
syd. Prompt, (w) ; syyd, Prompt. ; cyyd. 
Prompt. ; sydder, coinp., P. — AS. sid, 
wide, side, far. 

Syen, pt- pi. saw ; see Seon. 

Syke, sb. sigh, C ; syk, C2 ; seych, S3. 

Sykeu, v. to sigh, C, C3, PP ; siken, S, 
S2, PP; syg-hte, //. s., C3 ; sicht, S3; 
sykede, PP ; syked, C2 ; sijede, S3. — AS. 
si can. 

Syment, sb. cement, MD ; cyment, 
MD. — OF. ciment; Lat. caenicntum; see 
BH, § 39. 

Syniented, //. cemented, S2. 

Syniulacris, sb. pi. images, idols, W ; 
simylacris, W ; symelacris, W. — Lat. 
siiinilacrtim (Vulg.). 

Syn, since, S2, S3; see SiUSen. 

Synewe, sb. sinew. Prompt. ; synow, 
Voc. ; synoghe, S2. — AS. sinu (gen. 
sin-oe^, see Sievers, 259. 

Syng, sb. sign, S3 ; singne, W ; sygne, 
PP ; signe, PP. — AF. signe ; Lat. sigmim. 

Syngabil, things to sing ( = Lat. 
cantabiles , H. 

Syngen, v. to sing, PP ; singen, S ; 
song, //. s., S, S3, C2 ; //., S3 ; songe, 
S3 ; sungen,//., S ; sunge,//., S; songe, 
C2. — AS. siiigan. 

Synguler, adj. sole, alone, excelling 
all, PP ; singuler, S2, C3, W2 ; relating 
to one person , S3 ; singulare, individual, S3 ; 
syngulerli, only, W2. — Lat. singularis. 

Synnainoiue, sb. cinnamon, S3 ; cyna- 
ttionie, MD ; synamome, MD : synamon, 
MD. — OF. cinamome; Lat. cinnamomiim 
(Vulg. ; Gr. Kivaficcfxov ; Heb. qituidtnon. 


S3ril0pyT, sb. a pigment of reddish and 
greenish colour, Prompt. ; synopar, S3 ; 
cynoper, MD ; cinoper, ND ; cynope, 
green, in heraldry, SkD ,s.v. siiiople). — Cp. 
OF. sivople, green colour in blazon (Cotg. , 
also sinope ; Late Lat. sinopidem, red ochre ; 
from Gr. CTn-airis, a red earth ; from 'S.arwvi], 
Sinope, a port on the Black Sea. 

Syon, sh. scion, a cutting for grafting, a 
young shoot, S3, Palsg. ; cynn. Prompt. ; 
cion, SkD ; sionn, SD ; siouns, //., 
branches ( = Lat./a///»Vt j), W2. — OF. cion. 



Syrnpe, sh. syrup, Cath. ; sirop, SkD ; 
soryp, Prompt. ; seroppes, //. syrups, S3. 
— OF. syrop (^Cotg.) ; Arab, shwab, syrup, 
a beverage. 

Sythe, sb. scythe, PP, Voc, Prompt.; 
sitlie, P. — AS. si6e (^Voc), si gdi 'sOKl)\ 
cp. Icel. sigbr. 

Syne, sb. sieve, C3, Prompt. — AS. sife 
Voc.}, sibi ^OET), see Sievers, 262. 
Sy^en, //. //. saw ; see Seon. 
Sy3t, sb. sight, S2 ; see Sighte. 

Ta-, Te-. 

Ta, "'■ to take, S2, S3 ; see Take. 

Taa. Cottib. : the taa, the one, HD. 

Taa, sb. toe, S2 ; see Too. 

Tabard, sb. a short coat or mantle, 
usually sleeveless, formerly worn by plough- 
men, noblemen, and heralds, now bv heralds 
only, HD, SkD, C ; tabart, S2, PP ; tato- 
arde,PP,Voc.;tabbard,("^//t'/'/«w, Prompt.; 
taberd, Voc. ; taberde, Voc. ; tabare, 
Voc. — OF. tabard, tabart, also tabarre 
(Cotg.) ; cp. It. tabarro. 

Tabarder, sb. a name for scholars at 
Queen's College, Oxford, ND. 

Tabernacle, sb. a place in which some 
holy thing is deposited, WA; tabernacles, 
pi., niches of a lofiy cross, S3 ; ornamental 
niches, HD ; shrines, S3 (i. 181). — Lat. 
tabernaculum (Vulg.) ; cp. OF. tabernacle 

Table, sb. in palmistry, a space between 
certain lines on the hand, HD; tables,//., 
a game, now called backgammon, C^L See 

Tabonr, sb. a small drum, SkD ; tabur, 
\VA ; taber, Voc. — OF. tabor, thabonr. 

Tabnme, sb. a drum, tympaniitn, WA, 
Voc, Caih. : tabum, H. 

Tabnrner, sb. a player on the tabor, 
iimpanista, Cath.; taibevnex ,tiinpanizator, 

Tabnmystir, sb. female tabor player 

( = tyiiipdiiistria , H. 

Tacbe, sb. a mark, sign, quality, stain, 
blemish, fault, HD ; tacche, HD; tacches, 
//., PP ; tacchis, HD ; teches, S2. Dcr. : 

tached, //., tainted, stained ; tachyd, PP. 

— OF. taclu, teche, and OF. tocher, to spot, 

to stain. 

Taclie, sb. a clasp, brooch, yf^///i2, Cath. 
(;/ , \'oc. Cf. Takke. 

Tachen, J'. to fasten, Cath. (?;). Cf. 

Tacne, sb. token, S ; see Tokne. 

Tacnen, v. to betoken, S ; takened,//., 
S2 — AS. {gc)tdcnian. 

Tade, sb. toad, bufo, Voc, Cath., S2 ; 
tadde, S. Comb. : tadde-chese, tiibcra, 
Voc. ; tadde-pol, brucits, Voc. ; tadpolle, 
Itivtbnctis, Voc. ; tade-stole. boletus, fun- 
gus, Cath. — Cp. AS. tddige Jddie). 

Taffata, sb. a thin glossy silk stuff, C, 
WA, Cotg.; tafata, Palsg. ; tafFaty, HD. 
— Low Lat. taffata (Ducange); cp. OF. 
taffetas (^Cotg.). 

Tahte, Tagte, //• s. of Techen. 

Tai, they, S ; see pei. 

Taille, sb. a tally, an account scored on 
a piece of wood, C, P ; taile, CM, P ; 
tayle, Cath., Prompt. ; taly. Prompt. — OF. 
taille, a cut, a notch, a tally (Cotg.), from 
taillcr, to cut. 

Taillonr, J"/', tailor, S2, PP ; tayle;our, 
Voc. ; tayl;or, Voc ; tay lours, PP. — AF. 
taillour. See above. 

Takel, sb. implement, tackle, arrow, C, 
SkD ; tacle, Prompt. ; takil, B. Dcr. : 
takild, //., caught, seized, H. — Cp. Du. 

Taken, v. to take, to deliver, )-ield up, 
hand over, to hit, reflex., to betake oneself, 
S, S2, S3, G, PP, "\V ; tsBcen, S ; ta, S2, 
S3, B ; toe, pt. s., S : tok, S, S2 ; tnk, S3 ; 
toke, 2 //. s., S ; token, //., S, W2 ; taken, 
//., S3 ; take, S2,C, C2 ; y-take, S2, C2 ; 
i-take, S ; tane, S2, S3 ; tan, S2. /'///-.: 
taken with, to endure, accept, S ; taken 



to, to take to, S (s. v. /ok) ; taken kepe, to 
take heed, C2 ; taken tome, to vacate, H. 
— Iccl. taka. 

Taken, sl>. token, S2 ; see Tokne. 

Taking, sl>. snare; takyngr, W2. 

Takke, sh. button, clasp. Prompt. Cf. 

Takken, v. to fasten, to sew together, 
Prompt. Cf. Tachen. 

Takning, sb. signification, S2 ; see 

Tal, "'^. seemly. Prompt. 

Talde, pf- s. of Tellen. 

Tale, sl>. account, reckoning, tale, narra- 
tive, talk, the gospel narrative, S, S2, C2, 
PP. Comb. : tale-tellotir, tale-bearer, PP; 
tale-wys, slanderous, PP ; tal-wis, PP. — 
AS. /a/it, ' numerus, narratio'; cp. OHG. 
za/a ' numerus ' (Tatian). 

Talen, v. to speak, C, S2. — AS. talian, 
to reckon (^Grein). 

Talent, sb. desire, inclination, appetite, 
B, Prompt., C3, HD.— OF. talent, desire 
(BH) ; Late Lat. talentum (Ducange). 

Talvace, i''^'. a kind of buckler or shield, 
HD; talvas, HD.— OF. talevas, talvas 
(iJucange\ also tallevas (Cotg. ) ; cp. Low 
Lat. talavaciiis (Ducange). 

Talyage, sb. a taxing, Prompt, (s. v. 
taike); tallag°e, flavour, S3; talage, HD. 
— Low Lat. talliaghitn, a taxing, testing 
put lie weights and measures yDucange). 

Tan,//, taken, S2 ; see Take. 

Tancrit, adj. transcribed; tancrete, S3. 
— OF. tancrit ; Lat. tj-anscriptiim (Du- 

Tang, sb. sea-weed, SkD, JD. Comb. : 
tang-fish, the seal, JD. — led. J>ang. 

Tangle, sb. sea-weed, HD, JD.— Icel. 

Tangle, v. to twist confusedly; tangell, 
Palsg. ; tangild, //., ensnared, H (p. 149). 

Tapecer, sb. a maker of tapestry. 
Prompt. ; tapicer, C ; tapesere. Prompt. 
— OF. tapissicr, from tapis, tapiz ; Late Gr. 
TaTTiTiov, for TanrjTtov. Cf. Tapet. 

Tapecerye, sb. tapestry, HD. — OF. 

Tapet, sb. cloth, hangings, tapestry. 
Prompt., ND ; tappet, HD ; tapite, S3 ; 
tapyt, Voc. ; tapett, Cath. ; tapetis, //. 
( = Lat. tapctes), W2 ; tapites, HD; ta- 
pets, S3. Der. : tapiter, a maker of 
tapestry, HD. — Lat. tapete, from Gr. tottt;- 
riQV. Cf. Tapecer. 


Tapinage, sb. secret sculking, HD. — 
OF. tapinage (Ducange) ; cp. tapir, to hide 


Tapissynge, sb. hangings, H. 

Tappe, sb. a tap, dipsidra. Prompt. ; 
teppe, SD. Comb. : tap-tre, dipsidra, 
HD, Cath. 

Tappestere, sb. a female tapster, C; 
tapstare, propi/iaria, Prompt. 

Tarette, sb. ship of heavy burden, S2. 
— Low Lat. tarcta, also tarida (Ducange) ; 
cp. OF. taride. 

Targe, sb. a charter. Prompt. 

Targe, sb. a small shield, C, S2, Voc. — 
OF. targe (BH) ; cp. targue (Cotg.). 

Target, sb. a small targe, Prompt. ; 
targett, Voc. ; tergate, S3 ; targattes, 
//., SkD. — Low Lat. targcta ; cp. It. tar- 
ghctta (Florio). 

Tarien, v. to delay, to hinder, C2 ; to 
tarry, W2, S3 ; see Terien. 

Tarne, sb. a girl, HD.— Icel. perna ; cp. 
OHG. thiarna (Otfrid) ; see Kluge (s. v. 
dime). See perne. 

Tarne, sb. a tam ; see Terne. 

Tas, sb. heap, C ; taas, C ; tasse. 
Prompt., HD.— OF. tas, stack, heap (BH) ; 
cp. Du. tas. Low Lat. tassis (Voc), tassus 

Taske, sb. a taxing. Prompt. ; a task, 
HD, Palsg. — Cp. Late Lat. tasca for taxa, 
a tax. See Taxen. 

Tasker, sb. a thrasher, Voc, HD ; 
taskar, B; taskur, Bardsley. 

Tassel, sb. male hawk ; see Tercel. 

Tast, sb. taste, S3, PP ; taast. Prompt. 

Tasten, v. to feel, touch, kiss, taste, 
C3, PP ; taasten. Prompt. ; tast, pt. s., 
probed, HD. — OF. taster, to feel by touch, 
to taste (F. tdter) ; Late Lat. *taxitare, 
frequent, of Lat. taxarc, to handle. 

Tatter, a shred, loose-hanging rag, a 
ragged person, ND, SkD ; totters, //., 
rags, Sh. Der. : tatered, adj., jagged, S3. 
— Icel. totttirr (for tblttirr), totiirr. 

Tauny, adj. tawny, P ; tanny. Prompt. 
— AF. taune, OF. tanne, tawny, tanned, pp. 
of tatier, to tan (BH). 

Tavel, sb. the game of ' tables,' back- 
gammon, SD. Comb. : tsevel-tored, back- 
gammon-board, SD. — AS. ta:/ei, 'alea' 
(Voc.) ; Lat. tabu/a. See Table. 

Tavelen, v. to play at ' tables,' S. 

Taveme, .r;^. an inn. Prompt., Voc. — 
AF. taveme ; Lat. taberna. 


Tavemer, sl>. inn-keeper, C2, HD, P, 
Voc. ; tavemere, Prompt. — AF. tavemer ; 
Late Lat. tabcrnariuni. 

Tawen, v. to prepare leather, SkD ; 
tewen, Prompt. ; taw, to dress hemp, 
HD; tawed, //., hardened with labour, 
S3 ; i-tauwed, S. — AS. tazoian, to pre- 
pare, dress leather, to scourge. 

Tawer, sl>. a tanner, SD, SkD. 

Tawnen, v. to shew, S ; taunede,//. s., 
SD.— Cp. ODu. toonen and MHG. zoumn 
for zougcncn, from OHG. zougjan for az- 
ougjan i^see Lexer) ; cp. AS. at-ywan. See 

Taxen, v. to tax, SkD, PP.— AF. taxer; 
Lat. taxare. 

Taxoore, sh. a taxer, P. 

Tayl, sb. tail, a retinue, train of follow- 
ers, S2, C2, PP ; taile, S2, PP ; tayle, 
Cath.— AS. tagl : Goth, tagl, hair. 

Tayt, adj. glad, cheerful, brisk, S3 ; 
teyte,//., HD.— Icel. tcitr. 

Te-, prefix ; same as To- (2). 

Teald, //■ of Tellen. 

Teares, //- tears, S ; see Tere. 

Techen, v- to teach, S, C2, S2 ; teachen, 
S ; tache, S ; tahte, //. s., S ; taihte, S ; 
tagte, S ; tahtes, 2 //. j-., S ; tehten, //., 
S ; taucht,//., S3 ; y-tajt, S2 ; y-taught, 
C2.— -A-S. tican, pt. tihtc, pp. ioiht., sb. pi. marks, signs, S2 ; see 

Teer, sb. tear, C2 ; see Tere. 

Teise, sb. a fathom, HD. — AF. teise 
(OF. toise) ; Late Lat. tensa. Cf Teyse. 

Tei^en, v. to tie, bmd, S2 ; see Ti;en. 

Teld, sb. a covering, tent, SkD (s.v. tilf) ; 
telde, S2, HD; telte. Prompt.; tilde, 
PP (p. 779). — AS. {ge)teld, a tent; cp. Icel. 

Telden, v. to pitch a tent, to erect a 
building, to dwell, PP ; tilden, S3 ; tilde, 
pt. s., PP ; tulde, PP; telt, HD ; teldit, 
//., PP ; tyld, S3. 

Tele, sb. sorcery, magic, HD. 

TeleiljZ'. to reprove, to scoff at, S; tselen, 
S. — ONorth. /^/<z« Luke 7. 30), AS. /«/««, 
to blame, from tdlu, ' calumnia' (Grein). 

Telle, V. to till, cultivate, PP ; see 

Telinge, sb. husbandry, culture, study, 

practice of magic; telynge, HD ; tuly- 

inge, PP ; teolnnges, //., S. — AS. teohmg, 

tilling, tilling, culture, study. 
Tellen, v. to tell, count, esteem, S; S2 ; 



telst, 2pr. s., S ; X&'&,pr. s., S, S2 ; tellns, 
pi., S2 ; talde, //. J., S ; tolde, S2, PP ; 
telld, S2 ; tolden, //., S ; talden to, ac- 
counted, S ; telden, W ; teald, //., S ; 
talde, S2 ; ytold, C2, S2 ; i-told, S ; told, 
S2. — AS. tellan, pt. tealde, pp. ge- teald. See 

Teme, sb. theme, subject, text, PP ; 
teeme, S2, PP. — OF. theme; Lat. thema ; 
Gr. OifM. 

Teme, 'v. to tame, H ; temyd, //., H. — 
AS. ternian (Voc.) : Goth. {ga)ta»ijan. 

Temen, v. to bring forward as witness, 
S. — AS. timan, tyman (Schmid, from 
team, a summoning for warranty (Schmid i. 

Temen, v. to make empty, to pour out, 
HD, Prompt., Cath., H ; ttuue, JD ; teym, 
JD. — Icel. tccma, to empty ; from tomr, 
empty. See Tome. 

Temp, V. to tempt, H ; tent, to probe, 
Sh.; temped,//., HD.— OF. tempter-^. 
tenter'^) ; Lat. tentare. 

Temporal, adj. lasting but for a short 
time, S2. — OF. temporel; Lat. temporalem 

Temporalite, sb. temporal power, PP ; 
temperaltes, temporalities, PP. — AF. tem- 

Tempre, v. to temper, moderate, re- 
strain, PP, C2 ; temperid,//., directed, W 2 ; 
tempred, fitted, attuned, S2, PP.— OF. 
temprer (F. tremper) ; Lat. temperare. 

Tempre, adj. tempered, modified, tem- 
perate, H. — OF. tetnpre. 

Ten, V. to draw, pull, train, also to go, 
mount, reflex, to conduct oneself, S ; teon, 
S; tuen, HD ; te, HD ; te«, /r. s., S; 
tnhen,//. //.,S; i-t03en,//., S ; i-tohen, 
S. Comb. : ful-itohe, badly trained, S. — 
AS. tion, pt. teah (pi. ttigon], pp. togen: 
Goth, tiiihan ; cp. Lat. ducere ; see Brug- 
mann, § 65. 

Tend, adj. ord. tenth, S2, B ; tende, HD. 

Tende, sb. a tenth, HD ; teind, tithe, 
S3; tendis, //., H. — Icel. tiund, a tenth. 

Tende, v. to tithe, Cath. 

Tenden, v. to kindle, set fire to, S2,W ; 
teenden, W ; tind, HD ; tendeden, //.//., 
PP ; tenden, PP ; tendyn, PP ; tende, S2 ; 
y-tend.//., S2. — AS. tendan (in oii-teiidan): 
Goth, tandjan, causal of *tindan, to burn. 

