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F. E. A. GASC. 

Case's Concise Dictionary of the French and 
English Languages. 

Seventh Edition, Revised. Medium 16mo, treble columns, xii + 941 
pages, 3s. 6d. Also in Two Parts. Part I. (French-English), 2s. 
Part II. (English-French), 28. 

This Dictionary will he found to be much more complete and accurate 
than any other puhlishedy ut the same price. 

"Deserves the same popularity that the larger work has obtained. It is 
a thoroughly sound and scholarly dictionary." — Journal of Education. 

" In handy form, excellent type, and with none of the features left out 
which make Mr. Gasc's library dictionary so exceptionally useful. In 
paragraphs, which are marvels of brevity, he explains away all the mysteries 
which so often baffle the English student of French and the French student 
of English, when a word— as in French is very often the case — has a variety 
of meanings." — Westminster Gazette. 

Case's Little Cem French Dictionary. 

Abridged from Gasc's French Dictionary by Marc Ceppi, French 
Master, Whitgift Grammar School, Croydon. 27th Thousand. 
240 pp. Narrow 8vo. Is. net ; limp leather, 2s. net. 

"A dainty lifetle pocket dictionary . . . printed in clear type on good 
paper, a miracle of lightness and compression. Should prove a great boon to 
travellers." — Modern Language Teaching. 

" It is quite up to date, and contains many technical words used in 
connection with motoring, cycling, and aviation." — Publishers' Circidar. 

Case's Pocket Dictionary of the French and 
English Languages. 

89th Thousand. 2s. Qd. 

Fidl details of Messrs. BELL'S works dealing with the French 
Language and Literature will he found in their MODERN LANGUAGE 
CATALOGUE^ which will he sent post free on application. 

York House, Portugal Street, Kingsway, W.C. 

To Face Title. 






By Ft E. A. GASC 





printed in great britain by 

Richard Clay and Sons, Limited, 

brunswick street, stamford street, s.e. 

and bungay, suffolk. 

First puhlished in Two Vols.: Vol. /., March 1873; Vol. II., August 1875, 

Second Edition, in One Vol., 1877. Reprinted -with additions, x%%\, 1889, 1892, 

1895, 1897. 

Entirely recast and enlarged, 1897. Reprinted 1902, 1905, 1907, 1910. 

Reprinted, ivith Supplement, 19 13, 1916. 


The composition of an original dictionary, especially in two languages, is not the 
common sort of task that some people are apt to suppose, nor is its particular usefulness 
properly realized on all hands. It is a lifelong conscientious performance entailing great 
toil, the outcome of which is a work of constant and contidmg reference that cannot be 
valued too highly when thoroughly well done. 

I began this dictionary in 1867, after supplying for years, cmi amoi-e, my friend 
Dr. Spiers, the best lexicographer of his day, with many corrections and improvements 
for his larger work in two volumes, which friendly help he gratefully acknowledged in the 
preface to his later editions. Since the publication of my own volume in 1875, I made, 
at a heavy cost, a number of improvements and additions in every successive edition 
until, owing to the vast amount of changes which had taken place in both the French 
and English languages — many new words and senses having come into use while many 
old words and senses had become too obsolete — the time had arrived, as I thought, for 
a recasting of the whole, including the merging of the Supplements into the body of 
the work. 

The present recast edition is not only much enlarged in contents and printed in a more 
compact form, but is in other respects very different from and far superior to the latest 
edition of the former work, and can compare advantageously with any existing French and 
English dictionary. 

I need hardly say that I have endeavoured as before, in this recasting, to combine 
fulness of important matter as to entries, renderings, and phrases, with condensation and 
conciseness, and studied above all strict accuracy in the renderings, — an essential 
the most difficult of treatment and consequently the most neglected in bilingual 

I have not given the figurative pronunciation, because I know this to be but a lure. 

Some so-called lexicographers may so far impose upon ignorance as to tell, for instance, the 

English student of French that gar^on is pronounced ' garsong *, and the French student of 

English that the is pronounced ' zi ' ; but such claptrap and misleading statements would be 

entirely out of place in a serious and conscientious work like mine. The general rules on 

French sounds (when practicable) found in my First French Book and easily mastered in 

a short time, supplemented as they are in this volume in spelial cases by particular signs 

the meaning of which is explained in the preliminaries, I consider quite sufficient on paper 

for the English student of French. Further knowledge can be acquired only from 

oral teaching. 

F. E. A. G. % 

Brighton, January 1897. 


In the case of many French words ending in isme and iste 
preceded by ion or on there are at the present time two spellings 
current, with a single n or with a double n, e.g. associationisme or 
associationnisme, Bourboniste or Bourbonniste. Inasmuch as the 
spelling with a double n is always optional, is not uniformly adopted 
(e.g. Littr^ writes associationisme and Bescherelle associationnisme, 
Bescherelle with Littre abolitionnisme and protectionniste but actio- 
niste, secessioniste, religioniste, revelationiste and papilloniste, Littre's 
supplement rdsurrectioniste and Bescherelle resurrectionniste, Littre 
with the Dictionary of the Academy bdtonniste but Sorboniste, from 
Sorbonne, violoniste and gasrouisme, the Dictionary of the Academy 
and Bescherelle write feuilletonist e and so does Littre in the large 
work hnt feuilletonniste in the abridgment), and in the case of most 
words in -onisme, -oniste is never used at all, uniformity in this 
unimportant matter has been preserved in this Dictionary by 
retaining in all cases the spelling with a single 7i. 

*^* The government of verbs, the prepositions used after adjec- 
tives, &c., in French, are given only in the English-French part, for 
the obvious reason that a student of French, when reading a French 
book, will find these in his text, whereas he cannot be expected to 
guess them when translating Eaglish into French. 

With a view to save time and trouble in reference, a complete alphabetical list of 
verbs with the prepositions which they govern {when any) is given at pp. 144, 145 
and 146 of Gasc's Second French Book. 


Fr. c. 




1 00 

2 00 

3 00 

4 00 

s .s 

s. d. 






1 7-2 

2 4-8 

3 2-4 

i Fi 

. c. 

i 5 


i 6 


i 7 




! 9 
































a o 
a a 

s. a. 

10 4-8 

11 2-4 

12 00 

12 9-6 

13 7*2 

14 4-8 

15 2-4 

16 0-0 

Mdtre (ten-millionth part of the arc of a 1 

meridian between the pole and the > 3*2808992 feet. 

equator) } 

D6cam6tre (10 metres) .... 32-808992 feet. 
Kilometre (1,000 metres) .... 1093-633 yards. 
Myriam^tre (10,000 metres) .... 6-2138 miles. 


D^cim^tre (10th of a m^tre) . . . 8-937079 inches. 

Centimetre (100th of a metre) . . . 0-393708 inch. 

Millimetre (1,000th of a metre) . . . 0*03937 inch. 


Litre (1 cubic decimetre) . 
Decalitre (10 litres) . 

Hectolitre (100 litres) . 

Kilolitre, metre cube (1,000 litres 
Decilitre (10th of a litre) 
Centilitre (100th of a litre) . 

1-760773 pint. 
2-2009668 gallons. 
22-009668 gallons or 
2-7512 bushels. 
3-426 quarters. 
0-1760773 pint. 
0-01760773 pint. 


Are (100 square metres) 

Hectare (10,000 square metres) 
Centiare (1 square metre) 

0-098845 rood. 
2-471143 acres. 
1-196033 sq. yard. 


Stere (1 cubic metre) . 

DecastSre (10 steres) 
Decistere (10th of a stere) 

1-31 cubic yard or 
35 cubic feet,547 cubic 

13-1 cubic yards. 
3 cubic ft. 918-7 cubic 


Gramme (weight of 1 cubic centi- 
metre of water in its state of maxi- 
mum density, or 39 J Fahr., or 4 
degrees centigrade 

Decagramme (10 grammes) 

15-4325 grains troy. 

Hectogramme (100 grammes) 

Kilogramme (1,000 grammes) 

Quintal metrique (100 kilogs.) 
Millier, tonneau de mer (1,000 kihJgs.) 

Decigramme (10th of 1 gramme) 
Centigramme (100th do.) . . 

Milligramme (1,000th do.) 







19 cwt. 

10 oz 





oz. avoir, or 

oz. troy. 

lb. avoir, or 

lb. ti-oy. 


2 qrs. 20 lbs. 






0° Centigrade Melting ice 

100" do. Boiling water 

0° Reaumur Melting ice 

80° do. Boiling water 

82° Fahrenheit. 
212° do. 

32° do. 
212° do. 







1 25 


2 50 


8 75 


4 100 


5 125 


6 150 


7 175 


8 200 


9 225 


10 250 


11 275 


12 300 


13 325 


14 350 


15 375 


16 400 


17 425 


18 450 


19 475 


20 500 



fr. cts. 









































A Pound Sterling is worth really 
25-2079 francs. 

Grain = 0-06479 grammes. 

Pennyweight = 1-55517 „ 

Ounce — 81-10349 „ 

Pound = 0-373241 kilogrammes. 

3 feet (yard) = O-l 

Fathom (2 yards) = I'l 

Pole (5i „ ) = 5-02911 

Furlong (220 „ ) = 201-16437 

Mile (1760 „ ) = 1699-3149 




Quarter . 




= 1-7718 grammes. 

= 28-3495 

= 0-4535926 kilogrammes. 

= 12-6956 

= 50-802 „ 

= 1016-048 


Square inch 

„ foot 

„ yard 

Rood (1,210 square yards) = 
Acre (4,840 square yards) 

6-451366 centimetres can-es. 
0-0929 metres can-es. 
0-836097 „ 


10-116775 ares. 

40-4671 ares. 

Square mile = 2-588881 kilometres can-es. 


Cubic inch = 16-886176 centimetres cubes. 
„ foot = 0-028214 metre cube. 
„ yard = 0-764502 „ 

Pint . 









0-5679 litres. 


4-543458 „ 

9-086916 „ 

1-0904 hectolitres. 



Almanach : al as in pal, ehnot sounded. 

Amb . . ., Amp . . ., beginning a 
word, as in ambassadeur, &c., 
amphibie, &c. : am (nasal sound). 

. . . amme : am (English sound), but 
ahm in llamxne. 

Ainygdale,Sangsue: g not sounded. 

as : 8 sounded only in foreign names, 
viz. Ae^silaSy X>^onidaSy Jonas, 
Midas, &c., except Judas; in Oil 
Bias, Ruy Bias, Faublas, Vauge- 
las ; in names of some towns (Arras, 
Carpentras, Madras, &c., except 
Damas), and in atlas, li^las (abbre- 
viated las), t^tras, as (ace at cards). 

. . . at : t sounded in bat, fat, mat (adj., 
s.), pat, vivat; not sounded in b&t 
(pack-saddle) and m^t (mast), with A 
accented, and a like ah. 

B final : not sounded in plomb, 
aplomb, Colomb. 

Boeuf : as if spelt beuf, but as beu in le 
bceuf sras and in boeufs. 

C final :. not sounded in accroc, banc, 
blanc, broc (except in de brie et de 
broc), derc, cotignac, eric, croc 
(except in croC'en>Jambe), done (at 
the end of a sentence), Rebecs (chess), 
escroe, estomae, flanc, franc (ex- 
cept before a vowel), jonc, lacs, 
marc, pore (only when before a con- 
sonant ; when alone or before a vowel, 
c is sounded), tabac. In instinct 
and succinct (in nasal sound), ct not 

Cens : s sounded. [sounded. 

Cerf : / not sounded. 

Chef: / sounded. 

Chef-d'oeuvre: cbef as if spelt cU, 
f not sounded. 

Chez : as if spelt che, z not sounded. 

Clef : like cU. 

Coke': cock. 

Condamner, Damner, &c.: on (nasal 
sound), a like ah, m not sounded. 

D final : sounded in Bagdad, le Cid, 
David, 6pbod, Nemrod, eud, Tal- 

Deux : X not sounded. 

Deuxi^me : x like z. 

Dix : X like «« ; like z before a vowel or 
silent h. 

Dixi^me : x like z. 

Emb . . ., Emp . . ., Emm . . ., 
beginning a word, as in enibarras- 
ser, embrouiller, &c., empailler, 
empdeher, &c., enkmagasiner, en&- 
mener, &c. : em like am (nasal sound) ; 
but as in English in Emma, Em- 
* In all adverbs ending in em- 
inent, formed from adjectives 
ending in ent, like prudemment 
from prudent, &c.: em like am 
(English sound). 

En . . . followed by a consonant, as in 
eneadrer, endormir, ennoblir, 
ennui, ennuyer, &c.: en like an (nasal 
sound). But in ennemi enne as enn 
(English sound). 

, . . en, ien, yen : en like in (nasal 
sound), as in eacamen, Asen (town), 

bien, cbien, rien, &c., citoyen, 
doyen, mitoyen, moyen. 

. . . ent at the end of an adjective, as 
in prudent, &c., . . . ment at the 
end of a noun, as in instrument, 
appartement, changement, &c., 
or of an adverb, as in publiquement, 
&c. : ent like an (nasal sound), t not 

... er, ier : er like the English a (in 
baby) and the r not sounded gene- 
rally in nouns, adjectives, and in the 
infinitive of verbs; like air, iair, in 
amer, belv^der, calender, cancer, 
Cher, cuiller, enfer, Esther, 6ther, 
fer,fier (adj.), hier, hiver, Jupiter, 
Xiucifer, xn^chefer, magister, mer, 
Niger, pater, stattaouder, ver; 
also like air in words ending in ers, 
the « not being sounded ; but like the 
English a in lagers and vergers (s 
not sounded) and in the plural of all 
nouns and adjectives ending in ier 
(except fler). 

. . . 6s : ay (as in day) in aceds, 
agrds, apr^s, congr^s, ezc^s, 
proems, progr^s, succ^s, &c. ; like 
the English ace, but broader in alo^s, 
asperg^s, cocod^s, cortds, fiords, 
palmares, pataqu^s, C^r^s, P^ri- 
cl^s, and other proper names. 

est : ay (as in day) in il est (he is) ; 
8 and t sounded in est (east), ouest 
(west), lest, test, xest. 

et : t sounded only in alphabet and 
net; in all other words like ^; et (and) 
like e. 

. . . ez : z sounded in fez ; ez like the 
English a in assez, nez, res. 

Faon : fan (nasal sound). 

Femme : like fam in English. 

Fils (son, sons) : Jisa. 

Flls (plural of FU): fil, as in the 
singular, the s not being sounded. 

G final : not sounded in bourg, 
brandebourg, ^tang, faubourg, 
hareng, long, orang-outang,rang, 
sang, seing (pronounced sin, nasal 
sound). [ann. 

XZennir, Hennissement : enn like 

. . . il : 2 not sounded in baril, chenil, 
coutil, fusil, gentil, gr^sil, gril, 
nombril, outil, persil, sourcil. 

Imb . . ., Imp . . . beginning a word, 
as in imbecile, &c., impair, im- 
parfait, &c. : im (nasal sound). 

In . . . followed by a consonant (ex- 
cept h) : in (nasal sound) ; followed by 
a vowel or by h, in (English sound). 

. . . is: 8 sounded in Alexis, bis 
(encore), cassis, gratis, ibis, iris, 
Jadis, lis («.m., except in fleur-de- 
lis), mais, m6tis, oasis, Tanais, 
tournevis, Tunis, vis (»./.), volu- 
bilis, and ancient proper names. 

... it : t sounded in aeonit, deficit, 
Cranit,huit, introit,obit, pr^t^rit, 
rit (s.m.), and transit (.s like z). 

. . . ix, yx : X sounded in ph^niac, 
prefix, onyac, Styac. 

BXanne : see the Dictionary. 

IMIars : s sounded. 

Mentor : en like iw (nasal sound). 

Nerf : see the Dictionary. 

GBuf : as in Boeuf, Boeufs. 

. . . oiS; oit, oix, ous, out, oux, 
ais, ait, aix, aus, aut, aux, eux : 
s, t, and X, not sounded (except in fait, 
substantive, in Aiz, and in block- 
haus). In faits (plural) t and s not 

OS : s sounded (as in gross) in os (bone, 
bones) in the singular, and also in the 
plural but only before a vowel ; (as in 
toss) in albatros, albinos, Calva- 
dos, merinos, pathos, rhinoceros, 
t^tanos, and ancient proper names. 

. . . Ot : like o ; but t sounded in dot. 

Ours : s sounded. 

F final : not sounded in beaucoup, 
camp, cep (pronounced se), coup, 
drap,e3cempt (tnot sounded), galop, 
loup, sirop, trop, prompt and il 
rompt (t not sounded), sept (pro- 
nounced sett) ; sounded in cap, croup, 
hanap, houp, jalap. Julep, salep, 

Faon : pan (nasal sound). [turnep. 

Fays : like payee in English. 

Fouls, Foult : like poo in English. 

Reps, Biceps, Forceps: p and s 

Sans : final s not sounded. 

Second, &c. : c like p. 

Sens : final s sounded generally in the 
singular and always in the plural ; but 
not sounded in sens commiin, bon nena, 
sens dessus dessoxis, sens devant derriere. 

Six, Sixi^me : as in Diz, Diaci^me. 

Soixante : x like ss. 

Solennel, &c. : solanel, &c. 

Taon, Temps: tan (nasal sound), ;)6- 
not sounded. 

Th : like t always, when sounded, as in 
th^&tre, athldte, Goliath, Elisa- 
beth, zenith, &c. ; not sounded in 
Belz^buth, Goth, Ostrogoth, Visi- 

. . . us : s sounded in ang^lus, argus, 
bibus, blocus, chorus, foetus, 
hiatus, mordicus, znotus, obus, 
octopus, olibrius, omnibus, or^- 
mus, palus, prospectus, quibus, 
rasibus, r^bus, sanctus, sub 
(adv.), us, virus, and in all Latin 
words and proper names ; not sounded 
in J^sus. 

. . . Ut: t sounded in brut, chut, 
comput, lut (, occiput, rut, 
sinciput, ut (in music). 

. . . UX : X sounded only in Pollux. 

Vingft : vin (nasal sound). 

X6r6s : as in English sounds karace 
with ka as in kale. 

Xerxds : as in English sounds gzeisace. 

Vacht: iak. 

pr~ Caen and Iiaon (towns) : Can and 
Lan (nasal sound). 

Bruxelles: x like ss; final s not 

Metz : etz sounded ace as in ha (above). 

Rubens: en like in (nasal sound), « 

For other peculiarities see Gasc's French Conversation, page vi, and First French Book, pages 1 to 6, 

and page 17, note. 



a,., active, ac<i/ 

abbrev., abbreviation, abreviation 

ace, accusative, accusatif 

acoust., acoustics, acoustique 

adj., adjective, adjectif 

adject., adjectively, adjectivement 

admin., administration, administration 

adv., adverb, adverbe 

adverb., adverbially, adverbialement 

affirm., aflBrmatively, affirmativement 

agr., agriculture, agriculture 

alg., algebra, algebre 

anat., anatomy, anatomic 

anc, ancient, ancien 

ant., antiq., antiquity, antiquite 

arch., architecture, architecture 

arith., arithmetic, arithmetique 

art., article, article 

artil., artillery, artillerie 

astr., astronomy, astronomic 

bank., banking, banque 
book-bind., book-binding, reliurc 
book-keep., book-keeping, comptabilitS 
bot., botany, botanique 
brew., brewing, terme de brasseur 
build., building, construction 
butch., butcher's term, boucheric 

cabinet-mak., cabinet-making, ebenisteric 

can. law, canon law, droit canon 

carp., carpentry, charpenterie 

Cath. lit., Roman Catholic liturgy, liturgie catholique 

Cath. rel., Roman Catholic religion, religion catholique 

Chem., chemistry, chimie 

chron., chronology, chronologic 

civ., civU, civil 

civ. engin., civil engineering, genie civil 

civ. law., civil law, droit civil 

coin., coining, monnayage 

com., commerce, commerce 

com. nav., commercial navigation, commerce maritime 

COmp., comparative, comparatif 

conf., confectionery, confiserie 

conj., conjunction, conjonction 

cook., cookery, cuisine 

coop., cooperage, tonnelleric 

crim. law, criminal law, droit criminel 

CUSt., customs, douanes 

dat., dative case, datif 

def., defective, defect^ 

dem. pron., demonstrative pronoun, pronom ddmonstratif 

dipl., diplomacy, diplomatic 

dist., distillery, distilleric 

draw., drawing, dessin 

eccl., eccles., ecclesiastical, eccUsiastiquc 

elect., electricity, ilectricit6 

eng^n., engineering, genie civil 

Engl., English, England, Anglais, Angleterre 

engr., engraving, gravure 

f., iemimne, feminin 
falc, falconry, fauconnerie 
fam., familiar, /amt2ter 


fenc, fencing, escrime 

feud., feudal, teud&lism, feodal, feodalit^ 

fig., figuratively, au figure 

fin., finance, ^nances 

fish., fishing, peche 

fort., fortification, fortification 

Fr., French, France, Frangais, France 

fut., future, /titer 

geog., geography, geographic 
geol., geology, geologic 
geom., geometry, geometric 
Or., Greek, Grec 
gram., grammar, grammaire 

her., heraldry, blason 
hist., history, histoirc 
horol., horology, horlogeric 
hort., horticulture, horticulture 
hunt., hunting, chasse 

imp., impersonal, impersonnel 
imperat., imperative mood, imperatif 
ind., indicative mood, indicatif 
inf., infinitive mood, infinitif 
instr., instrument, instrument 
int., interjection, interjection 
inter., interrogatively, interrogativement 
irx., irregular, irregulier 

jest.^ jestingly, par plaisanterie 
Jew., Jewish, Juif 
jewel., leyteWery, joaillerie, bijouterie 
join., joinery, menuiserie 

lit., liturgy, liturgie 
liter., literature, litterature 
log.^ logic, logique 

m., masculine, mMsculin 

mach., machinery, machines 

nXahom. rel., Mahomedan religion, religion mahom^tane 

manu., manufacture, manufacture 

mas., masonry, magonneric 

math., mathematics, matlicmatiques 

meas., measure, mesure 

mech., mechanics, mecanique 

xned., medicine, medecine 

metal., metallurgy, metallurgie 

meteor., meteorology, meteorologie 

mil.^ military art, art militairc 

mil. engin., military engineering, gSnie militaire 

min., mineralogy, mineralogie 

mus., music, musical, musique, de musiqv^ 

myth., mythology, mythologie 

n., neuter, neutre 

nat. hist., natural history, histoire naturelU 

nav., navy, marine 

navig., inland navigation, navigation interieurc 

need., needle-work, ouvragc a Vaiguille 

neg., negation, negatively, with a negation, negation, 

negativement, avec une negation 
neut., neuter, neutre % 

nom., nominative case, nominat\f, svjet 


o., one, un 

obj., objective case, regime direct 

opt., optics, opiique 

o.'b, one's, son, sa, ses 

paint., painting, peinture 

pari., parliam., parliamentary language, langage parte- 

part., participle, particijie 
pers., (said of) persons, (des) personnes 
pers. pron., personal pronoun, pronom personnel 
persp., perspective, perspective 
pliarm., phnrmacy, pharmacie 
philos., philosophy, philosophic 
phot., photog., j^hotoera-phy, photographic 
phys., physics, physique 
pl., plural, pluriel 
poet., poetry, poSsie 
polit., politics, poZtfigttc 
pop., popular (vulgar), populairc 
poss., possessive, possessif 
post., post-office, 2i08te 
prep., preposition, preposition 
pret. , preterit, preterit 
print., printing, imprimerie 
pron., pronoun, pronom 

r., reflective, reflechi 

rail., railways, chemins de fer 

reflect, verb, reflective verb, verbe r^JUchi 

rel., religion, religion 

rel. order, religious order, ordre religieux 

rel. pron., relative pronoun, pronom relatif 

rhet., rhetoric, rhHoriquc 

rid., riding, equitation, manage 

Rom., Roman, Romain 

8., substantive, substantif 

school, term used in schools, termc d^ecoles 

Script., Scripture, ^criture, i^criturc sainte 

sculp., sculpture, sculpture 

shoot. , shooting, chasse 

sing., singular, singulier 

spin., spinning, jftZafwre 

Stat., stutionery, papeterie 

SUbj., subjunctive mood, suhjonciif 

substant., substantively, substantivement 

super., superlative, superlatif 

SUrg., surgery, chirurgie 

tech., technology, technologic 
theat., theatres, thedtrcs 
theol., theology, th6ologie 

univers., universities, universites 

v., vide, see, voir 

v., verb, verbe 

v.a., verb active, verbe actif 

v.n., verb neuter, verbe neutre 

v.r., verb reflective, verbe refiechi ; verb reciprocal, verbe 

vers., versification, versification 
vet., veterinary medicine, surgery, anatomy, medecine, 

chirurgie, anatomic veterinaire 

writ., writing, ^criture 
zool., zoology, zoologie 


t Indicates that the gn, I, or II, is liquid. 

;}: Means that ch is sounded like k. 

' Denotes that the ft or a or o or « or j/ is aspirated. 

Indicates that the u in qu or gu is sounded as in 
■ Aquatic " or in " Guano." 

§ Indicates that the u in qu has its pure French sound. 

Qu not preceded by either of the above signs, is sounded 
like q alone: thus quatre is pronounced qatre, qui is pro- 
nounced qi, &c. 

mm Stands for the repetition of the leading word. 

- Before final letters or syllables, shows the masculine 
termination, when followed by the feminine : as Curieu-x, 
se, curieux, m., curieuse, f. ; Protec-teur, trice, protecteur, m., 
protectrice, f. 

Adjectives being part of a verb, such as Encourageant, 'encouraging,' 'inspiriting.' from Encourager, 'to encourage,' 
'to inspirit,' Critique, 'criticized,' 'censured,' from Critiquer, 'to criticize,' 'to censure,' &c., have been omitted 
whenever they have not a distinct sense from those given under the verb : it is the province of a grammar, not that of a 
dictionary, to conjugate verbs. 


§ 1. English and French words ending as mentioned 
below, generally differ only in their termination :— 

Substantives derived from the Greek, and ending in 
English with logy, sopliy, grapliy, pathy, tomy, 

or any such way, change y into ie in French, and are 

Examples :— 


anatomy ; &c. 


ehronologie, f. 
philosophie, i. 
gSogtraphie, f. 
antipathie, i. 
anatomie, 1. ; &c. 

Adjectives ending in English with ic or ical, generally 
end in French with ique for both genders ; Adverbs formed 
from those adjectives, end in English with ically or icly, 
and in French with iquement. 

Examples :— 



historic, historical, 
publicly ; &c. 


publiquemerU ; &c. 

But the adjective 'public' is in French publique only in the feminine 
gender, the masculine being public, as in English. 

Substantives ending in English with ism, generally end 
in French with isme, and are masculine. 

Example : — 

patriotism, &c. 

patriotitme, m., Sec. 

Substantives and Adjectives ending in English with ist, 
generally end in French with iste ; they are masculine 
when applied to a man, and ffflninine when applied to a 

Examples : — 

English. French. 

pianist; &a 

dentUte, e 
pianiste, : 

Substantives ending in English with bUity or bleness, 
generally end in French with biliU, and are feminine ; as 
* impossibility,' tmpos8t6i«te (f.), 'instability' or 'instable- 
ness,' instability (f.), <fec. So the student can easily translate 
himself, if he pleases, those which, like ' adaptability ' and 
a multitude of others, are not sufficiently current to be 
allowed to fill, to the exclusion of far better words, whole 
pages in this Dictionary. 

§ 2. It would be impossible to insert even in the largest 
dictionary all the compound nouns that may be formed in 
English. The following rule, about those which can be 
translated almost literally into French, will be useful. The 
order of the English nouns is to be inverted in French, and 
de or a placed between them : 

DE, where of, of the, made of or from, composed of, 
forming part of, coming from, &c., may be understood ; 

A, where for, used for, intended for, for the purpose of, 
hy means of, with, «fec., may be understood. 

Examples: table de cnisine (kitchen-table), table a the (tea- 
table) ; robe de soie (silk-djress), ver A soie (silk-worm), ver de 
terre (earth-worm); sac de papier (paper-bag, made of 

paper), sac A papier (paper-bag, for putting paper in) ; sucre 
DE canne (cane-sugar), canne a sucre (sugar-cane); moulin a 
eau (water-mill), chute v'eau (water-fall); boite a couteaux 
(knife-box) ; bain de pieds (foot-bath) ; huile de foie de 
morue (cod-liver oU) ; vin de Bourgogne (Burgundy wine) ; 
confitures de fraises (strawberry jam); train de Londres 
(London train) ; gare de Pans (Paris terminus) ; Sic. 

There are a few exceptions, as ' salle de bains,' ' salle de 
danse,' 'cabinet de toilette,' and the like. But, with a verb, 
d is always used ; as chambre a coucher (sleeping-room), salle 
A manger (dining-room), papier A ecrire (writing-paper), cire 
A cacheter (sealing-wax), &c. 

In a determinate sense, the article du, de la, des, is used 
instead of de only, and au, a la, aux, instead of d only : as, 
' the street-door ' (the door of the street), la porte de la rue ; 
a ' letter-box ' (for the letters to be sent by post), une hoite 
AUX lettres; &c. In speaking of made-dishes and drinks, 
and in the sense of ' mixed with ' or ' done in ' or ' composed 
chiefly (but not entirely) of,' au, a la, aux, are also used; as, 
du cafe AU lait, une glace a la creme, une tarte aux confitures, 
&c. — So, according to this and to the principal rule, 'a 
currant jam tart ' is, in French, une tarte aux confitures de 
groseilles; &c. 

Connected with the above rule are phrases of the following 
kind: 'silver-mounted penholder,' porte-plume monti en 
argent ; ' marble-top dining-room table,' table de salle d 
manger a dessus de marbre ; ' blue-striped waistcoat.' gilet d 
raies bleues; 'double-cased watch,' montre a double boite; 
'double-bedded room,' chambre a deux lits; 'a one-horse 
carriage,' une voiture a un cheval ; ' a four-horse goods van,' 
unfourgon de marchandises a quatre cheimux ; 'a two-storied 
house,' une maison d deux etages ; 'ivory-handled knife,' 
couteau a manche d'ivoire ; &c. In these examples it will be 
noticed that d is used as corresponding to the English 
' with,',in the sense of ' having,' which is understood. See 
Gasc's Second French Book, pp. 75, 76. and 151. 

An essential difference of construction in the two languages 
is this : the French people always go from the general to the 
particular, while the English go from the particular to the 

3 2 11 2 3 3 

Examples : ' Cod-liver oil,' huile de foie de morue ;— ' annual 

2 1 12 8 5 4 

general meeting,' assemblee generale annuelle ;— ' Thames iron 

3 2 11 2 3 

ship-building company, compagnie de construction des bateaux 

4 5 

en fer de la Tamise ; &c. 

*4t* After names of recipients, such as verre (class), bon- 
teille (bottle), tasse (cup), &c., de always means ' of, or ' made 
of,' and the construction is then usually the same in English 
and in French: as, verre de vin, 'glass of wine,' bouteiUe 
Tt'encre, 'bottle of ink,' (asse de cafe, 'cup of coffee'; bonteille 
de gres ' stone bottle,' tasse de poreelaine, ' china cup.' &c. 
But, on the contrary, after the same names, a is not trans- 
lated into English, and an inversion of the words must then 
always be made: as, verre a vin. 'wine-glass,' bouteille A 
e7icre, 'ink-bottle,' tasse A cafe, 'coffee-cup,' &c. 

§ 3. Plural op Substantives.— Substantives generally 
end in the plural with x, in French as well as in English ; 
as pere, ' father, ' peres, 'fathers.' «tc. Adjectives, in French, 
generally end also with s in the plural ; as, bon pere, ' good 
father,' bons peres, ' goo#fathers.' 

Yet ail, ' eye,' makes yeiix in the plural (except in the compounds ail- 
de-bceuf, oeil-de-chat, 4c., used in a figurative sense, plural oeiUdebceuf, Ac, 
where oeiU is pluralized regularly) ; likewise del makes cieux in the plural 
(except when it signifies the testers of beds, the roofs of quarries, ' skies ' in 
painting, or climates, in which senses it makes cieU) ; also a'ieul, in the 
sense of 'ancestor,' makes a'ieux in the plural, but in the sense of 'grand- 
father' it makes aieulg, to desis:nate both gran-tfathers, the paternal and 
the maternal (sometimes also both one's grandfather and grandmother 
considered together). The following, bonhmnme, gentilhommf, monMur, 
morueigneur, madame, and mademoiselle, make in the plural bonthommet, 
gentilthommet, mesHeurt, metseigneurs, metdamet, and metdemoitellet. 


Besides the general rule just mentioned, the following 
peculiar rules and exceptions are worth notice : 

French Substantives and Adjectives ending in the 

SUiOULAB with— 

al change I into ux for the plural; 
chevaux; royal, plural royaua; ; &c. 

Except :— 

as, eheval, plural 













































• ral mAkeB vattx ouly in the old 

hnat par tnonU tt par vaux. 



















ail take a at the end for the plural, or change il into ux, 




























• TrataU. In 

the MUM of 'br 

tiwtMd of traiKMx. Bereail and » 




















of 'bnUce' (farrien' term), makes travails 
Bereail and Bitail are not uaed in the plural. 

an* eti> take x at the end for the plural; as, tuyau, 
plural tuyaux; ekapeau, plural ehapeaux ; nouveau, plural 
nouveaux; jeu, plural >«ua;; &c. 

• EXOXPT :— Plueal. 

dizeau ($ubitantive), dizeaus 

bleu {adj. and iubit.), bleus 

feu (a4j.)* feus 

landau {mb$tantive), landaus 

onau ($ubilantive), unaus 

* AU ttn, mbtt. maJUt ttnx in tJu plural, 

on take • at the end for the plural ; as, verrou, plural 
verroua; fou, plural /ou»; mou, plural mout; Ac. 
















s, X, z, do not change at all for the plural; as, bras, 
plural bras; divers, plural divers ; noix, plural noix ; serieux, 
■plural serieux ; ne z, plur&l 7iez ; &o. 

No Exception. 

The adjective tout makes tout iu the plural masculine, and toutet in 
the plural feminiue ; but the substantive tout uiakes touts in the plural. 

Words naturally iuvarialile, and which are only accidentally employed 
as substantives, do not take the mark of the plural iu French ; thus we 
write les pourquoi, les car, les si, les oui, les non, les on dit, lea pour et les 
contre (the pros and the cons), &c. 

§ 4. Plueal of Compound Substantives.— Compound 
substantives which have not yet passed to the state of 
words, that is to say, whose distinct parts are connected by 
a hyphen, are written iii the singular or in the plural, ac- 
cording as the nature and particular sense of the words of 
which they are composed require the one or the other 
number. [In compound nouns, the only words susceptible, 
by their nature, of taking the mark of the plural, are the 
substantive and the adjective.] Such is the general principle, 
whose application will be facilitated by the following rules. 

1. When a word is composed of a substantive and an ad- 
jective, both take the mark of the plural ; as, 

une chauve-souris, 
tine basse-cour. 

a bat, 

a poultry-yard, 

pL des chauvrs-touris. 
— des basses-cours. 

To this rule there are a few exceptions; as, une grand^ 
mere, plural des grand' meres. 

N.B.— Grand, without apostrophe, always agrees in gender and 
number with its substantive, but gkand' is always invariable. 

2. When a compound word is formed of two substantives 
placed immediately one after the other, both take the mark 
of the plural ; as. 

MM chef-lieu, 
un chou-fleur. 

a county tovm, 
a cauliflower. 

pi. des chefs-lieux. 
— des choux-fleurs. 

The exceptions to this rule take place when there is no 
plurality in the idea conveyed by one or the other of the 
two substantives ; as in un hotel-Dieu (un hotel de Dieu), a 
name given to the principal hospital, or infirmary, 'of 
several towns in France ; plural des liotels-Dieu. Also un 
ttmbre-poste (un timbre de la poste), a 'postage-stamp'; 
plural DES timbres-poste. Also un appui-main (un appni pour 
la mam), a 'maulstick'; plural des appuis-main. Also un 
breche-dents (une personne qui a une br6che dans les dents), 
plural DES breche-dents. 

8. When a compound word is formed of two substantives 
jomed by a preposition, the first only generally takes the 
mark of the plural ; as. 

t«n arc-en-ciel, 
un chef-d'oeuvre. 

a rainbow, 
a master-piece. 

pL des arc8-en-ciel. 
— des chefs-d'oeuvre. 

^^cept when there is no plurality in the idea conveyed by 
that first substantive ; as, un tete-d-tete, plural des tete-d-tete. 
Un eoq-d-l'dne, an unconnected, nonsensical speech, passing 
from one thing to another quite opposite, as from a cock to 
an ass; plural des coq-d-Vdne. Un pied-d-terre, plural des 
pted-a-terre ; &c. 

4. When a compound word is formed of a substantive 
jomed either to a verb (though used substantively), a pre- 
position, or an adverb, the substantive alone takes the sign 
of the plural but only if there be plurality in the idea. So 
we write with an < in the plural : 

un avant-coureur, 
un contre-coup. 

a forerunner, 
a counter-blow. 

pi. des avant-coureurs. 
— d»s contre-coups. 

But we write without an s in the plural, because the ex- 
pressions are elliptical, and there is unity in the idea : 

Des rdveille-matin (clocks which awake in the ) , 
morning), > alarm-clocks. 

Des contre-polson (remedies against poison), counter-poisons. 

I>es grippe sou (people who gather money sou 
by sou, or a ' halfpenny ' at a time). 



bii ttre-bonchob (utenBiid **'iiicii draw the ttxrk 1 ^ . 
of a bottle) i cork-screm. 

Finally, we write with an s, in the singular as well as in 
the plural, because there is always plurality in the idea : 

un eBBUie-mains (that ) 

which wipes the r a towel, 
Tiandt) ' 

un porte-cartes (thafk 

which bears a per- \ a card-ccue, 
ton'* cardi) ■' 

un cure-dents (that ^ 

which cleans the \ a to9th-pick, 
teeth) * 

Un tire-bottes (that ■» 

which pulls off a f a boot-Jack, 
pair of boots) ' 

un garde-cpndres (a 'i 
screen that keeps \ 
the embffrs from |a fender, 
the floor) / 

pi. des esBuie-mains. 

— des porte-cartee. 

— des cure-dents. 

— des tire-bottes. 

— des garde-cendres. 

5. When a compound substantive contains only such 
parts of speech as the verh, preposition or adverb, none of its 
components takes the mark of the plural ; as. 

un passe-partout, 

a sleight of hand, pi. des passe-pasae. 

a master-key, a pass-key, — des passe-partout. 

6. When a compound onomatopoetic substantive expresses 
no more than a sound, neither of its parts takes the mark of 
the plural ; as. 

an tic-tac, 
un clic-clac, 
un cric-crac, 
un boouo. 

a tiok-tack, &c. 

a cracking (of a whip), 

a crick-crack. 

a boio-wow (dog's bark). 

pL det tic-tac. 
-- des cllc-clae. 
— des cric-crac. 
■^ det bo-ouo. 

But when a substantive of this form expresses not simply 
a sound, but a thing, person, or animal, that makes the 
vsound, the second part takes the mark of the plural ; as. 

un tam-tam, 
«n cri-cri, 
un guit-guit, 

a tam-tatn, 

a cricket (insect), 

a guit-guit (bird). 

pi. des tam-tams. 

— des cri-cris. 

— des guit-guits. 

*»* The French lexicographers generally have omitted to 
mention the plural of this kind of compound substantives. 

except Littr6 and Bescherelie (tew edition), who have crt- 
eris; Noel and Chapsal, who have tam-tams; and Bouillet 
{Dictionnaire des sciences), who has tam-tams and guit-guits. 
Bescherelle's new edition also has guit-guits. As to the 
Acad^mie, their writing guits-guits shows here again their 
usual ignorance of analogy in the French language. 

Verbal Adjectives. 

Participles of verbs used as adjectives agree, in French, 
in gender and number with the noun or pronoun to which 
they refer ; as, 

Un homme charmant (from Charmer, 
Une I'emine charmante. 
Des hoiiiiiies charmaiits. 
Des feuiiues charmautes. 

t charm'). 

Un llvre bien ^crit (from Ecrire, ' to write '). 
Une lettre bieu 6crite. 
Des livres bien Merita. 
Des leltres bien dcrites. 


Substantives used adjectively to express colour remain 
invariable, as, Des ganta paille (straw-coloured), des robes 
NOISETTE, des rubans cerise: and so forth with uarron, 


like, which are all substantives used as adjectives. But 
rose, violet, pourpre. blane, jaune, bleu, vert, and the like, 
being adjectives, take of course both gender and number. 

Adjectives, &c. used substantively. 

Adjectives used substantively to express the names of 
languages are all masculine (the substantive masculine 
idiome being understood) : as. lefranf;ais, Vanglait, Vallemand, 
Vitalien, le latin, le grec ; parler franpais, en franfais, parlet 
anglais, en anglais, &c. 

In general, adjectives, verbs, and the uninflected parts of 
speech taken substantively, are masculine. Examples: Ic 
bon, le wMuvais, le dormir, un oui, un non, un mais, un si, le 
pourquoi, le puree gue, &c. 

S^ On the gender of Oens,—Qens requires all adjectives that follow it to be in the masculine, and all those 
that precede it to be in the feminine. The masculine, however, is used before Oens, when the word tons precedes it 
without a qualificative adjective or when tous is accompanied with such an adjective having the same termination for 
both genders. When Qens more particularly refers to men, as in the expression Qens de lot, &c., the adjectives that 
precede Oens are also put in the masculine. 

Examples: — Les petites gens, little people. Les vieilles gens sont soupponneux, old people are suspicious. Toutes les 
■vieilles gens, all old people. Tous les gens de bien, all good people. Tons ees gens-ld, all those people. Tons fes honnStes 
^ens, all honest people. 



Pasticiple Pbes. 

Paeticiple Past. 

Ut Conjugation :— 







2nd Conjugation :— 








































»e repentir 

se repentant 























8rd Conjugation :— 


fasseyant \ 
\ asseoyant j 




























ith Conjugation :— 



absous (m. ,absoute/,) 
















craindr* S 








dire II 





































4» . 




f r6souB (dissolved) \ 
\ r^solu (determined) f 




BUffl V 










Indicative Pees. 

je vais 

je bous 
je cours 
je couvre 
je cueille 
je dors 
je fuis 
je mens 
je meurs 
je pars 
je me repens 
je sens 
je sers 
je sors 
je souffre 
je tiens 
je viens 
je vets 

f j'assieds\ 
\ j'asseois/ 

il faut 

je mens 

il pleut 

je pourvois 

je peux 

je sais 

je vaux 

je vois 

je veux 

je bats 
je bois 
je conclus 
je condnis 
je connais 
je couds 
je era ins 
je crois 
je crois 
je dis 
je dissous 
je fais 
je lis 
je luis 
je maudis 
je mets 
je mouds 
je nais 
je nuis 
je pais 
je plais 
je prends 
je repais 

je r6sous 
je ris 
je romps 
je suffls 
je snis 
je trais 
je vaincB 
je vis 



je bouillis 
je c our us 
je couvris 
je cueillis 
je dormis 
je fuis 
je mentis 
je raourus 
je partis 
je me repentis 
je sentis 
je servis 
je sortis 
je souflfris 
je tins 
je vins 
je vetis 


il fallut 
je mus 
il pint 
je pourvus 
je pus 
je BUS 
je valus 
je vis 
je voulus 

je battis 
je bus 
je conclus 
je conduisis 
je connus 
je cousis 
je craignis 
je crus 
je crus 
je dis 

je lus 

je maudis 
je mis 
je moulus 
je naquis 
je nuisis 

je plus 
je pris 
je repus 

je r^solus 
je ris 
je rompis 
je suffis 
je suivis 

je vainquis 
je v6cu8 

\'^'^"j^J::jS:rA^ir;^^^^^ - '"e^uUr l„ the ^na pe„. plur. Of the indicative p« 


A (first letter of the alphabet), s.m. a. 
Deux — , two a's. Marque a V — , a 
man of honour ; a. superior man ; first- 
rate, excellent, A 1. Ne savoir ni — ni 
B, not to know A from B, not to know 
o.'s letters, to be utterly illiterate 

A (or k, with a grave accent), prep, to ; 
at ; in ; within ; into ; on ; upon ; as a, 
as; a; by; through; by means of; 
with ; for ; of ; after ; about ; attending 
to ; as to ; from ; under ; against ; after 
the manner of ; according to ; be- 
tween ; among ; before ; enough, suffi- 
cieat; reason (to), occasion for; the 
means of ; in such a way as ; so as ; 
such as; calculated to; capable of; 
likely (to) ; so far as ; sold for ; worth ; 
or ; and ; till ; good-bye till : some- 
thing; anything. — mot, (toi, lui, &c.) 
to or at me ; to or at myself ; mine, my 
own; of mine, of my own; peculiar; 
to spare ; my turn ; (to or at thee or 
him, &c.). — mot a, my turn to ; for 
me to. — mot de, my duty or part to ; 
for me to. — mot seul or tout seul, 
alone, unassisted. — la franpaiae, aiter 
the French fashion. Table — th*, 
tea-table. Machine — coudre, 
sewing-machine. C'est — qui, they vie 
or try who. C'etait — qui pasterait le 
premier, they vied or tried who should 

• pass first. — qui a jouer 1 whose turn 
is it to play ? Us sont —jouer, — ^crire, 
they are playing, writing. H n'y a pas 
— hesiter, there is no hesitating. Je 
n'ai rien — craindre, a espirer, I have 
nothing to fear, to hope. II est — 
craindre, — esp&rer, it is to be feared, 
to be hoped. II est — plaindre, d, 
craindre, he is to be pitied, to be feared. 
Une voiture — deux chevaux, a carriage 
and pair. Une voittire — quatre chevaux, 
a carriage and four, a four-in-hand. 
C'est Men bon — vous de, it is very kind 
of you to 

A (without any accent), v. has, gets. &c. 
( V. Avoir). Robert — de Vargent, Robert 
has money. II — du talent, he has 
talent. Robert y — Ste, Robert has been 
there. By — Hi, he has been there. 
11 y —, (imp.) V. Avoir 

Abaca, s.m. abaca, Manilla hemp 

Abaisse, s.f. thin sheet of pie-paste; 
thin crust, under-crust (of a pie or 
tart) [Abaisser); down; downcast 

Abaiss^, e, part. adj. lovfered, &c. (V. 

Abaisse-langue, s.m. (surg.) tongue- 

AbaissenxeUt, s.m. lowering; letting 
or pulling down ; falling ; fall ; sink- 
ing ; sloping ; dipping ; dip ; decrease, 
diminution, abatement ; reduction ; 
humbling, humility, humiliation ; 
humble condition ; abjection; subjec- 
tion ; abasement ; degradation ; de- 
basement ; disgrace ; stooping ; de- 
meaning ; depression ; (surg.) couching 
(of cataract) ; (her.) abatement 

Abaisser, v.a. t« lower; to let down; 
to let fall ; to bring down, to bring 
lower ; to cast down ; to pull or draw 
down ; to lessen, to diminish, to abate ; 
to reduce ; to humble ; to humiliate ; 

to subject ; to abase ; to degrade ; to 
disgrace; to debase; to demean; to 
disparage, to depreciate; to roll; to 
flatten ; to depress ; to lop, to shorten ; 
(surg.) to depress ; to couch (a cataract) 
S' — , v.r. to lower oneself; to be 
lowered ; to be laid ; to bring oneself 
down ; to go down ; to descend ; to 
alight ; to decrease ; to subside, to 
abate ; to decline ; to fall ; to sink ; to 
slope ; to dip ; to humble oneself ; to 
stoop, to condescend ; to demean one- 
self ; to cringe ; to submit ; to express 
oneself with simplicity; to fall into 
vulgarity [ — s.m, depressor 

Abaisseur, adj.m. (anat.) depi'iment; 
Abajoue, s.f. cheek-pouch ; chop, chap 
Abalourdir, v.a. F.H^b^ter [ment 
Abalourdissement, s.m. r.H^b^te- 
Abandon, s.m. abandonment; forsak- 
ing; quitting, leaving ; desertion ; for- 
lornness ; destitution ; giving up or 
over ; renunciation, relinquishment ; 
surrender ; neglect ; negligence ; care- 
lessness, inditterence ; want of watch- 
fulness ; ease, freedom, unconstraint ; 
unreserve, open - heartedness ; con- 
fidence ; trust ; resignation ; release ; 
dereliction. A I'—, in confusion, in 
disorder ; at sixes and sevens ; uncared 
for, unprotected, unprovided for; in 
utter neglect; to wreck and ruin; 
(nav.) adrift [donee, relessee 

Abandonnataire, »•»»./. (law) aban- 
Abandonna-teur, tricO; s.m.f. (law) 

abandoner, relessor 
Abandonn6, e, part adj. abandoned, 
deserted, &c. (V. Abandonner) ; for- 
lorn; easy, careless; unbridled ; de- 
praved, profligate, shameless ; — s.m.f, 
profligate, rake ; outcast, reprobate ; 
forlorn creature ; unfortunate 
Abandonnement, s.m. abandon- 
ment ; desertion ; relinquishment ; 
giving up ; surrender ; renunciation ; 
assignment ; resignation ; profligacy 
Abandonn6xnent, adv. freely, un- 
Abandonner, v.a. to abandon ; to 
forsake ; to desert ; to quit, in leave ; 
to give up ; to give over ; to renounce ; 
to forego ; to relinquish ; to surrender; 
to deliver up ; to resign ; to commit ; 
to let go ; to let loose ; to neglect ; to 
fail ; to release 

S' — , v.r. to abandon oneself ; to give 
oneself up; to give oneself; to give 
way ; to indulge (in) ; to give vent 
(to) ; to fall (into) ; to be addicted (to), 
to take (to); to trust; to trust or 
commit oneself; to throw oneself (on, 
upon) ; to throw off all constraint, to 
be natural ; to despond ; to rush on 
desperately; to give vent to o.'s in- 
spiration ; to be careless of o.'s per- 
sonal appearance, to neglect onesen ; 
to be careless ; to lead a dissolute 
life ; to begin to walk unaided, to begin 
to toddle ; to slacken o.'s pace 
Abaqne, s.m. (arch., math.) abacus 
Abas, s.m. heavy shower, downpour 
Abasourdir, v.a. to stun, to deafen ; 
to astound ; to bewilder 


Abat, s.m. heavy shower, downpour j 
— s, pi heavy showers; oflfal, cats" 
and dogs' meat (liver, lights, tripe, 

Abzitardi, e, adj. degenerate, debased, 

Ab£ltardir, v.a. to debase, to corrupt. 
S' — to degenerate, to become corrupt 

AbcLtardissement, s.m. degeneracy ; 
debasement, corruption [tial dish 

Abat-faim, s.m. large 'joint, substan- 

Abat-foin, s.m. opening or trap-door 
of a hayloft, loft-trap 

Abatis, s.m. (bad spelling) V. Abattis 

Abat-jour, s.m. reflector ; shade ; sky- 
light ; trunk-light ; sun-shade, sun- 
blind, Spanish blind, shutter, awning, 
bonnet; prison-blind 

Abat-son, s.m. (of bell towers) louvre 
window, louvre-boards 

Abattage, s.m. cutting down, felling ; 
lopping ; slaughtering, slaughter, kill- 
ing; work knocked off, much work 
done; (m«cft.) power, purchase ; (tech.) 
dolly; (nav.) casting; ( — encarene) 
heaving down. Vente a V—, sale of 
wares spread out on the pavement 

Abattant, ».m. flap; shutter; lid 

Abatt6e, s.f. (nav.) casting, falling off. 
Faire une — or des —s, to cast, to fall 

Abattement, s.m. prostration; de- 
pression, dejection, lowness of spirits, 
low spirits, despondency; languor, 
faintness ; weakness ; weariness ; sad- 
ness; afSiction; (Tter.) abatement 

Abatteu-r, se, s.m.f. feller; cutter; 
knocker-off; slaughterman, slaught- 
erer. — de besogne, hard worker 

Abattis, s.m. pulling down,demolition ; 
cutting down, felling; pieces, old 
building materials, rubbish; felled 
wood ; giblets ; killing, slaughter ; 
destruction; (fort.) abattis; (hunt.) 
V. Abattures 

Abattoir , s.m. slaughter-house, abattoir 

Abattre, v.a. to bring down, to fetch 
down, to throw or knock or strike or 
pull or cut or blow or beat down, to 
hew or break down, to let down, &c. ; 
to abate ; to cut or knock off; to carry 
away ; to lay ; to fell ; to demolish ; to 
kill ; to slaughter ; to destroy ; to 
overthrow ; to put down ; to prostrate ; 
to cast down, to depress, to deject, to 
dispirit ; to dishearten, to discourage ; 
to damp; to weaken; to weary; to 
humble ; to lower; (surg.) to couch (a 
cataract) ; (nav., — en carene) to heave 
down ; — v.n. to lay down o.'s cards ; 
(nav.) to cast, to fall off 

S'— , v.r. to fall or come down ; to 
fall ; to break do\fn ; to abate ; to 
burst ; to alight, to settle ; to stoop, 
to make a stoop (at), to come down 
(upon), to pounce ; to be cast down or 
discouraged, to despond ; (nav.) to heel 
over, to lie along 

AbattU, e, part. adj. brought down, 
&c. (V. Abattre); depressed, down- 
cast, dispirited, low-spirited; pros- 
trated.; low ; down ; languid, faint ; 
weary; drooping; sad; i^ioted 


AbattU, s.m. A I'—, {of fire-arms) un- 
cocked, down [ing, foil, slot 

Abattures, a.f.pL {hunt.) abature, foil- 

Abat-vent, $.m. wind-screen, louvre 
window, louvre-boards ; shed, pent- 
house, lean-to ; weather-board; garden- 
mat, matting, screen [pulpit) 

Abat-voix, g.m. sounding-board (of a 

Abbatial, e, adj. abbatial, abbot's ; — 
$.m. abbey, abbacy; — s.f. abbot's 

Abbatiati $.m. abbacy, abbotship 

Abbaye, «./. abbey. — de Monte-d- 
regret, {pop.) scaffold, guillotine ; 

Abb6, t.m. {obsolete) abb^; abbot; 
(modem teiue) ecclesiastic ; priest ; 
clergyman ; reverend gentleman ; re- 
verend. Monsieur V—, Reverend Sir, 
Sir. Monsieur V— Paul, the Reverend 
Father Paul, the Reverend Mr. Paul 

Abb«sse, <./. abbess 

A B Cy s.m. ABC, beginning, ele- 
ments, rudiments; primer; spelling- 
book ; alphabet, letters 

Abc^der, v.n., S'— , v.r. to form into 
an abscess, to gather, to come to a 
head ; to break 

Abc^B, <.m. abscess, gathering 

Abcisse, «./. V. Abacisse 

Abdtoitain, e, Abd^rite, adj. Ab- 
derian, Abderitan ; — «. Abderite 

Abdication, s.f. abdication ; resigna- 
tion; renunciation; surrender 

Abdiquer, r.o. to abdicate ; to resign ; 
to renounce ; to lay aside ; to give up i | 
to forswear ; — v.n, to abdicate. S'— , 
v.r. to abdicate or resign o.'s rights 
and privileges ; to be abdicated 

Abdomen, s.m. abdomen 

Abdominal, e, adj. abdominal 

Abducteur, adj.m. (anat.) abducent; 
— s.m. abductor 

Abdnction, s.f. (anat., log.) abduction 

Ab6c6daire, s.m. spelling-book ; 
primer ; — adj. abecedarian ; of the 
ABC; rudimentary, elementary ; be- 

Abecquement, s.m. feeding (a bird) 

Abecquer, v.a. to feed (a bird) 

Ab6e. s.f. mill-leat 

f Abeille, s.f. bee. — domestique, — de 
ruehe, honey-bee, hive-bee 

f AbeiU4, e, adj. (her.) (ornamented) 
with bees [bees ; — s.m. V. Rucber 

fAbeill-er, dre, adj. apiarian, of 

Abenctoage, s.m. (hist.) Abencerage 

Aberrant, e, adj. aberrant 

Aberration, s.f. aberration 

Abetir, v.a. V. H^b^teri —v.n,, S'— , 
v.r, to grow dull, to get stupid, to be- 
come besotted 

AbMissement, «.m. F. H^b^tement 

Ab boe et ab nac, adv. at random, 
confusedly [detest 

Abhorrer, v.a. to abhor, to loathe, to 

Abigail, sf, abigail, waiting-woman, 
lady's maid 

Abtma, s.m. abyss ; bottomless pit ; 
hell ; gulf ; chasm ; deep ; unfathom- 
able depth ; mine, treasury ; inscmt- 
ablo mystery, enigma ; ruin, perdition, 
destruction ; misery 

Ablmar, v.a. to sink; to lose; to 
swallow up ; to destroy ; to ruin ; to 
undo ; to damage, to spoil ; to waste ; 
to oTerwhelm, to crush; to cut to 
pieces, to cut up, to lash, to slash. 
8' — , v.r. to link ; to be swallowed up ; 
to rain oneself ; to be lost or rained ; 
to get spoilt 
Ab mt«Btat, adv, (law) from an in- 
toHtate ; abintestate. Heritier — , heir- 
at-law; next of kin. Sueeettion — , 
intestate's estate, intestacy 
Abject, m, adj, abject, mean, rile, 
base, low (basely 

A14*ct«m«nt| adv. abjectly, meanly, 

Abjection, »/. abjection, abjectness, 
meanness, baseness ; (theol,) out- 
Abjnration, s.f. abjuration; renun- 
Abjuratoire, adj. abjuratory [elation 
Abjnrer, v.a, to abjure ; to forswear ; 
to renounce, to give up, to relinquish ; 
to quit ; to lay aside. -S'— , v.r. to be 
abjured, &c. [case 

Ablatif, s.m. {gram.) ablative, ablative 
Ablativo, adv. higgledy-piggledy 
Able, V. Ablette 
Abl^gat, s.m. ablegate 
Abl6gation, s.f. ablegateship 
Ableret, s.m., Ablerette,«./.,AbUer, 

s.m. ( fish.) hle&k-net 
Ablette, s.f. (fish) bleak, blay, ablet 
Ablnant, e, adj., Abluant, s.m. 
abluent [revive 

Abluer, v.a, to cleanse, to wash; to 
Ablution, s.f ablution ; washing 
Abnegation, s.f. abnegation, renun- 
ciation; sacrifice; (— de soi-meme) 
self-denial. Faire — de, to renounce, 
to set aside, to sacrifice 
Aboi, s.m. bark, barking, baying. Tenir 
en — , to feed with vain hopes. Aux 
—s, at bay ; to bay ; hard pressed ; at 
o.'s wits' end, at or to o.'s last shift, at 
the last extremity, to extremities ; in 
a desperate condition ; driven to de- 
spair ; exhausted ; near its end ; at the 
last gasp; about to give way; hard 
up, in distress 
Aboiement, s.m. bark, barking.baying 
Abolir, v.a. to abolish; to do away 
with; to repeal; to annul; to sup- 
press; to obliterate. S*— , v.r. to be 
abolished; to fall into disuse, to be- 
come obsolete or extinct [able 
Abolissable, a<fj. abolishable ; repeal- 
Abolissement, s.m. (obsolete) abolish- 
ment [pression 
Abolition, s.f. abolition ; repeal ; sup- 
AboUtion-isme, -iste. V. p. 8, § l 
Abominable, adj. abominable 
Abominablement, adv. abominably 
Abomination, s.f. abomination. Avoir 
en — , to hold in abomination, to 
abominate. Mire en—, to be abomi- 
Abominer, v.a. to abominate [natcd 
A-bon-compte, s.m. payment in ad- 
vance, advance-money, advance 
Abondanunent, adv. abundantly, 
copiously, plentifully ; plenty ; in 
abundance, in great quantity ; amply, 
Abondance, s.f. abundance, plenty, 
plentifulness, copiousness ; aflttuence ; 
richness; fulness; fluency; flow; dif- 
fuseness ; heartiness ; (weak) wine- 
and-water, washy stuff, wishy-washy, 
wish-wash, swipes, water bewitched 
(plenty of water with a little common 
wine, in schools). D'— , of plenty, 
&c. ; (adverb.) extempore ; off-hand 
Abondant, e, adj. abundant, plenti- 
ful, copious, profuse ; rich ; teeming ; 
ample, full; fluent, flowing; diffuse; 
Abonder, v.n. to abound ; to overflow. 
II abonde dans votre sens, he quite 
agrees with you. — dans son sens, to 
be wedded to o.'s own opinion 
Abonn6, e, s.m.f. subscriber; season 

or yearly ticket holder 
Abonnement, s.m. subscription ; con- 
tract, agreement ; composition ; season 
ticket; yearly ticket ; (mil.) allowance, 
indemnification. Carte d'— , sub- 
scriber's ticket ; season or yearly 
ticket. — de lecture, subscription to a 
library; Bubscription or circulating 
Abonnar, v.a. to subscribe for. 8'—, 
v.r. to subscribe, to become a sub- 
scriber; to contract; to compound; 
to take a season or a yearly ticket 


Abonnir, v.a.n., S'—, v.r. to improve 

Abord, s.m. access, approach ; landing, 
arrival ; meeting ; attack, onset ; con- 
tact; resort, affluence; manner, ad- 
dress ; first instance, first. Au premier 
— , at first view; at first. D'-, de 
prime — , first, at first, first of all, in 
the first place, to begin with ; at once ; 
at first sight. Dis I'—, from the very 
first, first off, at first, at once. Toul 
d'— , at first ; at once 

Abordable, adj. accessible, approach* 
able, accostable, of easy access 

Abordage, s.m. landing ; boarding ; 
fouling, running foul, collision. Aller 
or monter or sauter a V — , se battre a 
i'_, to board an enemy's ship, to 
grapple. Prendre or enlever d V — , to 
take by boarding, to board 

Aborder, v.n.a. to land, to arrive ; to 
come ; to approach ; to accost ; to come 
to ; to come or go up to ; to reach ; to 
meet; to address; to attack; to 
charge; to touch; to board; to fall 
aboard of, to run foul of, to foul, to 
run into, to come into collision with, 
to collide with, (—a Vfperon) to ram; 
to enter upon ; to broach 

Abordeur, s.m. (nav.) boarder; — 
adj.m. boarding 

Aborigine, adj.s. aboriginal; —a, aborigines, aboriginals [tive 

Aborti-f, ve, adj. Abortif, s.m. abor- 

Abot, s.m. clog, hobble 

Aboucliement, s.m. conference, in- 
terview; joining, fitting; (anat.) anas- 
tomosis, inosculation 

Aboucber, v.a. to bring together, to 
arrange an interview between ; to join, 
to fit. S' — , to have an interview ; to 
confer ; to have a talk, to talk ; (anat.) 
to anastomose, to inosculate 

Abouler, v.a.n. (pop.) to give, to let 
(one) have ; to fork out, to shell out, 
to come down ; to cut on, to come on 
or along ; to pop in [(nav.) butt 

About, s.m. butt-end; eking-piectf; 

Aboutement, s.m. abutment, abut- 
ting, butting 

Abouter, v.a. to place end to end, to 
join together, to abut, to butt. S* — , 
to meet at the ends 

Aboutir, v.n. to end ; to be at the end 
(of) ; to border or abut (on) ; to adjoin ; 
to open (into) ; to come out (into) ; to 
come (to) ; to lead ; to meet ; to join ; 
to converge ; to tend ; to terminate ; 
, to come to something (or anything), 
to have a result ; to come to a head, 
to break ; to bud 

Aboutissant, s.m. abuttal, butting, 
butt, end. V. Tenant 

Aboutissement, s.m. cking-piece 

Ab ovo, adv. from the beginning, from 
the veiy first 

Aboyer , v.n. to bark, to bay ; to snarl ; 
to cry out (against) ; to long (for) ; to 

Aboyeu-r, se, s.m.f. barker ; snarler ; 
street-newsvendor ; l^wker; touter; 
dun; seeker, hunter; — s.m. (zool.) 
greenshank (bird) ; — adj. barking ; 

Abracadabra, s.m. abracadabra 

Abracadabrant, e, adj. V. Mirobo- 

Abrasion, s.f. (mcd.) abrasion [lant 

Abraxas, s.m. abraxas 

Abr4g6, s.m. abridgment, epitome, 
compendium, abstract, summary ; 
short account. En — , in a few words 
or lines or pages, shortly, briefly, con- 
cisely, summarily, compendiously ; by 
abbreviation; abridged; on a small 
scale [ment 

Abr^gement, s.m. abridging, abridg- 
Abr6ger, v.a. to abridge; to abbre- 
viate ; to shorten ; to cut short, to 
make shorter, to cut down ; to curtaiL 



Pour — , to be brief. S' — , to be 
abridged or &c., to become short or 
Abreuvage, Abreuvement, s.m. 
watering ; soaking ; steeping; priming ; 
sizing ; preparing ; seasoning 
Abreuver, v.a. to water ; to give drink 
to, to make (. . .) drink ; to soak ; to 
steep ; to drench ; to imbibe ; to im- 
brue ; to fill ; to saturate ; to load ; to 
overwhelm ; to prime ; to size ; to 
prepare; (casks, &c.) to season {with 

S' — , v.r. to drink ; to drink a lot ; 
to soak; to quench o.'s thirst; to 
satiate oneself ; to revel ; to fill or 
cover oneself ; to wallow ; to bathe ; 
to melt (into tears), to shed (abundant 
Abreuvoir, s.m. watering-place; horse- 
pond ; trough ; drinking-place ; (pop.) 
Abr6via-teur, trice, s.m.f. abbre- 
viator, abridger ; — adj. abbreviating, 
Abr6viati-f, ve, adj. abbreviatory 
Abr^viation, «./. abbreviation [tion 
Abreviativeznent, adv. by abbrevia- 
Abreyer, v.a. (nav.) to becalm 
Abri, s.m. shelter, cover; refuge ; home ; 
shadow ; shade ; defence ; screen ; pro- 
tection ; concealment. A V — , under 
shelter, sheltered ; under cover ; under 
the protection (of ) ; protected (from) ; 
secure, safe; beyond (. . .). Mettre a 
V—, to shelter ; to screen ; to protect ; 
to secure [peach-apricot 

Abricot, s.m. apricot. — -pdchey s.m. 
Abricote, candied apricot 
Abricotier, s.m. apricot-tree 
Abricotin, s.m. early apricot 
Abricotine, s.f. apricot-plum 
Abriter, v.a. to shelter ; to shield, to 
screen ; to shade ; to protect ; {nav.) 
to becalm 
Abrivent, s.m. shelter; penthouse, 
hut, shed; garden-mat, mat, matting, 
screen [annulment; abolition 

Abrogation, s.f. abrogation; repeal; 
Abrogeable, adj. abrogable; repeal- 
Abroger, v.a. to abrogate ; to repeal ; 
to annul ; to abolish. S'—, to be 
abrogated or repealed, &c. ; to fall into 
disuse, to grow obsolete 
Abrome, s.m. (bot.) abroma 
Abrouti, e, adj. nipped, browsed 
Abroutissexnent, s.m. damage from 

Abrupt, e, adj. abrupt; craggy, rugged 
Abruptement, adv. abruptly 
AbruptO (Ex), adv. adj. abruptly, 
suddenly, unexpectedly, on the spur 
of the moment ; abrupt, sudden ; off- 
hand; impetuous 
Abrutir, v.a. to brutalize, to brutify ; 
to stupefy ; to besot. S'—, to become 
brutish or depraved ; to degrade one- 
self; to get stupid ; to be besotted 
Abrutissement, s.m. brutishness, 
brutalization, besottedness, sottish- 

Abrutisseu-r, se, s.m.f. adj. brutal- 
izer; brutalizing, stupefying 

Abscisse, s.f. (geom.) absciss, abscissa 

Abscission, s.f. abscission 

Absence, s.f. absence; non-attend- 
ance, non-appearance ; absence of 
mind ; fit of absence ; inattention, in- 
advertence ; wandering ; want 

Absent, e, adj. s. absent ; away ; out, 
not at home ; missing, wanting ; 
absentee; absenter 

Absent^isme, s.m. absenteeism 

Absent^iste, s.m. absentee 

Absenter <S'), v.r. to absent oneself, 
to stop away 

Abside, s.f. {arch.) apse 

Absinthe, s.f. wormwood, absinthe 
Absintber, v.a. to absinthiate; to 
fuddle with absinthe. S' — , to indulge 
in absinthe drinking; to get fuddled 
with absinthe [sinthe drinker 

Absintheur, Absinthier, s.m. ab- 
Absinthine, s.f. (chem.) absinthine 
Absinthistne, s.m, {med.) absinthism 
Absolu, e, adj. absolute ; positive ; 
peremptory ; magisterial ; imperious ; 
despotic ; arbitrary ; unlimited ; un- 
restricted ; unconditional ; complete ; 
utter ; full ; strict ; — s.m. (the) absolute 
Absolument, adv. absolutely ; posi- 
tively ; peremptorily ; unconditionally; 
arbitrarily; by all means; indeed; 
entirely; completely; utterly; alto- 
gether; exactly; strictly 
Absolution, s.f. absolution ; pardon ; 

discharge; acquittal 
Absolut-isme, -iste. V. page 3, § 1 
Absolutoire, adj. absolutory 
Absorbable, adj. absorbable 
Absorbant, e, adj. absorbent, ab- 
sorptive ; absorbing ; engrossing ; — 
s.m. absorbent [mind) 

Absorbement, s.m. absorption {of 
Absorber, v.a. to absorb ; to imbibe ; 
to drink in ; to swallow up ; to drain ; 
to consume; to waste; to engross, to 
take up. 8' — , to be absorbed or 
swallowed up, &c. 
Absorpti-f, ve, adj. absorptive 
Absorption, s.f. absorption; con- 
sumption ; disappearance 
Absorptivity, s.f. absorptivity 
AbSOUdre, v.a. to absolve; to dis- 
charge, to acquit ; to pardon, to for- 
give ; to excuse ; to exculpate, to 
exonerate ; to give absolution to 
Absou-s, te, part, absolved, &c. (F. 
AbSOUdre) [lution 

Absoute, s.f. absolution; general absO' 


s.m.f. abstemious ; 

abstemious person, abstainer [voter 

Abstenant, e, s.m.f. abstainer, non- 

Abstenir <S'), v.r. to abstain; to re- 
frain ; to forbear ; to forego ; to with- 
draw ; to decline, to refuse 

Abstention, s.f. abstention; with- 
drawal, declining, refusal 

Abstentioniste, s.m.f. abstainer, non- 
voter " [s.m. abstergent 

Abstergent, e, adj., Abstergent, 

Absterger, v.a. to absterge, to cleanse 

Abstersi-f, ve, adj. abstersive 

Abstersion, s.f. abstersion 

Abstinence, s.f. abstinence; temper- 
ance ; fasting [ous 

Abstinent, e, adj. abstinent, abstemi- 

Abstracti-f, ve, adj. abstractive 

Abstraction, s.f. abstraction. — faite 
de, setting aside ; exclusive of, to say 
nothing of. Faii-e — de, to abstract ; 
to set aside ; to exclude. Par — , ab- 
stractedly [abstractedly 

Abstractivenient,a<Iv. abstractively, 

Abstraire, v.a. to abstract 

Abstrait, e, adj. abstract ; abstruse ; 
abstracted ; — s.m. abstract 

Abstraitement, adv. abstractly 

Abstrus, e, adj. abstruse 

Absurde, adj.m.f., s.m. absurd, pre- 
posterous ; absurdity. Demontrer par 
reduction d V— (or par I'—), to demon- 
strate by reducing to an absurdity (or 
by "reductio ad absurdum") 

Absurdexnent, adv. absurdly, pre- 

Absurdity, s.f. absurdity; nonsense 

Abus, s.m. abuse ; misuse ; breach : 
bad custom ; nuisance ; grievance ; 
disorder ; error ; mistake, illusion. 
Appel comm^ d'—, appeal by writ of 

Abuser, v.a. to deceive, to delude ; to 
mislead, to lead away ; to seduce ; — 
v.n. to abuse; to misuse, to make a 


bad use (of), to use ill ; to misconstrue ; 
to use too freely ; to take an undue 
advantage (of); to impose (on); to 
seduce ; to intrude, to trespass (upon) ; 
to overtax ; to overtask, to overwork. 
S'— , to deceive or delude oneself ; to 
be mistaken 

Abuseu-r,se, s.m./. abuser; deceiver; 
— adj. deceptive, deceitful 

Abusi-f, ve, adj. abusive, improper 

Abusivement, adv. abusively, im- 
properly [(nar.) to abut, to butt 

Abuter, v.n. to throw for first play; 

Abyssin, e, Abyssinien, ne ,adj. s. 
Abyssinian [stamp 

Acabit, s.m. quality; nature; sort, 

Acacia, s.m. acacia 

Acad6niicien, ne, s.m.f. adj. acade- 
mician ; academic 

Acad6mie, s.f. academy ; (draw., 
paint.) academy figure ; {obsolete) 
riding-school [V. page 3, § 1 

Acaddm-ique, -iquement, -iste. 

Acad6niiser, v.n. to draw or paint 
figures from models 

Acadien, ne, adj. s. Acadian 

t Acagnarder, v.a. to make lazy. S'— , 
to get lazy ; to idle 

Acajou, s.m. mahogany. — d pommes 
or a noix, cashew, cashew-tree, cashew- 
nut tree. Noix d' — , cashew-nut. 
Pomme d'—, cashew-apple 

Acantbe, s.f. (bot., arch.) acanthus 

Acare, s.m. V. Acaxus 

AcarilLtre, adj. peevish, cross-grained, 
crabbed, sour-tempered 

Acarides, Acariens, acarida, 
acaridse, acaridans, acarina 

Acarus, s.m. acarus, mite, tick 

Acaule, adj. {bot.) acaulous, acaulose 

Accablant, e, adj. overwhelming; 
overpowering; crushing; oppressive; 
grievous ; insufferable ; troublesome, 
annoying ; sweltering, sultry 

Accablement, s.m. heaviness ; faint- 
ness, weakness, languor ; extreme de- 
jection ; oppression ; great pressure ; 
overwhelming burden or load, crush- 
ing weight ; aflBiction ; grievousness 

Accabler, v.a. to overwhelm ; to over- 
power; to load; to overload; to op- 
press ; to weigh down ; to encumber ; 
to crush down, to crush, to crush to 
death ; to overthrow ; to overcome ; to 
stifle ; to ruin ; to plague ; to harass ; 
to afflict; to be too hard upon; to 
cast down, to depress 

Accalmie, s.f. (nav.) lull 

Accaparement, s.m. forestalling, 
buying up; monopoly; engrossment; 
cornering; comer 

Accaparer, v.a. to forestall, to buy up ; 
to monopolize; to engross; to corner; 
to seize upon ; to captivate ; to secure, 
to obtain ; to swallow up 

Accapareu-r, se, s.m.f. forestaller, 
monopolist, monopolizer, engrosser 

f Accastillage, s.m.{nav.) upper works, 
topsides. Bas d' — , strait-sheered, 
shallow-waisted. Haut d'—, deep- 

fAccastilld, e, adj. (nav.) with upper 
works. Bien — , with fine upper works 

fAccastiller, v.a. (nav.) to complete 
the upper works of 

Acc^der, v.n. to accede ; to consent ; 
to comply; to agi'ee; to have access 
(to), to get (to), to arrive (at), to come 
(to), to reach [ing, accelerative 

l>Accel6ra-teur,trice, adj. accelerat- 
Acc616ration, s.f. acceleration; 

hastening, quickening, despatch 
Acc616r6, e, adj. accelerated, quick- 
ened ; fast ; quick ; — s.m.f. fast boat ; 
fast coach ; light van. Pas — , quick 
march or step. Pas — / . . . marehe I 
quick ! . . . march I Au pas — , in quick 
time » 

Aec^l^rer, v.a. to accelerate ; to 
hasten ; to quicken ; to forward ; to 

Accent, ».m. accent ; tone ; voice ; 
sound ; cry ; note ; tune ; song ; strain ; 
word ; pronunciation ; emphasis ; 
stress; expression 

Accentenr. s.m. (bird) accentor 

Accentuation, »./. accentuation ; 

Accentu6, e, part. adj. accented, &c. 
(V. Accentuer); strong; forcible; 

Accentuer, v.a. to accent, to ac- 
centuate ; to mark with an accent; to 
emphasize ; to lay a stress upon ; to 
mark, to define ; to fix, to determine ; 
to make positive or evident ; to set oflf. 

— Kt ge»te*,io accompany o.'s gestures 
(threats) with the act, to strike. S'— , 
to be accented; to be or become 
marked or defined or fixed or deter- 
mined ; to become positive or evident 

Acceptability, «./. acceptability, ac- 

Acceptable, adj. acceptable 
Acceptablement, adv. acceptably 
Acceptant, e, $.m..f. {law) acceptor, 

Acceptation, <./. acceptance 
Accepter, v.a. to accept ; to take ; to 
receive; to admit; to consent to, to 
agree to ; to submit to, to resign one- 
self to, to bear ; to undertake. S'— , 
to be accepted or taken, &c. [cepter 
Accepteur, t.m. (com.) acceptor, ac- 
Acception, t.f. respect, preference, 
regard, distinction ; acceptatiou,sense, 
Acc^S, t.m. access ; approach ; admit- 
tance, entrance ; fit ; attack ; paroxysm; 
Accessibility, t.f. accessibility 
Accessible, adj. accessible, approach- 
able, comeatable [adhesion 
Accession, t.f. accession; consent, 
Accessit, t.m. accessit, honourable 

Accessoire, adj. accessory; minor; 

— t.m. accessory; belonging; (theat.) 
property, stage-property ; minor part. 
Chef d^—t, garcon d' — «, property-man 

Accessoirement, adv. accessorily 

Accident, i.m. accident ; chance ; 
casualty ; mishap, misfortune ; occur- 
rence ; incident ; nnevenness, irregu- 
larity, undulation ; varied aspect ; ac- 
cidental effect ; accidental ; (med.) un- 
expected symptom, accidental com- 
plication; case 

Accident^, e, ae^j. undulating, nn- 
daUted ; uneven ; hilly ; broken ; in- 
tersected ; interspersed ; varied ; pic- 
toresqae ; eventful, full of incidents ; 

Accidental, le, adj. accidental, 
casual, adventitious, fortuitous 

Accidentellenient,adt). accidentally, 

Accidenter, v.a. to make irregular or 
uneven ; to variegate, to diversify, to 
checker ; to make picturesque 

Accise, </. V. Excise 

Acclama-teur, trice, ap- 
plaiKhr, dicfrer; — adj. acclamatory 

Acclamati'f, ve, adj. acclamatory 

Acclamation, »./. acclamation, sliout, 
shouting, choer, cheering, applause, 
plaudit, hurrah 

Acclamer, v.a.n. to acclaim ; to salute, 
to bail ; to cheer, to applaud ; to wel- 
come ; to respond to ; to shout 

Acclima table , atlj. acclimatizable 

AccUmata-teur, trice, «.m/. nccli- 
iniiti/.cr Iment, acclimnti/.ation 

Acclima tation, if., Accliznate- 

Accllmater, v.a. to acclimatize. IT—, 
to become acclimatized 


Acclimateu-r,se,s.m./. F.AccUma- 

tateur [nection, intimacy 

Accointance, s.f. acquaintance, con- 

Accointer (S'), v.r. to become (or get) 
acquainted or intimate 

Accoiser, v.a. (old) to calm, to ap- 
pease, to quiet 

Accolade, «/. embrace, hug, kiss ; ac- 
colade ; (cook., mu8.) brace; (writ., 
print.) brace, bracket ; (jest.) blow, 
slap. Banner V— a, to embrace ; to 
dub a knight. Recevoir I'—, to be 
made a knight 

Accolader, v.a. to embrace ; to brace, 
to bracket [nailing up 

Accolage, t.m. propping, tying up, 

Accolement, s.m. bracing, bracket- 
ing; putting together ; coupling, join- 
ing ; pathway, side 

Accoler, v.a. to embrace ; to hug ; to 
kiss ; to brace, to bracket ; to put 
together; to couple, to join ; to asso- 
ciate; to attach; to apply; to prop, 
to tie up, to nail up ; to entwine, to 
wreathe [withe, tie 

Accolure, t.f. (hort.) band of straw, 

Accommodable, adj. accommodable, 
that may or can be arranged or settled 

Accommodate, t.m. dressing, cook- 

Aceommodant,' e, adj. accommodat- 
ing, obliging, complying, easy to deal 
with, easy. Peu—, unaccommodating, 
hard to deal with 

Accommod6, e, part. adj. accommo- 
dated, &c. ( V. Accommoder) ; fa- 
voured; well off, well-to-do, in easy 
circumstances ; in a mess, in a pickle 

Accommodement, t.m. accommo- 
dation ; arrangement, settlement ; ad- 
justment ; agreement ; composition ; 
compromise ; reconciliation ; means 
of conciliation ; disposition 

Accommoder, v.a. to accommodate ; 
to suit ; to adapt ; to fit up ; to dress ; 
to cook ; to prepare ; to trim ; to ar- 
range ; to settle ; to adjust ; to mend ; 
to reconcile ; to conciliate ; to put in 
order; to dispose; to spare, to let 
(one) have; to treat; to ill-treat, to 
ill-use, to serve out, to give it to, to 

S'— , v.r. to accommodate oneself; 
to agree ; to come to terms ; to ar- 
range; to compound; to make a bar- 
gain; to take; to adapt oneself; to 
comply; to put up (with); to bear; to 
make shift (with); to be content or 
satisfied or pleased (with) ; to like, to 
relish ; to settle ; to take o.'s ease, to 
make oneself comfortable; to make 
free (with); to dress, to adorn one- 
self ; to be arranged ; to be dressed or 
cooked [accompanist 

fAccompagna-teur, trice, t.m.f. 

fAccompagnement, t.m. accom- 
panying ; attendance;' accompani- 
ment ; appendage, accessory 

fAccompagner, v.a. to accompany; 
to attend; to wait on; to escort; to 
suit, to match; to be the accompa- 
nist. S'— , to accompany oneself ; to 
be accompanied, &c. Faitei-vous — , 
take someone with you 

Accompli, e, part. adj. accomplished; 
perfect ; thorough ; regular ; com- 
plete, completed, finished; fulfilled; 

Accomplir, v.a. to accomplish; to 
perform ; to fulfil ; to complete ; to 
finish; to achieve; to execute; to 
carry out ; to effect ; to realize ; to go 
through ; to observe, to obey. S'— to 
be fulfilled or fulfilling, to be accom- 
l)liBhed or accomplishing ; to happen ; 
to be past, to be spent, to pass, to 

AccompUssament, t.m. accomplish- 


ment; performance; fulfilment; com- 
pletion ; achievement ; execution ; 
realization ; observance 
Accon, s.m. (nav.) aeon (lighter) 
Accorage, s.m. (nav.) propping, shoring 
Accord, s.m. agreement ; good under- 
standing ; union ; harmony ; concord ; 
accord ; accordance ; consent ; keep- 
ing ; uniformity ; tone, strain ; chord ; 
tuning; — a, pi. agreements, &c. ; 
espousals. D' — , agreed; together; 
leagued; granted; be it so; in ac- 
cordance, in conformity ; in harmony ; 
in keeping; in tune. £tre or de- 
meurer or tomber d' — , to agree, to be 
agreed, to come to an agreement ; to 
admit. £tre d' — , to be in keeping or 
&c. ; (mus.) to be in tune. Mettre d'—, 
to make (. . .) agree ; to conciliate ; to 
reconcile ; to suit ; to tune. Tenir V — , 
to keep in tune 
Accordable, adj. reconcilable ; grant- 
able; allowable, admissible; tunable 
Accordage, s.m. tuning 
fAccor dailies, espousals 
Accord^, e, s.m.f. future bridegroom; 

future bride 
Accordion 2 t.m. accordion 
Accord^oniste, s.m.f. accordionist 
Accorder, v.a. to accord, to grant ; to 
allow ; to give ; to admit ; to make (...) 
agree ; to conciliate ; to reconcile ; to 
unite; to blend; to adjust; to tune; 
to betroth. II m'a et6 accorde (or donne) 
de, I have been permitted to, &c. (V. 

S'— , v.r. to agree; to coincide; to 
suit ; to be in harmony ; to harmonize ; 
to tune up ; to be agreeable ; to be 
consistent ; to join, to concur ; to 
accord ; to grant to each other ; to be 
granted ; to be adjusted or settled 
Accordeu-r, se, s.m.f. tuner 
Accordoir, s.m. tuning-key, tuning- 
Accore, s.m. (naw.) prop, shore; edge, 
steep (of a bank); — adj. (nav.) bluff, 
bold, steep-to 
Accorer, v.a. (nav.) to prop, to shore 
Accorn^, e, adj. (her.) horned 
Accort, e, adj. compliant, courteous, 

civil, amiable, affable 

Accortise, t.f. compliance, courtesy, 

civility, amiability, affability [able 

Acco8table,a</j. accostable, approach- 

Accostage, Accoste, s.m. (7iav.) 

coming alongside, boarding 
Accosts, e, adj. accosted; sided; side 
by side (with), by the side (of ), along- 
side (of) ^ 

Accoster, v.a.n. to accost, to approach, 
to come or go up to, to address, to 
speak to; to place by the side of or 
side by side, to join, to couple ; (nav.) 
to accost, to get or come alongside, to 
board. S'—, to accost each other ; to 
come side by side ; to meet ; to join ; 
to make acquaintance (with), to asso- 
ciate (with), to keep con)pany (with), 
to frequent [resting ; propped 

Accot6, e, adj. inclining; leaning, 
Accotement, s.m. pathway, side-way, 
side, drift-way; (rail.) outer space, bank 
Accoter, v.a.n., S'— , v.r. to rest or lean 
(sideways); to incline ; to prop; (ftor^) 
to dung, to mulch, to screen 
Accotoir, t.m. arm; rest; resting- 

cushion ; railing; prop, stay, shore 
Accouch^e, s.f. woman in childbed, 

lying-in woman 
Accouchement, t.m. accouchement ; 
confinement; delivery; lying-in; child- 
birth, labour; midwifery, obstetrics. 
Matson d'—t, lying-in institution 
Accoucher, v.a.n. to deliver; to be 
confined or delivered, to be in labour; 
to bring forth; to give birth to; to 
produce; to deliver oneself (of); to 


out ; to make a clean breast of 
it. Accouche or Accouchez I out with it ! 

Accoucheu-r, se, s.m.f. accoucheur; 
accoucheuse, midwife 

Accouder <S')» v.r. to lean on o.'s 
elbow or elbows, to rest o.'s elbow or 
elbows [balustrade, rail 

Accoudoir, s.m. elbow-rest ; arm ; 

Accouer, v.a. to tie (horses) together 
head to tail; (hunt.) to pursue close, 
to overtake 

Accouplage, s.m. coupling ; joining 

Accouple, 8./. leash, couple 

Accouplexnent, s.m. coupling; join- 
ing; yoking; pairing; copulation; 
union ; (mtis.) coupler 

Accoupler, v.a. to couple; to join; 
to put together ; to yoke ; to match ; 
to pair. S' — , to couple, to copulate ; 
to pair, to mate 

Accourcie, s.f. short cut 

Accourcir. V. Raccourcir 

Accourcissement. V. Raccour- 

Accourir, v.n, to run, to run up, to 
hasten, to hurry; to rush; to come 
running, to come in haste; to come 
up ; to come ; to go up ; to go ; to 
flock together 

Accoutrement, s.m. .accoutrement, 
costume, garb, dress, gear, rig 

Accoutrer, v.a. to accoutre, to dress 
out, to rig out [use 

Accoutumance, s.f. custom, habit, 

Accoutum^, e, part. adj. accus- 
tomed ; used ; in the habit (of ) ; usual, 
customary, wonted. A I'—e, aa usual ; 
usually. Avoir — (de), to have been 
used (to), to be accustomed (to), to be 
in the habit (of ), to be wont (to) ; to 
use (to) 

Aecoutuzner, v.a. to accustom, to 
use; to inure. S' — , to accustom or 
use oneself, to become accustomed, to 
get used [fire, &c.) 

Accouv^, e, adj. brooding over (the 

Accr^dit^, e, part. adj. accredited ; in 
credit, in vogue; of high repute or 
standing; influential; well estab- 
lished ; sanctioned, countenanced ; 
credited, received ; rife 

Accr^diter, v.a. to accredit ; to bring 
into credit or esteem or vogue; to 
establish the credit or reputation or 
truth of ; to spread ; to give credit to, 
to sanction, to countenance ; to con- 
firm ; to guarantee. S' — , to get into 
credit ; to gain credit, to be credited ; 
to ingratiate oneself ; to spread 

Accr6diteur, s.m. guarantor, surety 

AccroC; s.m. rent, tear; hook, snag; 
hitch, impediment, obstacle, hind- 
rance, difficulty [catching ; grappling 

Accrochage, s.m. hooking; hitching; 

Accroclie-cocur, s.m. heart-breaker, 
kiss-curl, kiss-me-quick. En — , curled 

Accrochement, s.m. hooking ; catch- 
ing ; locking ; grappling ; catch ; stop ; 
hitch, obstacle, difficulty ; delay 

Accroclie-plat, s.m. plate-wire, plate- 

Accrocher, v.a. to hook on ; to hook ; 
to hang up ; to hang ; to suspend ; to 
hitch ; to catch ; to tear ; to get hold 
of ; to get ; to run against ; to lock ; 
to stop, to hinder; to delay; to put 
oflF; to shelve; to pawn, to put up the 
spout; to grapple; (pop.) to take up, 
to lock up, to quod. S' — , to catch ; to 
lay hold (of) ; to hang (on) ; to stick 
(to); to cling; to fasten oneself (on); 
to come to blows, to fight; to get 
locked ; to grapple each other 

Accroire, v.a. Faire — d, to make be- 
lieve. En faire — a, to impose upon. 
S'en faire — , to overrate oneself, to be 
self- conceited 


Accroissement; s.m. increase, en- 
largement, extension, growth, develop- 
ment ; rise, rising ; addition ; (min., 
law, med.) accretion » 

Accroitre, v.a.n., S'— , v.r. to increase ; 
to enlarge ; to extend ; to grow ; to 
raise ; to rise ; to grow stronger ; to 
improve; to advance; to accrue, to 
fall (to) 

Accroupi, e, adj. squatting, squat, 
stooping, cowering, crouching; sunk 

Accroupir (S'}f v.r. to squat; to sit 
squat ; to cower ; to crouch ; to roll 
oneself up ; to sink 

Accroupissement, s.m. squatting, 
cowering, crouching [tension 

Accrue^ s.f. accretion, increase; ex- 

fAccueil, reception ; welcome ; 
greeting ; (covi.) protection, honour 

fAccueillant, e, adj. accessible, 
gracious, affable ; hospitable 

fAccueillir, v.a. to receive; to wel- 
come ; to hail ; to greet ; to entertain ; 
to take up ; to accept ; to believe ; to 
assail; to fall upon; to overtake, to 
surprise ; (com.) to honour 

Accul, s.m. place without exit ; blind 
alley; corner; fix; end of a burrow; 
(artil.) breeching; {nav.) creek 

Acculee, s.f. (nav.) sternway 

Acculement; s.m. being cornered or 
brought to bay ; corner ; fix ; (of a 
cart) hanging backward ; (of a horse) 

Acculer, v.a. to drive into a corner, to 
corner ; to drive to the last extremity; 
to bring to bay ; to bring to a stand ; 
(a cart) to let down behind, to unload ; 
(hunt.) to run home ; — v.n. (of a cart) 
to hang backward. S'—, to back 
(against); (of a cart) to hang back- 
ward ; (0/ a horse) to jib 

Accumula-teur, trice, s.m.f. ac- 
cumulator; hoarder; — adj. accumu- 
lating ; hoarding 

Accumulation, s.f. accumulation 

Accumuler, v.a. to accumulate; to 
amass, to heap up; to store up, to 
store ; to hoard up, to hoard. <S'— , to 
accumulate [impeachable 

Accusable, adj. acpusable, chargeable, 

Accusa-teur, trice, s.m.f. accuser, 
indicter, impeacher ; — adj. accusing ; 
incriminating. — public, public prose- 
cutor [cusative case 

Accusatif, s.m. (gram.) accusative, ac- 

Accusation, s.f. accusation ; charge ; 
imputation ; confession ; impeach- 
ment ; arraignment ; indictment ; pro- 
secution. Aete d'— , indictment, bill of 
indictment. Arret d' — or de mise en 
— , true bill. Chef d'— , V. Chef. 
Chambre des mises en — , grand jury. 
Mettre en — , to impeach ; to arraign ; 
to indict. Prononcer la mise en — (de), 
to find a true bill (against) 

Accusatoire, adj. accusatory 

Accuse, e, s.m.f. accused ; culprit, 
prisoner ; — part. adj. accused, &c. ( V. 
Accuser) ; marked, prominent ; dis- 
tinct; showy [ledgment (of receipt) 

ACCU86, s.m. — de reception, acknow- 

Accuser, v.a. to accuse; to charge; to 
impeach ; to arraign ; to indict ; to 
prosecute; to point to the guilt of; 
to tell or go against ; to blame ; to re- 
proach; to tax; to complain of; to 
argue ; to imply ; to betray ; to reveal ; 
to discover; to indicate; to show; to 
mark ; to define ; to display ; to bring 
out; to declare, to state, to tell; to 
call; to acknowledge; to confess; 
(med.) to complain of 

Ac6pliale, adj. acephalous, headless ; 
— s, acephalans, acephala 

Ac^rain, e, adj. steely 

Acerbe, a(^. acerb, rough, sour, sharp; 
harsh, bitter 


Acerbity, s.f. acerbity; harshness; 

Ac6r6, e, adj. steeled; sharp-edged; 
sharp-pointed ; sharp, keen, acute, 
cutting, piercing, stinging ; acerose 

Ac6rer, v.a. to steel ; to sharpen 

Acescence, s.f. acescence, acescency, 

Acescent, e, adj. acescent [acidifying 

Acetate, s.m. (chem.) acetate 

Ac^teu-x, se, adj. (chem.) acetous 

Acetim^tre, s.m. acetimeter 

Ac^tique, adj. (chevi.) acetic 

Achalandage, s.m. custom, goodwill; 
customers ; getting custom or custom- 

Aclialand6, e, adj. having customers, 
doing business ; frequented. Bien — , 
with a good custom, doing a good 
business, driving a good trade; well 

Acbalander, v.a. to bring custom or 
customers to, to draw customers to. 
iS' — , to get custom, to draw or attract 
customers ; to do business ; to become 

Acbanti, s.m. adj. Ashanti, Ashantee 

Acbards, pi. V. Achars 

Acta.arn6, e, adj. ravenous; blood- 
thirsty ; savage ; excited ; enraged, 
rabid, infui-iated, furious, mad, des- 
perate ; exasperated ; fierce ; ruthless ; 
implacable, inveterate; unrelenting, 
relentless ; unremitting ; obstinate ; 
intent (on), bent (on) ; intense ; bitter ; 
(hunt.) fleshed 

Acbamement, s.m. rage, rabidness, 
fury, desperation ; fierceness ; ani- 
mosity; savageness; obstinacy; in- 
veteracy; persistence; tenacity; pas- 

Achamer, v.a. to set on, to set 
(against), to excite ; to enrage ; (hunt.) 
to flesh, to blood. S' — , to fasten one- 
self (upon) ; to set furiously (to) ; to 
be set or bent (upon) ; to persist (in) ; 
to fall (upon) or attack furiously; to 
become excited or enraged ; to be im- 

Achars, Indian pickles, piccalilli 

Achat, s.m. purchase 

Ache, s.f. (bot.) smallage 

Ach6e, s.f. (local) earth-worm; (fish.) 
worms, gentles, bait 

lAch^en, ne, «4;. s. Achaean, Achaian 

Acheminement, s.m. forwarding, 
despatch; first step, step, means, way, 
preparation ; introduction ; disposition 

Acheminer, v.a. to forward, to de- 
spatch, to send on ; to bring on ; (rid.) 
to train. S'— , to set out, to start ; to 
wend o.'s way ; to go ; to get on ; to 
advance, to proceed, to progress; to 
walk ; to march ; to tend (to) 

Achetable, adj. purchasable 

Acheter, v.a. to buy, to purchase ; to 
buy for; to bribe; to barter; to ac- 
quire; to procure; to pay for. — d, 
to buy for ; to buy of or at or in. S' — , 
to buy (for) oneself ; to buy for or of 
each other ; to be bought or purchased 
or &c. 

Acheteu-r, se, s.m.f. buyer, purchaser 

Achev6, e, part. adj. finished, com- 
pleted, complete, perfect ; consum- 
mate ; thorough ; regular ; downright, 
arrant, egregious ; done ; over ; being 
over; broken down, on o.'s last legs, 
ruined ; drunk, finished up ; (rid.) 
thoroughly trained 

Ach^vement, s.m. finishing, com- 
pletion ; conclusion ; finish 

Achever, v.a. to finish, to complete ; 
to perfect ; to end ; to conclude ; to 
go on to the end, to go on, to proceed ; 
to consummate ; to crown ; to give 
the finishing stroke to ; to complete 
the ruin of, to ruin ; to despatch, ' 
kill; (o.'s time) to serve out: (rt<^ 




train thoroughly, n n'aeheva pas, he 
said no more, he stopped. &" — , to be 
finished or completed ; to come to an 
end, to end ; to utterly ruin oneself ; 
to get thoroughly drunk 
Acliill6e, «./. (bot.) achillea, milfoil, 
yarrow. — ptarmiqw or sternulatoire, 
AcMt, $.m. wild vine (sneezewort 

Achoppement, $.m. stumbling; im- 
pediment. Pierre d'—, stumbling- 
block ; obstacle, impediment [to fail 
Achopper, r.n., S'— , v.r. to stumble ; 
{AchoreS; (med.) achores, 

t Acbromat-ique, -iBine. F. p. 8, § 1 
XAcliroinatiBer, v.a. to achromatize 
Aciculaire, adj. acicular, needle- 
shaped [ — a.m. acid 
Acide, adj. acid, sour, tart, sharp; 
Acidification, «./. acidification 
Acidifier, v.a. to acidify. S'— , to be- 
come acid, to turn sour 
Acidim^tare, a.m. acidimeter 
Acidity, ^/. acidity, sourness, tartness, 

Acidule, adj. acidulous, subacid 
Aciduler, v.a, to acidulate, to make 

sourish. S' — , to become acidulous 
Acier, steel. — poule, — de ce- 
mentation, blister-steel [steel 
Aci^rage, s.m. steeling, plating with 
Aci^ration, $./. conversion into steel 
Aci6rer, r.a., S'— , v.r. to convert or 

turn into steel ; to steel 
Aci6reux, se, cujj. steely [factory 
Aci^rie, «./. steel- works, steel-manu- 
Acineu-x, se, adj. acinose, acinous 
Acinifonne, adj. aciniform 
Acm6, «./. (med.) acme 
Acn6, f.f. (med.) acne 
AcolytO) t.m./. acolyte; companion, 
associate ; confederate, pal, accom- 
plice [instalment 
Acompte, «.m. payment on account, 
Aeon. fl.m. V. Accon [monkshood 
Aconit. i.m. {bot.) aconite, wolfsbane, 
Aconitxne, $./. (chem.) aconitia, 
aconitine [snake 
Acontlas. $.m. (zool.) acontias, dart- 
Acoquine, e, adj. much in love, taken 
(with), caught; fond (of ), attached (to) 
Acoquiner, v.a. to allure, to entice, 
to captivate, to bewitch. S'—, to get 
fond (of ), to become attached (to), to 
be bewitched (with) 
Acore, Acorns, s.m. (bot.) acorns, 

sweet flag, sweet rush 
AcotyUdone, Acotyl6don6, e, 
adj. (boU) acotyledonous ; — s.f. acoty- 
Aconp, s.m. jerk; sudden stroke or 
action; unexpected event; sudden 
stop or halt 
Aconstique, adj. acoustic; — s.f. 
acoustics ; — s.m. speaking - tube. 
Cordon or tube — , speaking-tube. 
Comet —, ear-trumpet. Voute — , 
whi8i>ering gallery or dome 
Acquirable, adj. acquirable; pur- 
chasable [buyer 
Acqu«ren-r, M, s.m.f. purchaser, 
Acqu6rir, v.a. to acquire ; to obtain ; 
to gain ; to gain over ; to get ; to pur- 
chase, to buy ; — r.n. to acquire ; to 
obtain ; to improve 

•'— , v.r. to acquire, to gain, to get ; 
to gain over; to be acquired or ob- 
tained, Ac. 
Acquit, s.m. (law) acquest, acquisition 
(property aeeruing to a husband and 
wife, and If coming their joint entate) 
Acquiescement, s.m. acquiescence, 
compliance, assent [comply, to assent 
Aoquleseer, v.n. to acquiesce, to 
Acquis, •, part. adj. acquired, Ac. 
{V. AcauArlr); accruing; added; be- 
longing ; aecored, insured ; devoted ; 
admitted, received ; unquestionable 


I Acquis, s.m. acquirements, attain- 

1 ments [chase; conquest 

Acquisition, s.f. acquisition; pur- 

Acquisivil^, s.f. acquisitiveness 

Acquit, s.m. acquittance, discharge; 

receipt ; acquittal ; satisfaction ; {oust.) 

clearance; (at billiards) lead. d- 

caution, (oust.) transire, permit. Par — 
de conscience, pour V — de sa conscience, 
for conscience sake, to satisfy o.'s 
conscience. Par manih-e d' — , for 
form's sake, negligently, carelessly. 
Pour — , received, paid, settled. Jouer 
a I'—, to play who shall pay for the 
whole [acquitted 

Acquittable, adj. acquittable, to be 
Acquittement, s.m. acquittance, dis- 
charge, payment, liquidation; ac- 
Acquitter, v.a. to acquit; to dis- 
charge ; to perform, to fulfil ; to pay, 
to pay off ; to clear, to free ; to ease, 
to satisfy ; to receipt. S' — , to acquit 
oneself; to discharge; to perform, to 
fulfil; to execute; to deliver; to pay 
Acre, s.m. acre [off'; to be quits 

Acre, adj. acrid, tart, sour, sharp, 
bitter [sharply 

Acrement, adv. acridly, tartly, sourly, 
Acret6, s.f. acridity, acrimony, tart- 
ness, sharpness 
Acrimonie, s.f. acrimony [ously 

Acrimonieusement, adv. acrimoni- 
Acrixuonieu-x, se, adj. acrimonious 
Acrobate, s.m.f. acrobat; (zool.) acro- 

Acrobatie, s.f. acrobatics 
Acrobatique, adj. acrobatic; (mech.) 

lifting, winding 
Acrobatisme, s.m. acrobatism 
Acronyque, adj. (astr.) acronycal 
Acropole, s.f. acropolis 
Acrospire, s.f. (bot.) acrospire 
Acrostiche, s.m. adj. acrostic [terium 
Acrotdre, s.m. (arch.) acroter, acro- 
Acte, s.m. act; action; transaction; 
instrument, document; deed; title- 
deed; charter; indenture; agree- 
ment ; contract ; certificate ; note ; 
receipt ; acknowledgment ; decree ; 
decision ; resolution ; writ ; record ; 
bill ; public discussion, debate ; — s, pi. 
acts, &c.; registers, rolls; proceed- 
ings, transactions. — respectueux, 
notice (to o.'s parents, when of age, to 
give their consent to o.'s marriage). 
Faire — de, to show proof of, to show. 
Faire — de presence, to make o.'s ap- 
pearance, to present oneself, to be 
present [grapewort 

Actee, s.f. (bot.) a,ctaea, baneberry, 
Ac-teur, trice, s.m.f. actor, actress, 

performer, player ; stage-player 
Acti-f, ve, adj. active; real; actual; 
effective; brisk; quick; industrious; 
on the credit side ( V. Dette) 
Actif, s.m. capital; assets; creditor; 
(of the budget) receipts; (gram.) active 
^oice [anemone, animal-flower 

Acunie, »./. (zool.) actinia, sea- 
Actin-ique, -isme. V. page 3, § 1 
Action^ s.f. action ; act ; deed ; agency, 
operation; activity; motion; play; 
energy; vigour; power; eff^ect; in- 
fluence; property; vivacity ; warmth ; 
ardour; animation; life, spirit; ges- 
ture; movements; attitude; expres- 
sion; subject; lawsuit, suit; prosecu- 
tion ; fight, battle, engagement ; (com.) 
share; share certificate; (-«, pi., jest.) 
credit, reputation, (com.) shares, stock. 
An — , in or into action ; acting ; acted ; 
at work; in practice; practical; in 
motion ; (mach.) in gear. Mors d'— 
(mach.) out of gear. Par ~s, by shares 
AiltT«« -♦i , , [share-deale; 

Xc2oS«^;. '•"!,•• ''^*^«' ^° shares, 
AcUonnable, adj. actionable 


Actionnaire, s.m.f. shareholder ; 
stockholder [bustling, busy ; eager 

Actionn6, e,part. adj. sued; stirring, 

Actionner, v.a. to put into action, to 
set in motion, to work ; to bring an 
action against, to sue. S' — , to stir, 
to bestir oneself, to be busy 

Activement, adv. actively ; vigorously 

Activer, v.a. to quicken; to acceler- 
ate; to hasten; to forward; to expe- 
dite ; to press ; to urge on ; to urge ; 
to stimulate ; to push on ; to rouse ; 
to stir up ; to brisk up ; to fan ; to 
force. S' — , to be quickened or &c. 

Activity, s.f. activity; action, brisk- 
ness ; quickness ; vivacity ; nimble- 
ness ; diligence ; despatch, expedition ; 
eff'orts ; progress ; spirit ; vigour ; em- 
ployment ; operation ; work ; active 

Actuaire, «.TO. actuary [service 

Actualisation, s.f. actualization ; 
adaptation to the times [to the times 

Actualiser, v.a. to actualize ; to adapt 

Actuality, s.f. actuality ; present state 
or existence ; appropriateness to 
present circumstances ; usefulness or 
interest at the present moment or for 
the time being, present usefulness, 
present interest ; thing of the present 
time ; passing event, thing of the day, 
question of the hour; ephemeral 

Actuel, le, adj. actual ; present ; pass- 
ing ; of the day, of the times ; modern ; 
for the time being; — s.m. present, 
present state, present being or ex- 

Actuellement, adv. actually ; at pre- 
sent, now, at the present time ; at the 
time [ness 

Acuit6, s.f. acuteness, sharpness, keen- 

Acumine, e, adj. (bot.) acuminate, 

Acuponcture, s.f. (svrg.) acupuncture 

Acupressure, s.f. (surg.) acupressure 

Acutangle, AcutangiUaire, adj. 
acute-angled, acutangular 

AcvLta.ngul6,e,adj. (bot.) acute-angled 

Adage, s.m. adage, proverb, saying, saw 

Adagio, s.m. adv. (mus.) adagio 

Adamantin, e, adj. adamantine, 

Adamique, adj. Adamic [adamauteau 

Adamite, s.m. Adamite 

Adaptable, adj. adaptable 

Adaptation, s.f. adaptation 

Adapter, v.a. to adapt; to apply; to 
fit ; to suit 

Adapteu-r, se, s.m.f. adapter 

Addenda, s.m. addenda 

Addendum, s.m. addendum 

Addition, s.m.f. addition ; adding up ; 
summing up; bill, reckoning ; (print.) 

Additionnel, le, adj. additional 

Additionner, v.a. to add, to add up, to 
cast up, to sum up. S'— , to be added, 
&c. ^ [ — s.m. adductor 

Adducteur, (anat.) adducent; 

Adduction, s.f. (anat.) adduction 

Adelphe, adj. (bot.) adelphous; — s, 
s.m,.pl. Adelphi (of Terence) 

Ademption, s.f. (law) ademption 

Ad6nite, s.f. (med.) adenitis 

Adepte, s.m.f. adept 

'^'Adequat, e, adj. (philos.) adequate 

Adherence, s.f. adherence, adhesion; 
adhesiveness [adherent 

■^dh6rent, e, adj., Adherent, s.m. 

Adherer, v.n. to adhere, to stick or 
cling (to) [adhesive substance 

Adnesi-f, ve, adj. adhesive; — s.m. 

Adhesion, s.f. adhesion ; adhesiveness; 

Ad hoc, adv. specially; special; ex- 
pressly, for that, to that effect or pur- 
pose, for or to the purpose ; in point, 
to the point ; positively, precisely, un- 


Ad homineni; adv. ad hominem, per- 
sonal, direct, to the individual 

Ad honoreS; adv. V. Honores [hair 

Adiante, s.m. (bot.) adiautum, maiden- 

AdieU; adv. s.m. good-bye ; farewell ; 
adieu; it is all over with; parting; 
leave. Sans — , I won't say good-bye ; 
I shall see you again. Faire ses — x, 
to take o.'s leave, to say good-bye, to 
take o.'s farewell. va I {nav.) about 

Adipeu-X) 86; adj. adipose [ship ! 

AdipocirO; «./. (chem.) adipocere 

Adive, s.m. {zool.) adive, corsac 

Adjacent; e, adj. adjacent, adjoining, 

Adjectif, s.m. (gram.) adjective 

Adjecti-f,ve,a(Z/. adjective; adjectival 

Adjectivement, adv. adjectively 

Adjectiver, v.a. (gram.) to adjective ; 
(jwp.) to abuse, to blackguard 

Adjoindrej v.a. to adjoin ; to add (to) ; 
to give as an assistant; to join, to 
unite, to associate. <S' — , to take as 
an assistant ; to join ; to be joined or 
added; to accompany; to associate 

Adjoint; Oj adj., Adjoint; s.m. as- 
sistant ; deputy ; associate ; colleague ; 
deputy-mayor, assistant-mayor, alder- 
man ; (gram.) adjunct 

Adjonction; s.f. adjunction, junction, 
addition, union, adjoining, joining, 
uniting, association ; annexation 

Adjudant; s.m. (mil.) adjutant; (zool.) 
adjutant-bird, adjutant. — -major, 
adjutant (of a battalion). — de place, 
town adjutant 

Adj udicataire , s.m.f. purchaser , buy er, 
highest bidder; contractor; — adj. 
purchasing ; contracting 

Adjudica-teuT; trice, sjn.f. adju- 
dicator, awarder ; auctioneer 

Adjudicati-f, ve, adj. adjudicating, 

contract ; auction, sale by auction, 

Adjuger, v.a. to adjudge, to adjudicate, 
to award; to grant; to knock down. 
AdjugS t (at auctions) gone 1 sold 1 (fam.) 
done ! settled 1 S'— , to appropriate to 
o.'s own use ; to award to oneself, to 
take ; to take possession of ; to claim 
for oneself; to be adjudged, &c. [tlon 

Adjuration, s.f. adjuration ; impreca- 

Adjurer, v.a. to adjure, to call upon, 
to summon, to beseech, to entreat 

Adjuvant, e, adj.. Adjuvant, s.m. 
(pharm.) adjuvant [jntals) dressership 

Adjuvat, s.m. assistantship ; (in hos- 

Ad libitum, adv. ad libitum 

Admettre, v.a. to admit; to allow; to 
admit of, to allow of; to permit; to 
authorize ; to receive ; to accept ; to 
adopt ; to grant ; to acknowledge ; to 
recognize ; to suppose ; to contain ; to 
let in. S'— , to be admitted, &c. 

Adminicule, s.m. adminicle; (law) 
circumstantial or presumptive evi- 
dence, presumption; help, support; 
— s, pi. (on a medal) adminicules 

Administra-teiir, trice, s.m.f. ad- 
ministrator, administratrix; trustee; 
curator ; director, directress ; manager, 
manageress ; good manager ; commis- 
sioner ; governor ; ruler ; statesman ; 
(of the poor) guardian ; overseer 

Administrati-f, ve, adj. administra- 

Administration, s.f. administration ; 
direction ; management ; government ; 
conduct ; dispensation ; administering ; 
ministration, ministering; functions; 
. tenure of oflSce ; committee ; council ; 
board ; commissariat ; dix-ectorate, 
directory, directors ; commissioners ; 
> managers; rulers; authorities; offi- 
cials ; offices, office ; trusteeship ; 


guardianship ; (of legal evidence) pro- 
duction [tratively 
Administrativement, adv. adminis- 
Administr^, e, s.m.f. person under 
o.'s administration or jurisdiction, 
Administrer, v.a. to administer; to 
manage, to conduct, to direct, to 
govern, to rule ; to regulate ; to dis- 
pense, to distribute; to minister; to 
give ; to apply ; to furnish ; to admin- 
ister the last sacraments to; (legal 
evidence, &c.) to produce, to furnish. 
Droit d' — , (law) letters of administra- 
tion. jS' — , to be administered, &c. ; 
to give oneself, to take ; to give or &c. 
each other [ful ; capital ; very fine 
Admirable, adj. admirable, wonder- 
Admirablement, adv. admirably, 

wonderfully; capitally 
Admira-teur, trice, s.m.f. admirer ; 
wonderer ; — adj. admiring ; wondering 
Admirati-f, ve, adj. of admiration; 

wonderful; admiring; wondering 
Admiration, sf. admiration ; wonder; 

object of admiration 
Admirer, v.a. to admire ; to wonder at 
Admissibilitd, s.f. admissibility 
Admissible, acij. admissible ; allowable 
Admission, s.f. admission; admit- 
tance ; reception 
Admittatur, s.m. admittatur 
Admixtion, s.f. admixture [primand 
Admonestation, s.f. admonition, re- 
Admonester, v.a. to admonish, to 
reprimand [isher 

Admoni-teur, trice, s.m./. admon- 
Admonition, s.f. admonition, repri- 
Adolescence, s.f. adolescence [mand 
Adolescent, e, adj. s. adolescent; 
youth, lad, stripling ; young girl, lass 
Adonide, s.f. (bot.) V. Adonis 
Adonien, Adonique, adj.m., s.m. 
(vers.) adonic [pheasant's eye 

Adonis,s.m. Adonis, beau ; (bo/.) adonis, 
Adoniser, v.a. to adonize, to dresa out 
or up, to bedeck [addicted 

Adonn6, e, adj. given (to), devoted, 
Adonner, v.n. (nav.) (of the wind) to 
veer aft, (of ropes, canvas) to give, to 
stretch. 8' — , to give oneself up ; to 
apply or devote oneself ; to be addicted ; 
to take (to) ; to become attached 
Adoptable, adj. adoptable 
Adoptant, e, s.m.f. adopter 
Adopter, v.a. to adopt; to admit; to 
take ; to choose ; to approve, to sanc- 
tion ; to pass ; to carry 
Adopti-f, ve, adj. adoptive; adopted 
Adoption, s.f. adoption; admission; 
introduction ; choice ; sanction ; pass- 
ing; carrying 
Adorable, adj. adorable ; charming, 
lovely; delightful; delicious; exceed- 
ingly pleasant 
Adorablement, adv. adorably 
Adora-teur, trice, s.m.f. adorer, wor- 
shipper; admirer, lover; —adj. ador- 
ing; admiring 
Adoration, s.f. adoration ; worship 
Adorer, v.a. to adore, to worship ; to 

idolize ; to be exceedingly fond of 
Ados, s.m. (hort.) border, sloping bed 
Adoss6, e, adj. backed (against), rest- 
ing or standing (against), placed 
(against), having (...) at the back, sup- 
ported (by); covered or protected (by); 
set back to back ; (her.) addorsed 
Adossement, s.m. backing; position 

back to back 
Adosser, v.a. to place or fix the back 
of (against), to rest or lean or place or 
set with the back (against); to place 
or build (against) ; to strengthen back- 
ward; to lean or support (against); to 
draw up (under cover of) ; to set back 
to back. S'—, to rest or lean or set 
o.'s back (against) ; to rest (against) ; 


to stand (against); to be sheltered 
(with . . . behind) ; to draw up (under) ; 
to stand or sit back to back 
Adouber, v.a. (at chess) to arrange, to 

adjust, to replace 
Adoucir, v.a. to soften ; to smooth ; to 
sweeten ; to make mild or milder ; to 
temper; to allay, to alleviate, to as- 
suage, to mitigate, to appease, to 
calm, to soothe; to attenuate; to 
break ; to ease, to render easier ; to 
mend ; to tame 

S'— , v.r. to soften ; to get or become 
smooth ; to be tempered ; to become 
sweet ; to be allayed or soothed or 
alleviated or appeased; to be tamed; 
to become gentle or more gentle; to 
subside ; to relent ; to cool ; (of weather) 
to get (or grow) mild.or milder, to give, 
to break up 
Adoucissant, e, adj. softening, sooth- 
ing ; (med.) demulcent, lenitive 
Adoucissant, s.m. soother ; (med.) 

demulcent, lenitive 
Adoucissement, s.m. softening ; 
smoothing ; sweetening ; tempering ; 
allaying, alleviation, assuagement, 
mitigation, appeasement, soothing ; 
ease ; relief ; consolation ; extenuation, 
palliation, palliative ; restriction ; 
abatement ; breaking up, giving ; im- 
provement [polisher, polisher 
Adoucisseu-r, se, s.m.f. glass- 
AdOu6, e, adj. (hunt.) paired 
Ad patres, adv. ^W«r—, to be gathered 
to o.'s fathers, to go to kingdom come, 
to die [dragon, adragant 
Adragant, s.m. gum tragacanth, gum- 
Adragant, e, adj. tragacanth 
Ad rem, adv. categorically, to the 

point, to the purpose, categorical 
Adresse, s.f. dexterity; skill, clever- 
ness ; shrewdness, cunning ; artifice ; 
handiness ; tact ; adroitness ; address ; 
direction ; destination ; inquiry. A 
V — de, addressed or directed to ; in- 
tended for; pointed at. Aller or elre 
a I'— de, to be addressed or directed 
to ; to be intended for ; to be pointed 
at ; to apply to ; to hit or strike 
Adresser, v.a. to address ; to direct ; 
to send, to forward ; to recommend ; 
to oflfer up ; to present with ; to dedi- 
cate ; to give ; to aim ; to hit ; to ask ; 
to make; — v.n. to hit, to aim (at), 
(ft ten — , to hit the mark ; mal — , to 
miss the mark) 

S'— , v.r. to address oneself; to 
apply; to have recourse; to look (to) ; 
to appeal (to) ; to speak ; to attack, to 
meddle (with) ; to deal (with) ; to be 
addressed or directed; to tend. S' — 
ici 1 — presentement J apply or inquire 
within! S' — mal, to go or come or 
apply to the wrong man or person, 
to mistake o.'s man, to get into the 
wrong box. S' — bien I to have well 
chosen o.'s man indeed I 
Adriatique, adj. s.f. Adriatic 
Adroit, e, adj. dexterous ; skilful, 
clever ; ingenious ; shrewd ; artful ; 
handy; neat; adroit 
Adroitement, adv. dexterously ; skil- 
fully, cleverly; artfully; handily; 
neatly, smartly ; deftly ; adroitly 
Adulaire, s.f. (min.) adularia, moon- 
Adula-teur, trice, s.m.f. adulator, 
#adulatress, flatterer, sycophant; — 
adj. adulatory, flattering, sycophantic 
Adulation, s.f. adulation, flattery, 

Aduler, v.a. to adulate, to flatter 
Adulte, s.m.f. adult; — adj. adult, 

grown-up, full-grown 
Adult^rateur, ».m. adulterator 
Adulteration, «./. adulteration 


Adultdre, «.ni. adultery; — ».m./. 
(pers.) adulterer; adulteress; — adj. 
adnlterons, adulterate 
Adulterer, v.a. to adulterate ; to de- 
base ; to pervert 
Adultirin, e, adj. s. adulterine 
Adurent, e, adj. {med.) burning 
AdUSte, adj. {med., obsoletf) adust 
Adustion, «./. (vied.) adustion, cauteri- 
zation, burning 
Ad valorem, adv. ad valorem 
Advenir > v.n. imp. to happen, to occur ; 
to chance, to come to pass ; to befall ; 
to fall; to come (of); to become (of); 
to fare. Advienne que Tpourra, happen 
or come what may [ventitious 

Adventice, Adventi-f, ve, adj. ad- 
Adverbe, «.m. adverb 
Adverbial, e, adj. adverbial 
Adverbialeznent, adv. adverbially 
Adverbialiser, v.a. to adverbialize 
Advers, e, adj. opposed, opposite 
Adversaire, ».m.f. adversary, opponent 
Adversati-f, ve, adj. {gram.) adver- 
Advene, adj. adverse ; opposite. 
Avocat — , counsel on the opposite side 
Advendt^, «./. adversity ; misfortune ; 
affliction [namy, debility 

Adynamie, <./. (med.) adynamia, ady- 
Adimamique, adj- adynamic 
A^rage, t.m. airing, ventilation. Puits 
d'— , air-shaft [lation 

Atoation, «./. aeration ; airing, venti- 
JLhxh, e, adj. aired; airy; aerated 
A^rer, v.a. to air, to ventilate ; (chem.) 
A^ride, t.m, (hot.) aeride [to aerate 
A^rien, ne, adj. aerial ; airy ; air 
A6rlf&re, adj. aeriferous 
Ateification, «./. aerification 
A6rifier, v.a, to aerify 
A^riforme, adj. aeriform 
Atoiser, v.a. to aerify 
Airodynamiqtie, «./. aerodynamics 
Ateograpb-ie, -ique. V. page 8, § 1 
AtooUthe, ».m. aerolite, aerolith 
A6rolos-ie. -iqne. V. page 8, § 1 
A^romaneie, «./. aeromancy 
Ateoxn^tre. s.m. aerometer 
Atoozn6tr-ie, -ique. V. page S, § 1 
A6ronaute, «.m./. aeronaut 
A6ronaatiqae, adj. aeronautic; — 
t^. aeronautics [biac 

AMrophobe, $.m.f. adj. (med.) aeropho- 
A4rophobie, «./. (med.) aerophobia 
Aerostat, «.m. aerostat, air-balloon 
A^rostatier, t.m. balloonist, aeronaut 
Aerostation, «./. aerostation, balloon- 
ing [aerostatics 
A^rostatiqne, adj. aerostatic ; -- «./. 
Ateostier, t.m. baUoonist, aeronaut 
Ateotlkwmxe, adj. hot-air, aerother- 
nud ; — «.«!. hot-air oven, aerothermal 
JEtliuse, t.f. ( bo(.) sBthnsa, fool's parsley 
A^tite, t.f. aetites, eagle-stone 
Af . V. Aire 
Aflabillte, «./. afTabllity 
AfEable, adj. affable 
AiEablement, adv. affably [(of a fable) 
Aitab nlati on, t.f. affabulation, moral 
AfEadir, v.a. to make or render insipid ; 
to cloy ; to pall ; to surfeit, to flatten ; 
to sicken, to turn. 8" — , to become or 
pet iriBipid ; to pall 
Ai&idisseznent, t.m, cloying ; in- 

^idity ; nanseonsness 
Analbll, e, part. adj. weakened, &c. 

(F. Affaiblir); weak; faint; light 
AfBaibllr, r.a. to weaken, to enfeeble, 
to debilitate ; to allay, to abate ; to 
impair; to soften; to lessen; to at- 
tenuate; to reduce; to debase (coin); 
— v.n. to be weakening. S*— , to grow 
or become or get weak (or faint), to 
now weaker or fainter, to become or 
D6 enfeebled, Ac. ; to fabit ; to abate ; 
to lower ; to flag ; to deollne 


AffaibliSSexnent, t.m. weakening ; 
•weakness, enfeeblement ; allaying; 
abatement, diminution ; impairment ; 
(of coin) debasement 

AfTain^antir, v.a. to make or render 
idle or lazy or slothful or sluggish. 
S' — , to become idle or lazy or &c., to 
get into idle or lazy or &c. habits 

Affaire, t.f. affair ; matter, thing ; 
business, concern ; piece of business ; 
duty; question; point; purpose; 
work, piece of work; job; bargain; 
transaction ; dealing ; speculation ; 
undertaking, enterprise ; important 
thing; great or difficult matter; dis- 
pute, quarrel; difficulty, trouble, 
hobble, scrape; danger; need, want, 
occasion; circumstance, occurrence; 
joke; lawsuit; case; fight, battle, 
action, engagement ; — s, pi. affairs, 
&c. ; business, trade, commerce; en- 
gagements ; things, effects ; ado, fuss ; 
public affairs ; politics. — de cceur, 
matter of feeling ; love affair. 

— dHnt6ret, — d'argent, money matter. 

— d'or, capital business or bargain or 
speculation. — de rien, trifling affair. 
Pour — , on business. Avoir — d, to 
have to deal or to do with. Avoir — 
de, to have occasion for, to want, to 
stand in need of ; to have to do with. 
Mre a ton—, to mind o.'s business. 
£tre au-deisovx de tes —s, to be in a bad 
way. ^tre au-detsus de tes — s, to have 
money to the fore. i!tre bien or mal 
dans tes —s, to be in good or bad 
circumstances, to be well off or badly 
off. £tre dans les —s, to be in business. 
^tre en — , to be engaged in business, 
to be engaged or busy, to transact 
business (with). £tre V — de (£tre mon 
or voire, &c. — ), to be . . .'s business ; 
to be a thing for . . . to consider ; to 
be the thing for, to suit. Faire — , to 
conclude a business or a bargain, to 
arrange. Faire des —s, to do business ; 
(pop.) to make much ado, to make a 
fuss ; to bring (one) into a scrape ; to 
quarrel (with). Faire V—, to do it, to 
do for it, to do, to answer. Faire V — 
de (Faire mon or voire, &c.— ), to be the 
thing for, to answer . . .'s purpose, to 
do for, to suit. Faire une — d, to get 
or bring into a scrape; to quarrel 
with. Faire (bien) set — », Faire de 
bonnes — s, to succeed in business, to 
be doing well, to drive a good trade, 
to thrive, to make o.'s fortune. Faire 
mal ses —s, Faire demauvaises —s, to be 
unsuccessful in business, not to suc- 
ceed, to be doing badly. 8'atiirer or 
te faire une (mauvaise) — or des — ^8, to 
get (oneself) into a scrape or into a 
quarrel, to get into hot water. 8e 
iirer d'— , to get (oneself) out of a 
difficulty; to get off; to get on; to get 
over it ; to make o.'s way (in the world) 

Son — , o.'s affair or undertaking ; 
o.'s business or concern; o.'s look- 
out ; o.'s duty ; o.'s case ; o.'s dispute 
or fight ; the thing for one, the thing 
that does for one or suits one, the 
thing that answers o.'s purpose, what 
one wants or wanted ; a thing for one 
to consider ; a or the job for one ; o.'s 
fortune ; the thing that one deserves 
or that settles one, a thrashing, a les- 
son, a clincher, the death-blow, a 
quietus ; a drop too much. Ses —s, 
o.'s affairs, o.'s business 

Cest mon — , leave it to me. C'est 
juste mon — , that just suits me. Voila 
mon— I that is the thing for me ! that 
is what I want I J'en fait mon —, I 
take it upon myself, I will manage it, 
leave it to me. Je tient mon — / I 
have found the right thing 1 I have got 
it I 1 see my way 1 J'ai voire — , I have 


what you want. -Son — est faite, his 
fortune is made ; he is done for. Son 

— est bonne, he is in for it, he will 
catch it. Son — est claire or sure, II 
est sur de son — , he can't escape, he 
will catch it for certain 

Affair6, e, adj. busy, engaged, occu- 
pied, full of business. Faire V — , to 
pretend to bo busy 

Affaiss6, e, adj. sunk, sunk down, 
bent down, bowed down ; fallen in ; 
coUapsed ; drooping, pendant ; flabby ; 
heavy ; depressed, dejected 

Affaissement, s.m. sinking; sub- 
siding, subsidence; settling; giving 
way ; collapse ; weakness ; depression, 

Affaisser, v.a. to sink ; to weigh 
down; to weaken; to depress. S'— , 
to sink, to sink down ; to subside ; to 
settle ; to give way ; to fall in, to cave 
in ; to fall ; to collapse ; to get weak ; 
to be depressed; to droop; to flag; 
to sag; to slope [shore); lowered 

Affal6, e, adj. (nav.) adrift (on a lee- 

Affaler, v.a.n. (nav.) to overhaul; to 
drive upon a lee-shore ; to lower ; to 
send down. S'— , to be driven upon a 
lee-shore ; to slide down 

Affaxn6, e, adj. famished, hungry; 
starving, starved ; greedy (of ), eager 
(for), hungering (after), thirsting (for); 

— s.m.f. starveling 
AffameznentjS.m. famishing ; hunger ; 

eagerness, longing (for) 

Affanier, v.a. to famish, to starve; 
(fish.) to lure, to bait 

Affanure, s.f. harvest-pay in kind 

Affe, s.f. (pop.) life. Eau d'—, (pop.) 

Affectation, s.f. affectation; appro- 
priation, application, destination; en- 
cumbrance, mortgage 

Affecter, v.a. to affect ; to touch ; to 
move ; to trouble ; to pretend, to feign, 
to simulate ; to assume ; to love, to 
like, to be fond of or partial to, to take 
kindly to ; to make it a point ; to aim 
at, to aspire to, to desire ; to appro- 
priate; to apply; to intend (for), to 
destine (to); to assign; to allot; to 
give ; to attach ; to encumber, to 
mortgage. S'— , to be affected, &c.; 
to grieve, to take on 

Affecti-f, ve, adj. affective; emotion- 
al; affecting, pathetic, moving, im- 

Affection, s.f. affection ; fondness ; 
love ; attachment ; inclination ; par- 
tiality, liking; ardour; (med.) affec- 
tion, disease, complaint ; touch. 
Prendre en — , to become attached to 
or fond of, to take a liking or a fancy to 
Affectionn6, e, adj. affectionate; 
loving, fond; attached; devoted; 
—part, (followed by de or par) loved, 
beloved, liked [ately, fondly 

Affectionn^ment, adv. affection- 
Affectionner, v.a. to have an affection 
for, to be fond of, to love ; to like, to 
fancy, to have a liking for, to be par- 
tial to, to take kindly to ; to delight 
in ; to attach 

S'— , v.r. to become attached (to) or 
fond (of ), to take an affection (for), to 
take (to) ; to delight (in) ; to take a 
fancy (to) ; to attach oneself (to . . .) ; 
to attach (...) to oneself; to be fond 
of each other [kindly 

Affectueu-x, se, adj. affectionate, 
Affenage, s.m. foddering [kind 

Affener, v.a. to fodder 
Affenoir, s.m. V. Abat-foin 
Affer, v.n. (pop.) to live, to enjoy life 
Afferent, e, adj. appertaining, per- 
taining, belonging; coming (to), ac- 
cruing (to), faUing (to) ; (anat.) afferent 


Affermable^ adj. farmable ; rentable ; 
demisable [demising 

Affermage; s.m. farming ; renting ; 

AfFermer; v.a. to farm; to rent; to 
demise. S' — , to be farmed ; to be 
rented ; to be demised 

AJEFermit e, part. adj. strengthened, 
&c. ( F. Affermir) ; firm, sure, strong, 
solid; steady. Mnl — , unsteady; 
shaky ; tottering ; unsafe ; insecure ; 
wavering, irresolute 

Affermir^ v.a. to make firm or firmer ; 
to strengthen; to consolidate; to 
harden ; to secure ; to fasten ; to fix ; 
to confirm; to establish; to keep up. 
S'—, to become (or grow) firm or 
strong or stronger or hard ; to become 
or be consolidated, &c. ; to improve ; 
to fortify oneself; to persist (in) 

Afferxnissement, n.m. strengthening ; 
consolidation ; hardening ; securing ; 
fastening ; confirmation ; firmness ; 
establishment ; improvement 

Aff6t6, e, adj. affected, prim, finical, 
mincing; canting 

Aff6terie; s.f. affectation, primness, 
finicalness ; affected ways ; mannerism; 
cant ting, placarding 

AffidxagC) s.m, bill-sticking, bill-post- 

Affiche^ s.f. placard, bill, posting-bill, 
poster, board ; card ; proof, sign, mark; 
show, parade ; boat-stake. — a la 
main, hand-bill. — s des Hiedtres, play- 
bills. Homme , poster bearer, board- 
man. Homme- — s, sandwich-man. 
Petites — », advertising sheet, adver- 
tiser. Tenir V — , {of a piny) to run 

AtRcTaer, v.a. to stick up, to post up, 
to placard ; to hang up ; to make a 
show of; to affect; to put forth; to 
set up; to attract attention to, to 
make (...) noticed; to proclaim; to 
advertise; to publish, to expose; to 
give a bad name to ; — v.n. to stick 

S'— , v.r. to set up (for) ; to make 
oneself noticed, to attract public 
notice ; to expose oneself ; to be stuck 
up or &c. 

Afficlietirj s.m. bill-sticker, bill-poster 

Affidavit; s.m. affidavit 

Affid6; e, adj. trusty, confidential, de- 
voted; — s.m.f. faithful adherent, 
confidential or secret agent, con- 
federate, confidant [whetting 

Affilage, s.m. setting, sharpening, 

Affile, e, adj. sharp; glib, nimble 

Affiler, v.a. to set, to sharpen, to whet 

Affileu-r, se, s.m.f. sharpener 

Affiliation, s.f. affiliation ; association 

Affili6, e, adj. affiliated; —s.m.f. affi- 
liated member, associate ; confederate 

Affilier, v.a. to affiliate, to receive, to 
admit. S' — , to become affiliated or 
admitted ; to join, to become a member 
(of) ; to associate (with) [stone, steel 

Affiloir, s.m. sharpener, hone, whet- 

Affinage, s. m. refining, fining ; 

Affiner, v.a. to refine, to fine ; to point ; 
to outwit, to trick, to cheat, to de- 
ceive. S'— , to become finer, to be re- 
fined ; to improve 

Affinerie, s.f. refinery, finery 

Affineur, s.m. refiner, finer 

Affinit67 s.f. affinity; alliance; con- 
nection ; relation ; congeniality ; con- 
formity; disposition [trinket 

Affiquet, s.m. knitting-sheath ; bauble, 

Affirmant, s.m. affirmant ; predicant 

Affirmati-f, ve, adj. affirmative ; posi- 
tive ; predicative 

Affirmation, s.f. affirmation; asser- 
tion ; statement ; (law) declaration ; 
(log.) predication 

Affirmative, s.f. affirmative 

Affirmativement, adv. affirmatively; 
in the affirmative; positively 


Affirmer, v.a. to affirm ; to assert ; to 
aver; to state; to assure; to vouch; 
to prove; (law) to declare; (log.) to 
predicate. S'—, to be affirmed, «S;c.; 
to gain credit or authority 

Affixe, s.m. (gram.) affix 

Affleur^, e, level, flush 

Affleurement, s.m. levelling, making 
flush ; (geol.) cropping out, outcrop, 

Affieurer, v.a. to level, to make flush ; 
to be level with, to come up to ; to mix 
(flour); — v.n. to be level or flush; 
(geol.) to crop out 

Afflicti-f, ve, adj. (law) affecting the 
person, corporal ; with hard labour 

Affliction, s.f. affliction, grief, sorrow, 
distress; adversity; calamity, mis- 
fortune, blow 

Afflig6, e, part. adj. afflicted, &c. (V. 
Afflieer) ; of affliction, of distress ; — 
s.m.f. mourner 

Affliger, v.a. to afflict ; to distress, to 
grieve ; to torment, to worry, to vex, 
to trouble; to affect; to mortify (the 
body). S' — , to be afflicted, to be con- 
cerned, to grieve, to mourn, to fret ; to 
vex each other 

Affluence, s.f. affluence ; influx, abun- 
dance, plenty ; concourse, crowd ; 
flowing, flow [tributary; affluent 

Affluent, e, adj., Affluent, s.m. 

Affluer, v.n. to flow ; to run ; to fall ; 
to abound, to be plentiful ; to flock, to 
crowd ; to resort ; to rush [arrival 

Afflux, s.m. (ffied.) afflux ; (fl^g.) coming, 

Affol6, e, adj. madly in love (with), 
dotingly or desperately fond (of), mad 
(after), infatuated (with); maddened, 
distracted, frantic ; bewildered ; wild ; 
flighty; convulsed; fiickering; un- 
steady ; (of the magnetic needle) de- 
ranged, disturbed, mad 

Affolement, s.m. infatuation; mad- 
dening; madness, distractedness, dis- 
traction; derangement, disturbance; 

Affoler, v.a. to infatuate ; to madden ; 
to distract; to bewitch; to derange, 
to disturb. S'— , to dote (on), to be- 
come (or be) infatuated (with) or ex- 
cessively fond (of) ; to become de- 
ranged or mad 

AfFoUr, v.n., S'— , v.r. to madden, to 
become or get or go mad. Faire — , to 
drive mad 

Afforestage, s.m. right of cutting 
firewood, estovers, fire-bote 

AfEbrester, v.a. to grant the right of 
cutting firewood to 

AfFouage, s.m. right of cutting fire- 
wood, estovers, fire-bote; supply of 
fuel; fuel; (feud.) F. Fouaee 

fAffouillement, s.m. undermining, 
washing away [away 

f AffouiUer, v.a. to undermine, to wash 

Afrourcll6, e, adj. astride, astraddle ; 
(nav.) moored 

AfFourclier, v.a. to place or set astride ; 
— v.a.n. (nav.) to moor. S'— , to get 

Affourragement, s.m. foddering, 
foraging ; fodder, forage, provender 

AfEburrager, v.a. to fodder, to forage. 
S' — , to take in forage 

Affiranclii, e, part. adj. freed, en- 
franchised, emancipated, &c. (F. Af> 
fk-anchir) ; free, exempt ; paid, pre- 
paid, postpaid, carriage-paid ; — 
emancipated slave, freed man, freed 
woman. Non — , unpaid 

Af&anchir, v.a. to free ; to set free ; 
to make free; to enfranchise; to 
emancipate ; to manumit ; to liberate, 
to discharge ; to release ; to deliver ; 
to give liberty to ; to relieve ; to rid ; 
to exempt ; to exonerate ; to dispense ; 
to clear ; to cleanse ; to frank, to pay, 


to prepay, to pay the postage of, to 
stamp; to pay the carriage of; (at the 
end of advertisements) all letters to be 
prepaid ; to castrate, to geld ; to spay. 
S' — , to free or &c. oneself ; to get free 
(from) ; to become independent ; to 
get rid (of) ; to shake off ; to throw off; 
to break loose ; to break through ; to 
dispense (with) 
Afiranchissement, s.m. enfranchise- 
ment; emancipation; manumission; 
liberation; discharge; release; de- 
liverance, delivery ; exemption ; frank- 
ing, payment, prepayment, payment 
of postage; postage; prepayment of 
carriage ; castration, gelding; spaying 
Afbrancliisseur, s.m. emancipator ; 

liberator ; deliverer ; gelder 
Afbre, s.f. affright, dread, terror, horror, 
agony ; — s, pi. terrors, &c. ; (pop.) up- 
braiding, blowing-up [ing 
Affir&tement, s.m. chartering, freight- 
Afb:6ter, v.a. to charter, to freight 
Affi:6teur, s.m. charterer, freighter 
Affreusement, adv. frightfully, dread- 
fully, fearfully, terribly, horribly, hor- 
ridly, shockingly 
Affreu-x, se, adj. frightful, dreadful, 
fearful, terrible, horrible, horrid, shock- 
ing; hideous; ghastly; atrocious; 
odious, infamous ; infernal 
AfCriander, AfErioler, v.a. to make 
dainty ; to allure, to entice, to tempt. 
S'—, to become dainty ; to be allured, 
Affront, s.m. affront, outrage, insult; 
disgrace, shame, reproach ; humilia- 
tion ; failure ; check. En avoir V — , 
V. Dementi 
Affronts, e, adj. (her.) affronts 
Affronter, v.a. to front, to face; to 
brave; to dare; to attack; to deceive, 
to cheat 
A£fronteu-r, se, s.m.f. deceiver, 
cheat, impostor [out 
AfEublement, s.m. odd dress, rig, rig- 
AfEubler, v.a. to dress (oddly); to dress 
out or up ; to muffle or wrap up ; to 
cover. S' — , (de), to put on (an odd 
dress) ; to muffle oneself up ; to cover 
oneself; to be wrapped up (in); to 
AfEusion, s.f. (med.) affusion [assume 
AftCLt, s.m. hiding-place ; lying in wait 
for game ; watch ; gun-carriage, car- 
riage ; stand, rest ; edge. Chasser a 
V — , to shoot from a hiding-place, to 
stalk. Atre a V — , to be on the watch, 
to be watching, to lie in wait, tltre 
d' — , to be sharp or knowing. Homme 
d' — ; sharp fellow, knowing one 
AfFCltage, s.m. sharpening; set of 
tools ; doing up or dressing (of a hat) ; 
mounting (of a gun) 
AfT&t^, e, adj. sharpened ; sharp 
AfFiiter, v.a. to sharpen, to set; to 
point; to stock with tools; to do up 
(a hat); to mount (a gun) upon its 
carriage; (pop.) to chisel, to diddle, to 
bilk ; — v.n. to lie in wait for game, to 
be on the watch, to stalk 
AfFCLteur, s.m. sharpener, setter; one 
(sportsman or poacher) lying in wait 
for game, stalker 
AffCltiau, s.m. trifle, bauble, nicknack, 
kickshaw, trinket ; implement, utensil, 
Afghan, e, adj.s. Afghan [tool 
Afin, conj. — de, in order to. so as to, 
to. — que, in order that, so that, that, 
to the end that 
ABstOler, v.a. to spruce up, to trim 

up, to rig out ; to tie up, to sew up 
A fortiori, adv. V. Fortiori 
Africain, e, adj. s. African ; African 
Aga, s.m. aga (Turkish officer) [fashion 
Agace, s.f. magpie [irritation 

Agacement, s.m. setting on edge; 
Agacer, v.a. to set (the tetth) on edge ; 
to irritate (thf nerves); to torme*l| to 


plagne ; to provoke ; to tease ; to 
annoy ; to bore ; to excite ; to incite ; 
to stir up ; to entice, to allure ; to 
tantalize ; to bewitch ; to ogle ; to set 
o.'b cap at. S'—, to be set on edge or 
irritated, &c. ; to torment or &c. each 

Asaceiie, «./. enticement, allurement ; 
enticing way ; pretty way ; flirtation ; 
advance, encouragement ; provoca- 
tion. Faire den — • d, to entice, to 
allure, to ogle, to set o.'s cap at, to 
flirt with 

f Agaillaxdir^v.a., S'— , v.r. to cheer up 

Agalactie, «./. {med.) agalactia, ab- 
sence of milk [wood 

Asalloche, <.m. agallochum, aloes- 

Asalznatolitlie, «.m. agalmatolite, 
figure-stone, lard-atone 

Aj^une, adj. (bat.) agamons; — «.m. 
agama (lizard ) 

Ai^uni, «.m. (bird) agami, trumpeter 

Asape, $./. agape, love-feast; feast, 

Agaric, «.m. (bot.) agaric, mushroom 

Asasse, «./. magpie 

Agate, ».f. agate 

Agatifier, Agatlser, v.a. to agatize. 
S" — , to become agatized 

Agave, «./., Agav6, a.m. (bot.) agave. 

— d'Atnerique, American aloe [plough) 
Age (without any accent), g.m. beam (0/ a 
Age (with a circumflex accent), s.m. age ; 

time of life ; years ; seniority ; life ; 
time ; days ; period ; century ; genera- 
tion; old age; youth. Bas — , pre- 
mier — , infancy, tender age, tender 
years. Jeune — , childhood, youth, 
early years. Moyen — , middle age ; 
(hitt.) middle ages. — noyen, middle 
age ; average life, average of human 
life. Homme d'—, old man. — d'homme, 
man's estate, manhood ; life of a man, 
whole life, generation. Fleur (force) 
d* V—, prime (vigour) of life. Avant 
r— , before o.'s time, prematurely. 
D* — , of or &c. age ; by age ; by 
seniority ; in years ; old. D'— en — , 
from age to age, from generation to 
generation. D'un certain — , elderly. 
En — , in years, of age. Entre deux 
— •, middle-aged. Hort d'— , past age ; 
aged ; past child-bearing ; super- 
annuated ; too old ; out of date. Etre 
tP— fi OT en — de, to be of an age to, to 
be old enough to. Stre bien pour 
$on — , to wear well, to bear o.'s years 
well. £lre tur V — , tirer sur I' — , to be 
growing old, to be elderly. N'etre pas 
de ton — , to be above o.'s years. Quel 

— avez-vou$ .' how old are you ? 
Ag6, «, adj. aged, old 

Agenee, </. agency; agency office. 

— d'affaires business agency, general 
agency ; agency office 

Agencement, a.m. arrangement, dis- 
position ; ordering, order ; grouping ; 
fitting, fitting up; fittings; fixtures; 

Agencer, v.a. to arrange, to dispose ; 
to order ; to group ; to fit, to fit up ; 
to dress up, to trim 

Agenda, $.m, memorandum-book, 
note-book, agenda [ity, barrenness 

Jkghnhwim, «./. (med.) impotence, steril- 

AgAnAslqne, adj. impotent, sterile, 
barren [ing down, on o.'s knees 

f Agenotiill6, e, adj. kneeling, kneel- 

fAgenouillement, a.m. kneeling 

fAgwoonlUer dB'}, v.r. to kneel, to 
kneel down ; (0/ a horae) to fall on his 
knees [hassock 

fAgenouUloir, a.m. knceling-stool ; 

Agent, e, a.m./. agent; middleman; 
broker; medium. — d'affairea, busi 
neM agent, general agent, bouse and 
eetate agent. — de cireuUUion, — 
wtonitaire, oiroolating medium, onr- 


rency. — de la force publique, peace- 
officer. — depoiice,police-officer,police- 
man. V. Change, Comptable, &c. 
Agglom^rat; a.m. (geol.) agglomerate 
Agglomeration, «./. agglomeration 
Agglom6r6, e, adj. agglomerate, ag- 
glomerated; — s.m. compressed or 
patent fuel, briquette [merate 

Agglomdrer, v.a., S'— , v.r. to agglo- 
Agglutinant, e, adj., s.m. agglutinant, 
adhesive [tive ; — s.m. agglutinant 
Agglutinati-f, ve, adj. agglutina- 
Agglutination, «./. agglutination 
Agglutiner, v.a., S'— , v.r. to aggluti- 
nate [crease 
Aggravation, a.f. aggravation; in- 
Aggraver, v.a. to aggravate, to make 
worse; to increase. S'—, to become 
aggravated, to get worse ; to increase 
Agile, adj. agUe, nimble, quick, active 
Agilement, adv. agilely, nimbly, 
quickly [ness 
Aglllt6, a.f. agility, nimbleness, quick- 
Agio, a.m. agio ; stock-jobbing 
Agiotage, a.m. stock-jobbing, jobbing 
Agioter, v.n. to gamble in the funds, 
to job [jobber; stag 
Agloteu-r, se, s.m.f. stock-jobber, 
Agir, v.n. to act ; to do ; to work ; to 
operate ; to behave, to deal ; to exert 
oneself; to proceed (against; to sue). 
En — , to act, to deal, to behave. Faire 
— , to set going; to employ; to use 
the influence of ; to bring to bear 
(upon). De quoi s'agit-il ? what is the 
question or matter ? what is it about ? 
II a'agit (de . . .), it or the matter or 
question or thing or point is (about, 
to, &c. . . .) ; (...) is concerned or at 
stake or the question ; (...) is talked 
about or thought of, I am (or we are, 
&c.) speaking or thinking of (. . .). 
Dont it a'agit or a'agissait, (which is or 
was) in question or in point or at issue 
Agissant, e, adj. active ; stirring, 
bustling [ceeding, deed, action, act 
Agissement, s.m. doing, dealing, pro- 
Agitable, adj. agitable 
Agita-teur, trice, «.m/. agitator, 
stirrer; — s.m. (chem., &c.) stirrer, 
stirring-rod, glass rod 
Agitation, a.f. agitation; shaking; 
tossing; jolting; rolling; roughness; 
waving; wagging; stirring; stir; 
bustle; motion; disturbing, disturb- 
ance ; tumult ; restlessness ; uneasi- 
ness ; trouble ; emotion ; excitement ; 
Agite, e, part. adj. agitated, &c. {V. 
Agitor); in agitation; in motion; 
restless ; uneasy ; fretful ; fitful ; rough 
Agiter , v.a. to agitate ; to set in motion ; 
to shake ; to toss ; to jolt ; to wave ; to 
wag ; to throw about ; to brandish, to 
flourish ; to swing ; to pull ; to ring ; 
to spring; to move; to stir; to dis- 
turb, to disquiet ; to make uneasy ; to 
excite : to ruffle ; to debate, to discuss 
8'—, v.r. to stir about ; to bestir or 
exert oneself; to toss about ; to be in 
motion, to move ; to wag; to wave ; to 
flutter; to struggle; to make oneself 
uneasy ; to be restless or uneasy ; to 
fret ; to swell, to rise, to get rough ; to 
be agitated or disturbed, &c.; to be 
waved, pulled, or &c. 
Agnatt a.m. (law) agnate 
Agnation, a.f. (law) agnation [lamb 
t Agneau, a.m. lamb, ram lamb, wether 
tAgnelage, a.m. lambing, yeaning 
tAgneler, v.n. to lamb, to yean 
fAgnelet, a.m. lambkin, yeanling 
tAgnelin, a.m. lamb-skin dressed with 
the wool on ; wool of a shearling lamb, 
teg-wool ' 
fAgneline, adj.f. of a shearjing lamb 
or teg. Laine — , wool of a shearling 
tAgneUe, a.f. ewe lamb [lamb, teg- wool 


fAgnellement, lambing, yeaning 
Agnost-icisme, -ique. F. p. 8, § 1 

fAgn^s, «./. simple or innocent girl, 

Agnus, Agnus Dei, s.m. {Cath. ret.) 
agnus, agnus Dei (lamb of God) 

Agnus castus, s.m. (bot.)aguna castus, 
chaste tree 

Agonie, s.f. agony, death-struggle, 
pangs of death ; pang, anguish, torture, 
great pain, distress, anxiety. A V — , 
dying, at the point of death 

Agonir, v.n. (jwp.) to abuse dreadfully, 
to load with abuse. — de sotlises, to 
call all sorts of names 

Agonisant, e, adj. s. dying, expiring ; 
dying man or woman 

Agoniser, v.n. to be dying, to be at 
the point of death ; — v.a. V. Agonir 

Agoniste, s.m. agonist [agonistics 

Agonistique, adj. agonistic; — s.f. 

Agora, »./. (Or. antiq.) agora (public 
square, and market-place) 

Agouti, s.m. (zool.) agouti 

Agrafe, s.f. hook; clasp; snap. — et 
parte, hook and eye 

Agrafer, v.a. to hook, to clasp, to 
fasten ; to grab, to nab ; to cage, to 
clap up, to quod 

S'— , v.r. to hook, to clasp, to cling 
(to), to lay hold (of) ; to be clasped or 
fastened ; to fasten o.'s dress 

Agraire, adj. agrarian ; of land, land 

Agrairien, ne, adj. m.f., s.m. agrarian 

Agrandir, v.a. to enlarge ; to make 
larger or greater; to aggrandize; to 
magnify • to lengthen ; to widen ; to 
extend ; to increase, to augment ; to 
improve ; to raise ; to advance ; to 
promote ; to exalt ; to elevate ; to en- 
noble ; to aggravate ; to exaggerate, 
to amplify ; to make (...) look larger or 

S' — , v.r. to become or grow or get 
larger, to become greater ; to enlarge ; 
to enlarge or extend o.'s property or 
estates or dominions ; to become rich- 
er ; to increase o.'s power or credit or 
fortune; to raise or advance oneself, 
to rise ; to increase ; to grow ; to widen ; 
to extend ; to be raised or exalted or 

Agrandissement, a.m. enlargement ; 
aggrandizement ; magnifying ; in- 
crease ; improvement ; extension ; 
rise ; advancement ; promotion, pre- 
ferment ; fortune ; exaltation ; exag- 

Agr^able, adj. s. agreeable, pleasant, 
pleasing, pleasurable ; acceptable ; de- 
sirable ; comfortable ; grateful ; wel- 
come ; palatable, nice : graceful ; orna,- 
mental ; lunny ; exquisite. Avoir pour 
— , to permit, to allow; to be pleased. 
Faire I'—, to play the agreeable 

Agr^ablement, adv. agreeably, plea- 
santly, pleasingly, pleasurably; ac- 
ceptably ; comfortably ; luxuriously ; 
gratefully; palatably; nicely; grace- 

Agr6age, a.m. (local) brokerage [fully 

Agr66, s.m. attorney, solicitor (in com- 
viercial matters] 

Agr6er, v.a. to accept ; to receive ; to 
approve ; to like ; to consent to ; to 
assent to ; to admit ; to allow ; — v.n. 
to be agreeable or acceptable ; to 

Agr^gat, s.m. aggregate [please 

Agr6gati-f, ve, adj. aggregative 

Agr6gation, s.f. aggregate, aggrega- 
tion, mass, assemblage, collection; ad- 
mission, reception; fellowship; ex- 
amination for a fellowship. Conconrs 
d' — , competitive examination for a 
fellowship [clustered 

Agr6g6, e, adj. aggregate ; (bot.) 

