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Full text of "Crime in Montana"

•"■ . 






CRIME 



IN MONTANA 



STATE DOCUMENTS COLLECTION 



M? 1 JQ 



1994 



JBONTAhm state library 
t,,., 1515 E. 6th AVE. 
HELENA, MONTANA 59620 



ANNUAL REPORT 



Mbcc 



Montana Board of Crime Control 



MONTANA STATE LIBRARY 



3 0864 0009 8456 



CRIME IN MONTANA 



1994 



ANNUAL REPORT 



Compiled by the 
Statistical Analysis Center 

Montana Board of Crime Control 

John Pfaff, Jr., Chairman 

Ellis E. Kiser, Executive Director 



Tom Murphy, Statistical Analysis Center Director 



Montana Board of Crime Control 

303 North Roberts 

Helena, MT 59620 

(406) 444-3604 



BOARD OF CRIME CONTROL MEMBERS 
1995 



Elaine Allestad 
HC88 Box 3756 
Big Timber, MT 59011 
932-5822 

Craig Anderson 
Juvenile Probation Office 
Dawson County Courthouse 
207 West Bell 
Glendive, MT 59330 
365-4675 

Randy Bellingham 
Attorney at Law 
Sheraton Plaza 
Billings, MT 59101 
248-7731 
248-5442 

Donald Bjertness 
3115 Forsythia 
Billings, MT 59102 
656-7463 

Fred A. Brown 
City of Libby 
PO Box 1428 
Libby, MT 59923 
293-2731 



John Flynn 

County Attorney 

Broadwater County Courthouse 

Townsend, MT 59644 

266-3444 

Senator Del Gage 

PO Box 787 

Cut Bank, MT 59427 

873-2301 

Sherry Matteucci 
U. S. Attorney 
PO Box 1478 
Billings, MT 59103 
657-6101 

Joe Mazurek 
Attorney General 
215 North Sanders 
Justice Building 
Helena, MT 59620-1401 
444-2026 

Dorothy McCarter 
District Judge 
228 Broadway 
Helena, MT 59601 
447-8205 



Mike Shortell 

Police Chief 

Havre Police Department 

520 4th Street 

Havre, MT 59501 

265-4361 

Sheriff Bill Slaughter 
Gallatin County Sheriff's Dept. 
615 South 16th 
Bozeman, MT 59715 
585-1495 

Ken Stuker 

4305 Appaloosa Drive 

Helena, MT 59601 

442-8707 

Hon. Jean Turnage 
Chief Justice 
Justice Building 
215 North Sanders 
Helena, MT 59620 
444-2621 



Gary Buchanan 
PO Box 2158 
Billings, MT 59103 
252-0463 

Rick Day 

Department of Corrections and 

Human Services 
1539 11th Avenue 
Helena, MT 59620-1301 
444-3930 



Dr. John Pfaff, Jr. 
2422 Carver Bay 
PO Box 1957 
Whitefish, MT 59937 
862-2625 

Representative Debbie Shea 
100 Moon Lane 
Butte, MT 59701 
494-4708 



STATE OF MONTANA 

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 

BOARD OF CRIME CONTROL 

303 North Roberts - PO Box 201408 - Helena, MT 59620-1408 

Joseph P. Mazurek /^#fei&v Phone (406) 444-3604 

Attorney General &2 Jl\ FAX (406) 444-4722 




December 18, 1995 

Dear Reader: 

CRIME IN MONTANA - 1994 ANNUAL REPORT is prepared by the Statistical Analysis 
Center for the Montana Board of Crime Control. Crime Statistics are important bench marks 
revealing trends, patterns and clues to the future of crime in Montana. The Montana Uniform 
Crime Reporting (MUCR) system, the National Incident Reporting System (NIBRS), and the 
Juvenile Probation Information System (JPIS) are the vehicles which afford the state and the 
nation information on crime. 

This year additional time was spent working with law enforcement agencies to ensure their 
data was complete and accurate. Time was also spent gathering data from some agencies 
which have not participated in the past or which did not submit data for 1993. The 1994 
crime data included in this publication is the most complete, up-to-data, and accurate 
information available on crime in Montana. 

All reporting is voluntary; therefore, we must recognize and thank all those people in the field 
who contribute to making this publication possible. It should be noted that the 1993 data may 
not have been as complete as the data for 1994. This may account for some of the offense 
counts appearing low in 1993. For the most part, the totals for 1994 continued the trend of 
previous years. 

Again, we thank all those people who gathered and reported data throughout the year, but also 
those who worked so closely with us in the past few months to enhance the quality of this 
report. 



Sincerely, 




lis E. Kiser, 
Executive Director 




Data used in the preparation of this publication 

was compiled by the 

staff of the 

Statistical Analysis Center 

of the 

Montana Board of Crime Control. 

The Board of Crime Control thanks all the 

local law enforcement contributors for 

the thousands of hours they 

give to data entry. 

Without the local contributor, this document 

would not be possible. 

Thank you! 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Page 

Overview and Introduction 1 

Montana Crime Clock 2 

Index Crimes Total 3 

Crime Rate 4 

Index Crimes Individually 

Homicide 5 

Rape 6 

Robbery 7 

Aggravated Assault 8 

Burglary 9 

Larceny 10 

Motor Vehicle Thefts 11 

Drug Offenses 12 

Sex Offenses 13 

Domestic Abuse 14 

1 994 Arrest Rate by Offense 15 

Offense Comparison 1993 to 1994 16 

Property Loss 17 

Ranking by Crime Rate 

County Ranking 18 

Sheriff's Office Ranking 19 

Police Department Ranking 20 

Major Offenses by Agency 21 

juvenile Statistics 

Introduction 25 

Referrals by Age and Gender 27 

Ethnic Origin 28 

Summary of Juvenile Offenses 31 

Status versus Delinquent Offenses 32 

Comparison of Juvenile Offenses, 1993 to 1994 32 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

Montana State Library 



http://www.archive.org/details/crimeinmontana1994mont 



GENERAL CRIME STATISTICS 

FROM THE MONTANA 

UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING 

PROGRAM 

Overview and Introduction 

This report contains the most complete, up-to-date, and accurate information 
currently available about crime in the State of Montana. It is intended to address the 
informational needs of law enforcement administrators, planners, legislators, and local 
government officials. 

The data and statistics presented below are initiated primarily by the police 
departments and sheriff offices throughout the state. These agencies provide basic 
information about each crime which is reported to them and about each arrest they 
make to the Montana Uniform Crime Reporting (MUCR) system. In turn, the MUCR 
program feeds data into the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) national Uniform 
Crime Reporting (UCR) program. 

The number of reporting agencies can fluctuate from year to year. This accounts 
for some of the fluctuation in the number of offenses reported. A better measure 
of the trend would be a comparison of the crime rate rather than the number of 
offenses. A considerable amount of additional time was spent this year in 
compiling the 1994 data. Overall, more agencies are reporting with more 
accuracy. 

It is emphasized that the amount and type of crime reported in this document is 
based upon the number of reported offenses and does not measure those offenses 
unknown to the law enforcement community. Many crimes, for example, may go 
unreported because the victims are unaware they have been victimized or have 
themselves been participants in illegal activity. 

At the same time, many sociological and environmental factors influence the type 
and volume of criminal activity in a particular geographical area. These include the 
density and size of the community, demographic characteristics of the populations, the 
economic status of the population, educational, recreational, and religious 
characteristics of the population, effective strength of local law enforcement agencies, 
policies of prosecuting officials and the courts and public attitudes toward laws and law 
enforcement. Many of these are beyond the ability of local law enforcement agencies 
to control. 

Nearly 80% of Montana's law enforcement agencies reported to the MUCR program in 
1994. This covers about 95% of Montana's population. 