Tene, sb. grief, vexation, injury, S, S2, 
S3, PP, B ; teene, PP ; teone, S, S2, PP; 
teyne, B; tyene, S2. — AS. teona. 

Tenen, v. to vex, trouble, injure, PP ; 
teene, PP ; teonen, PP. — AS. tynan. 



Tennes, sl>. tennis, S3 ; see Tenyse. 

Tenserie, sb. an extraordinary imjjost, 
robbery, S (2. 42). — OF. Icnscrie; Late 
Lat. tciisaria. 

Teute, sb. a tent, C2, PP.— OF. tcute 
(B.ansch I ; Late Lat. tcnta, cloth stretched. 

Teute, sb. intention, purpose, PP ; tent, 
attention, care, heed, S2, JD, W, \V2, H. — 
OF. atevtc (BH). 

Tentyi", adj. attentive, CM ; tentifly, 
adv., attentively, C2.— OF. attentif. 

Tenyse, sb. tennis, Palsg. ; teueys, 
icnisia, Prompt. ; tennes, S3, SkD. 

Teolung, sb. magical practice, S ; see 

Teon, V. to draw, S ; see Ten. 

Teone, sb. grief, S ; see Tene. 

Terce, adj. a third, SkD ; tierce, the 
third hour (canonical), SkD ; tyerse, SkD. 
■ — AF. terce, tierce, OF. terc, tiers, tierce ; 
Lat. tertia. 

Tercel, sb. the male of any kind of 
hawk, CM, Prompt., Sh. ; tercelle, Voc. ; 
terselle, Cath. ; tassel, Sh. ; tassell, 
Colg. — AF. tercel, from OF. terce. 

Tercelet, sb. a small hawk, C2. — AF. 
tercclet, OF. tiercelet (Cotg.). 

Tere, sb. tear, S, C2 ; teer, C2 ; teares, 
//,, S. — AS. tiar, also tcagor, OHG. zahar 
(Tatian) ; cp. Gr. Zaicpv ; see Douse, p. 94. 

Teren, v. to tear, S. — AS. tera}i; cp. 
Goth. 'ygci)tairan. 

Teren, v. to tar, S. See Terre. 

Tergate, sb. a small shield, S3 ; see 

Terien, v. to vex, irritate, to make 
weary, to delay, hinder, irritare, fatigare ; 
tsryyn. Prompt. ; terwin, Prompt. ; terre, 
\V, W2; tarien, C2 ; y-taryed, //., S2. 
— AS. tergan, to vex. 

Terien, v. to tarry, to delay ; teryyn. 
Prompt. ; taryen, CM ; tarien, W2, S3. 
— The same word as above ; for change of 
sense cp. AS. dreccan, to vex, with the 
equivalent ME. drecchen, to tarry (q. v.). 

Terme,-fi^. term, period, S, C2 ; termes, 
//., expressions, examples, PP, C2 ; limits, 
ends, W, W2. — AF. terine ; Lat. tcnnimim. 

Terminen, v. to determine, limit, W ; 
itermynet, //., S2 ; y-termyned, PP. — 
AF. terminer, to determine. 


Terne, sb. a tarn, small lake, S2 ; tarne, 
Manip. — Icel. tjdrn {tjarn-). 

Terre, sb. tar, Prompt. ; tarre, PP ; 
teer, HD ; ter, B. — AS. teorii (Voc). 

Terre, v. to provoke, W, W2 ; see 

Terryng, sb. a provoking, W2. 

Teruagant, sb. one of the seven gods 
of Hengest, S ; Termagant, a supposed 
god of the Saracens, ND ; one of the 
characters in the old moralities, ND, Sh., 
TG; Trivigant,ND. — OF. Tervagant ,2\'io 
Tervagan, one of the three gods of the 
Saracens (Roland) ; cp. It. Trivigante 

Teste, sb. a pot in which metals are 
tried, HD, SkD, C3 ; teest, HD. Phr.: 
to bring to the test, lit. to bring to the 
refiner's vessel, Sh. — OF. teste, a refiner's 
vessel ; Lat. testa, a vessel used in alchemy, 
orig. a piece of baked earthenware, also 
shell of fish, skull, head. Cp. OF. test 
(F. tet), a test in chemistry, orig. a 
potsherd, see Bartsch. 

Testere, sb. a head-piece, helmet, tester 
for a bed, SkD, HD ; teester. Prompt. ; 
tester, C ; testar, Palsg. — OF. iestiere, 
head-piece (Cotg.). 

Testif, adj. headstrong, testy, CM ; 
testie, S3.— OF. testif (Pa.\sg.). 

Te-tealte, adj. quite unstable, in 
jeopardy, S2. (To- 2.) 

TeS-/.''- s.; telS up, mounts, S ; see Ten. 

Tewelle, sb. the pipe of a chimney, 
HD ; tuel, a pipe, HD.— OF. ttiel, ttiyel 
{Y . tuyaii): Sp. tzidel; of Teutonic origin; 
see Kluge (s.v. diite), and Weigand (s.v. 

Texte, sb. text, scripture, SkD ; text, 
Cath., C2 ; tixte, PP, S2 ; tixt, PP ; 
tyxte, PP; tyxt, PP.— OF. texte; Lat. 
text urn. 

Textuel, adj. literal, C3. 

Teye, sb. a coffer. Prompt. — OF. teie 
[toie I ; Lat. t/teca ; cp. F. taie. 

Teyne, sb. a thin plate of metal, C3. 

Teyrre, of them, S ; see pei. 

Teyse, v. to poise for shooting, HD ; 
tasit, pt. s.,B; taisand, pr. p., HD.— OF. 
toiser, to measure (Cotg.). See Teise. 

Teyte, adj. pi. cheerful, HD ; see Tayt. 





Th, an abbreviation of the article the, 
ND. Comb. : thair, S2 ; thanffel, C2 
tharmes, C ; tharray, S2, C2 ; tlias- 
semblee, S2, C3 ; tliavys, the advice, C 
theffect, C2 ; theffusion, S3; thegle 
C2 ; thenibatel, S3 ; themperice, S 
themperour, S2, (.3 ; thencens, C 
thencliauiLteiuent, C ; thencres, C 
thende, S, S2, S3 ; thentencioun, C3 
therle, S3 ; thestat, C ; tliiniag°e, C2 
thingot, C3 ; thold, S3 ; thorient, C2 
thorisonn, C ; thothre, S, S3. 

pa, art. dcf. fem. the, S ; dat. inasc, S ; 
//., S ; pron. fl., wko, S ; see pe. 

pam, art. dat. s. and //. the, S ; see pe. 
And see pei. 

pan, art. dat. and ace. the, S ; see pe. 

pan, adv. then ; see panne. 

pane, art. ace. masc. the, S ; see pe. 

pane, adv. then, S ; see panne. 

pane, sb. thane, S2 ; see peyn. 

panen, adv. thence, S; panene, 82. — 
AS. />aiion. 

pank, sb. a thought, a thank, gratitude, 
grace ; pane, S ; pone, S ; ponk, S, PP ; 
panee, dat., S; ponke, S, S2 ; pankes, 
//., PP ; thonkes, PP, S2. Fhr.: can 
pane, eon ponk, is thankful, S ; Iiere 
pankes, gen. as adv., of their own thought, 
spontaneously, S, C. — AS. Jiaize ; cp. OHG. 
t/iane (Otfrid). 

Panken, ^. to thank, PP, S; ponken, 
PP, S, S2. — h.^. pancian. 

panne, adv. then, when, S, PP, S2, C ; 
pann, S ; pane, S ; pan, S, S2, C2 ; penne, 
S, PP, 82 ; pene, S, PP ; pen, S ; peonne, 
S. — AS. pccnne. 

panne, conj. than, S ; pane, S ; pan, S2 ; 
penne, S ; penn, S ; pene, S ; pen, S, PP. 
- — AS. ficnite. 

panne, adv. thence, S2 ; see penne. 

par,//.-/;-, s. impcrs. it needs, opus est, B, 
H ; thare, H ; parf, S ; tharst, 2 pl.-pr. 
s., PP; thart. pt.-pr. s., HD. Comb.: 
thardestow, thou wouldst need, PP; see 

par-, prefix ; see per-. 

Pare, art. dat.f. to the, S ; see pe. 

parmes, sb. pi. entrails, HD. — AS 
fearm (Voc.) ; for cognates see Kluge (s.v. 

pame, v. to lack, want, HD, H ; tharn, 
H ; thamys, pr. J , H ; thamyd, pt. s., H. 

— \c€\.. parnask {ior parfnask), to lack. 

pas, pron. those, S, S2 ; see pes. 

pat, p>v>i. dem., pron. rel. and conj. that, 
S, S2 ; pet, S, S2 ; at, S2, S3, H, NED.— 
AS-Ptst. See pe. 

panieu, v. to permit, SD ; peauien, S ; 
thave, HD. — AS.pafian. 

pe, pron. dem. and def. art. m. that man, 
the, S ; pse, S ; te, S ; to, S ; pat, «., S, 
S2 ; pet, S, S2 ; tat, S ; tatt, S ; pes, 
gen. m., S ; pes pe, so much the (more , S ; 
pas, S ; pane, ace. m., S, S2 ; pan S, S2 ; 
pene, S ; penne, S ; pen, S, S2 ; pam, 
dat. m., S ; pan, S ; pen, S, S2 ; pon, S ; 
po, S; pa, S; peo, nom.f., .S ; psere, dat. 
f. and gen. f. ; pare, S ; pere, S ; par, S ; 
per, S ; pa, acc.f., S ; po, S ; peo, S ; pie, 
S ; pe, inst. as in pe bet, the better, PP. 
Comb.: the self, itself, H.— ONorth. 9/, 
see Sievers, 337. 

pe, pron. rel. who, which, S. — AS. ^e 
(the indeclinable relative pronoun). See 

pe, conj. than, S — AS. de, ' quam.' 

peaw, sb. habit, virtue, S ; see pew. 

pedam, sb. prosperity. Prompt, HD. 
See peen. 

pede, sb. pi. nations, S2 (3. 29); see 

peden, adv. thence, S ; see pepsn. 

peder, adv. thither, S2 ; see pider. 

peef, sb. thief, C2 ; see peof. 

peen, v. to thrive, vigere. Prompt. ; thee, 
S3, C2, C3, Spenser (2\ HD ; the, C, HD ; 
the,i/r. s. sid'J., PP ; theech (thee + ieh\ 
may I thrive, C3 ; theich, PP ; peagh, 
//. s., SD ; i-pe5, S2. — AS. {ge)pion: *pi- 
han ; cp. Goth, theihatt; see Sievers, 383, 
Douse, p. 40. 

pefe, sb. leafy branchy twig ; theve, 
Prompt. Comb. : thefethorn, buckthorn, 
Alph. w. p. 156), Voc. ; thefthorne, H; 
thewethornys, //., morns. Voc. ; the- 
thorne, rcemnus. Prompt. ; the thorntre, 
Voc. — A'6. pyfe {pcfc'^,pcfe-porn. ' ramnus ' 
(Voc), tieofeQorn (Voc); cf. A'S>. pilfian, 
' frutescere ' (^Voc). 

pei, pron. pi. they, S, PP, C ; pe53, S ; 
te55, S ; pai, S, PP. S2 ; tai, S ; the, S3 ; 
pejsre, gen., S ; te^jre, S ; thair, 82 ; 
Q 2 



thayr, PP; par, S2, S3 ; J)e55m, dat. ace, 
S ; thaim, S2 ; thaym, PP ; tham, S2. 
Comb. : pam-selne, themselves, S2. — Icel. 
J>cir, they (Dan. (/t'l, gtw. pcirra,Aii.\.. />eim ; 
cp. AS. d<i, those. See pe. 

pein, sl>. thane, S ; see peyn. 

Pellyche, prott. such, S2 ; see pulli. 

penchen, v. to think, to intend, S, S2 ; 
penken, PI', S ; polite, //. s., S, S2 ; 
pojte, S ; pog-lit, S2 ; thoucte, S ; pouht- 
en, //., S ; poght, //., S2 ; pouht, PP ; 
tbouct, S. — AS. fouan, pt. pShtc, pp. 
{gepdht. See pynken. 

pene, a)-t. ace. masc. the, S ; pen, S ; 
sec pe. 

penien, v. to serve; penitS, p?: pL, S. 
Der. : peninge, services, S. — AS. pcnian, 
pegnian, hompc^n. See peyn. 

peune, than ; also then ; see panne. 

penne, aJv. thence, S ; panne, S2 ; 
ponne, S ; peonne, S2, PP. See panen. 

pennes, adv. thence, PP, S2, C2, C3; 
thennus, W. Comb. : thennes-forth, 
thenceforth, C2. 

peode, sb. people, nation, S ; piode, S ; 

peode, pi., orders (of angels\ S ; nations, 

S2 ; pede, S2 ; peden, dat., S. — AS.//W; 

cp. Goth. iJiiiida, OHG. thiota (Tatian). 
peof, sb. thief, S, PP; thef, PP ; pyef, 

S2 ; theef, C2, Prompt.; peue, dat., S; 

piene, S; peofes, pi., S ; peoues, S, PP ; 

theues, W2 ; theueli, in a thief-like 

manner, W2 ; peofte, theft, S ; pefte, PP, 

Prompt. — AS. peof: Goth, thiubs ; cp. 

OHG. thiob ^Tatian). 
peorrf, adj. unleavened, S ; see perf. 
Peos, p''on. dem.f. this, S ; see pes. 
peoster, sb. darkness, S. — AS. pcostrii : 

OS. thiustri. 
peostre, adj. dark, S ; see pester. 
peOW, sb. servant ; peoww, S. Der. : 

peou-dom, bondage ; peoudome, dat., S. 

— hS). pcow: Goth, thius; cp. OHG. thin, 

'ancilla' i^Otfrid). 
peowten, v. to serve ; peowwtenn, S. 

— From AS. peoiuet, service. 
per, pron. detn. pi. these, S2, HD ; 

tbere, H ; pir, S2, H. S3, JD ; those, B. — 

1ct\..peir, they. See pei. 
per-, prefix, SkD (s. v. thereA. Comb. : 

perfore, for it, for that cause, PP, S, C2 ; 

perfor, S, S2 ; peruore, S2 ; pereuore, 

S ; parfore, S, S2 ; paruore, S ; pare- 

nore, S ; pBerfore, S ; perinne, therein, S, 

82, C2 ; pserinne, S ; parinne; S ; pxinne. 


S, S2 ; thrynne, G ; parin, S, S2 ; perin, 
S; perwiS, tiierewith, S, C2 ; parwi?, S, 
S2 ; perwijt, S2 ; pserwiSIS, S ; permide, 
therewith, S ; peremyde, P ; parmid, S ; 
perof, thereof, S, C2 ; prof, S. — AS. Sire, 
pron. dem. dat. f. ; see pe. 

pere, a^^'v. there, where, S, S2, S3 ; 
pare, S ; pore, S, S2 ; per, S, S2, S3 ; 
par, S, S2 ; per, S ; pear, S ; piar, S ; 
pser, S; tser, S un OrmulumV Comb.: 
per aboute, thereabouts, S2 ; pare amang, 
at various times, S2 ; per an under, there 
beneath, S2 ; pere as, where that, S3 ; per 
biuore, before then, S2 ; per before, S ; 
per efter, thereafter, S ; ther on, thereon, 
C2 ; pron, S; prute, thereout, S; per 
ojeines, in comparison therewith, S ; pare 
og'ayne, S2 ; porqniles, meanwhile, S ; 
pere whiles, P ; pertil, thereto, S ; portil, 
S; perto, thereto, S, S2, C2, C3 ; parto, 
S2 ; per towart, against it, S ; per uppe, 
besides, S ; pruppe, thereupon, S.^ — AS. 
pczr : Goth. thar. 

pere, art. geti. and dat.f. of the, to the, 
S ; see pe. 

perf, adj. unleavened, W, S2, PP; 
peorrf, S. Comb. : therf looues, un- 
leavened bread, W ; therf breed, HD. — 

AS. peorf; cp. Icel. pjapfr. 
perfiLiug, adj. unleavened ; perrflinng', 

perne, sb. a girl, SD (Havelok, 298) ; 

see Tame, 
pes, pron. dem. m. this, S ; pis, S ; pis, 

«., S ; peos, /., S ; teos, S ; pesses, gen. 

m., S ; pisse, ge>i. /., S ; pissen, dat. m., 

S; pisse, dat.f., S; pisser, S; pesser, 

S ; peser, S ; pas, ace. f, S ; pas, //., S, 

S2 ; pos, S ; peos, S ; pes, C, W2 ; these, 

W2 ; pues, S2 ; pis, S2 ; pies, S3 ; pisse,,S> ; pise, S2, C2 ; pyse, S2 ; pesen, 

S. — AS. pes, see Sievers, 338, and SkD 

(s.v. this). 
pester, adj. dark, HD ; pyester, S2 ; 

peostre, S ; puster, S. — AS. peostre : OS. 

pesternesse, sb. darkness, S, PP; 

pyesternesse, S2 ; piesternesse, S ; 

peosternesse, S. — AS. pcosternis. 
pestrien, v. to become dark, S. — AS. 

pet, pro/i. that; see pat, pe. 
peten, adv. thence ; pepenn, S ; peden, 

S ; thethyn, H. — Icel. peSan,paSan (Dan. 

peues, sb. pi. thieves, ^Y2 ; see peof. 


pew, sd. habit, practice, virtue, S2 ; 
peaw, S ; peawes, //., manners, virtues, S ; 
Jjaewess, S: pewes, PP, S2, C2, C3 ; 
thewis, W ; thewys, H. Comh. : pean- 
fal, moral, virtuous ; peanfnle, //., S. — 
AS. /c'azi'. habit. 

pewed, ai/j. mannered; thewde, S3. 
FAr. : wel ]7ewed, S. 

peyn, sfi. sen-ice (,?), S2. 

peyn, si>. thane, warrior, attendant at a 
king's court, S ; pein, SkD, S ; tliane, S2, 
Sh. — AS. /e^t (/f«\ Icel. /e^yi : OS. 
thegan, a youth, disciple, knight, warrior; 
cp. OHG. thegan (Otfrid). 

pi, pron. pass, thy, S ; see pou. 

picke, adj. thick, S; pikke, S2, C2 ; 
tliykke, Prompt.; tMcke, adv., S ; pikke, 
S, PP ; piece, S. — AS. piece, adj. and adv.: 
OS. thikki. 

picke, sb. thicket, S3. 

pider, adv. thither, S, PP, S2, C3 ; 
Jjuder, S, PP ; Jjeder, S2 ; Jjedyr, S2, PP. 
Comb. : {>ider>ward, thitherward, S, S2 ; 
Jjuder-ward, S2. — AS. pider. 

pie, art./, the, S ; see pe. 

pies, pron. dem. pi. these, S3 ; see pes. 

piestemesse, sb. darkness, S ; see 

pild, sb. patience, S. — AS. {ge)pyld : 
O.S. gi-thnld. See polien. 

pildili?, adv. patiently, S. 

pilk, adj. that, that very, that sort of, 
such, \V; thylke, S3 ; thilke, C2, C3, \V2, 
S; pulke,/>/.,S2, PP.— AS./j/^; cp. Icel. 
Jwilikr, such. 

pin, proti. pass, thy, thine, S ; see pou. 

ping, sb. thing, affair, property, S ; //., 
S, C3 ; pyng, PP ; ping-e, S, PP'; pynge, 
S2 ; pinges, S, C2 ; pinkes, S ; peng'es, 
S ; pynges, PP. — AS. ping. 

piode, sb. people, S ; see peode. 

pir, pron. dem. pi. those, these, S2, H, 
S3, JD, B; see per. 

pire, pron. poss. dat. f. thy, S ; see pon. 

pirlen, v. to pierce, C, S2, H; see 

pis, pise, pisse, &c. ; see pes. 
pistel, sb. thistle, Voc. ; thystell, Voc. ; 

thystylle, Voc, Prompt. ; thrissil, S3. 