Agr6g6, s.m. fellow. Professeur — , 

Agr^ger, v.a. to admit, to receive ; to 


unite, to join, to incorporate; to as- 
sociate ; to aggregate 

Agr6xnent; s.m. consent, assent, ap- 
probation ; favour ; agreeableness, 
pleasantness, pleasingness ; pleasure, 
gratification ; amusement ; charm ; in- 
terest ; comfort ; convenience ; fancy ; 
embellishment ; ornament ; trimming; 
(mus.) grace ; (theat.) divertissement. 
jlrt d'—, talent d'—, accomplishment. 
Note d'-—, grace-note 

Agr^xnenter, v.a. to ornament, to 
adorn ; to trim ; to make more pleasant 

Agr6zninistej «.m./. trimming-maker 

Agr^B, (nav.) tackle 

Agresseur, s.m. aggressor 

Agressi-f, ve, adj. aggressive 

Agression, «./. aggression 

Agresslvement, adv. aggressively 

Agressivit^, «./. aggressiveness 

Agreste, adj. wild, rustic, rural 

AgriCOle, adj. agricultural 

Agriculteur, «.m.agriculturist,farmer, 
husbandman ; — adj.m. agricultural 

Agricultiire; «./. agriculture, farming, 

AgriSer, v.a. to seize with claws. S'— , 
to cling (to), to lay hold (of) 

Agriministe, s.m.f. V. Aer^ministe 

Agripaume, «./. (bot.) motherwort 

Agripper, v.a. to catch or lay hold of, 
to seize upon, to snatch, to clutch, to 
gripe, to grip, to grab; to hook, to 
fork, to crib, to collar, to bone. S'—, 
to cling (to), to lay hold (of); to come 
to blows 

Agronomei s.m. agronomist 

Agronom-ie, -ique, -iquement. 
F. page 8, § 1 

Agrostenuxie, s.f. {bot.) V. X.ycbnide 

Agrostide, s.f. agrostis, bent-grass. — 
trafante, florin 

Agrouper, v.a., S'— , v.r. V. Grouper 

Aguerrir, v.a. to train or inure to war; 
to discipline ; to inure, to harden, to 
accustom, to use. S' — , to become or 
get inured to war, &c. ; to harden one- 
self [inuring, hardening 

Aguerrissexnent, a.m. inuring to war ; 

Aguets, Aux — , lying in wait ; 
on the watch, on the look-out 

'Ah; int. s.m. ah I ha 1 hah I oh I — fat 
now then I well now ! I say t why 

'Ah-ah. V. Kaba 

Allan, s.m. groan, sigh, panting ; hard 
work, toil ; hard pull, great effort ; 
fatigue. Siter d'—, to toil and moil, to 
work like a slave 

Ahaner, v.n. to groan, to sigh, to pant ; 
to work hard, to toil, to drudge; to 
knock oneself up [bornness 

Aheurtement, s.m. obstinacy, stub- 

Aheurter <S')» v.r. to be obstinately 
bent (upon); to stick (to); to persist 
(in); to be obstinate or stubborn; to 

Ahi, int. V. Aie [be wedded (to) 

Ahuri, e, part. adj. confused, &c. ( V. 
Aburir); — s.m.f. giddy-head. — de 
Chaillot, blockhead 

Ahurir, v.a. to confuse, to put out, to 
perplex, to flurry, to bewilder ; to 
astound, to stun, to amaze, to dumb- 

Aliiirissenient; s.m. confusion, per- 
plexity, flurry, bewilderment ; amaze- 
ment [{wine) A'i champagne 

A'i, s.m. (eool.) ai, three-toed sloth ; 

Aiche, s.m. V. Acb^e 

Aiclier, v.a. (fish.) to bait (with a worm) 

Aidant, s.m. aider 

Aide, {thing) s.f. aid, help, assistance ; 
succour, relief; support; chapel of 
ease; {arch.) lumber-room; {tax) aid; 
{rid.) aid; — s, pi. {rid.) aids; {tax) 
aids; excise; {arch.) lumber-rooms; 
{fig.) nooks and corners, ins and outs. 
A V— I help I A V— de, with or by the 
help ©I, with. £ltre or venir en — d, to 


help. Un peu d*—fait grand bien, every 
little helps 

Aide, {per 8.) s.m.f. assistant; helper; 
mate ; labourer ; coadjutor ; under- 
. . . ; {nav.) mate. — -chirureien, 
assistant-surgeon. — •ma9pny s.m. 
bricklayer's or mason's labourer. — 
•majory s.m. {mil.) assistant-surgeon ; 
{formerly) aid-major, adjutant (of a 
regiment). — >in^decin, s.m. {nav.) 
assistant-surgeon. — •mdmoire, s.m. 
reminder, remembrancer; memoran- 
dum-book; book of reference. — de 
camp {pi. — 8 de camp), s.m. (mil.) 
aide-de-camp; {nav.) flag-lieutenant. 
— de cuisine, under-cook 

Aider, v.a.n. to aid, to help, to assist ; 
to succour, to relieve ; to comfort ; to 
contribute. — a la lettre, to complete 
the sense ; to partly guess the mean- 
ing ; to dress up a story, to stretch, to 
add a little of o.'s own. S' — , to help 
or &c. oneself or each other {or one 
another) ; to avaU oneself (of), to make 
use (of) ; to bestir or exert oneself ; to 

A'ie, int. ay ! oh 1 ah I oh dear ! [act 

AJCeul, e, s.m.f. grandfather ; grand- 
mother; ancestor; ancestress; — s, grandfathers; grandfather and 
grandmother; — es, grand- 
mothers; ancestresses 

Aiieux, ancestors, forefathers 

Aigle, s.m, {male bird) eagle; {pcrs.) 
great genius, great man, master-mind, 
star •,{in a church) eagle lectern, eagle ; 
{coin, orders of knighthood) eagle ; {astr.) 
(the) Eagle, Aquila ; — s.f. (the hen bird) 
eagle; {standard) eagle; (her.) eagle. 

auiour, {bird) eagle-hawk. — royal, 

(bird) golden eagle. Grand — , [paper) 
double elephant. i' — de Meaux, 
Bossuet {bishop of Meaux) 

Aiglefin, s.m. (fish) haddock 

Aiglette, s.f. {her.) eaglet 

Aiglon, ne, s.m.f. eaglet 

Aigre, adj. sour, acid, tart ; sharp ; 
harsh; bitter; acrimonious; crabbed, 
churlish ; shrill ; {of metals) crisp, 

Aigre, s.m. sourness, acidity; sharp- 
ness; lemon vinegar. Sentir V — , to 
smell sour or stale [and sour ; sourish 

Aigre -dou-x, ce, adj. between sweet 

Aigrefin, s.m. sharper ; {fish) haddock 

Aigrelet, te, adj. sourish, tartish; 
shrilly [harshly; shrilly 

Aigrement, adv. sourly, sharply, 

Aigremoine, s.f. {bot.) agrimony 

Aigret, te, adj. sourish, tartish 

Aigrette, s.f. aigret, aigrette ; egret ; 
tuft; plume; crest; (6trd) egret 

Aigrette, e, adj. with an aigret ; 
tufted; crested 

Aigreur, s.f. sourness, acidity, tart- 
ness ; sharpness ; harshness ; bitter- 
ness ; acrimony ; crabbedness, churl- 
ishness ; ill feeling, spite ; {of metals) 
crispness ; — s, pi. sharp things, harsh 
words ; harshness ; (med.) acidities, 
acid eructations, acidity of the 
stomach ; (engr.) harsh lines [wash 

Aigridre, s.f. sour whey and bran, hog- 

Aigrir, v.a.n. to make sour; to sour; 
to turn sour ; to irritate, to incense, 
to exasperate ; to embitter ; to enven- 
om ; to aggravate, to make worse ; to 
increase. S'—, to become or get or 
turn sour; to sour; to become irri- 
tated, &c. ; to get worse ; to increase ; 
to irritate or &c. each other 

Aigrissement, s.m. souring; irrita- 
tion ; aggravation 

Aigu, e, adj. acute; sharp; pointed; 
shrill ; — s.m. sharp tone or note 

Aig^ade, s.f. {nav.) watering-place. 
Faire — , to water [rinse {linen) 

Aiguayer, v.a. to bathe, to wash ; to 

Aigue, «./. (obsolete) water 


Aig^e-marine, 8,f, {jewel.) aqua- 

Aigui^re, s.f. ewer, jug [marine 

Aigui^r^e, s.f. ewerful, jugful 

fAiguillade, s.f. goad [switching 

fAiguillage, s.m. {rail.) pointing, 

fAiguillat, s.m. {zool.) picked dog-fish 

fAiguiUe, s.f. needle; hand; index, 

cock; spindle; chopstick; long thin 

boat ; spire ; peak ; {rail.) point, 

switch ; {zool.) garfish ; pipe-fish. — a 

passer, bobbing-needle, bodkin. — a 

reprises (or d repriaer), darning-needle. 

— d'essai, touch-needle. — marine, 
mariner's compass or needle. — de 
mer,{zool.) sea-needle, garfish; needle- 
fish, pipe-fish [shaped 

fAigiUlld, e, adj. (nat. hist.) needle- 

tAiguill6e, s.f. needleful 

fAiguiller, v.a.n. {rail.) to point, to 
switch [manufactory 

tAiguillerie, s.f. needle-making or 

fAiguilletage, s.m. tagging; {nav.) 
lashing, seizing [lash, to seize 

fAiguiUeter, v.a. to tag; {nav.) to 

fAiguillet-ier, dre, s.m.f. tagger, 

f Aiguillette, s.f. tagged lace or point, 
tag-lace, tag, shoulder-knot, aiguil- 
lette; thin slice; strip; shred; (imv.) 
lanyard [switchman 

fAiguilleiir, s.m. (rail.) pointsman, 

fAiguillier, s.m. needle - maker ; 
needle-book; (obsolete) needle-case 

fAiguilli^re, s.f. needle-maker; gar- 

fAiguillon, s.m. sting ; prickle ; prick; 
goad ; {fig.) spur, stimulus, incentive, 
incitement, encouragement ; thorn. 

— de la chair, carnal sting, lust of the 
flesh [prickly 

tAiguillonn6, e, adj. {bot., zool.) 
fAiguillonnement, s.m. goading 
fAiguillonner, v.a. to goad ; to spur 
on, to stimulate, to incite, to excite, 
fAiguillOt, {nav.) pintle [to urge 
Aiguisage, Aiguisement, s.m. 

sharpening, whetting 

Aigulser, v.a. to sharpen, to whet; 

to quicken ; to point ; to give a point 

to ; to stimulate ; to increase ; to 

heighten. 8—, to get sharper ; to be 

sharpened, &c. [grinder 

Aiguiseu-r,8e, s.m.f. {pers.) sharpener, 

Aigriiisoir, s.m. {thing) sharpener, 

fAil, s.m. garlic [whetter 

Ailante, s.m. (bot.) ailantus, ailanto 

Aile, s.f. wing; sweep, sail; aisle; 

brim ; (of the nose) ala, lateral cartilage ; 

(horol.) fly. — de pigeon, (fig.) powdered 

side-curl; (nav.) sky-scraper. Bout 

d'—, pinion ; best quUl. En avoir dans 

I'—, to be winged, to be smitten. Ne 

battre plus que d'une — , to be on o.'s 

last legs. Tirer de V—, to make wing. 

Tirer pied ou — de, to get or to make 

something or other out of {a thing) 

Ail6, e, adj. winged; feathered. Vie 

— e, thumb-screw 
Aileron, s.m. pinion ; (small) wing ; 
float-board ; pectoral fin ; {nav.) rudder- 
Ailette, s.f. winglet, small or little 
wing; side-lining {of a shoe, &c.) ; {of 
old armour) ailette 
fAiUade, s.f. garlic sauce 
fAiller, s.m. hallier, quail-net, part- 
fAilleurs, adv. elsewhere ; somewhere 
else; anywhere else; another way; 
B#ne other means. Partout — , every- 
where else. Nulle part — , nowhere 
else. D' — , from somewhere else, from 
anywhere else ; from someone or 
something else; from another place 
or cause ; besides ; also ; in addition 
to which ; moreover ; otherwise ; in 
other respects or things; on another 
account ; on another hand ; nevofth^ 


less ; however ; after all ; it must be 
borne in mind ; elsewhere 
f AiUoli, s.m. soup with garlic and oil 
AimablC; adj. amiable; lovable; 

lovely ; plefts<int ; civil ; kind 
Aima'blexnent, adv. amiably 
Aimant, e, «</;. loving, affectionate 
.Aimant, s.m. loadstone; magnet 
Aimantatioil; s.f. magnetization 
Aiinant^, e^ adj. magnetic 
Aimanter^ v.a., S'— , magnetize 
£iim6, e, adj. loved, beloved 
Aimer, v.a. to love ; to be fond of ; to 
like ; to choose ; to delight in ; to be 
in lore with; to admit of; to agree 
with, to be consistent with ; to require ; 
to seek ; — v.n. to love, to be in love. — 
d'amitie, to like. — d'amour, to love. 

— mieux, V. Mieiuc. J'aime d croire 
(or d penttr), I should rather think ; I 
trust, I hope. J^aime autant,j'aimerait 
autant, I would (or had) as (or just as) 

8' — , v.r. to love oneself ; to love one 
another, to be fond of each other ; (old) 
to be pleased, to delight (in). S'— soi- 
mime, to love oneself. S'— les uns Us 
autres, to love each other 
Aine, ».f. groin ; herring-stick 
Ain^, e, aiij. s. elder ; elder brother or 
sister ; eldest ; eldest son or daughter ; 
eldest brother or sister; first-born; 
older ; oldest ; senior 
Ainesse, «./. primogeniture ; eldership ; 
seniority. Droit d' — , law of primo- 
geniture ; birthright 
Alnette, $./. herring-stick, sprat-stick 
Ainsi, adv. conj. so, thus, in this way, 
in that way; that is the way; like- 
wise ; therefore ; so that. — de, so or 
thus with. — du reste, — de mile, and 
so on, and so forth. — que, as, so as, 
as well as, along with, like. — toit-il I 
amen ! so be it I S'il en eat — , if it is 
BO, if so, if that is the case. Par — , 
(local) so, thereby, therefore 
Air, ».m. air ; wind ; vent ; look, appear- 
ance ; mien ; countenance ; expres- 
sion; likeness; manner, way; life, 
fashion ; tune ; song ; attitude ; pace. 

— defamille, family likeness. Faux — 
de, slight resenblance with. Qen$ du 
bel — , fashionable people, swells. (}rand 
— , open air; majestic air, noble ap- 
pearance or manner ; high life, fashion. 
Grandt - $, great airs. En I'—, in the 
air ; on high ; aloft ; upward, up ; 
imaginary; vain, idle, empty; silly; 
light ; alight ; unfounded, groundless ; 
unsupported; idly; lightly; gratui- 
tously, at random ; slightly ; ground- 
lessly ; in a flutter ; in confusion ; up- 
side down ; in motion, astir ; about. 
Entre deux —t, in a draught. Avoir 
r— , to look, to seem to be. Avoir V— 
de, to look like or as if, to seem; to 
pretend. Avoir un faux — de,io look 
somewhat like. Donner de V— A, to 
air ; to ventilate. Faire prendre V— d, 
to give an airing to, to take out. Prendre 
de$ —$, to give oneself airs. Prendre 
r— , to take the air, to take an airing, 
to go out in the open air, to breathe 
the fresh air ; to run away. Prendre un 

— de/eu, to just warm oneself a little, 
to have (or take) a warm. Se donner 
de* —*, to give oneself airs, to be up- 
pish. 8e donner or $e pou»$er de V—, 
(pop.) to be off; to bolt; to abscond. 
Vivre de V— du Ump$, to live on air or 
upon nothing, to be without means of 
subsistence, to starve. /{ ne fait pa$ 
d'—, there is no air stirring 

Alras*, «.iii. (mining) ventilation, air- 
ing, air 

Airain, $.m. brass; (poet,) cannon; 
(poet.) bell, bells; (poet.) boUer, vessel ; 
(poet.) Bteel; (poet.) iron. D'— , of 


brass, brass, brazen ; impudent ; hard, 
of steel, of stone, unfeeling, uiipitying, 
merciless ; dry and exceedingly hot ; 
dry and exceedingly cold 

Aire, «./. area, space ; thrashing-floor, 
barn-floor, floor ; aerie, eyrie or eyry, 
nest. — de vent, (nav.) point (of the 

Air6e, s.f. floor, floorful, barn-floor full 
of sheaves ; batch of dough 

AireUe, s.f. (bot.) whortleberry, bil- 
berry. — myrtille, bilberry 

Airer, v.n. to build its aerie 

AiS, s.m. plank, board ; shelf 

Aisance, s.f. ease, easiness, facility, 
freedom; fulness; comfort; comforts 
of life; easy circumstances, compe- 
tency; (civ. law) easement; —a, pi., 
Cabinet or lieux d' — s, water-closet, 
privy. Chausse d' — s, soil-pipe. Fosse 
d' — «,cesspool. HonnHe — ,competency, 
small fortune 

Aise, s.f. ease, convenience ; comfort ; 
gladness, joy, pleasure. A V — , at ease, 
at o.'s ease ; easy ; comfortable ; easily ; 
comfortably; freely. A son — , at o.'s 
ease, at ease ; easy ; comfortable ; 
comfortably ; as much as one pleases ; 
as (or when) one likes (or pleases); 
free, at home ; freely ; unembarrassed ; 
in easy circumstances, well off; well. 
Mal d son — , mal d I'—, ill at ease ; 
uneasy ; uncomfortable ; uncomfort- 
ably; embarrassed ; badly off; unwell, 
dicky. En prendre d son — , to take it 
(or things) easy; to do as one likes (or 
pleases). Se mettre d son —, to take 
o.'s ease, to make oneself comfortable ; 
to make oneself at home ; to make free. 
Vous en parlez bien d voire —, it is easy 
for you to say so 

Aise, adj. glad, happy, pleased. Bien 
— , fort — , very glad, very happy, glad, 

AiB6, e, adj. easy; convenient, com- 
modious ; free ; ready ; in easy cir- 
cumstances, well off, well-to-do. Peu 
— , straitened. Phis qu' —, independent 

Ais^ment, adv. easily; conveniently, 
commodiously ; comfortably ; freely ; 
readily [shingle 

Aissante, s.f, Aisseau, s.m. (carp.) 

Aisselle, s.f arm-pit ; (bot.) axil 

Aiointer, v.a. to join end to end 

Ajonc, s.m. furze, gorse, whin 

Ajoupa, s.m. ajoupa, hut, shed 

Alonr, s.m. opening, aperture, orifice, 
hole [worked; pierced 

AJoiir6, e, adj. in open work, open- 

Ajoumement, s.m. adjournment ; 
postponement ; summons, citation ; 

AJoumer, v.a. to adjourn, to put off, 
to defer, to postpone ; to summon, to 
cite; to subpoena. S' — , to adjourn; 
to be adjourned or &c. [addition 

a outage, «.ni.piece added,eking-piece, 
OUt6, s.m. addition 
outer, v.a. to add ; to join ; to super- 
add ; to embellish. iS'— , to be added 
or &c. [sizing 

Alustage, s.m. adjusting ; fitting ; 

AjUBtement, A.m. adjustment ; fitting; 
adapting; sizing^ tallying; regulation; 
arrangement ; laying out ; dress, toilet, 
attire; ornament; agreement; settle- 
ment; reconciliation 

AJuster, v.a. to adjust; to fit; to 
adapt ; to size ; to square ; to tally ; 
to tune ; to regulate ; to arrange ; to 
lay out ; to dress, to trim up ; to adorn ; 
to make (...) agree; to settle; to re- 
concile ; to aim ; to aim at, to take aim 
at; to level; to trounce, to trim; to 

■*— » «•*■• to be adjusted or &c.; to 
fit; totally; to adapt or suit oneself; 
to prepare oneself ; to dress ; to trick 


oneself out ; to agree ; to get recon- 
ciled ; to be settled 

AjUSteur, s.?n. adjuster ; fitter; sizer 

Ajutage, s.m. ajutage 

Alacrit6, «./. alacrity 

Alaire, adj. alar, alary, of the wings 

Alaxnbic, s.m. alembic, still; (Jig.) 
thorough investigation, careful ex- 

Alambiqu^, e, adj. strained, over- 
refined, subtilized, wiredrawn, fine- 
spun, fine-drawn, far-fetched 

Alambiquer, v.a.71. to puzzle ; to 
strain, to over-refine, to subtilize, to 
wiredraw [refiner 

Alambiqueu-r, se, s.m.f. snbtilizer, 

Alangui, e, adj. languid, languishing, 
enfeebled, weakened, drooping, flag- 

Alangniir, v.a. to render languid, to 
enfeeble; to slacken. <S'—, to become 
languid, to droop, to flag 

Alanguissement, s.m. languidness, 
feebleness, drooping, flagging 

Alarme, s.f. alarm; fright; fear; uu- 

Alanuer, v.a. to alarm; to frighten; 
to startle. S' — , to alarm oneself, to 
take alarm, to be alarmed or frightened 
Alamiiste, s.m.f. alarmist 
Alateme, $.m. (hot.) alatem, buckthorn 
Albacore, s.m. ( ftsh) albacore, albicore , 
Albain, e, s.m.f. adj. Alban [Albanian 
Albanai8,e, Albanieii,ne, 
Alb^tre, s.m. alabaster; snowy white- 
ness; fair complexion. D' — , of ala- 
baster, alabaster ; (Jig.) snowy, snow- 
Albatros, s.m. (bird) albatross [white 
Alberge, s.f. alberge (ki7id of apricot) ; 

clingstone peach 
Albergier, s.m. alberge-tree 
Albicore, (Jish) albicore, albacore 
Albien, adj.m. (geol.) Jitage — , Albian 

stratum, gault 
Albigeois, (hist.) Albigenses 
Albina, s.f. albino woman or girl, 

albina, albiness 
Albinisme, s.m. albinism, albinoism 
Albinos, s.m.f. adj. albino 
Albugin^, e, Albugineu-x, se, adj. 

(anat.) albugineous 
Albugo, (med.) albugo 
Album, s.m. album ; scrap-book ; 
sketch-book; (adject., photog.) cabinet 
Albumine, s.f. albumen 
Albuxniner, v.a. to albumenize 
Albumineu-x, se, adj. albuminous 
Albuminurie, s.f. (med.) albuminuria 
Alcade, s.m. alcade 
Alcaique, adj. s.m. (vers.) alcaic 
Alcalescence, s.f. alkalescence 
Alcalescent, e, adj. alkalescent 
Alcali, s.m. (chem.) alkali. — volatil, 

Alcalim^tre, s.m. alkalimeter 
Alcalin. e, adj. alkaline 
Alcalinit^, s.f. alkalinity 
Alcalisatlon, sf. alkalization 
Alcaliser, v.n. to alkalize 
AlcalcXde, s.m. (chem.) alkaloid 
Alcarraza, s.m. alcarraza, earthen 

Alcazar, s.m. alcazar (Moorish palace) 
Alc^e, s.f. (bot.) hollyhock 
Alchimie., s.f. alchemy [mantle 

tAlcbimiile,.i./. (bot.) alchemilla, lady's 
Alchlmique, adj. alchemic 
Alchimiste, s.m. alchemist 
Alcool, s.m. alcohol ; spirit, spirits. — 

denature, methylated spirit 
Alcoolat, s.m. (pharm.) aromatized 
spirit. — de cochlearia compose, com- 
pound spirit of horse-radish 
Alcoolate, s.m. (c^icTO.) alcoholate (salt) 
Alcoolature, s.f. (pharm.) alcoholic 
extract [ture 

AIC00I6, 8,m. (pharm.) alcoholic tinc- 
Alcoolique, adj. alcoholic ; — s.m. al- 


cohol-drinker ; alcoholic liquid, alco- 
Alcoolisatioxi) s.f. alcoholization 
Alcooliser, v.a. to alcoholize 
Alcoolisme, s.m. (med.) alcoholism 
Alcoolom^tre, Alcoom^tre, a.m. 

Alcoran^ s.m. Alcoran, Koran 
Alcove; s.f. alcove, recess 
Alcyon, s.m. {bird) halcyon, kingfisher 
Alcyonien, ne, adj. halcyon 
Aide, s.m. Aldine edition [Bull's eye 
Ald6baran, s.m. {astr.) Aldebaran, the 
Aldehyde, s.m. (chew..) aldehyde 
Alderman, s.m. alderman 
Aldin, e, adj. Aldine 
Ale, s.f. ale 
Al6a, s.m. chance, risk 
Al^atoire, adj. aleatory, uncertain, 

eventual, contingent, risky 
Al^atoirement, adv. eventually, con- 
tingently, with all risks 
Al^ne, s.f. awl; (fish) sharp-nosed 

skate, white skate 
Al^nier, s.m. awl-maker 
Al^noiS, adj.m. V. Cresson 
Alentir, (old) V. Ralentir 
Alentoiir, adv. around, round, about ; 
round it or them, about it ^r them. 
X)'—, surrounding, neighbouring 
Alentours, surroundings ; 
neighbourhood ; environs ; connec- 
tions, intimates, familiars, associates, 
company, circle, attendants 
Al^pine, s.f. bombazine [(her.) allerion 
Al^rion, s.m. (bird) common swift; 
Alerte, s.f. alarm; alert; warning; — 
adj.m.f. alert, nimble, quick, active; 
brisk; sprightly; sharp, shrewd, 
wide-awake ; vigilant, watchful, on 
the look-out ; — int. up ! take care I 
mind 1 look out I En — , on or upon 
the alert [briskly 

Alertexnent, adv. alertly, quickly, 
A16sage, s.m. boring, drilling 
Al&se, s.f. V.AlizB 
Al^ser, v.a, to bore, to drill 
A16soir, s.m. borer, rimer 
Alevin, s.m. fry, young fish [fish 

Alevinage, s.m. fish-breeding; young 
Aleviner, v.a. to stock with fry 
Alevinier, s.m. breeding-pond 
Alexandrien, ne, adj. Alexandrian 
Alexandrin, e, adj. Alexandrian; 
Alexandrine [andrine 

Alexandrin, adj.m., s.m. (vers.) Alex- 
Alexipharmaque, adj.m.f., 8.m.(med.) 

Alezan, e, adj. chestnut; — s.m.f. 

chestnut horse or mare 
Al^ze, s.f. (for a bed) draw-sheet; 
(tech.) widening-piece (plank, board); 
withe, tie 
Alfa, s.m. (bot.) alfa, alfa-grass 
Alfange, s.f. scimitar ; battalion 
Alf6nide, s.m. nickel silver 
Alfier. s.m. ensign, standard-bearer 
Algalie, s.f. (surg.) catheter 
Alganon, a.m. convict-chain, chain 
Algarade, s.f. sudden outburst of 
passion, insult, attack, bluster, rating, 
Algazelle, s.f. (zool.) gazelle 
Alg^bre, s.f. algebra [braical 

Alg6brique, adj. algebraic, alge- 
Alg^briquen&ent, adv. algebraically 
Alg^briste, s.m. algebraist 
Alg^rien, ne, adj.8. Algerian, Alger- 

ine ; Algerian fashion 
Algide, adj. (med.) algid, cold 
Algolog-ie, -ique. V. page 3, § 1 
Algologue, a.m. algologist 
Algoritlune, a.m. (math.) algorithm 
^Alguazil, a.m. alguazil; police spyi 

bumbailiff, catchpoll 
Algue, 8./. (pl.AlgueB) alga (pi. algse). 
— marine, sea-weed 
AUiambra, a.m. Alhambra 


Alibi, a.m. (law) alibi 
Alibiie, adj. (med.) alible, nutritive 
Aliboron, s.m. Grizzle, Jackass, long- 
Aliboufler, a.m. (bot.) styrax [ears 
Alicante, a.m. alicante, tent (wine) 
Alidade, a.f. alidade, index 
AU6nabiUt6, a.f. alienability 
Alienable, adj. alienable, transferable 
Ali^nataire, a.m.f. alienee [alienatrix 
Ali6na-teur, trice, s.m.f. alienator ; 
Alienation, s.f. alienation ; transfer ; 
estrangement ; derangement. — men- 
tale, mental alienation or derange- 
ment, insanity, lunacy 
Ali6n6, e, part. adj. a. alienated, &c. 
(V. Aligner); deranged; insane, 
mad; lunatic. Hospice or maison 
d'—a, lunatic asylum, mad-house 
Aligner, v.a. to alienate ; to transfer ; 
to relinquish, to give jup, to renounce ; 
to sink (money); to estrange; to dis- 
affect ; to derange. S' — , to alienate ; 
to estrange oneself; to estrange; to 
lose; to relinquish o.'s liberty; to be 
alienated or estranged ; to be sunk ; to 
be lost ; to become deranged 
Alidnisme, a.m. alienism, medico- 

Alieniste, a.m. adj. alienist (physician; 
toriter). Mddecin — , alienist physician 
Aliforme, adj. aliform, wing-shaped 
tAlign6, e, part, in a line; set in 
lines ; laid out or ranged in a line ; 
formed in line, standing in a straight 
line; straight 
tAli£^ement, s.m. laying out or 
standing in a line ; setting in lines ; 
falling into line ; ranging ; squaring ; 
straight or direct line, line, row ; level ; 
direction; (mil.) alignment, dressing, 
line; (engin.) alignment. — / (mil.) 
dress 1 Prendre V — de, to trace the 
line of 
fAligner, v.a. to lay out in a line ; to 
set in lines; to form in line or in a 
straight line ; to square ; to string to- 
gether ; to draw up ; to levelj; (mil.) to 
dress, to draw up in a line ; (mil. book- 
keep.) to balance ; (print.) to range ; (of 
wolves, &c.) to line 

S'— , v.r. to form in line, to fall into 
line, to fall in, to dress ; to run or be 
in a (straight) line ; to keep the line ; 
(print.) to range ; (fene.) to take posi- 
tion, to be on guard ; (pop.) to fight a 
duel, to have a set-to, to fight 
Aliment, a.m. aliment, food; nutri- 
ment; sustenance; feed; feeding; 
supply; fuel; — «, pi. aliments, food; 
(law) alimony, maintenance 
Alimentalre, adj. alimentary, feed- 
ing ; of or for food, fit or used for food, 
used as food, food, esculent, edible, 
eatable ; (med.) dietetic. Penaion —, 
maintenance ; alimony ; provision. 
Pompe — , feed-pump, donkey-engine. 
Proviaion — , alimony pendente lite. 
Regime — , dietary 
Alimentation, «./. alimentation, 
feeding, feed; diet; food; supplying, 
supply. Appareil or jnaehine d' — , feed- 
ing apparatus, feeder, donkey-engine 
Alimenter, v.a. to feed; to nourish; 
to maintain ; to sustain, to support ; 
to supply ; to intL S'— , to feed (on) ; 
to be fed, &c. [tritive 

Alimenteu-x, se, adj. alimental, nu- 
Alin^a, s.m. fresh paragraph, para- 
graph ; (print.) break 
Aliquante, adj. (math.) aliquant 
Aliquote, adj. (math.) aliquot ; — «./. 
aliquot part. MHhode dea parties —a, 
(arith.) practice [apple 

Alise, a.f. (bot.) wild sorb apple, chess- 
Alisier, a.m. (bot.) pyrus (beam-tree, 
wild se^rice-tree or chess-apple tree, 
&c.) [tain 

Aliune, a.m. (bot.) alisma, water-plan- 


Alit6, e, adj. laid up ; bedridden 
Alitor, v.a. to confine to o.'s bed, to 
keep in bed, to lay up; to pack (fish) 
in layers. S' — , to take to o.'s bed, to 
go to bed ; to keep o.'s bed, to be con- 
fined to bed 
Alizari, s.m. (com.) madder-roots 
Aliz6, adj. m. (nav.) Vents —s, trade 
winds [cherry 

Alk^kenge, alkekengi, wiuter- 
AU&erm^S, a.m. alkermes 
AUab, a.m. Allah 
Allaise, a.f. sand-bank (in a river) 
Allaitement, a.m. suckling, nursing 
Allaiter, v.a. to suckle, to give suck to, 

to nurse ; (fig.) to rear, to bring up 
Allamande, s.f. (bot.) allamanda 
Allant, part of Aller^ going, &c. ; — 
a.m. goer ; — m., e, /., adj. active, stir- 
ring, busy, bustling 
AllantoXde, a.f. (anat.) allantois 
Alldcliement, a.m. allurement, entioa- 
ment, bait [attract 

A116cber, v.a. to allure, to entice, to 
All^e, a.f. going ; passage ; walk ; 
drive ; path ; lane ; alley ; entrance, 
entry. — eouverte, shady walk. — « et 
venuea, going and coming, going (or 
coming or walking) in and out or to 
and fro or backward and forward or 
up and down, running about. Avoir 
I'—pour la venue, to have o.'s labour 
for o.'s pains [adducible 

All^gable, adj. allegeable ; pleadable ; 
Allegation, s.f. allegation ; quotation 
Allege, a.f. (of a window) apron ; (nav.) 
lighter; (rail.) tender. Fraia d' — , 
(com.) lighterage 
A116geable, adj. relievable, capable of 

being relieved or alleviated 
Aliegeance, s.f. (old) alleviation; re- 
lief ; ease ; comfort. Serment d' — , 
(feud., Engl, law) oath of allegiance 
Alldgement, s.m. lightening ; allevia- 
tion ; relief ; ease ; mitigation ; re- 
AUeger, v.a. to lighten ; to disburden, 
to unload ; to alleviate, to allay, to re- 
lieve ; to ease ; to soothe ; to mitigate ; 
to lessen ; to reduce ; (nav.) to lighten 
(o ship), to buoy up (a cable). S"— , to 
ease oneself ; to become lighter ; to 
lessen ; to be alleviated, &c. 
A116gor-ie, -ique, -iquement, 

-isme, -iste. V. page 3, § 1 
Aliegonser, v.a.n. to allegorize 
Aliegoriseiir, a.m. allegorizer 
Alldgre, adj. lively, sprightly, cheer- 
ful, merry ; quick, nimble, brisk 
Alldgrement, adv. cheerfully, merri- 
ly ; quickly, briskly 
Aliegresse, a.f. mirth, joy, gladness, 
cheerfulness, liveliness, sprightliness, 
alacrity, glee. Cria d'—, shouts of joy 
Allegretto, adv. a.m. (mus.) allegretto 
Allegro, adv. a.m. (mua.) allegro 
Aliegner, v.a. to allege; to state; to 
plead; to urge; to produce; to ad- 
duce ; to quote, to cite 
Alieiliia, a.m. alleluia, alleluiah, halle- 
lujah ; (bot.) wood-sorrel, sheep's sorrel 
Allemand, e, adj. a. German ; double- 
Dutch ; German fashion ; allemande 
(dance, tune) 
Aller, «.m. going ; (fig.) run, course of 
time; (nav.) outward voyage; (rail.) 
single journey ; (d'— ) down (train). 
— et retour, journey there and back, 
tho^e and back ; return (ticket) ; (nav.) 
vo^ge out and in. Avoir V — pour le 
venir, to have o.'s labour for o.'s pains. 
Donner P— et le venir (or V— et le re- 
tour), to box both ears. Pia — , V. 
Pis aller 
Aller, v.n. to go; to proceed; to re- 
pair ; to leave, to depart ; to get on ; 
to go on ; to move ; to run ; to ply ;^o 
ride; to sail; to go about; to be gb- 


ing ; to be aboat ; shall now, shall ; 
•will now, will ; to go and ; to set (to) ; 
to work ; to act ; to behave ; to lead ; 
to tend, to aim ; to end ; to extend ; 
to be carried ; to reach ; to rise ; to lit ; 
to become; to suit; to please; to 
match ; to agree ; to do ; to last ; to 
come ; to amount ; to be ; to turn out ; 
should, were to ; to go to the water- 
closet ; to evacuate, to be purged ; to 
bum. — et venir, to go there and 
back ; to go to and fro or in and out 
or backward and forward, to go about. 
H va venir, he is coming, he will be 
here presently. Nous allona revenir, 
we are coming back. Je vai$ sortir, I 
am going out. Je vais diner, I am 
going to dine, I shall or will dine. 
Faire — , to make (...) go or go on ; to 
cause to go ; to set going, to put in 
motion; to move; to drive; to turn; 
to wag; to swing; to twirl, to flourish; 
to spin ; to trundle ; to keep boiling ; 
to be good for (trade) ; to give trouble ; 
to humbug, to bamboozle; to purge, 
to open the bowels of. Se laisser — , 
r. Iddumr (Se). Allon$ I let us go I 
come on 1 come 1 well I now I now then! 
very good 1 agreed I Allons done 1 non- 
sense 1 go on I pooh ! indeed 1 come, 
comet now then I Allong,bon! well 
now I Allez I val go 1 go on ! begone i 
be off 1 let me tell you 1 depend upon 
it I I can tell you ! I assure you I to be 
sure I indeed 1 nowl come I fie I Va J 
be it so I let it be I agreed I done 1 Va 
pow, let it be; let me (or us) have. 
Comment allez-vous ? how are you ? 
Comment eela (or fa) va-t-il ? how do 
you do ? how do you get on ? Je vais 
bien, I am well ; I am doing well ; my 
watch is right, I am right. Je vais or 
eela (or pa) va mieux, I am better ; I 
am doing better. Cela va I Ca vat 
that will do I Cela va de soi, that goes 
without saying, that is a matter of 
course, of course. Cela va tout seul, 
that goes of itself. Et allez done I 
(pop.) go it I in a trice 1 that's it I and 

no mistake I Ilyvade is (or 

are) at stake, ... is (or are) concerned. 
Y — (vaith an adverb or an adverbial ex- 
pression), to go about it, to go it, to 
act, to deal, to proceed, to go on, to go 
to work, to do business; to go. Y — 
{de), to lay, to stake, to play. Y — de 
...,(imp.) ... to be at stake, ... to be 
eomcemed. Y — par Id, to take it so. 
Oomm$ vous y allez I what a rate you 
are going at I On y vat coming I 

S'en — , v.r. to go (or get) away or 
off or along or about ; to go ; to run 
•way; to escape; to be off; to make 
off; to come or drop off; to evaporate ; 
to vanish, to disappear ; to end ; to 
come out ; to wear out or away or off; 
to be lort; to be dying, to die; to grow 
old ; to decline ; to fade ; to faint ; to 
dnk ; to fall ; to run out or over ; to 
boil over; to be going; to be about, 
•ball, will; to be going upon. AUez- 
vmu-en I va-t'en I go away I go along I 
be off I AUons-nous-en I let us go I 
come along I Faire en aller, to drive 
or send away ; to drive off ; to remove. 
S'en alUr de la poitrine, V. Poltrine 
A11«U, «.«. allodium. Frane- — , free- 
Alllac*, e, adj. alliaceous, of garlic 
Alllase, s.m. alloyage; alloy; alliance, 
union; mixture; (arith.) alligation. 
BiaU d'—, alligation 
AllUlre, •/. (boL) hedge garlic 
Alliance, «./. alliance; marriage; 
match ; anion ; covenant ; confederacy, 
leegoe, coalition; affinity; connec- 
tton ; mixture, blending, uniting, 
joiaing; combination; wedding-ring 


A1116, a, part. adj. allied ; related ; con- 
nected ; akin, kindred ; combined, 
united, joined ; mixed ; alloyed ; — 
s.m.f. ally ; relation (by marriage) ; 
confederate; partner; associate 
Allier, v.a. to ally ; to marry ; to match ; 
to combine ; to unite, to join ; to mix ; 
to alloy. iS' — , to ally oneself ; to marry, 
to be married ; to match ; to combine ; 
to unite; to league, to band; to be 
AUier, «.m. F. AiUer [mixed 

Alligator, s.m. (zool.) alligator 
Alllt6rati-f, ve, adj. alliterative 
Alliteration, «./. alliteration 
Allivrement, s.m. assessment 
Allivrer, v.a. to assess [churl 

Allobroge, s.m. Allobroge ; (fig.) boor, 
Allocation, s/. allocation ; allowance ; 
grant [speech 

Allocution, s.f. allocution, address. 
Allodial, e, adij. allodial, freehold 
Allodialite, «./. allodial tenure 
Allonge, s.f. lengthening-piece, eking- 
piece; addition; (of a table) leaf; 
(com.) allonge, rider; (butch.) meat- 
hook, hook ; (vet.) hip-sprain ; (chem.) 
adopter; (nav. ) futtock 
Allonge, e, adj. lengthened ; elongat- 
ed ; long ; drawn out ; stretched out ; 
Allongement, s.m. lengthening ; pro- 
longation ; elongation ; stretching out ; 
delaying, delay 
Allonger, v.a. to lengthen ; to eke out ; 
to draw, to draw out ; to stretch, to 
stretch out ; to extend ; to spin out ; 
to let out ; to delay, to protract ; to 
prolong ; to thin (a sauce) ; to allonge 
(a thrust) ; to fetch, to deal, to hit, to 
strike, to give (a blow). 8'—, to 
lengthen, to grow longer; to stretch 
or stretch out ; to stretch oneself ; to 
lie down or fall down at full length ; to 
extend ; to be lengthened or stretched 
or &c. [ — adj. allopathic 

AUopathe, s.m. allopath, allopathist; 
Allopath-ie, -ique, -iquement, 

-iste. V. page 8, § 1 
Allopatbiser, v.a.n. to allopathize 
Allotrop-ie, -ique. V. page 8, § 1 
Allouable, adj. allowable, grantable 
Allouclxe, Allouchier. V. Aiouche, 
Aloudiier [grant ; to fix 

Allouer, v.a. to allocate ; to allow ; to 
Alluclion, s.m. (mach.) cog [puffing 
Alltunage, s.m. lighting, kindling; 
Alltune, s.m. brand, firebrand. Bougie 

d'—, taper 
AUnme-ftu, s.m. fire-lighter, fire-light 
AUumer, v.a. to light ; to light up ; to 
illuminate ; to kindle, to inflame, to 
fire, to set on fire ; to ignite ; to heat ; 
to excite; to stir up; to colour; to 
whip ; to chouse ; to puff. S'~, to 
light ; to light up ; to burn ; to kindle ; 
to catch or take fire; to ignite; to 
brighten up ; to blaze ; to sparkle ; to 
glare; to flare; to colour; to break 
out ; to be lighted or &c, 
Alluxnette, «./. match; fusee; spill; 
light ; lighter. — -bougie, — de cire, 
vesta. — ehimique, lucifer, lucifer 
match. — de papier, — en copeau, 
spUl, pipe-light. — pottr lesfumeurs, 
ciRar-hght, fusee, &c. 
AllTimetti-er, ire, ».m/. match- 
manufacturer, matoh-maker 
AJlumeu-r, m, lighter ; lamp- 
lighter ; (at auctions) puffer, bonnet, 
(at play) bonnet 
Allnml, «.m. brand, firebrand 
AJlumolr, ».tn. lighter (thing) ; gas- 
light for cigars, cigar-lighter, light 
Allnre, «./. gait; pace; tread; walk; 
carriage; manner, way, ways; de- 
meanour; behaviour; conduct; bear- 
ing; movement, motion; direction; 
course; track; turn; bent; looks, ap- 


pearance, aspect ; (nav.) mode of sail- 
ing, point of sailing, sailing-trim 

Allusi-f, ve, adj. allusive 

Allusion, s.f. allusion ; hint ; innuendo. 
Faire — d, to allude to ; to hint at ; to 
refer to [alluvial 

Alluvial, e, Alluvien, ne, adj. 

Alluvion, s.f. alluvium, alluvion. D'—, 
alluvial [alluvium or alluvion 

Alluvionnement, s.m. formation of 

Almadie, s.f. almadie, canoe 

Almageste, s.m. almagest 

Almanach, s.m. almanac, calendar; 
directory ; guide ; list. — d'adresses 
or des adresses, Post-Office directory, 

Alm6e, s.f, alme, almeh [directory 

Alo^s. s.m. (bot, pharm.) aloe, aloes 

Aloetique, adj. m.f, s.m. aloetic 

Aloi, s.m. standard ; quality, sort, kind ; 

Alop^eie, s.f. (med.) alopecia, alopecy, 
fox-evil; — s.m. alopecias, fox-shark,, 
sea-fox, thrasher, thresher 

Alors, adv. then; at that time; now; 
in that case ; in such a case, in such 
cases; therefore; by that time. D'— , 
of that time, of those times ; for the 
time being ; of old, of former times. 

— que, when, at a time when, now that, 

— mSme que, even when. — covime — , 
time enough when that comes 

Alose, s.f. (fish) shad 
Alosier, s.m. Alosi^re, s.f. shad-net 
Alouate, s.m. (zool.) howler, howling- 
Alouche, s.f. (bot.) wild sorb apple 
AlOUChier, s.m. (bot.) white beam-tree 
Alouette, «./.lark. —des champs, field- 
lark, skylark. Pied-d' — ,(bot.) larkspur 
Alourdu:, v.a. to make heavy or dull, 
to stupefy. &"— , to grow heavy or dull 
Alourdissement, s.m. heaviness, 

Aloyau, s.m. sirloin, sirloin of beef 
Al03r«r, v.a. to give the standard to 

(§old or silver) 
Alpaca, Alpaga, s.m. alpaca 
Alpage, s.m. right of pasturage in 

mountains ; mountain pasture 
Alpenstock, s.m. alpenstock 
Alpestre, ac^j. Alpine 
Alpha, s.m. alpha 
Alphabet, s.m. alphabet. — manuel, 

manual alphabet, finger-alphabet 
Alpliab6t-ique, -iquement. V. 
page 8, § 1 [mountain 

Alpin. e, adj. Alpine; mountainous, 
Alpiniste, s.m.f. Alpinist, Alpine 
climber [grass 

Alpiste, s.m. (bot.) phalaris, canary- 
Alque, s.m. (bird) auk [ter's ore 

Alquifoux, s.m. (min.) alquifou, pot- 
Alsacien, ne, adj. s. Alsatian 
Alsine, s.f. (bot.) chickweed 
AltaXque, adj. Altaic, Altaian 
Altariste, s.m. altarist (in the Vatican) 
Altavelle, s.f. (fish) sting-ray, fire- 
flaire [bleness 

Alt6rabilit6, s.f. alterability, altera- 
Alt^rable, adj. alterable, changeable ; 

corruptible, adulterable 
Alterant, e, adj. causing thirst ; — 

adj. m.f, s.m. (med.) alterative 
Altera -teur, trice, adj. altering, 
deteriorating ; adulterating ; debasing; 
modifying ; counterbalancing, weak- 
ening ; — s.m.f. adulterator ; debaser ; 
modifier [alterative 

■^Jf*'att-f, ve, adj. Alteratif, s.m. 
Alteration, s.f. alteration ; change ; 
deterioration ; corruption ; adultera- 
tion ; debasement ; tainting ; impair- 
ment ; injuring ; damaging ; misrepre- 
sentation ; perversion; falsification; 
lessening, diminution, weakening ; dis- 
composure; faltering; thirst, thirsti- 
A?*^^ ^j [wrangling^ 

Altercation, */. altercation, wrangle, 

Alt€r6, e, (part, of Alt^rer) altered, 
changed, distorted, &c. ; — adj. thirsty, 
dry ; dried up ; thirsting (for) ; greedy 
(of); longing, yearning, hankering, 
sighing (for) ; faltering, tremulous 
Alter ego, a.m. alter ego, other or 

second self, double, counterpart 
Alt^rer, v.a. to alter, to change; to 
deteriorate ; to corrupt ; to adulterate ; 
to debase ; to taint ; to impair ; to 
mar ; to injure ; to damage ; to spoil ; 
to misrepresent ; to distort ; to per- 
vert ; to falsify ; to disturb ; to trouble ; 
to discompose; to affect ; to lessen, to 
-weaken; to modify; to make thirsty, 
to cause or excite thirst 

S'—, v.r. to alter, to change ; to be 
or become injured or impaired, &c. ; to 
spoil ; to be spoilt ; to become distorted 
or discomposed, &c. ; to lessen ; to de- 
generate ; to become worse ; to falter, 
to tremble ; to make oneself thirsty ; 
to become or get thirsty [sion 

Altemance, «./. alternation ; succes- 
Altemat, «.m. altemateness, alterna- 
Altemati-f, ve, adj. alternate, alter- 
native ; in turn, by turns ; by rotation ; 
(of motion) reciprocating - 
Alternation, sf. alternation 
Alternative, s.f. alternative; option, 
choice ; alternation, interchange, suc- 
cession [by turns 
Altemativement, adv. alternately, 
Alteme, adj. alternate ; reciprocal 
Altem6, e, adj. alternate ; alternating, 

in turns, in succession 
Alterner, v.n.a. to alternate; to take 
turns; to perform alternately, to act 
or work in turn {or by turns) ; to take 
in turn ; to fill by turns ; to have a 
rotation of crops 
Alterquer, v.n. (obsolete) to altercate, 

to wrangle, to dispute 
Altesse, s.f. highness [mallow 

Altbaea, s.m. (bot.) althaea, marsh- 
Alti-er, fere, adj. haughty, proud ; 

Altiferement, adv. haughtily, proudly 
Altimfetre, altimeter [page 3, § 1 
Altim6tr-ie, -ique, -iquement. V. 
Altique, Altise, s.f. haltica, flea- 
beetle ; turnip-flea [singer 
Altiste, s.m. altist, alto-player, alto- 
Altitude, 8./. altitude 
Alto, s.m. (mus.) tenor violin, alto. — 

-viole, s.m. alto- viola 
Altruisme, s.m. altruism [istic 

Altruiste, altruist ; — adj. alLru- 
Alucite, s.f. (insfct) alucita 
Alude, s.f. V. Alute 
Aludel, s.m. {old chem.) aludel 
Alumine, s.f. alumina 
Alumina, e, adj. aluminous 
Aluminer, v.a. to mix with alumina 
Alumineu - x, se, adj. aluminous; 

alumish; alum 
Aluminifere, s.f. V. Alunidre 
Aliuninium, s.m. aluminium 
Altm, s.m. alum. — de plume, plume- 
alum. — de roche, rock-alum 
Alunage, s.m. aluming 
Allination, s.f. (chem.) alum-making 
Aluner, v.a. to alum 
Alunerie, sf. alum-works 
Aluneu-x,se,a(^'. aluminous ; alumish 
Alunifere, sf. alum-pit ; alum-works 
Alunite, sf. alunite, alum-stone 
Alunogene, s.m. (min.) alunogen 
Alute, sf. coloured sheep skin or basil 
Alv^olaire, adj. alveolar 
Alveole, s.m. alveole, alveolus, cell {in 

a honeycomb), socket (of a tooth) 

Alvin, e, adj. (med.) alvine 

Alysse, J!./., Alysson, s.m. (bot.) alys- 

Bum, alysson, madwort. — soxatile, 

gold-dust [toad, obstetric frog 

AlyXA, Alythn, t.m. [zool.) midwife- 


Ainabillt6, s.f. amiability, amiable- 
ness ; loveliness; kindness ; politeness, 
civility; favour; advances 
Amadis, s.m. close-fitting sleeve 
Amadou, s.m. amadou, German tinder, 

tinder, touchwood 
Amadouer, v.a. to coax, to wheedle, 
to cajole; to gain over; to appease, to 
quiet; to soften. 6"—, to be coaxed, 
&c. ; to be or become appeased, &c. 
Amadouerie, s.f. tinder-works 
Amadoueu-r, se, s.m.f. tinder-maker ; 
ijig.) coaxer, wheedler [fungus 

Amadouvior, ».m. (bot.) amadon- 
Amaigrir, v.a. to make lean or thin, 
to emaciate ; to thin, to lessen, to 
reduce, to bring down ; to exhaust 
(land, soil), to impoverish ; — v.n., 
S' — , v.r. to get (or grow) lean or thin, 
to waste, to fall away ; to shrink 
Amaig^ssement, s.m. growing lean 
or thin, falling away, wasting, emacia- 
tion, leanness 
Amal^cite, adj. Amalekite 
Amalgamation, s.f. amalgamation 
Amalgame, s.m. amalgam 
Amalgamer, v.a., S'— , v.r. to amal- 
gamate [plantation 
Amandaie, sf. almond-grove, almond- 
Amande, s.f. almond ; kernel. — lissee 
or lis^e, sugared almond. — de terre, 
rush-nut [amygdaline 
Ainand6, e, adj. with or of almonds, 
Amand^, s.m. amygdalate, almond 

emulsion, milk of almonds 
Amandier, s.m. almond-tree 
Amant, e, s.m.f. paramour (m.); lover, 
suitor ; sweetheart ; lady-love ; votary. 

— de cceur, favourite lover 
Amarante, s.f. (bot.) amaranth; — 

s.m. amaranth colour, amaranth ; — 

adj. amaranth-coloured, amaranthine 

Amarantine, s.f. {bot.) gomphrena, 

fAmareilleur, s.m. oyster-bed keeper 
Amarelle, s.f. (bot.) V. Gentianelle ; 

— adj.f. Cerise — , morella cherry, 

Amarescent, e, adj. bitterish [prize) 

Amarinage, s.m. {nav.) manning (a 

Amariner , v.a. (nav.) to man (a prize) ; 
to inure to the sea 

Amarrage, s.m. (nav.) mooring; seiz- 
ing; lashing ; fastening; securing 

Amarre, s.f. (nav.) fast; rope ; line 

Amarrer, v.a. (nav.) to moor, to fasten, 
to make fast ; to hitch ; to belay ; to 
tie ; to secure ; to seize ; to lash ; (Jig.) 
to bind, to pinion 

Amaryllis, s.f. (plant, butterfly) ama- 
ryllis. — belladone, belladonna lily 

Amas, s.m. heap ; pile ; mass ; hoard ; 
store ; lot ; accumulation ; agglomera- 
tion ; cluster ; drift ; collection ; gather- 
ing, crowd, throng ; mob 

Amasser, v.a. to heap up ; to heap ; to 
pile up ; to amass, to hoard or lay up ; 
to lay by ; to store up ; to accumulate ; 
to gather ; to collect ; to cluster ; to 
drift. S' — , to gather together ; to 
gather ; to heap ; to hoard ; to accu- 
mulate ; to collect, to assemble, to 
crowd ; to drift ; to be amassed, &c. 

Amassette, s.f. {paint.) palette-knife, 

Amasseur,se, s.m.f. hoarder, gatherer 

Amateloter, v.a. {nav.) to give one 
hammsck for two men of difl'erent 

Ama-teur, tirice, s.m.f. amateur ; 
lover; admirer; fancier; smatterer ; 
civilian ; — adj. (de) fond (of) 

Amati, «.«i. Aniati violin 

Amatiner, v.a. to rouse early, to make 
(...) rise early 

Amatir, v.a. (tech.) to deaden 

Amativit6, s.f. anmtiveness 

Amaurose, »./. (med.) amaurosis 

Amaurotique, adj. s.m.f. amau- 
Amazone, s.f. amazon ; lady on horse- 
back, female rider, rider; — t.f.m. 
riding-habit, habit ; — s.m. the Amazon 
(river); — adj. amazonian. Habit d' 
— , riding-habit, habit [tion 

Ambages, s.f. pi. ambages, circumlocu- 
Ambassade, s.f. embassy; message, 
errand [messenger 

Ambassadeur, s.m. ambassador ; 
Ambassadorial,e,adj. ambassadorial 
Ambassadrice, s.f. ambassadress ; 

Ambe, s.m. set of two numbers 
Ambesas, s.m. V. Beset [ing 

Ambiant, e, adj. ambient, surround- 
Ambidext6rit6, s.f. ambidexterity 
Ambidextre, adj. ambidextrous ; — 

s.m.f. ambidexter 
Ambigu, e, adj. ambiguous; — s.m. 
ambigu (collation consisting, not of re- 
gular courses, but of a medley of dishes 
set on the table together) ; (Jig.) medley, 

olio, compound. — , comique {the 

name of a theatre in Paris) 
Ambiguity, s.f. ambiguity 
Ambigrument, adv. ambiguously 
Ambitieusement, adv. ambitiously ; 

pretentiously, afl'ectedly 
Ambitieu-x^ se, adj. s. ambitious; 
aspiring; pretentious, affected ; ambi- 
tious man or woman 
Ambition, s.f. ambition 
Ambitionner, v.a. to be ambitious of 
or eager for, to aspire to, to seek after ; 
to aim at ; to covet ; to affect 
Amble, s.m. amble, ambling pace. 

Alter V — , to amble 
Ambler, v.n. (old) to amble 
Ambleu-r, se, AmbU-er, bTe,adj.s. 

ambling ; ambler 
Amblyope, s.m.f. {med.) dull-sighted 
person; — s.m. (zool.) amblyopsis, 
blind-fish [amblyopy 

Amblyopie, s.f. {med.) amblyopia, 
Amboine, s.m. Amboyna-wood 
Ambon, s.m. ambo, ambon, rood-loft 
Ambre, s.m. amber. — gris, ambergris 
Ambrd, e, adj. ambered, amber, 

amber-scented, amber-coloured 
Ambrer, v.a. to amber 
t Ambresailles,8./.7)2. (Swiss) bilberries 
Ambrette, s.f. amber-seed, musk-seed. 

Poire d' — , musk-pear 
Ambroisie, s.f. ambrosia 
Ambroisien, ne, adj. V. Ambrosien 
Ambrosiaque, adj. ambrosial 
Ambrosien, ne, adj. Ambrosian; 
ambrosial, ambrosian [walk 

Ambulacre, s.m. ambulacrum ; shady 
Ambulance, s.f. (mil.) ambulance; 
field - hospital ; ambulance - waggon ; 
(com,, admin.) outdoor clerkship. — 
volante, movable field - hospital. — 
principale or de reserve, stationary 
field - hospital. En — , (of venders) 
itinerant [cier 

Ambulanci-er, fere, s.m.f. ambulan- 
Ambulant, e, adj. ambulant, ambula- 
tory, walking; perambulating; travel- 
ling, itinerant ; strolling; wandering; 
movable; {of clerks) outdoor 
Ambulatoire, adj. ambulatory, mov- 
able, itinerant ; fickle, wavering, 
Ame, s.f. soul; mind; spirit; ghost; 
life ; heart ; feeling ; genius ; con- 
science ; essence ; essential ; core ; 
iVside, inner part ; creature, fellow, 
person, people ; (of a device) motto ; 
(of a fagot) small wood; (of a pair of 
bellows) valve ; (of a quill) pith ; (of a 
gun) bore, inner tube ; (of a violin, &c.) 
sound-post; (of n picture) outline, 
sketch ; (of a plaster model, of a bronze 
cast) core. — de boue, base «?• grovelling 
soul. — damnee, mere tool, instrultent. 


— en peine, tormented spirit; soul in 
purgatory. — qui vive, a living crea- 
ture, igalite d'— , equanimity. Force 
d'—, fortitude. Oiandeur d'—, magna- 
nimity. Dans I'—, in o.'s soul; at 
heart ; every inch. Avoir la mort dans 
V — , to be grieved to death ; to be in 
mortal anxiety. Mettre la mort dans 
r— , to grieve to death, to cause mortal 
anxiety to, to be the death of. Bendre 
r— , to give up the ghost, to die 

Axn6, e, adj. (old) well-beloved [berry 
Am^lanche, */. (bot.) amelanchier- 
Am^lancliier, s.m. (bot.) amelanchier 
Amelia, s./. canvas bathing-shoe [able 
Ameliorable, adj. improvable ; mend- 
Am^liora-tenr, trice, s.m.f. amelio- 
rator, improver ; — adj. ameliorative, 
Amelioration, «./. amelioration, bet- 
terment, improvement, progress 
Am^liorer, v.a., 8' — , v.r. to amelio- 

rate, to better, to improve ; to mend 
Amen, adv. s.m. amen 
Am^nagement, s.m. management ; 
parcelling out; disposition, arrange- 
ment, fitting up, preparation ; — s, pU 
(nav.) accommodations 
Am^nager, v.o. to order or regulate 
the management of ; to parcel out ; to 
manage, to dispose, to arrange, to lay 
out, to tit up, to prepare ; to do up, to 
do ; to cut up (a tree) ; to dispose of. 
S'—, to be parcelled out or managed, 


Amendable, adj. amendable, mend- 
able ; improvable ; (old) liable or sub- 
ject to a fine, finable ; redeemable by 
a fine, compoundable 

Amende, s.f. fine, penalty; mulct; 
forfeit ; costs. — honorable, (formerly) 
amende honorable (public penance); 
(now) apology. Condamner or mettre d 
V—, to fine [provement ; manuring 

Amendement, s.m. amendment ; im- 

Amender, v.a.n., S» — , v.r. to amend ; 
to mend; to improve; to better; — 
v.a. (old) to fine ; (agr.) to manure 

Amener, v.a. to bring; to draw, to 
pull; to introduce, to bring in; to 
bring out or up or down ; to bring over 
or about or forward or round; to fetch ; 
to bring on, to cause, to occasion ; to 
produce ; to induce ; (at dice) to throw ; 
(nav.) to lower, to strike. S*—, to be 

Am^nite, s.f. amenity [brought, &c. 

Am^norrbee, </. (med.) amenorrhoea 

Amentac^i e, adj. (bot.) amentaceous; 
— es, amentaceous plants, a- 
raentacesB [reduce 

Amenniser, v.a. to thin, to lessen, to 

Am-er, dre, adj. bitter; briny; sad; 

Amer, $.m. bitter; bitterness; gall; 
(nav.) mark, leading mark, land-mark, 

Am^rement, adv. bitterly ; grievously 

Am6ricain, e, adj. s.m.f. American; 

— s.f. American woman or lady or girl, 
American ; American fashion ; Ameri- 
can phaeton. Col — , opera-tie. (Eil 
— , inquiHitive or sharp eye ; piercing 
sight, good eyes ; fascinating eye 

Amteieanisation, </. Americaniza- 
Amteicaniser, v.a. to Americanize. 
.V—, ti) bocome or be Americanized, to 
berome American 
Am^ricanisme, s.m. Americanism 
Amerttune, *./. bitterness ; sorrow, 

vcaiition, uribt, alBiction 
JLmhthymte, s.f. amethyst 
AmMbtystin, e, adj. amethystine 
Amenblement, «.m. furniture, suite 

of furniture 
Ameubllr, v.a. (law) to change (real 
jiroperty) to personalty, to muke mov- 
able ; (agr.) to mellow 


Ameublissement, s.m. (law) changing 
(real property) to personalty, making 
movable ; (agr.) mellowing 

Ameulonner, v.a. (agr.) to shock, to 
stook ; to cock ; to stack ; to heap 

Ameutement, s.m. training or form- 
ing a pack (of hounds); collecting, 
rousing ; collection, mob 

Ameuter, v.a. to train (hounds) to hunt 
together; to gather, to collect, to 
raise ; to rouse, to excite, to stir up, to 
set (against). 8' — , to gather or collect 
(into a mob); to crowd; to rise; to 
riot ; to mutiny ; to conspire 

e, friend ; lover ; lady-love, 
love; companion; dear; dear boy; 
dear girl or woman ; dear fellow. Bon 
— , bonne —e, good friend ; sweetheart. 
Cher — , chh-e — e, dear friend ; dear ; 
dear boy or girl or woman; dear or 
good fellow ; dear son or daughter or 
brother or sister or cousin or &c. ; 
love. D'—, friendly ; (of a room, bed) 
spare. U— I my friend 1 my good 
fellow! M'amie, (fam.) my dear, my 
darling, my love. — de coeur, bosom 
friend, sincere friend ; favourite lover. 
— de eour, hollow friend, sham or false 
friend. — de table, table-friend, tren- 
cher-friend, bottle-companion. — « 
comme cochons, as thick as thieves 
mi, e, adj. friendly (to); fond (of); 
beloved, favourite ; kind ; propitious, 
favourable; harmonious. — lecteur, 
kind or courteous reader 

Amiable, adj. amicable, friendly, kind, 
courteous. A V — , amicably ; amicable ; 
by private contract or treaty, private- 
ly, private [courteously 

Amiablement, adv. amicably, kindly, 

Amiante, s.m. amianthus, amiauth 

Amical, e^ adj. friendly, amicable, 
kind [amicably, kindly 

Amicalement, adv. in a friendly way, 

Amict, s.m. amice, amict 

Amidon, s.m. starch 

Amidonnage, s.m. starching 

Amidonner, v.a. to starch 

Amldonnerie, s.f. starch-making ; 
starch-manufactory, starch-works 

Amidonni-er, ^re, s.m.f. starch- 
maker or manufacturer 

Amincir, v.a. to make thin or thinner; 
to thin; to edge ofif; to lessen ; to re- 
duce ; to attenuate ; to emaciate ; to 
make (. . .) look thin. S'— , to become 
or get thin or thinner; to be made 
thin, &c. ; to make (o.'s . . .) thin [ness 

Aminclssement, s.m. thinning; thin- 

Amiral, s.m. admiral ; guard-ship ; 
flag-ship, admiral ; (shell) admiral. 
Grand — , high admiral. Vaisseau — , 
admiral's ship, flag-ship, admiral ; 

Amiralat, s.m. admiralship 

Amlrale, s.f. admiral's wife ; (obsolete) 
admiral's galley 

Amirant6, s.f. admiralty ; admiralship 

Amissibilite, s.f. (theol, law) amis- 
sibility [losable 

Amissible, adj. (theol, law) amissible, 

Amission, s.f. (theol, law) amission, 

Amiti6, s.f. friendship ; love ; affection ; 
amity ; liking, taste ; favour; pleasure ; 
kindness; sympathy; harmony; —a, 
pi love, kind regards, compliments; 
kind attentions; caresses, marks of 
affection. Prendre en — , to take a 
liking to ; to take a kind interest in 

Amman, s.m. amman (magistrate in 

Amml, s.m. (bot., pharm.) ammi 

Ammocite, s.m. ammocoetes, mud- 
lamprcy, pride, stone-grig 

Ammodyte, s.m. ammodytes, sand-eel 

Ammonia-c, que, adj. ammoniaoal, 
ammoniac. Gaz — , ammoniacal gas. 


Gomme — que, gum ammoniac, am- 

moniacum, ammoniac 
Ammoniacal, e, adj. ammoniacal 
Ammoniac^, e, adj. ammouiated 
Ammoniaque, s.f. ammonia 
Ammonite, s.f. (fossil shell) ammonite; 

— s.m.f. adj. (hist.) Ammonite 
Ammophile, s.m. (zool.) sand-wasp ; 

— s.f. (bot.) sea-reed [memory 
Amn^sie, s.f. (vied.) amnesia, loss of 
Amnios, s.m. (anat.) amnion, amnios 
Amnistie, s.f. amnesty 
Amnisti^, e, part, s.m.f. amnestied; 

person amnestied 
Amnistier, v.a. to amnesty 
Amodiataire, s.m. lessor [of a farm) 
Amodiateur, s.m. farmer, lessee 
Amodiation, s.f. farming, leasing 
Amodier, v.a. to farm out, to lease out 
Amoindrir, v.a.n., S'— , v.r. to lessen, 

to decrease, to diminish 
Amoindrissement, s.m. lessening, 

decrease, diminution ; lowering 
Amollir, v.a. to soften ; to mollify ; to 
mellow; to weaken, to enervate, to 
effeminate, to unman. S' — , to soften ; 
to be mollified ; to flag ; to abate ; to 
slacken ; to grow weak or enervated or 
effeminate; to become loose 
Amollissement, s.m. softening ; soft- 
ness ; flagging ; abatement ; weaken- 
ing, enervation, effeminacy 
Amome, s.m. (bot.) amonmm 
Amonceler, v.a. to heap up ; to pile 
up ; to gather, to collect ; to accumu- 
late; to drift. S'~,to be heaped up; 
to be piled up ; to gather, to collect ; 
to accumulate ; to drift 
Amoncellement, heaping up ; 
piling up; gathering, collection; ac- 
cumulation; heap; drift 
Amcnt, s.m. upper part (of a river). 
En — , up stream, upwai-d, up, above. 
Vent d'—, wind from up stream 
Amor^age, s.m. baiting ; priming ; be- 
ginning, opening, cutting 
Amorce, s.f. bait ; allurement ; at- 
traction; (of fire-arms, blasting, &c.) 
priming; primer; priming-tube, fric- 
tion tube, tube; fuse, fuze; (percus- 
sion) cap; (build.) first works, begin- 
ning, indication. Sans bruler une — , 
- without firing a shot 
Amorcement, s.m. V. Amorgage 
Amercer, v.a. to bait; to allure, to de- 
coy; to prime (fire-arms, a mine, &c.); 
to fetch, to prime (a pumj)); (of a 
siphon) to fill (the tube), to exhaust 
(the air); (build., tech.) to begin, to 
open, to cut. fi" — , to be baited or 
allured or &c, [— , safety match 

Amorphe, adj. amorphous. Allumette 
Amortir, v.a. to deaden ; to abate ; to 
break ; to allay, to weaken ; to soften ; 
to reduce ; to depreciate ; to subdue ; 
to appease ; to cool ; to flat ; to slacken ; 
to make tender; to pay off or repay 
by instalments or successive pay- 
ments, to liquidate ; to redeem ; to 
sink ; (law) to amortize ; — v.n, (nav.) 
to be neaped 

S'— , v.r. to be deadened or broken 
or allayed or &c. ; to abate ; to slacken ; 
to grow weak or faint ; to become 
Amortissable, ndj. repayable by in- 
stalments or successive payments ; re- 
Amortissement, s.m. deadening ; 
abatement; weakening; subduing; 
appeasement; cooling; flatting; de- 
cline; decrease ; depreciation; paying 
off or repayment by instalments or 
successive payments, liquidation ; re- 
demption; sinking; (law) amortiza- 
tion; (arch.) top ornament, finishing; 
finial ; pediment. Caisse oxfonds d'— , 


fAmouUle, i.f. beestings 
'f'Ajnotiiller, v.n. to be calving 
Amour; s.m. love; passion; flame; 
sake ; (myfft.) Cupid, Love ; — «, m-pl. 
amours ; Loves, Cupids ; — «, /.pi. 
love ; delight. — -■pro'j^re, self-love ; 
self-esteem ; self-respect ; self-interest, 
selfishness; self-conceit, vanity. — 
d'enfant, lovely child. Enfant de V — , 
love-child. — d'fcommc, delightful man. 
Faire V — , to make love (to), to flirt 
(with) [ed, smitten 

Ainouracli^j e^ adj. in love, enamour- 
Axnouraclierj v.a. to enamour. <S' — , 
to fall in love, to be enamoured or 
Amourette ; «./. (slight) love afi'air, 
love, amour, intrigue, inclination ; 
(bot.) quaking-grass; ragged robin, 
cuckoo-flower; (zool.) F. Antbr^ne ; 
— Uf pi. (cook.) — s de veau or de mouton, 
calf's or sheep's marrow 
Amoureusement J adv. lovingly ; with 
love ; fondly ; amorously ; tenderly, 
softly, gently, delicately ; gracefully 
Amoureu-Xj se^ adj. in love, ena- 
moured; loving; fond; amorous; of 
love, love ; tender, soft, delicate ; grace- 
ful ; — s.m.f. lover, follower, sweetheart. 
Devenir — , to fall in love 
Amovibilit67 «./. removability ; un- 
certain tenure 
Amovible; adj. removable ; held during 

pleasure, uncertain, precarious 
Ampdlop^Sj s.m. ijbot.) ampelopsis, 

Virginian creeper 
Amp^rei s.m. (in eleetrometry) ampere 
Amphibie, adj. amphibious ; — s.m, 

amphibian, amphibious animal 
AmpUbolog-ie, -ique, -ique- 

ment. V. page 8, § 1 
Amp]iibraque,8.m. (vers.) amphibrach 
Amphictyonie; a.f. Amphictyouic 

Amphictyonique^at^'. Amphictyonic 
Ampliictyong, Amphictyons 
Amplligouri, s.m. burlesque piece; 

nonsense, rigmarole, gibberish 
Ampliigourique, adj. burlesque ; 
nonsensical, ludicrous [sensically 
Amphigouriquement, adv. non- 
Amphimacre^ s.m. (vers.) amphimacer 
AmpliioxuS; a.m. (fish) amphioxus, 

Amphisbfene, s.m. (zool.) amphisbsena 
Ampbiscieni s.m. (geog.) amphiscian 
Amplxitli64tral} e, adj. amphithea- 


Ampliit]i64tre, s.m. amphitheatre; 

gallery ; lecture-room ; operating-room 

or theatre; dissecting-room; (anc.) 

theatre [.(fig-) the sea 

AmpUtrite, «./. (myth.) Amphitrite; 

AmpMtryon, s.m. Amphitryon ; (fig.) 

host, entertainer, inviter 
Ampliore, s.f. amphora 
Ampliorique, adj. (med.) amphoric 
Ample^ adj. ample ; full ; large ; wide ; 
broad; copious, plentiful, abundant; 
spacious, roomy 
Amplement, adv. amply; fully ; large- 
ly ; widely ; copiously, plentifully, 
abundantly ; spaciously, roomily 
Ampleur, s.f. ampleness ; fulness ; 
largeness; width; breadth; spacious- 
ness, roominess [ditional 
Ampliati-f, ve, adj. ampliative, ad- 
Ampliation, s.f. duplicate; copy; 
office copy; true copy; ampliation, 
enlargement, extension, expansion. 
Pour — , a true copy 
Amplificateur, s.m. amplifier 
Amplificati-f, ve, adj. amplificative ; 

(opt.) magnifying 
Amplification, s.f. amplification ; de- 
velopment (of a subject), theme, com- 
position; exaggeration; (opt.) magni- 


Amplifier, v.a. to amplify ; to enlarge 

upon, to develop ; to exaggerate ; (opt.) 

Amplitude, s.f. amplitude [to magnify 

Ampoule, a.f. ampulla ; phial ; blister ; 

bubble. La sainte — , ( for holy oil) the 

ampulla, the holy phial 

Ampoule, e, adj. blistered; (fig.) 

bombastic, high-flown 
Ampoulette, s.f. peg ; (nav.) log-glass 
Amptillac6, e, adj. (nat. hist.) ampul- 
Amputation, s.f. amputation [laceous 
Amput^, e, s.m.f. one who has had a 

limb amputated 
Amputer, v.a. to amputate, to cut off" 
AmtQette, s.f. amulet 
Amunitionner, v.a. (viil.) to store, to 

provision, to supply 
Amure, s.f. (nav.) tack (of a sail) 
Amurer, v.a, (nav.) to haul aboard the 

tack of (a sail) 
Amusable, adj. amusable 
Amusement, s.m. amusement ; en- 
tertainment ; sport ; diversion ; plea- 
sure ; fun ; pastime ; deception, pre- 
text; trifling; sham; stop, delay, 
hindrance ; butt, laughing-stock 
Amuser, v.a. to amuse ; to entertain ; 
to divert; to please; to gratify; to 
suit; to hold in play; to deceive, to 
trifle with ; to beguile ; to solace ; to 
occupy ; to idle away ; to talk away ; 
to delay, to detain. S' — , ta amuse or 
enjoy oneself; to loiter, to stop; to 
trifle o.'s time away ; to waste or lose 
o.'s time ; to dally ; to peddle, to potter ; 
to play ; to sport ; to make fun or sport 
(of) ; to laugh (at) ; to be amused or 
pleased; to indulge (in); to take it 
into o.'s head, to bethink oneself, to 
think (of) ; to be foolish enough (to) 
Amusette, s.f. child's play, trifling; 

plaything, toy, bauble 
Axuuseu-r, se, s.m.f. amuser ; deceiver 
Amusoire, s.f. amusement, toy, trifle, 

trifling ; sham, pretence 
Amyedale, s.f. (anat.) tonsil 
Amygdalln, e, adj., Amygdaline, 

s.f. amygdaline 
Amygdallte, a.f. (med.) tonsillitis 
Amylac6, e, a^. (chem.) amylaceous, 
Amyle, a.m. (chem.) amyl [starchy 

Amyl^ne, a.m. (chem.) amylene 
Am3rlique, adj. (chem.) amylic 
An, a,m. year ; twelvemonth ; year old, 
year of age ; — s, pi. years ; years old, 
years of age ; advanced years, old age, 
age. Bon — , wmI — , one year with 
another. Bon jour, ban — , good morn- 
ing and a happy new year to you. D'un 
—, of a year; perennial; yearly; a 
year old, yearling. Fleur dea — a, prime 
of youth, spring-time of life. Jour de 
V — , premier de V — , New-year's day. 
Service du bout de V — , bout de V — , 
(Cath. lit.) year's-mind. Avoir dix —a, 
to be ten years old. Avoir dix — a de . . ., 
to have had ten years' . . ., to have 
Ana, s.m. ana [been ten years in . . . 
Anabapt-isme, -iste. V. page 8, § 1 
Anabas, s.m. (fish) anabas, climbing- 
Anabase, s.f. (Xenophon's) Anabasis 
Anableps, a.m. (fish) anableps, star- 
gazer [cashew-nut 
Anacarde, a.m. (bot.) marking-nut, 
Anacardier, a.m. (bot.) anacardium, 
marking-nut tree, cashew, cashew- 
tree, cashew-nut tree 
lAnacharis, a.f. (bot.) anacharis, 

water-thyme, water-weed 
I Anaclior^te, s.m. anchorite, anchoret 
jAnaclior^tique, adj. anchoritical 
lAnachronisme, s.m. anachronism 
Anaconda, s.m. (serpent) anaconda 
Anacoluthe. s.f. (gram.) anacoluthon 
Anacr6ont-ique, -isme. V. page 8, 

Anafin, s.m. anafin (Arab mus. inatr.) 


AnagalUde, s.f. (bot.) anagallis, pim- 
Anagog-ie, -ique, &c. V. page 8, § 1 
Anagrammat-ique, -iquement, 

-isme, -iste. V. page 8, § 1 
Anagrammatiser, v.a.n. to ana- 

Anagranune, s.f. anagram [trefoil 
Anagyre, Anagyris, s.m. (bot.) bean- 
Anal, e, adj. (anat.) anal ; — s.f. anal 
Analectes, s.m. pi. analects [fin 

Analectique, adj. analectic 
Analepsie, s.f. (vied.) analepsis 
Analeptique, adj. mf., s.m. (med.) ana- 
leptic [-isme, -iste. V. p. 8, § l 
Analog-ie, -ique, -iquement, 
Analogue, adj. analogous; similar, 
resembling, like, kindred ; — s.m. ana- 
logue ; fellow, like 
Analysable, adj. analysable 
Analyse, s.f. analysis; parsing. En 
deiiiiere — , in short, after all, in fine, 
in conclusion ; in the end, ultimately 
Analyser, v.a. to analyse ; to parse ; to 
criticize, to review ; to dissect (a 
Analyseur, s.m. analyser \_fimoer) 

Analyste, s.m. analyst 
Anal3rtique, adj. analytic, analytical ; 

— s.f. analytics 
Analytiquement, adv. analytically 
Anamorpbose, s.f. anamorphosis 
Ananas, «.m. pine-apple, ananas ; pine- 
strawberry. Fraise — , pine-strawberry 
Anapeste, a.m. (vers.) anapest 
Anapestique, adj. (vers.) anapestic 
Anaphore, sf. (rhet.) anaphora 
Anaphrodisiaque, adj. m.f., a.m, 

(med.) anaphrodisiac 
Anapbrodisie, «./. (med.) anaphrodisia 
Anaplurodite, adj. (med.) anaphroditio 
Anarcb-ie, -ique, -iquement, 

-isme,. iste. F.page8,§l 
Anarcniser, v.a. to anarchize 
Anarrhique, a.m. wolf-fish, sea-wolf, 
cat-fish [dropsy 

Anasarque, a.f. anasarca, general 
Anastanque, a.f. (bot) rose of Jericho 
Anastomose, a.f. (anat.) anastomosis, 
inosculation [tomose, to inosculate 
Anastomoser (S'), v.r. (anat.) to anas- 
Anastrophe, a.f. (gram.) anastrophe 
Anatb^mat-ique, -isme. V. p. 8, § 1 
Anath^matiser, v.a. to anathematize 
Anatb^me, a.m. adj. anathema [cean) 
Anatife, a.m. (zool.) barnacle (cruata- 
Anatocisme, a.m. anatocism, com- 
pound interest 
Anatom-ie, -ique, -iquenxent, 

-isme, -iste. V. page 8, § 1 
Anatomiser, v.a. to anatomize; to 
dissect. -S— , to be anatomized or 
Ancetre, s.m.f. ancestor; ancestress 
Ancbe, a./, reed mouthpiece, reed ; (of 
an organ) reed-pipe ; (of a mill) meal- 
spout. Jeu a (or d') — a, reed-stop (of 
an organ) [ment) 

Ancber , v.a. to put a reed to (an inatru- 
t Ancbilops, a.m. (med.) anchilops 
Ancbois, a.m. anchovy. Beurre orpdte 
d'~, anchovy-paste [anchovied " 

Ancbois^, e, Ancboit6, e, adj. 
Ancien, ne, adj. ancient ; old ; antique ; 
old-established; old-fashioned; past; 
former, late, last, ex- ; retired ; senior. 
Plua — , senior. Moina — , junior 
Ancien, a.m. ancient; senior; elder; 
veteran; old codger, old boy, old 
f^ow ; Old Nick [old ; once, formerly 
Axiciennement, adv. anciently, of 
Anciennet6, a.f. ancientness ; oldness ; 
antiquity; age; seniority; priority. 
De toute — , from the earliest times 
Ancile, a.m. (Bom. ant.) ancile 
Ancolie, s.f. (bot.) columbine 
Ancrage, s.m. (nav.) anchorage, anchor- 
ing-ground. Droits d' — , anchos|ge- 
rates, anchorage 


, s.f. (nav.) anchor ; {huild.) brace ; 
(horol.) anchor, lever. Maitrease — , 

— de miserieorde, — de salut, sheet 
anchor. — djet, kedge, kedje-anchor. 

— de touee, stream-anchor. — du large, 
sea-anchor. — de terre, shore-anchor 

Ancrer; v.n.a. to anchor ; to 
settle, to fix, to secure, to strengthen ; 
(build.) to brace. S'— , to anchor or 
Ac. oneself, to be anchored or &c., to 
settle oneself, to get a footing 
AndS^in^ B.m. (agr.) swath; wind-row 
AndalOUS, Cy adj. t. Andalusian ; An- 

dalusian horse ; Andalusian fashion 
Andante, adv. s.m. {mua,) andante 
Andelle, t.m. AndeUe wood, best fire- 
wood (beech from the neighbourhood of 
the river Andelle, in Normandy) 
Andier, s.m. kitchen firedog, andiron 
fAndouille, «./.chitterling ; (of tobacco) 
twist, roll, pig-tail ; (pers., poj}.) poor 
stick, mutr. Brouet d' — , thin air, smoke 
fAndouiller, t.m. antler. Muitre —, 
brow antler [forcemeat-ball 

tAndouillette, «./. small chitterling ; 
Andrienne, s.f. (Terence's) Andria 
Andrinople, s.m. Turkey-red 
Androgyne, adj. androgynous ; — 8.m. 

androffyne, hermaphrodite 
Androlde, s.m. android, automaton 
Androm^de, s.f. (astr.) Andromeda; 

(bat.) (uidromeda 
Andropogon, s.m. (bot.) andropogon, 

leiiion-t,'riiss, sweet-scented ginger 
Andros^me, t.m. Millepertuit — , (bot.) 

tutsan, parkleaves 
Ane, t.m. ass ; jack-ass ; donkey; dunce, 
dolt, blockhead ; — adject, stupid, igno- 
rant. A — , on an ass, on a donkey ; on 
asses, on donkeys ; ass, donkey. — saU, 
aunt Sally (game). Bonnet d'—, dunce's 
cap. Oreillei d' — , ass's ears. C'est le 
pont aux — «, it is the asses' bridge, it 
is the easiest thing in the world, every 
fool knows that. Le coup de pied de 
V — , the kick of the ass in the fable 
An6anti, e, part. adj. annihilated, &c. 

( V. An^antir) ; utterly powerless 
Aniantir, v.a. to annihilate ; to reduce 
to nothing ; to destroy ; to ruin ; to 
astound ; to thunderstrike ; to pros- 
trate ; to tire out. S*— , to be anni- 
hilated or destroyed ; to cease to be ; 
to come to nothing, to be reduced 
to nothing; to vanish; to humble 
An^antissement, ' t.m. annihilation ; 
destruction ; ruin ; utter prostration, 
helplessness; swoon, fainting fit, un- 
consciousness ; self-humiliation ; ab- 
Anecdote, *./. anecdote [jection 

Anecdoti-er, hre, t.m.f. anecdotist 
Anecdotique, adj. anecdotical, anec- 
Anecdotiser, v.a. to intersperse with 
anecdotes ; — v.n. to relate anecdotes 
An6e, t.f. ass-load 
An^lectrique, adj. anelectric 
An6niie, sf. (med.) anaemia 
An^mier, v.a. (med.) to render ansBmic. 

S'—, to become anaemic 
JLa6xniqne,adj. (med.) anaemic; — t.m.f. 
ana;mi(; person [page 8, § 1 

An^mo-graphie, -m6trie, &c. V. 
An4moxn^tre, t.m. anemometer, wind- 
gange [flower 

Anemone, t.f. (bot.) anemone, wind- 
Anemoscope, •.m. anemoscope, wind- 
Aneriei t.f. grogs stupidity; gross 

ignorance ; gross blunder ; nonsense 
Aniroiide, adj. t.m. (phyt.) aneroid 
Anes»e, t.f. she-ass. Lait d'— , ass's 
milk [tization 

Anestb^slation, t.f. (med.) amestbe- 
Anestli^Bie, «./• imed.) antesthesia, 

Aneatli«ftier, v.n. (med.) to ansMthetise 


AneBtll6sique, adj. m.f., s.m. (med.) 
anaesthetic [tize 

Anestb^tiser, v.a. (med.) to anaesthe- 
Aneth, s.m. (bot.) dill [adj. aneurismal 
An^vrismal, e, An^vrismatique, 
An^vrisme, s.m. (med.) aneurism 
Anfractueu-x, se, adj. anfractuous; 

rugged, cragged, craggy 
Anfi:actuosit6, s.f. anfractuosity ; 
ruggedness, roughness, cragginess, 
craggy part or portion 
AngEirie, s.f. (naiml law) compulsory 

Angarier, v.a. to compel to serve as a 
transport-ship; to compel, to exact 
service from ; (old) to vex, to torment, 
to harass, to worry 
Ange, s.m. angel; chain-shot, bar-shot, 
angel-shot; (—demer) angel-fish, monk- 
fish. L'— de Vicole, the Angel of the 
Schools, the Angelic Doctor (Thomas 
Aquinas). Lit d' — , angel-bed, tent-bed. 
Etre aux — , to be in raptures, to be en- 
raptured. V. Rire, v.n. 
Angilique, s.f. (bot., conf.) angelica 
Ang^l-ique (adj.), -iquement. V. 
page 8, § 1 [cize 

Ang^liser, v.a. to angelize, to angeli- 
Angelot, s.m. angel-fish, monk-fish; 
(Normandy cheese) angelot; (old coin) 
angelot, angel [worship 

Ang61olitrie, s.f. angelolatry, angel- 
Ang61U8, s.m. (Cath. rel.) angelus 
Angevin, e, adj. s. of Anjou (formerly 
a province of France), native of Anjou, 
Angine, s.f. (med.) angina, sore-throat. 
— couennetise, diphtheria. — de poitrine, 
angina pectoris, suffocative breast- 
pang, heart-stroke [anginose 
AngUieu-x, se, adj. (med.) anginous, 
Anglo-graphie, -logie, &c. V. page 

8, §1 
Anglais, e, adj. t. English ; British ; 
Englishman, Briton ; English boy ; 
(pop.) creditor, dun ; English horse ; 
(the) English language, English ; Eng- 
lish woman or lady or girl; English 
fashion ; ringlet ; furniture binding ; 
anglaise (dance, tune); (writ.) running 
hand ; (print.) script. En bon — , in 
good or plain English, Anglice ; like a 
true Briton 
Anglaiser, v.a. to nick (a horse's tail) 
Angle, s.m. angle; corner; bend, turn. 
Angles, s.m. pi. (people) Angles [turning 
Anglet, s.m. (arch.) channel [corners 
Angleu-X, se, adj. full of angles or 
Anglican, e, adj. Anglican, English, 
of England ; — t.m.f. churchman, An- 
Anglicanisme, s.m. Anglicanism 
Anglicisation, s.f. Anglicization 
Angliciser,' v.a. to Anglicize. S'— , to 
become or be Anglicized, to become 
Angllcisme, s.m. Anglicism [English 
Anglo -J (in compounds) Anglo- . . . 
AnglO-firan^ais, e, adj. s. Anglo- 
French [Indian 
Anglo-indien, ne, adj. i. Anglo- 
Anglois, s.m. plum-tart 
Anglomane, adj. s.m.f. Anglomaniac 
Anglomanie, s.f. Anglomania 
Anglomaniser, v.a. to make (one) an 
Anglomaniac. S'—, to become an Anglo- 
maniac [Norman ; ditto horse or mare 
Anglo -normand, e, adj. s. Anglo- 
Anglophobe, s.m.f. adj. Anglophobe 
Anglophobie, s.f Anglophobia 
Anglophobique, adj. Anglophobic 
Anglo-saxon, ne, adj. t. Anglo-Saxon 
Angoisse, tf. anguish, pang, agony, 
violent pain ; distraction, distress, af- 
fliction, trouble ; anxiety ; despair 
Angoisser, v.a. to anguish, to distress 
Angoisseu-x, se, adj. anguishing, 
distressing [lobster-hook 
Angon^ t.m. angon (barbed tpear); 


Angone, s.f. (med.) aiigone, globus 

Angora, adj.s.m.f. Angora ; Angora 

cat ; Angora goat ; Angora rabbit 
Anguichure, s.f. (hunt.) horn-belt 
fAnguillade, s.f. lash, lashing, cut 
fAnguille, s.f. eel; (fig.) strip, lash; 
(play) fly-the-garter. — de haie, (com- 
mon) snake. — de mcr, sea-eel, conger. 

— sous roche, snake in the grass 
fAnguiller, s.m. (nav.) limber, limber- 
hole [eel-basket, eel-pot 

fAnguill^re, s.f. eel-pond; eelbuck, 
fAnguillifomie, adj. anguilliform, 
eel-shaped Iblc, wheat-worm 

Anguillule, s.f. (ivorm) vibrio. — du 
Angulaire, adj. angular. Pierre — , 

Angulairement, adv. angularly 
Angularity, s.f. angularity 
Angiil6, e, adj. angulated, angular 
Angiileu-x, se, adj. angulous, an- 

gular ; sharp ; harsh 

Angusticlave, s.m. (Rom. a^it.) an- 

gusticlave [narrowness 

AngUStie, s.f. (med.) constriction, 

Angusture, s.f. (pharm.) Angostura 

Anb^lation, s.f. (med.) anhelation 
Anhinga, s.m.(zool.) snake-bird, darter 
Anbydre, adj. (chem.) anhydrous 
Ani, ani, savanna blackbird, keel- 
bird, keel-bill [hitch 
Anicrocbe, s.f. diflaculty, impediment, 
Ani-er, ^re, s.m.f. ass-driver, donkey- 
Anil, s.m. (bot.) anil [driver 
Aniline, s.f. (chem.) aniline 
fAnille, s.f. crutch; ring; (of a mill) 
rynd (or rind), moline ; (her.) millrind ; 
(bot.) tendril [moline 
fAniil^e, adj.f. Croix — , (her.) cross 
Animadversion, s.f. animadversion 
Animal, e, adj. animal ; sensual, gross ; 

Animal, s.m. animal; beast, brute; 
creature ; dolt, fool, blockhead ; fellow, 
'^ fish 

Animalculaire, adj. animalcular 
Animalcule, s.m. animalcule ' 

Animalier, s.m. V. Animaiiste 
Animalisation, s.f. animalization 
Animaliser, v.a. to animalize ; to ani- 
mate. S' — , to become or be animalized 
Animaiiste, s.m.f, animal painter or 
paintress, painter or sculptor of ani- 
mals, animalist 
Animalite, s.f. animality 
Anima-teur, trice, a<y. animating ; 

— s.m.f. animater 
Animation, s.f. animation ; move- 
ment, bustle, life ; spirit ; warmth, ex- 
citement, irritation, hastiness, passion 

Anim6, e,part. adj. animated, &c. (V. 
Anixner) ; living ; lively ; gay ; vivid ; 
sprightly; spirited, brisk ; stirring, ac- 
tive, bustling, busy; bright; glowing; 
angry, incensed; eager, greedy, life- 
Anixn6, s.f. anime (resin) [like 

AnimeUes, s.f. pi. fry, lamb's fry 
Animer, v.a. to animate ; to give life 
to ; to quicken ; to brighten ; to light 
up ; to inflame ; to flush ; to heighten ; 
to enliven; to inspirit; to incite, to 
encourage; to excite; to incense, to 
exasperate ; to inspire ; to actuate ; to 
fill ; to impel 

S' — , v.r. to become (or got or be) 
animated or excited or &c. ; to grow or 
get warm, to warm ; to bestir oneself ; 
to brighten ; to glow ; to take fire, to be 
angry ; to cheer up ; to take courage ; 
to encourage each other 
Animisme, s.m. animism [mistic 

Animiste, s.m.f. animist ; — adj. ani- 
Animosit6, s.f, animosity; spite, ran- 
cour; excitement, hastiness, passion, 
Anis, t.m. anise, aniseed ; aniseed oom- 


fits. — etoile, star-anise, star-aniseed. 
Graine d'— , aniseed 
Aniser, v.a. to flavour with aniseed 
Anisette, «./. anisette (liqueur) 
Ankyloglosse, «.jw. {mrg.) ankylo- 

glossia, tongue-tie 
Anlcylose, «./. (med.) ankylosis 
Anlcyloser, v.a. (med.) to ankylose. 
S' — , to become ankylosed [lutely 

Annal, e, adj. (law) for one year abso- 
Annales, s.f.iJl. annals 
Annaliste, s.m.f. annalist [mite 

Annaxnite, adj. s.m.f. Annamese, Anna- 
Annate, s.f. annates, first fruits 
Anneau, «.ni. ring ; circlet ; bow ; link ; 

coil ; curl, ringlet. — brise, split ring 
Ann^e, s.f. year ; twelvemonth ; 
harvest, crop ; vintage ; income, rent ; 
— s, Tpl. years ; advanced age, old age. 
— commune or vwyenne, one year with 
another. A l'~, by the year. Les belles 
— a, the prime of life. Souhaiter la 
bonne — , to wish a happy new year. 
Souhait or compliment de bonne — , com- 
pliments of the season 
Axmel^, e, adj. annulated; in curls, in 
ringlets [ring, to nuzzle 

Anneler, v.a. to curl in ringlets; to 
Annelet, s.m. small ring, ringlet ; (arch., 

her.) annulet 
Ann6lides, (zool.) annelides 
Annelure, s.f. curling 
Annexation, s.f. annexation 
Annexe, s.f. annex ; annexe ; schedule, 
rider ; chapel of ease ; dependency ; 
(nav.) (navire — ) tender ; — adj. an- 
nexed [annexed 
Annexer, v.a. to annex. S' — , to be 
Annexion, s.f. annexation 
Annexionisme, s.m. annexationism 
Annexioniste, s.m.f. adj. annexation- 
Annihilable, adj. annihilable 
Annihilation, s.f. annihilation 
Annihiler, v.a. to annihilate. S'—, to 

be annihilated 
fAnniUe, «/. V. AnlUe fsary 

Anniversaire, adj.m.f., s.m. anniver- 
Annomination, s.f. annomination 
Annonce, s.f. announcement; notice, 
notification ; publication ; advertise- 
ment ; advertising ; banns ; indica- 
tion, sign, mark. Faire une — , to put 
in an advertisement, to advertise 
Annoncer, v.a. to announce ; to make 
known ; to publish ; to proclaim ; to 
declare ; to give notice of ; to inti- 
mate ; to give out ; to inform, to ad- 
vise, to tell ; to mention, to speak of ; 
to premise ; to indicate ; to give in- 
dications of ; to bespeak ; to show ; to 
usher in ; to promise ; to give hopes 
of ; to foretell ; to forebode ; to adver- 
tise ; to preach. Se faire — , to send 
in o.'s name 

S' — , v.r. to announce oneself; to 
. present oneself ; to announce its com- 
ing ; to manifest itself, to make itself 
known ; to appear ; to begin ; to be 
preceded (by) ; to announce to each 
other, to tell each other; to be an- 
nounced. S' — bien, to promise fair, to 
be promising. S' — mal, to be un- 
Annonceu-r, se, s.m.f. announcer 
Annonciade, s.f. (rel order) annun- 
ciade [nouncer 

Annoncia-teur, trice, s.m.f. an- 
Annonciation, • s.f. Annunciation, 
Lady-day ; (obsolete) annunciation, 
Annota-teur, trice, s.m.f. annotator 
Annotation, s.f. annotation 
Annoter, v.a. to annotate 
Annuaire, s.m. annual, year-book, 
calendar, almanac, directory, list, 
guide. — du commerce, Trade direc- 
tory. — des marees, tide-tables 


Annuel, le, adj. annual, yearly. Plante 
— le, annual 

Annuel, s.m. tax for a year ; year's or 
annual income ; (Cath. lit.) annal, 
year's-mind ; annual feast 

Annuellement, adv. annually, yearly 

Annuity, s.f. annuity 

Annulable, adj. annullable; reversi- 
ble ; repealable ; voidable 

Annulaire, adj. annular. Doigt — , 
— , s.m. ring-finger 

Annulation, s.f., Annulement, 
s.m. annulment, annulling ; reversal ; 
cancelling; repeal; abolition 

Annul6, e, part, annulled, &c. (V. 
Annuler, v.a.) ; — adj. (nat. hist.) an- 
nulate, annulated, ringed 

Annuler, v.a. to annul ; to nullify ; to 
stultify; to reverse, to quash, to set 
aside ; to rescind ; to repeal ; to abol- 
ish ; to cancel ; to void ; to render 
null and void ; to frustrate, to baffle, 
to foil, to render powerless ; (book- 
keep.) to pass per contra, to debit or 
credit per contra. S' — , to annul each 
other ; to be annulled, &c., to become 

Anobli, s.m. newly-created noble [null 

Anoblir, v.a. to ennoble, to confer no- 
bility on, to raise to the peerage. 
S' — , to assume or purchase a title ; 
(Jig.) to be ennobled [nobility 

Anoblissement, s.m. ennoblement ; 

Anodin, e, adj. anodyne, assuaging, 
soothing ; mild, gentle ; unmeaning ; 
tame ; insipid ; — s.m. anod)Tie 

Anodonte, s.f. anodon, pond-mussel, 

Anonxal, e, adj. anomalous [3, § 1 

fnomal-ie, -isnxe, -istique. V. p. 
non, s.m. ass's foal, young ass 
Anone, s.f. (bot.) anona, custard-apple 
Anonnement, s.m. foaling ; faltering, 
stammering, stuttering, hemming and 
Anonner, v.n. to foal ; — v.n.a. to hem 
and haw, to falter, to stammer ; to 
stammer out [anonymity 

Anonirmat, s.m. anonymousness, 
Anon3rxne, adj. anonymous; joint- 
Anon3rme, s.m. anonymous person; 
anonymousness, anonymity. Sous 
I'—, anonymously. Garder I'—, not to 
give o.'s name, to remain anonymous 
Anoninnenient, adv. anonymously 
Anon3m3lie, s.f. anonymousness, ano- 
nymity [s.m. (zool.) anoplotherium 
Anoplotb^re, Anoplotherium, 
Anordie, s.f. (nar.) wind tui'ning north- 
ward [northward 
Anordir, v.n. (nav.) to veer or turn 
Anorexie, s.f. (med.) anorexia, anorexy 
Anormal, e, adj. abnormal 
Anormalement, adv. abnormally 
Anormalite, sf. abnormality 
Anosmie, Anosphr^sie, s.f. (med.) 

anosmia, anosphresia, loss of smell 
Anse, s.f. handle ; ear ; cove. — de 
panier, basket-handle ; (arch., voiite or 
arcade a — de panier), surbased (or 
elliptical) arch. — du panier, (fig.) 
(servants') unlawful profits on pur- 
chases, market - penny. Panier a 
deux — s, (fig.) a thorn between two 
roses, an ass with two panniers, (man 
with a female on each arm). Faire le 
panier a deux — «, to have a female 
hanging on each arm, to walk bodkin. 
Faire le pot d deux — s, to set o.'s arms 
akimbo. Faire danser I' — du panier, 
to gain upon marketing (for o.'s 
master) [sAatlquo 

Ans6atique (bad spelling). V. Han- 
Anserine, adj. f. (m^d.) Peau — , 

goose-skin ; — s.f. (bot.) goosefoot 
Ansette, «/. small handle ; bow, loop 

(for the ribbon of a knight's cross) 
Ansidre, «./. bay-fishing net 


Anspect, «.»i. {nav.) handspike 
Antacide, adj. m.f, s.m. (med.) antacid 
Antagonique, adj. antagonistic 
Antagonisme, antagonism 
Antagoniste, adj. antagonist, 
opponent [times 

Antan, s.m. (obsolete) last year ; former 
Antanaclase, s.f. (rhet.) antanaclasis 
Antarctique, adj. antarctic 
Antar^S, s.m. (astr.) Antares [F. Ente 
Ante, s.f. (arch.) anta, pilaster ; (paint.) 
Ant^bois, s.m. (carp.) fillet (on a floor, 
alongside the skirting) [previously 

Ant6c6denunent, adv. antecedently, 
Ant6c6dence, s.f. antecedence 
Antecedent, e, adj. antecedent, pre- 
ceding, previous [dent 
Antecedent, s.m. antecedent; prece- 
t Antechrist, s.m. Antichrist [vian 
Antediluvien, ne, adj. s. antedilu- 
Antefixe, s.f. (anc. arch.) antefix 
Antemetique, adj. m.f, s.m. (med.) 
antemetic [horn ; (nav.) lateen yard 
Antenne, s.f. (zool.) antenna, feeler, 
Antenois, e, Antenais, e, adj. year- 
ling; — s.m.f. yearling; yearling 
sheep, teg ; hogget 
Antenuptial, e, adj. antenuptial 
Antepenultieme, adj. m.f, s.f. ante- 
penultimate ; antepenultima, ante- 
penult [against freckles 
Antepheiique, a4j. antephelic, 
Anterieur, e, adj. anterior, prior, 
former, previous, past ; fore, front, 
foremost [previously, before 
Anterieurement, adv. anteriorly, 
Anteriorite, s.f. anteriority, priority, 

Antheiie, s.f. (meteorology) anthelion, 
fog-bow, white rainbow, circle of UUoa 
Anthelxnintique,, adj. m.f, s.m. 

(med.) anthelmintic 
Anthere, s.f. (bot.) anther, tip 
Antbistirie, s.f. (bot.) kangaroo-grass 
Antbo-graphie, -logic, -logique. 

V. page 3, § 1 
Antbomyie, s.f. ( fly) anthomyia 
Antbracite, s.m. anthracite, glance- 
coal, stone-coal, blind coal 
Anthranose, s.f. vine-rust 
Ant]irax,«.m. (med.) anthrax, carbuncle 
Antbrene, s.m. (zool.) anthrenus mu- 
sseorus (mimic-beetle) [F. page 3, § 1 
Anthropo- graphic, -graphique. 
Anthropo'ide, adj. anthropoid ; —s.m. 
anthropoid ape, anthropoid [p. 3, § 1 
Anthropo-logie, -logique, &c. F. 
Anthropometre, anthropometer 
Anthropometr-ie, -ique. V. page 
3, § 1 [morphous 

Anthropomorphe, adj. anthropo- 
Anthropomorphisme. F. p. 3, § 1 
Antbropomorphite, s.m.f. anthropo- 

Anthropophage, adj. anthropopha- 
gous, cannibal, man-eating ; — s.m.f. 
anthropophagus, anthropophagite, 
cannibal, man-eater 
Anthropophagie, s.f. anthropo- 
phagy, cannibalism, man-eating 
Anthyllide, s.f. (bot.) anthyllis. — 
vulneraire, kidney- vetch, lady's fingers, 
woundwort [(before, fore, front) ante 
Anti, (in compounds : against) anti ; 
Antiabolition-isme, -iste. F. page 
3, § 1 [antiacid 

AntLacide, adj.m.f, s.m. (med.) antacid, 
Antiannexioniste, s.m.f. adj. anti- 

Aitiaphrodisiaque, adj.m.f, s.m. 
(med.) antaphrodisiac, antiaphrodisiao 
Antiapoplectique, adj.m.f, s.m. 

(med.) antiapoplectic 
Antiar, s.m. antiar 
Antiarine, s.f. (chem.) antiarine 
Antiaris, s.m. (bot.) antiaris 
Antiaristocrate, s.m.f. antiaristo- 
crat ; — adj. antiaristocratic % 


AntiarlBtocratique, adj. antiaristo- 

Antiartliritique, adj.m.f., «.m. (med.) 
antiiirthritic, antarthritic [scriptural 
Antibiblique; adj. antibiblical, anti- 
Antibilieu-X; se, adj. antibilioas 
AntiboiS; s.m. V. Ant^bois 
Anticatliolique, adj.s.m.f. antica- 

Antichanxbre, «./. anteroom, ante- 
chamber, outward room, Faire — , 
to dance attendance, to wait. Faire 
faire — , to keep waiting. Propos d'—, 
servants' gossip [anticholeraic 

lAnticliol^rique, adj.m.f., s.m. {med.) 
lAnticlir^se, sf. (law) antichresis, 
living pledge pledge {pledging of real 
property) [tian ; unchristian 

JAntichrdtien, ne, adj. s. antichris- 
lAnticbristianisme, s.m. antichris- 

tianity ; antichristianism 
Anticipation) a.f. anticipation; ad- 
vance ; loan ; encroachment 
Anticip6, e, part. adj. anticipated ; 
anticipatory; foregone; in advance, 
made in advance ; premature 
Anticiper, v.a.n. to anticipate ; to 

forestall ; to antedate ; to encroach 
Anticivilisa-tenr, -tzlce, adj. anti- 

Anticiv-ique, -inne. V. page 8, § 1 
Anticlerical, e, adj.8. anticlerical 
Anticlimax, a.m. {rhet.) anticlimax 
Anticoenr, a.m. V. Avant'coeur 
AnticombUBtible, adj. fire-annihi- 
lating ; — a.m. fire-annihilator 
Anticonunercial, e, adj. anticom- 
mercial [constitutional 

Anticonstitutionnel, le, adj. anti- 
Anticonstitntionnellenient, adv. 

Anticyclone, a.m. anticyclone 
Antidartreu-x, se, adj., Antidar- 

trenx, a.m. antiherpetic 
Antidate, «./. antedate 
Antidater, r.a. to antedate 
Antid^mocrate, a.m.f. antidemocrat ; 

— adj. antidemocratic [cratic 
Antid^mocratique, adj. antidemo- 
AntidiaZTli6ique, adj.m.f., a.m. {med.) 

antidiarrhoeal {adj.), antidiarrhoeic («.) 
Antidore, a.m. {Gr. lit.) antidoron {pi. 

antidora), holy bread, holy loaf 
AntiLdotaiire, antidotary 
Antidote, a.m. antidote 
Antidysent6rique,a<f;.m./.,8.m. {med.) 

antidysenteric [antiemetic 

Anti^m^tiqne, adj.m.f., a.m. {med.) 
Antienne, a.f. anthem ; {fam.) song ; 

tiresome repetition ; piece of news. V, 

CIWAter [antiepileptic 

Anti6pileptiqne, adj.m.f, a.m. {med.) 
Antiipiscopal, e, adj. antiepiscopal 
AntiesclavaglBme, a.m. antislavery 
Antiesclavagiste, a.m.f abolitionist ; 

— adj. antislavery [cal 
Anti^Tans^liqne, adj. antievangeli- 
Antif<6brile, adj.m.f, a.m. antifebrile 
Antifriction, </. adj. antifriction ; 

imftal) antifriction metal 
Antigoatteu-x, m, (ufj., Antigout- 

tenx, a.m. med.) antiarthritic, antar- 
Antlsr^viste, a.m. non-striker, knob- 

Btick [antihysteric 

Antiliyst^riqne, adj. m.f, ».m. {med.) 
Antilaiteu-x, se, adj. (m<d.) antiga- 

Antilib^ral. e, adj.a. antiliberal 
Antllib6ralisnie, a.m. antilibcralism 
An t ill th i qne,, a.m. {med.) an- 
Antilogle, af. antilogy [tilithic 

Antil ol>e, af. ant<;lope 
Antimacassar, a.m. antimacassar 
Antim6phiUque,, a.m. anti- 

Antiministtoiel, le, adj. antimlnis- 

terial ; — a.m. antimiuisterialist 


Antimoine, s.m. antimony 
Antimonarcli-ique, -iste. V. p. 3, § 1 
Antimonial, e, adj., Antimonial, 
a.m., Antimoni^, e, adj. antimonial 
Antinational, e, adj. antinational 
Antinom-ie, -iqHC, -iquement. 
Antipape, s.m. antipope [F. p. 8, § 1 
Antipapisme, a.m. antipapism, anti- 
popery [antipapistical, antipapal 
Antipapiste, a.m.f. antipapist ; — adj. 
Antipatber, v.a. {pop.) to dislike, to 
hate, to abominate [nance, dislike 
Antipathic, sf. antipathy, repug- 
Antipathique, adj. antipathetic, re- 
pugnant, distasteful 
Antipatriot-ique, -isme. V. p. 3, § 1 
Antip^riodique,, s.m. {vied.) 

Antipestilentiel, le, adj. antipesti- 
lential [sophical 

Antiphilosopliique, adj. antiphilo- 
AntiphlOgistique, adj.m.f, s.m. {med.) 
antiphlogistic [phonary 

Antiplionaire, s.m. antiphonar, anti- 
Antiphone, antiphon 
Antiplirase, s.f. antiphrasis, irony 
Antipodal, e, adj. antipodal 
Antipode, s.m. antipode . 

Antipo6tique, adj. antipoetical.; un- 

Antipopulaire, adj. antipopular 
Antipsorique, adj.m.f, s.m. {med.) an- 
tipsoric [factive, antiseptic 

Antiputride, adj.m.f, s.m. antiputre- 
Antip3n:6tique, adj.m.f, s.m. {med.) 

Antip3rrine, a.f. {pharm.) antipyrine 
fAntiquaille, s.f worthless antique, 
piece of antiquity, old curiosity, old 
stuflF, old rubbish, old-fashioned nick- 
nack, antiquated old thing, antiquity 
Antiquaire, antiquary 
Antique, adj. antique, ancient; old; 

antiquated, old-fashioned ; former 
Antique, s.m. {no plural in French) an- 
tique {ancient art) ; — sf. antique, an- 
tiquity {ancient work of art); antique 
or old style ; (—a, antiques, an- 
tiquities). A I'—, after the antique, 
in the antique style ; in an old-fashion- 
ed manner, in the old style [cient style 
Antiquer. v.a. to bind {a book) in an- 
Antiquite, s.f antiquity ; ancientness ; 
ancients. De toute — , from the earliest 
times [-— adj. antireform 

Antir6fomiiBte, s.m.f antireformist ; 
Antireligieu-x, se, adj. antireligious 
Antir6publicain, e, adj. s. antire- 

Antir6volutionnaire, adj. antire- 
volutionary ; — s.m.f antirevolutionist 
AntirliumatiBmal,e, acfj. (med.) anti- 
Antiscien, a.m. {geog.) antiscian 
Antiscorbutique, adj.m.f, a.m. {med.) 

Antiscrofuleu-x, se, adj., Anti- 
Scrofuleux,s.m. (med.) antiscrofulous 
Antiseptique, adj.m.f., s.m. antiseptic 
Antisocial, e, adj. antisocial 

Antistropbe, s.f. antistrophe 
AntisyphiUtique, adj.m.f, a.m. {med.) 

Antitbdse, a.f antithesis 
Antt^6tique, adj. antithetic [rian 
- S?^****"' *•'"•/• "<y- antitrinita- 
Antituberculeu-x, se, adj. {med.) 

Antiunioniste, s.m./. adj. antiunionist 
Anti vaccination, a.f anti vaccination 
* Hlf^***®?' **«' "'^i- »ntivenereal 
« B5Z}*®®**°**J *•/• antivivisection 
Antlyivisectioniste, a.m.f antivivi- 

Antofle, a.m. mother clove {clove-berry) 


Antoiser, v.a. {hort.) to heap {manure) 
Antonomase, s.f. (rhet.) antonomasia 
Antonyme, s.m. antonym; — adj. 

Antonyxnie, s.f. antonymy 
Antonymique, adj. antonymic, an- 

tonymical, antonymous 
Anton3aniquement, adv. antony- 
mously [lair ; retreat 

Antre, s.m. cave; cavern; grotto; den; 
Anuit6, e, adj. benighted, belated 
Anuiter <S')> v.r. to be benighted, to 
stay till dark, to stay too late (on the 
Anurie, s.f (med.) anuria [road) 

Anus, s.m. (anat.) anus ; vent 
Anversois, e, adj. s. of Antwerp; 
Anxi6t6, s.f. anxiety [Antwerper 

Anxieusement, adv. anxiously 
Anxieu-x, se, adj. anxious 
Aonien, ne, adj. Aonian 
Aoriste, s.m. {Gr. gram.) aorist 
Aorte, s.f. {anat.) aorta 
Aortique, adj. {anat.) aortic, aortal 
Aoiit, s.m. August, the month of 

August ; harvest-time ; harvest 
Ao'Cltage, s.m. harvest time; harvest- 
ing, harvest [tion ; lignification 
Ao^tement, s.m. ripening, matnra- 
Aoiiter, v.a.n., S'— , v.r. to ripen ; to 

reap ; to lignify 
Aoliteron, s.m. harvestman, reaper 
Apache, s.m.f adj. Apache 
Apaisable, adj. appeasable 
Apaisement, s.m. appeasement, paci- 
fication ; reconciliation 
Apaiser, v.a. to appease ; to pacify ; to 
calm, to still ; to quiet ; to lull ; to as- 
suage ; to allay ; to soothe ; to al- 
leviate ; to quell ; to subdue ; to make 
up; to silence, to hush; to quench. 
S'—, to become {or be) appeased, &c. ; 
to abate ; to subside ; to become {or 
get) calm or quiet ; to fall ; to cease 
Apaiseur, s.m. appeaser ; peace-maker, 

Apalachine, Apalanche, s.f. {bot.) 

Appalachian tea, winter-berry 

Apanage, s.m. appanage ; appendage, 

attribute, prerogative, concomitant, 

lot, portion [panage, to portion 

Apanager, v.a. to endow with an ap- 

Apanagiste, s.m.f. appanagist ; — adj. 

having an appanage 
Apanthrop-ie, -ique. V. p. 8, § 1 
Apart6, s.m. aside, words spoken aside, 
stage-whisper; separate group {in an 
assembly), private conversation ; — adv. 
Apathie, s.f. apathy [En —, aside 

Apathique, adj. apathetic 
Apepsie, s.f. {med.) apepsia, apepsy 
Aperception,s./. (philos.) apperception 
Apercevable, adj. perceivable, per- 
ceptible [goggle-eyed 
Apercevant, e, adj. {of a horse) 
Apercevoir, v.a. to perceive, to see; 
to discover, to descry; to observe, to 
remark, to notice ; to discern ; to un- 
derstand. S'—, to perceive, to see ; to 
become or be aware (of) ; to find out, 
to find; to discover; to observe, to 
notice, to take notice of; to under- 
stand; to perceive or see oneself; to 
perceive or see each other ; to be seen, 
to show, to be visible [ceived, &c. 
Aper^u, e, {part, of Apercevoir) per- 
Aper^u, s.m. glance; view; glimpse; 
cursory view ; survey ; slight notion ; 
general idea, idea ; hint ; observation ; 
sketch ; outline ; summary, brief ac- 
count ; compendium ; rough estimate ; 
{nav.) answering pendant, answering. 
En — , summarily. Far — , at a rough 
guess [opening; appetizing 
■^PffJtJ-fj ve, adj. {med.) aperient. 
Aperitif, s.m. {med.) aperient; ap- 
Ap6tale, adj. {bot.) apetalous 
ApeUsser, v.a.n. V. Rapetisser 


A peu prds. V. Prds {A peu) 

Apeure, e, adj. afraid, affrighted, 

Aphasie, «./. {med.) aphasia 
Apli61ie, 8.VI. (aitr.) aphelion 
Apli6xnie, «./. (med.) aphemia 
Apll6r^se, s.f. (gram., med., surg.) 

aphaeresis, apheresis 
Aphidien,; adj. (zool.) aphidian 
AplliS; {zool.) V. Puceron [less 
Aphlogi8tique,a4;.aphlogistic, flame- 
Aphone, adj. aphonous, voiceless 
Aphonie, »./. {vied.) aphonia, aphony, 

loss of voice 
Apbor-isme, -istique, &c. V. p. 8, § 1 
Apiirodisiaque^ adj.m.f., s.m. (med.) 

Aplirodite; s.f. aphrodite, sea-mouse 
Aphte, s.m. slight ulcer {in the mouth), 

aphtha ; — s, pi. aphthje ; thrush 
Apllteu-X; se, adj. {vied.) aphthous. 
Fievre or maladie — se, {vet.) foot-and- 
mouth disease 
Api, s.m. {bot.) Pomme (/.) d' — , lady- 
apple ; (Jig.) ruddy cheek [tribe 
Apiaire, adj. apiarian ; — a, bee- 
Apicole^ adj. apicultural 
ApiculteuT; s.m. apiarist, apiarian, 

bee-master, bee-keeper 
Apiculture, s.f. apiculture 
Api^ceu-r, se, s.m.f. piece-worker, 

Apion, (zool.) apion, clover-weevil, (nav.) peaking 
Apiqu6, e, adj. {nav.) apeak 
Apiquer, v.a. {nav.) to peak 
Apitoiexuentj s.m. compassion, pity 
Apitoyer, v.a. to move to pity, to af- 
fect, to move ; to soften. S'—, to be 
moved to pity, to be affected or &o.; to 
pity, to compassionate 
Apivore, adj. {zool.) apivorous 
fAplaigner, v.a. to teasel {cloth) 
Aplani, e, part. adj. level; flat; 

smooth; even; removed 
Aplanir, v.a. to level ; to smooth ; to 
make level or even ; to remove. S'—, 
to become level or smooth or even or 
easy ; to be made level or &c. ; to be 
removed, to disappear 
Aplanissexnent, s.m. levelling ; 
smoothing ; making even ; smooth- 
ness ; evenness ; removal 
Aplater, v.a. {nav.) to mesa 
Aplati, e, part. adj. flattened, &c. (V. 

Aplatir); flat 
Aplatir, v.a. to flatten, to flat ; to make 
or beat flat ; to beat or press down ; to 
sink ; to depress ; to lower, to humble ; 
to silence, to shut up, to put or set 
down, to floor, to beat hollow; to 
squelch, to crush; to hush. S'—, to 
become or get flat, to flatten; to be 
flattened ; to sink ; to collapse ; to 
crouch ; to humble oneself, to cringe 
Aplatissement, s.m. flattening; flat- 
ness ; depression ; sinking ; collapse ; 
lowering ; humbling, humiliation ; 
crouching; cringing; silencing; beat- 
ing to nothing 
Aplatisseur {pers., instr.), Aplatis- 
aoir (instr.), s.m. flatter [ting-rollers 
Aplatissoire, s.f. flatting-mill, flat- 
Apletj s.m. herring-net, drift-net ; long- 
Aplomb, s.m. perpendicularity ; up- 
rightness ; poise ; equilibrium ; steadi- 
ness, firmness ; assurance, self-pos- 
session, coolness. D' — , plumb; per- 
pendicular; perpendicularly; upright; 
uprightly ; in equilibrium ; steady, 
firm ; steadily, firmly ; {of blows) vigor- 
ous, smart ; vigorously, smartly 
Aplysie, s.f. (zool.) aplysia, sea-hare 
Apn6e, «/. {med.) apnoea, suspension 

of breathing 
Apocalypse; s.f. apocalypse, revela- 1 
tion ; obscure thing, obscurity. Styl^ [ 


d'—, obscure style. Le cheval de V — , 

a sorry jade [scnre 

Apocal3rptique, adj. apocalyptic ; ob- 

Apoco, s.m, mere nobody; nobody, 

silly fellow 
Apocope ; s.f. {gram., surg.) apocope 
Apocoper, v.a. {gram.) to apocopate 
Apocrisiaire, s.m. apocrisiary 
Apocr3rpIie, adj. apocryphal, doubtful, 
suspicious ; fictitious, false, spurious ; 
— s. apocryphal; — b, {livres — s) 
apocrypha, apocryphals, apocryphal 
books or writings [mouches, dogbane 
Apocyn, s.m. (bot.) apocynum, — gobe- 
Apode, adj. apodal, footless ; (fish) 
apodal, destitute of ventral fins ; — s.m. 
Apodictique; adj. apodictic, apodicti- 
cal, evident [height, acme 

Apogee, s.m. apogee; (fig.) zenith, 
Apographe, apograph, transcript, 

copy ; copying-instrument 
ApoUon, s.m. (zool.) Apollo, crimson- 
ringed buttei-fly 
Apolog^tique, adj. apologetic, apolo- 
getical ; exculpatory ; — s.f. (theol.) 
apologetics ; — s.m. (Tertullian's) 
Apologeticus [vindication, defence 
Apologue, s.f. apology; justification, 
Apologique, adj. apologetic 
Apolog^Ste, apologist 
Apologue? «.wi. apologue, fable. Com- 
prendre or entendre V — , (fam.), to know 
all about it ; to understand 
Apon6vrose; s.f. (anat.) aponeurosis 
Apon^vrotique, adj. (anat.) aponeu- 
rotic [thegm 
Apophtegme; s.m. apophthegm, apo- 
Apophyge, s.f. (arch.) apophyge, scape, 
spring [process, swelling 
Apopbyse, s.f. (anat., bot.) apophysis, 
Apoplectique, adj. s.m.f. apoplectic 
Apoplexie, s.f. apoplexy. D'— , of 

apoplexy; apoplectic 
Apostasie, s.f. apostasy [to renounce 
Apostasier, v.n. to apostatize ; — v.a. 
Apostat, adj.m., i.m. apostate [abscess 
Apostdme, s.m. (obsolete) aposteme, 
Apostement, s.m. posting, placing, 

putting, setting 
Aposter, v.a. to set to watch ; to place 
in readiness ; to place in ambush, to 
secrete; to post, to station, to place, 
• to put, to set 

A posteriori, adv. V. Posteriori 
fApostille, s.f. apostil, postil, marginal 
note, side-note, foot-note ; postscript ; 
recommendatory note 
fApostiller, v.a. to add a postscript or 

a recommendatory note to 
Apostolat, s.m. apostleship,apostolate 
Apostolicitd, s.f. apostolicity, apos- 

Apostol-ique, -iquement. r.p.3§l 
Apostrophe, s.f. apostrophe ; address ; 
reproach; insult, attack; blow; mark, 
Apostropher, v.a. to apostrophize ; to 
address; to reproach; to fly at; to 
strike [abscess 

Apostume, s.m. (obsolete) apostume, 
Apoth6ose, s.f. apotheosis 
Apotll^oser, v.a. to apotheosize 
Apoth^Otique, adj. apotheotic 
Apothicaire, s.m. apothecary; dis- 
penser. Comptc (or memoire) d' — , ex- 
orbitant bill 
Apothicairerie, s.f. V. Pharmacie 
Apothicairesse, s.f. (in nunneries) 


Apdtre, s.m. apostle; — s, pi. apostles; 

(nav.) knight-heads. Bon — , hypocrite, 

would-be-saint, (ironically) good man, 

good creature [coction 

Apoz^me, (med.) apozem, de- 

Apparaitre, v.n. to appear; to start 

up; to make ft shprt appearance, to 

show oneself 


Apparat, s.m. pomp ; state ; show ; dis- 
play ; pageantry ; ostentation ; great 
style; compendious dictionary, vocabu- 
lary, apparatus. D'—, of state, state ; 
for show ; ostentatious ; solemn ; high ; 
great, grand ; studied, set 
Apparaux,, (nav.) apparel, 

tackle, purchase 
fAppareil, ».7h. preparation, prepara- 
tive ; pomp, magnificence, splendour, 
pageant ; solemnity; fuss ; sight ; train ; 
equipage ; apparel, attire, equipment ; 
apparatus; furniture; appliance, ap- 
pliances ; implements ; fittings; tackle ; 
gear, gearing ; machinery ; organs ; 
structure ; (surg.) dressing, bandage ; 
(arch.) dressing; (of stones) size; (nav.) 
purchase [ridges 

fAppareiUade, s.f. pairing (of part- 
fAppareillage, s.m. (nav.) weighing, 
getting under weigh (or way), getting 
under sail or under steam ; (agr.) 
matching ; (build.) dressing [team 

fAppareilleznent, s.m. matching ; set, 
-j-Appareiller, v.a. to match ; to dress ; 
to trim ; to fit ; to prepare ; to join ; — 
v.n. (nav.) to weigh, to get under weigh 
(or way), to. get under sail or under 
steam. S'—, to connect or join one- 
self; to associate; to bear some affin- 
ity ; to match ; to be matched ; to pair 
fAppareiUeur, s.m. dresser ; trimmer ; 
fitter; gas-fitter [between 

fAppareilleuse, s.f. procuress, go- 
Apparemment, adv. apparently 
Apparence, s.f. appearance ; likeli- 
hood, probability ; show ; look ; sem- 
blance; shadow; sign; trace; hand- 
some look. En — , in appearance, ap- 
parently ; in show. Avoir de V — , avoir 
belle — , to look well or handsome. H 
y a — , it seems (that) ; so it seems 
Apparent, e, adj. apparent; seeming; 
specious, plausible ; likely ; plain, evi- 
dent, obvious ; prominent ; visible ; 
noticeable ; conspicuous ; remarkable ; 
considei-able ; eminent 
Apparent^, e, a<;j. related, allied, con- 
nected; descended 
Apparenter, v.a. to connect (by mar- 
riage), to ally, to marry. S'— , to be- 
come related (to); to ally oneself; to 
Apparesser, v.a. V. Affain^antir 
Appariement, s.m. pairing ; matching 
Apparier, v.a., S'— , v.r. to pair; to 

match ; to mate 
Apparieu-r, se, s.m.f. match-maker 
Appariteur, s.m. apparitor; beadle; 
usher [appearance; short appearance 
Apparition, s.f. apparition ; vision ; 
Apparoir, v.n. (old) to appear; to be 
evident or obvious. II appert. it ap- 
pears, it comes out ; it is evident or 
Appartement, s.m. apartments, suite 
of rooms, rooms, flat ; lodgings ; apart- 
ment, room ; (formerly, nt court) levee. 
— de garpon, chambers ; lodgings for 
single gentlemen. Piece d'un — ,room, 
apartment [longing 

Appartenance, «/. appurtenance, be- 
Appartenir, v.n, to belong ; to apper- 
tain ; to pertain ; to concern ; to re- 
late ; to be related (to) ; to be connected 
(with); to become, to behove; to be 
the duty or business (of) ; to be (for); 
to be given (to). Ainsi qu'il appartien- 
dra, (law) as shall (or may) be deemed 
advisable. A tons ceux quHl appartien- 
^ dra, to all whom it may concern. S'—, 
to be o.'s own master or o.'s own mis- 
tress [lurements; (/am.) bosom 
Appas, attractions, charms ; al- 
Appat, s.m. bait ; allurement, lure, en- 
ticement ; inducement ; temptation ; 
Appiter, v.a. to bait; to attract, to 


allare, to lure, to entice; to feed; to 
cram (fowls) [apaumt^ 

Appaum^j 6; adj. {her.) appaume, 
Appauvrir^ v.a. to impoverish, to 
make poor ; to beRgar ; to weaken. 
S' — , to impoverish oneself ; to become 
or be impoverished; to become (or 
grow or get) poor; to decay; to de- 
Appauvrissement, s.m. impoverish- 
ment ; beggary ; diminution, waste ; 
decay; degeneration 
AppeaUi s.m. bird-call; decoy-bird, 
call-bird; lure, decoy, snare; (horol.) 
quarter bell, half-hour bell 
Appel, s.m. call ; appeal ; challenge ; 
Cidliug out or over; calling; levy; 
roll-call, muster ; ruffle. — de fonds, 
call. — nominal, (pari.) call of the 
House. Ojfieier d'—, muster-master. 
Faire I'—, to call over the names ; to 
call the roll. Manquer a I'—, to be 
Appelable, adj. (law) appealable 
Appelant, e, s.m.f. adj. call-bird ; (ob- 
solete) challenger; (law) appellant; 
Appeler, v.a.n. to call; to call over; 
to call on ; to call to ; to call in or out 
or up or down ; to call for ; to give a 
call ; to send for ; to attract ; to capti- 
vate ; to appeal ; to name, to term ; to 
nickname, to surname ; to claim ; to 
invite; to exhort; to summon; to 
challenge ; to invoke ; to excite ; to 
announce; to appoint; to destine, to 
intend. En — , to appeal. Faire — , 
to have (. . .) called, to send for 

S' — , v.r. to be called or named, o.'s 
or its name to be ; to call oneself ; to 
call each other. Comment vousappelcz- 
vous ; what is your name ? Je m'ap- 
pelle . . ., my name is . . . 
Appelet, s.m. V. Aplet 
Appeleur, s.m. call-bird 
Appellati-i; ve, adj. appellative 
Appellation^ s.f. calling; naming; 

appellation, name; appeal 
Appendice, s.m. appendix ; appendage 
Appendre, v.a.nAo append, to hangup 
AppentiS) s.m. penthouse, lean-to, shed 
Appcrt, V. II — . V. Apparoir 
Appesantir, v.a. to make heavy; to 
weigh down; to lay heavy; to make 
dull, to dull, to impair. S'—, to be- 
come (or grow or get) heavy or dull ; 
to be weighed down ; to lie heavy, to 
press heavy, to fall heavily; to dwell 
(upon) [dulness 

Appesantissementi s.m. heaviness; 
Appetence, s.f. appetence, appetency 
App^tent, e, adj. appetent ; desirous ; 

App^ter, v.a. to crave, to long for 
App^tissant, e, adj. appetizing, ex- 
citing, inviting, tempting, relishing; 
App^tit, s.m. appetite; hunger; de- 
sire, longing; taste; relish; chives. 
•^' — vient en mangeant, begin to eat, 
youll Boon be hungry; (Jig.) much 
will have more 
App6tlti.f, ye, a4j. appetitive 
Appien, ne, adj. Appian 
Applaudir, v.a.n. to applaud, to 
cheer ; to praise, to commend, to ap- 
prove ; to rejoice (at or in). S'— , to 
applaud or praise or admire oneself 
(for); to glory (in); to rejoice (at or 
over), to congratulate oneself or each 
other (on) 
ApplaodisMment, s.m. applause; 
plaudit ; cheering, cheer ; praise, com- 
mciidatifiri, approbation, favour 
ApplaudlB««u-r, m, s.m.f. applauder 
Appli, *.m. iiyr.} gear, tackle, harness 
ApplicabilltA, s.f applicability; ap- 


Applicable, adj. applicable ; appo- 
site ; relevant; suitable; practicable; 

Applicage, s.m. applying, application 

Application, sf. application ; apply- 
int,' ; appliance; employment, appro- 
priation ; practice ; attention, care, 
diligence, pains ; study ; applique lace ; 
(mas.) rendering. D'— , of application ; 
practical. — d'Angleterre, Honiton lace 

Applique, s.f. inlaying, inlaid work ; 
charging; fittings; bracket. Bras 
rf'— , bracket 

Appliqu6, e, part. adj. applied, &c. 
( V. Appliquer) ; studious ; diligent ; 
hard-working ; attentive ; studiously 
adapted; practical 

AppUquer, v.a. to apply; to put, to 
lay, to lay on, to set ; to stick ; to 
fix ; to affix ; to employ, to appro- 
priate ; to adapt ; to fit ; to devote ; to 
occupy ; to give, to bestow ; to award ; 
to administer, to hit, to strike; (mas.) 
to render 

S'— , v.r. to apply or &c. oneself ; to 
be applied, &c. ; to apply ; to set (to) ; 
to study; to make it o.'s study; to 
endeavour; to stick; to apply or at- 
tribute or appropriate to oneself; to 
take to oneself [tura 

Appoggiature, s.f. (mus.) appoggia- 

Appoint, s.m. appoint, balance; odd 
money, diflference, complement ; boot. 
D' — , odd ; to boot. Faire V — , to make 
up a sum with small change 

Appointement, s.m. (old law) order, 
rule; — s, pi. salary, pay, allowance, 
emoluments, stipend ; expenses, main- 

Appointer, v.a. to salary, to give a 
salary or a stipend to, to put upon a 
salary ; to point ; to sew up, to stitch ; 
(mil.) to punish (with) ; (old law) to 
order ; to refer 

Appontement, s.m. wharf 

Apport, s.m. bringing, removal ; ma- 
terial brought ; quantity brought ; con- 
tribution, share; share of capital; 
property brought on marrying; (law) 
deposit (of documents) 

Apporter, v.a. to bring; to bring on 
or forward; to bring in or out; to 
bring up or down ; to bring over ; to 
convey ; to procure ; to cause, to oc- 
casion:; to use, to employ ; to apply ; 
to allege ; to produce ; to adduce ; to 
cite, to quote ; to bestow, to give ; to 
show. Apportet fetch it I [to insert 

Apposer, v.a. to affix, to put, to set ; 

Apposition, sf. affixing, putting, set- 
ting ; insertion ; (gram., min.) apposi- 

Appr|ciabilit6, s.f. appreciability 

Apprdciable^ adj. appreciable; per- 
ceptible [perceptibly 

Appreciablement, adv. appreciably ; 

Appr6cia-teur, trice, s.m.f. appre- 
ciator; valuer, appraiser; —adj. ap- 

Appr6ciati-f, ve, adj. appreciative. 
Ktat or devis or detail—, estimate 

Appreciation, sf. valuation, esti- 
mate ; appreciation, estimation ; 

Appr6cier, v.a. to value; to appre- 
ciate; to appraise; to estimate; to 
ascertam, to determine; to judge. 
^'"L' to value or appreciate oneself or 
each other ; to be valued, <fec. 

Appr6liender, v.a. to apprehend ; to 
take up ; to lay hold of, to seize ; to 
arrest ; to fear, to dread. — au corps, 
to apprehend, to take up, to arrest 

Apprehensible, adj. apprehensible 

■rSSIl?*'*"?"'' ^®' "'^■- 'iPPrehonsive 

^SS;l5eTd''°'*' '-^' apprehension; 

Apprenable, adj. leamable 


Apprendre, v.a. to leai-n ; to be in- 
formed of ; to hear of ; to hear ; to un- 
derstand ; to teach ; to train ; to in- 
form, to acquaint, to tell, to apprise, 
to advise, to let know. S' — , to teach 
oneself or each other ; to tell each 
other; to be learnt; to be heard; to 
be taught ; to be known 
Apprenti,e,a4/. apprenticed ; articled ; 
— s.m.f. apprentice; articled pupil; 
novice, tyro 
Apprentissage, s.m. apprenticeship; 

articles ; trial, experiment 
Appret, s.m. preparation ; cooking ; 
dressing ; stiffening ; (paint.) priming ; 
(fig.) stiffness, affectation 
Appretage, s.m. dressing 
Apprete, e, adj. prepared; cooked; 
dressed; made; made up; studied, 
atrected, stiff 
Appreter, v.a. to prepare, to make or 
get ready ; to cook ; to dress ; to afford 
matter (for). S' — , to prepare oneself, 
to prepare, to get ready ; to dress ; to 
be preparing, to be in preparation ; to 
be prepared ; to be cooked ; to gather, 
to be brewing ; to be near at hand 
Appreteu-r, se, s.m.f. dresser 
Appris, e, part. adj. learnt, studied, 
&c. ( V. Apprendre) ; taught, trained, 
brought up, bred. Bieri — , well-bred. 
Mai — , V. Malappris (Letter IME) 
Apprivoisable, adj. tamable 
Apprivoise, e, adj. tame; familiar; 
niaiiageable, tractable, gentle ; sociable 
Apprivoisement, s.m. taming, domes- 
tication; tameness 
Apprivoiser, v.a. to tame, to domes- 
ticate, to make or render tractable or 
sociable; to use or accustom (to). 
S'— , to become (or grow or get) tame 
or sociable, to be tamed ; to become 
used (to) or familiar (with) 
Apprivoiseu-r, se, s.m.f. tamer 
Approba-tenr, trice, s.m.f. approver ; 

— adj. approving ; of approbation 
Approbati-f, ve, adj. approbative, 
approbatory,approving ; of approbation 
Approbation, s.f. approbation, ap- 
proval [with approbation 
Approbativement, adv. approvingly, 
Approchable, adj. approachable ; 

Approchant, e, adj. bordering (upon) ; 
like, not unlike, like it, somewhat like, 
something like, similar, near akin; 
approximate ; near at hand 
Approchant, prep, about, Hear to ; — 
adv. nearly, near it, about, thereabouts, 
Approche, s.f. approach ; access ; 
coming; advance; drawing near. V. 
Approcher, v.a.n., S'— , v.r. to ap. 
proach, to draw or bring near; to 
come or go or get near ; to advance ; 
to be coming; to be near, to be at 
hand ; to have or gain access (to) ; to 
border (upon) ; to be like, to resemble 
Approfondi, e, adj. deep, profound, 

thorough, complete, full 
Approfondir, v.a. to deepen, to make 
deeper; to search into, to examine 
thoroughly, to examine, to investigate, 
to scrutinize, to make a profound study 
of, to dive into, to fathom, to sift. S'—, 
to be deepened, &c. ; to deepen, to get 
deeper; to examine oneself, to look 
into oneself, to learn to know oneself 
Approfondissement,s.m. deepening ; 
fathoming; sifting; sounding; re- 
search; examination; investigation 
Appropriable, adj. appropriable 
Appropriation, s.f appropriation; 
assimilation; fitting; cleaning; (law) 
Approprie, e, adj. appropriate ; suit- 


able, suited, fitted, fit; in keeping; 

Approprier, v.a. to appropriate, to 
adapt, to suit, to fit ; to clean, to clean 
out; to tidy; to put in order, to put 
to rights. S'— , to appropriate to one- 
self ; to make o.'s own; to convert to 
. o.'s own use ; to embezzle ; to usurp ; 
to lay claim to ; to adapt or suit one- 
self ; to become clean or tidy 

Approuvable, adj. approvable 

Approuver, v.a. to approve, to approve 
of ; to like ; to consent to ; to sanction ; 
to ratify ; to authorize ; to pass (ac- 

Approvisionnement; s.m. provision- 
ing ; supplying ; victualling ; provision, 
provisions, supply; stock; store, stores 

Approvisionner, v.a. to provision ; to 
supply ; to store ; to stock ; to cater 
for; to victual. — une piece, to pro- 
vide projectiles for a gun. S'—, to 
provide oneself ; to lay in a stock or 
store ; to take in a supply 

Approvisionneu-r^ se^ s.m.f. pur- 
veyor, provider, caterer, victualler 

Approximati-f, ve, adj. approxima- 
tive ; approximate ; rough 

Approximation, s.f. approximation ; 
approach ; rough guess 

Approximativement, adv. approxi- 
matively, approximately ; roughly 

Approximer^ v.n.a. to approximate, 
to approach 

Appui, s.m. support ; prop, stay ; rest ; 
protection ; help ; protector, supporter ; 
raU, hand-rail; sill, ledge; buttress; 
fulcrum; stress, emphasis; {rid.) ap- 
pui, mouth; tread. Point d'—, point 
of support, stand-point ; prop ; basis ; 
base : fulcrum. Sans — , unsupported ; 
friendless, helpless. A hauteur d'— , 
breast-high. A V — (de), in support 
(of), in confirmation (of), confirmative 
(of), corroborative (of). Aller or venir 
d V — de, to support, to back, to second, 
to bear out. — -main, maul- 
stick ; hand-reat. — •t6te, s.m. head- 

Appuy6, e, part. adj. supported, &c. 
(V. Appuyer;; leaning, resting; re- 
clining ; recumbent ; inclining ; mark- 
ed, significant 

Appuyer, v.a.n. to support; to prop; 
to stay ; to lean, to rest ; to base, to 
ground, to found ; to press ; to set, to 
lay, to deposit ; to give ; to recline ; to 
incline ; to bear ; to protect; to back; 
to assist ; to second ; to countenance ; 
to enforce; to urge; to maintain; to 
keep up; to hang (on); to dwell; to 
insist ; to lay stress. — sur la droite, 
sur la gauche, to bear to the right, to 
the left 

S' — , v.r, to support oneself ; to be 
supported (by) ; to lean, to rest ; to 
lie ; to recline ; to press ; to urge ; to 
rely ; to depend ; to trust ; to ground 
o.'s opinion or argument (on) 

Apre, adj. rough; rugged; uneven; 
harsh ; hard ; sharp ; sour ; tart ; biting, 
cutting, bitter ; violent, fierce ; severe ; 
stem, austere ; eager, greedy 

Aprement, adv. roughly; harshly; 
sharply; tartly; violently; eagerly, 

Apr^S) prep. adv. after; next to; for; 
in ; against ; on, upon ; at ; about ; be- 
hind ; afterwards ; then ; next ; after 
it, after him or her ; after them ; about 
it or them. — cela, after that ; but 
then ; after all. — quoi, after, after- 
wards, after which, After that, and 
then. — que, after, when, as soon as. 
D'— , after ; from ; by ; according to ; 
to; on, upon; following; next. — ? 
et — ? what next ? what then ? what 
of that? weU? 


AprdB-demain, adr. s.m. the day 
after to-morrow. — matin, the morning 
after to-morrow [noon or evening 

Apris- diner ; s.m. after-dinner, after- 

Apr^s-midi, «.m. afternoon 

Apr^s-souper, «.wi. after-supper,latter 
part of the evening 

Apret^; s.f. roughness; ruggedness; 
unevenuess ; harshness ; sharpness ; 
sourness; tartness, acidity; violence, 
fierceness ; severity ; inclemency ; as- 
perity ; austerity ; eagerness ; greedi- 

A priori, adv. V. Priori [ness 

Apron, s.m. (fish) aspro, zingel 

A propOB, adj. adv., A-propos, s.m. 
V. Propos 

Apside, s.f. (pi. Apsides) (astr.) apsis 
(pi. apsides) ; (arch.) apse (pi. apses i 

Apte, adj. apt, fit; capable; qualified 

Apt^re, adj. (zool.) apterous, apteral; 

— s.m. apteran, apter 

Apt^ryx, s.m. (bird) apteryx [fication 
Aptitude, s.f. aptitude, fitness ; quali- 
Apurement, s.m. auditing, closing 
Apurer, v.a. to audit 
Apyre, adj. apyrous, incombustible^ 

infusible, fire-proof 
Apirrexie, s.f. (med.) apyrexia, apyrexy 
*Aqaafortiste, s.m.f. etcher 
* Aquarelle, s.f. water-colour, water- 
colours ; water-colour painting or 
drawing [painter, water-colourist 

♦Aquarelliste, s.m.f. water-colour 
^Aquarium, s.m. aquarium 
^Aquatile, adj. aquatile, aquatic. 

Plante — , aquatic plant, water-plant 
♦Aqua-tinta, Aquatinte, s.f. aqua- 
*Aquatintiste, s.m.f. aquatinter [tint 
'^'Aquatique^ adj. aquatic; water; 

'*'Aqua-toffana, s.f. aqua tofaua 
Aqueduc, s.m. aqueduct 
Aquette, s.f. aquetta 
Aqueu-X, se, adj. aqueous, watery 
§Aquicole, adj. aquicultural 
§Aqulculteur, s.m. aquiculturist 
§Aquiculture, «./. aquiculture 
§Aquif^re, adj. aquiferous 
Aquilain, Aquilant, adj. s.m. eagle- 
coloured (horse) [Roman 
Aquilin, e^ adj. aquiline, hooked, 
Aquilon, s.m. north wind ; cold wind, 
cold blast, stormy wind, wind ; storm, 
tempest; north 
Aquilonnaire, adj. northern, boreal 
Aqu08it6, s.f. aquosity, aqueousness, 
wateriness [scarlet and blue macaw 
Ara, s.m. {bird) macaw. — macao, great 
Araba, s.m. araba (Turkish carriage; 

field-hospital conveyance) 
Axabe, adj. s.m.f. Arabian; Arabic; 
Arab; Arabian (or Arab) horse; (fig.) 
jew, usurer, hard bargainer, screw, 
dun, miser, hard-hearted wretch. Shy- 
Arabesque, adj. arabesque; — s.f. 
arabesque (ornament, dance) ; — s.m. 
arabesque style [girl 

Arabesse, s.f. (fam.) Arab woman or 
Arabette, s.f. (bot.) arabis, wall-cress, 

Arabique, a47. Arabic; Arabian 
Arabisant, s.m. Arabist 
Arable, adj. arable, tillable, ploughable 
Aracliide, s.f. (bot.) ground-nut, pea- 
lAracIinides, (zool.) arachnida, 

arachnids, arachnidans 
]:Araclinite, «./. (med.) arachnitis 
lAraclxnoide, s.f. adj. (anai.) arach- 
noid membrane, arachnoid 
Arack, s.m. arrack 
Aragonais, e, adj. s. Aragonese 
fAraign6e, s.f. spider; thrush-net; 
trout-net ; well-drag ; (nav.) crowfoot. 

— de mer, V. Ma'ia. Pattes d'—, 
spider's legs; (^^.) long lean fingers; 
long thin handwriting 


Araire, s.m. swing-plough 
Aranx6en, ne, adj. Aramaean, Ara- 

maic ; — s.m. Aramaic (language) 
Aramer, v.a. to tenter (cloth) 
Aran6eu-x, se, adj. araneous 
Aran^ides, s.f. pi. (zooL) araneidae, 
araneidans [bird 

Araponga, s.m. (zool.) arapunga, bell- 
Arasenaent, (mas.) levelling; last 
course [even 

Araser, v.a. (mas.) to level, to make 
Arases, s.f. pi. (mas.) levelling-stones, 

Aratoire, a<y. agricultural, farming 
Araucan, e, Araucanien, ne, s.m.f. 
adj. Araucanian [pine, monkey puzzle 
Araucaria, s.m. (bot.) araucaria, Chili 
Arbal^te, «./. crossbow, arbalist ; trap. 
Attelage en — , unicorn team. Cheval 
en — , leader in a unicorn team 
Arbal6trier, s.m. crossbow-man, arba- 
lister; (bird) common swift; (build.) 
principal rafter 
Arbitrage, s.m. arbitration 
Arbitraire, adj. arbitrary ; despotic ; 
optional ; discretionary ; — s.m. arbi- 
trariness, arbitrary government, des- 
potism [despotically 
Arbitrairement, adv. arbitrarily ; 
Arbitral, e, adj. arbitral, of arbitra- 
tors, by arbitrj^tion. Jugement — , 
sentence — e, award 
Arbitralement, adv. by arbitration 
Arbitre, s.m.f. arbitrator, arbitratrix ; 
arbiter, arbitress ; umpire ; referee ; 
supreme ruler ; master, mistress ; dis- 
poser ; ( philos.) will. Libre or franc 
— , free will. Tiers —, umpire. — rap- 
porteur, referee 
Axbitrer, v.a. to arbitrate ; to decide, 
to determine, to regulate, to order, to 
settle ; to value, to estimate, to fix ; to 
decree ; to award 
Arbois, s.m. (bot.) laburnum 
Arbor^, e^ adj. arboreous ; arboreal 
Arborer, v.a. to raise, to set up, to 
erect ; to hoist ; to proclaim, to declare 
in favour of, to embrace 
Arborescence, s.f. arborescence 
Arborescent, e, adj. arborescent ; tree 
Arboretum, s.m. arboretum 
Arboricole, adj. arboricultural ; (zool.) 

arboricole, tree-inhabiting 
Arboriculteur, s.m. arboriculturist 
Arborictature, s.f. arboriculture 
Arboriforme, adj. arboriform 
Arborisation, s.f. arborization 
Arboriser, v.a. to arborize 
Arbouse, s.f. arbute-berry 
Arbousier, s.vt. Arbute, arbutus, 

Arbre, s.m. tree; arbor, beam, shaft, 
spindle ; mast. — a cire, V. Cirier. 

— a pain, bread-fruit tree, bread-tree. 

— de couche, horizontal shaft. — de 
Diane, (ehem.) arbor Dianse. — de 
Judee, Judas-tree. — de vie, arbor 
vitse, thuja. — fruitier, fruit-tree. — 
m^teur, m&in shaft. — verf, evergreen. 

— vertical, upright shaft. Faire V — 
fourchu, to stand on o.'s head with o.'s 
legs asunder. Se tenir au gros de V — , 
to side with the strongest party, to go 
with the majority 

Arbrisseau, s.m. small tree, shrub 

Arbuste, s.m. small shrub, shrub, 

Arc, s.m. bow, long-bow; arch; arc; 
(nav.) camber, hogging. — de tri- 

9omphe, triumphal arch. Portie d'—, 
trait d'—, bow-shot. Tir a V — , arch- 
ery. — -boutant, s.m. flying but- 
tress, arch-buttress; (iig.) buttress, 
mainstay, chief support ; (carp.) spur; 
(nav.) outrigger. — •bouter, v.a. to 
buttress, to stay, to support, to prop. 

— •doubleau, s.m. arch-band? — •en- 
ciely s.m, rainbow, iris ; rainb#lr-figh. 


en-ciel artificiel (or marin), sun- 
bow. — •on-torre, ».m. dew-bow 
Arcade, «/. arcade ; piazza ; arch 
Arcadien, ne, adj. a. Arcadian 
Arcane, «.m. arcanum, nostrum, mys- 
tery, secret 
Arcanne, </. red chalk, ruddle 
Arcanson, «.m. V. Colophstne 
Arcasse, >./. (nar.) stern-frame. Bane 

d' — , transom 
Arcatore, »./. (arch.) arcade 
Arcean, «.m. arch, vault; archway; 
ring ; {for the bed-clothet) cradle ; (nav.) 
drift-sail [p. 8, § 1 

tArcha-i'que, -i'sme, -i'ste. V. 
Arcbal, $.m. Fil d' — , wire, brass wire, 
{Archanse I <.m. archangel [iron wire 
|Arcliane61ique, adj. archangelic; 

— »./. (bot.) archangelica 

Arclie, «./. arch, arching; ark; pale 
of the church; (zooL) area, ark-shell. 