1994 MONTANA CRIME CLOCK 




ONE HOMICIDE 

EVERY 

12 DAYS, 10 HOURS 






ONE RAPE 

EVERY 

32 HOURS, 26 MINUTES 



ONE ROBBERY 

EVERY 

43 HOURS, 22 MINUTES 



ONE INDEX CRIME 

EVERY 

13 MINUTES 33 SECONDS 






__ — 



ONE AGGRAVATED 
ASSAULT EV 
ERY 

a HOURS, 53 MINUTES 



ONE VIOLENT CRIME 

EVERY 

5 HOURS, 53 MINUTES 



ONE BURGLARY 

EVERY 

1 HOUR 43 MINUTES 



ONE PROPERTY CRIME 

EVERY 

14 MINUTES, 6 SECONDS 



ONE LARCENY 

EVERY 

17MINUTES, 25 SECONDS 






ONE MOTOR VEHICLE 

THEFT EVERY 

4 HOURS, 22 MINUTES 



Source: UCR Data, MT Board of Crime Control 



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INDEX CRIMES - Reported 



In Montana 1985 - 1994 



34948 34618 34551 ,-, 10 , 33321 34274 35250 34451 
j^ihj 30720 



38768 




'88 '89 '90 

YEAR 



INCIDENCE OF MAJOR CRIMES IN MONTANA 1985-1994 



State Crime Index 

Because of their serious nature, their frequency of occurrence and the reliability of 
their reporting, the crimes of willful homicide, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated 
assault, burglary, larceny/theft, and motor vehicle theft are used as a gauge with which 
to measure the amount of crime and how much it increases or decreases over time. 
The crime index is the total number of these offenses that come to the attention of law 
enforcement agencies. 



In 1994, a total of 38,768 major crimes was reported to law enforcement officials in 
Montana. This number represents a 13% increase from 1993 to 1994; however the 
increase is partly due to an increase in the number of agencies reporting to the 
Montana Uniform Crime Reporting (MUCR) system. From 1990 through 1994, the 
average growth in major crime was nearly 4% per year. This is a reversal in the trend 
compared to the 1980s when major crimes decreased an average of 1 .6% per year. 

Increases were reported in all seven of the major crimes; homicide, rape, robbery, 
aggravated assault, burglary, larceny and motor vehicle theft. 



STATE CRIME RATE 1985-1994 



MONTANA CRIME RATE 

BASED ON REPORTED POP. 



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4434 



4453 



4762 



4240 



4503 



4638 



4570 



4420 



4730 




The crime rate of a given area is defined as the number of index crimes per 
100,000 population. By using rates per population, comparisons can be made between 
jurisdictions of unequal populations. It should be noted that the rate only takes into 
consideration the population factor and does not incorporate any of the many other 
elements which may contribute to the amount of crime reported in a given community. 

The 1994 population figures used to calculate the state's crime rate have been 
provided to the MUCR program by the U. S. Bureau of Census through the FBI. In 
1994, Montana's population was estimated to be 856,000. The population of reporting 
jurisdictions was 819,653 which is about 96% of the state total. 

In 1994, Montana's crime rate was 4,730 major crimes per 100,000 population, 
based on reporting jurisdictions. This reflects an average increase in the crime rate of 
1 .3% per year over the past five years. For the most part the number of offenses has 
been increasing as the population of Montana increases. This reflects the slight 
increase over the past five years. When comparing Montana's crime rate to national 
statistics, the state's crime rate is about 14% lower. 



In 1994, twenty-two percent of the total offenses reported were solved, being 
cleared by arrest. Of the $19.5 million of property lost, $4.5 million were recovered for 
an overall recovery rate of 23%. 



HOMICIDE 



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REPORTED HOMICIDES 

In Montana 1985 - 1994 







Homicide is the willful, non-negligent killing of one human being by another. It 
includes murder and non-negligent manslaughter, but does not include justifiable 
homicide where an offender is killed by a police officer in the line of duty or a felon killed 
during the commission of a crime by a private citizen. 

In 1994, a total of 30 homicides were reported in the state compared to a revised 
total of 29 reported in 1993, and only 17 reported in 1992. Since 1980 there were only 
two years where homicides were as high as in 1994. In 1981 and 1984 there were 40 
and 36 homicides respectively. In 1990 the total equaled the 1994 count of 30 
homicides. 



Of the 30 homicides reported in 1994, 17 were reported as cleared by arrest. 
There may be many more cleared by arrest by the time of this printing. Montana's 
homicide rate for 1994 was 3.7 homicides per 100,000 population. The nation's 
comparable rate for 1994 was 9.0. 



FORCIBLE RAPE 



REPORTED RAPES 

In Montana 1985 - 1994 



400 



£ 300 - 



O 200 



100 - 



270 



182 179 




Rape is the carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will. Both 
assaults and attempts to commit rape by force are included in this definition. Statutory 
rape (without force) and sexual assaults against males are classified as sexual offenses 
and are not counted under this classification. 



A total of 270 cases of rape and attempted rape was reported to Montana law 
enforcement officials in 1994. This was a 50% increase over the 1993 count of 179. 
From 1990 through 1994, Montana has experienced an average increase of 18% per 
year in reported rapes. 

Much of the increase is due to better reporting between the rape crisis centers and 
law enforcement, and more agencies participating in the Montana Uniform Crime 
reporting program. There are many variables involved that make it difficult to try to 
attribute the increase to any one factor. 

Nearly twelve percent (12%) of the rapes were reported as cleared by arrest in 
1 994. This compares to a rate of thirteen percent (13%) for the previous year. 

The 1 994 incidence of rape in Montana was 33 forcible rapes or attempts per 
100,000 persons compared to 23 in 1993, and about 15% lower than the national 
(1994) rate of 39. 



6 



ROBBERY 



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100 



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REPORTED ROBBERIES 

In Montana 1985 - 1994 



' .■wwww.v.v. 



228 



202 




^ 



Robbery is the taking or attempting to take anything of value from the care, 
custody, or control of a person or persons by force or the threat of force or violence 
and/or putting the victim in fear. Robbery is a crime in which the element of personal 
confrontation between the victim and offender is present. Attempts to rob are included 
in the robbery count. 

A total of 202 cases of robbery and attempted robbery was reported to Montana 
law enforcement officials in 1994. This reflects an increase of 9% from 1993's count of 
186. 

Twenty-five percent (25%) of the reported robberies were reported as cleared by 
arrest in 1993. The clearance rate for 1993 was 28%. The national clearance rate in 
1994 was 24%. 



The 1994 incidence of robbery in Montana was 25 robberies per 100,000 persons. 
This is considerably less than the national (1994) rate of 238. 



AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 



REPORTED AGGRAVATED ASSAULTS 




Aggravated assault is the unlawful attack by one person upon another for the 
purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury. This type of assault is usually 
accompanied by the use of a weapon, or by means likely to produce death or great 
bodily harm. Any assault which does not involve the use of a weapon and does not 
result in serious injury is classified as a simple assault and is reported under a separate 
crime category. 

A total of 986 cases of aggravated assault and attempted aggravated assault was 
reported to Montana law enforcement officials in 1994. This is considerably higher 
than the total reported in 1993 of 788. In part, the increase is due to more law 
enforcement agencies reporting to the Montana Uniform Crime Reporting (MUCR) 
program. 

About forty-five percent (45%) of the reported aggravated assaults were cleared 
by arrest or by exception in 1994. The national clearance rate in 1994 was 56%. 

The 1994 incidence of aggravated assault or attempts in Montana was 120 per 
100,000 persons, which is only 28% of the national (1994) rate of 430. 



8 



BURGLARY 



REPORTED BURGLARIES 



1 



In Montana 1985 - 1994 

i-UHAVl^ l»U ^.M Ml MM 1 11 M I MIM 1 



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6484 




6176 6003 



5359 5401 



H5H55; 



5257 5417 4868 4943 5099 



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•85 '86 '87 '88 '89 '90 '91 '92 '93 '94 

YEAR 



^ 



Burglary is the unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or theft. The theft 
of items from a building is classified as burglary if it is accompanied by a breaking or 
unlawful entry (trespass) without breaking. If the building is open to the general public 
and the offender has legal access, it is considered a larceny. 

A total of 5,099 cases of burglary and attempted burglary was reported to Montana 
law enforcement officials in 1994. This was a 3% increase over the previous year's 
count of 4,943. As can be seen in the graph above, burglaries have remained 
somewhat stable over the past three years. 

Nearly ten percent (10%) of the reported burglaries were cleared by arrest in 
1994, while 13% were reported as cleared by arrest in 1993. The national clearance 
rate in 1994 was also 13%. 



The 1993 incidence of burglary in Montana was 622 forcible burglaries or attempts 
per 100,000 persons, which is only slightly lower than the 1993 rate of 634. This is 
only sixty percent (60%) of the national (1994) rate of 1 ,042. 