Comb. : thistle-fincli, linnet, HD. — AS. 
pistel ;Voc. , : OIIG. thistila (Tatian) ; cp. 

Icel. pistill. 
"pl^^ put for pe it, who it, S ; see pe. 
pO, pron. dem. and def. art. pi. those, 

they, them, the, S, S2, C, PP, W2 ; poo, S2, 

pou. 229 

S3, W2, PP ; pa, S, S2, H ; paa, S2 ; peo, 
S ; pe, S ; pam, dat., S ; pan, S, S?. ; pa, S. 
— AS. pd, dat. pdm { pdm). See pe. 

pO, adv. then, when, S, S2, S3, C, C2, 
C3, PP ; poo, PP ; pa, S.— AS. da. 
pO, aii. acc.f. the, S ; see pe. 
pOght, sb. thought, anxiety, S2, C2 ; 
pohlit, S ; pofft, S ; ponht, S, PP ; 
thouglit, C2 ; po5te, dat., S; pujte, S; 
pohtcs, pi., S ; po;tes. Si. Der. : 
po^htfal, thoughtful ; poghtfalest, superl. , 
Si. — AS. {ge^pSht. See penchen. 
pohte,//. s. of penchen. 
polemode, adj. patient, H, HD ; 
tholemodely, adv., H. 
polemodnes, sb. patience, H, HD, S2. 
polien, V. to suffer, S, S2 ; polyen, S, 
S2 ; polen, S, S2, H, PP, HD ; poland, 
pr. p., B ; polede, pt. s., S, S2, S3 ; pale£, 
pr. s., S. — AS. polian ; cp. OHG. thoUn 
pombe, sb. thumb, PP, C, C2 ; thome, 
HD. — AS. piima (Voc.) ; cp. G. daiimcn ; 
see Kluge. 
pone, sb. thought, mind, S ; see pank. 
pondringe, sb. thundering, S2. 
poner, sh. thunder, the god Thunor, S2, 
S; thonur, H; punre, S; thonder, C, 
C2 ; pnnder, S2. Comh. : punres dsei, 
the day of Thunor, Thursday, S ; pnnder- 
prast, stroke of thunder, S2. — AS. ptinor, 
thunder, also Thunor, the thunder-god ; 
cp. OHG. thonar (TatianK Cf. porr. 

poneren, v. to thunder, S2 ; thonord, 
H ^Ps. 17. 15). — AS. punrian. 
ponken, v. to thank, S, S2 ; seepanken. 
ponwanges, the temples, HD. — 
\ct\. punn-vangi, the thin cheek (CV.). 
pong, sb. a slip of leather, S ; see pwong'. 
pom, sb. thorn, SD ; thome. Prompt. 
Comb. : thome-garthis, hedges ( = Lat. 
sepes), H (Ps. 88. 39;.— AS./^r«. 

porp, sb. a \-illage, hamlet, farm, SkD ; 
prop, S, C2; tTiroyes, gen., C3 ; thrope, 
dat., C2; porpes, //., FP ; propes, PP; 
proupes, PP.— AS. porp, Icel. porp ; cp. 
OHG. t/iorp/i ^Tatian). 

porr, sb. the god Thor, the god of 
thunder. Comb. : pors-day, Thor's day, 
Thursday, PP ; porisdai, S.— Icel. pdrr, 

pOTU, prep, through, S; porw, S ; por5, 
S2 ; see purgh. 
pOS, pron. dem. pi. these, S ; see pes. 
pon, pron. thou, SD ; pn, S, PP ; tn, S ; 



pe, ch^.atid arc, S, S2, C2 ; J)ei,S2; te, S 
j)in, ,^tv/. and poss., S, S2 ; pi, S; tin, S 
ti, S ; pire,/^.fj. dat.f., S ; pina, S ; tine 
//. dat., S. Comb.: put ( = pu + it\ S 
peself, thyself, S; pesellf, S; pe-selue, S 
pe-suluen, S; pe-seoluen, S. — A'S.pii. 

Thoue, V. to say ' thou ' ; thowis, 2 pr. 
s., S3. 

pouht, sb. thought, S ; see poght. 

Thowe, s/>. thaw, Prompt. 

Thoweu, V. to thaw, CM, Prompt. — 
A.'S. pd-Lvaii. 

P05, I'onJ. though, nevertheless, PP ; 
pow5, PP ; powgh, PP ; poiije, PP ; 
poh, SD ; pohh, S ; thocht, S3 ; thoucht, 
S3; thofe, HD; pof, S2, WA ; of, WA; 
panh, S, PP ; pah, S, S2 ; pa;, 82 ; pa5t, 
S2 ; peh, S ; peih, S ; peij, PP; pey5, S2 ; 
peigh, PP ; peije, PP ; pe?, S ; pei, S2 ; 
pey, S2, G. Comb. : pah-hweUer, never- 
theless, S ; peih-hwepere, S ; popwasthere, 
S ; pof-queper, S2 ; pajles, nevertheless, 
S2 ; pahles yef, unless, S2. — AS. piah 
{pj/t) : Goth, thauh. 

pO^te, sb. dat. thought, S ; see poght. 

p05te, pt. s. of penchen. See also pyn- 

pra, adj. eager, B ; see pro. 

pral, sb. servant, slave, thrall, S, C2, 
C3 ; thrall, S3 ; pralle, dat., S ; threllis, 
//., B; pralles, S, PP. Comb.: eor«e- 
prelles, slaves upon earth, S ; pral-dom, 
slavery, S, PP, C3 ; thrildome, B ; pral- 
hod, slavery, S ; pral-shipe, slavery, S ; 
pral-sipe, S ; prel-weorkes, thrall-works, 
S.— ONorth./ri/; \zt\. prccll. 

prallen, v. to put into bondage ; thral- 
led, //. s., S2. 

prasten, v. to oppress, afflict, S AS. 

{ge)prcFsfan, to twist, hurt, torment. 

praw, sb. space of time, S2 ; see prowe. 

preaten, v. to threaten, S; see preten. 

pred, ord. third, S2 ; see pridde. 

Threed, sb. thread, C, SkD ; pred, S ; 
prsed, S ; threde. Prompt. Comb. : pred- 
bare, threadbare, C, PP, SkD.— AS./r^r/, 
a dental derivative irom p^'dwan, to twist ; 
cp. OHG. drat (G. draht), from drdjan ; 
see Klnge (s. v.), and Douse, p. loi. See 

prelles, sb. pi. thralls, slaves, S ; see 

prengen, z'. to press, SD; prengde,//. 
i'., S. Causal of pring-en. 

preo, num. three, S, S2, PP; pre, S, 
PP ; pree, PP ; pri, S ; prie, S. Comb. : 


preohad. Trinity, S ; preottene, thirteen, 
S; prettene, S2, PP ; prettyne, PP ; 
thretend, thirteenth, S2 ; thritteind, S2 ; 
pretti, thirty, PP ; prette, S2 ; pritty, 
PP ; pritti, S2 ; prines. Trinity ; prun- 
nesse, S ; thresum, with three at a time, 

prep, sb. controversy, contradiction, S2 ; 
threpe, JD. 

prepen, v. to maintain a point obsti- 
nately in contradiction to another, t > as- 
sert, C3, CM, JD; threape, HD.— AS. 
pr (apian. 

preschen, v. to thresh, beat, PP ; 
thresshe, S, C ; prosshenn, //., S ; y- 
porsse, S2. — AS./ rscan; see Douse, p. 

prescwoldOrf'^- threshold, PP; thresch- 
wolde, Prompt. ; thresshewolde, P ; 
threshfold, C2 ; threshfod, HD.— AS. 
prescold, Icel. prcskoldr ; cp. OHG. d^-is- 
aijii; see Douse, p. no. 

prestelcoc, ^/^. throstle, S2 ; seeprustel. 

prete, sb. threat, S. — AS. priat, pressure. 

preten, v. to menace, S2, Prompt., 
HD ; preaten, S. — AS. preatian, to re- 

Thretiug, sb. menace, C3 ; thretynges, 
//., W. 

Thretnen, v. to threaten, W2 ; thret- 
enede, pt. s., W. 

prette, nzim. thirsty, S2 ; see preo. 

prettene, ittim. thirteen, S2 ; see preo. 

pridde, ord. third, S, S2, PP ; prydde, 
S2, PP; pryd, S2 ; thrid, S3; pred, S2. 
— A^.pridda. 

Prie, mim. three, S ; see preo. 

prie, adv. three times, S ; prien, S. — 
AS. priwa. 

pries, adv. thrice, S, S2 ; prijess, S ; 
thryes, C2. The form is due to analogy ; 
cp. AS. dncs, E. once. 

prift, sb. prosperity, success in life, C3, 
PP ; pruft, PP ; pryft, fertilising power, 
S2. — lce\. prift. See priuen. 

Thrifty, adj. serviceable, cheap, 82, 
C2, C3. 

Thrill, V. to pierce, H ; see Purlen. 

Thrillage, sb. thraldom, B; see pral. 

prim-setel, sb. throne, SD. See prum. 

pringen,^'. to press, 8, HD; dringan, 
S ; prungen, pt. pL, PP ; prong-en, 82, 
PP ; i-prang-e, //., S ; thrungfun, W ; 
y-thrungin, 83. — AS. pringan, ^i. prang 
{^\. prungon), '^^. prungen. 


prinne, adv. three at a time, S. — Cp. 
Icel. priuiir. 

prinnCi cuJv. therein, S, S2 ; see Per-, 

prist, sb. thirst, S, S2, PP ; Jjurst, S, C2, 
PP. Comb. : JjursUew, thirsty, HD. — 
AS. /ryrst {pirst), purst. 

prist, pt. pi. thrust, S ; see pmsten. 

priste, aJj- bold, S. — AS. pristc : OS. 
thristi ; cp. G. dreist. 

pristen, v. to thirst, W, S ; thresten, 
S2 ; pursten, SD ; thursted Mm, //. s. 
impers., C2. — KS.pyrstaii : OHG. thursten 

priaen, v. to thrive, S, PP ; Jjryue, 
PP ; proflf, //. J., PP; priuen,//'., gro^vn 
up, PP ; prynen, well grown, S2. — Icel. 
prifa, to stize. prtfask, to thrive. 

pro, aJJ- eager, earnest, vehement, HD ; 
pra, B ; praa, HD ; Jjroo, sharp, HD ; 
throw, adv., S3 ; Jjroliche, adv., vehe- 
mently, S2 ; proly, quickly, resolutely, S2, 
HD, PP. — Icel. prd-r, stubborn, also fre- 

prof, adv. thereof, S ; see per-. 

proll, sb. coffin ; see pruli. 

prop, sb. a village, S, C2 ; see porp. 

prosshen, fp. threshed, S ; see pres- 

prote, sb. throat, S., PP. — AS. /w/m 
(Voc.) ; cp. OHG. drozza (whence G. 
drossel) ; related to Du. stroot ; cp. It. 
strozza (Diez). See Kluge '^s.v. drosset). 

prowe, sb. a little while, course, time, 
moment. Prompt, PP, S2, C2, C3, HD; 
throw, HD ; Jjroje, S ; thrawe, S2 ; 
thraw, S2, B. — KS. prdg. 

prowe, sb. suffering, aerumna, SD, 

Prowen, v. to throw, S ; preu,//. x., S ; 
prewe, threw himself, P; 2 pt. s., S; 
prowe, PP ; prawen, //., S2 ; prowen, 
S2 ; y-throwe, C2. — KH.prdwan, to twist, 
to whirl, Y>^. prcow,-p-p. prawen. 

prowen, v. to suffer, S ; prowede, pt. s., 
S. — A'6. prowian ; cp. OHG. thruoen (Ta- 

proWTXnge, sb. suffering, passion ; 
proweunge, dat., S; prowenge, S; 
proweinge, S. — AS. pro~u)ung. 

pmblen,' v. to press, crowd ; prub- 
la,iide, pr. p., S2. 

pruh, sb. cofhn, S; throh, HD.— AS. 

prum, sb. strength, a crowd, glory, SD ; 



prom, SD. Comb. : prim-setel, thronus, 
SD ; primsettles, //., S. — AS. prytntn, 

prtmnesse, sb. Trinity, S ; see preo. 

pruppe, adv. thereupon, S ; see per— 

pmscb.e, sb. a thrush, S. — AS./;^'j-(V. 

pmstel, sb. the song-thrush, S ; prostle, 
S. Co//tb.: prustel-cock, thrustlecock,C2 ; 
prestelcoc, S2. — AS. prostle '^Voc). 

prtisten, v. to thrust, SD ; threste, C ; 
thristen, W ; thruste, pt. s., ^V ; prist, 
S; priste, //., S. — IceX.prysta. 

pn, pron. thou, S ; see pou. 

pues, profi. dem. pi. these, S2 ; see pes. 

pnften, sb. handmaid, S; pnhten,S. — 
A fem. deriv. of AS. gepofta, a comrade, 
properly one who sits on the same rowing- 
bench ; from pofta ' transtra ' (Voc.) ; cp. 

pulke, adj. that, those, S2 ; see pilke. 

pulli, adj. such, S, SD; peUich, SD ; 
pellyche,S2. — AS. pttlltc,pyllic, also pzislic, 
pyslic, from ptcs; see Sievers, 349. See 

ptinche'S, pnnctJ ; see pynken. 

pnnre, sb. thunder, S ; see poner. 

purfeu, V. to need ; parf,//.-/r. s., need, 
ei opus est, S ; thare, H ; thar, H ; tharst, 
2 pt.-pr. J., PP ; purt, pt. s., needed, S2, H, 
B. Comb.: thardestow, thou wouldst need, 
PP. — AS. purfa7i, pt.-pr. pearf; pt. porfte 
{pzirfte), Icel. purfa, pt.-pr. par/; pt. 
purfum ; cp. OHG. thurfan, to need ^Ta- 

pnrgh, prep, through, S2, C2 ; pur 5, 
S2, \N 2 ; pure?, S ; purh, S ; pnrch, S ; 
puruh, S ; porj, S2 ; pom;, S2, W2 ; 
porw, S ; pom, S, S2 ; thorou, W ; 
thurght, H ; pur«, S,S2 ; pnrf, S2, HD; 
j5oru;like, adv., thoroughly, S. Comb.: 
thurghfare, thoroughfare, C ; purhfaren, 
to pass through; thurghfare, S2 ; thnrgh- 
girt, pierced through, C ; thurchhiirt, 
thoroughly hurt, S3 ; purh-lefien, to live 
through ; purhlefede, //. s., S ; purh-seon, 
to perceive ; purhsih'5, pr. x., S ; puruh- 
nt, wholly, S ; thnrghout, C2 ; pnruht- 
ut, throughout, S ; pom-out, S2. — AS. 
pxirh ; cp. OHG. thuriih (Tatian). 

Ptirl, sb. an aperture for admitting light, 
a hole, S ; thurles, //., HD. — AS. Pyrel, 
hole, from/«<7-//, through ; so (with different 
suffix) Goth, thairko, hole, the eye of a 
needle, from thairh, through; see Kluge 
(s. v. durcJi). See purh. 

pnrlen, v. to pierce, S, 82, PP ; pirlen, 

232 pURST. 

C, S2, PP, H; thriU, PL— AS. /^rZ/aw 

pnrst, sb. thirst, S, C2 ; see prist. 

pus, adv. thus, S ; tus, S in OrmulumV 
Comb. : pusg'ate, in this wav, PP ; pus- 
gates, IID, Vl\— AS. J>i/s, OS. t/iiis. 

puster, ai/j. dark, S; see pester. 

put, for pu it, S ; see pou. 

Puvele, sb. pi. twi.e;s, S. — AS. pyfel, ' fru- 
tex ' (Voc.\ See pefe. 

pwang, sb. thong, S ; see pwong. 

pwert, adv. thwart, SD. Comb. : — 
pwert-ut, throughout, S. — Icel.pvert, neu- 
ter of pvei-r, transverse ; cp. AS. pzvcorh, 
Goth, thwairhs, angry, cross. 

pWOng, sb. strip of leather, thong, S, 
S2, W ; pwang', S ; pong', S. — KS.pivang. 

p'Wytel, sb. a knife, whittle ; thwitel, 
SkD ; thewtill, S3. See below. 


pwyten, v. to cut, to whittle, Voc, 
Prompt., Palsg. Der. : thwytynge, cut- 
ting, whittling, PP. — AS. pwi'tan. 

py, sb. thigh, Prompt. ; J)e, SkD, HD ; 
pee, HD ; py5, S2 ; pih, SkD ; peij, SkD. 
— AS. pto/ptoh. 

pyester, adj. dark, S2 ; see pester. 

pyesternesse, sb. darkness, S2 ; see 

pyht, adj. close, compact, tight, Prompt. ; 
thite, HD ; tijt, SkD.— Cp. G. dicht, Icel. 
pettr; see Kluge (s.v.). 

pyhtjTU, V. to make tight. Prompt. ; y- 
ti5t,//., S3. 

pynken, v. to seem ; pynkep, pr. s. 
impcrs. , PP ; piincIS, S ; punch's, S ; 
pinched, S ; pinktS, S ; ])ingt5, S2 ; penketJ, 
PP ; puhte,//. s., S ; pujte, S ; pojte, S2 ; 
thoughte, C3; pout, S2. — AS. py tic an, 
pt. piihte, pp. {ge^pi'iht. See penclien. 