— d'allianee, ark of the covenant. L' — 
de Noe, Noah's ark. L' — tainte, V — 
du Seigneur; the ark of the Lord ; (Jig.) 
forbidden ground [fire ; bow-shot 

Arcli^ei s./. archens, archaeus; central 
Arclielet, ».m. drill-bow ; hoop (of a 

lArch^olOgle, «./. archaeology 
tArcli6ologlqiie; adj. archaeological 
^Arcll^Ologne, s.m. archaeologist 
Archer, t.m. archer, bowman; (old) 
police-officer, constable, bailiff; (zool.) 
Arch^re, »./. archress [archer-flsh 
Archerot j a.m. {old poet.) little archer, 

Archet, a.m. bow, fiddlestick; bow- 
hand ; drill-bow ; head {top of a cradle) ; 
(aurg.,forthe bed-elothea) cradle 
XAxchbtypef «.m. archetype ; — adj. 


Archeveclii, a.m. archbishopric; ar- 

chiepiscopal city or see, metropolitan 

see, cathedral town; archiepiscopal 

palace, archbishop's palace or house 

or residence 

ArcberSque, a.m. archbishop [ . . . 

Arcbi- , {in compounda) arch- . . . , archi- 

ArcMchanceUer, a.m. archchancellor 

Archldiaconal, e, adj. archidiaconal 

Archldlaconat, a.m. archdeaconship, 

Arcliidiacon^, a.m. archdeaconry 
Archidiacre, a.m. archdeacon 
Archiduc, a.m. archduke 
Archidneal, e, adj. archducal 
Archidnche, a.m. archduchy; arch- 
Archldncbesse, a.f. archduchess 
t^lrc!ii6piBCOpal, e, adj. archiepis- 
tArclil6piseopat, a.m. archiepisco- 

pacy ; archiepiscopate 
AJxhifait, e, adj. finished, complete- 
ly done, done and done 
Archifbu, m. ArchifbUe, /. adj. 

downright mad, stark mad 
Arcbilutli, a.m. archlute 
Arcblmandritat, a.m. functions or 

dignity of an archimandrite 
Arc him andrite, a.m. archimandrite 
Archlmlllionnalre, adj. «. im- 
mensely rich 
Archinoble, adj. (jeat.) most noble 
Arcblpatelin, a.m. consummate 
Arcblpel, a.m. archipelago [wheedler 
Archlpompe, a.f. {nav.) pump-well, 
.^f"!!, ^ [presbyterial 

Archlpresbyt^ral, e, adj. arch- 
ArchipreabirUrat, a.m. archpresby- 
J^^l, . [priest 

Archlpretre, a.m. arch presbyter, arch- 
Arcblpretr^, a.m. archpresbytery 
Archltecte, a.m. architect; sarveyor. 

— de jardina, — -payaagiate, landscape- 

ArebltectonlqtM, adj. architectonic ; 
•— «./. architectonics 


Architectonographe; a.m. architec- 
tonographer [page 3, § 1 

Arcbitectonograpb-ie, -Ique. F. 
Architectural, e, adj. architectural 
Archltecturalement; adv. architec- 
Architecture, a.f. architecture 
Arcbltecttuiste, a.m.f. architectural 

{or monumental) painter or paintress 
Architrave, a.f. {arch.) architrave 
Archltr6sorier, a.m. archtreasurer 
Arcbltriclin, a.m. (anttg.) steward 
Archives, a.f. pi. archives; records; 
muniment; record-office, muniment 
house or room 
Archiviste, a.m. archivist; keeper of 

the records ; recorder ; registrar 
Archivolte, a.f. {arch.) archivolt 
lArchontat, a.m. archonship 
jArchonte, a.m. archon 
Archure, a.f. millstone-hoop 
Ar^on, a.m. saddle-bow; {tool) bow. 
Ptatolet d'—, horse-pistol. £tre ferme 
$ur aea —a, to sit well in o.'s saddle ; 
(Jig.) to be staunch to o.'s principles. 
Perdre or vider lea — a, to be unhorsed ; 
(fig.) to be quite put out, to be non- 
Aretie, a.f. {zool.) tiger-moth [plussed 
Arctier, a.m. bow-maker 
Arctique, adj. arctic [turns 

Arcture, Arcturus, a.m. (aatr.) Arc- 
Arcuation, «./. (med.) arcuation 
Arctire, a.f. arching, curving; (hort.) 
arcuation, layering [ailk) 

Ardassine, »./. ardassine {fine Persian 
Ard61ion, a.m. busybody, meddler 
Ardenunent, adv. ardently ; hotly ; 
fervidly, fervently; eagerly ; earnestly; 
spiritedly ; vehemently ; Intensely ; 
sanguinely; passionately [finch 

Ardenet; a.m. brambling, mountain- 
Ardent, e, adj. burning; hot; fiery; 
blazing ; glowing ; live ; ardent ; fervid, 
fervent ; eager ; earnest ; vehement ; 
violent ; intense ; bright, shining, vivid, 
resplendent; sanguine; mettlesome; 
spirited; longing; aspiring; active; 
zealous ; passionate ; {of the hair) red 
Ardent, a.m. V. roUet <Peu) ; — b, pi. 

(pop.) peepers 
Arder, v.a.n. {old) V. BHiler 
Arderet, a.m. V. Ardenet 
Ardeur, »./. ardour; heat, burning 
heat ; fire ; fervour; eagerness ; earnest- 
ness; vehemence; intensity; spirit; 
mettle, fieriness, spiritedness ; zeal; 
courage; love, passion, flame. — 
d'eatomae, heartburn [see ! 

Ardez, int. (old for "regardez") look! 
fArdiUon, a.m. tongue {of a buckle) ; 
barb (o/ a ftoofc) [credit 

Ardoise, »./. slate ; score, account, 
Ardois6, e, acy. slated; slate-coloured, 
Ardoiser, v.a. to slate [slaty 

ArdoiMU-x, se, adj. slate-like, slaty 
Ardoisier, a.m. slate-quarrier, slate- 
worker ; — adj. m. slate-like, slaty, slate 
Ardoisi^re, a.f. slate-quarry ; ■— adj. f. 
slate-like, slaty, slate "^ 

Ardre, v.a.n. (old) V. BHkler [steep 
Ardu. e, adj. arduous, hard, difficult, 
Arduit6, »./. arduousness 
Are, a.m. are (100 aquare metrea, or aome- 
what more than 119 aquare yards Engliah) 
Areage, a.m. measuring by "ares," 

Arec, a.m. {bot.) areca; areca nut 
Ar eviction, *./. aref action 
Ar6nac6, e, adj. arenaceous 
Arenalre, adj. growing or living in 

sand; -- a.f. {bot.) arenaria, sandwort 
Arinatlon, a.f arenation 
Arene, a.f. sand ; arena ; amphitheatre ; 
lists; ring; cockpit; battle-ground; 
theatre, scene [settle, to sink, to sag 
Arener, v.n., S'- , v.r. to subside, to 
Areneu-x, se, adj. arenose, sandy 
Ar«nlcole, adj. (nat. hiat.) living in 


sandy places, sand-dwelling ; — a.f. 
nrenicola, sand-worm. — dts pecheura, 
lugworm, lobworm 
Ar6olaire, adj. areolar 
Ar6ole, a.f. areola ; (aMr.) halo 
Ar6ol6, e, adj. areolate 
Ar^om^tre, a.m. areometer 
Ar6oni6-trie, trique. V. page 3, § 1 
Ar^opage, a.m. areopagus 
Ar6opagite, a.m. areopagite 
Ar^OStyle, a.m. (arch.) areostyle 
Ar6quier, a.m. (bot.) areca 
Arete, s.f. fish-bone, bone; skeleton (o/ 
a fish) ; angle ; corner ; edge ; ridge ; 
sharp line; (arch.) arris; groin; hip; 
(of a atoord-blade) ridge ; (bot.) awn, 
beard. — de poiason, fish-bone ; {arch.) 
herring-bone work. A vive — , {carp.) 
Ar6thuse, a.f. (bot.) arethusa 
Aretier, a.m. (build.) hip-rafter 
Argala, s.m.,Argale, a.f. (zool.) argala, 

Argali, a.m. {zool.) argali 
Arganeau, a.m. convicts' iron coup- 
ling-link; (iiav.) ring [bank-swallow 
fArgatille, a.f. (zool.) sand-martin, 
Argemone, a.f. (bot.) argemone, prickly 

Argent, silver; money; sum of 
money ; cash ; coin ; (her.) argent, 
pearl; — adj. silver. — blanc, silver 
coin, silver. — fou, world of money, 
deal of money. — monnaije, coined 
silver, coin, money ; cash. — rouge, 
silver -glance. — sec, — baa, — aur 
table, cash down. -D'— , of silver; 
silveiy; of money; (/«r.) argent, pearl. 
Faux — , — de chat, — du diable, mica. 
Point d' — , point de auisae, no pay, no 
piper. — comptant porte medecine, ready 
money is a cure for all sores. Faire — • 
de tout, to turn everything into money, 
to make the most of everything. Mettre 
de bon — contre du mauvaia, to throw 
good money after bad. Prendre pour 
— comptant (or pour bon — ), to believe 
as true, to take literally, to believe too 
Argentage,».m. silvering.silver-plating 
Argental, e, adj. argental 
Argentan, «.?«. German silver 
Argentation, >>/. V. Argentage 
Argent6, e, adj. silvered, silvered over, 
silver-plated, plated; silvery, silver; 
{pera.) having some cash, in cash, flush 
of cash or of money 
Argenter, v.a. to silver, to silver over, 
to plate ; to bring money to, to fill the 
purse of. S' — , to be silvered over or 
plated ; to shine like silver ; to get 
money or cash, to fill o.'s purse 
Argenterie, s.f. silver plate, plate 
Argenteiir, a.m. silverer, silver-plater 
Argenteu-x, se, adj. moneyed, warm ; 

flush of money 
Argentier, a.m. money-lender; (pop.) 
moneyed man ; (old) treasurer ; finance 
minister; banker; monej'-changer ; 
bullion-dealer; silversmith 
Argentiffere, ar/j. argentiferous 
Argentin, e, adj. argentine, silvery, 
silver, silver-toned, . ringing, clear, 
sonorous ; (geog.) Argentine 
Argentine, «./. (plant) silver-woed ; 

(fish, mineral) argentine 
Argenton, a.m. V. Arsentan 
ArgentTire, a.f. silvering, silver- 
plating ; plated work 
Argien, ne, a.m.f adj. Argive, of Argos 
Argllac6, e, adj. argillaceous 
Arglle, a.f. clay, argil. — rcfractaire, 
fire-clay [lous 

- SJ??'^' ■*' '^^^- clayey, clay,argU- 
ArgiUire, a.f. clay-pit 
Argllif^re, adj. argilliferous 
Ar^lite, a.f. argillite. clay-slate 
■AXBilXi') {in com^Qunda) argilo- . . . 


Arg^lolitbe, s.m. clay-stone 

ArgO, s.m. (myth., aatr.) Argo, the ship 

Argo, Argo iiavis 
Argonaute, s.m. (myth.) Argonaut; 

(zool.) argonaut, paper nautilus 
Argonautique, adj. Argonautic 
Argosil, s.m. argosy [Ergot 

Argot; s.m. slang ; cant ; (hort.) V. 
ArgOter, v.a.n. (hort.) V. Ergoter 
ArgOti-er, 6re, s.m.f. slang-talker; 
Argotique, adj. slangy, slang [thief 
Argotiser, v.n. to talk slang 
ArgOUSier, s.m. (bot.) sallow-thorn, 

ArgOUSin^s.m. convict-keeper, warder; 
police-spy, policeman, peeler, bobby, 
blue-bottle, slop 
Argue, s.f. draw-bench 
Arguer, v.a.n. to accuse ; to argue, to 
infer, to conclude ; to urge [louse 

Argute, s.m. argulus, fish-louse, sea- 
Argument, s.m. argument ; arguing ; 
conjecture; evidence, proof; theme, 
subject ; summary 
Argumentant, s.m., Argumenta- 
teur, trice, s.m.f. arguer [tive 

Arguxnentati-f, ve, adj. argumenta- 
Argumentation, s.f. argumentation, 
arguing - [argue with 

Argumenter, v.n. to argue ; — v.a. to 
Argus, s.m. Argus ; clear-sighted man; 
spy; \zool.) argus pheasant, argus; 
argus-shell ; (butterfly) ai^us 
Argutie, s.f. quibble, quibbling, cavil, 
cavilling, hair-splitting [ing 

Argutieu-X, se, adj. quibbling.cavill- 
Argynne, s.f. (butterfly) argynnis 
Arg3n:6e, s.f. (bot.) argyreia 
Aria, s.m. jumble, litter ; bustle, fuss, 
ado, to-do ; bother, annoyance, nuis- 
ance ; difficulty ; — sf. (mus.) aria 
Arianisme, s.m. Arianism [unfeeling 
Aride, a^y. arid, dry ; barren, sterile; 
Aridit6, s.f. aridity, dryness ; barren- 
ness, sterility ; unfeelingness 
Alien, ne, adj. s. Arian 
Ariette, s.f. (mus.) arietta [wheel-bug 
Arile, s.m. (zool.) arilus. — denteU, 
fArllle, s.m. (bot.) aril, seed-coat; (of 

coffee) pulp 
Arion, s.m. red slug [cowl 

Arisare, Arisarum, s.m. (hot.) friar's 
Aristarque, s.m. aristarch 
Aristo, s.m.f. (pop.) aristocrat, bloated 

aristocrat, nob ; — adj. nobby 
Aristocrate, s.m.f. aristocrat ; — adj. 

Aristocratie, s.f. aristocracy 
Aristocxat - ique, -iquement, 

-iame. V. page 3, § 1 
Aristocratiser, v.a.n. to aristocra- 

tize. S' — , to become aristocratic 
Aristoloche, s.f. (bot.) aristolochia, 

Aristot61icien, ne, a47-8> Aristotelian 
AristOt61ique, adj. Aristotelic 
AristOt^lisme, s.m. Aristotelianism 
Arit]ini6ticien, ne, s.m.f. arithme- 
Arithm^tique, «./. arithmetic ; — adj. 
arithmetical. Cahier d'—, ciphering- 
book [cally 

Arithm^tiquenient, adv. ai-ithmeti- 
Arithmom^tre, s.m. arithmometer, 

calculating machine 
Arlequin, s.m. harlequin; trimmer, 
time-server, weathercock ; broken 
meat, scraps, leavings, hotchpotch; 
(bird) spotted redshank ; (insect) harle- 
quin-beetle. Habit d'— , motley; 
patchwork ; medley, miscellany, cento. 
Manteau d' — , (theat.) sides and ceiling 
of the proscenium 
Arlequinade, s.f. harlequinade 
Arlequine, s.f. harlequin's dance, tune 
for ditto ; woman dressed as a harle- 
Arlequind, e, a^. motley, variegated 


Arl^sien, ne, adj. ». of Aries, Arlesian, 
native of Aries 

Armada, s.f. armada (Spanish fl^et) 

fArmadille, s.f. (nav.) armadilla; — 
s.m. armadillo (the pill wood-louse or 
pill-bug; also a quadruped) 

Axmand, s.m. (vet.) spiced mash 

Armateur, s.m. fitter-out; ship-owner, 
owner; owner or captain of a priva- 
teer; privateer [brigand) 

Armatole, sjn. arraatole (Greek 

Armature, s.f. fastening; binding; 
fencing; tressing; iron work, stays, 
braces ; framework, framing, frame ; 
fittings ; cappings ; (of a pump) gear ; 
(phys.) armature ; (mus.) signature 

Arme, s.f. arm ; weapon ; — s, pi. arms ; 
weapons ; armour ; troops ; forces ; 
army; war, warfare; hostilities; cam- 
paign ; fencing ; (her.) arms, armorial 
bearings, coat of arms, hatchment. — 
blanche, side-arm (sword, sabre, bayonet, 
&c.). — « savantes, — s spdciales, scientific 
corps. — d feu, fire-arm. — de jet, — de 
trait, missile weapon, missile. Com- 
pagnon or frere d' — », companion in 
arms, brother in arms, brother or 
fellow soldier, brother officer. Gens 
d' — 8, (hist.) men-at-arms. Homme 
d' — s, (hist.) man-at-arms. Maitre d'—s, 
fencing-master. Place d' — s, &c., V. 
Place, &c. Faire or tirer,de8 — «, 
to fence. Faire ses premieres — s, to 
make o.'s first campaign. Faire passer 
par les — «, to shoot. Passer (v.a.) par 
les — «, to shoot. Patser (v.n.) par les — «, 
etre passe par les —s, to be shot. Passer 
V— d gauche, (fig., mil. slang) to die. 
Rendre les — s, to lay down o.'s arms, 
to surrender. Aux —s! to arms! 
Avec — « et bagage, (fig.) with bag and 
baggage, with all o.'s traps. — au 
bras I support arms I L'— au pied, the 
rifle at the order; ordered arms. L'— 
d volonte I slope arms ! Portez — / 
shoulder arms I Prisentez —! present 
arms 1 Reposez — / order arms I Sous 
les — «, under arms; prepared; (of 
women) dressed up, in full feather. 
Les — s sont joumali^res, the fortune of 
war is uncertain (we must expect losses 

Axxah, e, part. adj. armed, &c. (V. 
Armer) ; provided ; cocked, at full 

Arm6e, sf. army, force, forces, troops ; 
fleet, navy ; host ; bevy. — navale, — 
de mer, naval army or force, navy, fleet. 

— de terre, land force, army. La 
grande — , the Grand Army, Napoleon's 

Armeline, s.f. ermine (skin) [army 
Armement, s.m. armament ; arming ; 
accoutrements ; stand of arms ; (nav.) 
armament, arming, fitting out, fit-out, 
outfit ; commission ; gear ; manning ; 
men, crew ; (mus.) signature 
Arm6nien, ne, adj. «. Armenian 
Armer, v.a.n. to arm; to dub; to 
fortify ; to strengthen ; to protect, to 
guard ; to secure ; to fence ; to bind ; 
to shoe ; to rouse, to excite, to set ; to 
provoke ; to heel (cocks) ; (o percussion 
fire-arm) to cock, to place at full cock ; 
(artil.) to load ; to mount ; (nav.) to 
arm; to fit out; to commission; to 
man ; to ship (the oars) ; (phys.) to arm. 

— en course, (nav.) to fit out as a priva- 
teer. — en guerre, (nav.) to arm 

S'— , v.r. to arm or &c. oneself ; to 

take up arms ; to provide oneself ; to 

provide ; to summon up ; to make use 

(of), to use [pink 

Arm6rie, s.f. (hot.) armeria, thrift, sea- 

Armet, s.m. armet (kind of helmet) 

Armigere, adj. armigerous; — s.m. 

Armillaire, adj. armillary [armiger 

fArmille, «./. armilla, ring, circle; 

(aYch.) annulet 


Armill6, e, adj. armillate 

Arminianisme, s.m. Arminianism 

Arminien, ne, adj. s. Arminian 

A rm istice, s.m. armistice 

Armoire, s.f. cupboard; wardrobe; 
closet ; press ; case, box, locker. — d 
glace, wardrobe with plate-glass door 

Armoiries, s.f. pi. arms, armorial bear- 
ings, coat of arms ; hatchment 

Armoise, s.f. (hot.) artemisia. — com- 
mune, mug wort, wormwood [(silk) 

Armoisin, s.m. armozeen or armozine 

Armon, s.m. (of a carriage) futchel 

A rm orial, e, adj. armorial 

Axmorial, s.m. armorial register, book 
of heraldry 

Armoricain, e, adj. s.m.f. of Brit- 
tany, Armorican; — s.m. Armoric 

Armori6, e, adj. with o.'s arms, with 
armorial bearings, blazoned, em- 

Armorier, v.a. to put a coat of arms 
on, to blazon, to emblazon 

Armoriste, s.m. armorist, blazoner, 
emblazoner ; heraldic engraver, 
painter stainer 

Armure, s.f. armour ; armature ; cas- 
ing ; coat ; wrapper ; thick skin ; tree- 
fence, tree-guard ; (of a scytlie) cradle 

Armurerie, sf. gun-making, gun- 
smithery ; gun-trade ; arm-manufac- 
tory; armoury; arms; gun-maker's 
shop ; gunsmith's forge 

Armurier, s.m. gun-maker; gun- 
smith ; sword-cutler ; armourer 

Amaute, s.m.f. adj. Arnaut (Albanian) 

Ami, s.m. (zool.) arnee [arnica 

Arnica, s.m., Amique, s.f. (hot.) 

Amicine, s.f. (chem.) amicine 

Amotto, s.m. V. Roeou 

Aromate, s.m. aromatic 

Aromatique, adj. aromatic, fragrant 

Aromatisation, s.f. aromatization 

Aromatiser, v.a. to aromatize. S' — , 
to be aromatized 

Arome, s.m. aroma ; flavour 

Aronde, s.f. swallow ; swallow-fish ; 
avicula, pearl-oyster. Queue d'—,(carp.) 
dovetail. A or en queue d' — , dove- 
tailed. Assembler a queue d' — to dove- 
tail [small craft 

Arondelle, s.f. (fish.) long-line ; (nav.y 

fArpailleur, s.m. V. OrpaiUeur 

Arpege, s.m. (mus.) arpeggio 

Arp6ger,i;.n.a. (mus.) to arpeggio 

Arpent, s.m. (obsolete) acre 

Arpentage, s.m. land-measuring', land- 
surveying, surveying ; survey 

Arpenter, v.a.n. to measure, to survey 
(land) ; to pace ; to walk fast over ; ( — 
le terrain) to stride along, to spank 

Arpenteur, s.m. land-measurer, land- 
surveyor, surveyor ; good walker, 
spanker ; [bird) stone-curlew, stone- 

Arpenteuse, s.f. (adj., Chenille —) 
looper, measuring-worm, spanworm, 

Arpion, s.m. (pop.) foot, trotter 

Arpon, s.m. (saw) V. Karpon 

Arqu6, e, adj. arched, curved; bent; 
crooked; (nav.) cambered, hogged 

Arquebusade, s.f. arquebusade, Eau 
d' — , arquebusade water, arquebusade 

Arquebuse, s.f. arquebuse, arquebus 

Arquebuser. v.a. (obsolete) to shoot 

Arquebuserie, s.f. v. Armurerie 

A^uebUSier, s.m. gun-maker ; gun- 
smith; aquebusier 

Arquer, v.a. to arch, to curve ; to bend, 
to bend round ; to crook ; to bow ; to 
camber ; — v.n., S' — , v.r. to curve, to 
bend ; to be (or become) curved or 
bent or crooked ; (nav.) to become 
cambered, to lie cambering 

Arracliage, Arradxement^^s.m. 
plucking, plucking out or off; picking; 


tearing ; pulling ; palling np or off or i 
ont ; drawing ; extraction ; wrenching ; I 
wringing ; digging up ; weeding out ; I 
asperity, craggy part, remains ; (build.) 
toothing [Arracber) ; (her.) erased 

Arracll6, e, part. adj. plucked, &c. (V. 

Arrache-pied (D'), adv. without in- 
termission, incessantly, uninterrupt- 
edly, at a stretch 

Arracber, v.a. to pluck, to pluck out 
or off or away ; to pick ; to tear ; to 
tear out or off or away ; to pull ; to 
pull off or out or up ; to draw out, to 
draw ; to extract ; to wrest ; to wrench ; 
to wring ; to snatch ; to take away or 
ont; to force; to extort; to get; to 
rescue, to save ; to rouse ; to detach ; 
to dig up; to root up or out ; to weed 
out; to grub up; to scratch out; to 
gouge, to scoop out 

S»— , v.r. to tear ; to pull or tear out ; 
to get oft" or away; to break away 
(from); to escape; to detach oneself 
(from) ; to tear oneself away ; to tear 
or snatch or &c. o.'s ...or each other's 
...or fi-om each other ; to be plucked 
or picked or torn or &c. On se Varrache, 
everyone wishes to have him or it, 
there is quite a scramble after it 

Arracheu-r, se, a.m./. drawer; puller ; 
tearer; picker; extractor ; extirpator; 
eradicator ; digger. — de dents, tooth- 
drawer. — de pommes de terre, (agr.) 
potato-digger, potato-raising plough. 
Mentir comme un — de dents, to lie 
most impudently ,to lie like a Hottentot 

Arracllis, s.m. plant rooted up ; frau- 
dulent rooting up of young trees, steal- 
ing young trees 

Arracboir, t.m. (instr.) rooter, digger 

Arraisonner, v.a. (old) to reason 07- 
argue with; (nav.) to speak (a vessel), 
to hail [modant 

Arraneeant, e, adj. V. Accom- 

Arransement, s.m, arrangement ; ad- 
justing; adjustment; settling; settle- 
ment ; agreement ; accommodation ; 
composition ; fitting up ; laying out ; 
iisposition ; preparation ; contrivance ; 
scheme, plan, project ; measure ; 
method; ordering; order; manage- 
ment; economy; dressing; cooking; 

Arranger, v.a. to arrange ; to put or 
set in order; to put or set to rights; 
to repair, to mend ; to do up ; to tidy ; 
to improve; to adjust; to adapt; to 
settle ; to agree on ; to accommodate ; 
to suit ; to give facilities to ; to con- 
ciliate ; to fit up ; to lay out ; to dis- 
pose ; to prepare ; to contrive ; to plan ; 
to order ; to regulate ; to manage ; to 
make up ; to dress ; to cook ; to trim ; 
to spare, to let have ; to ill-use, to 
serve out; to give it to; to trounce; 
to blow up ; to treat 

V — , v.r. to put or place oneself ; to 
settle oneself, to settle down ; to settle 
matters ; to agree ; to come to an ar- 
rangement, to come to terms ; to com- 
pound ; to make a bargain ; to take ; 
to arrange, to make arrangements ; to 
take measures ; to manage matters ; 
to manage ; to contrive ; to adapt one- 
self; to put up (with); to bear; to 
make shift (with) ; to manage as one 
can, to do the best one can; to be 
pleased (with); to like, to relish; to 
suit or please oneself; to take o.'s 
ease, to make oneself comfortable ; to 
make free (with); to dress; to regu- 
late o.'s expenses or way of living ; to 
come all right, to turn out well ; to be 
arranged or put or placed or settled or 
made up or &c. Arrangez-vous I manage 
as you can, do the best yon can, settle 
it as voii pIcAse, do as you like, that is 
your iook>out 


Arrangeu-r, se, s.m.f. arranger ; 
adapter; finisher, closer 

Arrentexnent, s.m. renting 

Arrenter, v.a. to rent 

Arr^rager, v.n. to be or get in arrears 

Arr^rages, amount fallen due, 
what is due, anything due, annuity, 
dividend; arrears. Coupon d'—, divi- 
dend waiTant 

Arrestation, s.f. apprehension; cap- 
ture ; arrest ; custody ; imprisonment. 
Mettre en — , to take into custody or in 
charge, to arrest, to apprehend 

Arr^t, s.?u. judgment, award ; sentence ; 
decree ; decision, order ; attachment ; 
arrest ; stopping, stoppage ; stand- 
still ; dead-lock ; stop, stay ; catch ; 
pin ; rest ; check ; tumbler (of a lock) ; 
fastening stitch ; embankment, bank ; 
(horol.) stop-work ; — s, pi. (mil., schools) 
arrest, confinement. — de porte, dooi'- 
porter; gate-stop, —s forces or de 
rigueur, close arrest. — s simples, open 
arrest. Aux — s, under arrest, in con- 
finement, confined, kept in. En — , 
(of a lance) in the rest. En — , a V — , 
{of a dog) pointing, setting. Temps d' — , 
stoppage; pause, interruption, inter- 
mission [sion; by-law; settlement 

Arrets, s.m. resolution ; order ; deci- 

Arret6, e, part, of Arrdter 

Arrete-boeuf, s.m. (bot.) rest-liarrow, 

Arrete-nef, s.m. (zool.) sucking-fish 

Arrdte-porte, s.m. door-porter; gate- 

Arreter, v.a.n. to stop ; to stay ; to de- 
tain, to delay ; to hold or keep back ; 
to pull up ■; to restrain ; to check ; to 
impede; to hinder; to obstruct; to 
prevent; to suppress; to repress; to 
quiet, to still ; to put a stop or an end 
to ; to alleviate, to allay ; to cease, to 
leave off; to stand; to bring to a 
stand ; to arrest ; to seize ; to take up ; 
to apprehend ; to take into custody or 
in charge ; to embargo ; to fasten ; to 
engage; to secure; to book; to hire; 
to resolve ; to determine, to decide ; to 
arrange ; to settle ; to agree ; to agree 
for or on ; to define ; to terminate, to 
finish ; to conclude ; to close ; to de- 
cree ; to appoint ; to fix ; to choose ; to 
fix the attention of; to attract; to 
captivate; to pin; to cease talking; 
(of a dog) to point, to set; (liort.) to 
top, to nip, to trim, Arretez I stop 1 
hold I stand 1 stop thief I 

S'— , v.r. to stop ; to make a stop ; 
to stay ; to make a stay ; to remain ; 
to stand ; to come or be brought to a 
stand ; to halt ; to draw up ; to cease, 
to leave off; to pause ; to rest ; to dwell 
(upon) ; to insist (upon) ; to consider ; 
to pay attention (to), to mind ; to no- 
tice, to take particular notice (of) ; to 
amuse oneself; to loiter; to lodge; to 
fix (on or upon); to choose ; to adopt; 
to resolve, to determine, to decide ; to 
abide (by), to stick (to); to confine 
oneself; to stick (at); to be embar- 
rassed ; to hesitate, to scruple ; to be 
fastened or secured or concluded or 
fixed or pinned or &c. 

Arr^tiste, s.m. compiler of decrees 

Arretoir, s.m. stop, catch 

Arrber, v.a. to leave a deposit for, to 
give earnest-money for [earnest 

Arrbes, deposit, earnest-money, 

Arriere, s.m. back part, back; rear; 
(nav.) stern ; — prep. adj. back ; hinder, 
hind ; behind ; after ; rear ; (7iav.) aft, 
after; — adv. int. behind ; away I stand 
back I keep back I tall back I begone I 
avaunt I away with ... I (nav.) aft, after. 
AV—, (7iav.) abaft, astern, X»'— , (nav.) 
after. De I'—, (nav.) after ; astern. En 
—, back; backward; behind; at the 


back, at or in the rear; behindhand; 
in arrears; behind o.'s back; (nav.\ 
astern; (int.) back! Courir vent —, 
(nav.) to run before the wind, to run 
wind aft, — -ban, s.m. arriere-ban, 
levy in mass, call of the reserve ; 
feudal barons, reserve (V. Ban). — 
-bee, s.m. downstream cutwater (of a 
bridge). boucbe, s.f. (anat.) fauces. 

— -boutique, s.f. back-shop. — 
-caution, s.f. surety of a surety, 
double security. — -chambre, s.f. 
back-room, — -change, s.m. interest 
on interest, compound interest. — 
-choeur, s.m. choir behind the high 
altar. — -corps, s.m. (arch.) recess. 

— -cour, s.f. back-yard, back-court. 

— -cuisine, s.f. back-kitchen. — 
-dos, s.m. (arch.) reredos, altar-screen. 

— -essaim, s.m. after-swarm. — 

-faix, s.m. V. I>6livre. flef, s.m. 

rereflef. — -fleur, s.f. second blossom, 

— -foin, s.m. V. Regain. — -froi- 
dure, s.f. early cold. — -garant, 

s.m. V. Arri^re-caution. garde, 

s.f. (mil.) rear guard, rear ; (nav.) rear 
division; guardship, — -gorge, s.f. 
back-throat, opening of the throat. — 
-goiit, s.m. after-taste (generally un- 
pleasant), twang. ligne, s.f. (mil.) 

second line. magasin, s.m. hack- 
warehouse ; back-shop. — -main, 
s.m. back-stroke ; hind quax'ters (of a 
horse). — -neveu, 8.m. grand-nephew; 
descendant ; -at, pi. descendants, Litest 
posterity. — -ni^ce, s.f. gi-and-niece. 

— -pens^e, s.f. mental reservation, 
reserve, reticence ; by-end, ulterior 
design, secret thought or intention. 

— -petite-fille, s.f. great-grand- 
daughter. — -petit-fils, s.m. great- 
grandson. petits-enfants, 

great-grandchildren. — -pi^ce, s.f. 
back-room. — -plan, s.m. background. 

— -point, s.m. back-stitch, back- 
stitching. — -pointeuse, s.f. back- 
stitcher. — -port, inner harbour. 

— -rang, s.m. (mil.) rear-rank. — 
-saison, s.f. autumn, latter part of 
autumn; evening or decline (of life), 
old age; (when speaking of corn or 
wine) just before the harvest or the 
vintage, June and July. — -sc^ne, 
s.f. back of the stage, postscenium. — 
-train, s.m. hind carriage ; hind quar- 
ters. vassal, s.m. rear-vassal. — 

-vieillesse, s.f. extreme old age 

Arri6r6j e, adj. backward, behind- 
hand ; behind the times, behind the 
age; back; overdue; owing still; out- 
standing ; in arrear, in arrears ; un- 
executed, left undone; unclaimed; 

Arri^r^, s.m. arrear, arrears 

Arridrer, v.a. to put off, to put or 
throw back, to defer, to delay. S' — , 
to stay behind; to get in arrears; to 
be or get behindhand 

Arrixnage, s.m. (nav.) stowage, stow- 
ing, trim, trimming 

Arrimer, v.a. (nav.) to stow, to trim 

iljrrixneur, s.m. (nav.) stower, stevedore 

Arriser, v.a. (riav.) to touch 

Arrivage, s.m. (covi. nav.) arrival 

Arrivant, e, s.m.f. comer 

Arriv6, e, part. adj. arrived, come, &c 
(V. Arriver); having come or hap- 
pened; coming; happening; success- 
ful ; — s.m.f. person arrived ; comer ; 
— s.m. successful man ; (tuif) arrival 

Arriv6e, s.f. arrival, coming ; entrance ; 
approach, access; (nav.) amval; fall- 
ing off, lee-hitch 

Arriver, v.n. to arrive; to come; to 
come on; to come to; to reach; to 
attain ; to get ; to gain access ; to rise ; 
to happen ; to occur ; to take place ; 
to come to pass ; to befall ; to betide ; 


to become (of) ; to chance ; should, 
were to ; to manage ; to manage to do ; 
to succeed ; to make o.'s way in the 
world, to make o.'s fortune ; to have 
done; to be ready; (nav.) to arrive; to 
pay off, to fall oft", to bear away or up, 
( — sur) to bear down (upon). Arrive 
que pourra, arrive qui plante, happen 
or come what may. Quoi qu'il arrive, 
whatever may happen, in any case, at 
all events, happen or come what may. 
Que cela ne vous arrive plus, don't do it 

Arroclie; «./. {hot.) orache, mountain 
spinach, —puante, stinking goosefoot 

Arrogamment; adv. arrogantly 

Arrogance, «./. arrogance 

Arrogant, e, adj. s. arrogant 

Arroger <S')» v.a. to an-ogate to one- 
self, to arrogate, to assume 

Arroi, s.m. (old) array, train, equipage ; 
plight, pickle 

Arrondi, e, adj. rounded ; round ; full 

Arrondir, v.a. to round ; to make 
round ; to round off ; to show the 
round form of ; to enlarge, to aggran- 
dize, to extend, to increase ; (rid., nav.) 
to round (a horse, a cape, an island, 
&c.). 8' — , to get (or grow or become) 
round, to round; to show its round 
form; to enlarge, to extend, to in- 
crease ; to increase o.'s estate or wealth 

Arrondissement, s.m. rounding ; 
roundness ; enlargement, increase ; 
district; ward 

Arrosage, s.m. irrigation ; watering 

Arrosement, s.m. watering ; sprink- 
ling ; wetting ; basting ; washing down ; 
(of shareholders) call, calls; (at jAay) 
stake ; paying all round 

Arroser, v.a.n. to water ; to sprinkle ; 

■ to besprinkle ; to bedew ; to soak ; to 
wet through ; to wet ; to moisten ; to 
steep ; to bathe ; to drown ; to irri- 
gate ; to baste ; to wash down ; to dis- 
tribute money ; to pay (creditors) in 
part, to dole out money to, to give a 
sop to, to silence, to quiet ; to give 
gratuities, to fee, to tip; (of share- 
holders) to pay calls; (at play) to pay 
all round [watering 

Axroseu-r, se, s.m.f. waterer ; — adj. 

AxTOSOir, s.m. watering-pot, watering- 
can ; basting-ladle ; (of a garden-en- 
gine) spreader 

Arrow-root, s.m. arrow-root 

Arrugie, 8./. (mining) drain [leg 

Ars, s.m. (vet.) vein of the fore leg ; limb, 

Ars, e, part, of ArOxa (obsolete), burnt, 
consumed [naval arsenal, dockyard 

Arsenal, s.m. arsenal. — maritime, 

Ars^niate, s.m. arseniate 

Arsenic, s.m. arsenic 

Arsenical, e, adj. arsenical 

Arsenicaux, arsenical com- 
pounds, arsenicals [senicated 

Ars6ni6, e, Ars6niqu6, e, adj. ar- 

Ars6nieu-x, se, adj. arsenious 

Ars6nique, adj. arsenic 

Ars6nite, s.m. arsenite 

Ars6niure, s.m. arsenide, arseniuret 

Ars6niur6, e, adj. arseniuretted 

Arsin, adj.m. damaged by fire ; — s.m. 
wood damaged by fire 

fArsouille, s.m.f. blackguard; low 
cad ; — adj. blackguardly 

f Arsouiller, v.n,, S»— , v.r. to asso- 
ciate with blackguards ; to behave like 
a blackguard 

Art, s.m. art ; skill ; science ; profes- 
sion ; artfulness, artifice, cunning, de- 
ceit, trick, device. D' — , de V — , of art, 
artistic; of skill, skilfiil; of science, 
scientific; of medical science, medical; 
of the profession, professional ; tech- 
nical; special. Mattress — s, (obsolete) 
master of arts. Maitre or homme de 
V — , most experienced or skilful prac- 


titioner, best man, crack man ; expert ; 
medical man, professional man, doctor; 
scientific man, man of science ; special 
man. Faire de V — , to work for the 
love of art 
Art6niie, s.f. (zool.) brine-shrimp 
Art^mise, s.f. V. Annoise 
Art^re, s./. artery 
Art^rialisation, sf. arterialization 
Art^rialiser, v.a. to arterialize 
Art^riel, le, adj. arterial 
Art^rio-grapliie, -logie, -tonxie, 

&c. V. page 3, § 1 
Arteriole, «./. small artery 
Art6rite, s.f. (med.) arteritis 
Art^sien, ne, adj. s. Artesian 
Artliralgie, s.f. (med.) arthralgia 
Arthrite.s./. (med.) arthritis 
Artlirit-ique, -isxxie, [med.) V. p. 3, § 1 
Artlirodie, s.f. (anat.) arthrodia 
Arthrose, s.f. (anat.) arthrosis 
Arthur, s.m. gay woman's lover, favour- 
ite lover 
Articliaut, s.m. artichoke, globe or 
green artichoke ; spiked fence. — du 
Canada, — d'hiver, Jerusalem arti- 
choke. — de Jerusalem, squash. — des 
toits, — lauvage, house-leek 
Artichauti^re, s.f. artichoke-bed ; 

Article, s.m. article ; subject, matter, 
thing ; concern, business ; head ; 
point ; item ; paragraph ; entry ; ware ; 
goods; (anat.) articulation, joint. — 
principal or de fond, — Paris, — Lon- 
dres, leading article, leader. — de Paris, 
(com.) Paris article. A V — de la mort, 
at the point of death, in articulo mor- 
tis. Faire V — , to praise up or puff o.'s 
goods, to entice people into buying o.'s 
goods, to tout ; to puff 
Articiilaire, adj. {anat., vied.) articular 
Articulation, s.f. articulation ; joint ; 
utterance, pronunciation ; allegation, 
statement ; enumeration 
Articul6, e, adj. articulate ; articu- 
lated ; jointed ; — s, (zool.) 
articulates, articulata 
Articuler, v.a.n. to articulate ; to joint ; 
to connect ; to utter ; to pronounce ; to 
express ; to allege, to state, to assert, 
to set forth ; to article ; to enumerate ; 
to mark, to indicate, to show. S' — , 
to be articulated or jointed, to joint ; 
to join ; to become distinct 
Artifice, s.m. art, contrivance ; artifice ; 
craft, deceit, slyness, cunning, guile; 
trick, stratagem; shuflle ; firework, 
Artificiel, le, adj. ai-tificial [fireworks 
Artificiellement, adv. artificially 
Artificier, s.m. firework-maker, pyro- 
technist ; firework-man ; (mil.) artificer, 
fireworker. Maitre — , (mil.) firemaster 
Artificieusement, adv. artfully, cun- 
ningly, craftily ; slyly 
Artificieu-x, se, adj. artful, cunning, 
crafty; sly; shufiling; subtle, falla- 
cious [to mount, to arm 
fArtiller, v.a. (old) to mount with guns, 
■j-Artillerie, s.f. artillery; ordnance, 
cannon, guns ; gunnery [ist ; gunner 
t ArtiUeur, s.m. artillery-man ; artiller- 
Artixnon, s.m. (nav.) mizzen (or mizen), 

mizzen sail. Mdt d' — , mizzen mast 

Artisan, e, s.m.f. adj. ai4;isan,mechanic, 

operative, workman ; (fig.) architect, 

artificer, author, maker, originator, 


Artison, s.m. wood-fretter, worm ; moth 

Artisonnd, e, adj. worm-eaten ; moth- 

Artiste, s.m.f. ai-tist ; artiste ; actor, 
actress, performer, player ; — adj. 
ai-tistic. — capillaire, (jest.) hair- 
dresser. — en cheveux, (ornamental or 
device) hair - worker. — vHerinaire, 
(obsolete, jest.) veterinary surgeon 

Artistement, adv. artistically 


Artistique, adj. artistic, of art, of 

Artistiquement, adv. artistically 

Artocarpe, s.m. (bot.) artocarpus, 
bread-fruit tree, bread-tree 

Arum, s.m. (bot.) V. Gouet 

Arundinaire, s.f. (bot.) arundinaria, 

Aruspice, s.m. aruspex, aruspice 

Aruspicine, s.f. aruspicy 

Aryen, ne, adj. s. Ai^an 

As, s.m. ace ; (Bom. ant.) as (weight and 
coiji). — de pique, V. Pique, s.m. 

Asa-foetida, s.f. (pharm.) asafoetida 

Asaret, a.m. (bot.) asarum, (— d'Europe) 

Asbeste, s.m. asbestos [asarabacca 

Ascaride, s.m. (zool.) ascaris 

Ascendance, s.f. ascending line ; as- 
cent, rising ; ascendency 

Ascendant, e, adj. ascending; up- 
ward; ascendant 

Ascendant, s.m. ascendant; ascen- 
dency ; influence ; power ; superiority ; 
ruling passion ; inclination ; luck 

Ascenseur, s.m. lift, hoist 

Ascension, s.f. ascent, rise, rising; as- 
cension; Ascension-day; (much.) up- 

Ascensioniste, s.m.f. climber, balloon- 
ist, balloon-excursionist, ascensionist 

Ascensionnel, le, adj. upward, up, 
ascensional. Mouvemeiit — , upward 
motion, rise ; (mach.) up-stroke 

Asc^te, Asc6tique, s.m.f., Asc6- 
tique, adj. ascetic 

Asc6tisme, s.m. asceticism 

Ascien, s.m. igeog.) ascian 

Ascite, s.f. (med.) ascites, dropsy of the 
abdomen ; — adj. ascitic 

Ascitique, adj. s.m.f. (med.) ascitic 

Ascl^piade, s.m. (vers.) asclepiad; adj. 
asclepiadic; — s.f. (hot.) asclepias, 
swallow-wort [low-wort 

Asclepias, s.m. (bot.) asclepias, swal- 

Asexe, Asexuel, le, adj. asexual 

Asiarcat, s.m. (anc, hist.) asiarchate 

Asiarque, s.m. (anc. hist.) asiarch 

Asiatique, adj. s. Asiatic ; Asiatic 

Asile, s.m. asylum ; refuge ; shelter ; 
protection ; home ; abode ; retreat ; 
sanctuary ; (zool.) wasp-fly. — des 
pauvres, poor-house, workhouse. Droit 
d' — , right of sanctuary. Salle d'—, 
infant-school. — -frelon, wasp-fly 

Asine, adj.f. Bete — , ass. Esv^ce or 
race — , ass species or race ^ 

Aspect, s.m. aspect ; sight ; view ; point 
of view ; prospect ; look, appearance, 
air ; face ; phase ; side, bearing 

Asperge, »/. asparagus. Pointes d'—s, 
asparagus-heads [sprinkle 

Asperger, v.a. to sprinkle, to be- 

Aspergerie, s.f. V. Aspergi&re 

Asperg^S, s.m. aspergill, holy-water 
sprinkler; asperges, aspersion 

Aspergi^re, s.f. asparagus-bed or 

Asp6rit6, s.f. asperity, roughness ; rug- 
gedness, unevenness ; harshness 

Aspersion, s.f. aspersion, sprinkling, 

Aspersoir, s.m. aspergill, holy-water 
sprinkler ; rose (of a watering-pot) 

Asp6rule, s.f. (bot.) woodruff 

Asphaltage, s.m. asphalting 
halte, s.m. asphalt, asphalte 
ilialter, v.a. to asphalt 

Asplialteur, s.m. asphalter 

Asphaltique, adj. asphaltic 

Asphaltite, adj. (geog.) Asphaltic 

Asphod^le, s.m. (bot.) asphodel 

Asphirxiant, e, part. adj. asphyxia- 
ting, suffocating ; — s.m. asphyxiant 

AspEyxie, s.f. asphyxia, asphyxy, as- 
phyxiation, suspended animati(A, suf- 

A8pll3rxi6, e, adj. asphyxiated, aa- 


phyxied; — s.m.f. suffocated or drowned 

AxphyxieT, v.a.n. to asphyxiate, to 
cause or occasion asphyxia, to suffo- 
cate. S' — , to destroy oneself by as- 
phyxia, to suffocate oneself; to be 

Aspic, t.m. {zool.) asp, aspic ; (anc. artil., 
cook.) aspic; (bot.) spike, spike-lavender, 
aspic ; (Jig.) (langue d' — ) slanderer, 

Aspidie, 8./. (bot.) shield-fern 

Aspidophore, s.m. (fish) pogge, armed 

Aspiole, s.m. fairy, sylph, elf [bullhead 

fAspirail, s.m. air-hole 

Aspiranctt, «./. candidature ; probation 

Aspirant, e, adj. (hydraulics) suction, 
sucking; — s.m.f. aspirant, aspirer ; 
candidate ; probationer ; (— de maritie) 

Aspira-tenr, trice, adj. inhaling; 
sucking, suction ; exhausting 

Aspiratenr, s.m. aspirator ; (of an air- 
l>ump) exhauster 

Aspiration, s.f. inspiration, inhala- 
tion, inhaling ; {phys., of a pump) ex- 
hausting; suction, sucking; (gram.) 
aspiration, breathing ; (Jig.) aspiration, 
aspiring, yearning, longing [aspirate 

Aspir^, e, adj., Aspir6e, »./. (gram.) 

Aspirer, v.a. to inspire, to inhale; to 
draw in ; to snuff in or up ; to sniff; to 
suck in or up ; to exhaust ; (gram.) to 
aspirate; — v.n. to draw breath, to 
breathe ; to aspire ; to yearn, to long ; 
to pretend; to aim. S' — , to be in- 
haled, &c. ; (gram.) to be aspirated 

Aspre, s.m. asper (Turkish coin) 

Assa-foetida, s.f. (i>harm.) asafoetida, 

Assagir, v.a. (old) to render wise ; — 
r.n., S*— , v.r. to become wise 

fAssaillant, s.m. assailant ; assaulter ; 
aggressor; besieger 

fAssaillir, v.a. to assail ; to assault ; 
to attack; to fall or come upon; to 
overtake ; to beset 

Assainir, v.a. to make or render 
healthy ; to purify. S'—, to become or 
be made healthy ; to be purified 

Assainissement, <.m. sanitation, ren- 
dering healthy; purification; salu- 
brity, healthiness; health 

Assalsonnement, s.m. seasoning; 
seasoner; condiment ; dressing ; relish 

Assalsonner, v.a. to season, to flavour; 
to dress (a salad) ; to give a zest or a 
relish to; to heighten; to set off; to 

Assalsonneu-r, se, s.m.f. seasoner 

Assassin, e, s.m.f. assassin, murderer, 
murderess ; ruffian ; — adj. murderous, 
murdering, killing. A V— I murder 1 
Cri^ a I'—, to call out murder 

Assassinat, s.m. assassination, mur- 
der, wilful murder 

Assassiner, v.a. to assassinate, to 
murder ; to kill ; to assault ; to tire to 
death, to worrj', to bore, to plague 

Assaut, s.m. assault; storm; storm- 
ing ; attack ; onset ; shock ; violence ; 
struggle; trial; alarm; fencing-match 
or bout, match, bout, round, —d'armcs, 
assault of (or at) arms, fencing-match. 
Donnrr or lirrer T— d, to storm. Em- 
porter or enltver d' — , to carry by storm. 
Faire — dr, to vie in [drainage 

Ass ^ c hement , s.m. dr}-ing ; draining, 

AssAcher, v.a.n. to drain ; to dry up, 

to dry ; to become dry 
Ass e m blage, s.m. assemblage; collec- 
tion ; rakings, lot, set ; combination ; 
mixture. Jumble ; union ; gathering ; 
(carp.) joining, joint, scarf 

Assemble,' s.f. assembly ; meeting ; 
company, party; society; congrega- 
tionj^(M)nvocation ; call; (fcjint.) meet 
"" P/ v.a. to assemble; to col- 


lect ; to gather ; to get or bring or put 
or lay together ; to convoke, to call to- 
gether, to summon ; to join ; (mil.) 
to assemble, to muster; (corp.) to 
join, to scarf. S' — , to assemble, to 
meet ; to come or get or gather or 
flock together ; to congregate ; to 
muster ; to join, to combine [collector 
Assembleu-r, se, s.m.f. gatherer; 
Ass^ner, v.a. to strike, to hit, to deal 
Assentement, s.m. (hunt.) scent 
Assenter, v.n. (hunt.) to scent [scent 
Assentixnent, s.m. assent ; (hunt.) 
Assentir , v.n. to assent ; (hunt.) to scent 
Asseoir, v.a. to seat ; to set ; to lay ; 
to fix; to establish; to rest; to ground; 
to found ; to settle ; to pitch ; (a ship) 
to trim. J'atre — , to make (. . .) sit 
down ; to give or offer (...) a seat ; to 
ask (. . .) to take a seat ; to seat ; to 

8' — , v.r. to sit down, to sit, to take 
o.'s (or a) seat or place ; to settle. En- 
voyer «'— , (pop.) to knock down, to 
floor; to get rid of. Asseyez-vous, sit 
down. Allez vous — , go and sit down ; 
(pop.) go along with you, hold your 
tongue, shut up 
Assermentation, s.f. swearing in 
Assermenter, v.a. to swear in, to 
Assertion, s.f. assertion [swear 

Asservir , v.a. to reduce to servitude ; to 
enslave ; to inthrall; to subject ; to sub- 
due ; to conquer ; to master ; to bind or 
tie down. S' — , to be enslaved or sub- 
jected ; to make oneself a slave, to 
subject oneself, to submit, to be a 
slave ; to bind or tie oneself down 
Asservissant, e, adj. enslaving; 

slavish ; fettering ; binding 
Asservissement, s.m. enslavement; 
servitude; slavery; subjection; bond- 
Asservissetir, s.m. enslaver [age 

Assesseur, s.m. assessor, assistant 
Assessorat, s.m. assessorship 
Assessorial, e, adj. assessorial [mer 
Assette. s.f. (cooper's and slater's) ham- 
Asseule, e, adj. all alone, lonesome 
Asseuler, v.a. to leave alone, to aban- 
don, to forsake, to desert 
Assez, adv. enough; sufficiently ; suffi- 
cient ; long enough ; often enough ; 
commonly enough ; well enough ; tole- 
rably; somewhat; rather; pretty; 
pretty near ; so (. . . as) ; such a, such 
(. . . as). — bien, pretty well, well 
enough. Bien — , quite enough. — de, 
enough of, a sufficiency of, enough, 
sufficient, tolerable. — joli, rather 
pretty. — mouvafa, indifferent; bad 
enough; somewhat uncomfortable. — 
mat, indifferently ; badly enough, bad 
enough; imperfectly; clumsily; some- 
what uncomfortably. — pen, little 
enough, but little, indifferently; so 
little (as). — semblable, not unlike. — 
souvent, not unfrequently, often 
enough, pretty often. — volontiers, 
d'— bon coeur, not unwillingly, readily 
enough ; commonly enough 
Aasident, e, ndj. (med.) assident 
Assidu, e, adj. assiduous ; punctual ; 

constant; diligent; attentive; close 
Assiduity, s.f. assiduity ; regular at- 
tendance ; punctuality ; constancy ; 
diligence ; ajjplication ; attention 
Assidument, adv. assiduously ; plod- 
dingly; punctually; constantly; dUi- 
gently; attentively; closely 
■'^••i^K** e, part. adj. besieged, beset, 
_*«• <^- Aaai^gor) ; — s.m. besieged 
Assiegeant, e, part. adj. besieging; — 

n.m. besieger 
Assi^ger, v.o. to besiege ; to beset ; to 
crowd or throng round ; to surround : 
to dun 
Assiette, s.f plate; platefiU; situa- 
tion ; site ; position : proper position ; 


state ; usual or proper state ; disposi- 
tion ; humour, temper ; assessment ; 
fund ; level ; balance ; ground ; (riding) 
seat ; (of a ship) trim. — creuse, — a 
soupe or a potage, deep plate, soup- 
plate. — plate, shallow plate, dinner- 

A8Siett6e, s.f. plateful [plate 

fAssignable, adj. assignable 

■j-Assignant, e, s.m.f. plaintiff 

fAssignat, s.m. (obsolete) assignat 

t Assignation, s.f. assignation ; as- 
signment ; warrant, order ; appoint- 
ment ; summons, citation ; writ ; sub- 
poena [spondent 

fAssign^, e, s.m.f. defendant; re- 

fAssigner, v.a. to assign ; to charge ; 
to allot ; to allow ; to appoint ; to sum- 
mon, to cite ; to subpcEua 

Assimilable, adj. assimilable 

Assimilation, s.f. assimilation 

Assimiler, v.a. to assimilate ; to liken, 
to compare. S'—, to assimilate or &c. 
to oneself; to assimilate, to be assi- 

Assis, e, adj. seated, sitting ; situated ; 
placed ; laid ; established ; resting. 
Par — et leve, by rising and sitting 

Assise, «./. (2? Z. — s) (arch.) course; (geol.) 
layer, bed, stratum ; — s, pi. (no sing.) 
assizes. Tenir ses — s dans unc maison, 
dans une societe, to be the oracle of a 
house, of a company 

Assistance, sf. assistance, aid, help, 
succour; relief; charity; attendance; 
assembly; company; audience; con- 
gregation; council. — judiciaire ("judi- 
cial assistance ") (law) leave to sue in 
forma pauperis; suing in forma pauperis. 
— publique, public charity; relief of 
the poor ; poor-law ; poor-law board or 

Assistant, e, s.m.f. adj. person pre- 
sent ; by-stander, looker-on, spectator, 
beholder ; assistant. Les — s, those 
present, the by-standers, the specta- 
tors ; the assenjbly, the company, the 
attendance, the audience ; the congre- 

Assister, v.a.n. to assist, to help, to 
aid, to succour ; to relieve ; to sup- 
port ; to see to ; to enforce ; to take 
part ; to attend ; to be present ; to be 
(at) ; to stand by, to look on, to wit- 
ness, to be a witness (of) ; to sit 

Association, s.f. association ; combi- 
nation ; union ; confederacy ; assem- 
bly ; society; partnership 

Associ6, e, s.m.f. associate, member, 
fellow ; companion ; confederate ; part- 

Associer, v.a. to associate ; to admit 
to a share (of) ; to make (...) a party 
(to) ; to unite, to join, to combine ; to 
connect ; to take into i)artnership 

S' — , v.r. to associate oneself ; to as- 
sociate ; to keep company (with) ; to 
take a part; to share (in); to take as 
associate or associates; to take as a 
companion or partner ; to admit as a 
member ; to unite, to join, to combine; 
to club; to enter into partnership 

AssoifF6, e, adj. athirst, thirsty, thirst- 
ing; greedy (of), eager (tor).' Etre — 
de, to be greedy of or eager for, to 
thirst for, to long for 

Assolement, s.m. rotation of crops 

Assoler, v.a. to have a rotation of 
crops on 

Assombrir, v.a. to darken, to obscure; 
to make gloomy ; to throw a gloom 
over; to gloom; to cloud; to sadden. 
S' — , to darken, to be darkened ; to 
become (or grow or get) gloomy or 
cloudy or sad 

Assommant, e, adj. killing ; oppres- 
sive ; overwhelming ; exceedingly or 
dreadfully tiresome or dull, wearisome, 


exceedingly annoying or troublesome, 
plaguing, boring, bothering 

Assoxnmer, v.a. to knock down ; to 
fell ; to strike dead ; to kill ; to 
slaughter; to murder ; to beat soundly 
or unmercifully ; to overpower, to 
overwhelm ; to stun, to confound, to 
dumbfound; to nonplus, to shut up; 
to weary to death, to plague, to pester, 
to bore, to bother 

Assommeur, s.m. feller ; killer ; 
slaughterman, slaughterer ; fighter, 
bully ; plague, bore 

ASBommoir, s.m. pole-axe ; bludgeon, 
life-preserver ; tomahawk ; fall-trap, 
dead-fall (trap for vermin) ; dead- 
weight ; plague, bore ; wine-shop, 
dram-shop, public house 

Assoxnption, s.f. assumption 

Assonah, s.f. V. Sonna 

Assonance, s.f. assonance 

Assonant; e, adj. assonant 

Assortiment; s.m. assortment ; stock ; 
set ; suit ; collection ; match ; suit- 
ableness ; sorting. Livres ( or 
fonds (m.smg.) d' — ,miscellaneous stock, 
stock-books, books not published by 
the vendor. Libraire d" — , wholesale 

Assortir, v.a.n., S'— , v.r. to assort ; to 
sort ; to match ; to suit ; to pair ; to 
stock, to supply 

Assortissantj e, adj. suitable, suiting, 
becoming, matching, to match, to 

Assortisseu-r, se, s.m.f. dealer in 
remnants of stuffs (for viatchiiv') 

Assoter, v.a. to infatuate, to besot ; to 
abash. S'—, to be infatuated, &c. 

Assoupi, e, adj. drowsy ; sleepy ; 
slumbering, dozing, napping; sleep- 
ing; asleep; laid asleep; lying dor- 
mant ; allayed ; hushed up ; appeased 

Assoupir, v.a. to make drowsy or 
sleepy ; to send to sleep ; to lull ; to 
allay ; to dull ; to deaden ; to hush ; to 
hush up ; to calm ; to still ; to quiet ; 
to appease ; to quell. S' — , to get 
drowsy or sleepy ; to fall asleep ; to go 
to sleep ; to slumber, to doze, to nod ; 
to lull ; to die away ; to be allayed or 

Assoupissant, e, adj. inducing sleep, 
soporific, drowsy, sleepy; dull, hum- 
drum « 

Assoupissement, s.m. drowsiness ; 
sleepiness, somnolency; heaviness ; 
slumber ; carelessness, supineness, 
sloth ; appeasement ; hushing 

Assoupli, e, part. adj. made supple or 
&G., softened, supple, soft, flexible; 
easy ; bent ; broken ; tractable, docile 

Assouplir, v.a. to make (or render) 
supple or flexible or tractable; to 
soften ; to bend ; to tame ; to break 
(a horse, &c.). S'— , to become supple 
or easy or &c. ; to bend 

Assonrdir, v.a. to deafen, to make 
deaf ; to stun the ears of ; to stun ; to 
muflBle ; to deaden ; to soften ; to tone 

S»— , v.r. to grow deaf, to become 
hard of hearing ; to become dead, to 
be deadened 

Assourdissement, s.m. deafening ; 
temporary deafness ; deafening noise, 
din; muffling; deadening; softening; 
toning down 

Assouvir, v.a. to satiate ; to glut ; to 
gorge ; to gratify. -S'— , to satiate or 
gorge oneself ; to be satiated or &c. 

Assouvissement, «. m. satiating ; 
'^ glutting'; gorging; gratification 

Assujetir, Assujettir, v.a. to sub- 
ject; to bring under subjection; to 
subdue; to master, to conquer, to 
overcome ; to bind, to tie down, to 
confine, to fetter; to compel, to con- 


strain ; to fix, to fasten, to make 
steady. S'— , to subject or tie oneself; 
to submit 
Assujdtissant, Assujettissant, e, 
adj. slavish, that ties down, restrictive, 
binding, constraining, confining, fet- 
tering, hard 
Assuj^tissement, Assujettisse- 
ment; subjection ; submission ; 
slavery ; dependence ; constraint, re- 
straint ; tie ; exigency [oneself 
Assumer, v.a. to assume, to take on 
Assurable, adj. assurable, insurable 
Assurance, s.f. assurance; certainty; 
reliance, trust ; confidence ; self-con- 
^dence ; boldness; safety; security; 
promise; protestation; proof; firm- 
ness ; steadiness ; insurance 
Assur6, e, adj. assured; secure ; safe; 
sure, certain; confident, bold; im- 
pudent; steady, firm; — adj. s. in- 
sured ; policy-holder. Mai — , insecure, 
unsafe; uncertain; unsteady; loose; 
shaky; trembling; tottering; falter- 
ing ; feeble, weak, faint 
Assur6ment, adv. assuredly, surely, 
to be sure ; doubtless, certainly, sure 
enough ; securely ; boldly, confidently, 
with assurance ; steadily 
Assurer, v.a. to assure ; to ensure ; to 
insure; to secure; to make sure or 
firm or steady; to steady; to fix; to 
fasten ; to inspire with confidence, to 
give boldness to, to embolden ; to en- 
courage ; to compose ; to assert, to 
affirm ; to promise ; to confirm ; to 
settle ; to guarantee ; (rid.) to accustom 
to the bit. — son pavilion, tm signal, 
(nav.) to enforce the colours, a signal 
(bij a gun, by a signal gun) 

S' — , v.r. to secure ; to assure one- 
self; to make sure (of, that); to as- 
certain ; to rely, to trust ; to be con- 
fident ; to be sure, to feel assured ; to 
secure oneself ; to insure [writer 

Assureur, s.m. insurer, assurer, under- 
Assyrien, ne, adj. s. Assyrian 
Assyriologie, s.f. assyriology 
AsS3rriolOg^e, s.m. assyriologist 
Aster; s.m. (bot.) aster, starwort 
Ast6ne, s.f. (min.) V. Ast^rite ; (zool.) 
asterias, star-fish ; (phys.) star-like 
Ast^risme, s.m. star-like opalescence ; 

(astr.) asterism, cluster of stars 
Ast^risque, s.m. asterisk, star 
Ast6rite, adj. m. Saphir — , asteria, 

asteriated sapphire, star-stone 
Ast6roide, a.m. (astr.) asteroid, planet- 
oid, minor planet ; aerolite 
Astlx6nie, s.f. (vied.) asthenia, debility 
Astli6n-ique, -ologie, &c. V. page 

3, §1 
Astiimatique, adj. s. asthmatic. Un 
gro8 cocher — , a fat wheezy coachman 
Asthme, s.m. asthma 
Astic, (shoemaker's) longstick ; 
polisher, polishing-stick ; polishing- 
Asticot, s.m. gentle, maggot [paste 
Asticoter, v.a. to tease, to vex, to 
plague. -S"— , to tease or Sec. each other 
Astigmate, adj. astigmatic 
Astigrmat-ique, -isme. V. p. 3, § 1 
Astiquer, v.a. to polish, to rub up, to 
clean up, to furbish up ; to dress up, 
to trim up, to spruce up ; to tease, to 
provoke; to drub. <S' — , to dress or 
trim or spruce oneself up ; to wrangle, 
to fight [astrachan 

Astracan, Astrakan, s.m. astrakhan, 
Astragale, s.m. (arch., artil., tech.) 
astragal ; (anat.) astragalus, ankle- 
bone ; (bot.) astragalus, milk-vetch 
Astral, e, adj. astral 
Astre, S.VI. star ; luminary ; orb 
Astr^e, s.f. (myth., astr.) Astrsea; (zool.) 

Astrelndre, v.a, to subject, to bind, to 


tie down ; to compel, to force, to con- 
strain, to oblige 
Astriction, s.f. (med.) astriction 
Astringence, s.f. (med.) astringency 
Astringent, e, adj.. Astringent, 

s.m,. (vied.) astringent 
Astrolabe, s.m. (astr.) astrolabe 
Astroldtre^ s.m.f. star-worshipper 
Astrol-atne, -ogie, -ogique, 

-ogiquement, V. page 3, § 1 
Astrologue, s.m. astrologer 
Astronome, s.m. astronomer 
Astronom-ie, -ique, -iquement. 

V. page 3, § 1 
Astuce, s.f. low cunning, craft, wile, 
guile, astuteness [craftily, astutely 
Astucieusenaent, adv. cunningly, 
Astucieu-x, se, adj. cunning, crafty, 
As yni 6trie, s.f. asymmetry [astute 
As ym 6trique, adj. asymmetrical 
A sym ptote, s.f. (geom.) asymptote 
Asymptotique, adj. asymptotic, 
asymptotical [tabor) 

Atabale, s.m. atabal, attabal (Moorish 
Atagban, s.m. v. Vatasan 
Ata-raxie, -xie, -xique. V. p. 3, § 1 
Atavisme, atavism 
At^le, s.m. (zool.) ateles, spider-monkey 
Atelier, workshop; shop; shed; 
manufactory ; works ; workroom ; 
room ; office ; studio ; gang ; workmen, 
workpeople, hands; pupils; (of free- 
masons) lodge; (nav.) loft, shed, yard. 
Jotir d' — , (paiiit., sculp.) best light 
Atellanes, (Rom. antiq.) Atel- 

lauie, Atellan or Atellane plays 
Atermoiement, s.m. delay of pay- 
ment, delay; composition; put-off, 
Atermoyer, v.a. to delay the payment 
of, to delay, to put off ; — v.n. to try to 
gain time, to put off, to delay. S' — , 
to compound with o.'s creditors [fly 
Athalie, s.f. (zool.) athalia, turnip saw- 
Athanasien, s.m. Athanasian 
Atli^e, s.m.f. atheist ; — adj. atheist, 

Atli^-isme, -istique. V. page 3, § 1 
Atli6n6e, s.m. athenaeum 
Atll^nien, ne, adj. s.m.f. Athenian; 
— sf. antique scent-box or flower-vase 
Ath^rine, s.f. (fish) atherine, silver- 
side, sand-smelt 
Atll6ronie, s.m. (med.) atheroma 
Atllldte, s.m. athlete ; wrestler ; cham- 
pion ; antagonist, combatant, adver- 
sary [letics 
Atlll6tique, adj. athletic; —s.f. ath- 
Athl^tiquement, adv. athletically 
Atlll^tisme, s.m. athletism, athleti- 
cism [dress up 
Atinter, v.a. to trick out, to rig out, to 
Atlante, s.m. (arch.) atlas (— s, pi. at- 
lantes) ; — s.f. (zool.) atlanta [tides 
Atlantides, (myth., astr.) Atlan- 
Atlantique, adj.s.m. Atlantic; (stat.) 
Atlas, s.m. atlas [atlas (adj.) 
Atmidom^tre, Atmom^tre, s.m. 

atmidometer, atmometer 
Atmosphere, s.f. atmosphere 
Atmosph^rique, adj. atmospheric 
Atome, s.m. atom 
Atom-ique, -iquement, -isme, 

-iste, -istique. V. page 3, § 1 
Atone, adj. atonic ; dull, without ex- 
pression, lack-lustre, flxed, staring; 
Atonie, s.f. atony, debility [inactive 
Atonique, adj. atonic 
^tourner, v.a. to attire, to dress out 
Atour, s.m. attire ; — s, pi. attire, dress ; 
ornaments ; finery. Dame or femme 
d' — , tire-woman, lady of the bedcham- 
ber. Dans ses plus beaux — s, dressed 
in o.'s best or in all o.'s finery 
Atoumeuse, s.f. (obsolete) tire-woman 
Atout, s.m. trump, trump - card ; 
trumps; (pop.) knock, thunuK blow; 
self-possession ; pluck. CouSer avee 


r — , to trump. Jouer — , to play trumps, 
to trump [poisonous 

Atoxique, aiij, non-venomous, non- 

Atrabllaire, adj. s. atrabilarian, atra- 
bilious ; morose, peevish, irritable ; 

Atrabile, $./. atrabilis, hypochondria 

Atr^jnentaire, adj. atrameutal, inky 

Atre, g.m. hearth, fire-place 

Atroce, adj. atrocious; heinous; 
odious; cruel; wicked; excruciating; 
outrageous; enormous; dreadful; 
horrid, horrible, shocking 

Atrocement, adv. atrociously; hei- 
nously; cruelly; wickedly; excruci- 
atingly : outrageously ; enormously ; 
dreadfully ; horridly, horribly 

Atrocity, •./. atrocity, atrociousness ; 
hcinousness ; cruelty ; wickedness ; 
enormity ; wretched state 

Atrophle, s.f. {med.) atrophy 

Atrophia, e, part. adj. atrophied; 
wasted ; withered ; stunted, unde- 

Atropliier; v.a. to atrophy, to waste, 
to wither, to stunt. S' — , to atrophy, 
to berome atrophied, to waste away 

Atropine, s.f. {chem.) atropia, atropine 

Atropos, s.m. {zool.) atropos, death's- 
head moth ; book-louse [tabor) 

Attabale, i.m. attabal, atabal {Moorish 

Attabl^i e, part. adj. seated or sitting 
at table, at table [(occupied by . . .) 

Attabl6«, «/. tableful (of people), table 

Attabler, v.a. to set or seat at table, to 
set down to table. S" — ,to sit down to 
table, to take o.'s place at table, to sit 
at table 

Attacliant) 9, adj. attaching; inter- 
esting, engaging ; captivating ; attrac- 
tive; winning; taking; pleasant; en- 
dearing; lovely; tying, binding, con- 

Attacbe, s.f. tie ; fastening ; halter ; te- 
ther; thong; leash; chain; couple, 
coupling ; string ; cord ; strap ; band ; 
binder; brace; rivet; clasp; buckle; 
link ; connection ; bond, attachment ; 
affection ; fondness ; inclination ; con- 
sent; {of diamonds) cluster; {anat.,paint., 
sculp.) attachment ; {of horses) stabling, 
livery. A V—, tied up ; at work, iltre 
<r— , to be attached to o.'s masters, to 
be capable of attachment. Mettre d 
r— , to tie up. Prendre d V—, to take 
in (horses) at livery 

Attach^, e, part. adj. attached, &c. 
(V. Atta«her); fond (of); bent (on), 
intent (on); wedded (to); sticking; 
clinging; cleaving; hanging; pursu- 
ing, following, dogging 

Attach^, s.m. attach^ (of an embassy) ; 
follower, adherent, friend 

Attachemant; s.m. attachment, affec- 
tion ; application ; tie, bond ; — •, pi. 
(arch.) memoranda 

Attacher, v.a. to attach; to tie; to 
fasten ; to bind ; to link ; to connect ; 
to join ; to couple ; to sew on ; to nail ; 
to tack ; to pin ; to button ; to rivet ; 
to stick ; to fix ; to suspend ; to hang ; 
to hook; to place; to set; to put; to 
apply; to give; to interest; to en- 
gage ; to captivate ; to attract ; to 
allure ; to win ; to endear ; to occupy ; 
to confine ; to absorb 

•*— t v-r. to attach oneself or to one- 
self ; to attach ; to tie ; to fasten one- 
self; to fasten; to cling; to cleave; 
to stick, to adhere; to pursue, to 
follow, to dog ; to be fixed ; to apply 
oneself, to endeavour, to strive ; to set 
(upon) ; to be bent (on) ; to interest 
oneself; to care (for); to gain to one- 
self, to win ; to be wedded (to) ; to be 
(or become) attached or connected or 
Attaqnabto, o^f. attackable, assail- 


able ; impeachable ; objectionable ; 
doubtful, questionable ; actionable 
Attaquant, s.m. assailant 
Attaque, s.f. attack; onset; assault; 
attempt ; approach ; insult ; reproach ; 
aggression ; lit, stroke, touch. D' — , 
of or from attack ; attacking ; resolute, 
game, plucky, brisk ; resolutely, pluck- 
ily, briskly 
Attaquer, v.a. to attack ; to assail ; to 
assault ; to fall or set upon, to come 
upon ; to quarrel with ; to reproach ; 
to impugn; to impeach; to censure; 
to counteract ; to strike ; to affect ; to 
seize ; to set to ; to begin ; to open ; to 
cut into ; to undertake ; to attempt ; 
to strike up, to play, to sing ; to spur ; 
to contest ; to dispute the validity of ; 
to sue; (nav. ) to make (the land), to stand 
in for {the land) 

S'— , v.r. to attack; to set or fall 
(upon); to fall foul (of) ; to challenge ; 
to meddle (with), to interfere (with); 
to find fault (with) ; to attack each 
other ; to be attacked or &c. 
Attard6, e, adj. late, behind o.'s time, 
behind time, behind, behindhand, 
staying late or after the time, linger- 
ing, belated, benighted 
Attaxder; v.a. to make late, to delay, 
to detain. S' — , to make oneself late ; 
to be late, to be belated or benighted ; 
to start or stay late ; to be out late ; 
to keep late hours ; to remain or stay 
out ; to loiter ; to linger 
Atte, s.m. (bot.) sweet sop (fruit) ; — s.f. 

(zool.) atta (kind of atit) 
Atteindre, v.a.n. to attain ; to reach ; 
to get at or to ; to strike ; to hit : to 
touch ; to hurt, to injure ; to overtake ; 
to catch ; to join ; to equal ; to come 
up to ; to come to ; to come upon ; to 
attack, to affect, to afflict, to seize ; to 
infect ; to accuse. S'—, to be reached, 
&c. ; to hurt oneself or each other; 
(vet.) to overreach 
Atteinte, s.f. blow, hit, stroke, injury, 
prejudice, hurt, harm; flaw; impres- 
sion ; effect ; pang ; breach, violation ; 
reach; gripe; attack; fit, touch; 
offence ; outrage ; (vet.) overreach, 
tread. Porter or donner — d, to strike 
a blow at ; to injure, to prejudice, to 
hurt ; to impair ; to cast a slur or a re- 
flection on ; to alter ; to shake ; to vio- 
late, to infringe ; to commit an offence 
against ; to be derogatory to ; to lower 
Att61abe, s.m. (insect) attelabus, weevil 
Attelable, adj. fit for harness 
Attelage, s.m. team, set, horses; yoke, 
oxen ; carriage, vehicle ; harness ; 
(tech.) draw-gear; (rail.) coupling and 
chains. Chaine d' — , coupling-chain 
Attel6, e, part. adj. put to, harnessed, 
Ac. ( V. Atteler ) ; ready. — d, put to ; 
drawing. — de, drawn by 
Atteler, v.a. to put to, to harness ; to 
put the horses to (a vehicle), to horse, 
to get ready; to yoke; to attach: to 
couple ; to join 
Attelle, s.f. hame; (surg.) splint 
Attellement, s.m. harnessing; yo- 
king ; coupling ; joining [ous, next 
Attenant, e, adj. adjoining, contigu- 
Attenant, prep. adv. next to, close by 
Attendant (En), waiting; in the mean- 
time, meanwhile, in the interim, till 
then ; till ; till (. . .) comes or is ready ; 
still, yet; with all that; temporarily; 
temporary. ~ oue,till, until. - mieux, 
till something better turns up 
Attendre, v.a.n. to wait for ; to wait ; 
to stay, to stop; to tarry; to delay, to 
defer; to keep; to expect; to await; 
to hope for; to look forward to; to 
look for ; to expect to catch ; to wait 
to see ; to be in store for ; to be pro- 
vided or ready for; to dance attend- 


ance. — apres, to wait for ; to be in 
want of. Faire — , to keep waiting ; to 
keep waiting for ; to promise. Se faire 
— , to keep one (or people) waiting, to 
be long coming, not to come, to be 
behind time 

S' — , v.r. to wait for each other ; to 
expect ; to rely, to depend ; to be pre- 
pared (for); to be waited for; to be 
expected or awaited. Attendez-vous-y t 
you may expect it; depend upon it; 
(ironically) you may whistle for that 
Attendri, e, part. adj. moved, &c. (F. 
Attendrir) ; tender ; pitying ; of or 
with emotion; fuddled, mellow,maudlin 
Attendrir, v.a. to make tender, to 
soften ; to move to pity, to move, to 
affect, to touch ; to excite pity or com- 
passion ; to make maudlin 

S' — , v.r. to get (or become) tender ; 
to be moved to pity, to be moved or 
affected ; to feel compassion ; to soften, 
to relent ; to be favourably disposed ; 
to melt ; to become maudlin 
Attendrissement, s.m. making ten- 
der ; feeling, sensibility, tenderness ; 
emotion ; compassion, pity ; relenting 
Attendu, prep, considering, in con- 
sideration of, on account of; — s.m. 
(law) preamble, recital. — que, con- 
sidering that, seeing that, as, whereas, 
inasmuch as, because, since 
Attenir, v.n. to adjoin, to be contiguous 
Attentat, s.m. criminal attempt, at- 
tempt ; attack ; crime ; misdeed ; deed ; 
outrage ; violation, infringement 
Attentatoire, adj. attempting, attack- 
ing ; hostile ; outrageous, unlawful, 
criminal ; in contempt (of) 
Attente, «/. waiting ; staying, stopping; 
expectation; hope; (mil.) shoulder- 
strap. D'— , (adject.) waiting; tem- 
porary [to attempt 
Attenter, v.n.a. to make an attempt, 
Attenti-f, ve, adj. attentive; careful; 
mindful ; studious ; intent or bent 
(on) ; considerate ; — s.m. (obsolete) lover 
Attention, s.f. attention ; care, heed ; 
regard, considerateness ; kindness ; 
notice. Faire — , to pay attention, to 
attend, to mind, to heed ; to take care ; 
to take notice; to notice, to observe; 
to consider ; to mark ; to trouble one- 
self (about) ; to mention. — au com- 
mandement 4 (mil.) attention ! 
Attentionne, e, adj. attentive, full of 

attentions, considerate 
Attentivement, adv. attentively, 

carefully, wistfully 
Att6nuant, e, adj. attenuating, at- 

tenuant; (iaw) extenuating 
Att^nuant, s.m. (med.) attenuant 
Attenuation, s.f. attenuation ; weak- 
ness; extenuation, mitigation, pallia- 
Att^nuer, v.a. to attenuate ; to weak- 
en ; to extenuate ; to waste ; to dimin- 
ish ; to deaden ; to underrate ; to miti- 
gate, to palliate ; to lighten. /S'— , to 
be attenuated, &c. ; to lessen 
Atterrage, s.m,. (nav.) approach to the 
land, shoaling; landing, making the 
land ; land-fall 
Atterr^, e, adj. ashore, aground; as- 
tounded, thunderstruck 
Atterrement, a.m. throwing down, 
overthrow; ruin; prostration; terror 
Atterrer, v.a. to throw to the ground, 
to throw or strike down, to floor; to 
overthrow, to overturn, to subvert, to 
crush, to destroy, to ruin ; to cast down, 
to discourage ; to overwhelm ; to 
startle, to astound, to thunderstrike, 
to strike all of a heap ;— v.n. (nav., old) 
to land, to make the land 
Atterri, e, adj. ashore, aground 
Atterrir, v.n. (nav.) to make the land ; 
— v.a. to choke up, to silt 


Atterrissage, s.m. {nav.) land-fall 

Atterrissementj a.m. alluvium, al- 
luvion, accretion 

Attestation, «./. attestation, certifi- 
cate, testimonial; ( — sous serinent) 

Attester, v.a. to attest ; to testify ; to 
vouch ; to certify ; to bear witness to ; 
to witness; to affirm; to prove; to 
call or take to witness 

Attic -isme, -iste. V. page 8, § 1 

Atti^dir, v.a. to make lukev/arm; to 
cool, to abate ; to render careless. 
S' — , to become (or grow) lukewarm or 
cool, to cool, to abate ; to become care- 
less or indifferent 

Atti^dissement; s.m. lukewarmness ; 
coolness, abatement ; indifference 

Attier, s.m. (bot.) sweet sop (tree) 

Attifement) s.m. rig, rigging, toggery 

Attifer, v.a. to rig or dress out, to tog 
up. to titivate [trinket 

Attlfet, s.m. head-dress, head-gear; 

f Attignole, s.f. sausage-cake, fagot 

Attique, adj.m.f., s.m. Attic ; (arch.) 
attic ; — (I.') s.f. Attica 

Attiquement, adv. in the Attic dialect; 
in the Attic manner or style 

Attirable, adj. attractable 

f Attirail, s.m. apparatus ; appliances ; 
requisites ; implements ; utensils; gear, 
tackle ; furniture*; plant ; equipage ; 
train, baggage, luggage, paraphernalia, 
lumber ; stores ; show, pomp 

Attirant, e, adj. attractive, alluring, 
engaging, winning 

Attirer, v.a. to attract; to draw; to 
entice ; to allure ; to decoy ; to win, to 
gain ; to draw on ; to bring on or over; 
to bring ; to procure ; to induce ; to 
excite ; to incite ; to inspire 

S'— , v.r. to gain, to win ; to bring or 
draw on oneself; to incur; to make 
(enemies); to get into (scrapes, &c.); to 
excite ; to attract ; to attract each 
other ; to be attracted or drawn 

Attiser, v.a. to make up, to stir up, to 
poke (the fire) ; (fig.) to stir up, to in- 
flame, to excite. — lefeu, (fiff.) to fan 
the flame ; to add fuel to the fire 

Attisoir, Attisonnoir, s.m. (tech.) 

Attitr6, e, adj. regular; usual, ordi- 
nary ; appointed ; recognized ; accre- 
dited ; official ; bribed, hired, hireling 

Attitrer, v.a. to appoint, to name ; to 
commission ; to bribe, to hire ; (hunt.) 
to place in readiness 

Attitude, s.f. attitude, posture 

AttOle, Attolon, atoll, lagoon- 
island [contact 

Attouchement, s.m. touch, feeling ; 

Attrac-teur, trice, adj. attracting ; 

Attracti-f, ve, adj. attractive 

Attraction, s.f. attraction [entice 

Attraire, v.a. to attract, to allure, to 

Attrait, s.m, attraction; allurement; 
bait ; charm ; taste ; inclination ; (rel.) 

Attrape, s.f. catch, trick, take-in, hoax, 
sell, bite ; bait ; snare, trap ; (in a piano) 
cl:^eck; (tecft.) elbow-tongs ; (nor.) life- 

Attrape, s.m.f. (in compound*, from 
Attraper, "to catch," &c.) thing or 
animal (m.) or person (m.f.) that 
catches, &c., catcher. — •mouches, 
s.m. (trap) fly-catcher, fly-trap ; (plant) 
catchfly, fly-trap ; (bird) fly-catcher. 
— •nialB, — •nigauds, — -lour- 
daudB, s.m. fool-trap, vulgar trick ; 

clap-trap ; catchpenny. parterre, 

s.m. clap- trap for the pit, clap- trap 

Attraper, v.a. to trap, to entrap; to 
catch ; to take in ; to overreach ; to 
deceive, to cheat, to trick, to play a 
trick to, to hoax, to chouse ; to disap- 


point ; to surprise ; to overtake ; to 
reach ; to seize ; to lay hold of ; to get ; 
to receive ; to obtain ; to take ; to pick 
up; to strike; to hit; to hit off, to 
take off; to imitate; to knock. At- 
trape ! you are caught 1 take that I 
that's for your pains! it serves you 
right ! 

S' — , v.r. to catch or &c. each other ; 
to overreach oneself ; to be or get 
caught, &c. ; to catch; to knock one- 
self, to run (against); (rid.) to over- 
reach [deceiver, cheat, trickster 

Attrapeu-r, se, s.m.f. catcher; hunter; 

Attrapoire^ s.f. trap, snare ; trick, 
take-in [engaging, winning 

Attrayant, e, adj. attractive, alluring, 

Attribuable, adj. attributable, ascrib- 
able ; imputable ; referable 

Attribuer, v.a. to attribute ; to ascribe; 
to impute ; to refer ; to attach, to as- 
sign ; to grant; to confer; to award. 
<S' — , to attribute to oneself ; to claim ; 
to assume, to take upon oneself ; to be 
attributed, &c. 

Attribut, s.m. attribute ; quality ; pre- 
rogative, privilege ; symbol, emblem ; 
(log.) predicate, attribute 

Attributi-f, ve, adj. attributive 

Attribution, s.f. attribution, ascrip- 
tion ; confeiTing ; prerogative, privi- 
lege ; —8, pi. functions, duties ; 
powers ; province, department ; (Imv) 
cognizance, competence [(stolen, goods) 

Attriquer, v.a. (pop.) to buy or receive 

Attriqueu-r, se, s.m.f. (pop.) buyer or 
receiver of stolen goods, fence 

Attristant, e, adj. saddening, sad, 
soiTOwful, grievous,melancholy, afflict- 

Attrister, v.a. to sadden; to damp; to 
gloom, to throw a gloom over ; to 
grieve, to afflict. S' — , to grieve, to 
sorrow; to become (or grow) sad or 
sorrowful or gloomy or melancholy 

Attrit, e, adj. (theol.) attrite 

Attxition, s.f. attrition 

Attroupement, s.m. riotous or tu- 
multuous assembly or meeting or 
crowd, crowd, multitude, gathering, 
mob, riot. Loi contre les — «, Riot act 

Attrouper, v.a. to assemble, to gather. 
S' — , to flock together ; to gather in 
crowds, to crowd, to get together in a 

Atypique, adj. atypic [mob 

Au \contraction of A le, art.'] ; (cook.) 
with ; done in ; preserved in ; in ; 
flavoured with ; [or simply invert, os] 
sauce — vin, wine sauce [up 

Aubade, s.f. morning serenade ; blow- 

Aubain, s.m. (obsolete) alien, foreigner 

Aubaine, s.f. escheat to the Crown 
of the property of a deceased alien, 
aubaine ; (bonne — ) windfall, godsend, 
prize, good fortune, good job, piece of 
luck or of good foi-tune, luck. Mau- 
vaise — , bad job 

Aube, s.f. dawn, daybreak; alb; pad- 
dle-board, paddle ; float-board ; — s.m. 
(bot.) abele, abel-tree, white poplar. 
Roue d — s, paddle-wheel. Vapeur d 
—s, paddle-wheel steamer 

Aub6pine, s.f. hawthorn, whitethorn, 
hawthorn-blossom, Mayflower, may 

Aubdre, adj. m.f., s.m. fleabitten grey 

Auberge, s.f. inn, tavern; public- 

Aubergine, s.f. (bot.) egg-plant, auber- 
gine ; (its fruit) aubergine, egg-apple, 

Aubergiste, s.m.f. inn- keeper; publi- 
can ; landlord, host ; landlady, hostess 

Aubdte, Aubette, s.f. (mil.) ovderly- 
room [virgin's bower 

f Aubevigne, s.f. (bot.) traveller's joy, 

Aubier, s.m. sapwood, sap, blea, al- 

Aubifoin, s.m. (bot.) corn-flower 


Aubin, Canterbury gallop, hand- 
gallop, canter 
Aubiner, v.n.a. (rid.) to canter ; (hart., 
agr.) to earth up ; to strike (vine- 
Aubour, s.m. (bot.) laburnum [cuttings) 
Aubrier, a.m. (birti) hobby [laurel 

Aucuba, s.m. (bot.) aucuba, variegated 
Aucun, e, adj. pron. any ; either ; 
anyone; any man ; no; none; not one; 
no one; not any; neither; not any- 
one; no man. — «, d' —s, (old., f am.) 
some, a few [times 

Aucunefois, adv. (old) sometimes, at 
Aucunement, adv. in any way, in any 
wise, at all ; not at all, by no means, 
on no account, in no wise ; (in anti- 
quated style) in some degree, to some 
Audace, s.f. audacity; boldness, daring 
Audacieusement, adv. audaciously ; 
boldly, daringly [daring 

Audacieu-X, se, adj. audacious ; bold, 
Au-deg^, Au-dedans, Au-de- 
liors, Au - del^, Au-dessous, 
Au-dessuB, Au-devant. F. Oeqii, 
Dedans, Dehors, &c. 
Audience, s.f. audience ; hearing ; 
trial ; court, sitting [appoint for hearing 
Audiencer, v.a. to bring into court ; to 
Audiencier, adj.m., s.m. Huissier — , 

crier, usher (of a court) 
Audit, adj. m. to or at the said ; to or 

at the same ; to or at ditto 
Auditeur, s.m. hearer; auditor. — 
benevole, favourably disposed hearer; 
amateur attendant 
Auditi-f, ve, adj. auditory 
Audition, s.f. audition, hearing ; 

auditing, audit 
Auditoire, s.m. auditory; bar, court; 
audience, hearers, assembly, meeting ; 
Auditorat, s.m. auditorship 
Auditrice, s.f. hearer, auditresa 
Auge, s.f. trough ; hod, tray ; channel ; 

spout; bucket 
Aug^e, s.f. troughful ; hodful 
Augelot, s.m. (agr.) ditch, trench 
Auger, v.a. (tech.) to hollow out 
Auget, s.m. small trough ; seed-box, 
drawer (of a bird-cage) ; bucket (of a 
Au gm ent, s.m. (gram., med.) augment 
Augmentable, adj. augmentable, in- 
creasable [menter ; — adj. augmenting 
Augmenta-teur, trice, s.m.f. aug- 
Augnxentati-f, ve, adj. Augmen- 

tatif, s.m. augmentative 
Augmentation, s.f. augmentation, in- 
crease; enlargement; addition; in- 
crease of salary or wages or rent; 
growth ; rise, advance ; improvement ; 
Augmenter, v.a.n., S' — , v.r. to aug- 
ment, to increase ; to enlarge ; to ex- 
tend ; to enhance ; to improve, to 
better ; to aggravate, to make worse ; 
to raise the salary or the wages of ; to 
raise . . .'s rent ; to raise ; to rise, to 
advance ; to grow 
Augural, e, adj. augural, augurial 
Augure, s.m. augury, omen, sign; 
augur. De bon — , auspicious, of good 
omen. De mauvais — , ominous, porten- 
tous, of ill omen, ill-omened 
AvLguxer, v.a.n. to augur 
AugUBte, adj. august ; — s.m. (obsolete 
for aoAt) August; (person^ s name) Au- 
Asgustement, adv. augustly [gustus 
Augustin, e, s.m.f. Augustine, Augus- 

tinian, Austin friar, Augustine (nun) 

Augustine, «./. spirit-lamp foot- warmer 

Augustinien, ne, adj. s. Augustinian 

Aujourd'hul, adv. s.m. to-day, this 

day; nowadays, now, at present; the 

present time, the present day. Lejour 

or la joumee d' — , to-day. — ^Hetne, 

this very day ; even to this day 


Aulique, adj. m.f., «./. aulic 

Au-lit, int. (hunt.) tally-ho 1 

Aulne,, V. Aune, km. 

Auloff6e, .-<./. (nav.) luffing, coming up 

Auln^e. V. Aun^e 

AulOBtome, ».»». V. Fistulaire, «.ni. 

AulX (old pi. of Ail) 

fAumailles, homed cattle 

Aunxdne, »./. alms, alms-giving, chari- 
ty, benefaction, donation, gift, dole, re- 
lief, assistance; {formerly) fine. De- 
mander T— , to beg. Faire V—, to give 
alms, to give to the poor, to bestow 
charity ; to dole oat, to give 

Auxndnerie) »./. almonry; chaplaincy, 
chaplainship [ordinary 

Atundnier, s.m. almoner ; chaplain ; 

Aumdnl^re, «./. alms-bag, alms-purse, 
collection-purse ; almoner (nun) 

Amnuce, Atunusse, s.f. almuce, 
amess, amyss 

Annage, $.m. alnage, measuring by the 
ell; measuring; measure [tion 

Atinaie, »./. alder-grove, alder planta- 

Aune, «.in, (bot.) alder, alder- tree; 
{ German in4fth.) elf. Le roi de» — «, the 
erl-King (the King of the elves) 

Aune, «./. ell; ell-measure; (fig.) 
measure, standard. Tout du long de 
r— , the whole length ; from beginning 
to end; plenty, enough of it, exces- 
sively, with a vengeance. Je sais ce 
qu'en vaut T — , I know it by experience, 
I have leamt it to my cost, I have 
tried it, I know what that is 

Atin^e, s.f. (bot). elecampane 

Auner, v.a. to measure by the ell ; to 
measure; to judge of, to appreciate, 
to value 

Atmeur, s.m. alnager, measurer 

AuparaTantj adv. before ; previously; 
before now, ere now ; formerly, once ; 
in the first place ; first of all, first 

Aupr^B de, prep, near ; close to, close 
by ; by ; next to ; about ; with ; to ; at 
the court of ; in the presence of ; in the 
opinion of; in the eyes of; in com- 
parison with 

Aupr^S, adv. near, close, close by ; at 
hand, near at hand; near it, near 
them, close to it or them, by it or 
them ; next to it, next to them ; in 
comparison with it or them. Tout — , 
very near, quite close 

Auqnel [contraction of A. lequel] 

Anra, «./. (med.) aura 

Aurade, «./. (fish) gilthead 

Aurate, s.m. (chem.) aurate [breeze 

Anre, s.f. (old) aura; breath of wind, 

Aar6ole, s.f. aureola, glory, halo, halo 
of glory, nimbus; crown of glory; 
circle; (anat., med.) areola; (astr.) 

Anr^oler. v.a. to halo [aureola 

Anricnlaire, adj. auricular; ear. 
Doigt—, — {s.m,), ear-finger, little 
finger. T^moin — , ear-witness 

AurictQe, s.f. small ear; (anat.) auri- 
cle, external ear; (plant, mollusc) auri- 
cula [lated, eared 

AarlctQ6, e, adj. anricled, auricu- 

Anriffere, adj. auriferous [gold 

Anrification, s.f. stopping (teeth) with 

Aurifier, v.«. to stop (a tooth) with gold 

Aorifonne, adj. auriform, ear-shaped 

fAnrillard. V. OreUiard 

Alirine, s.f, (ehem.) aurine 

Anriquei adj. (nav.) shoulder of mutton 

Atiristei s.m. aurist, aural surgeon 
tAurocllS, s.m. (zool.) aurochs 

Anrone, «./. (bot.) abrotanum, south- 
ernwood. — mdU, southernwood. — 
frmrlle, lavender-cotton 

Auroral, e, adj. auroral 

Aurore, «./. dawn, dawn of day, day- 
break; morning, mom; day; east; 
(astr.) aurora; — s.m. gold-colour; — 
adj. gold-coloured. — boriale, aurora 
borealis, norihera lights 


AuBCUltatetir, s.m. auscultator; — 
adj.m. auscultating, auscultatory 

Auscultation, s.f. (med.) auscultation 

Ausculter, v.a. (med.) to auscultate 

AuBCultetir. V. Auscultateur 

Auspice, s.m. auspice 

AUBSi, adv. conj. also, too, likewise ; be- 
sides, moreover ; therefore, so, and so, 
accordingly ; as ; as much ; equally ; 
so ; so much ; such ; but then ; then ; 
now ; indeed ; either. — bien, as well ; 
BO well ; as much ; so much ; any more ; 
the more so as; as; for, because; and 
indeed, indeed, in fact; besides, more- 
over. — peu que, as little or as few as 

Aussidre, s.f. (nav.) hawser. — de ha- 
lage, warp 

Aussitdt, adv. prep, immediately, di- 
rectly, at once; as soon as; immedi- 
ately after. — que, as soon as ; so soon 
as. D' — , so soon. — dit, —fait; — 
pfif^ — pendu, no sooner said than done, 
before you could say Jack Robinson 

Auster, s.m. auster, south wind 

Austere, adj. austere; stern, rigid, 
severe ; strict ; harsh, rough, sharp 

Au8t4rement, adv. austerely; sternly, 
rigidly, severely ; strictly 

AU8t6rit6, s.f. austerity; sternness, 
rigidness, severity ; strictness; harsh- 
ness, roughness, sharpness 

Austral, e, adj. austral, southern, 
southerly, south 

Australasien, ne, adj.s. Australasian 

AtMtralien, ne, adj. s. Australian 

Austrasien, ne, adj. s. Austrasian 

Austro-, (in compounds) Austro 

Autan, s.m. south wind ; stormy wind, 
storm, blast 

Autant, adv. as much; as many; as 
far; as long; as often; as loud; as 
well; as good; so much; so many; so far; 
so long; so often; so loud; so well; so 
good ; the same, the like ; as. D'— 
mieux, so much the better, all the 
better, all the more, the more, the 
more so, the rather, specially, especi- 
ally. D' — motnx, so much the less, all 
the less, the less, the less so. X)' — 
plus, so much the more, all the more, 
the more, the more so, the rather, spe- 
cially, especially. D' — que, inasmuch 
as, specially or especially as, more es- 
pecially as, as. — vaut, one may as 
well ; it is as well ; quite as much. — 
vaudrait, one might as well ; it would 
be as well 

Autel, s.m. altar ; communion-table ; 
(— , — », pi.) religion, worship, Church ; 
(nstr.) Ara. Grand or maitre — , high 
altar. Le sacrifice de T— , the mass 

Auteur, s.m. author; authoress; maker; 
inventor ; inventress ; discoverer ; con- 
triver; deviser; designer; framer; 
promoter ; cause, source ; originator ; 
creator ; founder ; achiever ; commit- 
ter; perpetrator; spreader; inform- 
ant ; authority ; writer ; composer ; 
painter, sculptor, engraver, artist, 
master; work; classic; (pop.) parent ; 
(law) voucher; client. Droie d'—, copy- 
right ; author's share (in a dramatic 

Authenticity, s.f. authenticity 

Authentification, s.f. authentication 

Authentifier, v.a. to authenticate. 
.S"— , to become authentic, to be au- 

Authentique, adj.m.f, s.f. authentic, 

Authentiquement, adv. authenti- 

Autbentiquer, v.a. to authenticate 
j Autobiographe,8.i»./. autobiographer 

Autobiograph-ie, -ique, -ique- 
ment. V. iiage 8, § 1 

JAutochtone, ».m. autochthon ; — adj. 
autochthonal, autochthonous 


Autoclave, s.m. (adject., Marmite or 
appareil — ) digester [autocratic 

Autocrate, s.m.f. autocrat; — adj. 
Autocratie, s.f. autocracy [p. 3, § 1 
Autocrat-ique, -iquement, &c. V. 
Autocratrice, s.f. autocratrix 
Autodaf6, s.m. auto da f6, auto de fe ; 

Autographe, adj. autograph ; — s.m. 

autograph ; autographer 
Autograpbie, «./. autography 
Autograpbier, v.a. to autograph. 
/S' — , to be autographed [page 3, § 1 
Autograpb-ique, -iquement. V. 
Autograpbonianc,8.m./. autographo- 
maniac [mania 

Autograpbomanie, s.f. autographo- 
Automate, s.m. automaton; —adj. 

automaton, automatic 
Automat -ique, -iquement, -isme, 

-iste. V. page 3, § 1 
Automatiser, v.a. to automatize 
Automddon, s.m. Automedon, chariot- 
eer; (jest.) Jehu, coachman, driver; 
cabby, jarvey 
Automnal, "e, adj. autumnal, autumn 
Automnation, s.f. (agr.) autumnation, 
autumnal influence [leaf, fall 

Automne, s.m.f. autumn ; fall of the 
Automobile, adj. self-moving, self- 
acting. Voiture — , — , s.f. motor vehicle, 
motor car [mobile ; — s.m. automotor 
Automo-teur, trice, adj. V. Auto- 
Autonome, adj. autonomous, self- 

govei-ned, independent, free 
Autonomie, s.f. autonomy, self-gov- 
ernment, free government, independ- 
ence, freedom. — administrative, local 
self-government. — politique, home- 
Autoplast-ie, -ique. V. page 3, § 1 
Autopsie, s.f. autopsy, post-mortem 
examination [examination of 

Autopsier, v.a. to make a post-mortem 
Autoptique, adj. autoptic • 
Autor. D'—, D'— et d'achar, authori- 
tatively; with a high hand; briskly; 
vigorously ; irresistibly ; unanswera- 
bly ; authoritative ; brisk ; vigorous ; 
irresistible ; unanswerable 
Autorisable, adj. authorizable 
Autorisa-teur, trice, adj. author- 
izing ; — s.m.f. authorizer ; licenser 
Autorisation, s.f. authorization ; au- 
thority, consent, permission ; licence ; 
power; warrant 
Autoriser, v.a. to authorize, to give 
authority to ; to empower ; to commis- 
sion ; to qualify ; to license ; to war- 
rant ; to justify; to legalize; to sanc- 
tion ; to allow 

S' — , v.r. to assume or acquire or 
gain or get authority; to get credit; 
to ground or justify oneself on the 
authority (of ) ; to think oneself war- 
ranted (by); to act on the authority 
(of); to become or be authorized, to 
be warranted 
Autoritaire, adj. authoritative [ly 
Autoritairement, adv. authoritative- 
Autorit^, «./. authority; power; rule, 
sway; control; credit; influence; 
sanction ; countenance, support ; 
weight ; consideration ; credibility ; 
testimony ; precedent. Par — de jus- 
tice, by a magistrate's order ; (of sales) 
under an execution or distress. Les 
agents de V—, the police agents. Faire 
— , to be an authority 
Autot3^e, s.m.adj. autotype 
Autour, s.m. goshawk 
Autour, prep. adv. around, round, 
about ; around or about it, around or 
about them 
Autourserie, s.f. goshawk training 
Autoursier, s.m. goshawk trainer, oa^ 

Autre, adj. jnon. other ; difl"erent ; else ; 


another; further, farther; next; 
second; better; superior; greater; 
more; other person; other fellow; 
other thing, other affair ; other trick, 
&.G. Tout — , quite different ; any other. 
Les — s, the other (...); the others ; 
others, other people. Nul — , aucun — , 
no other ; no one else. Quelque — , some 
other ; some one else. Nous — s, we ; 
ourselves ; all of us. Vous — s, you 
fellows ; you ; yourselves ; all of you. 
A (V—s 1 nonsense ! don't tell me ! 
that won't do for me ! tell that to 
others 1 tell that to the marines ! I 
know better I Ne pas en /aire d' — «, 
not to act otherwise, to do nothing else. 
II iVenfait pas (T — s, jamais cV — », he 
does nothing else, that is the way 
with him, always the way with him. 
Comme un — , like another ; as good as 
another ; common. Comme dlt V — or 
cet — , as the saying is, as our friend 
has it. En voici Men rf'une — , here is 
another strange affair; this is still 
more singular ; well, this is strange ! 

Autrefois^ adv. foi-merly, in former 
times, once, of old, of yore ; once upon 
a time. X>'—, of former times; bygone 

Autrement, adv. otherwise ; differ- 
ently, in another way, not in the same 
way' (as); in other respects; else, or 
else ; a good deal more or better ; more, 
better; much, very [Austrian fashion 

Autricllien, ne, adj. ». Austrian; 

Autruelie, «./. ostrich ; dolt, blockhead 

Autrucbon, s.m. young ostrich 

Autrui, s.m. another; others, other 

Auvent, s.m, shed, penthouse, lean-to ; 
weather-board; tilt, awning; garden- 
mat, matting, screen 

fAuvergnat, e, adj. «. of Auvergne ; 
native of Auvergne ; Auvergnat 

Auvernat, s.m. auvernat (Orleans wine) 

Auverpin, s.m. (fam.) Auvergnat 

Aux [cofitraetion of AlBSf art.] ; (cook.) 
with ; done in ; preserved in ; in ; fla- 
voured with ; lor simply invert, as] 
soupe — ehoux, cabbage soup, tarte — 
confitures, jam tart, &c. 

to or at the said ; to or at the same, 
to (or at ditto 

Auxiliaire, adj. auxiliary; subsidiary; 
temporary (naval officer) ; — s.m./. aux- 
iliary; subsidiary; aid, helper, assis- 
tant [queues] 

Auxquelles [contraction of A les- 
. Auxquels ^contraction of A. lesquels] 

Avachi, e, part. adj. flabby, loose, out 
of shape, hanging down, flagging 

Avachir <S'>, v.r. to become (or get) 
^ flabby or loose or out of shape, to hang 

down, to fla.g[Donneur d' — , guarantor 

Aval, s.m. (pi. — s) (com.) guarantee. 

Aval, s.m. (no plural) lower part (of a 
river). En — , down stream, downward, 
down, below. Vent d' — , wind from 
down stream 

Avalage, s.m. navigation or distance 
down stream ; letting down into a 
cellar; leakage 

Avalaison, «./. flood, torrent ; heap of 
alluvial stones ; continuance of winds 
from down stream 

Avalanche, «./. avalanche, snow-slip 

Avalasse, s.f. V. Avalaison 

Aval6, e, adj. swallowed; let down; 
hanging down, falling down, flagging, 
flabby ; sunk, sunken, fallen in ; slop- 
ing off, low ; gone down stream 

Avalement, s.m. letting down, lower- 
ing ; swallowing 

Avaler, v.a.n. to swallow; to swallow 

down ; to devour ; to drink up ; to 

~ quaff; to swill; to endure; to brook, 

to pocket; to put up with; to let 

down ; to lower ; to take off or down ; 


(hort.) V. Abetter; (com.) to guarantee ; 
(7iavig.) to go down stream, to follow 
the current, to float or drift down ; (of 
the wind) to veer downward. S' — , to 
hang down ; to flag ; to sink, to go 
down, to fall in ; to go down stream ; 
to be swallowed, (fee. ; to devour each 
other [swashbuckler 

Avale-tout-cru, s.m. (pop.) braggart, 
Avaleu-r, se, s.m.f. swallower; glut- 
ton. — de gens, — de charrettes ferries, 
braggart. — de pois gris, great glutton, 
greedy guts ; quack [dead wools 

Avalies, skin-wool, pelt-wool, 
Avaliser, v.a. (com.) to guarantee 
Avaliste, (com.) guarantor 
Avaloire, s.f. gullet, swallow; (of 
harness) breech-band, breeching ; (fish.) 
cruive [hoof (from laminitis, &c.) 

Avalure, sf. (vet.) sloughing of the 
Avan9age, s.m. cab-stand, stand 
Avance, s.f. projection ; seat (of a 
xoindow) ; knee-roll (of a saddle), roll of 
the flap ; canopy-front (of a carriage) ; 
advance; advance-money; money in 
hand ; work done ; distance or time in 
advance ; first step ; start ; offer ; gain, 
advantage, benefit, good ; (of a clock or 
chronometer or watch) fastness, fast, 
gaining rate ; (word marked on a watch) 
fast. A V — , d' — , en—, par — , in 
advance, by anticipation, beforehand, 
before o.'s time, early, too fast. 
Prendre I'—, to get the start 
Avanc6, e, adj. advanced; forward; 
protruding ; far gone ; late (hour) ; 
overripe ; tainted ; wiser, better, better 
off, nearer ; liberal. Oarde — e, poste 
— , advanced (or advance) guard, ad- 
vanced post, outpost. Ouvrage — , 
(fort.) outwork. Etre Men — , to be 
the better or the wiser (for it) ; to have 
gained much (by it) ; to be in a pretty 
plight. N'en Hre pas plus — , to be none 
the wiser or the better or the nearer 
(for it) [cause out of its turn 

Avanc6, s.m. (law) order to advance a 
Avanc6e, s.f. (mil.) advanced (or ad- 
vance) guard, advanced post, out- 
Avancement, s.m. advancement ; pro- 
motion ; preferment ; rise ; improve- 
ment ; progress ; proficiency ; forward- 
Avancer, v.a. to advance ; to bring or 
put forward or forth ; to bring nearer ; 
to present, to offer; to hold out; to 
stretch out ; to forward ; to hasten, to 
accelerate ; to push on, to get on ; to 
urge ; to force ; to mature ; to raise, to 
promote, to prefer ; to help ; to benefit ; 
to shorten ; to assert ; to state ; to give ; 
to move, to play ; to put on or forward 
(a clock or watch) ; — v.n. to advance ; 
to move or get or go or come or stop 
forward or on ; to pass on ; to proceed ; 
to rise ; to be promoted ; to improve, 
to progress, to make progress ; to avail, 
to profit ; to encroach ; to protrude, to 
project, to come out, to jut or stand 
out ; to be in advance ; (of a clock or 
watch) to be fast, to be too fast, to 
gain. Faire — , to make (. . .) go or come 
forward ; to push on or forward ; to 
bring on or up ; to call. N' — d rien, 
to do no good ; to be of no use ; to«lead 
to no result. Cela m'avance bien I what 
good is that to me ? Avancez I go on I 
come on 1 forward ! 

S' — , v.r. to advance; to move or get 
or go or come or step forward ; to pro- 
ceed ; to stand forward ; to make pro- 
gress, to progress; to move or go or 
come or get on ; to approach, to draw 
near, to draw on ; to rise ; to go far ; to 
engage oneself ; to project, to jut out ; 
to protrude ; to advance oneself, to get 


Avanceur, s.m, advancer, forwarder 

Avan9on, s.m. (fi,sh.) snood 

Avanie, s.f. insult, affront, outrage; 
molestation, exaction 

Avano, s.m. shrimp-net, prawn-net 

Avant, s.m. forepart, front ; (nav.) fore- 
part, head, bow ; — prep. adj. before ; 
ere; till; above; fore, front; — adv. 
before ; previously ; before then ; till 
then ; far ; deep ; deeply ; forward ; far 
advanced ; late ; till late. — que, — de, 
before. — tout, first, first of all ; above 
all things, above all, especially. D'—, 
before, preceding ; fore. De I'—, (nav.) 
fore ; ahead. De V— a Varriere, (nav.) 
from stem to stern, fore and aft. En — , 
forward, onward, on ; forth ; in front ; 
foremost ; (nav.) ahead. En — de, be- 
fore ; in front of ; in advance of ; be- 
yond. En — / marche I forward ! march I 
Plus —, farther, further ; deeper. Alter 
de V — , (nav.) to go ahead ; to make or 
have headway. — 'bee, s.m. upstream 
cutwater (of a bridge). — -bras, s.m. 
(anat.) forearm. — ■brise, s.f. early 
breeze, morning breeze. — •cheeuTy 
s.m. choir- screen. — ■coeur, s.m. (anat!) 
pit of the stomach ; (fam.) bosom; (vet.) 
dropsical effusion between the fore 
legs. — -corpsy s.m. (arch.) projec- 
tion. — -cour, s.f. front yard, front 
court. — -coureur, s.m. forerunner ; 
pi-ecursor, harbinger ; premonitory 
symptom; (wiii.) van-courier ; (a<y.)pre- 
cursory, betokening, foreboding, pre- 
monitory. — •courriery idre^ s.m.f. 
forerunner; harbinger. — -dernier^ 
i^re, adj. s. last but one, before last. 

— •deuaCy s.m. (a dancing ttep). — 
■faire-droity s.m. (law) preventive in- 
junction. — •foBs6, s.m. (fort.) avant- 
fosse. — •garde, s.f. (mil., nav.) van- 
guard, van. — •gout, s.m. foretaste ; 
earnest ; anticipation. — 'hier, adv. 

s.m. the day befo're yesterday. ( hier 

soir,the evening before last.) — •main, fore-hand stroke ; (of a horse) fore 
quarters, fore-hand ; (at cards) lead. 

— -niidi, s.m. forenoon. — 'mur, s.m. 
outer wall. — .pdcbe, sf. early Anne 
peach. — 'pied, s.m. {anat.) metatar- 
sus ; (of a boot or shoe) vamp, upper 
leather. — •poisnet, s.m. (anat.) meta- 
carpus. — -port, s.m, outer harbour. 

— •porte, s.f. outer door. — •poste, 
s.m. outpost. — -projet, s.m. first 
draught, preliminary estimate. — 
•propos, s.m. preface, preamble, in- 
troduction, preliminary matter. — 
•quart, s.m. (of a clock) warning; 
warning bell. — •sc&ne, s.f. stage- 
front, front of the stage, proscenium ; 
stage-box ; (fi-g.) previous events, fore- 
gone incidents, anterior part of the 
drama ; preliminaries. • — •toit, s.m, 
projecting roof; eaves. — -train, s.m. 
fore carriage; (o/a^un-carriapc) limber; 
(of a plough) wheels, wheel ; (of a horse, 
&c.) fore quarters. — -veille, s.f. day 
before the eve, two days before 

Avantage, s.m. advantage ; benefit ; 
profit ; gain ; interest ; superiority ; 
odds ; favour ; behalf ; credit ; settle- 
ment; endowment; gift; gratuity; 
privilege ; quality ; pleasure ; (rid.) 
whip-hand. U— du vent, (nav.) the 

Avantager, v.a. to advantage, to give 
#an advantage or advantages to ; to 
bene^t ; to favour ; to gift; to endow; 
to improve the look of; to set off; to 
make a settlement upon, to settle 
upon. S' — , to give advantages to 
each other ; to take advantage (of) 

Avantageusement, adv. advantage- 
ously; profitably; favourably; eligibly; 
conveniently ; highly, well ; to t||e best 


Avantageu-x, se, adj. advantageous ; 
beneficial, profitable ; useful ; con- 
venient ; eligible ; favourable ; credit- 
able ; agreeable ; commanding ; pre- 
possessing; noble; conceited, pre- 
suming, assuming ; {of dress) becoming 
Avare^ adj. avaricious, miserly ; stingy, 
niggardly ; sparing ; greedy, grasping ; 
— s.m.f. miser ; niggard [ly ; sparingly 
Avarement; adv. avariciously; stingi- 
Avariable, adj. damageable 
Avarice, s.f. avarice, avariciousness ; 

stinginess, niggardliness 
Avaricieusexnent. V. Avarement 
Avaricieu-x, se, adj. s. V. Avare 
Avarie, s.f. damage; average; loss; 

Avarier, v.a. to damage, to spoil, to 
injure. S"—, to become or be damaged, 
Avaste, adv. {nav., old) avast ! [&c. 

Avatar, Avatara, s.m. avatar, avatara 
A vau-reau, &c. See Letter V 
Av6, s.m. ave. — Maria, ave Maria 
Avec, prep. adv. witb ; along with ; by ; 
in ; for ; of ; among ; towards ; against ; 
add to ; besides ; in spite of, notwith- 
standing ; with it or them ; with it or 
them on. — cela, with that or &c. 
(V. Cela.). — cela (or pa) que, and . . . 
besides that, and ... too, and ... 
withal, add to this ; and then ; as if ; 
indeed one would think (that); you 
don't mean to say (that) ; ha ! ha ! in- 
deed, forsooth. D' — , from 
Avecque, (old poetry) V. Avec 
Aveindre, v.a. to fetch, to take (from, 
Aveini^re, «./. oat-field [out of) 

Avelan^de, s.f. valonia 
Aveline, s.f. filbert, cob-nut 
Avelinier, s.m. filbert-tree 
Aven, s.m. crevice (in a mountain) 
Av6nac6, c, adj. avenaceous 
Av6nage, s.m. (feud.) avenage 
Avenaminent, adv. engagingly, 

Avenant, e, adj. good-looking, comely, 
prepossessing, engaging, pleasing, 
agreeable, taking; happening, occur- 
ring; falling. A V — , answering (to), 
appropriate (to), of a piece (with), in 
keeping (with), to match, to cor- 
respond; in the same proportion or 
degree [of altered policy 

Avenant,«.m. (of insurance) declaration 
Avdnexnent, s.m. accession, coming, 
Av^neron, s.m. wild oats [advent 

Av6nl6re, s.f V. Aveini^re 
Avenir, v.n. (old) V. Advenir 
Avenir,*.™. future, time to come, future 
times, futurity ; future prospects, pros- 
pects; hope, hopes, promise; chance 
of success; future career; after-life; 
future welfare or existence ; posterity. 
A I'—, in future; henceforth, here- 
after. D'— , gut a de V—, of promise, 
promising, rising 
A-venir, s.m. (law) writ of summons 
Avent, s.m. Advent 
Aventure, s.f. adventure; venture; 
chance, accident; luck; fortune; oc- 
currence, circumstance, occasion ; 
event; story; intrigue, love-afifair; 
fate ; lot. Bonne—, la bonne — , fortune, 
o.'s fortune, fortunes; destiny; pre- 
diction; luck. Orosse —, (nav.) bot- 
tomry. A V—, at haphazard; at a 
venture, at random. D'— , of adven- 
ture, Ac. ; adventurous. D'— , par — , 
by chance, perchance, peradventure. 
Mai d'—, whitlow. Tenter V—, to try 
o.'s luck, to chance it 
Ayentnr6, e, adj. ventured, risked, 

hazarded ; hazardous ; bold 

Aventnrer, v.a., s'— , v.r. to adventure, 

to venture, to risk, to hazard [ously 

Aventureusement, adv. adventur 

Aventureu-x, se, adj. adventurous, 

venturous, venturesome 


Aventur-ier, i^re, s.m./. adventurer ; 
adventuress ; — adj. V. Aventureuac 

Aventurine, s.f. adj. (min.) aventurine, 
avanturine [turine 

Aventurin6, e, adj. aventurine, avan- 

Avenu, e, adj. happened, occurred, 
done. Non — , not having taken place, 
not having been done or said ; (law) 
(nul et non — ) null and void 

Avenue, s.f. avenue, walk ; way, road, 
passage, entrance ; carriage-drive 

Average, s.m. (com.) average 

Averane, s.m. (zool.) bell-bird 

Av6rer, v.a. to ascertain ; to prove, to 
evince, to show the truth of ; to con- 
firm ; to establish. S'— , to be ascer- 
tained or proved or &c. 

Averban. V. T^tras 

Averse, s.f. (heavy) shower, downpour 

Aversion, s.f. aversion ; dislike. Avoir 
en — , to dislike 

Averti, e, part, adj., Averti, s.m. in- 
formed, warned, &c. ( V. Avertir). Se 
tenir pour — , to take it (or this) as a 
warning; to be on o.'s guard. Un 
homme averti en vaut deux, forewarned, 
forearmed [Toumis 

Avertin, s.m. raving mania; (vet.) V. 

Avertineu-x, se, adj. (vei.) aflfected 
with sturdy (or with the gid) 

Avertir, v.a. to inform, to let know, to 
tell ; to advise, to give notice ; to warn, 
to caution ; to admonish. Faire — , to 
send notice, to send word 

Avertissement, s.m. information ; 
notice ; notification ; advice ; warning, 
caution; admonition; advertisement 
(in a book) 

Avertisseu-r, se, warner, 
monitor, adviser; (tJieat.) stage-wait, 
call-boy ; — adj. warning, premonitory. 
— d'incendi-e, fire-alarm 

Aveu, s.m. avowal, confession ; admis- 
sion ; acknowledgment ; opinion ; tes- 
timony ; declaration ; revelation ; con- 
sent, approbation ; recognition, recog- 
nizance ; avowed social position, 
character; acknowledged authorship. 
Oens or hommes sans — , vagrants, 

Aveugle, adj. s.m..f. blind; ignorant; 
deluded ; implicit ; blind man (or boy) 
or woman (or girl), blind person (pi. 
the blind, blind people) ; — s.m. (zool., 
serpent — ) blind-worm, slow-worm. — 
n^, e, — de naissance, born blind. A 
V—, en — , blindly, inconsiderately 

Aveuglement, s.m. blinding; blind- 
ness; ignorance; infatuation; (nav.) 
fothering (a leak) 

Aveuglement, adv. blindly ; implicitly 

Aveugler , v.a. to blind ; to make blind ; 
to dazzle ; to delude ; to darken, to 
obscure, to cloud; (nav.) to f other (a 
leak). S'— , to blind oneself ; to shut 
o.'s eyes, to be blind, not to see ; to 
deceive or flatter oneself 

Aveuglette (A l'). adv. groping, in 
the dark ; blindly 

Aveulir, v.a. to soften, to tone down 

Aviceptoloe^e, s.f. aviceptology, 
treatise on fowling or bird-catching 

Avicide, s.m. avicide [living on birds 

Avicole, adj. avicultural; (of parasites) 

Avicule, s.f. avicula, pearl-oyster 

Aviculteur, s.m. aviculturist 

Avictature, s.f aviculture 

Avide,a^".greedy,eager,avid ; covetous, 
graspmg; thirsting, thirsty ; hungry 

Avldement, ado. greedily; eagerly: 

Avidlt6,«./. avidity; greediness ; eager- 
ness; covetousness ; thirst; appetite, 

fAvlgnonais, e, adj. «. of Avignon, 

^Avignonesc, native of Avignon 

Avillr, v.a. to degrade ; to debase ; to 
demean; to vilify; to disgrace; to 


discredit ; to depreciate ; to disparage ; 
to lower ; to humble. -S" — , to degrade 
or &c. oneself; to be depreciated or 
undervalued ; to fall 

Avilissement, s.m. degi-adation ; de- 
basement ; disgrace ; discredit ; depre- 
ciation ; disparagement ; humiliation ; 

Avin6, e, adj. drunken ; drunk, tipsy, 
lushy ; unsteady or shaky from drink ; 
seasoned (with wine). Avoir lesjambes 
—es, to be reeling drunk 

Aviner, v.a. to season (with wine) 

Aviron, s.m. oar. — de Vavant, bow-oar. 
— de Varri^re, stroke-oar. — de couple, 
double-banked oar ; scull. — dc pointe, 
single-banked oar ; oar. — de queue, 
stern-oar, steering-oar. A — s, oared. 
A V — , rowing. AUer a I'—, to row 

Avironnerie, s.f oar-making or trade ; 
oar-niaker's shed, oar-shed, oar-shop; 

Avironnier, s.m. oar-maker [oars 

Avis, s.m, opinion, mind; advice; piece 
of advice ; counsel ; vote ; motion ; 
decision ; intelligence, news ; inform- 
ation ; intimation ; notice ; warn- 
ing, caution ; admonition ; hint ; ad- 
vertisement (in a book). — au lecteur, 
advertisement to the reader ; hint ; 
warning, caution ; a word to the wise. 
A mon — , in my opinion, to my mind. 
AUer aux — , to vote, to put it to the 
vote. Changer d' — , to change or alter 
o.'s mind. II m'est — , invest — , I rather 
think, I think, I have some notion or 
some idea. Hy a jour d' — , there is no 

Avis6-, e, adj. prudent, wise, circum- 
spect, wary, cautious ; discreet ; cun- 
ning; imagined, thought of; per- 

■■ ceived ; advised. Mai — , V. Mala- 

Aviser, v.a.n. to espy, to perceive, to 

, see ; to single out ; to inform ; to ad- 
vise ; to warn, to caution ; to order ; 
to think ; to consider ; to reflect ; to 
mind ; to think proper ; to resolve 
S' — , v.r. to bethink oneself; to 

• think; (it) to occur (to); to imagine ; 
to contrive, to devise, to invent ; to 
take it into o.'s head ; to be so minded 

: as (to) ; to venture ; to dare ; to pre- 
sume ; to try ; to notice. Ne vous en 
avisez pas, you had better not try, you 
had better not [vessel, advice-boat 

Aviso, s.m. despatch-boat, despatch- 

fAvitaillement, s.m. victualling; pro- 

fAvitailler, v.a. to provision, to victual 
S'— , v.r. to take in provisions ; to 
be provisioned 

f AvitaiUeur, s.m. (obsolete) army or 
navy contractor, victualler, caterer 

Avivage, s.?ji. polishing ; brightening; 
heightening; hewing 

Aviyer, v.a. to polish ; to brighten ; to 
heighten ; to sharpen ; to hew ; to ex- 
cite, to stir ; to brisk up ; to enliven ; 
to animate; to quicken. S'— , to be 
polished, &c. ; to become animated ; 
to become sharp or keen (or sharper, 
keener, more acute); to brighten up, 
to_ become brighter ; to brisk up 

Avives, s.f. pi. (vet.) strangles 

Avocasser, v.n. to drudge at the bar, 
to pettifog [fogging ; chicanery 

Avocasserie, s.f. pettifoggery, petti- 

Avocassier, s.m. pettifogger 

Avocassi-er, fere, adj. pettifogging 

Avocat, s.m. barrister, counsel ; coun- 
sellor; pleader; advocate; lawyer; 
defender, protector; intercessor, me- 
diator; solicitor; ( 60 «.) avocado-pear, 
alligator-pear. — consultant, consult- 
ing barrister, chamber-counsel, special 
pleader. — plaidant, pleader, barris- 
ter, counsel. — general, solicitor- 


Avocate, «./. (female) advocate, media- 
trix, interceder, defender 

Avocatier; s.m. avocado-pear tree 

Avocette^ s.f. (bird) avocet, avoset 

Avoine, s.f. oat, oats ; — s, pi. oat-crop. 
— elevee, oat-gras3. Folle — , wild oat. 
D' — , of oats, oat, oaten 

Avoinerie, s.f. oat-field 

Avoir, v.a. to have ; to get, to obtain ; 
to catch ; to possess ; to enjoy ; to be 
worth ; to have got ; to hold ; to get 
hold of ; to keep ; to wear, to have on , 
to feel ; to be ; to measure ; must ; 
should ; to need ; to carry; to bear ; to 
meet with ; to see ; to be the matter 
with ; to ail. Cette regie a 30 centi- 
metres de long or de longueur, that ruler 
is 12 inches long or measures 12 inches 
in length. Quel dge avez-vous ? how 
old are you? J'ai vingt a7is, I am 
twenty years old, I am twenty. Qu'avez- 
V0U8 ? Qu'est-ce que vous avez ? what is 
the matter with you? (A...) what 
makes you (...)? Je n'ai rien, there 
is nothing the matter with me. Y — , 
there be, there to be ; to be the matter. 
Uy a, (imp.) there is ; there are ; it is ; 
it is now ; it was ; the matter is ; 
since, ago. II peut y — , there may or 
can be. Ilva y —, there is going to 
be ; it will soon be. Qu'a-t-il :' Qu'est- 
ce qu'il a ? what is the matter with 
him ? Que peut-il y — ? what can there 
be ? what can be the matter ? Qu'y 
a-t-il ? Qu'est-ce qu'il y a? what is 
there ? what is it ? what is the mat- 
ter ? Ily a dix ans, ten years ago ; it 
is now ten years ; it is ten years since. 
Ily a de cela dix ans, that (or it) was 
ten years ago, it is now ten yeai-s 
since. II y a aujourd'hui un an, huit 
jours, &c., this day last year, last week, 
&c. II y a dix ans que je I'aime, I ha.\e 
loved her for these ten years. II y a 
plus de vingt ans que je travaille a ce 
dictionnaire, I have been working more 
than twenty years at this dictionary. 
II n'a plus qu'd mourir, nothing remains 
for him but to diQ, II n'y a plus qu'd 
mourir, there only remains to die. II y 
en a encore, there is some left. II n'y 
en a plus, there is no more left. II y a 
plus, nay more, moreover, more than 
that. II n'y a qu'd, it is only at or in ; 
it is enough to ; one has only to ; if it 
should. Y en a-t-il ? is there any ? 
Y CM a-t-il I what a lot there is I what 
a lot! En — , to have some or any. 
En — d or contre, to be angry with ; 
to have to complain of ; to blame ; to 
be after or at ; to think of. H en a, 
(fam.) he has caught it. En a-t-il! 
what a lot he has ! Malgre qu'on en 
ait, quoi qu'on en ait, in spite of one- 
self; however much one may dislike 
it. Hen a pour longtemps, he is in for 
a long time to come ; it will last (or 
take) him a long time, he will not have 
done for a long time. II y en a pour 
longtemps, it will be a long time (be- 
fore . . .) ; it will last a long time. II en 
a pour son argent, he has his money's 
worth. II n'aurait qu'd, he might 
happen to, if he were to 

Avoir, s.m. possessions, property ; for- 
tune ; all ; credit, creditor, credit-side, 
creditor-side. Tout son — , o.'s all, all 
one has 

Avoira, s.m. (bot.) oil-palm 

Avoir-du-poids, s.m. (Engl.) avoirdu- 
pois [joining 

Avoisinant, e, adj. neighbouring, ad- 

Avoisin6, e, adj. having neighbours. 
Ittre bien (or mal) — , to have good (or 
bad) neighbours, to be in a good (or in 
a bad) neighbourhood [imity 

Avoisinement, s.m. nearness, prox- 

Avoisiner, v.a. to be near ; to border 


upon ; to be adjacent or contiguous to, 

to adjoin 
Avort6, e, part. adj. abortive 
Avortement, s.m. abortion, miscar- 
riage ; abortiveness ; failure 
Avorter, v.n. to abort, to miscarry ; to 

slip or slink young; to be or prove 

abortive ; to become stunted ; to fail. 

Faire — , to cause or procure abortion ; 

to make or render abortive ; to nip in 

the bud ; to stunt ; to cause the failure 

of ; to frustrate ; to baffle 
Avorton, s.m. abortion; abortive 

child ; scrubby fellow, runt, shrimp 
Avouable, adj. avowable 
Avou6, s.m. attorney, solicitor; lawyer; 

(feud.) patron, defender 
Avouer, v.a. to avow ; to confess ; to 

own ; to acknowledge ; to recognize ; 

to admit ; must say ; to declare openly; 

to allow, to grant; to approve, to 

authorize, to sanction; to justify. 

S'—, to avow or confess or &c., oneself; 

to be avowed or confessed, &c. ; to 

plead (guilty) ; to make use of the name 

(of), to refer (to) 
Avoyer, s.m. avoyer (Swiss magistrate) 
Avrelon, s.m. (bot.) rowan-tree, moun- 
tain ash, quicken- tree 
fAvril, s.m. April. En — n'dte pas un 

fil (or ne te decouvre pas d'un fil), till 

April is dead change not a thread ; or, 

till May is out cast not a clout 
tAvrill6, e, adj. (agr.) sown in April, 

fAvrill^e, e, s.f. April shower 
fAvrillet, s.m. spring wheat 
Avuer, v.a. (hunt.) to mark down 
Avulsion, s.f. avulsion 
Avunculaire, adj. avuncular 
Axe, g.wi. axis ; axle, axle-tree ; trun- 
Axial, e, adj. axial [nion 

Axillaire, adj. (anat., bot.) axillary 
Axiomatique, adj. axiomatic, axio- 
Axiome, s.m. axiom [matical 

Axiomdtre, s.m. (nav.) tell-tale (of the 

Axis, s.m. [zool., anat.) axis 
Axolotl, s.m. (zool.) axoloti 
Axonge, s.f. axunge, hog's lard ; hog's 
Ay, s.m. (wine) V. Ai [fat, axle grease 
Ay all, s.f. ayah 
Ayant cause, s.m. (law) assign 
Ayant droit, s.m. (laiv) party entitled ; 

party ; (rightful) claimant, assign 
Aye, int. V. A'ie 
Aye-aye, s.m. (zool.) aye-aye 
Ayon, s.m. tail-board (of a van, &c.) 
Azal6a, s.m., Azal6e, s.f. (bo^) azalea 
Aze, s.m.f. (local) ass. L' — me quille, I 

declare I by Jingo ! I am blowed. L' — 

le quille, let him be blowed 
JAz^darac, Az6daracli, s.m. (bot.) 

azedarach, bead-tree [medlar 

Azerole, s.f. (bot.) azarole, Neapolitan 
Azerolier, s.m. (bot.) azarole-tree 
Azimut, s.m. (astr.) azimuth 
Azixnutal, e, adj. azimuthal, azimuth; 

— s.m. azimuth compass 
Azor, s.m. (jest.) dog; knapsack. Ap- 

peler — , to whistle ; to hiss 
Azotate, s.m. (chem.) nitrate, azotate 
Azote, s.m. (chem.) nitrogen, azote ; — 

adj. nitric, azotic 
Azoter, Azotiser, v.a. (chem.) to ni- 

trogenize, to azotize [azotous 

Azoteu-X, se, adj. (chem.) nitrous, 
Azotique, adj. (chem.) nitric, azotic ^ 
Azt^que, s.m.f. adj. Aztec 
Azuline, sf. (chem.) azuline [stone 
Azur, s.m. azure. Pierre d' — , azure- 
Azurage, s.m. azuring, blueing 
Azur6, e, adj. azured, azure 
Azurer, v.a. to azure, to blue. S'— , 

v.r. to be azured, &c. 
Azurescent, e, adj. azurescent 
Azurin, e, adj. azurine, azure 
Azurin, s.m. blue butterfly 


Azurine, s.f. (fish) azurine, blue roach 
Azurite, s.f. (min.) azurite 
AZ3rine, adj. azymous, unleavened; 
— s.m. iizym, azyme, unleavened bread 
Az3rxilite, s.m. azymite 


B, s.m.b. i!tre marquS au—, to be a 
poor thing, to be one-eyed (borgne), 
or squint-eyed (bigle), or hunchbacked 
(bossu), or lame (boiteux), or bandy- 
legged (bancal), or talkative (bavard), 
&c. Les — ct les F; Ne parler que par 
— etparF; see F 

Baba, s.m. baba (French tipsy cake) 

Babel, s.f. Babel 

Babeurre, s.m. butter-milk 

Babiche, s.f, Babichon, s.m. lapdog 
(smaller kind of spaniel) 

fBabil, s.m. prattle, chatter, tattle; 
babble ; empty talk, twaddle 

fBabillage, s.m. prattling ; chit-chat ; 
babbling; twaddling 

fBabillard, e, adj. prattling, chatter- 
ing, talkative ; talking ; babbling ; in- 
discreet ; — s.m.f. chatterer ; babbler ; 
blabber, blab ; twaddler. Fauvette — e, 
(bird) babbling warbler 

fBabillexnent, s.m. babbling; talka- 
tiveness, loquacity 

fBabiller, v.n. to prattle, to chatter ; 
to indulge in talk; to gossip; to 
babble ; to blab ; to twaddle 

Babine, s.f. lip, chops 

Babiole, s.f. bauble, trifle, toy, play- 
thing, gewgaw, nicknack, trinket 

Babiroussa, s.m. (zool.) babiroussa 

B^bord, s.m. adv. (nav.) port ; aport 

B^bordais, s.m. (nai;.)manof the port- 
watch ; — pi. port- watch [wry face 

Babou, Baboue, s.f. ( pop.) faces, face, 

Babouche, s.f. babouche, Turkish slip- 
per [lip 

Babouin, s.m. baboon ; pimple on the 

Babouin, e, s.m.f, roguish child, 
monkey, hussy 

Babouine, s.f. V. Babine 

Babouvisme, s.m. {polit.)Ba.ho\iyism, 
social levelling [leveller 

BabOUViste, (polit.) Babouvist, 

Babylonien, ne, adj. s. Babylonian 

Bac, s.m. ferry-boat, ferry ; vat, bucket, 
tub, trough, back ; tank ; iish-tank ; 
[also,a slang abbreviation o/Baccarat] 

Bacaliau, s.m. dried cod 

Baccalaur^at, s.m. baccalaureate, 
bachelorship, bachelor's degree 

Baccara, Baccarat, s.m. baccarat 

^Bacchanal, s.m. uproar, row, shindy 

^Bacchanale, s.f. bacchanal, revel ; 
wild dance 

{Bacclianaliser, v.n. to revel, to riot 

^Baccliant, s.m. bacchant [gant 

IBaccbante, s.f. bacchante; terma- 

IBaccbaride, s.f. (bot.) baccharis 

^Bacchie, s.f. bacchia, red spot or 
spots, red face or nose, grog-blossoms 

:(Bacclius, s.m. (myth.) Bacchus; (fig.) 
wine [bearing 

Baccif^re, adj. (6o«.)bacciferous,berry- 

Baccivore, adj. (zool.) baccivorous 

Bacha, s.m. V. Pacba 

Bachau, s.m. (jest.) bachelor's degree. 
Le moule (or lefour) «—, cramming for 
the bachelor's degree 

Bachautier, s.m. crammer for the 
bachelor's degree 

B4clie, s.f. awning; top-awning; tilt; 
rick-cloth; tarpaulin, hide, covering; 
nursing-pit, hot-bed frame; cistern, 
tank ; drag-net ; pool [lass, damsel 

Bachelette, s.f. (obsolete) young girl, 

Bachelier, s.m. (univers.) bachelor; 
(obsolete) young man, la<^ (feud.) 
knight bachelor 

B&cberj v.a. to tilt, to cover 


Bachi-bouzouck, s.m. (mil.) bashi- 
h&zonk (Turkish irrepular) 

Bachique, adj. bacchic, bacchical, 
drinking, jovial, convivial ; drunken 

Bacliot/s.nt. wherry, small ferry-boat ; 
punt; (jest.) bachelor's degree (F. 
Baehau) [passage; ferriage 

Bacliotage; s.m. ferryman's business; 

BachOteur, s.m. ferryman, boatman 

Bachotier , s.m. crammer for the bache- 
lor's degree 

Bacile, «.»». (bot.) samphire, sea-fennel 

BaciUe, s.m. (med.) bacillus (pi. bacilli) 

B&clage, s.m. arrangement of boats (in 
a port) ; closing of a port, stopping of 
a river; hurrying, scamping, botch- 
ing, patching; settling; hasty work, 
scamped work 

B&C16, e, part. adj. fastened, &c. (F. 
BAder) ; frozen over ; blocked up 

B&der, v.a. to fasten; to close; to 
stop; to chain, to bar up; to hurry 
over, to do in haste; to scamp; to 
botch up; to patch up; to knock off; 
to despatch; to settle; to terminate, 
to conclude [«. Baconian 

Baconien, ne, adj., Baconiste, adj. 

Bact^rie, Bact6ridie, «./. (bot.,zool.) 
bacterium ( pi. bacteria) [page 3, § 1 

Bact6riolog-ie, -ique, -Ute. F. 

Bactrieii; ne, adj. s. Bactrian 

Badaxnier, s.m. (bot.) terminalia 

Badaud, e, s.m.f. lounger, idler, saun- 
terer ; ninny, simpleton, booby, gaby ; 
gazer ; cit ; cockney ; — adj. lounging, 
idling, sauntering; silly 

Badaudage, s.m. V. Badauderie 

Badauder, v.n. to lounge, to saunter, 
to loiter 

Badauderie, Badaudise, s.f., Ba- 
daudisme, s.m. lounging, saunter- 
ing ; cockneyism ; idle talk ; foolery, 
silliness, simplicity [laire 

Badelaire, s.m. (obsolete, her.) baude- 

Bademe, s.f. (nav.) mat 

Badiane, s.f. (bot.) illicium, Chinese 
anise-tree, star-anise ; star-aniseed, 

Badigeon. s.m. colour-wash, stone- 
colour, colour; badigeon ; (of the face, 
jest.) paint, making-up 

Badigeonnage, s.m. colour-washing, 
coluuring; (m^d. ) ■p&inting 

Badigeonneri v.a. to colour-wash, to 
colour; to badigeon, to fill with ba- 
digeon ; (med.) to paint. Se—, to paint 
(o.'sface), to make up 

Badigeonnenr, s.m. colour-washer, 
colourer ; dauber 

Badin, e, adj. playful, humorous, spor- 
tive ; laughing ; frolicsome ; waggish ; 
roguish ; jocular ; droll, comical ; silly, 
foolish ; — s.m.f, trifler ; bauterer ; 
wag ; joker, jester 

Badinage, s.m. play, sport; playful- 
ness, sportiveuess ; liveliness; frolic- 
gomeness; frolics; fun, joke, joking, 
trifling; jocularity; child's play ; play- 
ful talk, playful raillery, banter, chaff; 
lively writing ; nonsense, foolery 

Badine, «./. switch ; —a, pi. light tongs 

Badiner, v.n. to play, to sport; to 
dally ; to frolic ; to trifle ; to joke ; to 
Jest, to rally ; to chaff; to be plavf ul or 
merry ; to write or speak wittily ; to 
wave or flutter about, to flaunt ; — v.a. 

Badinerie, s.f. V. Badinage [to chaff 

Badois, e, adj. s. of Baden, Baden ; 
Badener [husband 

fBadouilla, <./. (pop.) hen-pecked 

Bafetaa, s.m. baffeta. bafta 

Bafouer, v.a. to scoff at, to deride, to 
scout, to flout [stuffing, eating 

B&fire, Bdfir^e, s.f. blow-out ; guttling, 

B&firer, v.n. to eat greedily, to guttle, to 
•toff; — v.a. to gobble up, to tuck in, 
to bolt [ton, guttler 

B*fr«n-r, M, $,m^. greedy gats, glat- 


Bagage, g.m. luggage, baggage ; kit. 
Plier or trousser — , to pack off, to go 
away, to cut it, to decamp, to march 
off; to go to o.'s last home 

Bagarre, s.f. fray, squabble, scuflle, 
brawl, hubbub ; rush, crowd, crush ; 
disorder, confusion ; obstruction, stop- 
page, dead lock ; hobble 

Bagasse, s.f. bagasse, cane - trash, 
trash, cane-straw ; refuse indigo-stems; 
residuum of olives ; (pop.) slut, hussy, 
drab, bitch; — int. (local) beastly 
thing I confound it ! 

Bagatelle, s.f. trifle, bagatelle ; trifling; 
mere nothing ; trinket, nicknack, 
bauble, toy ; nonsense ; (a game) baga- 
telle ; — int. not at all 1 pooh 1 stuff 1 
nonsense I fiddlesticks! 

fBagne, s.m. convict-prison or settle- 
ment, hulks ; (hort.) mould-tub. — 
flottant, convict-hulk, convict-ship 

f Bagnole, «./. {rail.) horse-box 

fBagnolet, s.m. (nav.) tarpaulin 

Bagou, Bagout, s.m. gabble, gab, 
talk, gift of the gab 

Baguage, s.m. (hort.) ringing (a branch) 

Bague, s.f. ring; — s, pi. rings; (obso- 
lete) baggage. collier, — -jonc, hoop- 
ring. — au doigt, (fig.) clear gain; 
godsend; sinecure; very good thing. 
— » sauves, without loss or injury. 
Course de — , running at the ring. Jeu 
de —s, roundabout, merry-go-round, 
flying horses [trifle 

Bagiienaude, s.f. bladder-senna pod ; 

Baguenauder, v.n. to trifle, to fiddle- 
faddle [trifler, fribbler ; ring-puzzle 

Baguenaudier, a.m. bladder-senna; 

Baguer, v.a. to tack, to baste ; (hort.) 
to ring (a branch) 

Baguette, s.f. switch; rod; wand; 
stick ; drumstick ; ramrod ; chopstick ; 
maulstick ; (chem., &c.) stirring-rod, 
glass rod ; (arch., arts) baguette, bead- 
ing ; — s, pi. gantlet (mil. punishment). 

— a gants, glove-stretcher, glove-stick. 
Commander or mener a la — , to rule 
despotically. Passer par les —s ; ttre 
passe par les — s; Faire passer par les 
—sf V. Verses 

Bagueur, s.m. (hort.) ringing- shears 

Baguier, s.m. ring-box ; ring-stand 

Ball, int. bah ! pooh 1 fob I tut ! pshaw ! 
nonsense 1 fudge I fiddlesticks ! indeed ! 
you don't say so 1 it cannot be I never 
mind I nay ! 

Bahut, s.m. trunk ; chest ; ; cup- 
board ; (slang) college, school, cram- 
mer's house. En — , with a convex 
top, convex, bulged, barrelled 

Bahuter, v.n. (pop.) to kick up a row, 
to roister, to roUic 

Bahuteur, s.m. (pop.) roisterer, rollick- 
ing fellow, roUicker 

Bahutier, s.m. trunk-maker 

Bai, e, adj., Bai, s.m. bay. — brun, 
—fonc^, brown bay, dark bay. — 
ehdtain, — marron, chestnut bay. — 
elair, light bay. — dori, gilded bay. 

— miroiti, dapple bay 

Baie, s.f. bay ; bight ; (arch.) bay, 
opening; (bot.) berry; (obsolete) trick, 
boax [dip; bathing-place 

fBaignade, »./. bathing, bathe, bath. 

fBaignant, s.m. bather. Le — et le 
baigneur, the bather and the bathing- 
man (attcjidant) 

tBaignante, «./. (female) bather. La 

— et la baigneuse, the bather and the 
bathing-woman (attendant) 

tBaign6, e, part. adj. bathed, &c. (F. 
BalBaer); weltering; wet 

fBaigner, v.a.n., Se — , v.r. to bathe ; 
to wash ; to drench, to inundate ; to 
cover ; to steep ; to water ; to wet ; to 
plunge; to dip; to imbrue; to soak; 
to be soaked or steeped; to float; to 
swim ; to welter 


fBaigneu-r, 8e,«.w./. bather; bathing- 
man; bathing-woman; bath-keeper; 
visitor; — s.f. bathing-dress or cos- 
f Baignoir, s.m. bathing-place [tume 
f Baignoire, s.f. bath, buth-tub ; (theat.) 
pit-box, pit-tier box, — oculnire, eye- 
bath, eye-cup, eye-glass. Voiture — , 
f Bail, s.m. lease. A — , on leas© 
fBaillard, «.m., Baillarge, s.f. six- 
rowed barley 
fBaille, s.f. bucket, tub ; (nav.) tub 
fB4illenient, s.m. yawning, gaping, 
yawn, gape; gasping; gap; hiatus; (a 
disease of birds) {apes 
f Bdiller, v.n. to yawn, to gape ; to gasp; 
to open ; not to shut or fit close ; to be 
ajar ; to bo slack ; to pucker 
f Bailler, v.a. (old) V. Donner 
fBsUlleu-r, se, s.m.f. yawner, gaper 
fBailletir, 8.m.,Bailleres8e,/. lessor. 

— de fonds, money-lender ; sleeping 
■l-Bailli, s.m. bailiff [partner 
fBaiUlage, s.m. bailiwick [wick 
fBailliag-er, -bre, adj. of the baili- 
f Baillival, e, adj. of a bailiff, bailiff's 
f Baillive, s.f. bailiff's wife 
fB&illon, s.m. gag ; muzzle ; bribe 
iBsUllonnenient, a.m. gagging 
fBdillonner, v.a. to gag ; to stop the 

mouth of ; to muzzle ; to bribe ; to 
silence; to enslave; to wedge up (a 
Bain, s.m. bath; bathing; bathing- 
place ; —Sf pi. baths ; bathing ; bathing- 
places ; bathing-establishment ; bath- 
room ; waters. — anglais, sponge-bath, 
sponging-bath. — complet, bath with 
linen. — entier, full or complete bath. 

— simple, bath without linen ; bath in 
plain water. — de siege, sitz-bath. — de 
vapeur, vapour-bath. De—,de —s, bath; 
bathing. Ville de — s, watering-place. 
A — de mortier, with full mortar, bed- 
ded in mortar. — qui chauffe, (fig.) 
rain-cloud in hot weather (coming on 
for rain, a storm brewing) 

Bain-marie, s.m. (cook.) bain-marie, 
water-bath ; (chem.) water-bath 

Baionnette, s.f. tayonet. Metlre la — 
au canon, to fix bayonets. Bemettre 
la^ — , to unfix bayonets 

Baxoque, s.f. bajoccho (an old papal 
coin worth about 3 farthings) [festival) 

Bairam, s.m, Bairam (Mohammedan 

Baisenxain, s.m. kissing of hands, 
kissing hands ; — s, pi. (obsolete) com- 
pliments, respects 

Baisement, s.m. kissing (the Pope's toe) 

Baiser, v.a. to kiss; — s.m. kiss; kis- 
sing ; caress [kissing 

Baiseu-r, se, s.m.f. kisser ; — adj. 

Baisoter, v.a. to kiss about 

Baisse, s.f. fall, decline, decrease, fal- 
ling off; depression ; going down ; re- 
duction. En — , on the fall, falling ; 
at a discount. V. Jouer dt Joueur 

Baiss6, e, part. adj. lowered, &c. (V, 
Baisser) ; down ; downcast ; hanging 
down, drooping; stooping. Tete — e, 
head down ; with drooping head ; head- 

Baissement, s.m. lowering ; stooping 

Baisser, v.a. to lower; to let or put 
down ; to bring down ; to draw or pull 
down ; to drop ; to cast down ; to hold 
or hang down ; to hang ; to droop ; to 
bend ; to bow ; (nav.) to strike ; — v.n. 
to lower ; to fall ; to decline ; to fall 
off; to flag, to droop ; to decay ; to 
break ; to go or come down ; to ebb ; to 
sink; to fail; to abate; to decrease; 
to lose 

So — , v.r. to stoop ; to bow down ; 

to bend ; to lean over ; to let down ; to 

hang down; to lower; to be lowered, 

&c. [ing, fall; setting 

I Baisser, s.m. lowering ; dropping, fall- 


BaiSSier, «.m. bear, operator for a fall 
Baissidre^ s.f. bottom of the cask, 

thick ; {agr.) hollow, dish, rain-pool 
Baisure, s.f. kissing-crust [medal 

Bajoire, s.f. double-headed coin or 
Bajoue, s.f. cheek, chap {of a pig) 
Bakchicllj s.m. (in the East) bakshish 

{gratuity, itriulc-money) 
Bal, s.m. ball ; dancing-party ; dance ; 

dancing ; ball-room ; dancing-hall. — 

pare, dress ball. — costuvie or travesti, 

fancy dress ball, fancy ball. — blanc, 

young girls' dancing-iwirty 
Balade, s.f. {pop.) stroll, strolling, 

saunter, ramble 
Balader (Se), v.r. {pop.) V. Tr61er, v.n. 
Baladeu-r, se, {pop.) stroller, 

saunterer, gadabout, idler; — s.f. 

{hawker's) barrow 
Baladin, e, s.m.f. dancer, mountebank; 

merry-andrew ; buffoon 
Baladinage, s.m. buffoonery; nonsense 
Balafire, s.f. gash, slash ; scar 
Balafir^, e, part, gashed, scarred, 

covered with scars 
Balafirer, v.a. to gash, to slash 
Balai, s.m. broom ; brush ; besom ; 

(pop.) policeman, peeler, bobby, slop. 

— a laver, mop, swab. - — de bouleau, 
birch broom. — de hruyere, heath- 
broom. — de cheminee, hearth-brush. 

— du del, {nav.) wind that clears the 
sky. — de crin, hair-broom. — de 
jonc,carpet-broom. — de plume, feather- 
broom, feather-duster. Faire — neuf, 
to do o.'s work well at first. Rotir le 
— , to drudge in obscurity ; to lead a 
wild life 

Balais (Rubis), s.m. balas ruby 
Balance, s.f. balance ; scales, pair of 
scales ; suspense ; comparison ; cray- 
fish-net ; {astr.) (the) Balance, Libra. 