LARCENY/THEFT 



REPORTED LARCENIES 

In Montana 1985 -1994 



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24987 25568 25990 24203 ^^ 25103 25877 j^, 26724 



30176 




Larceny is the unlawful taking, carrying, leading or riding away of property from the 
possession or constructive possession of another. Larceny includes such crimes as 
pickpocket, purse snatching, shoplifting, theft from motor vehicles, and theft from 
buildings where forced entry is not involved. It does not include embezzlement, "con" 
games, forgery, or bad checks. Similarly motor vehicle theft is not included in this 
category since it is considered a major crime by itself. 

A total of 30,176 cases of larceny and attempted larceny was reported to Montana 
law enforcement officials in 1994. From 1990 through 1994, an average annual 
increase of five percent (5%) in reported larcenies is reflected in the chart above. 

Just under nineteen percent (18.5%) of the reported larcenies were cleared by 
arrest in 1994. This is similar to the proportion cleared in 1993 when it was 20%. 
Montana's 1994 clearance rate is 1.5% lower than the national clearance rate in 1994 
of 20%. 

The 1994 incidence of larceny in Montana was 3,682 larcenies per 100,000 
persons, compared to 3429 in 1993. This is about 20% higher than the national (1994) 
rate of 3,025. 



10 



MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT 



CO 

t 



REPORTED MOTOR VEHICLE THEFTS 



In Montana 1985 -1994 



2500 



2005 




Motor vehicle theft is defined as the theft of or attempted theft of a vehicle which 
is self-propelled and runs on the surface and not on rails. It includes automobiles, 
trucks, buses, vans, motorcycles, and snowmobiles. It does not include motorboats, 
construction equipment, airplanes and farming equipment. 

A total of 2,005 cases of motor vehicle theft and attempted motor vehicle theft was 
reported to Montana law enforcement officials in 1994. This reflects a considerable 
increase over the 1993 count of 1602, and reverses the downward trend since 1991. 

Twenty-five percent (25%) of the reported motor vehicle thefts were cleared by 
arrest in 1994. This is slightly lower than the 29% rate cleared in 1993. The national 
clearance rate in 1994 was 14%. 

The 1994 incidence of motor vehicle theft in Montana was 245 motor vehicle thefts 
or attempts per 100,000 persons. The national (1994) rate is more than twice the 
Montana rate at where it totals 591 . 



11 



DRUG ABUSE VIOLATIONS 



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REPORTED DRUG OFFENSES 



'85 



In Montana 1985- 1994 



vvjwvi^nOOOX/JMJSi, 



2893 



'86 



'87 '88 



'89 '90 

YEAR 



'91 



'92 



•93 




'94 



Drug abuse involves the unlawful possession, sale, use, cultivation, and 
manufacturing of controlled substances and narcotic drugs. 

A total of 2,893 cases of drug abuse and attempted drug abuse was reported to 
Montana law enforcement officials in 1994. The 1993 count was about 30% lower at 
2191. From 1 990 through 1 994, there has been an average annual increase of about 
20%. 

Of the 2,893 drug abuse violations in 1994, nearly 75% were reportedly cleared by 
arrest. 

The 1994 incidence of drug abuse in Montana was 353 drug abuse cases or 
attempts per 100,000 persons as compared to 281 per 100,000 in 1993. 

The major increases in drug offenses over the past five years could more than likely be 
attributed to the efforts of the drug task forces. 



12 



SEX OFFENSES 



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In Montana 1985 -1994 



1636 



1591 



1449 1533 1499 1489 1438 1 



538 



1450 




Sex crimes include offenses against chastity, common decency, morals, and the 
like. Montana law lists four specific crimes: sexual assault, deviate sexual conduct, 
indecent exposure and incest. Excluded under this category are forcible rape, 
prostitution and commercial vice. 

Sex offenses have remained somewhat stable over the past ten years. A total of 
1 ,450 cases of sex offense and attempted sex offense was reported to Montana law 
enforcement officials in 1 994. The 1 994 total is only 34 lower than the previous 
nine-year average of 1484. 

Of the 1450 sex offenses reported to law enforcement, only 213 or 15% were 
reported as being cleared by arrest. This compares to twenty-two percent (22%) 
reported in 1993. 

The 1994 incidence of sex offenses in Montana was 177 sex offenses or attempts 
per 100,000 persons which is about 10% lower than the previous nine-year average 
rate of 196 per 100,000 persons. 



13 



DOMESTIC ABUSE 



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REPORTED DOMESTIC ABUSE 



In Montana 1985-1994 



3170 



2347 2295 



1411 




A person commits the offense of domestic abuse if he/she: (a) purposely or 
knowingly causes bodily injury to a family member or household member; or (b) 
purposely or knowingly causes reasonable apprehension of bodily injury in a family 
member or household member. 

A total of 3,170 cases of domestic abuse and attempted domestic abuse was 
reported to Montana law enforcement officials in 1994. As can be seen in the chart 
above the trend continues to climb upward since 1988. The chart reflects an annual 
average increase of about 18% from 1988 to 1994. 

Sixty-seven percent (67%) of the reported domestic abuse cases were cleared by 
arrest or by exception in 1994, compared to a similar rate of 66% in 1993. 

The 1994 incidence of domestic abuse in Montana was 387 domestic abuse cases 
or attempts per 100,000 persons as compared to 294 per 100,000 in 1993. 



14 



TABLE 1 
1994 SUMMARY OF OFFENSES 
KNOWN TO LAW ENFORCEMENT 
IN MONTANA 







Offenses 
Reported 
1994 




Cleared 
By Arrest 
1994 




Percent 
Cleared 
By Arrest 
















CRIME 














Homicide 




30 




17 




55.0% 


Rape 




270 




31 




11.6% 


Robbery 




202 




50 




24.9% 


[Aggravated Assault 




986 




445 




45.1% 


Total Violent 




1,488 


543 




36.5% 
















Burglary 




5,099 




490 




9.6% 


Larceny 




30,176 




5577 




18.5% 


Motor Vehicle Theft 




2,005 




377 




18.8% 


Total Property 




37,280 




6,443 




17.3% 
















TOTAL PART I 




38,768 




6,986 




18.0% 






























Other Assaults 


* 


8,423 




4126 




49.0% 


Domestic Abuse 


** 


3,170 




2107 




66.5% 


Arson 




314 




29 




9.3% 


Forgery 




1,742 




310 




17.8% 


Fraud 




2,738 




524 




19.1% 


[Embezzlement 




47 




23 




48.0% 


Stolen Property 




228 




63 




27.7% 


Vandalism 




15,813 




1301 




8.2% 


Weapons 




487 




218 




44.8% 


Prostitution 




33 




30 




90.0% 


Sex Offenses 




1,450 




213 




14.7% 


,Narcotics 




2,893 




2151 




74.4% 


Gambling 




1 




1 




100.0% 


Offenses Against Family 




677 




185 




27.4% 


DUI 




6,328 




5669 




89.6% 


Liquor Laws 




4,065 




3010 




74.1% 


Disorderly Conduct 




5,677 




2879 




50.7% 


All Other 




15,004 




3403 




22.7% 
















TOTAL PART II 


*** 


34,846 




9,174 




26.3% 
















GRAND TOTAL 


*** 


73,614 




16,161 


22 0% 




I 


i i 


I 





Other Assaults consist of assaults other than those considered aggravated 
If a domestic abuse is considered aggravated it will be counted as an 
aggravated assault and also as a domestic abuse. 

** Other Assaults include Domestic Abuse. 

*** Totals do not include DUI, Liquor Laws, Disorderly Conduct, and All Other. 

Source: Montana Board of Crime Control. Uniform Crime Report Data 



15 



TABLE 2 
1993 AND 1994 COMPARISON 
OF OFFENSES REPORTED 
IN MONTANA 







Reported 
1993 




Reported 
1994 




Percent 
Change 














OFFENSE 












Homicide 




29 




30, 


3.4% 


Rape 




179 270 


50.8% 


Robbery 




186 202 


8.6% 


Aggravated Assault 




788 




986 




25.1% 


Total Violent 




1,182 




1,488 




25.9% | 
















Burglary 




4,943 




5,099 




3.2% 


Larceny 




26,724 , 


30,176; 


12.9% 


Motor Vehicle Theft 




1,602 




2,005 , 


25.2% 


Total Property 




33,269 




37,280 j 


12.1% 
















TOTAL PART 1 




34,451 




38,768 




12.5% 




























Other Assaults 


* 


6,269 




8,423 


34.4% 


Domestic Abuse 




2,295 




3,170! 