Ti— Ty. 

Ti, pron. pass, thy, S ; see pou. 

Tid, sb. time, season, hour, hora canonica, 
S, S2, S3 ; tide, S2 ; tyde, S2, C3, PP. 
Comb. : tidefal, seasonable ( =Lat. oppor- 
tianis^, H ; tydfulnes, needfulness, H. — 
AS. //(/, time, hour ; cp. Icel. tid, time, 
' hora canonica.' 

Tid, rt^/z'. quickly, PP ; tyd, PP. See Tit. 

Tideu, V. to happen, S ; tyden, S2, C3 ; 
tid, pr. J., PP ; tit, PP ; tydde, pt. J., PP ; 
tidde, S2. — AS. tidan. 

Tidi, adj. seasonable, honest, respectable, 
S ; tidy, PP ; tydy, PP, Prompt. 

Tidif, sb. the name of some very small 
bird, C2 ; tydy, a sort of singing bird, ND. 

Tiding, sb. an event, tidings, S ; tyding, 
C2, C3 ; tidinge, //., S2 ; tydinge, S; 
tydinges, C2. See TiSing. 

Tiifen, v. to trick out, trim, adorn, SkD. 
— OF. tiffer, to trim, adorn. 

Tiffung, sb. adornment, finery, S. 

Til, prep, and conj. to, till, S. PP, S2, 
C3 ; tyl, S, PP ; till, S, S3.— Icel. ///. 

Tildeu, V. to set a trap, S ; tildep, 2 pr. 
pi.., set up, S3 ; see Telden. 

Tilien, v. to till, cultivate, earn, gain, 
PP; tilen, S, PP ; tylie, PP ; tulien, 
PP; telie, PP; tolie, S; tylle, S2.— AS. 
tilian, to aim at, to till land ; cp. OHG. 
zilon, to attempt (Tatian). 

Tiller, sb. tiller, husbandman, W. 

Tilien, v. to draw, entice, S, H, PP ; 
see ToUen. 

TiltJe, sb. labour, toil, tilth, S ; tulthe, 
PP ; tel«e, PP.— AS. tilQ. See TUien. 

Timen, v. to prosper, S. — Icel. tima 
(reflex.), to happen. 

Tin, pron. poss. thy, thine, S ; see pou. 

Tinsel, sb. a stuff made partly of silk 
and partly of silver, S3, TG, SkD. — OF. 
estincclle, a spark, a flash (BH). 

Tintre^e, sb. torment ; tintreow, S ; 
tintreohe, S ; tintreolien, //., S. — AS. 
tintrcg (Grein). 

Tirannye, J"^. tyranny, C2, C3 ; tiran- 
dye, HD. 

Tiraunt, sb. tyrant, C2, PP ; tyraunt, 
PP, W ; tirant, S2 ; tyrauns, //., op- 
pressors, PP. — AF. and OF. tirant, tiranz ; 
Lat. tyrannus ; see Constans, Supplement, 
p. 57, and BH, § 72. 

Tirauntrie, sb. tyranny, W2 ; ty- 
rauntrye, HD. 

Tis-daei, sb. Tuesday, S ; Tisdei, S. — 
AS. Tiwes-dcEg, the day of Tizv, the Eng- 
lish name of a Teutonic deity ; cp. OHG. 
Zio, Icel. Tyr; see Grimm, Teut. M., cap. 
ix, and Kluge (s.v. dienstag^. 

Tit, adv. quickly, PP ; tyt, S2 ; tyte, 
PP, S2, H; tite, PP, S2, H; tijt, S2 ; 
ti5tly, S2 ; titere, comp., H ; titter, S2. — 
Icel. titt, neut. of tidr. See Tid. 


TitJende, sd. pi. tidings, news, customs, 
S ; tiSenden, S ; ti1$aiid, S2 ; tiSandes, 
S2. — Icel. //<)/;/<//, pi., tidings, news ; from 
ti<5a, to happen ; cp. iiSska, a custom, tidr, 
customan-, frequent. 

Titling', sIk tidings, news, S, S2 ; ty- 
•Syng. S, .S2 ; tilSing'e, //., S ; tiSinges, 
S2. — Cf. Tiding'. 

Titill, sb. an epistle, \VA. 

Titmose, sb. titmouse, S3, Manip. ; 
tytemose. Prompt. ; tytmase, Voc. — AS. 
mdsc, a word forming the second element 
of the names of many kinds of small birds, 
see SkD. 

Titte, sb. a quick pull, S2. 

Titte, V. to pull tightly, HD ; tytted, 

Tixt, sb. text, PP ; see Texte. 

Ti^en, v. to tie, PP, S2 ; teijen, S2 ; 
tey, B ; te, B; teien,, SkD ; teyd, 
//., C2 ; y-teyd, C. — AS. tigan {^tegan). 

Ti5t, Oiiv. quickly, 82 ; see Tit. 

To, prep, to, at, in, upon, for, with re- 
ference to, by, against, after, as, until, PP, 
S, S2 ; te, S, S2. Comb. : tabide, to abide, 
S ; tacord, C3 ; taffraye, C2 ; tallege, C ; 
talyghte. C2 ; tamenden, S2, C2 ; ta- 
noyen, S2 ; tapese, S3 ; tarine, S ; tar- 
raye, Cz ; tassaile, C2 ; tassaye, C2 ; 
taswage, S3 ; tembrace, C2 ; tencombre, 
S3 ; tendure, S3 ; tenforme, S3 ; ten- 
rage, S3 ; tespye, C2 ; texpounden, C2. 

To, adv. too, S, PP ; te, S. 

To, num. two, S, S2 ; see Tuo. 

To-, prefix (i). The prep, to in com- 

To-, prefix {2), in twain, asunder, to 
pieces. — AS. to- ; cp. OHG. zi- (Tatian), 
Lat. dis-. 

To-belimpen, v. to belong to, S. (to- 

To-bellen, v. to swell extremely ; to- 
boUe, //., PP. (To- 2.) 

To-beren, v. to part ; tobar, pt. s., S. 
(To- 2.) 

To-beten, v. to beat in pieces, C3. 
(To- 2.) 

To-breden, v. to spread out ; tobred- 
dest, 2 //. s., S2. (To- 2.) 

To-breiden, v. to tear asunder, dis- 
torqucre ; tobreidynge, pr. p., \V ; de- 
breidynge, W ; tobraidide, //. s., \V. 
(To- 2.) 

To-breken, v. to break in pieces, S, 
C3, \\ ; to-brac, //. j., PP ; to-brak, G ; 



to-brake, //. s. sttbj., S; to-broken,//., 
PP, l; ; to-broke, PP, S2, W. i^To- 2.^ 

To-bresten, v. to burst asunder, C ; 
to-bersteC, /r. s., S; to-barst,//. s., S2, 
G ; to-brast, W ; to-brosten, //., C. 

To- 2. 

To-brisen, v. to break to pieces; to- 
brisid, //., W. (To- 2.) 

To-cleue, v. to cleave asunder, to fall 
to pieces, PP ; to-cleef, //. s., PP ; to- 
cUef, PP. (To- 2.) 

To-COmen, v. to come together ; to- 
comen,, PP. (To- i.) 

To-comyng, adj. future, W2. (To- I.) 

To-CWeme, adv. agreeably, S. (To- i .) 

To-cyme, sb. advent, S. (To- i.) 

Tod, sb. a fox, JD, ND, HD, SkD ; 
toddis,//. , S3. Comb.: Todman. Bards- 
ley. — The word is common in Mid York- 
shire and Cumberland, see EDS (Ser. C). 

Tod, sb. a bush, generally of ivy, HD ; 
todde, SkD. 

To-dasht, pt. s. dashed (herself) in 
pieces, S3. (To- 2.) 

To-delen, v. to divide, S, S2 ; to- 
dselen, S ; to-dealen, S. (To- 2.) 

To-drawen, v. to draw asunder, S2, 
^V ; to-drajen, S; to-drowe, //. //., PP; 
to-droje, S ; to-drawun, //., W ; to- 
drahen, S. (To- 2.) 

To-dreuen, v. to trouble ; to-dreued, 
//., S2. (To- 2.) 

To-drinen, v. to drive asunder ; to- 
dryne, PP ; to-drif, imp. s., S. i,To- 2.) 

To-dtmet, //. struck with a sounding 
blow, S. ',To- 2.) 

To-fallen, v. to fall in pieces, SD; 
(To- 2.' 

To-flight, sb. refiige, S2. (To- i.) 

To-foren, prep, and adv. before, SD 
toforn, PP, S3 ; tofore, S, PP, S2 ; to- 
uore, S, S2; tofor,S,PP,S2,W. (To-i.) 

To-forrow, adv. previously, S3. (To- 1.) 

Toft, sb. hillock, eminence, a slightly 
elevated and exposed site, PP, S2 ; campus, 
Prompt. — Cp. OSwed. tomt, a cleared 
space (Dan. tomt, a toft) ; from Icel. tJmr, 
empty. See Tome. 

To-gadere, adv. together, S, S2 ; te- 
gsedere, S ; togedere, S, PP ; togedre, 
PP ; togeddre, S ; togldere, PP ; togider, 
S, C2; togederes, PP, S; toglderes. 
PP; togidres, PP, C3 ; togederis, PP 
togeders, PP; togedders, S2. (To- i.) 



To-gan, V. to go asunder, SD ; tog'a'S, 

/;-. //., S. ',To- 2.) 

To-genes, /;r/. towards, S ; togfeines, 
S; tojeines, S; tojenes, S. (To- i.) 

Toggen, V. to draw, allure, sport, S, 

To-grinden, v. to grind in pieces ; to- 
grynt, /;-. -f., ri'. (To- 2.) 

To-hewen, v. to hew in pieces, S, S2, 
C3. (,To- 2.) 

To-hope, .?/■'. hope, S. (To- I.) 

To-hurren, v- to hurry apart, S. (To- 2.) 

Tokker, sl>. fuller, one who thickens 
cloth, S2, PP ; towker, PP ; touclier, 
PP ; tucker, HD ; touker, Bardsley ; 
tuker, Bardsley. See Tuken. 

Tokne, sb. token, PP ; tocne, S ; tacne, 
S ; taken, PP, S2 ; takun, \V ; takens, 
pL, S2. — AS. tdcn : Goth, taikns; cp. OHG. 
zcichan (Tatian). 

Tokuynge, sb. signification, PP ; toc- 
ninge, S ; toknyng, PP ; takuing', S2 ; 
takeixing-e, S2 ; tokening', C3. — AS. tdc- 

Tolie, 'V. to till, S ; see Tilien. 

To-liggen, v. to pertain to ; toliS, /;-. 
s., S. ^To- I.) 

Tolke, sb. a man, S2 ; see Tulk. 

Tolle, sb. toll, custom, Voc. ; tol, PP, 
Prompt. Comb. : tol-ljotlie, toll-booth 
( = Lat. telonium), S2, W, Voc. — AS. toll: 
OFris. tolcti, tolne; Lat. teloniu7n (Vulg.) ; 
Or. TiXwvLov. Note that the n of the stem 
appears in AS. tolnax, ' teloniarius,' Voc. ; 
see Weigand (s.v. zoll). 

ToUen, v. to take toll, C. Dcr. : tollere, 
taxgatherer, usurer, S2, PP; toller, Voc. 

Tollen, V. to draw, allure, entice, Prompt., 
PP, ND, SkD ; tole, ND ; tuUen, CM, 
SD; tilien, S, H, PP.— AS. tyllan (in 

To-loggen, v. to drag hither and thither, 
S2, PP; to-lugged,//., PP. 

Tolter, adv. unsteadily, totteringly, S3, 
SkD (s.v. totfer). 

To-luken, v. to rend asunder, S; to- 
loken,//., S. (To- 2.) 

Toly, sb. scarlet colour, WA; tuly, 
Prompt., HD; tuely, SkD ^s.v. trap, 2). — 
Heb. tola', crimson (Isaiah i. 18), properly 
a worm. 

Toxabestere, sb. female dancer, C3 ; 
see Tumbestere. 
Tome, adj. empt}', void, unoccupied, H, 


IID ; toom. Prompt.; tume, JD. — Icel. 
tomr, vacant, empty. Cf. Toft. 

Tome, sb. leisure, S2, PP, H (p. 169') ; 
toym, B ; tume, B ; Icel. tdm, leisure. See 

To-m.orwen, adv. to-morrow, S ; to- 
mor-we, PP; tomorese, S; tomorn, C. 
(To- I.) 

To-nam.e, sb. cognomen, PP ; towname, 
PP. (To-i.) 

Tonge, sb. tongue, S2, C2, C3, PP; 
tunge, S, C, PP, \V2 ; tounge, PP ; tong, 
S3; tung, S2. De)-.: tongede, tongued, 
talk-: tive, PP. — AS. twigc. 

Touge, sb. pair of iongz, forceps, S, S2, 
Prompt. ; tange, Voc. — AS. iajigc (Voc). 

Tonne, sb. tun, PP, S3, C2, G ; tunne, 
S, PP. Comb. : tonne-greet, as large round 
as a tun, C. — AS. tunne. 

Too, sb. toe, C : taa, S2, TID ; toon, //., 
C ; ton, C ; tas, S2 ; taes, S2. — AS. td (pi. 

Tool, sb. tool, weapon, C, Prompt. ; 
toles,//., PP; tooles, PP.— AS. tol. 

Toom, adj. empty ; see Tome. 

Toord, sb. stercus, \V2, Prompt. 

Topase, sb. topaz, Cotg. ; topace, S3 ; 
tupace, SkD; topacius, W (Apoc. 21. 
20 I ; thopas, C2 (p. 151)- — OF. topase; 
L^it. topaz. in (ace.) ; Gr. roTrajI'oy. 

Toppe, sb. tuft of hair, P, S ; top, top 
of the head. Prompt. 

To-CLnassen, v. to shake asunder, PP ; 
to-quaslite, pt. s., PP. (To- 2.) 

To-qua5te, /i". s. quaked, PP. (To- 2.) 

To-racen, v. to scrape to pieces, C2. 
i^To- 2.) 

To-renden, z'. to rend in pieces, PP ; 
torente, //". s., C2, W; to-rent,//., S, 
C2, W. (To- 2.) 

Toret, sb. ring on a dog's collar, through 
which the leash was passed, CM ; torettz, 
//., C ; turrets, DG. — OF. touret, the chain 
which is at the end of the check of a bit, 
also the little ring whereby a hawk's lune 
is fastened to the jesses vCotg.). 

Toret, sb. turret, G, C, Prompt; touret, 
SkD.— OF. tourette (Cotg.). 

To-reuen, v. to completely take away, 
PP. To- 2.) : 

Torf, sb. turf, S2 ; turf, Voc. ; turues, 
//., S2.— AS. tnrf (Voc.). 

Torfare, sb. hardship, misery, peril, 
WA. — Icel. torftera. 


To-rightes, adv. to rights, aright, G. 
(To- I.) 

To-riven, v. to rend in twain ; to-rof 
{intrans.), pt. s., was riven in twain, S2. 

Torment, sf>. a tempest, torment, snfler- 
ing, SkD, C3, Prompt. ; tonrment, SkD. 
— AF. torment, a tempest, inrmcnt (Ro- 
land, OF. tormetit, tourinent, a tempest, 
torture (Bartsch', tormente, a tempest 

Tormenten, v. to torment, SkD.— OF. 

TormentoTir, sb. execntioner, C3, 
\\ \V ; tormentonres, pL, C3. — AF. tor- 
tneutcr, executioner. 

Tormentynge, '. torture, C2. 
Tormentyse, sb. torture, C2. 

Tome, sb- a turn, trick, wile, G. 
Tomen, v. to turn, PP ; see Toumen. 
To-rof, pt. s. of To-riven. 

Tortuous, adj. oblique (term in astro- 
logy), C3. — Lat. tortuostis, crooked. 
To-samen, adv. together, S. (To- i.) 
To-schaken, v. to shake asunder, S. 
(To- 2.;, 

To-scheden, v. to part asunder; to- 
sched,//., S2. (To- 2.) 

To-schellen, v. to shell, peel; to- 
shullen.//., PP. (To- 2.) 

To-schreden, v. to cut to pieces, C. 

(To- 2.) 

To-spreden, v. to scatter; to-sprad, 
//., S2. ,To- 2.) 

To-swellen, v. to swell greatly; to- 
swoUe,//., S, PP. (To. 2.) 

To-Swinken, v. to labour greatly, C3. 
(To- 2.) 

To-tasen, v. to pull to pieces ; to-tose, 
S. (To- 2.) 

Toten, V. to peep, look about, PP, S3 ; 
tutand, pr. p., projecting, pushing out, S3 ; 
totede, //. J. , S3 ; y- toted, //. , S3. Cof?ib. : 
tote-hylle, specula. Prompt. — AS. totian ; 
see SkU (s.v. tout). 

To-teren, v. to tear to pieces, C3 ; to- 
teoren, S ; toteore, S; totome,//., PP ; 
totom, S ; totore, C3. (To- 2.) 

To-turn, sb. refuge, SD. (To- i.) 

To-twicchen, v. to pull apart; to- 
twichet,/r. //., S. (To- 2.) 

Toun, sb. an enclosure, farm-stead, to\vn, 
S2, C, W ; tonne, PP ; tun, S, S2 ; tonne, 
dat., S2, C2. Comb. : tonne-men, men of 
the town, not rustics, PP ; tun-scipe, the J 



people of the farm-stead, S. Der. : town- 
ish, belonging to the town, S3. — AS. tihi, 
enclosure, farm, to\vn ; cp. OHG. ziin, 
hedge (^Tatian). 

Tour, sb. tower, S, S2, C2, PP, W2; 
tnr, 8 ; torres, //., S2. — OF. tur, tor, 
tour: Lat. turrcm. 

Tournen, v. to turn, PP ; tnmen, 8, 
Sj, I'P ; tomen, S2, PP ; teornen, S2 ; 
timen, S ; y-tornd, //., S2 ; i-turnd, S, 
S2. — AF. turner; Lat. tornare, homtornus, 
a lathe. 

Toumeyment, sb. tournament, C2. — 
OF. tornoicDicnt. 

Towaille, sb. towel, C2 ; towayle, 
Prompt., Voc. ; twaly, Prompt. ; towelle, 
Voc. ; towylle, Voc. — AF. towaille tua- 
ille^, OF. touaile (Bartsch) ; Low Lat. 
toacida; of Teutonic origin, cp. OHG. 
(/?«77/?7a, washing-cloth; from duahan, a.\so 
thtiahan, to wash ^Tatian). See SkD, also 
Kluge ; s.v. zwchlc). 