— d bascule, weighing-machine. — 
'poste, postage-scales. — romaine, 
steelyard [setting to o.'s partner 

Balanc6, s.m, {dancing) balancing, 
Balancelle, s.f. {nav.) balancelle (vessel) 
Balancement, s.m. balancement, 
balancing ; poising ; poise ; equili- 
brium; swinging; swing; swaying; 
sway ; waving ; nodding ; rocking ; 
dangling ; oscillation ; see-saw motion ; 
waddling ; waddle ; fluctuation ; hesi- 
tation ; wavering ; shake ; (astr.) libra- 
tion ; (pop.) dismissal, sack 
Balancer, v.a.n. to balance ; to poise ; 
to weigh ; to swing ; to sway ; to wave ; 
to rock ; to move to and fro ; to coun- 
terbalance ; to compensate ; to coun- 
teract ; to square ; to equal ; to be 
compared with ; to hold in suspense ; 
to render unsteady or doubtful ; to 
dangle ; to oscillate ; to shake ; to 
fluctuate ; to hesitate ; to waver ; to 
be in suspense or doubtful ; to scruple ; 
(danc.) to set to o.'s partner; (pop.) to 
dismiss, to give the sack ; to humbug, 
to bamboozle 

Se — , v.r. to swing; to sway; to 
rock ; to wave ; to nod ; to waddle ; to 
oscillate ; to balance ; to be balanced 
or counterbalanced; to balance or 
counterbalance each other ; to be 
square; to be equal; to see-saw, to 
play at see-saw ; to float ; to hover 
Balancler, s.m. pendulum; balance; 
balancing-pole ; beam ; fly, flier ; side- 
lever ; coining-engine ; stamp ; (of 
insects) balancer, poiser; (nav., &c.) 
gimbal, gimbals ; (of a canoe) out- 
rigger; (pers.) balance-maker, scale- 
Balancine, s.f. (nav.) lift [maker 

Balan9oire, 8./. see-saw; swing; (pop.) 

flam, story 
Balandran, Balandras, s.m. (obso- 
lete) balandrana, cloak, wraprascal, 
Balane; s.m. {zool.) balanus, acorn-shell 


Balanine, s.f. (zool.) nut-weevil 
Balanite. s.m. (bot.) balanites ; — s.f. 

(med.) balanitis 
Balant, s.m. (nav.) slack, bight 
Balasse, s.f. oat-chaff mattress, chaff- 
bed ; earthen water-cooler 
BalauBte, s.f. (hot.) balausta ; (pharm.) 

balaustine flower 
Balaustier, s.m. (bot.) pomegranate- 
tree [ing 
Balayage, Balayement, s.m. sweep- 
Balayer, v.a. to sweep ; to sweep away 
or off or over or out or up or down ; to 
brush off ; to dust ; to clean ; to clear, 
to clear away ; to scour [whisk 
Balayette, s.f. small broom or brush, 
Balayeu-r, se, s.m.f. sweeper 
Balayeuse, s.f. {— mecanique) street 
sweeping-machine, street-sweeper; (of 
a lady's dress) plaiting 
Bala3nires, sweepings. — de 

mer, sea- ware 
Balbutie, s.f, Balbutiement, s.m. 

stammering, stuttering ; lisping 
Balbutier, v.a.n. to stammer, to 

stutter ; to lisp ; to hesitate 
Balbuzard, s.m. bald-buzeard, fishing- 
eagle, fish-hawk, osprey 
Balcon, s.m. balcony 
Baldaquin, s.m. baldachin; canopy; 
tester [palea, pale 

Bale, s.f. (bot.) husk, chaff, boll, glume, 
Baleinas, s.m. whale's pizzle 
Baleine, s.f. whale ; whalebone, baleen ; 
sweeping wave, green sea ; ducking. 

— franche, Greenland whale, right- 
whale [whalebone 

Balein6, e, adj. whaleboned, with 

Baleineau, s.m. whale calf, young 

Baleinier, s.m. whaler ; whalebone 
dealer ; — adj.m. whaling. Navire — , 
whaling-ship, whale-ship, whaler 

Baleiniere, s.f. whale-boat, whale-gig; 

— arfj./. whaling [rorqual 
Baleinoptdre, s.m. (zool.) balsenoptera, 
Baleston, s.m. (nav.) sprit 
Bal^vre, s.f. lip ; (arch.) overplus lip ; 

(vietal., engr., &c.) bur 
Balisage, s.m. setting up of beacons, 
buoyage, buoying. Droits de — , beacon- 
age, buoyage 
Balisaur, s.m. (zool.) balisaur 
Balise, s.f. sea-mark, beacon ; tow- 
path, towing-path ; canna-seed 
Balisement, s.m. V. Balisaee [buoy 
Baliser, v.a. to set up beacons in, to 
Baliseur, overseer of towing- 
paths ; person who sets up beacons or 
buoys [Indian shot 

Balisier, s.m. (bot.) canna, ( — des Indes) 
Baliste, s.f. {ancient war-engine) balista, 
ballista; — s.m. (zool.) balistes, file- 
fish, trigger-fish [adj. balistic, ballistic 
Balistique, 8./. balistics, ballistics ; — 
Balivage, s.m. staddling [pole 

Baliveau, s.m. staddle, stand ; scaffold- 
Baliver, v.a. to staddle 
Baliverne, s.f. trifie, idle tale or talk, 
stuff, nonsense, humbug, bosh, foolery 
Balivemer , v.n.a. to trifle, to talk idly, 

to fiddle-faddle, to humbug 
Balivemeu-r, se, s.m.f. trifler ; twad- 
Ballade, s.f. ballad [dler ; humbug 
Ballant, s.m. V. Balant 
Ballant, e, adj. swinging about, swing- 
ing; hanging down; waving to and 
fro ; dangling ; loose, slack 
Ballast, s.m. (rail.) ballast i 

Ballastage, «.wi. (rail.) ballasting 
Ballaster, v.a. (rail.) to ballast 
Ballastidre, s.f. ballast-pit 
Balle, s.f. ball; bullet; shot; pellet; 
bale; package; bundle; pack; (bot.) 
V. Bale ; (fig.) opportunity ; turn ; 
job ; sconce, phiz, face ; one-franc 
piece, bob. — au camp, (game) rounders. 

— au mur, fives, — au pot, nine-holes, 


roUy-poly. — d la volee, trap-ball. — 
en rond, stool-ball. — d feu, — d 
eclair er, (mil.) fire-ball, light-ball. — 
de colon, bale of cotton ; (pop.) bunch 
of fives, cuff. —8 de colon, pi. (fig.) 
wool-packs, lamb's wool sky, ball-of- 
cotton cloud, day or summer cloud, 
cumulus. — /orcee, rifle- ball, —morte, 
spent ball or shot. — perdtie, wasted 
ball; (fig.) useless effort. — sramees, 
several bullets wired together. De — , 
inferior, bad, mean, paltry, of no value. 
A vous la — , this is for you ; it is your 
turn. Enfant de la — , person following 
his (or her) parent's calling. Charger 
(, tirer) d — , to load (, to fire) with ball- 
cartridge. Faire — , to act as a bullet, 
to strike in a lump. Juger la — , to 
foresee the end. Prendre la — au bond, 
{fig.)tocatc\i (or seize ) the opportunity. 
itenvoyer la — , (fig.) to give tit for tat ; 
to retort ; to turn the tables. Se ren- 
voyer la — , (fig.) to refer to each other ; 
to retort alternately, to bandy re- 
partees; to turn the tables upon (or 
against) each other. Servir la — , {at 
play) to bowl 
Bailer, v.n. (old) to dance, to hop, to 
skip [ballet-dancer 

Ballerine, s.f. dancer; ballet-girl, 
Ballet, s.m. ballet [Balistique, 

Balliste, BaUistique. V. Baliste, 
Ballon, s.m. balloon, air-balloon; air- 
ball, ball ; wind-bag ; foot-ball ; round 
top, swelling hill ; fish-cart ; (chem., 
pyrotechnics, artil.)halloon ; (nav.) ball; 
fender ; Siamese barge, balloon ; (pop.) 
bum. — d'essai, pilot balloon; (fig.) 
Ballonn6, e, adj. distended, swelled 
out ; (of cattle and sheep) hooven, hoven 
Ballonnement, s.m. distension of the 
abdomen, tympanites ; (in cattle and 
sheep) hoove [to swell out 

Ballonner , v.a.n., Se — , v.r. to distend, 
Ballonnier, s.m. foot-ball maker ; air- 
ball maker 
Ballot, s.m. bale, package, pack ; article 
Ballote, s.f. (bot.) ballota, horehound 
Balloter, v.a. to bale up, to pack up 
Ballotin, s.m. small bale, parcel [lotade 
BallOttade, s.f. (rid.) ballottade, bal- 
Ballottage, s.m. tossing ; shaking ; 
second balloting, second ballot, second 
voting ; (obsolete) balloting, ballot. 
Scrutin de — , second balloting, second 
ballot, second voting [voting-ball 

BallOtte^ s.f. bucket ; (obsolete) ballot, 
Ballottement, s.m. tossing ; shaking 
Ballotter, v.a. to toss, to toss or shake 
about ; to send about ; to bandy ; to 
agitate, to debate; to ballot a second 
time ; to bamboozle, to make sport of ; 
V. Balloter ; — v.n. to shake about ; 
to go to and fro 
Baln^aire, adj. balneal, bathing, bath; 

— s.m. (anc.) balneary 

Balotird, e, s.m.f. dunce, dolt, num- 
skull; — adj. dull, heavy, thick- 
headed [blunder; stupidity 
Balourdise, s.f. stupid thing; gross 
Balsamier, s.m. (hot.) balsam-tree 
Balsamiffere, adj. balsamiferous, bal- 
Balsamine, s.f. (bot.) balsam, balsa- 
mine. — des jardins, garden balsam. 

— des bois, yellow balsam, touch-me- 
not [— s.m. (pharm.) balsamic 

Balsamique, adj. balsamic; balmy; 
Balsamite, s.f. (bot.) costmai-y 
Balsamodendron, s.m. (bot.) balsam- 
odendron [seraglio) 

Baltag^, s.m. baltagi (officer in the 
Baltbazar, s.m. (fam.) feast, blow-out 
Baltimore, s.m. Baltimore bird,Balti- 
Baltique, adj. s.f. Baltic [more oriole 
Balustrade, s.f. balustrade breast- 
high railing ; fence 


Balustre, a.m. baluster ; railing 

Balustrer, v.a. to baluster 

Balzan, e, adj. a. white-footed ; white- 
footed horse or mare 

Balzane, «./. white-foot 

Bambin, e, $.m.f. little boy, little girl, 
brat, chit, young one, baby, babe, bant- 
ling; biimbino 

Bambino, «.m. bambino 

Bambochade, $./. grotesque picture, 
scene or sketch of low life 

Bamboclie, »./. puppet ; dwarf, bit of a 
thing, runt, shrimp ; carouse, booze, 
spree, lark; stuff; trifle; idle story; 
joke ; bamboo ; — adj. tipsy, tight, 

Bamboclier; v.n. to play pranks ; to 
lead a gay life; to go or be on the 
spree [woman, rake ; rioter 

Bambocheu-r, me, t.m.f. gay man or 

BambOU, a.m. bamboo 

Ban, $.m. ban ; proclamation ; banish- 
ment ; bann ; — s, pi. banns. Le — et 
Varriere , the ban and the arriere- 
ban, the feudal barons and their vas- 
sals (the regular troops and the re- 
serve) ; {Jig.) all o.'s supporters. Au — , 
under the ban. Digpense or rachat de 
— », marriage licence. Raeheter lea —a, 
to procure a marriage licence. Rompre 
aon — , to break o.'s ban. Le — de 
Croatie, the Ban (governor) of Croatia 

Banal, e, a^;. banal; common; com- 
mon-place, trite, trivial, vulgar ; hack- 
neyed ; mercenary [vulgarly 

Banalement, adv. tritely, trivially, 

Banaliser, v.a. to vulgarize 

Banalit6, a.f. common-place; trivial- 

Banane, a.f. banana [ity, vulgarity 

Bananerie, a.f. banana-plantation 

Bananier, a.m. banana- tree [warbler 

Bananiste, a.m. banana-bird, banana- 

Banat, a.m. Banat 

Banc, 8.m. bench; form; seat; settle; 
pew; bank; bed; reef; shoal; field 
(of tee) ; dock, bar ; box ; — s, pi. 
school-forms, school, college. — d doa 
or d doaaier, bench with a back, settle. 

— dea aeeuaea or deapr^venua, dock, bar. 

— du jury or deajurea, jury-box. — dea 
temoina, witness-box. — de nage, 
rowers' seat, thwart. — de pierre, 
stone bench ; bed or layer of stone 

Bancable, adj. bankable 
Bancal, e, adj. a.m.f. bandy-legged; 
rickety; bandy-legged person, bandy- 
legs [sword, sabre 
Bancal, a.m. curved sword, cavalry- 
Banche, a.f. sunken ridge (ofrocka) 
Banco, adj. (of exchange) banco. Faire 

— , to hold all the money staked 

Bancroclic, adj. a.m.f. V. Bancaly e 

Bandage, «.m. (»urp.) bandage; truss; 

bandaging, application of bandages; 

(of a whfel, &c.) tire or tyre; band; 

hoop ; springs [truss-maker 

Bandagiste, a.m. bandage-maker ; 

Bandana, a.m. bandana, bandanna 

Bande, «./. band; slip; strip; shred; 

bandage, roller; belt; stripe; string; 

streak; strap; girth; plate; rail; 

troop ; company ; party ; gang, crew, 

set ; pack ; shoal ; flock ; muster ; 

flight; cushion; wrapper ; tire or tyre; 

slice; (orcfc.) band; (a«<r.) belt; (nav.) 

heel, list, band; {her.) bend. — noire, 

(Fr. hiat.) Vandal Society ; (note) gang 

of swindlers. long firm ; league, ring, 

knock-out. 8oua — , (poat.) under 

cover, in a wrapper, as a book-packet. 

CoUer $o%u — , (biUiarda) to put close to 

the cashion ; (fig.) to put Into a fix. 

Donner de la —, Hre dla—, (nav.) to 

heel, to lie along; to careen. Faire — 

d part, to keep afwrt 

Band6, e, part adj. bandaged, Ac. (V. 

BandMT) ; (fur.) bendy 
BandM^U; :m. bead-band ; band; fillet; 

frontlet ; bandage ; bandage over o.^s 
eyes ; diadem ; tiara ; valance ; cloud, 
veil, mist, darkness ; (arch.) string- 
course ; (carp.) chair-rail ; (of ladies' 
hair) band ; (obaolete) widow's cap 
Bandelette, s.f. bandlet, strip, fillet 
Bander, v.a. to bandage ; to put a band- 
age over ; to bind up ; to bind ; to tie 
up; to stretch; to strain ; to tighten; 
to bend ; to wind up ; to cock ; to 
brace ; to string ; (arch.) to key up or 
in (an arch) ; (nav.) to tighten ; to line 
(a aail) ; — v.n. to be tight or stiff. — les 
yeux a, to blindfold, to hoodwink 

Se — , v.r. to bandage oneself ; to 
bandage (o.'s . . .) ; to be stretched ; to 
bend; to stiffen; to stand (against), to 
resist, to oppose, to league, to band 
together [sling 

Bandereau, a.m. trumpet-sling, bugle- 
Banderole, a.f. bandrol, banderole, 
streamer ; shoulder-belt, cross-belt ; 
Bandldre, a.f. (obaolete) banner, flag. 
Front de —, line of battle, battle-array 
Bandit, «.to. bandit, robber, ruflSan; 

vagabond, vagrant; villain 
Bandoir, a.m. (tech.) spring 
Bandoline, a.f. bandoline 
Bandore, a.f. (mus.) bandore 
Bandoiilier, Bandolier, a.m. high- 
wayman, brigand 
Bandouli^re, a.f. shoulder-belt, cross- 
belt, sling ; bandoleer. En — , slung 
over the shoulder 
Bandure, a.f. (bot.) pitcher-plant 
Banian, a.m. banian, banyan 
Banjlste, a.m.f. banjist, banjoist 
Banjo, a.m. banjo 
Banksia, a.m., Banksie, a.f. (bat.) 

banksia, Australian honeysuckle 
Banlieue, a.f. outskirts, suburbs 
Banne, «./. awning; tilt; canopy; tar- 
paulin, covering; hamper, basket; 
cage, hutch, corf, corve ; cart ; tub 
Banneau, a.m. small hamper ; pail, 

bucket ; light cart, truck 
Banner, v.a. to cover with a cloth or 

tarpaulin, to tilt 
Banneresse, a.f. banneret's wife 
Banneret, a.m. adj. banneret 
Bannerette, a.f. small banner 
Banneton, a.m. basket ; (fish.) cauf 
Bannette, a.f. small hamper; (pop.) 
^apron [exile 

Banni. e, part. (V. Bannir) ; — a.m.f. 
Bannidre, a.f. banner ; standard ; flag, 
colours ; streamer. En — , (nav.) hang- 
ing; (poi).) in o.'s shirt 
Bannir, v.a. to banish ; to exile ; to 
expel ; to dismiss ; to drive away ; to 
exclude ; to reject ; to lay aside 
Bannissable, adj. banishable, deserv- 
ing banishment, liable to be banished 
Bannissement, a.m. banishment, ex- 
Bannisseur, a.m. banisher [ile 

Banquais, a.m. Newfoundland fisher. 

Banque, «./. bank; banking; banking 
busmess; (am,ong pnntera) payment of 
wages ; (nav.) Newfoundland fishing- 
vessel, banker ; (pop.) juggling; dodge, 
tnck; puff; quackery; mountebanks. 
Camet de — , bank-book. lAvre de — , 
wages-book, pay-book. Jour de — 
Banquer, v.n. (nav.) to come upon a 
fishing-bank; to go a cod-fishing on 
the Newfoundland bank 
Banqueroute, a.f. bankruptcy, Faire 
— , to be a bankrupt, to become bank- 
rupt, to break ; to fail ; not to pay ; to 
forftu^ promise ; to disappoint ; to 

Banquet, a.m. banquet, feast; ban- 


Banqueter, v.n. to banquet ; to feast 


Banqueteu-r, se, s.m.f. banqueter, 

Banquette, a.f. stuffed bench, bench, 
seat ; window-seat ; (of a road) foot- 
path, foot-way ; (of a canal, of a bridge, 
fort.) banquette ; (of a coach, of an 
omnibus) outside ; (civ. engin., rail., 
&c.) service-path. Jouer devant lea — s, 
to play to empty benches 
Banquier, 8.T/1. banker; (jest.) payer, 
pay-master [tante) ice-floe, pack 

Banquise, s.f. ice-belt, ice-foot, (—flat' 
Banquiste, «.T». mountebank, quack; 

jobber; swindler, sharper 
Banse, s.f. hamper 
Bantam, s.m.f. adj. bantam 
Banyuls, a.m. banyuls (wine) [bread 
Baobab, s.m. (bot.) baobab, monkey- 
Baphpmet, a.m. Baphomet 
Bapteme, a.m. baptism; christening; 
(nav.) christening (of a ship), ( — de la 
ligne or dea tropiques) baptism on cross- 
ing the line, ducking 
Baptiser, v.a. to baptize ; to christen ; 
to nickname, to dub ; to put water in- 
to, to water, to dilute ; to sprinkle ; 
(nav.) to duck ; (a ship) to christen, to 
name. Enfant difficile a — , diflicult 
business to settle 
Baptiseur, a.m. baptizer 
Baptismal, e, adj. baptismal, of bap< 

tism, of christening 
Baptistaire, adj.m.f., s.m. of baptism, 
baptismal. Extrait — , — , a.m. certifi' 
cate of baptism. Rcgistre — , — , a.m. 
baptismal register, parish register 
Baptiste, a.m. baptist 
Baptist^re, a.m. baptistery 
Baquet, s.m. tub ; bucket ; trough. — 

d coeur, tap-tub 
Baqueter, v.a. to scoop, to bale 
Baquetures, drippings of wine 

or &c. in a tap-tub 
Baquois, a.m. V. Vaquois 
Bar, a.m. bar; handbarrow; (fish) bass, 
basse; (her.) barbel. — raye, striped 
bass. — •■vrood.f a.m. barwood 
Baracon, a.m. barracoon, negro-barrack 
Baragouin, Baragouinage, a.m. 
gibberish; jabber; jabbering ; jargon ; 
lingo [gibberish 

Baragouiner, v.a.n. to jabber ; to talk 
Baragouineu-r, se, a.m.f. jabberer 
Baraque, a.f. hut; shed; shanty; 
booth ; hovel ; hole ; wretched place ; 
shabby house ; concern, shop ; show ; 
Baraquement, a.m. (mil.) hutting; 
camp of huts, huts [hut 

Baraquer, v.a.7i., Se — , v.r. (mil.) to 
Baraterie, «./. (nav.) barratry 
Barattage, a.m. churning 
Baratte, a.f. chum 
Baratter, v.a. to churn 
Barbacane, a.f. barbican, barbacan ; 

loophole; outlet; opening, air-hole 
Barbacole, a.m. (obsolete) schoolmaster 
Barbare, adj. a. barbarous ; barbaric ; 
barbarian [yellow rocket 

Barbaree, a.f. (bot.) winter-cress, 
Barbarement, adv. barbarously 
Barbaresque, adj. of Barbary, Bar- 
bary ; —a, populations of Bai- 
bary, Barbaiy States 
Barbarie, a.f. barbarity, barbarous- 
ness, barbarism; cruelty; rudeness; 
gross ignorance ; barbatous act 
Barbariser, v.a.n. to barbarize 
Barbarisme, a.m. (gram.) barbarism 
S""^' '•/• beard ; (of a feather, &c.) 
beard, barb, vane ; awn ; Ltppet ; pin- 
ner; whiskers ; wattle ; gills ; fin (of a 
Jlatfiah); rough edge; curtain (0/ a 
mask); fur; barb; shaving. ^— ,with 
aboard; bearded; shaving. A aa—, 
to his face. — de capucdn, long betrd ; 
monksbeard, blanched; chicory-lejiwes 
(mten^ aa ««{arf). Jo-^r. de — , sh^vijrj. 


day. Faire — a, to beard. Fairela — 
d, to shave ; (Jig.) to cut out, to outdo. 
Se faire la — , to shave (oneself). Se 
faire faire la—, to get (oneself) shaved 
Barbe, adj.s.m. Barbary; Barbary 
horse, barb [barbed, wattled 

Barb^, e, adj. (hot.) bearded; (her.) 
BaxbeaU; s.m. (Ji»h) barbel ; (feo<.) corn- 
flower. Bleu — , light blue 
Barbeler, v.a. to barb ; to spike 
Barbet^ te^ s.m.f. adj. barbet, poodle, 
poodle-dog or bitch, water-dog. Crotte 
comme un — , all over mud 
Barbette, «./. (/orwu»t«) wimple; (fort.) 
barbette. En — , (7nil.) in barbette; 
(nav.) on swivels. Coucher a la — , 
(pop.)' to sleep on a mattress laid on 
the floor 
Barbican, s.m. (bird) barbican 
Barbiche, «/. beard on the chin, billy- 
goat-beard, goatee [puppy 
Barbiclion, a.m. little barbet, barbet 
Barbier, s.m. barber, shaver. Un — 

rase Vautre, claw me, claw thee 
Barbifier, v.a. (fam.) to shave. Se — , 
to shave (oneself). Se faire — , to get 
(oneself) shaved 
fBarbillon, s.m. young barbel; gill; 
wattle ; barb (of an arrow or a fish- 
hook) ; — B, pi. (vet.) barbels, barbies 
Barbiton, s.m. (anc. mus. t7i«<r.)barbiton 
Barbon, s.m. grey-beard; old man; 
fogy, old fogy, dotard; (hot.) sweet 
rush. — odorant, lemon-grass [duck 
Barbot, s.m. (convicts') barber; (pop.) 
Barbotage, s.m. muddle, mess ; mash 
Barbote, «./. burbot,eel-pout,coney-fish 
Barboteiuent,8.7n. dabbling, paddling, 

Barboter, v.n.a. to dabble, to paddle ; 
to splash the mud about ; to dirty one- 
self ; to wade ; to stutter ; to mutter 
BarbOteur, s.m. dabbler, paddler; 

sloven ; tame duck 
Barboteuse, s.f. dabbler, paddler; 

draggle-tail, slut ; street-walker 
Barboti^re, »./. duck-pond ; trough 
fBarbOUillage, s.m. daubing; daub; 
scribbling ; scribble ; scrawl ; rigma- 
role, twaddle 
fBarbouiller; v.a.n. to daub ; to 
smear, to besmear: to smudge; to 
blot ; to soil ; to dirty ; to slur ; to 
blacken; to muddle, to make a mess 
of ; to bungle ; to confuse ; to turn (the 
stomach) ; to scribble ; to scribble or 
scrawl over, to spoil, to waste ; to stut- 
ter ; to sputter ; to mumble ; to get 
confused ; (mcd.) to paint. Se — , to be- 
smear o.'s face or oneself; to injure 
o.'s character ; to cram oneself ; to get 
fuddled ; to get confused ; to get cloudy 
fBarbouilleu-r, se, Barbouillon, 
ne, s.m.f. dauber ; scribbler, scrawler ; 
stutterer; mumbler; twaddler; bungler 
Barbu, e, adj. bearded 
Barbu, s.m. (bird) barbet 
Barbae, s.f. (fish) brill 
Barbule, s.f. (nat. hist.) barbule 
Barcarol, s.m. (Venetian) gondolier, 

(Italian) boatman 
Barcarolle, s.f. barcarolle (boat-song) ; 

barge (improperly , for Barquerolle) 
Barcasse, s.f. (nav.) worn-out vessel, 

bad craft, old tub 
Barcelonais, e, adj. s. Barcelonese 
Barcelonnette, s.f. bassinet, swing- 
Bard, s.m. handbarrow [cot, cot 
Bardache, s.m. catamite [barrow 
Bardage, s.m. conveying on a hand- 
Bardane, s.f. (bot.) burdock 
Barde, s.m. bard ; — s.f. (armour) bard, 

barb ; (cook.) bard (strip of bacon) 
Bardeau, s.m. shingle ; lath ; sound- 
board ; small raft ; (hot.) wayfaring- 
tree; (print.) fount-case; {zool.) V. 
Bardot [quantity of bards 

Bardie, s.f. handbarrow-load ; (cook.) 


Bardelle, s.f pauuel (rustic saddle) 

Barder, v.a. to bard or barb ; to bard 
or lard ; to interlard ; to cover, to be- 
dizen ; to load, to convey, to remove 
(on a handbarrow) [carrier 

Bardeur, s.m. handbarrow-man; stone- 

Bardis, s.m. (nav.) water-board 

Bardisme, bardism 

Bardit, (old) Germanic war-song 

Bardot, S.VI. hinny ; small mule, lead- 
ing mule, pack-mule; drudge; butt, 
laughing-stock ; ( print.) waste paper 

Barege, s.m. barege 

Bar^zne, s.m. ready-reckoner 

Baret, s.m. V. Barrit 

Bar6ter, v.n. V. Barrir [godwit 

Barge, s.f. barge; hay-mow; (bird) 

Barguette, s.f. ferryboat 

fBarguignage, s.m. bargaining, hag- 
gling, higgling, Avavering, chaffering, 
hesitation, dilly-dallying, dilly-dally, 
shilly-shallying, shilly-skally 

fBarguigner, v.n. to bargain, to hag- 
gle, to higgle, to waver, to hesitate, to 
boggle, to chaff'er, to dilly-dally, to 

fBarguigneu-r, se, haggler, 
higgler, chafferer, boggier [constable 

Barigel, Barisel, (Italian) chief 

BarigOllle, a./, [kind of mushroom ; a 
preparation of the artichoke^ Artichaut 
a la — , artichoke dressed " barigoule " 

Baril, s.m. barrel ; cask ; keg ; tub 

fBarillage, s.m. cooperage; barrels, 

fBarille, s.f. barilla [casks 

-j-Barillerie, s.f. cooperage 

■fBarillet, g.m.'keg ; firkin; casket; (of 
a watch, &c.) barrel ; (of a revolver) cy- 

fBariUon, s.m. keg; fish-pond reservoir 

Bariolage, s.m. medley of colours, 
medley, motley ; variegation 

Bariol6, e, adj. variegated, of various 
colours, many-coloured, party-colour- 
ed, piebald, medley, motley ; speckled ; 
freckled ; streaked ; checkered ; dia- 
pered ; dapple 

Barioler, v.a. to variegate ; to make a 
medley or a motley of ; to speckle ; to 
streak ; to checker ; to diaper ; to 
dapple ; to intersperse ; to lard 

Bariollire, s.f. variegation ; speck, 
spot, streak, medley, motley ; mixture 

Baritel, s.m. whim, whim-gin. — a 
chevaux, horse-whim 

Baritoxi. V. Banrton 

Barium, s.m. (min.) barium 

Barlong, ue, adj. oblong ; of unequal 
length; lapsided 

Barmecide, s.m. adj. Barmecide 

Barnabite, s.m. Bamabite ( friar) 

Bamaclie, Barnacle, s.f. V. Ber- 

Barographe^ s.m. (phys.) barograph 

Barologie, *./. (jphys.) barology 

Barozn^tre, a.m. barometer, weather- 
glass, glass. — d cadran, wheel-baro- 
meter [3, § 1 

Baroni6tr-ique, iquement. 

Baroni6trograplie, s.m. barometro- 
graph [graphy 

Barom^trographie, s.f. barometro- 

Baron, ne, s.m.f. baron; baroness 

Baronnage, s.m. baronage 

Baironnet, s.m. baronet 

Baronnial, e, adj. baronial 

Baronnie, s.f. barony 

Baroque, adj.m.f, rough.irregular, 
odd, queer, strange, whimsical, singu- 
lar, uncouth, baroque 

Baroquerie, s.f. oddness, queerness; 
oddity, whimsicality [storm-glass 

Baroscope, s.m. (phys.) baroscope ; 

Barque, s.f. boat ; barge, lighter ; ferry- 
boat. Trois-mdts — , bark, barque. — 
de peche or de pecheur, fishing-boat. 
Conduire la — , to steer the boat. Con- 

duire bien sa — , (fig.) to manage o.'s 
afi'airs well. Passer la — , (fig.) to die 
Barqu^e, s.f. boat-load, boatful 
Barquerolle, s.f. barge, boat 
Barquette, s.f. (nav.) small craft 
Barrage, s.m. stoppage; closing; bar- 
rier; bar; toll-bar; toll; barrage, dam, 
weir ; (com.) diaper. — de peche, fish- 
garth, weir, kettle-net 
Barrager, s.m. toll-collector [resin 
Barras, s.m. barras, galipot, white pine 
Barre, s.f. bar ; cross-bar ; splat ; helm, 
tiller, wheel ; stroke ; line ; dash ; 
stripe ; streak ; rail ; pole ; base ; mark ; 
lever; (shoal or bank at the mouth of 
a river or near a harbour) bar; (influx 
of the tide into a river, — defiot) bore, 
mascaret; (— de plage) surf; — s, pi. 
bars, &c. ; (of a horse's mouth) bars ; 
(game) prison-bars, prisoners' base, 
base. — dugouvernail, tiller. — franche, 
hand-tiller. — d'appui, hand-rail. — 
dejlot, — d'eau, (nav.) bore, mascaret. 
— de pied, (of a boat) stretcher. Avoir 
—s sur, (in the game of " barres," and 
fig.) to have the advantage over. 
Toucher — , (in the game of " barres ") 
to touch the base; (fig.) to get to a 
safe place ; to secure o.'s position ; to 
be sufficiently reinforced. Ne faire que 
toucher — , (fig.) to call at a place with- 
out stopping, to be off again directly. 
Cest de I'or (or de Vargent) en — , it is 
as good as ready money 
Barreau, s.m. bar; rail; staff; wire; 
court of justice ; courts ; profession of 
the law, law ; barristers, lawyers 
Barrer, v.a. to bar ; to bar up ; to 
fasten ; to fence up ; to stop up ; to 
stop ; to block up ; to obstruct ; to hin- 
der ; to prevent ; to oppose ; to thwart ; 
to cross ; to cross or strike out ; to 
cancel; to amiul; to tie up; (boating) 
to steer 
Barrette, s.f. square flat cap, cap; 
biretta (eccl. square cap ; cardinaVs red 
cap) ; (Mercury's) petasus or winged 
cap ; bar (of a watch-chain, &c.) [man 
Barreur, s.m. (boating) coxswain,steers- 
Barricade, s.f. baiTicade ; stop ; bar ; 

obstruction ; barring out 
Barricader, v.a. to barricade ; to stop ; 
to obstruct ; to bar. Se —, to barricade 
oneself ; to shut oneself up ; to bar out 
Barridre, s.f. barrier ; bar ; fence ; gate; 
turnpike, toll-gate, toll-bar ; toll-house; 
stile ; rail-fence ; starting-post ; list, 
lists; gate of Paris; low neighbour- 
hood, back-slums ; suburban public- 
houses or tea-gardens. — de peage, 
turnpike, toll-gate, toll-bar 
Barriquaut, s.m. keg 
Barrique, s.f. cask ; hogshead 
Barrir ,Bariisser, v.n. (of the elephant) 

to roar, to trumpet 
Barrissement, Barrit, s.m. (of the 

elephant) roaring or roar, trumpeting 
Barrot, s.m. keg of anchovies; (nav.) 
beam [beams 

Barroter, v.a. (nav.) to fill up to the 
Bars, s.m. (fish) V. Bar [win^) 

Barsac, s.m. barsac (white Bordeaux 
Bartavelle, s.f. Greek partridge, red- 
legged partridge 
Baryte, s.f. (min.) baryta 
Baryton, s.m. (mus., Oreek gram.) bary- 
Baryum, s.m. (min.) barium [tone 

Bas, se, adj. low; lower; inferior; 
down ; shallow ; short ; small ; petty ; 
eafly ; mean ; vile, base, abject, sordid ; 
dishonourable ; degrading ; despicable ; 
cringing ; servile ; mercenary; vulgar; 
coarse ; cheap ; poor ; cloudy 
Bas, s.m. bottom, lower part ; foot ; 
depth ; extremity ; end ; lower end ; 
down ; small ; vulgarity ; lower notes ; 
stocking, hose ; — adv. low ; low down ; 
down ; in a low tone, softly, in a ymLo- 


per ; silently ; aside ; off. , — de carre, 
{of mutton) middle of the neck. — de 
casse {see below). — de gigot, (of mutton) 
chump-end. A — , down ; down with ! 
off with ! out (of bed). En — , at the 
bottom ; at the foot ; down ; below ; 
downward; downstairs; down there. 
D'en —, du — , from or of below ; lower, 
under, bottom. De — en haut, upward. 

let , here below, in this world, on 

earth. La , par Id , down there, 

below, over there, there, over the way, 
yonder. Par en — , par le — , at the 
bottom ; in the lower part ; downward. 
Plus — , lower; lower down; below, 
hereafter ; lowest. Tout — , very low, 
in a low voice, softly, in a whisper; 
quite silently; to oneself, inwardly, 
secretly. Mettre — , to lay down ; to 
take off; to lay aside; to cast off, to 
cast ; to bring down, to fetch down, to 
strike down, to shoot, to kill ; to bring 
low ; to lower ; to bring forth ; to bring 
forth young [to pup, to kitten, to 
whelp, to cub, to foal, to calve, to lamb, 
to yean, &c.]; to cast its horns. Mettre 
^ — , to pull down, to put down, to 
throw down, to overthrow. Tenir — , 
to keep down ; to keep under 
Basalte, s.m. {min.) basalt 
Basaltique, adj. basaltic 
Basane, s.f. sheep-skin, sheep-leather, 

sheep, basil, roan 
Basan6, e, part. adj. bound in roan ; 
{fig.) tanned, tawny, swarthy, sunburnt 
Basaner , v.o. to cover in sheep-skin ; 

to bind in roan ; {fig.) V. HAler 
Bas-bleu, s.m. blue-stocking 
Bas-Breton, m., Basse-Bretonne; 
/., adj. s. of Lower Brittany ; native of 
• Lower Brittany; — s.m. (dialect) low 

Basclii-bouzonck, s.m. V. Bachi- 
bouzouek [way, side-walk, side 

Ba8-c6t6, s.m. aisle ; pathway, side- 
Bascule, s.f. see-saw; swing; swing- 
gate; weighing-machine; weigh- 
bridge ; bar, fastening, lever ; spring ; 
trap; drop; plyers; rocker; counter- 
poise ; balance, equilibrium ; well-boat; 
cauf ; (pop.) guillotine ; gallows. Chaise 
a -—, rocking chair. Cheval d — , rock- 
ing-horse. Couteau d — , balance- 
handled knife, balance-knife. Fusil a 
— , breech-loading gun. Miroir d — , 
swing- frame looking-glass. Pont d — , 
weigh-bridge. Faire la — , to see-saw ; 
to swing ; to rock ; to tip over 
Bascnler, v.n.a. to see-saw; to swing ; 
to rock ; to tip ; {pop.) to guillotine ; to 
hang, ^tre bascule, (pop.) to be guillo- 
tined ; to be hanged, to swing 
Bas-de-casso, s.m. (print.) lower case 
Bas-dessuB, s.m. (mu^.) second treble 

voice, low soprano, mezzo soprano 
Base, s.f. base; basis; foundation, 
groundwork ; grounds ; support ; bot- 
tom ; foot ; stock 
Baselle, s.f. (bot.) basella 
Bas-Empire, s.m. Lower Empire 
Baser, base, to ground, to found, 
to rest, to settle, to establish, to raise, 
to build ; to regulate. Se — , to rest, 
to take as a basis, to depend, to rely ; 
to be grounded 
Bas-fond, s.m. low ground, lowland, 
hollow, bottom, valley; flat; shallow 
water, shallow ; lower part, lowest part; 
lowest depth ; dregs 
BasUe, s.m. base slanderer, sneak 
Basilic, s.m. (zool., ane. artil.) basilisk ; 
(hot.) basil, sweet basil ; (myth.) basilisk, 
cockatrice [basilicon 

Basilicon, Basilictun, s.m. (pharm.) 
Basillque, «./. {arch., anat.) basilica; 
— adj. (anat.) basilic; — s, $/.pt. (hUt.) 
Basilica, Basiling 
Basin, s.m. (stuff) piqa6 


Basique, adj. (chem.) basic 
Baskliir, Baskir, s.m. Bashkir 
Bas-latin, s.m. low Latin 
Bas-m^t, s.m. (7iar.) lower mast 
Bas-m^tier, s.m. hand-frame 
Bas-lVomiand, m., Basse-Nor- 
mande, /.,ad'j. «. of Lower Normandy; 
native of Lower Normandy; — s.m. 
(dialect) low Norman [of lawyers) 

Basoche, s.f. (old) basoche {corporation 
Basochien, s.m. basochian (member of 

the " basoche ") 
Bas-officier, s.m. V. Sous-oncier 
Basque, s.f. skirt, tail, flap ; — adj. Basque 
Basquine, s.f. skirt (Spanish woman's) 
Bas-relief, s.m. low relief, bas-relief 
Basse, s.f. (mus.) bass; violoncello; 
violoncellist; bass-voice; bass-singer; 
bass part ; bass-string ; bass-note ; 
(nav.) flat, sunken bank. — continue, 
thorough bass. — de viole, bass-viol 
Basse-contre, s.f. deep bass-voice; 

deep bass part 
Basse-cour, s.f. farm-yard; poultry- 
yard; stable-yard; back-yard 
Basse -couri-er, dre, poultry- 
man, poultry-maid, poultry-woman 
Basse -fosse, sf. dungeon 
Basse-lice, Basse-lisse, s.f. low 

warp ; low-warp tapesti-y 
Bassement, adv. meanly ; basely, sor- 
didly ; vulgarly, in a low style or way 
or condition 
Bassesse, sf. meanness; mean action ; 
baseness ; base action ; lowness ; vul- 
garity ; humbleness, humility [tive 
Basset, te, adj. of low stature, diminu- 
Basset, s.m. basset-hound ; ( — alle- 
mand, — a jambes torses) dachshund; 
(pers.) short-legged fellow 
fBasse-taille, s.f. (mus.) bass; bass- 
voice; bass-singer 
Bassette, sf. (card-game) basset 
Basse -tuba, s.f. (mus. instr.) bass-tuba 
Basse -vergue, s.f. (nav.) lower yard 
Basse-voile, s.f. (nav.) lower sail 
Bassie, s.f. (bot.) bassia, shea-tree, oil- 
tree, butter-tree 
Bassin, s.m. basin ; scale ; pan ; bed- 
pan; collection- plate, plate ; reservoir; 
dock; haven; moat; plain, valley, 
hollow; river-system; (anat.) pelvis; 
(pop.) bore. — fiottant, floating-dock. 
— oculaire, eye-bath, eye-cup, eye- 
glass. — dfiat, wet dock. — d'echou- 
age, dry dock. — d'or, (bot.) V. Bassi- 
net. — de radoub, graving-dock, dry 
dock. Droit de —, dock-due. Cracher 
au — , (pop.) to contribute, to fork out 
Bassinage, s.m. sprinkling; bathing; 
fomenting ; warming [copper 

Bassine, sf. preserving-pan; pan; 
Bassin^e, s.f. panful [fomenting 

Bassinemeht, «.m. warming ; bathing ; 
Bassiner, v.a. to warm (a bed) ; to 
bathe ; to foment ; to sprinkle, to 
water ; (pop.) to bore 
Bassinet, s.m. fire-pan, pan (of a flint- 
lock); bassinet (helmet); (bot.) butter- 
cup, goldcup, (yellow) bachelor's 
button ; (anat.) calyx. Cracher au — , 
V. Bassin [pop.) bore 

Bassinolre, s.f. warming-pan ; (pers., 
Bassiste, s.m. (mus.) violoncellist 
Basson, s.m. (mug.) bassoon ; bassoonist 
Bassoniste, s.m. bassoonist 
Basstire, s.f. (nav.) flat, sunken bank 
Bast, Baste, int. pooh! fohl non- 
sense ! fudge ! bless you t never mind 1 
Baste, s.m. (at cards) basto ; — int. — 
pour cela, let that pass 1 let it be so 1 
well and good ! [catriage) 

Basteme, sf. (old) bastema {kind of 
Bastide, s.f. blockhouse, fortlet ; (in the 

South of France) coantry-house 
tBastilie, s.f. bastUe, fortress ; BastiUe, 


Bastile (State prison in Paris, destroyed 
in 1789) 
Bastingage, s.m. hammock nettings, 
nettings. — de combat, top-arming, 
mantlet [mantlet 

Bastingue, s.f. (nav.) top- arming, 
Bastinguer, v.a. (nav.) to set up net- 
Bastion, s.m. (fort.) bastion [tings in 
Bastionner, v.a. (fort.) to bastion, to 

fortify ; to protect, to guard 

Bastonnade, »./. bastinado, cudgelling 

Bastringue, s.m. low dancing-hall; 

low public ball ; (pop.) uproar, row, 


Bastringner, v.n. to dance at a low 

public ball (or at low public balls) 
Bastringueuse, sf. frequenter of low 

Bastude, s.f. (kind of fishing-net) 
Bas-ventre, s.m. (anat.) lower part of 
the abdomen [irail-board 

Bat, s.m. bat ; tail (of a fish) ; (nav.) 
BS.t, s.m. pack-saddle. Cheval de — , 
pack-horse ; drudge. Savoir ou le — 
blesse, to know where the shoe pinches 
Bataclan, s.m. traps, rattle-traps ; set 
of tools; rest of it; uproar, row, shindy 
Batadoir, 8.7/1. washing-board 
fBatail, s.m. (her.) clapper (of a bell) 
fBataille, s.f. battle; fight; struggle, 
contest ; battle-array ; battle-piece ; 
(game) beggar-my-neighbour. Livrer 
or donner — , V. Livrer 
fBataill6, e, adj. (he-r.) having a clap- 
per of a different tincture 
fBatailler, v.n., Se, v.r. to battle, to 

fight, to struggle hard, to wrangle 
fBatailleu-r, se, adj. combative, 
pugnacious, fighting, quarrelsome, dis- 
putatious, contentious ;—s.m.f. fighter ; 
f BataiUon, s.m. battalion ; host ; — 
carre, infantry square, hollow square. 
Chefde—, F. Chef 
BzLtard, e, adj. bastard ; natural ; ille- 
gitimate; spurious; mongrel, of a 
mixed breed ; degenerate ; inferior, 
smaller; similar, alike, resembling, 
half-and-half ; — s.m.f. bastard, natural 
son or daughter, illegitimate child ; — 
s.m. (fish.) red worm, brandling; — s.f. 
slanting round hand (ivriting) ; bastard 
file. J&criture —e, slanting round hand. 
Porte — e, small gateway (between a 
gatetuay and a doorway in size) [tai'deau 
Batardeau, s.m. cofferdam ; (fort.) ba- 
BsLtardeau, s.m. little bastard 
Blitardi&re,8./. nursery of grafted trees 
B^tardise, s.f. bastardy ; spuriousness 
Batate, s.f. V. Patate 
Batave, adj. s.m.f. Batavian 
Batavique, adj. Larme — , glass-tear, 

glass-drop, Rupert's drop 
Bate, s.m. V. Bat 

Bateau, s.m. boat ; boat-load, boatful ; 
boat-shaped dish ; (of a carriage) body. 

— a vapeur, steam-boat, steamer. — 
mouche, river steam-boat, —pecheur, 

— de peche, fishing-boat. pilote, 

pilot-boat. — parte, caisson. — poste, 
tow-boat (towed by post-horses) ; post- 
boat ; mail-boat. lavoir, — a lessive, 

— de selle, washerwomen's boat, wash- 
ing-boat. — a glace, — brisc-glaee, — 
-traineau, sledge-boat, ice-boat. — de 
passage, passage -boat, feny-boat, 

wherry. express, omnibus, river 

steamboat. balise, buoy-boat. — 

-feu, light-boat, light-ship, light-vessel, 
floating light. En trois (or en quatre) 
— X, at a great expense ; with great 
fuss; with ridiculous pomp; in great 
state. Porter — to be navigable 

Batelage, s.m. bo^iting; boat-service; 
boat-hire, boatman's fare, waterage, 
lighterage ; juggling, legerdemain ; 
buffoonery, low jests [crowd 

Batel6e, s.f. boat-load, boat^ful; lots, 


Bateler^ v.a. to boat, to ti-ansport in a 

Batelet, s.m. little boat [boat 

Bateleu-r, se, s.m.f. juggler ; tumbler ; 
mountebank ; bufifoon 

Bateli-er, 6re, s.m.f. boatman, water- 
man, ferryman ; boatwoman 

Batellerie, s.f. boating, boating-trade, 
inland navigation ; river-boats 

BzLter, v.a. to put a pack-saddle on, to 
saddle. Un dne hdU, (fig.) a great or 
downright ass. L'dne le plus mal bdte 
est celui du commun, no donkey is less 
taken care of than the one whose 
master is everyone, what belongs to 
everybody is badly cared for, what is 
everybody's business is nobody's busi- 

B^ti, s.m. basting, tacking, basting- 
threads ; light building ; framework, 
framing, frame [made, shaped, formed 

Biti, e, part. adj. built, &c. (F. BMir) ; 

Bdtier, s.m. pack-saddle maker 

Batifolage, s.m. frolicking, rollicking, 
romping [romp, to dally 

BatifOler^ v.n. to frolic, to roUic, to 

Batifoleu-r; se, s.m.f. roUicker, romp 

B£l.tixnent7 s.m. building ; house ; pile ; 
edifice; structure; fabric ; vessel, ship, 
man ; boat, craft. — marchand, — du 
(or de) commerce, merchant-ship, mer- 
chantman, trading vessel. — a helice, 

B^tir^ v.a. to build; to construct; to 
erect ; to establish ; to raise ; to found ; 
to rest ; to get up ; to give birth to ; 
to arrange, to dispose ; to shape, to 
form : to baste, to tack. Se — , to be 
building; to be built; to build for 
oneself; to raise [building,construction 

B4.ti8Se; s.f. brick-work, stone-work, 

Bdtisseur, s.m. builder; bad builder. 

Batiste, s.f. cambric [jerry-builder 

Batogues. V. Battosues 

B4ton, s.m. stick ; cudgel ; singlestick ; 
staff; quarterstaflf ; truncheon ; baton ; 
crosier ; wand ; pole ; (parrot's) stand ; 
perch (of a cage) ; spindle ; spoke ; (i7i 
writing) straight stroke. — d deux 
bouts, quarterstaff. — blanc, mere 
staff, no arms ; no acquired fortune ; 
no money ; poverty. — de pavilion, 
flag-staff. A —s rompus, by fits and 
starts, by bits, by snatches, interrup- 
tedly, desultorily; desultory. Mettre 
(or Jeter) des — s dans les roues, to put a 
spoke in (one's) wheel. Sauter le — , to 
do a thing in spite of oneself 

BzLtoniste, s.m. cudgel-player, single- 
stick player 

Bitonnat, s.m. office of " batonnier," 
presidentship (of the corporation of 

Batonner, v.a. to beat with a stick ; to 
cudgel ; to cane ; to truncheon ; to 
baton ; to cancel, to cross out, to 
strike out; to check [(gfame) cat, tipcat 

Bitonnet, s.m. small stick ; chopstick; 

Bitonnier, s.m. staff-bearer ; president 
(of the corporation of barristers) 

]:Batracliitej s.f. (min.) batrachite, 
fi-og-stone [§ 1 

Batra(pclioinyoinacliie. F. page 8, 

Batracien, s.m. (zool.) batrachian 

Battage, s.m. thrashing; beating; 
striking; churning 

Battant, s.m. clapper, tongue; mul- 
lion ; leaf, fold, flap ; swivel ; trap ; (of 
aflMg)S.y, (j)er«.) beater. A deux — s, 
(of a door) folding 

Battant, e, adj. beating; pelting, 
driving, pouring ; swing (-door) ; at 
work, working, going, in full swing; 
(of a ship) fit for fighting. Tout — neuf, 
brand-new, bran-new, spick-and-span 
new. Mener — , to drive before one, to 
press hard [ing cap 

fBattant-l'oeil, s.m. (woman's) morn- 

Batte, s.f. beater ; beetle ; turf-beetle ; 


rammer ; mallet, flogger, bung-starter, 
flat part, flat ; (of a scabbard) sput- 
cheon ; (harlequin^s) wooden sword or 
lath wand ; beating. — a beurre, churn- 

Batte - lessive, Batte-mare, s.f. 
(bird) V. Xsavandi^re 

Battellement, s.m. projecting roof ; 

Battement, s.m. beating ; beat ; strik- 
ing; clapping; stamping; flapping; 
banging, bang ; slamming, slam ; 
throbbing, throb; stroke; shaking; 
(of cards) shuffling ; (in dancing) batte- 

Batte-queue, s.m. (bird) wagtail [mer 

Batterand, s.m. stonebreaker's ham- 

Batterie, s.f. fight ; scuffle ; beating ; 
thrashing ; drum-beating ; (improperly 
for " pieces " or " ressort ") lock (of a 
fire-arm) ; hammer (of a flint-lock) ; 
(mil., phys.) battery ; (mus.) set of per- 
cussion instruments ; (nav.) battery, 
gun-deck, quarters; (fig.) battery, 
plan, scheme, tactics ; (pop.) fib, flam, 
sham. — de cuisine, kitchen utensils 

Batteiir, s.m. beater; beater-up; 
thrasher; (pop.) fibber. — d'estrade, 
scout; idle fellow, rambler ; tramp. — 
defer, fighter, swordsman; fencer. — 
en grange, (agr.) thrasher (man). — d'or, 
goldbeater. — de pave, idler, lounger, 
rambler, vagabond, loafer, tramp 

Batteuse, s.f. beater; thrashing- 
machine, thrasher. — de pave, street- 
walker, woman of the town 

Battogues, s.m. pi. battogues, cudgel- 
ling (Bussian punishment) ; sticks 

BattoiTj s.m. beater'; batlet; battle- 
dore; racket; (pop.) large hand, 
mutton-fist ; (fig.) clapper, applauder 

Battoire, s.f. churn 

Battologie, s.f. battology, tautology 

Battologique, ac^'. battological, tauto- 

Battre, v.a.n, to beat; to strike; to 
knock ; to batter ; to defeat ; to sub- 
due ; to drive ; to thrash ; to churn ; 
to hammer ; to coin ; to raise ; to whip; 
to lash ; to shuffle ; to cut ; to beat 
out ; to beat up ; to beat down ; to beat 
about; to beat for game; to decant 
over and over ; to go over ; to '"search, 
to explore ; to scour ; to range ; to 
stun ; to clap ; to flap ; to flutter ; to 
throb; to pant; to beat or dash 
against ; to bang ; to patter ; to wash ; 
to shake ; to be loose ; to work, to be 
working; (pop.) to fib, to flam, to 
sham. — des mains, to clap (with) o.'s 
hands, to applaud. — en grange, to 
thrash (corn) by hand. — en mine or 
en breche, to batter down ; to run 
down ; to nonplus. — froid a, to give 
the cold shoulder to, to look cold upon. 
— lefer, to strike the iron ; to work 
iron ; to fence 

Se — , beat oneself; to beat 
(o.'s. . .) ; to fight, to have a fight ; to 

Battu, e, part. adj. beaten ; fought; &c. 
(F. Battre); assailed; tossed; dis- 
abled ; fatigued ; ( — de Voiseau) cast 
down, low, dejected, dispirited ; weak- 
ened by sickness ; (of metals) wrought ; 
(of the eyes) heavy, dead; — s.m. beaten. 
Mer — e, cross sea. Avoir les yeux — «, 
to look fatigued about the eyes 

Battue, s.f. (hunt.) battue, beating for 
game ; (of a horse) tramp ; (of d fish) 
mud-bed. Faire une — daais, to beat 
(a wood) 

Batture, s.f. gold-lacquer, gold-lacquer- 
ing; (nav.) flat, sunken bank; (fish.) 
shallow, flat; (pop.) drubbing 

Bau, s.m. (nav.) beam. Maitre — , mid- 
ship-beam, main beam 

Baubau, s.m, bow-wQw 


Baubi, Baubis, s.m. (hound trained to 

run foxes and wild boars) 
Baud; s.m. Barbary hound, stag-hound 
Bauder, v.n. (hunt.) to bark 
Baudet, s.m. donkey, ass, jackas^ 

saw-pit frame 
Baudir, v.n. (hunt.) to bark ; — v.a. 

(hunt.) to excite, to cheer . 
fBaudreuil, s.m. V. Baudroie 
Baudrier, s.m. shoulder-belt, cross- 
belt, belt ; (old) baldric [sea-devil 
Baudroie, s.f. (fish) angler, fishing-frog, 
Baudruche, s.f. goldbeater's skin 
Bauge, s.f. lair (of a wild boar) ; filth ; 
mud ; dirty hovel, filthy hole ; (squir- 
rel's) nest; coarse drugget; pile (of 
vinc'Sticks, &c.) ; cob, mud, pugging- 
mortar, pugging 
Baugue, s.f. sea-weeds, wrack 
Baume, s.m. balsam, balm ; balm-mint; 
(fig.) balm ; — s.f. (local) grotto, cave ; 
(nav.) spanker-boom. — d'acier, steel- 
balsam; (jest.) surgeons' and dentists' 
instruments. — du commandeur, friar's 
balsam. — des jardins, (bot.) costmary 
Baumier, s.m. (bot.) balsam-tree 
Bauque, s.f. V. Baugrue [seacraft 
Bauquiere, s.f. (nav.) shelf, clamp, 
Baux, pi. of Bail ; (nav.) pi. of Bau 
Bavard, e, adj. prating, talkative, lo- 
quacious, blabbing ; verbose ; — s.m.f. 
prater, talker, blab, gossip, chatterer, 
chatterbox; twaddler 
Bavardage, s.m. prating, prate, talk- 
ing, talk; babbling; gossip; blabbing; 
tittle-tattle, scandal ; talkativeness ; 
twaddle; gibberish 
Bavarder, v.n. to prate, to prattle, to 
talk, to blab, to gossip, to chatter ; to 
Bavarderie, s.f. prate, prattle, chat- 
ter ; talkativeness, loquacity, garrulity 
Bavardise, s.f. chatter, gossip, idle 
talk [fashion 
Bavarois, e, adj. s. Bavarian ; Bavarian 
Bavaroise, s.f. (drink made chiefly 
with tea, or milk, or coffee, or choco- 
late, and sweetened with some syrup) 
Bave, s.f. drivel, slaver ; foam ; slime ; 

spittle; (o/siZfc-worms) first threads 
Baver, v.n. to drivel, to slaver, to 
slabber, to dribble ; to foam ; (tech.) 
to run down ; (pop.) to sputter, to spout, 
to mouth, to hold forth 
Bavette, s.f. feeder ; bib. — d'aloyau, 
(butch.) thin flank. Tailler des — », to 
chat, to gossip [blenny 

Baveuse, s.f. (fish) shanny, smooth 
Baveu-x, se, adj. drivelling, slavering, 
slabbering; foaming; slimy; slab- 
bery; viscous; blotchy, blurred; — 
s.m.f. driveller, slaverer, slabberer. 
Chairs — ses, (med.) proud flesh. Ome- 
lette —se, pappy omelet 
Bavoclier, v.a. (print.) to blur 
Bavocbeu-x, se, adj. (print.) 

Bavocbuxe, s.f. (print.) blur, monk 
Bavoir, s.m. bib 

Bavolet, s.m. country-woman's head- 
dress, rustic cap ; country-lass ; (of a 
bonnet) curtain 
Bavure, s.f. seam ; fash ; bur ; blister 
Bayadere, s.f. bayadere 
Bayart, s.m. handbarrow ; tray 
Bayer, v.n. to gape ; to hanker (after). 
— aux corneilles, to gape in the air, to 
stand gaping 
Bayette, s.f. baize [starer ; idler 

Bayeu-r, se, s.m.f. gaper; gazer; 
Bayonnette, s.f. V. Baionnetto 
Bazar, s.m. bazaar; emporium; (pop., 
jest.) blessed place; hovel; house; 
shop; concern; house of ill fame; 
traps, furniture [Jerusalem cotton 
Bazat, Bazac, s.m. bazat, baza. 
Bdellium, s.m. bdellium 
B6ant, e, adj. gaping, yawniflfe, wide 


open, open ; wide ; large ; with widely- 
open mouth 
B^amalS, e, adj. s. of Beam, Bear- 
^nese. Le — , the Beamese {Henri IV. 

of France) 
Beat, 9, adj. s. sanctimonions ; bliss- 
ful ; would-be saint, bigot, hypocrite ; 
devotee, rfaint [blissfully 

B6atement, adv. sanctimoniously ; 
Beatification, s.f. beatification 
B6atifier; v.u. to beatify; to make 
happy [blissful 

B^atifique, adj. beatific, beatifical, 
fB^atiUes, titbits, dainties, de- 
licacies ; nunnery fancy-works [bliss 
Beatitude, «/. beatitude, blessedijess. 
Beau, Bel, m.. Belle, /., adj. beauti- 
ful ; fine ; handsome ; fair ; pretty ; 
nice ; elegant ; graceful ; fashionable ; 
smart ; spruce ; lofty ; noble ; happy ; 
bright ; grand ; glorious ; splendid ; 
illustrious ; great ; large ; plentiful ; 
admirable ; excellent ; good ; charm- 
ing ; lovely ; pleasant, agreeable ; use- 
ful ; honourable ; seemly, proper, be- 
coming, suitable; favourable; lucky; 
calm, quiet; smooth; very; — adv. 
finely; fairly. BelU (s/., —a, adj. Sf 
a./.pl.) V. Belle, below. Beau gar f on, 
handsome man. Beau vieillard, hand- 
some old man. Bel homme, fine man. 
Belle femme, fine woman. Cette femme 
at belle, that woman is handsome. 
Tout — I V. Tout, adv. Bel et bien, 
fairly, right well, outright; properly; 
soundly; roundly; plainly; in fine 
style ; in good earnest ; quite, entirely, 
altogether. Bel et bon, very fine, very 
good, very well ; sound ; positive ; 
plain; great; capital; in plenty. De 
plu» belle, more than ever ; harder (or 
louder or faster or deeper or worse, 
&c.) than before or than ever; with 
renewed ardour or efforts ; with in- 
creased vigour; again, anew, over 
again. De plut — en rim — , finer and 
finer; better and better; {ironically) 
worse and worse. En — , on the bright 
side ; favourably ; in a favourable 
liffht ; under a favourable aspect ; to 
advantage; flattered; better-looking. 
Hy a — jour or — temps que .... it is 
a good long while since ... II /era — 
(or — tempt) quand je retournerai ehez 
lui, it will be a long time before he 
catches me at his house again. Avoir 

— , . ., to ... in vain, although . . ., yet 
... Avoir — /aire, to try in vain. 
Avoir — dire, to speak in vain. II eut 

— erier, he called out in vain, it was 
in vain that he called out, it was of no 
use {or it was useless) for him to call 
out Vout anez — dire, /aire, say, do 
what you will. Vous avez (or aurez) — 
erier, on ne vous repondra pas, you may 
call out as long or as loud as you like, 
you will get no answer. L'avoir beau 
or belle, to have a fair or fine oppor- 
tunity. La donner belle, le donner beau, 
V. Donaer. Udehapper belle, la man- 
ouer belU, V. ±chapper, Manquer. 
Faire — , to smarten up, to spruce up ; 
to be pleasant or agreeable (to) ; to be 
« fine thing (to) ; to be fine weather, 
to be fine. Faire le — , to play the 
beau, to show o.'s graces, to show one- 
self off, to stmt about ; {of animals) to 
look pretty. 8e /aire — , to smarten 
or Binrnoe oneself up. 8e mettre au —, 
{of the weather) to get fine, to clear up 

Bmiu, •. m. excellence, perfection ; 
beauty; beauties; beautiful; good 
things; best; fine part or side, fine 
place; fine weather, fair; fop; swell; 
exquisite ; beau. — fixe, set fair 

Beauceron, ne, adj. «. of Beance; 
native of Beauce 

JBeauooup, adv. a.m. m^ch, Vlft,ixj; a 


great deal, a great many; far; highly; 
deeply ; considenibly ; very ; very 
much; very well; great. A — mains, 
for much less. A — pres, near, by far, 
by a great deal. De — , by much, by 
far, far. Eire pour — datis, to have a 
large share in [" gendre ") son-in-law 
Beau-filS, s.m. step-son ; (obsolete for 
Beau-fr^re, s.m. brother-in-law [wine) 
Beaujolais, s.m. Beaujolais {district, 
Beaune. beaune {Burgundy wine) 
Beau-pere, s.m. father-in-law; step- 
father [sprit 
Beaupr6, s.m. (mdt de — ) (nav.) bow- 
Beauts, s.f. beauty; fineness; hand- 
someness ; loveliness ; prettiness ; 
comeliness ; neatness ; elegance; smart- 
ness ; agreeableness, pleasantness ; at- 
traction ; perfection ; excellence 
Beaux-arts, fine arts ; art 
Beaux-esprits, men of wit, 
wits ; witlings [darling, ducky, dear 
BSb6, s.m. baby ; baby-doll ; dwarf ; 
BSbete, s.f. {childish tvord) animal, 

creature, thing ; — adj. silly, foolish 
Bee, s.m. beak ; bill ; snout ; spout ; lip; 
nib ; neb ; burner ; lamp ; rostrum ; 
angle ; point {of land) ; toe {of a gun- 
butt) ; cutwater ; mouthpiece ; mouth ; 
nose ; face ; tongue ; whistle ; darling, 
duck. — d —, V. T6te-^-t6te. — 
jaune, V. B^Jaune. — et angles, tooth 
and nail. Fin — , dainty eater, epicure, 
gourmet. Le — dans I'eau, in suspense. 
Faire le — a, to give {one) his cue. 
Faire le petit — , to mince ; to turn up 
o.'s nose. Passer la plume par le — , to 
disappoint, to frustrate, to balk. Se 
prendre de — , to have a quarrel. — 
-comu, s.m. {obsolete) fool, idiot. — 
•courbe, s.m. {bird) V. Avocette. — 
-crois^, s.m. {bird) cross-bill. — 
-d'&ne, s.m. (carp.) mortise-chisel, 
paring-chisel. — -de-cane, s.m. 

spring-lock ; picklock. de-corbin, 

s.m. bill-head ; claw ; ripping-iron ; 
forceps ; {obsolete) pole-axe, halberd ; 

yeoman (of the guard). de-grue, 

s.m. {bot.) crane's bill. de-li6vre, 

s.m. hare-lip; hare-lipped person. — 
-dur, s.m. V. Dur-bec. — -en- 
ciseauz, s.m. (bird) scissor-bill, cut- 
water, skimmer. en-cuiller, s.m. 

{bird) spoon-bill. — -en-fourreau, 
s.m. {bird) sheath-bill. — -en-scie, 
s.m. {bird) goosander, merganser, smew. 
— -fln, s.m. {bird) warbler; {pers.) 
dainty eater, epicure, gourmet. — 

-jaune, s.m. V. B^jaune. ouvert, 

s.m. (bird) open-bill. — -plat, s.m. 

{bird) shoveller. tranchant, s.m. 

{bird) auk, razor-bill 
B6carre, s.m. adj. {mus.) natural 
BScarriser, v.a. {mus.) to mark with a 

Bicasse, s.f. woodcock ; (pers.) simple- 
ton, booby, goose. — de mer, {fish) 
sea-snipe, snipe-fish, trumpet-fish ; 
{bird) curlew. Brider la — , {fig.) to 
catch the bird [sandpiper 

BScasseau, s.m. young woodcock; 
BScassin, BScasson, s.m. {bird) jud- 

cock, juddock, Jack-snipe 
BSeassine, s.f. snipe. Petite — , jud- 
cock, juddock. Jack-snipe. Tirer la 
— , to conceal o.'s skill {at cards) 
B6ca«sonnier, s.m. duck-gun 
B6cau, s.m. young snipe [brook-lime 
Beccabunga, s.m. {bot.) beccabunga, 
Becfigue, s.m. {bird) beccafico, fig- 
(•atcr, pettychaps [cream-sauce 

Bechamel, «./. tcoofc.) bechamel, 
Bechard, s.m. double-headed hoe 
Beche, »./. spade; {zooU) V. Coupe- 
bourKeons. — de mer, {zool.) beche- 
Becnee, «./. spadeful [de-mer, trepang 
Becner, v.a. to dig (with a spade), to 
delve; {pop.) to criticize, to run down 


Becbeton, s.m., Bechette, s.f., 

BechOt, s.m. small spade 
Bechetonner, Bechotter, v.a.n. to 
dif,' (with a small spade), to hoe up, to 
Becheur, s.m. digger [earth up 

BSchique,, s.m. {med.) bechic 
Bechoir, s.m. mattock 
B6cot, s.m. {bird) V. B^cau ; (pop.) 

mouth ; little kiss 
BScoter, v.a., Se — , v.r. {pop.) to kiss 
Becque-cornu, s.m. {obsolete) fool, 
BecquS, e, adj. {her.) beaked [idiot 
Becque-bois, s.m. V. Sittelle 
BecquSS, s.f. beakful, billful ; food 
Becqueter, v.a. to peck ; to pick, Se 
— , to peck each other; to bill ; to kiss 
B6cune, s.f. {fish) becuna [each other 
Bedaine, s.f. (fam.) paunch, belly, 
guts, corporation [paring-chisel 

Bedane, s.m, {carp.) mortise-chisel, 
Bedeau, s.m. beadle ; verger 
BSdSguar, s.m. {bot.) bedeguar, rose- 
gall, sweet-briar sponge 
Bedon, s.m. {obsolete) drum ; {fam.) 
belly, tripes, guts, corporation; fat- 
sides, fat fellow [harsh man, Tartar 
Bedouin, e, s.m.f. adj. Bedouin ; {fig.) 
B6e, s.f. bay, opening; mill-leat; — 

adjf. A gueule — , open at one end 

BSer, v.n. V. Bayer; — v.a. {old) to 

open [bell 

Befbroi, s.m. belfry; alarm-bell; great 

B6gaud, e, adj. {pop.) simple, silly, 

B6gayenient, BSgaiement, s.m, 

stammering, stuttering ; lisping 
B6gayer, v.n.a. to stammer, to stutter ; 
to lisp [stutterer 

B6gayeu-r, 'se, s.m.f. stammerer, 
Bdge, adj. V. Beiee 
Begma, s.m. {med.) sputum 
B6gonia, s.m., B6gonie, s.f. {bot.) be- 
gonia, elephant's ear 
B6gu, e, adj. {of a horse or mare) still 

marking though aged 
B^gue, adj. stammering, stuttering; 

— s.m.f. stammerer, stutterer 
BSgueule, s.f. great prude, squeamish 
humbug, strait-laced fool ; — adj. ex- 
cessively prudish, squeamish, strait- 
B6gueulerie, sf., B6gueulisnie, 
s.m. excessive prudery, squeamishness, 
humbug [bigot 

B6guin, e, s.m.f. beguin; beguine; 
BSguin, s.m. child's cap, biggin ; {for 
a horse) night-cap ; {pop.) noddle, pate ; 
fancy, infatuation 
B6guinage, s.m. home or convent or 
community of beguines; affected de- 
votion, bigotry [lady of high rank) 
Bdgum, sf. begum {Indian princess or 
B61i6motn, s.m. behemoth [campion 
B61ien, s.m. {bot.) behen, bladder- 
Beige, adj. {of wool) natural, undyed, 

raw ; — s.f. serge of raw wool, beige 
fBeigne, s.f. (jwp.) bang, bunch of fives 
fBeignet, s.m. fritter [festival) 

Beiram, s.m. Beiram {Mohammedan 
BSjaune, s.m. young bird, eyas, nias; 
youngster, beginner, novice, ninny; ^ 
greenness, inexperience; ignorance; 
silliness; footing 
Bel, le, adj. V. Beau 
BSlandre, s.f. {nav.) bilander ; — «.n». 

(mil.) hospital conveyance 
B616bois, s.m. {nav.) billy-boy (vessel) 
Belement, s.m. bleating, baa 
B61emnite, s.f. {fossil) belemnite, 

Beler, v.n. to bleat, to baa (ling 

Bel-esprit, s.m. wit ; man of wit ; wit- 
Belette, s.f. weasel [fashion 

Beige, adj. s.m.f. Belgian ; Belgian 
Belgique, s.f. (geog.) Belgium ; — adj. 

{obsolete) Belgic 
B61ier, s.m. ram ; (mil.) battering-ram ; 
(astr.) (the) Ram, Aries- ivoet.) spring 


B^litoe^ 8./. sheep-bell ; clapper-ring ; 

ring ; (mil.) belt-sling 
B^liner^ v.n.a. (vet.) to couple, to tup 
B61itre, s.m. (obsolete) caitiflF, rascal 
Belladone, «./. (hot.) belladonna, 

deadly nightshade 
"BeUktre, s.m.f. insipid beauty; — adj. 
of insipid beauty, beauish, foppish, 
Belle, (feminine of Beau, adj., which 
see) — «./. fair lady, fair one, handsome 
woman ; beauty ; belle ; charmer ; mis- 
tress, sweetheart ; rubber-game, rubber 
(that decides the contest), third and de- 
cisive game, winning game, conqueror, 
deciding or odd hit (in fencing), de- 
ciding heat (in racing) ; fair opportun- 
ity; opportunity; revenge; — s, pi. 
fair sex, fair ; belles ; fine things ; fine 
tricks, pretty tricks or pranks; fine 
stories. En — , (nav.) on the beam. 
Faire la — , to set up for a beauty ; to 

play the winning game or &c. iL- 

voir, «./. (hot.) V. Belv6d&re. — 
-dame, «■/. (bot.) V. Axroche; (zool.) 
painted lady, thistle - butterfly. — 
>de-Jour, s.f. (bot.) minor convolvulus. 

— -de-nuit, «./. (bot.) marvel of Peru ; 
>(pers.,jest.) night revellejr, gay woman. 

— d'onze beures, s.f. (bot.) star of 
Bethlehem. — d'un jour, s.f. (bot.) 
■day-lily. — -fllle, «/. daughter-in-law ; 
step-daughter. — -m&re, (fam., — 
•maman) s.f. mother-in-law ; step- 
mother. — 8-lettros, «./.pL F.Z.ettre. 

— -sceur, s.f. sister-in-law. — -tante, 
s.f. step-aunt 

Bellement, adv, softly, gently ; nicely ; 

finely; cleverly; outright 
Bellig6rance, s.f. belligerence 
Bellig^rant, e, adj., Bellig^rant, 

s.m. belligerent 
Bellig^rer, v.n. to make war 
Belliqueu-X, se, adj. warlike, martial, 
bellicose ; brave, courageous, valiant ; 
quan'elsome [ful 

Bellissime, adj. most (or very) beauti- 
Bellon, s.m. vat ; (med.) bellon, lead 

Bellone, s.f. (myth.) Bellona ; (poet.) war 
BellOt, te, adj. pretty, good-looking, 

handsome ; — pretty dear 
Bellote, s.m. (bot.) Barbary oak, sweet- 
acorn oak [tamer or keeper 
Belluairej s.m. beast-fighter; wild beast 
Belneau, s.m. (agr.) dung-cart 
Beloce, s.f. (bot.) buUace 
Bel-oncle, s.m. step-uncle 
B6luefa,'«.m. (fish) beluga, white whale 
Belv6der, Belv6d^re, s.m. (arch.) bel- 
vedere, belvidere ; (bot.) belvedere, bel- 
videre, broom-cypress, summer cypress 
Belvisia, s.m., Belvisie, s.f. (bot.) 
B^xnol, s.m. adj. (mus.) flat [belvisia 
B^moliser, v.a. (mus.) to mark with a 

Ben, s.m. (bot.) ben. Noix de — , ben-nut 
Benace, s.f. plot of land. Sa goulee de 

— , enough land to live upon 
Bdnarde, s.f, adj.f. Serrure — , door- 
lock with a kej'-hole on each side. 
Cle — , pin-key (key not piped) [meals 
B6n6dicit6, s.m. grace, blessing before 
B6n6dictin, e, adj. Benedictine; — 
s.m.f. Benedictine, black monk or nun 
Benediction, s.f. blessing, benedic- 
tion; consecration; thanks; plenty; 
piety. En — , blessed. . . . que c'est une 
— , famously, amazingly; dreadfully, 
with a vengeance 
B6nef, s.m. (pop. abbrev. of " benefice ") 

profit, profitable spec 
Benefice, s.m. benefit ; advantage ; 
profit, gain ; gratuity ; privilege ; bene- 
fice, living ; relief. Representation a 
— , benefit-performance, benefit-night, 
benefit. A — , with a profit ; at a pre- 
mium. Au — de., for the benefit of ; in 


aid of, in support of. En — , in pocket 
B6n6ficiable, adj. likely to pay 
B6n6ficiaire, adj. beneficiary. Heritier 
— , heir liable to no debts above the 
value of the assets 
B6n6ficiaire, s.m.f. beneficiary; re- 
cipient, receiver, grantee ; payee ; 
(theat.) person who takes a benefit ; (in 
law) heir liable to no debts above the 
value of the assets 
Beneficial, e, adj. relating to livings 
Beneficiel, le, adj. beneficial, profit- 
able [clergyman; incumbent, 
Beneficier, s.m. beneficiary ; beneficed 
B6neficier , v.n. to get or make a profit ; 
(de) to profit (by) ; — v.a. (mining) to 
work with a profit. Se —, to be worked 
with a profit 
Bineficiere, s.f. beneficiary [paying 
Beneficieu-x, se, adj. profitable,well- 
Benet, adj. silly, simple, foolish ; — s.m. 
booby, noodle, dolt, numskull, simple- 
ton, fool 
Benevole, adj. benevolent, friendly, 
kind, gentle; gratuitous, unfounded; 
Benevolement, adv. benevolently, 
kindly ; gratuitously, without founda- 
tion [galese fashion 
Bengalais, e, adj. s. Bengalese ; Ben- 
Bengali, s.m. (language) Bengali, Ben- 
galee ; (bird) blue-bellied finch 
Bengali, e, adj. Bengali, Bengalee 
Beni, e, part. adj. blessed; hallowed; 
praised [nantly; kindly 
fBenigliement, adv. benignly, benig- 
tBenignite, s.f. benignity ; kindness 
fBenin, TO., Benigne, /., adj. benign ; 
benignant ; mild ; gentle ; placid ; 
good-natured ; kind ; kind and easy 
Benir, v.a. to bless ; to hallow ; to 
praise; to consecrate. — la table, to 
say grace (before a meal). — des pieds, 
(pop.) to be hanged, to swing 
Benit, e, part. adj. consecrated ; holy. 
Chardon — , blessed thistle. F. Eau 
^ Pain 
Benitier, s.m. holy-water vessel or 
basin or pot or font (or fount), asper- 
sorium, stoup ; (mollusc, shell) tridacna 
Benjamin, s.m. Benjamin, Ben, 
youngest son, favourite child, darling 
Benjoin, s.m. benzoin, benjamin 
Benne, s.f. hamper, basket ; cage, 
hutch, corf, corve, kibble, skip ; grate ; 
Benoit, e, adj. blessed ; sanctimonious 
Benoite, s.f. (bot.) bennet, herb-bennet, 
aven^s [liypocritically 
Benoitement, adv. sanctimoniously, 
Benturong, s.m. (zool.) binturong 
Benzine, s.f. (chem.) benzine, benzene 
Benzoate, s.m. (chem.) benzoate 
Benzoine, s.f. (chem.) benzoine 
Benzoique, adj. (chem.) benzoic 
Benzol, s.m., Benzoline, s.f. (chem.) 

benzol, benzoline 
Beotien, ne, adj. s. Boeotian; dull, 
stupid, ignorant, dullard, dunce, igno- 
ramus [ignorance 
Beotisme, s.m. dulness, stupidity, 
Beque-bois, s.m. V. Becque-bois 
f Bequillard, s.m. old man walking on 

crutches, old cripple ; old codger 
fB^quille, s.f. crutch; T handle; two- 
bladed knife ; (hort.) spud ; (nav.) leg, 
proppet ; (rop.) gallows 
tB6quiller, v.n. to walk with (or go on) 
crutches ; (pop.) to eat, to peck, to 
grub ; — v.a. to dig with a spud ; (nav.) 
to shore up, to prop up ; (pop.) to hang 
fBequilleur, s.m. (pop.) hangman. 
Jack Ketch [ing-stick ; (hort.) spud 
fSequillon, s.m. crutch-handled walk- 
Ber, s.m. (nav.) cradle 
Berb^re, s. adj. Berber 
Berb6ris, s.TO. (bot.) berberis, barberry 
fBercail, s.m. sheepfold, fold . 


Berce, s.f. (bot.) cow-parsnip 
Berceau, s.m. cradle; swing-cot; ar- 
bour, bower ; vault ; covered walk ; ar-" 
chery-ground ; beginning, origin, 
source, birth, infancy, native place 
Bercelonnette,8./. F.Barcelonnette 
Bercement, s.m. rocking ; lulling ; de- 
lusion, deception ; (of a horse) wabbling 
Bercer, v.a. to rock; to dandle; to 
nurse ; to lull ; to delude, tq deceive ; 
to flatter ; to quiet ; to bring up. Se—, 
to rock or lull or &c. oneself ; to wad- 
dle ; to wabble [lullaby ; lulling tune 
Berceuse, s.f. rocker; rocking-chair; 
Beret, s.m. Basque bonnet, Scotch blue 

bonnet, Tam o'Shanter cap 
Bergamasque, adj. s.m.f. Bergamese ; 

— s.f, bergomask (dance, tune) 
Bergame, «./. bergamot (tapestry) 
Bergamote, s.f. bergamot orange, ber- 
gamot ; iijear) bergamot ; bergatiiot- 
box, comfit-box [orange tree 

Bergamotier, s.m. (bot.) bergamot- 
Berge, s.f. high or steep bank ; bank ; 
roadside; bluff" shore, bluff; narrow 
barge, barge [sown together 

Bergelade, s.f. (agr.) oats and vetches 
Berger, s.m. shepherd; swain, lover. 
L'heure du — , the lovers' time, the pro- 
pitious time, the happy moment ; the 
favourable opportunity, the proper 
time. L'etoile du — , the evening star, 
Venus [or painting of pastoral life 
Bergerade, s.f. shepherds-scene, scene 
Berg^re, s.f. shepherdess ; nymph, lass, 
lover, sweetheart ; easy chair ; (bird) 
wagtail ; (obsolete) morning cap 
Bergerette, s.f. young shepherdess, 
lass ; wagtail (bird) ; oenomel, honey- " 
wine, wine-mead 
Bergerie, s.f. sheepfold, pen; sheep- 
breeding farm; flock; pastoral, pas- 
toral poem ; scene of pastoral life ; 
rustic manners 
Bergeronnette, s.f. young shepherd- 
ess; lass; wagtair(6wZ) 
Beriberi, s.m. (med ) beriberi [wren 
Berichet, Berichon, Berichot,^.?^. 
Beril, s.m. (min.) beryl 
Berle, s.f. (bot.) skirret, water-parsuip 
Berline, s.f. berlin (carriage) 
Berlingot, s.m. siiigle-seated berlin, 
brougham; burnt-sugar sweet, hard- 
bake [ese, Berliner, native of Berlin 
Berlinois, e, adj. s. of Berlin, Berliu- 
Berloque, s.f. (mil.) V. Breloque 
Berlue, »./. dimness of sight; (med.) 
metamorphopsia, false sight, muscsB 
volitantes. Avoir la — , to be dim- 
sighted ; (fig.) to be blind, not to see 
farther than o.'s nose ; to take a wrong 
view of things [berme 

Berme, s.f (of a canal, and fort.) berm, 
Bermudien, s.m. (nav.) Bermuda-sloop 
Bermudienne, s.f. (bot.) bermudianti, 
Bemable, adj. desei-ving to be laughed 
at, ridiculous [tacean) barnacle 

Bemache, Bemacle, »./. (bird, cms- 
Bernage, s.m. (agr.) corn and pulse 
(sown together in autumn for green food 
in the spring) [Cistercian 

Bemardin, e, s.m.f. adj. Bemardine, 
Bemard-l'ermite, s.m. (zool.) hermit- 
crab, soldier-crab 
Berne, s.f, Bemement, s.m. tossing 
in a blanket, blanketing ; chaffing, ban- 
tering. En berne, (nav.) union down, 
half-mast high or up, at half-mast 
emev, v.a. to toss in a blanket, to 
blanket ; to chaff, to banter ; to flout, 
to laugh at, to ridicule, to make fun of, 
to make a fool of 
Bemesque, adj. V. Berniesque 
Bemeu-r, se, s.m.f blanketer; chafl'er, 
banterer ; — adj. tossing; chaffing, ban- 
tering ^ 
Bemicle, s.f. {zool.) V. Bernaeie ; —3, 



pi. {pop.) trifles, trumpery things, a 
mere nothing ; nobodies, cuds 
Bemiesque, adj. {Italian liter.) in the 
style of Berni, burlesque [no Ko 

Bernique) int. not a bit of it, no use, 
Bemiquet; s.m. bran-chest; Ipop.) 
beggary, last shift [native of Berne 
BemoiSj e, adj. a. of Berne, Bernese, 
Berrichon, ne, adj. s. of Berri (or 
Berry) ; native of Berri ; Berri horse 
or mare ; Berri sheep [ing) 

Bertellage, a.m. (mas.) setting (plaster- 
Berteller, v.a.n. (mas.) to set (plaster) 
Bertlie, «./. Bertha; bertha; cape; fur- 
collarette. T'. Filer 
Bertrand, s.m. swindler, cheat, knave ; 
confederate, accomplice, pal; cat's paw 
B6ryl, s.m. (min.) beryl 
Besace, «./. wallet. Etre d la —, to be 
reduced to beggary. Mettre or reduire 
a la— , to reduce to beggary, to beggar, 
to rum [beggar, tramp 

Besacier, ».m. wallet'bearer, walleteer, 
Besaigre, adj. tart, sour [(tool) twibill 
Besaigue, «./. (old weapon) besague; 
Besant; s.m. (coin, and htr.) bezant, be- 
Besante, e, adj. (her.) bezanty [saut 
Besas, Beset, s.m. ambsace, double ace 
Besides, s,f. in. {obsolete) spectacles, 

B^sigue, s.m. beziqne (card, name) 
fBesogne, s.f. wca-k, task; piece of 
work; business; job; trouble; (obso- 
lete) requisite ; fare. Aimer la — faite, 
to dislike work [to do 

fBesogner, v.n.a. to work, to labour; 
fBesogneu-x, se, Besoigneu-x, 
se, adj. needy, necessitous, impecu- 
nious, hard up 
Besoin, s.m. need ; want ; necessity ; 
requirement ; exigency ; emergency ; 
occasion ; hunger ; necessaries. Au — , 
in case of need, if need be, if necessary ; 
when necessary, when or whenever one 
wants ; on the occasion ; at a pinch ; 
as the case may be. Avoir — de, to 
want, to need, to require ; to be or 
stand in need of; to have occasion 
for; must; to be anxious; to have 
business. tltre — de, y avoir — de, 
(imp.) there be need of (or for), there be 
occasion for ; • to be necessary to ; to 
want, to require. Faire — , to be 
wanted ; to be necessary ; to be missed. 
Pour les — s de la causf, (in order or so 
as) to make out o.'s case, in support of 
o.'a assertion, to strengthen o.'s point ; 
for argument's sake. Gn connait le 
veritable ami dans le — , a friend in need 
is a friend indeed 
Besolet, s.m. (Swiss) sea-swallow 
Besqnlne, s.f. lishing-lug^'ei- 
Besson, ne, adj.s. (local) twin 
Bestialre, s.m. beast-fighter, besti- 
arius ; wild-beast tamer ; (old Fr. 
liter.) bestiary 
Bestial, e, adj. bestial, beastly 
Bestialexnent, adv. bestially 
Bestialiser, v.a. to bestialize. 8e — , 

to become bestialized 
Bestiality, s.f. bestiality, beastliness 
Bestiasse, s.f. stupid ass, foolish crea- 
Bestiaux, cattle ; beasts [ture 
Bestiole, s.f. little or tiny animal; 

ipn-.) dullard, dunce 
Bestiot, e, adj. ratlier or somewhat silly 
Bdta, SSO, s.m.f. blockhead, simpleton, 

fB^tail, s.m. cattle ; (fig.) herd ; flock 
Betand, e, adj. (fam.) thoughtless, 

careless, foolish 
B^te, »./. animal, dumb creature, brute, 
beast ; vermin ; fool, simpleton ; 
creature, thing ; fellow ; aversion ; 
animal nature or part ; bodv. carcass, 
self, inside ; (card-game) beast. — 
bruU, brute beast; stupid fool. — « 
evmt$, homed beast or animal ; horned 


cattle. — (i laine, sheep. — « Dieu, 

— a ban Dku, lady-bird, (la) —du bon 
Dieu, (a) good foolish creature. — 
noire, black beetle; (hu7it.) wild boar; 
{fig.) aversion. — rousse, (hunt.) woU, 
fox, badger, &c. Bonne — , good 
creature, gentle animal; (pers.) good- 
natured simpleton. Faire la — , to play 
the fool, to act like a fool, to be silly or 
foolish. Bemonter sur sa — , to get on o.'s 
legs again. Morte la — , mori le venin, 
dead dogs don't bite, dead men tell no 

Bete, adj. stupid, foolish, silly; amiss. 

— a manger dufoin, — comme un j ot, ex- 
ceedingly stupid, as stupid as a post. 
Pas si — , I am not such a fool. N'i'tre 
pax — , to be rather clever, to be no fool 

B6tel, s.m. (bot.) betel [stupidly 

Bdtement, adv. foolishly, like a fool, 
Betifier, v.a. to stupefy, to dull 
Betise, *•./. stupidity, foolishness, silli- 
ness ; absurdity ; folly ; piece of folly ; 
blunder; stupid or foolish or silly 
thing, nonsense, foolery; oddity, farce, 
joke ; broad talk ; trifle 
B^toine, s.f. bot.) betony [stnim 

B6ton, s.m. (mas.) concrete ; (med.) colo- 
B6tonnage, s.m. (mas.) concrete wgrk 
B6tonner, v.a. (mas.) to build with 

Bette, s.f. (bot.) beet; (nav.) dirt-lighter 
Betterave, «./. (bot.) beet, beet-root; 
{— champetre,— fourragere) mangold- 
wurzel [beet-root 

Bctteravi-er, ire, adj. of beet-roots, 
B6tuline, s.f. (chem.) betuline, birch-oii 
B^tuse, sf. oat-bin; (fish.) cauf 
Beugleinent, s.m. bellowing ; lowing ; 

shouting, roaring, roar 
Beugler, v.n. to bellow; to low; to 
clamour, to vociferate, to shout, to 
roar ; to cry aloud 
Beurre, 8.7/1. butter ; pat of butter ; 
(chem.) butter; (old chem.) chloride (the 
modern name), butter (obsolete) ; (stang) 
rhino. Au — , in or with butter ; but- 
tered. Au — noir, with browned butter 
sauce ; (jest.) black and blue, with a 
black eye. Faire son — , (pop.) to 
make nice pickings, to make a good 
deal of money 
Beiirr6, e, adj. buttered ; buttery 
Beurr6, s.m. beuiTe (pear). — gris, 
brown beurr^ [(^jZawf) dame's violet 
Beurr^e, s.f. slice of bread and butter ; 
Beurrer^ v.a. to butter [room 

Betirrene, s.f. butter-dairy; butter- 
Beurri-er, fere, adj. of butter, butter 
Beurrier, s.m. butter-dish; butter- 
cooler; buttcrman [woman 
Beurrifere, sf. butter-dish; butter- 
B6vue, s.f. blunder, oversight, mistake 
Bey, s.m. bey 
Beylik, s.m. beylic 
Bezan, s.m. (com.) bezan 
Bezant, Bezet. V. Besant, Beset 
B6zoard, s.m. bezoar 
Bi-, (in compounds, chem. ^-c.) bi- . . . 
Blais, slope, slant, obliquity ; bias, 
bent ; way, manner ; expedient, shift ; 

— adj. m., o,/. skew, sloping, slanting. 
I De — , en — , sloping, slanting, aslant, 

askew, obliquely ; sideways 
I Biaisement, s.m. sloping, slanting ; 
] evasion, shift 

I Biaiser, v.n. to slope, to slant ; to shift, 
to shuffle ; to dodge ; to evade ; — v.a. 
I to'distort 
Biaiseu-r, se, s.m.f shifter, shufller, 

dodger ; — adj. shifting, shuffling 
Blangulaire, BianguU, e, adj. 

Bibace, adj. bibacious, bibulous 
' 2!w^*^^**' "/• Wbafity (drunkard 

1 2:5* ' Bibacier, s.m. wine-bibber, 
dl**' *'^" ^^^^"^ loqaat. Japanese 


Bibassier, s.m. (bot.) loquat, Japanese 
medlar-tree [trinket, trifle, toy 

Bibelot, s.m. nicknack, gewgaw, 
BibelOteu-r, SC, s.m.f. lover or col- 
lector (collectress,/.) of nicknacks 
Biberon, s.m. (jor infants) feeding- 
liottle ; (for invalids) feeding-cup, 
feeder. Clever au - , to bring up by 
hand [pier, toper ; drunkard 

Biberon, ne, s.m.f. wine-bibber, tip- 
Bibi, s.m. (obsolete) sm&U (lady's) bonnet; 

(fam.) darling, ducky, tit 
Bibiche, s.f. ducky, poppet 
Bible, s.f Bible 

Biblic-isine,-iste. V. page H, § 1 
Bibliographe, ■•i.m. bibliographer. 
Biblio-§raphie, - lof ie, ique, 

iquexnent. V. page ?, § 1 
Bibliomane, s.m.f. adj. bibliomaniac 
Bibliomanie, s./ bibliomania [philist 
Biblicpbile, s.m. bibliophile, biblio- 
Biblicptailie, s.f. bibliophilism Ipolist 
Bibliopole, s.m. bibliopole, biblio- 
Biblioth^caire, s.m. libraiian 
Bibliothfeque, s.f. library ; book-case, 

book-stand, book-shelves ; catalogue 
Biblique, adj., Bibliste, s.rnf. r. page 
8, § 1 ' [nificant 

Bibus, s.m. trifle. De —, trifling, insig- 
Bicarbonate, s.m. (chem.) bicarbonate 
Bicarbure, s.m. (chem.) bicarbide, bi- 

Bicarbur6,e,rtry. (chem.) bicarburetted 
Bicentennal, e, odj. bicentennial 
Bic^phale, adj. (zool.) bicephalous, 

two-headed, double-headed 
Biceps, s.m. adj. (anat.) biceps, biceps 
muscle ; (fam.) arm, fist ; muscular 
strength of the arm, muscle, strength, 
Bicetre, s.m. Firetre (the French bed- 
lam), a mad-house; (obsolete) misfor- 
tune, mishap, mischief, disgrace 
Biche, s.f. (zool.) hind ; (fam.) dear, 
darling, love ; gay woman. Pied de — , 
hind's foot ; handle (of a bell-pull) ; 
{ claw, nail-claw, nail-drawer ; 
(dentist's instr.) lever. A pied de — , 
claw-footed; claw [world 

Bicherie, s.f. class of gav women, gay 
Bichette, »./. little dear, little darling 
^Bichlorure, s.m. (c/um.) bichloride 
Bichon, ne, s.m.f. Maltese dog, lap- 
dog; little dear, darling, love, duck, 
ducky, poppet 
Biclionner, v.a. to curl, to frizz, to 
frizzle ; to curl or &c. . . .'s hair ; to 
dress up, to smarten up, to titivate 
^Bichromate, s.m. (chem.) bichromate 
Bicipital, e, adj. (anat.) bicipital 
Bicolore, adj. bicoloured, two-coloured 
Biconcave, adj. biconcave 
Biconvexe, adj. biconvex 
Bicoque, s.f. paltry fortress ; small 
town; hovel, hut, shed, shanty; shab- 
by household 
Biccrde, s.m. adj. (mus.) bichord 
Bicome, adj. bicorn, ])icorned, bi- 
cornous, two-horned ; two-cornered ; 
— s.m. two-cornered hat 
Bicuspide, Bicuspid^, e, adj. bi 

cuspid, bicuspidate 
Bicycle, s.m. bicycle [cle 

Bicyclette, s.f. safetv-bicycle, bicy- 
Bicycl-ique, -iste. v. page 3, § 1 
Bidauct, s.m. soot used in dyeing 
Bident, s.m. bident, two-pronged fork 
or spear; (&oi.) w^ater-hemp-agrimony 
Bident6, e, adj. bidental, bidentate, 
I bidentated 

j Bidet, s.m. nag, cob ; bidet 
Bidon, «.?«. can, canteen; (nav.) mess- 
tub ; (for guns) slug 
Bief, s.m. mill-course, mill-race ; pond ; 

(of a canal) reach, level 
Bielle, s.f. (mach.) connecting-rod, rod 
Bien, s.m. good; benefit; advantage; 
interest; welfare, well-being; weal; 


comfort; blessing; happiness; plea- 
sure; joy; good thing; endowment; 
gift; boon; favour; kindness; mercy; 
production, fruit ; posses sion ; pro- 
perty, own, wealth, riches, fortune, 
means ; capital ; treasure ; estate ; 
what is good or right; goodness; 
probity, honesty ; virtue ; good cha- 
racter ; well. — au soleil, landed pro- 
perty, house property. '^ En — , well ; 
favourably; in a good sense; for the 
better; honestly. En tout — ,touthon- 
neur, with the best and most honour- 
able intentions. Homme (or femme) de 
— , honest or good man {or woman). 
Les gem de — , good people, good men. 
Aller or venir or arriver d — , to go on 
successfully. Dire du — de, V. Dire. 
Faire du — , to do good ; to be pleasant. 
Mener or conduire a — , to bring to a 
good end. Tounier d — , to take a good 
turn. Vouloir du — d, vouloir le — de, 
V. Vouloir. Le — cherche le — (or, U'n 

— acquiert V autre), money makes 
money. Abondance de — s ne 7iuit pas, 
store is no sore ; you can't have too 
much of a good thing. Grand — vou^ 
fosse ! much good may it do you ! Nul 

— sans peine, no gains without pains ; 
no song, no supper 

Bien, adv. well ; right ; proper ; rightly; 
properly; nicely; duly; correctly; all 
right; carefully; particularly; kind, 
kindly ; willingly ; easily ; clearly ; ex- 
pressly ; fully, fuU ; completely ; quite ; 
thoroughly ; enough, sufficiently ; 
abundantly; to the full; o.'s fill; 
strictly; exactly, just; certainly; 
surely ; positively ; really ; indeed ; 
truly ; in truth ; in fact ; possibly ; per- 
haps ; likely ; much ; a great deal ; 
many ; a great many ; very much ; 
very well ; very ; highly ; keenly ; firm- 
ly, tight ; clean ; long; far ; fast, hard ; 
steadfastly ; fain ; soon ; comfortable ; 
comfortably; well off; in a fine plight, 
in a pretty pickle, in a nice mess ; on 
good terms ; in favour ; in good part ; 
good-looking ; gentlemanly ; ladylike ; 
rather tipsy, mellow, fresh ; pray, do, 
just, now. — de, du, de la, des, much, 
a great deal, many, a great many. — / 
good I yes ! — que, although, though. 
C'est — / that will do ! that is right ! 
that is all right 1 that is good ! good ! 
all right ; very good ! C^est — de lui, — 
de moi, that is just like him, just like 
me. Eh — / well ! well then ! well 
now ! why ; how now ! yet now ; nay. 
j^tre du dernier — avec, to be on the 
very best of terms with. Aussi — , V. 
AuBBi. Si — , so well or &c. Si — 
que, V. Si, adv. Tris — , very well; 
very good ; very properly, &c. ; on very 
good terms ; hear, hear ! — avant, long 
before ; very far or deep ; very late. 

— bon, very good ; very kind. — meil- 
leur, — mieux, much better. — mat, 
very badly, very ill, &c. (F. Mai, adv.). 

— du mal, much trouble, &c. (V. Mai, 
t.m.). Vouloir —, V. Vouloir. Pour- 
quoi ne le ferais-je pas ? vous le faites 
— , why should I not do it, since you 
do it yourself ? 

Bien-aixn6, e, adj. s. well-beloved, be- 
loved ; favourite, darling ; love 

Bien-dire^ a.m. fine speaking, fine talk, 
elegance of speech; fine or good 
words ; elocution, eloquence ; careful 
speaking, ^tre or se mettre sur son — , 
to be on o.'s P's and Q's, to mind o.'s 
P's and Q's, to be careful with o.'s 
words, to speak by the card 

Bien-disant, e, adj. s. well-spoken, 
fair-spoken, eloquent ; fair speaker 

Bien-dtre, «.m. welfare, well-being; 
comfort, ease ; comforts ; comfortable- 
ness ; competency; sensation of delight 


Bicn-£aire,s.?ji.well-doing,good actions 

Bienfaisance , s.f. beneficence, bene- 
volence, charity. Bureau de — , charit- 
able board, relief-committee. Institu- 
tion de — , charitable institution. 
(Euvre de — , work or act of charity. 
Societe de — , benevolent society 

Bienfaisant, e, adj. beneficent, bene- 
volent; charitable; bountiful; kind; 
kindly ; good ; generous ; beneficial ; 
salutary; grateful; genial 

Bienfait, s.m. benefit, kindness, good 
office, service, boon; favour; kind 
action, kind act ; charity ; gift ; mercy ; 
blessing; advantage 

Bienfai-teur, trice, s.m.f. bene- 
factor ; benefactress ; patron ; patron- 
ess ; — adj. beneficent 

Bien-fonds, s.m. landed property, 
house property, land, houses 

BienlieTxreu-x, se, adj. s. happy, 
blessed, blest, blissful; fortunate; 
happy man or woman, happy being or 
creature ; blessed spirit ; saint 

Biennal, e, adj. biennial 

Biens6ance, s.f. propriety, decorum, 
decency, seeml'iness ; good manners ; 

Biens^ant, e, adj. proper, becoming, 
decorous, decent, seemly, suitable 

Bientot, adv. soon ; very soon ; quick- 
ly; shortly; before long; presently; 
nearly, very nearly, very near ; easily. 
A — ! I hope to see you again soon 

fBienveillanunent, a^Jv. kindly, ben- 

fBienveillance, s.f. kindness, kindli- 
ness, benevolence, good will ; friendli- 
ness ; affection ; good graces ; favour ; 

fBienveillant, e, adj. kind, kindly, 
benevolent, well-wishing, friendly 

Bienvexxir, v.n. Se faire — , V. Venir 

Bienvenu, e, adj.s. welcome, welcomed, 
well-received. Soyez le — or la — e, 
welcome, you are welcome 

Bienvenue, s.f. welcome ; footing, en- 
trance ; garnish-money 

Bien-vivre, s.m. comfort 

Bienvoulu, e, adj. beloved, dear, liked, 
esteemed, desirable, much sought 
after, welcome ; patronized, favoured 

Bidre, s.f. beer; coffin, bier 

Bi^vre, s.m. {obsolete for "castor") 

Biez, s.Trt. V. Bief [beaver 

Bif^re, adj. {bot.) biferous 

Biffage, Biffexnent, s.m. erasure; 
cancelling [sham ; punch, stamp 

BifTe, s.f. imitation gem, paste, duffer, 

Biffer, v.a. to erase; to cross out, to 
strike out ; to scratch out ; to cancel 

Biffure, s.f. erasure, stroke of the pen 

Bifide, adj. {bot.) bifid [flowered 

Biflore, adj. {bot.) biflorous, two- 

Bifoli6, e, adj. {bot.) bifoliate, two- 

Bifteck, s.m. beef-steak; steak [leaved 

Bifurcation, s.f. bifurcation ; branch- 
ing off 

Biforquer, v.n., Se — , v.r. to bifurcate, 
to fork, to be bifurcated or forked ; to 
branch off [parasites 

fBigaille, s.f. winged insects, winged 

Bigame, adj. bigamous, guilty of 
bigamy ; — s.m.f. bigamist 

Bigamie, s.f. bigamy. — spirituelle, 
the holding of two ecclesiastical bene- 
fices, pluralism 

Bigaxnique, adj. bigamic 

Bigarade, s.f. bigarade, bitter orange, ^ 
Seville orange 

Bigaradier, s.m. bigarade-tree, bitter 
or Seville orange-tree 

Bigarr6, e, adj. V. Bariol^ 

Bigarreau, bigaroon 

BigarreautLer, s.m. bigaroon-tree 

Bigarrer, v.a. V. Barioler 

Bigarrure, s.f. V. Bariolure 

Big6xuin6, e, adj. {bot.) bigeminate 


Bigle, s.m. beagle ; — aiij. squint-eyed, 

squinting ; -— s.m.f. squinter 
Bigler, v.n. to squint 
Biglesse, s.f. squinting woman or girl 
fBignonia, s.m., Bignonie, s.f. {bot.) 
bignonia [periwinkle, winkle 

Bigorne, s.f. beak-iron; beak; {zool.) 
Blgorneau, s.m. hand-anvil; {zool.) 
periwinkle, winkle ; {pop.) policeman, 
peeler, bobby, bluebottle, slop, crusher; 
{cavalryman's slang) foot-soldier, gravel- 
crusher, crab 
Bigot, e, adj. s. bigoted ; bigot 
BigOter^ v.n. to play the bigot 
BigOUdi, hair-curler 
Bigotirneau,8.m.(0ooZ.) V. Bigorneau 
Bigre, int. hang it ! confound it 1 bother ! 

the deuce ! indeed I bless me ! 
Bigrement, adv. extremely, confound- 
edly, deucedly, tremendously, awfully, 
with a vengeance ; an awful lot 
Bigue, s.f. [nav.) sheer 
Bihebdoxnadaire, adj. fortnightly 
Bihebdoxnadairexnexit, adv. fort- 
nightly, every fortnight 
Bilxoreau, s.m. night-heron 
Bijou, s.m. jewel ; trinket ; ornament ; 
darling, dear, love. — d'acier, steel toy 
Bijouteide, s.f. jewellery, jewels, jewel- 
ler's trade or business ; {pop.) advances, 
outlay. — d'acier, steel jewellery, steel 
toys. — de pieires dures, pebble jewel- 
lery. — en faux, sham jewellery. — 
en fin, gold jewellery 
Bijouti-er, 6re, s.m.f. jeweller. — en 
acier, steel-toy dealer or manufacturer 
BijugU^, e, adj. {bot.) bijugate 
Bilabi^, e, adj. {bot.) bilabiate 
Bilaxi, s.m. balance-sheet ; balance ; re- 
turn ; schedule. Deposcr son — , to file 
o.'s schedule ; to stop payment 
Bilateral, e, adj. bilateral ; {laiv) syn- 
Bilat^ralexnexit, adv. bilaterally 
Bilboquet, s.m. cup-and-ball {toy) ; 
tumbler {toy); curling-roller; {print.) 
job-work, job ; {vers.) giddy-head ; sport, 
Bile, s.f. bile ; gall ; choler, spleen,anger, 
passion. Decharger sa — , to vent o.'s 
spleen, ^chauffer or emouvoir la — de 
..., to stir up . . .'s bile, to provoke. 
S'echauffer la — , to put oneself into a 
passion. Se faire de la — , to fret. Ne 

Jtas se faire de — , to take things easy 
liaire, adj. {anat., med.) biliary 

Bilieu-X, se, adj. bilious; choleric, 
splenetic, passionate ; — s.m.f. bilious 
person [bilingual 

Bilingue, adj. bilinguous; {philology) 

Bill, s.m. {Engl, j^arl.) bill ; act 

fBillard, s.m. billiards ; billiard-table ; 
billiard-room. — anglais, strict cannon, 
cannon-bagatelle ; strict-cannon or &c. 
table. — bagatelle, bagatelle table. — 
de terre, lawn billiards 

fBillardier, s.m. billiard-maker 

fBiUardidre, s.f. {bot.) billardiera, 

fBille, s.f. {of billiards) ball; {toy) 
marble ; {of timber) balk ; log ; {of steel) 
block; {tech.) packing-stick; {hort) 
sucker ; cutting, slip. Faire une — , to 
pocket {or to hole) a ball 

fBillebaude, s.f. confusion, disorder. 
A la — , in confusion ; irregularly 

f Billebauder, v.n. to hunt irregularly, 
to go wrong 

fBiUet, s.m. note ; bill ; promissory 
note ; note of hand ; ticket ; order ; 
circular; invitation; certificate ; notice ; 
billet. — blanc, blank. — doux, love- 
letter, de banque, bank-note. — de 
complaisance, accommodation bill. — 
d'entree, advaission ticket. — defaveur, 

— donne, free admission ticl^, order. 

— de logement, billet. — d'aller, — 

»imph', (idil.) single tioket. — (Valhr 
et retour, — de retour, return-ticket. — 
de torlie, discharge ; pass, exeat, leave ; 
{jest.) walking-ticket, walking-paper, 
(the) sack. — a ordre, bill payable to 
order, promissory note. Je vou* en 
donne (or ft che) vion—, (/<i"«.) I war- 
rant you, I can tell you, I promise you, 
and no mistake ! 

fBillet^, e, adj. (m/'., her.) billeted 

■f Billeter , v.a. (obsoUtejor " 6tiqueter ") ; 
iwil.) to billet 

fBillette, g.f. toll-board .notice ; cocket ; 
stick (0/ fi'rcu-ood), billet; (her., arch.) 

tBillettement, s.m. (mil.) billeting 

fBiUeves^e, s.f. idle story, silly stuflf, 
nonsense, trash ; crotchet 

Billion, $.m. thousand millions 

fBillon, ».»M. billon, coin lor medal) of 
copper with silver ; copper coin, cop- 
per; base coin; (o/ /tmbiT) balk ; (agr.) 
ridge; vine-twig 

fBillonnage, Billonnement, s.m. 
illegal traffic in base coin; (aor.) 
ridging [coin ; (agr.) to ridge 

fBillonner, v.n.a. to traffic in base 

■(■Billonzietir^ s.m. dealer in base coin, 
ntterer of bad money, smasher 

fBillOt, s.m. block; chopping-block ; 
yoke ; (vet.) medicated bit 

Bilob6, e, adj. (bot.) bilobed, bilobate 

Biloculaire, adj. (bot.) bilocular 

Biloupe, s.f. (opt.) doublet 

Bimane, adj. (zool.) bimanous, two- 
handed ; — s.m. bimane 

BixnbelOt, s.m. toy, plaything 

BimbelOterie, s.f. toy-manufacture; 
toy-trade ; toy-business ; toy-shop ; toys 

Bimbeloti-er, 6re, toyman, 
toywoman, toy-maker or dealer 

Bixiiensuel, le, adj. bimonthly 

BimensueUement, odv. bimonthly, 
every two months [page 3, § 1 

Biin6taU-ique, -isme, -iste. V. 

Binage, s.m. ingr.) second dressing or 
tillage; (hort.) hoeing; {eccl.) saying 
mass twice in one day 

Binaire, adj. binary [trolly, tug, truck 

Binard, 8.m.(stone and timber) waggon, 

Bin6, e, adj. (bot.) binate 

Bin6e, s.f. manger (for oxen) 

Biner, v.a.n. (agr.) to dress or till a 
second time ; (hort.) to hoe ; (eecl.) to 
say mass twice in one day ; (fam.) to 
begin again, to repeat, to go at it or 
have it again, to have some more, to 
cut and come again, to have a second 
game [plough, binot 

Binet; s.m. save-all; socket-cup; light 

Binette; s.f. hoe; face, phiz 

Bineor, s.m., Bineuse, sf. (agr. m- 
plement) dresser, hoe [hornpipe 

Biniou, s.m. (in Brittany) bagpipe, 

Binocle, s.m. binocle, binocular glass, 
double eye-glass, opera-glass, field- 

Binoculaire, adj. binocular [glass 

Bindme, adj. (alg.) binomial 

Binot, Binoir, s.m. binot, light plough 

V. page 3, § 1 

Biographei s.m. biographer 
Biograpli-ie, -ique 

BiograpMer, v.a. to l>iograph 
Blolog-ie, -ique, -i«te. V. page 3, § 1 
tBiotcchn-ie, -ique. v. page 8, § i 
Bioxyde, s.m. (chem.) bioxide 
Biparti, e, adj. bipartite 
Bipedal, e, adj. bipedal, measuring 

two feet, two-foot 
Bip^de, n.m. biped; (rid.) (two) limbs; 

— adi. biped, bipedal, two-footed, two- 
Bip«nne, s.f. bipennis (axe) [legged 
Bip6tale, adj. (hot.) bipetalous 
BiphOBphate, s.m. (cht-m.) hiphnsphate 
Bipinn6,e, adj. (fco<.)bipinnatc,bipin- 

•"'t*''l [dratic 

«Biquadratique, n'lj. (alg.) biqua- 
Bique, »./. she goat ; little horse, pony, 

uag, tit ; sorry honte. jade 


Biquet, s.m. kid ; money-scales 
Biqueter, v.n. to kid ; — v.a. to weigh 
Biquette, s.f. she-kid [keeper 

Biqui-er, ere, goatherd, goat- 
Bir^me, s.f. (anc. nav.) bireme 
Biribi, .--.m. biiibi (game) 
BirlOir, «.i«. window-catch 
Bimxan, e, s.m.f. Burman, Burmese ; 

— adj. Burmese 

Bis, e, adj. brown; (pers.) tawny, 
swarthy. Pain — blanc, whity-brown 
bread, seconds bread. A —on a blanc, 

Bis, . (Latin) bis, twice ; 
again, over again; encore I (house No.) 
A, ^ [great-grandmothfiv 

Bisa'ieul, e, s.m.f. great-grandfather; 

fBisaille, s.f. whole meal; lield-pea; 
mixture of peas and vetches 

fBisailler, v.n. to get brownish 

Bisannuel, le, adj. biennial 

fBisbille, sf. bickering, jangling, 
quarrel, tiflf; disagreement. En — , 
bickering, jangling ; at variance 

Bisca'ien, s.m. small iron ball (usually 
put in grape-shot) ; long-barrelled mus- 
ket, wall-piece 

Biscaienne, s.f. r. Besquine 

Biscayen, ne, adj. s.m.f. Biscayan 

Bischof, bishop (drink) 

Biscomu, e, adj odd ; queer; irregu- 
lar; crooked, out of shape 

Biscotin, s.m. biscotin, sweet biscuit 

Biscotte, s.f. rusk 

Biscuit, S.VI. biscuit ; sponge-cake ; 
(7iai'.) bread, biscuit; (pottery, porce- 
lain) biscuit, bisque. — a la cuiller, 
finger-biscuit, lady's finger. — de mer, 
ship-biscuit, sea-bread; cuttle-bone 

BiSCIliterie, s.f. biscuit-baking, bis- 
cuit-making or trade or business ; bis- 
cuit-bakery or manufactory, biscuit- 
works [biscuit-manufacturer 

"Biscuiti-er, 6re, s.m.f. biscuit-baker, 

Bise, s.f. north wind, cold wind, cold 
blast ; (fig.) winter time winter ; blast 

Biseau, s.m. bevil ; basil ; feather-edge ; 
kissjng-crust; (prmi.) foot-stick; side- 

Biseautage, s.m. bevelling [stick 

Biseauter, v.a. to bevel; (cards, to 
cheat in gambling) to bevel at the edge. 
Carte hiseautee, bevel-edged card. Glace 
hiseautee, bevelled plate (glass), Vaux- 
hall plate (glass) 

Bisecter, v.a., So—, v.r. to bisect 

Bisec-teur, trice, adj. bisecting 

Bisection, sf. bisection 

Bis6quer. F. Bisecter 

Biser, v.a. to dye again; (/a?tt.)to kiss; 

— v.n. (agr.) to turn brown or rusty 
Biset, s.m. rock-pigeon, rock-dove ; 

coarse drab ; (obsolete) national guard 

on duty in plain clothes [sea-duck 

Bisette, .<)./. footing-lace; (?n>d) scoter, 

Bisettidre, s.f. footing-lace maker 

Bisexe, Bisexu6, e, Bisexuel, le, 

ndj. bisexual 
Bisexte, Bisextil, (the more correet 
spellings) V. Bissexte ^ Bissestil 
(the more common) 
Bishop, s.m. bishop (drink) 
Bismuth, s.m. (mill.) bismuth 
BiSOC, s.m.. two-shared plough, double- 
furrow plou^'h 
Bison, «.)n. (zool.) bison [used for lining 
Bisonne, s.f. cow bison ; grey cloth 
Bisquain, s.m. sheepskin dressed with 
the wool on, horse'^ collar-cover of 
Bisquant, e, ndj. (f,m.) bothering, 

vexmg, provoking, annoying 
B*Wl««> «/• (at tennis) bisk, bisque, 
odds ; (cook.) bisk, soup, broth, sauce, 
pulp. Prendre sa — , to choose o.'s 
time, to avail oneself of the opportun- 
ity, to look out ; to leave o.'s work, to 
give oneself a holiday 
Bisquer, v.n. to be bothered or vexed. 


to fret. Faire — , to bother, to vex, to 
provoke, to annoy, to plague, to rile 
Bisquine, ».f. V. Besquine 
Bissac, i.Hi. wallet, bag, knapsack; 
beggary [wyveru 

Bisse, s.f. (bird) red-breast ; (her.) 
Bissecter, &c. V. Bisecter, &c. 
Bisser, v.n. to cry encore ; — v.a. to en- 
Bissexe, adj. V. Bisexe [core 

Bissexte, s.m. bissextile day 
Bissextil, e, acfj. bissextile. Annee — e, 

leap-year, bissextile 
Bissexu6, &c. V. Bisexu^, &c. 
Bissoc, s.m. V. Bisoc 
Bissus, s.m. V. Byssus [adder's wort 
Bistorte, s.f. (bot.) bistort, snake-weed, 
Bistortier, s.m. wooden pestle 
Bistouri, s.m. (surg.) bistoury, knife 
Bistournage, s.m. castration by tor- 
sion [(vet.) to castrate by torsion 
Bistourner, v.a. to tv/ist, to crook; 
Bistre, s.m. (paint.) bistre 
Bistr6, e, adj. bistre-coloured, im- 

browned, tanned, tawny, swarthy 
Bistrer, v.a. to colour with bistre, to 

paint in bistre ; to imbrown, to tan 
Bistreu-X, se, adj. of bistre, bistre- 
coloured [footed 
Bisulce, BistQqfue, adj. (zool.) cloven- 
BiSUlfate, s.m. (chem.) l)isulphate 
Bisulfite, s.m. (chem.) bisulphite 
Bisulflire, s.m. (chem.) bisulphide, bi- 

Bitartrate, s.m. (chem.) bilartrate 
Bitord, s.m. (7iav.) spun yarn 
Bitte, s.f. (nav.) bitt 
Bitter, v.a. (nav.) to bltt (a cable) 
Bitter, s.m. bitters (drink) 
Bittern, s.m. bittern (brine) 
Bitton, s.m. (nav.) small bitt 
Bitture, s.f. (nav.) range (of cable) 
Bitume, 8.m. bitumen; asphalt; (pop.) 
pavement. Faire le — , (i>op.) to walk 
the streets 
Bitumer, v.a. to bituminate ; to as- 
phalt ; — v.n. (pop.) to walk the streets 
Bituminer, v.a. to bituminate ; to 

Bitumineu-x, se, adj. bituminous 
Bituminif^re, adj. bituminiferous 
Bituminisation, s.f. bituminization 
Bituminiser, v.a. to bituminize 
Bivac. V. Bivouac [s.m. bivalve 

Bivalve, adj. bivalve, bivalved ; — 
Bivoie, sf. junction of two roads 
Bivouac, s.m. (mil.) bivouac [bivouac 
Bivouaquer, Bivaquer, v.n. (mil.) to 
Bizarre, adj. odd ; strange ; queer ; 
uncouth ; whimsical ; fantastic ; sin- 
gular ; eccentric ; extravagant ; out of 
the way ; bizarre ; — s.m. (an) oddity ; 
(the) whimsical, (the) fantastic 
Bizarrement, adv. oddly ; strangely ; 
queerly; whimsically; fantastically; 
Bizarrerie, s.f. oddness, oddity; 
strangeness; fantasticalness ; singu- 
larity ; eccentricity ; extravagance : 
whimsicalness ; whim, caprice ; odd 
Blackboulage, s.m. blackballing 
Blackbouler, v.a. to blackball 
Black-mail, s.m. (Engl, hist.) black- 
mail [wan, sallow, Inrid 
Blafard, e, adj. dim, dull, pale, pallid. 
Blague, s.f. tobacco-pouch ; gammon, 
humbug, fudge, bosh, rot, blarney,flam; 
stoiy, bouncer; hoax ; nonsense, stuff; 
unmeaning or flimsy stuff; insignifi- 
cant or trumpery thing; clap-trap; 
trick ; gift of the gab : plausible talk ; 
wit, fun, humour; joking, joke; play- 
ful raillery, bantering, banter, chaff- 
ing, chaff; random chit-chat, chat, 
gossip. Avoir la — du metier, to make 
the most of what one knows; to talk 
to the best advantage of what one does 
Blaguer, v.a.n. to humbug; to gam- 

mon ; to hoax ; to make fun of ; to 
chaff, to banter ; to joke, to jest ; to tell 
stories or a storj-, to draw the long bow; 
to boast ; to have the gift of the gab ; 
to be an agreeable talker ; to fascinate 
or captivate by o.'s talk; to talk; to 
have a random chit-chat, to chat, to 

Blagueu-r, se, s.m.f. humbug ; story- 
teller; boaster; hoaxer; chaffer, ban- 
terer; joker; wag; great talker; 
agreeable talker 

Blaireaii; «.wt. badger ; badger-hair 
brush ; shaving-brush; Uiaint.) softener, 
blender ; (pop.) V. Jean> Jean [blend 

Blaireauter, v.a. (paint.) to soften, to 

Bldmable, adj. blamaUle, censurable, 

Blame, s.m. blame, fault, censure, re- 
pi-oach, reprimand ; reflection ; ob- 
loquy ; disapprobation 

Bldiner, v.a. to blame, to censure, to 
reprimand, to reprove, to find fault 
with ; to disapprove 

Blan-C, Clie, adj. white ; hoar, hoary ; 
grey ; fair ; pale ; clean ; blank ; dead 
or blind (loall) ; sleepless ; silver ; clear; 
pm-e, innocent, spotless ; acquitted, 
cleared, whitewashed '; bleached ; 
washed ; unstained. (Km/ — or clair, V. 
Clair. Sefaire — de son epee, to boast 
of a power one has not, to boast of 
great interest 

BlanC; s.m. white ; whiteness ; blank 
space ; blank ; mark ; blank cartridge ; 
white man or boy; white cloth ; white 
clothes ; linen ; chalk ; paint ; white 
heat ; white sauce ; white wine ; breast 
{of a fowl); (white) water; (old French 
copper coin) blank (about a farthing : 
" six — s " made l\d. Englixh coin) ; (fish) 
V. Blancbaille. — d'argent, flake- 
white. — de baleine, spermaceti, sperm. 

— de champignon, mushroom-spawn. 

— de chaux, white-lime, lime-wash. — 
de detrempe, whitewash. — d'Eaimgne, 
Spanish white, whiting. — defard, — 
de perle, pearl-powder, pearl-white. — 
(s.) d'ceuf, white of an egg. (Euf — (adj.) 
or (euf clair, V. Clair. — de plomb, 
white-lead. — de zinc, white-zinc, zinc- 
white, A — , blank ; white ; at or to a 
white heat, white-hot ; with blank 
cartridge; completely, entirely, out- 
right. En — , left blank, blank; (of 
furniture) covered in canvas. Donner 
or mettre dans le — , to hit the blank (the 
mark). Saigner a — , to bleed to death. 
Tirer a — , to fire with blank cartridge. 
Tirer au — , to shoot at a mark. Tiier 
sur le — , to incline to white, to be 
whitish [cloth) 

Blancard, s.m. (com.) blaucard (linen 
Blanc-bec, s.m. beardless youth, 
youngster; greenhorn, simpleton, 
novice, raw recruit [whites, firsts 

Blanc -bourgeois, ».m. best flour, 
fBlancbaille, «./. small white fish (as 
bleak, smelts, &c.), fry, small f i-y ; white- 
bait; bait 
Blanchavd, s.m. (zool.) noisy eagle ; 
(com.) V. Blancard. — veloute, (bot.) 
Blanchitre, adj. whitish ; pale ; wan 
Blanche, s.f. white woman or girl; 
white ball (at billiards); (mus.) minim, 
half-note [clean, in or with clean linen 
Blanchement, adv. cleanly, neatly, 
Blanche-queue, s.f. (zool.) harrier- 
Blanchet, s.m. filtering-bag, jelly-bag, 
strainer ; cora-salad ; (med.) thrush ; 
(print.) blanket [colour, cleanly, tidy 
Blanchet, te, adj. of a pretty white 
Blancheur, s.f. whiteness ; hoariness ; 
paleness ; cleanliness ; white spot ; 
white colour; white or bright tone; 
light ; purity, innocence, virtue 


Blanchiment, s.m. bleaching ; blanch- 
ing ; whitening ; washing ; white- 

Blanchir, v.a.71. to whiten ; to make 
white ; to bleach ; to blanch ; to wash ; 
to wash for ; to find in washing ; to 
wash white ; to whitewash ; to scald ; 
to plane, to polish ; to rough down ; to 
dress, to trim ; to blaze (a tree) ; to 
clear; to purify; to exculpate, to ac- 
quit ; to half-cure ; to light up ; to il- 
luminate ; to shine ; to appear, to peep ; 
to graze; to glance off; to fail; to 
foam ; to grow or get white ; to grow or 
turn grey ; to grow old ; to turn or grow 
pale ; to pale. — a la chaux, to white- 
lime, to limewash. — a la colle, to 
whitewash. — a neuf, to clear starch. | 
Faire — , to whiten; to bleach;. to 

Se — , v.r. to whiten or &c. oneself; i 
to be whitened or &c. ; to wash ; to do 
o.'s own washing; to get o.'s clothes 
washed, to get o.'s washing done, to j 
find o.'s own washing ; to exculpate or 
clear oneself, to prove o.'s innocence | 

Blanchis, s.m. (on a tree) blaze ; 

Blanchissage, s.rn. washing; wash; 
bleaching; whitening; whitewashing. 

— a la chaux, limewashing. — (i la 
CO We, whitewashing. — de Jin or a u. uf, 

Blanchisserie, .«./. bleachery, bleach- 
works ; bleaching - trade ; laundry, 
laundry-works ; washing-trade 
Blanchisseu-r, se, s.m.f. washerman, 
laundryman, launderer ; washerwo- 
man, laundress ; washer, cleaner ; 
bleacher; (fam.) reviser, publisher's 
literary man ; (pop.) barrister, counsel. 
— se de fin, clear-starcher. —se de 
gros, washerwoman for house-linen 
Blanchoeuvrier, s.m. edge-tool maker 
Blanchoyer, v.n. to whiten, to be 
hoary [mange 

Blanc -manger, s.m. (cook.) blanc- 
Blanc-seing, fBlanc-sign^, x.m. 
signature on a blank paper, carte 
Blanque, s.f. lucky-bag; blank 
Blanquet, s.m. (pear) blanket; (fish) 

V. Blancbaille 
Blanquette, s.f. blanquette (kind of 
white pear ; white wine of Lnnguedoc ; j 
steAv or fricassee of veal or lamb, &c., ! 
with white sauce) ; (pear) blanket ; (fi^h) 
V. Blancbaille [churchyard beetlf j 
Blaps, s.m. (zool.) blaps. darkling beetle, ! 
Blaser, v.a. to pall, to blunt, to dull, to ! 
deaden ; to surfeit ; to tire (of), to 
sicken ; to pall or blunt the taste of ; 
to deaden all feeling in ; to harden ; 
to use up 

Se — , v.r. to become (or be) palled 
or surfeited or satiated or used up ; to 
get tired or sick (of) 
Blason, s.m. heraldry, blazon, blazonry ; 
coat of arms, armorial bearings. — 
funebre, hatchment 
Blasonnement, s.m. blazoning 
Blasonner, v.a. to blazon : to em- 
blazon ; to criticize [cen surer 
Blasonneu-r, se, s.m.f blazoner ; 
Blasph6ma-teur, trice, s.m.f. blas- 
phemer; — adj. blaspheming, blas- 
Blasph^matoire, adj. blasphemous 
Blaspheme, 8.?n. blasphemy j 
Blasphemer, r.a.n. to blaspheme ~ 
Blater, Blatrer, v.a. to adulterate, to 
sophisticate (corn) [corn 
Blatier, s.m. corn-chandler, dealer in 
Blatte, sf. cockroach, black beetle, 

Blaude, s.f. smockfrock, frock 
B16, s.m. corn, wheat ; corn-field, wheat- 
field, — -froment, whe&t. —-seigle, rye. 

— noir, buckwheat. — rouge, spelt, — 


d'abondatice, — de Smyrne, Egyptian 
wheat, mummy-wheat. — de Turquir, 
maize, Indian corn. Grands — s, wheat 
and rye. Pctits — s, oats and barley. — 
de mars, spring wheat, summer wheat. 
Manger son — en herbe (or en vert), to 
eat the calf in the cow's belly, to spend 
o.'s income in advance 
Bleime, s.f. (vet.) corn 
Bleme, adj. pale, ghastly, sallow; wan 
Blemir, v.n. to tui-n or become pale 
Blemissement, s.m. turning pale, 

Blende, s.f. (min.) blende, mock-lead, 
Blennie, s.f. (fish) blenny [black jack 
Blennorrh^e, s.f. (med.) blennorrhoea, 

Bl6pharite, s.f. (med.) blepharitis 
Bl^sement, s.m. lisping 
Blaser, V.71. to lisp 
Bl^site, sf. lisping 
Blessant, e, adj. offensive 
Bless6, s.m. wounded man, injured 

man ; — s, pi. wounded ; people hurt 
Blesser, v.a. to wound ; to hurt ; to of- 
fend against; to injure; to wrong; to 
offend ; to shock ; to affect ; to grate 
upon ; to cut ; to pinch ; to gall ; to 
sting ; to be repugnant or contrary to, 
to clash with, to militate against. Se 
— , to hurt or wound or cut oneself or 
each other ; to take exception, to take 
offence, to be offended ; to offend or 
shock each other ; to be hurt or wound- 
ed, &c. 
Blessure,8./.wound ; hurt ; cut ; bruise ; 
sore; injury; wrong; offence; grief; 
pang. Coups et — s, (low) aggravated 
assault, cutting and wounding 
Blet, te, adj. blotted, overripe, sleepy 
Bl^te, Blette, s.f. (bot.) blite, (— d tete) 
strawberry-blite [or sleepy 

Blettir, v.n. to blet, to become overripe 
overripe or sleepy [ness 

Blettissure, sf. overripeness, sleepi- 
Bleu, e, adj. blue ; black and blue ; 
wonderful, amazing, astounding, in- 
credible ; enraged, furious ; astounded, 
dumbfounded. Colere or fureur — e, 
towering rage. Coup — , V. Coup. 
Noir — , blue-black, bluish black. Vin 
— , blue wine, bad wine. En faire voir 
de — es (or de grises), V. Gris 
Bleu, s.m. blue ; blue colour ; blueness ; 
blue mark; blue spot; stone-blue; 
blue chalk ; blue wine, bad wine ; 
(Fr. hist.) republican soldier ; (pop.) 
recruit. — marine, navy-blue. — de 
del, sky-blue. — de Prusse, Prussian 
blue. — de roi, i-oyal blue, king's blue. 
Au — , (cook.) done in wine. Mettre en 
— (dyeing), passer au — (washing), to 
BleuaLtre, a<^. bluish | blue 

Bleuet, Bleuette. V. Biuet,Biuette 
Bleuir, v.a. to make blue, to blue ; — 
v.n. to turn or become blue ; to appear 
tinged with blue [ground 

Bleut6, e, adj. blue-tiated; with a blue 
Blindage, s.m. (mil.) blindage, blir ds ; 
(nav.) armour-plating; armour; (civ. 
engin.) sheeting, casing, poling 
Blinde, s.f. (fort.) blind 
Blinder, v.a. (mil.) to blind; (nav.) to 
armour, to armour-plate, to armour- 
coat, to armour-case, to iron-case; 
(civ. engin.) to sheet, to case, to pole 
Bloc, s.m. block; mass; log; lump; 
clump; stocks; (pop.) prison, station- 
house, quod, lock-up ; (soldiers' slang) 
guard-room, dry-room 
Blocage, s.m. rubble, rubble-work; 
(print.) turned letter, turning ; (at 
hiViards) pocketing 
fBlocaille, s.f. rubble, rubb^ stone 
Blockhaus, s.m. (mil.) blocknouse 
Block-system, s.m. (ra>7.)block-8ystem 


BlOCnSy 8.m. blockade 
Blond, e, adj. s.m.f. fair, blond ; li«bt ; 
flaxen; yellow, golden; pale (beer, 
moist sugar) ; fair person, blond, blonde ; 
fair friend ; fair one ; — s.m. fairness ; 
lightness, light colour; — »•/. blond- 
lace, blonde. — ardent, sandy colour, 
sandiness. — cendre, light auburn. 
Delicat et — , dainty and over-nice 
Blondasse, adj. insipidly fair 
Blondelet, te, adj. rather fair, fairish 
Blondi-er,6re, s.m.f. blond-lace maker 
Blondin, e, s.m.f. light-haired person, 
light-haired man or boy or woman or 
girl ; ladies' man, young fop, spark, 

Blondir, v.n. to assume a golden hue ; 

— v.a. to dye in a golden colour 

Blondissant, c, Blondoyant, c, 

adj. golden, yellow [yellow tinge 

Blondoiexuent, s.m. golden hue, 

Blondoyer, v.n. to assume a golden 

li'ie , , , , 

Bloquer , v.a. to blockade ; to block up ; 
{mas.) to till up; (print.) to turn; (at 
billiard.t) to pocket, to hole ; (pop.) to 
lock up, to cage, to quod 
Bloquette, «./. (at marbles) hole, (game) 

Bloqueur, s.m. blockader 

Bloqueu-r, «e, adj. blockading 

Blotti, e, part, squatting, cowering, 
crouching ; lying hid 

BlOttir (Se), v.r. to squat, to cower, to 
crouch, to cuddle, to roll oneself up ; i 
to lie hid I 

Blonse, «./. frock; smockfrock; slop; I 
pinafore; blouse; wrapper; working- 
man ; (genteel slatig) working-men, j 
lower orders, fustian jackets, fustian; j 
(of billiards) pocket \ 

Blonser, v.a. (at billiards) to pocket, to ! 
hole; (^f/.) to deceive, to mislead. Se 
— , to pocket o.'» own ball; to take 
oneself in, to make a mistake or a 
blunder, to make a mess of it 

BlOUSier, s.m. (genteel slang) wearer of 
a blouse or fustian jacket, working- 
man ; cad 

Blnet, s.m. (plant, floioer) corn-flower, 
blue-bottle ; (bird) bishop tanager ; 
(fish) blue shark 

Bluette, «./. sparklet, spark; flash; 
smart light production, literary trifle 

Blutage, s.m. bolting, sifting 

BlUteau, s.m. V. Blutoir 

Bluter, i\a. to bolt, to sift 

Bluterie, »./. bolting-house 

Blutoir, s.m. bolter 

Boa, s.m. (serpent, fur) boa. — constric- 
tear or devin, boa-constrictor 

Bob^Che, «./. candle-ring; sconce; — 
s.m. blockhead, tomfool [net, bobbinet 

Bobin, s.m. (adject., Tulle — ) bobbin- 

Bobine, »./. bobbin, spool; reel; (pop.) 
sconce, noddle ; face, phiz 

Bobiner, v.a. to wind on a bobbin, to 
spdol, to reel 

Bobinette, «./. wooden latch 

Bobinenr, s.m. (pers.) winder 

Bobinense ,s.f.(pera.,thing),'Boibinoir, 
s.m. (thing) winder 

Bobo, s.m. (nursery word) slight hurt, 
small ailment, pain, hurt, harm, sore. 
Aroir — , V. Kal (avoir). Vaire — or 
du — , to hurt [(husband's) deary 

Bobonne, «./. (chiUVa icord) nursy; 

Bocage, «.m. grove, boscagtt 

Bocag-er, ftre, adj. of groves, covered 
with groves or woods, woodland, wood ; 
shady; rustic, rural 

Bocal, s.m. wide-mouthed bottle, glass 
jar; glass globe, fish-globe; carboy; 
mouthpiece ; (pop.) stomach, inside, 
breadbasket; lodgings 

Bocard, a.m. (metaL) crushing-mill, 
stamping-mill, stamps [stamping 

Bocardage, a.m. (metal.) crushing, 


Bocarder, v.a. (metal.) to crush, to 
Bocassin, s.m. bocasine [stamp 

Bock, x.m. beer-glass ; glass of beer 
Bodleien, ne, adj. Bodleian [{jilant) 
Boehzn6rie, s.f. boehmeria, China grass 
Boeuf, s.m. ox; bullock; neat; beef; 
piece or plate of beef ; (.fig.) big power- 
ful man, great lubberly fellow ; drudge ; 
victim, dupe, bull; kind of fishing- 
boat; — adj. (pop.) enormous, ex- 
traordinary, bouncing, tremendous. 
Le _ grasr the fat (or fatted) ox, the 
prize ox 
Bog, s.m. (kind of game at cards) 
Boghead, «.wi. (min.) Boghead coal 
Boghei, s.m. (carriage) buggy 
Bogue, s.f. chestnut-bur; (fish) bogue, 

Boh6, s.m. adj. bohea (tea) 
Boheme (Z^a), s.f. Bohemia ; wild and 
disorderly people (or life), the loafing 
fraternity ; vagrants, tramps ; — s.m.f. 
Bohemian, gipsy ; wild and disorderly 
fellow, loafer ; vagrant, wanderer, 
tramp. De — , Bohemian ; gipsy-like, 
gipsy, wandering, irregular, wild, dis- 
orderly ; low; poor, paltr}', shabby, 
Boll6iuien, ne, Bohemian; 
gipsy; loose fish; vagrant; hussy, 
trollop ; — s.f. Bohemian fashion ; 
gipsy fashion 
Boiard, s.m. V. Boyard 
Boire, v.a.n. to drink ; to have a drink ; 
to tipple ; to drink in or down ; to 
drink up ; to suck up or in ; to soak 
in ; to imbibe ; to absorb ; to swallow ; 
to brook, to endure, to pocket, to put 
up with ; to blot ; to spend in drink ; 
to be drowning; (need.) to be puckered. 

— comme un trou, comme une eponge, 
comme un tonneau, comme un tcmplier, 
comme un sonneur, comme un chantre, 
comme un Polonais, to drink like a fish. 
A — , to drink ; something to drink, 
some drink, drink ; drinking ; water, 
refreshment. Potir — , to drink; for 
oneself; something for oneself. Quia 
bu boira, use is second nature. Se — , 
to he drunk [creek, inlet; intake 

Boire, s.m. drink; drinking; — s.f. 
BoiS, s.m. wood; timber; stock; shaft; 

staff; frame ; bedstead ; material, 

stuff; horns, antlers, head; cross; 

woodland ; forest ; park ; trees ; 

branches, shoots; fuel; (nav.) hull. 

— blanc, white wood, (white) deal, 
poplar, &c. — dentelle, lace-bark tree. 

— flotte, — de fiottage, floated wood, 
drift-wood. — gentil, — joli, mezereon. 

— mort, dead wood. Mort , bram- 
bles, briars. — neuf, cord -wood. — 
puant, bean-trefoil. — punaiH, gat- 
•ten-tree. — trompette, trumpet-tree, 
trumpet-wood. — d bruler, — de 
chauffage, firewood. — d'aigle, eagle- 
wood. — d'amarante, purple-wood, 
purple-heart. — de chandelle, candle- 
wood. — de charpente, — de construc- 
tion, timber. — de chene, oak-wood, 
oak. — de chines, oak-wood, planta- 
tion of oak-trees. — de citron, lemon- 
wood. — de couleuvre, snakewood. — 
de cuir, leather-wood. — de demolition, 
old timber. — de fer, iron-wood. — 
des ilea, wood from the West India 
islands, foreign wood. — de lance, 
lance-wood. — de lit, (wooden) bed- 
stead. — de mai, hawthorn. — de 
Panama, quillaia-bark, soap-bark. — - 
d-c rose, tulipwood. — de Sainte- 
Lucie, mahaleb. — de teintnre, dye- 
wood. — violet, purple-wood, purple- 
heart. — de violette, king-wood, violet- 
wood. De or en — , wooden. De or 
des — , of or with wood ; of or with 
woods ; of the woods ; woodland ; 
wooded, woody. Sous — , under trees. 


in the woods. Morceau de — , piece or 
bit of wood. Piece de — , piece of 
timber, timber. Faire le — , (shoot.) to 
beat the wood. Faire du —, aller^au 
—, (nav.) to wood, to get wood. Eire 
du — dont on fait les flutes, to be of an 
easy temper, to be of everybody's 
opinion, Vous verrez de quel — je me 
chauffe, you shall see what I am made 
of. ' Tirer en plein — ,(nav.) to fire at 
the hull, (sur un navire) to hull (a ship) 

Boisage, s.m. wood-work; timbering; 

Bois6, e, a<y. woody, wooded ; planted 
with trees ; wainscoted 

Boisement, s.m. afforestation, afforest- 
ing, plantation, planting ; woodiness ; 

Boiser, v.a. to put wood- work to ; to do 
the wood-work in; to timber; to 
afforest, to plant ; to wainscot 

Boiserie, «./. wainscot; wainscoting; 
floor-boards; wood-work, carpenter's 
work ; screen 

Boiseur, s.m. (mining) timberman 

Boiseu-x, se, adj. woody; ligneous 

Boisseau, s.m. bushel 

Boisselage, s.m. corn-measuring 

Boissel^e, s.f. bushelful, bushel 

Boisselier, s.m. cooper, bushel-maker 

Boissellerie, s.f. cooperage ; cooper's 

BoiSBOn, 8./. drink; drinking; liquor; 
drunkenness ; grape-water, rape-wine, 
weak wine ; weak cider; (nav.) vinegar 
and water 

Boissonner, v.n. {pop.) to tipple, to 
guzzle, to booze 

Boissonnier, s.m. (pop.) tippler, 
guzzler, boozer [tinning 

Boxtage, s.m. boxing; casing; canning; 

Boite, s.f. box; case; caddy; can- 
ister ; chest ; casket ; can ; tin ; snuff- 
box ; letter-box; (fireworks) chamber, 
mortar; (print.) hose (of a press). — d 
brosses, brush-tray. — « or de couleurs, 
colour-box, paint-box. — d farine, 
flour-dredger. — a graisse, grease- 
box ; (rail.) axle-box. — a savon, soap- 
tray. — « savonnette, shaving-box ; 
round box opening in the middle ; 
(bot.) pyxidium. — aux lettre.% letter- 
box. — de quartier, (post.) receiving- 
house or office. — du crane, brain- 
pan, skull, cranium. — du genou, 
(pop.) knee-cap, knee-pan, knee-joint 

Boite, s.f. maturity, ripeness; grape- 
water, rape-wine, weak wine ; (of cattle) 
foot-sore. En — , matured, fit for 

Boitement, s.m. halting, limping, 
hobble ; lameness ; imperfection, weak- 

Boiter, v.n. to be lame, to walk lame, 
to halt, to limp, to hobble. — tout ban, 
to limp a great deal. En boitant, 
lamely [tin j 

Boiter. v.a. to box ; to case ; to can ; to 

Boiterie, s.f. (vet.) lameness, halting, 

Boiteu-x, se, adj. s.m.f. lame, limp- 
ing, halting, halt; unsteady, rickety; 
('<hawl) with a single border; (ribbon) 
with two different borders; {devil) on 
two sticks ; halter, limper, lame per- 
son, cripple. Attendre le — , to wait 
for • confirmation of intelligence ; to 
bide o.'s time 

Boitier, s.m. case of surgical instru- 
ments ; case ; box ; watch-case maker; 
(post.) mailman 

Boit-tout, s.m. drinking-glass without 
a foot ; one who spends all his money 
in drink 

Bol, s.m. bowl ; basin ; finger-glass ; 
(pharm., vet.) bolus, ball; (min.) bole. 
— alimentaire, (physiology) alimentary 
bolus or pellet, bolus or pellet of food, 


mass of food in the process of degluti- 
tion. — d'Armenie, Armenian bole 
Bolaire, adj. {min.) bolar 
BoldO) BoldUj (bot.) boldo, boldu 
BoldUCj s.m coloured string or twiue 
Bol^rO; s.m. bolero (Spanish dance, tune, 
Bolet, s.m. (hot.) boletus [song) 

Bolide^ s.m. (meteor) bolide, fire-ball 
Bolivar, s.m. bell-crowned hat ; (pop.) 

liat, tile, topper 
Bollandiste, s.m. Bollandist 
Bolonais, e, adj. s. Bolognese ; Bolog- 

nese fashion 
BolUS; s.m. (pharm.,vet.) bolus, ball 
Bcmbage, s.m. (of glass) bending 
Boxnbance, s.f. V. Ripailie 
Bombarde, s.f. (yiav.) bomb-vessel; 
(organ-stop) bombard ; (obsolete : mus., 
mil.) bombard [shelling 

Boznbardexnent, s.m. bombardment, 
Bombarder, v.a. to bombard, to shell 
Bombardier, s.m. (mil.) bombardier; 

(zool.) bombardier-beetle 
Bombardon; s.m. (mus.) bombardon 
Bombasin, s.m., Bombasine, Bom- 
bazine, s.f. bombasin, bombasine, 
Bombe, s.f. bomb, bomb-shell, shell ; 
round bottle ; ball. — glacee, round ! 
iced cheese. Gare la — ! (fig.) look out ; 
for squalls ! j 

Bomb6, e, adj. convex; bulged; 
swelled out ; bent, arched ; prominent ; | 
round; circular; (0/ a road) barrelled; j 
(vop.) round-shouldered 
Bombement, s.m. convexity; bulg- 
ing; jutting out; swelling or bunch- 
ing out ; curving ; curvature ; protube- 
rance ; (of a road) barrelling ; (med.) 
bombus, ringing or buzzing in the ears 
Bomber, v.a. to make or render con- 
vex ; to cause to bulge (or to swell out 
or to bunch out) ; to make jut out ; to 
bend, to arch ; to curve ; to barrel (a 
road) ; — v.n., Se — , v.r. to be convex ; 
to bulge ; to swell out ; to jut out ; to 
become round [foundry 

Bomberie, s.f. bomb-foundi*y, shell- 
Bombette, s.f. (of fireioorks) shell 
Bombeur, s.m. glass-bender, glass 

shade maker 
Bombyle, s.m. (zool.) humble-bee fly 
Bomb3rc, s.m. (zool.) bombyx, silkworm 
Bomerie, s.f. (nav.) bottomry [rang 
Bonxmerang, s.m. (in Australia) boome- 
Bon, ne, adj. good; nice; excellent; 
f^ood-uatured ; good-tempered ; kind ; 
kind-hearted ; l)enevolent ; simple, 
foolish, silly; right; fit, proper, due; 
able ; well ; fair ; comfortable ; plea- 
sant; happy; lucky j fine; sound; 
goodly ; large ; long; great; sti-ong; 
hard ; severe ; full ; famous ; witty ; 
funny, comical, amusing ; useful, of 
use ; convenient ; available ; advan- 
tageous ; profitable ; lucrative ; bene- 
ficial ; wholesome ; favourable ; boun- 
tiful ; plain ; worth ; worthy ; safe ; 
solvent ; not amiss ; much, a good 
deal ; dear. — .' int. good ! well ! very 
well ! right ! all right ! be it so ! yes ! 
well now! nonsense! pooh! indeed! 
oh ! — a rien, good or fit for nothing; 
of no use. — d prendre, worth taking. 
— d manger, good to eat. — nefemme. 
good or kind woman ; good or kind 
wife; good soul; simple soul; old 
Avoman, biddy. — homme, V. Bon- 
homme. Homme —, kind man, good- 
natured man. A quoi — ? what is the 
U8e(of) ? to what purpose ? what is the 
good of it or that ? what signifies ? 
what use is it ? what avails it ? what 
for ? why ? G'est — .' good ! very 
good! very well! that is right! all 
right ! right ! that will do ! well and 
good ! Comme (or si or quand) — me 
$emble, as (or if or when) I think proper, 


as (or if or when) I please »r like. 
Pour de — , pour tout de — , tout de — , 
in earnest, in good earnest; really; 
seriously ; real ; true, very true ; for 
certain ; for good, for good and all ; in- 
deed ! Voild ce qu'il y a de — ,jthat's 
one comfort, that's one thing. Etre — 
Id, ( pop.) to be a nice or fine fellow in- 
deed, to be very cool or cheeky. Faire 
— , to be comfortable or pleasant ; to 
be safe 
Bon, s.m. good ; good quality or quali- 
ties ; good man ; good fellow, good 
friend ; good one ; crack one, clever 
fellow ; best, best of it, cream ; fun, 
joke ; advantage ; gain ; profit ; ease, 
comfort, rest ; voucher ; draft ; order ; 
bond ; bill ; ticket ; admittance ; ac- 
ceptance ; signature ; promise, assur- l 
ance. Du — , some good, what is good, 
something good, a good thing, good j 
things, good stuff; a good article ; some 1 
good qualities ; some good points ; some I 
advantage or profit. — de poste, postal 
order. — de secours, relief-ticket 
Bonace, s.f. (nav.) treacherous fall of 

wind, calm, smooth sea ; lull 
Bonapart-isme, -iste. V. page 3, § 1 
Bonasse, adj. goody-goody, simple, in- 
nocent, silly, foolish ; credulous ; soft, 
too good-natured ; complying 
Bonassement, adv. sillily, foolishly, 
innocently [foolishness 

Bonasserie, s.f. simplicity, silliness, 
Bonbec, s.f. talkative woman or girl, 
gossip, chatterbox [comfit 

Bonbon, s.7n. bonbon, sweetmeat, sweet, 
Bonbonne, s.f. jar, demijohn, carboy, 

large bottle ; tin oil-can 

Bonbonni^re, s.f. sweetmeat - box, 

comfit-box ; neat or snug little house, 

snuggery, cubby-hole ; kind of carriage 

i^Bon-clir^tien, s.m. bon-chretien 

(pear) ; william 
Bond, s.m. bound ; bounce ; rebound ; 
skip ; leap, jump ; spring ; gambol. Par 
sauts et par — s, in skips and bounds ; 
by fits and starts. I'ant de — que de 
volee, anyhow, as one can, by hook or 
by crook. Faire faux — a, to disap- 
point, to fail ; to forfeit 
Bonde, s.f. sluice; bung-hole; bung; 
plug ; copper pan (of a water-closet 
basin). Ldcher la — a, (fig.) to give 
vent to 
Bond^, e, part. adj. filled or full to the 
bimg ; quite full, choke-full, cram-full ; 
(7iav.) laden full 
Bonder, v.a. to fill to the bung ; to com- 
pletely fill, to cram; (nav.) to lade full 
Bondir, v.n. to bound ; to bounce ; to 
rebound ; to skip ; to leap, to jump ; to 
spring ; to start ; to rush ; to prance ; 
to gambol, to frisk ; to rise ; to heave ; 
to beat 
Bondissement, s.m. bounding ; bounc- 
ing ; rebounding ; skipping ; frisking ; 
rushing; rising; heaving; beating, 
throbbing, throb ; bound ; rebound ; 
leap ; spring ; gambol ; friskiness 
Bondon, s.m. bung ; bung-hole ; bung- 
shaped cheese 
Bondonner, v.a. to bung 
Bondonni^re, s.f. (tool) bung-borer 
Bondr^e, sf. (bird) pern, honey-buz- 
zard, bee-kite 
Bonduc, s.m. (bot.) bonduc, nickar-tree 
Bon-frais, s.m. (nav.) fresh gale 
Bongare, s.m. (zool.) bongar (snake) 
Bon -Henri, s.m. (plant) good-Henry, 
wild spinach, English mercury ; (pear) 
Bonheur, s.m.. happiness; felicity; de- 
light ; joy ; pleasure ; good luck, good 
fortune, luck, chance ; prospei-ity ; suc- 
cess; welfare, good; blessing, happy 
thing, lucky event ; happy effect, tfii 
— insolent, the devil's luck, —d^jour, 


escritoire. Au petit — , I'll risk it ; at 
a venture, happen or come what may. 
Par — , happily, fortunately ; luckily. 
Avoir le — de, to have the happiness of 
or to. Avoir du — , to be lucky or lor- 
tunate [silliness; credulity; humour 

Bonhomie, s.f. good-nHture;'simplicity; 

Bonhomme, s.m. good-natured man; 
good 80ul; simple soul; good man; 
good fellow ; old man ; codger, old 
codger ; fogy, old fogy ; figure ; puppet ; 
peasant ; fellow ; (bot.) mullein ; — adj. 
old ; good-natured ; simple. Faux — , 
hypocritical fellow. Le - , the good- 
natured man, &c. ; La Fontaine (the 
French fabulist). Le — Richard, poor 
Richard. Mon — , my good fellow, old 
boy. Petit — , little fellow. Petit — vit 
encore, (gavie of forfeits) Jack's-alive. 
Vieux — , old man; old fellow; old 
codger, old buffer ; old fogy 

Boni, s.m. bonus ; profit ; surplus 

Boniface, adj. s.m. simple, artless; sim- 
pleton [frankly ; plainly 

Bonifacement, adv. simply, artlessly. 

Bonification, s.f. improvement, ame- 
lioration ; allowance, bonus 

Bonifier, v.a. to improve ; to better ; 
to make good ; to make up ; to allow. 
Se —, to improve 

Boniment, s.m. quack's or mounte- 
bank's show or speech ; puff, humbug, 
clap-trap speech, speech, harangue ; 
clap-trap [bank's puffer or speaker 

Bonissetir, s.m. showman's or mounte- 

Bonite, s.f. (fish) bonito, stripe-bellied 

Bonjour, s.m. good morning ; good day ; 
good evening ; o.'s compliments ; nay, 
nay; not I; I won't have that; that 
won't do for me. Dire un petit — , to 
give a look in. Bien le — , good morn- 
ing to you. Simple comme — , as simple 
as possible [a visitor 

Box^OUXier, s.m. thief pretending to be 

Bonne, s.f. (and adj. feminine of Bon, 
which see) servant, maid, maid-servant, 
servant-maid, servant-girl ; nursery- 
maid, nurse-maid, nurse ; good woman, 
goodfi-iend; dear, honey, sweet, goody; 
good one ; extraordinary or wonderful 
or strange thing ; fine or strange story ; 
bounce, bouncer, whapper ; funny 
thing ; fine trick or pi-ank ; sharp thing. 