38.1% 


Arson 




154 


314 


103.9% 


Forgery 




1,232 


1,742 


41.4% 


Fraud 




2,703 




2,738 




1.3% 


Embezzlement 




26 


47 




80.8% 


Stolen Property 




169 




228 j 


34.9% 


Vandalism 




13,570 




15,813; 


16.5% 


Weapons 




327 




487 




48.9% 


Prostitution 




32 




33 




3.1% 


Sex Offenses 




1,183 




1,450 




22.6% 


Narcotics 




2,191 




2,893 




32,0% 


Gambling 




10 




1 




-90.0% 


Offenses Against Family 




400 




677 


69.3% 


DUI 




5,464 




6,328 




15.8% 
















TOTAL PART II 


*» 


28,266 




34,846 




23.3% 










I 




GRAND TOTAL 


** 


62,717 




73,614! 17.4% 



* Other Assaults consist of assaults other than those considered aggravated. 
If a domestic abuse is considered aggravated it will be counted as aggravated 
and also as a domestic abuse. Other Assaults include Domestic Abuse. 

** Totals do not include DUIs. 

Source Montana Board of Crime Control, Uniform Crime Report Data 



16 



TABLE 3 

REPORTED PROPERTY LOSS INCURRED 
IN CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTY 
1994 



lAVERAGE 




TOTAL 




TOTAL 


% OF TOTAL 


TYPE OF CRIME 


LOSS 




LOSS 




RECOVERED 




RECOVERED 






































Robbery 




$396 




$84,023 




$5,848 




7% 






































Burglary 




$548 




$3,002,455 




$548,595 




18% 






































Larceny 




$281 




$7,720,277 




$1,224,870 




16% 






































Motor Vehicle Theft 




$3,165 




$4,460,055 




$2,252,336 




51% 






































Vandalism 




$296 




$2,124,834 




$107,184 




5% 






































Other * 




$629 




$2,122,008 




$406,395 




19% 




































Total 




$432 




$19,513,652 




$4,545,228 




23% 














I 





* Other includes arson, forgery, fraud, embezzlement, stolen property and other 
crimes against property. 

Source: Montana Board of Crime Control, Uniform Crime Report 



17 



TABLE 4 
COUNTY RANKING 
WITH RESPECT TO 
THEIR 1994 CRIME RATE 



COUNTY 



RATE 
PER 100,000 



1 1 Yellowstone Cnty Total 


7041 


2 Hill Cnty Total 


6912 


3 


Cascade Cnty Total 


6829 


4 


Missoula Cnty Total 


5919 


5 


Mineral Cnty Total 


5822 


6 


Flathead Cnty Total 


5470 


7 


Lincoln Cnty Total 


5446 


8 


Lewis & Clark Cnty Total 


5345 


9 


Silver Bow Cnty Total 


5040 


10 


Custer Cnty Total 


4809 


11 


State Average 


4730 


12 


Meagher Cnty Total 


4452 


13 


Deer Lodge Cnty Total 


4057 


14 


Park County Total 


4027 


15 


Granite Cnty Total 


4023 


16 


Broadwater Cnty Total 


3794 


17 


Gallatin Cnty Total 


3728 


18 


Valley Cnty Total 


3364 


19 


Lake County Total 


3337 


20 


Wheatland Cnty Total 


3183 


21 


Fergus Cnty Total 


3159 


22 


Sweet Grass Cnty Total 


2771 


23 


Richmond Cnty Total 


2696 


24 


Dawson Cnty Total 


2565 


25 


Musselshell Cnty Total 


2529 


26 


Big Horn Cnty Total 


2446 


27 


Carbon Cnty Total 


2415 


28 


Toole Cnty Total 


2255 


29 


Phillips Cnty Total 


2208 


30 


Sheridan Cnty Total 


2182 


31 


Beaverhead Cnty Total 


2166 


32 


Roosevelt Cnty Total 2076 


33 


Sanders Cnty Total 2031 


34 


Chouteau Cnty Total 1900 


35 


Rosebud Cnty Total 


1850 


36 


Ravalli Cnty Total 


1823 


37 


Powell Cnty Total 


1684 


38 


Liberty Cnty Total 


1406 


39 


Powder River Cnty Total 


1359 


40 


Jefferson Cnty Total 


1258 


41 


Pondera Cnty Total 


960 


42 


Fallon Cnty Total 


955 


43 


Blaine Cnty Total 


892 


44 


Stillwater Cnty Total 


884 


45 


Madison Cnty Total 


617 


46 


Teton Cnty Total 


426 


47 


Daniels Cnty Total 


226 


48 


McCone Cnty Total 


137 


49 


Treasure Cnty Total 


109 



** This ranking, based on a population of 100,000, includes only those counties 
that participate in reporting to the Board of Crime Control. 

Refer to table 7 for information on counties which included agencies where data 
was not available or was incomplete. Also, some counties included agencies 
for which data was estimated based on previous years or on a partial year of data. 

Source MT Board of Crime Control 



18 



TABLE 5 
SHERIFFS OFFICES 
RANKED BY THEIR 1994 CRIME RATE ** 





AGENCY RATE PER 100,0 


1 


Mineral Cnty SO. 


5822 


2 


Libby/Lincoln Cnty S.O. 


5446 


3 


Butte/Silver Bow 


5040 


4 


Meagher Cnty S.O. 


4452 


5 


Anaconda / D.L. Cnty 


4057 


6 


Custer Cnty S.O. 


4024 


7 


Granite Cnty S.O. 


4023 


8 

r~9 


Flathead Cnty S.O. 


3919 


Broadwater Cnty S.O. 


3794 


10 


Lewis & Clark Cnty S.O. 


3703 


11 


Wheatland Cnty S.O. 


3183 


12 


Hill Cnty S.O. 


3166 


13 


Sweet Grass Cnty S.O. 


2771 


14 


Missoula Cnty S.O. 


2701 


15 


Yellowstone Cnty S.O. 


2691 


16 


Musselshell Cnty S.O. 


2529 


17 


Big Horn Cnty S.O. 


2446 


18 


Lake Cnty S.O. 


2330 


19 


Shelby/Toole Cnty S.O. 


2255 


20 


Gallatin Cnty S.O. 


2248 


21 


Phillips Cnty S.O. 


2208 


22 


Sanders Cnty S.O. 


2181 


23 


Carbon Cnty S.O. 


2178 


24 


Beaverhead Cnty S.O. 


2166 


25 


Richland Cnty S.O. 


2094 


26 


Roosevelt Cnty S.O. 


2076 


27 


Valley Cnty S.O. 


2071 


28 


Cascade Cnty SO 


2036 


29 


Fergus Cnty S.O. 


1879 


30 


Rosebud Cnty S.O. 


1850 


31 


Jefferson Cnty S.O. 


1771 


32 


Deer Lodge / Powell Cnty 


1684 


33 


Park Cnty S.O. 


1624 


34 


Chouteau Cnty S.O. 


1526 


35 


Liberty Cnty S.O. 


1406 


36 


Powder River Cnty S.O. 


1359 


37 


Sheridan Cnty S.O. 


1244 


38 
39 


Ravalli Cnty SO. 


1136 


Blaine Cnty S.O. 


892 


40 


Stillwater Cnty S.O. 


884 


41 


Dawson Cnty S.O. 


735 


42 


Pondera Cnty S.O. 


620 


43 


Madison Cnty S.O. 


617 


44 


Teton Cnty S.O. 


426 


45 


Scoby/Daniels Cnty S.O. 


226 


46 


McCone Cnty S.O. 


137 


47 


Treasure Cnty S.O. 


109 


48 


Fallon Cnty S.O. 


79 



** This ranking, based on a population of 100,000, includes only those agencies 
that participate in reporting to the Board of Crime Control. Also, refer to Table 7 for 
information on agencies which include estimates based on previous years or 
on a partial year of data. 