To-walten, v. to roll with violence; 
pt. pL, overflowed, 82. (To- 2.) 

To-WSLVd, prep, towards, against, S,PP; 
tonward, S ; towart, S. (To- I.) 

To-warde, adj. present, as a guard or 
protection, PP. (^To- i.) 

To-wawe, v. to move about near, 82. 
^To- I.) 

To'wker, sb. a fuller ; see Tokker. 

To-wringen, v. to distort ; towrong', 
//. s., S. ^To- 2.) 

To-wrye, v. to cause to go on one side, 
S3 (4. 164^. ,To- 2.) 

To^eines, prep, towards, S; see To- 

To-5ere, adv. this year, Cath. (To- i.) 

To-5esceoden,z'. to separate, S. (To- 2.) 

Trace, sb. track of a way over a field, 
trace. Prompt., C, SkD ;tras, PP; trass, S2. 

Tracen, v. to trace, to draw a picture, 
to trace one's way, to conduct oneself, 
Prompt., CM, S3 ; trasen, S3. — OF. tracer 
[trasser' ; Late Lat. *tractlare, from Lat. 
tract-, base of pp. oitrahcre ; see BII, § 131. 

Trade, sb. a trodden path, S3, TG, 
SkD, HD. See Treden. 

Tradicion, sb. surrender, S3. — Lat. 
traditionctn. Cf. Treson \. 

Traitorye, sb. treachery, C3, CM. 

TraitOUr, sb. traitor, 8 ; traytonr, S ; 
treitur, S. — AF. traitur; Lat. traditorem. 

Tram, sb. engine, machine, WA ; tram- 
mys,//., B. 



Trappe, s/>. the trappings of a horse, 
Ski) ; trappys, //., SkD. 

Trapped, at/J. adorned with trappings, 
C, Prompt. 

Trappings, s/>. pi. ornaments, Sh. 

Trappure, sb. trappings of a horse, 
Prompt. ; trappures, //., C. 

Trauail, sb. work, labour, toil, trouble, 
S2, IT; trauaille, C2 ; trawayle, S2 ; 
trauell, S2 ; trauel, W, W2, H (,Ps. 108. 
10). — AF. travail, travaille; Late Lat. 
*trabactiliim ; from Lat. trabem, a beam ; 
cp. It. travdglio, a frame for confining un- 
ruly horses. See Trave. 

Trauaille, v. to work, toil, travel, 
trouble, vex, torment, PP ; traueilen, W, 
S2 ; trauele, W, W2. — AF. travai{J)lcr, 
to work, to vex. See above. 

TrauailouS, adj. laborious, W2. 

Trave, sb. a frame in which farriers 
confine unruly horses, CM. See Trauail. 

Trawed, pt. pi. trowed, expected, S2 ; 
see Trowen. 

Tray, sb. vexation ; see Treje. 

Trays, sb. pi. traces, horse-harness, C ; 
trayce. Prompt.; trayse, Cath. — OF. 
trays, horse-harness (Palsg.) for traits, pL, 
of traict, a. trace for horses (Cotg.) ; Lat. 
tradum, pp. of trahere. 

Trayste, v. to trust, S2 ; traste, PP, 
S2. — Icel. trcysta, from traust. See Trist. 

Traystly, adv. confidently, H. 

Traystnes, sb. confidence, H. 

Traystynge, sb. confidence, H. 

Traytyse, sb. treaty, truce, S3; see 
Tre, sb. tree, wood, lignum. Prompt., S2, 

PP, W, W2 ; tree, S, PP ; treowe, dat., 
S ; treuwe, //., S ; tren, S2 ; treen, S3 ; 
treon, S ; trewes, S ; trowes, PP. Comb. : 
tre tymus {^ = ligmim thyijtuni), W. — AS. 

trcow {trio), dat. treowe, pi. t>-eowii (ireo), 

see Sievers, 250 ; cp. Goth. t>-iti. 
Treatise, sb. a passage (lit. a treatise \ 

S3 ; see Tretis. 
Treatyce, sb. treaty, truce, S3 ; see 

Trechery, sb. treachery, trickery, S ; 

see Tricherie. 
Trechoure, sb. a cheat, HD. — OF. 

t7-ich'cor (Bartsch) ; Late Lat. tricatoran. 
Trechurly, adv. treacherously, S3. 
Tred, sb. a foot-mark^ SkD (s.v. trade). 
Treden, v. to tread, C, Prompt., PP ;, Wj PP; tret,/r. s., CM; troden, 

PP ; trade, H (Ps. 55. 2) ; troden,//., C3; 

trodun, W2 ; treddede,//. s. \iveak), S3. — 

AS. trcdan, pt. trad (pi. trddon), pp. treden. 

Treget, sb. guile, trickery, CM. 

Tregetrie, sb. a piece of trickery, CM. 

Tregettowre, sb. a juggler, joailator. 

Prompt.; tregetour, Prompt. (w), CM,HD. 

Tregettyn, v. to juggle. Prompt. — OF. 

tresgeter (Ducange) ; Lat. trans + iactare. 

TreieU, v. to betray, P ; trayet, //., 
HD. — OF. trdir; Late Lat. *tradire for 
Lat. tradere. 

Treil^is, sb. trellis, S3 ; trelys, cancel- 
lus. Prompt. — OF. treillis, from treille, a 
vine, arbour (Bartsch) ; Late Lat. *tricla ; 
Lat. trichila ; see BH, § 98. 

Tremlen, v. to tremble, stagger, PP ; 
tremelyn, Prompt. ; trimlen, HD ; trym- 
len, S3 ; tremblen, W, PP ; trimble, 
Manip. — Picard F. tremler (AF. trembler) ; 
Late Lat. tremulare. 

Treilll3rnge, sb. trembling ; treme- 
lynge, Prompt. ; trimlyng, S3 ; trym- 
linge, HD. 

Trental, sb. a set of thirty masses for 
the dead, SkD, ND, PP ; trentall, money 
paid for a trental, S3 ; a month's mind, 
ND. — OF. trental, trentel; Church Lat. 
tngintalej?i (Ducange). 
Treo, sb. tree, S ; treon, pl.,S; see Tre. 
Treowe, ^dj. true, S ; see Trewe. 
Trepeget, sb. a military engine, HD, 
CM ; tretoget, Prompt. ; trebgot, an in- 
strument for catching birds, Prompt. 

Tresor, sb. treasure, S, S2, C3 ; tresour, 
PP, S2, S3, C2 ; treosor, S ; tresores, 
//., PP ; tresures, S. — AF. tresor; Lat. 

Tresorere, sb. treasurer, PP ; trese- 
rour, PP. — AF. tresorer. 

Tresorie, sb. treasury, S 2 ; tresory, WA . 
— AF. tresorye. 

TreSOUn, sb. treason, craft, C, PP ; 
tresun. Prompt., S ; treson, WA, C2, H ; 
treison, PP ; trayson, S. — AF. treson, 
traison ; Lat. traditionem. 

Trespas, sb. trespass, PP; trespace, 
PP, C. 

Trespassen, v. to trespass, PP, WW ; 
trespace, C2 ; trespasside, //. s., W 
(Acts I. 25). — AF. trespasser, to cross over, 
to disobey. 

Tretee, sb. treaty, C2, C3 ; trete, C. — 

OF. traite ; Late Lat. tracta. See Tretis. 

Tretis, adj. well made, pretty ; tretys, 




CM, C ; treitys, CM.— OF. tretis, treitis, 
traitis, nicely made (Bartsch) ; from 
traitier; Lat. tractare. 

Tretis, sb. treatise, short poem, PP, C2, 
WA ; treatise, S3. See below. 

Tretis, sb. treaty, B, CM ; tretys, 82, 
C2,C3; treatyce, S3; traytyse, S3. — AF. 
trcdz ; Late Lat. *tracticium. 

Trewage, sb. tribute, S, JD ; truag'e, 
Voc, S2, WA; trouagre, \VA. — OF. 
treiiage (truage ,^cA\, tax, from treii, treiid, 
tribute; 'LzX-trihrdiim; see Constans ,s.v.). 

Trewe, adj. true, S, PP, S2, C2 ; treowe, 
S ; trywe, PP ; triwe, S2 ; trew, 82, C2 ; 
tm, 82. — AS. treowe : OS. triiiwi. 

Trewe, sb. fidelity, trust, agreement, 
truce, PP ; treowe, 8kD ; treowes, //., 
truce, SkD ; trewes, PP ; trewis, B ; 
treuwes, PP ; triwes, SkD ; tmwys. 
Prompt. ; trewysse, Cath. 

Trewehede, sb. truth, uprightness, 82. 

Treweliche, adv. truly, PP, C2 ; 
trewely, C2. 

Trewen, v. tcf think to be true, to trow, 
believe, 8. — AS. trecnuan. See Trowen. 

Trewes, //. trees, S ; see Tre. 

Trewes, sb. pi. truce ; see Trewe. 

TrewSe, sb. truth, troth, 8, C2, PP; 

treufie, 8, 82, PP : trouthe, 82, C3 ; 

troTith, H ; tryutSe, PP ; trowwtSe, .S ; 

trawUe, 82 ; treothes, //., 8; trnthes, 

pledges, 82. — AS. treou'du. 
Trey, sb. a throw at dice, viz. three, 

SkD ; treye, C3. Comb. : trey-ace, the 

throw of three and one ; a quick exclama- 
tion, S3. — OF. tret, treis ; Lat. trcs. 
Tre^e, sb. affliction, grief, SD ; treije, 

S ; treie, 8 ; treye. 82 ; tray, vexation, B. 

— AS. trega ; cp. Icel. tregi, Goth, trigo. 
Trewen, v. to afflict, 8D. 
Triacle, sb. a remedy, healing medicine, 

82, PP, C3, NQ ,6. I. 308) ; tryacle, Voc, 

PP, NQ ; treacle, TG, Prompt. ; tryakiU, 

83. — OF. triacle (Bartsch) ; Lat. theriaca. 

lit. an antidote against the bite of serpents ; 

cp. Gr. OrjptaKOL ipdpfiaica. For examples of 

the intrusive I see Cronicle. 
Triblen, v. to trouble, H ; see Trublen. 
Tricherie, sb. treachery, trickery, 8, 

PP, Sz; trecherie, PP ; trechery, 8; 

treccherie, C. — AF. tricherie ; from OF. 

tricher, trecher, to cheat ; Late Lat. tricare 

for Lat. tricari. 
Trick, adj. neat, elegant, ND; trig-, 

JD. — For the voicing of the guttural in 

North. E. cp. prigmedainty (JD), with 
prickmedainty or prickmedenty 1,HD) ; see 
SkD s.w. prig, trigger). 

TrieXL, v- to try, PP ; trijede, //., 82, 
PP ; i-trijed, 82 ; itrijet, 82 ; y-tried, 
PP ; y-tryed. PP ; tried,//, as adj., choice, 
PP; trye, PP, C2; triedest, superl., 82, 
PP ; trieste, PP ; tryest, PP ; triedUche, 
adv., excellently, PP ; trijely, PP, 82 ; 
trielich, P. — AF. trier; Late La.t.tritare, 
to thresh com. 

Triennels, sb. pi. musses said for three 
years, PP ; triennales, P. — OF. triennal; 
Church Lat. trieniiale. 

Trillen, v. to tum round and round, 
to trickle. CM, Prompt.. C2. S3, Sh., SkD ; 
tryll, Palsg. ; tril, Manip. — Cp. Swed. 
trilla, to roll. 

Trinal, adj. threefold, RD ; trinaU, 
Spenser, i. Comb. : trinal triplicities, 
SkD. — Late Lat. trinalis. 

Trine, adj. taken three at a time, ND. 
Comb. : trine aspect (in astrology^, SkD, 
ND ; tryne conipas,the round world con- 
taining earth, sea, and heaven, C3. — OF. 
trine ; Lat. trinitm. 

Trinite, Ji^.Trinitv, 82, PP ; Trinitee, 
PP.— AF. Trinite, frinitet; Church Lat. 

Trisen, v. to hoist up, to trice, to pull 
off, SkD ; tryce, C2 ; trice, CM. Der. : 
tryyste, tryys, windlass, Prompt. — Cp. 
Dan. tridse, to haul up, to trice, Swed. 
trissa, a pulley. The final -se is the same 
as in E. dean-se. 

Trist, sb. trust, a tr)st, meeting- place, B, 
W, W2. PP, 82 ; station in hunting, HD ; 
trust, PP.— Icel. trattst. For E. i = Icel. 
ail. cp. ME. tJiire- = Icel. vidurr ; see SkD 
(s.Y. pismire). 

Tristen, v. to trust, 82, C3, "\v, W2, 

PP ; trysten, S2. PP; truste, 82 ; trosten, 
83, 82, PP ; truste, /A s., 8, 82. Der. : 
tristyng-. a trust, W. See above. 
Tristili, adv. confidently, W, W2. 

Tristnen, v. to trust, W. Der. : 

tristenyng, a trust, W. 

Triuials, sb. pi. studies connected with 
the trivitim, the initiatory course taught in 
the schools, comprising grammar, rhetoric, 
and dialectic, S3; trivial, rt<{)'., initiatory, 
ND. — Schol. Lat. trivialem. 

Troblen, v. to trouble, W; troul)ild,//., 
\YA ; see Trublen. 

Trod, sb. a trodden path, SkD ^s.v. trade), 
UD. See Treden. 



Troden, //. of Treden. 

Trofle, s/>. a trifle, Sj ; see Trufle. 

Trompe, sii. a trump, trumpet, C3 : 
tmmpe, C. — AF. trompe. 

Trompe, v. to play the trumpet, PP ; 
trumpe, \\ ', Prompt. — AF. trumper. 

TroncllOTlIl, sh. a truncheon, broken 
piece of a spear-shaft, C ; trnnclione, 
Prompt. — OF. tronchon, troficon. 

Trone, sb. throne, S, PP,' S3, C2, C3, 
^V ; trones,//., S ; one of the nine orders 
of angels, WA; tronen, S2. — OF. tronc; 
Lat. thronuni ; from Gr. 6p6vos. 

Tronen, 'v. to enthrone, PP. — OF. ti-oncr. 

TrOSt, suhj. pr. s. trust, S2 ; see Tristen. 

Trotevale, sb. a trifling thing, HD. 

Trouble, aJj. troubled, S2, C2. — AF. 
trublc, pp. of triiblcr ; see Trublen. 

Trouthe, sb. truth, S2, C3 ; see 

Trowabile, adj. credible, H. 

Trowen, v. to believe, S, S2, S3, C2, 
C3, H, PP; tru, S2 ; trawed, pt.pL, ex- 
pected, S2. — Icel. tnia; Svved. tro. See 

Trowyng, sb. belief, S2. 

Truage, sb. tribute, S2 ; see Trewag'e. 

Tmblen, v. to trouble, W ; troblen, 
W ; triblen, H. — AF. trtiblcy; Late Lat. 

Trufle, sb. nonsense, absurd tale, trifle, 
PP, SkD ; trofle, S3, SkD ; trefele, PP ; 
trifiil, PP ; trifle, PP.— AF. triifle, trofle, 
mockery, OF. trieffe, a jest, a flout, also a 
truffle (Cotg.) ; Lat. ttibera, truffles ; see 
SkD (s.v. truffle). For the intrusive / cf. 

Truflen, v. to beguile, SkD ; trofle, 
SkD; trifelyn, Prompt.; treoflynge,/;-./.. 
S2. — OF. triifflcr, tniffer, to mock (Cotg.). 

Trnkenen, v. to fail, S. 

Trnkien, v. to fail, S. — AS. tmcian, to 
fail, deceive. 

Trusse, sb. a bundle, Manip., C^L 

Trussen, v. to pack, to pack off, C, S2, 
PP, Manip; turss, B. — OF. trusser, tros- 
ser, torscr ; Late Lat. *toriiare. 

Truste, pt. s. trusted, S ; see Tristen. 

Tryce, ^. to trice, to hoist up, C2 ; see 

Tryg, adj. trusty, secure, S3. — Icel. 

Trymlyt, pt. pi. trembled, S3 ; see 

Tryst, adj. sad, S3. Der. : tristes, 


sadness, S3. — OF. trist; Lat. tristem; and 
OF. t>-istesse; Lat. tristitia. 

Tua, mtvi. two, S2 ; see Tno. 

Tnhen, pt. pi. of Ten. 

Tuht, sb. discipline, S. — AS. tyht ; cp. 
OHG. zuht (.Otfrid). See Ten. 

Tah.tenft'. to draw, persuade, discipline, 
S ; tihte,//. s., S. — AS. tyhtan. 

Tnin, num. two, S2 ; see Twinne. 

Tuken, v. to pluck, vex, S ; tuke up, 
siiccingere, Cath. ; tukkyn np. Prompt. ; 
y-touked, // , tucked, fulled, PP.— AS. 
tucian {twiccan) ; cp. OHG. ziikken (Ot- 

Tuker, sb. a fuller ; see Tokker. 

Tulke, sb. a man, soldier, knight, WA, 
LETS (56:; tolke, S2 ; tulk, WA, SkD 
(s.v. talk'^. — Icel. ti'clkr, interpreter; Lith- 
uan. tulkas, interpreter ; cp. Dan. tolk. 

TuUen, v. to draw, entice, CM, SD 
see ToUen, 

Tumben, zi. to leap, tumble, dance 
tombede, //. s., SD. — AS. tunibian (Mk 
6. 22) ; cp. OF. tumber, to fall. 

Tunibestere, sb. a female dancer, HD 
tonibester, SD ; tumbesteris, //., SD 
C3 ip. 151) ; tombesteres, C3. 

Tumblen, v. to leap, dance, SD, SkD 
to tumble, PP; tombly, PP ; tumlyn, 
vohiiare, Prompt. 

Tumbler, sb. a tumbler, a female 
dancer, Voc. ; tumlare, vohdato^-, Prompt. 

Tun, sb. enclosure, farm-stead, town, S, 
S2 ; see Toun. 

Tunen, v. to enclose, S ; see Tynen. 

Tunge, sb. tongue, S,C,W2; seeTong-e. 

Tunne, sb. tun, S ; see Tonne. 

TUO, mim. two, S2, C, PP ; tna, S2 ; 
two, S ; twa, S, S2 ; to, S, S2 ; towe, S3. 
— AS. tivd (neut.). 

Tur, sb. tower, S ; see Tour. 

Turnen, v. to turn, S ; see Toumen. 

Turss, V. to pack ; see Trussen. 

Turues, sb. pi. pieces of turf, S2 ; see 

Tus, for thus, S ; see bus. 

Tutand, /;-. /. projecting, pushing out, 
S2 ; see Toten. 

Tute, sb. a horn, comu. os, SD. — For 
Teutonic cognates see Weigand i_s.v. zotte). 
See Tewelle. 