— d'enfant, nursery-maid. — a (or pour) 
tout faire, maid of all work, general 
servant. Contes de — , nursery tales. — 
•dame, s.f. (bot.) V. Arroche. — 
-gr&ce, s.f. V. Gr4ce [fellow 

Bonneau, s.m. pander ; simple or silly 

Bonnement, adv. simply ; innocently ; 
ingeimously ; candidly ; sincerely ; 
honestly; truly; really; plainly; fool- 
ishly; merely; well. Tout — , simply ; 
plainly; merely; literally; foolishly 

Bonnet, s.m. cap; (mil., tech.) cap; (a 
Scotchman's, mil., tech.) bonnet ; (fig.) 
doctor's degree ; (of ruminants) honey- 
comb bag. — chinois, V. Cbapeau. 

coiffure, s.m. dress cap. — ducal, cap 

of maintenance. — grcc, Greek cap, 
smoking cap. — jaune, (jjop.) yellow- 
boy. — rouge, red cap ; revolutionaiy 
cap. — vert, convict's cap. — de coton, 
cotton night-cap. — d'clecteur, (bot.) 
squash. — d'eveqne, (of a fowl) hinder 
part, bishop's mitre ; (theat.) small 

> upper-box. — de linge, morning-cap. 

— de nuit, night-cap. — a x>oil, bear- 
skin cap ; busby. — de police, (obsolete) 
undress cap, forage-cap. — de pretre, 
(bot.) euonymus ; squash. — blanc et 
blanc — , six of one and half a dozen of 
the other. Gros — , bigwig, don, mag- 
nate, nob. Mettre (or Avoir mis) son — 
de trovers, to be cross, to haN% got out 
of bed the wrong way. Prendre sous 
son —, to find i» o.'s own head ; to in- 


vent; to take upon oneself. Y jeter 
son — , to give it up. V. Moulin, 
Opiner, and Tdte 
BonneteaU) n-m. ciird-shai-ping game, 
three-card trick. Joueur de — , card- 
sharper [to cringe ; to nod assent 
Bonneter, v.n. {old) to doflF o.'s cap; 
Bonneterie, s.f. hosiery ; hosier's bnsi- 
Bonneteur, «.ni. card-sharper [ness 
Bonneti-dr, ^re, «.m./. hosier 
Bonnette) »./. (opt.) eye-cap ; shade-cap ; 
(fort.) bonnet ; (nav.) studding-sail. 
maillee, {nan.) bonnet {of n sail) 
Bonniclion, a.m. (pop.) working-girl's 
cap [bomme) 
BonslioinineB, {pi. of Bon« 
Bonsoir, s.m. good night ; good evening; 
not a bit of it ; nay, nay ; not I ; I won't 
have that ; that won't do for me ; that's 
enough ; gone ! go to ! good-bye I Biea 
l^ — , good evening to you. — et bonne 
nuit, a good night's rest to yon. Dire 

— a la compagnie, to wish the company 
good night ; (Jig.) to take leave of the 
world, to tlie 

Bont^, «./. goodness ; kindness ; act of 

kindness ; attention ; civility ; favour ; 

good-nature ; excellence 
Bonze, ».»». bonze {BnddUini priest) 
Bonzerie, xf. monastery of bonzes 
Bonzesse, ».f. bonzess, bonze nun 
Book, ».m. (turf) book (betting-book). — 

-maker, $.m. {turf) book-maker 
Bo-ono, s.m. bow-wow 
BoqueteaU; s.m. small wood, spinny 
fBoquiUon, s.m. (obsolete) woodman, 

Boracique, adj. \chem.) boracic 
Borate, s.m. (chem.) borate 
Borax, s.m. (chem.) boi'ax 
Borborygme, ».m. (med.) borborygm, 

rumbling of the bowels 
Bord, s.m. border; edge; brink; verge; 

brim, flap ; rim ; skirt ; binding ; hem ; 

edging ; margin ; extremity; side; bank; 

strand; shore; coast; (nnv.) board; 

(nav.) side; (riav.) tack; ship, vessel, 

boat; (fig.) way of thinking, party; 

kind. — pendant or rabattu, ear-flap. 

— de Veau, water's edge, water-side; 
river-side; bank. — de la mer, sea- 
board, sea-shore, sea-side. Franc , 

(nav.) free-board. Coffre de — , (nav.) sea- 
chest. Journal du — , (nnv.) log-book. 
Lirrre de — , (nav.) ship's book. Papiers 
de—, (nav.) ship's papers. — «— , (nav.) 
alongside. — d terre, — nu large, (nav.) 
off and on. A —, d — de, on board. A 
son — , (nav.) on board o.'s ship. A 
larges—t,(ofahnt) broad-brimmed. De 
haut — , (nav.) rated (ship). Par-dessus 
le — , (nav.) overboard. Avoir itn mot 
tur le — det levres, to have a word on 
(or at) the tip of o.'s tongue. Courir 
un — , to make a board or a tack. Courir 
un mauvais — , to make a bad V)oard. 
Courir le mauvais — , to be on the wrong 
tack. Courir un — au large, to stand 
off. Courir un — d terre, to stand in 
shore. Courir — snr —, to make tack 
and tack. Courir mime — que, to stand 
upon the same tack with 

Bordage, s.m. bordering, hemming, 
binding, Ac. {V. Border); (nav.) 
planking ; plank ; (civ. engin.) sheath- 
ing, poling 

BordA, s.m. hem, edging, bordering, 
border, binding; (nav.) planking, 
planks; plating 

Bordeaux, s.m. Bordeaux; Bordeaux 
wine, claret; Bordeaux cigar, half- 
penny' cigar 

Bord**, s.f. (nav.) broadside ; volley ; 
salvo; board, tack; watch; (fig.) 
volley; volley of abuse ; round; shower 
lourir utie — , to make a board or a 
tack; (j)op.) to take French leave. 
Tirer une — , to fire a broadside; 


(pop.) to go on the booze, to run 
Bordel, fi.m. brothel ; small bundle (of 
I ipood), small fagot 

Bordelais, e, adj. s.m.f. of Bordeaux; 
' native of Bordeaux ; — s.m. Bordeaux 
I district ; — s.f. Bordeaux cask ; Bor 
I deaux fashion 
Borde-platS, •>*.»«. (cook.) garnish 
Border, v.a. to border ; to hem ; to 
' edge ; to skirt ; to bind ; to line ; to 
! bound ; to kerb or curb ; to tuck in or 
j up ; to encircle ; to set off"; to plank 
[ (a ship); to plate (a ship); to lay fa 
deck); to haul aft {the sails); to ship 
I (the oars). Se —, to tuck in o.'s bed- 
' clothes ; to be bordered or &c. 
Bordereau, s.m. memorandum, note, 
account, docket [s.m. lap-sided ship 
Bordier, adj. m. (nav.) lap-sided; — 
I Bordigue, s.f. (fish.) crawl 

Bordlire, s.f. border : hem ; edge ; 
j edging; verge; binding; frame; 
I skirt; rim; kerb or curb, kerb-stone 
I oc curb-stone ; {no v.) foot; (her.) bor- 
I Bordur6, e, adj. bordered Idure 

I Bore, ■«.»(. (chem.) boron lerly, north 
j Boreal, e, adj. Ijoreal, northern", north- 
Bor6e, s.m. (wi//^/i.) Boreas; (poet.) the 
1 north wind 

I fBorgne, adj. one-eyed, blind of one 
eye; (q/' //i/nf/sj blind ; obscure; dark; 
dingy ;, shabby, paltry ; low ; 
small ; confused ; lame ; silly ; — s.m.f. 
one-eyed man or woman or girl 
t^OJ^fifJlCSSe, s.f. one-eyed woman or 

Borique, adj. (chem.) boric, boi*acic 
Boriqu6, e, adj. (pharm.) boricated 
Bomage, s.m. setting landmarks or 
boundaries, fixing limits, bounding, 
limiting ; boundaries 
Borne, s.f. bound ; boundary ; limit ; 
frontier; landmark; mile-stone; stone- 
post, post, stone, pillar; starting-post ; 
spur-post ; end ; library or dining-room 
clock; centre ottoman. — •botte, 
— 'Poste, s.f. pillar letter-box, pillar 
box. — -fontaine, s.f. water-post 
Bornd, e, adj. bounded ; limited ; con- 
fined; stinted; restricted; naiTOw; 
mean ; small ; shallow ; short-witted ; 
narrow-minded ; ignorant, uninform- 
ed ; dull ; stunted 
Bomer, v.a. to bound ; to limit ; to 
confine ; to set bounds to ; to end ; to 
put an end to ; to stint ; to restrict ; to 
restrain ; to modei*ate. Se — , to keep 
within bounds ; to limit or confine or 
&c. oneself or each other; to content 
oneself (with), to be content or satis- 
fied (with) ; to stop (with) ; to end 
(in) ; to be confined or limited (to) 
Bornoiement, x.m. boning ; staking 

or stumping out a line 
Bomoyer, v.a. to bone, to look with 
one eye at ; to stake or stump out a 
^li ne i n _ [boraginacesv 

Borragin^eg, s.f pi (hot.) boraginese, 
sort, s.m. (jewel) bort 
Borure, s.m. (chem.) boride 
Bosan, *.7;i. bosa (Turkish drink) 
Boscot, e, s.m.f. (pop.) runt; hunchback 
Bosniaque, Bosnien, ne, adj. ». 

Bosphore, s.m. (geog.) Bosphorus; 

Bo.mL* f«l"«»P 

BOsquet, «.»». grove; spinny; thicket; 

BOUage, s.m. (arch.) bossage, raised 

BOBSe, *./. hunch, hump; bump ; bunch ; 
swellmg ; rise ; protuberance ; rough- 
ness, unevenness, ruggedness ; bruise, 
dent, dml; boss; knob; knot; em- 
bossment; bosset; (at tennis) boss • 
Ulraw. paint.) round; (sculp.) emboss- 
ment ; relief ; (nav.) stopper, painter; 
(fig.) turn, aptitude, disposition, in- 


clination, propensitj' ; spree, blow-out; 

snare. D'apres la — , from the round. 

En — , embossed, in relief. Ouvrage en 

— , fretwork, relief, lionde — , round, 

j full relief ; statue, statuette, bust ; 

I drawing fiom the round. Donner dans 

j la — , to fall into the snare. Se donner 

(or se flanquer) une — , to have a spree, 

I to get a good fill. Bonier sa — , to get 

i along ; to knock about. T'omber sur 

la — de, to attack, to pitch into. Tra- 

vailler or relever en — , to emboss 

Bosselage, s!m. embossing 

Bosseler, v.a. to emboss; to bruise, to 

dent, to dint, to batter. Se — , to be 

embossed ; to get (or be) bruised or &c. 

Bosselure, s.f. embossment ; denting, 

indenting, dents, dints, bruises 
Boseeman, s.m. (obsolete) boatswain's 
Bosser, v.a. nav. to stopper [mate 
Bossette, «./. boss; bosset; (of a mule) 

blinker, winker 
Bossoir, s.m. (nav.) cat-head; davit; 

bow. Ancre de — , bower-anchor 
BOSSU, e, adj. hunchbacked, hump- 
backed ; — s.m.f. hunchback, humpback. 

— jtar devant, pigeon-breasted. V. 

Bossuer, v.a. to bruise, to dent, to dint, 
to batter. Se — , to get (or be) bruised 
or &c. 

Bostangi, s.m. {in Turkey) bostangi. 

— -bachi, chief of the bostangis 
Boston, s.m. boston (game at cards) 
tBostryche, a.m. (zool.) bostrichus, 


Bot, e, adj. Main — e, club-hand. Main 
— , ac^. s.m. club-lninded; cliib-handed 
person. Pied — , adj. s.m. club-footed ; 
club-foot ; club-footed person 

Bot, s.m. Flemish boat 

Botanique, s.f. botany 

Botan-ique (adj.),- -iquement, 
-iste. V. page 3, § 1 

Botaniser, v.n. to botanize 

Botargue, s.f. V. Boutargrue 

Bothniaque, adj. s. Bothnian 

Botte, s.f. boot, high boot, Wellington 
boot; bundle; truss; bunch; hank; 
clod ; butt, cask ; bucket ; rest ; case ; 
collar; step (of a coach) ; thrust, lunge; 
(on a horse's foot) boot (brushing-boot, 
cutting-boot, overreach boot). — s 
fines, light boots, dress boots, —s 
mollcs, limp boots, hunting-boots, —s 
d revers or a retrousais, top-boots. 
—s Souvarof, Hessian boots. — s de 
sept lienes, seven-league boots, ogre's 
boots. Grosses — s, — « fortes, thick 
boots; jack-boots. A propos de — s 
V' Propos. Porter or ponsser une — , 
to make a thrust, to thrust 

Bott6, e, adj. booted, in boots, wearing' 
boots, with o.'s boots on 

Bottelage, s.m. trussing; bundling; 
binding [to bundle ; to bind 

Botteler, v.a. to truss (hay or straio); 

Bottelette, s.f. small truss 

Botteleu-r, se, s.m.f. trusser (of hay 
or straw); hinAev (of sheaves) ; (—nieca- 
nique) V. Botteloir 

Botteloir, s.m. hay-trussing or sheaf- 
binding apparatus 

Botter, v.a. to put (a person's) boots on 
(for him); to help (one) on with (his) 
boots ; to boot ; to supply with boots ; 
to make boots for; to fit; (fam.) to 
suit ; to kick ; — v.7i. to make Ijoots , 
(of wheels) to clog 

^ So — , v.r. to boot oneself, to put on 
o.'s boots ; to wear (good or bad) boots ; 
to get clods on o.'s feet, to carry ; (of 
horses) to ball 

Botterie, s.f. boot-shop ; boot depart- 
ment; boot-room; boot making; boot- 
trade: boot-mannfactoiv ; l)oots 

Bottler, s.m. boot-maker 

fBottillon «. m. small bundle or bunch 


BotttnO) .«./. half-boot, bootee, boot ; 
(surg.) orthopiedic boot ; (for a horse) 
V. Botte. - s f'l rlastiques, spring-aide 
boots, elastic-side boots. — s fines, 
light boots, dress boots 

BOU, s.m. adj. V. Boh6 [goose 

Boubie, s.m. (bird) booby, gannet, solan 

fBoubOUille, «./. (favi.) boiling, cook- 
ing, pot, mess, victuals, grab 

Boubotiler, v.n. V. Houbouler 

BOUC, s.m. he-goat, goat ; goat-skin. — 
emissaire, scapegoat 

Boucage, s.m. (bot.) pimpinella. — 
anis, anise. — mineur, burnet-saxif rage 

Boucan, s.m. smoking-place ; buccan ; 
smoke-dried meat ; row, dust, shindy ; 
blowing-up ; drubbing, dressing ; 
bawdy house [drying 

Boucanage^ s.m. buccaning, smoke- 

Boucaner, v.a. to buccan, to smoke- 
dry; to vex, to annoy; to scold, to 
blow up ; — v.n. to hunt wild cattle ; to 
kick up a row ; lo grumble ; to stink 

Boucanier, s.m. buccaneer; bucca- 
neer's gun [bitch 

Boucaxii^rej s.f. trollop, trull, drab, 

Boucassin, bocasine 

Boueaut, s.m. cask ; hogshead ; goat- 
skin ' [corking 

Boucliage, s.m. stopping, stopping up ; 

Bouchard, s.m. black silkworm 

Bouche, s.f. mouth ; lips, tongue ; talk ; 
speaker ; palate ; eater, feeder, drinker ; 
victuals, food, eating, living ; (sove- 
reign's) table, kitchen, cooks ; muzzle; 
opening, aperture, orifice ; entrance ; 
gully-hole. — a/ew, piece of ordnance, 
cannon, gun (also, mortar, &c.). — a 
— , face to face. — close '. — cousue ! 
not a word about that to anyone ! 
mum ! — de chaleur, hot-air vent or 
hole. — d'eau, plug-hole, water-plug, 
plug, hydrant ; fire-plug. — d'incendie, 
— de secours, fire-plug. — -en-flute, 
(fish) V. Fistulaire. Bonne — , plea- 
sant taste in o.'s mouth ; (fig.) pleasant 
thought or prospect; most interesting 
part ; good luck. Fine — , dainty eater, 
epicure, gourmet. A — que veux-tn, 
freely, liberally, plentifully, unstint 
ingly, in clover. De — , by word of 
mouth ; with the lips. Fort en — (or 
en gueule), V. Gueule. Avoir la — 
mauvaise (amere, &Q.), to have a dis- 
agreeable^ (bitter, &c.) taste in o.'s 
mouth. Etre sur sa — , etre porte sur or 
sujet a sa — , to study good living, to 
be dainty, to make a god of o.'s 
stomach. Faire la — en coeur, to purse 
up o.'s mouth {or lips), to screw up o.'s 
mouth, to make a mouth. Faire la 
petite — , to eat very little; to be 
dainty or hard to please ; to turn up 
o.'s nose ; to mince ; to mince matters 
(or the matter), not to speak freely. 
Faire venir Veau a la — , to make o.'s 
mouth water (L'eau me vient a la — , my 
mouth watei's). Fcrmer la — , to shut 
or close o.'s (own) mouth. Fermer (or 
clore) la — <i ..., to stop ...'s mouth, 
to silence . . . Onrder pour la bonne — , 
to leave something nice for a finish ; 
(fig.) to keep the best of a story for the 
last. Prendre sur sa — , to stint oneself 
in eating 

B0UCI16, e, part. adj. stopped, covered, 
&c. (F. Boucher, v.a.); stupid, dull; 
(of sounds, in munc) stuflfed, fainter, 

Boucll6e, s.f. mouthful; small tart, 
patty [ing up 

Bouchexnent, s.m. stopping up, wall- 

Bouclie-nez, s.m. (tech.) stench-trap 

Boucher, v.a. to stop, to stop up ; to 
cover; to shut ; to stuff; to choke up ; 
to block up ; to obstruct ; to prevent ; 
to stopper ; to cork ; to bung ; to wall 
up ; to dam up ; to fill up ; to repair. 


Se — , to become (or be) stopped, &c. ; 
(le, la, les ...) to stop or shut (o.'s . . .). 
Se — le ncz. to hold o.'s nose 

Bouch-er,dre,<t.m./'. butcher ; butcher- 
woman; butcher's wife. — en gros, 

Boucherie, s.f. slaughter-house; 
shambles ; butchery ; slaughter ; but- 
cher's ti-ade or business or shop ; 
butcher's meat department ; butchers 

Bouche-trou, s.m. stop-gap; substi- 
tute, Jack-at-a-pinch ; padding 

Bouchette, s.f. little mouth 

Boucheuse, *■/. corking-machine , 

Bouchoir, s.m. oven-door 

Bouchon, s.m. stopijer, stopple ; cork ; 
bung; plug; cap, cover, lid; (of a 
telescope) object-glass cap, object-cap ; 
(of a rifle) nose-ca^), muzzle-stopper ; 
cork float (for fishing) ; wisp ; bundle ; 
bush ; wine-shop, public-house, tavern ; 
(game) cork-farthing; {pop.) quality, 
sort, kind, kidney ; (obsolett;) darling 

Bouchonnement, s.m. wisping, rub- 
bing down 

Bouchonner, v.a. to wisp, to rub 
down ; to rumple ; (obsolete) to caress, 
to fondle, to pet [knotty 

Bouchonneu-x, se, adj. coarse, 

Bouchonnier, s.m. cork-cutter; cork- 
dealer [bed, mussel-farm 

BouchOt, s.m. (fish.) crawl; mussel- 

Bouchoteur, s.m. mussel-breeder or 

Boucle, s.f. buckle; ring; ear-ring; 
curl, ringlet, lock ;" knocker, rapper ; 
loop ; irons ; (vet.) stomatitis. — 
d'oreille, ear-ring 

B0UCI6, e, adj. buckled; (of hair) 
curled ; curly ; (of carpet) tapestry 

Bouclement, ringing, infibulation 
(of a mare) ; ringing (of a bull or /yig) 

Boucler, v.a. to buckle ; to ring ; to 
curl ; to lock up ; (hiont.) to ferret out, 
to dislodge ; — v.n. to curl ; to bulge 
out [manufactory, buckle-trade 

Bouclerie, s.f. buckle-making or 

Bouclier, s.m. buckler, shield ; defence, 
protection ; defender, protector ; (intecl) 
silpha. Levee de — «. rising in arms ; 
insurrection ; opposition, resistance ; 
unsuccessful attack [or drink, poison 

Boucon, s.m. (ob'^olete) poisoned food 


Bouddhisme, s.m.. Buddhism 

Bouddhiste, s.m.f. adj. Buddhist 

Bouder, v.n.n. to pout (at); to sulk 
(with), to be sulky or cool (with), to be 
in the sulks (with) ; to be afraid, to 
funk ; to shrink (from) ; to shirk it ; 
not to be forward ; (at dominoes) not to 
be able to play (or to go), to refuse (Je 
honde, "I can't," or, "Go"!); (hort.) 
not to grow well ; (com.) not to sell well 

Boudexie, s.f. pouting, pout ; sulking, 
sulks; sulkiness 

Boudeu-r, se, adj. s. pouting; sulky; 
sullen ; pouter, sulky person, sulker 

Boudin, '<.nt. black-pudding; sausage; 
roll ; roller ; sand-bag ; saddle-bag, 
cloak-bag ; large curl ; sausage-finger; 
turd; (tech.) spiral spring ; (rail.) flange ; 
(nai).) puddening, imdding; (mil.) sau- 
cisson, saucisse ; (arch.) torus. V. Eau 
and Fer. — blanc, chicken sausage. 
Ressort a — , spiral spring 

Boudinade, s.f. (cook.) lamb with sau- 
sages [bing 

Boudinage, s.m. (spin.) roving, slub- 

Boudine, s.f. (in glass) bull's-eye, bunt, 

Boudiner, v.a. (spin.) to rove, to slub ; 
(paint.) to paint ( fingers, etc.) sausage- 
like I slubber ; — adj. roving, slubbing 

Boudineu-r, se, s.m.f. (spin.) rover, 

Boudini^re, s.f. sausage-filler, funnel 

Boudinoir, s.m. (g/nn.) roving-machine, 


Boudoir, s.m. boudoir 

Boue, s.f. mud ; dirt ; mire ; filth ; 
muck ; clay ; sediment ; matter, pus ; 
meanness, sordidness; abjection, ab- 
ject condition ; wretched state ; misery; 
corruption. De — , of mud, &c. ; mud- 
dy ; dirty ; filthy ; mean, sordid, base, 
abject, vile, grovelling, corrupt 

Bou6e, s.f. (nav.) buoy 

Boueu-r, se, Boueu-x, se, s.m.f. 
scavenger,street-orderly, street-sweep- 
er ; dustman [dirty ; foul ; bad ; thick 

Boueu-X, se, adj. muddy ; miry ; 

Boujfant, e, adj. puffing, pufl"ed 

Bouffant, s.m. puff (of a sleere) 

Baulfante, «./. (old) hoop, farthingale 

Bouttard, s.m. (pop.) pipe-smoker, 

Bouifarde, s.f. (fam.) baccy-pipe, clay. 
Fumer sa or une — , to whiff' at o".'s pipe, 
to have a whiff 

Bouffarder, v.n. (pop.) to whiff at o.'s 
pipe, to have a whiff, to blow a cloud 

Bouife, adj. comic ; — s.m. buffo. Les 
— s, pi. the Bouffes theatre (in Paris) ; 
(obsolete) the Italian opera {in Paris) 

Bouff6e, s.f. puff; gust ; blast ; breath ; 
slatch ; whiff'; fume ; fit ; burst ; flight. 
— de chaleur, (med.) flush 

Bouffer, v.n. to puff", to pufl" out, to 
swell, to swell out ; to rise ; to bulge 
out; (nav.) to blow hard; (fain.) to 
eat, to feed, to grub, to guttle ; — v.a. 
to blow (meat) ; (jam.) to gobble up 

Bouffette, s.f. tuft; bow; ear-knot, 

Bouffir, v.a.n. to puff up, to bloat ; to 
inflate : to swell out ; to swell. Hareng 
->uM. bloated herring, bloater 

Bouffissure, s.f. pufflness, bloated- 
] ness; swelling; turgidness, bombast; 
I pi-ide, conceit, vanity 

BoufToir, s.m. (butcher's) bellows 

Bouffon, ne, adj. s.m.f. droll, facetious, 
funny, comical,comic ; buffoon ; clown : 
jester, fool ; — s.m. low comic, buf- 
foonery; (old) V. Bouffe 

Bouffohner, v.n. to play the buffoon ; 
to jest 

Bouffonnerie, «./. buffoonery, drollery 

Bouge, s.m. closet; cell; hole, hovel, 
small room, poor dwelling ; den ; low 
pot-house or rookery; convexity, round, 
bilge; cowry 

Bougeoir, s.m. flat or bedroom candle- 
stick; taper-stand 

Bougeon, s.m. (pop.) fidgety child 

Bouger, v.71. to stir, to budge, to move ; 
to wag ; to fidget ; to go out (of) or 
away (from) ; to change : — v.a. to move 

Bougie, s.f. candle, light ; wax-candle, 
wax-light; taper; candle-light; (surg.) 
bougie. — diaphane, sperm or sperma- 
ceti candle. — filee, taper. — stearique, 
stearine candle. — de cire, wax-candle 
or light. Ala—, aux — «, by candle-light 
I Bougier, v.a. to wax [child 

fBougillon, ne, (pop.) fidgety 
' Bougon, ne, adj. grumbling ; — s.m.f. 
I grumbler 

1 Bougonner, v.n. to grumble, to jaw; 
j — v.a. to grumble at, to scold, to jaw 

Bougonneu-r. se, s.m.f. grumbler, 

Bougrran, s.m. buckram [jawer 

Bougie, s.m. (pop.) blackguard ; fellow ; 
buck ; famous fellow ; determined 
dog ; confounded fellow ; — int. V. 

^Bigre. — de, confounded. Bon — , 
good fellow, brick. Mauvais — , vilain—, 
surly or snappish fellow, nasty fellow, 
ugly customer, downright blackguard 

Bougrement, adv. (i>oi>.) V. Bigre> 

Bougresse, sf. (pop.) jade, bitch ; ci-ea- 
ture, thing. Bonne — , good creature 

Bougie, s.f. shifting sand, drif^and 

Bouiboul/x.m. low tlieatre, gaff, penny- 
gaff; hovel, hole 


fBouillatoaisse, s.f. Proveni-al fish 
soup with garlic, Ac; (fig.) mishmash 

fBotlillant; e, adj. boiling; borning; 
ardent, hot, fiery, impetuous; hasty, 
hot-headed; fierce; eager; — «.m. fieri- 
ness, impetuosity ; hastiness. Tout — , 
boiling hot, scalding hot, piping hot 

fBouille, s.f. (fisherman's) pole (for 
beating the wat^r) 

tBouill^e, s.f. boiling \tcUh a pole) 

fBouiller. r'.a. (fish.) to beat (the water 

-j-BouiUerle, s.f. boilery; brandy-dis- 

fBouilletir, s.m. (pers.) boiler; brandy- 
distiller; (fish.) beater; (of a steam- 
engine) boiler-tube 

f Bouilli, e, part. adj. boiled 

fBonilli, s.m. boiled beef (that has been 
used to make soup) 

fBouiUie, s.f. pap ; porridge ; hasty- 
pudding ; pulp, —pour les chats, (fig.) 
fruitless labour, useless toil, unprofit- 
able undertaking ; failure 

fBonillir; v.n.a. to boil ; to bubble up; 
to bum ; to work, to ferment ; to be 
agitatsd, to be mad (with), —a gros 
bouillons, to boil fast. — a petits bouil- 
lons, to boil gently ; to simmer. Faire 
— , to boil, to make boil. Faire — o 
demi, to parboil. — dulait d, to please, 
to delight, to humour [kettle 

fBonilloire, s.f. boiler; kettle, tea- 

tBouillon; s.m. broth; soup; basin or 
plate of soup; tea (of some kind* of 
meat, of some hei'bs) ; (etablissement de 

— ) cook-shop, second-rate dining- j 
house, cheap restaurant ; bubble ; rip- 
ple; gush; foam; froth; puff; air-bubble, 
bull's-eye, bunt, knob: shoal; liquid 
mannre; (vet.) bouillon; (fig.) ebulli- 
tion, burst, outburst ; fit ; impetuosity, 
ardour; (fam.) bad job, bad spec, fail- 
ure ; unsold numbers of a book or news- 
paper; mouthful of water; poisonous 
draught, poison ; ( pop.) shower, rain, 
soaking. — aveugle, (pop.) thin broth. 

blaiie,(bot.) mullein. — pointu,(fam.) 

injection, enema; (pop.)bayonet-thrust. 

— de canard, (pop.) water. — d'onze 
heures, (fam.) drowning; poisonous 
draught, poison. — (or bain) qui 
ehaufe, (fig.) F. Bain. JBotrcttw— ,to 
swallow a mouthful of water (in bath- 
ing) ; to make a bad spec, to experience 
a heavy loss ; to drink poison 

f BoTdllonnement, s.m, bubbling ; 
gushing, gush; boiling; ebullition; 
effervescence ; agitation ; buoyancy 
fBoTiillonner, v.n. to bubble ; to rip- 
ple ; to gush out ; to boil, to boil up or 
over; [jwp.) to lose money; — v.a. to 
puff, to full 
fBotdUote, BooiUotte, s.f. kettle, 
boiler; (rai7.) foot- warmer; (card-game) 
bouillote [simmer 

tBottHlotT, Bonillotter, v.n. t<> 
Botljaron, s.m. (nav.) tot [plantation 
Bonlaie, s.f. birch -grove, birch- 
Bonlange, s.f. grinding; baking; 

Bonlang-er, ^re,x.m./. baker; baker- 
woman ; baker's wife; —s.f. round 
(dance, tune) [bake 

Boolanger. v.n.a. to make bread, to 
Boulanserie, *./. bread - making, 
baking; biikehouse, bakery; baker's 
trade or shop or business ; bakers 
Bonlanty s.m. (pigeon) pouter, cropper 
B0Ul«, s.f. ball; bowl; bulb; head, 
sconce, pate, nob, noddle ; face, phiz ; 
wilg, senses; assurance, self-posseM- 
Bion, presence of mind ; vote. — d'eau 
ehaude, hot-water bottle. — drgomme, 
bull's-eye (tweet). — de mars, — de 

Nancy, (pharm.) steel-ball. de-neige, 

V. Nets*. Jeu de — , bowls ; bowling- 
alley or ground, bowling-green. Perdre 
^ — f (pop. for " perdre la tete ") V. 


TAte. Se mettre en —, to roll oneself 
up. .4 (or a la) — wue, hastily 

Boule s.m. Boule (a celebrated French 
cabinet-maker, 1642 to 1732); Boule- 
work, buhl-work, buhl; buhl piece of 
furniture. De — , buhl 

BoiUeau, a.m. birch, birch-tree 

Bouledogue, s.m. bull-dog 

Bouler, v.n. to swell, to rise; (of 
pigeons) to pout ; (pop.) to get on ; — v.a. 
V. Bouillor; (pop.) to beat; to 
thrash, to whack ; to blow up, to bully ; 

Bouleraie, s.f. V. Boulaie [to hustle 

Boulereau, s.m. (fish) goby, groundling 

Bouletj s.m. cannon-ball, ball, shot ; 
(punishment) chain and ball, dragging 
a cannon-ball ; (of a horse) fetlock-joint, 
pastern-joint. — mort, spent ball. — 
ram^, bar-shot, angel-shot, chain-shot. 
— rouge, red-hot shot. — de rupture, 
chilled shot, Palliser shot. Trainer le 
, (Jig.) to lead a wearisome life [joint 

Botllet6) e, adj. (vet.) upright in fetlock- 

Boulette, s.f. (small) ball ; pellet ; cob ; 
forcemeat ball ; poison-ball ; trip, slip ; 
blunder, mistake 

Bouleu-X, se, s.m.f. cob, stout hack, 
hard-working hack; (pers.) plodder, 

Boulevard, s.m. bulwark, rampart; 
public walk, walk; street, road; bou- 

Boulevarder, v.n. to frequent the 
Boulevards (of Paris), to lounge on the 

Boulevardier, frequenter of the 
Boulevards; journalist who is a fre- 
quenter of the Boulevard cafes 

Boule vardi^re, s.f. prostitute of a 
better class who walks the Boulevards 

Boulevari, s.m. (pop.) uproar, hubbub, 
rumpus, row, shindy 

Bouleversement, s.m. overthrow ; 
overturning ; destruction ; ruin ; up- 
setting ; subversion ; turning up or 
over; commotion, confusion, disorder ; 
convulsion; consternation; distraction 

Bouleverser, v.a. to overthrow; to 
overturn ; to destroy ; to ruin ; to up- 
set ; to subvert ; to turn up or over, to 
turn upside down or topsy-turvy; to 
throw into confusion or disorder; to 
derange, to disturb ; to agitate ; to 
convulse ; to unsettle, to unhinge ; 
to distract 

Boulevue. A (or a la) — , hastily 

Boullcbe, s.f. (fi^h.) wing-net 

Boulier, s.m. earthen pot ; (arith., — 
compteur) ball-frame, numerator (aba- 
cus for infant-schools) ; (fish.) wing-net 

BouUznie, s.f. (med.) bulimy 

Boulinxique, adj. (med.) bulimic 

Boulin, s.m. pigeon-hole ; putlog-hole ; 

Bouline, s.f. (nav.) bowline; gantlet. 
Aller or naviguer a la — , to turn to 
windward. Courir la — , passer a la — , 
to run the gantlet 

Bouliner, v.n. (nav.) to sail close- 
hauled; (/am.) to slouch [green sward 

Boulingxln, s.m. grass-plot, lawn, 

Boulinier, adj.m. (nav.) weatherly. 
Mauvnia — , leewardly 

BoulOche, s.f. apple or pear dumpling 

Bouloir, s.m. stirring-pole ; (mas.) larry 

Boulon, s.m. bolt ; pin 

Boulonals, e, adj. s.m.f. of ''oulofjiu, 
Boulognese, native of Boulog:io; — 
s.m. Boulogne district; —«./. Boulogne 

Boulonner, v.a. to bolt, to pin [fashion 

BoulOt, te, adj.s. squabby, dumpy; 
fat, plump ; squabby (or &c.) fellow or 
woman or girl or thing 

Boulotter, v.n. to go (or get) on or bo 
pretty well or so bo ; to scrape along, 
to jog on, to rub on ; — v.a. to jog on 
through, to rub through 

Boulvari, V. Bouievari 


Bouque, s.f. (nav., obsolete) strait, nar- 
row channel 
Bouquer, v.n. to knuckle doAvn, to sub- 
mit ; (nav.) to funk. Faire — , (old) to 
bring under ; (hunt.) to unearth 
Bouquet, s.m. cluster, clump ; bunch ; 
tuft; wisp; nosegay, posy, bouquet; 
birthday compliment, ode, sonnet ; 
birthday present; end, finish, best, 
crowning-piece ; prawn, prawns ; (of 
wine, of precious stones, of fireworks) 
bouquet [man 

Bouquetier, s.m. flower-vase; flower- 
Bouqueti^re, s.f. flower-girl or woman 
Bouquetin, s.m. bouquetin, ibex, wild 
goat [shrimp-net, prawn-net 

Bouqueton, Bouquetout, s.m. 
Bouquin, x.m. old (he-)goat; buck- 
hare; buck-rabbit; old hare; old 
book; paltry old book; (fam.) book; 
(of a tobacco-pipe) mouthpiece, tip. 
Mauvais — , worthless book 
Bouquinage, s.m. book-hunting 
Bouquine, s.f. (pop.) V. Barbiche 
Bouquiner, v.n. to hunt after old 
books; to pore over old books; to 
buck, to couple 
Bouquinerie, s.f. lot or heap of old 
books ; old books ; old (or second- 
hand) book trade ; passion for old 
books ; extracts from old books 
Bouquineur, s.m. book-hunter 
Bouquiniste, dealer in old 

books, second-hand bookseller 
Bouracan, s.m. ban-acan [hospital 
Bourbe, s.f. mud, mire; (pop.) lying-in 
Bourbeu-'x, se, adj. muddy, miry ; im- 
Bourbier, s.m. slough, quagmire ; bog ; 
mire ; mud ; puddle ; mess, scrape ; 
fix ; danger ; lurch ; sink of vice 
fBourbillon, s.m. dab ; (med.) core (of 

a boil) 
Bourbonien, ne, adj. Bourbonic 
Bourbon-isme, iste. V. page 3, § 1 
Bourcet, s.m. (nav.) Voile a — , lug-sail 
Bourcette, s.f. (bot.) corn-salad, lamb's 

Bourdaine, s.f. (bot.) alder-buckthorn, 
breaking buckthorn ; (gunpowder 
niafiu.) dogwood [bed-slipper 

BourdalOU, s.m. hat-baud ; bed-urinal, 
Bourde, s.f. fib, sham, flam, bounce, 
bouncer, whapper, humbug, lie ; (nav.) 
shore, prop [bug 

Bourder, v.n. to fib, to sham, to hum- 
Bourdeu-r, se, s.m.f. fibber, shammer 
Bourdigue, s.f. V. Bordigue 
f Bourdillon, s.m. (coop.) V. Merrain 
Bourdon, s.m. pilgrim's staff, staft'; 
humble-bee; drone-bee, drone; great 
bell, tom-bell, torn; (/IIM.S.) drone bass, 
drone; (of an organ) bourdon; (print.) 
out, omission. Faux — , (zool.) drone- 
bee, drone ; (mus.) faux-bourdon 
Bourdonnd, e, adj. (of paper) corru- 
gated ; (her.) pommee, pommettee 
Bourdonnement, s.m. humming, 
hum ; buzzing, buzz ; booming, boom ; 
murmur; whispering, whisper; ring- 
ing, singing (in the ears) 
Bourdonner, v.n.a. to hum ; to buzz ; 
to drone ; to boom ; to murmur ; to 
mutter ; to whisper ; to ring, to sing ; 
to din, to bother or pester with 
Bourdonnet, s.m. (surg.) dossil 
Bourg, s.m. town, market-town ; (pari., 
of England) hoTOUgh [village 

Botirgade, s.f. small town or large 
Bourg^ne, s.f. (bot.) V. Bourdaine 
Bourgeois, e, s.m.f. burgher, burgess ; 
citizen; citizeness ; townsman ; towns- 
woman; commoner; independent man 
or woman with a small competency; 
respectable man or woman ; private 
person ; civilian ; plain Mr, ; plain 
Mrs.; plain homely man or woman; 
cit ; employer ; master, governor ; mis- 


tress; landlord ; landlady ; gentleman ; 
lady; sir; ma'am; tradesman, shop- 
keeper ; plebeian ; common or vulgar 
person; snob; ship-owner, owner. 
Bon — , worthy citizen. Petit — , man 
of the lower middle-class. Petite — e, 
woman of the lower middle-class. Ma 
— e, {pop.) my missus (wife). A la — e, 
(cook.) plain, plainly dressed. Pjre en 
— , to be (dressed) in plain clothes or 
in mufti 

Bourgeois;, e, adj. citizenlike ; middle- 
class ; civil ; private ; respectable ; 
homely ; plain ; family ; common, vul- 
gar ; snobbish ; mean. Bal — , private 
ball. Cotnedie — e, amateur or private 
theatricals. Habit — , private or plain 
clothes. Vin — , pure wine, good sound 

Bourgeoisade, s,f. vulgar thing, plati- 
tude, &c. ; mean or shabby act 

Boiirgeoisement, adv. privately; re- 
spectably ; in a plain or homely way 
{or manner), plainly ; commonly ; vul- 
garly ; snobbishly ; meanly 

Bourgeoisie, s./. citizenship; citizens; 
bui-ghers, burgesses ; middle classes ; 
freedom of a city. Haute — , upper 
middle class, gentry. P-etitc — , lower 
middle-class, small gentry. Ih-oit de 
— , burghership; freedom of a city; 
ifig.) sanction, recognition, admit- 
tance, adoption; footing 

Bourgeon, bud ; gem ; (of vines) 
shoot ; {on the face) pimple ; grog- 
blossom. — s charnns, (med.) granula- 

Bourgeonn^, e, ndj. pimpled, pimply 

Bourgeonnement, s.m. budding; bud- 

Bourgeonner, v.n. to bud ; (of vines) 
to shoot; (fig.) to break (or come) out 
in pimples, to become pimpled; to 

Bourgeonnier, s.m. bullfinch 
Bourgeron, s.m. short frock, slop 
Bourgxnestre, s.m. burgomaster 
fBourgOgne, s.m. bui-gundy (wine) 
Bourgudpine, V. Alateme 
fBourguignon, ne, adj. s.m.f. Bur- 
gundian ; — s.f. Burgundian fashion ; 
— s, (nav.) brash ice 
Bourle, s.f. (obsolete) trick, hoax 
Bourlinguer, v.n. (nav.) to labour, to 
work hard, to strain, to be beaten 
Bourrache, s.f. (bot.) borage [about 
Bourrade, s.f. snap, snapping; blow, 
thump, buffet, cuff; beating; blowing 
up, bullying ; taunt, hard hit, home- 
thrust; blow with the butt-end of a 
gun ; recoil ; kick 
Bourrage, s.m. stuffing ; wadding ; fill- 
ing ; ramming ; tamping 
Bourrasque, s.f. squall ; fit of anger, 
tantrum ; caprice, whim ; fit ; burst, 
explosion ; violent attack or relapse, 
paroxysm ; commotion ; vexation 
Bourre, s.f. hair; flock; floss; fluff; 
waste ; stuffing ; wad, wadding : pad- 
ding ; tamping; down; bud; dried 
husk; (fig.) padding, surplusage, 
worthless matter, trash, rubbish. — 
de coco, cocoa-nut fibre, cocoa-fibre, 
coir. — de coton, cotton-waste. — de 
laine, flock of wool. — de sole, floss- 
silk. Lit de — , flock-bed 
Bourreau, s.m. executioner, heads- 
man, hangman; cruel wi-etch, brutal 
fellow, brute; tormenter, torturer; 
persecutor; tyrant; murderer; enemy; 
torment; (obsolete) villain, rascal, 
sirrah. — d^argent, spendthrift 
Bourr^e, s.f. fagot of brushwood; 
blowing-up, bullying; hustling; bour- 
r6e, boree (dance, tune) 
Bourreler, v.a. to torment, to torture, 

to rack, to harrow, to sting, to goad 
Bourrelet, s.m. pad ; cushion ; sand- 


bag; (chiUVx) head-pad or tumbling- 
cap; (horse's) collar; roll; round 
(cylindrical) border; flange; {bot.,hort.) 
round swelling, swelling, callus ; (nav.) 
puddening, pudding 
Bourrelier, s.m. harness-maker 
Bourrellement, s.m. torment, torture; 

twinge, twitch; sting 
Bourrellerie, s.f. harness-making ; 

Bourre-pipe, s.m. tobacco-stopper 
Bourrer, v.a. to stuff; to wad ; to pad; 
to cram ; to fill ; to choke up ; to ram ; 
to tamp ; to thrust ; to push ; to snap ; 
to take to task, to blow up, to bully ; 
to hustle; to beat ; to abuse; — v.n. to 
he filling ; (of a horse) to bolt. — de 
coups, to belabour. — d'injures, to 
load with abuse 
Bourrette, s.f. floss- silk (the envelope 
of the cocoon) ; bourrette (textile fabric : 
a mixture of waste-silk and cotton) 
Bourricbe, s./.frail, basket (for poultry, 
game, or fish ; also, a basket containina 
12 dozen oysters, that is, about half the 
quantity of a " cloyere ") 
Bourrier, s.m. chaff'; leather-parings 
Bctirrique, sf. she -ass, jenny-ass; 
donkey, moke ; handbarrow. Towner 
en — , to become stupid or crazy. 
Faire tourner en — , to worry (one) out 
of his mind or senses, to drive {07ie) 
Bourriquet, s.m. ass's foal, young ass, 
little ass ; handbarrow ; windlass ; 
horse (tech.) [driver 

Bourriqui-er, hre, s.m.f. donkey- 
Bourrir, v.n. (of partridges) to whir 
Bourrissexnent, s.m. (of partridges) 
whirring, whir [iron 

Bourroir, s.m. tamping-bar, tamping- 
Bourru, e, adj. surly,churlish, crabbed, 
crusty, peevish ; rough ; unfermented ; 

— s.m. surly man, churl, bear. — bien- 
faisant, good-hearted bear 

Bourse, s.f. purse ; bag ; pouch ; saddle- 
bag ; purse-net, bag-net ; exhibition, 
scholarship, bursary ; free education ; 
nomination ; exchange, change, stock- 
exchange, money-market; (a7iat.) sac; 
(surg.) suspensory bandage ; (bot.) wrap- 
per; — s, jd. (of a college) foundation; 
(anat.) scrotum, cod, cods. — de (or en) 
filet, network purse. Filet en — , purse- 
net. La — on la vie, your money or 
your life, stand and deliver. Petite — , 
small purse ; after-hours 'Change. Sans 

— delier, without any expense. Selon 
ta — gouverne ta bonche, cut your coat 
according to your cloth 

Boursette, s.f. little purse ; (bot.) shep- 
herd's purse ; corn-salad, lamb's let- 

Boursicaut, Boursicot, s.m. small 
purse, purse ; (small) savings, (little) 

Boursicoter, v.n. to save a little 
money ; to speculate in the funds on a 
small scale, to dabble in the public 
funds ; to club together 

Boursicoteur, Boursicotier, s.m. 
speculator on 'Change in a small way, 
dabbler in the public fundn 

Boursi-er, fere, s.m.f. purse-maker ; — 
s.m. foundation scholar, foundationer, 
exhibitioner, bursar; sizar, servitor; 
speculator on 'Change 

fBoursiller, Boursillonner, v.n. to 
club together ; to contribute some- 
thing; to spend money, to pay money, 
to come down, to fork out, to shell out 

fBoursillon, s.m. small purse 

Boursouflage, s.m. bombast, fustian 

Boursoufle, e, adj. swollen ; puffed 
up or out, bloated ; puffy ; inflated, 
turgid, bombastic ; — s.m.f. bloated 
man or woman or girl; — s.m. bombast, 
bombastic style 


Boursouflexuent, s.m. puffiness,bloat- 
edness ; (chem.) expansion 

Boursoufler, v.a. to swell ; to puff up 
or out, to Moat ; to inflate ; to make 
turgid or bombastic. Se — , to swell ; 
to become bloated; (chem.) to expand 

Boursouflure, .<(./. swelling ; puftiness, 
bloatedness ; turgidness, bombast, fus- 

Bousage, .».»?,. dunging [tian 

Bousctaade,Bouscul6e, 8./.,Bous- 
CUlement, s.m. turning topsy-turvy; 
hustling, jostling, pushing, push; 
blowing-up, bullying 

Bousculer, v.a. to turn topsy-turvy or 
upside down; to upset; to hustle, to 
jostle, to push about ; to drive ; to 
hurry ; to knock about ; to blow up, to 

Bouse, sf. dung (of cattle) [bully 

Bouser, v.a. to dung 

Bousier, s.m. (zool.) dung-beetle 

fBousillage, s.m. cob, mnd ; cob-wall, 
mud-wall; (fig.) bungled or botched 
work, bungle, botch, jerry-work 

fBousiller, v.n. to build with cob or 
mud ; — v.a. to bungle, to botch 

fBousilleu-r, se, s.m.f. cob or mud- 
wall builder ; jerry-builder ; bungler, 
botcher; waster 

Bousin, s.m. sandvent (sojt outside of 
freestone) ; inferior turf or peat ; row, 
dust, shindy ; bawdy house ; low pot- 

Bousineur , s.m. ( pop.) roisterer, rioter 

BousingOt, s.m. sailor's hat 

Boussard, s.m. shotten herring 

Boussole, s.f. mariner's compass, sea- 
compass, compass, needle ; guide ; rule ; 
( pop.) headpiece ; head, wits, senses 

fBoustifaille, s.f. stuffing, grub, crea- 
ture comforts [grub 

fBoustifailler, v.n. (pop.) to feed, to 

Boustroph6don, s.m., Boustrophfe- 
done, adj.f. (ant.) boustrophedon 

Bout, s.m. end ; extremity ; tip ; top ; 
point ; bit ; piece ; stump ; nipple ; fer- 
rule ; muzzle; {of a foil) button; (tech.) 
end-piece; (obsolete) head, bow (of a 
ship) ; (fish) mole-but. — coupe, cheroot. 
— ferre, tag ; ferrule. — -rim4, s.m. 
stanza made with given rhymes. — s- 
rim^s, (rhymes given to be formed 
into verse) bouts-rimes, crambo. — 
d'aile, — de Van, &c., V. Aile, An, &c. 
— de chemin, distance, way. — de gigot, 
(of viutton) chump-end. — de lettre, 
line or two, — de sein, nipple, teat; 
nipple-shield, — de table, end-piece 
(ornament)). — de vergue, (nav.) yard- 
arm. Bas — , lower end. Haut — , up- 
per end, (of a table) head. ^ — , at an 
end ; at a stand ; tired out ; exhausted, 
spent ; hard up ; at o.'s wits' end ; at 
the CTid of o.'s tether ; out of temper ; 
out of patience. A — de . .., out of 
. . ., at o.'s last . . ., having exhausted 
o.'s ...A — de forces, exhausted, spent. 
A — portant, V. Portant. D'mi — a 
Vautre, de — en — , from one end to the 
other, from end to end ; from beginning 
to end; all over, all through, through- 
out. Tout le — du monde, the very ut- 
most. Joindre les deux — s, to make 
both ends meet. Mettre or pousser a — , 
to confound, to nonplus, to drive into 
a corner, to put to a stano^to stop the 
I mouth of, to put or reduce to o.'s last 
I shifts ; to tire out ; to exhaust ; to re- 
duce ; to overcome ; to drive to ex- 
I tremities ; to put out of patience, to 
I provoke or excite beyond endurance, 
to exasperate ; to go through with ; to 
press home ; to carry to extremes ; to 
strain. Savoir sur le — du doigt, to have 
at o.'s finger-ends. Veiiir a — de, to 
bring about, to compass; to succeed 
in ; to accomplish : to be able (to) ; to 
contrive (to) ; to manage (to) ;^o man- 
age to do; to get through; ro make 


out ; to bring round ; to overcome, to 

master, to conquer, to get the better of 

Boutade, «•/• whim, freak, fit, fancy ; 

pet, tiff; start, sally; humouristic 

verses [mullet roe) 

Boutargue, «•/. botargo (sausage of 

Bout-dehorS; ».»n. (nav.) boom 

Bout6, e, adj. (of a horse) r.Boulet^; 

[of wine) turned ropy ; (0/ whetit) mil- 

Bouteau, s.m. V. Bouteux [dewed 

Boute-charse, «.w. (mil) trumpet 

sound to loud the horses 
Bout6e, J*./, larch.) abutment 
Boute- en -train; s.m. (gtalUon in a 
breeding stud^ teaser ; (bird) piper, bird 
that excites others to sing; (vers.) ex- 
hilarating companion, leader, life and 
soul, life of the party 
Boutefen, s.m. (in old gunnery) portfire- 
stick ; ( pers.) incendiary, firebrand 
Boute-liorfl, a.m. (nav.), obsolete for 

Arc«t>oatant) outrigger 
fBouteille, ».f. bottle; flask; jar; 
bottleful; bubble; (nav.) water-closet, 
priv)- ; — «, pi. (nav.) quarter-galleries. 
— eU Leyde, ( phya.) Leyden jar or phial. 
Fauase — , (nav.) quarter-badge, badge. 
La — a Tenere, V. Encre. Ne voir les 
ehoaea que par le trou d'une — , to take a 
very narrow view of things, to be igno- 
rant of the world [bearer 
fBouteiller, a.m. (obsolete) butler, cup- 
fBouteillerie, «./. bottle-making ; 
bottle-trade ; bottle-warehouse ; bottle- 
room ; butlership 
BontelOf, a.m. (nan.) boomkin, bumkin 
BontaT; v.a. to pare ; to flesh ; to paper 
( pins) ; (obsolete) to put ; to put on ; — 
r.n. (of wine) to turn ropy, to get thick ; 
{of wheat) to get mildewed 
Bouterolle, »./. chape (of a scabbard) 
Bouteroue, a.m. tram-road; spur-post 
Boute-selle, a.m. (mil.) trumpet sound 

to saddle 
Boute-tOUt-cnire, a.m. spendthrift 
Bonteuse, «./. {pera.) pin-sticker 
BonteuXi a.m. (fish.) putting -net, 

shrimp-net, prawn-net 
Bouticlar, a.m. (fish.) well-boat ; cauf 
Boutien, ne, adj. s. Oros- — , (t« Gul- 
liver's Travels) Big-eudian. Petit- — , 
fBontiUier, a.m. V. BouteiUer 
BOUtiqne; a.f. shop; concern; work- 
shop ; stall ; booth, stand, standing : 
shop-goods, goods, wares ; stock ; ped- 
lar's basket, packman's pack; set of 
tools, tools, implements ; shopkeepers ; 
workmen, men, people, hands ; busi- 
ness; work, doing; set, clan, gang, 
coterie, clique ; well-boat ; cauf 
Boutiquer, v.a. ( pop.) to bnndU up, to 

botch up 
Boutiqni-er, *re, a.m.f. shopkeeper, 
tradesman, tradeswoman ; vulgar or 
grovelling fellow ; — adj. shopkeeping ; 
Boutls, a.m. (hunt.) rooting-place 
BontiSM) a.f. (mas.) header [pai-er 

Bontoir, «.m. snout; farrier's knife, 
Bonton, a.m. button ; stud ; bud ; gem ; 
pimple ; pustule ; nipple ; knob ; handle ; 
iiead sight, bead, sight. — d'argent, 
(bok) (wflite) lmch<'lor'8 button. — 
d'or, (bot.) V. Bassinet. Serrer le — 
fi, to keep a tight hand over ; to urge, 
to pn-ss liard, to put the screw on 
Boutonn^, e,adj. l>nttoned; buttoned 
up ; dose, n;8«;rv<-d ; in bnd ; pimpled, 
pimpiv ; ("/ aurg. inatr.) probe-puintiMl 
Boutonnement, a.m. I>uddiug; but- 
Boutonner, v.a. to button ; to button 
up; ifenr.) to U^uch ; (fig.) to annoy, 
tol)ore; — r.n. to bud; to br«'ak out 
in pimples. Se — , to button o.'s 
clothes ; to button ; to bc<x)me pimpled 
Boutonneri«;«/. btttton-trade, buttou- 


making or manufacture, button-manu- 
factory; buttons [pled; rough 
Boutonneu-x, se, adj. pimply, pim- 
Boutonnier, s.m. button-maker 
Boutonni^re, s.f. button-hole; (fig.) 

incision ; cut, gash, wound 
Bout-rini6, a.m. See under Bout 
Bouturage, a.m. (hort.) planting of 

slips, propagation by slips 
Bouture, s.f. (hort.) slip, cutting, 

piping; sucker 
Bouturer, v.a. to propagate by slips ; 

— v.n. to shoot suckers 
Bouvart, s.m. young bull 
Bouveau, Bouvelet, s.m. steer, young 
Bouverie, s.f. ox-stall [bullock 

Bouveret, Bouvret, s.m. orange 

grosbeak, Bourbon bullfinch 
Bouveron, Bouvron, s.m. lineated 

grosbeak, African bullfinch 
Bouvet,a.TM. (carp.) (—femelle) grooving- 
plane, plough, (— vidle) tonguing-plane 
Bouveter, v.a. (carp.) to groove and 
tongue. Planches bouvetees, match- 
Bouvi-er, ire, neatherd, ox- 
driver, drover; (fig.) boor; — s.m. 
(astr.) Bootes 
fBouvillon, s.m. steer, young bullock 
Bouvrette, s.f. bullfinch-organ, bird- 
■fBouvreuil, s.m. bullfinch [organ 

j3ovid6, e, adj. bovid; — s, 8.m.j)l, 

Bovine, adj.f. bovine. Betes —a, bovine 
animals,(horned) cattle. Race — ,bovine 
race. Peste — , cattle plague 
Box, horse-box, loose box, box 
Boxe, s.f. boxing, pugilism 
Boxer, v.n.a., Se — , v.r. to box ; to fight 
Boxeu-r, se, boxer, pugilist, 

Boxon, s.m. (pop.) bawdy house 
Boyard, a.m. adj. boyar, boyard (Rus- 
sian nobleman) 
Boyart, s.m. V. Bayart 
Boyau, s.m. gut, bowel; catgut; chit- 
terling ; long and narrow place ; small 
gallery ; passage ; slip, strip ; hose- 
pipe, hose (to carry water) ; (fort.) 
boyau. Corde a (or de) — , catgut. 
Racier le — , to play badly on the violin 
(or other stringed instrument), to 
scrape. Rendre tripes ct — x, to bring 
o.'s heart up 
Boyauderie, s.f. gut-works, catgut- 
manufactory ; gut- working 
Boyaudier, a.m. gut-worker, gut- 
spinner, catgut-maker 
Boycottage, s.m. boycotting 
Boycotter, v.a. to boycott 
Braban^on, ne, adj. Brabantine ; — 
s.jre./. Brabanter; — a.f. Braban9onne 
(patriotic song of the Belgians) 
Brabant, s.m. Belgian plough 
Bracelet, s.m. bracelet, armlet, bangle 
tBracllial, e, adj. (anat.) brachial 
^Brachiopode, adj. m.f., s.m. (zool.) 

{Bracliniane, s.m. V. Brabtnane 
iBrachy-graphie, -logie. V. p.3, § 1 
Braconnage, s.m. poaching [ing 

Braconner, v.n. to ijoach, to go poadi- 
Braconnier, s.m. poacher ; game- 
Bractiaire, Bract6al, e, adj. (bot.) 

Bract^e, s.f. (bot.) bract, bractea 
Bractiifibre, adj. (bot.) bracteate 
Bract6olalre, adj. (bot.) bracteolar 
Bract6ole, s.f. (bot.) bracteole ; (tech.) 

gold leaf or clippings 
Bract6ol6, e, adj. (bot.) bracteolate 
Bradype, a.m. {zool.) bradvpus, sloth 
Bradypepsie, «./. (med.) bradvpepsia, 

slow digestion 
Brague, a.f. (nav.) breeching; — s, pi. 
(m Brittany) breeches, knickerbockers 
Braguette, «./. v. Brayette 


Brahmane, Brahnie, Brahmine, Biahmin, Brahman [page 8, S i 
Brahman-ique, -isme, -iste. k 
Brahmin-ique, -isme, -iste. V. 

page 3, § 1 , .. , . 

Brai, s.m. resm, rosin ; pitch ; tar 
Braie, s.f. napkin, clout ; breeches, pair 

of breeches ; drawers, pair of drawers ; 

(fish.) weir, kiddle, garth ; (nav.) coat ; 

(fort.) outer wall, screen. Lcs —s netlei, 

unharmed, clear ofi" 
fBraillard, e, adj. bawling, brawling, 

squalling, noisy, obstreperous ; — s.m.j. 

bawler, brawler, squaller ; mouther ; 

scold l^.ag^:) wheat-chati' 

fBraille, s.f. herring salting-shovel ; 
f Braillenxent; s.m. bawling, brawling, 

fBrailler, v.n. to bawl, to brawl, to 

squall ; — v.a. to salt (herrings) in a 

fBraillerie, sf. V. Braiiiement 
fBraiUeu-r, se, adj. s. V. Braillard 
Braiment, Braire, s.m. braying 
Braire, r.n. to bray; (pop.) to cry, to 

Braise, s.f. embers, live or burning 

coals (of wood) ; quenched charcoal ; 

( — de houille) breeze; (cook.) braise; 

(pop.) cash, tin, rhino, dust. A la — , 

(cook.) braised 
Brais6, a.m. (cook.) braise, braised 

meat, braised dish [to pay 

Braiser, v.a.n. (cook.) to braise ; (pop.) 
Braisier, s.m. charcoal-bin 
Braisiire, s.f. braising-pan ; cinder-pail 
Brak, adj.m. half-salted (herring) 
Brame, s.m. V. Brahmane 
Bramee, sf., Bramement, s.m. (of 

deer) belling, treating, troat 
Bramer, v.n. (of deer) to bell, to troat 
Bramin, Bramine, s.m. V. Brah- 
Bran, s.m. bran; sawdust; (pop.) ex- 
crement, dirt. — de Judas, freckles 
Brancard, s.m. stretcher ; handbarrow ; 

litter ; shaft, thill (of a carriage) ; (in 

the body of a carriage, — de caisse) 

bottom side 
Brancardier,s.»i.stretcherman ; hand- 

barrowman ; shaft-horse, wheel-horse, 

wheeler, thill-horse, thiller 
Brancliage, a.m. branches, boughs ; 

horns (of a deer) 
Branche, s.f. branch; bough; pin- 
wire ; side (of a ladder, of spectacles) ; 

rib (of an umbrella) ; bow (of a sword) ; 

shank (of a key); leg or branch (of 

com.pas8es) ; sprig (of embroidery) ; (nav.) 

bridle, leg ; (pop.) friend. — •ursine, 

s.f. (hot.) brankursine, bear's-breech 
Branchement, s.m. branching 
Brancher, v.n., Se — , v.r. to perch (on 

a tree, on trees); (fig.) to perch (atiy- 

where), to be perched ; — v.a. to hang 

on a tree ; to branch 
Branchette, s.f. branchlet, twig 
Branchial, e, adj. (anat.) branchial 
Branchier, adj.m. Oiseau — , brancher 
Brancllies,8./.pZ. (anat.) branchiae, gills 
Br anchiopode ,«.?». (200 Z.) bra n ch i( >pod 
Branchipe, a.m. (zool.) fairy-shrimp 
Brancliu, e, adj. branchy 
Branc- ursine, s.f. (bot.) brankursine, 

Brand, s.m. (old) two-handed sword 
Brandade,s./. (cook.) brandade (manner 

of cooking cod) 
Brande, s.f. heather, ling ; heath, 

moor ; twig ; (nav.) bavin 
Brandebourg, s.m. gimp, braid, frog, 

shell, loop or stripe of lace, lace facing ; 

— s.f. (obsolete) long-sleeved jacket ; 

arbour, summer-house 
Brandebourgeois, e, adj. s. of Bran- 
denburg ; Brandenburger 
Branderie, a.f. brandy-distillery 
BrandeviU; a.m. brandy 


f Brandillement, swinging, dang- 
ling, shaking about 

fBrandiller, v.a.n., Se — , v.r. to swing, 
to dangle, to shake about 

fBrandilloire, 8.f. swing ; swing- 
plough l{carp.) to pin 

Brandir, v.a. to brandish, to flourish ; 

Brandissement) «.m. brandishing, 
flourishing, flourish 

Brandon, a.m. wisp of straw {to indicate 
seizure of crops) ; lighted wisp of straw, 
link ; brand, firebrand. Saisie- — , V. 
Saisie [land) for seizure of crops 

Brandonner, v.a. to mark (a piece of 

Bran6ej s.f. bran-and-water, hog-wash 

Branlant, e, adj. swinging; shaking, 
shaky ; wagging ; loose ; tottering ; 
rocking. Bocher — , roche — e, pierre 
—e, rocking-stone, logan 

Branle, s.m. swinging, shaking ; swing, 
full swing ; peal ; impulse, impetus ; 
motion ; agitation ; brawl, reel (dance, 
tune) ; hammock. Donner le — d, to 
set going, to give an impulse to. Mener 
le —, to lead the dance, to take the 
lead, to set the example 

Branle-baS;;i<.m. (nav.) quarters ; {favi.) 
turning upside down, confusion, dis- 
order, disarray, disturbance ; hubbub, 
uproar ; moving, removal, flitting ; 
rush. — de combat, (nav.) clearing for 
action. — / (nav.) pipe the men to 
quarters ! Faire le — du matin, (nw.) 
to turn the hands up. Faire le — du 
soir, (nav.) to assemble at evening 
quarters. Faire — de combat, (nav.) to 
clear for action. Faire du — , (jam.) 
to kick up a row 

Branlement, s.m. swinging, shaking, 
shake ; wagging ; agitation ; tottaring ; 
wavering {(worm) brandling 

Branle- queue, s.m, (bird) wagtail; 

Branler, v.a.n. to swing ; to shake ; to 
wag ; to move ; to totter ; to rock ; to 
stir; to be loose or unsteady; (mil.) to 
give way, to waver. — dans le manche, 
to be shaky ; to totter ; to decline ; to 
lose popularity; to be in an unsafe 
position; to be in a dangerous state; 
to hesitate, to waver, to be irresolute 

Branloire, s.f. see-saw; (offorgc-belloios) 

Braque, s.m.f. brach-hound, brach ; 
(Jig.) hare-brained or eccentric fellow, 
madcap ; — adj. hare-brained, eccen- 
tric, touched, cracked ; — s, s./.pZ. claws 
(of a crab, &c.) [hanger 

Braquemart, s.m. (old) broadsword, 

Braquement; s.m. pointing ; turning 

Braquer, v.a. to point; to turn, to 
direct ; to fix 

Bras, s.m. (part of the body) arm ; (per- 
son) hand; {of various things) arm; 
branch ; handle ; bracket, sconce ; 
shaft ; (of a crab, &c.) claw ; (of a whale ) 
fin; {fig.) arm; hand; power; might; 
influence, credit ; strength ; courage, 
valour ; assistance, aid ; labour, labour 
of o.'s hands ; jaws (of death) ; agent, 
instrument; inlet, canal, strait ; (nav.) 
brace (of a yard). — dessus — dessous, 
arm in arm. A—, with arms; by 
strength of arms; by hand; (in com- 
pounds : of utensils) hand [Ex. : = Mou- 
lin a — , Bateau a — , S^c, hand-mill, 

, hand-rake, &c.] A Ic-corpx, round 

the waist. A pleins — , by armfuls. A 
— raccourci, a tour de — , with all o.'s 
might. A — tendu, with outstretched 
arm, at arm's length. Gros comme le — , 
i.fiff-) plenty; with a vengeance; at 
every word.' Sur les — , on (or in) o.'s 
arms ; on o.'s hands ; on or in hand ; 
against one, to contend with ; to main- 
tain ; about one, on o.'s heels. Casser 

■ . or couper — etjambes a, (fig.) to disable 
completely, to render powerless or help- 
less, to put a spoke in . . .'s wheel, to 


take the wind out of . . .'s sails ; to 

astound, to dumbfound ; to discourage. 

Se donner le — , to go arm in arm, to 

take hold of each other's arm. Faire 

les beaux — , to aff'ect grand airs. Ten- 

dre les — a, to hold out o.'s arras to ; 

to offer assistance to ; to succour ; to 

implore the aid of. Les — m'e?i sont 

tombes, I was astounded 

Brasement, s.m. brazing 

Braser, v.a. to braze ; — v.n. to crackle 

Brasero, s.m. brasier, coal-pan [brasier 

Brasier, s.m. clear bright fire ; coal-pan, 

Brasi^re, s.f. coal-pan, brasier [ling 

fBrasillement, s.m. (of the sea) spark- 

fBrasiller, v.a. to broil ; — v.n. (of the 

sea) to sparkle [coal-dust 

Brasque, s.f. mixture of loam and char- 

Brasquer, v.a. to line with loam and 

Brassage, s.m. mixing, stirring up; 
mashing ; brewing ; (obsolete) brassage 
Brassard, brassart, brace, bracer, 
arm-piece ; arm-guard ; armlet ; arm- 
band ; badge (on the arm) 
Brasse, s.f. fathom ; (in swimming) 
stroke. Pain de — , large loaf weighing 
from 20 to 25 pounds. Nager a la —, to 
swim hand overhand 
Brass6e, s.f. armful; (in swimming) 

stroke ; (in rowing) reach 
Brassement, s.m. brewing 
Brasser, v.a. to mix, to stir up ; to 
mash ; to brew ; (fish.) to beat (the 
water) ; (fig.) to concoct, to contrive, to 
plot, to hatch; to despatch, to knock 
off; — v.a.n. (nav.) to brace. Se — , to 
be brewed or brewing 
Brasserie, sf. brewery; brew-house; 
beer-shop, beer-house, ale-house, pub- 
Brasseu-r, se, s.m.f. brewer 
Brasseyage, s.m. (nav.) bracing 
Brassiage, s.m. (nav.) fathoming ; depth 

of water, depth 
Brassicaire, adj. of cabbages, cabbage; 

— s.m. cabbage-butterfly or moth 
Brassieres, s.f. pi. cabbage tribe 
Brassicourt, adj. s.m. bandy-legged 

Brassiere, s.f. shoulder-strap, brace; 
bodice with shoulder-straps ; (of a 
carriage) arm-rest, pillar-holder; (fig.) 
Brassin, s.m. mash-tub, mash-tun ; 
brewing (quantity brewed) ; (of soap) 
boiling (quantity boiled) 
Brasure, s.f. brazing [bully, hector 
Bravache, s.m. blusterer, swaggerer, 
Bravade, s.f. bravado, brag, bluster 
Brave, adj. brave, courageous ; gallant, 
valiant ; bold ; honest ; good, excellent, 
worthy, nice ; smart, fine, spruce ; first- 
rate, grand. IJn homme — , a brave or cou- 
rageous man. Un — homme, an honest 
man ; a good or worthy or nice man (or 
fellow). Un — garpon, a brave fellow ; a 
good boy; an honest lad or fellow; a 
good fellow; a nice or fine fellow, a 
brick. — comme une noce (or comme un 
lapin or comme un jour de Pdques), as 
fine as five pence 
Brave, s.m. brave or courageous or 
valiant man, gallant fellow, hero; brave 
soldier ; good or worthy man ; nice or 
fine fellow; good fellow, good friend; 
(obsolete) bravo, ruffian. — d troispoils, 
hard-fighter ; man of courage, true blue, 
regular game. Faxix — , braggart. Mon 
— , my good man, my man, my good 
fellow, my good friend. Vieux — , brave 
veteran. JE;?i—, bravely, gallantly. Faire 
le — , to affect bravery, to bluster 
Bravement, adv. bravely, courageous- 
ly, gallantly, valiantly, stoutly; ably, 
skilfully, cleverly, deftly, well; finely; 
gloriously, capitally ; boldly, unhesita- 
tingly, without ceremony 


Braver, v.a. to brave ; to face , to dare, 
to defy, to set at defiance ; to beard .' 
not to fear ; to despise ; to taunt 
Braverie, «./. (old) rashness; finery, 

fine clothes 
Bravissimo, int. bravissimo ! 
Bravo, «.m. (pi. Bravi) (assassin) bravo 

(pZ. bravoes) 
Bravo, s.m. (pi. Bravoa) bravo (pi. bra- 
vos), cheer, applause ; — tn«. bravo ! 
hurrah ! hurrah for . . . ! well done ! 
capital ! excellent ! hear, hear I 

Bravoure, s.f. bravery, valour, gallant- 
ry, courage ; — s, pi. exploits. Air de 
— , (mus.) bravura. Genre de—, bravura 

Braye, s.f. puddle, puddling [style 

Brayer, s.m. (surg.) truss; (tech.) belt, 

Brayer, v.a. (nav.) to pay (with pitch) 

Brayette, s.f. (of trousers) fly, slit, (old 
fashioned) flap, fall ; (hot.) cowslip 

Brayon, s.m. fall-trap, dead-fall (for 

Break, s.m. break (carriage) [vermin) 

Br6ant, s.m. V. Bruant 

Brebis, «./. ewe ; sheep ; — s, pi. ewes ; 
sheep ; flock. — galeuse, scabby sheep ; 
(jpers.) black sheep. Repas de—, dry 
meal. A — tondue Dieu, mesure le vent, 
God tempers the wind to the shorn 
lamb. C^est bien la — du bon Dieu, he is 
as gentle as a lamb. — comptees le loup 
les mange, we must watch as well as 

Brdche, s.f. breach ; gap ; opening ; 
hole ; notch ; break ; flaw ; deficiency ; 
infraction ; injury, wrong, damage ; 
(mi7i.) breccia, brockram. — osseuse, 
osseous breccia, bone-breccia 

Br^che -dents, adj. s.m.f. ■ broken- 
mouthed ; broken-mouthed person 

Brecbet, s.m. (anat.) breast-bone ; 
(fam.) stomach [biscuit 

Br^chetelle, s.f. beer-bisc«it, lunch- 

Bredi-breda, adv. hastily, hurry- 

Bredindin, s.m. (nav.) Spanish burton 

fBredOUillage, s.m. sputtering; jab- 
bering, jabber, broken words or sen- 

fBredouiUe, s.f. (at backgamvwn) gam- 
mon ; — adj. (at backgammon) gam- 
moned ; (of sportsmen, and fig.) with an 
empty bag (or game-bag), without 
having killed or taken any game or 
caught any fish, without having found 
or done anything, with a failure, with 
a blank, empty-handed, disappointed. 
Sortir — , to go away as one came. Se 
coucher — , to go to bed supperless 

fBredouiUement, s.m. sputtering, 
sputter, jabbering [ber 

fBredouiUer, v.a.n. to sputter, to jab- 

fBredouilleu-r, se, s.m.f. sputterer, 

Bref, m., Br^ve, /., adj. brief, short, 
curt, concise ; laconic ; quick ; — s.f. 
See below 

Bref, s.m. brief ; church-calendar 

Bref, adv. in short, finally, in a few 
words, in one word, to cut the matter 
short ; briefly, concisely, curtly ; 

Breguet, s.m. (proper name) Breguet; 
— s.f. Breguet watch. Cle (or clef) — , 
V. C16 

-f-Briliaigne, adj. f. (of animals) barren, 
sterile ; — s.f. (pop.) barren or sterile 

^ woman 

Brelan, s.m. brelan (game at cards) ; 
pair-royal, parial; gambling or gam- 
ing-house [gamble 

Brelander, v.n. to play cards; to 

Brelandi-er, 6re, «.w./. card-player; 

Brel^e, s.f. winter fodder (for sheep) 

Brelingue, s.f. shabby old carriage 

Brelique-breloque, adv. at ftndoi|i, 
higgledy-piggledy, slapdash 


Brelle, •>■./. raft I 

Breloque, »•/. trinket ; charm ; pen- ] 
dant ; ( pop.) clock : (mil.) dismiss. 
Battre la — , to beat the dismiss ; (Jig.) 
to be put out or bewildered, to talk 
wildlv, to ramble [woolsey 

Brelucbe, «./. (obgoMe) drugs*; Imsey- 
Br^me. s.f. bream ( rt*«/i) I of Bremen 
Brexnois, e, adj. s. of Bremen, native 
Breneu-x, se, adj. ^pop.) dirty, soiled 
Bresil, x.m. Brazil-wood 
Br6silien, ne, adj. s. Brazilian; Bra- 
zilian fashion. Chapeau —, Brazilian 
grass hat, chip-hat 
fBr^siller, v.a. to break small, to 
shiver, to smash ; to dye with Brazil 
wood ; — v.n. to fall into dust 
tBresillet, «.m. braziletto 
Bresolles, (cook.) veal-coUops 
Bressan, e, adj. «. of Bresse; native of 
Bresse [kind of dance 

fBretagne, s.f. Brittany linen-cloth ; 
tBr6tailler, v.n. to fight, to fence, to 

tilt : t.. bully 
fBr^taiUeur, s.w. fighter, bully 
Bretaudd, C, adj. crop-eared 
Bretauder, v.a. to crop ; to cut too 

short : to crop (. . /s) ears 
Bretdche, «./. (old) breteche, fortress, 
castlo [pender 

Bretelle, .s./. brace; strap; sling; sus- 
BretessS, e, adj. (her.) bretesse 
Breton, ne, adj.s.m.f. Breton (of Brit- 
tany) ; Breton horse or mare ; — »./. 
Breton fashion 
Bretonnant, e, adj. speaking the 

low Breton-; of Lower Brittany 
Brette, i^.f. rapier, long sword 
Bretteler, Bretter, v.a. to indent, to 

tooth ; to boast ; to point 
Bretteur, s.m. fighter, duellist, bully 
Bretture, «./. teeth, notches ; boasting 

fBreuil, s.m. enclosed coppice 
fBreuiUes, s.f.i>l. (fish.) guts (offish) 
Breuvage, s.m. beverage, drink; 
draught; potion; liquor; (vet.) drench 
Br^ve, adj., feminine of Href; — s.f. 
(gram.) short, short syllable ; (mus.) 
breve; (bird) ant-thrush, ant-catcher, 
Brevet, s.m. patent ; letters patent : 
brevet ; certificate, diploma ; {formerly 
of printers nnd booksellers) licence; 
(mil.) commission ; (admin., mil.) war- 
rant; indentures, indenture (of ap- 
prenticeship) [able 
Brevetable, adj. patentable; licens- 
Brevet6, e, part. adj. patented, &c. (V. 
Breveter) ; patent; by appoint- 
ment ; warrant ; (nav.) qualified, 
trained ; — s.m.f. patentee ; licensee 
Breveter, v.a. to grant a patent to ; to 
])ateut; to license ; to brevet; to cer- 
tificate ; to commission 
Brevenx, s.m. (fish.) gatl 
Br6viaire, s.m. breviary 
Bribe, s.f. hunch or liunk (of bread) ; 

scrap, bit ; leavings 
Brie. De — et debroe, V. Broc 
Bric-^-brac, s.m. odds and ends, ma- 
rine stores, old stores, old curiosities, 
bric-i-brac. Marehand de — , marine 
store dealer, curiosity-dealer 
Brick, s.m. (nav.) brig 
Bricole, s.f. breast-strap, breast-plate; 
shoulder-strap, strap ; (of a carriage) 
window-strap, glass-string ; (tennis) re- 
bound, back-stroke ; (billiards) bricole, 
back-stroke; (mil.) bricole; (fam.) 
flam ; small job. poor business ; — «, 
pi. (hunt.) toils. De or par — , indirect- 
ly; by a fluke 
Brieoler, v.n. to hit a back-stroke ; to 
shnffle ; to shift ; to dodge ; to cadge ; 
to do small jobs ; to strive, to work ; 
— VM. to botch up 
^lleoletir , s.m. shafiler ; jobber, cadger 


Bricolier, x.m. outrigger, oft-horse; 

( pers.) shuffler ; jobber, cadger 
Bxlde, s.f. bridle, rein, reins; string; 
loop; strap; band; stitches; stay; 
(surg.) fraenuluin; (fig.) restraint, curb, 
check A — abattue, a toute — , at full 
speed; at fuU gallop; headlong; 
eagerlv ; unreservedly. Ldcher la — , 
to slacken the rein ; to give rope ; to 
let loose. Laisser or mettre la — sur le 
cou, to lide with a loose rein ; to give 
full liberty, to let (one) go on his own 
way. Tenir en — , to keep within 
bounds, to curb. Tenir la — houte (or 
courte or serree) a, to keep a tight hand 
over. Tourner — , to turn back. — s a 
veaux, ( pop.) specious reasons, humbug 
Brid6, e, adj. bridled; silly; ignorant; 

regular , . , , 

Brider , v.a. to bridle ; to curb, to check, 

to restrain ; to tie ; to bind; to confine; 

to pinch ; to lash, to cut ; to truss (o 

foivl) ; [nav). to frap, to rack [strap 

Bridoir, s.m. chin-band, chin-piece; 

Bridoison, ".m. booby, nincompoop, (a) 

silly Billy or simple Simon 
Bridon, s.m. bridoon 
Bridure, s.f. (nav.) trapping, racking 
"Brie, s.f. (of pastry coohs) brake ; — s.m. 
Brie cheese [quick 

Bri-ef, dve, adj. brief, short ; prompt, 
Brier, v.a. to break ( paste) 
Bri^vement, adv. briefly, shortly ; 

promptly, quickly 
Bri^vet^, s.f. brevity, shortness 
Brifaud, Brifaut, s.m. (pop.) glutton, 

greedy guts ; ill-bred cub, urchin ^ 

Brife, s.f. (pop.) hunch or hunk (of 

bread) [to guttle ; to gobble up 

Brifer, v.n.a. (pop.) to eat, to grub, 

Brifeu-r, se, s.m.f. trencher-man, 

greedy eater, guttler 
Brigade, s.f. brigade; troop; bodyj 
company ; band ; gang (of loorkmen) ; 
(of gendarmerie) detachment; station. 
— de sHrete, company of policemen; 
body or company of detectives, de- 
tective force, detectives. Chef de — , 
V. Chef. General de — , (mil.) briga- 
dier-general, brigadier 
Brigadier, s.m. (of cavalry) corporal ; 
(of artillery) bombardier, coi-poral ; (of 
police) sergeant ; (of gendarmerie) non- 
commissioned officer commanding a 
detachment ; (of workmen) ganger ; (of 
a boat) bowman ; (generally) iorevaain ', 
I (obsolete) brigadier-general, brigadier 
Brigand, s.m. brigand, highwayman, 
robber, bandit, ruffian, plunderer, 
thief; extortioner; (fam.) scamp 
Brigandage, s.m. brigandage; rob- 
bery ; plunder, depredation ; extortion 
Brigandeau, .s.m. sharp attorney, 
land-shark, rogue, knave, cheat, 
shaver, thief, petty extortioner ; young 
rogue, scamp, rascal 
Brigander, v.n. to rob, to plunder; 

to extort 
Brigandine, s.f. brigandine (coat of 
mail) [field-bed 

Brigantin, s.m. (nav.) brigantine ; (mil.) 
Brigantine, s.f. (nav.) small brigan- 
tine; (saii) spanker, driver [nolo 
fBrignole, s.f. (plum) prunello, brig- 
Brig^e, s.f. intrigue ; canvassing ; in- 
direct means ; bribery ; cabal ; fac- 
tion; party 
Briguer, v.a. to intrigue for; to 
solicit, to court, to sue for; to can- 
vass for ; to seek, to aspire to 
Brigueu-r, se, s.m.f. intriguer; soli- 
citor, canvasser; candidate 
fBrillanunent, adv. brilliantly, 

brightly, splendidly 
fBrillant, e, adj. brilliant, bright, 
shining, glittering, sparkling, glisten- 
ing; glowing; resplendent; splendid; 
gorgeous ; glorious ; beaming ; radiant ; 


showy, flash v; gay; blooming; flour- 
ishuig , . , , 

fBrillant, •''.m. brilliancy; bnghtness; 
glitter ; shine ; splendour, lustre ; 
brilliant (diamond). Faux —, false or 
imitation diamond or gem ; (fig.) tin- 
sel, false ornament, brummagem ; taw- 
fBrillant^, e, part. adj. cut as a 
brilliant; tinselled, showy, gaudy, 
florid [lace 

fBrillant^, s.m. dimity ; imitation 
fBrillanter, v.a. lo cut as a brilliant; 

to tinsel 
fBriUantine, s.f. glossy cotton cloth ; 
oil to give brilliancy to the hair, bril- 
lantine, brilliantine 
f Briller, v.n. to shine ; to be bright or 
brilliant; to brighten; to glitter; to 
sparkle ; to glisten ; to gleam ; to 
glare ; to glow ; to blaze ; to flash ; 
to glance ; to beam, to radiate ; to be 
eminent or remarkable or conspicuous; 
to be splendid ; to bloom ; to flourish ; 
to appear ; to be seen ; to be displayed; 
to make a show, to show off"; to make 
a figure; to distinguish oneself; to 
excel. Faire — , to brighten ; to blazon 
forth ; to show, to display ; to bring out 
fBrillOter, v.n. to shine a little ; to 
shine but little ; to shine faintly, to 
glimmer; to make some little show; 
to make a certain figure 
Brimade, s.f. (school slang) practical 

joke, bullying, fagging 
Brimbale, s./. (of a i>ump) handle, brake 
Brimbaler, v.a.n. to swing; to ring 
away, to keep ringing [gewgaw 

Brimborion, nicknack, bauble, 
Brimer, v.a. (school slang) to bully, to 

Brin, s.m. blade (of grass) ; slip, sprig ; 
shoot ; slender stalk ; straight piece (of 
timber) ; stick ; bit, morsel ; jot, iota, 
whit, bit, little ; (of air, of tcind) breath; 
(of stuffs) staple. 'Bunn — defille, (fam.) 
tall well-made girl, fine-grown girl. De 
or en — , (of timber) unhewn. Arbre de 
—, seedling, straight tree 
Brindes, Brindezingues, s.f. pi. 
Dans les — , (fam.) tipsy, tight [spray 
fBrindille, s.f. branchlet, sprig, twig, 
Bringue, «./. ill-shaped horse; (pop.) 
awkward ill- shaped woman. En —s, 
(pop.) in or to pieces; at sixes and 
sevens, in disorder, in confusion 
Bringuebale, s.f V. Brimbale 
Bringuer, v.n. to skip, to frisk 
BrinviUi^re, BrinviUiers, s.f. (hot.) 

annual worm-grass 
Brio, s.m. dash, spirit, vigour, pluck, 
mettle, raciness, vivacity, animation, 
brilliancy, go 
Brioche, s.f. bun ; blunder, mistake 
Briolet, -s.m. (pop.) thin sour wine 
Brion, Brione. V. Bryon, Bryone 
fBriquaillon, s.m. brickbat 
Brique, s.f. brick ; (of soaf. &c.) small 
bar; (nav.) holystone. — nng'aise, 
brick. De — , of brick, brick ; brick-red 
Briquer, v.a. (nav.) to holystone 
Briquet, s.m. steel ; flint and steel ; 
tinder-box ; short sabre, dirk ; fox- 
beagle ; harrier. — fiUosphorique, phos- 
phorus-bottle. Battre le — , to strike 
a light 
Briquetage, s.m. bricklaying; brick- 
work ; bricks ; imitation brickwork 
Briquets, e', part. adj. bricked ; made 
of bricks ; imitating bricks ; brick- 
coloured, tile-coloured, brick-red 
Briqueter, v.a. to brick ; to face or do 

in imitation brickwork 
Briqueterie, s.f. brick-making; brick- 
field or yard, brick-kiln ; lucifer match-, 
Briqueteur, s.m. bricklayer 
Briquetier, s.m. brick-maker 



Briquette, s.f. briquette ; cake 

Bris, s.m. breaking; breaking open; 
breaking loose, escape ; wreckage, 
wreck ; fragment ; rigging (the market). 
— de prison, prison-breaking 

Brisable, adj. breakable 

Brisant, s.m. (nav.) breaker, breakwater 

Brisant; e, adj. (of gunpowder) too ex- 
plosive [bille 

fBriscambiUe, s.f. V. Brusquem- 

Brise, s.f. breeze ; (bot.) V. Brize ; — (in compounds, from Briser, " to 
break ") thing (m.) or person (m.f.) that 
breaks, breaker. — -cou^ s.m. V. 
Casse-cou. — -glace, s.m. ice-break- 
er ; (of a sJiip) ice-beam ; (of a bridge) 

starling. Bateau glace, ice-boat. — 

-grainesy s.m. (inMr.) seed-crusher. — 
-images^ s.m. (pers.) image-breaker, 
iconoclast. — -lames, s.m. break- 
water ; groyne. — -mottes, s.m. (agr.) 
clod-crusher or breaker. — -pierre, 
s.m. (surg.) stone-crusher. — -racines, 
8.m.(machine) root-breaker,root-bruiser. 
raison, s.m.f. wrong-headed per- 
son. tourteauac, s.m. (agr.) oil-cake 

breaker. tout, s.m.f. clumsy break- 
all, rough fellow. vent, s.m. (agr., 

hart.) screen 

Bris6, e, part. adj. broken, &c. (V. 
Briser) ; short, crisp ; jagged, in- 
dented ; bent, crooked ; irregular ; [of 
a door, ladder, &c.) folding ; (of a parasol, 
&c.) jointed-handle ; (of a ring) split ; 
(of paste) short ; ( pers.) harassed, jaded, 
knocked up, exhausted, spent ; bowed 
down ; (her.) rompu. Covible rr toit — , 
curb-roof, mansard-roof ; camp-ceiling. 
A dos —, (book-bind.) with an open back 
(or a spring-back or hollow back) 

Bris^e, s.f. folding-joint; (mus.) turn; 
— s, pi. (hunt.) blinks, scattered boughs; 
(fig.) footsteps. Suivre les — s (de), to 
follow in (. . . 's) footsteps. A ller or 
courir or marcher sur les — s de, to com- 
pete with, to rival, to ti-y to forestall 

Brisement; s.m. breaking ; fracture ; 
brokenness ; contrition 

Briser, v.a.n. to break ; to break or dash 
to pieces; to shatter; to shiver; to 
smash ; to crush ; to split ; to break 
open; to break oflF; to break up; to 
break down ; to bow down ; to over- 
whelm ; to harass, to tire out, to knock 
up, to exhaust ; to destroy; to ruin ; to 
blight ; to refract ; to dash. Brisons Id 
or Id-dessus, let us leave off there, let 
us say no more about it, no more of 
that, that is enough 

Se — , v.r. to break; to break to pieces; 
to split ; to dash ; to break down ; to 
fail ; to prove useless, to be powerless ; 
to fold, to fold up ; to be broken or 
shattered or smashed ; to be lost or de- 
stroyed ; to bend, to be curved ; to be 
refracted. Se la — , (pop.) to go away, 
to be off, to bolt 
Briseu-r, se, s.m.f. breaker 
Brisis, s.m. (arch.) angle of a curb-roof 
Briska, s.m. britzska (carriage) 
Brisoir, s.m. brake (for breaking hemp 
or flax); breaker [trump 

Brisque, s.f. brisque (game at cards) ; 
Brisure, s.f. broken part, break; fold- 
ing-joint ; (fort.) brisure ; (her.) rebate- 
ment [English 

Britannique, adj. British, Britannic, 
Brize, s.f. (bot.) quaking-grass 
Broc, s.m. jug; can; pitcher; (obsolete) 
spit. De brie et de —, anyhow, by hook 
or by crook. De — en bouche, hot from 
the spit ; (fig.) quickly, promptly, hur- 
riedly; summarily 
Brocantage, s.m. buying or selling (or 
buying and selling) second-hand goods, 
bartering, swapping, chopping; bro- 
ker's trade 
Brocante, s.f. exchange, barter, swap ; 


broker's trade ; trumpery thing, trash, 
duffer ; overtime work, odd job ; trifling 
sale, small bargain 
Brocanter, v.a.n. to buy; to sell; to 
buy and sell ; to exchange, to barter, 
to swap, to chop ; to buy or to buy and 
sell second-hand goods, to deal in 
second-hand goods, to be a broker 
Brocanteu-r, se, s.m.f. broker, fumi- 
tui-e-broker, dealer in second-hand 
goods ; barterer, swapper 

Brocard, s.m. taunt, scoff, jeer, rail- 
lery; lampoon, satire; (hunt.) V. Bro- 
quart [to jeer ; to lampoon 

Brocarder, v.a. to taunt, to scoff at, 

Brocardeu-r, se, s.m.f. taunter, scof- 
fer, jeerer ; lampooner 

Brocart, s.^n. brocade ; (hunt.) V. Bro- 
quart [brocatelli marble, brocatel 

Brocatelle, s.f. (stuff) brocatelle ; (min.) 

Brochage, s.m. (of a book) sewing ahd 
putting in a paper cover ; (of a stuff) 

Brochant, part, of Brocher; (her.) 
passing (over). — sur le tout, (her.) over 
all ; (fig.) overtopping all, conspicuous 
among the rest, though last not least ; 
besides, to boot, into the bargain 

Broche, s.f. brooch; spit; knitting- 
needle ; pin ; peg ; spike ; nail ; rod, 
stick ; herring-stick ; skewer; (spinning) 
spindle ; (of a icild boar) tusk ; (of a 
deer) broach ; (com.) bill of small 
amount (below 100 francs) 

Brocli6, e, part, of Brocher; (of a 
book) sewed, in paper cover 

Brocll6, s.m. figured stuff; figured silk 
ribbon ; figured shawl 

Brocll^e, s.f. spitful ; rodful, stickful 

Brocher, v.a. (stuffs) to figure ; (linen) 
to emboss ; (a book) to sew and put in 
a paper cover ; to peg ; to nail ; to drive 
(7iails) in ; to give a slight dressing to 
(vine), to touch up ; (fig.) to hurry 
through or af^r, to despatch ; to scamp; 
— v.n. (hort.) to shoot, to grow 

Brochet, s.m. (fish) pike 

Broclieter, v.a. to skewer ; to pin ; to 
peg [pike, pickerel 

Brocheton, s.m, (fish) young or small 

Brochette, s.f. skewer; (dish) brochette; 
stick (for feeding birds) ; (tech.) pin; (of 
orders of knighthood) string, file, row. 
A la —, (cook.) skewered. Elever a la 
— , to bring up (a bird) by hand ; (fig.) 
to bring up daintily [figure-weaver 

Brocbeu-r, se, s.m.f. book-sewer; 

Broclioir, s.j/i. (farrier's) shoeing- 

Brochure, s.f. sewing; book-sewer's 
trade ; pamphlet ; tract ; (on stuffs) 
figures, ornaments ; (on linen) emboss- 
ment [sprout 

Brocoli, s.m. (bot.) broccoli; cabbage- 

Brodequin, s.m. lace-boot, half-boot, 
boot ; buskin ; sock, comedy ; — s, pi. 
(instr. of torture) boots ; (fam.) red feet 
(after a hot foot-bath) 

Broder, v.a.n. to embroider, to work ; 
(fig.) to adorn, to embellish, to over- 
draw, to amplify 

Broderie, «./. embroidery; (fig.) orna- 
ment, embellishment, amplification ; 
(need.) work ; (hort.) border 

Brodeu-r, se, s.m.f. embroiderer; em- 
broideress ; (fig.) embellisher ; — s.f. 
(_ mecanique) embroideriug-machine 

Brogue, s.f. brogue (xhoe) 

Broie, s./. F. Brisoir 

Broiement, s.m. pounding ; grinding ; 
crushing; breaking 

Broxnate, s.m. (chem.) bromate 

Brome, s.m. (chem.) bromine ; (bot.) 

Broxner, v.a. to bromize [brome-grass 

Bromhydrate, s.m. (chem.) hydro- 
bromate [bromic 

Bromhydrique, adj. (chem.) hydro- 

Broxnique, adj. (chem.) bromic 


Bromure, s.m. (chem.) bromide 
Broxnurer, v.a. to bromidize 
Biroxichade, s.f, Broxichexnent, s.m. 

stumble, trip, stumbling, tripping 

Broncher, v.n. to stumble ; to trip ; to 

flinch ; to falter ; to hesitate ; to fail ; 

to err ; to do wrong ; to stir [tubes 

Bronches, bronchiae, bronchial 

Bronchial, e, Broxichique, adj. 

(anat.) bronchial 
Bronchite, »./. (med.) bronchitis 
tBroxichoc^le, s.f. (med.) bronchocele 
^Broncho-phoxiie, -toinie. V. p. 3, 
Broxizage, s.m. bronzing [§ 1 

Broxize, s.m. bronze; bronze work; 
bronze figure ; bronze medal ; cannon ; 
bell, bells ; bronze colour or paint ; 
(fig.) iron, steel, flint ; impudence, 
brass. — jaune, bronze powder 
Bi:oxiz6, e, part. adj. bronzed ; tanned, 
tawny, sunburnt ; hardened ; proof 
(against) ; fearless ; impudent. Maladie 
— e, bronzed -skin disease, Addison's 
Broxizer, v.a. to bronze; to tan (the 
face); to steel; to harden. Se — , to 
be bronzed ; to be sunburnt, to be- 
come tawny ; to become hard or hard- 
. ened or steeled 

Broxizeur, Broxizier, s.m. bronzist 
Broquaxt, s.m. (hunt.) brocket, pricket 
Broqueter, v.a. (agr.) to pitch ; to load 
Broqueteur, s.m. (agr.) pitcher, loader 
Broquette, s.f. tack ; tacks (black, 

tinned, copper or 8fc.) 
Brosime, (bot.) brosimum (cow- 
tree; bread-nut tree; letter-wood tree) 
Brosxxie, s.m. (fish) torsk 
Brossage, s.m. brushing 
Brosse, s.f. brush; (zool.) tuft of hair; 
— s, pi. brushes ; brushwood, heath, 
waste land. — d barbe, V. Pinceau. 
— a cirer, blacking brush. — d de- 
crotter, hard-brush. — d frictions, 
flesh-brush. — d tete or d cheveux, 
Bross6e, s.f. brushing, scrubbing, rub ; 

drubbing ; brush, fight, set-to 
Brosser, v.a. to brush ; to rub ; to 
beat ; to drub ; — v.n. (hunt.) to brush, 
to scour. Se — , to brush oneself ; to 
rub oneself with a flesh-brush; to 
brush (o.'s . . .) ; to be brushed ; to have 
a brush together, to flght. Se — le 
ventre, to fast, to starve, to go to bed 
supperless; to have to go without 
Brosserie, s.f. brush-making ; brush- 
trade ; brush-manufactox-y ; brush-shop 
or department ; brushes 
Brosseur, s.m. brusher ; Boots ; (mil.) 

officer's servant, batman 
Brossier, s.m. brush-maker 
Brou, s.m. husk, hull, peel, green shell ; 
(vet.) V. Brout. — de noix, walnut 
husk ; ratafia of walnut husks, walnut- 
fBrouaiUes, V. BreuiUes 
i3rou6e, s.f. mist, fog, drizzle ; passing 
shower; blight; (pop.) fight, set-to; 
Brouet, s.m. (thin) broth or soup ; por- 
ridge, gruel; (formerly) caudle; (in 
contempt) wish-wash. — noir, (of the 
Spartans) black broth 
Brouette, s.f. wheelbarrow; barrow; 

Bath chair, hand-chair 
Brouett^e, s.f. barrowful, barrowload 
Brouetter, v.a. to wheel in a barrow, 
to wheel, to carry, to convey, to take ; 
to draw in a Bath chair 
Brouetteur,Brouettier,s.m. barrow-. 
man, porter ; chairman (of a Bath chair) 
Brouhaha, s.m. splutter, tumult, hub- 
bub, uproar, hurly-burly [eggs 
fBrouillade, s.f. dish of scrambled 
fBrouillage, s,m. spreadinf^ (of weeds 
to dry) 


•f-Brouillamini; s.m. confusion, dis- 
order, muddle ; obscurity ; misunder- 
standing, disagreement 

fBrouillard, s.m. fog, mist, mizzle, 
haze ; spray ; obscurity, confusion ; 
(com.) waste-book; — blotting. 

— deg glaces, frost-smoke. J't'inpn de 
— , foggy weather. Faire du — , ti) be 
foggy. Etre dans les — s, to be muddled, 
to be tipsy. Une creance hypothecaire 
sur les — s de la Seine, a draft on Aldgate 
pump [drizzle 

fBrouillaBser; v.n. to mizzle, to 

fBrouille, s.f. misunderstanding, dis- 
agreement, discord, difference, falling 
out, quarrel ; broil, disturbance, lillre 
en — avec, to be on bad terms with, to 
be at variance with 

tBrouillement, s.m. confusion ; mix- 
ing up, mingling, mixture ; jumbling ; 

fBrouiller, v.a. to throw into confu- 
sion ; to put out of order, to disorder; 
to mix up; to mingle; to blend; to 
embroil ; to jumble ; to confuse ; to 
confound ; to muddle ; to make a mess 
of ; to blunder, to bungle ; to mist, to 
dull ; to trouble ; to perplex ; to puzzle ; 
to mar ; to alter ; to hamper (a lock) ; 
to turn {the brain) ; to scramble (eogs) ; 
to shuffle ; to scribble over, to spoil, to 
waste ; to set at variance or at odds ; 

— v.n. to blunder, to bungle ; to make 
mischief. Un teint brouille, a mottled 
complexion. £tre brouille avec, to have 
disagreed or quarrelled with, to have 
fallen out with, to be on bad terms 
with, to be at variance or at odds with, 
to have cut ; to have given up ; to be 
destitute of ; to be out of ; not to have 
any; to have violated (the law, "la 
justice ") 

Se — , v.r. to become (or get) con- 
fused or embroiled or Ac; to be be- 
wildered; to be altered; to disagree, 
to fall out, to quarrel, to be on bad 
terms or at variance ; to get cloudy. 
Se — avec Ui justice, to fall out with the 
law, to come within the clutches of the 
law, to expose oneself to a criminal 
fBrouiUerie, -*./. F. BrouiUo 
fBronillon, ne, adj. meddlesome, 
meddling, mischief-making; blunder- 
ing, bungling; — s.m.f. meddlei", busy- 
body, mischief-maker, marplot; blun- 
derer, blunderhead, bungler; — s.m. 
first (or rough) draft ; rough copy 
fS^niUonner, v.a. to rough-draft, 
to draft [to burn up, to scorch up 

Brouir, v.a. to blight, to blast, to nip, 
Brotdssure, s.f. blight, blast, fireblast, 

fBrouasailles, s.f. pi. brushwood, 
bushes, brambles, briars, thorns. Dims 
les —, (pop.) tipsy Ibrambly 

SBronssailleu-x, se, adj. bushy, 
ronssin, s.m. gnarl (on a tree) 

Bronsson^tie, s.f. (bot.) broussonetia, 

Brout, s.m. tender shoot, bud, browse, 
browse-wood; browsing; (vet.) gastro- 

Broutage, s.m. (tech.) trembling 

Brontament, s.m. browsing; (hort.) 
topping ; (tech.) trembling 

Bronter, v.n.n. to browse ; (hort.) to 
top ; (tech.) to tremble 

fBrontille, s.f, Broutill«s, s.f pi 
twig, twigs, sprig, sprigs, small wood ; 
axillary bud (of vine) ; (ftg.) trifle (-s), 
bauble (-s), nicknack (-si, rubbish 

Biroyase, s.m. V. Brotement 

Br oyer, v.a. to pound ; to grind ; to 
crush; to bray; to break; to pul- 
verize ; to shatter ; to mangle. — du 
noir, to be in a gloomy mood, to have 
the spleen, to have the blue devils 


Broyeu-r, se,«.»i./. pounder; grinder; 
crusher ; breaker. — de noir, hypo- 
chondriac. — d'ocre, bad painter, 

Broyon, s.m. V. Brayon [dauber 

Bru, s.f. daughter-in-law [hammer 

Bruant, s.m. (bird) bunting; yellow- 

Bruantin, s.m. (bird) rice-bunting, 
rice-bird, reed-bird 

Bruc^e, s.f. (bot.) brucea 

BruceUeS; s.f. pi. pliers, tweezers 

Bruche, s.f. bruchus, pea-beetle, pea- 

Bmcine, s.f. (chem.) brucine, brucia 

Brucolaque, s.m. ghost, spectre 

fBrugnoilj s.m. (clingstone) nectarine 

■j-Brugnoxuer, s.m. (clingstone) nec- 

Bruine, s.f. drizzling rain, drizzle; 
spray ; (agr.) smut-ball, bimt, pepper- 
brand ; mildew 

Bniin6, e, arfj.u/j?/-.) smutty, mildewed 

Bruiner, v.n. to drizzle 

Bruineu-X, se, adj. drizzly, drizzling 

Bruire, v.n. to niiike a noise; to mui*- 
mur ; to rustle ; to sough ; to rumble ; 
to clatter; to roar; to rattle; to 
howl ; to whistle ; to whir ; to buzz ; 
to hum ; to ring ; to be heard ; — v.a. 
to sound 

Bruisiner,v.a. to bruise, to crush (malt) 

Bruissant, e, part. adj. rustling, &c. 
(V. Bruire) ; noisy 

Bruissement, s.m. noise; murmur; 
rustling; soughing; rumbling; clat- 
tering; roaring; rattling, rattle ; howl- 
ing ; whistling; whirring; buzzing; 
humming; ringing 

Bruit, s.m. noise ; sound ; disturbance ; 
row; racket; quarrel; din; bustle; 
ado, fuss ; report ; rumour; talk; fame, 
renown ; sensation ; clamour ; cry ; 
voice; roar, roaring; rattle, rattling; 
creaking; buzz; rustle, rustling; whir, 
whirring ; clatter ; rumbling ; tramp ; 
boom, booming ; peal. A grand — , 
noisily, loudly ; (fg.) ostentatiously, 
with pomp, with fuss. A petit — , 
quietly, privately, seci-etly. I^e — court 
que . . ., it is reported or said that . . . 

Briklable, adj. burnable ; (obsolete) de- 
serving to be burnt 

Brfklage, s.m. burning (of weeds, &c.) ; 
firing; roasting; (pop.) breakdown, 

Bryant, e, adj. burning; scorching; 
scalding; hot; fiery; ardent; glowing; 
eager; impatient; dangerous: delicate; 

BrfQ6, e, part. adj. burnt, &c. (V. 
Brftler) ; sunburnt ; inflamed, burn- 
ing, animated ; brown ; deep, dark ; 
(pop.) discredited ; used up, done up ; 
no longer in vogue ; unsuccessful ; 

Briil6, s.m. burnt ; burning ; burnt taste 
or smell ; something burning or burnt 

Br£ae-bout, s.m. save-all 

Br&l^e, s.f (pop.) fight, set-to ; drub- 
bing, whacking ; defeat 

Briile-gnieule, s.m. short pipe, cutty, 
(ill Irfhind) dudeen [incendiary 

Briile-xnaisons, s.m. house-burner, 

Briileinent, .v.m. burning 

Brd.le-parfaius, s.m. i)erfuming-pan 

Braie-pourpoint (it), adv. (at me or 
hiui or her or it. &c.) close, point-blank; 
by a point-blank discharge ; to o. 's face, 
to o.'s teeth ; direct ; home, irrefutable 

Brule-queue, s.m. (vet.) docking-iron, 

Br&ler, v.a.n. to bum; to scorch; to 
singe ; to parch ; to scald ; to sear ; to 
roast ; to mull ; to brown ; to tan ; to 
blight, to blast, to nip ; to set on fire ; 
to firn; to consume; to blow out; to 
avoid ; to throw out (cards) ; to pass 
without stopping ; not to touch ; to be 
ou fire ; to long (to, for), to be eager or 


impatient ; to be inflamed or burning 
or animated (M'ith) ; to be close to it. 
not to be far off, to burn. — la cervelle 
a, to blow . . .'s brains out. Cerveau 
brule, V. Cerveau. — lejour, to shut 
out daylight. — le papier, to write in 
a glowing style. — le pave, V. Pav6. 
— les planches, (theat.) to play with 
spirit, to act splendidly, to star it ; to 
be quite at home on the stage. — la 
politesse a, to act very unceremonious- 
ly with ; to leave abruptly. — les yeux, 
to dazzle the eyes ; to hurt or spoil the 
eyes ; to destroy o.'s sight 

Se — , v.r. to burn or &c. oneself ; to 
burn or &c. (o.'s . . .) ; to be burnt or 
&c. ; (at play) to lose. Se — la cervelle, 
to blow o.'s brains out [lery ; roastery 

Briilerie, s.f burning ; brandy-distil- 

Bri^e-tOUt, s.m. save-all 

BrCLleu-r, se, s.m.f burner, incendi- 
ary ; brandy-distilier ; roaster. — dc 
planches, spirited actor or actress 

Briilis, s.m. part of a wood or forest 
that has been burnt; (agr.) burning 
(of weeds, &c.) 

Brfi,loir, s.m. roaster (for cojj'ee) 

BriUlOt, s.m. (7iav.) fire-ship ; (pers.) in- 
cendiary, firebrand, dare-devil, des- 
perado; (fain.) devil (highly seasoned 
dish) ; burnt brandy, punch ; (tobacco- 
pipe) V. BrAle-gueule 

Br^ure, s.f. burn ; burning ; scald ; 
(agr.) brand, burn, blight [rain 

■j-Bnixnaille, <s./. (nav.) mist, drizzling 

jirtlinaire,.«.m.Brumaire (second month 
of the calendar of the first French Re- 
public, from October 23 to November 21) 

Brumal, e, adj. brumal, winterly, 

Bruxnasse, s.f. (nav.) fogginess, haze 

Bruxnasser, v.7i. to drizzle, to mizzle 

Bruxue, s.f. fog, mist, haze 

Bruxner, v.n. to be foggy or misty 

BniXXieu-X, se, adj.foggy, misty, hazy 

Brun, e, adj. brown ; dusky, dusk ; 
gloomy; (of complexion) dark 

Brun, s.m. brown (colour) ; dark man or 
boy ; (paint.) shade 

Brun3.tre, adj. brownish 

Brune, s.f. dusk of the evening, dusk ; 
dark woman or girl, brunette ; ( fish) 

Brunelle, s.f. (bot.) self-heal [wrasse 

Bruxiet, te, adj. brownish ; (pers.) 
darkish [cow-bunting, cow-bird 

Bruxiet, s.m. dark boy or man ; (bird) 

Brunette, s.f. dark girl or woman, 
brunette ; (obsolete) love-song ; (bird) 
dunlin, pun-e, ox -bird 

Bmni, s.m. burnish 

Brunir, v.a. to burnish ; to brown ; to 
paint brown ; to darken ; to tan ; — 
v.n., Se — , v.r. to turn or get brown or 
dark ; to burnish, to be burnished 

Brunissage, s.m. burnishing [ening 

Brunissexnent, s.m. browning, dark- 

Brunisseu-r, se, s.m.f. burnisher 

Brunissoir, s.m. burnisher (tool) 

Brunissure, «./. burnish; burnishing; 

Brusque, adj. blunt ; rough, rough and 
ready; gruff; bluff; rude; sudden, 

' abrupt, unexpected ; short ; hasty ; 
sharp ; quick ; strong ; brusque 

tBrusquexnbille, s.f. brusquembille 
(game at cards) 

Brusqueinent, adv. bluntly ; roughly ; 
gruffly ; bluffly ; rudely ;' abruptly : 
sharply; suddenly; unexpectedly; all 
at once ; hastily ; quickly ; strongly ; 

Brusquer, v.a. to be sharp or blunt or 
rude with ; to treat roughly ; to do 
abruptly or hastilv, to hurrv over; to 
hurry on ; to hurry ; to attempt or try 
at once: to take at the first onset; to 
do violence to : to force ; (cook.) to 


— Vaventurc, to decide at once, 
to run the risk, lo cluiuce it. —la 
fortune, to take the shortest way to 
fortune, to tempt fortune 

Brusq.uerie, s.f. bluntness ; rough- 
ness ; rough way of speaking ; blunt 
manner, rough tiling, hasty expres- 
sion ; gruffness ; bluffness ; rudeness ; 
rude behaviour; sharpness; abrupt- 
ness ; suddenness ; hastiness ; brus- 

Brusquet; te, r.dU rather blunt or 
rougher &c. (T'. Brusque). A hrus- 
quin — , tit for tat 

Brut) e> adj. raw, unwrought, unrefined, 
crude; inorganic, unorganized; rough; 
rude ; coarse ; unpolished ; unculti- 
vated ; brute ; brutish ; — adj. adv. 
gi-oss ; gross weight 

Brutal, e,a<y. brutal; brutish; bi-ute ; 
sturdy, coarse, rough, rude ; blunt ; 
surly; churlish; — s.m.f. brutal fellow, 
bully ; rough customer, churl ; — x.m. 
{popA cannon 

Brutalexneut, arZr. brutally ; brutish- 
ly ; sturdily, coarsely, roughly, rudely ; 
bluntly; churlishly 

Brutaliser, /'.'(. to treat brutally or 
harshly, to use roughlv, to abuse, to 

Brutality, s.f. brutality ; brutishness ; 
brutal act or thing ; brutal passion ; 
sturdiness, coarseness, roughness, 
mdeness ; bluntness ; rough usage ; 

Brute, .«./. brute [coarse abuse 

Brutification, s.f.V. Abrutissement 

Brutifier, v.a. V. Abrutir 

BrutOlS, s.m. (phnrm.) medicated beer 

Bruxellois, e, adj. «. of Brussels; 
native of Brussels 

Bruyamment, adv. noisily; loudly; 
obstreuerously ; clamorously 

Bruyant, e, adj. noisy; loud; ob- 
streperous ; clamorous ; boistei-ous ; 

Bruy^re, s.f. (hot.) heath; heather, 
ling; (racine de — ) briar-root (for 

Bryon, s.m. (hot.) bryum, tree-moss 

Bryone, «/. (bot.) bryony 

ISuanderie, «./. wash-house ; laundry 

Buandi-er, ere, s.m.f. washerman, 
laundryman, launderer ; washer- 
woman, laundress; bleacher 

Bubale, s.m. (zool.) bubale, bubalis 

Bube, Bubelette, s.f. pimple 

Bubon, s.m. (med.) bubo 

Bubonocele, s.f. (med.) bubonocele 

Bubuler, v.n. V. Houhouler 

Bucarde, s.f. (shell-fish) cockle 

Buccal, e, adj. (anat.) buccal 

Buccin, s.m. (mollusc) whelk, trumpet- 
shell, buckie [cinator 

Buccinateur,, adj.m. (anat.) buc- 

Bucentaure, s.m. Bucentaur 

Buc^phale, s.m. Bucephalus (Alex- 
ander's horse) ; (fig.) charger, steed, 
horse; (jest.) prad, jade 

BiSlclie, s.f. log, billet, chump (of wood) ; 
block; stock; piece, lump; (pers.) 
loggerhead, blockhead; (iiav.) V. 
Busse. — economiqne, fire-brick. — 
de Noel, Yule-log, Christmas-log 

BiHcber, s.m. wood-house or shed or 
hole; wood-pile; funeral pile, pyre; 
pile of fagots, stake 

B&clxer, v.a.n. to hew ; to cut away ; 
to dress, to trim; (pop.) to belabour, to 
thump, to drub ; to fag at ; to work 
hard, to hammer away. Se — ,(pop.) 
to fight, to have a (desperate) fight or 
a set-to 

B&ciierie, sf. (pop.) (desperate) fight, 
set-to, tussle [cutter 

BtLcheron, s.m. woodman, woo.l- 
.Biicheronne, s.f. woodman's wife 

BiiCaiette, s.f. stick (small bit of wood) 


Biicheur, s.m. (pop.) hard-worker, 

Bucoliaste, s.m. bucolic poet [plodder 

Bucolique, adj. bucolic ; — s.f. bu- 
colic (jjoem); — s.m. bucolic poetry; 
— s, s.f. pi. bucolics ; (fam.) rattle-ti-aps, 
things, sticks, tackle 

Buddl^e, sf. (bot.) buddlea 

Budget, budget ; ways and means ; 
supplies. — de la guerre, — de la 
marine, army estimates, navy esti- 
mates [a) budget 

Budg6taire, adj. budgetary, of the (or 

Bu6e, s.f. lye ; wash ; (lye-)washing, 
bucking; steam; reeking or roking of 
hot bi-ead ; vapour, mist ; moisture 

Buer, v.a.n. to wash, to do the wash- 
ing ; (of bread) to steam, to reek, to roke 

Buffet, cupboard ; sideboard, re- 
freshment-table, table, buffet ; refresh- 
ment-room, buffet ; service (of plate) ; 
case (of an organ). Vins du — , choice 
wines [ishly), to suck the monkey 

Buffeter, v.n. to broach and sip (thi'r- 

Buffeteur, thievish cai-rier who 
sips from the casks he carries ; (jest.) 
self-appointed wine-taster 

BuffetiL-er, fere, s.m.f. refreshmout- 
room keeper 

BuEB.e, ■'i.m. buffalo; buff-leather, bu'."/ ; 
buff jacket, buff; stupid fellow, blo.-l;- 

Buffleterie, s.f. (viil.) buffs, belts 

Buffletier, s.m. buff-dresser 

Buffletin, Bufflon, s.m. young buffalo. 

Bufflonne, s.f. cow buffalo [buffalo ca.i 

Buffo, s.m. (vius.) comic singer [stoii ^ 

Bufonite, s.f. (fos>il) bufonite, toa.l- 

Busalet, s.m. (7iav.) hoy 

Bugle, s.m. (mus.) bugle, key-bugle ; — 

s.f. (bot.) bugle 
Bliglosse, s.f. (bot.) bugloss [mock 

Bu;^ane, s.f. (hot.) rest-harrow, cani- 
Buhotier, s.m. (fish.) shrimp-net, 
prawn-net [pitcher 

Buie, Buire, s.f. beaker, flagon ; jug, 
Buis, s.m. (bot.) box, box-tree, box- 
wood. — piquant, V. Fra^on 
Buissaie, Buissifere, s.f. box-planta- 
tion, box-grove 
Buisson, s.m. bush ; thicket ; spinny. 

— ardent, (bot.) evergreen thorn; (in 
Scripture) burning bush. — creux, the 
game gone ; nothing ; nobody. — 
d'ecrevisses, dish of piled-up crayfish 

BuiSSOnnaie, s.f. brake, thicke't 
Buissonner, v.n. to bush ; to take to 

the bushes 
Buissoxinet, s.m. bushet, little bush 
Buissonneu-x, se, adj. bushy 
Buissonni-er, fere, adj. living among 
bushes. Lapin — , bush rabbit, non- 
burrowing rabbit. Ecole — ere, hedg j- 
school. Faire Vecole — ere, to pl-iy 
truant [shvib 

Buissonnier, s.m. shrubbery ; bush, 
Bulbe, s.m. (hot., anat.) bulb 
Bulbeu-X, se, adj. bulbous 
Bulbiffere, adj. (bot.) bulbiferous 
fBulbille, s.f. (hot.) bulbil [East) 

Bulbul, s.m. bulbul, nightingale (i/t the 
Bulgare, s.m.f. adj. Bulgarian 
BuUaire, s.m. bullary (collection of 

papal bulls) 
Bulle, sf. bubble ; (med.) bulla, bleb ; (of 
the Pope) bull ; — s.m. (adject.. Papier 

— ) coarse paper, wi-apping-piper 
Bullfe, e, adj. by bull, authentic 
Bulletin, s.m. paper ; circular ; (official) 

account ; bulletin ; report ; note ; list ; 
cei-tificate ; receipt ; notice ; ticket ; 
voting-paper, ballot; vote; summary of 
news; intelligence; collection, rolls, 
records. — financier, — de la Bounce, 
money-market intelligence or arti<lo. 
— judiciaire, law report. — dcs lols, 
Bull-terrier, s.m. bull-terrier 
Buphtalme, s.m. (bot.) ox-eye 


Buphtalxnie, s.f. (med.) buphthalmia 

Buplfevre, s.m. (bot.) hare's ear [beetle 

BUpreste, s.m. (zool.) buprestis, golden 

BuralistG, s.m.f. office-keeper; clerk; 
tobacconist; (theat.) money-taker 

Burat, s.m. (stufi) bunting ;' drugget 

Buratin, s.m., Buratine, s.f. poplin 

Burbot, s.m. V. Barbote 

Bure, s.f. (stuff) drugget; fustian; 
baize ; (mining) shaft 

Bureau, s.m. writing-table, desk, 
davenport, bureau; table; bureau 
(president or chairman, vice-presidents, 
and secretaries) ; oftice ; ticket-office ; 
counter ; counting-house ; depart- 
ment ; government ofiice; post-office^ 
board ; bench ; court ; committee j 
committee-room; (obsolete for "bure") 

V. Bure (stuff) ; (fig.) door. caisse, 

ministre, pedestal (or knee-hole) 

writing-table. — electoral, presiding 
officers and polling-clerks. — d'adresscs, 
inquiry or intelligence office; gossip- 
ing shop ; gossip, newsmonger. — 
d'affaires, business agency office, gene- 
ral agency office, agency. — d'esprit, 
coterie of wits or witlings. — des 
longitudes, board of longitude, nautical 
almanac office. — de tabac, tobacco- 
nist's shop, tobacco-shop, cigar-shop; 
licence to sell tobacco. Air or vent du 
— , aspect of affairs. Chef de — , V. 
Chef. Gargon de — , office-porter, 
porter, messenger, man. Petit — , 
(post.) receiving-house or office. A — 
ouvert, over the counter, on demand, 
on presentation. Prendre Vair du — , 
to go and see how things stand or what 
is up. to see how the land lies, to see 
how the cat jumps 

Bureaucrate, s.m. bureaucrat; red- 
tapist; — adj. bureaucratic; red-tape 

Bureaucratie, s.f. bureaucracy ; over- 
centralized administration ; govern- 
ment by officials, influence of officials; 
red-tapism ; red-tapists ; red-tape 

Bureaucratique, adj. bureaucratic; 
red-tape | cratically 

Bureaucratiquement, adv. bureah- 

Burette, s.f. cruet ; can ; oil-can ; jug ; 
(eccl.) flagon ; (chem.) burette 

Burgalfese, s.f. Burgos wool 

Burgau, s.m. burgau (West Indian 
mother-of-pearl-shell, marbld turbo) 

Burgaudine, s.f, adj.f. burgau mother 
of pearl, finest mother of i^earl 

Burgrave, s.m. burgrave 

Btirgraviat, s.m. burgraviate 

Burin, s.m. graver, burin ; manner or 
style of engraving ; (fig.) pen ; engrav- 
ing ; engraver 

Buriner, v.a.n. to engrave ; to write, to 
trace, to portray, to record; to im- 
press deeply ; to write forcibly ; to Avrito 
to perfection ; (vet.) to countermark, to 
bishop. Se — , to be engraved or &c. 

Burlesque, adj. burlesque, ludicrous; 
— s.m. burlesque 

Burlesquement, adr. burlesquely, in 
a burlesque manner, ludicrously 

Burletta, s.f. (mus.) bm-letta 

Burnous, s.m. buniocsf^. burnous (Arab 
cloak), cloak with a hood 

Buron, s.m. cottage, hut 

Bursal, e, adj. fiscal; of the stock- 
exchange [shaped 

Bursiforzne, adj. bursiform. purse- 

Busaigle, s.m. (bird) rough-legged buz- 
• zard 

\Busard, s.m. (bird) haii-ier ; (pers.) 
blockhead, dolt. — bleu, hen-harrier, 
blue hawk 

Busc, sfm. busk; (of a lock-gate) mitre- 
sill; (of a gun-butt) T. Busque 

Buse, s.f. (bird) buzzard ; (pers.) block- 
head, dolt; (tech.) tevfel; nozzle; tap; 
water-pipe ; (in a mine) air-miie, veur 
tilator ; (nav.) V. Busse ■ 


Busarai} «.m. (bird) buzzaret 
Buson, s.m. (bird) hobby-buzzard ; 
(pen.) blockhead, dolt [butt) 

Busque, s.m. hollow-cheek {of a gun- 
Busqili; 67 adj. busked; curved; 

Busquer, v.a. to put a busk in or on ; 
(tieed.) to draw up, to shoi-ten. Se — , 
to wear a busk 
Bnaqni^re, «./. busk -case [buss 

Busse, «./. (Jishing-boat) buss, herriug- 
Busserole, «./. (bot.) bearben-y 
Buste, x.m. bust ; head and shoulders ; 
(nav.) figure-head. En — , {of a portrait) 
But, s.m. butt, mark ; target ; goal ; 
ending-post, winning-post ; aim, ob- 
ject, end, end in view, purpose, view, 
intent; point. — d — , without any 
odds, even ; even-handed, De — en 
blanc, point-blank ; bluntly ; abruptly 
Butant) e, aclj. abutting, propping 
Bute, »./. farrier's knife 
But6; e, part. adj. butted; stubbornly 
opposed (to), obstinately bent (on), set 
(on), determined, resolved, set (on, 
But^e, sf. abutment, abutment-pier 
Buter, v.n. to hit the mark ; to aim (at), 
to tend >to) ; to fix (on) ; to end ; to butt, 
te abut ; to stumble ; to meet (with) ; 
— v.a. to butt, to push, to run against ; 
to oppose, to cix)S3 ; to set (against) ; to 
prop, to prop up, to buttress ; to press 
(against) ; to place end to end ; {hort., 
iigr.) V. Butter 

Se — , v.r. to butt (or run against) 
each other ; to oppose each other ; to 
set oneself or to be set (against), to op- 
pose ; to be bent or set or determined 
(on), to stick (to) 
Butin, a.m. booty, spoil, spoils, plunder ; 
prey; capture ; prize ; gleanings ; profit, 
profits ; (soldier's) kit 
Butinement, s.m. plundering ; de- 
spoiling; pilfei-ing 
Butiner, v.a.n. to pillage, to sack, to 
plunder, to spoil, to despoil, to carry oil' 
by rapine ; to seek o.'s booty ; to pilfer ; 
to collect, to gather ; to collect mate- 
rials ; to make o.'s provisions 
Butineu-r, se, adj. plundering; pil- 
fering ; — plunderer ; pilferer 
Butir, v.n, {of the bittern) to boom 
Butoir, s.m. fan'ier's knife, parer, &c. 

(F. Buttoir) 
Butome, a.m. (hot.) butomus, marsh- 
lily, flowering-rush, wnter-gladiole 
Butor, s.m. (bird) bittern ; (pers.) churl- 
ish booby, dolt [or girl, booby, dolt 
Butorde, >./. coarse and stupid woman 
Buttase, a.m. raising, mounding, bank- 
ing up ; ihort., agr.) earthing up, mould- 
ing, ridging 
Butte, sf. mound ; ridge ; bank ; butt ; 
knoll, hillock, rising ground, rise, hill. 
En — d, exposed to, open to ; the ob- 
Butt^e, s.f V. But^e [ject or aim of 
Butter, v.a. to raise, to mound, to bank 
up, to embank; {hort., agr.) to earth up, 
to mould, to ridge ; — v.n. to butt, &c. 
(F. Buter). A'c —, to be raised or &c. 
Butteur, s.m., Butteuse, sf. ridging- 

plough, moulding-plough 
Buttoir, a.m. ridging-plough, moulding- 
plough ; buttress ; catch, stop, stop- 
stone; {rail.) buffer-stop 
Bu t3rr ac^, e, adj. butyraceous, buttery 
Butyrate, a.m. {chrm.\ butynito 
Butyreu-X, se, adj. bntyrous, buttery 
Butyrlne, a./, (ch^m.) butyrino 
Butyriqne, adj. (clwm.) butyric 
Butyrom&tre, s.m. butvronu*ter 
Buyable, adj. drinkable', fit to drink 
fBuvaiUer, v.n.a. (/am.) to drink In 
dribbles, to sip [drinker, sipper 

fBuvaiUeu-r, M, s.m.f. (fam.) poor 
Buyard, adj.m, blotting ; — $,m, blot- 


ting-book, blotting-case, blotting-pad, 
blotter. — de voyage, despatch-box, 
writing-desk or case 

Buv^e, sf. (agr.) cow-mash [carousal 

Buverie, sf. drinking, potations, 

Buveter, v.n. V. Buffeter 

Buveti-er, fere, tavern-keeper, 
coffee-house keeper, refreshment-room 

Buvette, sf. refreshment-room ; tea- 
room; pump-room, well-room; drink- 
ing - fountain ; buttery ; tap - room ; 
shades ; refx'eshment-booth or marquee 
or stand; sutling-booth ; bar; (mil.) 
third-class refreshment-room ; (obso- 
lete) tavern, coffee - house ; (fam.) 
draught, sip, sipping, nip; tippling; 
(obsolete) drinking-party ; carouse 

Buveu-r, se, drinker ; toper, 
drunkard ; (zool.) drinker-moth 

Buvoter, v.n. to sip ; to tipple 

By, s.m. draining-channel (of a small 
lake or fish-pond) 

Byronien, ne, adj. Byronian, Byronic 

Byronisme, s.m. Byronism 

B3nrrJb.e, s.m. (zool.) — pilule, pill-beetle 

Bysse, Byssus, s.m. (aniiq., bot., nat. 
hint.) byssus 

Byzantin, e, adj. s.m.f. Byzantine ; — 
s.m. Byzantine style ; rose-colour, pink ; 
— s.f. collection of Byzantine his- 

C, s.m. c 

C* , contraction of Ce. V. Ce, 2}''on. 

9«k., adv. here. — et let, here and there, 
this way and that way ; up and down ; 
to and fro ; about, ail about. En — , 
(obsolete) nearly, about 

CA, int. come I now ! Ah — ! V. Ab 

Ca, pron., contraction of Cela, that, &c. 
* (V. Cela); just the thing, the very 
thing ; one jot, a trifle, a bit, a shade. 
— et — , this and that, this and that 
and the other, so and so. — ira, it 
shall or will go on ; that will do ! that 
is the thing I go on 1 go it I Pas de- — / 
none of that 1 nay, nay 1 that won't do ! 

Cab, s.m. hansom cab, hansom 

Cabajoutis, s.m. old patchwork house 

Cabale, 8./. cabal; cabala [plot 

Cabaler, v.n. to cabal, to intrigue, to 

Cabalette, sf (muK.) cabaletta 

Cabaleu-r, se, s.m.f. caballer, in- 
triguer, plotter 

Cabal-ismc, -iste, -istique, -is- 
tiquemezit. V. page 8, § 1 

Caban, s.m. cloak (with a hood) ; (nav.) 
dreadnought-coat, pea-jacket, (of offi- 
cers) waterproof coat, cloak 

Cabanage, s.m. hutting; huts, tents; 
encampment, camp (of savages) 

Cabane, sf. cottage; cot ; cabin ; hut; 
shed; kennel; hutch; tilt, awning; 
flat-bottomed boat (covered over) 

Cabaneau, s.m. (fish.) hut 

Cabaner, v.a.n. to hut; (nav.) v.a. to 
cant, v.n. to capsize. Se — , to hut 

Cabanon, s.m. small hut, cabin ; black- 
hole, dark-cell, dungeon ; padded dark 
room (for raving jnndmen) 

Cabaret, a.m. wine-shop, public-house, 
tavern, pot-house, dram-shop ; (tea, cof- 
fee, chocolate) service or sot ; (liqueur) 
stand or frame; (bot.) asarabacca; (zuol.) 
V. Sizerin 

Cabareti-er, -dre, s.m.f wine-shop 
keeper, publican, tavern-keeper 

Cabas, s.m. frail, rush basket, tapnet 
(for figs) flat straw - basket, hand- 
basket, shopping or marketing-basket, 
basket; work-bag; basket - caniago • 
(jest.) old-fashioned carriage ; cottage- 
bonnet ; old bonnet or hat ; round bed 

Cabasser, v.n.a. (pop.) to prattle, to 
gossip; to cheat; to thieve: to swindle; 
to bag, to prig 


Cabasset, s.m, (obsolete) helmet (small) 
Cabasseu-r, se, s.m.f. (pop.) gossip; 

cheat ; thief, prig 
Cabfeliau, s.yn. V. Cabillaud 
Cabestan,s.m. capstan, capstern; whim 
Cabiai, s.m. (zool.) capybara, water-hog 
fCabillaud, s.m. (fish) fresh cod, keel- 
fCabillot, s.m. (nav.) toggle [ing 

Cabine, sf. cabin ; (0/ a lift) cage, car. 

— tclrphnnique, telephone call-ofiice or 

Cabinet, s.m. small room ; room ; 
closet ; -water-closet ; box ; study ; 
private room ; consulting-room ; sur- 
gery ; office ; chambers ; practice, 
business ; museum, collection ; cabi- 
net ; state ; private secretary's office ; 
(of a clock, of an organ)case ; (obsolete) 
( — de verdure) summer-house, bower, 
arbour. — d'affaires, business agency 
office, general agency office, agency. 

— d'etude or de travail, study. — de 
lecture, reading-room, news-room ; cir- 
culating-library. Affaires de — , (of a 
lawyer) chamber pi-actice. V. Ai> 
sance, Homxne, 8f Toilette 

CcLble, s.m. cable ; rope ; line ; wire ; 
curtain - cord ; cable's length. • — 
-chaine, chain-cable. Filer du — , to 
pay out more cable; (^^7.) to gain 
time ; to boggle 

C4bl6, e, jic-rt. adj. cabled; cable-laid 

C£lbl6, s.m. cable-cord 

Cd,bleau, V. Cdblot [into a cable 

Csibler, v.a. to cable ; to lay or twist 

Cabliau, s.m. V. Cabillaud [boat) 

Cd,blot, s.m. (nav.) grapnel-rope (of a 

Caboche, s.f. pate, nob, noddle ; head- 
piece, head, brain-box; hobnail 

Cabocllfe, e, adj, (her.) caboched, ca- 
boshed, cabossed 

Cabochon, adj.m, (jewel.) polished l)tit 
not cut ; — s.m. precious stone polished 
but not cut ; (mollusc) pileopsis, fools- 
cap limpet; (tech.) stud-nail, fancy 
brass nail ; (pop.) knock on the head, 

Cabosse, s.f. (bot.) cacao-pod, cacao- 
nut shell ; (fam.) bump, bruise 

CabOSSer, v.a. (fam.) to bump, to 
bruise, to dent, to dint, to batter 

Cabot, s.m. (fish) V. Chabot ; (pop.) V. 
Cabotin [ing-trade 

Cabotage, s.m. (nav.) coasting; coast- 

Caboter, v.n. (nav.) to coast 

Caboteur, s.m. (nav.) coaster 

Caboti-er, fere, adj. (nav.) coasting ; — 
s.m. coaster 

Cabotin, e, s.m.f. strolling player; bad 
actor or actress, low comedian ; puffer 

Cabotinage, s.m. bad acting; bad 
actors ; drudgery of the stage ; noviti- 
ate on the stage ; strolling; puflfing 

Cabotiner, v.n, to drudge on the stage ; 
to be a strolling player, to stroll about ; 
to play badly ; to lead an irregular life ; 
to puff [dram-shop 

Caboulot, s.m. small tavern, pot-house, 

Cabrer, v.a. to offend, to shock, to pro- 
yoke, to in-itate, to make angry, to put 
into a passion ; to scare, to frighten ; 

— v.n. (of horses) to rear. Se — , v.r. 
(of horses) to rear; (fig.) to rebel, to 
kick ; to take fright or offence ; to fly 
into a passion 

fCabretiUe, s.f. V. Canepin 
Cabri, s.m. kid 

fCabrilloU, s.m. goat's milk rheeso 
Cabriole, s.f. caper ; cabriole, capiiole 
Cabrioler, v.n. to t aper 
Cabriolet, s.m. cabriolet, open cab, 
cab, gig; hood; outside; hanUuffs. 

— bourgeois or de maitre, private cab 
Cabrioleu-r, se, s.m./. caperer 
Cabron, s.m. kid-skin ; burnishing-tool 
Cabrouet, s.m. waggon, truck 
Cabus, adj.m. (of a cabbage) headed 
Caca; s.m, (childish, word.) cack, ta, 


nasty dii'ty thing. Faire — , to cack, 
to go ta 
Cacaber; v.n. (of partridges) to call 
Cacade^ s.f. cacking ; failure, mess, 
mull; cowardice, funking; shameful 
retreat or flight 
Cacao, s.m. (bot.) cacao, cacao-nut, cho- 
colate-nut ; {com.) cocoa 
Cacaotier, Cacaoyer, s.m. cacao-tree 
Cacaoti^re, Cacaoy^re, s.f. cacao- 
plantation [to gabble 
Cacarder; v.n. (of the goose) to cackle, 
CacatO^B; s.m. (bird) cockatoo 
CacatoiS, s.m. (bird) cockatoo; (nav.) 
royal sail, royal. Mdt de — , royal mast 
Caclialot, s.m. cachalot, spermaceti 

whale, sperm whale 
Cacbe, s.f. hiding-place ; lurking-hole ; 
(nav.) cairn ; (hunt.) stake-net ; (print.) 
fly-leaf; — s.m. (in compounds, from 
Cacher, " to hide," " to conceal,") 
thing that conceals. — 'Cache, s.m. 
(game) hide-and-seek. — -corset, s.m. 
petticoat-body, bodice. — -cou, s.m. 
neckerchief. — -entr6e, s.m. scut- 
cheon, drop (of a key-hole). — -folio, 
s.m. (obsolete) false curls ; foretop ; 
scalp ; wig ; front. — -lumi^re, 
(of a telescope) sun-shade; (artil.) 
apron. — -mis^re, s.m. coat buttoned 
up to the chin to conceal the absence 
of linen; overcoat to conceal old 
clothes. — -nez, s.m. muffler, wrapper, 
comforter. — -peisne, s.m. curl or 
ornament or head-gear to conceal the 
comb. — .pot,s.m.pot-cover,pot-screen, 
flower-pot cover or stand. A — pot, 
(adv.) secretly; fraudulently, without 
paying the duty. — -poussi^re, s.m. 
dust-coat, (of ladies) dust-cloak. — 
-sottise, s.m. (Jig.) concealer of fool- 
eries, fools' screen. — -tampon, 
(game) hide-stick 
Cacll6, e, part. adj. hidden, concealed ; 
disguised; unseen, unperceived; out 
of the way ; retired ; in seclusion ; in 
obscurity ; latent ; secret ; close, re- 
served; underhand; dissembling; de- 
ceitful, sly 
Cacliectiq,uej adj. (med.) cachectic 
Cacbement) s.m. hiding, concealment 
Caclxeniire, s.m. cashmere 
Caclieinirette, sf. cashmerette 
Cacber, v.a. to hide, to conceal ; to se- 
crete ; to keep close or secret ; to dis- 
guise ; to deny 

Se — , v.r. to hide or &c. oneself; to 
conceal from oneself or from each 
other ; to keep out of the way ; to keep 
away ; to keep out of sight ; to be hid- 
den or concealed ; to lie concealed ; to 
live retired ; to Im-k ; to skulk ; to ab- 
scond ; to make a secret or a mystery ; 
to deny ; to be close or reserved ; to 
conceal o.'s thoughts ; to dissemble 
Cacliet; s.m. seal ; signet ; stamp ; im- 
pression, mark ; character; charactei*- 
istic; style; ticket; lesson; (pharm.) 
cachet. — wZant, flying seal. Courir 
le — , to run about giving private les- 
sons, to go out teaching. Lettre de — , 
(sealed oflicial letter, letter under the 
king's seal, arbitrary waiTant of im- 
prisonment or exile) 
Caclietage, s.m. sealing 
Cachet^, e, part. adj. sealed, sealed 

up. Tout — , unopened 
Cacheter; v.a. to seal ; to seal up 
Cacbeteu-r, se, s.m.f. sealer 
Cacbette, s.f. hiding-place ; lurking- 
hole. En — , secretly, privately, un- 
derhand, slyly, on the sly ; stealthily, 
by stealth; without the knowledge 
(of), out of the sight (of) [sly boots 
Caelieu-r, se, s.m.f. concealer, hider ; 
Cacbexie, sf. (med.) cachexia, cachexy 
Cacbiman, Cacbiment, s.m. V. Co- 
roMol 4- CoroBSolier 


Cacbinnation, sf. cachiunation 
Cacbiri, s.m. cachiri (liquor) 
Cacbolong, s.m. (min.) cacholong, 

pearl opal, mother-of-pearl opal 
Cacbot, s.m. dungeon, prison; black- 
hole ; dark-cell, cell [heel 
Cacbotte, s.f. tobacco-pipe without a 
Cacbotter, v.a. to make a secret or a 
mystery of ; — v.n. to make mysteries 
about trifles 
Se, v.r. to aff'ect secrecy 
Cacbotterie, s.f. a3°ectation of secrecy, 
mystery (about trifles), mysterious 
ways, slyness, sly trick or habit 
Cacbotti-er, dre, adj. mysterious, 
close, sly; — s.m.f. person who aff'ects 
secrecy about trifles, mysterious fellow 
or thing, close person, sly boots 
CacbOU, s.m. catechu, cutch ; cachou 
Cacbucba, s.f. cachuca (Spanish dance, 
tune) lean Indian chief) 
Cacique, s.m. cacique, cazique (Ameri- 
Cacocbyme, adj. s. (med.) cacochymic; 
(Jig.) odd, eccentric, queer ; ditto crea- 
ture [cacochymy 
Cacocbymie, s.f. (med.) cacochymia, 
Cacodyle, s.m. (chem.) cacodyle 
Caco-grapbie, -logie, -pbonie,. 
&c. V. page 3, § 1 [litter, mule-chair 
Cacolet, s.m. cacolet, laorse-litter, muli- 
Cactac6es, Cact^es, s.f. pi. (bo.. 

cactacese, cactese 
Cactier, Cactus, s.m. (bot.) cactus 
Cadastral, e, adj. cadastral 
Cadastre, s.m. cadastre, cadastral 
survey [of, to survey and value 

Cadastrer, v.a.n. to make the cadastre 
Cadastreur, s.m. government (ord- 
nance) surveyor [corpse-like 
Cadav6reu-X, se, adj. cadaverous, 
Cadav6rique, adj. cadaveric 
Cadavre, s.m. corpse, dead body, body ; 
carcass ; (Jig.) ghost ; skeleton ; ruins 
Cade, s.m. (bot.) cade, Spanish juniper. 

Huile de — , oil of cade 
Cadeau, s.m. present, gift; compli- 
ment ; (obsolete) entertainment; flourish 
Cad6diS, int. (old and local) zounds! 

faith ! — s.m. Gascon 
Cadelle, s.f cadelle (corn-toorm) [snap 
Cadenas, s.m. padlock ; (obsolete) clasp, 
Cadenasser, v.a. to padlock ; (obsolete) 
to clasp [trill ; close 

Cadence, s.f. cadence ; time ; shake, 
Cadenc6, e, adj. cadenced; musical, 
harmonious ; (pers.) formal, stiff, sys- 
tematic [to time ; to harmonize 
Cadencer, v.a. to cadence ; to regulate ; 
Cad^ne, s.f. (convict's) chain; chain- 
gang ; (carpet) cadene ; (nav.) chain- 
Cadenette, s.f. long plait of hair 
Cadet, te, adj. s. younger (son or brother, 
daughter or sister) ; junior ; youngest 
(son or &c.) ; least, smallest ; young 
fellow, boy, sort of a fellow, fellow, 
chap ; (mil.) cadet ; (pop.) bum ; (thieves' 
slang) crow-bar, jemmy. — de haul 
appetit, extravagant or fast young 
Cadette, s.f. free paving-stone [fellow 
Cadetter, v.a. to pave in free stone 
Cadi, s.m. cadi (Turkish judge) 
Cadis, s.m. cadis (serge) 
Cadm^en, ne, adj. Cadmean 
Cadmie, s.f. (chem.) cadmia 
Cadmium, s.m. (chem.) cadmium 
Cadogan, s.m. V. Catosan 
Cadole, s./. latch 

star-shake. — solaire, sun-dial. Faire 

le tour du — , to go (or sleep) all round 

the clock 
Cadran6, e, adj. (of timber) star-shaky 
Cadranier, s.m. dialist 
Cadranure, s.f. (in timber) star- shake 
Cadrat, s.m. (print.) quadrat 
Cadratm, s.m. (print.) m-quadrat. 

Demi- — , n-quadrat 


Cadrature, «./. (horol.) motion- work 
repeating- work 

Cadraturier, s.m. (horol.) movement- 

Cadre, s.m. frame ; framework ; sur- 
roundings, environment ; border ; com- 
pass, limits, space ; outline ; plan ; 
(mil.) list of officers, list, rolls, staff, 
skeleton, cadre ; (admin.) stafif, officials, 
men, servants ; (nav.) cot, (for the sick 
or wounded) cradle, stretcher. Sur les 
—8, (mil.) on the muster-roll ; (nav.) on 
the sick-list 

Cadrer, v.n. to square, to agree, to 
tally, to answer, to correspond, to suit, 
to fit, to match 

fCadrillage, s.m. ruling in squares; 
checkering, checking; checker-work, 
checks, checkers; squares; checked 
pavement, square tiles or flags 

fCadrill^, s.m. checks, checkers ; — 
m., e, /., part. adj. ruled in squares, 
&c. (V. CadrUler) 

fCadriller, v.a. to rule (paper) in 
squares; to checker, to check (stuffs, 
&c.); to lay or dispose in squares or 

Cadu-c, que, adj. broken down, in- 
firm, decaying, declining, decayed, de- 
crepit, frail, feeble, weak, rickety, 
crazy, tumbledown, falling, old ; perish- 
able ; unclaimed ; nuU, void, null and 
void, lapsed ; barred by limitation ; 
(bot.) caducous. V. Mai, s.m. 

Caduc^e, s.m. caduceus 

Caducity, s.f. caducity, decay, decline, 
decrepitude, ruinous state ; falling oflF ; 
nullity, lapsing 

CSBCal, e, adj. (anat.) caecal 

Caecum, s.m. (anat. ) caecum, blind gut 

Caesium, s.m. (chem.) caesium 

Cafard, s.m. (insert) V. Blatte 

Cafard, e,acy. (pers.) canting, hypocri- 
tical, sanctimonious ; — s.m.f. canter, 
canting humbug or rascal, hypocrite, 
mawworm ; tell-tale, sneak 

Cafarder, v.n. to cant, to play the 
hypocrite, to afl'eet sanctity ; to tell 
tales, to sneak 

Cafarderie, Cafardise, s.f., Cafar- 
dage, s.m. cant, hypocrisy ; canting ; 

Caf6, S.VI. coffee; coffee-house; coffee- 
room ; coff"ee-time. — -concert, — 
chantant, concert coffee-house, music- 
hall. — au lait, coflfee and milk ; (ad- 
ject.) cream-coloured. Couleur — au 
lait, cream colour ; cream-coloured. 
C est fort de — , it is hard to believe ; it 
is I'eally too bad; it is coming it too 

Caf6ier, s.m. coffee-tree [strong 

Caf6i-er, dre, s.m.f. coffee-planter, 

Caf6idre, Cafeirie, Cafeterie, s.f. 
coffee-plantation; coffee dressing es- 

Caf6ine, sf. (chem.) caffeine 

Caf6ique, adj. (chem.) caffeic 

Cafetan, s.m. caftan 

Cafeti-er, ^re, s.m.f. coffee-house 
keeper; — s.f. coffee-pot, (— a Jiltre) 

Caffi, e, adj. (of bread) sodden [biggin 

Cafier, s.m. coffee-tree 

Cafire, adj. s.m.f. Caffre, Kaffir, Kafir 

Caftan, s.m. caftan 

Cage, s.f. cage ; coop ; crate ; case, 
casing ; frame, framework ; shaft (of a 
lift) ; shell ; carcass ; wire-guard ; 

Cadran, s.m. dial-plate ; dial ; (in tiviber)^ » wicker-work ; trellis-work ; grating ; 

glass shade; hoop-petticoat. — d 
poulets, hen-coop; (Jig.) small dirty 
room. — a chapons, (pop.) monastery. 
— djacasses, (pop.) nunnery 
Cag6e, s.f. cageful, all the birds 
Cagette, s.f. little cage ; bird-trap 
Cagi-er, 6re, s.m.f. cage-maker 
fCagnard, e, adj. s.m.f. lazj^lothful, 
idle ; skulking ; lazybones, sluggard^ 


loafer; skulker, coward ; — {nav.) 
small rain-awning 
-f-Caen^arder, v.n. to idle time away, to 

lead a lazy life ; to skulk 
tCagnarderie, Cagnardise, »./. lazi- 
ness ; skulking, cjwardice 
fCasne, s.f. lazybones, slut; skulker, 
coward ; eur [work; to shirk it 

f Cagner, v.n. to laze, to idle, to shirk 
f Cagneu-X, Se, adj. knock-kneed ; (of 
kg*) crooked ; (of a horse) hen-toed ; — 
s.m.f. knock-kneed person. Genou — , 
f Cagnot, 8.m. V. Milandre 
-fCagnotte, »./. money reserved out of 
stiikes ; hell-keeper's bonus or fee ; 
CagOt, e, adj. s.m.f. bigoted; hypo- 
critical ; bigot ; cunning saint, hypo- 
crite, mawworm ; — cagot {outca'tt 
or pariah, in the Pyrenees) 
Cagoterie, s/., Cagotisme, s.m. 

bigotry ; hypocrisy 
Cagouj s.m. gipsy; solitary, unsociable 
and miserly man; trainer of thieves; 
solitary thief 
CagOUle, s.f. cagoule (monk's cloak) 
Cague, s.f. (nav.) Dutch sloop 
Cabier, s.m. book, paper book: copy- 
book ; writing-book : exercise-book ; 
manuscript; part of a book, part; 
(folded) sheet ; {of toriting-paper) quarter 
of a quire, six sheets ; written lectures ; 
resolutions ; report ; memorandum ; 
(in Fr. hist.) memorial, cahier. — des 
eharget, (admin.) conditions, specifica- 
tions. — de frais, bill of costs 
Catain-calia, adv. so so, middling, in- 
differently, lamely ; slowly ; reluctantly 
Cahot, jolt ; impediment, obstacle, 

Cabotage, Cahotement, s.m. jolting 
Cahoter, v.a.n. to jolt ; to toss about 
Cahute, «./. hut, hovel, shed, cabin 
Ca'ic, s.m. V. Caiique 
Caiche, s.f. V. Quaicbe [cMef) 

Caid, x.m. caid (Arabjndfie and military 
Caidji, s.m. caidji (coxsicain of a caique) 
Caie, sf. V. Caye 
Ca'ieu,, (hort.) clove (young bulb) 
fCaiUe, sf. quail. — coiffee, (fam.) gay 
woman [ted, clotty 

tCaill6, e, adj. curdled, curdy: clot- 
t Gallic, s.m. curd, curds, clotted milk 

or cream 
fCaiUeboty o.m. guelder rose 
fCaillebotiB, s.m. (nav.) gratings 
fCalllebottage, s.m. curdling 
fCaillebotte, s.f. curds, clotted cream ; 

(nav.\ bar of the gratings 
tCalUebotter, v.a. V. CaiUer 
fCaille-lait, s.m. (bot.) cheese-rennet 
fCaillement, s.m. curdlinj? ; clotting 
fCaiUer, r.a., Se — , v.r. to curdle, to 
curd ; to clot [quail-call 

fCailler, s.m. quail-net; quail-pipe, 
fCaiUetage, ».m. gossiping, tittle- 

tattln, twaddling 
fCailleteau, s.m. young quail 
fCaiUeter, v.n. to gossip, to tattle, to 

-fOalUette, »./. (anat.) reed, rennet; 
( peri.) gossip, tattler, twaddler 

fCaillot. s.m. clot, coagulum. rosat, 

fCaillotis, s.m. kelp [rose-water pear 
fCaillOU, s.m. flint; pebble; stone 
fCaiUoutage, s.m. stoning, gravelling, 
ballasting ; Htones, flints, gravel, bal- 
last ; pebble work ; pipe-clay ; (pottery) 
fCaillont^e, «./. pebble-work ; ( pottery) 

flint- ware 

fCaillonter, r.a. to stone, to gravel, to 

ballast, to metal [cutter 

fCaillouteur, sjn. roadman; flint- 

tCalllouteu-x, m, adj. flintv, pebbly, 

'*Callioutis, s.m. broken stones, stones, 


flints, gravel, ballast,' l*oad-metal, 
metal; stoning [vizier's lieutenujit) 

Caixnacan, s.m. caimacan (grand- 
Caunan, s.m. cayman, alligator 
Caique, (nav.) caique, caic [fibre 
Caire, s.m. coir, cocoa-nut fibre, cocoa- 
Cairn, s.m. cairn 

Caisse, s.f. case ; box ; chest ; bin ; 
cash-box ; till ; coffer ; safe ; cash in 
hand, cash ; cashier's office or desk ; 
pay oflice; counting-house; cash ac- 
count; fund; bank; treasury; drum; 
barrel or shell or body or cylinder {of 
a drum) ; body (of a carriage) ; shell (of 
a block) ; (hort.) box, tub ; (rail.) com- 
partment. — viilitaire, military chest. 
— roulante, tenor drum (high side- 
drum). Grosse — , big di*um, bass 
drum. Petite — , small case or &c. ; 
till. — « COM, (?iav.) water-tank. — 
du bord, (nav.) money-chest (of the 
ship). — d'epargne, savings-bank. — 
des pensions, pension fund. — de se- 
cours, benevolent fund (V. Mutuel). 
Gargon de — , collecting clerk. En — , 
{com., Jin.) in hand. Bander la — , to 
brace the drum; (fig.) to run away 
with the cash -box, to run away, to get 
away, to abscond. Faire la — , to make 
up the cash account. Sauver la — , 
(jest.) to run away with the till. Tenir 
la — , to act as cashier, to bti cashier, 
to keep the cash account 
Caissetin, s.m. small case or box 
Cai88i-er, fere, cashier 
Caisson, s.m. {mil.) amumnition wag- 
gon or cart, waggon, tumbril, chest, 
caisson ; (nav.) locker ; (arm-)chest ; {of 
a carriage) boot, seat-box ; (arch.) 
caisson, coffer, sunk panel ; {civ. 
engin.) caisson ; (soldiers' slang) head. 
Se faire sauter le — , to blow o.'s brains 
out [cajejiut-oil 

Cajeputi s.m. (bat.) cajeput ; ( pharvi.) 
Cajeputier, s.m. (but.) cajeput, cajeput- 
tree [to coax, to fawn u|)on 

Caioler, v.a. to cajole, to wheedle, 
Cajolerie, s.f. cajolery, wheedling, coax- 
ing, fawning 
Cajoleu-r, se, cajoler, wheedler, 
coaxer, fawner ; — adj. cajoling, wheed- 
ling, coaxing, fawTiing 
Calotte, s.f. V. Cachotte [sea-rocket 
Cakile, s.m. (bot.) cakile. — des sables, 
Cal, s.m. callosity ; {xnrg.) callus 
Calabar, s.m. Calabar. Fei^e du (or de) 

— , Calabar beau, ordeal bean 
Calabrais, e, adj. s. Calabrian ; Cala- 

brian fashion 
Calade, sf. (rid.) calade 
Caladion, Caladium, s.m. (bot.) 
caladium [basket 

Calais, s.m. (in markets) basket ; dozen- 
Calaisien, ne, adj. s. of Calais, 

Calaisian, native of Calais 
Calaison, s.f. {nav.) draught of water, 

draught, ship's draught 
Calamagrostis, s.m., Calamagros- 
tide, s.f. (bot.) calamagrostis, small 
Calambac, s.m. calambac (wood) 
Calambottr, s.m. calambour (wood) 
Calament, s.m. (bot.) calamint 
Calamine, s.f. (min.) calamine 
Calamite, s.f. (min.) calamite; (sooK) 
CalanUte, sf. calamity [natterjack 
Calamiteusement, adv. calamitously 
Calamiteu-X, se, adj. calamitous; 
distressing [ii,ig 

Calandrage, s.m. calendering, mang- 
Calandre, s.f. calender, mangle ; (bird) 
calandre lark; (insect) calandra, wee- 
vil, corn-weevil, rice-weevil 
CalandreUe, s.f (bird) short-toed lark 
C^aiandrer, v.a. to calender, to mangle 
Calandrette, s.f song-thrush, throstle, 
^"i»"« [mangier 

Calandreu-r, se, s.m.f calenderer. 