Source: Montana Board of Crime Control 



19 



TABLE 6 
POLICE DEPARTMENTS 
RANKED BY THEIR 1994 CRIME RATE ** 



AGENCY 



RATE 
PER 100,000 



1 


Kalispell P.D. 


10100 


2 


West Yellowstone P.D. 


9654 


3 


Havre P.D. 


9635 


4 


Whitefish P.D. 


9264 


5 


Great Falls P.D. 


8743 


6 


Missoula P.D. 


8658 


7 


Billings P.D. 


8506 


8 


Poison P.D. 


7774 


9 


Hamilton P.D. 


7372 


10 


Laurel P.D. 


6963 


11 


Helena P.D. 


6770 


12 


Livingston P.D. 


6717 


13 


Bozeman P.D. 


5159 


14 


Miles City P.D. 


5108 


15 


Butte/Silver Bow 


5040 


16 


Glasgow P.D. 


5013 


17 


Fairview P.D. 


4941 


18 


Lewistown P.D. 


4432 


19 


Glendive P.D. 


4323 


20 


Anaconda / D.L. Cnty 


4057 


21 


Manhattan P.D. 


3375 


22 


Plentywood P.D. 


3332 


23 
24 


Belgrade P.D. 


3239 


Dillon P.D. 


3197 


25 


Red Lodge P.D. 


3049 


26 


Sidney P.D. 


2864 


27 


Fort Benton P.D. 


2743 


28 


Columbia Falls P.D. 


2652 


29 


Deer Lodge / Powell Cnty 


1684 


30 


Baker P.D. 


1553 


31 


Conrad P.D. 


1376 


32 


Thompson Falls P.D. 


1170 


33 


Three Forks P.D. 


1076 



** This ranking, based on a population of 100,000, includes only those agencies 
that participate in reporting to the Board of Crime Control. Also, refer to Table 7 for 
information on agencies which include estimates based on previous years or 
on a partial year of data. 



Source: Montana Board of Crime Control 



20 



TABLE 7 
1994 MAJOR OFFENSES REPORTED 
BY INDIVIDUAL AGENCIES 







1994 
Population 


Crime 
Index 


Crime 
Rate 
















AGENCY 




Homicide 


Rape 


Robbery 


Assault 


Burglary 


Larceny 


MVT 


























Beaverhead Cnty 
























Beaverhead Cnty S.O. 




4703 


58 


1233 











7 


21 


20 


10 


Dillon P.D. 




4254 


136 


3197 











2 


8 


123 


3 


Beaverhead Cnty Total 




8957 


194 


2166 











9 


29 


143 


13 


























Big Horn Cnty 
























Big Horn Cnty S.O. 




12143 


297 


2446 





2 


1 


39 


33 


206 


16 


Big Horn Cnty Total 




12143 


297 


2446 





2 


1 


39 


33 


206 


16 


























Blaine Cnty 
























Blaine Cnty S.O. 




5493 


49 


892 











3 


15 


24 


7 


Chinook P.D. 


* 


1564 




















Blaine Cnty Total 


M 


5493 


49 


892 











3 


15 


24 


7 


























Broadwater Cnty 
























Broadwater Cnty S.O. 


est 


3664 


139 


3794 











4 


32 


98 


5 


Broadwater Cnty Total 




3664 


139 


3794 











4 


32 


98 


5 


I 
























Carbon Cnty 
























Carbon Cnty S.O. 




5694 


124 


2178 











2 


43 


73 


6 


Red Lodge P.D. 




2132 


65 


3049 











1 


5 


55 


4 


Bridger P.D. 


* 


767 




















Carbon Cnty Total 


*• 


7826 


189 


2415 





o 





3 


48 


128 


10 


























Carter Cnty 
























Carter Cnty S.O. 


* 


1549 




















Carter Cnty Total 


•* 


1549 












































Cascade Cnty 
























j Cascade Cnty S.O. 




23576 


480 


2036 





3 





25 


42 


382 


28 


Great Falls P.D. 




59017 


5160 


8743 


2 


30 


40 


30 


559 


4300 


199 


Cascade Cnty Total 




82593 


5640 


6829 


2 


33 


40 


55 


601 


4682 


227 


























Chouteau Cnty 






















Chouteau Cnty S.O. 


3933 


60 


1526 





1 





1 


12 


40 


6 


Fort Benton P.D. 




1750 


48 


2743 











2 


4 


40 


2 


Chouteau Cnty Total 




5683 


108 


1900 





1 





3 


16 


80 


8 


























Custer Cnty 
























Custer Cnty S.O. 




3380 


136 


4024 











4 


28 


100 


4 


Miles City P D 




8869 


453 


5108 








3 


13 


54 


368 


15 


Custer Cnty Total 




12249 


589 


4809 








3 


17 


82 


468 


19 


























Daniels Cnty 
























Scoby/Daniels Cnty S.O. 




2214 


5 


226 











1 





1 


3 


Daniels Cnty Total 




2214 


5 


226 











1 





1 


3 


























Dawson Cnty 
























Dawson Cnty S.O. 


est 


4625 


34 


735 











5 


7 


21 


1 


Glendive P.D. 




4811 


208 


4323 











4 


12 


191 


1 


Dawson Cnty Total 




9436 


242 


2565 











9 


19 


212 


2 


























Deer Lodge Cnty 
























Anaconda / D.L. Cnty 




10451 


424 


4057 











12 


47 


341 


24 


Deer Lodge Cnty Total 




10451 


424 


4057 











12 


47 


341 


24 


























Fallon Cnty 
























Fallon Cnty S.O. 




1273 


1 


79 

















1 





Baker P.D. 




1867 


29 


1553 














9 


18 


2 


Fallon Cnty Total 




3140 


30 


955 














9 


19 


2 


























Fergus Cnty 
























Fergus Cnty S O 




6441 


121 


1879 











3 


25 


83 


10 


Lewistown P.D. 




6476 


287 


4432 





4 





10 


29 


237 


7 


Fergus Cnty Total 


12917 


408 


3159 





4 





13 


54 


320 


17 



Source: 

MT Board of Crime Control 



Agency did not report or data is incomplete. 

Data is not available or incomplete for one or more agencies. 

Crime rate will be calculated using the population total for reporting agencies only 



est = estimated based on prev. years 



21 



TABLE 7 cont. 
1994 MAJOR OFFENSES REPORTED 
BY INDIVIDUAL AGENCIES 







1994 
Population 


Crime 
Index 


Crime 
Rate 
















AGENCY 




Homicide 


Rape 


Robbery Assault Burglary 


Larceny 


MVT 
























Flathead Cnty 
























Flathead Cnty S.O. 




44576 


1747 


3919 


1 


36 


2 


57 


361 


1170 


120 


Columbia Falls P.D. 




3168 


84 


2652 





1 


1 


3 


6 


67 


6 


Kalispell P.D. 




12970 


1310 


10100 





6 


1 


23 


155 


1063 


62 


Whitefish P.D. 




4739 


439 


9264 











7 


32 


384 


16 


Flathead Cnty Total 




65453 


3580 


5470 


1 


43 


4 


90 


554 


2684 


204 


























Gallatin Cnty 






















I 


Gallatin Cnty SO. 




24107 


542 


2248 


1 


3 


1 


30 


111 


368 


28 


Belgrade P.D. 




3767 


122 


3239 











9 


12 


93 


8 


Bozeman P.D. 




24810 


1280 


5159 





1 


16 


16 


97 


1089 


61 


Manhattan P.D. 




1126 


38 


3375^ 














4 


31 


3 


Three Forks P.D. 




1301 


14 


1076 











1 


7 


4 


2 


West Yellowstone P.D. 




984 


95 


9654 











3 


11 


78 


3 


MSU Police 


unv 




273 







1 


1 


3 


5 


258 


5 


Gallatin Cnty Total 




56095 


2091 


3728 


1 


4 


17 


59 


242 


1663 


105 


























Garfield Cnty 
























Garfield Cnty S.O. 


* 


1486 




















Garfield Cnty Total 


** 


1486 












































Glacier Cnty 
























Glacier Cnty S.O. 


* 


9295 




















Cut Bank P.D. 


* 


3396 




















Glacier Cnty Total 


M 


12691 










































" 


Golden Valley Cnty 
























Golden Valley Cnty S.O. 