Tute, V. 'to tute in a home,' Manip. 
— Cf. Swed. tiita, to blow a horn. 

Tutel, sb. beak, mouth (?), S. 


Tntelen, v. to whisper, S. 

Tuteler, sb. tittler, tattler, PP. 

T'atlyiig,J'<5. noiseofahom. B. SeeTnte. 

Tutour, sb. guardian, warden, keeper, 
P, WW, TG. — OF. tuteur; Lat. tutorem. 

Twa, num. two, S, S2 ; see Tuo. 

Tweamen, v. to separate, S. — AS. 

Tweire, num. gen. of twain, S. — AS. 
iu>cgra vgen.). 

Twelf, num. twelve, S, C2 ; tuelf, S: ; 
tuelue, S2. Comb. : twelfmoneth. twelve- 
month, PP ; tuelmouth, S2. — AS. twclf: 
Goth, i-i'alif. 

Twengen, v. to press tightly, tweak, S ; 
tuen^de, //. s., 82. — Cf. Twing-en. 

Twestis, //. twigs, S3 ; see Twyste. 

Tweye, nu/n. twain, PP, C, C2 ; tweie, 
S ; tueie, S ; twey, S3, PP ; twei, PP. 
Comb. : twey-fold, twofold, C3. — AS. 
tzvega (gen.). See Tuo. 

Tweye, adv. twice, PP ; twye, HD ; 
twle, S. — AS. twiwa. 

T'We3riie, num. twain, G, PP ; tneyne, 
S2 ; twene, S ; tweien, S; twesjenn, S. 
— AS. twcgcn. 

Twi- {prcjix). Comb. : twi-bil, an axe, 
hipennis, Voc, Prompt., H ; twi-feald, 
twofold, SD ; twye-lyghte, twilight. 
Prompt. ; twi-raed, of diverse opinion, SD. 

Twie, adv. twice, S ; see Tweye. 

Twikken, v. to twitch, snatch, pull 
slightly but quickly. Prompt. ; twychyn. 
Prompt. ; twyghte, pt. s., CM ; twight, 
//., CM. 

Twine, sb. doubled thread ; twines, 
gen., S. — AS. twht. 

Twinen, v. to twist, S ; twined, //., S ; 
twyned, PP. 

Twingen, v. to pain, afHict, SkD ; 
twTing-en, //., SkD. — Cp. G. zwingcn. 

Twinging, sb. affliction, S2. 

Twiuken, v. to wink. Prompt., G. 

Twinklen, v. to twinkle. Prompt. 

Twinne, num. two apiece, two at a 
time, S ; twynne, S2 ; tuin, S2. — Icel. 

Twinnen, v. to separate, C2 ; twyn- 
nen, S2, S3, II; twyne, S3; twyn, S2, 
H ; tuyn, H ; twynned, //. //., PP, S3. 

Twyes, adv. twice, S2, C2, C3, PP. — 
Formed with suffi.\ -es on AS. twiwa. See 

Twyste, sb. bough, Cath., S3 ; twist, 



B, S2, C2, CM; twest, S3.— Cp, ODu. 

Twyste, v. to strip the boughs, de- 
ffondare, Cath. 

Twyster (of trees"), sb. a stripper of 
boughs, defrondator, Cath. 

Tycement, sb. enticement, HD. 

Tycen, v. to entice, instigate, provoke. 
Prompt., Manip., S; tisen, PP ; tyse, 
HD vs.v. Use). See Atisen. 

Tykel, adj. unsteady, uncertain, CM. 

Tyle, sb. tile. Prompt. ; tyil, Prompt. ; 
*yyl, S2. Comb. : tyle-stone, tile, brick. 
Prompt. ; tiyl-stoon (=Lat. testa), \V2. — 
AS. tigcle ; Lat. tegula. 

Tymber, sb. timber, wood for building, 
Voc, PP ; tymtore, PP.— AS. timber. 

Tymbre, v. to frame, build, PP ; tim- 
brin, S, S2. — AS. timbrian : Goth, timr- 
jan ; cp. OHG. zifnbron (Tatian). 

Tymbre, sb. the crest of a helmet, also 
a helmet, WA ; timber, Cotg. ; tymbrys, 
//., B.— OF. tit)ibre (Cotg.); Lat. tympa- 
num ; Gr. TiifiTTavov; cp. SkD (s.v. timbrel). 

Tyme, sb. time, due season, S, C2, C3, 
PP ; tyme, pL, C2 ; tymes, C2. Comb. : 
tymefal, seasonable, early, W ; timliche, 
quickly, S. — AS. tima ; cp. Icel. timi. 

Tymen, v. to betide, S2. — AS. {ge)- 

Tynd, sb. the tine or prong of a deer's 
horn, the spike of a harrow, JD, SkD ; 
tyndis, S3. — AS. tind (Voc) ; cp. Icel. 

T3rne, adj. tiny, WA. 

Tyne, sb. prickle, Prompt. 

Tyne, v. to lose, S2, PP, H ; tine, S2, 
H ; tynt, //., S2, PP, H. Der. : tynsil, 
loss, ruin, H ; tinsill, H. — Icel. tyna, to 
lose, to destroy, tynask, to perish, from 
tjSn, loss, damage. 

Tynen, v. to enclose, S2 ; tinen, S ; 
tunen, S. — AS. tynan, from ti'cn. See 

T3mken, v. to ring, tinkle, W. 

Tynkere, sb. tinker, PP. 

Tynsale, sb. loss, harm, B. See Tyne. 

Tysane, sb. a drink. Prompt. — OF. 
tisane, barley-water ; Lat. ptisana, pearl- 
barley, also barley-water; Gr. TrnaavTi. 

Tysyk, sb. consumption, S2, Prompt. ; 
tysike, Cath. — OF. iisique (Bartsch) ; Lat. 
phtliisiea, consumptive disease ; from Gr. 
tpOiais, decay ; cp. It. tisiea. 

Tyyl, sb. tile, S2 ; see Tyle. 




U, V (vowel). 

Uggen, V. to dread, to shudder at, HD ; 
ngr, H ; hugfe, 11 ; uggis, /;-. s., H ; 
ng'g'id, //. s., II. — Icel. tigga. 

^Sffy^S®» ^^'- shuddering, horror, H. 

Ugly, adv. dreadful, horrible, H, SkD ; 
■aglike, SkD. — Icel. tiggligr. 

TJgSOm, adj. frightful, SkD (s.v. ugly). 

Uh.te, sb. the part of the night before 
daybreak ; ujten, dat., S, SD. — AS. lihte : 
OS. tihta : Goth, uhtwo ; cp. OHG. uohta, 
Icel. otta, see Weigand (^s.v. ucht), and 
Fick, 7. 9. 

TJllten-tid, sh. early morning-time, SD. 

XJllt-SOng, sb. morning-chant, matins, 
SD. — AS. ulit-saiig. 

XTlke, adj. the same, S ; see like. 

XTuibe, prep, about, around, WA, S ; 
tiinmbeuu, S; embe, S. — AH.ymbe (etiibe) : 
OHG. tunbi (^Olfridj, OS. Ji^ibi. 

Vmbe-cast, v. to cast about, consider, 
ponder, B; umbekestez, /r. s., 82. 

Uiube-grouen,//. grown all round, S2. 

Umbelappe, J^- to surround, WA. See 

Vmbe-set, v. to beset, B ; umbeset, 
pt. s., B ; vmset, S2 ; umbeset, pp., B ; 
umsett, H, HD ; vmset, 82. — AS. y7?ih- 

Vmbe-stount, adv. sometimes, B ; um- 
stunt, H. — AS. ymbc + siiind. 

TJmbe-JJenken, v. to bethink, meditate, 
S ; umthink, H ; vmbetMnkis 30W, ii?ip. 
pi. rcfl., B; umbithoghte, pt. s., HD ; 
vmbetbouclit, B. — AS. ymb-paican. 

Umbe-weround, //. environed, B. 

Umbe-wllile, adv. sometime, at times, 
S ; nmwliile, H, HD ; umwile, S ; vm- 
qnhile, B ; nmquile, WA. 

Um-ga, V. to go about, H. 

Um gang, sb. circuit, 82, H. — AS. 

Um-gifen, v. to surround, H ; vmgaf, 
pt. pi., S2, H. 

XTm-gfripen, "v. to surround ; vm- 
Sri-^edi^pt. pi., 82. 

Um-hilen, v. to cover up ; umhild, 
//. s., H. 

Um-lap, V. to wrap around, compre- 

hendere, to embrace, WA, S2 ; umlappe, 

H, HD ; vmlapped, //., 82. See ITui- 


TTm-loxike, v. to lock in, H. 

Um-sege, v. to besiege, H. 

Um-set, pp- beset all round, S2 ; see 

Um-sliadow, v. to shadow round, pro- 
tect, H. 

Um-stride, v. to bestride, 82 ; um- 
strode, /A s., II D. 

XTm-writlieil, v. to wind round, H ; 
umwritbyn, //. , H. 

"U"ni-5ede, pt. s. went about, H. 

TJn-, prefix (i), has a negative force and 
is used before substantives, adjectives, and 
past participles ; on-, B. — Goth, un- ; cp. 
Gr. dv-. 

Un-, prefix (2), expresses the reversal of 
an action, and is used before verbs ; on-, 
S3. — Goth, and-; cp. Gr. avn-. 

Un-, prefix (3), until. — OS. tind-. Cf. 

Un-aneomned,//. unnamed, innumer- 
able, 8. Cf. A-nemnen. 

Un-auanced, //. unpromoted, 82. 

Un-bermed, //• unleavened ; tmberr- 
medd. 8. 

Un-bicumlich, adj. unbecoming, 8 ; 
unbicomelich, 8. 

Un-bibene, adj. unprofitable ; unbi- 
hefre, coiiip., 8. 

Un-bileue, sb. unbelief, W. 

Un-bileueful, adj. unbelie\ing, W; 
unbileful, S. 

Un-binden, v. to unbind, S2 ; unbind, 
pr. .f., S ; unbint, 8 ; unbond, pt. 5., 8 ; 
unbounden, //., 8 ; pp., C2. — Cp. OHG. 
in-bintan (Otfrid). (Un- 2.) 

Un-bischoped, //. unconfirmed ; un- 
bishped, 8. 

Un-bisor;elich.e, adv. piteously, S. 

Un-bliSe, adj. joyless ; unblype, 82. 

Un-boht,//. unatoned for, 8; unbouht, 

Un-bokelen, v. to unbuckle, C2, C3. 

(Un- 2.) 

Un-brosten, //. unburst, 82. 

Un-bubsum, adj. disobedient, 8 ; vn- 
boxome, P. 

Un-bnxsumnes, 'S''^- disobedience, H. 

Unce, sb. ounce, SkD, C ; ounces, //., 
C2. — OF. unce; Lat. uncia. Cf. Znclie. 


Un-cliargid, //. unladen, W. (Un- 2 .) 

XJn-cofre, v. to take out of a coffer, S3. 

(Un- 2. ) 

Un-conabil, adj. unsuitable ; nnkon- 
nabil, H ; vncunable, H.^ — Cp. OF. co- 
vcnablc (BII. 153. 43'. 

Un-COnabilly, adv. unsuitably, H. 

Un-conabilnes, sb. misbeha\-iour, H. 

TTn-COnabiltes, incongruities, H. 

Vn-COnand, aJj. ignorant, HD, H ; 
vnknnand, II. 

Vn-COnandly, adv. ignorantly, H. 

Uu-COrrupcioim, sb. incorruption, W. 

TTnctlS, adj. strange, unknowTi, S2 ; see 

Uu-cwenie, adj. displeasing, SD : nnn- 
cweme, S. Ste Un-yqueme. 

Undampned, //■ uncondemned, W. 

Un-deedli, adj. immortal, W ; vndecU 
ly. H. 

Uu-deedlynesse, sb. immortalit}', W ; 
undedlynes, \VA. 

TTn-defoulid, //• undeflled (= impol- 
liitits. immaciilatus), W,\VA. 

Un-dep, adj. not deep, S. 

Under, pf^p., adv. during, between, 
under, underneath, S ; onder, SD ; nndur, 
W ; nndir, B. Phr. : vnder pan, during 
these things, interca, meanwhile, S. — AS. 
under: Goth. undar\ cp. OHG. itntar. 

Under, sb. afternoon, CM ; see Undem. 

Under, v. to subject, S2. 

Under- Crien, v. to cry out ; undnr- 
crieden,//. //. \ = sitcclainabatit), W. 

Under-fangen, v. to receive, S ; un- 
derfong'e, S ; ondexnonge, S2 ; under- 
nongen, S ; onderfang, /;;//. j-., S; undnr- 
fong, pt. s., S2 ; nnderueng, S2 ; under- 
fangen, //., S; undemonge. S ; ander- 
fongen, P ; nndurfongnn, W. 

Under-fon, v. to receive, S ; underfo, 
S ; under-uon, S ; underfon, //., S. — 
AS. tt)ider-jon. 

Under-g^ten, v. to perceive, under- 
stand ; nnder;iten, SD ; nnderjeite, S ; 
undergaeton, pt. pi., S. — AS. undcr-gitan. 

Under-leggen, v. to subject ; nnder- 
laide. 2 pt. s., .S2. 

Under-ling, 5<^. a subject, inferior, S,PP. 

Under-lout, adj. subject, H. 

Under-master, sb. usher ; undnr- 
xnaistiz ( = paedagogus^ , W. 

Under-mel, sb. the aflemoon-meal, 
SD, CM. See Undem. 



Undem, sb. the time between, the time 
between sunrise and noon, between noon 
and sunset, a mealtime, S2, C, C2, CM, 
Voc. ; nndome, \VA ; vndren, S, HI', 
SD ; under, S2 ; nndnr, HD ; aunder, 
HD. — AS. iiudcrn, OS. undoni, Icel. un- 
dorn ; cp. OHG. iitttorn (G. iintcni). 

Undern-time,-f<^ SD; undTentinie,S; 
nndirtime. .SU. 

Under-nymen, v. to receive, perceive, 
reprove, PI': undimyme, \V2 ; nnderni- 
men, S ; underneme, irprehcndo. Prompt. ; 
undernom,//. s., C3 ; undernumen, //., 
S; nndirnonunen, W; underneme, PP. 

Under-piccben, v. to fi.\ underneath ; 
underpyghte,//. s., C3. 

Under-preost, sb. under-priest ; unn- 
derr-preost, S. 

Under-sette, v. to place beneath, sup- 
port, prop up ; undursette, \V2. 

Under-standen, v. to understand, S ; 

onderstanden, S2 ; understonden, S, S2 ; 
undyrstonde, S2 ; understant. pr. s., S; 
understont, S ; undyrstode, //. s., S2 
understoden, pt. pi., S ; undurstoden, 
stood under, ^\'2 ; under stande, //., S ; 
understonde, S2 ; onderstonde, S2. 

Under-stondingnesse, sb. faculty of 

understanding, S. 

Under-take, v. to undertake, agree, 
SD ; undertoc, //. s.y S2 ; uudertok, S. 

Under-]?eod, .f*^. subject, S ; under- 
Jjeoden, pL, S ; underpiede, S. — AS. 

Under-uon, v. to receive, S ; see Un- 

Under-5eite, 'v. to leam, discover, S ; 
see Under-giten. 

Un-digne, adj. unworthy, C2. — OF. 

Un-discreet, adj. undiscerning, C2. — ■ 
OF. liiidiscrct. 

Un-don, v. to undo, open, disclose, SD, 
W ; undo, \YA ; undede, pt. s., S2 ; un- 
dude, S, PP ; undone, //., S. — AS. toi- 
doit. (Un- 2.) 

Undon, v. to undo, destroy, PP. 

Undoubtabili, adv. without doubt, S3. 

Un-dreh, adj. impatient, out of patience, 

Un-dllbti;, adj. unworthy ; unduhti, S. 

Un-ea?J, adj. uneasy ; uneatSe, S. 

Un-eaSe, adv. scarcely, S ; unne'Se, S, 
S2, C2, C3, \V ; onneape, S2 ; onepe, S3 ; 
uueth, S3, P, \VA ; unneth, S3. 



XJn-e^es, adv. scarcely, WA, S ; un- 
netlies, S2, C2, W, H'; vnneths, H ; 
vnees, PP. 

XJn-fa5en, adj. displeased ; nnfeyn, S2. 

Un-fest, adj. unstable, S2. 

Un-festlich, adj. unfestive, C2. 

Un-fete, adj. ill-made, bad, S2. (Un- i.) 

Un-filabil, adj. insatiable, H. (Un- i.) 

Un-filed, /A nndefiled, S2. 


XJll-for501deil, //. unrequited, S ; nu- 
vorgiilde, S. 

XTn-frenie, sb. disadvantage, S. — A3. 

Un-fruytOTlse, adj. unfruitful, W. 

Un-gert, //■ ungirt, G. 

Un-glad, adj. unhappy, S2. 

XJn-happe, sb. ill-luck, WA. 

XJn-happy, adj. unlucky, S3. 

TJn-hardy, adj. not bold, PP. 

TJn-liele, sb. sickness, S; misfortune, 

Un-heled, //■ uncovered, WA, PP.— 
AS. hclian : OHG. haljait. {Vn- 2). 

XJn-heltJe, sb. sickness, S ; unhalSe, S. 

Un-herSUinneSSe,J'i''. disobedience, S. 
■ — AS. tmhyrsiimnis. 

ITn-hillen, v. to disclose, S ; unhilen, 
S2, W ; onhillin, Prompt. ; unhulien, 
SD, MD ; unhiled, pp., CM, G. SD, PP ; 
unhuled, S2. — Cp. Goth, hidjan, OHG. 
Jiiiljan, hid/an. (Un- 2.) 

Un-hol, adj. sick, S. — AS. tin-hdl. 

Un-liold, adj. ungracious, S. 

XJn-if05, adj. innumerable ; unnifoje, 
//., S.— AS. mi-gcfSg. 

XJn-inieatJ, sb. want of moderation, S 
(8 b. 12). 

Un-imet, adj. immense, immeasurable, 
S ; onimete, S. — AS. un-gemct. 

Un-imete, adv. immensely, S. — AS. 

XJn-imeteliche, adv. infinitely, S.— 
AS. imgcDictlicc. 

Un-iredlice, adv. sharply, roughly, S ; 
unrideli, S. — AS. nn-gerydelice. 

Un-isaltSe, sb. unhappiness, S. — AS. 

Un-iseli, adj. unhappy, S. — AS. ?/«- 

TJn-itald,//. unnumbered, S. — AS. tui- 

Universite, sb. universe, world, W. — 

<d)i .universite; Lat. utiiversitatem (Vulg.) 