I Calangue, Calanque, s.f. creek, 
j cove, small bay 
Calao, s.m. (bird, hombill 
Calap^, s.m. (cook.) calipee, calipash 
Calcaire, adj.m.f. calcareous, limy, 
lime ; — s.m. calcareous soil or rock, 
limestone [taeal 

Calcan^en, ne, adj. (anat.) calca- 
Calcan6um, s.m. (anat.) calcaneum,, 

OS calcis, heel-bone 
Calc6doine, s.f. (min.) chalcedony 
Calc^donieu-x, se, Calc^do- 
nique, adj. chalcedonic [slipperwort 
Calceolaire, s.f. (bot.) calceolaria,, 
Calcin, s.m. calcined glass 
Calcinable, adj. calcinable 
Calcination, s.f. calcination, calcining' 
Calciner, v.a., Se — , v.r. to calcine ; to 
Calcium, s.m. (chem.) calcium [burn 
Calcograplie^ s.m. calcugrapher 
Calcograph-ie, -ique. V. page ,S, § 1 
Calcul, s.m. calculation, reckoning, 
computation ; forecast ; ciphering ; 
arithmetic; sum-; account; estimate; 
design; consideration of personal in- 
terest, selfish motive; (math.) calcu- 
lus; (med.) calculus, concretion, stone. 
De —fait, everything being reckoned, 
taking everything into account 
Calculable, adj. calculable, com- 
Calcula-teur, trice, adj. calculat- 
ing ; — s.m.f. calculator, reckoner ; ac- 
tuary; accountant; schemer; calcu- 
lating-machine. — mecanique, calcu- 
lating-machine [lating 
Calculatoire, adj. calculatory; calcu- 
Calculer, v.a.n. to calculate, to reckon, 
to compute; to estimate; to cipher; 
to forecast ; to scheme ; to adjust ; to 
adapt ; to combine, to contrive, to de- 
vise; to judge, to appreciate, to de- 
termine; to rely, to depend (on). Se 
—, to be calculated or &c. 
Calculeu-X, se, adj. (med.) calculous ; 

— s.m.f. calculous person 

Gale, s.f. wedge, prop; block; slip, 
slope ; (— de constmction) stocks, slip ; 
hold (of a ship) ; draught (of water) ; 
store-room, room ; keel-hauling, duck- 
ing; (in angling) weight, lead, shot, 
Grande — , main hold. — a eau, main 
hold, store-room for water. — « viti, 
spirit-room. Eau de la — , bilge-water. 
Fond de — , bottom of the hold, bilge. 
A fond de — , (nav.) down in the hold ; 
(pop.) penniless 

Cal6, e, jjart. adj. wedged up, &c. (F. 
Caler) ; well off, well-to-do, wealthy, 
warm ; sightly, smart, spicy ; strong 

Calebasse, s.f. (bot.) calabash, gourd ; 
monkey-bread; (poiK) pate, nob, nod- 
dle, sconce ; lanky dowdy 

Caiebassier, s.m^(bot.) calabash-tree 

Caliche, $./. (carriage) barouche; (old- 
fashioned) calash ; (for the head, obso- 
lete) calash 

Cale^on, s.m. drawers, pair of drawers. 

— de bain, bathing-drawers. — rouge, 
red (bathing-)drawers ; first-rate swim- 
mer ; (bird) red-bellied curucui 

Cal6donien, ne, adj. s. Caledonian 
Cal6facteur, s.m. calefactor ; — adj.m. 

(•trice, /.) cooking ; heating 
Cal6faction, s.f. calef action 
Cal6idophone, Cal^idoscope, &c. 

V. Kal6idophone, &c. 

Calembour, s.m. pun [lar 

Calembourique, adj. punning, jocu- 

Calembouriste, punster 

Calembredaine, s.f. sham; quibble; 

bosh ; humbug, gammon ; random or 

idle talk, idle story, foolery, nonsense, 

stuff {{Indian chintz) 

Calencar, s.m. (obsolete) calencart 

Calence, s.f. want of work. En —, out 

of work, out of collar 
Calendaire, s.m. church register 


Calender, s,m. calender {dtrvish) 
Calendes, «./. pi. calends ; meeting of 
rural clergy (conuokcd by the bishop), 
visitation. — (/rccgufs,(ireek calends, 
Tib's eve, latter Lammas, (till) dooms- 
day, never *. 
Calendrier, s.m. calendar, almanac 
Calenture, s.f. (med.) calenture [book 
Calepin, s.m. note-book, memorandum- 
Caler, v.a. to wedge up ; to wedge in ; 
to support, to prop, to stay ; to steady ; 
to fix ; to fasten ; to tighten ; to 
strengthen ; to secure ; to establish 
firmly ; to give a position to ; (at play) 
to shoot (a marble) ; to keep away from 
{school); (of a vessel) to draw (...feet of 
water) ; to house (a mast) ; to keel-haul, 
to duck (a seaman) ; to sink (a fishing- 
line) ; — v.n. to sink ; (fig.) to give way, 
to yield, to submit, to knock under, to 
knuckle down or under ; to come down 
a peg; to cool down; to sing small; 
(pop.) to be out of work, to do nothing, 
to be idle ; to strike work ; (aniong 
printers) to wait or stop for copy ; (<i t 
marbles) to rest o.'s right hand on o.'s 
left hand, to knuckle down. — Vecole, 
to play truant. Se — , to be wedged up, 
&c. ; to get a firm footing [carriage 
Calessine, s.f. (Spanish) chaise, fly, van, 
Caleu-r, se, s.m.f. man or woman out 
of work, idle or lazy workman or work- 
Calfait, s.m. (nav.) caulking-iron 
Calfat, s.m. (nav.) caulker 
Calfatage, s.m. (nav.) caulking 
Calfater, v.a. (nav.) to caulk 
Calfatin, s.m. (nav.) caulker's boy or 
apprentice [chinks, listing, padding 
Calfeutrage, s.m. stopping up of 
Calfeutr4, e, adj. shut up, close, warm, 

Calfeutrer, v.a. to stop up the chinks 
of, to list, to pad ; to keep close or snug ; 
to shut up. -Se — , to be made close ; 
ipers.) to shut oneself up close or snug- 
ly, to keep oneself warm and comfort- 
able ; (fig.) to be close or reserved 
CaliatOYir, s.m. Bois de — , caliatour- 

Calibre, s.m. (of a fire-arm, &c.) calibre, 
size, diameter ; (fig.) calibre, sort, kind, 
stamp [take the calibre of, to gauge 
Calibrer, v.a. to give the calibre to ; to 
Calice, s.m. chalice, communion-cup, 
cup ; (hot.) calyx, cup, flower-cup ; (fig.) 
cup ; cup of bitterness ; grief, afliictiou, 
humiliation, sacrifice 
Calicot, s.m. calico ; counter-jumper 
(linendraper^s assista^it) [heart 

Calicote, s.f. counter-jumper's sweet- 
Calicule, s.m. (bat.) calycle 
Caliculd, e, adj. (bot.) calycled, calycu- 

late, calyculated 
Caller, s.m. (nav.) holder 
Califat, s.m. caliphate 
Calife, s.m. caliph 
Califomien, ne, adj. s. Califomian 

A — , astride, astraddle 

Calige, s.m. caligus, fish-louse, sea- 

Caliznande, sf. (fish) whift" [louse 

Calin, s.m. calin, tea-lead 

CaLlin, e, adj. fawning, caressing, 

wheedling, coaxing, cajoling, bland; 

indolent, lazy ; — s.m.f. fawner, wheed- 

ler, coaxer, cajoler ; lazybones, dullard 

Calinage, s.m. Boite de — , beech-wood 

C^liner, v.a. to fawn upon ; to fondle, 
to caress, to indulge, to coddle, to pet ; 
to wheedle, to coax, to cajole. Se — , 
to coddle oneself ; to take o.'s ease ; to 
indulge in idleness 
C^linerie, sf. fawning, fondling.caress- 
ing, caress, caresses, fond ways; wheed- 
ling, coaxing, cajolery ; indulgence ; 
indolence, laziness 


Calino, s.m. V. Jocrisse 
Caliome, sf. (nav.) purchase-tackle 
Calleu-X, se, adj. callous, hard, horny ; 

(bot.) callose [musk-beetle 

tCallichrome, s.m. (zool.) callichroma, 
Calligraphe, s.m. calligrapher, one 

skilled in penmanship, good penman 
Calligraphie, s.f. culligriiphy ; pen- 
miuiship [writing 

Calligrapliique, adj. calligraphic ; 
Callionyxne, s.m. (fish) dragonet, scul- i 
pin. — draconcule, V. Dragonneau 
— lyre, V. Doucet 
Callisth^nie, s.f. callisthenics i 

Callistll6nique, adj. callisthenic i 

Callosit6, s./. callosity ; callousness 
Calmande, s.f. calamanco (glossy ivool- ' 
len stuff) j 

CNilmant, e, imrt. adj. soothing, &c. I 
(V. Calxner, v.a.); sedative, anodyne '\ 
Oalmant, s.m. (med.) soothing remedy, 

sedative, anodyne, composing draught i 
Calmar, s.m. (mollusc) calamary, squid, 

sleeve-fish, iien-fish 
Calme, adj. calm, quiet, still; undis- 
turbed ; unruffled ; smooth ; serene ; 
unimpassioned ; dispassionate ; com- 
posed; collected; cool; sedate; (com.) 
quiet, dull, flat 
Calme, s.m. calm, calmness, quietness, 
quiet, stillness ; tranquillity ; repose ; 
serenity ; composedness, composure, 
coolness; dulness, flatness; interrup- 
tion. — p/at, dead calm 
Calmer, v.a. to calm, to quiet, to still, 
to pacify, to appease, to allay, to as- 
suage, to soothe, to compose, to ease ; 
to mitigate ; to soften. Se — , to become 
calm or quiet or still or easy ; to be or 
become appeased or soothed or &c. ; to 
calm oneself ; to become or be com- 
posed ; to blow over ; to subside, to 
abate, to fall ; (nav.) V. Calxnir 
Calminer, v.a. (nav.) V. Encalminer 
Calmir, v.n. (nav.) to fall calm, to get 

calm, to lull 
Calmouk, s.m. adj. Calmuck, Kalmuck 
Calomel, s.m. ( pharm.) calomel 
Calomnia-teur, trice, s.m.f. calum- 
niator, slanderer ; — adj. calumnious, 
Calomnie, sf. calumny, slander 
Calomnier, v.a.n. to calumniate, to 
slander [ly, slanderously 

Calomnieusement, adv. calumnious- 
Calomnieu-x, se, adj. calumnious, 

Caloricit^, s.f. caloricity 
Calorie , sf. ( phys.) calorie (unit of heat) 
Calorif^re, s.m. heating or warming 
apparatus, air-stove, hot-air stove, 
stove, hot-water pipes, calorifere ; — 
adj. heating, warming, hot-air. hot- 
water [rifiant 
Calorifiant, e, adj. calorifacient, calo- 
Calorification, s.f. calorification, 

Calorifique, adj. calorific, heating 
Calorim^tre, s.m. calorimeter 
Calorim6tr-ie, -ique. V. page 3, § 1 
Calorique, s.m. caloric, heat 
CalOt, s.m. wedge; (playing -marble) 
alley, taw, alley-taw ; ( pop.) goggle-eye 
CalOtin, s.m. V. Calottin 
Calotte, s.f. skull-cap ; smoking-cap ; 
cap ; coif ; caul ; top of the crown, tip 
(of a hat) ; top (of a man's cap) ; rfi,p on 
the head, box on the ear ; (of priests, 
arch.) calotte ; (fig., favi.) priesthood, 
priests, clergy ; cardinalate ; canopy, 
vault ; (anat.) skull - cap. calva. — 
grecquc, Greek cap, smo' ing-cap. Re- 
gime de la — , administration of govern- 
ment by priests. Le regiment de la — , 
the company of the Jesuits 
CalOtter, v.a. to box the ears of, to 
punch the heiid of [maker 

Calotti-er, ^re, s.m.f. calotte or cap- 

Calottin, s.m. (in contempt) shaveling, 

priest (calotte- wearer ; white-choker in 

CalOU, s.m. palm-wine [English) 

Caloy-er, ere, caloyer (Greek 

monk or nun) [copy, imitation 

Caique, s.m. tracing, calquiug; servile 

Calquer, v.a. to trace, to counterdraw, 

to caique ; to copy. Papier or toile a —, 

tracing-paper or cloth. Se — , to be 

traced or copied ; to take example, to 

follow, to take as o.'s model [point 

Calquoir, s.m. tracing-point, calquing- 

Calumet, s.m. calumet, pipe, pipe of 

Calus, s.m. callosity, hard skin ; (fig.) 
callousness, obduracy; (surg., bot., hort.) 
Calvaire, s.m. Calvary [callus 

Calvanier, s.m. (agr.) stacker 
Calville, s.f. calville (apple) 
Calvinisme, s.m. Calvinism 
Calviniste, s.m.f. Calvinist ; — adj. Cal- 

Calvitie, s.f. baldness ; (med.) calvities. 

— des panpieres, loss of the eyelashes 
Calycanthe, s.m. (hot.) calycanthus, 

Carolina allspice, Japan allspice 
Cam (Bois de). Cam-wood, s.m. 

Cama'ieu, s.m. camaieu, camayeu 
fCamail, s.m. camail ; cape, cardinal ; 

(for a horse) hood 
Camarade, s.m.f. comrade, fellow, 
mate, chum, companion, associate, 
partner; friend; lad; playmate, play- 
fellow; school-fellow; fellow-labourer 
or workman ; fellow-servant ; fellow- 
actor or actress ; fellow-soldier, bro- 
ther-soldier ; messmate. — d'ecole or 
de pension or de college or d'etude or 
de classe, school-fellow, class-fellow, 
fellow-student. — de plat, (nav.) mess- 
I mate 

I Camaraderie, s./. comradeship, fellow- 

1 ship, companionship ; friendship, inti- 

j macy ; party association, coalition, 

I coterie, clique, clan, close fraternity, 

club or set of stanch friends ; clanship ; 

party spirit ; favouritism, jobbery 

Camard, e, adj. s. flat-nosed ; flat ; 

' flat-nosed person, flat-nose. La — e, 

Death, grim Death 
Camarilla, s.f. camai-illa [or loon 

Camarin, s.m. (bird) red-throated diver 
Camarine, s.f. (hot.) crowberry, crake- 
Cambiste, s.m. cambist [berry 

Cambouis, s.m. coom, cart - coom, 

gome, old cart-greas« 
Cambrai, s.m. imitation lace 
Cambre, s.f, Cambrement, s.m. 
camber, cambering, curving, arching, 
Cambre, e, parf. adj. cambering, cam- 
bered, &c. (V. Cambrer) ; well set 
Cambrer, v.a. to camber ; to curve, to 
arch ; to bend. Se — , to camber ; to 
warp ; to bend up o.'s back 
Cambr^sine, s.f. fine cambric (for- 
merly made at Cambrai) 
Cambrien, ne, adj. s. Cambrian 
fCambrillon, s.m. (of a shoe) stiftener 
Cambxioleur, s.m. housebreaker 
Cambrique, adj.m.f, s.m. Welsh 
Cambrure, s.f. camber, bend, arch, 
curve ; cambering, bending ; warping 
Cambuse, s.f. (nav.) steward's room ; 
(pop.) canteen ; low public-house ; hole, 
Cambusier, s.m. (nav.) steward's mate 
fCame, s.f. (shell) chama, clam, gaping 
Cam^e, s.m. cameo [cockle ; (tech.) cam 
Cam6l6e, s.f. (hot.) widow- wail 
Cam^l6on, chameleon ; trimmer, 
time-server; — adj. changeable, fickle 
Camilla, Camellia, s.m. (bot.) ca- 
mellia. Dame aux — s, gay woman 
Cam^lin, e, adj. cameline, of camels 
Cam6line, 8./. {hot.) camelin% gold oi 


CamelOt; s.m. {stuji') camlet; ipers.) 
cheap Jack, pedlar, packman, hawker; 
toyman ; huckster 

Camelote, s.f. trash, rubbish, trump- 
ery, brummagem ; shoddy ; bosh ; — 
€uij. trashy, worthless, trumpery, brum- 
magem, wretched 

CamelOter, v.a. to weave in imitation 
of camlet; — v.n. to make trash, to 
bungle, to deal in trumpery articles; 
to tramp; to beg 

Cameloteur, s.m. pedlar, packman, 
hawker; duflfer; tramp, cadger 

Camelotier, s.m. coarse paper; cam- 
let-weaver; bungler 

Camelotine, »./. {stuff) camleteen 

Caxnembert, s.m. Camembert cheese 

Cam^rier, s.m. chamberlain (to the 
Pope or to a cardinal) 

Caxn^risier, x.m. ibot.) fly-honeysuckle 

Cazn^riste, Cam^ridfe, «./. lady of 
the ehauilier; waiting-woman; lady's 
maid : iliambermaid [Rome) 

Caxnerlingat, «.m. camerlingate (at 

Caxnerlingue, s.m. (of the Pope) ca- 

Camion; s.m. truck; waggon ; lorry ; 
minikin, small pin; (paint-) kettle 

Caxnionnage, s.m. truckage, cartage, j 
carting', carriage [to truck, to carry • 

Caznionner , v.a. to convey on a truck, ; 

Camionneur; s.m. truckman, carrier; j 
porter [night attack 

Camisade, s.f. (obsolete, mil.) camisade, 

Camisard, s.m. (Fr. hist.) Camisard 
{Calrinist insurgent of the Cevennes) 

Camisole, s.f. (woman's) dressing- 
jacket ; (workman's) slop ; strait-waist- 
coat or jacket. — deforce, strait-waist- 
coat or jacket [momile 

fCamomille, s.f. (hot.) camomile, cha- 

9amon, int. (old) ay ! oh, yes ! indeed ! 
forsooth ! 

Camouflet; s.m. whifif of smoke (in the 
face); (mil.) camouflet, stifler; (fig.) 
affront, mortification ; rap over the 
knuckles, snub 

Camp, s.m. camp ; [in games, matches) 
side ; team ; (Jig.) army ; party, faction; 
(old) lists ; single combat ; field. Livei- 
le — , to break up the camp ; (fig.) to 
decamp, to levant, to run away; to 
strike work. Prendre le — , V. richer 

fCampag^ard, e, adj. country; rus- 
tic, rural, countrified; —s.m.f. country- 
man ; countrywoman ; rustic ; farmer 

fCampag^e, s.f. country, fields; cham- 
paign, champaign country, open or flat 
country ; plain, plains ; regions ; coun- 
try-place ; country-house, seat; (mil., 
fig.) campaign; field; expedition; (nav.) 
voyage, cruise ; (public works) season. 
En — , in the field ; away from home ; 
away ; out ; at work. En pleine —, en 
T(ue — , in the open fields or country, in 
the plain. La — de . . *, the country 
around . . . ; the campaign or expedi- 
tion to . . ., the . . . campaign ; the voy- 
age to . . . La — de Borne, the Roman 
Campagna, the Campagna di Koma. 
Battre la — , to scour the country ; to 
beat about the bush; to ramble, to 
rove ; to speak at random ; to talk non- 
sense ; to wander from the subject ; to 
be deranged ; to be delirious, to wan- 
der, to rave. Entrer en — , to take the 
field. Etre dla—, to be in the coun- 
try. Etre en —, to be in the field ; to 
be from home ; to be at work. Mettre 
«n — , to bring into the field ; to set 
(...)to work; to send on the search. 
8e mettre en —, to take the field ; to 
set out on an (or o.'s) expedition ; to 
set out ; to Bet (oneself) to work ; to go 
oat on the search. Tenir la — , to keep 
the field 

fCampagnoli «.m. (zool.) vole, flold- 
vole, short- tailed field-mouse, meadow- 


mouse ; water-vole, water-rat. — vo- 
lant, nycteris, bristly bat (of Senegal) 
Campane, s.f. (arch.) bell ; (sculp., &c.) 
ornament with fringe and tassels ; 
fringe, tuft; (bot.) campana, pasque- 
flower [bell-tower 
Campanile, s.m. (arch.) campanile, 
Campanule, s.f. (bot.) campanula, 
bell-flower [late, bell-shaped 
Campanula, e, adj. (bot.) campanu- 
Camp6, e, part. adj. encamped, &c. 
( V. Camper) ; situated ; firm ; stand- 
ing bolt upright, standing. Mre bien 
— , (pei-s.) to have a firm footing or a 
good standing; to stand well on o.'s 
stumps, to have a good pair of legs ; to 
be well-set or well-built ; (ironically) to 
be in a fine plight, to be in a pretty 
pickle [wood, logwood 
Campeche (Bois de)^ s.m. Campeachy 
Campement, s.m. camping; encamp- 
ment, camp 
Camper, v.n.a. to camp, to encamp ; to 
seat ; to put, to place, to lay ; to clap ; 
to thrust ; to give ; to fix ; to stick. 
— Id, to leave in the lurch, to leave. 
Se—, to encamp, to pitch o.'s camp; 
to place or put or seat or &c. oneself ; 
to stand ; to give each other 
Camphdne, s.m. (chem.) camphene 
Camplline, sf. (chem.) camphine 
Camphorate, s.m. (chem.) camphorate 
Camphorique, adj. (chem.) camphoric 
Camphre, s.m. camphor 
Camphr^e, sf. (bot.) camphorosma 
Camplirer, v.a. to camphorate 
Camphrier, s.m. (bot.) camphor-tree ; 

Campine, s.f. fine fat pullet 
Campos, s.m. holiday ; rest, relaxation 
Camus, e, adj. flat ; flat-nosed, snub- 
nosed, pug-nosed ; balked, disap- 
pointed ; abashed, looking very small ; 
astonished, dumbfounded ; — s.m.f. 
flat (or &c.)-nosed person, flat-nose. 
Nez —, flat nose, snub-nose, pug-nose. 
La — e, (pop.) Death, gi'im Death 
Camuson, s.f. flat-nosed woman or girl 
Canadlen, ne, adj. s. Canadian 
fCanaille, s.f. rabble, mob, riff-rafi", 
blackguards, roughs, cads ; scoundrel, 
rascal, scamp, villain, vile wretch, 
blackguard ; noisy children, brats ; — 
adj. blackguardly, rascally, coarse, 
low, vulgar [blackguard thing 

fCanalUerie, s.f. blackguardism ; 
Canal, s.m. canal ; channel ; strait ; 
water-pipe, pipe, tube, conduit ; spout ; 
duct ; gutter ; drain ; flue ; bed ; (of a 
mill) water-course, course, race ; (arch.) 
channel, flute, fluting ; (tech.) groove ; 
(fig.) channel, means, medium, in- 
Canalicule, s.m. small channel 
Canalicul6, e, adj. (nat. hist.) canali- 
Canalisable, adj. canalizable [culate 
Canalisation, s.f. canalization 
Canaliser, v.a. to canalize 
Canamelle, s.f. (bot.) saccharum, 
sugar-cane ICana) 

Canan^en, ne, adj. s. Cananean (of 
Canape, s.m. sofa. Lit- —,— -lit, sofa- 
bedstead [(Polynesian) 
Canaque, s.m.f. adj. Kanak, Kanaka, 
Canard, s.m, duck, drake; henpecked 
husband; false news, hoax ; false note, 
quack, goose ; lump of sugar dipped in 
brandy or coffee ; — , m., e, /., adj. 
sinking (wood) ; pitching (ship). Chien 
— , water-spaniel, retriever for duck- 
shooting. — prive, decoy-duck, decoy 
Canardeau, s.m. duckling, young duck 

or drake 
Canarder, v.a. to fire at, to shoot 
(from under shelter) ; to hoax, to hum- 
bug, to gammon ; — v.n. (mus.) to make 
a quack, to make quacks, to quack, to 
goose ; (nav.) to pitch, to dive 


Canardeur, s.m. (shij)) V. Cana,rdier 

Canardier, wild-duck shooter; 
spreader of false news, hoaxer; ship 
pitching heavily, pile-driver 
Canardi^re, s.f. decoy-pond, decoy; 
duck-pond ; duck-gun f (fort.) loophole 
Canari,s.?«.canary,canary-bird ; simple- 
ton, flat, muff 
Canarine, s.f. (bot.) canary-bird flower, 
canary-vine, canary-plant [tea-chest 
Canasse, Canastre, s.m. canaster; 
Cancan, s.m. tittle-tattle; backbiting, 
scandal; piece of scandal, scandalous 
story; tale-bearing; cancan (vulgar 
dance) ; (obsolete) noise, pother, much 
ado about nothing 
Cancaner, v.ji. to tittle-tattle, to deal 

in scandal ; to dance the cancan 
Cancaneu-r, se, Cancani-er, 6re, 
adj. addicted to tittle-tattle or scandal ; 
— s.m.f. gossip, tale-bearer, scandal- 
monger ; dancer of the cancan 
Cancer, s.m. (med.) cancer ; (astr.) 

Cancer, (the) Crab 
Canc6reu-x, se, adj. (med.) cancerous 
Canc6riforme, adj. (med.) cancriform, 
Canclie, s.f. (bot.) hair-grass [cancroid 
Cancre, s.m. crab ; dunce, lazy fellow, 
slow boy, backward boy ; miser, hunks ; 
miserable creature,pitiful wretch, good- 
for-nothing fellow [cockroach 
Cancrelat, s.m. kakerlac, American 
Cancriforme, adj. (zool.) cancriform, 

cancrine, crab-like 
Cancroide,ad;.m./.,s.?n.. (med.) cancroid 
Cand61abre, s.m. candelabrum ; lamp- 
post ; street-lamp, lamp ; (fig.) lumi- 
nary [genuousness ; purity 
Candeiir, s.f. candour, frankness, in- 
Candi, C, part. adj. vi.f., s.m. candied ; 
Candidat, e, s.m.f. candidate [candy 
Candidature, s.f. candidature, oandi- 

dateship, putting up, canvass 
Candide, adj. candid, frank, ingenuous, 

fair, open, sincere ; pure 

Candidement, adv. candidly, frankly, 

ingenuously, fairly, openly, sincerely ; 

Candiote, s.m.f. adj. Candiot [purely 

Candir, v.a.n., Se — , v.r. to candj'. 

Faire — , to candy 
Candisation, s.f. candjing 
Candissoire, s.f. candying-pan, pre- 
serving-pan [V. Caner, v.n. 
Cane, s.f. duck (female). Faire la — , 
Can6ficier, s.m. (bot.) cassia-tree 
Canelle, s.f. (bad spelling for Cannelle) 
Canepetidre, s.f. (bird) little bustard, 

Can^pliore, s.f. (Gr. ant., arch.) cane- 

phora, canephor (basket-bearer) 
Canepin, s.m. fine lambskin ; fine kid 
Caner, v.n. (pop.) to duck; to shirk 
danger, to shirk it, to funk, to show 
the white feather, to run away; to 
cack ; — v.a. to shirk ; to leave un- 
Caneter, v.n. (old) to waddle ; to chatter 
Caneton, s.m. duckling, young drake 
Canette, s.f. duckling, young duck 
(female) ; pot, jug, bottle (of beer) ; tap 
Caneur, s.m. (pop.) poltroon, funky 

Canevas, s.m. canvas ; sketch, ground- 
work, plan, outline, skeleton ; subject 
Canezou,s.m. (woman's) jacket,canezou 
Cange, s.f. (kind of light boat, on the 
Cangette, s.f. (com.) Caen serge [Nile) 
Cangue, s.f. (in China) cang, canque, 

kea (kind of iMlory) 
Caniche, s.m.f. adj. poodle, poodle-dog 

or bitch, water-dog 
Canicide, s.m. (jest.) canicide 
Caniculaire, adj. canicular ; sultry 
(heat). Jours — s, canicular days, dog- 
days [cula, canicule, dog-star 
Canicule, s.f. dog-days; (astr.) cani- 
Canid6s, (zool.) canidse 
Canif, s.m, penknife. Donner un coup 

de — dans le contrat, to be faithless to 
o.'s marriage vows 
fCanill^e; s.f, duckweed 
Canin, e, adj.m.f. canine ; — s.f. canine 
tootli, canine ; (0/ animals) fang, tusk, 
tush. Lettre — e, canine letter (the 
letter R). Eire or ris — , canine laugh, 
sardonic or sneering smile, grin 
CaninS; canines, canina, canidae, 
dog-tribe [the hair) 

CaiUtie, s.f. whiteness or hoariness (of 
Caniveau, «.m. channel- stone 
Canivet (Madame), s.f. (counter- 
jumpers^ slang) lady Quiz [F. Balisier 
Canna, .s/. {zool.) eland; —a.m. (bot.) 
Cannage, s.m. cane work; caniug, 
cane-bottoming (of chairs,&c.); measur- 
ing with the cane 
Cannaie^ s.f. cane-field, cane-brake 
Cannamelie, s.f. V. Canamelle 
Canne, s.f. cane ; stick ; walking-stick ; 
singlestick; rod; tube (for hlowing 
glass, S;c.); pipe; (literary slang) dis- 
missal, sack, walking-ticket. — a epee, 
sword-stick. — a peche, fishing-rod. 
— a vent, air-cane. — d sucre, sugar- 
cane. Sucre de — , cane-sugar. La — 
a la main, (fig.) idly ; quietly, coolly, 
in an offhand manner - [moorberry 
Canneberge, s.f. (hot.) cranberry, 
Cannel (Cliarbon-)» ^•'"i- cannel-coal 
Cannelas, s.m. cinnamon comfit, 

candied cinnamon 
Cannel6, s.m. ribbed (or corded) silk 
Canneler, v.a. to channel ; to flute ; to 

reed ; to groove ; to rifle 
Cannelier, s.m. [hot.) cinnamon-tree 
Cannelle, s.f. cinnamon ; tap ; eye- 
groove (of a needle). — hlanche, white 
cinnamon. — giroflee, — noire, clove- 
bark. En — , (fig., fani.) in or to pieces. 
V. Pomme ^ Poxnxnier 
Cannelon, s.m. fluted mould (for ices, 
jellies, cheese, &c.) ; (cook.) cannelon, 
fried puflf; roll [reeding; groove 

Cannelure, s.f. channelling; fluting; 
Canneq,uin, s.m. cannequiu (cotton 

Canner, v.a. to cane-work ; to cane 
(a chair, &c.) ; to measure with the cane 
fCannetille, s.f. gold or silver twist, 
bullion ; silver thread ; brass wire ; 
ribbon- wire, cap-wire ; silk-wire ; satin- 
fCannetiUer, v.a. to trim with gold or 
silver twist, to surround with metallic 
threads ; to tie ; to wire 
Cannette, s.f. tap ; fuse, fuze, tube ; (of 
' needles) eye-groove ; (of beer) pot, jug, 

Canneu-r^se, s.m.f. caner, chair-caner, 

cane chair bottomer ; cane-worker 
Cannibale, s.m. cannibal 
Cannibalisme, s.m. cannibalism 
Canni-er, bre, s.m.f. walking-stick 
maker; cane-worker, caner, &c. (V. 
Canon, s.m. cannon, gun ; barrel ; 
cylinder ; tube ; pipe ; nozzle ; quill ; 
shank ; key-hole ; gutter ; spout ; roll, 
stick; reel; (vet.) shank, shank-bone, 
cannon, cannon-bone ; (of a bridle-bit) 
mouthpiece ; (obsolete) breeches lower 
trimming; (print, mus., chron., math., 
a laio or rule or decision, eccl., of the 
Mass, adject.) canon ; {pop.) quarter of 
a pint, quartern, gill ; nip, glass. — • 
raye, rifled gun (cannon) ; rifled barrel. 
A — raye, rifle-barrelled, rifled. — de 
retraite,(nav.) stern-chaser; (miJ.) even- 
ing-gun. Gros — , (print.) canon. 
Petit —, (pri7it.) two-line English 
Canonial, e, adj. canonical; pre- 

Canonialement, adv. canonically 
.Canonical, s.m. canonry; (fig.,fam.) 
sinecure [ness 

Canonicit^, s.f. canonicity, canonical- 


Canon-ique, -iquement. V. page 

Canonisation, sf. canonization [3, § 1 

Canoniser, v.a. to canonize ; (flg.) to 
praise, to extol, to glorify 

Canoniste, s.m. canonist 

Canonnade, s.f. cannonade, cannon- 

Canonnage, s.m. gunnery [ading 

Canonner, r.a.n, to cannonade ; ( pop.) 
to tipple _ [foundry 

Canonnerie, s.f. cannon-foundry, gun- 

Canonneu-r, se, s.m.f. tippler 

Canonnier, s.m. gunner ; baiTel-maker 

Canonni^re, s.f. gun-boat, gun-vessel ; 
pop-gun; tent'; drain-hole; (obsolete) 
loop-hole (in a wall) 

Canot, s.m. boat ; barge ; canoe. Chand 
—, (7iav.) pinnace. Petit — , (nav.) 

Canotage, a.m. boating, aquatics 

Canoter, v.n. to go boating 

Canoti-er, 6re, s.m.f. rower; oars- 
man; boat-keeper, boatman, boat- 

Cantabile, s.m. (mus.) cantabile 

Cantabre, adj. s. Cantabi-iau 

Cantal, s.m. Cantal cheese 

Cantalabre, s.m. (door-)case or frame, 
(window-) frame 

Cantaloup, s.m. cantaloup {melon) 

Cantate, s.f. (mus.) cantata 

fCantatille, s.f. (mus.) cantatilla 

Cantatrice, s.f. cantatrice 

Canter, s.m. (in horse-racing) canter 

Cantharelle, sf. (hot.) cantharellus 

Cantharide, s.f. cantharis, Spanish 
fly, blister fly, blister-beetle [tharides 

Cantharider, v.a. to sprinkle with can- 

Cantharidine, s.f. (chem.) canthari- 

Canth^re, s.m. (fi'gh) sea-bream [dine 

Cantbus, s.m. [anat.) canthus, angle of 
the eye 

Cantil^ne, s.f. (mus.) cantilena 

Cantine, s.f. canteen 

Cantini-er, fere, s.m.f. canteen-keeper, 
canteen-man or woman, sutler 

Cantique, s.m. canticle, song, hymn 

Canton, s.m. canton, hundred, district, 
division, part ; (admin.) sub-district ; 
(iji Switzerland) canton ; (rail.) line- 
keeper's walk ; (her.) canton - 

Cantonade, s.f. (theat.) slips, side- 
scenes (behind the scenes). Parler a la 
— , to speak to one supposed to be be- 
hind the scenes ; (fig.) to get no 
audience or hearers, to speak to, empty 
benches ; to talk to a post. Ecrire a 
la — , to get no readers for o.'s books 

Cantonais, e, adj. s. Cantonese (of 
Carlton, in China) 

Cantonal, e, adj. cantonal 

Cantonnfe, e, adj. (arch., her., mil.) 
t^antoned [cantoning; district 

Cantonnement, s.m. cantonment ; 

Cantonner, v.a. to canton; to sepa- 
rate, to divide ; to isolate ; (obsolete) to 
flank, to accompany, to suiTound ; — 
v.n. to be cantoned, to be in canton- 
ments. Faire — , to canton. Se — , to 
canton or isolate oneself ; to take up a 
position ; to take up o.'s quarters, to 
fix o.'s abode ; to fortify oneself 

Cantonni-er, fere, s.m.f. road- 
labourer, roadman ; (rail.) plate-layer, 
line-keeper ; signal-man or woman ; 
gate-keeper ; — s.f. valance ; iron bind- 
ing, corner-iron, angle-iron 

Canulant, e, part. adj. boring, pla- 
guing, tiresome, tedious 

Canule, s.f. injection-pipe; tap; pipe, 
tube ; («M^.'7.) cannula ; (pers., fam.) 
bore, plague 

Canulfe, e, adj. cannular, pipe-shaped, 
pipe-like, tubular [plague 

Canuler, v.a. (fam.) to bore, to 

Canut, s.m. silk-weaver (at Lyons) ; (bird) 

Canzone, s.f. {poet., mus.) canzone 


I Canzonette, s.f. (poet., vm^.) canzonet 
Caouane, »•./. (zool.) loggei-ijead Hurtle) 
I Caoutchouc, s.m. caoutchouc, india- 
! rubber ; indiarubber band or &c.,elastic 
1 band or &c., hat-guard, overshoe, water- 
proof, macintosh ; indiarubber-plant. 

— durci, hard vulcanized indiarubber 
Caoutchouter, v.a. to work in or cover 

with caoutchouc 

Cap, s.m. cape, headland, foreland; 
head (of a ship) ; (obsolete) head or 
face (of a person). De pied en — , cap-a- 
pie, from head to foot. Mettre le — snr, 
(nav.) to stand in for. — de more, adj. 
(of a horse) black-headed 

Capable, adj. capable ; able ; skilful ; 
clever; qualified; fit, competent, effi- 
cient ; suflicient, enough ; calculated ; 
apt; likely, likely enough; just the 
man (to); assuming; knowing. Air 

— , assuming manner. Prendre un air 
— , to put on a knowing (or a wise) 
look. Faire le — , to pretend to ability 

Capablement, adv. ably, with ability 

Capace, adj. capacious 

Capacitfe, s.f. capacity ; capaciousness ; 
size; extent; reach; capability; 
ability ; skill, talent ; competency ; 
qualification ; able man, competent or 
qualified person 

Capara9on, s.m. caparison 

Capara9onner, v.a. to caparison 

Cape, s.f. cape with a hood ; hood, 
riding-hood ; (nav.) lying to. Ancre de 
— , floating-anchor. Voile de — , storm- 
sail. A la —, lying to, laid to. Sous 
— , clandestinely, secretly ; by stealth ; 
on the sly, slyly ; in o.'s sleeve. 
N'avoir que la — et Vepee, to have no- 
thing but ^o.'s title ; to be worth 
nothing. Etre a la — , tenir la — , to 
lie to. Mettre a la — , to lay the ship 
to, to lay to 

Capelan, s.m. scrubby priest or parson ; 
(insect) male of the glowworm ; (fish) 
caplin, capelin, capelan 

Capelet, s.m. (vet.) capped hock 

Capeline, «./. hood ; (surg.) capeline ; 
(of armour) cappeline 

Caperon, s.m. V. Capron 

Capfetien, ne, adj. Capfetien, s.m. 

Capeyer, v.n. (nav.) to lie to 

Capbarnaiim, place of confusion, 
place of disorder and debauchery, 
Noah's ark. Babel, bear-garden, chaos, 
jumble, litter, huddle, omnium gathe- 

Capillaire, adj. capillary; — s.m. 
(anat.) capillai-y; {bot.) maidenhair. 
Sirop de — , capillaire 

Capillaritfe, s.f. (phys.) capillarity 

Capilotade, s.f. hash, mince-meat 

Capitaine, s.m. captain; master; 
chief ; chieftain ; — s.f. captain's wife. 

— d'armes,* (nav.) master-at-arms. — 
des chasses, ranger. — defrcgate, com- 
mander. — de pavilion, flag-captain, 
captain of a flagship. — de vaisseau, 
captain, captain R.N. — dhtn navire 
de commerce, master of a merchant- 
vessel. — de port, harbour-master. 

— au long cours, master of a foreign- 
going ship. Grade de — , captaincy 

Capitainerie, s.f. captaincy ; captain- 
ship; rangership. — d'armen, inav.) 
ship's police 
Capital, e, adj. capital; principal, 
^hief, main, leading, great, consider- 
able, important, essential ; (of sins, 
enemies) deadly, mortal 
Capital, s.m. main point ; (com.) capi- 
tal ; stock ; fund ; cash. — social. 
share-capital, joint-stock 
Capitale, s.f. capital (city, letter) 
Capitalement, adv. capitally 
Capitallsable, adj. capitalizable 
Capitalisation, s.f. capitalization 


Capltaliser, v.a. to capitalize. Se. — , 
to be capitalized 

Capitaliste, s.m.f.adj. capitalist 

Capitan, s.m. bully, hector ; swaggerer, 
boaster. — -paclia, capitan-pasxia 
{Turkish high-admiral, TurkUh flagship) 

Capltane, «./., adj./. Galere -, -, admi- 

Capitation, «/. capitation, capitation- 
tax, poll-tax, head-money 
Capit6, e, adj. (bot.) capitate 
Capiteu-x, »e, adj. (of wtnes, &c.) 

headv, strong , , x, 

Capitiluve, ».m. (med.) head - bath, 
Capitole, «.»». Capitol [head lotion 
Capitolin, e, adj. Capitoline, Capi- 


Capiton, a.m. cappadine; (of a tufted 

chair or ^c.) cap (bosB between the 

buttons) _ 

Capitonnage, ».m. stuffing, padding, 

wadding, quilting ; tufting, buttoning 

Capitonner, v.a. to stuflF, to pad, to 

wad. to quilt ; to tuft, to button 
Capitoul, K.m. (old) capitoul (municipal 

oficr of Toulouse) 
Capitoiilat, s.m. capitoulship 
Capitulaire, adj.m.f., s.m. capitular, 

Capitulaireznent) adv. capitularly 
CapitUlant, adj.m. having a vote in 
chapter ; (of Swiss cantons, formerly) 
famishing mercenary troops ; — 
(■per*.) capitulant 
Capitulation, «./. capitulation ; ac- 
commodation ; compromise 
Capitnle, s.m. (bot.) capitulum, flower- 
bead ; (lit.) capitule 
Capitul6, e, adj. (bot.) capitular; (of 
Swiss troops, formerly) subsidized, 
hired, mercenary [pound 

Capituler, v.n. to capitulate ; to com- 
Capivard, s.m. (zool.) capivard, capy- 

bara, water-hog 
Caplan, s.m. V. Capelan 
CapnoflXge, adj. smoke-preventing 
Capoc, s.m. capoc (Indian cotton-wool) 
Capolin, s.m. (bot.) capoUim (cheiry of 

Mexico and Peru) 
Capon, ne, coward; skulker; 
tell-tale ; sneak f hypocrite ; fawner ; 
cunning fellow ; cheat ; (in a gambling- 
house) money-lender ; — s.m. (nav.) cat ; 

— adj.m.f. cowardly ; skulking ; sneak- 
ing; hypocritical ;' fawning ; cunning, 
clever; without pay or duties 

Caponner, v.n. to show oneself a 
coward, to show the white feather, to 
funk ; to shirk it ; to skulk away ; to 
tell tales ; to sneak ; to deal cunningly ; 
to cheat ; — v.a. to cajole, to fawn upon, 
to coax ; (nav.) to cat (the anchor) 

Caponnitoe, «./. (fort.) caponiere, 
caponuiere, covered lodgment ; rifle-pit 

Caporal, s.m. corporal; shag (tobacco). 

— dt eonsigne, senior corporal (of a 
guard). — de pose, junior corporal (of 
a guard). Le petit — , (Fr. hist.) Napo- 
leon I. (he was to nicknamed familiarly 
by his soldiers) 

Capot, s.m. (at plav)capot ; (hort.) small 
hot-bed ; (nap.) hood ; — adj. (at play) 
capot, having lost all the tricks ; beaten 
hollow ; (fig.) abashed, confused, fool- 
ish, sheepish. fiAre — , to have lost all 
the tricks. Demeurer or Hre — , (j.y.) 
to be balked ; to look foolish ; to stand 
confounded. Fnire—, (at play) to capot, 
to win all the tricks from ; to beat 
hollow, to beat out and out ; to abash ; 
(nav.) to capsize 

OapOt*, «./. capote ; cloak with a hood ; 
cloak; watch-coat; long coat, great- 
coat, coat ; hood ; drawn bonnet ; (0/ a 
carriage) head, hood; (of a chimney) 
louvre, cowl 

CapotMT, v.n. (nav.) to capsize ; — v.n. 
(a earriage) to hood ; (at play) to capot 

Capouan, e, adj. s. Capuan (of Capua) 
Capraire, s.f. (bot.) goat-weed 
CUpre, s.f. (bot.) caper. — capucine, 

pickled nasturtium 
Capricant, adj.m. V. Caprisant 
Caprice, s.m. caprice, whim, humour, 
freak ; flight, sally ; fit, start ; oddness, 
oddity; irregularity; peculiarity; fancy, 
liking ; person one has taken a fancy 
to. Faire un — , to win a heart, to take 
someone's fancy [whimsically 

Capricieusement, adv. capriciously, 
Capricieu-x, ae, adj. s. capricious, 
whimsical, freakish ; skittish ; fickle ; 
capricious or &c. person 
Capricorne,«.m. (astr.) Capricorn, (the) 

Goat ; (zool.) capricorn-beetle 
Ciprier, s.m. (bot.) caper-bush, caper- 
tree [jar or pot 
Cipri^re, s.f. caper-plantation ; caper- 
Caprificatibn, s.f. caprification [fig 
Caprifiguier, s.m. wild fig-tree, goat- 
Caprimulge, s.m. V. Engoulevent 
Caprin. e, adj. caprine. Bete — e, goat 
Capripede, adj. capriped, goat-footed 
Caprisant, adj.m. (med.) caprizant, 
bounding. Pouls — , caprizant pulse, 
goatleap pulse [rat, hutia 
Capromys, s.m. (zool.) capromys, hog- 
Capron, s.m. (tot.) hautboy strawben-y 
Capronier, a.m. hautboy strawberry- 
plant [herd's purse 
Capselle, s.f (bot.) cassweed, shep- 
Capsulage, s.m. capsuling, capping 
CapBulaire, adj. capsular 
Capsule, s.f. capsule ; percussion-cap, 

cap ; (tech.) capsule, cap 
Capsuler, v.a. to capsule, to cap 
Captal, s.m. (Fr. hist.) captal, chief 
Capta-teur, trice, s.m.f. inveigler; 

Captation, s.f. captation, undue influ- 
ence, inveigling, gaining insidiously 
CaptatOire, adj. inveigling ; legacy- 
hunting; obtained by the exercise of 
undue influence 
Capter, v.a. to inveigle; to exercise 
undue influence over ; to gain or win 
insidiously ; to get by bribery ; to gain 
over unfairly ; to seduce ; to attract ; 
to captivate ; to win, to gain ; to court ; 
to curry ; to coax ; to bribe ; to take by 
surprise ; to collect 
Capteur, s.m. captor ; — adj.m. captur- 
ing [sidiously 
Captieusement, adv. captiously, in- 
Captieu-X, se, adj. captious, insidious 
Capti-f, VC, adj. s. captive 
Captiver, v.a. to captivate ; to enslave ; 
to charm; to win over ; to confine ; to 
subdue, to bring under subjection ; to 
mastiBr. Se — , to lay a restraint upon 
oneself ; to win 
Captivity, «./. captivity, bondage 
Capture, «./. capture; seizure; prize; 

booty ; catch, take 

Capturer, v.a. to capture ; to seize ; to 

apprehend, to arrest ; to catch [turing 

Captureur, s.m. captor ; — adj.m. cap- 

Capuce, s.m., Capuche, s.f., Capu- 

chon, s.m. cowl ; hood 

Capuchonn6, e, adj. cowled; hooded 

Capucin, s.m. capuchin friar, capuchin; 

(fig.) bigot; (zool.) capuchin (pigeon) ; 

capuchin-monkey, capuchin 

Capucinade, s.f. wretched sermon; 

canting discourse ; cant 
Capucine, s.f. capuchin nun ; (bot.) 
jasturtium, Indian cress ; (of a miisket) 
band; — adj. capucine (coU)ur). Pre- 
miere — , (mil.) upper band. Jusqu'd la 
troisieme — , (soldiers' slang) completely, 
outright, dead ; over head and ears 
Capucinidre, s.f. (jest.) capuchin 
Capulet, K.m. hood [friary 

j Caput mortuuui, s.m. caput mor- 
I Oapvlrade, s.f. (agr.) headland [tuum 
I Capybara, s.m. V. Cabiai 


Caquage, s.m. curing and barrelling 

(herrings, &c.) ; barrelling (gunpowder) 
Caque, s.f. keg, barrel ; octave-cask (of 
champagne). La — se7it- toujours le 
hareng, what is bred in the bone will 
never out of the flesh 
Caquer, v.a. to cure and barrel (her- 
rings, &c.) ; to barrel (gunpowder) ; — 
v.n. ( pop.) to cack 
Caquet, s.m. cackle ; prattle, talk ; 
tongue ; tone ; — s, pi. tittle-tattle, gos- 
sip, scandal. — bon bee, s.f. Mag, 
magpie; gossip; chatterbox. Rabaisser 
(or rabattre) le — , to make (one) lower 
his tone, to silence, to humble the 
pride (of ) 
Caquetage, a.m., Caqueterie, s.f. 
cackling; prattling, chattering, talk; 
tittle-tattle, gossiping, scandal 
Caqueter, v.n. to cackle ; to prattle, to 

chatter, to talk ; to gossip 
Caqueteu-r, se, s.m.f. prattler, chat- 
terer, gossip; — s.f. (bird) prattling 
Caqueu-r, se, s.m.f. herring-curer 
Caqueu-x, se, s.m.f. caqueux (outcast 

or pariah, t?i Brittany) 
Car, conj. for, because, as 
Car, s.m. (carriage) car 
Caraba, s.m. cashew-nut oil 
Carabas, s.m. (pop.) old lumber-tub 
(heavy old carriage) ; nabob, warm man 
Carabe, s.m. carabus, carabid, carniv- 
orous beetle 
Carab6, s.m. yellow amber 
Carabin, s.m. saw-bones, medical stu- 
dent ; (old) skirmisher 
Carabinade, s.f. discharge of carbines 
Carabinage, s.m. rifling (of gun-barrels) 
Carabine, s.f. carbine, carabine; ( — 
raijee) rifle; (pers.) young sawbones' 
sweetheart (pop.) 
Carabine, e, adj. rifled; (pop.) exces- 
sive, violent, strong, vigorous, sound ; 
hard to swallow ; spicy ; capital, first- 
rate, crack. Brise — e, (nav.) stormy 
gale, strong or hard or stiff gale 
Carabiner, v.a. to rifle (a gun-barrel) ; 
— v.n. to skirmish [skirmisher 

Carabineur, s.m. rifler (of gun-barrels) ; 
Carabinier, s.m. carabineer, carbi- 
neer ; ( — a pied) rifleman ' 
Carabiques, (zool.) carabidse 
Carabosse, a.f. V. t6b 
Caracal, «.m. (zool.) caracal 
Caracara, s.yn. (zool.) caracara 
Caraco, s.m. (woman's) jacket 
Caracol, s.m. (arch.) screw, spiral; 

(bot.) snail-flower. En —, winding 
Caracole, s.f. (rid.) caracole ; (fam.) 
gambol ; (arch.) V. Caracol ; — s.m. 
(bot.) snail-flower 
Caracoler, v.n. (rid.) to caracole, to 

wheel ; (fam.) to gambol, to hop 
Caracoli, s.m. caracoly (alloy) ; cara- 

coly jewel 
Caracolle, s.m. (bot.) snail-flower 
Caracouler, v.n. to coo (as pigeons) 
Caract^re, s.m. character; hand- 
writing ; mark ; sign ; figure ; letter ; 
type, print; stamp; temper, disposi- 
tion, humour, nature ; manners ; firm- 
ness; constancy; decision, resolution; 
energy ; spirit ; expression ; style ; ca- 
pacity; dignity; quality; authority; 
characteristic; symptom; spell, charm; 
effect ; (arith.) digit. Avoir le — bien 
(or mal) fait, to be good (or ill) tempered 
Caract^riser, v.a. to characterize ; to 
describe ; to define ; to mark out, to 
mark; to distinguish; to be the dis- 
tinguishing feature or the mark or the 
sign of, to be peculiar to. Se — , to as- 
sume a character; to show o.'s cha- 
racter ; to appear such as one is ; to be 
defined or distinguished [teristic 

Caract^ristique, adj.m.f., s.f. charac- 
Caradrine, s.f. willow-moth 


Carafe, «./. water-bottle, bottle ; decan- 
ter ; jug 

CarafOXl; liqueur- bottle; small 
bottle or decanter, small flagon ; half- 
pint bottle, quarter - bottle ; wine- 
cooler, ice-pail 

f Caragne, s.f. adj. carana 

Cara'ibe, s.m.f.adj. Carib, Caribbee. 
Chou — , Brazil cabbage 

Caraite, s.m. karaite, caraite 

CarambOlage^ s.m. {at billiar(h) can- 
non, carambole ; cannoning ; cannon- 
game ; (Jig.) rebound, double stroke or 
hit, killing two birds with one stone ; 
(pop.) tumble ; collision, general set-to 

Carambole, s.f. (at billiards) caram- 
bole, cannon-game; (boi.) carambola, 
• Coromandel gooseberry (fruit) 

Caraxnboler, v.n. (at billiards) to can- 
non, to make or strike a cannon ; (fig.) 
to rebound ; to make a double hit, to 
kill two birds with one stone ; — v.a.n. 
(pop.) to hit two persons at one blow ; 
to knock about, to knock right and 
left, to lay about ; to tumble down ; to 
rebound against; to topple over 

Caramboletir, s.m. (pers.) good can- 
non-striker (billiard-player) 

Carambolier, «.m. (bot.) averrhoa, 
East India wood-sorrel 

Caramel, a.m. caramel, burnt sugar, 
colouring, browning ; burnt - sugar 
sweet, hardbake, caramel. — au beurre, 
butter-scotch; toffee 

Caram^lisation, «./. conversion into 
caramel ; mixing or colouring or sweet- 
ening with caramel 

Caram^liser, v.a. to convert into cai-a- 
mel ; to mix or colour or sweeten with 
caramel. Se — , to be converted into 

Carangue, s.f. V. Calangue 

Carapa, s.m. (bot.) carapa. Bois de — , 
crab-wood. Hriile de — , carap-oil, 

Carapace, s.f. cai*apace (of a tortoise, 
turtle, crab, &c.) ; (fig.) armour [away 

Carapater (Se), v.r. (pop.) to run 

Caraque, s.m. adj. cacao (cocoa) of 
Caracas, Caracas cocoa, best cocoa ; 
— s.f. carack (ship) [man carp 

Caraissin, «.m. (fish) crucian carp, Ger- 

Carat, s.m. carat; small diamond (or 
diamonds) [sold by weight], bort; 
(fig.) tinsel 

Caravane, s.f. caravan; party, com- 
pany, body, troop, band ; host ; expe- 
dition; travelling show; prank; love 
adventure. Faire ses — , to lead a wild 
life [chantman 

Caravaneur, s.m. (nnv.) Levant mer- 

Caravanier, s.m. caravaneer 

Caravaniste, s.m.f. caravanist 

fCaravans^rail, caravansary, 


Caravans6ra8kier, s.m. caravanse- 

raskier (keeper of a caravansary) 
Caravelle, s.f. caravel (ship, boat) 
Carbatine, s.f. green hide, green skin 
Carbazotique, adj. (chem.) carbazotic 
Carbet, s.m. large cabin ; (nav.) shed 
Carbolique, adj. (chem.) carbolic 
Carbonac^, e, adj. carbonaceous 
Carbonarisme, «.m. carbonarism 
Carbonaro (pi. Carbonari), s.m. car- 

bonaro, (pi. carbonari) 
Carbonate, s.m. (chem.) carbonate 
Carbonater, v.a. (chem.) to carbonate. 

Se — , to become carbonated 
Carbone, s.m. (chevi.) carbon. Oxyde 

de — , carbonic oxide 
Carb0Il6, e, adj. carburetted [ous 

Carboneu-X, se, adj. (chem.) carbon- 
Carboniffere, adj. carboniferous ; con- 
veying coal 
Carbonique, adj. (chem.) carbonic 
Carbonisation, s.f. carbonization 
Carboniser, v.a. to carbonize ; to char. 



Se — , to be carbonized; to become 

charred [broil 

Carbonnade, s.f. (cook.) carbonade, 

tCarbouille, s.f. (agr.) smut-ball, bunt, 

Carbixration, s.f. (metal.) carburation 
Carbure, s.m. (chem.) carbide, carburet 
Car bur 6, e, adj. (chem.) carburetted 
fCarcagne, Carcagno, «.m. {pop.) 
usurer [usury, to be a usurer 

fCarcagnoter, v.n. (pop.) to practise 
fCarcailler, v.n. V. Courcailier 
Carcajou, s.m. (zool.) carcajou (Avieri- 

can badger) 
Carcan, s.m. iron collar, pillory ; (for 
swine) yoke ; (of jewels) carcanet ; jade, 
screw; shrew 
Carcasse, s.f. carcass, carcase ; body ; 
skeleton ; bones ; shell ; framework, 
frame; shape; &sh.-hs,sket ; (old ar til.) 
carcass, fire-ball 
Carcel, sf. Carcei lamp 
Carcere-duro, s.m. hard imprison- 
ment or incarceration, duress, durance 
vile [page 3, §1 

Careinolog-ie, -ique, -iste. V. 
Carcinomateu-x, se, adj. (med.) 

Carcinome, s.m. (ined.) carcinoma 
Cardage^ s.m. carding 
Cardamme, s.f. (bot.) cardamine 
Cardamome, (bot.) cardamom 
Carde, s.f. chard {leaf-stalk and midrib 
of the cardoon, white beet, &c.) ; teasel 
(fioioer-head or bur) ; teasel-frame, 
carding-machine; hand-card. — poirce. 
Cardie, s.f. cardful (of wool) [beet-chard 
Carder, v.a. to card ; to teasel. Se — , 

to be carded 
Carddre, s.f. (bot.) teasel (plant) 
Carderie, sf. carding-house ; card- 
Cardeu-r, se, s.m.f. carder 
Cardia, s.m. (anat.) cardia 
Cardiaire, adj. relating to the heart ; 
found or bred in the heart. Ver — , 
Cardialgie, s.f. (med.) cardialgia 
Cardialgique, adj. (med.) cardialgie 
Cardiaque, adj. (anat., med.) cardiac; 
— s.m.{med.) cardiac; — sf.(bot.) mother- 
Cardier, s.m. wool-card maker [wort 
Cardiff, s.m. Welsh coal 
Cardinal, e, adj. cardinal ; chief, prin- 
cipal, first; — s.m. cardinal; cardinal- 
bird, cardinal-finch, red bird; — s.f. 
(bot.) cardinal-flower ; cardinal fashion 
Cardinalat, s.m. cardinalate, cardinal- 
ship [dinal's 
Cardinalace, adj. of a cardinal, car- 
Cardinaliser, v.a. to cardinalize, to 
raise to the dignity of cardinal ; to 
paint red, to redden. Se — , to turn 
red, to redden, to blush, to flush, to 
get flushed 
Cardine, s.f. (fish) whiff 
Cardio-grapiiie, -logie, -pathie, 

-tomie, &c. V. page 3, § 1 
Cardite, s.f. (med.) carditis 
Carditique, adj. (med.) carditic 
Cardon, s.m. (bot.) cardoon ; (fish.) 

Cardonnette, s.f. V. Chardonnette 
Care, s.f. (slang) hiding-place. Vol a la 
— , pinching (thieving). Voleur a la — , 
Careme, s.m. Lent ; fast, fasting; Lent 
sermons ; (projyer name) Careme (a 
famous cook). — -prenant, Shrovetide; 
carnival ; Shrovetide (or carnival) 
mummeries or revels ; Shrovetide 
mummer; regular guy. Face de — , 
thin pale face. Arriver comme mars en 
—, to be sure to happen. Airiver 
comme maree en —,io come in the nick 
of time. Faire — , to keep Lent 
Car^nage, s.m. (nav.) careening ; 


Carence, s.f, Proces-verbal de — , docu- 
ment setting out that the huissier at- 
tended to issue execution upon a 
judgment, but found nothing upon 
wliich to levy [keel 

Cardne, s.f. (nav.) bottom ; (bot.) carina, 
Caren6, e, part. adj. (nav.) careened ; 
— adj. {bot., zool.) carinate, carinated, 
Car^ner, v.a. (nav.) to careen | keeled 
Caressant, e, adj. caressing ; fawning; 
endearing; fond, affectionate, tender, 
kind ; soft 
Caresse, s.f. caress ; endearment ; 
fondness ; kindness ; kind words ; 
fawning; smile (of fortune), favour; 
stroking, pat, chuck 
Caresser, v.a.n. to caress ; to fondle ; 
to pamper; to make much of; to fa\vn 
upon; to fawn; to flatter; to cajole, 
to coax, to wheedle ; to stroke ; t© pat ; 
to chuck; to humour; to indulge, to 
foster, to cherish ; to polish, to finish 
off, to labour ; to indicate, to mark, to 
show ; to sweeten 
Caret, s.m. hawk's bill turtle; rope- 
maker's reel. Fil de — , rope-yarn 
Careur, s.m. (slang) pincher (kind of 
Carex, s.m. (bot.) carex, sedge \ thief ) 
Cargaison, s.f. cargo; ship-load 
Cargue, s.f. (nav.) brail 
Carguer, v.a. (nav.) to brail up, to clue 

up, to haul up, to take in 
Cari, s.m. (cook.) curry, currie 
Cariatide. V. Caryatide [deer 

Caribou, s.m. (zool.) caribou, American 
reindeer [ludici-ous 

Caricattiral, e, adj. caricatural, 
Caricature, s.f. caricature ; guy, sight, 
Caricaturer, v.a. to caricature [cure 
Caricaturiste, cai-icaturist 
CSiTie , s.f .(of bones, teeth) caries cariosity, 
rottenness, decay ; (of trees, wood) rot, 
di'y rot ; (agr.) smut-ball, bunt, pepper- 
Cari6, e, adj. carious, rotten, decayed ; 
(agr.) smutty. Coeur — , corrupt heart 
Carien, ne, adj. s. Carian 
Carier, v.a. to rot, to cause to decay ; 
to make carious ; (agr.) to smut. Se—, 
to rot, to decay ; to become carious ; 
to become smutty 
f Carillon, s.m. carillon ; chime,change- 
ringijig, peal ; chimes, musical bells ; 
music ; jingling ; noise, clatter, racket, 
row. A — , musical. A double (or triple) 
— , double (0?- treble) peal; (fig.) loudly, 
soundly, lustily, vigorously, violently, 
tremendously, with a vengeance 
fCarillonnement, s.m. chiming ; 

change-ringing ; jingling 
f CariUonner, v.ri.a. to chime ; to ring 
the changes ; to ring away ; to ring ; 
to ring a peal ; to jingle ; to clatter, to 
make a row. Fete carillonnee, high 
festival, great holiday 
f Carillonneur, s.m.. chimer, change- 
ringer, bell-ringer, ringer ; noisy fellow 
Carlin, s.m. pug-dog, pug; (coin) car- 
line ; — adj.m. pug 
Carline, s.f. (bot.) carline-thistle 
Carlingue, s.f. {7iav.) keelson 
Carl-isme, -iste. V. page 3, § 1 
CarlOCk, s.m. (com.) carlock i isi7iglasx) 
Carlovingien, ne, adj. «. Carlovingian 
fCarmagnole, s.f. (obsolete) carmag- 
nole (jacket; revolutioniry song and 
dance); — s.m. carmagnole (soldier of 
wthe first French republic ; violent 
Jacobin) [double four (at backgammon) 
Carme, s.m. Carmelite, wliitefriar ; 
Carmeline, s.f. vicuna wool 
Carmelite, s.f. Carmelite (nun) ; — 

adj. Carmelite ; light brown 
Carmin, s.m. adj. carmine 
Carminati-f, ve, adj., Carminatif, 

s.m. imrd.) carminative • 

Carmine, s.f. (chem.) canninic acid 


Carmine, e, part. adj. carminated ; 

Caxminer, v.a. to carminate, to paint 

in carmine ; to redden, to flush 
CamUnique, adj. (chevi.) carmiuie 
Carnage, s.m. carnage, slaughter, mas- 
sacre, butcher>- ; destruction ; havoc ; 
feeding on flesh ; carrion 
Camaire, adj. (nat. hist.) living on 

flesh. Mouchf — , flesh-fly 
Carnality, x.f. fleshiness 
Camassi-er, 6re, adj. carnivorous, 
flesh-eating ; voracious, ravenous ; 
(pers.) overfond of meat 
Camassier, s.m. carnivorous animal, 
carnivore {pi. carnivores, carnivora, 
carnaria) : great meat-eater. — aqua- 
tique, predatory water-beetle 
Camassi^re, «./. game-bag 
Carnation, «./. carnation, flesh-colour, 

flesh tint; co'mplexion 
Camau, •■<.»«. vent; flue | 

Carnaval, s.m. carnival. Shrovetide; 1 
queer-looking fellow, odd figure, guy | 
Camavalesque, adj. of carnival j 

Came, «./. comer, edge ; {bad meat, f am.) 
cagmag; (pop.) trull, bitch, hag; jade, j 
screw [tioned 

Carn^, e, odj. flesh-coloured, carna- 
Cameau, s.m. V. Camau 
earner, r.n., Se — , v.r. (hort.) to be- 
come flesh-coloured 
Camet, s.m. note-book, memorandum- 
book, book. — de hanque, bank pass- 
book. — de cheques, cheque-book. — 
d'echeances, bill-book 
Camier, s.m. game-bag 
Camification, «./. (med.) carnification 
Camifier (So), v'.r. (m^d.) to carnify 
Camiqne, adj. (geog.) Camic, Carnian 
Carnivore, adj. m.f., s.m. V. Camas- 
Camosit^, s.f. (surg.) carnosity [sier 
fCarogne, s.f. (pop.) hag, vixen, bitch, 

impudent slut 
Carolin, e, adj. of Charlemagne 
Caronade, s.f. (artil.) carronade 
Caroncnle, s.f. (anat.,bot.) caruncle; 

(zool.) caruncle, wattle 
Caroncul6, e, adj. caruncalated, wat- 
tled ; — s.m. wattle-bird 
Carotide, adj. s.f. (anat.) carotid 
Carotidien, ne, adj. (anat.) carotid 
Carotique, adj. (med.) carotic 
Carottase, s.m. (pop.) chousing, chouse 
Carotte, s.f. carrot; roll, twist (of 
tobacco) ; chonse, trick ; (at play) low 
stake. Ttrcr une — a . . ., to get (some- 
thing) out of . . ., to chouse . . . out of 
(a thing), to screw or squeeze money 
out of . . . Ne vivre que de — », to live 
on next to nothing 
Carotter, v.a.n. to chonse, to diddle ; 
to play low; to speculate on a small 
scale ; to live on little, to spend little, 
to live low ; to shirk ; to malinger 
Carotteu-r, se, Carotti-er, bre, 
s.m.f. timid or paltry player ; speculator 
in a small way ; trickster, cheat ; 
shirker; malingerer 
Caronbe, s.f. carob, carob-bean, locust- 
bean, St. J'ohn'g bread 
Oaronbier, s.m. carob, carob-trec, 
Caronble, s.f. skeleton-key [locust-tree 
Caronbleur, s.m. house-breaker 
Caronse, s.f. v. Caroubei — s.m. 

locust-wood ; (bird) Bonana oriole 
Oaxctnamm, s.f. (obsolete) v. Ripauie 
Oarpe, s.f. (fish) carp; — s.m. (anat.) 
rarpua. wrist. Faire la — pdnUe, to 
pretend to faint 
Carpean, s.m. young carp 
Carpette, »./. young carp; centre- 
carpft, rug ; pack-duck [floccillation 
OarpholOgie, «./. imed.) carpholegy, 
Oarpie, s.f. trook.) hashed carp 
Carpien, ne, ndj. (ntmt.) carpal 
Carpier, s.m.. Carpidre, s.f. carp-pond 
fCarpiUon, -.m. very small carp 

Carpion, s.m., Carpione, s.f. lake 

trout (of the Lake of Geneva) 
Carpolithe, s.m. carpolite; hard con- 
cretion, stone (in pr-ars, &c.) 
Carpolog-ie, -ique. V. page 3, § 1 
CarpOlOgue, s.m. c^rpologist I 

Carpophage, s.m. fruit-pigeon 
CarquoiS, s.m. quiver 
Carragaheen, Carrageen, s.m. (bot.) | 
carrageen, carragheen J 

Carrare. s.m. Can-ara marble | 

Carrassm, s.m. v. carassin ^ 

Carre, s.f. (of a hat) top of the \ 
crown, tip ; (ojf a coat) back ; (of a shoe) 
square toe ; [of a s^vord) side ; (of a 
wood) comer ; ( pers.) back and shoul- 
ders ; (at play) stake ; (obsolete) square- 
headed arrow, quarrel, carrel, quarry 
Carr6, e, part, squared : — adj. square ; 
square-built, well-set ; well-turned, full, 
flowing ; firm, decided ; straightfor- 
ward, plain, categorical, peremptory, I 
flat; of four; of two men and two , 
women ; (of paper) demy | 

Carr6, s.m. square ; quadrate ; quad- | 
rangle; square piece; (of a house) land- | 
ing, stair-head ; flat, floor, story ; ; 
(hort.) bed; (of mutton) best end of the 
neck; (paper) demy; (arch.) fillet; 
(coin.) die ; (tech.) base ; (mil.) square, 
hollow square. — entier, (butch.) tar- 
get. — long, oblong, rectangle. — des 
offi^ciers, (7iav.) ward-room 
Carreau, s.m. square ; lozenge ; paving- 
tile, flooring-tile, floor-tile, ornamental 
tile; paving-brick; tile-flooring, tile- 
floor, brick-floor, pavement; ground, 
floor ; spot ; pane of glass, pane ; win- 
dow; cushion, squab, hassock; (hort.) 
bed ; (design) check ; (at cards) dia- 
monds; (of tailors, &c.) goose, pressing- 
iron ; (file) rubber; (mas.) stretcher; 
(fish.) square net ; (med.) tabes mesen- 
terica; (pop.) eye-glass; (obsolete) 
square-headed arrow, quarrel ; thun- 
derbolt, bolt. A ~x, with checks, 
checked. Valet de — , knave of dia- 
I monds; (fig.) contemptible fellow. 
Brochet — ,"very large pike 
Carr6e, s.f. tester (of a bed) ; (nav.) 

square wooden frame (of a cot) 
Carrefour, «.w». cross-road, cross-way ; 
open space where several roads or 
streets meet or cross each other, 
crossing, cross, quadrant, square, 
circus ; public place, crowded tho- 
roughfare ; low neighbourhood, back- 
slums. De — , (of language) coarse, 
low, vulgar, Billingsgate ; (of authors 
and writings) Grub-street; (of orators 
and oratory) stump 
Carrelage, s.m. tile-flooinng, brick- 
paving ; tile - floor, brick - pavement ; 
cobbling [tiles or bricks ; to cobble 
Carreler, v.a. to floor (or pave) with 
Carrelet, s.m. plaice ; square fishing- 
net ; clap-net ; (shoemaker's) awl ; pack- 
ing-needle ; sail-needle ; square file ; 
triangular sword ; square ruler 
Carrelette, «./. polishing-fiie 
j Carrelenr, s.m. floor-tiler, tile or brick- 
pavier ; itinerant cobbler, shoe-mender 
Caxrelier, s.m. paving-tile maker, 

paving-brick maker 
Carreltire, »/. new soles ; new-soling, 

cobbling, mending, repairing 
Carr^ment, adv. square, squarely, in 
a square ; firmly ; straightforwardly, 
plainly ; categorically ; peremptorily ; 
outright; flatly 
Oarrer, v.a. to square ; to form into a 
square. Se — , to strut, to stalk; to 
aCTect grand airs ; to attitudinize ; to 
loll ; (at play ) to double o.'s stake 
Carreur, s.m. v. Careur 
I Carrlck, s.m. box-coat ; cape 

Carrier, s.m. quarrier, quarryman 
I Carrltoe, s.f. race-course, race-ground; 


lists, arena; race; course; career; 
scope, play ; vent ; life ; field ; pros- 
pects; quai-ry; hard concretion, stone 
{in pears, &c.). .SV dotmer —, to take 
Carrik, s.m. gig [free scope 

Carriole, s.f. cariole ; light van ; plea- 
sure-van ; jaunting-car ; chaise ; trap ; 
(bad carriage) basket, tub 
Carrossable, adj. passable for car- 
riages, carriageable, for carriages, car- 
riage. Rout'' or chemin — , cai-riage-road 
Carrosse, i^.m. {obxol te) coach, car- 
riage. Rouler — , V. Equipage 
CarrOB86e, s.f. coachful. can-iageful 
Carrosser, v.a. to coach, to convey in 

a coach or carriage 
Carrosserie, s.f. can-iage-making, 
coach-making, coach-building trade ; 
Carrossier, s.m. carriage-maker, car- 
riage-builder, coach-maker, , coach- 
builder; carriage-horsn, coach-horse 
Carrossi-er, *re, adj. for coaches or 
carriages, coach, carriage [roundabout 
Carrousel, s.m. carrousel, tournament; 
Carrousse, s.f. (obsolete) V. Ripaille 
Carrure, s.f. breadth of shoulders, back 

and shoulders, shoulders, back 
Carry, s.m. V. Cari 
Cartable, s.m. satchel, school-bag 
Cartahu, s.m. (nav.) whip, gantline 
Cartayer, v.n. to quai'ter, to avoid the 

Carte, s.f. card ; cardboard ; paste- 
board ; map ; chart ; ticket ; label ; 
list ; bill of fare, carte ; (obsolete) bill, 
account, reckoning. Basses — s, low or 
small cards. Hautes — s, court-cards. 

album, (photog.) cabinet-size card. 

— blanche, blank paper ; plain card ; 
(fig.) carie blanche, full power. — 
ecrite, map with names. — -lettre, 
(post.) letter-card. — muette, outline 
map, skeleton map. — payante, — a 
payer, bill, reckoning. — posiale, — 
-poste, post-card. — postale reponse, 
reply post-card. — de visite, visiting- 
card ; (photog.) carte de visite, carte. 
— « sur table, above board, openly, 
frankly, fair and square. A la — , from 
the bill of fare. Le dessous des — s, the 
face of the cards ; (fig.) the secret (of 
an affair), the ins and outs (of a thing). 
Brouiller les —s, (fig.) to embroil mat- 
ters; to sow discord. Connaitre or 
voir le dessous des — s, to know what is 
on the cards, to be in the secret. Per- 
dre la — , to get disconcerted or flurried 
or confused, to be put out, to lose o.'s 
presence of mind. Ne pas jjerdre la — , 
to know what one is about, to have o.'s 
wits about one 
Cartel, s.m. challenge, cartel ; dial- 
case ; cartel clock (wall-clock) ; scroll ; 
frame ornament, fancy border; orna- 
mented frieze panel, ornamented 
panel, frame; (mil., nav.) cartel. — 
d'armoiries, (her.) shield 
Cartelle, s.f. ass's skin (to ivrite on) ; 
pattern-card; veneer ifactoi-y 

Carterie, s.f. card-making; card-manu- 
Cart^sianisme, s.m. Cartesianism 
Cart^sien, ne, adj. s. Cartesian 
Carthaginois, e, adj. s. Carthaginian 
Carthame, s.m. (hot.) carihamus, saf- 
flower [carthamic acid 

Cartlianiine, s.f. (chem.) carthamine, 
Cartier, s.m. card-maker 
Cartilage, s.m. (anat.) cartilage, gristle 
Cartilagineu-x, se, adj. cartilagi- 
nous, gristly [vellum lace 
Cartisane, s.f. foil-card. Dentelle d— , 
Cartograpbe, s.m. cartographer, map- 
maker, chartographer, chart-maker 
Cartograpbie, s.f. cartography, map- 
making, mapping.'chartography, chart- 
making ; maps, charts (page 8, § 1 

Cartograph-lque, -iquemftnt. v.. 


Cartoman-cie, -tique. V. page 3, 
§ 1 [mancer 

Cartomancien, ne, s.m.f. carto- 

CartOSl; 8.VI. pasteboard, millboard, 
cardboard; board; paper pulp, papier 
rnach^ ; thick card ; card ; ticket ; 
bandbox; pasteboard box ai- case, 
papei--box, box, case ; hat-box; bonnet- 
box; pasteboard drawer; pasteboard 
portfolio, portfolio ; cartoon ; ( print. ) 
cancel ; half-sheet ; (pop.) playing-cards, 

cards, pasteboard. bois, wood pulp- 

boai-d. — -cuir, leather-board. — 
epaia, gros — , millboard. — fin, — de 
collage, cardboard, pasteboard. — 
-paille, straw-board. pdte, paste- 
board. — -pierre, statuary paste- 
board, carton-pierre 

Cartonnage, s.m. boarding; boards; 
pasteboard covering or work or article 

Cartonn^, e, adj. in boards, boards 

Cartonner, v.a. to put or bind in 
boards, to board, to put a pasteboard 
cover on; (print.) to cancel; — v.n. 
(fam.) to play cards 

Cartonnerie, s.f. pasteboard or mill- 
board or cardboard manufactory 

Cartonnier, s.m. pasteboard-maker, 
millboard-maker, cardboard-maker ; 
bandbox-maker, cardboard box-maker, 
paper box-maker ; chest of pasteboard 
drawers, boxes 

Cartonni^re, s.f. bandbox - maker, 
cardboard box-maker, paper box- 

CartOUCbe; s.f. cartridge ; round ; car- 
touch; case; {of coin) pile, — s.m. 
(arch.) cartouche (scroll, tablet, modil- 
lion); (of fireworks) case, pot; (pers.) 
robber, ruffian, Jonathan WUd, Jack 

CartOUClierie; s.f. cartridge-manufac- 
tory [ammunition-pouch 

Cartoucliidreo s.f. cartridge-pouch, 

Cartulaire, s.m. cartulary 

CaruS; s.m. (med.) carus 

Carvi, s.m. (bat.) caraway. Graines de 
— , caraway seeds [hickory 

Carya, Caryer, s.m. (bot.) carya, 

Caryatide. s.f. cai-yatid 

Caryophyll^, e, adj. (bot.) caryophyl- 
laceous; — es, s.f. pi. (bot.) caryophyl- 
lacese [palm) 

Caryote, s.m. (bot.) caryota (kind of 

CaS; s.m. case ; accident ; adventure ; 
event ; conjuncture ; occasion ; circum- 
stance ; instance ; fact ; matter ; ques- 
tion ; point ; position ; situation ; mo- 
ment, time ; supposition; esteem, value; 
(pop.) needs, cack; concern. Dans le 
— de, in case of ; able to ; in a position 
to ; so situated as to ; likely to, likely 
enough to, capable of, just the man to. 
Dans le — oii, in case. Dans tons les — , 
in any case ; at all events. En — , in 
case ; s.m. V. En-cas (at Letter E). 
En tout — , in any case ; at all events, 
at any rate, however ; s.m. sun-shade 
(parasol). Hors le — ou, unless, except. 
Selon (or suivant) le — , as the case may 
be. Faire — de, to value, to set a value 
on, to have regard or esteem for, to 
esteem, to think (a great deal, or little, 
or nothing) of; to consider, to care for, 
to take into account, to mind. C'est 
bien le — de le dire, it may be truly said 
here, one may indeed say so 

Casani-er, ire, adj.s. home-keeping, 
domestic, domesticated, retired; stay- 
at-home; recluse 

Casaque, s.f. cassock, cloak, great- 
coat ; jacket ; coat ; stable-coat. — 
rouge, red jacket, convict's jacket. 
Tourner — , to turn o.'s coat, to be a 
turncoat, to change sides, to rat . 

Casaquin, s.m. jacket; (pop.) carcass 

Cascade, s.f. cascade, waterfall ; fall ; 
tumble ; leap, bound ; fit, start, jerk, 


tossing ; in-egularity ; freak, prank ; 
slip; blunder 
Cascader, v.7i. to indulge in freaks ; to 

lead an irregular or a fast life 
Cascadeu-r, se, «.m./. actor who tam- 
pers with his part; trifler, humbug, 
loose fish, slippery customer; fast man ; 
fast girl or woman [mond gravel 

Cascallio, s.m. (mining) cascalho, dia- 
Cascara sagrada, s.m. (pharm.) cas- 

cara sagrada 
Cascaret, s.m. whipper-snapper 
fCascarille, s.f. (pharm.) cascarilla 
bark [fall 

CascateUe; s.f. small cascade or water- 
Case, s.f. (negro's) cabin ; hut ; house, 
dwelling, place ; compartment, divi- 
sion ; pigeon-hole ; box ; case ; locker ; 
(of a horse-box, rail.) stall; (of chess, 
draughts, registers) square ; (of back- 
gammon) point. Patron de la — , master 
of the house, boss [Caser) ; chequered 
Case, e, part. adj. placed, &c. (V. 
Cas6eu-x, se, adj. caseous, cheesy 
Casiine, s.f. (chem.) caseine 
Caseique, adj. (chem.) caseic 
Casemate, s.f. (fort.) casemate; (fig.) 
prison, dungeon, cell ; privy ; (hunt.) 
blind hole 
Caseznater, v.a. (fort.) to casemate 
Caser, v.a. to place ; to put away or by ; 
to find a place or a situation for; to 
provide for ; to settle ; to fix ; — v.n. 
(backgammon) to make a point. -Se — , 
to get settled, to settle oneself, to 
settle ; to find a place ; to find room 
Caserel, s.m., Caserette, s.f. cheese- 
Caserne, s.f. barrack, barracks. — 
fiottante, receiving-ship. — de pompiers 
(or de sapeurs-pompiers), fire-brigade 
station, fire-station. Intendant de — , 
ban*ack-master [barracks 

Casernement, s.m. quartering in 
Casemer, v.a.n. to barrack 
Casemet, s.m. (nav.) book ; log-book 
Casemier, s.m. barrack gate-keeper 
Caserni-er, ire, adj. of barracks, 

Caset, s.m. case-worm, caddice-worm, 
cad-bait [pottery) sagger, seggar 

Casette, s.f. little house, cottage ; (of 
Casilixn, s.m. (chem.) caseum 
easier, s.m. open case with divisions ; 
set of pigeon-holes ; nest of drawers ; 
bin ; frame ; rack ; ledger- rack ; (fish. ) 
bow-net, hoop-net. — a musique, canter- 
bury. — judiciaire, (a man's) number 
of convictions (recorded in the police 
fCasilleu-x, se, adj. brittle 
Casimir, kerseymere, cassimere 
Casino, s.m. casino 
Casoar, s.m. (bird) cassowary 
Caspien, ne, adj. (grog.) Caspian 
Casque, s.m. helmet, headpiece, casque; 
strong leather; helmet shell; (pop.) 
head, noddle ; brass, impudence ; 
gabble ; drop too much. — a m^che, 
cotton night-cap 
Casqu6, e, adj. helmeted 
Casquette, s.f. cap (of a man or boy) ; 

— adject, (jjop.) tipsy, tight 
Cassable, adj. breakable ; reversible 
Cassade, s.f. sham, flam, bouncer, 

huml)ug, fib, lie 
Cassage, s.m. breaking, breakage 
Cassandre, s.m. Cassander; Pantaloon 

old codger, dotard ; — sf. Cassandra, 

Cassant; e, adj, brittle ; crisp, short ; 
breaking; blunt, abrupt, bluff, grufi", 

Cassation, s.f. breaking; (Imc) cassa- 
tion, annulment, reversal, quashing ; 
(final) appeal ; (mil., &c.) reducing to a 
lower grade or to the ranks ; (obsolete) 


cashiering; dismissal, sack. Se pour- 
voir en — , to appeal 

Cassave, s.f. cassava 

Casse, s.f. breaking, breakage ; ladle, 
scoop; (mil., &c., obsolete) V. Cassa- 
tion; (bot.) cassia; (print.) case; — 
s.m.f. (in compounds, from Casser, "to 
break ") thing (m.) or person (m.f.) that 
breaks, breaker. — -bras, s.m. sad 
misfortune, hard blow ; gi-eat pressure ; 
sudden pinch or difficulty. — •eosurs, 
s.m. heart-breaker. — -cou, s.m. break- 
neck ; stumbling-block ; dangerous 
place; danger; (pers.) rough-rider; 
reckless or foolhardy fellow, dare- 
devil, desperado ; int. look out 1 mind ! 
danger ! — •croikte, s.m. crust-breaker. 

— •sueule, s.m. ( pop.) low dancing- 
hall ; (drink) V. — •poitrine. — 
•lunettes, s.m. (bot.) eyebright ; blue- 
bottle. — •mottes, s.m. (hort.) clod- 
breaker; (bird) V. Motteux. — >mu» 
seau, s.m. (pop.) blow in the face, 
facer; kind of cake. — •noisettes, 
s.m. nutcracker, nutcrackers; (bird) 
nuthatch. — •noiz, nutcracker, 
nutcrackers ; (bird) nutcracker. — •os, 
s.m. (agr.) bone-breaker. — •pierre, 
s.m. (surg.)) stone-breaker; (bot.) stone- 
break, saxifrage. — •pierres, s.m. 
stone-breaker's hammer, stone-ham- 
mer. — •poitrine, s.m. strong spirits, 
cut-throat stuff, rotgut. — -sucre, 
s.m. sugar-chopper; sugar-nippers. — 
•t^te, s.m. club ; tomahawk ; life-pre- 
server ; heady wine ; deafening noise, 
din, racket; head-splitting work, be- 
wildering labour ; anxiety ; worry ; 
puzzle ; (nav.) splinter-netting, over- 

Cass6, e, part. adj. broken, broken 
down, cracked, &c. (V. Casser); worn 
out, old, infirm, weak, trembling; (of 
peas) split ; (of a ship) hogged [case 

Casseau, s.m. (print.) half-case, fount- 

Cassement, s.m. breaking. — de tete, 
head-splitting ; weariness of the brain ; 
anxiety; worry 

Casser, v.a.n. to break; to crack; to 
snap ; to split ; to puzzle, to rack ; to 
break down, to wear out, to weaken ; 
to quash, to set aside, to annul, to re- 
verse ; to suppress ; to dissolve ; to dis- 
band ; to reduce to a lower grade or to 
the ranks ; to disrate (a seaman) ; (ob'O- 
lete) to cashier; to dismiss, to dis- 
charge ; (of wine) to get into (the head). 

— aux gages, to dismiss, to discharge ; 
to withdraw o.'s confidence from. A 
tout — , (pop.) tremendous, awful; tre- 
mendously, awfully, with a vengeance 

Se — , v.r. to break, to get or be 
broken ; to break down ; to wear out ; 
to snap; to break (o.'s . . .) ; to puzzle 
or rack (o.'s brains) ; (of a ship) to 
break, to become hogged, to hog. Se 
la — , (pop.) to move off, to hook it 

Casserole, s.f. saucepan, stewpan, pan ; 
vegetable-dish ; casserole ; warming- 
pan (tor<7e waic/t) ; antivenereal treat- 

Casseroi6e, s.f. saucepan ful [ment 

Cassetin, s.m. (print.) box 

Cassette, s.f. small case or box ; casket; 
cash-box ; privy purse ; pocket-money, 

Casseu-r, se, s.m.f. breaker ; breaker 
of things; blusterer; — adj. in the 
habit of breaking things; blustering. 

simple old man, old booby, old fogy,^* — d'assiettes, brawler, quarrelsome 

fellow. — de raquettes, vigorous fellow 
Cassican, s.m. (bird) barita, piping-crow 
Casside, s.f. (insect) tortoise-beetle 
Cassidoine, s.f. (min.) cassidony 
Cassie, s.f. cassie (flower balls of the 

acacia Farnesiana) 
Cassier, s.m. (bot.) cassia-tree 
Cassine , s.f. country-box or A^a ; hut, 

hovel, hole; stall; booth; (mil.) cassine 


(country-house surrounded by a foKse) ; 
(bot.) Carolina tea [seynette 

Cassinette, »/. {stuf) cassinette, ker- 
CasBiop6e, «./. {myth., (vtr.) Cassiopeia 
Cassique, x.m. (bird) cassican 
CassiS; <.m. black can-ant, black cur- 
rants: black-cun-ant bush ; black-eur- 
raut liqueur [stone 

Cassit^rite; n.f. [min.) c-assiterite, tin- 
Cassolette, s.f. perfuniing-pan ; scent- 
box ; cresset ; perfume, scent ; (jest., 
pop.) stink, stench : jorden ; night-cart, 
mud-cart ; (bot.) dame's violet 
Casson, g.m. broken piece, fragment ; 
lump ; cullet, calx ; cocoa-nib [sugar 
Cassonade, «./. moist sugar, brown 
Cassore, .1/. broken place, break, crack, 
snap, breaking, fracture ; broken pieces 
fCastagnean, (fi'ih) chromid 
fCastagnette, s.f. castanet; (Kiuf) 
rassinotto [didapper, little grebe 

fCastagneux, s.m. (bird) dab-chick, 
fCastagnole, s.f. (Ji«h) brama, sea- 
+Ca8tagnon,<.n».dried chestnut [Muses 
Castalides, «.f.i>L (myth.) Castalides, 
Castalie, »./. (viyth.) Castalia. La/on- 
UiUu or IfH eaux de — , the Castalian 
spring, poetry 
Caste, »./• caste ; tribe ; set, crew, lot 
Castel, n.m. (obsolete) castle 
fCastillan, e, adj. g. Castiliau 
fCastille, s.f. bickering, squabble, 

altercation, quarrel ; tilt 
Castine, s.f. limestone flux 
Castor, s.m. beaver, castor; beaver- 
hat ; (I'op.) hat, tile ; bonnet ; (myth., 
attr.) Castor; (meteor) Castor, Helena. 
— et Pollux, (meteor) Castor and Pollux, 
St. Elmo's fire, coi-posant 
Castor^oxn, s.m. castoreum, castor 
CastOXin, s.m. (fur of the coypu) nutria, 
racooiida [castor 

Castorine, s.f. (chem.) castorine ; (cloth) 
Castrazn^tation, s.f. castrametation 
Castrat, *.m. castrate, castrato 
Castration, s.f. castration 
Castrer, r.a. to castrate 
Castrenr, s.m. castrator, gelder [ness 
Casualit6, s.f. casualness, fortuitous- 
Casuarine, «./. (bot.) casuarina, casso- 
wary-tree, Botany-bay oak, forest-oak, 
Casuel, le, adj. casual, accidental, 
contingent, fortuitous ; precarious, un- 
certain ; (pop.) brittle 
Casnel, s.m. casual income; perquisites, 
profits ; fees ; surplice-fees ; class-fees, 
course-fees ; chance customers or 
custom [ally, fortuitously, by chance 
Casuellexnent, adv. casually.accident- 
CasTliste, s.m. casuist; —adj. casuistic 
Casnistique, s.f. casuistry 
Casuistiquer, v.n. to deal in casuistry 
Casns belli, x.m. casus belli 
tCatachr^se, s.f. (rhet.) catachresis 
Catacl3rsme, s.m, cataclybm, deluge, 
flood ; desolation, disaster, overthrow, 
revolution, crash, smash ; stirring in- 
cident; shower-batli [Catosan 
Catacoi, Catacoua, s.f. (pop.) v. 
Catacois, s.m. V. Cacatdis 
Catacoznbes, sf.jii. catacombs 
CatacouBtique, nf. catacoustics ; — 
ndj. catacoiihtic [— adj. catadioptric 
Catadioptrique, s.f. catadioptrics ; 
Catafalque, x.m, catafalque 
Cataire, «./. (bot.) catmint; — adj. 

Imrd.) of a cat ( V. rr^mlsBement) 
Catalan, e, adj. ».mf. Catalan, Catalo- 
nian ; —s.m. Catalan (dialect} ; Catalan 
knife ; — s.f. Catalan forge 
Catalannien, ne, Catalauniqne, 
adj. iffeog.) Catalaunjan, of ChiiTons- 
Catalectes, catalecta, cBtalects 

(eolUetion of poetie fragments) 
Oatalectique, adj. (vert.) cBtalectic 


Catalep-sie (s.f.), -tique {ndj. .^.m.f.), 1 

mtd.) l'. page 8, § 1 L«evies 

Catalogue, s.m. catalogue, roll, list ; 
Cataloguexnent, cataloguing 
Cataloguer, v.a. to catalogue 
Catalogueur, s.m. cataloguer 
Catalpa, ■•>'.w». (hot.) catalpa [menial 
Catam^nial, e, adj. (physiol.) cata- 
Cataplasnxe, s.m. poultice 
Catapuce, sf. (hot.) spurge 
Cataptilte, s.f. catapult 
Cataracte, «./. cataract, waterfall, fall; 
(med., viech.) cataract ; — s* pi. (fiff.) 
wrath, ire, indignation ; windows, flood- 
gates (of heaven) ^ 
Cataract^, e, adj. (vied.) cataractous, 

affected with cataract 
Cataracter (Se), v.r. {med.) to become 

afTected with catai-act 
Catarrhal, e, adj. (med.) catarrhal 
Catarrbe, s.m. (med.) catarrh ; bad 
cold. — d'ete, summer catarrh, hay- 
asthma, hay-fever. — pulmonairc, 
bronchitis. — vesical, catarrh of the 
bladder, cystirrhoea [rhous ; catarrhal 
Catarrheu-x, se, adj. (vied.) catar- 
Catastase, s.f. (vied.) catastasis; (rhet.) 
catastasis, counterturn [ity 

Catastrophe, s.f. (catastrophe ; calam- 
Catau, s.f. country-servant ; slut ; 

harlot, mot 
Cat^chisation, s.f. cateehization 
Cat6chiser, v.a. ' to catechize ; to 
reason with, to try to persuade ; to in- 
struct beforehand, to give the cue, to 
coach up ; to train ; to lecture 
Cat^Chisme, catechism ; (fg.) 
cue, part, instructions ; lecture. — 
poissard. Billingsgate vocabulary 
Cat6cli-iste, -istique, -istique- 

ment. V. page 3, § 1 
tCat6cliux]i6nat, s.m. catechumenate 
^Cat^chum^ne, s.m.f. catechumen 
Cat^gor^me, s.m. (log.) predicable 
Cat6gor-ie, -ique, -iquement. V. 
page 3, § 1 [class 

Cat^goriser, v.a. to categorize, to 
Catgut, s.m. (stirg.) catgut 
Catharte, s.7n. cathartes, black vulture, 

turkey- buzzard, turkey-vulture 
Cathartine, s.f. (chem.) cathai-tine, 
bitter of senna [cathartic 

Cathartique, adj. m.f, (med.) 
Cathedra iEx), adv. ex cathedra 
Cath6drale, s.f, adj.f. cathedral 
Cath^rdtique, adj. m.f, s.m. {med.) 

Catheter, s.m. (surg.) catheter 
Cath6t6riser,v.a. (surg.) to catheterize 
Cath6t6risnie, s.m. (surg.) catheterism 
Catholicisme, s.m. Catholicism 
Catholicity, «./. Catholicity; Catholic 

world, Catholic countries 
Catholicon, Catholicum, s.m. 

diharm.} catholicon 
Catholique, s.m.f. Catholic, Roman 
Catholic ; — adj. Catholic, Roman 
Catholic ; (fam.) moral ; orthodox ; 
right; con-ect ; genuine 
Catholiquement, adv. like a Catholic, 

in a Catholic manner, Catholicly 
Cati, e, part, of Catir 
Cati, S.VI. gloss, lustre 
Catiche, s.f. (hunt.) hole, hiding-place 
CatiUnaire, sf. Catiline oration, 
Catiline lip'-ar) 

tCattUac, CatiUard, s.m. catillac 
Catimaran, s.m. (nav.) catamaran 
Catlznini <En),adt>. v. Cachette <En) 
Catin, s.f. Kate ; country- wench ; harlot, 
strumpet [harlotry 

Catinerie, s.f, Catinisme, s.m. 
Catiniser (So), r.r. to become a harlot 

or a strumpet 
Catir, v.a. to press, to gloss [cloth) 

Catissage, s.m. pressing, glossing (of 
Catlsseu-r, se, s.m.f. cloth-preaser, 
presser; — adj. pressing, glossing 


CatOgan, s.m. (of hair) cadogan, club 
Catonien, ne, adj. Catonian 
Catonisme, s.m. Catonism [F. p. 3, § 1 
Catoptrique, s.f. catoptrics ; — adj. 
Caucalide, s.f. (bot.) bur-parsley 
Caucasien, ne, Caucasique, adj. 

Cauchenxar, s.m. nightmare, incubus ; 
Jmuuting care ;• bore, plague, nuisance; 
Cauchemarder, v.a. to beset, to bore, 

to annoy, to plague. Se — , to fret 
CauchOis, e, adj. s.m.f. of Caux (in 
Normandy) ; native of Caux ; Caux 
horse or mare; — s.m. Caux dialect 
Caudal, e, adj. caudal; —s.f. caudal fin 
Caudataire, s.m. train-bearer ; toad- 
eater, lickspittle ; — adj. train-beai-ing 
Caud^, e, adj. caudate, caudated, tailed 
Caudebec, s.m. (obsolete) felt hat 
Caudex, s.m. (bot.) caudex [cula 

Caudicule, s.f. (bot.) caudicle, caudi- 
Caudixnane, adj. {of monkeys) caudi- 
manous, with a prehensile tail ; — s.m. 
Caudines, adj.f. pi. Caudine 
Caulet, s.m. cow-cabbage 
Caulicole, s.f. (arch.) caulicole 
Caulinaire, adj. (bot.) cauline 
Cauris, s.m. money cowry, cowry (s/teH, 

xised as coin in Africa, India, &c.) 
Causal, e, adj. causal 
Causality, sf. causality 
Causanti e, adj. chatty, conversable 
Causati-f, ve, adj. causative, causal 
Causation, s.f. causation 
CausaUvement, adv. causatively 
Cause, s.f. cause ; motive, reason, 
grounds ; subject ; matter ; case ; trial ; 
(of a contract, &c.) consideration. — 
celebre, famous law-case. — finale, 
final cause. Avocat sans — , briefless 
barrister. Gain de — , success, gaining 
of o.'s cause. A — de, on account of, 
because of; for the sake of, for; 
through. A — de quoi ? for what rea- 
son ? why ? on what account ? A — 
que, because. A ces—s, for these rea- 
sons, wherefore, accordingly. Eii — , 
concerned in a suit ; concerned ; im- 
plicated ; at stake. Hn tout etat de — , 
in any case. Et pour — , and for good 
reasons. Pour — de, iu consequence 
of, on account of. Avoir — gagnee, 
avoir or obtenir gain de — , to gain o.'s 
cause or point ; to can y the day ; to 
prevail. Donner gain de — a, to decide 
or be in favour of ; to yield the advan- 
tage to, to give it up to. fijre hors de 
— , not to be concerned in a suit ; not 
to be concerned or implicated ; to have 
nothing to do with it; not to be at 
stake ; to be out of the question. Met- 
tre en — , to call to appeal*, to summon ; 
to put (one) on his trial ; to sue ; to 
implicate in a lawsuit ; to implicate. 
Mettre hors de — , to dismiss from a 
suit ; to free from all imputation ; to 
put out of the question. Prendre fait 

et — 2'our , to take . . .'s part 

Causer, v.a. to cause, to be the cause 
of , to occasion ; to induce; to produce; 
to make ; to create ; to excite ; to give ; 
— v.n. to talk, to converse, to chat ; to 
tattle; to blab. Assez cause! enough 
of that ! that's enough ! that'll do ! 
hold your jaw ! shut up ! 
Causerie, s.f. talk, chat, chit-chat, 

RosHip, tattle ; babbling 
Causettc, s.f. bit of chat 
Causeu-r, se, adj. talkative, chatty, 
conversable ; babbling ; — talker; 
tattler ; conversationalist, «'onversa- 
tionist; blab ; —s.f. tHc-u-iHo (s'ofa) 
Causoter, v.n. to chat familiarly 
I Causse, s.f.m. calcareous table-lanU 
! Causticity, s.f. causticity 
I Caustique, adj. caustic ; biting, cut- 


ting ; — s.m. (chem., pharm.,8Urg.) cau- 
stic ; — s.f. (opt.) caustic curve, caustic 
Caustiqueinent, adv. caustically ; 
cuttingly [cunningly 

Cauteleusement, adv. cautiously, 
Cauteleu-x, se, adj. cautious, wary, 


Cautdre, s.m. cautery ; issue ; (vet.) 

firing-iron. Un — sur une jam be de boh, 

a poultice (or a plaster) on a wooden 

leg [firing 

Cauterisation, s./. cauterization; (vet.) 

Caut6riser, v.a. to cauterize, to sear, 

to burn 
Caution, s.f. sui-ety, security, bail ; 
guarantee ; pledge. — bourgeoise, (ob- 
solete) good (or substantial) bail or 
security. Sous — , on bail. Siijct a —, 
not to be trusted, suspicious, doubtful 
Cautionnement, s.m. security ; bail ; 

bailing; bail-bond; caution money 

Cautionner, v.a. to be surety for ; to 

bail ; to answer for ; to guarantee ; to 

warrant [age; storage 

Cavage, «.m. hollowing, digging; cellar- 

fCavagnole, s.m. cavagnole (old game 

of chance) 
Qai-va-l^-liaut, int. (hunt.) tally-ho! 
Cavalcade, s./. cavalcade ; ride; (pop.) 

love intrigue 
Cavalcader, v.n. to cavalcade ; to ride 
Cavalcadour, s.m. equerry; master 
of the horse [woman 

Cavale, s.f. mare ; (pop.) lanky awkward 
Cavaler, v.n., So—, v.r. (po2).)tobolt, 

to skedaddle 
Cavalerie, s.f. cavalry, horse ; horses 
Cavalier, s.m. horseman, rider ; caval- 
ry-man, horse-soldier, trooper ; gentle- 
man ; man ; cavalier ; escorter, escort, 
attendant; (daMcingr) partner ; dancer; 
(chess) knight; (paper) royal; (civ. en- 
gin.) spoil-bank; (fort.) cavalier. — 
servant, lover, gallant, dangler, cieis- 
beo. Servir de — «, to escort 
Cavali-er, 6re, adj. free, easy; bold ; 
cavalier, blunt, flippant, too free, un- 
ceremonious; horse; (of paper) royal. 
Chou — , V. Chou. Route — ere, horse 
road, bridle-road or way or path 
Cavali^re, s.f. horsewoman, rider 
Cavali^rement, adv. freely; cava- 
lierly, bluntly, flippantly, too freely, 
Cavatine, s.f. (mus.) cavatina 
Cave, s.f. cellar ; vault ; cellarage ; 
bottle-case ; liqueur-case ; cellaret ; 
bin ; case ; scent-case ; freezing-pot, 
ice-cream mould; (at play) pool 
Cave, adj. hollow, sunk, sunken. An- , 
nH — -, lunar year of 353 days ; uncom- 
pleted year, in round numbers. Lnnc 
— , mois—, lunar month of 29 days, j 
Veine — , (anat.) vena cava 
Cav6j e, part. adj. hollowed; sunken ; ' 

staked ; valued, rated 
Cav6, s.m. (i>op.) dupe, gull, cat's paw 
Caveau, s.m. cellar, wine-store, shades ; 

vault ; literary club , 

Cavec6, e, adj. (of a horse or marc) I 
— de nolr, black-headed [curb j 

Cave^on, s.m. (rid.) cavesson; (Jig.) i 
Cav6e, s.f- i hunt.) hollow way | 

Caver, v.a.n. to hollow ; to scoop ; to 
wear away; to undermine; to make a 1 
hollow; to stake (at play) ; to lunge (in 
fenc'.ng). — au plus hax. to play low; 
to put it at the lowest ; to suppose the | 
•worst. — au plus fort, to play high ; 
to go to extremes; to put it at the 
highest ; to suppose an extreme case. 
8e — , to become hollow or sunken ; to 
Caverne,s./. cavern, cave; hollow; den 
Cavemeu-x, Be, adj. cavernous, hol- 
low ; sepulchral ; (anat., med.) cavern- 
Cavet, s.m. (arch.) cavetto [ous 

Caviar, s.m. caviare I 


Cavillation, s.f. cavilling, cavil: so- 
Caviste, s.m. cellarman [phistry 

Cavity, s.f. cavity, hollow [rocky islet) 
Caye, s.f. (geog.) cay, kay, key (reef, 
Cayenne, s.f. (nav.) naval bai-racks ; 
cooking-house. — flottante, receiving- 
Ce, Cet, m., Cette, ./'., ndj. this, that ; 
such a, such ; what a, what. — livre- 
ci, this book. — livre-la, that book 
Ce, C, 2^ron. this, that, it, they, these, 
those ; he. she ; so ; the thing ; the 
reason ; the fact. — dont, that of 
which ; what ... of or about ; of which ; 
which ... of ; which ; what. — qui, 

— que, what, that which ; which ; a 
thing which ; a fact which ; and this. 

— sont, these or those are ; they are ; 
it is. A — que, according to what ; 
from what ; that ; as. De — que, from 
the fact that; because; that. Sur—, 
thereupon ; now. Sur — que, as, when, 

C6ans, adv. (old) within, in here, here, 

in this house ; the house, the place ; 

at home [these 

Ceci, pron. this, this thing, these things, 

C6cidomyie, s.f. (zool.) cecidomyia. 

— destructive, Hessian fly. — du fro- 
vient, wheat-fly, wheat-midge 

C6cit6, sf. blindness 

Cecropie, s.f. (bot.) cecropia, trumpet- 
tree, trumpet-wood 

Cecropien, ne, CScropique, adj. 
(Or. antiquity) Cecropian 

C6crops, s.m. (zool.) cecrops, fish-louse 

C6cube, s.7n. (anc.) Csecuban wine ; 
(fig.) exquisite wine 

Cidant, e, s.m.f. granter ; assigner ; 
transferrer ; — jmrt. adj. granting ; &c. 
V. C^der 

C^der, v.a.n. to cede ; to yield ; to give 
up ; to give in ; to give ; to let have ; 
to spare ; to grant ; to concede ; to as- 
sign ; to make over ; to transfer ; to 
remit ; to resign ; to part with ; to dis- 
pose of; to sell; to relax; to give way; 
to submit; to comply; to obey; to 
listen (to); to be postponed (to) ; He- 

— a), to be second (to), to be inferior 
(to), to be below or behind (...); to 

fC6dille, sf. (gram.) cedilla [stoop (to) 
C6drat, s.m. (tree, fruit) cedrate, citron 
C^draterie, s.f. citron-plantation 
C^dratier, (tree) cedrate, citron, 
C^dre, s.m. cedar [citron-tree 

C6drie, s.f. cedria, cedar resin 
C6dron, s.m. (bot.) cedron 
C6dule, sf. schedule; scrip; note; 
memorandum; writ; notice; list; 
bill ; note of hand 
Ceindre, v.a. to sun-ound; to border; 
to encompass ; to enclose ; to fence ; 
to encircle ; to bind ; to gird, to put 
on ; to wreathe. Se — , to gird oneself, 
to gird, to put on ; to wreathe or bind 
o.'s brow [ping 

Ceintl^age, s.m. (nav.) swifting, frap- 
Ceintre, s.m. (7iav.) swifter [gird 

Ceintrer, v.a. (nav.) to swift, to frap, to 
Ceinture, s.^. girdle; belt; sash; sur- 
cingle ; waistband, band ; waist-rib- 
bon ; waist ; enclosure ; zone ; circle ; 
cincture; moulding; (nav.) girdle, 
swiftei*, belt. — funebre, — de deuil, 
band of black cloth with hatchment. 
De — , circular, circle, ittre toujours 
pendu a la — de, to be ...'s shadow. 
Bonne renommee vaut mieux que — 
doree, a good name is better than 
Ceintur^, e, adj. girdled, girt ; wearing 

a sash : confined 
Ceinturer, v.a. to girdle, to gird 
Ceinturette, s.f. (hunt.) horn-strap, 
sti-ap [belt-maker 

Ceinturier, ■<.»i. girdler, girdle-maker, 
Ceinturon, s.m. belt, sword-belt 


Ceinturonnerie, s.f. belt-making ; 

Ceinturonnier, s.m. belt-maker 
Cela, pron. that ; it ; so ; that thing ; 
the thing ; those things, those ; that 
reason ; that purpose, that end ; things, 
matters ; then ; as to that ; ( fam.) he, 
him, that boy, that man, that fellow; 
she, her, that girl, that woman ; they, 
them, those children, those people. — 
est, it is so. — next pas, it is not so. 
Avec — , with that ; ha ! ha ! indeed, 
foi-sooth, it's all vei-y well. Avec — que, 
V. Avec. C'est —, that is it ; that is 
the thing ; that will do ; that is right ; 
just so ; to be sure ; it is (or was) that. 
Ce n'est pas —, that is not it ; that is 
not the thing ; that witi not do ; that is 
not right ; not so ; it is not (o?was not) 
that. C'est — vicme, that is the very 
thing. Par — meme, for that vei-y 
reason; (que) for the very reason 
(that) ; from the very fact (that). 
Pour — meme, for that very thing (or 
purpose) ; for that very reason. Pour 
— non ! no indeed ! certainly not ! 
Pour — oui ! yes indeed ! certainly ! 
to be sure ! N'est-ce que — ? is that 
all ? Pas de — ! V. Ca 
Celadon, adj. s.m. *pale green, sea- 
green, celadon; sentimental lover, 
philanderer ; old beau 
Ceiadonique, adj. lackadaisical, phi- 
landering, maudlin 
Ceiadonisme, s.m. lackadaisicalness, 
philandering, maudlin .sentimentality 
C^lan, s.m. (fish) pilcliard 
Ceiastre, s.m. ibot.) celastrus, staff"-tree 
eolation, s.f. (law) concealment 
Celebrant, s.m. celebrant ; — - adj. m. 

C61ebrateur, s.m. celebrater 
Calibration, s.f. celebration, solem- 
C6ldbre, adj. celebrated, famous, far- 
famed, renowned, illustrious ; dis- 
tinguished, eminent 
Cei6brer, v.a. to celebrate ; to praise ; 
to glorify ; to extol ; to sing ; to 
solemnize ; to keep ; to record ; — v.n. 
to officiate. Se — , to be celebrated or 
Cdl^brite, sf. celebrity [&c. 

Celer, v.a. to conceal, to hide. Se 
faire — , (old) to deny oneself to visitors 
Ci61eri, s.m. celery. — -rave, s.m. cele- 
C61erin, s.m. V. C^lan [riac 

Cei^rite, s.f. celerity, speed, swiftness, 
rapidity, activity, quickness, expedi- 
tion, despatch 
Celeste, adj. celestial, heavenly, of 
heaven ; divine ; excellent, perfect ; 
sky, of the sky [(moJik, nun) 

C61estin, e, s.m.f. adj. Celestine 
C61iaque, adj. V. Cceliaque 
Ceiibat, s.m. celibacy, unmanned 

state, single life 
C61ibataire, s.m. unman-ied or single 
man, bachelor; — adj. unman-ied, 
single, of a bachelor, celib^e 
Celle, pron. fern. o/Celui 
Celle, s.f. (hermiVs) cell or cave 
Cell6ri-er, fere, cellarer, cellar 

ist ; still-room maid 
Cellier, s.m. wine-room, wine-store, 
still-room, store-room, cellar (on the 
ground floor) 
Cellulaire, «rfj. cellular; solitary. Em- 
^risonnement — , solitai-y confinement. 
^Regime or systeme — , solitary -system ; 

silent system. Voiture — , prison-van 
Cellule, s.f. cell • 

Celltllfe, e, adj. cellular, cellulose ; 

celled ; — s.m.f. celled prisoner 
Celltaeu-x, se, adj. cellulose, cellular 
Cellulo'ide, s.m. celluloid 
Cellulose, s.f. (chem.) cellulose^ 
CfelOSie, s.f. (hot.) celosia, cockscomb 
Celt, *.m. (in archceology) celt 


Celte, «.»»./. Celt ; — «.?«. (language) 
Celtic ; — adj. Celtic [Celtiberian 

Celtibdre, Celtibdrieny ne, adj. s. 

Celtiquej adj. Celtic ; — s.m. (language) 

Celni, pron.m. he ; him ; the one ; that ; 

the person. ci, the latter; this, 

this one ; he ; him ; who ; this man, 

this fellow. Id, the former : that, 

that one ; he ; him ; that man, that 
fellow Lment 

Cement, x.m. (clum., metal,, aiiat.) ce- 

C^zuentation, «./. cementation ; case- 
hardening [harden 

C6znenter, v.a. to cement; to case- 

C^znenteu-x, se, adj. ccmentitious 

C^xn^t^rial, e, adj. cemeterial 

Ctoacle, «.m. coenaculum ; guest- 
chamber ; (ironically) club, coterie 

Cendre, »./. ash, ashes ; cinder, cin- 
ders ; embers ; dust ; remains, relics; 
memory; death. — bleu^, verditer. 
Jour or mercredi des — «, Ash Wednes- 

Cendr6, e, cuij. ash-coloured, ashy, 
ash, cinereous ; — s.m. ash colour. 
Lumiere —e, earth-shine 

Cendrde, «./. lead ashes ; dust-shot 

Cendrer, v.a. to ash ; to paint or make 

Cendreu-X, se, adj. covered with 
ashes, full of ashes, ashy 

Cendrier, a.m. ash-hole, ash-pit; ash- 
box ; ash-pan ; ash-tray ; ash-tub or 
bucket, cinder-pail ; bucking-cloth ; 

fCendrillon, s.f. Cinderella ; little girl 
who is always sitting near the fire; 
slut, dirty servant [sacrament 

C^ne^ s.f. Lord's supper, communion, 

Cenelle, s.f. (bot.) haw; holly-berry 

C6nobite. s.m. cenobite, monk 

C6nobit-iqae, -isme. V. page 3, § 1 

C^noxnyce, s.m. (hot.) reindeer-moss 

C6notaphe, s.m. cenotaph 

Cens, s.m. (electoral) qualification, 
(elective) franchise; rating; (feud.) 
quit-rent ; (Rom, hist.) census ; rating 

C«nsal, s.m. broker (in Provence and 
in the Levant) 

Cense, s.f. (obsolete) fai-m, farm-house 

Cens6, e, adj. reputed, deemed, ac- 
counted, considered, considered as, 
8apposed ; supposed to be ; pretended, 
understood, understood to be, put for- 
ward as 

CensAment) adv. by supposition, sup- 
positively, as it is or was supposed; 
constructively ; virtually 

Censerie, s.f. (in Provence and in the 
Levant) brokerage 

Censeur, s.m, censor; censurer, critic, 
fault-finder; reviewer; controller; 
auditor; censor of the pi-ess, censor, 
(— dramatique) examiner of plays; (0/ 
o tchool) vice-principal, (pupil) preposi- 
tor, monitor; (uni»«r».) proctor 

Censier, adj, m, (feud.) Seigneur — , 
lord of a manor. Livre or papier — , 

— («.m.),*rent-roll of a manor 
Censi-er, *re, i.m.f. (feud.) farmer 
Cenaitaire, $.m.f, (feud.) copyholder ; 

— s.m. (itUl) qualified elector; —adj. 
qualifie.i [quit-rent 

Censive, /I./, (fettd,) manor; fee-farm; 
Cenaorial, e, adj. conHorial 
Censuel, le, adj. feudal, of quit-rent 
Censurable, adj. censurable, blamable 
Cenvore, «./. consoruhip ; censure, 
blame, reprehension, reproach, re- 
proof« rebuke, disapprobation ; criti- 
cism ; vote of censure ; censorship of 
the press; examinership of plays; 
censors, board of censors, office of the 
lord chamberlain 
Censurer, v.a. to censure, to blame, to 
reprove, to condemn ; to criticize ; to 
find fault with ; to check, to control. 


Se — , to censure or &c. oneself or each 
other ; to be censured or &c. 
Cent, 8.m, adj, hundred; (of percentage, 
kind of coin) cent. — pesant, hundred- 
weight. . . . pour —,. .. per cent. Le 
numero — , the number 100 ; [javi.) the 
privy, the w.c. — •gardes, s.m. (one 
of the Sovereign's hundred guards) life- 
guardsman, horse-guard, yeoman (of 
the guard). — -Kardes, body- 
guard, life-guards, horse-guards, yeo- 
men (of the guai:d), beef-eaters. — 
•Suisses, s.m. (old) Swiss guardsman 
(07ie of the hundred Swiss life-guards). 
— •Suisses, (old) Swiss body- 
guard, Swiss guards (100 in number). 
Officier des — gardes, exon. Les — 
Jours, (Fr. hist.) the Hundred Days 
(from March 20 to June 28, 1815) 
Centaine, s.f, hundred, a hundred or 
so, about a hundred ; age of a hundred, 
a hundred years of age ; thread (that 
binds a skein) 
Centaure, s.m. (myth., astr.) centaur 
Centauree, «/. (hot.) centaurea 
Centenaire, adj. centenary, cente- 
narian ; — s.m, centenary (lOOfh anni- 
versary) ; — s,m.f, (pcrs.) centenarian 
Centenarisme, s.m. centenarianism 
Centenier, s.m. centurion ; hundreder 
Centennal, e, adj. centennial 
Centesimal, e, adj. centesimal 
Cent^simation, s.f, centesimation 
Centi, (in Fr. weights and meas.) centi 

. . . (hundredth part) 
Centiare, s.m, (Fr. meas.) centiare 
Centi^me, adj. s. hundredth 
Centigrade, adj. centigrade [gi-amme 
Centi^anune, s.m. (Fr. iceight) centi- 
Centilitre, s.m. (Fr. meas.) centilitre 
Centime, s.m. (Fr. coin, the 100th part 
of a " franc ") centime ; (fig.) farthing, 
doit, rap. Cinq—s, a halfpenny [50 
— s, half-a-franc, or 5 pencej. — s ad- 
ditionnels, surtax. Au — le franc, so 
much in the pound [metre 

Centimetre, s.m, (Fr. mea><.) centi- 
Centinode, s.f. {hot.) knotgrass 
Centipede, adj. (zool.) centipedal ; — 

s.m. centiped 
Centon, «.m. (liter., mus.) cento 
Central, e, adj. central ; principal, 

chief, head 
Centralement, adv. centrally 
Centralisa-teur, trice, adj, centra- 
lizing ; — s.m.f. centralizer 
Centralisation, s.f. centralization 
Centraliser, v.a. to centralize. Se — , 

to become or be centralized 
Central-isme, -iste. V, page 3, § 1 
Centralite, s.f. centrality 
Centranthe, s.f, ceutranthus 
Centre, s.m. centre ; middle ; element ; 

(of a target) bull's-eye 
Centrer, v.a. to centre 
Centrier, s.m. (fam.) conservative 
Centrifuge, adj, (phys., bot.) centri- 
^^"Pal , [petal 

CenMpete, adj. (phys., bot.) centri- 
centrisque, s.vt, (zool,) trumpet-fish, 

Centropome, s.m. (fish) sea-pike 
Centumvir, s.m, centumvir 
Centumviral, e, adj, centumviral 
Centumvirat, s.m. centumvirate [fold 
Centuple,8.Tn. adj, centuple, a hundred- 
Centupler, v.a.n., Se — , v.r. to cen- 
tuple, to mcrease a hundredfold 
Centuriateur, s.m. (ecd. liter.) cen- 


Centurie, s.f (Rom. hist., &c.)centui-y; 

centurion, s.m. centurion [hundred 

Cep, «.m. vine -plant, vine-stalk or 

stock, plant, stalk, stock, vine ; (hort ) 

virit'-cane,<;ane; 'of a plough) T. Sep | 

— «, /W. vme-plauts, &c. ; (obsolete) 

stocks, fetters, shackles, irons, chains, 

bilboes ' 


C6page, s.m. vine-slip, vine-plant, 

variety of vine, vine 
Cdpe, s.m, (bot.) champignon 
Cep^e, s.f. tuft of shoots ; young wood 
Cependant; adv. conj. in the mean- 
time, meanwhile ; yet, still, however, 
nevertheless. — que, (obsolete) whilst, 
whereas,-ique. V, page 8, § 1 
C6phaiee, s.f. (med.) cephalaea 
Cephalique, adj. (anat., med.) cephalic 
C^piialite, s.f. (med.) cephalitis 
CephalO'graphie, -logie. V. p. 3, § 1 
Ceplialonien, ne, adj. s. Cephalonian 
Cephalopode, adj.m.f,, s.m, (zool.) ce- 

Cephaloptdre, s.m, (bird) umbrella- 
bird, dragoon-bird ; (fish) fin-headed 
ray, horned ray 
C6plialOtome, s.m. (surg.) cephalotome 
C6plialotomie, s.f. (surg.) cephalo- 
tomy [tribe 

Ceplialotribe^ s.m. (surg.) cephalo- 
C6phalotripsie, s.f. (surg.) cephalo- 
Cepll6e, s.m. (astr.) Cepheus [tripsy 
C6pole, s.m. (zool.) band-fish, snake- 
fish. — rouge, red band-fish, fire-flame 
Ceps,, V. C^pe; —pi, of Cep (V. 
Cerac6, e, adj. ceraceous, waxy [Cep) 
Cerac^e, s.f. (bad spelling) V. S^rac6e 
Ceraiste, s.m. (bot.) mouse-ear chick- 
Cerame, s.f. Greek vase [weed 

Ceramique, adj. ceramic; — «./. cer- 
amics, ceramic art 
C6ramiste, s.nuf. ceramist [bearing 
C6rasif6re, adj, cerasiferous, cherry- 
Ceraste, s.m, (zool.) cerastes, horned 

Cerat, s.m. cerate, ointment, salve 
Ceratophylle, s.m. (bot.) horn wort 
C6raunie, C^raunite, s.f. ceraunite, 

Cerb^re, s.m. (myth., astr., fig.) Cerber- 
us ; (8e7-pen«) Cerberus; (feo<.) cerbera 
Cerceau, s.m, hoop ; ring ; circle ; 
hoop-net ; cradle (for the bed-clothes) ; 
pinion-feather [hoop-wood 

Cerclage, s.m, hooping. Bois de — , 
Cercle^ s.m, circle ; round ; ring ; rim ; 
hoop ; orb ; sphere ; succession, series ; 
club; society; assembly; party; com- 
pany ; reception ; (formerly) the 
Queen's drawing-room or court. — 
magique, — des fees or des sorciers, (in 
pastures, &c.) fairy ring, fairy^ircle. 
— national des armees de tene et^ mer, 
army and navy club. — des paM^urs, 
skating-club. — vicieux, (iogr.) i^fele. 
Vin en — s, wine in the cask or in' the 
wood [circle ; to bind 

Cercler, v.a. to hoop; to encircle, to 
Cercleur, s.m. hooper 
Cerclier, s.m. hoop-maker 
Cercope, s.m, (zool.) cercopis. — ecu- 
meux, froth-fly, frog-fly, froth-hopper, 
frog-hopper [ thecus 

Cercopithdque, s.m, (zool.) cercopi- 
fCercueil, s.m, coffin ;~Shell ; grave, 

Cer^ale, adj.f, cereal, eorn ; — s.f. 
cereal ; — s, cereals, cereal 
grasses, corn, corn crops^ bread-stuffs ; 
(Rom. antiq.) cerealia 
C6r6bemte, s.f, (med,) cerebellitis, in- 
flammation of the cerebellum 
cerebral, e, adj, cerebral, of the brain, 

brain. Fievre — , brain-fev^r 
C6r6brite, s.f. (med.) cerebritis, inflam- 
mation of the cerebrum (or brain) 
Cer^bro -spinal, e, adj. (atiat.) cere- 
bro-spinal [arius 

Cer6inoniaire, s.m. (ecci.) ceremoni- 
C6r6monial, e, C6r6moniel, le, 

adj. coremonial 
ceremonial, s.m. ceremonial; cere- 
mony, ceremonies; formalities; eti- 
quette; state [ism 
Cer6monialisme, s.m. ceremonial- 

CbrkltLOnie, s.f. ceremony ; fuss, ado ; 
state. De — adj. formal ; state ; full- 
dress ; evening. En — , en grande — , 
in state, ceremoniously [ously 

C^r^moxiieusement, adv. ceremoni- 

C6r6monieu-x, se, adj. ceremonious, 
formal, precise 

ChrkB, s.f. (myth., astr.) Ceres; {Ji<j.) 
corn, harvest ; bread. Les dons, les 
tresors de — , (poet.) the gifts, the trea- 
sures of Ceres ; the harvest, the corn 

Cerf, s.m. stag, red deer, deer ; hart ; 
(jest.) comuto. Un bois de — , the 
horns of a stag. Come de — , harts- 
horn. — -volant, s.m. stag-beetle; 
(toy) kite, paper-kite 

fCerfeuil; s.m. (hot.) chervil. — musque, 

— d'Espagne, sweet chervil, sweet cicely 
Ccirisaie^ s.f. chei-ry-orchard, cherry- 

Cerise, s.f. (fruit) cherry; berry (of 
coffee) ; — s.m. cherry colour, cherry, 
t cerise ; — adj. cherry-coloured, cherry, 

' cerise. Rouge — ■, cherry-red 

Cerisette, s.f. dried cherry; cerisette 

(kind of red pltim) 
Cerisier, s.m. cherry-tree, cheny ; 

cherry-wood, cherry ; harck 
Cerne, s.m. circle ; ring 
Cern6, e, adj. surrounded ; encircled ; 
(of the eyes) surrounded with a dark 
circle, black-ringed 
CerneaU; s.m. kernel of a green walnut ; 
green walnut ; (slang) young girl, lass 
Cerner, v.a. to surround ; to encircle ; 
to gird ; to hem in ; to encompass ; to 
invest ; to circumvent, to beset ; to 
surround (eyes) with a dark circle ; to 
cut round (a tumour, &e.) ; to dig i-ound 
(a tree) ; to ring ( the bark of a tree) ; to 
shell {green walnuts). Se — , (of the eyes) 
to become or be surrounded with a 
dark circle 
C^ro^ne, s.m. (pharm.) Empldtre de — , 
ceroene (plaster composed chiefly of 
Burgundy pitch and wax) 
Cerof6raire, s.m. (eccl.) candle-bearer 
C6ron, s.m. ceroon or seroon (bale) 
Ceroplastie; s.f. ceroplasty 
C6roplastique, adj. ceroplastic [palm 
C^roxyle, s.m. — andicole, (bot.) wax- 
Certain, e, adj. certain, sure, positive ; 
(when placed before a noun) 'some, 
certain ; settled, fixed, appointed, 
stated ; — s, some people, some 
Certain, s.m. certainty, certain, that 
which is certain ; positive fact ; (in 
Exchange language) certain price 
Certainement, adv. certainly ; as- 
sui-edly ; surely ; to be sure ; positive- 
ly ; to a certainty ; for certain ; by all 
means ; of coui-se [tainly, indeed 

Certes, adv. most assuredly, most cer- 
Certificat, s.m. certificate ; testimonial, 
character. — de vie, life-certificate. 

— de bonne vie et moeurs, good testimo- 

Certificateur, s.m. cei-tifier ; guarantee 
Certification, s.f. certification, certi- 
fying; witnessing 
Certifier, v.a. to certify ; to testify ; to 
attest ; to assure ; to witness ; to 
Certitude, s.f. certainty, certitude ; as- 
surance ; steadiness. A voir la — , to 
be certain [lean 

C6rul6, e, C6rul6en, ne, adj. ceru- 
C6rtmien, s.m. cerumen, ear-wax 
C6runiineu-X, se, adj. cemminous, 
waxy [de — , white-lead, ceruse 

CSnise, s.f. ceruse, white-lead. Blanc 
Cervaison, s.f. stag-hunting season 
Cervcau, s.m.. brain ; intellect, mind, 
brains ; head ; (of a bell) shoulder. — 
braie, wild or crazy fellow, madcap. 

— creux, visionary, di-eamer. Avoir le 

(■ - pris, etre pris du — ,to have a cold in 
(iie head 


Cervelas, s.m. saveloy, polony 

Cervelet, s.m. (anat.) cerebellum 

CerveUe, s.f brains; brain; inteUi- 
gence ; pith (of a palm-tree) 

Cervical, e, adj. (anat.) cervical 

Cervier, adj.m. Loup- — , chat- — , V. 
Lioup 4- Chat [horn 

Cervin, e, adj. cervine. Mont —, Matter- 

Cervoise, s.f. (ajic.) cerevisia, cervisia, 
beer, ale 

Ces, (pi. of Co) adj. these, those ; such ; 
Avhat. — livres-ci, these books. — 
Uvres-la, those books 

C6sar, s.m. Caesar ; emperor, prince ; 
warrior, conqueror ; great captain ; 
brave man 

C6sarien, ne, adj. Caesarean 

Cesarisme, s.m. Caesarism 

Cessation, s.f. cessation; end; inter- 
mission ; discontinuance ; interrup- 
tion ; suspension ; suspense ; stoppage ; 
giving up 

Cesse, s.f. ceasing ; rest ; respite. Sans 
—, without ceasing, unceasingly, in- 
cessantly, unremittingly, constantly, 
continually, ever, for ever 

Cesser, v.a.n. to cease ; to discontinue ; 
to leave off; to give up; to break ofi" ; 
to have done ; to stop ; to forbear ; to 
end ; to finish ; to expire ; to come to 
an end. Faire — , to stop, to put a stop 
or an end to ; to do away with ; to abate 

Cessibilit6, s.f. transferability 

Cessible, adj. transferable 

Cession, s.f. assignment ; transfer ; 
surrender; cession [transferee 

Cessionnaire,s.7n./.grantee ; assignee ; 

C'est-^-dire, conj. V. Diro 

Ceste, s.m. cestus 

Cesure, s.f. (vers.) caesura, pause, rest 

Cet, te, adj. V. Co, adj. 

C6tac6, e, adj. (zool.) cetacean, cetace- 
ous ; — s.m. cetacean 

C6t6rac,8.m. (bot.) ceterach. — officinal, 
scale-fern, miltwaste 

C6tine, s.f. (chem.) cetine 

C6tiosaure, s.m. (fossil) cetiosaurus, 
cetiosaur [-logiste. V. page 3, § 1 

C6to-grapliie, -log^ie, -logique, 

C6toine, s.f. (zool.) cetonia, floral beetle. 

— dor('e, rose-chafer, rose-beetle 
Ceux, vi.j)l. of Celui [dilla, cevadilla 
fC^vadille, s.f. (bot.) sabadilla, ceba- 
C^venol, e, adj. s. of the Cevennes ; 

native of the Cevennes 
Ceylaiiais, e, adj. s. Ceylonese 
Chabin, s.m. cross between a goat and 
Chableau, s.m. V. C&bloau [a sheep 
Chabler, v.a. to beat down (walnuts) 
ChabliS, s.m. chablis (white wine) ; wind- 
fallen wood, dead twigs 
Chaboisseau, s.m. (fish) father-lasher, 

long-spined cottus 
ChabOt, s.m. (fish) bull-head, miller's 

thumb ; sea-scorpion ; father-laslier 
Chabraque, s.f. V. Schabraque 
fChabrillou, s.m. v. cabriliou 
Chacal, s.m. (zool.) jackal [baboon 

Cliacma, s.m. (zool.) chacma, pig-tailed 
Chaconne, s.f. chaconne (dance, tune) 
Cliacun, e, pron.m.f. each; every one; 

— m. everybody ; — ©, s.f. partner 
Chacuni^re, s.f. (old, jest.) o.'s own 

house or home 
Chadec, s.m. (bot.) shaddock 
Chaff, (agr.) chaff", provender 
Chafouin, e, .s.m./, ugly monkey, 
scrubby sly-looking fellow or thing, 
mean-looking i)erson, runt; — adj. 
ugly, disagreeable, monkey, pug-faced, 
weasel-faced, mean-looking, sly, with 
an expression of low cunning 
Cliafrioler (So), v.r. to delight (in), to 

indulge ; to be jubilant, to exult 
Chagrin, s.m. grief, soiTow, trouble, 
vexation, care, concern, regret, dis- 
appointment ; fretfulness, peevishness, 
surliness, anger, chagrin : (leather) 


shagreen. Faire or donner du — a, to 
give pain to, to pain, to grieve, to vex. 
Mourir de — , to die of a broken heart 

Chagrin, e, adj. sorrowful, sad, dull; 
gloomy ; grieved, vexed ; discontented ; 
morose, fretful, peevish, cross, sullen, 
surly, angry, chagrined 

Chag^rinant, e, adj. grievous, sad, dis- 
tressing ; vexatious, vexing, provoking, 
troublesome [ly ; fretfully, peevishly 

Chagrinement, adv. sorrowfullv, sad- 

Chagriner, v.a. to grieve, to afflict ; to 
trouble ; to vex ; to fret ; to chagrin ; 
to shagreen (skins). Se — , to grieve, 
to fret, to take on; to grieve or &c. 
each other ; to be shagreened [turer 

Chagrinier, s.m. shagreen-manufac- 

Chahut, s.m. chahut (a vulgar dance) ; 
row, dust, shindy ; squabble 

Chahuter, v.n. to dance the chahut ; 
to make a row, to squabble ; — v.a. to 
shake ; to upset [sou, rioter, roisterer 

Chahuteu-r, se, s.m.f. disorderly per- 

Chai, s.m. wine-store (above ground), 
spirit-store, storehouse; shed; work- 

fChaillot, s.m. Chaillot (a district of 
Paris). A—!( pop.) go to Bath ! go to 
Jericho ! go to the deuce ! 

Chainage, s.m. measuring (land) with 
the chain ; (build.) chain-timbers, bond 
timbers, girders 

Chaine, «./. chain ; ridge ; range ; ledge; 
chain-gang; warp ; boom ; series ; bond; 
tie ; link ; bonds, bondage ; continuity ; 
line; (build.) belting-course, —anglaise, 
(dancing) right and left, cross-hands. 

— longue, watch-guard, guard. — de 
cow, neck-chain, necklet. — defer, iron 
chain ; (build.) iron girders. — de gilet, 
Albert chain. — de montre, watch-chain. 

— de surete, (rail.) coupling-chain. A 
la — , chained, chained up ; in bondage. 
Faire la — , to form in line ; to pass 
from hand to hand buckets of water, 
&c. (in a fire, &c.). Mettre a la — , to 
chain, to chain up [the chain 

Chainer^ v.a. to measure (land) with 

Chainetier, s.m. chain-maker 

Chainette, s.f. small chain ; chain ; (of 

a carriage) pole - chain, pole - piece ; 

(math.) catenary curve, catenary; (arch.) 

catenary arch or vault 

Chaineur, s.m. (surveying) measurer 

with the chain [maker 

Chainier, Chainiste, s.m. chain- 

Chainon, s.m. link (of a chain) ; small 

chain or ridge 
Chaintre, s.f. (agr.) headland, balk 
Chair, s.f. flesh ; meat ; skin ; body ; (of 
fruit) flesh, pulp ; — s, pi. (med., surg.) 
flesh; (paint.) flesh-parts, flesh-tints, 
carnations. — vive, live flesh, quick 
flesh, quick. — morte, dead flesh. — 
rt canon, food for powder. — d pdte, 
mince-meat. — de poule, (pers.) goose- 
flesh, goose-skin. Avoir la — de poule, 
to feel o.'s flesh ci-eep or crawl, to 
shudder. Donner (or Faire venir) la — 
de poule, to make o.'s flesh creep or 
crawl, to make o.'s blood run cold, to 
make one shudder. N'f'tre ni — ni 
poisson, to be neither fish, flesh, nor 
fowl. En — et en os, in flesh and I^lood 
Chair, s.m. (rail.) chair 
Chaire, s.f. pulpit ; desk; throne (of a 
bishop) ; see ; chair ; jirofessorship ; 
preaching. En plrin:' — , from the 
pulpit, before the whole congregation ; 
from the chair, before the whole class 
Chaise, s.f. chair; chaise; (build.) curb, 
timber frame, framework. — longue, 
couch, lounge, lounging-chair, (a deux 
tctes) settee. — d porteurs, sedan chair. 
— de poste, — percpe^om- 
mode, night - commode. Porter^uel- 
qu'un en — , to carry a person on a seat 
of hands or on a king's chair 


Chalsier, s.m. chair maker 

Chalan, Chaland, n..». inarig.) barge ; 

{uav.) lighter, punt 
Chaland, e, customer; purchaser 
Chalandeau, * Chalandou, s.m. 
lighterman [goodwill 

Cbalandise, s.f. custom, customers; 
^Chalastique, adj.m.f., (vied.) cha- 

tChalaze, .</. (bot., zool., med.) chalaza 
^Chalazion, s.m. (med.) chalazion, 

^Chalc^doine, s.f. V. Calc^doine 
IChalcograpbe, .s.m. chalcographer 
Idialcographie, k.j'. chalcography; 
engraving-establishment; collection of 
. engravings, catalogue of ditto; print- 
ing-office (of the Pope) [phic 
^Chalcograpliiaae, adj. chalcogra- 
IChalda-ique, -isme. V. page 3, § 1 
|Cliald6en, ne, adj. Chaldean, Chal- 
daic, (Jhaldee ; — s.m.f. Chaldean ; — 
».m. Chaldaic or Chaldee (language) 
ClxSile, t.m. shawl [wild olive 
Clialef, «.m. (bot.) elfleagnus, oleaster, 
Clialet, g.m. Swiss cottage ; cheese- 
dialeur, «./. heat ; warmth ; glow ; 
ardour, vivacity, animation, lire, zeal ; 
—Of pi. hot days, hot weather or season, 
heat, summer. Le* gmndes — /*, the vei'y 
hot weather, th'^ height of summer 
Cbaleoreusement, adv. hotly, warm- 
ly, ardently ; with animation ; vehe- 
mently ; zealously 
dialeiireu-X, se, adj. warm, ardent, 
glowing, animated, spirited, impas- 
sioned, vehement, zealous 
Chdli-er, dre, adj. of shawls, shawl 
Cll^lier, s.m. shawl-manufactm-er ; 

clerk of the shawl department 
Cll^lit, x.m. (obsolete) bedstead 
CHallis, s.m. (stuff) challis, angola 
Clialoir, v.n. imp. (old) to matter, to be 
important II ne m'en chaut, it matters 
not to me, I don't care. Pen m'en chaut, 
it signifies little to me, I care little or 
nothing about it [drag-net 

Clialon, s.m. (stuff) shalloon; (fish.) 
Cllalonnais, e, adj. s.m.f. of Chalons ; 
native of Chalons ; — s.m. Chalons 
Clialoupe, s.f. launch, long boat, (— 
pontee) shallop. — canonniere, gnn-ho&t 
ClialTUneau, s.m. reed ; straw ; tube ; 
hollow stem ; shepherd's pipe, pipe, 
flute, shawm; blow-pipe; lime-twig 
Clialuinet, s.m. tip (of a tobacco-pipe) 
Chalut, x.m. (fish.) trawl-net, trawl 
Chaluter, v.n. to trawl 
Clialuti-er, *re, adj. trawling, trawl ; 
t.m. trawler. Bateau — , trawl-boat, 
trawler. Prche —ere, trawl-fishing, 
trawliiin [angola 

Clialy, Chalys, (stuff) challis, 
tChalyb^, e, adj. chalybeate, feri-u- 

ginous, iron, steel 
C hama de, s.f. parley, chamade ; drum- 
beating. Jlattre la ~, to sound a parley ; 
to beat a call ; to surrender, to yield ; 
to be «lisconcerted [fan-palm 

iCbamaerops, s.m. (bot.) chamaerops, 
fCliaznalller, v.n., Se — , v.r. to scuffle, 
to wrangle, to squabble. — des dents, 
(pop.) to eat, to feed, to grub, to stuff 
fCixamaillerie, s.f, dxamaillls, 

s.m. frii>, scuffle. Hquabl)le 
Chaman, s.m. Shaiuan 
Chaxnanique, adj. Shamanic 
Chaznaniune , s.m. shamanism 
Cliainaniste, s.m.f. Shamanist 
Cliainarre, «./. smockfiock; lace, braid, 

enil»roidery, ornament 
Cliaznarrer, v.a. to la<!e, to braid, to 
embroider ; to bedizen, to bedeck ; to 
tinsel ; to cover, to load 
Cliamamir*, ».f. lacing, braiding, 
lace. l)raid, embroidery, trimming, 


trimmings; bedizening; gaudy orna- 
nieuts ; tinselling, tinsel ; medley 
Clianibellan> s.m. chamberlain 
Chambellanie, .s./'. chamberlainship 
Cliamberlan; V. Chambrelan 
Chaxnbertill; s.m. chambertin (Bur- 
gundy wine) [green glass 
Chambourin, .■^.m. strass ; common 
Chambranle^.v.rn. (door-)case or frame; 

(wiudow-)fi-ame ; (chinniey-)piece 
Chambre; •>*./. chamber; room; bed- 
room, bedchamber ; apartment ; lodg- 
ing; House (of parliament) ; parliament; 
court (of justice, &c.) ; office ; (nav.) 
cabin, room ; (of a boat) stern-sheets ; 
(of a mine S,- great gun, of the eye, opt.) 
chamber ; (defect in metal) honeycomb ; 
covert (of a deer) ; wolf-trap, fox -trap. 

— ardente, lights round a coffin, fune- 
* ral chamber ; (Fr. hist.) fiery chamber. 

— basse, Lower House. — claire, light 
i-ooni ; (opt.) camera lucida. — etoilee, 
{Engl, hist.) star-chamber. — garnie, 
furnished room, furnished lodging. — 
haute. Upper House. — introuvable, 
(Fr. hist.) " matchless chamber" (Cham- 
ber of Deputies in 1815, 07i the second 
return of Louis XVIII.). — noire, — ob- 
scure, darkroom; (opt.) camera obscura. 
— a, coucher, bedroom, sleeping-room. 

— de luxe, (nav.) state-room. — du 
conseil, council-chamber; (nav.) ward- 
room. V. Accusation, Chauffe, 8r 
Vacation [honeycombed 

Chaxnbr^, e, a^j. chambered; (artil.) 
Cliaxnbr6e; s.f. sleeping-room, room- j 
f ul, number in a room ; room ; barrack- 
room ; mess-room ; mess ; (theat.) num- 
ber of spectators, house, receipts, j 
Faire — complete, (theat.) to bring a full 
house or full houses 
dxambrelan^ s.m. workman who 

works at home ; single-room lodger 

CliaiUbrerj v.n. to chum ; (of a deer) 

to lie in covert ; — v.a. to chamber ; to 

seclude ; to confine, to keep confined ; 

to closet ; to take aside. Se — , (artil.) 

to become honeycombed [room 

Chambrette, s.f. little room, small 

Chambrier, s.m, chamberlain ; trea- 

sui-er, steward 
Cliainbri^re, s.f. chambermaid, 
housemaid, maid ; lunging- whip ; cart- 
prop, prop, set-stick [young slavey 
tChambrillon, s.f. small servant, 
Cliaznbrule, s.m. (agr.) v. Charbon 
tChazne, s.f. (shell) chama, clam, gaping 

ChaxneaU; s.m. (zool., nav.) camel ; 
(fam.) harlot, strumpet, mot; cunning 
fellow [gill, ale-hoof 

tCliaxnecisse, s.m. (bot.) ground-ivy, 
Chamel^e, s.f. camel-load 
Chamelier, s.m. camel-driver 
Chaxnelle, s.f. female camel [camel 
Chamelon, Chamelet, s.m. young 
:Cham6rop8, s.m. V. Chamarops 
tChamitique, adj. Hamitic 
Chamois, s.m. chamois; chamois- 
leather, shamoy, shammy; wash- 
leather; — adj. buff; drab 
Chamoiser, v.a. to shamoy-dress. Se 

— , to be shamoy-dressed 
ChaxnoUerie, s.f shajnov-dressing, 
shamoying; shamoy-manufactory or 
trade; shamoy (leather) 
Chamoiseur, s.m. shamoy-dresser 
Cnaxnp, s.m. field; career; ground; 
scope ; range ; space, room ; region ; 
start ; spnng ; theme, subject ; matter ; 
opportunity; (her., opt.) field; (of a 
comb) bridge; (tech.) edge (not the 
flat)-, (carp.) flat (not a moulding) ; 
(arch.) champ ; —a, pi. fields ; country. 
-cIo«, lists; tilt-yard. -« ]ilysces, 
(myth) mysi&n, fields; (p7omenade in 
Prtrw) Champs Elys^es. -de courses, 
race-course, race-ground. — d'honneur. 


field of honour, battle-field. — de mat, 
(Fr. hist.) assembly of the nation held 
in May. — de manceuvres, exercise- 
ground, parade-ground. — de Mars, 
(Field of Mars.) exercise-ground, pa- 
rade-ground, Champ de Mars. — de 
mars, (Fr. hist.) assembly of the nation 
held in March. — du repos, cemetery, 
graveyard. — de tir, firing-ground. 
A bout de — , left without resource. A 
tout bout de — , every moment, at every 
turn, on every occasion, incessantly, 
ever, constantly, continually. De. — , 
edgewise, edgeways, on edge. Sur-le- — , 
on the spot ; immediately, directly, at 
once, forthwith ; at call ; oif-hand. 
Avoir la cle (or clef) des — s, to be at 
liberty. Battre aux — s, (mil.) to beat a 
salute or a march, ^tre aux —s, (fig.) 
to be uneasy or on edge, to be put out 
or bewildered ; to be angry. Mettre 
aux —s, to make uneasy, to put out, to 
bewilder ; to make angry. Prendre la 
cle (or clef) des — , to run away, to 
escape, to bolt. — •fermage, s.m. 
hoarding. — -former, v.a. to enclose 
with a hoarding 

f Champagne, s.m. champagne (wine 
from " la Champagne," an old province 
of France) ; — s.f. Fine — , Champagne 
brandy, fine brandy (from " la Cham- 
pagne," a district near Cognac, in the 
French department of la Charente) 

fChampagniser, Champaniser, 
v.a. to make champagne-like 

Champart, s.m. (feud.) fruit-dues 

Champeaux, s.m. pi. (obsolete) mea- 
dows, fields 

Champelure, s.f. V. Cbamplure 

Champenois, e, adj. s.m.f. of Cham- 
pagne ; native of Champagne ; — s.m. 
Champagne sheep 

Champetre, adj. rural ; country ; rus- 
tic ; country-like ; countrified ; field ; 

Champi, sse, adj. s. abandoned or Jt 
found in the fields ; foundling ; bastard flj 

f Champignon, «.m. mushroom ; toad- ^' 

stool ; fungus ; mushroom-jet (of 
water) ; waster, thief {in a candle) ; (of 
liquids) mother, fur ; bonnet-stand, 
stand ; peg ; cap ; chimney-cowl ; knob. 

— comestible, mushroom. — veneneux, 
toadstool. — de couche, cultivated 
mushroom. Couche de — s, mushroom- 
bed [grower 

fChampig^oniste, mushroom- 

fChampig^onni^re, s.f. mushroom- 
bed or ground or cave or pit or house 

Champion, ne, s.m.f. champion; 

Championnat, s.m. championship 

Champl6, e, adj. (of the vine) frost- 

Champlure, »./. frost-bite (of the vine) ; 
tap-hole (of a cask, ^c.) ; tap 

tChanan^en, ne, s.m.f. Canaanite; 

— adj. Canaanitish 
Chance, s.f. chance, luck; hazai'd, 

risk; (game at dice) hazard. Courir la 
— , to take o.'s chance, to run the risk 

Chancelant, e, part. adj. tottering, 
&c. ( F. Chanceler) ; unsteady ; un- 
settled, in-esolute; uncertain, pre- 
carious ; tremulous ; fe(!ble, weak 

Chancelariat, s.m. chancellorship 

Chanceler, v.n. to totter ; to reel ; to 
stagger ; to toddle ; to waver ; to falter ; 
to be unsteady or unsettled or pre- 
carious [high chancellor 

Chancelier, «.ni. chancellor. Grand —, 

Chanceli^re, sf. chancellor's wife; 

Chancellement, .s-.»h. tottering; reel- 
ing; staggering; toddling; unsteadi- 
ness : irresolution 

Chancellerie, s.f. chancery ; chancel- 
lery, chancellor's office or residonc-o ; 


seal-office. Grnrule — , office of the 
great seal. Petite — , privy-seal office. 
Style de — , legal or court style 

Chcinceu-X, se, adj. {pers.) lucky, 
fortunate; (things) hazardous, risky, 
uncertaiu, doubtful, slippery, ticklish 

Chanci, e, adj. mouldy; (paint.) 
bloomy, chilled ; — mouldy dung 
producing mushroom-spa w)i ; (of no-- 
nish) bloom, blooming 

Chancir, v.n., Se— get mouldy ; 
(of varnish) to bloom 

Chiancissure, s.f. mould, mouldiness ; 
(of varnish) blooming 

Chancre, s.m. (med.) cmiker ; (venereal) 
chanci-e ; (agr., hort., fig.) canker 

Chancreu-x, se, adj. cankerous ; 
cankered; chancrous 

Chancroide, s.m. (med.) chanci-oid I 

Chandeleur, s.f. Candlemas 

Cbandelier, candlestick; (nar.) ; 
crutch, stanchion ; (at play) expenses i 
of the game. — a manche, flat candle- j 
stick. — d'eau, vertical jet (of water). ' 

— de mineur, — de fer, miner's bar, j 
crowbar. Sur le — , (fig.) in a con- i 
spicuous position _ I 

Cbandeli-er, fere, s.m.f. chandler, 
tallow-chandler, candle-manufacturer | 

Cbandelle, s.f. candle, tallow-candle ; 
light ; candle-light ; (tech.) stay, sup- 
port; (rtrtu.) shore, pi"op pet. — moulee, 
mould candle, mould. — plongee, — 
d la baguette, dipped candle, dip. — de 
glace, icicle. — de veille, rush-light. 
Voir des — s, voir mille or trentc-six — «, 
to be stunned, to see the stars by day- 

Cbandellerie, s.f. candle-factory ; tal- 
low-chandlery ; candle-trade ; candle- 

Chanfirein, s.m. (of a horse) forehead, 
chanfrin; plume, bunch of feathers ; 
(armour) chamfron ; (tech.) chamfer 

tibanfireiner, v.a. to chamfer 

Ciiange, s.m. change; changing; ex- 
change ; agio ; exchange-office. Agent 
de — , stock-broker. Bureau de — (dc 
vionnaies), exchange-office. Courtier de 
— , exchange-broker, money-br(»ker, 
bill-broker. Donner Ic — a, f aire prendre 
le — a, to put the change on, to put on 
the wrong scent ; to mislead ; to im- 
pose upon, to deceive. Gaqner or per- 
dre au — , to be a gainer or a loser by the 
change. Prendre le — , to take the 
wrong scent, to be thrown off the scent ; 
to allow oneself to be deceived, to be 
taken in ; to be mistaken. Rendre le 

— a, (fig.) to pay {one) back in his own 
coin, to give like for like or tit for 
tat, to retaliate upon; to give a clincher 

Changeable, adj. to be changed, sus- 
ceptible of change 

Cbangeant, e, adj. changing, change- 
able ; variable ; unsteady ; unsettled ; 
inconstant ; fickle ; shifting ; moving ; 
(of colours) changeable, shot 

Cbangement, s.m. change ; altera- 
tion ; mutation ; turn ; changing, 
variation; variety; shifting; (taw) 
amendment. — a vue, scene-shifting, 
rapid change, —de voie, { rail.) shunt- 
ing, shifting ; shunt 

Cbangeoter, v.7i. to change often 

Cbanger, v.a.n. to change ; to alter ; 
to convert ; to turn ; to transform ; 
to exchange ; to make a change ; to 
have a change (of ) ; to shift. — de 
. . ., to change o.'s . . ., to change . . ., 
to have a change of . . ., to shift o.'s 
. . ., to shift . . ., to take or have 
another . . ., to go to another . . . ; to 
alter o.'s . . • ; to cast its . . . — de 
voie. f aire — de voie a, (rail.) to shunt, 
to shift 

Se — , v.r. to be changed or convert- 
ed or turned, &c., to change, to alter, 


to turn ; to change o.'s linen or 

Cbangeu-r, se, money-changer ; 
money-dealer, bullion-dealer 

Chanlatte, s.jf. chantlate, eaves-board, 
eaves-catch, eaves-lath 

Chanoine, s.m. canon (pers.) 