* 


933 




















Golden Valley Cnty Total 


** 


933 












































Granite Cnty 
























Granite Cnty S.O. 


est 


2635 


106 


4023 





1 


1 


4 


37 


51 


12 


Granite Cnty Total 




2635 


106 


4023 





1 


1 


4 


37 


51 


12 
























Hill Cnty 






















Hill Cnty S.O. 




7801 


247 


3166 





4 





5 


42 


172 


24 


Havre P.D. 




10732 


1034 


9635 





6 


1 


15 


73 


877 


62 


Hill Cnty Total 




18533 


1281 


6912 





10 


1 


20 


115 


1049 


86 


























Jefferson Cnty 
























Jefferson Cnty S.O. 


6097 


108 


1771 


2 


3 





38 


21 


39 


5 


Boulder P.D. 


1370 




Boulder cou 


nts are incli 


ded in the J 


efferson County number 


>. 




l 


Whitehall P.D. 


1121 




Whitehall cc 


unts are inc 


luded in the 


Jefferson C 


Dunty numbt 


rs 






Jefferson Cnty Total 


8588 


108 


1258 


2 


3 





38 


21 


39 


5 


























Judith Basin Cnty 
























Judith Basin Cnty S.O. 


* 


2343 




















Judith Basin Cnty Total 


** 


2343 












































Lake Cnty 
























Lake Cnty S.O. 




16609 


387 


2330 





10 


1 


22 


73 


251 


30 


Poison P.D. 




3769 


293 


7774 





1 





12 


35 


234 


11 


Ronan P.D. 


* 


1696 


















I 


St. Ignatius P.D. 


* 


883 




















Lake County Total 


** 


20378 


680 


3337 





11 


1 


34 


108 


485 


41 


























Lewis & Clark Cnty 
























Lewis & Clark Cnty S.O. 




23226 


860 


3703 


2 


15 


1 


30 


137 


645 


30 


Helena P.D. 




26781 


1813 


6770 


2 


20 


8 


95 


183 


1420 


85 


East Helena P.D. 


* 


1704 




















Lewis & Clark Cnty Total 


»* 


50007 


2673 


5345 


4 


35 


9 


125 


320 


2065 


115 


























Liberty Cnty 
























Liberty Cnty S.O. 




2347 


33 


1406 











3 


5 


22 


3 


Liberty Cnty Total 




2347 


33 


1406 











3 


5 


22 


3 










I 















Source: 

MT Board of Crime Control 



Agency did not report or data is incomplete. est = estimated based on prev. years 

Data is not available or incomplete for one or more agencie unv = university pop. is unknown, not used in rate calc 

Crime rate will be calculated using the population total for reporting agencies only. 



22 



TABLE 7 cont. 
1994 MAJOR OFFENSES REPORTED 
BY INDIVIDUAL AGENCIES 







1994 
Population 


Crime 

Index 


Crime 
Rate 
















AGENCY 




Homicide 


Rape 


Robbery 


Assault 


Burglary 


Larceny 


MVT 


























Lincoln Cnty 
























Libby/Lincoln Cnty S.O. 




16233 


884 


5446 





4 





26 


130 


673 


51 


Eureka P.D. 


• 


1081 




















Troy P.D. 


• 


1096 




















Lincoln Cnty Total 


16233 


884 


5446 





4 





26 


130 


673 


51 


























McCone Cnty 
























McCone Cnty SO. 




2185 


3 


137 














1 





2 


McCone Cnty Total 




2185 


3 


137 














1 





2 


























Madison Cnty 
























Madison Cnty S.O. 




6320 


39 


617 











6 


7 


24 


2 


Madison Cnty Total 




6320 


39 


617 











6 


7 


24 


2 


























Meagher Cnty 
























Meagher Cnty S.O. 




1887 


84 


4452 





2 





2 


22 


58 





Meagher Cnty Total 




1887 


84 


4452 





2 





2 


22 


58 





























Mineral Cnty 
























Mineral Cnty S.O. 




3607 


210 


5822 





1 


4 


6 


17 


176 


6 


Mineral Cnty Total 




3607 


210 


5822 





1 


4 


6 


17 


176 


6 


























Missoula Cnty 
























Missoula Cnty S.O. 




39460 


1066 


2701 


2 


21 


6 


50 


200 


724 


63 


Missoula P.D. 




46362 


4014 


8658 





20 


15 


53 


338 


3452 


136 


U of M Police 


unv 




339 







1 





3 


20 


313 


2 


Missoula Cnty Total 




85822 


5080 


5919 


2 


41 


21 


103 


538 


4176 


199 


























Musselshell Cnty 
























Musselshell Cnty S.O. 




4271 


108 


2529 











21 


29 


49 


9 


Musselshell Cnty Total 




4271 


108 


2529 











21 


29 


49 


9 I 


























Park Cnty 
























Park Cnty S.O. 




8130 


132 


1624 





1 





3 


17 


105 


6 


Livingston P.D. 




7266 


488 


6716 


o 





2 


8 


48 


408 


22 


Park County Total 




15396 


620 


4027 





1 


2 


11 


65 


513 


28 


























Petroleum Cnty 
























Petroleum Cnty S.O. 


* | 




















Petroleum Cnty Total 


M 


531 












































Phillips Cnty 
























Phillips Cnty S.O. 




5300 


117 


2208 








1 


8 


15 


79 


14 


Phillips Cnty Total 




5300 


117 


2208 








1 


8 


15 


79 


14 


























Pondera Cnty 






















Pondera Cnty SO. 




3549 


22 


620 











1 


4 


15 


2 


Conrad P.D. 




2908 


40 


1376 











1 


2 


36 


1 


Pondera Cnty Total 




6457 


62 


960 











2 


6 


51 


3 


























Powder River Cnty 
























Powder River Cnty S.O. 




2134 


29 


1359 











1 


2 


23 


3 


Powder River Cnty Total 


2134 


29 


1359 











1 


2 


23 


3 


























Powell Cnty 
























Deer Lodge / Powell Cnty 




7065 


119 


1684 


3 


2 


1 


4 


27 


75 


7 


Powell Cnty Total 




7065 


119 


1684 


3 


2 


1 


4 


27 


75 


7 


























Prairie Cnty 
























Prairie Cnty S.O. 


* 


1349 




















Prairie Cnty Total 


** 


1349 












































Ravalli Cnty 
























Ravalli Cnty S.O. 


est 


25434 


289 


1136 


2 


11 


1 


23 


46 


195 


11 


Hamilton P.D. 


est 


3147 


232 


7372 











3 


15 


205 


9 i 


Ravalli Cnty Total 


28581 


521 


1823 


2 


11 


1 


26 


61 


400 


20 



Source: 

MT Board of Crime Control 



Agency did not report or data is incomplete. est = est = estimated based on prev years 

Data is not available or incomplete for one or more agencie unv = university pop. is unknown, not used in rate calc 

Crime rate will be calculated using the population total for reporting agencies only. 



23 



TABLE 7 cont. 
1994 MAJOR OFFENSES REPORTED 







BY 


INDIVIC 


)UAL A< 


3ENCIE 


s 














1994 
Population 


Crime 
Index 


Crime 
Rate 




AGENCY 




Homicide 


Rape 


Robbery 


Assault 


Burglary 


Larceny 


MVT 


Richland Cnty 
























Richland Cnty SO. 




4680 


98 


2094 











2 


20 


73 


3 


Sidney P.D. 




5412 


155 


2864 





5 





5 


22 


118 


5 


Fairview P.D. 




850 


42 


4941 














13 


28 


1 


Richmond Cnty Total 




10942 


295 


2696 





S 





7 


55 


219 


9 


























Roosevelt Cnty 
























Roosevelt Cnty S.O. 




7562 


157 


2076 





3 





6 


31 


103 


14 


Wolf Point P.D. 


• 


2861 




















Poplar P.D. 


* 


889 




















Roosevelt Cnty Total 


M 


7562 


157 


2076 





3 





6 


31 


103 


14 


























Rosebud Cnty 
























Rosebud Cnty SO. 




11030 


204 


1850 








4 


5 


30 


152 


13 


Rosebud Cnty Total 




11030 


204 


1850 








4 


5 


30 


152 


13 


























Sanders Cnty 
























Sanders Cnty SO. 