XJn-iwaSSe, pp. unwashen, S. 

Unk, pron. dual, us both, S ; unker, of 
us both, S. — AS. tmc, dat. and ace, inner, 
gen. : Goth, tigk, ace, ugkis, dat., ugkara, 

XTn-kempt, //. uncombed, rough, S3. 

Un-keuelen, v. to ungag, S. (Un- 2.) 

TJn-kouth, adj. unknown, strange, PP ; 
unkiVS, S ; unculS, S2 ; uncouthe, //., S2, 
C2 ; uncu'Se, S ; uncoiSe, S. — AS. un-aiQ. 

Vn-kunnyng, sb. ignorance, W; vn- 
kunnyng^is,//., W2. 

Vn-kunnynge, «'^'. unskilful, ignorant, 
S2, W, W2; iinkonnyng-, C; vnkon- 
nyngfe, PP. 


TTn-kynde, adj. unnatural, unkind, C2, 
PP ; nncunde, SD. 

Un-kyndenesse, sb. unkindness, C3, 

Un-ky~th, v. to hide, S2. (Un- 2). 

Uu-lace, V. to unbind, W. (Un- 2.) 

Un-lappe, v. to unfold ; onlappyt, pt. 
s., S3. (Un- 2.) 

TJn-lede, adj. miserable, wretched, S, 
SD. — AS. un-ldid: Goth, tm-lids. 

Un-leuefill, adj. not permissible, W ; 
onleefful, illicitus, Prompt. 

Un-leuesum, adj. not permissible ; on- 
lesnm, S3. 

Un-liche, adj. unlike, S. 

Un-louken, v. to unlock, PP ; vnloke, 
//., G. !^Un- 2.) 

Un-lust, .f '''• lack of pleasure, displeasure, 

Un-lusti, adj. unlusty, idle, SD ; on- 
losti, S2. 

TTn-lykynge, adj. unfit, improper, scan- 
dalous, PP. 

Un-niayte, adj. unmeet, H. PJu\ : 
in immayte, unfittingly, H. 

Un-meotS, sb. want of moderation, S ; 
itnme'S, S (8 a. 10). See Metb. 

Un-meuable, adj. immovable, W. 

XJn-nioebleS, sb. pi. immovable pro- 
perly, PP.— Cp. OF. muebles (BH) ; pi. of 
miicble ; Late Lat. inobilem. 

Un-mylde, adj. cruel, W ; unmyld, H. 

Uu-nait, adj. useless, S2, H. 

TJnnen, v. to grant, S ; hunne, S ; an, 
I /;-. s., S ; on, pr. s., S ; i-iinne, //., S. — 
AS. unnan, i and 3 pr. s. ami, opt. iinne, 
pt. n^e, pp. ge-unncn. Cp. Icel. timia, OS. 
gi-unnan, OHG. gi-unnan, pt. onda (Ot- 
frid), G. g'dnnen. 


TJnnetJe, adv. scarcely, S, S2, C2, C3, 
^\" ; iinneth, S3 ; see Un-ea^e. 

XJnnethes, adv. scarcely, S2, C2, W, 
1 1 ; vnneths, H ; see Un-e^es. 

TJn-nit, adj. useless, S ; unnet, S ; un- 
nut, S. — AS. un-nytt. 

Un-noble, adj. ignoble, W2. 

TTn-noblei, sb. ignobleness, W. 

Un-noyandnes, sh harmlcssness, H. 

Uu-obedience, sb. disobedience, W. 

XJn-onest, adj. dishonourable, W. 

TJn-orne, adj. old, worn out, S ; ■anorn, 
S ; xmonrne, HD. — AS. un-orne (GreinV 

XTn-perfit, adj. imperfect, W2 ; un- 

parfit, rr. 

Un-pesible, adj. unquiet, W. 

Un-pined, //■ untouched by pain, S. 

XJn-pite, sb. want of feeling, W, \V2. 

Un-profit, sb. unprofitableness, W. 

Un-quaynt, adj. imprudent, unwise, H. 

Un-rede, sb. bad counsel, folly, mis- 
chief, S. — AS. un-r<kd. 

TTn-redi, adj. not prepared, \V; unredy, 
improvident, PP. 

Un-repreuable, adj. not to be re- 
proved, W. 

Un-rest, sb. restlessness, S3 ; vnreste, 
dat., C2. 

Un-resty, adj. restless, H ; unristy, H. 

Uu-ride, adj. harsh, cruel, \YA, HD, 
SD. — AS. un-!^ge)r}'de ^Luke, 3. 5). 

TJn-rideli, adv. sharply, vehemently, 
roughly. S ; unridly, fiercely, WA ; see 

Un-ri^t, adj. sb. injustice, wrong, 82 ; 
unrylit, S ; vnriglit, PP, S2 ; unriht, S. 
— AS. iin-riJit. 

TTu-ri^tflllliesse, sb. unrighteousness, 
unlawiulne>s, \V2 ; unrihtfalnesse, S. 

Un-rijtwisnesse, sb. unrighteousuess, 

XJn-sad, adj. unsteady, C2. 

XTu-sadneSSe, sb. instability, W. 

XJu-saht, adj. unreconciled, discon- 
tented, S2. 

Uu-SCbape, //. unshapen, outlandish, 

TTzL-Schlltten, v. to open, SD; un- 
schette,/A J., SD; onscliet, S3 ; vnshette, 
//., S3. ,Un- 2.) 

Un-scilwis, adj. unwise, H. 

Un-scilwisly, adv. unwisely, H. 

Un-sebelicb, aiij. invisible, S. 



XJn-seill, sb. misfortune, B. — AS. tmsil. 
Un-sele, adj. unhappy, S, 82. 
XJn-seltJ, sb. unhappiness ; nnselSe, S ; 
unnsell'Se, S ; unnseoltJe, S. — AS. tin- 


TTn-sely, adj. unhappy, C2 ; vnceli, W. 

TJn-sete, sb. unsettledness, 82. 

TJu-skaJiefal, adj. harmless; unn- 
skaJjefuU, S. 

XTu-skabi^nesse, sh. harmlessness, 8. 

Un-skilfal, adj. unreasonable, out- 
rageous, unprofitable, PP ; nnscliilfiil, S2. 

TJn-slekked,//. unslacked, C3. 

TJn-SOOte, adj. unsweet, bitter, 83. 

TJn-SOUnded, //. unhealed, 83. 

Un-SOnerable, adj. insufferable, S3. 

TTn-SOWen, v. to slit open what has 
been sewn, I'P ; unsouwen, PP. (Un- 2.) 

TJn-spedfal, adj. unsuccessful, PI ; on- 
schet, S3. 

TJn-Sperren, v- to unfasten, unbar, PP. 
(Un- 2. 

Un-Sptirne, v. to kick open, S. (Un- 2.) 

TJn-sta'Seluest, adj. without a firm 
foundation. S. 

Un-stedefast, adf. not firm in one's 
place, unsteady, S, PP ; unstudeueste, S, 
— AS. unstcdefcTst. 

TJn-stirabil, adj. immovable, H. 

Un-strong, adj. feeble, 8. — AS. un- 

Un-STlget, //. not subject, W, 

Un-tellendlic, adj. indescribable, S. 

TJu-J^anc, sb. dislike ; unponkes, gen., 
S, Phr. : hares unpances, against their 
will, 8. — AS. tin-panc. 

XTn-tbende, small, out of season, PP, 
HD. Cf. Theen. 

Un-thewe, sb. immoralitj', 8 ; un-peu, 
8; unpewe, dat., S; unpewes,//., 82. — 
AS. 2in-p:a~i>. 

Un-tbolemodnes, sb. impatience, H. 

Un-brift, sb. unprofitableness; tin- 
Jjryfte, S2. 

XJn-tbryftyly, adv. unprofitably, im- 
properly, S2, C3. 

Un-tiffed, //• unadorned, 8. 

Until, co)ij.. prep, until, unto, 82, PP, 
SkD ; ontUl, B. (,Un. 3.) 

Un-tiled,//. unfilled, PP; untuled,82. 

TJn-tO, p''cp. unto, SkD. — OS. unto for 
undt-vd; cp. OS. iinte, until, Goth, unte, 
for, OHG. unz ^Tatian). (Un- 3.) 
R 2 



Un-todealet,/'/. unilivided, S. (Un-i.) 

XJu-tolieliclie, adv. unrestrainedly, S. 

Un-tohen, //. undisciplined, S ; un- 
towun, SkD (p. 695), untohe, S. — Cf. 
AS. tcon. See Ten. 

TJn-trewe, adj. untme, not straight, S, 
PF. C2.— AS. iiHtrco7vc. 

Un-trewnesse, sh. untruth, S. 
Un-trewtlie, sb. untruth, C3. 

Un-trist, sh. disbelief, W. 

XTn-vysible, adj. invisible, W, 

Un-war, adj. unexpected, unexpecting, 
SI), Si, C2, C3. 

XJn-ware, adv. unwarily, S2. 

Un-warly, adv. at unawares, S3. 

TJn-way, sb. wrong path, H. 

Un-weawed, //. unveiled, S. — Cp. AS. 
wc'ej'els, a covering, veil. 

XJn-welde, adj. impotent, weak, SD, S ; 
vnweldy, S3, C3. 

Un-wemiued,//'. unstained, unspotted, 
S, S2, C3, \V2 ; unwemmyd, W, H ; vm- 
•wemmet, S ; unweominet, S. — AS. ti>i- 

XJll-wer5ed,//. unwearied ; unwerget, 
S. — AS. iin{ge riveriged. 

XJn-wiht, sb. monster, an uncanny crea- 
ture, evil spirit, S ; unwist, S ; adj., S ; 
unwijtes, //., S. 

Un-wille, sb. unwillingness, displeasure, 
S. Phr.: hire unwilles, against her will, 
S. — AS. jin-ivilla. 

Un-willich, adj. unwilling, S. 

Un-wine, sb. enemy, S; unwines,//., S. 

Un-wis, adj. unwise, S2. — AS. tcn-wis. 

Un-wisdom, sb. folly, W. 

Un-wist, //• unknown, C. 
Un-wit, sb. want of wit, C3, H. 
Un-'witti, adj. unwise, W. 
Un-wityng, /r. /. unknowing, C3. 
Un-wityng, sb. ignorance, W. 
TJn-wi3t, adj. uncanny, S. See Un- 
Un-WOrschip, v. to dishonour, W. 

Un-wrappen, 2^. to disclose, C2. (^un-2.^ 

XJn-Wrast, adj. infirm, weak, base, bad, 
S, PP ; unwreast, S; tinwraste, //-, S; 
unwreste, dat. s., S. — AS. U7i-iu7-i£st. 

XJn-wrenc, -f '''• evil design; uuwrenche, 
dat., S. — AS. iinwrcnc. 

XTn-wreon, v. to discover, to reveal, 
SD ; unwreo, S ; unwrojen, S ; unwroje, 
S. — AS. un-wrcon. (Un- 2.) 


Un-wrien, v. to uncover, SD ; //.,S. — 
From AS. 7vrilian. (Un- 2.) 

Un-wunne, sb. sadness, S, SD ; un- 
winne, S ; nnwenne, S. 

XJn-'WUr'S, adj. unworthy, S ; unwuitJe, 
//., S ; unwuriSere, covip., S ; unwuiC- 
este, super I., S. — AS. 201-701// d. 

XJn-wur'Si, adj. unworthy, S, SD ; on- 
wurjji, Piompt. 

Un-WUrSlich, adj. unworthy, base ; 
unworjjelych, S2 ; unwux1$liclie, adv., 
S. — AS. iiii-wurQlic, -lice. 

Un-yliche, adj. unlike, S ; unilicli, S. 
— AS. un-gcllc. 

Un-yqueme, adj. displeasing, S. See 
Un-cweme, Icweme. 

Up, adv. and prep, up, S2, S3, G; op, 
S, S2. Phr. : up so doun, upside down, 
C, C3, W, PP; up se doun, W, W2 ; up 
soo doune, S3. — AS. up, i/pp; cp. OHG. 

Up-braiding, sb. reproach, S2. 

Up-breiden, v. to reproach, S, W. 

Up-breyd, sb. reproach, S2. 

Up-CUmen,z'. toascend; uppcunienn,S. 

Up-heuen, v. to raise, S2 ; uphaf,//. s., 
C ; uphouen,//., S2 ; upe-houen, S2. 

Up-holdere, sb. seller of second-hand 
things, P. 

Up-londisch, adj. rustic, countrified, 
S2 ; oplondysch, S2. 

Vppe, adv. up, PP, S ; upe, S, S2 ; ope, 

Vppon, prep, upon, PP ; uppen, S; 
apou, S2. P/ir. : vpon lofte, above, S2. 

Up-right, adv. on one's back, C, Ca ; 
upryg-hte, C2. 

Up-risen, v. to rise up ; up-rist, pr. s. 

Up-risinge, sb. resurrection, S2. 

Up-rist, sb. rising, SD, S3; upriste, 
dat., S, C. 

Up-set,//, set up, S2. 

Up-sterten, v. to start up ; upsterte, 

//. s., S2, C. 

Up-sti5e, sb. ascension, S. 

Up-sti5en, v. to ascend, SD ; up- 
steghes, pr. pi., S2 ; upstegb, pt. s., S2. 

Up-Stowr, V. to be stirred up, S3. 

Up-take, V. to take up, receive ; uptoke, 
pt. s., S2. 

Up-ward, adv. upward ; uppard, 8. 

Up-warp, V. to throw up, S3. 


Up-wauen, v. to move upward with an 
undulating motion; up-wafte, //. //., S2. 

Up-^elden, v. to deliver up, S2. 

Vrchun, sh. hedghog, H ; see Irclion. 

Ure, sh. practice, work, operation, ND, 
Manip., SkD. — OF. cure, uevre ; Lat. 

Ure, sl>. fate, luck, good luck, B, CM. — 
OF. ctir, eiir : Prov. agur ; Late Lat. 
*agurium for Lat. atigtirium ; see BH, 
§ 27. 

XJrnen, v. to run, S ; see Bennen. 

XTrre, sb. anger, S ; see Eorre. 

Usage, j/'. custom, C2, C3. — AF. usage. 

Usaunce, sb. custom, HD, C^L — OF. 
usance ^Cotg.). 

Use, sb. use, usur>', HD; us, S3, SD ; 
vce, S3 ; oyss, B. — AF. us ; Lat. tisum. 

Usen, V. to use, to be accustomed, PP, 
S3, C2 ; usede, pt. s., SD, PP; usiden,//., 
dealt with, \V ; yvsed, //., S2 ; uset, 



customarv', PP ; used, C3 ; vsyt, S3 ; 
oysit, B ; wsyt, S3. — AF. user. 

Usslxer, sb. usher, door-keeper, C2, 
SkD ; uschere, Prompt. : usshere, PP. — 
AF. uss/ier, usser, OF. ussier; Lat. osti- 
ariiim, door-keeper, from ostium, door. 

Usure, sb. usury, C2, P ; vsaris, //., \V. 
— AF. usure; Lat. usura. 

Utas, sb. the octave of a festival, HD, 
ND, SkD, Palsg.— AF. utaves; Lat. oc- 
tavas. For the .; = vs cp. in Old French 
vis = vivus (BH). 

Ute, adv. out, S. — AS. tite. 

Uteu, prep, away from, S. — AS. titan ; 
cp. Goth, utana. 

Uthe, sb. wave, S ; ypez, pi., S2, HD. — 
AS. yd : Lat. unda. 

Ut-la^e, sb. outlaw, S. — Icel. dtlaga, 
outlawed, titlagi, an outlaw. See Out-lawe. 

Uttring, sb. circulating, S3. See Out- 

Ujten, sb. early morning, S ; see Ulite. 

V U (consonant). 

For some words of Teutonic origin beginning with V, see P ; see also in 
some cases W. 

Vacherye, sb. a dairy, Prompt. — OF. 1 
vacherie, a cow-house (Cotg.) ; Late Lat. 
vaccaria, from Lat. uacea, a cow. 

Vader, sb. father, S, S2 ; see Fader. 

Usein, adj. fain, S ; see Payn. 

Uair, adj. fair, S2 ; see Payr. 

Uale, adj. many, S ; see Pele. 

Vale, ^b. vale, PP.— AF. val; Lat. 
vail cm. 

Vale, sb. valley, S2, B ; valeie, S2 ; 
valeye, PP ; valajris, //., B. — OF. valee ; 
cp. It. vallata. 

Vale, 'V. to descend, S3. — Cp. OF. avaler, 
to descend. Cf. Aualen. 

Valuwen, v. to become yellow, S ; see 

Vampies, Vampett ; see vaumpe. 

Vane, sb. a vane, C2 ; see Pane. 

Vanishen, v. to vanish, C2 ; vanshe, 
Voc. ; vanshede,//. s., PP ; vanyscMden, 
pi., became vain, \V ; vanyssht,//., S2. — 
Cp. OF. esvanuiss-, base of pr. p. of 
esvamiir ; Lat. ex + uaiuscerCy from nanus. 

Vant, "v. to vaunt, WA. —OF. vanter ; 
Late Lat. vanitare, from Lat. uanus. 

Vantwarde, sb. vanguard, S2 ; see 

Uaren, v. to fare, S ; see Paren. 

Variaunt, adj. changing, fickle, C2. 

Varieu, v. to vary. Prompt. ; wariande, 
/;-./., S2 ; variand, S2, S3 ; variant, S3. 
— AF. varier ; Lat. uariare. 

Varlet, sb. a young vassal, servant, 
squire, SkD, Sh. ; vcrna, Manip. ; verlet, 
S3. — OF. varlet, vaslet, dimin. of vassal. 
See below. 

Vassal, sb. a servant, subject. — AF. 
vassal; Low Lat. vassallum (ace), from 
vassiis, a man, a subject (of Celtic origin) ; 
cp. Wei. givas, a youth, servant. 

Vassalage, sb. good service, prowess in 
arms, courage, B ; vasselajfe, C, CM. — 
AF. vasselage (Roland). 

Vath., sb. danger, B.— Icel. vaSi. 

Vath, interj. fie! (= vah), W. 

Uaumpe, sb. the fore part of the foot, 
the vamp, Prompt., S; vampieS; ND ; 



•, fiedcma, fediiim, ante pedalc, Voc; 
•w&vcipsiy, fcdaua, Voc; vauntpe, Palsg.; 
vaiupett, Cath. — OF. iiantpie (Palsg.)i 
avaut-ficd, the fore part of llic foot (Colg.). 

Vaunte, sb. a boast, WA. See Vant. 

Vaunten, v. to vault, S3 ; vant, S3 
(s,v. vant). Probably for vaunt, vant. 