Cbanoinerie, «./. body of canons 

Chanoinesse, s.f. canoness 

Chanoinie, sf. (old) V. Canonicat 

Cbanson, sf. song; ballad; carol; 
ditty; glee; sing-song; (fig.) story; 
nonsense; idle story; affair; rub, 

Cbansonner, v.a. to lampoon [hitch 

Cbansonnette, s.f. little song, ditty ; 
comic song 

Cbansonneu-r, se, s.m./. lampooner 

Cbansonni-er, fere, song- 
writer; ballad- wi-iter ; — s.m. song- 

Cbant, s.m. singing; song; ditty; 
carol; anthem ; hymn; lay; air, tune, 
strain, melody; music, vocal music; 
voice ; accent ; lullaby ; chant ; canto, 
book ; warbling ; crow, crowing : chirp, 
chirping, chirrup ; dirge. — funehre, 
dirge. — monotone, sing-song 

Cbantable, adj. fit to be sung; worthy 
of being sung, worth singing 

Chantage, s.m. extortion of money 
(by threats of exposure, &c.), extortion 
of hush-money, levying hush-money, 
blackmail, blackmailing 

Cbantant, e, adj. singing; fit to be 
sung, fit for singing, fitted for song ; 
easily sung; easy to be set to music; 
tuneful, musical, melodious. Cafe —, 
V. Caf6 

Chanteau, s.m. hunch or hunk (of 
bread) ; remnant ; gore, eking-piece 

Cbantepleiire, s.f. funnel with a rose ; 
outlet, drip-hole ;' long-spouted water- 
ing-pot ; tub (for treading grapes) ; 
(same as Chaxnplure) tap-hole ; tap 

Cbantepleurer, v.a. to tread (grapes) 

Chanter, v.a.n. to sing ; to chant ; to 
sing out; to celebrate, to extol, to 
praise ; to say, to tell, to talk about ; 
to talk, to speak ; to say too much, to 
let the cat out of the bag; to split 
(upon), to denounce; to confess; to 
warble ; to crow ; to chirp ; to carol ; 
to fizz ; to whiz ; to sound ; to resound ; 
to be heard ; to yield ; to give or pay 
hush-money. Faire — , to make (one) 
sing ; to extort hush-money from, to 
blackmail. — victoire, to cry victory, 
to crow over o.'s victory. — sur tons 
Ics tons, to ring the changes or all the 
changes on. — toujonrs hi meme aii- 
tienne or la nihne chamon, to be always 
harping on the same string or saying 
the same thing. Cest comme sije chan- 
tais or vous chantiez, &c., it is like talk- 
ing to the wind, it is of no use, it hi 
Se — , v.r. to be sung [no go 

Chanterelle, s.f. treble-string; musi- 
cal bottle ; call-bird, decoy-bird ; can- 
tharellus, chanterelle (mushroom). Ap- 
puyer sur la — , (fig.) to lay stress on 
the most important part ; to touch the 
sore point ; to recommend strongly 

Chanteronner, v.a.n. V. Chantonner 

Chanteur, s.m. (male) singer ; vocalist ; 
songster ; singing-bird, song-bird ; ex- 
torter of hush-money, blackmailer ; — singing ; song 

Chanteuse, s.f. (female) singer, com- 
mon singer; singing- woman ; song- 
stress ; extorter of hush-money, black- 
mailer; — arfj./. singing ; song 

Chantier, s.m. yai-d; wood or timber- 
yard : coal-yard ; stone-yard ; work- 
yard, building-yard; stock, stocks; 
block ; cask-stand, gauntree, stillion, 
scantling, stallage, stalder 

fCbantignole, s.f. (carp.) bracket 

Chantonnfe, e, adj. (of paper) defective 


Chantonner, v.a.n, to hum (a tune) 
Chantonnene, s/., Chantonne- 

ment, s.m. hunimin;,' 
Chantournage, s.m. cutting in profile, 
sawing round ; carving ; indentation ; 
setting off [piece 

Chantournd, s.m. (of a bedstead) head- 
Chantourner, v.a. "to cut in profile, 
to saw round ; to carve ; to indent ; to 
set off 
Chantre, s.m. chorister; precentor, 
chanter, lay clerk ; singer ; poet, bard ; 
songster. Le — du matin, Chanticleer. 
Le — de la Thrace, Orpheus. Le — the- 
bain, Pindar. Le — d'Ionie or d'llion 
or d' Ulysse, Homer. Le — de Teos, Ana- 
creon. Le — d'Knee or d'Ausonie, Vir- 
gil. Le — de Roland, Ariosto. Le — 
des jardins, Delille. Le — de Henri. 
Chantrerie, s.f. precentorship 
Chanvre, s.m. hemp ; (poet.) rope. Cra- 
vate de — , hempen collar, anodyne 
necklace, halter 
Chanvreu-x, se, adj. hempen 
Chanvri-er, fere, s.m.f. hemp-dresser; 

hemp-seller ; — s.f. hemp-field 
itCbaolOgie. V. page 3, § 1 [sion 

tChaos, s.m. chaos ; disorder, confu- 
tChaotique, adj. chaotic [dage) 

Chapardage, s.m. {slang for Marau- 
Chaparder, r.n. (slang for Marauder) 
Chapardeur, s.m. (s.ang for Marau' 

Chape, s.f, (eccL, arch.) cope ; (of a 
buckle or hook or scabbard) chape ; (of 
a pulley) frame ; (of a dish) cover ; (of 
gunpowder, &c.) outer cask ; (of a bird) 
colour of the back ; (tech.) cover ; lid ; 
cap ; head ; back. — -chute, s.f. god- 
send, windfall, good job, job, bit of 
luck ; accident. — -chuter, v.n. to 
make a i-ustling noise 
Chapfe, e, adj. coped, wearing a cope 
Chapeau, s.m. hat : bonnet ; felt ; 
wreath or crown of flowers, wreath, 
crown, chaplet ; cardinalship, red hat ; 
(fam.) man ; name, character ; (fish.) 
shrimp-net ; (tech.) cap ; bonnet ; hood; 
head; (bot.) pileus, cap (of a fungus) ; 
(com.nav.) hat-money, primage; (fig.) 
(something) to boot, —chinois, (old 
mil. mus. instr.) crescent. — mecanique, 
crush-hat, opera-hat, dress-hat. Frere 
— , (monk) assistant brother. — bas, 
with o.'s hat off, hat in hand, cap in 
hand ; off with your hat ! — x bas ! hats 
off! Enf oncer son — , to pull o.'s hat 
over o.'s eyes ; to screw up o.'s courage, 
to set o.'s teeth 
Chapelain, s.m, chaplain 
Chapeler, v.a. to rasp, to grate, to 
chip (bread) ; (fig.) to hack, to mangle 
Chapelet, s.m. chaplet, beads, string of 
beads ; string ; story ; (dist., com.) 
beads ; (arch., rid.) chaplet. — hydrau- 
lique, pompe a — , chain-pump. Dire or 
reciter son — , to tell o.'s beads. Defiler 
son — , to have o.'s say, to fire away ; 
to tell o.'s story. Le — se di-file, the 
companv is breaking up (or beginning 
to fall off) [turer 

Chapelier, s.m. hatter, hat-manufac- 
Chapelifere, s.f. hatter's wife, hatter ; 

[bot.) butter-bur 
Cbapelle, s.f. chapel; meeting-house; 
I altar ; choir ; church-plate ; living ; 
crown (of an oven) ; (pop.) wine-shop. 
— ardente, lights round a coffin, funeral 
chamber. — blanche, (fam.) bed, sheet- 
alley, blanket-lane. Faire —, (nav.) to 
be caught aback, to build a chapel, to 
chapel the ship ; to broach to. Tenir 
— , to attend divine service in state. 
Pour la petite — , s'il vous jylaiU please 
remember the grotto ! [ship 

Cbapellenie, s.f. chaplaincy, chaplain- 
Cbapellerie, s.f. hat - making ; hat- 


manufactory ; hat - trade ; hatter's 
business or shop ; hats, caps 
Chapellire, ».f. bread raspings, grated 

bread, chippings, chips, fragments 
Cliaperon, s.m. chaperon, hood ; 
riding-hood ; (pers.) chaperon ; (of a 
robe) shoulder-knot ; (tech.) cap, cover- 
ing; holster-cap; (arch.) coping; (ar- 
til.) apron 
Cliaperonner, r.a. to cope (a wall) ; to 
hood (a hawk); to chaperon (a young 
lady) [maker; cope-closet 

Cbapier, s.m. cope - wearer ; cope- 
Cliapiteau, s.m. top, head;' (arch.) 
capital ; (of a wind-mill) cap ; (of a 
ittill) head ; (mach.) cap ; (artil.) vent- 
Chapitral, e, adj. chapteral [cover 
Chapitre, a.m. chapter ; chapter-house; 
subject, matter, head, point, score; 
account [buke, to lecture 

Cliapitrer, v.a. to reprimand, to re- 
Cliapon, «.»». capon ; (pop.) monk ; 
hunch of bread boiled in soup ; crust 
of bread rubbed with garlic (for salad) ; 
clove of garlic ; vine-slip ; young vine- 
plant [ing 
Cliaponnase, s.m. caponlzing, capon- 
Cliaponneau, s.m. yoimg capon 
Chaponner, v.a. to caponize, to capon 
Cliaponni^re, «./. stewpan for capons 
Cliapska, s.m. V. Schapslca [ur fowls 
Cliaqne, adj. each, every 
Cliar, a.m. car ; chariot ; waggon ; 
hearse. — d bancs, pleasure-van ; wag- 
gonette ; jaanting-car. — numerate, 
(jest.) cab [water-horsetail 
tChara, s.m. (bot.) chara, stonewort, 
Charabia, a.m. Auvergne patois; bad 
French, broken French, gibberish, i 
iartron ; native of Auvergne, Auvergnat, j 
Charade, »./. charade I 
CbaradiBte, s.m.f. charade-maker i 
fCbaragne, «./. V. Chara ' 
Charan^on, s.m. weevil [vily 
Charan4oiin6, e, adj. weevilled, wee- 
Charasse, s.f crate 
tCharaxe, s.m. (butterfly) charaxes 
CharbOIX; s.m. coal; coals; charcoal; 
embers; cinder; carbon; (med.) ma- 
lignant carbuncle; (in sheep) splenic 
fever, anthrax; (agr.) smut, dust-brand, 
burnt-ear, black rust. — animal, ani- 
mal charcoal. — de bois, — vegetal, 
charcoaL — de terre, — mineral, pit- 
coal, coals, coal. — rouge, red char- 
coal. — de Paris, compressed fuel, 
patent fuel. £tre sur Us — », to be on 
CharbonnaKe, <.m. coal-mining ; coal- 
mine, coal-pit, colliery 
Charbonnft, e, adj. charred, &c. (V. 
Cluurboiuier) ; black ; black-spotted ; 
(agr.) smutty 
Charbonn^e, «./. broiled pork or beef, 
broil ; chai*coal-drawing ; layer of coal 
(tM a kiln) 
Charbonner, v.a. to char, to carbon- 
ize ; to blacken, to black ; to daub ; to 
draw or sketch or write or scribble over 
with charcoal; —r.n., Se — , v.r. to 
••liar, to be or become charred or car- 
bonized ; to bum black, to smoulder 
Charbonnerie, f./. coal-store; (polit.) 

r. Carbonariame 
Charbonneu-x, M»,adj. coaly; char- 

ry; (m«fi.) rarbuncular 
Oharbonnier, s.m. charcoal-burner 
charcoal-dealer, coalman, coal-dealer, 
coal-merchant ; coal-heaver ; carbon- 
arc; coal-hole, coal-shed, coal-cellar; 
charcoal-box; (zool.) coalflsh; (vesnel) 
collier; — adj.m. carrying coal. Nu- 
fire or bdtiment — , collier. — estmai- 
tre ehez sol, a man's house is his castle 
Charbonnltoe, s.f. coalman's wife, 
<-oh1- woman ; i)lace (in a wood) where 
charcoal is made, charcoal-pit, char- 
ooal-kiln; (bird) great tit, oxeye; (pe- 


tite — ) coal-tit, cole-tit ; — adj.f. carry- 
ing coal 

tCharbouiller, v.a. (agr.) to blight 

Charbucle, Charbulle, s.f. (agr.) V. 

Charcuter, v.a. to cut up, to chop up 
[meat): (fig.) to hack, to mangle; to 
cut and slash 

Charcuterie, s.f. pork-butchery, pork- 
butcher's trade or business or shop ; 
dressed pork, pork ; dressing of pork ; 
pork-butchers . Hfiff-) mangier 

Charcuti-er) 6re, poi-k-butcher ; 

Chardon, s.m. thistle ; teasel ; (^on a 
gate, &c.) spike ; (fish) white-horse fish 
[kitid of ray). — dii Parnasse, Grub- 
street writer 

Chardonner, v.a. to teasel (cloth) 

Chardonneret, s.m. goldfinch ; (butter- 
rf(/) painted lady [choke 

Chardonnette, s.f. (bot.) prickly arti- 

Chardonni^re, s.f. teasel-ground, 
thistle-ground ; thistly ground 

Charenton, Charenton (like 
Bedlam), a mad-house 

Charge, s.f. load; burden; quantity, 
number ; charge ; encumbrance ; ex- 
pense ; tax ; liability ; obligation ; duty ; 
trust, care, custody ; office, place, 
situation, post, employment, function ; 
public office ; practice ; orders, direc- 
tions; cure (of souls); caricature: 
parody ; exaggeration ; absurd story ; 
farce, joke, trick ; lading ; loading ; 
cargo ; freight ; shot ; (vet.) topic (oint- 
ment, plaster, poultice, &c.). A — , 
burdensome ; a burden ; chargeable ; 
(law) for the prosecution. A — de, a 
la — de or que, on condition of or that ; 
provided that. A — d'dvies, with cure 
of souls. A la — d'autant, a — de re- 
tour or de revanche, on condition of a 
return. En — , (nav.) lading, ^tre a la 
— de, to be dependent upon ; to fall 
upon, to be at ...'s expense; to be in 
. . .'s custody or under . . .'s care. Re- 
venir a la — , to return to the charge ; 
to make ne'cV efforts, to try again. 
Rompre — , to break bulk 

Charg6, e, part. adj. loaded, laden, 
charged, &c. (V. Charger); overcast, 
cloudy ; heavy ; thick ; muddy ; too 
deep, dull ; foul ; coated, furred ; 
swollen ; weighed down ; tipsy ; (pout.) 
registered; (of a cab) taken, with a 
fare, with people in ; (her.) charged ; 
(nav.) loaded, laden ; bound (to or for) ; 
driven (by) ; caught (in) 

Charg6, s.m. person intrusted. — d'af- 
faires, charge d'affaires ; agent. — de 
cours, assistant lecturer or professor, 
substitute [cloggy 

Chargeant, e, adj. heavy, cloggin;^, 

Chargement, s.m. loading; load; lad- 
ing ; cargo, freight ; shipment ; bill of 
lading; filling; (post.) registration (of 
declared valuables) ; registered declared 

Chargeoir, s.m. basket-prop [valuables 

Charger, v.a.n. to load ; to lade ; to 
charge ; to burden ; to encumber ; to 
clog; to saddle; to lie heavy on; to 
take up ; to shoulder ; to place ; to put 
on ; to lay on ; to fill ; to cover ; to at- 
tack ; to beat ; to commission, to in- 
struct, to command, to order, to direct, 
to intrust, to appoint ; to desire ; to 
inscribe, to enter, to carry to; to ex- 
aggerate, to overdo, to overact, to 
overcharge ; to overdraw, to caricature ; 
to amplify, to embellish ; to make thick 
or nmddy or foul; to coat, to fur; to 
write over ; (of cabmen) to take or take 
up a (or the) fare ; to engage (a cabman), 
to take (o cab); to fetch (a j'^'^^'-P); 
(post.) to register (declared valuables) 

Se — , v.r. to load ; to burden or load 
or saddle or encumber or cover oneself ; 
to load (o.'s ...); to take charge (of); 


to take upon oneself ; to undertake ; to 
undertake or promise to see (to) ; to 
make it o.'s business ; to charge one- 
self (with) ; to answer (for), to assume 
the responsibility (of) ; to charge each 
other ; to fall upon each other ; to be 
loaded ; to become thick or muddy or 
foul or furred ; to get fat ; to become 
overcast, to get cloudy 

Chargeur, s.m. loader ; owner of a 
ship's cargo ; freighter, shipper ; canal- 
carrier; stoker [another) 

Chargeure/ s.f. (her.) charge (over 

Chariot, s.m. chariot ; waggon, wain ; 
truck, trolly, drag ; car ; carriage ; go- 
cart. Le grand — , (astr.) Charles's 
Wain, the Waggoner, the Plough, the 
Greater (or Great) Bear. Le petit — , 
(astr.) the Lesser (or Little) Bear 

Charlotte, sf. waggonload 

Charitable, adj. charitable; benevolent 

Charitablement, adv. charitably 

Charity, s.f. charity; charitableness; 
benevolence ; act of charity ; alms- 
giving ; alms ; Charity hospital (iw 
Paris). De — , of charity ; charitable ; 
benevolent ; gratuitous ; eleemosynary. 
Bureau de —, board of charity. Dame 
de — , district visitor (of the poor). 
Maison de — , alms-house. Sceur de 
— , sister of Mercy, sister of Charity. 
Demander la — , to beg. Falre la — , 
to give alms; to give for nothing, 
to give, to make a present (of) ; to dole 
out. Preter une — a, to make a gratuit- 
ous imputation against. La — , s'ti 
rousplditi (a beggar's phrase) a little 
for charity 1 please give something to 
a poor . . . ! — bien ordonnee commence 
par soi-meme, charity begins at home 

Charivari, s.m. mock serenade, chari- 
vari ; rough music ; discordant music ; 
concert of marrow-bones and cleavers 
(to a butcher), concert of lapstone and 
hammer (to a 8/ioe?«afcer); clatter, racket, 
uproar, row, shindy ; (cavalryman" ><) 
overalls; (at play) four queens in the 
same hand ; (newspaper) Charivari, 

Chfirivarique,a(fj.of a mock serenade , 
rough ; discordant ; noisy, uproarious 

Charivariser, v.a.n. to give a mock 
serenade to ; to give rough music ; to 
kick up a row 

Charivariseu-r, se, Charivariste, 
s.m.f. mock serenader ; noisy musi- 
cian : rioter 

Charlatan, e, s.m.f. quack, mounte- 
bank, charlatan ; impostor ; — adj. 
quackish, charlatanical 

Charlataner, v.a.n. to gull, to dupe; 
to cheat ; to play the quack or the 

Charlatanerie, s.f., Charlata- 
nisme, a.m. quackery, charlatanry, 
charlatanism ; imposition, cheat 

Charlatanesque, adj. quackish, char- 

fCharlemagne, s.m. Charlemagne ; 
(pop.) dirk, short sabre. Faire —, (at 
play) to quit the game (after winning) 

Charlotte, s.f. (cook.) charlotte. — 
russe, charlotte russe 

Charxuant, e, adj. charming ; pleasing, 
pleasant, sweet, delightful, lovely ; 
(ironically) very nice, very fine ; — s.f. 
dear, love, sweet love ; (pop.) (the) itch. 
Faire le — , to play the chai'ming man 

Charxne, s.m. charm ; spell ; enchant- 
ment ; fascination ; pleasingness ; plea- 
sure, delight; beauty; attraction, al- 
lurement; (bot.) hornbeam, yoke-elm. 
Comme un — , {fig.) perfectly, in per- 
fection, admirably. Sous le —, spell- 
bound. Se porter comme un — , to be in 
robust health, to be quite hale and 

Charmer, v.a. to charm; to delight; 


to please ; to spell ; to enchant ; to 
fascinate ; to bewitch ; to captivate ; 
to soothe ; to beguile ; to while away 

Charmeu-r, se, *.?«./. charmer 

fCharmille ;.<</. young hornbeam plan- 
tation; young hornbeam trees; row or 
hedge or arbour of hornbeam trees ; 
grove, bower, arbour [plantation 

Cfiarmoie, s.f. hornbeam grove or 

Charnalit^, s.f. carnality, sensuality 

Charnel, le, adj. carnal, sensual ; 

Clxarnellexaent, adv. carnally 

Charnier, ».m. charnel-house; larder; 
game-bag; bundle of sticks or poles 
{for vines, &c.) ; (nav.) scuttle-butt 

Cbarni^re, s.f. hinge; joint; (anat.) 
hinge-joint, ginglymus 

Cbamu, e, adj. fleshy ; brawny ; plump 

Chamure, s.f. flesh, skin 

fCharogne, s.f. can-ion; carcass; cag- 
niag; (pers.) lump of carrion; pest 

fCharogneu-x, se, adj. putrid ; filthy 

Charolais (Le), s.m.CharoIais (former- 
ly a part of Burgundy) ; Charolais breed 
(of cattle) 

Charpente, s.f. timber- work; wood- 
work ; carpenter's work ; frame, frame- 
work ; framing ; skeleton 

Cliarpent6, e, adj. hewn; built, made, 
constructed ; planned, framed 

Charpenter, v.a.n. to hew, to square ; 
to hack, to mangle; to construct, to 
plan, to frame ; to do carpenter's work, 
to carpenter 

Cliarpenterie, s.f. carpentry ; carpen- 
ter's trade or work ; timber- work, 
framework ; timber-yard 

Cliarpentier, s.m. carpenter ; (fish.) 
whale-cutter, flenser ; (Jig.) framer. — 
de navires, ship-carpenter 

Cbarpenti^re; s.f. carpenter's wife ; 
(insect) borer 

Charpi, s.m. cooper's block 

Charpie, s.f. lint. En — , (fig.) boiled 
or done to rags 

Charpir, v.a. to tear out, to pluck, to 
pull into loose fibres, to untwist ; — 
v.n. to make lint 

Chaxr^e, s.f. lye-ashes ; (fish.) caddice- 
worui, cad-bait 

Charret^e, s.f. cartload, waggonload 

Cliarreti-er, hve, s.m.f. carter, car- 
man, carwoman, waggoner; plough- 
man ; cart-horse ; (astr.) Charioteer ; 
— adj. passable for carts, &c., cart. 
[ Chnnin — , cart-road, cart-way. Porte 

— ere, cari-gateway. Voie —ere, gauge 

Clxarretin, s.m. truck [of a cart 

Charreton, s.m. truck; (pers.) V. 
Charton [cart, truck 

Charrette, s.f. cai*t. — « bras, hand- 

Charriable, adj. carriageable, carria- 
ble, transportable 
[ Cliarriage, s.m. carting, cartage, wag- 

goning, waggonage, carriage ; con- 
spiracy to defraud, mystification, 

Charrier, v.a. to draw in a cai-t or 
waggon, to cart, to waggon; to draw; 
to carry, to convey ; to cai-ry along ; 
to drag ; (of a stream) to drift ; (med.) to 
be loaded with ; (slang) to mystify, to 
swindle ; — v.n. (of a stream) to drift 
ice. — droit, (favi.) to behave pro- 
perly, to do what is right, to act right 
or straightforwardly. — de la toile, 
(nav.) to carry a press of sail. La 
riviere charii" (or charrie des gla^'ons), 
the river drifts ice. Se — , to be 
carted or &c. 

Charrier, s.m. bucking-cloth 

Charri&re, s.f. cart- way, cart-road; 

Charrieiir, s.m. swindler [ferry-boat 

Cliarroi, s.m. carting, cartage, v/aggon- 
ing, waggonage, carriage, transport 

Charron, s.m. wheelwright 

Cliarronnage, wheelwright's 


I work or art. Atelier de — , wheel- 
wright's workshop [or business 

Charronnerie, s.f. wheelwright's trade 

Charroyer, v.a. to cart, to waggon, to 
carry [carrier 

Cliarroyeurj s.m. carter, waggoner, 

Cliarruagei s.m. caracate; (old tax) 

Charrue, s.f. plough. Mettre la — de- 
vant les boeufs, to put the cart before 
the horse 

Charte, s.f. charter; policy; muni- 
ment ; old title-deeds ; old rights. La 
grande — (d'Angleterre), Magna Charta. 
— •paxtie, s.f. charter-party 

Chartier, s.m. modem spelling for 
Chartrier; obsolete spelling for Cbar* 

Chartil, s.m. body of a cart ; harvest- 
waggon ; farm-shed, cart-shed, cart- 

Clxart-isine, -iste. F. page 3, § 1 

Cliartograplie, s.m. writer on char- 
ters ; collector of charters ; (obsolete 
spelling of " Cartographe ") V. Carto- 

Chartograpliie; s.f. writing or treatise 
on charters; (obsolete spelling of 
" Cartographie ") V. Cartoerapliie 

Cliarton, s.m. (obsolete) carter, carman, 
waggoner, coachman, driver 

Chartre, s.f. (obsolete word) prison, 
jail ; (obsolete spelling of " Charte ") 
charter, &c. ; (pop.) consumption, de- 
cline. — privee, arbitrary imprison- 
ment, illeyal coafmement 

Chartreuse, s.f. Carthusian monastery 
or convent ; Carthusian nun ; lone 
cottage, lodge; chartreuse (dish of 
mixed vegetables; liqueur distilled by 
the monks of the Grande-Chartreuse, 
near Grenoble) 

Cliartreux, s.m. Carthusian monk, 
Carthusian ; bluish grey cat ; — adj.m. 
bluish grey 

Chartrier, s.m. charter-room, muni- 
ment-room, muniment-house ; collec- 
tion of charters ; keeper of charters 

Chartron, s.m. position of the actors 
at the end of a play. Faire oid former 
le — , to stand in a row near the foot- 
lights, to range themselves in front of 
the stage [plumb-rule 

Chas, s.m. eye (of a needle) ; (tech.) 

Chflsse, s.f. reliquary, shrine; frame ; 
sash; cheek (of a balance) ; handle (of 
a lancet) 

Chasse, s.f. chase, hunting, sporting ; 
coursing; shooting; shooting-season; 
hunting-ground, chase, preserve ; hunt, 
chase, chasing, pursuit ; sport ; hunts- 
men, hunters; game; hunting-air or 
tune, chasse ; (of a machine) play; (of 
a carriage) easy swinging; (nav.) 
chase ; sea-room ; (fam.) blowing-up. 

— a couire, hunting, hunt ; coursing. 

— a I'oiseau, hawking. — aux oiseaux, 

— au vol, fowling. — aux flambeaux, 
bat-fowling, lowbelling. — « tir or au 
tir or au tire or au fusil, shooting ; 
shooting-party. Canon or piece de — , 
{nav.) chase-gun, bow-piece, bow- 
chaser. Lois sur la — , game-laws. 
Plaisirs de la — , field sports. Donner 
or faire la — d, to chase, to hunt, to 
pursue, to drive away. Donner une — 
d, to give a blowing-up, to blow up. 
Prendre — , {7iav.) to sheer off. Soutenir 
la — , (nav.) to keep up a running fight 

Chasse, s.m./. (in compounds, from 
Cl&asser, " to drive away," &c.) thing 
or person that drives away or di-ives, 
&c., driver. — -avant, s.m. foreman, 
overseer, task-master, time-keeper; 
{fig.) leader, instigator; driver. — 
•bonde, bung-starter. — •bosses, 
s.f. ( bot.) loosestrife. — -cafe, s.m. V. 
Pou8se«caf6. — •ebiens, s.m. ( pop.) 


porter; keeper; beadle. — -coquins, 
s.m. (pop.) policeman, beadle. — 
•cousins, s.m. stiff fencing-foil ; (Jam.) 
bad wine, paltry dinner, cold recep- 
tion, cold shoulder (anything fitted to 
drive away poor relations, spongers, 
bores, &c.). — 'ennui, s.m. exhilarant. 

— -mar^e, s.m. fish-cart ; fish-cart 
driver, tranter ; (nav.) coasting lugger. 

— 'moucbes, s.m. fly-flap ; fly-net (for 
a horse). — •neige, s.m. snow-drift, 
squall of snow; snow-plough. — 
•pierres, s.m. catapult (toy); (rail.) 
guard-iron, life-guard, engine-guard, 
(Amer.) cow-catcher. — •pointes, s.m. 
punch. — •punaises, s.f . (bot.) bug- 
bane, bugwort. — •rage, sf. V. 
Passerage. — •rivets, s.m. rivet- 
ing-set. — •roues, s.m. spur-post; 
guard-iron. — •vase, s.m. dredging- 

Cliass6, s.m. (dancing) chass^. — 
•crois6, s.m. chass^-croise ; (fig.) ex- 
change of places. — •d6cbass6, s.m. 
right and left 
Cliass6, e, part. o/Cbasser [grape 
Chasselas, s.m. chasselas, sweet-water 
Chassepot, s.m. (obsolete) Chassepot 

Chasser, v.a.n. to drive away ; to drive 
or turn out; to drive forward; to 
drive ; to drift ; to propel ; to chase ; 
to pursue ; to expel ; to discharge ; to 
dismiss ; to banish ; to dispel ; to dis- 
card ; to threw off; to hunt; to 
course ; to shoot ; to catch ; (of a car- 
riage) to swing ; (of a fire-arm) to carry 
far; (print.) to drive out; (dancing) 
to make a chass^, to slide to th« 
right; {nav.) (v.a.) to chase (a ship): 
(nav.) (v.n.) (of a ship) to drive, to drag 
the anchors; (of an anchor) to come 
home; (pop.) to run away, to be off. 

— a courre, to hunt ; to course. — a 
tir or au tir or au tire or au fusil, to 
shoot. — au chien d'arret, to set. — 
a Voiseau, to hawk. — de race, to show 

j blood, to take after o.'s parent, to be 
a chip of the old block. — la terre, 
(nav.) to look out for the land. — sur 
ses ancres, to drag the anchors 

Se — , v.r. to drive away or &c. each 
other ; to be hunted or shot or caught 

Chasseresse, s.f. huntress ; — adj. f. 

Chasseur, s.m. hunter, huntsman; 
sportsman ; game-keeper ; courser ; 
shooter ; shot (marksman) ; fowler ; 
messenger ; (footman) chasseur ; (mil.) 
rifleman ; (—a pied) light infantry- 
man, rifleman; ( — a cheval) light 
cavalryman, light horseman; {nav.) 
chaser ; herring-smack ; — s, pi. (mil.) 
riflemen, rifles, rifle-coi-ps. — s a pied, 
light infantry troops, light infantry, 
riflemen, rifles, rifle-corps. — s a che- 
val, light cavalry troops, light cavalry, 
light horse 

Chasseu-r, se, adj. chasing, hunting ; 

— s.f. huntress; (^ooL) hunting spider, 
hunter. Navire — , (nav.) chaser 

Chassie, s.f. gum of the eye ; bleared- 
ness [blear-eyed 

Chassieu-x, se, adj. blear, bleared. 
Chassis, s.m. sash ; frame ; sash-frame ; 
stretcher, (— a cle) strainer; guard 
(of wire or wicker-work) ; (hort.) glass 
frame; (print.) chase; (phot.) slide; 
${theat.) flat-scene, flat, slip, side-scene, 
wing. — dormant, fixed part of a win- 
dow-frame. — de eouche, garden-frame, 
glass frame. — de papier, paper window 
Chassoir, s.m. (coop.) driver 
Chaste, adj. chaste; pure; correct 
Chastement, adv. chastely ; purely 
Chastet^, s.f. chastity ; purity 
Chasuble, s.f. chasuble » 

Chasublerie, s.f. church-vestments, 


church-furuiture ; church-vostments 
or &c. making or trade 

Chasubli-er, ^re, ».m.f. ehurch-oma- 
raent maker, church-furnisher 

Chat, Chatte, «.»t./. cat ; tom-cat, torn ; 
she-cat; puss, pussy; duck, ducky, 
darling; dainty woman or girl; (hot.) 
catkin; {tech.) plumb -rule; (artil.) 
searcher; — adj.f. fawning, caressing, 
playful, pretty ; gentle ; dainty. — ' 
marin, cat-fish. — musqiu-, civet-cat. | 
— volant, flying-lemur. — -corvier, i 
»,m. Thibet lynx. — -huant, s.m. 
brown owl, tawny owl, wood-owl. — 
•pard, s.m. Poiluguese lynx. — -tiKre, 
s.m. tiger-cat. — en poche, a pig in a 
poke, d bon — bon rat, tit for tat ; a 
Rowland for an Oliver; diamond cut 
diamond ; well matched ; set a thief to 
catch a thief. CTest le — 1 oh yes, of 
course ! oh yes, indeed I all very well ! 
who is it then ? I don't believe it ! Pas 
un — , {Jig., fam.) not a soul, not a living 
soul. Appeler un — un — , to call a spade 
a spade, not to mince matters. Avoir 
un — dans la gorge, to have a frog in 
the throat, to be hoarse. Emporter le 
— , {Jig.) to steal away unperceived, to 
take French leave ; to remove entirely ; 
(pop.) to get a rap over the knuckles or 
a punch on the head, tveiller le — qui 
dort, to rouse the sleeping lion ; to wake 
sleeping sorrow ; to rake up the past. 
Laister aller le — au fromage, to allow 
oneself to be seduced. — echaude 
eraint I'eaufroide, a burnt child dreads 
the fire. La nuit tous les — « sont gris, 
all cats are grey in the dark. Quand 
le — n'y est pas les souris dansent, when 
the cat is away the mice will play 

fCllitaigne, s./. {hot., vet. anat.) chest- 
nut. — d'eau, water-chestnut 

-fClidtaigneraie, «./. chestnut- planta- 
tion or grove 

fClXsLtaignier , s.m. chestnut - tree ; 
(bois de — ) chestnut-wood, chestnut 

Cll4tain, e, adj., Cll&tain, s.m. chest- 
nut colour, chestnut, nut-brown, au- 
burn. — clair, light auburn 

Chataire, »./. {bot.) catmint 

Chateau, s.m. castle; manor; hall; 
countrj-seat, seat, mansion ; palace ; 
court. — branlant, shaky fabric ; rest- 
less person. — fort, stronghold. — 
$eigneurial, manorial house, manor- 
house, manor. — d'arriere, (nav.) aft- 
castle. — de cartes, house of cards, 
castle of cards ; unsubstantial country- 
house. — d''eau, reservoir; (artificial) 
fountain ; water-works ; (rail., obsolete 
for "grue hydraulique ") water-crane. 
Faire dea — x en Espagne, to build 
castles in the air. — Lajite, — Larose, 

— -Latour, — -L^oville, Margaux, 

— - Yiju^m, (names of vine-estates in the 
Bordeaux district ; kinds of wine from 

Cliateaabriant, s.m. fillet-steak (with 

ffifd potatoes, mushrooms, or truffles) 
Cn&telain, s.m. castellan; lord of a 

manor; squire 
Cll4telalne, s.f. lady of a manor ; 

squire'H wife; key-chain, chatelaine; 

charm (trinket) ; scarf [turreted 

Ch&tel^, e, adj. (her.) castellated, 
Cli&telet, s.m. castlet, small castle; 

Chatelet (formerly, law - courts and 

prison in Paris) 
Cbitellenle, ».f. castellany 
Cbitiable, adj. chastisable, punishable 
Chdtier, v.a. to chastise, to castigate, 

to punish, to correct; to mortify; to 

whip ; to chasten ; to polish. Qui ain^e 

bienehdtie bien, spare the rod and spoil 

th.j child 
Chatlire, «./. cat's hole; cat-trap; 

opening; outlet; ba<-k-way 
Ch&tieur, s.m, chastiser, punisher 


Clialtiment, chastisement, castiga- 

tion, punishment, correction 
Chatoiexnent, s.m. chatoyment, play 

of colours ; glistening 
Chaton, s.m. kit, kitten ; bezel, collet 

(of a ring); gem, stone; (bot.) catkin 
Chatonnementj s.m, setting (in a 
bezel) [v.n. to kitten 

Chatonner, v.a. to set (in a bezel) ; — 
fChatOUille, s.f. tickling; (Jish.) V. 
Lamprillon [lation ; pleasure 

fChatouillexnent, s.m. tickling, titil- 
fChatOUiller, v.a. to tickle, to titil- 
late ; to excite ; to please, to gratify ; 
to flatter 
fChatOUilleu-X, se, adj. ticklish; 
touchy ; excitable ; delicate, tender ; 
nice ; skittish 
Cbatoyant, e, adj. chatoyant, chang- 
ing colour, shot ; glistening ; sparkling 
Cbatoyante, s.f. (min.) chatoyant 

Cbatoyer, v.n. to be chatoyant, to 
change colour, to play in the light ; to 
glisten ; to sparkle 
Ch&tr6, s.m. eunuch. Voix de — , male 

soprano or contralto voice 
ChsLtrer, v.a. to castrate ; to emascu- 
late ; to geld ; to spay ; (Jig.) to mutilate; 
to lop, to prune ; to top ; to curtail, to 
retrench ; to expurgate ; to take away 
(Jlowers, shoots, honey and wax, &c.from 
plants, a bee-hive, &c.) ; to take a few 
sticks out of (a bundle of wood). Se — , 
to castrate or &c. oneself; to be cas- 
trated, &c. 
Ch^treu-r, se, s.m.f. gelder 
Cliatte, s. adj. feminine of Cbat ; (nav.) 
creeper [litter 

Cliatt^e, s.f. litter of kittens, cat's 
Chattexnent, adv. in a catlike way; 
fawningly, caressingly, playfully, pret- 
tily ; gently ; daintily ; deceitfully, 
Chattemite, s.f. demure-looking per- 
son, bland hypocrite, hypocrite, dis- 
sembler ; — adj. demure. Faij-e la — , 
to put on a gentle look, to look demure, 
to dissemble, to look so gentle [crisy 
Cliattteliterie, »./. demureness, hypo- 
Cliatter, v.n. to kitten ; — v.a. (artil.) 

to search 
Cliatterie, sf. playfulness ; pretty 
trick or way ; coaxing way, interested 
or hypocritical caress ; daintiness ; act 
of daintiness ; dainty, delicacy, sweet- 
meats, sweets 
Cbaad, e, adj. hot ; warm ; heated ; 
burning ; glowing ; ardent ; fiery ; 
eager ; violent ; passionate, hasty ; hot- 
headed ; zealous ; fervent ; vivid ; pres- 
sing; prompt, quick; sudden; fresh, 
new, recent ; mulled ; red-hot ; — adv. 
hot, warm. — / — / quick ! quick ! 
look sharp \ A—, hot, while hot. Tout 
— , all hot, quite hot ; immediately. 
Tout — , tout bouillant, piping hot 
Cliaud, s.m. heat ; warmth ; hot ; warm. 
Avoir — , (pers.) to be (or feel) warm or 
hot. Avoir — (s.) aux mains, aux pieds, 
o.'s hands, o.'s feet to be warm (to feel 
them so oneself). Avoir les mains — es 
(adj.), les pieds —s (adj.), to have warm 
hands, warm feet ; o.'s hands, o.'s feet 
to be warm (whether or not one feels them 
so oneself ). Avoir la tete —e, to be hot- 
headed. Faire — , to be warm or hot 
(weather) ; to be warm or hot work. 
Cela ne fait ni — nifroid, that is neither 
here nor there ; that does not alter the 
matter ; it is of no consequence, it does 
not matter, it is no matter, it is quite 
indiff'erent, it is all one or all the same ; 
It is of no use ; it does neither good 
nor harm. Si jamais (or Quand) je ..., 
il fera — , if ever I . . ., tell me of it ; 
catch me . . ., no fear ! never I not I ! 
Cliaude, s.f. brisk fire ; fire ; heat ; 


heating. A la —, (tech.) while the metal 
is hot, while hot ; all hot ; in the heat 
of passion or of the moment, on the 
spur of the moment ; suddenly ; at 
once. — adj.f. V. Chaud. — -pisse, 
clap. — suante or grasKe, welding-heat 

Cliaudeau, s.m. (obsolete) caudle 

Chaudelait, s.m. aniseed-cake 

Chaudexnent, adv. hot, warm; hotly, 
warmly, briskly, actively, quickly ; 
eagerly ; sharply ; quick ; sharp 

Chauderie, s.f. chawati, chauti, chol- 
try, choultry (inn, public lodging-place 
in India) 

Chaud-froid, s.m. (cook.) chaud-froid 
(peculiar dressing of fowl) ; (local for 
" rhume ") cold [boiler 

Chaudi^re, s.f. copper; (large) kettle; 

Chaudrerie, s.f. V. Cbauderie 

Chaudron, s.m. kettle, boiler, caldron ; 
(jest.) tin-kettle (bad piano). Petit — ■, 
grandes oreilles, little pitchers have 
long ears [caldronful 

Cliaudronn6e, s.f. kettleful, boilerful, 

Cliaudronner, r.a.n. {fam.) V. Bro- 

Chaudronnerie, s.f. coppersmith's or 
brazier's trade or business or wares or 
work or workshop ; copper wares ; 
boiler-making or manufactory 

Cbaudronni-er, bre, s.m.f. copper- 
smith ; brazier ; tinker ; dealer in 
copper wares ; boiler-maker. —de 
cavipagne, — au sifflet, tinker 

Chauffage, s.m. heating ; warming ; 
stoking ; fuel ; firing ; right of cutting 
firewood, estovers, fire-bote ; (nav.) 
breaming ; breaming-f uel 

Chauffe, s.f. heating ; heat ; stoking ; 
steaming ; furnace. Chambre de — , 

Cliauffe, s.m.f. (in compounds, from 
Chauffer, "to warm," "to heat") 
thing (m.) or person (m.f.) that warms 
or heats, warmer, heater. — -assi' 
ettesy s.m. plate-warmer. — -cire, 
s.m. (pers.) chafe-wax. — -la-couche, 
s.m.f. late riser; s.m. husband who 
allows himself to be deceived by his 
wife. — •linge, — -chemises, s.m. 
linen-warmer, clothes-horse, —-lit, 
s.m. bed-warmer. — -pieds, s.m. foot- 

Chauffer, v.a. to heat; to warm; to 
chafe ; to find in fuel or firing, to keep 
in fuel, to fuel ; to air ; to bask ; to 
urge; to push briskly; to attack; to 
smoke ; to make love to ; to coach, to 
grind, to cram (students) ; to have or 
keep an eye upon ; to look out for ; to 
canvass for ; to puff ; to applaud ; 
(mil.) to open or keep up a brisk fire 
upon ; (nav.) to bream (a shii)); — '"■'"'. 
to heat, to warm ; to get (or grow) hot 
or warm ; to be heated ; to give heat ; 
to be preparing or brewing ; to be 
urgent or pressing; to stoke; to get 
up the steam. Faire — , to warm. — 
la scene, (theat.) to play with spirit 

Se — , v.r. to warm oneself ; to bask ; 
to find o.'s own fuel ; (of things) to heat, 
to be heating ; to warm, to be warm- 
ing ; to be heated or warmed 
Chaufferette, s.f. foot- warmer, foot- 
stove ; chafing-pan 
Chaiifferie, s.f. chafery ; stoke-hole 
Chauffeur, «.wi. warmer ; heater ; 
stoker, lireman ; (hist.) chauffeur (rob' 
ber who tortured his victims with fire) ; 
(slang) courier, sweetheart, lover ; ex- 
hilarating companion, leader, life and 
soul; puffer, boaster, braggart, hum- 
Chauffeuse, s.f. warmer ; heater ; low- 
seat chair, Elizabethan chair 
ChaufToir, s.m. warming-room ; warm 
doth, hot napkin ; heater, stove, chauf- 
Chaufour, s.m. lime-kiln [fer 


Chaufournier, s.m. lime - burner ; 
lime-merchaut [ing, lime 

Chaufourni-er, 6re, adj. lime-bum- 

Chaulage, s.m. (agr.) liming [be limed 

Cbauler, v.a. (agr.) to lime. Se — , to 

Chaulier; s.m. lime-burner 

Cliauinage, .s.m. (agr.) stubble-cutting; 
time for stubble-cutting 

dxaume^ stubble; stubble-ground, 
stubble-field ; thatch ; (hot.) culm, 
haulm. Sous le—, under a thatched 
roof, in a cottage 

Ctiaumer, v.a.n. to clear (a field) of 
stubble, to cut stubble joflF; to burn (a 
tree) at the foot 

Cliaumet; s.m. stubble-scythe 

Cliaumlerj s.m. stubble-ciitter; thatch- 
er ; stubble-stack or rick 

Chaumi^re, s.f. thatched cottage or 
house, cottage, cot 

Cbaumine, s.f. small cottage, hut 

Chauxnontelj s.m. chaumoutel (pear) 

Cliaussant, e, adj. easy to put on, 
fitting the leg or foot; suitable, con- 
venient ; tractable 

diaUBBe, s.f. shoulder-knot ; pipe ; ( — 
d'Hippocrate) filtering-bag, jelly-bag, 
strainer (Hippocrates' -sleeve) ; (mil.) 
bag or fly (of a busby) ; — s, pi. (obso- 
lete) hose, trunk-hose ; breeches. Tirer 
ses — , to scamper away 

Chauss^; e, part. adj. with a shoe or 
boot on, with shoes or boots on, with 
o.'s shoes or boots on, booted, shod, 
wearing shoes or stockings. — de, 
having on o.'s feet, wearing, dressed 
in ; covered with, in ; taken with, wed- 
ded to, infatuated with. £tre bien — , 
to have nice or good shoes, &c. on, to 
wear shoes that fit well. Les cordon- 
niers sont les plus vial — s, the shoe- 
maker's wife is the worst shod. Elle 
est des mieux —es, she is a tiptop lady 

Cbauss^e, s.f. bank; causeway; sea- 
wall ; carriage-way, road, roadway ; 
highway. — des Qeants, Giants' Cause- 

Chausse-pied, s.m. shoe-lift, shoe- 
horn ; (fig.) stepping-stone, lift, help, 

Cliausser, v.a. to put (a person's) shoes 
or boots or slippers or stockings on 
(for him or her); to help (07ie) on with 
(his or her) shoes, &c. ; to shoe, to boot ; 
to supply with shoes or boots ; to make 
shoes or boots for, to make the shoes 
or boots of, to be the shoemaker or 
bootmaker of ; to fit ; to suit ; to put 
on, to wear; to get (o.'s foot) in; to 
cover; (fig.) to get into o.'s head; to 
adopt, to embrace ; (agr., hort.) to 
mould, to earth up ; — v.n. to make 
shoes or boots ; to fit ; ( — a ... points) 
to wear shoes or &c. (of such and such a 
size), to take (such and such a number of 
size), o.'s foot to measure (so much) — 
les etriers, (rid.) to put o.'s feet too far 
forward in the stirrups. — au meine 
point, to wear shoes of the same size ; 
(fig.) to suit each other exactly. — a 
tout point, not to be particular 

Se — , v.r. to put on o.'s shoes, <fec. ; 
to wear (good or bad) shoes, &c. ; to buy 
o.'s shoes (of) ; to be put on. Se — de, 
to put on ; (fig.) to be taken with, to 
become wedded to or infatuated with 

Chausse-trappe, s.f. trap ; (mil.) cal- 
trop; (bot.) caltrop, star-thistle 

ChauBsette, s.f. sock, half-hose ; (surg., 
— elastique) anklet 

CliaUBSOn, «.m. sock (wornunderorover 
the stocking) ; list shoe ; pump ; light 
shoe (for fencing, &c.) ; dumpling, 
puff, turnover ; fighting with the feet ; 
( pop.) old prostitute. Comme — , ( pop.) 
downright, regular 

CbauBBOre, s.f. foot-covering, foot- 
gear, shoes, boots, &c. Trouver — a son 


pied or o son point, (fig.) to find just 
what one wanted ; to meet with o.'s 

Chaut. V. Chaloir [match 

Cbauve, adj. bald, bald-headed ; — s.m. 
bald man [(arch.) sun-blind 

Chauve-BOUriB, s.f. bat, fiitterraouse ; 

Ctiauvin, s.m. Chauvin, fanatical par- 
tisan or patriot, ultrapatriot [viuistic 

Chauvinique, adj. Chauvinic, Chau- 

ChauviniBme^ s.m. Chauvinism 

ChauviniBtei s.m. Chauvinist; — adj. 
Chauvinistic [up the ears 

Chauvir, v.n. (of a horse, &c.) to prick 

Chaux, s.f. lime. — vive, quick lime, 
unslaked lime. Pierre a — , limestone. 
A — eta sable, A — et a citnent, A — et 
a mortier, with mortar, substantially, 
soUdly, strongly 

Chavaxia, s.m. (bird) chavaria, chaja, 
chauna, crested screamer 

Chavirage, Cliavireiiient, s.m. 
(nav.) capsize, capsizing, oversetting, 

Chavirer, v.a. (nav.) to capsize, to 
cant, to turn over; — v.n. to capsize, 
to overset, to upset 

Chaya, s.m. (bot.) chaya-root, chay- 
root, Indian madder [chayote 

Chayote, s.f. (bot.) sechium, chocho, 

Chebec, s.m. (ship) xebec 

Chef, s.m. head ; chief ; chieftain ; 
commander ; commanding oSicer ; 
general ; leading man, leader ; ring- 
leader; principal; master; supeiior; 
manager; director; conductor; head- 
partner ; foreman ; guard ; head-cook ; 
fag-end ; principal or leading point ; 
chief clause ; count ; degree ; own 
head ; own accord ; own right ; right ; 
(surg.) t&il; (her.) cixiet. En — , ...-in- 
chief, chief . . ., head- „ . ., principal . . . 
— d' accusation, charge, count of indict- 
ment. — d'ateUer, foreman, overseer. 

— d'attaquc, (mus.) leader (of a chorus). 

— de bataillon, major (of infantry). — 
de bouche, head-cook. — de brigade, (of 
workmen) ganger ; (post.) mail-guard. 

— de bureau, (admin.) head of an office, 
first-class clerk, senior clerk (cZcWcnca;^ 
beloii) the "chef de division"). — du 
cabinet, private secretary. — de comp- 
tabilite, accountant-general. — ducon- 
trvle, controller. — de corps, head; 
(viil.) commanding officer. — de cui- 
sine, head-cook. — de depot, (rail.) 
foreman of the locomotive and carriage 
departments. — de division, {admin.) 
head of a department, chief clerk ; 
(nav.) commodore. — d'ecole, head of 
a sect. — d'e'mewie, ringleader. — d'em- 
plol, [theat.) chief actor in his line of 
character. — d'equipe, (of toorkmen) 
foreman, ganger. — d'escadre, (nav., 
obsolete) flag-officer; commodore. — 
d'escadron, major (of cavalry). — 
d'etat-major, (mil.) chief of the staff. 

— d'etat-major d'escadre, (nav.) captain 
(or master) of the fleet. — d'etat-major 
general, (mil.) quartermaster general. 

— de V exploitation, manager, general 
manager. —de fabrique, manufac- 
turer; mill-owner. — defile, (mil.) file- 
leader, fugleman ; (nav.) leading ship, 
leader; (fig.) fugleman, leader, whip- 
per-in. — de gare or de station, (rail.) 
station - master or superintendent ; 
station-clerk. — de guerre, (of savages) 
war-chief. — d'industrie, — industricl, 
manufacturer. — d' institution, head of 
a school, schoolmaster (loith a first-class 
certificate). — des jures or du jury, 

I foreman of the jury. — -lieu, 

chief town ; county town ; principal 
I residence or seat, head-quarters. — 

de maison, householder, housekeeper. 

— du materiel, (admin.) store-keeper. 

— de meute, whipper-in ; leader of the 
i baud. — du mouvement, (rail.) traffic- 


manager. — de micsique, (mil.) band- 
master. — de nage, {boating) stroke 
oarsman, strokesman. — -d'ceuvre, 
s.m. masterpiece, capital performance ; 
chief work ; standard work ; master- 
stroke; (jest.) fine job, fine piece of 
work; {obsolete) trial-piece. — d'or- 
cltextre, musical conductor, conductor; 
baud-master. — de parti, party 
leader; ringleader. — rfepjece, captain 
of a gun. — ^ de rayon, (com.) head or 
manager of department. — de service, 
head of department. — du service 
commercial, — du trafic, (rail.) goods- 
manager. -.- de train, railway-guard, 
guard [wife 

Cli6£eBse,ClieffeBBe, s.f. (Arab) chief's 

Chefferie, s.f. (mil.) district (of an 
engineer) [end 

Ch^gros, s.m. shoemaker's end, wax- 

Cheik, s.m. sheik 

tCll6iropt^re, s.m. V. Chiropt^re 

ChelenXj s.m. (at whist) slam. Faire — , 
to slam 

^Clldlidoine, s.f. (bot.) celandine 

ICheliffere, adj. (zool.) cheliferous ; — 
s.m. chelifer, book-scorpion 

Clielingrae, s.f. (nav.) chelingue, ma- 
soola-boat, masula-boat 

Chelinguer, v.n. (i)op.) to stink 

tCll6lone, s.f. (bot.) chelone, tortoise- 
flower, shell-flower 

}Cli61on6e) s.f. turtle, sea-tortoise 

:{Cll61onien, s.m. (zool.) chelonian, tur- 
tle, tortoise [get thin, to waste 

Chemer, v.n., Se — , v.r. (obsolete) to 

diemin, s.m. way, road, path ; line ; 
track ; distance ; journey ; headway ; 
progress; walk; ride; drive; carpet- 
walk; cocoa-mat walk; stair-carpet; 
floor-cloth; means, course. Beau — , 
fair way; clean part of the road. 
Grand — , main road, highroad, high- 
way. Grand — des vaches, (fig.) plain 
road, beaten track. — communal or 
vicinal, parish road, parochial road, 
connecting road, by-way. — de I'ecole 
or des ecoliers, (fig.) roundabout way, 
longest way. — de fer, railway, rail- 
road. — ferre, V. Terr6. En — , — 
faisant, by or on the way, going along. 
Son petit bonhomme de — , jog-trot. 
Aller par quatre — s, to go a round- 
about way to work, to mince the mat- 
tex-, to mince matters. Faire du — , to 
go some distance, to move on, to get 
on ; (faire beaucoup de — ) to go a long 
or a great way. Faire son — , to make 
o.'s way. Faire un — , to make a road. 
Faire voir du — , to give trouble. Ga- 
gner du — , to gain ground, to get a- 
head. Passer son — , to go o.'s way 

Cheminde, s.f. chimney; fireplace; 
hearth ; flue ; stove ; chimney-piece ; 
mantelpiece, mantelshelf ; chimney- 
pot, chimney-top ; funnel; shaft; (of a 
fire-arm) nipple. — d'appel, foul-air 
shaft. Sous la — , sous le manteau de 
la — , secretly, clandestinely, private- 
ly, under the rose. 11 faut faire une 
croix a la — , we must chalk that up 

Clieinineinent, s.m. walking; on- 
ward march, progressing, progress, 

Clieininer, v.n. to walk, to go along or 
on, to go, to proceed, to get on; to 
advance ; to move on or about, to 

^ move ; to run on, to run ; to travel ; 
to make o.'s way; to progress, to ap- 
proach ; to read ; to flow 

Clieinise, s.f. shirt ; shift, chemise ; 
wrapper ; cover, covering ; envelope ; 
case, casing; jacket; (mas., fori.) l^- 
cing, chemise. — de nuit, night-shirt ; 
night-dress, night-gown. En manches 
or en hras de — , in o.'s shirt-slgpves 

Chemiserie, s.f. shirt-making; shirt 
warehouse ; shirts 


Chemisette, k.j. chemisette ; tucker ; 

habit-shirt ; shirt-front, front, dicky 
Cliemisi-er, bre, s.m.f. shirt-maker 
{Ch^mosis, s.m. (mcti.i'chemosis 
Chenale, «./. oak-grove, oak-plantatiou 
Clienal; s.m. channel ; watercourse ; 

mill-race [ruffian 

Ctxenapailj s.m, scanip, blackguard, 
Cbdne, oak. Dc — . ci oak, oak, 

oaken. — liege, cork-tree, cork-oak. 

—vtit, evergreen oak [germander 

Clieneau, s.m. (bot.) oakling; wall- 
Cll^neau, s.m. gutter. PUmche de — , 

Cbenet, s.m. andiron, fir«dog, dog 
Clieneteaa, s.m. oakling 
Chenette, s.f. (bot.) wall-germander, 

true germander 
Ch^nevi^re, s.f. hemp-Held 
Ch^nevis, s.m. hemp-seed 
Ch^nevotte, s.f. (of hemp) boon 
Cli^nevotter) v.n. to put forth weak 

shoots [hole 

Cbenil; s.m. kennel, dog-kennel ; hovel, 
fClienille, s.f. caterpillar ; worm ; ugly 

brute ; mischievous brute, spiteful 

wretch ; bore ; (trimming) chenille ; (of 

a helmet) (bristling) crest, comb; 

(obsolete) undress. Fausse — , V. 

•K^ienilltoe, s.f. nest or cluster of 
caterpillars [scorpion's tail 

fClienillette, s.f. (bot.) caterpillar, 
fClieniUeu-r, se, chenille- 
maker [mopsey 
fChenillon, «.wi. ugly girl ; dowdy, slut, 
ICli^nopode, s.m. (bot.) chenopodium, 

ChenU; e, adj. white, hoar, hoary, 
snowy; hoary-headed; denuded, bald; 
good old (wine), mellow with age ; de- 
licious, exquisite, excellent, capital, 
famous, stunning ; — y.m. capital thing, 
famous stuflf [mously 

Ctienument, adv. (pop.) capitally, fa- 
Cheptel, lease of live stock ; live 
stock leased out [stock 

Chepteli-er, kre, s.m.f. lessee of live 
Cheque, s.m. cheque. — barre, 
crossed cheque. Camet de — «, cheque- 
Clxeqaier, s.m. cheque-book [book 
Ch-er, hT9, adj. de&r; beloved; fond; 
high-priced, high, expensive, costly; 
precious, valuable ; — s.m.f. dear ; 
dear fellow or boy or man ; dear girl 
or woman ; dear friend. Rendre — , to 
Cll«r) adv. dear, dearly ; high ; much. 
Voua me les faites trap — , you ask me 
too much for them. II Jait — vivre 
(i ..., living is dear in . . . 
dierche, s.f. search 
Clxerchi, e, port. adj. sought, sought 
for, &c. ( r. Cherclier) ; far-fetched, 
affected [finder 

Clierehe-ftdte, {thing) gas-escape 
Cberctier, v.a.n. to tiy to find, to try 
to find out; to search; to search for 
or after ; to seek ; to seek for or after; 
to seek out ; to go or be in quest of ; 
to look for ; to look out for ; to fetch ; 
to fetch out ; to endeavour to obtain ; 
to cast about for ; to try to remember ; 
to endeavour, to try, to attempt ; to 
think ; to turn towards ; (/am.) to fish, 
to hook for it. — des yeux, to look 
for. — dnns sa tete, to ransack o.'s 
memory. Aller — , to go to or for ; to 
go and fetch, to go to fetch ; to go 
and look for ; to go in quest of ; to 
go to seek ; to go and bring ; to hunt 
out; to invite; to present itself to. 
Knvoyer — , faire —, to send for; to 
send (...) to (etch; to send (...) out 
to look for. Venir — , to come to or for ; 
to come and fetch, to come to fetch ; 
to rome and look for; to come to 
aeek; to invite; to present itself to. 


— son pain, to seek o.'s livelihood; to 
beg alms 

Se — , v.r. to look for or seek each 
other ; to try o.'s strength or skill, to 
grope o.'s way; to collect oneself; to 
examine oneself, to search o.'s own 
heart; to be self-seeking, to seek o.'s 
own interest 
Cherclieu-r, se, s.m.f. seeker ; search- 
er ; explorer ; inquirer ; hunter ; — s.m. 
(opt.) tinder, star-tinder (of a telescope), 
objeet-linder (of a microscope) ; — 
adj.m./. seeking; searching; exploring; j 
Ch^re, s.f. living, fare, cheer; enter- 
tainment, feast; reception, welcome. 
Faire bonne or maunaise — , to live well 
or badly, to have good or bad fare. 
II n'est — que d'appetit, hunger is the 
best sauce. II n'est — que de vilain, 
there is nothing like a miser's feast 
Ch^renxent, adv. dearly; dear; at a 

high price ; preciously 
Cll^ri, e, adj. s. beloved ; cherished ; 

dearest; darling; favourite 
Cli6rif, s.m. cherif, sherif 
Cll^rifat, s.m. cherifship, cherifate 
Cb^rimolier, s.m. (bot.) cherimoyer, 
cherimoya [to hug 

Cll6rir, v.a. to cherish ; to love dearly ; 
Cli^rissable, adj. lovable ; precious 
ICherson^se, sf. chersonese, penin- 
Cliert^, sf. dearness, high price [sula 
Cll^rubin, s.m. cherub 
Cliimbique, adj. cherubic 
Cliervis, s.m. (bot.) skirret 
Cliester; s.m. Cheshire cheese 
Cb^ti-f, ve, adj. mean, sorry, poor, 
paltry, miserable, wretched; thin, 
puny ; slender ; stunted ; sickly, feeble, 
weak, delicate; — s.m. miserable 
being, puny creature. Moi — , my 
humble self, poor me 
Ch^tivement, adv. meanly, poorly, 
paltrily, miserably; slenderly; feebly, 
weakly, delicately 
Ch6tivet6, Ch^tivit^, s.f. meanness, 
poorness, paltriness, wretchedness ; 
thinness, puniness ; slenderness ; 
stuntedness ; feebleness 
Clieval, s.m. horse ; horse-flesh ; horse- 
power. A — , on horseback; riding; 
mounted ; astride ; on both sides (of a 
river or road, said of an army or S^c.) ; 
firmly fixed, strong ; thoroughly ac- 
quainted (with), master (of) ; hai-ping; 
haughtily ; off ; horse ; int. to horse ! 
De — , (adject.) horse ; violent ; very 
strong or hard ; ravenous ; riding. Petit 
— , little horse ; donkey-engine. — 
entier, stallion, stone -horse, entire 
horse, —fondu, (game) saddle-my-nag. 

— mar in, sea-horse. — -vapenr, horse- 
power. — a une main, horse for riding 
or driving only. — a deux fins ova deux 
mains or a toute fin or a toutes viainit, 
horse for either riding or driving, horse 
for saddle or harness. — d'abri, stalk- 
ing-horse. — d'attelage, carriage-horse. 

— de bat, pack-horse ; drudge ; block- 
head. — de bataille, war-horse, charger; 
strong argument or point. — de bois, 
wooden horse ; hobby horse. — de 
brancard, shaft - horse, wheel - horse, 

I wheeler, thill-horse, thiller. — de car- 
rosse, coach-horse. — de charge, pack- 
horse. — de charrette, cart-horse. — 
de chan'ue or de labour, plough-horse. 

— de chnsse, hunter. — de collier, 
draught-horse. — de conduite, led- 
horse. — de course, racehorse, racer. 
Course de chevaux, horse-race, race ; 
horse-racing. — de Jatigue, hack. — 
de fiacre, cab-horse. — de frise,, 
chevaux dt — , ( fort.) cheval-de- 
frise, chevaux-de-frise, spiked fence 
or fences. — de harnais, cart-horse. 
Chevaux-Ugers, (obsolete) light 


cavalry; s.m..'iing. light horseman 
de main, led-horse. — de pas^ good- 
paced horse, good pacer. — de pur 
sang, — de race, blood-horse, thorough- 
bred horse. — de renvoi, return-horse. 

— de retour, (pers.) old offender. — de 
selle, saddle-horse. — de service, hack. 

— de somme, pack-horse, bat-horse. — 
de tete, leader. — de trait, draught- 
horse. — de gros trait, heavy draught 
horse, cart-horse. — de trovipette, ( pers.) 
dreadnought, war-horse, game-cock. — 
de trot, trotter. — de voiture, carriage- 
horse. Force de — or d^ chevaux, (mach.) 
horse-power. Garde a — , horse-guard. 
Letire a —, sharp letter. Ltine de — 
[or, better, lu7ie de schevas or scheval], 
month of May (in Turkey). Sur ses 
gra7id« chevaux, on the high horse, upon 
the high ropes. Aller a — , to go on 
horseback ; to ride 

Clievalexnent, s.m. (build.) prop, stay, 
shore, bearing up [up 

Chevaler, v.a.n. (build.) to prop, to bear 

Cbevaleresque, adj. chivalrous ; 
knightly [rously 

Chevaleresquement, adv. chival- 

Clievalerie, «.^". knighthood ; chivalry; 
nobility. — errante, knight-errantry 

Cbevalet; s.m. wooden horse (for tor- 
ture) ; horse (wooden frame) ; rest ; 
stand ; trestle ; easel ; knife-rest; bridge 
(of a stringed instr.) 

Cbevalier, s.m. knight; Sir Knight (o'd 
style of address); chevalier; nobleman ; 
cavalier ; defender, protector ; suitor ; 
(bird) sandpiper, gambet ; (fish) rqucs, 
horseman ; char. — eirant, knight-er- 
rant. — gambette, (bird) redshank. — 
aux pieds verts, [bird) greensliank. 

— de Vaune, counter-jumper. — de hi 
coupe, knight of the shears, snip. - ou 
crochet, rag - picker. — d'honneur, 
gentleman in waiting. — d'industrie, 
sharper, swindler, knight of the post. 

— du lustre, (theat.) (hired) clapper. — 
du metre, counter-jumper. — de salon, 

— de tapis vert, gamester, — du Temple, 
Knight Templar. Le — de la triste 
figure, the knight of the rueful (or woe- 
ful) countenance {Don Quixote), ttre 
le — de, to be the cavalier of ; to be 
very attentive to 

Clievali^re, s.f. knight's wife; lady in- 
vested with an order of knighthood; 
signet-ring. — - d'induirtrie, adven- 
turess, swindler 
Cbevaline, adjf. equine, horse, of 
horses, of the horse kind. BHe — , 
horse ; mare. Espece or race — , equine 
species or race, horse species or breed. 
Faire la — , to deal in horses 
Chevance, s.f. (old) property, fortune, 
treasure [chub 

Clievanne, s.f. (fish) chavender, cheven, 
Chevaucliage, s.m. (print.) riding 
Chevauchant, e, adj. riding; over- 
lapping; (ftof.) equitant [ney 
Clievaucli6e, s.f. ride ; circuit ; jour- 
Cbevauclieznent, s.m. riding; over- 
lapping; crossing; (surg.) riding of 
bones [astride ; to overlap 
Chevaucher, v.n.a. to ride; to sit 
Chevaucliure, s.f. overlapping 
Chevau-l^ger, s.m.sing., — s, pi. (im- 
proper spelling of " chevaux-legers." F. 
Chevaux de fiise, s.m.jjl. V. Cheval 
Cheveche, s.f. little owl 
Chevechette, s.f. spaiTow-owl [draU) 
Ch^vecier, s.m. dean (in certain cathe- 
Chevel6, e, adj. (her.) crined 
Chevelu, e, adj. hairy, having a thick 
licad of hair ; long-haired ; haired ; 
comate, comose ; branchy, twiggy ; 
thick, bushy; leafy; (liter.) romantic; 
— «.m. (bot.) root-hairs, tuft of hairs ; 
(liter.) romanticist 

Chevelure, «./. head of hair, hair ; 
scalp {cut off by savages) ; (ai*tr.) hair, 
coma ; (bot.) coma ; (poet.) foliage 

Chevet, s.m. bolster, pillow; bedhead, 
head (of a bed); bedside ; [arch.) chevet. 
Consulter son — , to take a night to 
consider, to sleep on it 

Chdvetre , s.m. halter ; (surg.) chevestre, 
chevetx'e (head-bandage for the lower 
jaw) ; (carp.) trimmer, binding-joist 

CheveU} s.m., Cheveux, hair 
(of the head) ; — , (slanci) trouble ; 
bother ; hitch ; rub, difficulty. — x 
blancs, white hair ; grey hair. — x de 
Venus, (bot. ) maidenhair. En — x, wear- 
ing nothing on her head, bare-headed. 
litre coiffee en — x, etre or rester en — x, 
to wear or have nothing on her head. 
Passer la main dans les — x, (fig., fam.) 
to praise, to flatter, to coax. Tire par 
les —X, (fig.) forced, far-fetched. Se 
prendre aux —x, to seize each otlier by 
the hair, to come to blows. Prendre or 
saUir Voccasion aux —x, to take time 
by the forelock [fastening 

fClievillage, s.m. pegging, bolting, 

•fChevillard, s.m. carcass - butcher, 
meat-salesman, dead salesman 

fClieville, s.f peg, pin ;' bolt ; plug ; 
spike ; treenail ; ankle ; mere peg to 
till a gap, stop-gap ; expletive ; antler, 
bi-anch ; (her^ attire. — a, boucle, ring- 
bolt. — ouvriere, (of a carriage) pei-ch- 
bolt ; (artil.) pintle ; (fig.) main spring, 
prime mover. — du jiied, ankle. — de 
timon, pole-pin. Cheval de — , leader 
(of a heavy draught team). A l-i — , 
(butch.) wholesale. £tre en — , (of a 
horse) to be before the shaft-horse ; (at 
play) to be the middle-hand 

tChevill6, e, part. adj. pegged, &c. (V. 
Cheviller) ; (of a horse) narrow- should- 
ered ; (of mackerel) shotten ; (liter.) full 
of expletives; (hunt.) antlered ; (her.) 
attired. Avoir I'dme — e dann le corps, 
to be tenacious of life, to have as many 
lives as a cat; to have nine lives 

f Cheviller) v.a. to peg, to pin, to bolt, 
to fasten ; to rivet ; to wring (silk) ; 
(liter.) to fill with expletives. — en 
cuivre, (nav.) to copper- fasten 

f Chevillette, ».f. small peg or pin ; 
(obsolete) latch-pin 

fClievillier, s.m. F.Cheville (cheval de) 

fClievilli^re; s.f. anklet, bangle ; tape 

Cbeviot, s.m. cheviot (sheep, wool) 

Cbeviote, s.f. cheviot wool ; cheviot 
tweed [manage 

Clievir, v.n. (obsolete) to get over, to 

Cb^vre, s.f. she-goat, goat ; (antr.) Ca- 
pella; (tech.) gin, crab; Avheel-setter, 
carriage - setter, setter, lifting - jack ; 
( pop.) ill humour, tiflf, pet. Avoir la — , 
to be in an angry mood. Menager la — 
et le choit, to keep on good terms with 
both sides, to I'un with the hare and 
hol4 with the hounds. Prendre la — , 
to take offence, to fly out. — pieds, 
adj.m. goat-footed ; s.m. satyr 

Chevreau, s.m. kid 

fCll^vrefeuille, s.m. honeysuckle ; t— 
dex bois) ^voodbine 

Chevrelle, s.f. she-kid 

Chevrer, v.n. (pop.) to fret ; to fidget 

Ch^vrerie, s.f. goat-pen 

Ch^vreter, v.n. to kid 

Clievrette, s.f. roe, doe; little goat; 
(local) shrimp, pra^vn ; brand-dog ; 
bx-and - iron, trivet ; setter ; stand ; 
(artil.) chevrette; (pharm.) syrup-pot; 
(obsolete) bagpipe [venison 

tChevreuil, s.m. roebuck, roe-deer; 

Chevri-er, 6re, s.m.f. goatherd 

fChevrillard, s.m. young roebuck 

Cbevron; s.m. rafter; balk, batten; 
'. coping; slip of turf (across a walk); 
(arch., her.) chevron ; (mil.) stripe, 


Chevronnage, a.m. raftering ; rafters ; 
chevron-work [to stripe 

Chevronner, v.a. to rafter ; to chevron; 

Chevrotain, (zool.) chevrotain, 

Chevrotant, e, adj. (of the voice) 
tremulous, quavering, faltering 

Chevrotement, s.m. tremulousuess, 
quavering, shaking, faltering 

dievroter^ v.n.a. to kid ; to speak or 
sing in a tremulous voice ; to be tremu- 
lous, to tremble, to quaver, to shake, 
to falter ; to skip, to caper ; to fret, to 
be peevish ; to fidget 

Chevrotin, s.m. kid-leather; fawn (of 
the roe) ; chevrotain ; goat's milk 
cheese ; — adj. m. (pop.) fretful, peevish, 
wayward. Tirer nu — , to quaff together 

Chevrotine, s.f. buck-shot 

Chevrotiner, v.n. to skip, to caper 

Chez, prep, at or in or to or into the 
dwelling or abode or residence (house, 
lodgings, &c.) of; at or to ...'s; in or 
into or to the house or the room or the 
apartment or the place or the country 
or the dominions of ; among, with ; in ; 
on, upon. — mol, toi, lui, ells, soi, nous, 
Sfc, at or to or in or into my, thy, his, 
her, o.'s, our, or &c. house (or room, 
&c.) ; at home, home. De — . . ., from 
(or of) the house of . . ., from , . .'s. Un 

soi, a home of o.'s own. Son soi, 

o.'s home. Son — -lui, his own home. 
II n'est (or II n'y a) pas de petit — -soi, 
home is home, be it never so homely 

ChiaOUX, s.m. chiaoux (Turkish mes- 
senger, gentleman usher, and deputy- 
judge) [pushing, squash 

Chidide, s.f. (schoolboys' play) hustling, 

Clliasse; s.f. dirt (of insects) ; fly-speck ; 
scum, dross ; (fig.) trash, rubbish, 
scum, raft'. — de ver de terre, worm- 

Chibouque, s.f. chibouk (Turkish pipe) 

Chic, s.m. knack ; style ; — adj. stylish ; 
swellish, swell ; nobby ; excellent ; 
crack ; capital ; spicy ; slap-up 

Chica; s.m. chica (colour; liquor) ; — s.f. 
chica (dance) 

Chicandard; e, adj. (pop.) most stjiish 
or swellish ; first-rate, famous, crack, 

Chicane, s.f. chicane, chicanery, petti- 
fogging litigation, pettifoggery, quirks 
of law ; quibbling, cavilling, shuffling, 
quibble, cavil, shuffle ; trumpery or 
groundless quarrel or dispute ; (mil.) 
skirmish. Gens de — , pettifoggers. 
Chercher — a, to pick a trumpery 
quarrel with 

Chicaner, v.a.v. to quarrel with ; to 
dispute ; to defend ; to find fault with ; 
to chicane; to quibble, to cavil, to 
shuffle ; to go to law with, to sue ; to 
grudge ; to puzzle ; to vex, to annoy, 
to bother, to tease. — le vent, (nav.) 
to touch her. Se — , to bicker, to 
wrangle ; to go to law with one another 

Chicanerie, s.f. chicanery ; cavilling ; 

Chicaneu-r, se, Chicani-er, bre, 
s.m.f. chicaner ; caviller ; shuffler ; 
wi-angler ; pettifogger ; — adj. chican- 
ing ; disputatious ; fault-finding ; cavil- 
ling ; shuffling ; wrangling ; litigious ; 

Chicard, e, adj. (pop.) V. Chic, adj. 

Chiche, adj. stingy, niggardly; chary, 
sparing ; scanty ; sorry, miserable, 
poor ; — s.m. miser. Pots — , chick- 
pea, dwarf pea [meanly; sparingly 

Chichement, adv. stingily, niggardly, 

Chicherie, Chichet^, s.f. stinginess, 
nigf,'ardliness ; sparingness 

Chicocandard, e, adj. (pop.) V. 

Chicon, s.m. cos lettuce [Chicandard 

Chicorac6, e, adj. chicoraceous ; — es, 
sj'.pl. chicoraceous plants, chicoracese 


Chicor6e, s.f. chicory ; endive 

Chicot, s.m. stump ; snag. — du Canada, 
Kentucky coffee-tree 

Chicoter, v.n.a. (pop.) to split hairs; to 
dispute or wrangle about trifles; to 
pick, to nibble. Se — , to bicker, to 
wrangle, to spar 

Chicotin, s.m. extract of colocynth or 
bitter apple. Amer comme —, as bitter 
as gall 

Chien, s.m. dog; doggy; hound; cur; 
rubbish, trash ; cagmag ; rotgut ; dash, 
go, spirit ; humour ; fancy, liking ; 
(of a 2>crcussion-lock) cock, hammer; 
(of a flint-lock) cock; (pers.) dog, cur, 
hound; harsh or miserly man; (pers., 
after "mon") dear, darling. — cou- 
chant, setting-dog, setter; toad-eater, 
toady, lickspittle. — courant, hound. 
lion, lion-dog. — -loup, wolf-dog. 

— de loup, wolf-hound. — mele, cur. 
— s savants, performing dogs. — volant, 
pteropus, fox-bat, flying-fox. — d'agre- 
ment, fancy-dog. — d'appartement, lap- 
dog. — d'anet, pointer, setter. — - 
d'attache, — de basse-cour, house-dog. 

— de chasse, sporting-dog ; hound. — 
de cour, — deferme, — de garde, watch- 
dog, house-dog. — de luxe, fancy-dog. 

— de Malte, Maltese dog. — de mer, 

— marin, dogfish, houndfish. — de 
salon, lapdog. — de sangUer, — de re- 
nard, &c., boar-hound, fox-hound, &c. 
Grand — , (astr.) Great Dog. Entre — 
et loup, in the dusk of the evening, be- 
tween hawk and buzzard ; half one 
thing half another; dubious, suspi- 
cious. Faire le — couchant, to cringe, 
to truckle. Nos — s ne chassent pas en- 
semble, we are not friends. Quand on 
veut noyer son — on dit qu'il est enrage, 
give a dog a bad name and hang him. 
Le — du jardinicr (qui ne mange point 
de choux et n'en laisse pas manger aux 
autres), the dog in the manger 

Chien, ne, adj. doggish ; currish ; 
canine; dogged; harsh, hard, close; 
severe, strict ; troublesome ; bad, vil- 
lanous. — de, de — , doggish ; dog's ; 
canine ; currish ; miserable, wretched, 
beastly, dreadful; deuce of (a), devil 
of (a) ; troublesome ; rascally ; ravenous 

Chiendent, s.m. (bot.) couch-grass, dog- 
grass, quickens, squitch, quitch. Brosse 
de or en — , carpet-brush, dusting-brush ; 

Chienlit,8.m.(pop.) Shrovetide mummer 
(specially one ill-dressed and dirty); 
Jack-pudding ; queer-looking fellow, 
odd figure, guy. A la — / there goes 
(or here comes) another Guy ! here's a 

Chienne, s.f. (feminine of Cbien) bitch. 

Je lui garde U7i chien de ma — , I have a 

rod in pickle for him 
Chienn^e, s.f. litter of pups 
Chienner, v.n. to pup 
Chiennerie, s.f. dogs' life ; filthy thing, 

nasty thing ; stinginess, meanness ; 

beastly or scurvy trick 
Chier, v.n.a. (fam.) to shit ; (pop.) to 

give up, to yield, to fork out 
Chiffarde, s.f. (pop.) V. Bouffarde 
ChifTe, s.f. rag; flimsy stuff, common 

stuff; weak man, man of no character 
Chiffier, v.n.a. (pop. and local for Siffler) 
ChifEbn, s.m. bit of stuff; rag; scrap; 

bit; fal-lal; (pers.) doll, darling; — ■, 
0pl. rags, &c. ; dress, rigging, trappings, 

togs, toggery, finery 
Chiffonnage, s.m. crumpling, rump- 

ling, tumbling ; crumpled drapery 
ChifFonn6, e, adj. crumpled, rumpled, 

tumbled; (6o«.) wi-inkled ; (of features) 

delicate and irregular, irregular but 

Ohiffonnerj v.a. to crumple, to n^mple, 

to tumble ; to ruffle ; to feel about ; tu 


pnEzle; to tease, to vex, to annoy, to 
bother; — v.n. to pick rags; to trim 
up finery, to do odds and ends of 
needlewor];. Se — , to crumple, to 
rumple; to crumple o.'s dress 
CbifTonnerie, s.f. rag-trade, rag-busi- 
ness; nicknack, gewgaw; petty care, 
slight trouble 
CMffonni-er, hre, s.m.f. rag-gatherer, 
rag-picker, rag-and-bone man; rag- 
dealer, rag-merchant ; ( Jig.) retailer of 
stories; worrier; disorderly fellow; 
(furniture) chiflTonnier 
Chifbrable, adj. calculable 
CliifCrage, calculation ; estimate 
Cllifbre; g.m. figure, number; cipher; 
monogram ; private mark ; sura total, 
sum, amount ; digit. En ~ k connus, 
(com.) in plain figures 
Cliiffirer, v.n. to cipher; — v.a. to value 
or express in figures ; to number ; to 
cipher, to write in cipher ; to mark ; to 
cast about ; (mws.) to figure 
ClliSren-T, se, s.m./. cipherer, calcu- 
lator, reckoner 
tChignard, ».m. (pop.) grumbler 
f Cliigner, v.n. (pop.) to weep ; to 
grumble [chignon 

f Chignon, «.m. nape; (of back-hair) 
:Clilliade, »./. chUiad 
tChiliarque, s.m. chiliarch 
Cllilien, ne, adj. s. Chilian 
Cllim^re, «./. chimaera, chimera; idle 
fancy ; fancy ; unreality ; crotchet ; 
hobby ; (fish) chimsera, king of the 
hen-ings, rabbit-fish [3, § 1 

Cliini6r-ique, -iquement. V. page 
Chimie, s.f. chemistry 
Cllimique, adj. chemical 
Clximiquement, adv. chemically 
CtaimiSte, s.m. (scientific) chemist 
Cllimpanz^, s.m. (zool.) chimpanzee 
Cllina, s.m. (bot.) China-root ; <J) 

Peruvian bark 
Cllinage, s.m. variegating, clouding 
Clllna-graBS, s.m. (bot.) China-grass 
Cllincapin, s.m. chincapin, chinqua- 
pin, dwarf chestnut-tree 
Ctdnche, s.m. (zool.) skunk 
Cllincllilla,8.N(. chinchilla ; chinchilla- 
fur ; chinchilla-colour (pearly grey) 
Cllin^, e, adj. variegated, cloudy 
Clliner, v.a. to variegate, to cloud ; — 
v.n. to buy old rubbish, marine stores, 
Ac. (to sell again) 
Cbinenr, s.m. rabbit-skin man, old 
clothes man, marine store dealer, small 
broker, hawker 
Cliinfireniau, s.m. (pop.) trinket ; 

thump, rap on the head 
Cbinois, e, adj. Chinese ; — s.m.f. 
Chinese (person) ; — s.m. Chinese 
(language) ; Chinaman ; queer or rum 
fellow, rum one, oddity ; fellow, chap, 
cove ; candied or brandied bitter 
orange ; — s.f. Chinese fashion 
Cllinoiserie, $.f. Chinese ornament or 
curiosity or figure; nicknack; trifle; 
folly, piece of folly, nonsense, oddity ; 
farce, quaint joke; Chinese story, 
queer story 
Chinnre, s.f. variegation, clouded warp 
tClliocoqae, s.f. (bot.) chiococca, snow- 
herry (snowflower 

IClxionantlie, s.m. (bot.) fringe-tree, 
tCllionis, (bird) chionis, sheath- 
Clllote, s.m.f. adj. Chiot (of Chios) [bill 
Chiourme, s.f. convict party, convicts, 
set of men (in the hulks) ; (formerly) 
gang or crew (of a galley) 
Chipeau, s.m. (duck) gadwall 
Clliper, v.a. to pilfer, to filch, to crib, 

to prig, to bag, to bono 

Cllipetta, s.f. {pop.) jot. bit, shade, 

trifle, mere nothing; nothing at all; 

bad woman [pr'K 

Chipeu-r, se, s.m.f pilferer, filcher. 

Chiple, s.f. proud disagreeable woman 


Chipolata, s.f. onion stew, chipolata 
Chipoter, v.n. to dally ; to dawdle ; to 
faddlo ; to trifle ; to peddle ; to potter ; 
to argue or contend about trifles ; to 
striiin at a gnat ; to higgle, to haggle ; 
to pick a bit here and a bit there, to 
hardly eat anything, to pick, to nibble 
Chipoteuse, s.f. (pop.) capricious 

Chipoti-er, hve, s.m.f. dallier; dawd- 
ler ; faddler ; trifler ; higgler, hag- 
gler ; fastidious eater, nibbler ; — adj. 
dallying; dawdling; &c, [cabbage 

Chippes, s./.pJ. cuttings, shreds, pieces, 
Chique, s.f. quid (of tobacco, betel, &c.) ; 
chigoe, chigre, jigger (insect) ; poor 
silk; (provincialismfor " bille") marble 
(toy) ; (pop.) hunch, piece ; drinking- 
bout ; drop too much ; ill-humour 
Clliqu6, e, jjarf. adj. chewed; eaten, 
swallowed ; done in style, capital. 
Bien — , smart [capitally 

Chiquement, adv. (fam.) in style, 
Chiquenaude, s.f. fillip 
Chiquenauder, v.a. to fillip 
Chiquer, v.a.n. to chew (tobacco) ; to 
eat and drink, to eat, to drink, to feed, 
to grub, to guttle, to guzzle, to swallow 
down, to swill; to do or execute in 
style ; to dash off 

Se — , v.r. to chew, to be chewed (a« 
to&acco); to be eaten [drop, nip 

Clliquet, s.w. driblet ; bit ; shred ; 
Chiqueur, s.m. tobacco-chewer ; ti*en- 
cherman, great feeder, guttler, guzzler; 
itChiragre, s.f. Imed.) chiragra; —ndj. 
chiragrical; — s.m.f. chiragrical person 
tCbiragrique, adj. (med.) chiragrical 
iClliroc6phale, s.m. (zool.) fairy- 
shrimp [contract or note of hand 
tCliirograpliairc, adj. (law) by simple 
:tCIiirolog-ie, -ique. V. page 3, § 1 
^Chiromancie, »./. chii'omancy, palm- 
istry [mancer 
itChiromancien, ne, s.m.f. chiro- 
tChiromantique, adj. chiromantic 
tCliironecte, s.m. (zool.) cheironectes, 
yapock, water-opossum ; antennarius, 
Chironie, s.f. (bot.) chironia [main 
^Chiroplaste, s.m. (mus.) V. Ouide- 
tChiropt^re, s.m. (zool.) cheiropter, 
Chirurgical, e, adj. surgical [bat 
Chirurgie, s.f. surgery [cana 
Chirurgien, s.m. surgeon ; (bird) ja- 
Cbirurgique, adj. surgical 
Chiure, s.f. fly-speck, fly-dirt 
tChlamyde, s.f. chlamys 
jChloral, s.m. (chem.) chloral 
tChlorate, s.m. (chem.) chlorate 
iChlore, g.m. chlorine; —s.f. (bot.) 

chlora, yellow-wort 
tChlorer, v.a. (chem.) to chlorinate 
iChloreu-x, se, adj. (c^iAw.) chlorous 
^Chlorhydrate, s.m. (chem.) hydro- 
chlorate [chloric, chlorhydric 
tClilorliydrique, adj. (chem.) hydro- 
tCMorique, adj. (chem.) chloric [ite 
^Chlorite, (chem.) s.m., (min.) s.f. chlor- 
JChlorodyne, s.f. (/jfeami.) chlorodyne 
^Cllloroforme, s.m. (chem., surg.) 

:Cliloroform6, e, CUoroformis6, 
e, adj. chloroformed, under the influ- 
ence of chloroform 
tCUoroformer, Chloroformiser, 
v.a. to chloroform, to put under chloro- 
^o''"> [ing, cliloroformization 

Ighloroformisation, «./•. chloroform- 
tCnloromdtre, s.m. chlorometer 
:Chlorom6tr-ie, -ique. V. p. 3, § 1 
tCblorophylle, s.f. (chem., bot.) chlovo- 
JChlorops, s.m. (zool.) coi-n-fly fphyll 
;Cnlorose, •<./". (mrd.) chlorosis, green 
. Jj|<-l^»t'«'< ; ibof.) chloi-osis, etiolation 
;Cmorotiqae, adj. (med.) chlorotic; 
— s.m.f. chlorotic person 


JChlorure, s.m. (chnn.) chloride 
ICMorurer, v.a. to chloridate, to 

Choc, s.m. shock ; collision ; conflict ; 
clashing ; dashing, dash ; onset, at- 
tack, encounter ; brunt ; jar ; bump ; 
blow; disaster; touch; (meek.) impact. 
— des limes, I'ut of the sea. —m re- 
tour, (pUys.) x-eturn sho(!k 
Chocard, s.m. V. Choquard 
Chocncsoff, Chocnosophe, adj. 

{pop.) I'. Cbic, adj. 
Chocolat, s.m. chocolate ; chocolate 
colour ; — adj. chocolate - coloured, 
chocolate | or trade 

Chucolaterie, s.f. chocolate-making 
Chocolati-er, 6re, s.m.f. chocolate- 
maker or dealer; — s.f. chocolate-pot 
|Chociir, choir; chorus; choris- 
ters; chorists; band; chancel 
Choin, '<."(. (bot.) V. Schoenus 
Choir, v.n. def. (oldfor Toznber) to fall. 

Laiysrr — , Se laisser — , V. Tomber 
Choisi, e, i)art. adj. chosen ; selected ; 
picked; elected; choice, select; — 
s.m. choice thing or article, best ; 
choice things or articles, best of every- 
Choisir, v.a. to choose ; to select ; to 
cull ; to pick out ; to single out ; to 
elect. Se — , to choose oneself or for 
oneself; to choose each other; to be 
Choisissable, adj. eligible [chosen 
Choisisseu-r, se, s.m.f. chooser 
Choix, s.m. choice ; choosing 5 selec- 
tion ; option ; election ; distinction ; 
discernment, discrimination ; thing 
chosen ; best part, best. — force, 
Hobson's choice. Ju — , by or with 
choice ; with right of choice ; as people 
choose ; as one likes ; all at one price. 
An — 2 francs, all at 2 francs. De—, 
choice. Par — , fi-om choice 
^Cholagogue, adj. m.f., s.m- (med.) 

tChOl6doque, adj. (anat.) cnoiedoch. 

Conduit or canal —, choledoch duct 
]:Chol61ithe, s.m. (med.) biliary calcu- 
lus, gallstoiic [cagmag 
:tChOl6ra, >./»». imed.) cholera; (poj).) 
fChol^rifcrme, adj. (med.) choleri- 
form, choleroid [leraic diarrhoea 
iChol^rine, s.f. (med.) cholerine, cho- 
IChol^rique, adj. (in physiology) cho- 
leric ; (med.) choleraic ; cholera ; af- 
fected with cholera; — s.m.f. person 
affected with cholera, cholera patient, 
choleraic patient 
tCholesterine, s.f. (chem.) cholesterine 
Chdmable, adj. to be kept as a holi- 
day. Jour — , holiday 
Chdmage, «.m. want of work, cessation 
from work, stoppage of work, stoppage, 
standing still; rest; holiday; dead 
season ; time spent without work 
Chdmer, v.n. to be out of work; to 
cease from work, to leave off work; 
not to work ; to stop ; to rest ; to do 
nothing; to be at a stand, to stand 
still, to be idle or inactive or stopped ; 
to make a holiday ; to be in want (of) ; 
to want ; — v.a. to keep as a holiday, 
to keep [unemployed operative 
Chomeur, s.m. operative out of work, 
tfChondrille, sf. (bot.) gum-succory 
^Chondroxne, s.m. (med.) chondroma 
Chcpe , N./. {old) V. Bock 
Chopine, •<./■. pint (Enqlishpint inquan- 
H'y, being' half of the obsolite French 
"pinte." V. Pinte); pint of wine; 
Inav.) lower pump-box. Payer — , to 
Chopiner, r.n. to tipple [treat 
Chcppement, s.m. (old) stumbling; 
blundering | blunder 
Chopper, v.n. (old) to stumble ; to 
Choquant, e, adj. shocking; ofl'en- 
sive ; vnipleasant, disagreeable ; im- 


Choquard, {bird) Alpine chouRli 
Clioquer, i:a. to shock ; to strike 
against ; to clash with ; to be coutraiy 
to ; to offend ; to wound ; to grate 
upon ; to displease ; to touch {glaas'-s} ; 
(nav.) to check (the bowline, the braces, 
the sheets), to surge (the capstan] ; — v.n. 
to be offensive, to give offence; to hurt 
o.'s feelings; to touch glasses, to 

Se — , v.r. to strike against each 
other ; to come into collision ; to 
clash ; to encounter ; to take offence 
IClloral; e, adj.m.f., choral 
iClxordeile; «.»i. (bird) night-hawk 
|Cllor6e, s.f. (med.) chorea, St. Vitus's 
dance ; — (jwet.) choreas, choree 

iCbordge, s.m. (in antiquity) choragus 
Cllor6graplie, choregrapher 
Clvpr6grapli-ie, -ique, -ique- 
ment. V. page 3, § 1 
tChor^ique, adj. s.m.f. (vied.) choreic 
tChor6xnanie, s.f. (med.) choremania, 

|Cllor6veque, s.m. chorepiscopus 
IChoriambe^ s.m. (vers.) choriimb, 

: iCllorioxi, s.m. (anat., hot.) chorion 
: :Clloriste, chorister 
: iCllorograplie; s.m. chorographev 
: Cborograph-ie, -iquC; -ique- 

ment. V. page 3, § 1 
tChoro'ide, adj.m.f.,s.f. (anat.) choroid 
^CllOrtastlline, s.m. (med.) chortasth- 

ma, hay-asthma, hay-fever ! 

{Chorus, s.m. choi-us. Faire — , to 
chorus, to i-epeat in chorus, to join in | 
the chorus ; (fig.) to join in, to chime i 
in ; to agree i 

Chose, s.f. thing ; object ; subject ; [ 
matter; affair; business; deed; real- j 
ity ; fact ; case ; question ; circum- j 
stance; stuff; pi-operty ; chattels; : 
compliment ; something ; anything ; 
what d'ye call him or her or it ? 
what's his or her or its name ? thing- 
umbob, thingummy. — publiquc, com- 
monwealth. — qui va sans dire, matter i 
of course. — s et d'autres, one thing 
and another. — s de la mn; —s deflot, 
sea-ware. Autre — , different thing, ; 
other thing; another thing; else, j 
other ; better or superior thing ; some- 
thing else ; anything else ; any other [ 
reason; &c. (F. Autre). Atitre — est] 
de ..., et autre ~ de . . ., it is one thing j 
to . . ., another to . . . Bini dcs — s a, i 
mille — « d, my best regards to, o.'s 
best regards to, many comiiliments to. 
De deux — s I'vne, one of two things. 
Pas autre — , nothing else. Pas grand' 
— , peu de — , not much, nothing much, 
little, no great matter, a trifling or 
slight matter, a mere trifle ; low birth ; 
little worth ; of little consequence, in- 
significant, inconsiderable, unimport- 
ant, small, triflinff. Quelque — , V. 
QuelQue, adj. Tout — , (fam.) all- 
overish, very queer, I don't know what ; 
all out of sorts. Vn peu — , rather 1 
Chou, s.m. cabbage ; cole ; kale ; sprout ; 
(]>asti-y) puff; (of ribbon<<, &c.) bow; I 
rosette ; (fam.) ducky, darling. — / i 

Id ! — -pille I (hunt.) go it ! seize | 

him ! — pour — , taken all in all, it 
is all the same, it is all one. Bete j 
comme (un) — , exceedingly stupid. 
Des —xet des raves, what one pleases, 
ducks and drakes. Aller planter ses — x, 
to retire from business or from active i 
life, to go and live in the country. — i 
blancy s.m. white-heart cal)bage; (fig.) 
blank; miss; failure. Faire — blavc, 
to get a blank ; to miss the mark ; to j 
. fail. — or — X de Bruscelles, Brus- 
sels sprouts. — cavalier, s.m. tree 
'{fir tall) cabbage. — -chou, s.m.' (hot.) j 


chocho, sechium; (fam.) little ducky, 
darling, pet. — -lleur, s.m. cauli- 
flower; (med.) cauliflower excrescence. 

— IriB^, s.m. Scotch kale. — x eras, delight; profit. —d Jets, 
Brussels sprouts. — marin, — de 
xuer, sea-kale. — de Milan, savoy. 

— .navet, s.m. turnip - cabbage. 

— palmiste, .t.?H. palm-cabbage (termi- 
nal bud of a cabbage-tree or cabbage- 
palm). — -rave, x.m. kohl-rabi. — 
•vache, s.m. cow-cabbage. — vert, 
s.m. borecole, colewort, kale 

Chouan, s.m. long-eared owl ; (Fr. hist.) 
Chouan (royalist inxurgent during the 
great French Revolution) 

Chouanner, v.n. to carry on a gue- 
rilla warfare 

Chouannerie, sf. insun-ection of the 
Chouans ; party of the Chouans, 
Chouans ; guerilla or partisan wai-farc 

Choucas, s.m. (bird) jackdaw. — des 
Alpcs, Alpine chough Ixnent 

Choucheznent, s.m. V. Houhoule- 

ChoucllOllter, v.a. to pet, to cocker, 
to coddle, to fondle [krout, sourcrout 

Choucroute, s.f. sauerkraut, sour- 

Chouette, s.f. owl; (fig.) laughing- 
stock ; — adj. ( pop.) capital, excellent, 
perfect, first-rate, famous, splendid, 
spicy, stunning. Faire hi—, to be or 
play alone against two (or more) 

Chouettement, adv. (i>op.) capitally, 

Choultry, s.m. V. Ch^uderie 

Chouxnac, Choumaque, s.m. (pop.) 
shoemaker, cobbler 

tChoupille, s.m. shooting-dog 

Chouque, Chouquet, s.m. (nar.) cap 

Chourin, Chouriner, Chourl- 
neur. V. Surin, Suriner, Suri- 

Choyer, v.a. to pamper ; to pot i to 
cocker; to coddle; to nurse; to fim- 
dle; to make much of; to cherish; 
to take great care of ; to treat, to feast 

{Chr^matistiiue, s.f. chrematistics ; 

— ar/j". chreuiiitistic [3, § 1 
tChr^mato - logie, -logique, V. p. 
IChrezne, x.m. chrism, holy oil 
|Chr6meau, chrism-cloth 
IChrestomathie, sf. chrestomathy 
:tChr^tien, ne, adj. s. Christian: {of 

milk, &c., pop.) mixed with water, 
watered, diluted, baptized. Parler — , 
to speak like a Christian, to speak in- 
jChr6tienneinent, adv. Christianlv 
tChr6tient6, s.f. Christendom. Mar- 
cher sur la —, (fam.) to walk bare- 
footed or in worn-out boots 
tChrismal, s.m. (obsolete) chrismatory 
iChrismation, s.f. chrismation 
tChrismatoire, s.m. chrismatory 
IChrist, s.m. Christ; crucifix 
tChriste, s.f. V. Criste [tion 

tChristianisation, s.f. Christianiza- 
IChriStianiser, v.a. to Christianize 
IChristianisme, s.m. Christianity 
tChristolog-ie, -ique. r. i>. .s, § i 
IChromate, s.m. (chem.) chromate 
JChromat-ique (adj.), -iquement. 

T'. page ;>, ij 1 
JChromatique, s.m,f. (mus.) chro- 
matic ; — s.f. (opt., piiint.) chromatics 
{Chromatisme, s.m. coloration, co- 

IChromatrope. s.m. chromatrope 
tChrome, s.m. chrome, chromium 
tChroxn6, e, adj. containing chrome 
tChromique, adj. (rhem.) chromic 
itChroino, s.m. (abbrev.) chromo (chro- 

ICbromolithographe, s.m. cluomo- 
lithot,'raplu!r ; — adj. chi-omolitho- 
tirapliic ; 

i^Chromolithographie, sf. chrome- j 
lithography ; chromolithograph 


tChroxnolithographier, v.a. to 
. chromolithograph [3, § 1 

tChroxnolithographique, adj. F.'p. 
tChromule, s.f. ichem., &o<.)chromule 
jChronicite, s.f. (med.) chronicity, 

chronic state or character 
{Chronique, adj. (med.) chronic; — 
s.f. chronicle, history ; report, review; 
news; summary. La — scandaleuse, 
scandalous reports, the tittle-tattle of 
the day 
tChroiiiquement, adr. chronically 
tChroniquer, v.a. to chronicle 
^Chroniqueur, s.m. chronicler ; re- 
porter, reviewer, critic Lpage 3, § 1 
|Chronograininat-ique, -iste. V. 
iChronogr amine, s.m. chronogram 
itChrcnographe, s.m. chronograph ; 

chronographer ; chronicler 
tChronograph-ie, -ique. V. p. 3, § 1 
tChronolog-ie, -ique, -iquement, 

-iste. y. page 3, § 1 
::Chronom^tre, s.m. chronometer 
: :Chronom6tr-ie, -ique. V. p. 3, § l 
: Chronoscope, s.m. chronoscope 
: Chrysalide, s.f. chrysalis, chrysalid, 

pupa ; ( pers., pop.) old coquette 
{ChrysaUder (Se), v.r. to become a 

chrysalis or pupa 
{Chrysanth^me, s.m. (bot.) chrysan- 
themum. — des pres, oxeye daisy, ox- 
eye [chryselephantine 
lChrys616phantin, e, adj. (sculp.) 
tChryside, Chrysis, s.f. (zool.) golden 
wasp, golden-tailed fly, ruby-tailed fly 
IChrysob^ryl, s.m. (min.) chrysoberyl 
;Chrysocale, s.m. pinchbeck, Bath 
metal [goldylocks 
JChrysocome, s.f. (hot.) chrysocoma, 
tChrysographe, s.m. chrysographer 
tChrysog^aphie, s.f. chrysography 
{Chrysolite, s.f. (min.) chrvsolite 
iChrysolog-ie, -ique. F.'page 3, § 1 
fChrysomdle, s.f. (zool.) chrysomela, 
golden beetle [phyllum, star-apple 
IChrysophylle, s.m. (bot.) chryso- 
{Chrysoprase, s.f. (min.) chrysopi-ase 
iChrysol^^e, sjn. chrysotype" 
Chu, e, (part, of Clioir) fallen 
Chucheter, v.n. (of the sparrow) to 
chirp, to twitter [whisper 
Chuchotement, s.m. whispering, 
Chuchoter, v.n.a. to whisper 
Chuchoterie, s.f. whispei-lng, whispers 
Chuchoteu-r, se, s.m.f. whisperer 
Chuintant, e, adj. (gram.) sounding 
j like J and ch in French, and like sh in 
Chut, int. s.m. hush ! silence ! [English 
' Chute, sf. fall; downfall; falling; fall- 
ing off; descent; failure: failing; de- 
cline ; decay ; close ; conclusion ; end ; 
cadence ; (med.) prolapsus, prolapse ; 
(7iai;.) leech. ■ — dVau, waterfall ; water- 
course. — des reins, small of the back 
Chuter, v.n. (from Chute, a " fall ") to 
fall, to fail, to be damned ; - v.a.n. 
(from Chut, " hush ") to cry " hush " 
to, to hiss, to damn ; to cry " hush ! " 
Chyle, s.m. chyle 
Chyleu-x, se', adj. chylous 
Chylif^re, adj. chyliferous ; — s.m. 
chyliferous vessel [fication 
Chylification, Chylose, s.f. ihyli- 
Chylifier, v.a. to chylify. Se — , to be 
Chirme, s.m. chyme [chylified 
Chymeu-x, se, adj. chymous 
Chymification, Chirmose, sf. chy- 
^nification [chymified 
^lymifier , v.a. to chymify. Se — , to be 
Ch3rpre, s.m. Cyprus wine 
Ch3rpriote. V. Csrpriote 
Cif adv. pron. here ; this ; viz. De — . 

de Id, V. Lii. Par por-lii, here and 

there ; about ; now and then : at inter- 
vals. apj-es, hereafter, afterwards, 

further on, by and by ; below ; follow- 
ing. — -contre, opposite ; in tl# mar- 
gin. — -dessous, below ; hereafter ; 


undermentioned. — -dessus, above ; 

abovementioned. — -devant, {adv.) 

above ; before ; formerly ; previously ; 

former, late, once, ex; ( noble, 

royalist, man of the past ; old buck 

(p'ers.). — et pa, this and that. — git, 

— -inclus, &c., V. Oit, Indus, &c. 

Comme — , comvie {.-a, so so, middling 

Cible, s.f. target [borium 

Ciboire, ciborium, pyx; (arch.) ci- 

Ciboule, s.f. cibol, Welsh onion, young 

onion, spring onion ; (pop.) head 
Ciboulette, «./. (bot.) chives 
Cicatrice, s.f. scar, seam, cicatrix, 

cicatrice ; mark 
Cicatricule, s.f. cicatricle 
Cicatrisable, adj. cicatrizable 
Cicatxisant, e, adj. cicatrizing; —s.wi 

Cicatrisati-f, ve, adj. cicatrisive 
Cicatrisation, s.f. cicatrization, heal- 
ing, closing 
Cicatriser, v. a., So—, cicatrize, 
to heal, to close ; to scar ; to seam ; to 
Cicero, s.m. pica {pi-inting type) [mark 
Cic6role, s.f. {bot.) chick-pea, dwarf pea 
Cic6rone {pi. Ciceroni), s.m. cicerone, 

Cic6ronianisine, s.m. Ciceronianism 
Cic6ronien, ne, adj. s.m. Ciceronian 
Cicind^le, «./. {zool.) cicindela, tiger- 
beetle, scale-beetle, sparkler 
Ciclaxnor, s.m. {her.) V. Orle 
Cicutaire, sf. {bot.) cicuta. — aqua- 
tique, water-hemlock, cowbane [conine 
Cicutine; sf. {chem.) cicutine, conia. 
Old; s.m. cid, lord [Petit — , cidei'kin 
Cidre, cider. Gros — , strong cider. 
Cidrerie, s.f. cider-mill or press ; cider 

manufactory ; cider-making 
Ciel; s.m. {pi. Cieuxy Ciels) heaven; 
heavens ; sky; climate, clime; weather ; 
air, atmosphere ; tester ; canopy ; 
ceiling ; roof ; top. Jmte — / good 
Heavens 1 A — ouvert, with open top, 
open at the top, open, uncovered ; in 
the open air 
Cierge, s.m. taper, wax-taper or candle, 
church-candle, candle, cierge ; {bot.) 
torch-thistle. — d'eau, water-jet 
Cierg^er, s.m. wax-chandler 
Cigale, s.f. {zool.) cicada ; {fam.) (great 
green) grasshopper ; {nav.) ring (of an 
anchor) [{a Society of art and literature) 
Cigalier, s.m. member of " la Cigale " 
Cigare, cigar 
Cig^arette, s.f. cigarette 
Cigaretteu-r, se, Cigaretti-er, 

fere, cigarette-maker 
Cigareu-r, se, Cigari-er, fere, s.m.f. 

fCigogne, s.f. {bird) stork. — d sac, 
marabou-stoi-k, argala, adjutant. Conte 
de (or rt) la — , nonsensical and improb- 
able story, silly tittle-tattle 
fCigogneau, s.m. young stork 
eigne, s.f. {bot.) hemlock. — vireuse, V. 

Cicutaire. Petite — , fool's parsley 
Gil. s.m. ej'elash; {bot., zool.) hair {pi. 
Ciliaire, adj. ciliary [hairs or cilia) 
Cilice, s.m. hair-cloth 
Cilife, e, adj. ciliated, ciliate 
fCillement, a.m. winking, twinkling 
fCiUer, v.a.n. to wink, to twinkle ; to 

seel ; to blink ; to flinch ; to stir 
fCillOSe, sf. {med.) cillosis, life's blood 
Cimaise, s.f. V. CsrmalBe [in the eye 
Cimbalaire, s.f. v. Csnnbalaire 
Cimbres, {hist.) Cimbri 
Cimbriqne, adj. {hist.) Cimbric 
Cime, s.f. top, summit ; height ; {bot.) 
Ciment, s.m. cement [cyme 

Cimenter, v.a. to cement ; to consoli- 
(hitclo strengthen. 8e — , to be cement- 
ed nr strengthened [ment-merchant 
Cixnentier, s.m. cement-maker ; ce- 
Cizneterre, ».m. scimitar 
Cimetifere, s.m. cemetery, burying- 


ground, burial-ground; graveyard; 

churchyard [mous 

Cimeu-X, se, adj. {bot.) cymose, cy- 
Cimicaire, s.f. {bot.) bugwort, bugbane 
Cimicide, Cimicicide, adj. bug- 
Cimicifuge, adj. that drives away the 

bugs; — s.f. {bot.) cimicifuga, bugwort, 

Cinxier, s.m. {of a helmet, and her.) 

crest; {of beef) buttock, round; {of 

venison) haunch 
Cimifuge, adj. V. Cimicifuge 
Cinunferien, ne, adj. {geog.) Cimmer- 
ian [cutlers' dust 
Cixnolfee, s.f. cimolite, Cimolian earth ; 
Cinabre, 8.m. cinnabar [dine 
^Cinchonidine, s.f. {chem.) cinchoni- 
ICincbonine, s.f. {chem.) cinchonine 
Cincle, (bird) dipper, water-ouzel 
Cinclosome, s.m. (bird) cinclosoma, 

ground-thrush [cineraria 

Cinferaire, adj. cinerai-y; — s.f. (bot.) 
Cinferation, s.f. cineration 
CingalaiS, e, adj. s. Cingalese 
Cinglage, s.7n. {old nav.) ship's course, 

sailing, steering ; run in 24 hours ; 

seaman's pay ; {metal. ) shingling 
Cingle, s.m. {fish) zingel 
Cinglement, s.m. lashing, cutting; 

lash, cut ; {old nav.) sailing, steering ; 

{metal.) shingling 
Cingler, v.n. {old nav.) to sail, to steer ; 

— v.a. to lash, to cut, to whip, to 
switch ; (metal.) to shingle 

Cingletir, s.m. {metal.) lift-hammer, 

shingling - roll, squeezer ; — adj.m. 
Cinnabre, s.m. V. Cinabre [shingling 
Cinname, Cinnamome, s.m. (bot.) 

Cinnor, s.m. kinnor (stringed mus. instr. 

of the ancient Hebrews, played upon 

with a bow) 
Cinq,, adj. m.f, s.m. five; fifth; cinque. 

— et quatre, {pop.) a slap and a back- 
hander. — et troisfont huit, (jest.) dot 
and go one 

Cinqcenti8te,8.Tn. F.Cinqu^centiste 
Cinquain, s.m. piece of poetry or stanza 

of five lilies 
Cinquantaine, s.f. fifty or so, about 
fifty, some fifty, fifty, half-hundred; 
age of fifty ; fiftieth year, golden wed- 
Cinquante, adj.m.f, s.m. fifty ; fiftieth 
Cinquantenaire, s.m. fiftieth anni- 
versary; member or official of fifty 
years' standing 
Cinquantenier, s.m. (obsolete) captain 

of fifty men ; police-officer 
Cinquantifeme, adj. s. fiftieth 
§Cinqufecentiste, s.m. (in Italian art 

Si- liter.) cinquecentist 
Cinqtlifeme, adj. fifth; —s.m. fifth; 
fifth floor; pupil of the fifth form or 
class ; (pop.) half-pint, half-pint glass, 
glass (fifth of a " litre ") ; —s.f. fifth ; 
fifth form or class 
Cinquifemement, adv. fifthly 
Cintrage, s.m. arching, curving, bend- 
ing; centering; arch, arches, curva- 
ture, bend 
Cintre, s.m. semicircle; arch; (build.) 
centering, centre ; (of a chair) yoke ; 
(theat.) ban-el-loft. Loges du (or de) —, 
—s, (theat.) upper boxes. En — , arched. 
Plein — , semicircle. A or en plein — , 
Cintrfe, e, adj. arched ; curved, bent ; 
(of a windoiv, &c.) circular-head. V. 
Cintrer , v.a. to arch ; to curve, to bend 
Cionite, s.f. (med.) cionitis, inflamma- 
Cipaye, s.m. sepoy [tion of the uvula 
Cipolin, s.m. adj. cipolin (marble) 
Cippe, s.m. (arch.) cippus 
Cirage, s.m. waxing ; blacking 
Circafete, a.m. (zool.) harrier-eagle 


Circassien, ne, aJj. s.m.f. Circassian ; 

— s.f. cii'cassian (woollen cloth) 
Circfee, s.f. (bot.) circsea, enchanter's 

Circoncire, v.a. to circumcise 
Circoncis, one who is circumcised 
Circoncision, sf. circumcision 
Circonfference, s.f. circumference 
Circonfferentiel, le, adj. circumfer- 
ential [flex ; (favi.) crooked 
Circonflexe, adj. s.m. (gram.) circura- 
Circonjacent, e, adj. circumjacent 
Clrconlocution, s.f. circumlocution 
Circonscription, s.f. circumscrip- 
tion ; circumscribing ; bound ; divi- 
sion ; circuit ; district ; constituency ; 
province, department 
Circonscrire, v.a. to cii-cumscribe ; to 
encircle ; to enclose ; to bound, to 
limit ; to confine ; to stint ; to keep 
down. Se — , to be circumscribed, &c. ; 
to limit or &c. oneself 
Circonspect, e, adj. circumspect; 
cautious ; wary ; guarded [spectly 
Circonspectement, adv. circum- 
Circonspcctiou, »./. circumspection, 

cautiousness, cautiv n 
Circonstance, s.f. cii-cumstance ; oc- 
casion; conjuncture; occurrence; in- 
cident ; accident ; event ; emergency ; 
state of aitairs; particularity; parti- 
cular, detail ; case. De — , necessitated 
by or prepared (made, composed, &c.) 
for or on the occasion ; special ; re- 
quired by circumstances ; adapted to 
the question of the hour; accidental; 
transient [le, adj. circumstantial 

Circonstancife, e, Circonstanciel, 
Circonstancier, v.a. to circumstan- 
tiate, to describe cii-cumstantially or 
minutely, to detail, to particularize, to 
state the particulars of [vallation 

Circonvallation, s.f. (fort.) circum- 
Circonvenir, v.a. to circumvent, to 
deceive, to impose upon, to overreach ; 
to surround 
Circonvention, s.f. circumvention 
Circonvoisin, e, adj. cii-cumjacent, 
surrounding, neighbouring, adjoining, 
adjacent [(anat.) convolution 

Circon volution, s.f. circumvolution ; 
Circuit, s.m. circuit; circumference; 
compass ; circuitous way, way round, 
roundabout way ; circumlocution 
Circulaire, adj.m.f., s.f. circular 
Circulairement, adv. circularly 
Circulant, e, adj. circulating, in cir- 
culation, current 
Circularitfe, s.f. circularity 
Circulation, s.f. circulation ; cur- 
rency ; issue ; motion, movement, 
passing, passage, way ; communica- 
tion; traffic 
Circulatoire, adj. circulatory 
Circuler, v.n. to circulate; to go or 
move round ; to wind ; to move on, to 
pass, to go or move about ; to spread. 
Faire — , to make (. . .) go or move on ; 
to circulate ; to spread ; to hand or 
passo?- sendiround 
Circummfeiridien, ne, adj. circum- 
meridian [navigator 
Circunxnavigateur, s.m. circum- 
Circumnavigation, s.f. circumnavi- 
Circumpolaire , adj. circumpolar 
Cire, s.f. wax ; wax candles ; (of the bill 
of some birds) cere, — d'Espagne, — a 
cacheter, sealing-wax (boots) 
Cirfe, e, adj. waxed ; oil (cloth) ; clean 
Cirer, v.a. to wax ; to polish ; to black, 
to clean. Se — , to be waxed or &c. ; 
to clean o.'s boots 
Cireu-x, se, adj. waxy 
Cirier, s.m. wax-manufacturer; wax- 
chandler; wax-myrtle, wax-tree, can- 
dleberry-tree (making bee, wax-worker 
Cirifere, adj.f. wax-making ; — «./, vax- 


Ciroil; (insect) mite 
Cirque, a.m. circus [per; (zool) cirrus 
Cirre, s.m. (bot.) ciii-us, tendril, clas- 
Cirr6, e, Cirreu-x, se, adj. (bot.) 

cirrous, cirrose 
Cirrhose, s.f. (med.) cirrhosis 
Cirrif^re, adj. (bot.) cirriferous 
Cirriforme, adj. cirriform 
Cirrip^de, s.m. (zool.) cirriped [(cloud) 
Cirro-cumulus, s.m. ciiTo-cumulus 
Cirro-stratus, cirro - stratus 
(cloud) [tail 

Cirrus, s.m. cirrus, curl-cloud, mare's 
Cirse, s.m. (bot.) cirsium, thistle, horse- 
Cirsocile, s.f. (med.) cirsocele [thistle 
Cirure, s.f. wax preparation, waxing 
fCisaille, s.f. shears; (of coin) clip- 
pings, parings [gauifer (frills, &c.) 
fCisailler, v.a. to clip (metals) ; to 
Cisalpin, e, adj. cisalpine 
Cisatlantique, adj. cisatlantic 
Cisdanubien, ne, adj. cisdanubian 
Ciseau, s.m. chisel ; scissors ; — s, 

pi. scissors ; shears ; chisels 
Ciseler, v.a. to carve ; to cut ; to sculp- 
ture ; to chisel ; to chase (metals). 
Se — , to be carved or cut or &c. [graver 
Ciselet, s.m. smaU chisel ; chasing- 
Ciseleur, s.m. carver, sculptor; cha- 
ser ; vigorous writer [scissors 
Cisellerie, s.f. scissor-making or trade; 
Ciselure, s.f. carving ; carved work ; 

sculpture ; chasing ; chased work 
CiSSang^tique, adj. cisgangetic 
Cisjuran, e, adj. cisjurane (on the 

Paris side of the Jura mountains) 
Ci^eitban, e, adj. cisleithan (on this 

side of the Leitha river) 
Cismontain, e, adj. cismontane 
CiSOir, s.m. chasing-graver 
Cisoires, bench-shears 
Cispadan. e, adj. cispadane 
Cisp3rr6neen, ne, adj. cispyrenean 
Cisrh6nan, e, adj. cisrhenane 
Cisse> s.m. (bot.) cissus, wild grape 
CiSSOidal, e, adj. (geom.) cissoidal 
CiSSOlde, s.f. (geom.) cissoid ; — adj. 
cissoidal [s.m. (bot.) cistus, i-ock-rose 
Ciste, 8./. (antiq., arch., sculp.) cist ; — 
Cistercien, ne, «. adj. Cistercian 

(white monk, nun) 
Cistre, s.m. cittern (mus. instr.) 
Citable, adj. citable, quotable [tower 
Citadelle, s.f. citadel, fortress, castle, 
Citadin, e, townsman, towns- 
woman ; citizen, citizeness ; cit ; cock- 
ney ; — s.f. hackney-coach, cab, fly ; — 
adj. of the town, of towns 
Cita-teur, trice, s.m.f. quoter, citer 
Citation, s.f. citation, quotation : (law) 

summons, citation ; subpoena 
Cit6, s.f. city ; old town ; district ; build- 
ings, close, rents, inn; court. — ou- 
vriere, working-men's lodging-house, 
model lodging-house. Droit de — , V. 
Bourffeoisie (Droit de) 
Citer, v.a. to cite, to quote ; to name, 
to mention ; to speak of ; to relate ; 
(law) to summon, to cite ; to subpoena 
Cit^rieur, e, adj. (geog.) hither, hither- 
most [tank-vessel 
Citexue, s.f. cistem.tank ; (nav.) cistern, 
Citerneau, s.m. small cistern 
Cithare, «./. (anc.mus. instr.) cithara ; 
cithern,'Cittern; (modern) zither,zithern, 
Cit^ ar6de,Citliariste , citharist 
Citharexyle, Citbarexylon, s.m. 

(bot.) fiddle-wood, citharexylon 
Citigrade, adj. s. (zool.) citigrade; — s, citigrade spiders, citigrades 
CitOle, sf. (old mus. instr.) citole 
Citoyen, ne, s.m.f. citizen, citizeness ; 
freeman (of a city) ; inhabitant ; deni- 
zen ; patriot; (fam.) fellow; (obsolete) 
Sir ; Mr. ; Madam ; Mrs. ; Miss ; — adj. 
citizen ; patriotic. Le — de Genive, Jean- 
Jacques Rousseau 


Citoyennet6, s.f. citizenship 
Citragon, s.m. v. Mousse 
Citramontain, e, adj. cismontane 
Citrate, s.m. (chem.) citrate 
Citrine, s.f. (chem.) citrene, citronyl 
Citrin, e, adj. citrine ; — s.f. oil of 
Citrique, adj. (chem.) citric [lemons 
Citron, s.m. lemon ; citron ; lemon 
colour; brimstone-butterfly; — adj. 
lemon-coloured. — galet, lime 
Citronnaie, s.f. lemon-gi-ove 
Citronnat, s.m. candied lemon-peel or 

Citronn^, e, adj. lemon-flavoured 
Citronnelle, s.f. citron-water ; (bot.) 
southernwood, old-man ; balm ; laven- 
der-cotton. Verveine — , lemon-scented 
Citronner, v.a. to flavour with lemon 
Citronnier, s.m. lemon-tree ; citron- 
tree ; lemon-wood ; citron-wood 
Citronyle, s.f. (chem.) citronyl, citrene 
f Citrouille, s.f. pumpkin ; (pop.) booby, 

Civadidre, sf. (old nav.) sprit-sail 
Cive, s.f. (bot.) chives 
Civet, s.m. (cook.) civet; jugged hare. 

— de lievre, jugged hare 

Civette, s.f. civet-cat ; civet ; (bot.) 
chives [stretcher 

Civi^re, s.f. handbarrow ; litter ; 

Civil, e, adj. civil ; private, plain ; — 
s.m. civil ; civil service ; civil pro- 
ceedings or matters, civil causes ; 
civilian (not a soldier) 

Civilement, adv. civilly ; courteously, 
politely. Mort — , dead in law 

Civilisable, adj. civilizable 

Civilisa-teur, trice, adj. civilizing; 

— s.m.f. civilizer 
Civilisation, s.f. civilization 
Civiliser, v.a. to civilize. Se — , to be- 
come civilized 

Civiliste, s.m. civilian (lawyer) 

Civility, s.f. civility; attention; com- 
pliment. La — puerile et honnete, the 
child's book of civility, elementary 
rules of good manners 

Civ-ique, -isme. V. page 3, § 1 

Clabaud, s.m. noisy hound; (p<?i"s.) 
brawler, bawler ; ranter ; babbler. 
Chapeau — or en — , flop-hat, slouch- 

Clabaudage, s.m. loud barking; brawl- 
ing, clamour ; scolding ; ranting, rant 

Clabauder, v.n. (hunt.) to bark furi- 
ously ; (pers.) to brawl, to bawl, to bawl 
out, to clamour ; to scold ; to rant, to 
abuse ; — v.a. to repeat, to tell 

Clabauderie, s.f. brawling, brawl, 
clamour ; scolding ; ranting,rant,abuse, 
scandal, aspersion 

Clabaudeu-r, se, s.m.f. brawler, 
clamourer; scold; ranter; slanderer; 

— s.m. noisy hound 

Cladion, s.m. (bot.) cladium, twig-rush 

Claie, s.f. hurdle ; wattle ; screen ; (fish.) 
V. Nasse. Passer a, la — , to screen 

Clair, e, adj. clear ; bright ; light ; thin ; 
limpid ; plain ; evident ; obvious ; dis- 
tinct; sure; available; (of a textile fabric) 
thin, sheer. (Euf — , wind-egg, sheer 
egg, egg not impregnated. Faire — , to 
be light. — •^, s.m. (arch.) 

Clair, s.m. light ; light part ; thin part ; 
clear or evident or obvious part ; sure 
part. — de lune, moonlight, moon- 
shine. Le sabre or Vepee au — , with 
drawn or unsheathed or naked sword. 
Mettre le sabre or Vepee au — , to draw 
the sword. Tirer au — , to strain, to 
filter, to draw ofi", to bottle ofl", to 
clarify, to fine ; to clear up 

Clair, adv. clearly; thinly; plainly; 
well. Je n'y vois pas — , I can't see 

Clair^age, s.m. (manu. of sugar) de- 
colouring, liquoring 


Clairce, s.f. (manu. of sugar) finely 
clarified syrup, fine liquor 

Claircer, v.a. (manu. of sugar) to de- 
colour, to liquor [plainly 

Clairement, adv. clearly; distinctly; 

Clairet, te, adj. lightish, palish; {of 
red wine) pale, pale-coloured, light ; — 
s.m. pale wine, light wine; (pharm.) 
aromatized wine ; (jewel.) pale stone 

Claire -VOie, s.f. opening, open-work; 
lattice; wicket; [of a ship, &c.) sky- 
light ; floor-light, bull's-eye ; (of a 
church) clerestory. A — , in open-work, 
open-worked ; open ; latticed ; with a 
wicket ; (of sowing) thin. Caisse a — , 

Clairi^re, s.f. glade ; clear spot, clear- 
ing ; thin place ; (nav.) lane, vein [in 
the ice) 

Clair-Obscur, s.m. clare-obscure, clair- 
obscur, chiaroscuro, light and shade ; 

Clairon, s.m. clarion, trumpet ; bugle ; 
bugler; (fish.) luring-torch ; (old) clear 
spot ; (insect) clerus 

Clairseni6, e, adj. thin-sown; thinly 
scattered; few and far between ; thin ; 
sparse; scarce; rare 

Clairvoyance, s.f. clear-sightedness, 
perspicacity ; clairvoyance 

Clairvoyant, e, adj. s. clear-sighted, 
clear-seeing, pei-spicacious ; clairvoy- 
ant, clairvoyante [exclaim 

Clamer, v.m. to clamour, to cry out ; to 

Clameur, s.f. clamour, outcry 

Clameu-x, se, adj. clamorous, noisv 

Clamp, s.m. (surg.), Clampe, s.f. (tech.) 

Clampin, e, adj. lame ; slow; — 
straggler; slow coach, laggard, loiterer, 
idler, lazy dog, la'jybones ; cripple 

Clampiner, v.n. to lag; to linger; to 
loiter ; to trifle ; to idle, to be lazy 

Clamponnier, s. m. long-pasteimed 
horse [swallow 

Clan, s.m. clan ; (nav.) sheave hole, 

Clandestin, e, adj. clandestine, secret, 
underhand; — s.f. (bot.) broom-rape, 
toothwort [secretly 

Clandestinement, adv. clandestinely, 

Clandestinit6, s.f. clandestineness, 

Clangueur, s.f. clangour, clang 

ClangUle, s.m. (bird) garrot 

Clapet, s.m. clapper, valve, clack-valve 

Clapier, s.m. rabbit-burrow, burrow; 
rabbit-hutch, hutch ; hutch-rabbit, 
tame rabbit ; (surg.) sinus ; (obsolete) 
house of ill fame 

Clapir, v.n. (of the rabbit) to squeak. Se 
— , to squat, to burrow 

Clapotage, Clapotement, s.m. 
plashing, plash, splashing, splash, 
swashing, swash, (nav.) rippling, ripple, 

Clapoter, v.n. to plash, to splash, to 
swash, (nav.) to ripple, to chop, to 
cockle; (fig.) to move, to stir, to come 
in contact 

Clapoteu-X, se, adj. (nav.) rippling, 
chopping, choppy, cockling, short 

Clapotis, s.m. (nav.) ripple, chopping 
sea, cockling sea [(of the tongue) 

Clappement, s.m. smacking or smack 

Clapper, v.n. to smack 

Claquade, s.f. bufi'eting, slapping, 

Claque, sf. slap, smack, spank : over- 

' shoe, clog, golosh; clapping; (hired) 
clappers (in a. theatre) ; (childish slang) 
snapper; bladder-senna pod ; — s.m. 
crush-hat, opera-hat, dress-hat; cocked 
hat, chapeau bras ; clack, clacker, pop 
{paper toy). Chapeau a — , cocked hat, 
scraper. Figure d — s, face with an 
impudent expression (such as one would 
like to slap) • 

Claquebois, s.m. American pine-sticks, 


musical sticks {icooden harmonica, xylo- 
phone) j 
ClaquedentS, s.m. starveling, beggar, , 
naked wretch ; chatterbox ; boaster, 
Claquexnent; s.m. clacking; dapping, 
clap ; snapping, snap ; smacking, crack- 
ing, smack, crack; chattering to/ the 
teeth) [mure, to confine, to closet 
Claquemurer, v. a. to shut up, to im- 
f Claque - oreUles, flop - hat, 

Claquer,t^n.n. to clack; to clap; to slap; 
to snap; to smack; to crack; {of the teeth) 
to chatter ; to slap or smack the face 
of; to spank; to applaud; to golosh 
{ahoes, boots) ; {fam., pop.) to die, to 
kick the bucket, to hop the twig, to pop 
off; (pop.) to eat, to feed; to sell. Faire 
— , to snap ; to slap ; to smack, to crack 
Claquet, s.w. {of a mill-hopper) clapper, 


Claqueter; v.n. {of a stork's mandibles) 

to clatter [chatterbox; card-case 

Claquette, »./. clapper; rattle; gossip, 

Claqueu-r, se, {pers.) clapper; 

— S.M. {theat.) (hired) clapper 
Claquoir, s.m. clapper 
Clarence, s.m, clarence (carriage) 
Claricorde, s.m. (old mus. instr.) clari- 

Clarification, s.f. clarification; fining 
Clarifier, v.a. to clarify, to clear; to 
purify ; to fine. Se — , to clarify, to be- 
come clear, to settle ; to be clarified or 
Claxine, s.f. (of cattle) heU [fined 

Glaring, e, adj. belled 
Clarinette, ■<<./. clarinet, clarionet ; 
clarinetist, clarionetist [etist 

Clarinettiste,s.m. clarinetist, clarion- 
Clarkia, s.m., Clarkie, «/. (hot.) 


Clart^, ««./. clearness ; brightness ; light; 

brilliancy ; splendour ; transparency ; 

limpidity ; perspicacity ; perspicuity ; 

obviousness. - des glaces, ice-blink 

Classe, s.f. class ; rank ; order ; rate ; 

sort ; form ; class-room, school-room ; 

school-time, school-hours ; school-day ; 

lesson ; school ; college. En — , at or 

in or to school ; all in ! Faire tine — , 

to take or teach a class ; (of a student) to 

go through a form. Faire ses —s, to be 

educated, to go through o.'s course of 

studies [tion ; rating 

Classement, s.m. classing, classifica- 

Classer, v.a. to class, to classify; to 

rank ; to rate ; to sort. Se — , to be 

classed or &c. ; to take rank 

Classeur, s.m. newspaper and general 

paper stand or rack ; sorter 
Classicisme, s.m. (liter.) classicism 
ClasBificateur, s.m. classifier 
Classification, s.f. classification 
Classifier, v.a. to classify 
Classique, adj. classic, classical ; aca- 
demical ; educational ; school, class ; 
standard ; — s.m. classic ; classicism ; 
(pern.) classicist 
Classiqnement, adv. classically 
Claude, '.'«. fool, simpleton, noodle; — 
adj. foolish, silly [limping 

Claudicaat, e, adj. lame, halting, 
Claudicatisn, s.f. lameness, halting, 
'impii>« [dition 

Clause, s.f. clause, stipulation, con- 
Claustral, e, adj. clanstral [finement 
Claustration, ».f. cloistering, con- 
Clavaire, «./. (bot.) clavaria (clnb-ghapcd 

fungus ) 
Clav6,e, adj. clavate, clavated. club- 
shaped ; — part, (nar.) nipped (in the. 
^»>'l [rot 

Claveau, s.m. (arch.) key-stone; {vet.\ 
Clavecin, s.m. imus. instr.) harpsichord 
Claveciniste, s.m.f. harpsichordist 
Clavel6, e, Claveleu-x, me, adj. (vet.) 
affected with the rot, rotted ; of the rot 


ClaveUe, s.f. iref.) rot frot 

Clavelisateur, s.m. inoculator for the 
Clavelisation, s.f. (i>c«.) inoculation for 
the rot [the rot 

Claveliser, v.a. (vet.) to inoculate for 
Claver, v.a. {obsolete) to nail ; to lock 
Clavette, s.f. peg ; pin, liuch-pin ; key ; 
collar [chord 

Clavicorde, s.m. (old mus. instr.) clavi- 
Clavicome, adj.m.f., s.m. (zool.) clavi- 

Claviculaire, adj. (anat.) clavicular 
Clavicule, s.f. (anat.) clavicle, collar- 
Clavier, s.m. key-ring; key -chain; 
(mus.) key-board, "finger-board, maniial, 
clavier ; compass. — de pedales, pedal- 
Claviforme, adj. claviform, club- 
Clayer, s.m. large hurdle [shaped 

Clay^re, s.f. oyster-bed, oyster-farm 
Clayette, 's.f. "twenty-four punnets of 
mushi'ooms ( />-owi 5 to 8 mushrooms each 
rnnnet) ; small hurdle, &c. (V. Clayon) 
Cla3anore, s.f. claymore 
Clayon, .s.m." small hui'dle ; wattle ; 
cheese - drainer ; wicker stand (for 
'Cheese and pastry) [fence; wicker-work 
Clayonnagc, s.m,. wattling, wattle- 
Clayonner, v.a. to wattle, to fence 
C16, sf. key; plug; (tech.) wrench ; (of a 
cart) trap-stick ; (of a breech-loader) 
lever; (of a stove) y&lve ', (of harness) 
terret ; (mus.) key, clef; (ofawind-instr.) 
key; («7-c^.) key-stone ; (/imw^.) leading 
dog, leader (of a pack) ; (nav.) (of a mast) 
j fid, (of a rudder) woodlock. — « vis, 
I screw-key, screw-wrench, spanner. — 
I anglaise, monkey-wrench or spanner, 
I split key; (dentist's) tooth-key. — 
Breguet, Breguet key, tipsy key. — de 
Garengeof, (dentist's) tooth-key. — d'ac- 
cordeur, tuning-key. — defa, F or bass 
clef. — de sol, G or treble clef. — d'ut, 
C or tenor clef. La — des champs, o.'s 
liberty (V. Champ). — de voute, key- 
stone. — s en main, (of a house) ready 
for occupation, with immediate posses- 
sion. Sous — , locked up, under lock 
and key. Enfermer a — , to lock in. 
Fermer a —, to lock. Meltre sous — , to 
lock up. Mettre la - sou.'i la porte,(fig.) 
to remove secretly (without paying o.'s 
debts), to bolt, to abscond. V. Fosse,s./. 
Cl6cll6, e, adj. (her:) cliche, voided 
Clef, s.f. V. Cl6[ler's joy, virgin's bower 
Cl^matite, s.f. (hot.) clematis, travel- 
Cl^mence, s./. clemency ; mercy ; in- 
dulgence; leniency; pardon, forgive- 
Clement, e, adj. clement ; merciful ; 
indulgent; lenient ; forgiving; mild; 
C16nientin, e, adj. (hist.) Clementine 
Clenche, Clencliette, s.f. lift (of a 

Clepbte, s.m. klepht (Greek brigand) 
Clephtique, adj. klephtic 
Clepsydre, s.f. clepsydra, water-clock 
Cleptomane, adj. kleptomaniac 
Cleptomanie, s.f kleptomania 
Clerc, s.iH. clerk; (obsolete) clergyman, 
clerk in orders ; scholar; learned man ; 
— adj. learned. Petit —, (la^nyer's) 
junior clerk. Maitre — , (lawyer's) head- 
clerk, managing clerk. Grand — . great 
scholar, Le.s plus grands —s, the most 
leam«d men. Pre aux —s, scholars' 
Clers^, s.m. clergy [gi-ound 

Clergle, s.f. (obsolete) learning, scholar- 
ship. Benefice de — , benefit of clergv 
Clerical, e, adj.. Clerical, s.m. clerl- 
I Clericalement, adv. clerically [cal 
SJl'^°^^^****°'*' "■/• clericalization 
Clericaliser, v.a. to clericalize 
Cl^rical-isme, -iste. V. page 8, § 1 
Clericat, s.m. clerkship (of the apostolic 
I chamber) 


Cl^ricattire, s.f. clerkship: appren- 
ticeship, articles ; lawyers' clerks ; holy 
orders, ecclesiastical state, ministry; 
priesthood; priests [story 

Cl6rist6re, s.m. [arch.) clerestory, clear- 

Clic-clac, s.m. cra(tking (of a whip) ; — 
i7it. crack ! 

Clichage, s.m. stereotyping, casting 

Clicll6, stereotype plate, plate, 
stereotype ; cut ; ( phot.) negative ; 
(fig.,favi.) stereotyped phrase 

Clicher, v.a. to stereotype, to cast 

Clicberie, s.f. stereotyping; stereotype 
foundry, stereotypery 

Clicheu-r, se," s.m.f. stereotyper, 
stereotypist, stereotype-founder 

Client, e, s.m.f. client; patient; cus- 

Clientele, s.f. clientele ; clients; patron- 
age, protection ; practice ; connection ; 
custom, business; goodwill ; (milkman's) 

Clifoire, s.f. wooden squirt (toy) 

tClignement, s.m. winking, blinking, 
twinkling of the eyes; wink 

fCligne -musette, s.f. (obsolete) V. 
Cache-cache [twinkle 

tCUgner, v.a.n. to wink, to blink, to 

fClignotant, e, adj. Membrane— e, 
Uuiat.) nictitating membrane, haw 

fCIignotement, Clignoter. T'. 
Clignement, Cligner 

Climat, s.m. climate, clime ; (in Bur- 
gundy) vine-growing district 

Ciinxat(6rique, adj. climacteric ; cli- 

Climat^rique, s.f. climacteric [matic 

Climato-grapliie, -logie, &c. V. 
page 3, § 1 [climate, temperature 

Climature, s.f. climatic influence. 

Climax, s.m. (rhet.) climax, gradation 

Clin, s.m. (arch.) louvre-boards, louvre- 
boarding ; (7iav.) clincher-work. — 
d'ceil, twinkling of an eye ; trice, in- 
stant; wink. A — , (nav.) clincher- 
built, clincher-worked, (of an iron ship) 
lap-jointed. Bordage a — , (nav.) clin- 
cher-work. Border a — , to clincher- 
build, Joindre a — , mav.) to lap-joint 

Clinche, s.f. V. Clenche 

Clinfoc, s.m. (nav.) flying-jib. Bout- 
dehors or baton de — , fiying-jib-boom 

Clinicien, adj.m. clinical ; — s.m. clini- 
cal physician or surgeon 

Clinique, arf/.m./. clinical; —«./. clinic, 
clinical instruction, clinical lecture (or 
lectures) or medicine or surgery or 
wards ; — s.m. (eccl. hist.) clinic. Legon 
de — , clinical lecture. Cours de -, 
(course of) clinical lectui-es [glitter 

Clinquant, s.m. tinsel ; foil ; false 

Clinquante, e, adj. tinselled, showy, 

Clinquanter, v.a. to tinsel [gaudy 

Clipper, s.m. (liar.) clipper 

Clique, s.f. clique, set, clan, gang; 
party, club, ring, league. Prnulre (or 
cmporter) ses —s et ses claques, (fam.) to 
pack up bag and baggage, to be off; 
to die, to kick the bucket 

Cliquet, s.m. click ; catch 

Cliqueter, v.n. to click, to clack; to 
clang, to clank: to clash ; to jingle 

Cliquetis, s.m. clicking, clacking; 
clashing, clash, clang, clanking, clank ; 
clatter ; jingling, jingle 

Cliquettes, snaps, snappers, 
clappers, bones; (pop.) peepers (ej/e«) 

Clisse, s.f. wicker-work, wicker; wat- 
tle; cheese-drainer ,wicker-niat ; (surg., 
nh'^nletcfor " eclisse ") splint 

Cli8s6, e, adj. covered with wickers, 
wickered, wicker 

Clisser, v.a. to cover wilb wl Iiers, to 

wicker ; (sttrg.) V. ^clisser 
Clitoris, s.m, (anat.) clitoris 

Clivable, adj, cleavable 

Clivage, «.m. (min.) cleavage 

Cllver, v.a. (jevcrL, min.) to cleave. Se, 
— , to be cleft 


Cloaque, s.m. sink, cesspool, sewer ; 
filthy hole or place ; filthy creature ; 
(anat.) cloaca ; — g.f. (Bom. antiq.) 
cloaca, sewer 

ClOClie; s.f. bell ; glass bell, bell-glass ; 
hand-glass ; glass shade ; dish-cover, 
plate-cover, meat-cover, cover ; bell- 
shaped stewpan or preserving-pan ; 
(vied.) blister; (chem., phps,) receiver; 
(nav.) ban-el (of the capstan) 

ClOClieinent, hobble, limp, hob- 
bling, halting 

Cloclie-pied, s.m. hopping on one leg ; 
hop-race. A — , on one leg, hopping. 
Aller or sauter a — , to hop on one leg, 
to hop 

Clocher, s.vt. steeple, bell-tower, 
belfry ; parish ; village ; native village 
or place. De —, (adject., fig.) village, 
petty town, local 

Clocher, v.n. to hobble, to limp, to 
halt; to be lame, to hitch; to be de- 
fective or imperfect; — i\a. (hort.) to 
cover with a hand-glass. Quelque 
chose qui cloche, a hitch somewhere 

ClOClieton, a.m. bell-turret 

ClOClxette, s.f. little bell, hand-bell; 
(bot.) bell-flower ; bear-bind 

Cloisoxi, s.f. partition ; separation ; di- 
vision ; compartment ; (of a lock) case ; 
(anat.) septum ; (nav.) bulkhead 

Cloisonnage^ s.m. partition-work ; 
wood partition [partition-work 

Cloisonnenxent; s.m. partitionment ; 

Cloisozxner, v.a. to partition 

Cloitre^ s.m. cloister ; close ; monas- 
tery, convent 

Cloitrer, v.a. to cloister; to shut up. to 
immure. Se — , to enter a cloister ; 
to shut oneself up 

Cloitri-er, ^re^ s.m.f. cloisterer, clois- 

Clonique^ ndj. (med.) clonic [tei-ess 

Clop6xnanie, s.f. V. Cleptomanie 

Clopin -dopant, adv. haltingly, limp- 
ingly, hobblingly, hobbling along 

Clopiner, v.n. to hobble, to halt 

Cloporte, «.m. wood-louse ; (fam.) door- 
keeper, house-porter 

Cloque, s.f. blister ; (of plants) rust 

Cloquer, v.n.a. to blister; to blight 

Clore, v.a.n. to close ; to shut ; to shut 
up; to close in, to enclose, to fence; 
to end, to finish, to conclude. Sc — , to 
be closed 

ClOS, e, part. adj. closed; shut; shut 
up; enclosed, fenced; close; ended, 
at an end, concluded; sealed. — et 
convert, wind and water tight 

CI0S7 s.m. close, enclosure ; (enclosed) 
field or garden ; vineyard ; orchard ; 
paddock ; croft ; yard. — de rigne, 
vineyard. — -Vougeot, clos-Vougeot 
{Burgundy vine-extate and wine) 

Closeau,, Closerie, s.f. small 
close or enclosure, small garden or&o. 
( V. CloSy s.m.) ; small farm, croft 

Closet, s.m. fish-weir [keeper 

Closier, s.m. small farmer.crofter ; field- 

Clossement, &c. V. Gloussement, 
&c. [puff-adder 

Clotho, s.f. clotho (spider). Vipere — , 

Cldtixre, s.f. enclosure ; fence ; close ; 
closing; seclusion; (jjarZ.) closure 

Cl6turer, v.a. to close ; to enclose, to 
fence; — v.n. to close 

Clou, s.m. nail ; hobnail ; spike ; stud ; 
(med.) boil ; (fig.) nucleus, centre of at- 
traction, chief point of interest, dis- 
tinguishing feature ; (slang) pawn- 
shop, spout; prison, quod, (mil. slang) 
dry-room, guard-room. — fnmant, 

— odorant, fumigating-pastille. — 
' kysterique, (med.) clavus hystericus. 

— -matrice, mother clove. — a, crochet, 
hooked nail, tenter-hook. — a en- 

' clouer, gun-spike. — a glace, frost- 
nail. — a grosse tete, hobnail; stud. 