7841 


171 


2181 


1 








17 


53 


83 


17 


Thompson Falls P D 


est 


1367 


16 


1170 











1 


3 


10 


2 


Sanders Cnty Total 




9208 


187 


2031 


1 








18 


56 


93 


19 
























Sheridan Cnty 




















i 


Sheridan Cnty S.O. 




2573 


32 


1244 


1 








2 


7 


19 


3 


Plentywood P.D. 




2101 


70 


3332 











1 


4 


56 


9 


Sheridan Cnty Total 




4674 


102 


2182 


1 








3 


11 


75 


12 


























Silver Bow Cnty 






















Butte/Silver Bow 




35538 


1791 


5040 


3 


14 


12 


29 


214 


1435 


84 


Silver Bow Cnty Total 




35538 


1791 


5040 


3 


14 


12 


29 


214 


1435 


84 


























Stillwater Cnty 
























Stillwater Cnty S.O. 




7013 


62 


884 











3 


12 


41 


6 


Stillwater Cnty Total 




7013 


62 


884 











3 


12 


41 


6 
























Sweet Grass Cnty 






















Sweet Grass Cnty S.O. 


est 


3248 


90 


2771 











6 


17 


62 


5 


Sweet Grass Cnty Total 




3248 


90 


2771 











6 


17 


62 


5 


























Teton Cnty 






















I 


Teton Cnty S.O. 




4697 


20 


426 











1 


6 


11 


2 


Choteau P.D. 


* 


1749 




















Teton Cnty Total 


** 


4697 


20 


426 











1 


6 


11 


2 






















Toole Cnty 




















Shelby/Toole Cnty S.O. 




5189 


117 


2255 


o 


1 





4 


12 


87 


13 


Toole Cnty Total 




5189 


117 


2255 





1 





4 


12 


87 


13 
























Treasure Cnty 






















Treasure Cnty SO. 




920 


1 


109 











1 











Treasure Cnty Total 




920 


1 


109 











1 



































Valley Cnty 
























Valley Cnty S.O 




4781 


99 


2071 











3 


16 


70 


10 


Glasgow P.D. 




3750 


188 


5013 


1 


1 





3 


21 


145 


17 
27 


Valley Cnty Total 




8531 


287 


3364 


1 


1 





6 


37 


215 


























Wheatland Cnty 
























Wheatland Cnty S.O. 




2356 


75 


3183 











10 


32 


29 


4 


Wheatland Cnty Total 




2356 


75 


3183 











10 


32 


29 


4 


























Wibaux Cnty 
























Wibaux Cnty S.O. 


* 


1175 




















Wibaux Cnty Total 


** 


1175 












































{Yellowstone Cnty 
























Yellowstone Cnty S.O. 




29250 


787 


2691 


2 


1 


6 


24 


90 


603 


61 


Billings P.D. 




87173 


7415 


8506 


4 


36 


71 


104 


1143 


5614 


443 


Laurel P.D. 




6262 


436 


6963 


1 





2 


2 


46 


360 


25 


Yellowstone Cnty Total 




122685 


8638 


7041 


7 


37 


79 


130 


1279 


6577 


529 


STATE TOTAL 




856000 


38768 


4529 


30 


270 


202 


986 


5099 


30176 


2005 


ADJUSTED STATE TOTAL 


**« 


819653 


38768 


4730 

















Source: 

MT Board of Crime Control 



F V \amS4\off94 wM 



Agency did not report or had incomplete data 

Data is not available or incomplete for one or more agencies. 

Adjusted population total and rate based on actual reporting agencies 



est = estimated based on prev years 



24 



JUVENILE STATISTICS 

Reported to the 

Juvenile Probation 

Information System 



Introduction 



The Juvenile Probation Information System (JPIS) was started by the Montana 
Board of Crime Control in the early 1970's. The primary purpose of the JPIS system 
was to serve as a central collection point for statistical data relating to juveniles in the 
criminal justice system. Prior to 1 993 the MBCC was collecting data from 90% of the 
Juvenile Probation Offices around the state of Montana. Crime in Montana annual 
reports summarized and reported this data in as fair a manner as possible. 

During 1993 a new case management/data collection program was provided to 
all Juvenile Probation offices throughout Montana. 1993 was a banner year in that 
100% of the Juvenile Probation Offices were reporting statistical data to the MBCC. 

A note of caution to all who use this document to report juvenile criminal activity 
in the state. Since the MBCC now has 100% reporting, comparative analysis with prior 
years may show major data discrepancies. As an example, in prior years there have 
been an average of about 4,500 juveniles appearing in Juvenile Probation offices. The 
figures for 1993 and 1994 show an average of 9,247 youth who have been processed 
through this same system. This increase is due to an improved reporting base and 
does not reflect an increase in the overall caseload of the system. Therefore, care 
needs to be taken when comparing data from one year to another. 

Based on this improved reporting base the data analysis that follows will be 
directly aimed at 1993 and 1994 with limited prior year comparisons. When 
comparisons are made it will be done mostly on the basis of percentages and not whole 
numbers. 

Montana's Juvenile Justice System 

Montana's Juvenile Justice System allows youth to be given consideration not 
available to adults and, at the same time, denies them some of the constitutional rights 
adults have. The Youth Court is part of each District Court, but operates as a civil 
rather than a criminal process. In Youth Court, for example, juveniles are "referred" 
rather than "arrested" or "charged". They are found to be "delinquent" or "in need of 
supervision", but are not "convicted" of specific crimes, and, they are "disposed" rather 
than "sentenced". 



25 



A youth may be found to be delinquent only if he/she has committed an act which 
is criminal for an adult. Burglary, assault, or shoplifting can all lead to a finding of 
delinquency. A Youth in Need of Supervision (YINS) is a youth who has committed 
non-criminal acts such as running away, being "ungovernable" or violating curfew. 
These are only "crimes" because of the youth's age. They are commonly referred to as 
"status" offenses. 

General Activity 

The activities of Montana's Youth Courts and Juvenile Probation Offices is 
typically measured in four components: 

1 . The Number of Cases - the number of individual youth who become involved 
with the juvenile justice system for some reason, criminal or not. The number of cases 
processed by Youth Courts in Montana in 1993 reached 8,650, and in 1994 increased 
to 9,844. About two-thirds of the cases were males (68%). 

2. The Number of Referrals - the number of youth encounters with the juvenile 
justice system. An individual can be referred more than once during the year. In 1 993, 
Youth Courts and Probation Offices handled 12,847 referrals, and in 1994 there were 
14,505 referrals. In any referral, a youth may be charged with more than one crime. 
However, most youth are referred because of a single crime. 

3. The number of Offenses - the number of crimes attributed to youths who 
have been referred to the system. In 1993, Montana had 15,992 criminal and status 
offenses reported to probation offices which were attributed to juveniles, and in 1994 
this figure rose to 16,813. 

4. The number of detentions - the number of times youths are confined awaiting 
court action. Counties have established regional detention programs in response to 
state and federal requirements to not hold juveniles in adult facilities. Those programs 
provide both secure and non-secure detention. In some rural areas, juveniles are still 
detained in adult facilities (held separately from the adult inmates) for up to twenty-four 
hours. Any juvenile requiring detention beyond the twenty-four hour period are 
transferred to one of the regional detention centers. During the course of a year a 
single youth may be confined more than once. 

Just over seventy percent, 72.7% in 1993 and 73.6% in 1994, of the youth 
involved with the probation system were involved a single time during the year. Fifteen 
percent (15%) had two referrals, and eleven percent (11%) had more than two 
referrals during 1993. The distribution is fairly static over the past several years. 
Nevertheless, the overwhelming majority of Montana's youth who have had an 
encounter with the system, have only one such encounter. 



26 



Referrals by Age and Sex 

The rate of referral for each age and sex can be used to identify critical age/sex 
groups and predict potential changes in Youth Court activities. 

The age/sex pattern for delinquent crimes in Montana appears to follow national 
statistics. Comparing Montana's juvenile referrals to the national juvenile arrest 
statistics it is found that within each age bracket the percentage of youth committing 
crimes are comparable. 