Vauntwarde, f/'. vanguard, PP; vant- 
warde.Si ; vaward, B,\VA. — A¥ .avaiint- 
ga/dc, ()V. avaiitwaj-dc, ava)ilgarde. 

Vauntynge, sb. vaulting, S3. 

Vavasour, sb. a sub-vassal, C, HD. — 
AF. vavasDitr; OF. vavassor, a gen. pi. 
form, see Bartsch, p. 500 ; Low Lat. vassus 
vassorii>/t, vassal of vassals ^Diez, p. 338). 

Vaylen, v. to avail ; vaille, PP ; vay- 
leth,//-. s., S3 ; vayls, H. See Auailen. 

Vayn, sb. vein, S3; see Veyne. 

XTeale, adj. many, S ; see TTele. 

TJeat, sb. vessel, S ; see Tat. 

Veaw, adj. few, S2 ; see Pewe. 

Veder, sb. father, S ; see Fader. 

Veel, sb. veal, SkD ; veale, calf, Manip.; 
veal, Manip. ; veilys, //., calves, S3.— OF. 
vccI(Ps. 28. 6) : Prov. vedcl ; Lat. iiitellum 

Veer-tyme, sb. spring-time, \V2. See 
Veille, sb. watcher, P ; veil, PP.— OF. 

veilc ; Lat. tiigilia, a vigil, a watch. 

TTeir, adj. fair, MD ; see Payre. 

TTeir, sb. beauty, S. See above. 

Vekke, sb. an old woman, CM. 

TJela5-rede, sb. fellowship, Sa ; see 

XJele, adj. many, S, S2 ; ueole, S ; ueale, 
S ; See Pele. 

XJelen, v. to feel, MD ; see Pelen. 

Veluet, sb. velvet, sen aim viUosum, 
Manip., Prompt. ; velwet. Prompt. ; velo- 
uette,C2 ; veUet,HD.— lt.w///i'^^^Florio); 
Late Lat. '^villutiim ; from Lat. tdlhis, 
shaggy hair ; cf. OF. vein, shaggy (Cotg.). 

Vendage, sb. vintage, PP.— OF. ven- 
dange; Lat. tiindemia; see BH, § 167. 

Venerie, sb. hunting, C ; venery, game, 
DG. — OF. venerie (Cotg.), from vener, to 
hunt ; Lat. tienari. 

Venesoun, sb. venison, P, Voc. ; veny- 
sonn, PP. — AF. veiiesonn, venysozin, OF. 
venison ; Lat. uejiationein. hunting, see 
Apfelstedt (Introd. xxx), BH, § 28. 

Venge, v. to avenge, PP, ND, W; 
wenge, S2 ; vengide, J>t. s., W.— OF. 
veiiger, vengier; Lat. uindicare. 


Vengeable, adj. full of vengeance, S3, 
N 1 ). 

Vengeaunce, sb. vengeance, PP ; ven- 
gance, WA ; veniaunce, PP, W, W2 ; 
vengeans, B ; veniauncis, //., W. — OF. 
voijance (BH . 

TJeuie, sb. supplication for pardon on 
one's knees, S. — Church Lat. venia (Du- 

Venkisen, v. to vanquish, PP ; venctiss, 
B; venkquyst, //. s., S2 ; venquysshed, 
//., S2, C3 ; venkised, PP ; vencust, B. — 
AF. venquiss-, base of pr. p. of venquir, 
an inchoative form of OF. veinere ; Lat. 

Ueuue, sb. dat. mud, S ; see Pen. 

Ventose, sb. cupping-glass. — OF. ven- 
tose {^ventonse), cupping-glass (Cotg.); Late 
Lat. nentosa. 

Ventouse, v. to cup, HD. — OF. ven- 
ionser (BHj. 

Ventusynge, sb. cupping, C. 

Venust, adj. beautiful, S3. — Lat. tienus- 


Venym, sb. poison, PP, C ; venim, C2, 

C3, PP, Manip.— OF. venin (Ps. 139. 3). 
Lat. iienenum ; see BH, § 44. 

Venym-makere, sb. poisoner, W2, H. 

VenyiUOUS, adj. venomous, CM. — AF. 
venyinonse, OF. vcnemonse. 

Venymous-heede, sb. venom, PP. 

Ueole, adj. many, S ; see Uele. 

XTeond, sb. enemy, S ; see Peend. 

TJeor, adv. far, S ; see Per. 

Ver, sb. spring, JD, H (Ps. 73. 18). 
Comb. : veer-tyme, spring-time, W2. — 
Lat. iier. 

Ver, sb. glass, W2 ; verre, HD.— OF. 
verre [voirre) ; Lat. ititritm. 

XJerd, sb. army, MD ; uerden, //. dat., 
S ; see Perd. 

Uerden, //. //. fared, S ; see Paren. 

Verdegrese, sb. verdigris, PP ; verde- 
grece, viride greenm, Voc. ; verdegrees, 
C3. — OF. vert de gris, verdigrease (Cotg.) ; 
OF. Gris, Greeks (Ducange), pi. oi gri \ 
Late Lat. grknm ; Lat. graecnm ; see Con- 
stans, Notes, p. 25, and BH, § 32. 

Verdite, .?/'. verdict, C; verdyte, Palsg. 
— AF. veirdit ; Lat. tiere dictum. 

Uere, sb. companion, S ; see Pere. 

Vergere, sb. an orchard, CM.— OF. 
vergier (BH) ; Late Lat. viridiariu7n ; see 
BH, § 134. 


Verlet, sd. a young servant, S3 ; see 

Vermel, (^t^J. vermilion-coloured, S3 ; 
vermayle, CNI. — OF. vermeil \ Lat. iier- 
micuhis, scarlet (Vuig.)- 

Vermiloun, sh. vermilion ; vermyloun, 
Voc. : vermylion, \VA ; venneon, W'A. 
— AF. veniiiloun. 

Vernage, sb. an Italian white wine, 
Prompt., CM, HD. — AF. vernage; It. 
vernaccia, ' a kind of winter wine in Italy 
very strong like Malmezy,' so Florio, cp. 
Dante, Purg. 24, 24 ; from It. vernaceio, a 
severe winter, from verno, winter ; Lat. hi- 
herniim, belonging to winter. Cp. Low 
Lat. vcniachia (^Ducange). 

Vernicle, sh. a copy of the handkerchief 
of St. Veronica, S2, PP, C; vernakylle, 
Cath. ; vernacle, HD. — Church Lat. vc7-- 
ouicula, also veronica from Veronica, the 
traditional name of the woman who wiped 
the Saviour's face (the word being popularly 
connected with tiera icon, true likeness) ; 
Veronica is a form of Bernice, the tradi- 
tional name of the woman who was cured 
of an issue of blood. Bernice or Berenice 
is a Macedonian form of Gr. ^epiviKT], 
bearer of victory. See F. vei'oniqice in 

Vemisch., sb. vamish, S2, PP ; vem- 
ysclie. Prompt. ; vernysh, hernix, Voc. ; 
viridiiim, virificiiin, Voc. ; vernish, en- 
caicstum, Manip. — OF. vernis, varnish, 
Cotg. ; from OF. vernir ; Late Lat. *vitri- 
nire, from uiirinus, from uitrum, glass 
(Diez, p. 339). 

Veruish., v. encaustare, Manip. — OF. 
vcrnisser, to vamish, to sleek, or glaze over 
with vamish (Cotg.). 

Verony, sb. a vemacle, HD. — OF. 
vcronie ; Low Lat. verotiica (Ducange). 
See Vernicle. 

Verraily, adv. verily, C2, C ; verra- 
lyest, super I., H. 

Verray, adj. trae, S, S2, C2, C3, B; 
verrey, G, HD ; very, W. Phr.: verray 
force, main force, C2. — AF. verrai, verai; 
Late Lat. *veraeitin (whence F. vrai), from 
Lat. Jicrus. 

Verrayment, adv. verily, C2 ; vera- 
ment, S3, HD. 

Vers, sb. verse, PP. — AF. vers ; Lat. 

Versifie, 'v. to compose verses, PP. 

Versifyour, sb. versifier ; vercefyonr, 



Vertu, .!•/'. power, healing power, miracle, 
virtue, kindness, S2, PP, \V, C2 ; vertues, 
//., S2. P/ir. : the Iiord of vertues, the 
Lord of hosts, W2, H. — OF. vertu, virtud; 
Lat. uirtutem. 

Verveine, sb. vervain, SkD ; verueyne, 

52 ; verveyn, Voc. — OF. verveine; Lat. 
tierbena ; see BH, § 44. 

Very, adj. tme, W ; see Verray. 

Vese, V- to drive away, HD ; see Pesien. 

Vese, sb. a rash of wind, C. — Cp. Icel. 
fysi, impulse. See above. 

Vestiment, sb. vestment, C2 ; uesti- 
menz, //., S, C. — OF. vestiment (Bartschj ; 
Lat. uestimentum. 

Vewe, adj. few, S2 ; see Pewe. 

Veyne, sb. vein, C ; veine, SkD ; vaine, 

53 ; vayn, S3 ; vanys, //., S2 ; waynys, 
S3. — AF. veine ; Lat. uena ; see BH, § 44. 

Viage, sb. voyage, journey, S2, S3, C, 
C3, CM, B; vyaffe, S2.— OF. viage, (BH) ; 
Lat. iiiaticum, provisions for a journey, 
from Ilia. 

Vicarie, sb. vicar, PP ; vicary, C2 ; 
vicorie, PP ; vikery, PP ; vickery, PP ; 
vecory, Voc. — AF. vicaire (F. viquier) ; 
Lat. uicariicm, a substitute. 

Vilanye, sb. villainy, C2, C3, PP ; vil- 
lauie, violoitia, Manip.; vilonye, disgrace, 
G. — AF. vilanie, OF. vile^iie {vilonieX 
from vilain, peasant, farm-servant, also bad, 
villainous (,BH); Late 'Lz.t. villanus, farm- 
servant, from Lat. ziilla, farm-stead, coun- 

Vile, adj. v\\e; vyle, PP ; vil, PP.— 
AF. vil; Lat. tiilem. 

Villiclie, adv. vilely, S2. 

Vilte, sb. vileness, H (Ps. 49. 22); vylte, 
HD; vilete, HD.— OF. vilte; Lat. uili- 

Viole, V. to violate; violid, //., S3. — 
OF. violer; Lat. uiolare. 

Viole, sb. vial ; violis, pi., W (Rev. 5. 
8) ; violes, C3.— OF. viole ; AF. fyole ; 
Lat. phiala ; Gr. <pia.Kr]. 

Virelay, sb. a sort of rondeau, ND ; 
virelayes, />/., S3, CM ; virolais, HD. — 
OF. virelay ^Cotg.) ; OF. virer + lai; OF. 
virer ; Late Lat. virare ; Lat. uibrare 
(Diez, p. 736). Cf. Vyre. 

Visage, sb. face, PP, C2 ; vysege, S2. 
— AF. visage ; Late Lat. *visaticum, from 
Lat. uisiim, ace. of iiisus, sight. 

Vitaille, sb. food, S2, C2, C3 ; vitaile, 
PP, WW; vitayle, S3; victual, WW; 



vitalis, //., B. — A.Y.V7tainc; 'Lvii.tiictudlia, 
])rovi>ioiis; see BH, § 6. 

Vitailled,//. provisioned, C3 ; vitailid, 

Vitailler, sl>. victualler, PP ; vittel- 
leris, //. , foragers, B. 

Vitremyte, sb. woman's cap, C2.— 
Lat. nitrcam >nih-am. glass head-dress (?). 
Cp. Sp. viitra, a sort of cap made of paste- 
board, which was put on the heads of 
witches when led to punishment (Stevens). 
Vox the loss of ;- in -inytc cp. F. maj-te for 
martrc, a marten, also OF. fcucsie for 
fciicstrc, and tcrrcste for terrcstre ; see 
Apfelstedt (p. xxxviii). 

Voide, adj. void, empty, W2. — AF. 
voidc (F. vide'), OF. vjiide, fem. of vnit ; 
Late Lat. *vocitum, from stem voc- ; [cp. 
Lat. uacare ; see BH, § 63, and Constans 
(s.v. vuit). — A. L. M.] 

Voiden, v. to empty ; voyden, to get 
rid of, C2 ; to expel, C ; voidis, /;-. s., S3 ; 
voyde, imp. pi., make room, S3 ; depart 
from, C2 ; voydeth, send away, C3; 
voyded, pi. s., S2 ; voidid, //., made void, 
W. — AF. voider, to leave, OF. vtiidier 
(Bartsch). See above. 

Vokyte, sb. an advocate, Voc. ; vo- 
cates, //., PP. — Lat. adnocahis 

Volage, adj. light of conduct, giddy, 
CM.— OF. volage, light (BH); Lat. uola- 

VolageOUSS, adj. light of conduct, B. 
See above. 

Volatilis, birds (a misrendering of 
Lat. altilia], W ; so in the AS. version 
alt ilia is rendered by ' fugelas ' ; birds ( = | 


Lat. uolaiilid), W2 ; volatils, HD. — Lat. 
uohililia, poultry (hence F. volaillc), pi. of 
uola/ilis (Voc.) ; from uolare, to fly. 

Volunte, sb. will, CM.— OF. volonta, 
voliiiitct ; Lat. iioluntatem. 

Voluper, sb. a woman's cap, CM ; voly- 
per, Cath. — Cp. OF. cnvohipcr, to wrap 
round (BH). 

Vouches, pr. s. avouches, S3 ; see 

Vow, sb. vow, PP ; vowes, //., PP ; 
vouwes, S2. — OF. vou (Ps. 21); Lat. 
ttotu7n. Cf. Auowe (p. 18). 

Vowchen, v. to vouch, cite, call, HD ; 
vouchen, to avouch, S3. Phj-. : vouchen 
saf, to guarantee, vouchsafe, PP, HD ; 
vouche saiif, C2. — AF. voucher, vochcr; 
Lat. jiocare ; see B. H, § 96. 

Vowtres, sb. pi. vultures, WA. — OF. 
voutrc ; Lat. miltiir. 

Vowtriere, sb. adultress, WA. See 

Voys, sb. voice, S2, S3, C2, C3 ; woice, 
S2 ; voce, B; vols, PP. — OF. vols; Lat. 
ziocctii ; see B. H, § 74. 

Vyne, sb. vine, PP, 

Vyner, sb. vineyard, W2 ; vynere, H ; 
vyneris, //., W2 ; vyners, H. — OF. 
viiiier (BH) ; Late Lat. vijiarium, vine- 
yard, from Lat. idnum, wine. 

Vyner, sb. vine-dresser, Manip. — OF. 
viitier (Ducange) ; Late Lat. vinariiim 

VynOTir, sb. vine-dresser, Bardsley. — 
OF. vinciir; Lat. uinitorem. 

Vyre, sb. a crossbow-bolt, B. — OF. 
vi)-e (Ducange). Cf. Virelay. 


Wa, sb. woe, "WA, B ; waa, WA, HD ; 
see Wo. 

Wa, profi. who, S ; see Who. 

Waast, sb. waist, C2 ; see Waste. 

Wacche, sb. vigil, watch, PP, HD ; 
wecche, S ; wach, one who keeps a look- 
out ; wecche, pi., S ; wecchess, S ; 
wacchis-, WA ; wachis, sentinels, S3. — 
AS. wcEcce. 

Wacchen, v. to watch, SkD ; vachit, 

//,, S2. — AS. waciafi. 

Wachet, sb. a sort of blue cloth, CM. 
See Philolog. Soc. Trans. 18S5, p. 329. 

Waden, v. to wade, PP ; vayd, S2. 
Der. : vading, wading, S2. — AS. -wadan, 
pt. s. wod, pp. gewaden. 

Waes, i»ip. s. be, S. Comb. : waes hail, 
be hale, S ; waes hseil, S ; wassail, S ; 
wassayl, S. — ONorth. 7ac£s, AS. zucs, imp. 
s. of zaesan, to be. 

Waes, pi. s. was, S ; see Was. 

Waff, V. to waft, lift up, raise, bear, SkD, 
JD ; wafte,//". s., S2.— Icel. vdfa, to wave, 

Wafre, sb. a thin small cake, wafer, CM, 
PP ; wafur, Prompt., Voc— AF. wafre {¥. 


gaufre' ; O. Dutch wafel (see Kilian^ ; cp. 
OHG. waha, honey-comb (Tatian ; see 
Weigand ^s v. icaffeh. 

Wafrere, sl>. a maker of wafer-cakes, 
confectioner, PP ; wafereres, //., C3. 

Wafrestre, sl>. a female maker or seller 
of wafer-cakes, PP. 

Wagfe, sb. a gage, pledge, pay for 
service, \VA, Prompt. ; wag'es, //., PP. — 
AF. 7i'age, gage ; Low Lat. wadiitm, a 
pledge; Goth, zuadi; cp. Lat. uas {uadi-.. 
Cf. Wed. 

Wagen, v. to engage, to go bail, P, 
Prompt. — OF. gagtcr; Low. Lat. waiiiarc, 
from icadimn. See above. 

Waggen,t'. to shake to and fro, Prompt., 
CM, PP ; wagffid, //., W. 

"Waghe, si'- wall, H ; wall, S ; see 

Waille, V. to wail, C2 ; see Weilen. 

Wait, /''. s. knows, S3 ; see Witen (i). 

Waith., sb. danger, peril, B, JD ; wathe, 
^VA ; vath, B. — Icel. vddi. 

"Waith,, V. to hunt, fish. — Icel. veiSa, to 
catch, hunt ; cp. AS. waSan, to hunt, to 
wander (Grein. Related to F. gagner 
(see Brachet . See Gai^nag°e. 

Waith., sb. game, sport, a ' take,' S3, JD. 
—Icel. veiHr; cp. OHG. iveida (Otfrid), 
s?e Weigand ^s.v. 7ueide). 

Waithing, sb. what is taken in hunting 
or fishing, JD, S3. 

Wak, adj. wet, moist, S3,SkD (s.v. wake). 
Der. : waknes, moistness, JD. — Cp. Du. 
wak, Icel. vokr; cp. Icel. v'ok {vaka-), a 
hole in ice. 

Wake, sb. a watch, vigilia, Cath. Comb. : 
walcepleyes, ceremonies attending the vigils 
for the dead, C. 

Waken, v. to be awake, to wake, cease 
from sleep, S, PP, S2 ; woe, pt. s., S ; 
wok, S ; wook, S2, C3. — AS. wacan, pt. 
'luoc, pp. waccn. 

Wakien, v. to watch, to awake, S, PP ; 
waky, S2 ; wakede, //. s., S, PP; waked, 
pp., S. — AS. wacian, pt. wacede. 

Wakillg,^^^. a watch, 82, C2 ; wakyng-e, 

Waknen, v. to be aroused fro