— a vis, screw-nail, clincher-nail. — 


de girofle, clove. A — «, with nails, 
nailed ; with hobnails, hobnailed ; &c. 
Maigre (or, ironically, grus) comme mi 
cent de — s, as lean as a rake, a bag of 
bones. Mettre or coller au — , to pawn, 
to put up the spout or in lug ; to put 
in prison, to quod ; to clap into the 
Clouage, Clouexnent, s.m. nailing 
Clouer, v.a. to nail ; to spike ; to rivet, 
to pin ; to tack ; to confine ; to detain ; 
to fix ; to shut, to close ; (slang) to 
pawn ; to imprison, to quod. Sc — , 
to be nailed; to buckle to; to shut 
oneself up ; to settle 
Clouter J v.a. to stud ; to nail 
ClOUterie, s.f. nailery, nail-manufac- 
tory ; nail-making, nail manufacture ; 
nail-trade : nails 
Clouti-er, 6re, s.m./. nailer, naili ess ; 
nail-maker; nail-seller, nail-dealer; — 
sf. nail-box ; heading-tool, nail-mould, 
Clouure, s.f. nailing; nail-spot; nail- 
Clovisse, s.f. (zool.) clam [hole 

Clown, s.m. clown 

Cloy^re, s.f. basket (of oysters, of 25 
dozen, and 1 dozen over to the retailer) ; 
Club, s.m. club, political club 
Clubiste, s.m.f. clubbist 
Cluniste, s.m.adj. Cluniac (monk) 
Clusie, s.f, Cluster, s.m. (bot.) clusia, 

balsam-tree, wax-fiower 
Clysoir, s.m. injection-tube 
Clysopompe, s.m. injecting-apparatus, 

enema ; (vet.) clyster-pump 
Clyst^re, s.m. (obsolete, jest.) clyster, 

injection, enema , 

Clysteriser, v.a. (jest.) to clysterize 
Cnique, (bot.) cnicus, thistle 
Co-, (i7i compounds) co- .. ., joint . . . 
Coaccus6, e, s.m.f. (law) person ac- 
cused with another ; fellow-prisoner ; 
corespondent [chaser 

Coacqu6reu-r, se, s.m.f. joint pur- 
Coacquisition, s.f. joint purchase 
Coacti-f, ve, adj. coactive 
Coactivement, adv. coactively 
Coaction, s.f. coaction 
Coadju-teur, trice, s.m.f. coadjutor; 

coadjutress, coadjutrix 
Coadjutorerie, s.f. coadjutorship 
Coadministrateur, s.m. cotrustee ; 

Coadn6, e, adj. (bot.) coadunate 
Coagulability, s.f. coagulability 
Coagulable, adj. coagulable 
Coagulant, e, a^;'. coagulative ; — s.m. 
coagulant [tory, coagulative 

Coagula-teur, trice, adj. coagula- 
Coagulation, s.f. coagulation 
Coaguler, v.a., Se — , v.r. to coagulate 
Coagulum, s.m. coagulum 
fCoaille, Coailler. V. Quoaille, 

Coalescence, s.f. coalescence 
Coalescent, e, adj. coalescent 
Coalis6, e, part. adj. leagued, com- 
bined, allied, united, in coalition, to- 
gether; — s, allied powers, 
allies; coalitionists; unionists 
Coaliser, v.a., Se — , v.r. to league, to 
confederate, to unite in a coalition or 
combination, to unite, to combine, to 
form a coalition or combination [I'ing 
Coalition ) s.f. coalition ; combination ; 
Coalitioniste, s.m. coalitionist I 

Coaltar, s.m. coal-tar j 

Coaltarage, Coaltarisation, s.f 

tarring (with coal-tar), blacking 
Coaltarer, Coaltariser, v.a. to tar | 

(with coal-tar), to black 
Coaptation, s.f. (surg.) coaptation 
Coasseinent, s.m. (of the frog) croaking, 
Coasser, v.n. iof the frog) to croak [croak 
Coassoci6, e, s.mj'. (com.) copartner, 
joint partner 


Coassurance, s.f. mutual assurance 
Coati, s.m. (zool.) coati 
Cobalt, s.m. (min.) cobalt 
Cobaye, s.m. cavy, Guinea-pig 
Cob^a, s.7n., Cob^e, s.f. (bot.) cobsea 
Cobelllg^rant, e, adj. s. cobelligerent 
Cobourg, s.m. coburg (stuff) 
Cobourgeois, s.m. part-owner, joint 

owner (of a ship) 
Cobra, — •capello, s.m. (zool.) cobra, 
cobra-de-capello, hooded snake, spec- 
tacle-snake or viper 
Coca, s.m. (bot.) coca 
fCocagne, s.f. feast, treat; festivity, 
rejoicing ; Cocagne. Pays de — , land 
of milk and honey, land of plenty, Co- 
cagne. Mat de — , greasy pole 
Cocaine, s.f. (chem., surg.) cocaine 
Cocarde, s.f. cockade ; -bow ; rosette, 
ear-knot ; ( 2)op.) head ; drop too much. 
Prendre la —, (obsolete) to mount the 
cockade (to become a soldier) 
Cocasse, adj. funny, comical, laugh- 
able, droll, odd, queer, rum [cature 
Cocasserie, s.f. drollery, oddity, cari- 
Cocdtre, s.m. v. Coqudtre 
Cocatrix, s.m. cockatrice 
Coccine, s.f. V. CochenUline 
Coccinelle, s.f. (insect) lady-bird 
Coccule, s.m. (bot.) cocculus 
C0CC3rx, s.m. (anat.) coccyx 
Coche, s.f. notch, nick ; score ; sow ; 
— s.m. (obsolete) stage-coach, coach ; 
(the) passengers; (—d'eau) (obsolete) 
passage-boat, barge. La mouche du — , 
the fly on the coach-wheel, a busybody 
COCI16, e, part. V. Cocher, v.a^ ; — 
adj. hollow, sunk, deep ; (of pilU)'dr a,s- 
Cocbdne, s.m. (bot.) v. Avrelon [tic 
tCocbenillage, s.m. cochineal dyeing 
fCocbenille, s.f. cochineal [or dye 
tCocbeniller, v.a. to dye with cochi- 
neal [fig, nopal 
fCochenillier, s.m. (bot.) cochineal- 
fCochenilline, s.f. (chem.) cochineal- 

ine, carminic acid 
Cocber, s.m. coachman ; cabman ; 
driver ; (astr.) (the) Charioteer or 
Waggoner, Auriga. — de voiture de 
place, — de place, — de fiacre or de ca- 
briolet, cab-driver, cabman ; fly-driver, 
flyman [birds) to tread 

Cocber, v.a. to notch, to nick ; (of 
Cocb^re, adj.f. for-carriages. Porte —, 
carriage-entrance ; gateway ; court- 
yard-gate [room) 
Cocherelle, «./. (hot.) cocherelle (mush- 
Cochet, s.m. cockerel, young cock 
Cocbevis, s.m. (bird) crested lark 
Cochinchinois, e, adj. s. Cochin-Chi- 
nese ; {of fowls) Cochin-China 
tCocbl^aire, a^/. (nat. hist.) cochleary, 
cochleate [scurvy-grass 
tCocbl^aria, s.m,. (bot.) cochlearia, 
tCochl6e, sf. (anat.) cochlea 
Cochon, s.m. hog, pig, porker, swine; 
boar-stag ; pork ; (metal.) dross. — de 
lait, sucking pig. — d'Inde, — de 
Barbaric, Guinea-pig 
Cocbon, ne, adj. s. dirty, filthy, nasty, 
beastly ; lewd ; naughty ; dirty or 
beastly fellow, dirty \\Tetch, beast ; 
lewd man or woman ; beastly thing 
fCochonnaille, s.f. (po2).)dressed pork, 

sausage meat 
Cochonn^e, s.f. fai-row, litter of pigs 
Cochonner, v.n. to fan-ow, to pig ; — 

ij.'f. to bungle, to botch, to cobble 
CVbbonnerie, s.f. dirtiness, filthiness, 
nastiness, beastliness; dirty or filthy 
or nasty or beastly thint.' or stuff, filth, 
muck, trash, rubbish ; indecent action 
or language, obscenity ; wretched 
work ; nasty dealing, du'ty trick ; 
(fam..) pork i sided die ; (at bowls) jack 
Cochonnet, little pig ; twelve- 
Coco, s.m. coco, cocoa, coco-nut, ^coa- 
nut ; liquorice - root water ; (fam.) 


chap, fellow ; ducky, darling ; (childish 
word) egg; shoe;' {pop.) head, pate, 
noddle ; horse, nag. Noix de — , 
coco-nut, cocoa- nut. — de mer, — des 
Maldives or des Seychelles, coco de mer, 
double cocoa-nut 
Cocod^B, s.m. swell, fop ; fast man 
Cocodette, sj. gay woman 
Cocon, s.m. cocoon [sUk 

fCoconille, «./. twist or yarn of waste 
Coconnage, s.m. formation of cocoons 
Coconner, i\)i. to make its cocoon 
Coconni^re, s.f. cocoonery 
Cocorico. V. Coquerico 
Cocorli, s.m. (bird) pygmy curlew, little 

sandpiper, little stiiit 
Cocote, Cocotte, s.f. chickabiddy, 
biddy ; ducky, darling, dear, pet ; 
lass, wench; gay woman; saucepan, 
stewpan ; egg-boiler ; sore eyes ; foot- 
and-mouth disease ; {nms. slang) grace 
Cocoterie; s.f. gay world, courtesans 
Cocotier) s.m. coco-nut-tree, cocoa- 
nut-tree, coco-tree, cocoa-tree, coco, 
cocoa. — de mer. V. ZiOdoic^e 
Cocr6anci - er, ^re, s.m.f. joint 

Cocr^te, s.f. {bot.) V, Rhinanthe 
Coction, s.f. coction, boiling 
COCU, s.m. cuckold 
Cocuage, s.m. cuckoldom 
Cocofier, v.a. to cuckold 
Cocufieur, s.m. cuckold-maker, homer 
Coda, s.f. (mj«.)coda [lection of laws 
Code, s.m. code, law, laws, digest, col- 
Cod6bi-teur, trice, .i.m.f. joint debtor 
Cod6fend-eur, eresse, s.m.f. (lato) 

codefendant ; corespondent 
Codeine, «./. (chfrn.) codeia, codeine 
Codeznand-eur, eresse, {law) 
coplaintifiT; coapplicant ; copetitioner 
Cod6ten-tetir, trice, s.m.f. joint 
holder [prisoner 

Cod^tenu, e, s.m..f. (law) fellow- 
Codetta, «./. (mus.) codetta 
Codex, s.m. pharmacopoeia 
Codicillaire, adj. {law) codicillary 
CodiciUe, s.m. (law) codicil 
Codificateur, s.m. codifier 
Codification, s.f. codiQcation 
Codifier, v.a. to codify 
fCodille, s.m. (at the game of ombre) 
codille [rector; codirectress 

Codirec - tenr, trice, codi- 
Codonataire, s.m.f. (law) joint donee 
COCCal, Coecum, {bad spellings) V. 
Caecal, Caecum \{alg.) coefficient 
Coefficient, e, a^., Coefficient, s.m. 
Co6gal, e, adj. coequal 
Co^galit6, s.f. coequality [celiac 

Cceliaqne, adj. (anat., med.) coeliac, 
Coemption, s.f. (civ. law) coemption 
*Co6qaation, s.f. assessment of taxes 
Coercer . v.a. to coerce 
CoercibiUt6, s.f coercibleness 
Coercible, adj. coercible 
Coerci-f, ve, CoerciU-f, ve, adj. 

coercive, coercitive 
Coercition, Coercion, s.f. coercion 
Coessentiel, le, adj. coessential 
Co^tendu, e, adj. coextensive 
Coet em el, le, adj. coeternal 
Coetemit^, ».f. coetemity 
Coenr, $.m. heart ; stomach ; soul ; 
naind ; feeling ; love ; affections ; 
liking, inclination, desire ; spirit ; 
mettle; courage ; resohition; vigour, 
strength ; middle ; midst ; core ; 
depth (of winter, Ac.) ; height (of sum- 
mer, &c.) ; back (of a chimney) ; (fam.) 
darling, love, dearest ; (at cards) hearts; 
(*«r.) fess point, heart-point, —an 
ventre, courage, energy. — d'artiehnut. 
(ftO-) everybody's friend ; everybody's 
lover. — de-lion, (Engl, hist.) the JA6n- 
hearted. .Toll —, dangler, spark, benu. 
ladies* man. A—joie, to o.'s heart's 
content. A contre — , reluctantly, 


against the grain ; grudgingly ; against 
o.'s will, unwillingly. De bon — , de 
grand — , with all o.'s heart, heartily, 
sincerely, cheerfully, gladly, with 
pleasure, willingly, readily. D'un bon 
— , good-hearted. De gaiete de — , on 
purpose, pui-posely, deliberately ; wan- 
tonly ; sportively ; gratuitously. De 
tout — , sincerely; devotedly; most 
willingly. De tout son —, de plein —, 
with all o.'s heart. Mai de or au — , 
sickness, feeling of sickness, qualm. 
31aladie de —, heart-disease. Peine du 
— , heart-ache. Avoir mal au — , to feel 
or be sick or qualmish. Avoir le — 
gr08, to have o.'s heart full, o.'s heart 
to be full. Avoir le — net de, to have 
o.'s mind clear about, to know all 
about. Avoir le — sur les levres or sur 
la main, to be frank and sincere, to be 
open-hearted ; (fam.) Avoir le — sur 
les levres or sur le bord des levres, to be 
very nearly sick. Faire mal au — -, to 
make sick, to sicken; to disgust, to 
shock, to displease, to vex. Faire le 
joU —, to play the agreeable. Faire 
contre fortune bon — ,to bear up against 
bad fortune, to keep up o.'s spirits ; to 
put a good face on a bad matter or on 
the matter. Jeter (or mettre) du — sur 
le (or sur du) carreau, jouer du—, (jest.) 
to vomit, to spew. Se ronger le — , to 
eat out o.'s heart, to fret oneself to 
death. Si le — vous en dit, if you wish 
for any ; if you have a mind for it 
Co6veque, s.m. cobishop 
Coexecu-teur, trice, s.m.f. (law) co- 
executor; coexecutrix [existent 
Coexistant, e, adj. coexisting, co- 
Coexistence, s.f. coexistence 
Coexister, v.n. to coexist 
CofEre, s.m. chest; trunk; box; bin; 
coffer; locker; case; frame; carcass; 
body; (of a carriage) boot; (print.) 
coffin; (fort.) coffer; (zool.) trunk-fish, 
coffer-fish. — -fort, strong-box, safe. 
— « de V&tat, treasury, ttre belle au 
— , to have golden charms 
Cofbrer, v.a. (fam.) to lock up, to clap 

up, to cage, to quod 
Coffiret, s.m. small chest, box, casket 
CofCretier, s.m. trunk-maker 
Cofid^jusseur, s.m. (laic) cosurety 
Cog^rance, s.f. joint management 
Cog6rant, e, s.m.f. comanager; co- 
fCognac, s.m. Cognac brandy, cognac 
tCognasse, s.f. wild quince 
j fCognassier, s.m. quince-tree 
Cognat, s.m. (law) cognate 
Cognation, s.f. (law) cognation 
! tCogne,s.TO.(pop.) policeman, constable, 
peeler, bobby, slop. — s.f. (pop.) police, 
tCogn6e, s.f. axe, hatchet 
fCogne-TOtU, s.m. fussy do-nothing 
fCogner, v.a.n. to knock ; to strike ; to 
bump; to beat; to thump, to rap, to 
hit, to maul ; to hammer 

So — , v.r. to knock, to strike, to run ; 
to knock or run (o.'s . , .) ; to beat each 
other ; to fight, to have a fight 
Cogniti-f, ve, adj. cognitive 
Cognition, s.f. cognition 
f Cograoir, s.m. r. D^cosrnoir 
Cognom, s.m. (Rom. antiq.) cognomen 
Coguenosco, s.m. (nav.) marine glue 
Cohabitation, s.f. cohabitation 
Cohabiter, v.n. to cohabit 
Coh^remment, adv. coherently 
Coherence, s.f. coherence, coherency 
Coherent, e, adj. coherent 
Coh^riter, v.n. to inherit conjointly 

with another or several others 
Coli6riti-er, *re, s.m.f. coheir, joint 

heir; coheiress, joint heiress 
Cohesion, «./. cohesion; cohesiveness 
Cohoba,tion, «./, (chem.) cohobation 


Cohober, v.a. (chem.) to cohobate 
Cohorte, s.f. cohort ; troop, band, horde, 
company, party, crew, gang; multitude 
Cohue, s.f. crowd, mob, rout ; crush 
Coi, te, adj. still, quiet; snug 
Coiffe, s.f. head-dress, cap, hood ; coif ; 
wig-netting or gauze; (of a hat) lining, 
(anat., butch.) caul ; (bot.) calyptra ; 
(tech., nav.) cap, cover, hood 
Coifr6, e, part. adj. {V. Coiffer) having 
a head-dress ; dressed ; having o.'s 
hair dressed; (fig.) smitten; intoxi- 
cated, tipsy, tight. — de, having on 
o.'s head, wearing, dressed in (...), 
having on (...), with (. ..)on; having 
(or with . . .) in o.'s hair ; (fig.) in- 
fatuated or taken with, wedded to ; 
surmounted or capped with. Ne — , 
born with a caul ; (fig.) born to good 
luck, born^ with a silver spoon in o.'s 
mouth. iEtre bien — , to have o.'s hair 
well dressed ; to have a nice bonnet or 
cap or hat on ; (of a dog or horse) to 
have handsome ears, iltre —e en che- 
veux, V. Cheveu 
Coiffer, v.a.n. to put on or cover the 
head of ; to place (. . .) in the hair of ; 
to fit or suit (the head of), to fit, to suit, 
to become ; to dress the hair of ; to 
dress, to arrange ; to dress hair ; (fig.) 
to infatuate ; to cap ; to cover ; to sur- 
mount ; (vulgar) to throw (. . .) at the 
head of ; to box the ears of ; to intoxi- 
cate, to make tipsy ; to deceive (o.'s 
husband) ; (hunt.) to take by the ears. 
— sainte Catherine, to remain an old 

Se — , v.r. to put on o.'s head, to put 
on ; to wear ; to dress o.'s hair ; to take 
a fancy (to), to be taken (with), to be- 
come infatuated (with) or wedded (to) ; 
to get tipsy. Se — en cheveux, (of a 
tvoman) to put or wear nothing on o.'s 
head [cutter 

Coiifeu-r, se, «.m./ hair-dresser, hair- 
Coiffure, s.f. head-dress, head-gear; 
manner of dressing the hair, style of 
arranging the hair; hair-dressing; 
hair (dressed) 
tCoignasse, Coignassier. V. Co- 

E^nasse, Cognassier 
Coin, 8.7re corner; angle; nook; side; 
patch (of land); wedge; peg; coin, 
quoin ; stamp ; die ; mark ; corner- 
piece (of furniture) ; lump (of butter) ; 
end, extremity ; (of Uockings) clock ; 
(vet.) corner-tooth ; [rail.) key. — de 
feu, undress ; low stool, cricket. — du. 
feu, fireside. — de mire, (artU.) coin. 
Marque au — de, bearing the stamp of. 
Marque or frappe au bon — , of the 
right stamp, of the right sort, very 
good, excellent. Les quatre — s, (game) 
puss in the corner 
Coin^age, s.m. wedging; (rail.) keying 
Coincer, v.a. to wedge ; to peg ; (rail.) 

to key 
Coincidenunent, ado. coincidently 
Coincidence, s.f. coincidence 
Coincident, e, adj. coincident 
Coincider, v.n. to coincide 
Coindicant, e, adj. (m^d.) coindicant 
Coindication, s.f. (med.) coindication 
Coindiquer, v.n. (med.) to coindicate 
Coing, s.m. quince 
Cointeress6, e, s.m.f. party having a 

joint interest, sharer, partner 
Coion, (oM spelling) V. CouiUon 
Coit, s.m. coition 

Coittes, s.f. pi. (nav.) ways, bilge-ways 
Coix, s.m. (hot.) coix. Job's tears 
Cojouissance, s.f. (law) joint use 
Coke, s.m. coke 

Col, s.m. collar ; stock, cravat ; tie ; 
stiffener, pad ; neck ; pass, defile, 
strait ; mouth ; canal ; (anat.) neck. — 
-cravate, (s.m.) stock. — de cravate^ 
Btiffener, pad. Faux — , shirt-colls^r 


Cola.) s.m. [bot.) cola. Noix d-' — , cola- 
ColaOf f.m. V. Kolao [nut, kola-nut 
Colarin, (arch.) colarin 
ColaS; s.m. booby, spoony, simpleton, 

fool ; sheepish fellow 
Colatitude^ »/. (astr.) colatitude 
Colature^ »/. Ipharm.) straining, cola- 
tuve. — <ie ..., strained ... |tile 

ColbacICj s.m. (mil.) busby; (pop.) hat, 
' Colcbicine; s.f. (chem.) colchicine 
Colchique, s.m. (bot.) colchicum, 
meadow- saflFron ; — adj. (anc. geogr.) 
Colchian [colcothar 

Coleotar, Colcotliar, (chem.) 
Cold-cream, s.m. cold-cream 
Col6gataire, s.m.f. (law) colegatee 
Col6opt6re, adj. (zool.) coleopterous, 
coleopteral ; — s.m. coleopteran, co- 
leopter, beetle 
Colore, s.f. anger, passion, wrath, ire ; 
fury, rage ; fit of anger. Acces or 
mouvement de — , fit of anger. En — , 
angry, in or into a passion ; raging ; 
angrily [cible, hasty 

Colore, adj. choleric, passionate, iras- 
Col6rer (Se>, v.r. (old) to get angry ; 

to be hasty 
Col^rique, adj. choleric, passionate, 

irascible, hasty 
Col^riquemeht, adv. angrily ; hastily 
Colibri, s.m. humming-bird 
Colicitant; e, s.m.f. (law) co-vendor (o/" 
an estate held in joint owiwrship and put 
up to auction) 
Coliflcliet, s.m. gewgaw, bauble, nick- 
nack, trinket, kickshaw, trifle, toy ; 
trumpery ; tinsel ; finery ; bird-c;ike 
Colima^OXlj s.m. V. laimacon 
Colin, s.m. colin, Virginian quail, 
American parti-idge ; coalfish ; (theat.) 
tColin-maillard; blindman's buff 
Colin - Tampon, s.m. Swiss march 
(beat of drum) '; Swiss. S'en moquer (or 
s^en soucier or s'en ficher) comme de — , 
not to care a fig for it I bird 

Coliou, s.m. (zool.) colius, coly, mouse- 
Colique, s.f. adj. colic 
Colis, s.m. package, parcel, case, bale, 
article. — postal (sing.), postal parcel, 
post - parcel. — postaux (pi.), postal 
parcels, post -parcels ; parcel post. 
Service des — postaux, parcel post 
Colisa, Colise, s.m. rainbow-fish 
Colis^e, s.m. Colosseum, Coliseum 
Colite, s.f. (med.) colitis, colonitis 
Collabora-teur, trice, s.m.f. colla- 
borator; associate; assistant; fellow- 
labourer or worker ; joint author ; col- 
league ; contributor; contributress 
Collaboration, «./. collaboration ; as- 
sistance; cooperation; joint author- 
ship ; contribution ; common industry 
CoUaborer, v.n. to work jointly ; to 

assist ; to cooperate ; to contribute 
Collage, s.m. pasting ; gluing ; sizing ; 
sticking ; paper-hanging ; fining (of 
wine, &c.) 
Collant, e, adj. sticky; tight, close- 
fitting ; (of coal) caking ; — s.m. tights 
CollapsUB, s.m. (med.) collapse 
Collataire, s.m. (eccl.) priest collated, 

Collateral, e, adj. collateral ; side ; — 
s.m. (law) collateral ; — s.f. (of a church) 
side-aisle ; (anat.) collateral (artery) 
Collat^ralement, adv. collaterally 
Collat6ralit6, s.f. collatei-alness 
Collatenr, s.m. (eccl.) collator, pre- 
senter, advowee. — ordinaire, collator 
Collati-f, ve, adj. (eccl.) collative 
Collation, s.f. collation; lunch, lun- 
cheon ; presentation ; advowson, gift ; 
conferring [lation, comparing 

Collationnement, s.m. collating, col- 
CoUationner, v.a. to collate, to com- 
pare ; — v.n. to take a collation, to 


Collationneur, s.m. collationer, col- 
CoUe, s.f. paste ; glue ; size ; finings ; 
sham, fib, story, bouncer ; catch-ques- 
tion; preparatory examination, little- 
go. — forte, glue. — mirine, marine 
glue. — a bouche, mouth-glue. — d'os, 
bone-glue. — de pttte, paste. — de 
peaux, size. — de poisson, fish-glue, 
isinglass. — de riz, rice-glue. Peinture 
it la — , distemper. Prof esseur or maltre 
de — s, examiner, poser, coach, cram- 
mer, grinder. V. BlanchiBBage 
CoUectaire, s.m. (lit.) collect-book 
Collecte, s.f. collection (of money); col- 
lect (prayer) [collection (of money) 
Collecter, v.n. to make collections or a 
Collec-teur, trice, s.m.f. collector; 
collectress ; — main sewer ; — adj. 
collecting [collective 
Collecti-f, ve, otij., Collectif, s.m. 
Collection, *'./. collection ; set; file 
CoUectionner, v.7i. to make collec- 
tions or a collection (of works of art, 
&c.) ; — v.a. to collect (works ofart,&c.) 
CoUectionneu-r, se, s.m.f. (of works 
of art, &c.) collector ; collectress ; — 
adj. collecting 
Collectivement, adv. collectively 
Collectiv-isme, iste. V. page 3,' § 1 
Collectivity, s.f. collectiveness 
College, s.m. college ; grammar school, 
high school, school ; assembly ; dis- 
trict; constituency. — communal, gram- 
mar-school. — de plein exercice, public 
school with a full staff of teachei's. 
Sentir le — , to be pedantic 
Coll^gial, e, adj. collegial ; collegiate ; 

— s.f. collegiate church 
CoU^gialement, adv. scholastically 
Coll^gien, s.m. collegian ; school-boy, 

boy at school 

Coli^gue, s.m. colleague [sion 

Collement, s.m. agglutination, adke- 

Coller, v.a, to paste ; to glue ; to size ; 

to stick ; to hang ; to fine (wine, &c.) ; 

to mat ; to apply closely ; to fix ; to 

fasten (on) ; to rivet ; to pin, to pin 

down ; to put, to place, to clap ; to put 

close (to) ; to press ; to give ; to pass on 

(to) ; to send ; to catch at fault; to catch; 

to puzzle, to pose, to stump ; to silence, 

to shut up ; to keep in ; (at billiards) to 

put close to the cushion, to cushion ; 

— v.n. to stick, to adhere ; to fit tight ; 
to cake 

Se — , v.r. to stick, to stick on ; to 
adhere; to cling; to cleave; to lie or 
stand close ; to rest or lean (against) ; 
to cake ; to be pasted or glued or &c. ; 
to give oneself ; (billiards) to put o.'s 
own ball close to the cushion. S>n — 
pour, (pop.) to go to the expense of, to 
spend (. . .) over it [ere; (tech.) flange 
Collerette, .■*./. collarette; (bot.) involu- 
Collet, s.m. collar (of a coat or goun) ; 
cape ; (old) bands, priest, orders ; neck 
(of mutton, of veal, of a tooth) ; wire 
(snare) ; crown (of an anchor) ; (bot., 
tech.) collar, collet, neck; flange, — 
montant, stand-up collar. — monte, (old) 
stiff stand-up collar; (fig.) stuck-up, 
stiff, formal, strait-laced, prudish, pe- 
dantic ; stiff or &g. person. Prendre au 
— , to collar ; to ^vire. Preter le — a, to 
cope with. Saisvr au — , sauter au — de, 
to collar 
CoUeter, v.a. to collar ; to take or seize 
by the collar or by the neck ; — v.n. to 
set wires 

Se — , v.r. to collar each other, to 
seize each other by the collar ; to grap- 
ple; to wrestle, to fight, to come to 
blows ; to contend, to wrangle ; to com- 
mit oneself (with) [^rangier, fighter 
Colleteur, s.m. wire -setter; (pop.) 
Colietique, adj.m.f, (med.) coUetic 
Collenr, s.m. paper-hanger ; bill-sticker, 


bill-poster; paster; gluer ; sizer; (fam.) 
story-teller, boaster, humbug ; trouble- 
some twaddler ; examiner, poser, coach, 
crammer, grinder 
Colley, s.m. collie (dog) 
Collier, s.m. necklace ; necklet ; collar ; 
(mark) ring; (of a spur) bow; (butch.) 
neck, clod, sticking-piece (of beef ). -— 
deforce, training-collar. — de misiir, 
toil, drudgery, yoke. A - , (zool.) ringed. 
Franc du — , (of a horse) free; (pers.) 
frank, open, hearty, forward [cull 

Colliger, v.a. to collect, to gather, to 
Collimation, s.f. (bad spelling) V. Col- 
lin^ation [mountain 

Collinaire, adj. (bot.) growing on hills, 
CoUine, s.f. hill. La double—, (poet.) 
Parnassus [collimation 

Co]lin6ation, s.f. (astr.) collineation, 
*Colliquati-f, ve, adj. (med.) colliqua- 
♦CoUiquation, s.f. (med.) colliquation ,. 
Collision, s.f. colhsion 
Collocation, s.f. collocation, classing; 
order; share; investment [colloquist 
CoUocu-teur, trice, s.m.f. collocutor, 
Collodion, s.m. collodion 
Collodionner, v.a. to collodionize 
Colloque, s.m. colloquy ; conference ; 

conversation ; dialogue 
CoUoquer, v.a. to place, to clap; to 
pass on (to) ; to give ; to class, to mar- 
shal ; to invest ; — v.n. to colloquize 
CollUder, v.n. to collude 
Collusion, s.f. collusion 
Collusoire, adj. collusive, collusory 
CoUusoirement, adv. collusively 
Collutoire, s.m. (m-d.) collutorium, 
collutory, mouth-wash (semi-liquid ap- 
plication) [wash, eye-salve 
CoUyre, s.m. collyrium, eye-water, eye- 
Colxnatage, s.m. (agr.) warping 
Colmate, «./. (agr.) warp ; warped land 
Colmater, v.a. (agr.) to warp 
Colocase, Colocasie, s.f. (hot.) colo- 

casia, cocco, coco-root, eddoes 
Colocataire, s.m.f joint tenant 
Colocation, s.f. joint tenancy 
ColOC3rntlline, s.f. (chem.) colocynthine 
Colombage, s.m. (build.) stud-works, 

Colombaire, adj. (zool.) columbine ; 

— s.m. (in antiquity) columbarium 
Colombar, s.m. tree-pigeon, green 

pigeon, fruit-pigeon 
Colombe, s.f. dove; (carp.) stud, up- 
right joist, upright; (tech.) cooper's 
Colombeau, s.m. young pigeon [plane 
Colombelle, s.f. young dove; (itrint.) 

Colombien, ne, adj. s.m.f. Colombian ; 
Columbian ; — s.f. ( print.) Columbian 
Colombier, s.m. dovecot, pigeon- 
house; (print.) too great a space be- 
tween words ; (theat.) upper gallery : 
(paper) columbier, colombier; (nav.) 
Colombi-galline, s.f. V. Ooura 
Colombin, e, rtrfj, columbine ; —s.m, 
stock-dove ; innocent-looking fellow ; 
lead ore ; — s.f. pigeon's dung, fowl's 
dung, poultry-yard manure; (bot.) 
Colombium, s.m. (chem.) colnmhium 
Colombo, s.m. (bot.) calumba, Colombo 
Colombophile, ae^. pigeon-fancying; 

— S-. )/(,./. pigeon-fancier 
G^lombopliilie, s.f. pigeon -fancying 
Colomnaire, adj. columnar 
Colon, s.m. colonist; settler; planter; 

cultivator, husbandman, farmer ; con- 
vict ; West Indian 

Cdlon, s.m. (anat.) colon 

Colonel, s.m. colonel 

Colonelle, s.f colonel's wife; — s.f, 
adj.f. (obsolete) colonel's compan^(^r»« 
company of a regiment) 


Colonial, e, adj. colonial 
Colonic, «./. colony; settlement; agri- 
cultural school; agricultural peni- 
tentiary. — agricoU or penale or peni- 
tentiaire, agricultural penitentiary, 
penal settlement 
Colonisable, adj. colonizable 
Colonisa-tenr, trice, adj. coloniz- 
iu^ ■ — s.m.f. colonizev [ment 

Colonisation, s./. colonization ; settle- 
Coloniser, v.a. to colonize ; to settle. 

Se — . to become colonized 
Coloniste, «.m. adj. colonizationist 
Colonnade, «./. colonnade 
Colonne, «./. "column; pillar; monu- 
ment; post; (arith.) row; (siciviming) 
foot-plunge, footer. A — », with col- 
umns, columned ; (of a bedstead) four- 
post. — d'aasaut, (mil.) storming-party. 
— d'attaque, (mil.) attacking-party. 
l,fs _s d'Hercule, the pillars of Her- 
Colonnette, s.f. little column [cules 
Colophane, s.f. colophony 
Coloquinte, s.f. (bot.) colocjmth, bitter 
apple, bitter cucumber ; ( pop.) sconce, 
pate, noddle, head 
Colorado, s.m. Colorado beetle 
Coloration, s.f. coloration ; colouring ; 

colour; staining 
Colore, e, adj. coloured; varnished; 
deep-coloured; ruddy, fresh; lively, 
glowing, brilliant ; colourable, specious 
Colorer, v.a. to colour ; to dye ; to 
tinge ; to suffuse ; to embellish ; to 
varnish, to gild over, to disguise, to 
palliate, to excuse, to cloak. Se — , to 
colour; to be tinged; to assume a 
colour ; to take its colour 
Coloriage, ».m. colouring, illuminating^ 
Colorier, v.a.n. to colour, to illumi- 
nate; to understand colouring, to 
ColoriS, s.m. colouring; colour; hue 
ColoriSte, «.m./. colom-ist; colourer ; 
Colossal, e, adj. colossal [illuminator 
Colossalement, adv. colossally 
Colosse, colossus 
Colossien, ne, adj. s. Colossian 
Colostration, s.f. (med.) colostration 
Colostrum, s.m. (med.) colostrum 
Colportage, s.m. hawking; hawker's 
trade ; pedlary ; book-hawking ; book- 
stall trade; newsvending; sale (of 
boola by hawkers and at raihoay stalli); 
Colporter, v.a. to hawk, to hawk 
about ; to peddle ; to retail, to spread, 
Se — , to be hawked about ; to spread ; 
to circulate 
Colporteu-r, se, s.vif. hawker; ped- 
lar ; book-hawker ; news-vendor ; col- 
porteur; (Jip.) retailer, spreader 
Coltar, &c. V. Coaltar, &c. 
Coltin, s.m. coal-heaver's hat, backer's 
hat [porter 

Coltineur, s.m. coal-heaver, heavy 
Coltis, s.m. (nav.) beak-head 
Colubrin, e, adj.(zool.) colubrine 
Columbaire, Colnmbarium, s.m. 

V. Colombaire 
Columbiuzn, s.m. (ehem.) columbium 
Colore, s.m. (aMr., geog.) colure 
Colza, 1 m. (bot.) colza 
Coma, s.m. (med., bot.) coma 
Comateu-x, se, adj. (med.) comatose 
Combat, s.m. combat, fight, battle, ac- 
tion, engagement, encounter; fight- 
ing; contest; struggle; strife; con- 
flict ; contention ; opposition ; attack ; 
assault ; match. — en ehasse, (nav.) 
running fiRht Au fort du — , in the 
thick of the flght Hors de — , dis- 
abled. Mfttre horn de — , to disable 
Combativit^, sf. combativeness 
Combattable, adj combatable; im- 

Combattant, e, s.m.f. combatant; 
fighting • man or woman , fighter ; 


champion, championess ; soldier, war- 
rior; supporter; — a.m. (bird) ruff 
(female, reeve) 
Combattre, v.a.n. to fight; to fight 
against ; to comhat ; to engage ; to 
encounter ; to contend with ; to con- 
tend ; to strive against ; to strive ; to 
struggle against; to struggle; to op- 
pose ; to resist ; to vie ; to contest ; to 
Combe, s.f. valley, combe, comb, 
coombe, coomb, (mi Wales) cwm; (mil.) 
Combien, adv. how much ; how many ; 
how long; how far, what distance; 
how ; what. — de fois ? how many 
times ? how often ? — de temps ? how 
much time ? how long ? 
Combinaison, s.f. combination; con- 
trivance ; ingenuity ; management ; 
Combina-teur, trice, s.m.f. com- 
biner, contriver; —adj. combining; 
contriving [compound 

Combin6, s.m. (ckem.) combination, 
Combiner, v.a. to combine ; to con- 
trive. Se — , to combine ; to be com- 
bined or contrived 
Comble, s.m. heaping, overmeasure; 
fulfilment ; completion, consumma- 
tion ; top ; height, highest pitch, sum- 
mit, utmost, acme, zenith ; perfection ; 
roof ; roof-timbers ; shed. Au — , at 
the height ; complete, to the full, full. 
Potir — de, to complete, to crown. 
Sous leg —s, at the top of a (or the) 
house. Mettre le —. a, to complete, to 
Comble, adj. heaped ; full, quite full, 
filled to overflowing, crowded, 
crammed ; excessive 
Comblement, s.m. filling up 
Combler, v.a. to heap ; to heap up ; to 
pile up ; to fill ; to fill up ; to fulfil ; to 
gratify ; to cover, to make up, to make 
good, to supply ; to complete ; to 
crown ; to load ; to overwhelm ; to de- 
light, to overjoy, to charm ; to make 
(one) confused. Se — , to be filled 
Combridre, s.f. [fish.) tunny-net 
Combuger, v.a. to season (loith water), 

to soak 
Comburant, e, adj. (chem.) combu- 
rent, burning, combining with evolu- 
tion of heat or of light and heat ; — 
s.m. supporter of combustion 
Combustibility, s.f. combustibility 
Combustible, adj. combustible; — 
s.m. fuel, firing, combustible matter, 
Combustion, s.f. combustion; (fig.) 

conflagration, flame, tumult, uproar 
Come, s.m. warder \of galley-slaves) 
Com^dia-teur, trice, s.m.f. come- 

diator; comediatress 
Com^die, s.f. comedy ; play ; theatre, 
play-house; theatricals; sport; f im ; 
farce; sham, shamming; play-book ; 
book of the play ; comedians, players, 
company. Donner la — , to make one 
or people laugh ; to make oneself an 
object of laughter, to be a laughing- 
stock; to expose oneself. Jouer la (or 
une) — , (fi,g.) to play a part, to dissimu- 
Com6dien, ne, s.m.f. comedian ; 
actor, actress, player, performer ; dis- 
sembler, hypocrite ; — adj. theatrical ; 
affected, artificial, assumed, feigned, 
Com^don, s.m. (med.) comedo (pi. 

comedones), maggot pimple, grub 
ComestibiUt^, sf. edibleness 
Comestible, ndj.m.f, s.m. comestible, 
eatable, esculent, "edible; — ■, s.m.jil. 
comestibles, eatables, esculents, vic- 
tuals, provisions [metic 
Com^taire, adj. (astr.) cometary, co- 


Com^te, s.f. (astr., fireworks, her., game 

at cards) comet ; (com.) satin ribbon 
Com6tograplie, s.m. cometographer 
Com6to-grapliie, -logie, &c. V, 

page 3, § i 
Comice, meeting ; society ; agri- 
cultural meeting or society ; electoral 
meeting; — s, pi. meetings, &c. ; 
(Rom. hist.) comitia 
Comicial, e, adj. V. Comitiai 
Comique, adj. comic ; comical ; — s.m. 
comedy, comic art or style or actor or 
character or author or subjects ; comic 
singer ; comical part or side ; comical- 
ness ; something comical ; humour 
Comiquement, adv. comically 
Comitat, comitat (county of Hvn- 
Comite, s.m. V. Come Igary) 

Comit6, «.m. committee; board; ( lam.) 
meeting, club. En petit — , a small 
party; with a few intimate friends, 
with a select few ; among ourselves or 
yourselves or themselves. — de lec- 
ture, committee (for deciding upon new 
plays offered for performance). La 
Chambre formee en—, a committee of 
the whole House 
Comitiai, e, adj. of agricultural or 
electoral meetings ; of agricultural so- 
cieties ; agricultural ; electoral ; (Rom, 
hist.) comitiai [ma 

Comma, ■<«.m. (jprint.) colon ; (vins.) com- 
Command, s.m. (law) purchaser 
(through an agent), principal [ing 

Commandant, e, part. adj. command- 
Commandant, s.m. commander ; 
commandant ; commanding officer ; 
major; governor; — o, s./. ditto's wife. 
— de place, commandant of a place 
Commande, s.f. order ; (nav.) fox. De 
— , to order ; made to order ; ordered ; 
bespoken; prescribed; feigned, sham, 
forced; at command.' Sur — , to order 
Commandement, s.m. command ; 
commandment ; order ; bidding ; man- 
date, precept ; word of command ; 
manner of commanding ; commander- 
ship ; call ; (law) writ ; summons. 
Secretaire des — », private secretary. 
Etre de — , to be prescribed or ordered 
Commander, v.a.n. to command; to 
order ; to bid ; to direct ; to prescribe ; 
to require ; to bespeak ; to govern ; to 
rule ; to dictate ; to lead, to conduct ; 
to have the command of, to have charge 
of ; to be in command ; to give the 
word (or words) of command ; to com- 
mand a view of, to overlook. — eM pre- 
mier or en second, to be first or second 
in command. Se — , to command one- 
self; (of things) to come at command 
or at call; to depend on the will 
Commanderie, s.f. commandery 
Commandexir, s.m. commander; (— 
d.^esclavex) overseer of slaves, slave- 
driver ; (bird.) V. Troupiale 
Commanditaire, s.m.f. (com.) sleep- 
ing partner ; — adj. sleeping 
Commandite, s.f. (com.) limited lia- 
bility; company of acting and sleep- 
ing partners ; limited liability com- 
pany, limited joint-stock company ; 
sum invested by a commanditaire, 
funds advanced, share of capital, in- 
terest. SocietS en — , (simjile) limited 
liability company, (par actions) limited 
joint-stock company 
Commandite, e, adj. (com.) supplied 
with funds, financed; — s.iu.f. acting 
Commanditer, v.a. (com.) to supply 
the funds for, to advance funds to, to 
finance, to take an interest in (as a 
sleeping partner). Se — , to be assisted 
with an advance of funds, to find 
sleeping partners or a sleeping partner 
Comme, adv. conj. as ; like ; such as ; 


as much as ; so much as ; as well as ; 
as good as ; almost, neai-ly ; as if ; as 
it were ; in a manner ; something like ; 
how ; how much ; how many ; when ; 
while. — cela, — (-a, like that; in this 
way, in that way ; thus ; so ; this way ; 
as it is or was, as they are or were ; 
middling, indifferently, so so. — quoi, 
how; in what. — il J aut, V.TaHoir 
Comxn^inoraison, «./. (lit.) com- 
memoration [memorative, memorial 
Cointn6inorati - f, ve, adj. com- 
Comm^moration; »./. commemora- 
tion ; mention 
Coznmeinorer} v.a. to commemoi-ate 
Coininen9ant, e, s.m.f. beginner; 

novice, tyro 
Comnxenceinent; s.m. beginning, 
commencement ; rise ; origin ; setting 
in; setting out, outset. An — , in the 
beginning, at the outset, at first 
Comxnencer^ v.a.n. to begin, to com- 
mence. Se — , to be begun 
Coxnmendataire, acJj. (can. law) com- 
mendatary ; — s.m. commeudatary, 
commendator [am 

Commeilde, «/. (can. laio) coramend- 
Coxnnxender, v.a. (can. l_aw.) to give in 


Commensal, e, s.m.f. commensal; 

messmate ; habitual guest, guest ; 

boarder [monsalism 

Commensalisme; s.m. (zool.i com- 

Coininensalit6, «./. commensality 

Cominensurabilit6; s.f. commensur- 

ability [able 

Commensurable, adj. commcnsur- 

Commensuration, s.f. commensura- 

Comment, adv. how ; why ; what ; in- 
deed I how now? what did you say? 
what do you mean (by)? — s.m. how; 
why, wherefore. — cela ? how is that ? 
how so? — done! oh dear yes, to be 
sure, certainly; oh dear no, certainly 
not. . . . — faire, . . . what to do, . . . 
how to manage it, , . . how to help it. 
— faire ? what is (or was) to be done ? 
what can (or could) be done ? what are 
(or were) we to do? how can (or could) 
it be helped? — se fait-il I F. Talro 
(Se). — penser autrement lorsque . . . ! 
how can (or could) one think otherwise 
when . . . ? 
Commentaire, s.m. commentary ; 

comment; remark; observation 
Copimenta-teur, trice, s.vif. com- 
mentator; commenter; annotator, ex- 
Commenter, v.a.n. to comment on, to 
comment, to make comments ; to 
gloss, to give a gloss ; to criticize ; to 
put an ill construction (upon). Se — , 
to be commented on [tittle-tattle 

Comm^rage, gossiping, gossip, 
Commer9able, adj. negotiable 
Commercant, e, adj. commercial, 
mercantile, trading ; — s.m.f. com- 
mercial man, merchant, trader, dealer, 
tradesman, tradeswoman 
Commerce, s.m. commerce, trade ; 
ti-ading ; traffic ; business ; commercial 
people, tradespeople ; intercourse, con- 
nection, dealing ; correspondence ; 
communication ; interchange ; culti- 
vation ; acquaintance ; society ; inti- 
macy ; communion ; conversation ; 
commerce (card-game). — actif, brisk 
trade ; exports ; excess of exports over 
imports. — passif, imports ; excess of 
imports over exports. — de qalanterie, 
intrigue. — d€ i;ms, wine-trade ; wine- 
stores. De or du — , of commerce, of 
trade ; commercial, mercantile, tra- 
ding, merchant. Le haut — , mer- 
chants. Le petV — , tradespeople. 
Eire d'un — sHr, to be safe to deal 
with. Faire le — de, to trade in, to 


deal in, to carry nn the business of. 
Dans le — de la vie, in our dealings 
with the world 
Commercer, v.n. to trade, to traffic ; 
to deal ; to hold intei'course [ding 

Commercial, e, adj. commercial, tra- 
Commercialement, adv. commerci- 
ally [ize 
Commercialiser, v.a. to commercial- 
Commercialit6, s.f. commercial na- 
ture or capacity; commercial value; 
Comm^re, s.f. fellow-godmother ; gos- 
sip ; wife ; mother, gammei*, friend, 
good woman ; body, thing ; artful and 
clever woman, shrewd woman [tattle 
Comm^rer, v.n. to gossip, to tittle- 
Commettage, (nav., of ropes) lay- 
ing ; lay [ployer ; principal 
Commettant, s.m. constituent; em- 
Commettre, v.a. to commit ; to do ; 
to intrust ; to confide ; to appoint ; to 
commission ; to employ ; to compro- 
mise, to expose ; to embroil, to set at 
variance ; (nav.) to lay (a rope). Se — , 
to commit or expose oneself ; to trust 
oneself; to measure o.'s strength, to 
contend, to fight ; to be committed 
Commination, sf. commination 
Comminatoire, adj. comminatory 
Comminuer, v.a. to comminute 
Comminuti-f, ve, adj. comminuting; 

(surij.) comminuted 
Comminution, s.f. comminution 
Commis, e, part, committed, &c. (V. 

Comnxis, clerk ; shopman ; officer ; 
assistant ; deputy. Premier — , head- 
elerk, senior clerk. Petit — , junior 
clerk. — ambulaiit, ont-door clerk. — 
viarchand, salesman. — voyageur, 
(commercial) traveller, bagman. — 
aitx ecritures, writing or copying-clerk ; 
(nav.) assistant-clerk. — aux vivres, 
ship's steward. — de bai-riere, — aux 
barriercs, toll collector, exciseman. — 
de boutique or de magasin, shopman. — 
de marine, (nav.) clerk (assimilated to 
Commise, s.f. (feud, law) forfeiture 
Commiseration, s.f. commiseration 
Commissaire, s.m. commissary ; cona- 
missioner; trustee; steward; peace- 
officer ; (district) superintendent of 
police ; chief constable ; (of a shijj) pay- 
master. — priseur, auctioneer, apprai- 
ser. — de police, (district) superintend- 
ent of police ; chief constable 
Commissariat, commissaryship ; 
commissionership ; trusteeship ; stew- 
ardship ; commissary's or commission- 
ers' office ; police-station or office ; 
commissariat; commissioners (of the 
admiralty), naval commissioners. — de 
police, police-station, police-office 
Commission, s./. commission ; charge; 
trust ; warrant ; mandate ; mission ; 
message ; errand ; committee ; com- 
mission-agency or business 
Commissionnaire, s.m. commission- 
agent, commission-merchant, agent, 
factor; messenger; carrier; porter; 
errand-boy, errand-man ; street-mes- 
senger, errand-porter, ticket-porter, 
commissionaire ; touter, tout. — 
-c/tart/eur, freight-commissioner, canal- 
carrier. — expediteur, shipping agent. 
— dc roulnge, common carrier, waggon- 
office keeper. — de vente, salesman 
Commissionner, v.a. to commission 
Commissoire, adj. (law) binding 
Commissural, e, adj. commissural 
Commissure, s.f (anat., hot., arch.) 

Commodat, s.m. (law) commodate 
Commode, adj. commodious ; con- 
venient ; suitable ; serviceable ; handy ; 
comfortable ; pleasant, agreeable; easy; 


easy to deal with, good-natured, ac- 
commodating ; lax, loose 
Commode, s.f. chest of drawers, 
drawers ; (obsolete head-dress) commode. 

— -toilette, toilette- — , pedestal dress- 
ing-table or toilet-table or washstand 

Commod6ment, adv. commodiously ; 
conveniently; suitably; comfortably; 

Commodity, s.f. commodiousness ; 
convenience ; comfort ; ease ; accom- 
modation ; (obsolete) conveyance ; 
means, way ; opportunity ; — s, pi. con- 
veniences, comforts, ease ; water- 
closet, privy, conveniences 

Commodore, s.m. (nav.) commodore 

Commotion, s.f. commotion; shock; 
(vied.) concussion 

Commuabilit6, s.f. commutability 

Commuable, adj. commutable 

Commuer, v.a. to commute 

Commun, e, adj. common ; public, 
general ; universal ; unanimous ; joint; 
usual, ordinary, every-day; familiar; 
common-place"; trite ; trivial ; coarse ; 
vulgar ; low ; mean ; average, one with 
another; conventual. Peu — , un- 
common, rare, unusual, extraordinary 

Commun, s.m. generality; generality 
of men, most people, general public; 
common stock ; common way ; ordinary 
class; common people, lower class, 
vulgar ; menial servants, menials ; — s, 
pi. servants' offices, domestic offices, 
outbuildings ; privy, Homme — , vulgar 
man. Homme du — , common man. Le 

— des hommes or des viortels, the bulk 
of mankind. Le — des martyrs, the 
common herd. Vivre sur le — , to live 
at the expense of others 

Communal, e, adj. communal, of the 
parish, parish, parochial, town; dis- 
trict ; — s.m. (pi. Comxnunauat) com- 
mon, common land, common pasture, 
public ground, parish property. I^Jcole 
~e, parish school, board school, na- 
tional school 

Communard, e, s^m.f. (Fr. polit.) par- 
tisan of the Commune of 1871 

Communaute, s.f. community; con- 
vent ; corporation ; company ; body ; 
society; communion; possession in 
common. — de biens, community of 
property. Biens de — , (law) common 
property, common estate 

Commune, s.f commune ; parish ; 
town ; township ; town-hall ; parishion- 
ers; townspeople, inhabitants; com- 
mon council ; (Fr. hist.) Commune ; — s^ 
pi. communes, parishes, &c. ; (Engl, 
pari.) Commons 

Commun^ment, adv. commonly, 
generally, usuaUy [munard 

Communeu-x, se, s.m.f. V. Com- 

Communiant, e, s.m.f. communicant 

Communicabilit6, s.f. communica- 

Communicable, adj. communicable 


Communica-teur, trice, s.m.f. com- 
municator ; — adj. communicating 

Communicati-f, ve, adj. communi- 

Communication, s.f. communication; 
correspondence; intercourse; commu- 
nion ; connection ; information ; cog- 
nizance ; message ; producing or pro- 
duction (of documents). De —, (adject.) 

♦communicating, connecting 

Communicativement, adv. com- 

Communier, v.n. to receive the sacra- 
ment, to communicate ; — v.a. to ad- 
minister the communion to 

Communion, s.f. communion ; sacra- 
ment ; communion-prayer ; fellowship. 
Faire sa premiere — , to take tli*6aCfa- 
ment for the first time 


CoixixilUXliQ,u6; s.m. official communi- 
cation {to a newspaper) 
Conununiquerj v.a.n. to communi- 
cate ; to convey ; to impart ; to infuse ; 
to give; to produce, to show; to in- 
form, to acquaint, to tell ; to correspond, 
to hold a correspondence ; to have 
conwnimication ; to be in communica- 
tion ; to confer ; to consult ; to lead 

Se — , v.r. to be communicated ; to 
communicate itself ; to spread ; to be 
catching or contagious; to communi- 
cate; to communicate or impart to 
each other; to communicate oneself, 
to be communicative or accessible ; to 
open o.'s heart 
Commimisme; s.m. communism 
Communiste, s.m.f. communist; — 
culj. communistic [tator 

Coznxnutateur, s.m. (phys.) commu- 
Commutati-f, ve, adj. commutative 
Coxnxnutation, s.f. commutation 
Coxnocladie^ s.f. (bot.) comocladia, 
maiden-plum [closeness, firmness 

Compacit^j s.f. compactness, density, 
Compact, e, adj. compact, dense, 

close, solid, firm ; serried ; concise 
fCompagne, s.f. female companion, 
companion; consort, partner; wife; 
friend ; equal ; helpmate ; playmate ; 
mate; attendant, concomitant; {in 
compounds) mate, fellow, companion 
fCompagnie, s.f. company; society; 
companionship ; association ; fellow- 
ship ; partnership ; covey, bevy ; troop. 
Dame or demoiselle de —, lady-compa- 
nion. De — , in company, together. 
De bonne — , of good breeding or 
manners; well-bred; proper; gentle- 
manly ; ladylike. De mauvaise — , of 
bad breeding or manners; ill-bred; 
improper ; ungentlemanly ; unlady- 
like. Fausser —-, to give the slip, to 
steal away ; to disappoint. 11 n'y a si 
bonne — qu'on ne quitte (or qui ne se 
sipare), the best of friends must part 
fCoxupagnon, s.m. companion ; con- 
sort ; partner ; friend ; equal ; fellow ; 
mate; playfellow,playmate; droll fellow; 
journeyman, workman ; associate, 
member of a (trade) society or union, 
trade-unionist, trades-unionist, union- 
ist ; attendant, concomitant ; {in com- 
pounds) fellow, mate, companion 
fCompag^onnage, s.m. trade-union, 
trades-union, union ; trade-unions, 
trades-unionSjUnions ; trade-unionism, 
trades-unionism ; {old) time of service 
as journeyman [compared 

Comparable, adj. comparable, to be 
Comparablement, adv. comparably ; 

in comparison (with) 
Comparaison, sf. comparison ; simile 
Comparaitre, v.n. to appear 
Comparant, e, adj. {law) appearing; 
— s.m.f. appearer [tive 

Comparati-f, ve, adj. s.m. compara- 
Comparativemeiltj adv. compara- 
tively [parative 
Compar6, e, part. adj. compared ; com- 
Comparer, v.a. to compare. Se" — , to 
compare oneself ; to be compared, to 
compare ; can be compared 
Comparoir, v.n. (law, obsolete) V. 
Compaxaltro [ary, super 
Comparse, s.m.f. {theat.) snpemumer- 
CompartiLment, s.m. compartment ; 
panel; cell; division; {mining) panel, 
rib-wall [partments 
Compartiment^, e, adj. with com- 
Compamtion, s.f. (law) appearance 
Compaa, s.m. compass ; compasses ; 
pair of compasses ; dividers ; {of shoe- 
makers) size-stick. — d trois branches, 
triangular compasses {or dividers). — 
d pointes chnngeantes, compasses {or 
dividers) with shifting pen and pencil 
legs (or with movable points), di-aught- 


compasses. — d calibrer, — de calibre, 
(inside) calipers. — d'epaisseur, (out- 
side) calipers. — de proportion, sector. 

— de jY'ducf tore,proportional compasses. 

— de route, (nav.) steering-compass. 
Au ~, with compasses. Avoir le — 
dans Vail, to have a sure eye 

Compass6, C, adj. measured, &c. (V. 
Compasser) ; formal, stiff, starched, 
affected ; systematic ; precise 
Compassement, s.m. measuring with 
compasses; {fig.) formality, stiffness, 
starchedness, punctiliousness, studied 
Compasser, v.a. to measure with com- 
passes ; to measure ; to arrange, to 
dispose, to lay out ; to regulate ; to 
proportion ; to weigh, to consider 
Compassion, sf. compassion, pity, 
mercy [nity 

Compaternit^, s.f. (theol.) compater- 
Compatibilit6, s.f. compatibility 
Compatible, adj. compatible, con- 
Compatir, v.n. to sj^mpathize (with), 
to compassionate, to commiserate, to 
pity ; to bear (with) ; to be compatible, 
to agree 
Compatissance, s.f. pity, sympathy 
Compatissant, e, adj. compassion- 
ate, sympathizing, feeling, tender 
Compatriote, (fellow-) country- 
man or countrywoman, compatriot 
Compatriot-ique, -isme. V. page 
3, § 1 [diously 

Compendieusement, adv. compen- 
Compendieu-x, se, adj. compen- 
Compendium, s.m. compendium 
Compensable, adj. compensable 
Compensa-tenr, trice, adj. com- 
pensating, compensative, compensa- 
tion. Balancier or pendule — , com- 
pensation-balance or pendulum 
Compensateur, s.m. {phys.) compen- 
sator; {horol.) compensation-balance 
or pendulum. — magnMque, mag- 
netic compensator [set-off; offset 
Compensation, s.f. compensation ; 
Compensatoire, adj. compensatory 
Compenser, v.a. to compensate; to 
set off ; to offset ; to make up for ; to 
make amends for; to balance; to 
counteract. — les depens, (law) to 
order each party to pay his own costs. 
-Se — , to compensate each other ; to be 
Comp6rage, s.m. spiritual relation 
{between sponsors respectively, and be- 
tween sponsors and the parents of the 
baptized), compaternity, gossipred ; 
confederacy ; collusion ; deception, 
Compare, s.m.f ellowrgodfather ; gossip ; 
daddy, gaffer, fellow, comrade, crony, 
friend, body, blade, dog ; cunning fel» 
low, sly blade ; confederate, pal ; asso- 
ciate; partner; compeer; squire. — 
le renard, squire Reynard. — s et com- 
pagnons, intimate, hand and glove. 
Vigoureux — , determined fellow. Par 
et — par commere, by favour and in- 
- -cochon, s.m. a fellow more 
free than welcome. — •loriot, s.m. sty 
{on the eye); {bird) loriot, golden oriole 
Comp6temment, adv. competently 
Comp6tence, s.f competence, com- 
petency ; sphere, province, depart- 
ment; cognizance 
Competent, e, adj. competent; fit, 
suitable, proper; requisite; due; cog- 
Computer, v.n. {law) to be due ; to be- 
long; to be cognizable, to be in the 
competency (of) 
Comp6ti-teur, trice, s.m.f. compe- 
titor, coiiipetitress ; candidate 
Competition^ «/. competition, rivalry 


Compila-tenr, trice, s.m./. compiler 
Compilation, s.f. compilation 
Compiler, v.a.n. to compile 
Complainte, s.f. complaint, lamenta- 
tion, wailing, moan ; lament, ballad, 

Complaire, v.n. to please, to gratify ; 
to humour ; to comply with the wishes 
(of) ; to comply (with) ; to condescend 

Se — , v.r. to delight, to take delight 
or pleasure (in) ; to please oneself ; to 
be satisfied with oneself; to admire 
oneself ; to please each other 

Complaisamment, adv. complais- 
antly, obligingly, with kindness ; com- 

Complaisance, s.f, complaisance, 
obligingness, goodness, kindness ; com- 
pliance ; condescension ; courtesy ; at- 
tention ; accommodation ; compla- 
cency ; pleasure, delight 

Complaisant, e, adj. complainant, 
obliging, kind ; compliant ; yielding ; 
tractable.manageable ; condescending; 
courteous ; considerate ; accommo- 
dating; fawning; complacent; — 
fawner, flatterer, toad-eater ; compiler; 

Complant, s.w. plantation ; vineyard 

Complement, s.m. complement ; 
(gram.) object [ary, comi)lemental 

Compl^mentaire, adj. complement- 

Compl-et, dte, arfj. complete ; entire, 
total, whole; full; well-filled; finish- 
ed; perfect; utter; strict; (fam.) 
quite drunk, finished up 

Complet, s.m. full number or quantity, 
complement. Au — , complete, full ; 
all present ; whole, entire ; all right. 
Au grand — , quite complete, quite 
full ; in full muster ; present each and 

ComplMement, arf-u. completely; en- 
tirely, totally, wholly ; fully ; quite ; 
perfectly ; thoroughly ; utterly ; — s.m. 

Completer, v.a. to complete; to 
finish ; to perfect ; to make up ; to 
fill up ; to replenish. Se — , to become 
or be complete ; to perfect itself ; to 
complete o.'s set or collection ; to com- 
plete each other ; to realize; (fam.) to 
get quite drunk, to finish oneself up 

Complexe, adj. complex ; compound 

Complexion, s.f. constitution, habit 
of body ; disposition, temper, humour, 
inclination [inclined 

Complexionn6, e, adj. constituted; 

Complexity, s.f. complexity 

Co^mplexus, s.m. {anat.) complexus 

Complication, s.f. complication ; in- 

Complice, s.m.f. accomplice ; confede- 
rate; — adj. accessory (to), privy (to), 
instrumental (in), a party (to) [tion 

Complicity, s.f. complicity, participa- 

Complies, {Cath. lit.) compline 

Compliment, s.m. compliment ; con- 
gratulation. Faire — or son — , to 
compliment ; to congratulate ; to wish 
joy. Faire ses — , to give o.'s compli- 

Complimenter, v.a.n. to compliment ; 
to congratulate ; to make or pay com- 

Complimenteu-r, se, adj. compli- 
mentary ; — s.m.f. complimenter 

Compliqu6, e, adj. complicated; in- 
tricate; (surg.) complicated {fracture) 

Compliquer, v.a. to complicate; to 
entangle. Se — , to become {or get) 
complicated or intricate 

Complot, s.m. plot, conspiracy 

Completer, v.a.n. to plot 

Comploteu-r, se, s.m.f. plotter 

Componction, s.f. compunction, con- 


Compon^; e, adj. (her.) compony 
Coxnportementj s.m. compoi-tment 
Comporter, v.a. to admit of, to allow ; 
to require. Se — , to behave, to behave 
or comport oneself ; to act ; to manage ; 
to be 
Composant, e^ adj. s. component 
Compost, e, part. adj. composed; 
compound ; composite ; complicated ; 
complex ; (fig.) affected, stiff, stai-ched, 
formal; (surg.) compound {fracture). 
Bien — , select. Mai — , low 
Compost; s.m. compound 
CompOB^e; s.f. {hot.) composite plant; 

— s, pi. composite plants, compositae 
Composer^ v.a.n. to compose ; to com- 
pound ; to form ; to make ; to adjust, 
to fashion, to make up; to set; to 
settle ; to write an examination paper ; 
to compete ; to come to terms ; to ca- 
pitulate. A — , (?)rm<.) composing. Se 
— , to be composed, to consist ; to be 
compounded ; to compose o.'s looks ; 
to assume ; to make for oneself, to 
fonn - [writer 

Coiuposeur, s.m. scribblei*, paltry 
Composite, adj. (arch.) composite ; — 

s.m. composite order 
Compositeur, s.m. (mus.) composer; 
( print.) compositor. Aviiable — , com- 
pounder, friendly arbitrator 
Composition, s.f. composition; com- 
posing ; compounding ; compound ; set- 
ting ; ai'rangement, settlement, agree- 
ment ; terms ; capitulation, surrender ; 
disposition to come to terms ; temper, 
disposition, nature ; theme, examina- 
tion paper, (written) examination. De 
bonne or de facile — , easy, tractable, 
easily satisfied 
Compost, s.m. (agr.) compost 
Composter, v.a. (agr.) to compost 
Composteur, s.m, ( print.) composing- 
stick [companion 
Compotateur, s.m. compotator, pot- 
Compotation, s.f. compotation 
Compote, sf. compote, stewed fruit ; 
stew ; sauce. — de ..., compote of . . ., 
stewed . . . ; sauce of ...... . -sauce. En 

— , stewed ; boiled or done to rags ; 
smashed ; bi-uised ; black (eyes). Avoir 
Vveil en — , to have a black eye. Avoir 
les yeux en — , to have a pair of black 
eyes. Mettre en — , to stew ; to boil to 
rags ; to smash ; to bruise 
Compotier, s.m. compotier, dish for 
stewed fruit [sibility 

Compr6liensibilit6, s.f. comprehen- 
Compr^liensible, adj. comprehen- 
sible [sive 
Compr6hensi-f, ve, adj. comprehen- 
Compr^hension, sf. comprehension 
Comprendre, v.a. to comprehend ; to 
comprise ; to include ; to contain ; to 
understand ; to make out ; to take the 
hint or the cue. Faire — , V. Faire. 
Je n'y comprends rien, I don't under- 
stand it at all, I can make nothing of 
it, I can't make it out 

Se — , v.r. to understand oneself or 
each other ; to know o.'s own meaning, 
to know what one means ; to be under- 
stood or intelligible 
Compresse, s.f. (surg.) compress 
Compresseur , s.m. compressor ; roller 
Compressibility, s.f. compressibility 
Compressible, adj. compressible 
Compressi-f, ve, adj. compressive ; 
repressive [squeezing; pressure 

Compression, s.f. compression ; 
Comprimable, adj. compressible 
Comprimer, v.a. to compress ; to 
squeeze ; to press ; to repress, to keep 
down, to restrain, to check, to curb ; to 
suppress ; to put down ; to prevent ; to 
flatten. -Se — , to be compressed, &c. 
CompriS, e, pnrt. adj. understood, in- 
cluded, &c. (F. Comprendre). V — , 


adj. prep. part, including, with ; inclu- 
sive, included. Non — , not including, 
without, exclusive of, not included 

Compromettant, e, part. adj. com- 
promising, unsafe, dangerous ; disre- 
putable; inculpatory, incriminating; 

Compromettre, v.a, to compromise; 
to expose ; to commit ; to jeopardize, to 
put in jeopardy, to endanger, to im- 
peril ; to discredit ; to implicate ; to in- 
culpate, to incriminate ; to injure, to 
damage ; to bring or call into question ; 
to forfeit ; — v.n. to make a compro- 

Compromis, s.m. compromise; jeo- 
pardy, hazard, danger, peril ; dissent, 
disagreement; doubt, question,dispute; 
— part, adj.m., — e, /. compromised, 
&c. (F. Compromettre). Mettre en — , 
to submit to arbitration [feree 

Compromissaire, s.m. arbitrator, re- 

Compromission, sf. committing 
word or action, commitment [sorial 

Compromissoire, adj. compromis- 

Comprovincial, e, adj., Compro- 
vincial, s.m. comprovincial 

Comptabilit6, s.f. book-keeping, ac- 
counts ; accountants ; accountant's 

Comptable, adj. accountable ; respon- 
sible, answerable ; amenable ; valid ; — 
s.m., Agent — , accountant ; book-keep- 
er ; responsible ^.gent ; purser 

Comptant, adj.m. (of vwney) ready; 

, cash or prompt (payment) ; — s.m. ready 
money, cash ; — adv. in cash, for casli, 
cash, in ready money, ready money. — 
compte, — a, livrer, — sur balle, (com.) on 
or before delivery. Au — , for cash ; (on 
'Change) for delivery 

Compte, s.m. account ; reckoning ; com- 
putation ; calculation ; score ; rate ; es- 
timation ; statement ; reason, motive ; 
number ; quantity ; amount, sum; right 
sum, due ; discharge ; part, share ; right 
quantity, everything all right ; expense; 
advantage, benefit, interest ; profit ; 
what one expects (or expected) ; what 
one wants (or wanted); what one de- 
serves (or deserved) ; quietus ; esteem, 
value, regard; audit. — borgne, odd 
number or money; obscure or suspi- 
cious account. — rendu, report ; state- 
ment ; return ; review, notice. — rond, 
round number; even money. — de caisse, 
cash-account. A — , on account ; in 
part payment ; instalment. A ban — , 
cheap ; easily ; freely. A ce — , a, ce — 
-Id, at this or that rate ; according to 
that ; in that case ; in that Avay. Au 
bout du — , after all, finally, at last ; 
everything considered; upon the whole; 
happen what may. De — a demi, on 
joint account ; on half profits. De bon 
— , candid, sincere,' honest ; just, 
reasonable. De — fait, on computa- 
tion. En fin de — , in the end, at last, 
after all, finally ; in short. Le — 7i'y 
est pas, the account is wrong ; there is 
something wanting. Pour mon — , on 
my own account; for myself; for my 
part, as for me, as far as I am con- 
cerned. Son — est bon, he will catch it, 
he is done for. Stir le — de, on or to 
the score (or account) of ; about, con- 
cerning (sur mon, &c. — , about or con- 
cerning me, &c.). Avoir son — , to have 
o.'s number or all o.'s things ; to have 
the right sum ; to have what one wants ; 
to have o.'s due ; to be dismissed or 
turned out ; to have caught it ; to have 
received o.'s quietus, to be sure to die, 
to be a dead man ; to be drunk. Devoir 
— , to be accountable. Dnnner son — a, 
to give (. . .) his due ; to dismiss, to dis- 
charge, to pay off; to serve out ; to give 
it to ; to give (. . .) his quietus, to settle. 


to clo for, to kill. Entrer en ligne de — 
to enter into the computation, to be 
reckoned, to be taken into account. 
^tre loin de — , to be out of o.'s reckon- 
ing ; to be far from agreeing, iltre or 
Faire le — de, to do for, to suit (faire 
mon or ton, &c. — , to do for me or thee, 
&c., to suit me or thee, &c.). Faire — 
de, to set a value on, to value, to esteem; 
to pay attention to, to take notice of, 
to notice. Faire bon, meilleur — , to sell 
cheap, cheaper; to give good, better 
measure (or weight). Faire son — pour, 
to contrive or manage to, Faire rendre 
— , to call to account. Laisser pour — , 
to leave and not pay for. Mettre ^or 
faire entrer) en ligne de — , to take into 
account, to set or carry to account, to 
charge. Mettre sur le — de, to impute 
to, to ascribe to, to charge with, to lay 
to ...'s charge, to lay at ...'s door, to 
lay to the account or scoi-e of. Prendre 
sur son — , to take upon oneself. Rendre 
— de, to render or give an account of ; 
to account for ; to report ; to review, 
to notice, to give a notice of. Rester 
pour — , to be left and not to be paid 
for. Se rendre — de, to account for ; to 
make out, to understand ; to see to ; to 
think of; to realize. 2'enir — de, to 
carry to account ; to take into account 
or consideration ; to account ; to make 
allowance for, to allow for ; to make up 
for; to give back; to be grateful or 
thankful for ; to give credit for ; to pay 
attention to, to mind. Tenir wi — , to 
keep an account. Les bons — sfont les 
bons amis, short reckonings make long 

Compte, s.m. (in compounds, from 
Compter, " to count," " to tell," &c.) 
thing which tells or &c., teller. — 
■flls, s.m. (opt. mstr.) waling-glass, shot- 
glass, cloth-prover, linen-prover. — 
•gouttes, s.m. (pharm.) medicine- 
dropper, drop-tube, drop-reckoner. — 
-pas, s.m. hodometer, odometer, pedo- 

Compt6, e, part. adj. (V. Compter). 
Bien — , complete, full. Tout bien — , 
everything reckoned; everything con- 
sidered. Tout — , tout rabattu, (or, Totii 
bien — et raba^ii), ev'erything reckoned 
and every allowance made 

Compter, v.a.n. to count; to reckon; 
to tell ; to number ; to compute ; to cal- 
culate ; to sum up, to add up ; to mea- • 
sure ; to grudge ; to take into account ; 
to account; to count down, to pay 
down, to pay ; to charge, to charge for ; 
to include ; to value ; to consider (as), 
to esteem (as) ; to pay regard (to) ; to 
date ; to settle ; to expect, to think ; to 
intend, to purpose ; to rely, to depend 
or count (upon); to speculate (upon). 
A — de, reckoning from, from, from . . . 
forward, on and after. Sans — , without 
counting or &c. ; leaving out of the 
question ; besides ; exclusive of ; not to 
mention ; omitting the fact (that). Voui 
poavez y — , you may depend (or rely) 
upon it. Compter que, depend upon it 
Se — , v.r. to count or reckon or in- 
clude or consider oneself or each other; 
to be counted or reckoned or &c. ; to be 
taken into account 

Compteiir, s.m. reckoner; counter; 

teller, tell-tale, indicator ; meter ; gas- 

1^ meter; (nav.) hack-watch, job-watch, 

" deck-watch, comparison- watch ; (mil.) 

V. Kodom^tre ; — adj.m. reckoning 

Compteuse, s.f. reckoner; — adj.f. 

Comptoir, s.m. counter ; bar ; tap ; 
counting-house, counting-room ; office; 
cashier's desk, desk ; branch-bank, 
branch-establishment; bdnk; factory. 
Dame de — , counter-lady, casMer. De- 


moiselle or fille de — , bannaid. Garfon 
de — , barman 
Compulsation, s.f. inspection ; ex- 
amination, looking through, perusal 
Compulser, v.a. to inspect ; to ex- 
amine, to look through, to peruse 
CompulseuT; s.m. peruser 
Compulsi-f, ve, adj. compulsory 
Compulsion, s.f. compulsion 
Compulsoire, s.m. (law) order to pro- 
duce papei-s ; inspection in virtue of a 
judge's order [computation 

Comput, s.m.. Computation, s.f. 
Computer, v.a. to compute [tist 

Computiste, s.m. computer, compu- 
Comtal, e, adj. of a count or earl, of a 
countess, count's, earl's [Venaissin) 
Comtat, s.m. county (of Avignon, or of 
Comte, s.m. count ; earl 
Comt6, s.m. earldom; county, shire 
Comtesse, s.f. countess 
Concassage, s.m., Concassation, 
s.f., Concassement, s.m. pounding, 
crushing, bruising ; breaking 
Concasser, v.a. to pound, to crush, to 

bruise ; to break 
Concasseur, s.m. (agr.) crushing or 
bruising-mill, crusher, bruiser ; break- 
er; (f^-c/u) steam-roller 
Concatenation, sf. concatenation 
Concave,, s.m. concave [ness 
Concavity, s.f. concavity, concave- 
Concavo-concave, adj. concavo- 
concave [convex 
Concavo-convexe, adj. concavo- 
Conc6dant, e, s.m.f. grantor 
Conc^der, v.a. to concede, to grant, 
to allow, to yield. Se — , to be con- 
ceded or &c. 
Concentrateur, s.m, adj. concentra- 
tor; concentrating [condensation 
Concentration, s.f. concentration ; 
Concentrd, e, part. adj. concentrated, 
&c. (F. Concentrer) ; close-tongued, 
close, reserved, silent ; thoughtful ; un- 
communicative ; inward ; very strong 
Concentrer, v.a. to concentrate; to 
concentre ; to centre ; to condense ; 
to wrap up ; to dissemble, to conceal ; 
to repress, to suppress, to smother. 
Se — , to concentre ; to centre ; to re- 
tire within oneself ; to be concentrated 
or centred or <fec. [page 3, § 1 
Concentr-ique, -iquement. V. 
Concept, s.m. [philos.) concept 
Conception, s.f. conception; appre- 
hension; idea, notion, thought; un- 
Concemant, prep, concerning, rela- 
ting,' to, with relation to, about 
Concemer, v.a. to concern, to relate 

to, to belong to, to regard 
Concert, s.m. concert; music; (pi.) 
songs, strains, lays ; chorus ; harmony; 
melody ; accord ; concord ; union ; 
concurrence; unanimity; agreement; 
• common understanding. — tpirituel, 
sacred concert. De — , in concert; 
jointly; hand in hand; agreed; to- 
gether; unnnimonsiy; by common 
consent. V. CafA and Salle 
Concertant, e, s.m.f. performer (in a 
concert), musician; — s.f. concertante 
(piece of music) ; — adj. concertante ; 
playing; harmonic 
Concerts, e, part. adj. concerted, 
planned, contrived, &c. (V. Concer> 
ter); affected, formal; — a.m. concer- 
tante style of music 
Concerter, v.a. to concert, to plan, to 
contrive, to devise ; to deliberate up- 
on ; to settle ; to adjust ; (old) to prac- 
tise, to rehearse; —v.n. to make or 
give or have a concert; to play in a 
concert. — d'avanee, to preconcert. 
8e —, to consult together, to concert 
mat ters^ ftina 

Ooneertina, s.m. (mus. instr.) couccr- 


Concertino, s.m. (mus.) concertino 
Concertiste, s.m.f. performer (in a 

concert) musician 
Concerto, s.m, (mus.), concerto 
Concession, s.f. concession; grant; 

grant of land 
Concessionnaire, s.m.f. grantee ; 

concessionee, concessionaire 
Concetti, (a7i Italian word, pi. of 
Concetto) concetti, conceits, affected 
Concevable, adj. conceivable [wit 
Concevoir, v.a. to conceive ; to ima- 
gine ; to contrive ; to invent ; to plan ; 
to think ; to feel ; to understand ; to 
entertain ; to word, to couch, to ex- 
press ; to form ; to construct. Se — , 
to be conceived or imagined or under- 
stood ; to be conceivable or intelligible 
tConchoi'dal, e, adj. conchoidal 
{Conchoide, sf. (geom.) conchoid; — 

adj. conchoidal 
;Concholog-ie, Conchyliolog-ie, 

-ique, -iste. V. page 3, § 1 
Concierge, s.m.f. door-keeper, porter, 
portress, house - porter, hall - porter, 
hall-keeper, lodge-Meeper ; gate-keep- 
er; keeper; jailer 
Conciergerie, sf. place of door-keeper 
or porter ; porter's lodge ; Concier- 
gerie (a prison in Paris) 
Concile, s.m. (eccl. hist.) council; de- 
cree of a council 
Conciliabilit6, s.f. reconcilableness 
Conciliable, adj. reconcilable 
Conciliabule, s.m. conventicle, con- 

ciliabule ; secret meeting ; meeting 
Conciliaire, adj. (eccl.) conciliar, con- 
ciliary [cil 
Conciliairement, adv. (eccl.) in conn- 
Conciliant, e, adj. conciliating ; con- 
Concilia -teur, trice, adj.s. concilia- 
tory, conciliating, reconciling ; con- 
ciliator, reconciler [conciliation 
Conciliation, s.f. conciliation ; re- 
Conciliatoire, adj. conciliatory 
Concilier, v.a. to conciliate ; to recon- 
cile ; to gain over, to gain, to win. -Se 
— , to be reconciled ; to agree ; to con- 
ciliate, to gain, to win; to ingratiate 
oneself with 
Concis, e, adj. concise, brief 
Concision, s.f. conciseness, brevity 
Concitoyen, ne, s.m.f. fellow-citizen 
Conclave, s.m. conclave (of cardinals) 
Conclaviste, s.m. conclavist 
Concluant, e, adj. conclusive, decisive 
Conclure, v.a.n. to conclude ; to close ; 
to end ; to wind up ; to infer ; to 
prove ; to decide ; to determine ; to 
agree (upon) ; to judge, to think, to 
be of opinion ; to declare (for) ; to vote 
(for) ; to demand ; to move, to make a 
motion; to come to a conclusion; to 
be conclusive. Se — , to be concluded 
or &G. 
Conclusi-f, ve, adj. (gram.) conclusive 
Conclusion, s.f. conclusion ; close ; 
end ; issue ; inference ; consequence ; 
determination, final decision ; de- 
mand ; request ; motion ; (adverb.) in 
conclusion, in short.briefly, in one word 
Concoc-teur, trice, adj. concoctive 
Concoction, sf. concoction 
Concombre, s.m. cucumber [tantly 
Concomitamment, adv. concomi- 
Concomitance, s.f. concomitance 
Concomitant, e, adj. concomitant 
Coneordamment, adv. concordantly 
Concordance, s.f. concordance; con- 
cord ; agreement 
Concordant, e, adj. concordant 
Concordat, s.m. concordat ; (com.) 


Concordataire, adj. s.m.f. (bankrupt) 

haynig made a composition with his 

or her creditors [union, harmony 

Concorde, s.f. concord, agreement. 


Concorder, v.n. to live in concord; to 
agree ; to concur ; (com.) to compound 
Concourant, e, adj. concurrent 
Concourir, v.n. to concur ; to contri- 
bute ; to cooperate ; to tend ; to con- 
spire ; to compete ; to unite ; to meet ; 
to coincide 
Concours, s.m. concourse; conjunc- 
ture ; assembling ; meeting ; coopera- 
tion ; assistance ; concuiTence ; coin- 
cidence ; competition ; competitive 
examination, examination ; contest ; 
match; tournament; prize-show, 
show ; prize-meeting. Grand — , — 
general, (in France) grand or genei-al 
competition, yearly prize competition 
of all the public schools, (in England) 
tripos. — de marche, walking-race, 
walking-match. — de tir, shooting- 
match. — orthographique, spelling- 
bee. Hors — , (in exhibitions) out of 
competition, above class 
Concr-et, ^te, adj., Concret, s.m. 
Concretion, s.f. concretion [concrete 
Concubinage, Lm. concubinage 
Concubinaire, adj.m.f, s.m. concubi- 
Concubine, s.f. concubine [nary 

Concupiscence, s.f. concupiscence, 
lust [libidinous 

Concupiscent, e, adj. concupiscent, 
Concupiscible, adj. concupiscible 
Concurremment, adv. concurrently, 
in concurrence, jointly, together ; in 
Concurrence, s.f. competition ; emu- 
' lation ; rivalry ; opposition ; (law) con- 
currence, equality of rights. Faire 

— «, to compete with, to be in compe- 
tition with ; to oppose. Jusqu'd — de, 
to the amount of ; to the extent of ; 
till ... is duly discharged [to rival 

Concurrencer, v.a. to compete Avith, 

Concurrent, c, s.m.f. competitor, 

rival, opponent ; — adj. concurrent ; 

— s.m. (chron.) concurrent. Jour — , 
(chron.) concurrent 

Concurrentiel, le, adj. competing, 
competitive, competitory, in competi- 
tion [peculation, embezzlement 
Concussion, s.f. extortion, exaction, 
Concussionnaire, s.m. extortioner, 
exactor, peculator, embezzler ; — adj. 
guilty of extortion or exaction or pecu- 
lation or embezzlement [blamable 
Condamnable, adj. condemnable, 
Condamnation, s.f. condemnation; 
sentence, judgment ; conviction ; 
doom; blame, censure, reproof; — s, 
pi. fines, damages and costs. Passer 
— , to pass sentence ; to condemn, to 
animadvert (upon) ; to pass judgment 
upon oneself, to confess oneself to be 
in the wrong, to own oneself in fault 
or in the wrong, to plead guilty ; to 
give up o.'s claim ; not to wish to press 
the point ; to forgive, to excuse. Stibir 
— , to suffer judgment. Subir sa — , 
to undergo o.'s sentence. /Subir plu- 
sieurs — s, to be convicted several times 
Condamne, e, s.m.f. condemned man 
or woman, convict; man or woman 
condemned to death ; ( — s, j)l.) con- 
demned. — politique, man condemned 
for a political offence 
Condamner, v.a. to condemn ; to find 
guilty ; to convict ; to sentence ; to 
doom ; to blame, to censure ; to tell or 
go against ; to explode ; to force, to 
compel ; to give over (a sick person) ; to 
block up, to stop up (a door, a window). 
Se — , to condemn oneself or each 
Condensability, s.f. condensability 
Condensable, adj. condensable 
Condensateur, s.m. condenser [ing 
Condensa-teur, trice, adj. condens- 
Condensation, s.f, condensation, con- 


Condenser, v.a., Se — , v.r. to con- 
dense. Machhie a — , condensing- 

Condenseur, «.m. condenser [engine 

Condenseuse, s./, condensing-engine 

Condescendance, «./. coudescension ; 

Condescendre, v.n. to condescend; to 
comply, to yield ; to bear (with) 

Condiment; s.m. condiment 

Condisciple, s.m. condisciple, school- 
fellow, fellow-scholar 

Condition^ s.f. condition ; circum- 
stances ; quality ; rank ; station ; 
state ; profession ; situation ; place ; 
service ; terms ; offer ; stipulation ; 
silk conditioning-house. A — , soxis 
— , on condition ; conditionally ; on 
sale or return; on approbation, on 

Conditionn6, e, ar/J. conditioned; 
made; sound; downright, egi-egious; 
tipsy. Aisez bien — , pretty well made, 
pretty good, not bad ; tight, rather 
tipsy. Bien — , well-conditioned, in 
good condition ; well-made ; in a pretty 
state ; sound ; downright, egregious ; 
jolly drunk 

Oonditionnel, le, adj. conditional ; 
(Zaio) provisory ; — s.m, (gram.) condi- 
tional mood, conditional [ally 

Conditionnellement, rtrfr.condition- 

Conditionnement; s.m. condition- 
ing ; making up 

Conditionner, v.a. to condition ; to 
put into good condition ; to make up 

Condol^ance, s.f, condolence. Com- 
pliment dc — , condolence, coniloliug. 
Faire ses compliments de — a, to con- 

Condor, s.m. (bird) condor [dole with 

Condottiere, s.m. (an Italian word, pi. 
Condottieri) condottiere ( pi. oondot- 

CondOUloir <Se), v.r. (old) to condole 

Conduc-teur, trice, conduc- 
tor ; conductress ; leader ; chief ; 
guide, director; directress; manager; 
manageress ; overseer, superintend- 
ent ; driver ; guard ; steersman, cox- 
swain ; assistant-engineer; {j>hys.) con- 
ductor; — adj. leading; {phys.) con- 
ducting, conductive. — de presse, 
(print.) machins-mlnder 

Conductibilit^, s.f, ipiiys., improperly, 
and just the reverne of its proper mean- 
ing) conductivity: (proper meaning) 

Conductible, adj. (phys., improperly as 
with " Conductibilite ") conductive ; 
(proper meaning) conductible 

Conduction, s.f. (phys.) conduction; 
(civ. law) hiring 

Condllire, v.a. to conduct ; to lead ; to 
show the way to, to show ; to take ; to 
attend, to accompany; to escort; to 
drive; to steer; to head; to guide; to 
manage ; to direct ; to superintend ; to 
rule ; to govern ; to sway ; to com- 
mand ; to carry on ; to carry ; to con- 
vey ; to bring ; to conduce ; to induce 
Se — , v.r, to behave, to conduct 
oneself; to take care of oneself; to 
act ; to find o.'s way ; to go ; to be con- 
ducted or led or &c. 

Conduit, e, part, of Conduire 

Conduit, s.m. pipe, tube, conduit, duct, 
canal, passage, cut 

Conduite, s.f. conduct, conducting; 
leading ; taking ; attending, accom- 
panying, escorting ; driving ; guid- 
ance ; care ; charge ; management ; 
direction; superintendence; govern- 
ment; command; disposition; execu- 
tion ; behaviour, conduct ; line of 
conduct , prudence, discretion ; mo- 
rals; steadiness ; habits ; [tech.) con- 
veyance ; delivery ; pipe, conduit ; 
(nav.) conduct-money, Tuyau de — , 
delivery-pipe. Faire la — d, to ac- 


company, to escort ; (nav.) to convoy ; 
(jest.) to drive away, to expel 
Condyle, s.m. (anat.) condyle 
Condylo'ide, adj. (anat.) condyloid 
Condylome, s.m. (med.) condyloma 
Condylure, s.m. (zool.) condylura, 

star-nosed mole, star-nose 
Cone, s.m. cone; cone-shell. — de 
lumiere, cone of rays. En — , conical ; 
Confine, s.f. V. Coniine [conically 
Conessi, s.m. conessi-bark 
Confabulation, s.f. confabulation 
Confabuler , v.n. to confabulate, to chat 
Confection, s.f, making; preparation; 
execution ; consti-uction ; making out, 
drawing up ; completion ; making up ; 
ready-made clothes business ; outfit- 
ting ; ready-made clothes, slops ; slop- 
article ; slop-work ; slop-trade ; outfit- 
ting department ; ( pharm.) confection. 
— s pour dames, ladies' dresses made up 
Confectionn6, e, adj. made ; made 

up; ready-made 
Confectionnement, s.m. making, 
making up, make ; execution ; draw- 
ing up 
Confectionner, v.a. to make ; to exe- 
cute ; to draw up ; to make up. Se — , 
to be made or made up or &c. 
Confectionneu-r, se, s.m.f maker; 
clothier, ready-made clothier, slop- 
seller; outfitter 
Confed6rati-f, ve, adj. confederative 
Conf6d6ration, s.f. confederation, 

confederacy; league 
Conf6d6r6, e, adj. s. confederate 
Conf6d6rer, v.a., Se — , v.r. to con- 
Confdrence, sf. eonference ; lecture ; 
conversazione ; recital ; sermon ; de- 
bate ; debating-society ; meeting ; com- 
parison. Maitre de — », lecturer, pro- 
fessor (in the Normal School) 
Conf(6renci-er, 6re, s.m.f. lecturer 
Conf6rer, v.a.n. to confer ; to bestow ; 
to give ; to grant ; to present to ; to 
collate ; to administer ; to compare ; 
(prhit.) to revise. Se — , to bestow 
upon oneself, to take to oneself, to as- 
sume ; to be bestowed or &c. 
Conferve, s./. (bot.) conferva, hair-weed 
Confesse, s.f. confession (to a priest) 
[always preceded by k or de, without any 
Confesser, v.a. to confess ; to own, to 
avow, to acknowledge, to grant, to ad- 
mit ; to disclose ; to hear in confession 
Se — , v.r. to confess o.'s sins, to 
confess (to a priest) ; to be confessed, 
&c. Se — au renard, to betray oneself 
Confesseur, s.m. confessor; father- 
Confession, s.f. confession ; avowal, 
acknowledgment; disclosure. Donner 
le bon Dieu sans — , to trust with un- 
told gold 
Confessionnal, s.m. confessional 
Confessionnel, le, adj. confessional 
Confiance, s.f. confidence; trust, re- 
liance ; faith ; hope ; security, safety ; 
courage ; assurance ; presumption. De 
— , of confidence; of trust; trust- 
worthy, trusty, trusted ; reliable ; con- 
fidential ; upon trust ; confidently. 
Abus de — , breach of trust ; embezzle- 
ment, defalcation, misappropriation 
Confiant, e, adj. confident; confiding; 
unsuspicious, unsuspecting ; bold ; 
sanguine ; presumptuous 
Confidemment, adv. confidentially, 

in confidence 
Confidence, s.f. confidence; secrecy; 
secret ; disclosure ; intimacy ; trust 
(of a living). En — , in confidence, 
confidentially, as a secret ; (of a living) 
in trust. Faire une — , to tell a secret ; 
to make a disclosure [dante 

Confident) e> s.m.f. confidant; confi- 


Confidentiaire, s.m. holder (of a liv- 
ing) in trust ; fiduciary, trustee 
Confidentiality, s.f. confidentiality 
Confidentiel, le, adj. confidential 
Confidentiellement, adv. confidenti- 
Confier, v.a. to confide ; to intrust ; to 
trust ; to commit ; to tell in confidence 
Se — , v.r. to confide (in), to rely (on), 
to trust (in, to) ; to trust or &c. one- 
self ; to be confiding ; to unbosom one- 
self ; to confide or &c. to each other ; 
to be trusted or &c. 
Configuration, s.f. configuration 
Configurer, v.a. to configm-e, to form 
Confinement, s.m. confinement ; soli- 
tary confinement 
Confiner, v.a.n. to confine ; to shut up ; 
to limit ; to border (upon, on), to be 
contiguous or adjacent (to), to adjoin 
Confins, confines, borders,limits, 

Confire, v.a. to preserve ; to candy; to 
pickle; to steep, to soak (leather). V. 
Confirmati-f, ve, Confirmatoire, 

adj. confirmative, confirmatory 
Confirmation, s.f. confirmation ; rati- 
fication ; sanction ; slap on the face 
Confirmativement, adv. confi rma- 

Confirmer, v.a. to confirm ; to streng- 
then ; to secure ; to ratify ; to sanction ; 
to show, to prove ; to give (one) a slap 
in the face. Se — , to be confirmed 
Confiscable, adj. confiscable; forfeit- 
Confiscant, e, adj. confiscating [able 
Confiscatetir, a.m. confiscator 
Confiscation, s.f. confiscation; for- 
feiture; forfeit 
Confiserie, s.f. confectionery ; con- 
fectioner's shop 
Confiseu-r, se, s.m.f. confectioner 
Confisquant, part, confiscating, &c. 

(V. Confisquer) 
Confisqu6, part. adj. confiscated. &c, 
(V. Confisquer) ; (fam.) dead, undone, 
lost, ruined [feit 

Confisquer, v.a. to confiscate ; to for- 
Confit, e, part. adj. preserved ; candied ; 
pickled ; sun-dried ; steeped ; accom- 
plished, consummate, perfect ; ruined, 
done for ; — s.m. bran-mash (for pigs) 
Confiteor, s.m. (Cath. rel.) coiifiteor 
Confiture, s.f. jam ; preserve 
Confituri-er, 6re, s.m.f. preserve- 
maker; — s.m. preserve-dish 
Conflagration, s.f. conflagration 
Conflit, s.m. conflict 
Confiuence, s.f. (med.) confluence 
Confluent, s.m. (geog.) confluence, 
Confluent, e, adj. confluent [junction 
Confluer, v.n. to be confluent, to meet, 

to join 
Confondre, v.a. to confound ; to make 
a confusion of ; to mistake (for) ; to 
blend; to commingle, to mingle; to 
mix up, to mix ; to unite ; to jumble ; 
to huddle ; to lose ; to involve ; to con- 
fuse ; to overpower, to overwhelm ; to 
bewilder ; to amaze ; to abash ; to per- 
plex ; to bafile ; to confute ; to spoil ; 
— v.n. to make a confusion, to confuse 

Se — , v.r. to be confounded ; to 
blend; to commingle, to mingle; to 
unite ; to huddle ; to be indistinct, to 
be no longer distinct ; to be but one 
# thing, to be one and the same thing ; 
to become or be confused ; to be lost 
(in); to overwhelm ... (with), to make 
all sorts or no end (of) ; to be taken 
Conformation, s.f. conformation 
Conforme, adj. conformable; accord- 
ing ; suitable ; agreeable ; apposite ; 
congenial ; consistent ; alilii ; (of 
copies) true 


Conform^ment, adv. conformably; 

suitably; agreeably; accordiug 
Coxxformer, v.a. to conform ; to suit ; 
to form, to shape, to make, Se — , to 
conform oneself ; to conform, to com- 
ply ; to submit ; to follow 
Conformisme, s.m. (eecl.) conformity 
Conforiniste, s.m.f. adj. conformist 
Conformity, «./. conformity; com- 
pliance ; submission. En — de, in 
conformity with or to, conformably to, 
according to, in compliance with 
Confort, s.m. comfort ; (obsolete) as- 
sistance, help, support, countenance 
Confortable, adj. comfortable i easy; 

— s.m. comfort ; easy chair 
Confortableznent, adv. comfortably 
Confortant; e, Confortali-f, ve, 
adj. (med.) corroborant, corroborative, 
strengthening ; — (med.) corrobo- 
rant, corroborative, tonic 
Confortation, .'./, strengthening 
Conforter, v.a. to strengthen , to com- 
fort ; to console [good fellowship 
Confraternel, le, adj. brotherly, of 
Confiratemit6, «./. confraternity, 

brotherhood, fellowship 
Confir^re, s.m. brother in religion, pro- 
fessional brother, brother, fellow ; 
fellow-member ; colleague ; brother 
magistrate or barrister or physician or 
&c. ; fellow-tradesman ; compeer ; (of 
netospapers) contemporary 
Confi:6rie; «./. confraternity .fraternity, 
brotherhood. S'enroler dans la grande 
— , to become a benedict 
Confiricatioxi, «./. confricalion.friction 
ConfirontatioU; s.f. confrontation ; 

Confront^, e, part. adj. confronted, 
&c, (V. Conlronter) ; (her.) confronts 
Confironter, v.a. to confront ; to com- 
pare ; — v.n. to border, to be contiguous 
Confacian-isme, -iste. V. p. 3, § 1 
ConfUB, e, adj. confused ; jumbled; in- 
distinct ; uncertain ; vague ; obscure ; 
dim ; faint ; embarrassed ; nonplussed ; 
bewildered ; overpowered ; abashed ; 
crestfallen; ashamed 
Confas^ment, adv. confusedly; in- 
distinctly; vaguely; dimly; faintly; 
Conftiaion, s.f. confusion ; disorder ; 
Jumble ; medley ; disturbance ; trouble ; 
embarrassment, shame ; blush ; morti- 
flcation ; (obsolete) profusion, abun- 
dance, affluence, crowd. Le comble de 
la — , confusion worse confounded 
Cong^, s.m. leave; pei-mission ; dis- 
charge ; dismissal; sack ; notice, notice 
to quit; warning; holiday; leave of 
absence; (eust.) permit; (mil.) fur- 
lough; (mil,) discharge; (mtZ.) time of 
service, time ; (nav.) furlough, leave (of 
absence) ; (of a ship) clearance ; (law) 
nonsuit ; (arch.) cong6,apophyge, scape, 
spring. — absolu or definitif (mil.) full 
discharge. Jour de — , holiday 
Congiable, adj. (law) held under 

tenancy at will, dismissiblc 
Cons6c^able, adj. that may be dis- 
charged [missal, paying off 
Cong6dleznent, s.m. discharging, dis- 
Cong6dier, v.a. to discharge ; to dis- 
miss ; to send or turn away ; to discard ; 
to pav off; to disband, to break up 
ConK6labillt6, «./, congcalableness 
Congelablc, adj. congealable 
ConK^latenr, s.m. refrigerator 
Cong^la-teur, trice, Cong61ati-f, 

ve, adj. refrigerating 
Cong^Lation, «./. congelation, freez- 
ing ; (med.) frost-bite ; (of grottoes) calo- 
tuff; [arch.) imitation icicle 
Congeler, v.a., 8e — , v.r. to congeal, 
to freeze [congener 

Cong6n6re, adj. congeneric; — «,m. 
Congenial, 6; adj. cougunial 

Congeniality, »./. congeniality 
Congenital, e, adj. congenital 
Congesti-f, ve, adj. (med.) congestive 
Congestion, s.f. (med.) congestion 
Congestionner, v.a. (med.) to congest, 

Se — , to become congested 
Congiaire, (Rom. antiq.) congiary 
Conglobation, s.f. conglobation 
Conglobe, e, adj. conglobate 
Conglober, v.a., Se — , v.r. to conglo- 
bate, to conglobe [rate 
Conglomerate s.m. (geol.) conglome- 
Conglomeration, sf. conglomeration 
Conglomere^ e, adj. conglomerate, 
con^'loiiierated [glomerate 
Conglom6rer, v.a., Se — , v.r. to con- 
Conglutinant, e, adj., Congluti- 
nant, s.m. conglutinant [tive 
Conglutinati-f, ve, adj. conglutina- 
Conglutination, .■*./, conglutination 
Conglutine, e, adj. conglutinate 
Conglutiner, v.a., Se — , v.r. to con- 
Congo, S.VI. (tea) congou; (geog.) Congo 
Congratula-teur, trice, s.m.f. con- 

gratulator ; — adj. congratulating 
Congratulation, s.f. congratulation 
Congratulatoire, adj. congratulatory 
Congratuler, v.a. to congratulate 
Congre, s.m. conger, conger-eel, sea- 
eel ; (fish.) fish-garth, weir 
Congr6age, s.m. (iiav.) worming 
Congr6er, v.a. (nav.) to worm 
Congreganisme, s.m. congregation- 
ism, Jesuitism, monasticism 
Congr^ganiste, member of a lay 
congregation directed by ecclesiastics ; 
— adj. directed by the brothers or 
sisters of Christian schools 
Congregation, sf. congregation ; 
meeting-house. La — des fiddles, the 
whole Church, the Roman Catholic 
Church [page 3, § 1 

Congregational-isme, -iste. V. 
Congres, s.m. congress [sional 

Congressionnel, le, adj. congres- 
Congressiste, s.m. congressist 
Congreve. Fusee a la — , (mil.) Con- 

greve rocket 
Congrier, s.m. fish-garth, weir 
Congru, e, adj. congruous ; proper, fit ; 
suitable, just sufficient. Portion — e, 
(" suitable allowance"), (obsolete) allow- 
ance made by the tithe owner to the 
vicar; (fig.) just enough and none to 
spare, small pittance, short commons 
Congruence,, s.f. congruence, suit- 

Congruent, e, adj. congruent, suitable 
Congruite, s.f. congruity; propriety 
Congrument, adv. congruously; pro- 
Conicine, s./. (chem.) conine, conia 
Conicite, s.f. conicalness [conifer 

Conifere, adj. (hot.) coniferous ; — s.m. 
Coniforme, adj. coniform 
Coniine, s.f. (chem.) coniine, conia 
fConiller, v.7i. ( pop.) to shirk, to skulk 
Coaine, s.f. (chem.) Conine, conia 
Coniquo, adj. conic, conical 
Conjectural, e, adj. conjectural [rally 
Coniecturalement, adv. conjectu- 
Coxijecture, s.f. conjecture, guess, sur- 
mise [guess, to surmise, to suspect 
Conjecturer, r.o.ji. to conjecture, to 
Conjoindre, v.a. to conjoin, to join, to 

Conjoint, e, part. adj. conjoined, 
joined, united ; wedded. Regie ~e, 
(arith.) chain-rule 
Conjoint, s.m. (larc) spouse, husband or 
wife ; —8, pi. husband and wife, con- 
sorts, married parties, married couple, 
Les fulurs — «, the bride and bride- 
groom [ly, in conjunction, together 
Coniointement, adv. conjointly, joint- 
Conjoncti-f, ve, adj. (gravi.) conjunc- 
tive ; -- s.f. (anat.) conjimctiva 


Conjonction, sf. (astr., gravi.) con- 
junction; (})ers.) union 

Conjonctivement, adv. conjunctively 

Conjonctivite, s.f. (med.) conjunctivi- 
tis [ture 

Conjoncture, s.f. conjuncture, junc- 

Conjouir (Se), v.r. (obsolete) to rejoice 
(together with . . .), to congratulate 

Conjouissance, s.f. (obsolete) congrat- 

Conjugable, adj. (gram.) conjugable 

Conjugaison, s.f. (gram., anat.) con- 
jugation [nial 

Conjugal, e, adj. conjugal, matrimo- 

Conjugalement, adv. conjugally 

Conjugati-f, ve, adj. {gram.) conjuga- 

Conjugue, e, adj. (bot., chem., geom., 
opt., &c.) conjugate; (gram., of words) 
conjugate; (gram., of verbs) conjugated; 
(of viachines) connected 

Conjuguer, v.a. (gi-am.) to conjugate. 
Se — , to be conjugated 

Conjungo, s.m. (jest.) wedding, mar- 
riage, union, splice, matrimony 

Conjuratevir, s.jh. conjurer; (obsolete) 

Conjuration, s.f. conspiracy, plot ; 
conjuration, incantation ; exorcism ; 

Conjure, e, part. adj. conspired, &c, 
(V. Conjurer) ; conspiring, leagued, 
confederate, sworn ; — s.m. conspirator, 

Conjurer, v.a. to conspire, to plot ; to 
exorcise, to charm away; to conjure 
down, to turn aside, to avert, to depre- 
cate, to ward or keep off, to avoid ; to 
calm, to appease; to conjure, to en- 
treat, to beseech, to implore ; — v.n. to 
conspire, to plot ; to swear, to resolve. 
Se — , to league, to conspire together 

Conjureur, s.m. conjurer 

Connaissable, adj. knowable, recog- 
nizable, to be known or recognized 

Connaissance, s.f. knowledge; ac- 
quaintance ; consciousness ; senses, 
faculties ; notice ; cognizance ; sight ; 
(hunt.) track (foot-mark, print, foiling, 
fumet, &c,) ; (pop.) sweetheart, mis- 
tress, paramour ; — s, pi. knowledge, 
learning, information, attainments, ac- 
quirements, — des temps, nautical al- 
manac. Avec or e7i — de cause, with a 
thorough knowledge of the matter or 
case, knowingly ; from experience ; on 
good gi'ounds. De — , of o.'s acquaint- 
ance ; known to each other ; known ; 
familiar. Sans — , senseless, insensible, 
unconscious. Avoir — * de, to be aware 
of or acquainted with or informed of, 
to know ; to have notice of ; (nav.) to 
get sight of. Donner — de, to acquaint 
with, to inforn^ of ; to give notice of. 
Etre en dge de — , to have arrived at 
years of discretion. Sltre en pays de — , 
to be with people or things one knows ; 
to be among old acquaintances ; to feel 
or be quite at home. Faire — avec, to 
become or get acquainted with. Faire 
faire — , to make (people) acquainted 
with each other. Faire faire la — de, 
to make (one) acquainted with, to intro- 
duce (one) to, Perdre — , to swoon, to 
faint away, to become unconscious or 
senseless or insensible. Porter d la — 
de, to make known to, to notify to, to 
bring before. Prendre — de, to take 
notice of; to take cognizance of; to 
make oneself acquainted with ; to look 
or inquire into, to examine. Reprendre 
— , to recover consciousness or o.'s 
senses, to become conscious again, to 
come to o.'s senses, to come to oneself, 
to come to [lading 

Connaissement, s.m. (nav.) bill of 

Connaisseu-r, se, s.m.f. connoisseur 
(m), judge, good judge (of); acquaint- 


ance-maker; — adj. knowing^ of a con- 
Connaitre, v.a.n. to know; to under- 
stand, to be skilled or versed in ; to be 
or become acquainted with ; to be aware 
of; to know of; to be informed of; to 
have connection with ; to experience, 
to feel ; to discern, to distinguish ; to 
perceive ; to see ; to recognize ; to ac- 
knowledge ; to admit ; to take cogni- 
zance. — a quelqu'u7i, to know that 
someone has. Faire — , V. Faire. Je 
ne connais que cela, that's all I kuow ; 
that's all I can say, that's all 

Se — , v.r. to know oneself ; to know 
who or what one is ; to know oneself to 
be ; to know each other, to be ac- 
quainted ; (of things) to be known. Se 

— d or en, to be a judge or a good judge 
of, to be a connoisseur in, to under- 
stand, to know. Ne plus se — , to have 
become unconscious ; to be out of o.'s 
senses, to be beside oneself. Ne point 
se — , to forget what one is, to forget 
oneself; to be out of o.'s senses, to be 
beside oneself. Je vi'y connais, I un- 
derstand it ; I know all about that. 
Connais-toi toi-meme, know thyself 

Conn6, e, adj. {bat.) connate ; (med.) 

connate, congenital [be connected 

Connecter, v.a. to connect. Se — , to 

Connecti-f, ve, adj., Connectif, s.m. 

Conn^table, s.m. (hist.) constable, high 
constable, commander-in-chief; — «./. 
constable's wife, constabless 
Conn6tablie, »./. (hist.) constableship ; 

Connexe, adj. connected 
Connexion, Connexit6, s.f. connec- 
tion, connexion 
Connivence, s.f. connivance [vent 
Connivent, e, adj. (anat., hot.) conni- 
Conniver, v.n. to connive, to wink 
Connil, e, adj., Connu, s.m. known. 

— / we know what that is I we know 
all about that ! that is an old story or 
trick or dodge I that won't do for me 
(or for us) I Ni vu ni — , neither heard 
nor seen, perfectly unknown 

Cono'idal, e, adj. conoidal 
Conoi'de, adj.m.f., s.m. conoid 
Conops, s.m. conops fly, conops [cha 
Couqxie, s.f. conch; shell; (nna^) con- 
Conqu6rant, e, conqueror; 
conqueress; (fam.) lady-killer; bell6 ; 

— adj. conquering, victorious ; fond of 
conquest ; (fam.) killing ; spruce, 

Conqu6rir, r.a. to conquer; to sub- 
due; to overcome; to gain, to win, to 
win over ; to obtain or acquire forcibly 
or by o.'s efiFoi-ts ; to ^vrest (from) ; — 
v.n. to conquer 

Se — , v.r. to subdue each other ; to 
acquire, to obtain, to gain, to win, to 
gain or win over ; to be conquered or 
subdued or &c. 

Conquet, s.m. (laro) conquest, acquest, 
acquisition (property acquired by hus- 
band and wife conjointly) 

Conquete, s.f. conquest ; victory ; 
subjection ; acquisition ; success ; 
winning of favours 

Consacrant, e, adj. consecrating; 
officiating ; — s.m. consecrator ; offi- 

Consacrer, v.a. to consecrate ; to 
dedicate ; to devote ; to hallow, to 
sanctify ; to appropriate ; to sanction ; 
to perpetuate ; to establish ; to em- 
ploy ; to give 

Consanguin, e, adj. consanguineous ; 
(law) on the father's side; — s.m. rela- 
tion on the father's side. Les —s et les 
utirins, half-blood relations. Accouple- 
ment — , in -breeding, breeding in and in 

Consanguinity, s.f. (laio) relationship 


on the father's side; (can. law) con- 
sanguinity; (of animals) in-breeding 
breeding in and in 
Conscienunent, adv. consciously 
Conscience, s.f. conscience ; consci- 
entiousness ; consciousness ; sense ; 
scruple ; (a) shame ; private thoughts ; 
secrets of the heart ; religious opinion ; 
heart ; mind ; stomach ; (print.) time- 
work; men on time-work, establish- 
ment hands ; (tech.) breastplate. Avec 
— , conscientiously. En — , en bonne 
— , in conscience, in all conscience; 
conscientiously ; fairly ; indeed, in 
truth, in reason, cjtndidly. En — , a la 
— , (pi-int.) on time-work, on the estab- 
lishment. En siirete de —, in all 
security of mind. Avoir de la — , Hre 
homme de — , to be conscientious. Avoir 
la — de, to be conscious of. Avoir la 

— large, to have an accommodating 
conscience. Mettre la main sur la (or 
sa) — , to lay o.'s hand upon o.'s heart ; 
to be candid or sincere. La main sur 
la — , candidly, sincerely [entiously 

Consciencieusement, adv. consci- 
Consciencieu-x, se, adj. conscien- 
Conscient, e, adj. (philos.) conscious 
Conscriptible, adj. liable to the con- 
scription, liable to be called (for mili- 
tary service) 
Conscription, s.f. (mil.) conscription, 
recruiting, enrolling, enrolment, en- 
listment [to the (military) coil scription 
Conscriptionnaire, s.m. one subject 
Conscriptionnel, le, adj. conscrip- 

Conscrit, s.m. conscript ; recruit ; raw 
recruit or soldier ; novice ; freshman ; 
new boy ; youngster ; greenhorn ; — 
adj.m. conscript. Peres — , conscript 
fathers [crant 

Cons^crateur, s.m., adj.m. V. Consa' 
Consecration, »./. consecration ; de- 
dication ; destination ; sanction ; per- 
Cons6cuti-f, ve, adj. consecutive 
Cons6cutivement , r? dv. con secuti vel y 
Conseigle, s.m. meslin (mixture of 
wheat and rye or of oats and rye for solo- 
f Conseil, s.m. counsel, advice ; coun- 
sellor, adviser ; course ; resolution ; 
determination ; deliberation ; consul- 
tation ; council ; board ; court ; com- 
mittee. — general (de departement), 
council - general, department coun- 
cil, (in England) county council. — 
d^etat, council of state ; (formerly) 
privy council. — de famille, family 
council; commission of lunacy. — 
de guerre, council of war ; court- 
martial. — municipal, town council, 
common council. — des ministres, cabi- 
net council. — de revision, (military) 
court of appeal; board to examine 
claims of exemption from military 
service. Homme de bon — , good ad- 
viser, sensible man. Tenir — , to hold 
a council. La unit porte — , sleep on it 
fConseillable, adj. advisable 
fConseiller, v.a. to advise, to counsel, 
to give advice ; to advise to do ; to re- 
commend. Se — , to advise or counsel 
each other; to be advised or coun- 
selled ; to seek advice (from) 
fConseiU-er, 6re, s.m.f. counsellor, 
adviser ; councillor ; puisne justice, 
judge ; bencher ; councillor's wife. 

— general (de deparf«ment), councillor- 
general, department councillor, (in 
England) county councillor. — d'etat, 
councillor of state; (formerly) privy 
councillor. — municii^al, town coun- 
cillor, common councilman ; alder- 
man. — des grdces, (euphuistic style) 
looking-glass , 


fConseilleu-r, se, s.m.f. (officious) 

Consensuel, le, adj. (law) consensual 

Consensus, s.m. (physiology) consent, 

Consentement, s.m. consent ; assent 

Consentir, v.n. to consent ; to assent ; 
to agree ; to acquiesce ; to allow, to 
admit; to be willing; to be content 
(to) ; (7iav., of a mast) to be wrung ; — 
v.a. to consent to ; to assent to ; to 
agree to ; to subscribe to ; to approve ; 
to authorize ; to sanction ; to grant 

Cons6quenunent, adv. consequent- 
ly; accordingly; therefore; conform- 
ably ; according ; consistently 

Cons^quence,8./.consequence ; event, 
sequel ; issue ; conclusion ; result ; 
deduction ; inference ; importance, 
moment, weight; consistency. En — , 
in consequence ; consequently, ac- 
cordingly ; according (to). Sans, — , of 
no consequence, of no importance ; im- 
material. Tirer une — , to draw an in- 
ference. Tirer a — , to lead to a con- 
sequence, to be drawn into a prece- 
dent ; to be of importance, to matter 

Consequent, e, odj. consistent; co- 
herent; just; rational; (phys.) con- 
sequent ; (pop.) important, consider- 

Consequent, s.m. (log., math.) conse- 
quent. Par — , consequently, there- 
fore [servable 

Conservable, adj. preservable; con- 

Conserva-teur, trice, adj. «. preser- 
vative ; conservative ; preserver ; pro- 
tector, protectress, defender, guardian; 
conservator ; conservatrix ; keeper •, 
curator ; trustee ; commissioner ; 
ranger; bencher; registrar (o/ wtori- 
gages) [tive; conservative 

Conservati-f, ve, adj. s.m. preserva- 

Conservation, s.f. preservation ; con- 
servation ; conservancy ; guardian- 
ship ; commissionership ; registi-ation 
(of mortgages) ; (print.) standing forme 

Conservat-isnxe, -iste, V. p. 3, § 1 

Conservatoire, adj. preservative ; 
conservatory, conservative ; protec- 
tive ; — s.m. conservatory ; academy, 
school ; academy or college of music ; 
school of elocution ; museum ; board 
of conservators or trustees or commis- 
sioners or &c. ; (pop.) pawnshop 

Conserve, sf. preserve ; pickle 
(pharm.) conserve ; (7iav.) consort ; 
(fort.) counterguard ; — S, rl- preserves, 
&c. ; (opt.) preservers (spectacles). — 
alimentaire, preserved article of food, 
preserved provision. — au vinaigre, 
pickle. De — , fit to keep ; (nav.) in 

Conserve, e, part. adj. preserved, &c. 
(V. Conserver). Bien — , well pre- 
served, in good preservation ; healthy 
and young-looking. Stre bien — , (pers.) 
to cai'ry o.'s age well 

Conserver, v.a. to presei've ; to con- 
serve ; to keep ; to save ; to treasure ; 
to take care of ; to protect, to defend, 
to guard ; to watch ; to keep in sight ; 
to keep up ; to maintain ; to retain ; to 
reserve ; to have left, to have still ; to 
continue ; to secure ; to pickle 

Se — , v.r. to preserve oneself; to be 
preserved; to keep; to keep up; to 

m keep safe; to remain; to subsist', to 
live long ; to obtain ; to reserve one- 
self ; to take care of oneself ; to carry 
o.'s age well, to wear well, not to grow 

Considerable, adj. considerable ; emi- 
nent. Peu — , of little consequence ; 
inconsiderable, trifling 

Considerablement, adv. consider- 
ably; a considerable amount" r quan- 


Consid^rant, s.m. (laic) preamble; 

Consideration, s.f. consideration; at- 
tention ; reflection ; observation ; ex- 
amination ; inspection ; regard, re- 
spect, esteem ; respectability ; charac- 
ter, note, repute; importance, conse- 
quence; motive; view. A la — 
(de . . .), on (. . .'s) account. JSn — de, 
in consideration of, out of regard for, 
on account of, for the sake of 

Con8id6r6j e, part, considered, looked 
upon, &c. (F, Consid^rer) ; — adj. 
much respected, well looked upon; 

ConBid6r6ment, adv. considerately 

Consid^rer , v.a. to consider ; to look 
at, to examine ; to inspect ; to view ; 
to behold; to study; to value, to es- 
teem, to respect ; to pay regard to ; 
to mind; to look up to ; to look upon. 
Se — ,to consider or &c. oneself or each 
other ; to be considered, &c. 

fConsignatairej a.m./. consignee ; de- 
positary, trustee [signer 

fConcigna-teur, trice, s.m.f. con- 

f Consignation, s.f. consignment; de- 
positing; deposit; advance of funds; 
advance money ; record ; mention ; 
entry ; registering ; booking 

fConsigne, «./. (mil., &c.) orders ; in- 
structions; order-sheet or board; 
orderly-room; confinement to bar- 
racks ; confinement ; keeping in ; 
(rail.) left luggage oflBce, cloak-room ; 
— s.m. adj. Portier — , gate-keeper (of 
a fortress) ; warden (of a dockyard). 
Forcer la — , to force a sentry ; to in- 
fringe orders. Lever la — , to revoke 

fConsigner, v.a.n. to consign ; to de- 
posit ; to record ; to mention, to state ; 
to vrrite or put or take or note down ; 
to enter ; to register ; to book ; to give 
orders ; to confine to barracks ; to con- 
fine ; to keep in ; to give orders not to 
admit ; to refuse admittance or egress 
to ; to forbid ; (ctist.) to stop 

Consistance, 5./. consistence, consist- 
ency, thickness, firmness; fixedness; 
stability ; steadiness ; selidity ; credit ; 
consideration ; confirmation ; full 
growth ; extent ; nature 

Consistant, e, part. adj. consisting ; 
consistent ; firm, solid, compact ; fixed 

Consister, v.n. to consist 

Consistoire, s.m. consistory 

Consistorial, e, adj. consistorial 

Consistorialement, adv. in a con- 

Consolable, adj. consolable [sistory 

Consola-teur, trice, adj. consoling, 
comforting ; — s.m.f. consoler, com- 

Consolation, s.f. consolation, comfort, 
solace; (at play) forfeits; (pop.) brandy, 
liquor, comfort. D^bit de — , dram- 

Consolatoire, adj. consolatory [shop 

Console, sf. (arch.) console; bracket: 
corbel ; (furniture) console-table, pier- 
table, console ; (of a piano, &c.) truss 

Consoler, v.a. to console, to comfort, 
to solace;, to cheer; to soothe, to alle- 
viate ; ( poh.) to brandy (o.'« coffee, Ac). 
Be — , to console oneself or each other, 
to be consoled or comforted, to take 
comfort; to recover (from), to get 
(over) [funding 

Consolidation, s.f. consolidation ; 

Consolid6, s.m. consolidated fund; 
— S, pi. consolidated annuities, consols 

Consolider, v.a. to consolidate; to 
strengthen ; to secure ; to fund. 8e — , 
to consolidate ; to grow firm or hard or 
solid or stronger, to gain strength ; to 

Consommable, adj. consumable 

Consonuna-tetir, trice, t.m.f. con- 
snmer: eater, drinker; diner; cub- 


tomer ; — (theol.) perfecter ; — 
adj. consuming 
Consommation, s.f. consummation ; 
consumption ; expense ; destruction, 
waste ; business done ; eating and 
drinking ; feed ; refreshments ; feast ; 
using ; use ; consumable goods or com- 
modities; human food; (mil. admin.) 
account of expenditure. Pret de — , 
loan in kind. — des siecles or des 
temps, end of the world 
Consomme, sf. (iwp.) consumpt 
Consommd, s.m. gravy soup, jelly 

broth, rich broth, stock 
Consomme, e, part. adj. consum- 
mated ; accomplished ; completed ; 
complete, consummate, perfect; finish- 
ed, ended, at an end ; consumed ; used 
up, used ; spent. Bien — , {of soup) 
Consommer, v.a. to consummate ; to 
accomplish ; to complete ; to perfect ; 
to finish, to end ; to consume ; to use 
up ; to use ; to eat ; to drink ; to burn ; 
to spend. Faire — , to boil down 
(meat). Se — , to be consummated, &c. ; 
(of meat) to boil down 
Consomption, sf. consumption, de- 
cline [sonance 
Consonance, s.f. (mus., gram.) con- 
Consonant, e, adj. (mus., gram.) con- 
sonant [harmonize 
Consoner, v.n. to be consonant, to 
Consonne, s.f. (gram.) consonant 
Consorts, consorts, associates, 
partners, company. ... et — , (law) 
. . . and others [sound 
Consoude, s.f. (hot.) comfrey, con- 
Conspira-teiir, trice, s.m.f. con- 
spirator, plotter; — adj. conspiring, 
Conspiration, s.f. conspiracy, plot. 
La — des poudres, the gunpowder plot 
Conspirer, v.n.a. to conspire ; to plot; 
to concur [flout, to spurn 
Conspuer, v.a. to scorn, to scout, to 
Constable, s.m. constable (in England 

and America) 
Constabiilaire, adj. constabulary 
Constamment, adv. constantly, al- 
ways ; with constancy 
Constance, sf. constancy; persever- 
ance ; steadfastness ; steadiness ; sta- 
bility; consistency; patience; firm- 
ness; persistence 
Constant, e, adj. constant ; persever- 
ing ; steadfast ; steady ; stable ; unre- 
mitting; unvarying, invariable, un- 
changing; lasting; firm; resolute; 
certain, positive, indubitable, un- 
Constante, s.f. (math.) constant 
Constantinepolitain, e, adj. s. Con- 

Constat, s.m. (laio) constat, affidavit 
Constatation, s.f. ascertaining; veri- 
fying, proving ; proof ; establishment ; 
inquiry, inquest, hearing of witnesses ; 
evidence given ; statement ; declara- 
tion ; mention ; discovery ; authenti- 
Constater, v.a. to ascertain ; to verify, 
to prove ; to testify to ; to establish ; to 
state ; to declare ; to certify ; to men- 
tion ; to note down ; to record ; to 
mark, to remark ; to discover, to find ; 
to experience ; to authenticate. Se —, 
to be ascertained or &c. 
ConsteUation, s.f. constellation 
ConsteUe, e, part. adj. constellated, 
&c. (V. ConsteUer) ; (nat. hist.) stel- 
late, stellated ; (astrology) made under 
the influence of a certain constellation 
ConsteUer, v.a. to constellate ; to dot, 

to strew, to stud, to cover 
Conster, v.n.imp. (old) to appear; to be 
evident [dismay 

Consternation; «./. consternation, 


Consterne, e, adj. dismayed ; scared ^ 
of dismay, of consternation 

Consterner, v.a. to dismay, to strike 
with consternation [tiveuess 

Constipation, s.f. constipation, cos- 

Constip6, e, adj. constipated, costive 

Constiper, v.a.n. to constipate, to bind, 
to make costive ; to be binding 
Se — , v.r. to become costive 

Constituant, e, adj. constituent ; (Zaio) 
giving a power of attorney ; settling an 
annuity ; — s.m. (Fr. hist.) member of 
the Constituent Assembly ; — s.f. {Fr. 
hist.) Constituent Assembly 

Constituer, v.a. to constitute; to estab- 
lish ; to place ; to put ; to organize ; to 
form ; to resolve ; to settle ; to assign ; 
to appoint ; to make ; to depute ; to raise. 

— prisonnier, to commit to prison 

Se — , v.r. to constitute oneself ; to 
form oneself or itself, to be formed 
(into); to become; to setup (for). Sc 

— prisonnier, to surrender, to give one- 
self up 

Constituti-f, ve, adj. constitutive 
Constitution, sf. constitution ; estab- 
lishment ; fonnation ; composition ; 
order, arrangement ; organization ; ap- 
pointment ; settlement (of an annuity, 
&c.) ; (obsolete) annuity [3, § 1 

Constitutional-isme, -iste. 
Constitutionality, s.f. constitution- 
Constitutionnel, le, adj. constitu- 
tional ; — s.m. constitutionalist ; con- 
stitutionist [stitutionally 

Constitutionnellement, adv. con- 
Constricteur, adj.m.,s.m. (anat., surg., 

zool.) constrictor 
Constricti-f, ve, adj. constrictive 
Constriction, s.f. constriction 
Constringent, e, adj. constringent 
Constructeur, s.m. constructor, 
builder ; maker ; wright ; shipbuilder, 
Construction, s.f. construction; build; 
building ; erection ; structure ; edifice ; 
ship ; making ; ship-building. De — , 
(adject.) building; built. Fn — , in 
course of construction, building, being 
built, on the stocks. Faire la — de, 
(gram.) to construe 
Constructivite, s.f. construct! veness 
Construire, v.a. to construct ; to build ; 
to erect ; to frame ; to make ; (gram.) 
to construe. Se — , to be building, to 
be in course of construction ; to be con- 
structed or built or erected ; to be con- 
strued ; to construct or build for one- 
self ; to raise [stantialist 
Consubstantialiste, s.m.f. consub- 
Consubstantialite, s.f. consubstan- 
tiality [consubstantialist 
Consubstantia-teur, trice, s.m.f. 
Consubstantiation, s.f. consubstan- 
tiation [tial 
Consubstantiel, le, adj. consubstan- 
Consubstantiellement, adv. con- 
Consul, s.m. consul [substantially 
Consulaire, adj.m.f., s.m. consular 
Consulairementj adv. consularly ; by 

Consulat, s.m. consulate ; consulship 
Consultant, consulting ; — s.m. 
consultant; consulting physician; con- 
sulting barrister, chamber - counsel, 
special pleader; consulting engineer; 
person consulted, adviser, counsellor 
Consultant, e, s.m.f. consulter 
Consultati-f, ve, adj. consultative 
Consultation, s.f. consultation ; 

opinion ; advice 
Consulte, s.f. council, assembly, se- 
nate; (obsolete, boorish) consultation, 
opinion, advice 
Consulter, v.a.n. to consult; to refer 
to ; to heed ; to give consultations : 
(obsolete) to consult about, —zinavocut. 


to take counsel's opinion, to take legal 
advice. Ouvrage a — , book of reference. 
Se — , to reflect, to consider ; to consult 
each other, to confer, to hold a consul- 
tation ; (things) to be consulted 
ConsulteuX; s.m. consulter; counsellor, 

adviser, examiner 
Consumable, adj. consumable 
Consumer, v.a. to consume; to de- 
stroy ; to burn ; to wear out or away ; 
to waste away ; to waste ; to squander ; 
to spend ; to take up. Se — , to be con- 
sumed, &c. ; to burn away ; to waste 
away ; to pine away ; to waste o.'s time 
or strength ; to exhaust oneself ; to ruin 
oneself or o.'s health [cence 

Contabescence, s.f. (med.) contabes- 
Contabescent, e, adj. (med.) conta- 
bescent [tion 

Contact, s.m. contact ; touch ; connec- 
Contadin, e, s.m.f. (obsolete) peasant, 

rustic, countryman or woman 
Contage, Contagium, s.m. (med.) 
contagious matter or poison, virus, 
miasm, emanation 
Contagier, v.a. to communicate a con- 
tagious disease to, to afi'ect by con- 
tagion, to infect 
Contagieusement, adv. contagiously 
Contagieu-x,se,. adj. contagious, in- 
fectious, catching 
Contagion, s.f. contagion ; infection 
Contagioniste, s.m. contagionist 
Contagionn6, e, part. adj. affected by 
contagion, contagioned 


V. Contagier. 

to become aflfected by contagioui 
to become infected • 

Contagiosity, s.f. contagiousness 
fContaille, adj.f. Soie — , inferior silk, 

tram, shute 
Contaminable, adj. contaminable 
Contamination, s.f. contamination 
Contaminer, v.a. to contaminate 
Conte, s.m. tale ; story; fiction, fable, 
romance ; falsehood, fib ; nonsense. — 
bleu, — borgne, — a, dormir debout, tale 
of a tub, rigmarole story, stupid stuff. 
Faire des — «, to tell stories 
Contempla-teur, trice, s.m.f. con- 

templator ; — adj. contemplative 
Contemplati-f, ve, adj. contempla- 
tive ; — s.m. contemplator ; (eccl.) con- 
Contemplation, s.f. contemplation 
Contemplativement, adv. contem- 
Contempler, v.a.n. to contemplate ; to 
behold ; to view, to look at, to survey ; 
to gaze on or at ; to admire ; to medi- 
tate. Se — , to contemplate or &c. one- 
self or each other ; to be contempla- 
ted, <S;c. 
Contemporain, e, s.m.f. contempo- 
rary ; — adj. contemporary, contem- 
poraneous [poraneously 
Contemporainement, adv. contem- 
Contemporan6it6, s.f. contempo- 
Contemp-teur, trice, s.m.f. contem- 
ner, despiser, scorner; — adj. con- 
temptuous, scornful [tible 
Contemptible, adj. (old) contemp- 
Contenance, s.f. capacity, contents, 
(of a ship) burden ; extent, area ; coun- 
tenance, air, look; demeanour, bear- 
ing, attitude. Bonne — , firm attitude; 
stout resistance ; spirit ; bold look. Se 
donner (or se faire) une — , to' put on a 
countenance, to carry it off. Par — , 
pour se donner une — , to keep oneself in 
countenance, ^tre embarrasse de sa — , 
n'avoir point de — , ne savoir quelle — 
prendre, to have an awkward look, not 
to know which way to look or what to 
do with oneself. Faire bonne — , to keep 
o.'s countenance, to assume a fair atti- 
tude ; to show spirit or resolution ; to 


show a bold front, to resist firmly ; to 
put on a bold look ; to put a good face 
on a bad matter or on the matter ; to 
carry it off. Faire perdre — , to put out 
of countenance. Perdre — , to be put 
out of countenance. Prendre une — , to 
put on a countenance. Servir de — , to 
serve to keep (one) in countenance 

Contenant, e, part. adj. containing, 
holding ; — s.m. container, holder 

Contendant, e, adj. «. contending; 

Contenir, v.a. to contain, to hold ; to 
comprise ; to include ; to restrain ; to 
refrain ; to repress ; to moderate ; to 
check ; to control ; to curb ; to confine ; 
to keep within bounds ; to keep down 
or back or in ; to keep ; to dam in 

Content, e, adj. content, contented ; 
satisfied ; pleased ; glad ; happy ; 

Content, s.m. enough, sufficiency ; fill, 
bellyful; heart's content. Tout son — , 
all one wants, as much as one likes or 
could wish, o.'s fill 

Contentement, s.m. content, content- 
edness, contentment, satisfaction ; 
gratification ; pleasure ; joy; happiness ; 
enough. — passe richesse, content is 
better than riches 

Contenter, v.a. to content ; to satisfy ; 
to gratify ; to please ; to humour, to 
indulge ; to quiet, to appease ; (old) to 
requite, to pay (for) 

Se — , v.r. to content or satisfy or 
please or indulge oneself ; to be content 
or contented or satisfied or pleased ; to 
rest satisfied ; to merely . . . 

Contentieusement, adv. conten- 
tiously, litigiously 

Contentieu-x, se, adj. disputed ; dis- 
putable, contestable ; contentious, liti- 
gious, of or in litigation ; — s.m. affairs 
in litigation ; disputed claims ; law 
business or department ; solicitor's de- 
partment. Agent or chefdu — , solicitor 

Contenti-f, ve, adj. (surg.) retaining, 

Contention, s.f. contention; intense- 
ness (of thought), intense application, 
straining, tension ; effort, exertion ; 
eagerness, vehemence, warmth, heat ; 
checking, restraint, control 

Contenu, e, part. adj. contained, &c. 
(V. Contenir) ; reserved ; sober, mode- 
rate ; — s.m. contents ; enclosure ; 

Conter, v.a.n. to relate, to tell, to tell 
of; to report; to confid6 ; to talk; to 
relate or tell stories or a story. En — 
(a), to romance, to tell fibs ; to hoax, 
to humbug ; to talk soft nonsense (to), 
to make love (to). S'en faire — , «'en 
laisser — , to listen to soft nonsense 

Se — , v.r. to be related or told ; to 
tell each other [beads, bugles 

Conterie, s.f. glass trinkets, glass 

Contestabilit6, s.f. questionableness, 
contestableness [testable 

Contestable, adj. questionable, con- 

Contestablement, adv. questionably 

Contestant, e, adj. contending, liti- 
gant, at law; — s.m.f. contending 
party, suitor, litigant ; opponent, op- 
poser ; opposing creditor 

Contestation, s.f. contest, contesta- 
tion ; debate ; dispute ; difference ; 
strife ; wrangling ; variance ; opposi- 
tion ; question ; litigation ; suit 

Conteste, s.f. (obsolete form of " Con- 
testation "). Sans — (obsolete for " sans 
contredit ") 

Contester, v.a.n. to contest, to con- 
tend, to dispute, to debate ; to call in 
question ; to deny ; to oppose ; to de- 
fend. Se — , to be contested, Ac; to 
deny to each other ; to contend for 

Conteu-r, se, s.m.f. teller; relater; 


narrator ; talker ; story-teller ; tale- 
writer ; — adj. story-telling 
Contexte, s.m. context ; text 
Contextrure, s.f. contexture ; texture 
ContigU, e. adj. contiguous, adjoining 
Contiguite, s.f. contiguity 
Continence, s.f. continence 
Continent, e, adj., Continent, s.m. 
continent. Fiivre — e, continent or 
continued fever 
Continental, e, adj. continental 
Contingence, s.f. contingence, con- 
Contingent, e, adj. contingent; — 
s.m. contingent, share, quota, propor- 
tion, contribution ; number 
Continu, e, adj. continuous ; continu- 
ed ; continual ; uninterrupted ; inces- 
sant ; consecutive. A la —e, by con- 
tinuance, for a length of time, in time, 
in the end, in the long run, in process 
of time, at length 
Continua-teur, trice, s.m.f. con- 

tinuator, continuer ; successor 
Continuation, s.f. continuation ; con- 
Continuel, le, adj. continual ; un- 
interrupted; constant; endless 
Continuellement, adv. continually; 

Continuer, v.a.n. to continue ; to carry 
on ; to prolong ; to protract ; to per- 
severe in ; to pursue ; to go on or pro- 
ceed with ; to go on, to proceed ; to 
last ; to hold out ; to extend ; to run 
on ; to keep ; to keep on ; to continue 
the work of, to be the successor of, to 

Se — , v.r. to continue; to be con- 
tinued or kept up or prolonged or pro- 
tracted ; to go on ; to go on longer ; to 
last ; to extend, to stretch 
Continuity ,»./.continuity; continuance 
Continument, adv. continuously 
Contondant, e, adj. blunt, contusing, 

Contondre, v.a. to contuse, to bruise 
Contorsion, s.f. contortion ; distortion ; 

twist ; wry face, face, grimace 
Contour, s.m. contour, outline ; cir- 
cumference, circuit ; winding ; fold 
Contoum6, e, adj. outlined, shaped; 
encircled, surrounded ; spiral ; twisted; 
contorted ; distorted ; crooked, de- 
formed, ill-shaped ; forced ; (her.) con- 
Contoumement, s. m. outlining ; 
twisting ; distortion ; winding ; round- 
ing; convolution 
Contoumer, v.a. to outline, to shape, 
to give a proper contour or outline to ; 
to encircle, to surround; to twine or 
twist round; to turn or pass or wind 
round; to go round; to round; to 
twist ; to contort ; to distort ; to crook ; 
to deform ; to bend 

Se — , v.r. to become or be twisted or 
distorted or bent, to get out of shape, 
to get crooked 
Contoumeuse, s.f. shaping-machine 
Contractant, e, adj. contracting ; — 
s.m.f. contracting party, contractor, 
stipulator, covenanter 
Contractation, s.f. contracting 
Contracter, v.a.n. to contract ; to 
covenant, to stipulate; to shrink; to 
straiten ; to shorten ; to abridge ; to 
condense ; to enter into ; to make ; to 
form ; to acquire, to get ; to catch. Se 
— , to be contracted, &c. ; to contract, 
to shrink 
Contracti-f, ve, adj. contractive 
Contractile, adj. contractile, contrac- 
tible [tractibility 

Contractility, s.f. contractility, con- 
Contraction, «/. contraction ^ 
Contractuel, If:-, adj. stipulated by 


Contractuellement, ndv. by contract 

Contracture, «./. (arch.) dimiuutiou ; 
(med.) contracture 

Contradicteur, s.m. contradicter, 
gainsayer; opposer, opponent, adver- 

Contradiction, s.f. contradiction ; 
denial ; opposition ; inconsistency ; 
discrepancy; incongruity ; contrariety ; 
variance ; obstacle 

Contradictoire, adj. contradictoiy ; 
inconsistent ; conflicting ; opposed ; 
(law) after hearing both sides, in pre- 
sence of the adverse parties; — s.f. 

Contradictoirement, adv. contra- 
dictorily; inconsistently; (law) after 
hearing both parties 

fContraig^able, adj. constrainable, 
compellable. — par corps, liable to 
arrest or imprisonment, attachable 

f Contraignant, e, adj. constraining, 
compelling, compulsive; causing re- 
straint; troublesome 

Contraindre, v.a. to constrain, to 
compel, to force, to make ; to restrain, 
to lay a restraint upon ; to hinder ; 
(late) to attach. — par corps, to arrest 
(for debt), to attach 

Contraint, e, part. adj. constrained, 
&c. {V. Contraindre) ; forced, stiff, 
unnatural, affected ; cramped ; re- 

Contrainte, s.f. constraint, compul- 
sion, force ; restraint ; stiffness ; sum- 
mons; (law) attachment; arrest (for 
debt ' ; distress-warrant. — par corps, 
arrest or imprisonment (for debt) ; 
writ of arrest or of capias, order of 

Contraire, adj. contrary ; opposite ; 
opposed ; adverse ; unfavourable ; 
hostile ; against ; repugnant ; incon- 
sistent; injurious, prejudicial, hurtful, 
bad (for), not good (for) ; at issue ; 
counter- ... 

Contraire, s.m. contrary ; reverse ; op- 
posite ; (gram.) antonym. Au — , on 
the contrary ; on the other hand. Au 
— de, contrary to, against. Bicn au — , 
fout au — , tout le — , quite the con- 
trary, quite the reverse [trary 

Contrairement, adv. contrarilv, con- 

Contraltiste, s.m.f. (mus.) contralto 

Contralto, «.»i. (mus.) contralto [singer 

Contrapontiste, s.m. (mus.) contra- 

Contrarler, v.a. to contradict, to gain- 
say ; to counteract ; to be contrai-y to ; 
to oppose ; to thwart ; to cross ; to in- 
terfere with ; to inconvenience ; to fi'us- 
trate ; to baffle ; to disappoint ; to pro- 
voke, tp vex, to annoy, to trouble, to 

Contrariety,*./, contrariety; contra- 
diction ; opposition ; obstacle, hind- 
rance, impediment; difficulty; cross; 
disappointment ; vexation, annoyance ; 
nuisance ; unpleasantness 

Contraste, s.m, contrast; contradis- 
tinction ; foil 

Contraster, v.a.n. to contrast 

Contrat, i.m. contract ; deed ; bond ; bill 
(of sale) ; agreement ; settlement ; arti- 
cles, indentures, indenture; conven- 
tion ; treaty ; bargain ; compact ; cove- 
nant; (at play) square fish 

Contrat6nor, s.m. (mu».) counter-tenor 

Contravention, s.f contravention; 
infraction, breach ; breach of regula- 
tions ; offence, l^lre en — , to be in 
contravention (of) ; to infringe the re- 
gulations ; to commit an offence 

Contrayex^a, s.m. (bot., pharm.) con- 

Centre, prep. adv. against; contrary 
to ; in opposition to ; in spite of ; by, 
near, close to, close by, close ; to ; to- 


wards; for; in exchange for; at; on, 
upon ; with ; versus ; counter, contra ; 
cross ; against it, against them ; to the 
contrary ; — s.m. con, against, opposite 
side; challenger; (at billiards) kiss. 
Par — , by way of compensation, to 
make up, on the other hand ; per con- 
tra. Tout — , quite close ; ajar, to. 
Faire — , to challenge. — -accusa- 
tion, sf. counter-charge, cross-charge. 

— -ik-contre, adv. (nav.) alongside. 

— -aliz^, adj.m. Vent — alize, return 
trade-wind. — -aU6e, sf. side-alley, 
side-walk. — -amiral, s.m. rear-ad- 
miral ; rear-admiral's ship. — -appel, 
s.m. second calling over, second call, 
check-roll; (fenc.) caveating. — -ap. 
plaudissenient, s.m. counter-cheer. 

— -approches, s.f. pi. (fort.) counter- 
approaches. — -attaques, s.f.jA. 
(viil.) counterworks. — -balancer, 
v.a. to counterbalance, to counter- 
poise; to countervail. Se balancer, 

to counterbalance or &c. each other ; 
to be counterbalanced or &c. — 
•bande, sf. (her.) counter-bend. — 
-band6, e, adj. (her.) counter-bended. 

— -barre, s.f. (fter.) counter-bar. — 
•barr^, e, adj. (her.) counter-barred. 
— -bas (En), adv. prep, downward, 
down, below, lower down, lower. — 
•batterie, s.f. counter-battery ; count- 
er-plot. — -battre, v.a. to counter- 
batter ; to oppose. — -biais (A), 
adv. in a contrary direction, contrari- 
wise ; the other way ; the wrong way. 
— -bord (A), adv. (nav.) on opposite 
points or tacks, head and tail. — 
•boutant, s.m. counterfort, buttress. 

— -bouter, v.a. to buttress, to prop, 
to shore up. — -brasser, v.a. (nav.) 
to counterbrace. — -bretdch^y e, 
adj. (her.) counter-embattled. — -ca- 
catois, s.m. (nav.) skysail. — -cal- 
quer, v.a. to reverse (a drawing). — 
•caution, s.f. counter-surety, counter- 
security. — -changd, e, adj. (her.) 
counterchanged. — -charme, s.vt. 
countercharm. — -chassis, s.m. 
outer sash, outer window, double case- 
ment, double frame. — -chevron, (her.) counter-chevron. — -che- 
vronn^, e, rt<7;.(/te7-.)counter-chevrony. 

— -ccBur, s.m. hac^i.{of a fireplace), rere- 
dos. A — coiur, V. Coeur. — -com- 
pon^, e, adj. (her.) counter-compony. 

— -coup, s.m. counter-blow, counter- 
stroke, counter-buff; rebound; con- 
sequence, result, effect ; shock ; {at 
billiards) kiss ; (rid.) start, leap ; (surg.) 
counter-stroke, contrafissure. Par — 
•coun, as a consequence, indirectly. — 
•courant, s.m. counter-current. A — 
-conrant, against the stream, —-cri- 
tique, s.f. counter-criticism. — -da- 
ter, v.a. to change the date of. — 
-declaration, s.f. counter-declara- 
tion, — -d^sragement, (fenc.) 
double disengagement, double. — ■ 
•d^Kager, v.n.a. (fenc.) to double. — 

— -^caille, s.f. reverse of a shell. — 
•6cart, s.m. {her.) counter-quarter. — 
-^carteler, v.a. (her.) to counter- 
quarter. — -enqu6te, s.f. counter-in- 
quest, counter-inquiry. — -Epau- 
lette, *./. (mil.) shoulder-scale, scale. 
— -Apreuve, s.f. counterproof ; imita- 
tion; counter-verification. — -^preu- 
ver, v.a. (engr., &c.) to counterprove. 
Se -pprenver, to be counterproved. — 
-espalier, s.m. espalier facing an- 
other, opposite or second espalier. — 
•etambot, s.m. (nav.) inner stern-post, 
inner post. — -^trave, s.f. (nav.) 
apron, —-expertise, s.f. counter- 
valuation, couuter-exaniihation, re- 
Burvey. — -extension, sf. (mrg.) 
counter-extension. — .fen^tre, sf. 


double window or casement, inside 
sash. — fente, s.f. (surg.) contrafis- 
sure. — -fiche, s.f. (carp.) spur. — -fll, 
s.m. contrary way or direction. A — 
-fil, against the grain ; against the nap ; 
against the stream ; contrariwise, the 
wrong way, backward. — -filet, s.m. 
(feutc/i.) upper-cut, top-cut (ofrnvip and 
sirloin) ; rumpsteak. — -fin (A), adv. 
against o.'s purpose. Aller a —-fin, to 
defeat o.'s own purpose. — -finesse, 
s.f. counter - trick, counter -cunning, 
trick for trick, diamond cut diamond. 

— -fleuri, e, — -fleuronnd, e, adj. 
(her.) counter - flory. — -force, s.f. 
counterforce. — -foss^, s.m. (eiigin.) 
counter-drain ; (fort. ) avant-fosse. — 
-fracture, s.f. (surg.) contrafissure. — 
-frasage, s.m. (in bread-making) coun- 
ter-stirring (when snaking the dough). 

— -fugue, s.f. (mus.) counter-fugue. — 
-garde, s.f. (arch., fort.) counterguard. 

— -gard^, e, adj. counterguai-ded. — 
-gr^ve, s.f. lock-out. — -hacher, 
v.a. (draw., engr.) to cross-hatch. — 
-bachure, s.f. (draw,, engr.) cross- 
hatching. — -h4tier, s.m. kitchen 
firedog. — -haut (Cn), adv. prep. 
upward, up, above, higher up, higher. 

— -bermin6, e, adj. (her.) counter-er- 
mined. — -heurtoir, knocker- 
boss. — -indiquant, s.m. (med.) con- 
traindicant. — -indication, s.f. (med.) 
contraindication. — -indiquer, v.a. 
(nicd.) to contraindicate. — -inter- 
rogatoire, s.m. (la%v) cross-examina- 
tion. — -is^^nt, e, adj. (her.) coun- 
tersalient. — -j auger, v.a. (carp.) 
to countergauge. — -Jour, s.m. connt- 
erlight; false light. A — -jour, against 
the light, in a false or unfavourable 
light. — -Jumelles, s.f. pi. channel- 
stones. — -latte, s.f. counter-lath. 

— -latter, v.a. to counter-lath. — 
-lettre, s.f. defeasance, deed of defea- 
sance, counter-deed. — -ligne, s.f. 
(fort.) counterline. — -maille, sf. 
double mesh ; double-meshed net, — 
-mailler, v.a. to double-mesh. — 
-manoeuvre, s.f. counter-manoeuvre, 
counter-move, — -mar^e, s.f. coun- 
tertide. A maree, against the tide. 

— -mesure (A), adv. against time (in 
music). — -mine, 8./. countermine. — 
-miner, v.a. to countermine, ^-mi- 
neur, s.m. counterminer. — -mont 
(A), adv. uphill ; upward ; up stream, 

— -mot, s.m. (mil.) counter-pai-ole, 
countersign, — -motion, s.f. count- 
er-motion. — -mousson (A), adv. 
(nav.) against the monsoon. — 
-mouvement, s.m. counter-motion, 
counter - movement. — -mur, 
outer wall. — -murer, v.a. to double- 
wall. — -n6gociation, s.f. counter- 
negotiation, — -operation, sf. 
counter-operation. — -opposition, 
s.f. counter-opposition. — -ordre, 
s.m. counter-order, countermand, — 
-ouverture, s.f. counter-opening, — 
-pal, s.m. (fee?-.) counterpale. — -pal^, 
e, adj. (her.) counterpaled. — -par- 
tie, sf. countei-part ; reverse, con- 
trary, opposite ; opposite opinion, 
other side; cross entry ; (at play) re- 
venge, return-match, another game ; 
(mus.) counterpart. — -pas, s.m. (mil.) 
change-step. — -passant, e, adj. 
(ha:) counter - passant. — -passa- 
tion, s.f, — -passement, s.m. (book- 
keep., fin.) passing per contra, debiting 
or crediting per contra ; passing over, 
transferring, transfer ; reendoi-scment 
(of a bill of exchange). — -passer, 
v.a. (book-keep., fin.) to pass per contra, 
to debit or credit per contra ; to pass 
over, to transfer ; to reendorse (a bill 
of exchange). — -pente, s.f. counter- 


slope, opposite descent ; steep slope ; 
side-slope ; unevenness of ground, 
stop (of a drain). — •percer, v.a. to 
counter-pierce. — -peser, v.a. V. — 
•balancer. — -petition, s.f. count- 
er-petition. — -p^titionner, v.n. to 
counter-petition. — -petterie, s.f. [a 
slip of the tongue consisting in an in- 
version of letters from one word to 
another, and making a new and often 
ridiculous sense, as if one said, in 
French, " Trompez, sonnettes ! " for 
" Sonnez, trompettes ! " or, in English, 
as was blurted out once in the Ameri- 
can Congress, instead of " he felt the 
smart," "he smelt the f..."J. — 
•pied, s.m. reverse, contrary ; (hunt.) 

wrong scent, back scent. A pied de, 

contrary to, against. — •plainte, sf. 
counter - charge ; cross - action. — 
■platine, s.f. side-plate (of a firelock). 

— -poll, s.m. wrong way of tlie nap or 
hair. A — poil, V. Rebrousse>poil 
(A). — •poincon, 8.m. die. — -poin- 
9onner, v.a. to stamp (with a die). — 
•point, s.m. (mus.) counterpoint. — 
•pointe, s.f. back edge (of a sword) ; 
broadsword exercise, cut and thrust. 

— •points, e, adj. (her.) counter- 
pointe. — •pointer, v.a. to quilt or 
stitch on both sides ; to point against, 
to oppose (cannon to cannon) ; to con- 
tradict, to oppose, to thwart, •poin^ 
tiste, s.m. (mus.) contrapuntist. — 
•porte, s.f. screen-door, baize door, 
double door ; double gate. — -poser, 
v.a. to contrapose ; (book-keep.) to mis- 
enter. — •position, s.f. contraposi- 
tion ; (book-keep.) misentry. — •pres- 
sion, s.f. counter-pressure, back-pi-es- 
sure. — •preuve, s.f. counter-evi- 
dence. — -projet, s.m. counter-pro- 
ject, counter-plan, counter-scheme. — 
•promesse, s.f. waiver. — •propos, 
s.m. reply, retort. — 'proposition, 
s.f. counter-proposition, counter-pro- 
posal, counter-motion. — •quille, s.f. 
(nav.) rising wood. — •rail, s.m. check- 
rail, guard-rail. — •rotable, .<(.?«. back 
of the altar-screen. — •rdvolution, 

s.f. counter-revolution. r^volu^ 

tionnaire, adj. counter-revolution- 
ary; s.m.f. counter-revolutionist. — 
■rdvolutionner, v.a. to counter-revo- 
lutionize. — -ronde, s.f. ( mil.) count- 
er-round. — •ruse, s.f. counter- 
plot, counter-trick. — -saillant, e, 
adj. (her.) countersalient. — -saison, 
s.f. (hort.) growth out of season. A 

— -saison, out of season, unseason- 
able, unseasonably. — -salut, s.m. 
(7iav.) answer to a salute, return of 
a salute. — •sangle, s.f, — •san^ 
glon, s.m. girth-strap ; strap. — •seel, 
s.m. counter-seal. — •sceller, v.a. to 
counterseal. — •signal, s.m. counter- 
signal. — •sol, s.m. (hort.) shade, 
screen. — •sortie, s.f. (mil.) counter- 
sortie. — •stimulant, e, adj., — 
•stin&ulant, s.m. (med.) contra-stimu- 
lant. — •sujet, s.m. (mus.) counter- 
subject. — -siiret^, s.f. counter- 
surety, counter - security, counter- 
bond. — •table, s./. F. — •rotable. 

— 'taille, s.f. (com.) counter-tally ; 
(engr.) cross-line. — •tailler, v.a. 
(com.) to counter-tally ; (engr.) to cross- 
cut. — •tenant, s.m. (of a tourna- 
vicnt) challenger, champion. — •ter- 
rasse, s.f. lower terrace. — -tirer, 
v.a. to counterprove; to counterdraw, to 
trace. — ^^-tranch^e, s.f. (fort.) count- 
er-trench. — •vair, s.m. (her.) count- 
er-vair. — •vair6, e, adj. (her.) count- 
er- vairy. — •val (A), adv. downhill ; 
downward ; down stream. — •valeur, 
s.f. value in exchange. — -vapour 
(A), adv. backward, back. — -v6rit6. 


s.f irony, ironical language, antiphra- 
sis. — -visite, s.f. second visit or 
search ; resurvey. — -volte, s.f. (of 
cavalry) countervolt. — -volter, v.n. 
to make a countervolt. — -vuey s.f. 

Contrebande, s.f. contraband, smug- 
gling ; contraband or smuggled goods. 
De — , contraband; smuggled; pro- 
hibited ; intruding ; obnoxious ; flash, 
false, would-be. Faire la — de, to 
smuggle. Passer en —, to smuggle in 

Contrebandi-er, 6re, s.m.f. contra- 
bandist, smuggler 

Contrebasse, s.f. (mus.) double bass, 
contrabass ; contrabassist, double-bass 
player [double-bass player 

Contrebassiste^ s.m. contrabassist, 

Contrebasson, s.m. (mus.) double bas- 
soon ; double-bassoon player 

Contrecarrer, v.a. to thwart, to cross, 
to oppose ; to counteract 

Contredanse, s.f. quadrille, (old) 

Contredire, v.a.n. to contradict; to 
gainsay ; to be inconsistent with ; to 
contest ; to disprove ; to oppose, to 
combat ; to be opposed or in opposition 
to ; to object (to) ; to find fault (with) ; 
to deny 

Contredit, s.m. reply, rejoinder, an- 
swer, objection; contrary assertion, 
contradiction; — m., e, /. (part, of 
Contredire) contradicted, &c. Sans 
— , unquestionably, most assuredly 

Contr^e, s.f. country ; region, land ; 

Con.trefa90n7 s.f. counterfeiting ; for- 
gery ; piracy (of a literary work) ; in- 
fringement (on a patent) ; imitation {of 
a trade-mark) ; counterfeit ; pirated (or 
spurious) edition or copy 

Contrefacteur, s.m. counterfeiter ; 
forger ; pirate ; infringer ; imitator 

Contrefaction, s.f. counterfeiting ; 
forgery ; mimicry 

Contrefaire, v.a. to counterfeit; to 
forge ; to pirate ; to infringe on ; to 
imitate ; to copy ; to mimic ; to ape ; 
to act, to play, to feign or pretend to 
be ; to feign ; to sham ; to disguise ; to 
deform ; to disfigure 

Se — , v.r. to dissemble, to disguise 
oneself, to sham ; to be counterfeited 
or forged or &c. [mimic, imitator 

Contrefaiseu-r, se, s.m.f. mimicker, 

Contreficher (Se), v.r. (pop.) to snap 
o.'s fingers (at) 

Contrefort, s.m. (btiild.) counterfort, 
pier, abutment, buttress ; (fort.) coun- 
terfort ; (of a mountain-chain) counter- 
fort, (lateral) spur ; (of a boot or shoe) 

Contrexnaitre, s.m. foreman, overseer ; 
(of a mine) overman, under-captain ; 
(nav.) captain (of the hold), (carpenter's) 
mate, assistant (-engineer) 

Contrexnandement, s.m. counter- 
manding, countermand; counter-order 

Contrexnander, v.a. to countermand 

Contremsurclie, s.f. counter-march ; 
counter-movement ; (vertical face of a 
step) riser 

Contreixiarcher^ counter-march 

Contremarque, s.f. {com., of coins, vet.) 
countermark; (theat., &c.) check 

Contrexnarquer, v.a. to counter- 
mark; (a horse) to countermark, to 
bishop [taker 

Contrexnarqueu-r, se, s.m.f. check- 

ContrepoidS, s.m. counterpoise, coun- 
terbalance; balance-weight; equipoise, 
equilibrium, balance; balancing-pole, 
poy (of a rope-dancer). Aiguille a — , 
(rail.) self-acting point 

Contrepoint, Sfc. See above 

Contrepoisoxi, s.m. coanterpoison, an- 
tidote ; corrective 


Coxitrescarpe, s.f. (fort.) counter- 
scarp [with a counterscarp 

Contrescaxi>er, v.a. (fort.) to provide 

Contreseing, s.m. countersignature, 
countersign ; frank (by privilege) 

Contxesens, s.m. opposite meaning, 
wrong sense; mistake (in the sense), 
mistranslation ; wrong construction, 
misconstruction ; wrong reading ; mis- 
interpretation ; nonsense, absurdity; 
wrong way ; wrong direction ; wrong 
side. A — , in a wrong way or direc- 
tion, in a wrong sense ; on the wrong 
side; contrary to sense {or to the 
sense) ; the other way 

fCoxitresignataire, s.m.f. count