PERCENTAGE OF CRIMES COMMITTED BY AGE 



Female 








Age Bracket 


93 Mt 


94 Mt 


94UCR 


Less than 1 


1.39% 


2.81% 


1.11% 


10-12 


5.61% 


6.28% 


7.67% 


13-14 


27.83% 


23.04% 


31 .47% 


15 


22.25% 


23.56% 


21.65% 


16 


22.93% 


24.32% 


20.55% 


17 


19.99% 


20.00% 


17.55% 


Male 








Age Bracket 


93 Mt 


94 Mt 


93UCR 


Less than 10 


3.09% 


2.63% 


1.87% 


10-12 


10.78% 


1 1 .42% 


8.08% 


13-14 


22.68% 


23.77% 


23.77% 


15 


17.74% 


19.25% 


18.67% 


16 


22.00% 


20.51% 


22.66% 


17 


23.70% 


22.42% 


24.95% 



93 UCR statistics compiled from the 1993 "Crime in the United States" 



27 



Ethnic Origin - Juveniles 

Patterns for ethnic origin of juveniles referred to the Youth Court System have 
remained constant over the years. The following figures represent the total ethnic 
origin over the past two years. 

1993 1994 

Ethnic Referrals Percentage Referrals Percentage 



Caucasian 


10,565 


82.2% 


11,818 


81.5% 


Black 


78 


0.6% 


109 


0.8% 


Indian 


1921 


14.9% 


2186 


15.1% 


Spanish 


182 


1 .4% 


212 


1.5% 


Other 


101 


0.8% 


180 


1.2% 



Source of Referral 

Law enforcement authorities are the primary referral source for delinquent youth 
in Montana. In 1994, police departments and sheriffs offices accounted for 95% of 
delinquent referrals. Over the years, local law enforcement has traditionally provided 
the bulk of referrals to the juvenile justice system. The remaining 5% is composed of a 
wide variety of referral sources including the State Department of Fish, Wildlife and 
Parks, other courts, parents, and school officials. 

Law enforcement was responsible for 87.8% of the status referrals. The 
Montana Highway Patrol and Courts appear to be responsible for a slightly larger 
percentage of status referrals over delinquent referrals. 

Offense Categories 

Currently Offenses are divided into seven major categories. 

1 . Crimes against persons include criminal homicide, forcible rape, sex crimes, 
robbery, family crimes, and assault. In 1994, the juvenile justice system identified 
2,141 crimes against persons. 

2. Property crimes include burglary, larceny, motor vehicle theft, arson, 
vandalism, receiving and possessing stolen property, and trespassing. In 1994, 
Montana youth were charged with 6,774 property crimes. 

3. Offenses against the public order include weapon offenses, sex offenses, 
driving under the influence of intoxicants, disorderly conduct, traffic crimes, and court 
and justice system offenses (escape, contempt, and probation violations). In 1994, 

1 ,032 offenses against public order were processed. 

28 



4. Offenses against public administration include false reports to law 
enforcement, obstructing justice, resisting arrest, and others. In 1994, Montana youth 
were charged 822 times for public administration violations. 

5. Status offenses include these offenses which strictly pertain to juveniles. 
They include runaways, curfew violations, ungovernable, and liquor violations. In 
1994, there were 3,697 status offenses in Montana. 

6. Drug offenses. In 1994, 826 offenses were listed for substance abuse in 
Montana. 

As indicated above, most juvenile referrals in Montana are primarily for property 
crimes (40.3% in 1994) or for status offenses (21 .9% in 1994). Referrals against public 
order accounted for 6.1%, public administration for 4.9%, and crimes against persons 
for 12.7%. Drug offenses were involved only 4.9% of the time. 

Referral Offenses 

Nearly 80% of all delinquent referrals in 1994 are made up of only 10 different 
types of delinquent offenses. 

Although many of the most frequently commited offenses are the same for either 
sex, the ranking is different. The most common reason for a juvenile to appear in youth 
court is misdemeanor theft. Misdemeanor theft accounted for 21 . 1 % of the male 
offenses and 18.9% of the female offenses. The most common violent crime is simple 
assault. It accounts for 5.9% of the male referrals and 4.9% of the female referrals. 

The 1994 statistics for drug offenses show that male misdemeanor possession is 
mid-range for the offense frequency accounting for 244 of the total offenses. Females 
charged with misdemeanor possession is lower in frequency with a total of 85 offenses. 

The Number of Detentions and Their Trend 

The number of pre-trail youth detentions which occurred in Montana during the 
last eight years can be separated into the major types of offenders - status offenders 
and delinquents. In both cases, the number has dropped dramatically in recent years. 
The total number of youth detentions in 1993 was 479 compared to 587 in 1994. 

Status offenders are legally detained for up to 24 hours (excluding holidays and 
weekends) in non-secure programs. These holds are normally necessary to allow time 
for investigation, notification of parents, or awaiting placement or transport to another 
program or locality. Less than 10% of the detentions involved status offenders. JPIS 
no longer identifies the specific status offense involved in juvenile detentions. 
However, in the past, slightly over half of these status offenders were runaways. Two 

29 



thirds of the status offenses involved the youth being detained 24 hours or less. Half of 
the youths detained more than 24 hours were referred on a Friday, Saturday or 
Sunday. 

Twenty-eight percent (28%) of the youths detained for delinquent acts stayed 
less than 24 hours and 40% of the youths staying more than 24 hours were taken in on 
a Friday, Saturday, or Sunday. 

For those staying more than 24 hours the average length of stay was 6.5 days. 

Disposition of Juvenile Offenders 

Considering that 80% of the youths appearing before youth court are first 
offenders, the punishment meted out by the court seems appropriate. Overall, it seems 
there is a bias toward leniency. Almost half of the delinquent referrals are handled 
informally. Over 17% of these cases resulted in a warning, and 19.9% resulted in 
probation. In 5.3% of the cases the youth had to make restitution. 



30 



TABLE 8 

1994 SUMMARY OF 

JUVENILE OFFENSES 





NUMBER 




REASON FOR REFERRAL 


OF OFFENSES 


PERCENT 


STATUS OFFENSES 






Liquor violations 


1,233 


7.33 


Ungovernable, truancy 


1,499 


8.92 


Runaway 


965 


5.74 


Total Status 


3,697 


21.99 


CRIMES AGAINST PERSONS 






Homicide 


9 


0.05 


Rape 


33 


0.20 


Robbery 


29 


0.17 


Aggravated Assault 


107 


0.64 


Simple Assault 


1,118 


6.65 


Other 


845 


5.08 


Total Offenses Against Persons 


2,141 


12.73 


CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTY 






Burglary 


460 


2.74 


Larceny 


4,330 


25.75 


Arson and Vandalism 


1,339 


7.96 


Trespassing 


645 


3.84 


Total Property 


6,774 


40.29 


OFFENSES AGAINST PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION 


1 




Bribery 


0.01 


Obstructing, Resisting 


770 


4.58 


Other 


51 


.30 


Total Public Administration 


822 


4.89 


OFFENSES AGAINST THE PUBLIC ORDER 


86 




Weapons 


0.51 


Disorderly Conduct 


891 


5.30 


Other Offenses Against Public Order 


55 


.33 


Total Public Order 


1,032 


6.14 


DRUG OFFENSES 






Drug offenses 


495 


2.94 


Drug Paraphernalia 


331 


1.97 


Total Drug Offenses 


826 


4.91 


OTHER OFFENSES 






Traffic, City, Conspiracy, etc. 


1,521 


9.05 


Total Other Offenses 


1,521 


9.05 



GRAND TOTAL 16,813 100.0 



31 



TABLE 9 

1994 SUMMARY OF 

JUVENILE OFFENSES 

(STATUS VS DELINQUENT OFFENSES) 



REASON FOR REFERRAL 



STATUS OFFENSES 



DELINQUENT OFFENSES 



TOTAL 



NUMBER 




OF OFFENSES 


PERCENT 


3,697 


22.0% 


13,116 


78.0% 


16,813 


100.0% 



TABLE 10 

COMPARISON OF JUVENILE OFFENSES 

IN MONTANA 

(1993 vs 1994) 





% REPORTED 


% REPORTED 


OFFENSE 


1993 


1994 


Crimes Against Persons 


13.64% 


12.73% 


Crimes Against Property 


41.00% 


40.29% 


Crimes Against Public Order 


5.03% 


6.14% 


Crimes Against Public Admin 


4.09% 


4.89% 


Drug Offenses 


2.65% 


4.91% 


Status Offenses 


24.72% 


21.99% 


Other 


8.87% 


9.05% 



32 



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